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ROMNIA

INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS

ANUARUL
STATISTIC
AL ROMNIEI
2015
ROMANIAN
STATISTICAL YEARBOOK
INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS

Coordonator al ediiei:
Coordinator of edition:
Tudorel ANDREI - Preedinte INS / President NIS

Colectivul de coordonare a lucrrii:


Coordinating team:
Dan Ion GHERGU, Mihaela Elena IAGR, Betrix GERD,
Ilie DUMITRESCU, Adriana CIUCHEA, Gheorghe VAIDA-MUNTEAN, Doina BADEA.

Colectivul de elaborare a capitolelor Anuarului:


Authors of the Yearbook chapters:
Adriana CIUCHEA, Silvia PISIC, Ion FLORESCU, Daniela TEFNESCU,
Andoria Cristina IONI, Lavinia BLTEANU, Andreea CAMBIR, Mihai GHEORGHE,
Liliana PINTILIA, Nina ALEXEVICI, Ioana DIMA, Florica CRSTEA,
Lucia Cecilia SINIGAGLIA, Liviu GHILENCEA, Florentina GHEORGHE.

Responsabil de publicaie:
Editor in chief:
Daniel Celu VRDOL

Colectivul de proiectarea formei de prezentare, tehnoredactare i editare:


Designing, typing and editing team:
Ilie DUMITRESCU, Doina BADEA, Lavinia POPESCU, Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN, Rodica-Elena SOLOVSTRU,
Gabriela Melania PODBERECHI, Elena TUDOR, Andreia MESTEACN, Genia MIHOC, Cristina BABOI, Mdlina NVAL,
Mihaela Elena TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA, Valentina MUNTEANU, Laura ENACHE, Daniela POPESCU, Daniela BUCUR.

Fotografie:
Photo:
Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN

Coperta:
Cover:
Alexandru POPESCU

Editare CD:
CD editing:
Daniela POPESCU, Daniela BUCUR, Laura ENACHE

Institutul Naional de Statistic National Institute of Statistics


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Telefon: +4021 318.18.71; +4021 317.77.70 Tel: +4021 318.18.71; +4021 317.77.70
Fax: +4021 312.48.75 Fax: +4021 312.48.75
e-mail: romstat@insse.ro e-mail: romstat@insse.ro
http://www.insse.ro http://www.insse.ro

INS 2016 NIS 2016


Reproducerea coninutului acestei publicaii, integral Reproducing the content of this publication, completely or
sau parial, n forma original sau modificat, precum i partly, in original or modified, as well as its storage in a retrieval
stocarea ntr-un sistem de regsire sau transmiterea sub orice system, or transmitted, in any form and by any means are
form i prin orice mijloace sunt interzise fr autorizarea forbidden without the written permission of the National Institute
scris a Institutului Naional de Statistic. of Statistics.
Utilizarea coninutului acestei publicaii, cu titlu Using the content of this publication with explanatory or
explicativ sau justificativ, n articole, studii, cri este autorizat justifying title, in articles, studies, books is allowed only clearly and
numai cu indicarea clar i precis a sursei. precisely indicating the source.

I.S.S.N. : 1220 - 3246


I.S.S.N.-L : 1220 - 3246
CUVNT NAINTE FOREWORD

Anuarul Statistic al Romniei reprezint i n acest an The Romanian Statistical Yearbook continues to be the
o sintez a activitii Institutului Naional de Statistic i a synthesis of the activity of the National Institute of Statistics
tuturor celorlali productori de statistici oficiale, oferind and of all other producers of official statistics, providing users
utilizatorilor un solid i bine structurat patrimoniu de with a sound and well structured set of statistical data on the
date statistice pe cele mai diverse teme care privesc ara most diverse subject-matters relating to our country:
noastr: economice, sociale i de mediu. n paginile sale economic, social and environmental. Within its pages, topics
subiectele sunt analizate din diferite puncte de vedere, are analysed from various points of view, in their time frame
n dinamica lor temporal i structur teritorial i, unde dynamics and territorial structure and, where appropriate, in
este cazul, n relaie cu alte ri. relation with other countries.
Unele aspecte au fost aprofundate i actualizate, Some aspects were more in-depth analysed and updated,
n special cele privind populaia i teritoriul. Dnd curs particularly those concerning the population and territory. As
sugestiilor care vin permanent ctre institut pe cele mai a follow-up to suggestions permanently coming to the
diferite canale din partea cercettorilor, analitilor, institute on various channels from researchers, analysts,
agenilor economici i, nu n ultimul rnd, a ziaritilor i economic operators and, not least, journalists and public at
simplilor ceteni, s-a dorit o formul care s faciliteze large, we intended to put forth a format meant to facilitate the
consultarea n scopul oferirii unei imagini de ansamblu consultation, in order to provide an overview of the complex
a fenomenelor complexe care caracterizeaz evoluia phenomena that characterise the social and economic life of
vieii sociale i economice a rii. the country.
Noua ediie asigur astfel atingerea obiectivului Therefore, this new edition reflects the efforts made in
nostru de a pune la dispozitia publicului, ntr-o formul reaching our target of supplying to the public, in a synthetic
sintetic, informaiile cele mai relevante, asumndu-i formula, the most relevant information. Due to the
condiia de a se constitui, prin descrierile de la nceputul descriptions from the beginning of each chapter and the
fiecrui capitol i graficele aferente, ntr-un adevrat related graphs, the Yearbook is a veritable reading guide.
ghid de lectur.
Ca i n trecut, datele sunt nsoite de un amplu As in the past, data are accompanied by a comprehensive
suport de metadate i glosare, n general de tot acel support of metadata and glossaries, generally by the whole
aparat critic care caracterizeaz o lucrare tiinific de critical issues characterising a genuine high-class scientific
nalt inut. work.
n acest fel, utilizatorul i poate face el nsui In this way, the users can get themselves a picture on the
o imagine asupra acurateei informaiilor prezentate, accuracy of the presented information, on the content and
a coninutului i semnificaiilor indicatorilor prezentai, meaning of indicators, ensuring the advisedly interpretation of
asigurndu-se interpretarea corect a seriilor de date n data series according to the methodological changes
cunotin de cauz fa de mutaiile metodologice occurring at a given time.
intervenite la un moment dat.
Volumul este disponibil, pe lng tradiionala hain The volume is also available, besides the traditional
tipografic, i sub o form modern, pe CD-ROM de pe hardcopy, in a modern form, on CD-ROM, enabling the user to
care utilizatorul poate descrca i utiliza nemijlocit download and directly use the tables of interest, which gives
tabelele care l intereseaz, ceea ce d Anuarului, the Yearbook, beyond its intrinsic quality of a volume designed
dincolo de calitatea sa intrinsec de lucrare menit a fi to be consulted, the feature of a genuine working tool.
consultat, i pe aceea de veritabil instrument de lucru.
ntr-un cuvnt, prin felul n care se prezint la In brief, due to the format of this edition, the Romanian
aceast ediie, Anuarul Statistic al Romniei Statistical Yearbook reflects the steady efforts and the
demonstreaz efortul constant i atenia cu care attention paid by the National Institute of Statistics in
Institutul Naional de Statistic i urmrete improving the data production process, so that the output is a
perfecionarea produciei de date, semnul c, prin ceea sign of fully understanding its role, tasks and responsibility
ce face, i nelege pe deplin rolul, menirea i towards the Romanian society.
rspunderea fa de societatea romneasc.

Tudorel Andrei
SINTEZA CUPRINSULUI Pagina CONTENTS
Page

Not metodologic general ......................................................... VII General methodological note

Prescurtri folosite pentru unitile de msur .................. XVIII Abbreviations used for units of measurement

Simboluri folosite ........................................................................... XVIII Symbols used

1. Geografie, meteorologie i mediu nconjurtor .............. 1 Geography, meteorology and environment

2. Populaie ...................................................................................... 35 Population

3. Piaa forei de munc ............................................................... 91 Labour market

4. Veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul populaiei .............. 153 Population income, expenditure and consumption

5. Locuine i utiliti publice ................................................... 217 Dwellings and public utilities

6. Securitate i asisten social .............................................. 233 Social protection and assistance

7. Sntate ...................................................................................... 271 Health

8. Educaie ...................................................................................... 289 Education

9. Cultur i sport ......................................................................... 323 Culture and sport

10. Preuri .......................................................................................... 347 Prices

11. Conturi naionale .................................................................... 369 National accounts

12. Investiii i imobilizri corporale ........................................ 409 Investments and tangible fixed assets

13. tiin i tehnologie ............................................................... 421 Science and technology

14. Agricultur i silvicultur ...................................................... 473 Agriculture and forestry

15. Activitatea ntreprinderii ...................................................... 511 Enterprise activity

16. Industrie i construcii ........................................................... 543 Industry and construction

17. Transporturi, pot i telecomunicaii ............................. 559 Transport, post and telecommunications

18. Comer internaional cu bunuri ......................................... 583 International trade with goods

19. Comer interior i servicii de pia .................................... 619 Domestic trade and market services

20. Turism .......................................................................................... 629 Tourism

21. Finane ......................................................................................... 653 Finances

22. Justiie ......................................................................................... 675 Justice

23. Statistic internaional ........................................................ 687 International statistics

V
NOT METODOLOGIC GENERAL GENERAL METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

1. Cadrul legal privind activitatea statistic este 1. The legal framework concerning the statistical activity
statuat prin Legea nr. 226 / 2009 a organizrii i is represented by Law No 226 / 2009 on the organisation
funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia, cu and functioning of official statistics in Romania,
modificrile i completrile ulterioare. n lege se with subsequent amendaments. The Law includes the
regsesc contextul i prevederile care definesc context and the provisions defining the constitutive
elementele constitutive ale procesului statistic, elements of the statistical process, namely: statistical data
respectiv, colectarea, procesarea, analiza, diseminarea collection, processing, analysis and dissemination, the
datelor statistice, dezvoltarea culturii statistice, statistical culture development, the official statistical data
constituirea i administrarea seriilor de date statistice series building up and management, of demographic,
oficiale, cu caracter demografic, social, economic, social, economic, financial and juridical nature, as well as
financiar i juridic, precum i principiile fundamentale the fundamental principles on which the functioning of
care stau la baza funcionrii statisticii oficiale n official statistics in Romania is defined.
Romnia.

Statistica oficial n Romnia este organizat i In Romania, the official statistics is organised and
coordonat de Institutul Naional de Statistic, organ de coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics,
specialitate al Administraiei Publice Centrale, n specialised body of Central Public Administration,
subordinea Guvernului, finanat de la bugetul de stat. subordinated to Government and financed from the state
budget.
Institutul Naional de Statistic este autorizat s The National Institute of Statistics is entrusted to ask for
solicite i s obin, cu titlu gratuit, date statistice de la and to obtain, free of charge, statistical data from all
toate persoanele fizice i juridice, rezidente sau natural and legal persons, either Romanian residents or
nerezidente n Romnia, care i desfoar activitatea non-residents, developing their activity on Romanias
pe teritoriul Romniei. territory.
Principiile pe care se ntemeiaz activitatea The principles on which statistical activity are based,
statistic, n deplin concordan cu principiile fully compliant with the fundamental principles related to
fundamentale privind funcionarea statisticii statistics functioning in a democratic society, adopted al
ntr-o societate democratic, adoptate pe plan international level, consists in:
internaional, constau n:
independen profesional; imparialitate; professional independence; impartiality;
obiectivitate; fiabilitate, confidenialitatea objectivity; reliability; confidentiality of statistical
informaiilor statistice i eficiena costurilor. information and cost-effectiveness.
Att contextul general, ct i principiile de Both the general context and the principles of statistics
funcionare a statisticii, precum i producerea de date functioning, as well as the production of statistical data of
statistice de calitate, armonizate cu normele i high quality, compliant with the European Unions norms
standardele Uniunii Europene, confer rezultatelor and standards confer the statistical activity results the
activitii statistice garania satisfacerii cerinelor guarantee of meeting the statistical data users
utilizatorilor de date statistice. requirements.

2. Sursele de date statistice. Datele prezentate n 2. Statistical data sources. The data presented within
Anuarul Statistic sunt rezultatul a dou categorii de the Statistical Yearbook result from two data sources
surse: categories:
cercetrile statistice exhaustive sau prin sondaj exhaustive or sample statistical surveys, included in
cuprinse n Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA); the Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP);
surse administrative. administrative sources.

VII
3. Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA) 3. The Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP)
reprezint instrumentul de baz prin care Institutul represents the basic tool by means of which the
Naional de Statistic i ceilali productori de statistici National Institute of Statistics and the other producers
oficiale sunt autorizai s realizeze colectarea, stocarea, of official statistics are authorized to carry out the
procesarea, analiza i diseminarea datelor statistice collection, storage, processing, analysis and
oficiale, n vederea asigurrii informaiilor necesare dissemination of official statistical data, in order to
utilizatorilor interni, precum i a celor ce decurg din provide the information necessary to domestic users, as
legislaia Uniunii Europene i din recomandrile altor well as those resulting from the legislation of European
organizaii internaionale. Union and from the recommendations of other
international organisations.
Programul Statistic Naional Anual cuprinde The Yearly National Statistical Programme includes
informaii, responsabiliti, resurse i termene de information, responsibilities, resources and deadlines,
realizare, cu privire la: cercetri statistice; lucrri de regarding: statistical surveys, synthesis papers, statistical
sintez, studii i analize statistice; publicaii statistice. studies and analyses, statistical publications.
Programul Statistic Naional Anual se avizeaz de The Yearly National Statistical Programme is endorsed
Consiliul Statistic Naional i se aprob prin hotrre a by the National Statistical Council and it is approved by
Guvernului. Government decision.
Cercetrile statistice prevzute n directive, The statistical surveys stipulated in the European Union
regulamente i decizii ale Uniunii Europene sunt incluse directives, regulations and decisions are included in the
n Programul Statistic Naional Anual. Yearly National Statistical Programme.

4. Cercetarea statistic reprezint o lucrare complex 4. The statistical survey is a complex activity of
de culegere, prelucrare, analiz i diseminare a datelor cu collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of data
privire la starea i evoluia fenomenelor i proceselor related to the economic and social phenomena situation
economice i sociale. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz and dynamics. The statistical survey is carried out based on
pe baz de proiecte n care sunt definite concepte projects, where the general concepts, the survey purpose
generale, scopul cercetrii i instrumentarul statistic ce and the statistical tools on which it is based are defined
st la baza acesteia (modul de organizare a cercetrii; (survey organisation: questionnaire, classifications,
chestionarul, clasificrile, nomenclatoarele, normele, nomenclatures, norms, guidelines a.s.o.). According to the
instruciunile etc.). Potrivit criteriului sferei de coverage criterion, the data included in the Statistical
cuprindere, datele din Anuarul Statistic au fost Yearbook were determined based on two statistical surveys
determinate pe baza a dou tipuri de cercetri statistice: types:
Cercetare statistic exhaustiv (total). n cadrul Exhaustive (total) statistical survey. Under this type
acestui tip de cercetare datele sunt nregistrate de la of survey, data are recorded from all statistical
toate unitile populaiei statistice, denumit i population units, called statistical collectivity, which is
colectivitate statistic, bine delimitat. Populaia well defined. The statistical population represents all
statistic desemneaz totalitatea elementelor supuse the elements subject to statistical observation, of the
observrii statistice, de aceeai natur, asemntoare same nature, similar or homogenous from certain
sau omogene din punctul de vedere al anumitor criteria standpoint. Based on such exhaustive statistical
criterii. Prin astfel de cercetri statistice exhaustive se surveys, detailed results are obtained in various
obin rezultate detaliate n diferite structuri administrative and geographical structures, by group of
administrative, geografice, grupri pe activiti activities according to the Classification of Activities of
potrivit Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia National Economy (CANE) a.s.o.
Naional (CAEN) etc.
Cele mai cunoscute cercetri exhaustive sunt The most well-known exhaustive surveys are
recensmintele populaiei i ale locuinelor, population and housing censuses, industrial products
recensmntul produselor i serviciilor industriale, and services census, general agricultural census.
recensmntul general agricol.
Cercetare statistic prin sondaj. n cadrul acestui Sample statistical survey. Under this type of survey,
tip de cercetare, datele sunt nregistrate doar de la o data are recorded only from part of the statistical
parte a populaiei statistice, numit eantion. population, called sample. The sample is determined
Eantionul este determinat pe baza criteriilor de based on representativeness criteria, by using
reprezentativitate, prin utilizarea unor metode probabilistic methods, whose results are further
probabiliste, ale cror rezultate sunt extinse la extended to the whole statistical population.
ntreaga populaie statistic.

VIII
5. Sursele administrative reprezint sursele de 5. Administrative sources means the evidence sources
eviden organizate i deinute de organisme ale organised and managed by public administration or non-
administraiei publice sau non-guvernamentale pentru governmental bodies, for other purposes than the
alte scopuri dect cele statistice. Sunt utilizate numai statistical ones. Only the sources with an appropriate
acele surse care au un potenial adecvat cerinelor potential for statistical requirements and scientific rigour
statistice i corespund rigorilor tiinifice de sfer de concerning coverage, quality and completeness making
cuprindere, calitate i completitudine care le fac them also usable for statistical purposes are used. The use
utilizabile i n scopuri statistice. Folosirea acestor surse of these data and information sources for statistical
de date i informaii n scopuri statistice se realizeaz fie purposes is achieved either directly, as basic data
direct, ca date de baz (asimilate datelor statistice), fie (assimilated to statistical data), or after appropriate
prin prelucrri i adaptri corespunztoare pentru a processing and adaptation, in view to meet quality,
satisface cerinele de calitate, comparabilitate i comparability and coherence requirements, or for
coeren, fie pentru reconciliere i validarea datelor reconciliation and validation of statistical data obtained
statistice obinute n urma cercetrilor statistice. from statistical surveys.

6. Sfera de cuprindere a datelor. Datele prezentate n 6. Coverage. The data presented within the Statistical
Anuarul Statistic caracterizeaz ansamblul economiei Yearbook characterise the whole national economy, except
naionale, cu excepia cazurilor cnd, prin notele cases where specific notes that preface each chapter of the
specifice care prefaeaz fiecare capitol al Anuarului, se Yearbook stipulates otherwise.
precizeaz altfel.

7. Mrimile statistice folosite: 7. Statistical measures used:


n Anuar sunt prezentate, cu precdere, date absolute i The Yearbook mainly presents absolute and relative data
date relative (indici, ponderi, indicatori de intensitate (indices, weights, propensity indicators a.s.o.).
etc.).
Indicatorul statistic este expresia numeric a unor The statistical indicator is the numerical expression of
fenomene, procese, activiti sau categorii certain phenomena, processes, activities or economic
economice sau sociale, manifestate n timp, spaiu i and social categories, manifested over time, area and
structuri. structures.
Indicele este un raport ntre valori ale aceleiai The index is a ratio between values of the same
variabile nregistrate n uniti de timp sau teritoriale variables recorded in various time or territorial units.
diferite.
Indicii statistici utilizai n Anuar sunt: The statistical indices used within the Yearbook are:
l Indicele Laspeyres este o medie aritmetic l Laspeyres index - weighted arithmetic mean of
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile; individual indices of the same variable; the used
ponderile utilizate sunt cele din perioada de baz; weights refer to the base period;
l Indicele Paasche este o medie aritmetic l Paasche index - weighted arithmetic mean of
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile, individual indices of the same variable; the used
ponderile utilizate fiind din perioada curent. weights refer to current period.
Unitatea statistic este un obiect al cercetrii i The statistical unit is subject to the survey and bearer
purttor al caracteristicilor statistice urmrite prin of the statistical characteristics observed through the
program. programme.
Unitatea de observare este acea entitate de la The observation unit is the entity from/for which
care/pentru care sunt colectate date i informaii primary data and information are collected, based on
primare, pe baza creia se construiesc statistici. which statistics are compiled.
Unitatea de raportare este entitatea care furnizeaz The reporting unit is the entity supplying primary data
datele i informaiile primare n cadrul unei cercetri and information under a statistical survey.
statistice.
Unitatea cu personalitate juridic reprezint The unit with legal status in the entity (enterprise,
entitatea (ntreprinderea, societatea comercial, commercial company, association, budgetary
asociaia, instituia bugetar, organizaia fr scop institution, non-profit organisation a.s.o.) carrying out
patrimonial etc.) care desfoar o activitate an economic activity, with own bookkeeping and
economic, are contabilitate proprie i ia decizii n taking decisions when exercising its main function.
exercitarea funciei principale.

IX
Unitatea fr personalitate juridic reprezint o The unit without legal status is a natural person, a
persoan, o gospodrie, o familie, o asociaie sau household, a family, an association or any other entity
orice alt entitate ce nu dispune de autonomie de without decisional autonomy when exercising its main
decizie n exercitarea funciei principale. function.

8. Datele n preuri curente se refer la volumul 8. Data expressed in current prices refer to the volume
produciei, veniturilor, cheltuielilor sau valoarea of production, income or expenses or to the value of
produselor, serviciilor etc. exprimate n preurile products, services a.s.o., expressed in the current year prices.
anului curent. Valorile din diferite perioade n preuri The values expressed in current prices corresponding to
curente nu sunt direct comparabile i, n consecin, various periods are not directly comparable and, as
nu pot fi utilizate la calculul indicilor fr a fi, n consequence, cannot be used for indices compilation
prealabil, deflatate cu indicii de preuri without being previously deflated with the corresponding
corespunztori. price indices.

9. Formele de proprietate sunt: 9. Ownership types:


proprietate majoritar de stat - cuprinde capitalul state majority ownership - comprises integral state,
integral de stat, public, de interes naional i local i public, national and local interest and mixed capital,
mixt, unde statul deine 50% i peste din capitalul where the states own 50% or more of the social capital;
social;
proprietate majoritar privat - cuprinde capitalul private majority ownership - comprises integral
integral privat, mixt, n care peste 50% din capitalul private or mixed capital, where over 50% of the social
social este privat, capital integral strin, cooperatist capital is private, integral foreign or co-operative and
i obtesc. Tot aici sunt cuprinse i activitile community capital. The activities carried out by natural
desfurate de ctre persoanele fizice i/sau persons and/or population households are also
gospodriile populaiei. included here.

10. Clasificri i nomenclatoare. Sunt principalele 10. Classifications and nomenclatures. These are the
instrumente care fac posibil structurarea dup main tools allowing for the structuring of observed
criterii obiective i corecte a unitilor statistice, a processes and phenomena according to objective and
proceselor i fenomenelor observate. Clasificrile accurate criteria related to statistical units. The
utilizate n Anuar, potrivit diferitelor scopuri sau classifications used within the Yearbook, according to
diferitelor domenii de activitate, sunt: various purposes or fields of activity are:
l Clasificarea Activitilor din Economia Naional l The Classification of Activities of National
(CAEN) reprezint un sistem coordonat i coerent de Economy (CANE) is a coordinated and coherent
grupare, dup criterii tiinifice de omogenitate, a system for grouping, according to scientific criteria
datelor referitoare la unitile statistice. related to homogeneity, the data referring to statistical
units.
l n Anuar este utilizat versiunea actualizat a CAEN, l The updated version of CANE is used in the Yearbook,
respectiv CAEN Rev. 2, implementat prin Ordinul nr. respectively CANE Rev. 2, implemented through the
337/2007 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Order No 337/2007 of the National Institute of
Statistic, publicat n Monitorul Oficial nr. 293/2007 Statistics President, published in the Official Journal
i revizuit n Monitorul Oficial nr. 403/2008. CAEN No 293/2007 and revised in the Official Journal
Rev. 2 respect standardele europene, fiind total No 403/2008. CANE Rev. 2 observes the European
armonizat cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din standards, being fully compliant with the
Comunitatea European NACE Rev.2. Nomenclature of Activities from the European
Community NACE Rev.2.
Structura CAEN Rev. 2 este urmtoarea: The CANE Rev. 2 structure is the following:
Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter; Sections - coded at one letter level;
Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre; Divisions - coded at two digits level;
Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre; Groups - coded at three digits level;
Clase - codificate prin patru cifre. Classes - coded at four digits level.

X
Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data
potrivit CAEN Rev. 2, n Anexa nr. 1 a Notei structure according to CANE Rev.2, the Annex No 1 to the
metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la General methodological note includes the classification at
nivelul seciunilor i diviziunilor. section and division level.
l Gruparea dup mrime a ntreprinderilor; l Enterprises grouping by size;
l Clasificarea produselor asociate activitilor l Classification of products associated to activities
utilizat de Uniunea European - CPA; used by the European Union - CPA;
l Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate l Classification of products associated to activities -
activitilor - CPSA 2002; CPA 2002;
l Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate l Classification of products associated to activities -
activitilor - CPSA 2008, aprobat prin Hotrrea CPA 2008, adopted by the Government Decision
de Guvern nr. 53/1999 i revizuit prin Ordinul No 53/1999 and revised by the National Institute of
Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic Statistics President Order No 605 / 15.X.2008.
nr. 605 / 15.X.2008.
CPSA 2008 reprezint o detaliere a CAEN Rev. 2, prin CPA 2008 represents a detailed version of CANE Rev.2,
ordonarea dup principiul omogenitii a tuturor whose organisation relies on the principle of homogeneity
familiilor de produse i servicii pe niveluri ierarhice of all families of products and services by successive
succesive. hierarchical levels.
CPSA 2008 asigur informaii pentru: CPA 2008 classification provides information in order to:
satisfacerea cerinelor de agregare i detaliere a respond to the requirements of aggregation and detailed
datelor referitoare la producia de bunuri i servicii; data regarding the production of goods and services;
identificarea sistematizat a produselor i identify the products and services from our national
serviciilor din economia naional; economy;
compararea i interpretarea unitar a datelor ensure the comparability of statistical data.
statistice.
CPSA 2008 este total armonizat cu Clasificarea CPA 2008 classification is fully harmonised
Produselor Asociate Activitilor (CPA 2008) utilizat n with Classification of Products Associated to Activities (CPA
cadrul UE. Clasificarea conine explicaii la nivelul 2008) used in EU. The classification contains explanatory
diverselor entiti de clasificare n funcie de necesiti. notes for various classification entities according to the
necessities.
l PRODROM - Nomenclatorul de produse i servicii l PRODROM - the Nomenclature of industrial
industriale elaborat de Institutul Naional de products and services drawn up by the National
Statistic (INS) i utilizat pentru cercetri statistice Institute of Statistics (NIS) and used for statistical
privind producia industrial. Nomenclatorul surveys on industrial production. The PRODROM
PRODROM este total armonizat cu lista PRODCOM nomenclature is fully harmonised with the PRODCOM
utilizat n cadrul Uniunii Europene. Legtura CAEN list used within the European Union.
Rev. 2 cu PRODROM este asigurat la nivel de patru The link of CANE Rev.2 with PRODROM is ensured at
cifre (clas), ntruct poziiile din cadrul four digits level (class), since the positions from
nomenclatorului PRODROM sunt rezultatul PRODROM nomenclature are the result of CPA 2008
detalierii subclaselor elementare CPA 2008. detailing elementary sub-classes.

11. Definirea activitilor. n practic, majoritatea 11. Activities definition. In practice, most of the
unitilor de producie efectueaz activiti cu caracter production units carry out activities of mixed nature,
mixt, respectiv activitate principal, activiti namely main activity, secondary and ancillary activities.
secundare i activiti auxiliare. Identificarea activitii The identification of secondary activity is needed in view to
secundare este necesar pentru a ncadra o unitate frame a unit under a certain heading of CANE Rev.2.
ntr-o anumit poziie din CAEN Rev. 2.
l Activitatea principal, n sensul clasificrii, este l The main activity, in the sense of classification, is
identificat prin metoda ordinii descresctoare identified by top-down method. This is the activity
(de sus n jos). Ea reprezint acea activitate care contributing to the largest extent to the total value
contribuie n cea mai mare msur la valoarea added of the concerned unit.
adugat total a unitii luate n considerare.

XI
l Activitatea secundar este orice alt activitate l The secondary activity is any other kind of activity
din cadrul unitii productoare de bunuri sau carried out within the unit producing goods or services.
servicii.
l Activitatea auxiliar este o activitate conex, l The ancillary activity is an auxiliary activity,
indispensabil funcionrii unei entiti, precum: indispensable for the functioning of an entity, such as:
contabilitate, transport, depozitare, achiziionare bookkeeping, transport, storage, purchase,
promovare, ntreinere i reparaie etc. promotion, maintenance and repair a.s.o.

12. mprirea teritorial. Din punct de vedere al 12. Territorial breakdown. From territorial structure
structurii teritoriale, datele din Anuar sunt prezentate standpoint, the data included in the Yearbook are
la nivel naional (pe ntreaga ar), precum i pe presented at national level (for the whole country), as well
diferite uniti teritoriale, n funcie de specificul as by various territorial unit, depending on indicators
indicatorilor. Unitile teritoriale, dup statutul lor, specific. According to their status, territorial units are either
sunt administrative (comun, ora, ora-municipiu, administrative (commune, town, town-municipality,
jude) i non-administrative (macroregiune i regiune county) or non-administrative (macroregion and
de dezvoltare). development region).
Pn n anul 1998, prin lucrrile i publicaiile Till 1998, within the statistical works and publications,
statistice, s-au prelucrat i diseminat, de regul, doar only data at county, municipality, town and commune level
date la nivel de jude, municipii, orae i comune. were, as a rule, processed and disseminated. Beginning
ncepnd din anul 1998, n structura teritorial i, ca with 1998, according to the territorial structure, the
urmare, n publicaiile statistice, au fost prezentate date statistical publications also included data at development
i la nivelul regiunilor de dezvoltare. regions level.
ncepnd cu ediia 2008, potrivit Legii nr. 315/2004 Starting with 2008 edition, according to
privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, n structura the Law No 315/2004 on regional development in
teritorial sunt prezentate date i la nivelul Romania, territorial structure also presents data at
macroregiunilor, constituite conform Legii privind macroregional level, constituted according to the Law on
stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in
din Romnia i cerinelor Regulamentului Romania and to requirements of the EC Regulation
CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the
European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al Council regarding the setting up of a common
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS,
Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003. published in Official Journal of European Union
No L 154/2003.

N.B. ncepnd cu ediia 2014 a Anuarului Statistic al N.B. Starting with the 2014 edition of the Romanian
Romniei, sunt prezentate serii noi de statistici ale Statistical Yearbook, new statistical series on population
populaiei. Ele au fost completate cu informaii extinse are presented. These were completed with wider
sub aspect metodologic i al sferei de cuprindere, la cele information in terms of methodology and scope for the
dou categorii de populaii: two population categories:
rezident, care ine seama de soldul migraiei usual resident, taking into account external migration
externe (dup criteriul reedinei obinuite) balance (according to usual residence criterion)
i and
populaia dup domiciliu, care acoper ntreaga permanent resident, covering the whole Romanian
populaie a Romniei, dup criteriul domiciliului population, according to permanent residence in
permanent pe care l ocup n Romnia, indiferent de Romania criterion, irrespective of the usual residence.
reedina obinuit.

XII
Anexa nr. 1
Annex No 1

CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 2


(aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 337/20. IV. 2007 privind actualizarea Clasificrii activitilor din economia naional - CAEN,
publicat n M.O. nr. 293/03. V.2007 i revizuit n M.O. nr. 403/29. V.2008)
THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 2
(approved through Order No 337/20. IV. 2007 on the classification of activities in the national economy - CANE updating,
published in the Official Journal No 293/03.V. 2007 and revised in the Official Journal No 403/29.V. 2008)

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Description


Section Division

A AGRICULTUR, SILVICULTUR I PESCUIT AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING


01 Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Crop and animal production, hunting and related
service activities
02 Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Forestry and logging
03 Pescuitul i acvacultura Fishing and aquaculture

B INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV MINING AND QUARRYING


05 Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Mining of coal and lignite
06 Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
07 Extracia minereurilor metalifere Mining of metal ores
08 Alte activiti extractive Other mining and quarrying
09 Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Mining support service activities

C INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE MANUFACTURING


10 Industria alimentar Manufacture of food products
11 Fabricarea buturilor Manufacture of beverages
12 Fabricarea produselor din tutun Manufacture of tobacco products
13 Fabricarea produselor textile Manufacture of textiles
14 Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Manufacture of wearing apparel
15 Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture
de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear;
nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor preparation and dyeing of furs
16 Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn Manufacture of wood and of products of wood
i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles
paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite of straw and plaiting materials
17 Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Manufacture of paper and paper products
18 Tiprire i reproducerea pe supori Printing and reproduction of recorded media
a nregistrrilor
19 Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului products
20 Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
21 Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and
preparatelor farmaceutice pharmaceutical preparations
22 Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
23 Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral
products
24 Industria metalurgic Manufacture of basic metals
25 Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii except machinery and equipment
26 Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor Manufacture of computer, electronic and
electronice i optice optical products
27 Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Manufacture of electrical equipment
28 Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
29 Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor semi-trailers
30 Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Manufacture of other transport equipment
31 Fabricarea de mobil Manufacture of furniture
32 Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
33 Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery
i echipamentelor and equipment
D PRODUCIA I FURNIZAREA DE ENERGIE ELECTRICITY, GAS, STEAM AND
ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE, AP AIR CONDITIONING PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY
CALD I AER CONDIIONAT
35 Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat production and supply

XIII
Anexa nr. 1 - continuare
Annex No 1 - continued

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Description


Section Division

E DISTRIBUIA APEI; SALUBRITATE, WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE, WASTE


GESTIONAREA DEEURILOR, MANAGEMENT AND DECONTAMINATION
ACTIVITI DE DECONTAMINARE ACTIVITIES
36 Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Water catchment, treatment and distribution
37 Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Used water collection and purification
38 Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; Waste collection, purification and disposal;
activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile activities of recycling materials recovery
39 Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Activities and services of decontamination

F CONSTRUCII CONSTRUCTION
41 Construcii de cldiri Construction of buildings
42 Lucrri de geniu civil Civil engineering
43 Lucrri speciale de construcii Specialised construction activities

G COMER CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL; WHOLESALE AND RETAIL; REPAIR OF


REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR I MOTOR VEHICLES AND MOTORCYCLES
A MOTOCICLETELOR
45 Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i Wholesale and retail, maintenance and repair of
repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor motor vehicles and motorcycles
46 Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu Wholesale, except of motor vehicles and
autovehicule i motociclete motorcycles
47 Comer cu amnuntul, cu excepia Retail, except of motor vehicles and
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor motorcycles

H TRANSPORT I DEPOZITARE TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE


49 Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte Land transport and transport via pipelines
50 Transporturi pe ap Water transport
51 Transporturi aeriene Air transport
52 Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi Warehousing and support activities for transportation
53 Activiti de pot i de curier Postal and courier activities

I HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS


55 Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Hotels and other accommodation facilities
56 Restaurante i alte activiti de servicii de alimentaie Restaurants and other catering services

J INFORMAII I COMUNICAII INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION


58 Activiti de editare Publishing activities
59 Activiti de producie cinematografic, video i de Motion picture, video and television programme
programe de televiziune; nregistrri audio i production, sound recording and music publishing
activiti de editare muzical activities
60 Activiti de difuzare i transmitere de programe Programming and broadcasting activities
61 Telecomunicaii Telecommunications
62 Activiti de servicii n tehnologia informaiei Computer programming, consultancy and
related activities
63 Activiti de servicii informatice Information service activities

K INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE I ASIGURRI FINANCIAL AND INSURANCE INTERMEDIATION


64 Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor Financial intermediation, except insurance and
de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii pension funding
65 Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding
de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public (except compulsory social security)
de asigurri sociale)
66 Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare, Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation,
activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii insurance activities and pension funds

L TRANZACII IMOBILIARE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES


68 Tranzacii imobiliare Real estate activities

M ACTIVITI PROFESIONALE, TIINIFICE PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND


I TEHNICE TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES
69 Activiti juridice i de contabilitate Legal and accounting activities

XIV
Anexa nr. 1 - continuare
Annex No 1 - continued

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Description


Section Division

70 Activiti ale direciilor (centralelor), birourilor Activities of head offices; management consultancy
administrative centralizate; activiti de management activities
i de consultan n management
71 Activiti de arhitectur i inginerie; activiti de Architectural and engineering activities; technical
testri i analiz tehnic testing and analysis
72 Cercetare-dezvoltare Scientific research and development
73 Publicitate i activiti de studiere a pieei Advertising and market research
74 Alte activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Other professional, scientific and technical activities
75 Activiti veterinare Veterinary activities

N ACTIVITI DE SERVICII ADMINISTRATIVE I ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICE


ACTIVITI DE SERVICII SUPORT ACTIVITIES
77 Activiti de nchiriere i leasing Rental and leasing activities
78 Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc Employment activities
79 Activiti ale ageniilor turistice i a tur-operatorilor; Travel agency, tour operator reservation service and
alte servicii de rezervare i asisten turistic related activities
80 Activiti de investigaii i protecie Security and investigation activities
81 Activiti de peisagistic i servicii pentru cldiri Services to buildings and landscape activities
82 Activiti de secretariat, servicii suport i alte activiti Office administrative, office support and other
de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor business support activities

O ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE; PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE;


ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY
84 Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din Public administration and defence; compulsory
sistemul public social security

P NVMNT EDUCATION
85 nvmnt Education

Q SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL HUMAN HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES


86 Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman Human health activities
87 Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i asisten Residential care activities
social, cu cazare
88 Activiti de asisten social, fr cazare Social work activities without accommodation

R ACTIVITI DE SPECTACOLE, CULTURALE I ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION


RECREATIVE
90 Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic Creative, arts and entertainment activities
91 Activiti ale bibliotecilor, arhivelor, muzeelor Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural
i alte activiti culturale activities
92 Activiti de jocuri de noroc i pariuri Gambling and betting activities
93 Activiti sportive, recreative i distractive Sports activities and amusement and recreation
activities

S ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES


94 Activiti asociative diverse Activities of membership organisations
95 Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale Repair of computers and personal and household
i de uz gospodresc goods
96 Alte activiti de servicii Other personal service activities

T ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS AS EMPLOYERS;


N CALITATE DE ANGAJATOR DE PERSONAL UNDIFFERENTIATED GOODS AND SERVICES-
CASNIC; ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRODUCING ACTIVITIES OF
PRIVATE DE PRODUCERE DE BUNURI I HOUSEHOLDS FOR OWN USE
SERVICII DESTINATE CONSUMULUI PROPRIU
97 Activiti ale gospodriilor private n calitate de Activities of households as employers of domestic
angajator de personal casnic personnel
98 Activiti ale gospodriilor private de producere Undifferentiated goods and services producing
de bunuri i servicii destinate consumului propriu activities of private households for own use

U ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I ACTIVITIES OF EXTRATERRITORIAL


ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE ORGANISATIONS AND BODIES
99 Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies
extrateritoriale XV
GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE
COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION

Macroregiunea Regiunea de dezvoltare Judeul


Macroregion Development region County

MACROREGIUNEA UNU Nord - Vest Bihor


MACROREGION ONE North - West Bistria-Nsud
Cluj
Maramure
Satu Mare
Slaj
Centru Alba
Center Braov
Covasna
Harghita
Mure
Sibiu
MACROREGIUNEA DOI Nord - Est Bacu
MACROREGION TWO North - East Botoani
Iai
Neam
Suceava
Vaslui
Sud - Est Brila
South - East Buzu
Constana
Galai
Tulcea
Vrancea
MACROREGIUNEA TREI Sud - Muntenia Arge
MACROREGION THREE South - Muntenia Clrai
Dmbovia
Giurgiu
Ialomia
Prahova
Teleorman
Bucureti - Ilfov Ilfov
Bucharest - Ilfov Municipiul Bucureti
Bucharest Municipality
MACROREGIUNEA PATRU Sud - Vest Oltenia Dolj
MACROREGION FOUR South - West Oltenia Gorj
Mehedini
Olt
Vlcea
Vest Arad
West Cara-Severin
Hunedoara
Timi

Not: Datele statistice n profil teritorial sunt prezentate pe judee, conform Decretului - Lege nr. 2/1968 cu modificrile ulterioare, iar judeele
au fost grupate pe regiuni de dezvoltare.
Prin rectificarea aprut n Legea nr. 315/28.VI.2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, au fost redenumite trei regiuni,
dup cum urmeaz:
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud este redenumit Sud - Muntenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud - Vest este redenumit Sud - Vest Oltenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Bucureti este redenumit Bucureti - Ilfov.
S-au constituit patru macroregiuni, conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i
cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.
Note: Statistical data at territorial level are presented by county, according to the Decree - Law No 2/1968 further amended, while
the counties were grouped by development region.
Through the rectification introduced in Law No 315/28.VI.2004 on regional development in Romania, three regions were renamed,
as follows:
- The development region South is renamed South - Muntenia,
- The development region South - West is renamed South - West Oltenia,
- The development region Bucharest is renamed Bucharest - Ilfov.
Four macroregions were constituted, according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania
and to the requirements of the EC Regulation No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up
of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NSTU, published in Official Journal of European Union No L 154/2003.

XVI
GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE
COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION

MACROREGIUNEA UNU / MACROREGION ONE

MACROREGIUNEA DOI / MACROREGION TWO

Satu Mare BOTOANI MACROREGIUNEA TREI / MACROREGION THREE


MARAMURE
MACROREGIUNEA PATRU / MACROREGION FOUR
SUCEAVA Botoani
Nord - Vest SATU MARE Baia Mare
Suceava
North - West
BISTRIA-NSUD IAI Nord - Est
Zalu North - East
NEAM Iai
Oradea SLAJ Bistria Piatra-Neam
Centru CLUJ
Center
BIHOR
Cluj-Napoca MURE
Vaslui
Cluj-Napoca
Trgu Mure Bacu
HARGHITA
Miercurea Ciuc BACU VASLUI
Arad ARAD ALBA
Alba Iulia

Deva COVASNA
SIBIU BRAOV
Timioara Sfntu VRANCEA
Gheorghe GALAI
Sibiu
Vest TIMI Braov Focani
West HUNEDOARA Galai

PRAHOVA BUZU Brila


Reia ARGE Tulcea
Rmnicu
Trgu Jiu Vlcea BRILA
Trgovite Buzu TULCEA
CARA-SEVERIN
Ploieti
Legend / Legend: VLCEA DMBOVIA
Drobeta GORJ Piteti
Turnu Severin
Orae / Towns IALOMIA
ILFOV Slobozia
MEHEDINI
CONSTANA
Municipii / Municipalities Sud - Est
BUCURETI South - East
Slatina CLRAI Clrai
Reedine de jude / County residence Craiova
Constana
Judee / Counties DOLJ GIURGIU
Alexandria
Giurgiu
Regiuni de dezvoltare / Development regions OLT TELEORMAN

Sud - Vest Oltenia Sud - Muntenia Bucureti - Ilfov


South - West Oltenia South - Muntenia Bucharest - Ilfov
PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR
ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

U.M. = unitate de msur CP = cal putere


M.U. = measurement unit HP = horse power
mm = milimetru kcal = kilocalorie
= millimetre = kilocalorie
m = metru '' = secund
= metre = second

m2 = metru ptrat ' = minut


= square metre = minute

m3 = metru cub h = or
= cubic metre = hour

ha (10000 m 2 ) = hectar 0 = grad


= hectare = degree
o
km = kilometru C = grade Celsius
= kilometre = Celsius degrees
km2 = kilometru ptrat nr. = numr
= square kilometre No = number
g = gram % = procent
= gram = percentage
kg = kilogram = promil
= kilogram per mille
t = ton mii = mii
= tonne thou = thousands (thou)
tdw = ton deadweight mil. = milion
= tonne deadweight mill. = million
l = litru mild. = miliard
= litre bn = billion
hl = hectolitru echiv. = echivalent
= hectolitre equiv. = equivalent
W = watt buc. = bucat
= watt pcs. = pieces
kW = kilowatt n.c.a. = neclasificate altundeva
= kilowatt n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified
kWh = kilowatt - or
= kilowatt - hour

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE
SYMBOLS USED

- = nu este cazul G = grafic


= data not applicable = graph
... = lips date *) = date mai mici dect 0,5
= data not available = magnitude less than 0.5

~ = date nensumabile **) = date mai mici dect 0,05


= nontotalized data = magnitude less than 0.05

c = date confideniale ***) = date mai mici dect 0,005


= confidential data = magnitude less than 0.005

= tabele ce apar numai pe CD-ROM.


= tables included only on the CD-ROM.

XVIII
GEOGRAFIE, METEOROLOGIE
I MEDIU NCONJURTOR

GEOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY
AND ENVIRONMENT
1
CUPRINS TABELE Pagina TABLES CONTENTS
Page

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE-


ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

1.1 Poziia geografic a Romniei ..................................... 10 Geographical position of Romania


1.2 Lungimea frontierelor Romniei .................................. 11 Length of Romanias borders
1.3 Principalele altitudini muntoase ................................... 11 Major mountain peaks
1.4 Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe Length of major rivers
teritoriul Romniei ....................................................... 13 on Romanian territory
1.5 Principalele lacuri naturale .......................................... 14 Major natural lakes
1.6 Principalele lacuri antropice ........................................ 15 Major anthropic lakes
1.7 Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia ... 16 Average height of major towns in Romania
1.8 Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, Administrative organisation of Romanian territory,
la 31 decembrie 2014 ................................................. 17 on December 31, 2014

METEOROLOGIE METEOROLOGY

1.9 Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) ............ 18 Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)
1.10 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute
minima absolut lunar i anual) .............................. 20 maximum and absolute minimum)
1.11 Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) ... 28 Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

MEDIU NCONJURTOR ENVIRONMENT

Resurse naturale Natural resources


1.12 Ariile protejate, n anul 2014 ....................................... 30 Protected areas, in 2014
1.13 Rezervaii ale biosferei i zone umede de importan Biosphere reserves and wetlands of international
internaional, n anul 2014 ......................................... 30 importance, in 2014
1.14 Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, National and natural parks,
n anul 2014 ................................................................ 31 in 2014
1.15 Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit Water resources assured, according to the
gradului de amenajare, n anul 2014 .......................... 32 arrangement level, in 2014

Calitatea factorilor de mediu Environment factors quality


1.16 Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2014 ................ 32 Surface waters quality, in 2014

Msuri de protecie a mediului Environment protection measures


1.17 Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2014 ......... 33 Investments for environment protection, in 2014
1.18 Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, Internal current expenditure for environment
n anul 2014 ................................................................ 34 protection, in 2014

SURSA DATELOR DATA SOURCE

Cercetri statistice: Statistical surveys:


Cercetarea statistic privind cheltuielile pentru Statistical survey on environment protection
protecia mediului, completat de operatorii expenditure, filled in by economic operators and
economici i unitile administraiei publice. public administration units.

2
Surse administrative: Administrative sources:
Institutul de Geografie Bucureti; Institute of Geography Bucharest;
Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din General Inspectorate of Border Police within the
cadrul Ministerului Afacerilor Interne; Ministry of Internal Affairs;
Administraia Naional de Meteorologie; National Administration of Meteorology;
Ministerul Mediului, Apelor i Pdurilor; Ministry of Environment, Waters and Forest;
Ministerul Finanelor Publice; Ministry of Public Finances;
Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului; National Agency for Environment Protection;
Regia Naional a Pdurilor; National Company of Forests;
Administraia Naional Apele Romne. National Administration Romanian Waters.

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE-


ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

Prezentare Description

Romnia este situat n centrul geografic al Europei Romania is situated in the geographical centre of
(sud-estul Europei Centrale), la nord de Peninsula Europe (south-east of Central Europe), in the north of
Balcanic, la jumtatea distanei dintre Coasta the Balkan Peninsula, at half the distance between
Atlanticului i Munii Ural, n interiorul i exteriorul arcului Atlantic Coast and the Urals, inside and outside the
Munilor Carpai, pe cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km) Carpathians Arch, on the lower course of the Danube
i cu ieire la Marea Neagr. (1075 km) and has exit to the Black Sea.
De altfel, paralela 45N cu meridianul 25E se Otherwise, the 45N parallel with the 25E meridian
intersecteaz n apropiere de centrul geometric al rii, la intersects near the geometrical centre of the country,
100 km N-V de capitala rii, Bucureti. 100 km N-V of the country capital, Bucharest.
Cu o suprafa de 238391 km2, Romnia este Romania is the twelfth country of Europe, having an
a 12-a ar ca mrime a Europei. area of 238391 km2.
Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din The exit to the sea enables the connections with the
bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i, prin countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean
intermediul acesteia, cu restul lumii. Sea basin and, by means of this, rest of the world.
Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on
245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i 245 km, between Musura stream (at the border with Ukraine)
localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria). and Vama Veche locality (at the border with Bulgaria).
Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte Romania's relief consists of three major levels: the
majore: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai nalt vrf highest one in the Carpathians (the highest peak
Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care corespunde Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which corresponds
Subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i cea joas, a to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to the plateaus
cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta Dunrii, cea and the lowest one in plains, meadows and Danube
mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu formare, are Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest relief unit under
altitudinea medie de 0,52 m. permanent formation, has the average height of 0.52 m.
Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt Main features of relief units are proportionality
proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri, (31% mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and
33% cmpii i lunci) i dispunerea concentric a treptelor meadows) and concentric display of the relief major
majore ale reliefului. levels.
Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de Romanias climate is temperate-continental of
tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest, transition, with oceanic influences from the West,
mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental-excesive Mediterranean ones from South-West and continental-
din est. Temperatura medie multianual este difereniat excessive ones from the East. Multiannual average
latitudinal, respectiv 8C n nord i peste 11C n sud, i temperature is latitudinally different, 8C in the North and
altitudinal, cu valori de -2,5C n etajul montan over 11C in the South, and altitudinally, with values of
(Vrfu Omu - masivul Bucegi) i 11,6C n cmpie -2.5C in the mountain floor (Omu peak - Bucegi massif)
(oraul Zimnicea - judeul Teleorman). and 11.6C in the plain (Zimnicea town - Teleorman county).
Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west
est, respectiv de la peste 600 mm la mai puin de 500 mm to east, from over 600 mm to less 500 mm in the East

3
n Cmpia Romn de Est, sub 450 mm n Dobrogea i Romanian Plain, under 450 mm in Dobrogea and about
circa 350 mm pe litoral, pentru ca n regiunile muntoase 350 mm by seaside, in the mountainous areas they
s ajung la 1000-1500 mm. reach 1000-1500 mm.
Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial, Romanian running waters are radially displayed,
marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai. Principalul most of them having the springs in the Carpathians. Their
colector al acestora este fluviul Dunrea, care strbate main collector is the Danube river, which crosses the
ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de 1075 km i se country in the south on 1075 km length and flows into the
vars n Marea Neagr. Black Sea.
Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale The lakes are represented by natural lakes
(numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate unitile (numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of
majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n etajul alpin (Lacul relief, from glacial ones in the alpine floor (Mioarelor
Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la limanele Lake - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime banks
fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol la 1,5 m) i prin lacuri (Techirghiol Lake at 1.5 m) and anthropic lakes, as well
antropice, de asemenea n toate unitile de relief. in all relief units.
Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de The vegetation is determined by the relief and by
elementele pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors.
etajat a acesteia. Regiunile montane sunt acoperite de Mountainous regions are covered by coniferous forests
pduri de conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec (especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree,
(fag, brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are covered
se afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr, by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine, juniper,
afin, merior i altele. bilberry, red bilberry a.s.o.
n regiunile de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri In the hills and plateaus regions there are broad-
de foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul; leaved forests, prevailing beech, common oak or durmast
pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte, adesea, principalele oak; the main forest species often met on low hills and
specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia. high plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto.
Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa ariile The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which
cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia covered the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau,
Romn, Podiul Moldovei, Cmpia Banatului i Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau, Banat and Criana
Crianei, a fost, n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin Plain has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops.
culturi agricole.
Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals
n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n etajul alpin apar according to each species biotype. Relict elements as
elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul de black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture live in the
munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite mamifere: alpine area. In the Carpathian forests live various
urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri i un numr animals: bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck,
mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni muntoase se squirrel and several species of birds. In a few
mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i cocoul de mountainous areas both mountain cock and birch cock
mesteacn; n regiunile de deal i cmpie sunt are still met. In the hill and field areas there are hares,
rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri, moles, hedgehogs, various birds, lizards, batrachia
oprle, batracieni .a.; pentru zonele de step sunt a.s.o.; rodent animals as gopher and hamster are
caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul). characteristic for the steppe areas. Water fauna is
Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin pstrv represented especially by trout in the mountainous
n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n trecut, a waters (huck which was mostly spread in the past has
devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n regiunile de become quite rare); dace and barbel in the hill region;
deal; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n cele de cmpie carp, perch, pike, sheat fish, crucian in the field region
i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine teritoriale i pe Dunrea and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also met in the
inferioar se ntlnesc i specii de sturioni. marine territorial waters and on the downstream Danube.
Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate. Romania's useful minerals resources are various.
Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi Among the main useful minerals resources we can
menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare; mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions; natural
gazele naturale; crbunii, n special huila cocsificabil, gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal and
crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i neferoase, lignite; ferrous and non-ferrous ores, gold, silver and
zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; rezerve mari de bauxite ore deposits; vast reserves of salt as well as

4
sare, precum i o serie de resurse nemetalifere. numerous non-metalliferrous resources. A special category
O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol o constituie of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000 mineral
cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape minerale, cu valene water springs, with consumption and medical treatments
pentru consum i tratamente medicale. valences.
Teritoriul Romniei este mprit din punct de Romanian territory is divided from administrative
vedere administrativ n: sate, comune, orae, municipii viewpoint into: villages, communes, towns, municipalities
i judee. and counties.
Satul este cea mai mic unitate teritorial, avnd Village is the smallest territorial unit, having
caracteristicile aezrilor de tip rural. characteristics of rural settlements.
Comuna este unitatea administrativ-teritorial care Commune is a territorial-administrative unit which
cuprinde populaia rural unit prin comunitate de comprises rural population united by interest and
interese i tradiii, fiind alctuit din unul sau mai multe traditional community, including one or several villages
sate (din care unul este reedin de comun). (from which one is commune residence).
Oraul reprezint o concentrare uman cu o funcie Town represents a human concentration with
administrativ i un mod de via specific ariilor urbane administrative function and a life specific to urban areas
i o structur profesional a populaiei n care predomin and with a population professional structure where the
cea ocupat n ramurile neagricole. population employed in non-agricultural branches prevails.
Municipiul este un ora cu un rol economic, social, Municipality is a town, with an important economic,
politic i cultural nsemnat avnd, de regul, funcie social, political and cultural role, usually having
administrativ. administrative function.
Judeul reprezint unitatea administrativ-teritorial County represents traditional administrative-
tradiional n Romnia, alctuit din orae i comune, n territorial unit in Romania, including towns and
funcie de condiiile geografice, economice, social- communes, depending on geographical, economical and
politice i de legturile culturale i tradiionale ale social-political conditions and population cultural and
populaiei. Teritoriul Romniei este organizat n 42 de traditional relations. Romanian territory is organized into
judee (inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti). 42 counties (including Bucharest Municipality).
Ca uniti teritoriale (non-administrative) au fost As territorial (non-administrative) units, eight
create opt regiuni de dezvoltare, constituite prin regions of development were created, gathering
reuniunea mai multor judee. several counties.
Au fost create patru macroregiuni, care nu sunt Four macroregions were created, which are not
uniti administrativ-teritoriale i nu au personalitate administrative territorial units and have no legal entity,
juridic; sunt constituite pentru a asigura colectarea, they are constituted to assure the collection, compilation
elaborarea i difuzarea statisticilor regionale armonizate la and transmission of harmonised regional statistics at
nivelul Uniunii Europene. European Union level.

Oraele principale: Bucureti, Timioara, Iai, Main cities: Bucharest, Timioara, Iai, Cluj-Napoca,
Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila,
Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu. Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu.
Porturile principale: Main harbours:
la Marea Neagr: Constana, Mangalia; at the Black Sea: Constana, Mangalia;
la Dunre: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu at the Danube: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu
Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele,
Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod,
Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina. Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.
Aeroporturile principale: Bucureti (Henri Coand - Main airports: Bucharest (Henri Coand -
Otopeni i Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Otopeni and Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana
Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca, (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia),
Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare, Oradea, Satu Mare, Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare,
Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea. Oradea, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea.
Capitala: Municipiul Bucureti (1860380 locuitori The capital: Bucharest Municipality (1860380
- date provizorii - populaie rezident la 1 iulie 2014, inhabitants - provisional data - the usual resident population
estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele on July 1, 2014 was used, estimated under the conditions of
definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al comparability with the final results of the Population and

5
Locuinelor - 2011), mprit n ase sectoare Housing Census - 2011), organised into six administrative
administrative. Prima menionare documentar dateaz sectors. The first documentary mention was on 20.IX.1459,
din 20.IX.1459, ca reedin a lui Vlad epe. Capital a as residence of Vlad epe. Capital of ara Romneasc
rii Romneti ncepnd din a doua jumtate a secolului since the second half of the XVII th century and Capital of
al XVII-lea i Capitala Romniei, din anul 1862, municipiul Romania since 1862, Bucharest Municipality is the most
Bucureti este cel mai important centru politic, economic i important political, economic and cultural-scientific center of
cultural-tiinific al rii. the country.
Limba oficial: limba romn. Official language: Romanian.
Drapelul Romniei este tricolor; culorile sunt Flag of Romania: is three - coloured; the colours
aezate vertical n ordinea urmtoare, ncepnd de la are placed vertically in the following order from the
lance: albastru, galben, rou. lance: blue, yellow, red.
Ziua naional a Romniei: 1 Decembrie. National day of Romania: December, 1st.
Imnul naional al Romniei este Deteapt-te National anthem of Romania is Wake up,
romne. Romanian.
Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica: Government form in Romania is the republic:
Republic, conform Constituiei adoptate n 1991 i Republic, according to the Constitution adopted in
modificat n 2003; 1991 and modified in 2003;
Puterea legislativ este reprezentat de un Legislative power is represented by two chamber
parlament bicameral (Camera Deputailor i Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and Senate), and
Senatul), iar puterea executiv este exercitat de executive power is carried out by Government led
Guvern, condus de un prim-ministru desemnat de by Prime Minister appointed by the countrys
preedintele rii; President;
Preedintele rii este ales n baza rezultatelor President of the country is elected based on
alegerilor generale prin scrutin universal pentru un general elections results by universal vote for a
mandat de 5 ani. 5 years mandate.
Moneda naional: Leu, cu subdiviziunea ban. National currency: Leu, with ban as subdivision.
Cursul monedei naionale este stabilit zilnic pe piaa The exchange rate is set on the interbank currency
valutar interbancar, moneda de referin fiind euro. market on a daily basis, reference currency being euro.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

METEOROLOGIE METEOROLOGY

Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din The research on physical processes and phenomena
atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determine the weather
clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile and the climate, relies on the meteorological measurements
meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau periodic and observations, permanently or periodically carried out in
n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului terestru i la different points on the terrestrial globe surface and at
diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. Programul unitar al various altitudes in the free atmosphere. The unitary
msurtorilor i observaiilor, precum i alte activiti programme of measurements and observations, as well as
meteorologice se asigur prin colaborare other meteorological activities are assured by international
internaional, n cadrul Administraiei Naionale de co-operation within National Administration of Meteorology,
Meteorologie, cu Organizaia Meteorologic Mondial. with the World Meteorology Organisation.
Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de pe The meteorological station represents the point
suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii i from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and
msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i fenomenelor observations on all meteorological elements and
meteorologice, conform programului stabilit. Majoritatea phenomena are carried out in keeping with the
observaiilor, msurtorilor i determinrilor programme. Most of meteorological observations,
meteorologice de la staii se efectueaz pe platforma measurements and determinations from the stations are
meteorologic situat pe un teren deschis, tipic pentru performed on the meteorological area situated on an
regiunea respectiv, cu dimensionarea standard de open land, typical for the respective region, with the
26 m x 26 m. standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m.

6
Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor In order to observe the atmospheric processes and
atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri phenomena and to compute various meteorological and
meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea climatic parameters, it is necessary to report
observaiilor i msurtorilor, care se realizeaz att n observations and measurements, carried out both in
spaiu, ct i n timp. space and over time.
Programul climatologic reprezint complexul The climatic programme represents the complex of
observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se meteorological observations and measurements
execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att la performed at stations, according to the local average solar
termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. Permanent, time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously during
la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 timp solar mediu 24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13,
local) se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra: 19 local average solar time), the observations and
presiunii atmosferice, vntului, temperaturii i umezelii measurements are done for: atmospheric pressure, wind,
aerului, temperaturii suprafeei solului, nebulozitii, air temperature and humidity, ground surface temperature,
precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. Continuu, n tot cursul cloudiness, precipitations, horizontal visibility.
zilei i nopii se determin caracteristicile tuturor Continuously, during all day and night, the characteristics
fenomenelor meteorologice (hidrometeori, litometeori, of all meteorological phenomena (hydrometeors,
electrometeori etc.). litometeors, electrometeors a.s.o.) are determined.
Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau Air temperature observations consist of air
n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele stabilite i temperature measurement at the observation deadlines
n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime ale acesteia and of determining its maximum and minimum values,
n intervalele de timp dintre aceste termene. during the intervals between the climatic observation
deadlines.
Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu Air temperature is measured with direct reading
citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial, instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation,
termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the
minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with recording
(termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se apparatus (thermographs). In view to ensure that the
msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie instruments for measuring air temperature and humidity
influenate direct de radiaia solar, de radiaia terestr, are not directly influenced by the solar, terrestrial
de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz n radiation, by precipitations and by wind gusts, they
adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime deasupra should be placed in the meteorological shelter situated at
solului. 2 meters high above the ground.
Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din The measurement of water quantities coming
precipitaii atmosferice sau care se depun din ali from atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other
hidrometeori se efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, iar hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer and
nregistrarea continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se face cu the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids) is
pluviograful. Cantitile de ap se msoar zilnic la performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are
termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se exprim prin daily measured at climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19) and
grosimea stratului de ap czut, n mm (1mm=1l / m2). they are expressed by the thickness of the fallen water
layer, in mm (1mm=1l / m 2).

MEDIU NCONJURTOR ENVIRONMENT

Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic Water resources represent the hydrological


format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim potential consisting of the superficial and underground
natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, din waters, under natural and arranged conditions, registered
care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine. at the beginning of the year, of which the utilities are fed.
Ariile naturale protejate, conform O.U.G. Natural protected areas, according to G.P.O.
nr. 57/2007, reprezint zone terestre, acvatice i/sau No 57/2007, represents terrestrial, aquatic and/or
subterane, cu perimetrul legal stabilit i avnd un regim underground areas, with legally settled perimeter and
special de ocrotire i conservare, n care exist specii de with a special protection and preservation regime, where
plante i animale slbatice, elemente i formaiuni wild plants and animal species, bio-geographic elements
biogeografice sau de alt natur, cu valoare ecologic, and formations or of other nature, with special ecological,
tiinific sau cultural deosebit i cuprind: scientific or cultural value exist and include:

7
rezervaii ale biosferei - arii naturale protejate al biosphere reserves - protected natural areas whose
cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor zone purpose is the protection and preservation of a natural
de habitat natural i a diversitii biologice specifice; habitat areas and of specific biologic diversity;
parcuri naionale - arii naturale protejate al cror national parks - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor eantioane purpose is the protection and preservation
reprezentative pentru spaiul biogeografic naional; of representative samples for the national
bio-geographic space;
parcuri naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror natural parks - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor ansambluri purpose is the protection and preservation of
peisagistice n care interaciunea activitilor umane landscape piles in which human activities
cu natura de-a lungul timpului a creat o zon interactions in time created a distinct area, with
distinct, cu valoare semnificativ peisagistic i/sau landscape and/or cultural significant value, often
cultural, deseori cu o mare diversitate biologic; with a great biological diversity;
rezervaii tiinifice - arii naturale protejate al cror scientific reserves - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate purpose is the protection and preservation of
naturale terestre i/sau acvatice, cuprinznd terrestrial and/or aquatic natural habitats, including
elemente reprezentative de interes tiinific; representative elements of scientific interest;
rezervaii naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror natural reserves - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate i purpose is the protection and preservation of
specii naturale importante sub aspect floristic, important natural habitats and species from flora,
faunistic, forestier, hidrologic, geologic, speologic, fauna, forestry, hydrological, geological, speological,
paleontologic, pedologic; paleontological, pedological point of view;
monumente ale naturii - arii naturale protejate al natural monuments - natural protected areas
cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
elemente naturale cu valoare i semnificaie natural elements and of ecological, scientific,
ecologic, tiinific, peisagistic deosebite; landscape special significance;
zone umede de importan internaional sunt humid areas of international importance are
acele arii naturale protejate al cror scop este those protected natural areas whose purpose is to
asigurarea proteciei i conservrii siturilor naturale ensure the protection and preservation of the natural
cu diversitate biologic specific zonelor umede; sites with a wetland-specific biological diversity;
arii de protecie special avifaunistic sunt acele arii avifauna special protection areas are those
naturale protejate ale cror scopuri sunt conservarea, protected natural areas whose purpose is the
meninerea, i acolo unde este cazul, readucerea preservation, maintenance and where necessary
ntr-o stare de conservare favorabil a speciilor de the conservative rehabilitation of the bird species
psri i a habitatelor specifice, desemnate pentru and specific habitats designated for wild migratory
protecia speciilor de psri migratoare slbatice; bird species protection;
situri de importan comunitar reprezint acele arii sites of Community interest reprezent areas
care, n regiunile biogeografice n care exist, located in biogeographical regions, contributing
contribuie semnificativ la meninerea sau restaurarea la significantly to the maintenance or restoration to a
o stare de conservare favorabil a habitatelor naturale. favourable preservation state of the natural habitats.
Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n The evaluation of the superficial waters
monitorizarea parametrilor biologici hidromorfologici, quality is carried out by monitoring the biological
fizico-chimici, a poluanilor prioritari sau a altor poluani hidro - morfological parameters, physico - chemical,
evacuai n cantiti importante. the prioritary pollution agents or other pollution
agents evacuated in important quantities.
Potrivit Legii nr. 310/2004, anexa 11, se disting According to Law No 310/2004, annex 11, 5 quality
5 clase de calitate, definite astfel: classes are distinguished, defined as follows:
clasa de calitate I - stare foarte bun - nu exist the first quality class - very good state - no
alterri (sau sunt foarte mici) ale valorilor alterations (or very few) of physico-chemical and
elementelor fizico-chimice i hidromorfologice de hydro-morfological quality elements value exist for
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa the type of superficial waters bodies as against
fa de cele asociate n mod normal cu acel tip n those normally associated with specific type in
condiii nemodificate; unchanged conditions;

8
clasa de calitate II - stare bun - valorile the second quality class - good state - biological
elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp quality elements values for superficial water body
de ap de suprafa prezint nivele sczute de type presents low levels of change because of
schimbare datorit activitilor umane, dar deviaz human activity, but it slightly deviate as against those
uor fa de acele valori normale asociate cu tipul de normal values associated with superficial water
corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate; bodies type in unchanged conditions;
clasa de calitate III - stare moderat - valorile the third quality class - moderate state - biological
elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp quality elements values for superficial water body
de ap de suprafa deviaz moderat fa de acelea type moderately deviates as against those which are
care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corp de normally associated with superficial water body type
ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate. Valorile in unchanged conditions. These values presents
prezint semne moderate de perturbare ca urmare a moderate perturbation signs because of human
activitilor umane i sunt esenial perturbate fa de activities and are essentially perturbated as against
valorile din condiiile de stare bun; the good state conditions values;
clasa de calitate IV - slab - prezint dovezi de the fourth quality class - poor - presents major
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i values for superficial water bodies type in which
n care comunitile biologice importante deviaz important biological communities significantly
semnificativ de la valorile normale asociate cu tipul deviates from the normal values associated with
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii superficial water bodies type in unchanged
nemodificate; conditions;
clasa de calitate V - proast - prezint dovezi de the fifth quality class - bad - presents major
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i values for superficials water bodies type and in
n care pri mari din comunitile biologice which big parts from important biological
importante care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul communities which are normally associated with
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii superficial water bodies type in unchanged
nemodificate, sunt absente. conditions are absent.
Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ Environment protection expenditure include
investiiile i cheltuielile curente interne pentru investments and internal current expenditure for carrying
desfurarea activitilor de supraveghere i protecie a out the activities of environment observation and
mediului, i care se refer la prevenirea sau repararea protection and refer to environment damages prevention
pagubelor aduse acestuia. or repair.
Investiiile pentru protecia mediului includ Investments for environment protection include
cheltuielile efectuate pentru lucrri de construcii, de the expenditure made for construction, installations and
instalaii i de montaj, pentru achiziionarea de utilaje, building works, for equipment, transport means
mijloace de transport, alte cheltuieli destinate crerii de purchasing, other expenditure meant to create new fixed
noi mijloace fixe pentru dezvoltarea, modernizarea, assets for the development, modernization,
reconstrucia celor existente, cu scopul de protecie a reconstruction of the already existent ones, having the
mediului. Ele includ, de asemenea, valoarea serviciilor purpose of environment protection. They also include the
legate de transferul de proprieti al mijloacelor fixe value of services related to existent fixed assets and land
existente i al terenurilor (taxe, materiale, comisioane, ownership transfer (taxes, materials, commissions,
cheltuieli de transport de ncrcare - descrcare). loading-unloading transport expenditure).
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului Current internal expenditure for environment
nsumeaz cheltuielile efectuate pentru operarea, protection are made of the expenditure for operating,
repararea i ntreinerea instalaiilor i utilajelor pentru repairs and maintenance of installations and equipment
protecia mediului de ctre personalul ntreprinderii. Ele for environment protection by enterprise staff. They
includ salariile i impozitele aferente i cheltuielile include salaries and taxes and material expenditure (raw
materiale (materii prime, materiale, combustibili, energie, materials, materials, fuels, energy, water a.s.o.). The
ap etc.). Cheltuielile curente interne nu includ cheltuielile current internal expenditure do not include
pentru achiziionarea de servicii de mediu de la teri. environmental services purchased from thirds.

9
Categoriile de productori de servicii pentru Categories of service producers for environment
protecia mediului sunt: protection are:
productorii nespecializai - uniti care execut o non-specialised producers - units carrying out an
activitate de protecia mediului ca activitate secundar activity of environment protection as their
sau auxiliar la o activitate principal. Activitatea secondary or auxiliary activity. Their main activity is
principal nu este una de protecia mediului. Aceste not the environment protection. These units are
uniti se regsesc n sectorul producie (CAEN Rev.2, found in the sector of production (CANE Rev. 2,
diviziunile: 02; 0536; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51); divisions: 02; 0536; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51);
productorii specializai - uniti care execut specialised producers - units carrying out an activity
activiti de protecia mediului ca activitate principal, of environment protection as their main activity,
conform CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 37; 38; 39 i clasa according to CANE Rev.2, divisions: 37; 38; 39 and
4677; 4677 class;
administraia public - toate unitile administraiei public administration - local and central units of
publice locale i centrale a cror producie de public administration whose non-market production
servicii de protecia mediului non-pia este of environment protection services is meant for
destinat consumului individual i colectiv individual and collective consumption (CANE Rev.2,
(CAEN Rev.2, clasa 8411). 8411 class).
Activitile specifice de protecia mediului sunt Specific activities of environment protection are
grupate dup domeniile de mediu, astfel: grouped by environmental domains, as follows:
prevenirea i combaterea polurii (protecia pollution prevention and reduction (air protection,
aerului, protecia apei, managementul deeurilor, water protection, wastes management, soil and
protecia solului i a apelor subterane); underground waters protection);
protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea natural resources protection and biodiversity
biodiversitii (protecia speciilor, arii protejate, preservation (species protection, protected areas,
remediere i reconstrucie ecologic, refacerea ecological remedy and reconstruction, aquatic
mediului acvatic, prevenirea fenomenelor naturale environment restoration, prevention of dangerous
periculoase); natural phenomena);
alte domenii (cercetare-dezvoltare, administrare other domains (research-development,
general a mediului, reducerea zgomotului i a environment general administration, noise and
vibraiilor, protecia mpotriva radiaiilor, educaie, vibrations reduction, protection against radiation,
instruire, informare). education, training, looking for information).

Poziia geografic a Romniei


1.1 Geographical position of Romania

Punctul extrem (localitatea) Judeul Longitudinea estic1) Latitudinea nordic


Extreme point (locality) County Longitude east1) Latitude north
Nord Satul Horoditea Botoani 26o4205 48o1506
North Horoditea village
Sud Oraul Zimnicea Teleorman 25o2332 43o3707
South Zimnicea town
Est Oraul Sulina Tulcea 29o4124 45o0936
East Sulina town
Vest Comuna Beba Veche Timi 20o1544 46o0727
West Beba Veche commune

1) Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.


Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

10
Lungimea frontierelor Romniei
1.2 Length of Romanias borders
km
Lungimea frontierelor / Border length

Total Terestr Fluvial Maritim


Total Land River Sea

Total granie 3149,9 1085,6 1816,9 247,4 Total borders

Bulgaria 631,3 139,1 470,0 22,2 Bulgaria


Republica Moldova 681,3 - 681,3 - Republic of Moldova
Serbia 546,4 256,8 289,6 - Serbia
Ucraina 649,4 273,8 343,9 31,7 Ukraine
Ungaria 448,0 415,9 32,1 - Hungary
Marea Neagr 193,5 - - 193,5 Black Sea

Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Serbia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral.
Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Serbia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie;
Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din cadrul Ministerului Afacerilor Interne.
Source: Institute of Geography;
General Inspectorate of Border Police within the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Principalele altitudini muntoase


1.3 Major mountain peaks

Denumirea vrfului muntos Denumirea masivului muntos Judeul Altitudinea vrfului (m)
Name of peak Name of massif County Height (m)

Moldoveanu Fgra Arge 2544


Negoiu Fgra Arge, Braov, Sibiu 2535
Parngu Mare Parng Gorj, Hunedoara 2519
Peleaga Retezat Hunedoara 2509
Omu Bucegi Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia 2505
Retezat Retezat Hunedoara 2482
Iezerul Mare Iezer Arge 2462
Ppua Iezer Arge 2391
Pietrosu Rodna Maramure 2303
Gugu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Hunedoara 2291
Suru Fgra Sibiu, Vlcea 2283
Ineu Rodna Bistria-Nsud 2279
Cindrel Cindrel Sibiu 2244
tefleti Lotru Sibiu, Vlcea 2242
La Om (Piscul Baciului) Piatra Craiului Braov 2238
Godeanu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Gorj 2229
Cleanu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
arcu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
Leaota Leaota Dmbovia, Arge 2133
Vrful lui Ptru ureanu Hunedoara 2130
Ursu Cpna Vlcea 2124
Pietrosu Climan Suceava, Mure 2100

Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.


Source: Institute of Geography.

11
Principalele altitudini muntoase - continuare
1.3 Major mountain peaks - continued

Denumirea vrfului muntos Denumirea masivului muntos Judeul Altitudinea vrfului (m)
Name of peak Name of massif County Height (m)

ureanu ureanu Hunedoara 2059


Farcu Maramure Maramure 1956
Ciuca Ciuca Braov, Prahova 1954
Toroiaga Maramure Maramure 1930
Ocolau Mare Ceahlu Neam 1907
Toaca Ceahlu Neam 1900
Straja Vlcan Gorj, Hunedoara 1868
Budacu Bistria Neam, Suceava 1859
Giumalu Raru Suceava 1856
Cucurbta Mare Bihor Bihor, Alba 1849
ible ible Maramure, Bistria-Nsud 1837
Vldeasa Vldeasa Cluj 1836
Muntele Mare Muntele Mare Alba, Cluj 1826
Harghita Mdra Harghita Harghita 1800
Hmau Mare Hma Harghita, Neam 1792
Pietrosu Bistria Suceava 1791
Goru Vrancea Buzu, Vrancea 1784
Lcu Vrancea Covasna, Vrancea 1777
Saca Gurghiu Mure 1776
Penteleu Penteleu Buzu 1772
Vlacu Mic Munii Cernei Cara-Severin 1733
Cozia Cozia Vlcea 1668
Grindu Tarcu Bacu 1664
Raru Raru Suceava 1650
Nemira Nemira Bacu 1649
Lucina Obcina Mestecni Suceava 1588
Cucu Harghita Harghita, Covasna 1558
Bivolu Stnioara Neam 1530
Pacani Obcina Feredeu Suceava 1495
Vrful lui Stan Mehedini Mehedini 1466
Piatra Goznei Semenic Cara-Severin 1447
Guti Guti Maramure 1443
Poienia Munii Metaliferi Alba 1437
Pade Poiana Rusc Timi, Cara-Severin 1374
Dmbu Trascu Alba 1369
Igni Guti Maramure 1307
Ciomatu Bodoc Harghita 1301
Detunata Munii Metaliferi Alba 1258
Svinecea Mare Almj Cara-Severin 1224
Leordi Munii Aninei Cara-Severin 1160
Pleu Codru Moma Arad, Bihor 1112
Vrful Cetii Perani Braov 1104
Mgura Priei Mese Slaj 996
Drocea Zarand Arad 836
uuiatu Mcin Tulcea 467

Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.


Source: Institute of Geography.

12
Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei
1.4 Length of major rivers on Romanian territory

Denumirea cursului de ap Lungimea cursului de ap (km) Suprafaa bazinului (km2)


River name Length of the river (km) Basin area (km2)

Dunre 1075 332501)


Mure 761 27890
Prut 742 10990
Olt 615 24050
Siret 559 42890
Ialomia 417 10350
Some 376 15740
Arge 350 12550
Jiu 339 10080
Buzu 302 5264
Dmbovia 286 2824
Bistria 283 7039
Jijia 275 5757
Trnava Mare 246 6253
Timi 244 5673
Criul Alb 234 4240
Vedea 224 5430
Moldova 213 4299
Brlad 207 7220
Trnava Mic 196 2071
Prahova 193 3738
Neajlov 186 3720
Olte 185 2663
Someul Mic 178 3773
Suceava 173 2298
Bega 170 2362
Arie 166 3005
Trotu 162 4456

1) Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

13
1.5 Principalele lacuri naturale
Major natural lakes

Denumirea lacului natural Judeul Suprafaa (ha) Volum (mil. m3)


Natural lake name County Area (ha) Volume (mill. m3)

Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses


Bucura Hunedoara 10,5 0,5
Znoaga Mare Hunedoara 9,0 1,0
Blea Sibiu 4,7 0,2
Clcescu Gorj 3,0 0,1
Lacuri n cratere vulcanice / Lakes of volcanic crater
Sfnta Ana Harghita 22,0 0,6
Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions
Zton Mehedini 20,0 1,0
Iezerul Ighiu Alba 5,3 0,2
Vintileasca Vrancea 4,7 0,1
Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage
Lacul Rou Harghita 12,6 0,7
Bltu Bacu 6,0 0,1
Lacuri n crovuri (depresiuni de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes
Ianca Brila 322,0 1,6
Movila Miresii Brila 180,0 4,5
Lacul Srat-Brila Brila 39,0 0,2
Limane fluviatile / River banks
Oltina Constana 2509,0 60,0
Iezerul Mostitei Clrai 1860,0 160,01)
Balta Alb Buzu, Brila 1012,0 5,1
Jirlu Brila 890,0 5,6
Amara-Buzu Buzu 600,0 3,6
Snagov Ilfov 575,0 17,3
Cldruani Ilfov 224,0 4,5
Hazarlc Constana 168,0 0,8
Amara-Ialomia Ialomia 132,0 2,6
Limane fluvio-maritime / River - maritime banks
Taaul Constana 2335,0 57,0
Techirghiol Constana 1161,0 41,8
Mangalia Constana 261,0 15,7
Tatlageac Constana 178,0 14,0
Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons
Razim Tulcea 41500,0 909,0
Sinoie Constana 17150,0 210,7
Zmeica Tulcea 5460,0 45,6
Siutghiol Constana 1900,0 88,7
Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes
Brate Galai 2111,0 30,0
Bistre Dolj 1867,0 28,0
Suhaia Teleorman 1094,0 18,0
Lacul Rotund Tulcea 219,0 2,0
Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes
Dranov Tulcea 2170,0 21,7
Lacul Rou Tulcea 1445,0 21,7
Gorgova Tulcea 1377,5 13,8
Lumina Tulcea 1367,5 20,5
Merhei Tulcea 1057,5 15,9
Furtuna Tulcea 977,5 9,8
Matia Tulcea 652,5 9,8

1) Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

14
Principalele lacuri antropice
1.6 Major anthropic lakes

Denumirea Suprafaa la nivel Volumul la nivel normal


lacului antropic Judeul normal de retenie (ha) de retenie (mil. m3) Categoria de folosin
Anthropic lake name County Area at normal level Volume at normal level Category of use
of afflux (ha) of afflux (mill. m3)

Porile de Fier Mehedini 70000,01) 2400,0 energie / energy


Ostrovu Mare Mehedini 7920,0 800,0 energie / energy
Stnca-Costeti Botoani 5900,0 735,0 complex / complex
Izvorul Muntelui-Bicaz Neam 3100,0 1130,0 energie / energy
Strejeti Olt 2204,0 202,7 energie / energy
Ipoteti Olt 1692,0 110,0 energie / energy
Frunzaru Olt 1280,0 96,0 energie / energy
Izbiceni Olt 1095,0 74,0 energie / energy
Drgneti Olt 1080,0 76,0 energie / energy
Mihileti Ilfov 1013,0 76,3 complex / complex
Vidra Vlcea 950,0 340,0 energie / energy
Fntnele Cluj 884,0 212,9 energie / energy
Vidraru Arge 870,0 469,0 complex / complex
Drcani Botoani 500,0 6,1 piscicultur / fish breeding
Soleti Vaslui 452,0 15,8 complex / complex
Oaa Alba 447,0 131,0 energie / energy
Gura Apelor Hunedoara 420,0 210,0 energie / energy
Clineti Satu Mare 380,0 8,6 complex / complex
Siriu Buzu 360,0 126,0 complex / complex
Iovanu Gorj 290,0 120,0 complex / complex
Colibia Bistria Nsud 270,0 65,0 complex / complex
Lacul Morii Municipiul Bucureti 256,0 14,2 complex / complex
Vcreti Dmbovia 234,0 14,1 complex / complex
Brdior Vlcea 230,0 38,0 complex / complex
Pucai Vaslui 230,0 8,0 complex / complex
Tarnia Cluj 215,0 70,3 energie / energy
Pecineagu Dmbovia 182,0 63,0 complex / complex

1) ntre confluena Nera-Dunre i baraj (dup datele celor dou hidrocentrale).


Nera-Danube and dam confluence (according to the data of the two hydro-power stations).
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

15
Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia
1.7 Average height of major towns in Romania

Oraul Judeul Altitudinea medie (m)


Town County Average height (m)

Alba lulia Alba 235


Alexandria Teleorman 45
Arad Arad 107
Bacu Bacu 165
Baia Mare Maramure 225
Bistria Bistria-Nsud 360
Brlad Vaslui 90
Botoani Botoani 130
Braov Braov 625
Brila Brila 20
Bucureti / Bucharest - 85
Buzu Buzu 95
Clrai Clrai 13
Cluj - Napoca Cluj 360
Constana Constana 25
Craiova Dolj 100
Dej Cluj 285
Deva Hunedoara 220
Drobeta-Turnu Severin Mehedini 65
Fgra Braov 430
Focani Vrancea 55
Galai Galai 35
Giurgiu Giurgiu 23
Hunedoara Hunedoara 245
Iai Iai 95
Lugoj Timi 70
Media Sibiu 300
Miercurea Ciuc Harghita 665
Odorheiu Secuiesc Harghita 385
Oneti Bacu 210
Oradea Bihor 150
Petroani Hunedoara 650
Piatra Neam Neam 345
Piteti Arge 287
Ploieti Prahova 150
Reia Cara-Severin 245
Rmnicu Vlcea Vlcea 250
Roman Neam 195
Satu Mare Satu Mare 123
Sfntu Gheorghe Covasna 555
Sibiu Sibiu 415
Sighetu Marmaiei Maramure 270
Sighioara Mure 375
Slatina Olt 135
Slobozia Ialomia 35
Suceava Suceava 325
Tecuci Galai 50
Timioara Timi 90
Trgovite Dmbovia 280
Trgu Jiu Gorj 205
Trgu Mure Mure 330
Tulcea Tulcea 30
Turda Cluj 330
Turnu Mgurele Teleorman 23
Vaslui Vaslui 110
Zalu Slaj 275

Not: Oraul situat la cea mai mare altitudine medie este Predeal (judeul Braov) - 1060 m.
Oraul situat la cea mai mic altitudine medie este Sulina (judeul Tulcea) - 4 m.
Note: The town situated at the highest average height is Predeal (Braov county) - 1060 m.
The town situated at the lowest average height is Sulina (Tulcea county) - 4 m.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

16
Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2014
1.8 Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2014

Macroregiunea Numrul
Regiunea de dezvoltare Suprafaa oraelor i din care: Numrul Numrul
Judeul total municipiilor municipii comunelor satelor
Macroregion Total area Number of which: Number of Number of
Development region (km2) of towns and municipalities communes villages
County municipalities

Total 238391 320 103 2861 12957


MACROREGIUNEA UNU 68259 100 35 760 3588
MACROREGION ONE
Nord - Vest / North - West 34159 43 15 403 1800
Bihor 7544 10 4 91 430
Bistria-Nsud 5355 4 1 58 235
Cluj 6674 6 5 75 420
Maramure 6304 13 2 63 214
Satu Mare 4418 6 2 59 220
Slaj 3864 4 1 57 281
Centru / Center 34100 57 20 357 1788
Alba 6242 11 4 67 656
Braov 5363 10 4 48 149
Covasna 3710 5 2 40 122
Harghita 6639 9 4 58 235
Mure 6714 11 4 91 464
Sibiu 5432 11 2 53 162
MACROREGIUNEA DOI 72612 81 28 861 3862
MACROREGION TWO
Nord - Est / North - East 36850 46 17 506 2414
Bacu 6621 8 3 85 491
Botoani 4986 7 2 71 333
Iai 5476 5 2 93 418
Neam 5896 5 2 78 344
Suceava 8553 16 5 98 379
Vaslui 5318 5 3 81 449
Sud - Est / South - East 35762 35 11 355 1448
Brila 4766 4 1 40 140
Buzu 6103 5 2 82 475
Constana 7071 12 3 58 189
Galai 4466 4 2 61 180
Tulcea 8499 5 1 46 133
Vrancea 4857 5 2 68 331
MACROREGIUNEA TREI 36274 57 17 551 2110
MACROREGION THREE
Sud - Muntenia / South - Muntenia 34453 48 16 519 2019
Arge 6826 7 3 95 576
Clrai 5088 5 2 50 160
Dmbovia 4054 7 2 82 353
Giurgiu 3526 3 1 51 167
Ialomia 4453 7 3 59 127
Prahova 4716 14 2 90 405
Teleorman 5790 5 3 92 231
Bucureti - Ilfov / Bucharest - Ilfov 1821 9 1 32 91
Ilfov 1583 8 - 32 91
Municipiul Bucureti 238 1 1 - -
Bucharest Municipality
MACROREGIUNEA PATRU 61246 82 23 689 3397
MACROREGION FOUR
Sud - Vest Oltenia 29212 40 11 408 2070
South - West Oltenia
Dolj 7414 7 3 104 378
Gorj 5602 9 2 61 411
Mehedini 4933 5 2 61 344
Olt 5498 8 2 104 377
Vlcea 5765 11 2 78 560
Vest / West 32034 42 12 281 1327
Arad 7754 10 1 68 270
Cara-Severin 8520 8 2 69 287
Hunedoara 7063 14 7 55 457
Timi 8697 10 2 89 313

17
1.9 Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual)
Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Staia Media lunar Monthly average Media Amplitudinea Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie anual anual station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly Yearly and observation
de observaie average amplitude years

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 2000 -2,8 -0,6 4,5 10,4 15,7 18,8 20,4 19,8 15,5 10,1 4,9 0,1 9,7 23,2 1901 - 2000
2014 2,4 4,8 8,2 12,6 16,1 20,3 22,1 20,6 17,2 11,4 6,4 3,2 12,1 19,7 2014
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 2000 -4,8 -3,2 1,4 7,9 13,4 16,9 18,6 17,8 13,6 7,9 2,7 -2,2 7,5 23,4 1901 - 2000
2014 -3,0 -1,1 6,5 9,1 14,4 17,0 19,7 19,6 15,3 8,4 3,0 -0,4 9,0 22,7 2014
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 2000 -1,9 0,3 5,2 10,8 15,9 19,0 20,9 20,4 16,3 10,9 5,3 0,8 10,3 22,8 1901 - 2000
2014 3,5 5,3 9,3 12,8 16,3 21,0 22,5 21,0 17,8 12,2 7,7 3,7 12,8 19,0 2014
Iai Iai
1901 - 2000 -3,5 -1,8 3,1 10,2 16,0 19,5 21,2 20,5 15,9 10,0 4,1 -0,8 9,5 24,7 1901 - 2000
2014 -1,4 -0,9 8,1 11,2 16,4 19,4 22,1 21,9 17,1 9,5 4,4 0,0 10,7 23,5 2014
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000 -4,2 -2,1 3,6 9,2 14,4 17,4 19,1 18,4 14,2 8,8 3,3 -1,4 8,4 23,3 1901 - 2000
2014 0,6 3,9 8,0 11,1 14,5 18,1 20,2 19,4 15,9 10,4 5,1 1,2 10,7 19,6 2014
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000 -4,0 -1,8 4,0 9,7 14,8 17,7 19,4 18,8 14,6 9,2 3,7 -1,3 8,7 23,4 1901 - 2000
2014 0,7 1,8 7,8 11,4 15,5 18,2 20,8 20,0 16,1 10,4 4,7 1,3 10,7 20,1 2014
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 2000 -3,6 -2,1 2,9 9,7 15,2 18,9 20,6 19,8 15,3 9,5 3,7 -0,9 9,1 24,2 1901 - 2000
2014 -1,9 -1,2 7,5 10,2 15,7 18,5 21,5 21,0 15,9 9,2 3,8 -0,3 10,0 23,4 2014
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 2000 -1,5 0,6 5,7 11,1 16,3 19,6 21,5 20,9 16,8 11,2 5,7 1,2 10,7 23,0 1901 - 2000
2014 3,1 5,7 9,2 12,7 16,2 20,7 22,1 21,4 17,2 12,3 7,8 3,1 12,6 19,0 2014
Deva Deva
1901 - 2000 -2,5 0,0 5,3 10,7 15,6 18,6 20,4 19,8 15,7 10,2 4,7 0,3 9,9 22,9 1901 - 2000
2014 1,7 4,9 8,9 11,9 15,1 18,6 20,8 20,6 16,9 11,5 6,2 2,1 11,6 19,1 2014
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 2000 -3,6 -1,4 3,9 9,5 14,4 17,5 19,2 18,6 14,5 9,2 3,8 -1,1 8,7 22,8 1901 - 2000
2014 1,2 4,5 7,7 10,2 14,3 17,7 19,7 19,7 16,0 10,7 5,8 2,1 10,8 18,5 2014
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000 -10,6 -10,8 -8,5 -4,4 0,3 3,5 5,5 5,7 2,8 -0,8 -4,8 -8,4 -2,6 16,5 1901 - 2000
2014 -6,1 -5,1 -5,9 -3,1 0,4 3,4 6,5 7,1 2,9 0,9 -2,7 -7,7 -0,8 14,8 2014
Galai Galai
1901 - 2000 -2,6 -0,9 4,0 10,8 16,5 20,4 22,5 21,9 17,3 11,3 5,2 0,1 10,5 25,1 1901 - 2000
2014 -0,7 0,3 8,8 12,0 17,4 20,5 23,7 24,1 18,9 11,1 5,1 0,5 11,8 24,8 2014
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000 -2,4 -0,3 4,8 10,9 15,9 19,4 21,4 20,8 16,5 10,5 4,8 0,0 10,2 23,8 1901 - 2000
2014 0,3 2,8 9,0 11,9 15,9 19,7 21,4 21,7 16,7 11,2 5,8 1,5 11,5 21,4 2014
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 2000 -2,2 -0,2 4,4 10,9 16,6 20,3 22,3 21,9 17,4 11,2 5,1 0,4 10,7 24,5 1901 - 2000
2014 -0,5 0,2 9,3 11,3 16,7 20,0 23,2 23,6 18,6 11,5 4,8 1,1 11,7 24,1 2014
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 2000 -1,4 0,6 5,7 11,9 17,4 21,0 23,3 22,8 18,2 11,9 5,7 1,0 11,5 24,7 1901 - 2000
2014 0,7 1,6 9,6 12,3 16,7 21,1 23,2 23,2 17,8 12,0 6,0 2,2 12,2 22,5 2014
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000 -2,3 0,3 5,6 12,2 17,6 21,3 23,3 22,5 18,1 11,8 5,7 0,5 11,4 25,6 1901 - 2000
2014 0,6 1,5 9,2 12,4 17,2 20,8 23,7 24,1 18,5 12,1 5,9 1,3 12,3 23,5 2014
Bucureti - Filaret Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000 -2,2 -0,2 5,3 11,6 16,9 20,7 22,9 22,4 17,7 11,8 5,5 0,4 11,0 25,1 1901 - 2000
2014 0,1 2,0 9,6 12,0 16,8 19,8 23,0 24,2 18,6 11,8 5,5 1,3 12,1 24,1 2014
Constana Constana
1901 - 2000 0,1 1,2 4,5 9,6 15,2 19,7 22,2 22,0 18,2 13,2 7,6 2,8 11,4 22,1 1901 - 2000
2014 3,0 3,0 8,0 11,7 17,0 21,1 23,9 24,7 19,9 13,5 7,4 4,0 13,1 21,7 2014

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

18 19
1.10 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 14,7 17,9 26,0 30,7 32,4 36,3 37,2 39,4 37,3 28,3 24,2 18,0 39,4 monthly maximum
anul 1990 1989 1974 1950 1937 2000 1939; 1987 1952 1946 1943 1968 1989 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,3 -27,6 -20,6 -6,4 -2,6 0,6 4,9 3,5 -4,7 -9,3 -19,6 -30,4 -30,4 monthly minimum
anul 1982 1940 1940 1954 1976 1977 1961 1980 1970 1971 1989 1961 24 decembrie/December 1961 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 13,7 16,9 22,0 25,7 31,2 35,4 33,8 35,1 31,0 26,6 21,2 14,1 35,4 monthly maximum
ziua 6 12 21 28 22 10 8 14 4 14 7 6 10 iunie/June date
minima lunar -12,7 -8,1 -4,9 -1,1 1,5 5,5 8,0 7,4 2,6 -3,8 -3,5 -13,1 -13,1 monthly minimum
ziua 24 5 11 16 6 3 4 26 25 28 28 31 31 decembrie/December date
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 15,0 20,4 26,6 28,4 34,5 34,0 35,2 38,6 32,9 32,0 24,0 18,0 38,6 monthly maximum
anul 1984 1990 1952 1943 1958 1972 1988 1952 1986 1952 1994 1989 17 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,6 -31,0 -21,9 -9,2 -2,2 1,5 5,5 4,2 -3,5 -8,0 -21,2 -29,8 -31,0 monthly minimum
anul 1954 1954 1955 1963 1999 1958 1989 1993 1953; 1977 1951; 1979 1942 1996 20 februarie/February 1954 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 12,6 8,1 21,5 21,3 27,7 27,8 29,9 34,3 27,6 23,7 20,2 12,1 34,3 monthly maximum
ziua 7 10 22 8; 30 26 10 28 14 2 14 6 23 14 august date
minima lunar -19,4 -18,6 -2,3 -2,1 0,0 8,3 10,0 7,1 -0,6 -7,7 -5,4 -16,9 -19,4 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 30 3 6 19 5 23 25 26 28 31 31 ianuarie/January date
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 17,1 19,2 26,4 32,6 33,4 37,8 39,5 40,0 37,0 32,7 26,0 19,2 40,0 monthly maximum
anul 1939 1958 1974 1934 1968 2000 1936 2000 1942 1932 1997 1957 21 august 2000 year
minima lunar -29,2 -24,5 -18,6 -10,0 -4,0 1,0 5,0 4,2 -1,9 -10,5 -16,4 -26,2 -29,2 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1935 1932 1944 1943 1918 1943 1942; 1943 1970 1943 1915 1902 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 14,4 17,6 21,6 24,3 30,7 35,8 34,0 33,5 30,6 26,7 23,3 11,3 35,8 monthly maximum
ziua 5; 20 12 21 28 24 10 21 2 2 11 7 15 10 iunie/June date
minima lunar -7,0 -5,8 -1,2 1,6 2,2 8,8 11,1 8,1 4,7 -1,0 -4,4 -12,2 -12,2 monthly minimum
ziua 27 5 11 10 6 3 4 28 25 28 27 31 31 decembrie/December date
Iai Iai
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 16,7 22,5 27,0 31,5 36,4 38,0 40,0 39,7 38,0 33,9 29,0 19,5 40,0 monthly maximum
anul 1921 1990 1926 1909 1950 1927 1909 1905 1946 1952 1926 1989 27 iulie/July 1909 year
minima lunar -30,6 -36,3 -22,7 -9,4 -3,0 3,5 6,3 4,6 -3,5 -9,6 -21,1 -29,5 -36,3 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1937 1952 1963 1935 1934 1929 1914 1921; 1931 1912 1993 1946 1 februarie/February 1937 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 11,4 11,1 22,6 24,2 32,1 31,6 32,8 35,6 31,8 25,3 17,9 14,3 35,6 monthly maximum
ziua 18 22 15 30 26 10 31 4 2 15 5 24 4 august date
minima lunar -20,2 -19,2 -1,9 0,0 1,9 9,1 12,0 8,7 1,6 -5,3 -4,2 -16,4 -20,2 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 30 3 6 2 2 30 25 28 26 31 31 ianuarie/January date
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 14,0 19,3 26,6 30,2 32,5 36,0 37,0 38,0 33,7 32,6 26,0 18,7 38,0 monthly maximum
anul 1903 1966 1975 1926; 1950 1924 1935 1936 1952 1927 1952 1926 1982 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -34,2 -32,5 -22,0 -8,4 -3,5 0,4 5,2 3,5 -3,0 -8,8 -22,3 -27,9 -34,2 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1923 1935 1955 1980 1933 1939 1997 1948 1927 23 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 10,9 17,4 22,0 21,1 28,4 31,4 31,0 35,2 28,2 24,3 18,8 11,1 35,2 monthly maximum
ziua 20 12 24 21 26 10 21 14 4 13 7 23 14 august date
minima lunar -6,9 -8,0 -2,8 2,2 1,1 8,0 8,9 6,7 1,2 -3,9 -6,8 -18,4 -18,4 monthly minimum
ziua 14 4 11 3 6 3 4 29 25 28 27 31 31 decembrie/December date

20 21
Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare

1.10 Air temperature


(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Trgu Mure Trgu Mure


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 14,0 19,0 27,0 32,5 34,4 35,3 39,0 38,5 38,2 31,5 26,5 18,3 39,0 monthly maximum
anul 1936 1994 1975 1934 1950 1963 1936 1946 1946 1952 1926 1960 29 iulie/July 1936 year
minima lunar -32,8 -32,0 -27,3 -7,5 -1,6 0,3 4,6 2,7 -3,3 -8,4 -19,6 -25,9 -32,8 monthly minimum
anul 1942; 1963 1929 1932 1929 1976 1928 1996 1958 1970 1988 1989 1927 25 ianuarie/January 1942; year
23 ianuarie/January 1963
2014 2014
maxima lunar 13,9 17,5 23,0 23,4 29,9 31,0 32,0 35,6 29,6 26,7 22,0 11,9 35,6 monthly maximum
ziua 20 12 23; 24 21 26 10 21 14 2 11 7 24 14 august date
minima lunar -14,2 -15,9 -4,8 1,1 2,3 6,3 9,3 6,2 0,5 -5,3 -6,8 -17,7 -17,7 monthly minimum
ziua 31 4 13 8 7 3 4 29 25 28 26 31 31 decembrie/December date
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,2 22,4 29,6 30,9 35,6 36,5 39,6 38,8 35,8 34,6 26,6 19,0 39,6 monthly maximum
anul 1984 1977 1952 1943 1908 1908 1988 1952 1946 1952 1990 1903 6 iulie/July 1988 year
minima lunar -30,8 -32,5 -21,5 -11,3 -3,0 2,7 6,0 3,0 -4,5 -10,0 -21,4 -27,8 -32,5 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1954 1986 1963 1912 1939 1904; 1954 1940 1977 1912 1993 1946 20 februarie/February 1954 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 13,6 9,9 21,6 24,2 30,5 32,7 33,0 35,2 29,9 25,7 17,0 16,2 35,2 monthly maximum
ziua 18 10 15 30 27 10 21 14 10 15 10 24 14 august date
minima lunar -16,5 -16,9 -2,9 0,7 2,5 8,0 9,8 7,4 0,1 -6,2 -4,4 -17,7 -17,7 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 30 8 6 23 5 30 25 28 27 31 31 decembrie/December date
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 17,4 20,5 28,2 32,0 34,5 38,4 39,6 41,0 39,7 33,8 27,1 20,2 41,0 monthly maximum
anul 1979 1994 1952 1950 1950 1938 1939 1952 1946 1935 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -35,3 -29,2 -20,0 -5,2 -5,0 2,2 5,9 5,0 -1,9 -6,8 -15,4 -24,8 -35,3 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1935 1932 1931 1935 1962 1962 1949 1970 1971 1922 1927 24 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 15,3 20,1 23,0 23,7 29,4 34,0 34,1 35,1 29,3 27,1 23,8 13,8 35,1 monthly maximum
ziua 20 16 21 4 23 10 21 14 1 14 7 23 14 august date
minima lunar -7,3 -7,7 -1,9 2,1 1,8 9,2 11,8 9,3 5,4 -0,6 -4,1 -16,8 -16,8 monthly minimum
ziua 30 4 12 10 6 3 2 29 25 28 27 31 31 decembrie/December date
Deva Deva
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 15,3 20,8 28,5 32,3 34,6 35,6 39,4 39,7 38,2 32,7 27,4 19,8 39,7 monthly maximum
anul 1939 1977 1952 1956 1950 1952; 1963 1931; 1936 1952 1946 1932 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -31,6 -28,1 -21,7 -6,0 -2,4 2,2 3,7 4,4 -4,2 -8,0 -16,6 -24,1 -31,6 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1929 1987 1926 1953 1933 1962 1961 1970 1997 1922 1927 24 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 15,5 18,1 22,3 23,7 29,0 32,8 33,0 36,0 29,3 27,3 21,0 12,2 36,0 monthly maximum
ziua 6 16 23 23 22 10 8 14 9 13 9 24 14 august date
minima lunar -6,1 -8,5 -3,5 0,6 3,3 8,7 7,8 7,6 2,7 -4,1 -5,2 -19,2 -19,2 monthly minimum
ziua 27 4 12 11 6 15; 22 4 29 25 28 26 31 31 decembrie/December date
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 15,6 21,3 30,6 30,2 32,1 35,4 37,5 38,4 39,5 32,5 27,0 19,3 39,5 monthly maximum
anul 1903 1966 1952 1934 1973 1963 1987 1946 1946 1932 1926 1957 7 septembrie/September 1946 year
minima lunar -31,8 -31,0 -24,5 -12,0 -3,6 1,0 4,2 1,0 -3,6 -9,4 -21,3 -29,8 -31,8 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1942 1963 1934 1996 1981 1970; 1977 1997 1948 1927 23 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 13,1 19,1 22,0 22,2 26,7 30,2 30,3 33,0 27,4 26,0 22,7 13,5 33,0 monthly maximum
ziua 20 12 22 23 22; 26 9 21 13 2 14 7 24 13 august date
minima lunar -10,1 -9,5 -5,2 0,2 2,4 7,2 8,4 6,6 -0,2 -3,6 -6,1 -24,8 -24,8 monthly minimum
ziua 31 4 11 13 6 4 5 29 25 28 27 31 31 decembrie/December date

22 23
Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare

1.10 Air temperature


(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 5,6 6,0 12,2 12,8 16,6 22,0 22,1 20,8 19,2 20,0 13,6 8,2 22,1 monthly maximum
anul 1949 1950 1974 1986 1986 1939 1984 1956; 1957 1993 1935 1945 1972 14 iulie/July 1984 year
minima lunar -32,3 -38,0 -29,6 -26,0 -16,0 -12,0 -8,0 -7,0 -15,0 -19,0 -30,8 -32,4 -38,0 monthly minimum
anul 1964 1929 1987 1940 1940 1939 1933 1949 1935 1946 1957 1957 10 februarie/February 1929 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 1,0 0,8 3,2 4,5 9,8 12,2 12,6 15,5 12,6 11,0 7,0 0,2 15,5 monthly maximum
ziua 10 12 21 23 26 30 21 14 1 10; 14 8 15 14 august date
minima lunar -16,1 -11,0 -14,3 -9,9 -8,5 -1,6 0,0 -1,4 -7,5 -11,0 -16,0 -26,5 -26,5 monthly minimum
ziua 13 10 11 13 6 1 2 28 24 25 25 30; 31 30; 31 decembrie/December date
Galai Galai
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 17,3 22,4 27,8 31,8 36,2 35,8 40,2 39,0 35,7 33,5 25,6 20,0 40,2 monthly maximum
anul 1993 1990 1952 1998 1950 1908 2000 1904 1968 1952 1926 1947 5 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -26,5 -28,6 -17,2 -5,2 -0,1 3,8 7,3 6,2 -1,5 -6,8 -17,4 -20,7 -28,6 monthly minimum
anul 1929 1929 1985 1904 1935 1973 1976 1980 1977 1973 1933 1996 10 februarie/February 1929 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 12,7 10,2 22,3 24,8 31,5 31,8 33,8 36,4 31,2 24,9 17,6 14,0 36,4 monthly maximum
ziua 12 22 24 9 26 10 22 13 7 17 7 23 13 august date
minima lunar -18,4 -15,5 -0,6 3,3 3,7 12,5 14,1 12,4 4,1 -0,9 -4,0 -13,4 -18,4 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 30 6 6 27 2 29 25 27 27 31 31 ianuarie/January date
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,3 21,7 26,4 31,8 37,5 36,6 40,6 39,0 40,6 31,5 26,4 20,0 40,6 monthly maximum
anul 1983 1990 1957 1926 1950 1947; 1963 2000 1922; 1946; 1946 1935 1926 1986 8 septembrie/September 1946 year
1952 4 iulie/July 2000
minima lunar -31,0 -28,3 -24,7 -4,6 -1,2 2,2 5,0 2,6 -4,0 -9,0 -15,1 -26,9 -31,0 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1954 1987 1968 1938 1918; 1990 1993 1939 1906 1918 1904 1940 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 14,8 18,1 22,6 24,2 28,6 33,1 31,6 34,5 29,0 25,5 22,1 17,1 34,5 monthly maximum
ziua 12 17 24 23 23 11 21 14 11 1 7 23 14 august date
minima lunar -11,6 -15,1 -1,5 1,4 4,6 8,0 10,2 9,6 4,4 -0,2 -1,8 -15,1 -15,1 monthly minimum
ziua 31 5 12 12 13 1 2 29 24; 25 28 28 31 5 februarie/February; date
31 decembrie/December
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,4 22,2 27,9 31,5 37,3 38,5 39,8 39,6 37,0 35,3 25,0 21,6 39,8 monthly maximum
anul 1936 1990 1947 1909; 1947 1950 1908 2000 1951 1946 1952 1963 1989 5 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -29,6 -25,0 -17,0 -5,3 -2,0 4,6 7,5 5,4 -2,0 -8,0 -17,6 -23,0 -29,6 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1929 1901 1944 1915 1973 1902 1939 1977 1988 1975 1902 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 14,7 12,9 22,5 24,3 30,1 31,7 32,5 35,7 30,0 25,4 16,1 15,0 35,7 monthly maximum
ziua 12 17 19 9 26 10 22 13 10 1 7 25 13 august date
minima lunar -16,5 -13,7 0,5 2,8 4,4 11,0 12,6 12,7 4,9 0,7 -3,2 -10,8 -16,5 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 30 6 7 1 2 29 25 25; 26; 27 26 31 31 ianuarie/January date
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 20,5 22,4 27,6 34,5 36,6 39,5 43,2 41,3 39,8 31,6 25,9 21,2 43,2 monthly maximum
anul 1993 1990 1952; 1994 1985 1969 1908 2000 1945 1946 1991 1970 1989 4 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -29,2 -24,6 -15,7 -3,0 1,6 6,2 9,0 7,3 -1,3 -6,2 -16,2 -21,8 -29,2 monthly minimum
anul 1947 1950 1963 1912 1952 1962 1913 1904 1977 1988 1988 1948 8 ianuarie/January 1947 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 15,7 17,0 23,8 23,2 29,4 34,9 35,3 35,9 29,8 26,3 15,5 20,1 35,9 monthly maximum
ziua 13 17 24 8 27 11 21 13 1 21 1 24 13 august date
minima lunar -13,7 -12,5 -1,0 4,5 5,8 11,4 12,1 10,1 6,1 -0,6 -1,8 -13,0 -13,7 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 11 3 7 23 5 29 25 28 2 31 31 ianuarie/January date

24 25
Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare

1.10 Air temperature


(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,0 24,1 29,6 34,2 38,8 38,2 43,2 41,4 40,0 36,4 26,7 22,0 43,2 monthly maximum
anul 1983 1995 1951 1985 1950 1957 1987 1952 1946 1952 1963 1903 25 iulie/July 1987 year
minima lunar -30,0 -26,0 -22,2 -4,6 0,5 5,0 9,0 6,6 -2,5 -5,8 -18,2 -25,0 -30,0 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1950 1929 1923 1938 1911 1974 1981 1977 1988 1993 1933 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 14,8 20,0 25,2 25,6 29,8 33,2 35,0 37,5 30,6 27,4 13,8 16,2 37,5 monthly maximum
ziua 12 17 24 23 26 24 27 13 2; 11 15 13 24 13 august date
minima lunar -15,6 -12,5 -1,0 4,2 6,2 9,6 12,5 11,7 5,5 0,0 -2,6 -16,8 -16,8 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 12 3 8 2 2 29 25 28 25 31 31 decembrie/December date
Bucureti - Filaret Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 16,8 23,0 28,8 34,4 36,6 40,3 42,4 41,1 39,6 35,5 29,4 20,8 42,4 monthly maximum
anul 1983 1995 1947 1934 1950 1918 2000 1945 1946 1952 1926 1903 5 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -30,0 -24,2 -13,6 -5,5 -0,2 4,2 8,6 6,6 -1,6 -10,7 -17,8 -26,4 -30,0 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1918 1933 1981 1906 1920 1904 1927 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 14,7 18,4 23,7 26,4 30,1 31,5 34,6 37,2 31,1 26,4 19,2 16,2 37,2 monthly maximum
ziua 12 17 19 23 26 10 27 13 11 1 7 24 13 august date
minima lunar -15,9 -13,6 1,2 4,1 5,8 11,7 15,0 12,9 7,6 0,1 -1,8 -12,6 -15,9 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 30 6 7 22 2 30 25 25 26; 28 31 31 ianuarie/January date
Constana Constana
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,0 24,5 30,8 31,9 36,9 36,9 38,5 36,8 34,8 31,0 26,5 21,0 38,5 monthly maximum
anul 1988 1995 1952 1985 1969 1982 1927 1902 1987 1928 1990 1903 10 iulie/July 1927 year
minima lunar -24,7 -25,0 -12,8 -4,5 1,8 6,4 7,6 8,0 1,0 -12,4 -11,7 -18,6 -25,0 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1913 1944 1936; 1949 1931 1920 1953 1948 10 februarie/February 1929 year
2014 2014
maxima lunar 14,8 19,7 22,2 21,4 30,7 30,3 30,2 33,4 28,8 25,0 17,5 14,5 33,4 monthly maximum
ziua 20 17 19 9 26 24 17; 21 9 9 17 6 24 9 august date
minima lunar -11,7 -9,0 0,8 4,6 7,0 13,6 16,8 15,0 10,0 3,3 -2,7 -8,4 -11,7 monthly minimum
ziua 30; 31 1 30 7 7 1 4 30 29 27 27 31 30; 31 ianuarie/January date

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

26 27
1.11 Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual)
Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)
mm
Staia meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie Anual Meteorological station
i anii de observaie January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly and observation years

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 2000 39,8 35,9 35,0 44,8 63,1 81,4 69,4 62,2 45,6 46,0 47,3 53,3 598,8 1901 - 2000
2014 46,8 29,6 18,0 15,6 49,4 12,0 131,8 42,6 42,8 131,0 9,1 50,7 579,4 2014
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 2000 24,2 24,4 24,4 47,5 74,7 92,0 89,9 67,6 44,6 30,3 34,1 25,2 562,9 1901 - 2000
2014 35,9 6,5 36,5 71,8 143,5 63,4 198,1 19,1 5,8 71,4 14,7 29,6 696,3 2014
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 2000 36,3 32,1 35,5 48,1 65,5 83,3 64,3 56,2 47,1 44,0 48,6 52,2 588,9 1901 - 2000
2014 46,6 18,3 14,2 35,0 52,4 44,1 138,7 65,0 32,6 58,0 33,1 61,9 599,9 2014
Iai Iai
1901 - 2000 29,7 26,9 28,4 43,9 55,9 82,6 69,3 56,0 45,3 32,5 37,0 29,7 517,8 1901 - 2000
2014 46,1 7,6 15,7 73,7 134,5 29,0 97,9 16,0 8,6 56,1 53,8 42,4 581,4 2014
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000 26,3 26,4 25,4 46,4 74,4 90,0 79,0 72,7 42,7 37,5 31,6 30,6 564,7 1901 - 2000
2014 46,4 20,3 37,5 30,4 78,0 78,8 120,8 46,2 25,2 71,2 48,9 77,4 681,1 2014
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000 28,4 28,7 26,3 49,0 73,8 90,0 80,0 69,7 43,7 41,7 36,7 32,5 583,5 1901 - 2000
2014 65,6 20,4 25,8 32,6 86,8 51,6 57,4 87,2 33,0 36,6 29,0 47,2 573,2 2014
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 2000 25,0 25,6 26,3 38,6 66,6 86,8 81,0 62,5 48,9 35,9 34,0 30,0 543,5 1901 - 2000
2014 60,3 8,4 46,8 107,6 145,4 73,6 127,8 45,0 8,6 60,8 53,4 60,7 798,4 2014
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 2000 39,1 37,5 36,5 48,2 63,4 81,0 58,3 51,5 43,9 49,7 48,7 49,4 583,9 1901 - 2000
2014 41,7 16,7 13,4 41,3 146,8 57,7 120,9 64,2 63,7 83,7 6,5 36,6 693,2 2014
Deva Deva
1901 - 2000 32,1 29,7 28,7 47,4 64,7 78,8 69,4 58,5 44,4 41,2 36,9 38,3 551,1 1901 - 2000
2014 18,9 19,1 27,0 47,2 73,6 49,8 86,2 39,0 36,2 50,6 36,5 65,4 549,5 2014
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 2000 28,6 26,6 31,2 53,8 78,3 106,4 87,6 71,0 54,6 43,9 33,9 29,2 626,2 1901 - 2000
2014 9,2 18,4 18,8 76,2 108,4 100,3 160,0 49,5 30,4 59,3 28,6 65,0 724,1 2014
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000 71,6 79,5 76,6 86,0 106,9 140,1 135,5 105,7 65,8 59,6 55,5 68,5 1023,7 1901 - 2000
2014 50,8 11,4 44,6 116,4 172,5 98,1 200,4 172,1 36,0 64,5 50,4 104,0 1121,2 2014
Galai Galai
1901 - 2000 30,0 26,0 24,0 38,1 50,5 66,3 47,9 40,3 39,5 34,4 34,3 32,6 445,6 1901 - 2000
2014 78,9 4,9 40,1 55,6 82,2 42,0 44,8 30,8 5,8 45,9 78,6 91,4 601,0 2014
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000 52,4 50,0 45,4 63,6 83,3 92,0 64,4 57,6 53,5 64,5 62,6 63,0 726,3 1901 - 2000
2014 86,6 29,2 78,7 133,0 99,4 77,4 183,4 43,2 60,6 107,4 30,4 149,8 1079,1 2014
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 2000 26,5 25,6 22,9 40,1 63,9 80,3 62,1 50,1 38,7 35,2 39,2 32,8 501,5 1901 - 2000
2014 48,9 2,5 21,9 117,0 115,4 93,6 116,6 46,8 18,8 42,8 63,0 63,5 750,8 2014
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 2000 39,0 36,1 37,0 47,8 60,0 63,2 46,4 36,0 39,3 47,1 52,0 48,9 532,8 1901 - 2000
2014 54,6 9,4 77,3 149,4 92,6 65,0 145,8 51,2 127,4 45,2 46,0 115,2 979,1 2014
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000 35,8 32,3 34,4 42,0 56,7 64,7 52,6 38,6 37,6 41,2 45,4 40,3 502,7 1901 - 2000
2014 49,1 2,4 65,6 131,0 70,3 63,4 61,1 14,0 124,4 70,7 37,4 157,6 847,0 2014
Bucureti - Filaret Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000 39,5 33,3 38,1 46,0 68,1 85,5 59,2 50,0 40,6 42,9 47,8 41,4 567,7 1901 - 2000
2014 63,3 0,4 52,0 114,5 127,7 143,1 38,4 31,6 43,4 64,8 43,7 149,9 872,8 2014
Constana Constana
1901 - 2000 28,8 26,3 24,9 28,7 36,6 42,2 33,7 29,8 29,7 33,7 39,6 34,3 368,1 1901 - 2000
2014 70,8 0,6 44,8 27,9 50,4 145,0 6,0 113,0 22,8 60,8 51,9 113,2 707,2 2014

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

28 29
Ariile protejate, n anul 2014
1.12 Protected areas, in 2014

Categorii de arii Numr Suprafaa (ha) Categories of protected


protejate Number Area (ha) areas

Rezervaii tiinifice 45 24654 Scientific reserves

Parcuri naionale 13 316872 National parks

Monumente ale naturii 206 15413 Natural monuments

Rezervaii naturale 671 324182 Natural reserves

Parcuri naturale 15 772810 Natural parks

Rezervaii ale biosferei 3 664446 Biosphere reserves

Zone umede de importan internaional 19 1089448 Humid areas of international importance

Arii de protecie special avifaunistic 148 3698732 Avifauna special protection areas

Situri de importan comunitar 383 4147368 Sites of Community interest

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului.


Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

Rezervaii ale biosferei i zone umede de importan


internaional, n anul 2014

1.13 Biosphere reserves and wetlands of international


importance, in 2014

Denumire rezervaie / zon Judeul Suprafaa (ha)


Name of reserves / wetland County Area (ha)

Rezervaii ale biosferei - total 664446


Biosphere reserves - total

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Tulcea, Constana 580000


Retezat Hunedoara 38047
Rodna Maramure, Bistria-Nsud, Suceava 46399

Zone umede de importan internaional - total 1089448


Humid areas of international importance - total

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Tulcea 580000


Parcul Natural Porile de Fier Cara-Severin, Mehedini 115666
Ostroavele Dunrii-Buceac-Iortmac Clrai, Constana 82832
Confluena Olt-Dunre Olt, Teleorman 46623
Blahnia Dolj 45286
Calafat-Ciuperceni-Dunare Dolj 29206
Bistre Dolj 27482
Dunarea Veche-Bratul Macin Brila, Tulcea, Constana 26792
Parcul Natural Comana Giurgiu 24963
Bratul Borcea Clrai, Ialomia 21529
Confluena Jiu-Dunre Dolj 19800
Suhaia Teleorman 19594
Balta Mic a Brilei Brila 17586
Lunca Mureului Arad, Timi 17166
Canarele de la Hrova Ialomia, Constana 7406
Iezerul Clrai Clrai 5001
Lacul Techirghiol Constana 1462
Tinovul Poiana Stampei Suceava 640
Complexul Piscicol Dumbrvia Braov 414

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului.


Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

30
Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2014
1.14 National and natural parks, in 2014

Suprafaa Suprafaa
Denumirea parcului Judeul legislaie (ha) GIS (ha)1)
Name of park County Area Area
legislation (ha) GIS (ha)1)

Parcuri naionale - total 316335 316872


National parks - total

Domogled-Valea Cernei Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj 60100 61190


Rodna Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava 46399 47207
Retezat Hunedoara 38047 38115
Cheile Nerei-Beunia Cara-Severin 37100 36707
Semenic-Cheile Caraului Cara-Severin 36665 36219
Climani Bistria-Nsud, Harghita, Suceava, Mure 24519 24519
Cozia Vlcea 17100 16721
Piatra Craiului Arge, Braov 14800 14781
Munii Mcinului Tulcea 11321 11114
Defileul Jiului Gorj, Hunedoara 11127 11136
Ceahlu Neam 8396 7739
Cheile Bicazului-Hma Neam, Harghita 6575 6933
Buila-Vnturria Vlcea 4186 4491

Parcuri naturale - total 749137 772810


Natural parks - total

Munii Maramureului Maramure 148850 133419


Porile de Fier Cara-Severin, Mehedini 115656 128196
Geoparcul Platoul Mehedini Mehedini 106000 106492
Geoparcul Dinozaurilor - ara Haegului Hunedoara 102392 100487
Munii Apuseni Alba, Bihor, Cluj 75784 76022
Putna - Vrancea Vrancea 38204 38190
Bucegi Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova 32497 32497
Vntori Neam Neam 30818 30841
Comana Giurgiu 24963 24963
Balta Mica a Brilei Brila 24400 24400
Lunca Mureului Arad, Timi 17166 17428
Grditea Muncelului - Cioclovina Hunedoara 10000 38116
Defileul Mureului Superior Mure 9156 9494
Lunca Joas a Prutului Inferior Galai 8247 7261
Cefa Bihor 5004 5004

1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS (Sistem Informaional Geografic).
Areas reassessed by measurements with GIS technologies (Geographic Information System).
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului.
Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

31
Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2014
1.15 Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2014

Surse de ap / Water sources milioane m3 / an


Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins million m3 / year

Total 38346
Ape de suprafa / Surface waters 33679
Ruri interioare / Inland rivers 13679
Tisa 256
Some 715
Criuri 395
Mure 1044
Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space 1) 608
Jiu 2109
Olt 1682
Vedea 40
Arge 1672
Ialomia 430
Siret 1956
Prut 726
Alte bazine2) / Other basins 2) 2046
Dunrea / The Danube 20000
Ape subterane / Underground waters 4667
1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
2) Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.
Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne.
Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2014


1.16 Surface waters quality, in 2014
km
din care: / of which:
Total lungimi Clasa I i II Clasa III Clasa IV Clasa V
pe corp de ap Stare foarte bun Stare Stare Stare
Bazine hidrografice monitorizat i bun moderat slab proast
Hydrographic basins Total length of The first and The third The fourth The fifth
monitored second class class class class
water body Very-good and Moderate Poor Bad
good status status status status

Total 31263 18911 11914 381 57

Tisa 1130 1010 94 - 26


Some 2732 1517 1139 66 10
Criuri 2082 1299 783 - -
Mure-Aranca 4116 3539 577 - -
Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space 1) 2205 1672 533 - -
Jiu 1276 856 420 - -
Olt 3254 1925 1329 - -
Vedea 842 88 722 11 21
Arge 2220 951 1132 137 -
Ialomia 2094 1163 931 - -
Siret 4584 3488 1096 - -
Prut 2198 1025 1071 102 -
Dunrea / The Danube 2170 211 1894 65 -
Litoral / Seaside 360 167 193 - -
1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne.
Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

32
Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2014
1.17 Investments for environment protection, in 2014
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices
Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, Protecia
pe domenii de mediu: resurselor
Prevention and control of pollution, naturale i
by environmental field: conservarea Alte
Sectoare de activitate Total sol i ape biodiversitii domenii
Activity sectors subterane Natural resources Other
aer ap deeuri soil and protection and fields
air water waste underground biodiversity
waters preservation

Total 4254676 999863 2208980 552453 220678 19033 253669


Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers

Total 3089570 985264 1549610 106472 212030 13534 222660


Silvicultur i exploatare
forestier 4684 - - - 102 3381 1201
Foresty and logging
Industrie extractiv 356948 42601 57071 11471 83750 1580 160475
Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 555867 299023 187143 18471 12497 8105 30628
Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze, ap
cald i aer condiionat 700405 603462 1076 58035 13492 438 23902
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei 1373017 - 1293440 52 78597 - 928
Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Construcii 7250 4036 24 2540 88 22 540
Construction
Transporturi 91399 36142 10856 15903 23504 8 4986
Transport
Productori specializai / Specialised producers
Total 372637 5741 16569 345100 1948 4 3275
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate 10735 163 6312 4117 4 4 135
Used water collection
and purification
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile 289300 5576 3469 277235 1562 - 1458
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare 10081 - 6766 1394 381 - 1540
Activities and services
of decontamination
Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor 62521 2 22 62354 1 - 142
Wholesale of waste
and remains
Administraie public / Public administration
Total 792469 8858 642801 100881 6700 5495 27734
Administraie public central 687 687 - - - - -
Central public adminstration
Administraie public local 791782 8171 642801 100881 6700 5495 27734
Local public adminstration

33
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2014
1.18 Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2014
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices
Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, Protecia
pe domenii de mediu: resurselor
Prevention and control of pollution, naturale i
by environmental field: conservarea Alte
Sectoare de activitate Total sol i ape biodiversitii domenii
Activity sectors subterane Natural resources Other
aer ap deeuri soil and protection and fields
air water waste underground biodiversity
waters preservation

Total 8176316 355584 863683 6537497 62820 128642 228090

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers

Total 1332819 141395 666104 185559 48454 117164 174143


Silvicultur i exploatare
forestier 11152 - 17 194 - 7604 3337
Foresty and logging
Industrie extractiv 99286 21151 35255 6715 1233 583 34349
Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 557030 100769 104771 128740 11246 105534 105970
Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat 89289 10685 16479 5556 28773 124 27672
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei 518288 9 504231 12570 757 - 721
Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Construcii 42384 327 3227 28085 5547 3297 1901
Construction
Transporturi 15390 8454 2124 3699 898 22 193
Transport

Productori specializai / Specialised producers

Total 5822854 118663 73921 5583433 12143 2338 32356


Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate 94297 927 44527 46777 499 155 1412
Used water collection
and purification
Colectarea, tratarea
i eliminarea deeurilor;
activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile 4460095 9649 13553 4403881 10025 2118 20869
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare 36267 - 15574 14107 1566 - 5020
Activities and services
of decontamination
Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor 1232195 108087 267 1118668 53 65 5055
Wholesale of waste and remains

Administraie public / Public administration

Total 1020643 95526 123658 768505 2223 9140 21591

Administraie public central 126212 94659 6311 4417 - 2524 18301


Central public adminstration
Administraie public local 894431 867 117347 764088 2223 6616 3290
Local public adminstration

34
POPULAIE

POPULATION
2
CUPRINS TABELE Pagina TABLES CONTENTS
Page

2.1 Populaia rezident (stabil), pe sexe i medii .......... 50 Usual resident population, by sex and area
2.2 Populaia rezident, pe grupe de vrst Usual resident population, by age group and sex,
i sexe, la 1 iulie ........................................................ 52 on July 1
2.3 Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe Usual resident population by age, sex and area,
i medii, la 1 iulie 2013 ............................................. 53 on July 1, 2013
2.4 Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe Usual resident population by age, sex and area,
i medii, la 1 iulie 2014 ............................................. 55 on July 1, 2014
2.5 Populaia dup domiciliu pe vrste, sexe i medii, Permanent resident population by age, sex
la 1 iulie 2015 ............................................................ 57 and area, on July 1, 2015
2.6 Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor Permanent resident population of counties,
i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2015 ......................................... 59 municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2015
2.7 Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul Classification of counties and localities
locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2015 ......................................... 63 by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2015
2.8 Micarea natural a populaiei .................................. 64 Vital statistics
2.9 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii .................. 66 Vital statistics, by area
2.10 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor ........... 68 Live-births by age group of parents
2.11 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa Live-births by live-birth order and age
de vrst a mamei .................................................... 70 group of mother
2.12 Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii ............. 72 Average age of mother at birth, by area
2.13 ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst ............... 72 Abortions, by age group
2.14 Ratele de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst Fertility rates, by age group
i indicele conjunctural al fertilitii ............................ 73 and total fertility rate
2.15 Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe ....................... 74 Deaths, by age group and sex
2.16 Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst ................ 75 Infant deaths, by age group
2.17 Decese, pe cauze de deces ...................................... 76 Deaths, by death causes
2.18 Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces ...................... 78 Infant deaths, by cause of death
2.19 Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii ..................... 79 Life expectancy, by sex and area
2.20 Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................ 80 Marriages by age group of spouses
2.21 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor Marriages by previous marital status
nainte de cstorie ................................................... 81 of spouses
2.22 Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta Average age at marriage and average
medie la prima cstorie, pe medii ........................... 82 age at first marriage, by area
2.23 Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................. 82 Divorces by age group of spouses
2.24 Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori Divorces by number of under age children
rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei ............................. 84 remained through marriage dissolution
2.25 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea Internal migration determined by permanent
domiciliului, pe medii i sexe ..................................... 84 residence changing, by area and sex
2.26 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea Internal migration determined by permanent
domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii ................... 85 residence changing, by age group and area
2.27 Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului ......... 86 determined by permanent residence changing
2.28 Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ...................... 87 Emigrants, by sex and age group
2.29 Emigranii, dup ara de destinaie ............................ 87 Emigrants, by country of destination
2.30 Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ....................... 88 Immigrants, by sex and age group
2.31 Imigranii, dup ara de provenien ......................... 88 Immigrants, by country of previous usual residence
2.32 Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea International migration determined by change
reedinei obinuite, pe sexe ..................................... 89 of usual residence, by sex

36
Teritorial Territorial

2.33 Populaia i densitatea populaiei, n profil Population and population density, at territorial
teritorial, la recensminte ............................................ level, on censuses
2.34 Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial, pe sexe Usual resident population, at territorial level,
i medii, la 1 iulie 2013 ............................................... by sex and area, on July 1, 2013
2.35 Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial i pe grupe Usual resident population, at territorial level and
de vrst, la 1 iulie 2013 ............................................. by age group, on July 1, 2013
2.36 Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial, pe sexe Usual resident population, at territorial level,
i medii, la 1 iulie 2014 ............................................... by sex and area, on July 1, 2014
2.37 Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial Usual resident population, at territorial level and
i pe grupe de vrst, la 1 iulie 2014 .......................... by age group, on July 1, 2014
2.38 Populaia dup domiciliu, n profil teritorial, Permanent resident population, at territorial level,
pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2015 .................................. by sex and area, on July 1, 2015
2.39 Populaia dup domiciliu, n profil teritorial Permanent resident population, at territorial level
i pe grupe de vrst, la 1 iulie 2015 .......................... and by age group, on July 1, 2015
2.40 Micarea natural a populaiei, n profil teritorial i Vital statistics, at territorial level and by area,
pe medii, n anul 2014 ................................................. in 2014
2.41 Ratele de fertilitate, n profil teritorial i pe grupe Age - specific fertility rates, at territorial level
de vrst, n anul 2014 ............................................... and by age group, in 2014
2.42 Durata medie a vieii, n profil teritorial, pe sexe Life expectancy, at territorial level, by sex and
i medii, n anul 2014 .................................................. area, in 2014
2.43 Decesele, pe cauze de deces, n profil teritorial, Deaths, by death causes, at territorial level,
n anul 2014 ................................................................ in 2014
2.44 Vrsta medie a soilor la data ncheierii cstoriei, Average age of spouses at marriage date, at
n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2014 .................. territorial level and by area, in 2014
2.45 Divorurile, dup numrul copiilor minori rmai Divorces, by number of under age children
prin desfacerea cstoriei, n profil teritorial, remained through marriage dissolution, at
n anul 2014 ................................................................ territorial level, in 2014
2.46 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea Internal migration determined by change of
domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe medii, permanent residence, at territorial level and by
n anul 2014 ................................................................. area, in 2014

SURSA DATELOR DATA SOURCE

Surse statistice: Statistical sources:


 Recensmintele populaiei;  Population censuses;
Recensmntul din octombrie 2011 s-a realizat n The census of October 2011 was done according to
conformitate cu prevederile Regulamentului (CE) the stipulations of EC Regulation No 763/2008 of
nr. 763/2008 al Parlamentului European i al Consiliului the European Parliament and of the Council
privind Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor; regarding the Population and Housing Census;
 Statistici din evidena curent a populaiei, pentru  Statistics from current evidence of population, for
datele referitoare la numrul i structura demografic data referring to population number and
a populaiei; demographic structure;
 nregistrri din evidena strii civile:  Registrations from civil register evidence:
Buletine statistice demografice completate de oficiile Statistical demographic reports filled in by civil
de stare civil cu date referitoare la nateri, decese, register offices with data on births, deaths,
cstorii, divoruri i nregistrri primite de la marriages, divorces and registrations of divorces
judectorii i notariate pentru divoruri; from the court of law and notary offices;
 Model econometric bazat pe tehnici de estimare pe  Econometric model based on estimation techniques
domenii mici, pentru determinarea numrului de by small areas, to determine the number of
emigrani (persoane din Romnia care i-au emigrants (persons from Romania who changed
schimbat reedina obinuit n alte ri); their usual residence in other countries);

37
 Serii anuale de fluxuri de migraie (imigrani i  Annual migration flows series (immigrants and
emigrani) transmise de oficiile naionale de statistic emigrants) sent by the national statistical offices
din Italia i Spania ncepnd cu datele pentru anul from Italy and Spain starting with data for 2002;
2002;
 Statistici n oglind privind migraia internaional  Mirror statistics regarding international migration
din baza de date a EUROSTAT ca valori de referin from Eurostat database as benchmarks for the
(benchmark) pentru evaluarea calitii rezultatelor quality evaluation of the results from econometric
obinute prin aplicarea modelului econometric; model application;
 Statisticile privind migraia internaional sunt  Statistics on international migration are estimated
estimate n conformitate cu prevederile according to the stipulations of EC Regulation
Regulamentului (CE) nr.862/2007 al Parlamentului No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the
European i al Consiliului din 11 iulie 2007 privind Council of July 11, 2007 regarding community
statisticile comunitare din domeniul migraiei i statistics from migration and international protection
proteciei internaionale i de abrogare a field and repealing the Council Regulation (EEC)
Regulamentului (CEE) nr.311/76 al Consiliului privind No 311/76 regarding the elaboration of statistics on
elaborarea de statistici cu privire la lucrtorii strini; foreign workers;
 Statisticile privind populaia rezident sunt estimate  Statistics on usual resident population are estimated
n conformitate cu prevederile Regulamentului (UE) according to the stipulations of EU Regulation
nr.1260/2013 al Parlamentului European i al No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of
Consiliului din 20 noiembrie 2013 privind statisticile the Council of November 20, 2013 regarding
demografice europene. European demographic statistics.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


 Baza de date a Ministerului Afacerilor Interne, privind  Database of Ministry of Internal Affairs, for persons
evidena persoanelor, pentru populaia dup evidence, for the permanent resident population,
domiciliu, migraia intern (cu schimbarea internal migration (with domicile change and
domiciliului i stabilirea reedinei) i internaional residence settlement) and international (final)
(definitiv) determinat de schimbarea domiciliului. migration determined by domicile change.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

n statisticile oficiale, populaia este calculat dup In official statistics, the population is calculated by
dou dimensiuni: two dimensions:
populaia rezident, conform criteriului reedinei usual resident population, according to the criterion
obinuite pe teritoriul Romniei pentru o perioad de of usual residence on the territory of Romania for at
cel puin 12 luni, indiferent de cetenie, comparabil least 12 months period, no matter of citizenship,
cu rezultatele Recensmntului Populaiei i al comparable with the results of the Population and
Locuinelor din octombrie 2011 i cu celelalte state Housing Census of October 2011 and with the other
membre ale Uniunii Europene; member states of the European Union;
populaia dup domiciliu, conform criteriului de permanent resident population, according to the
domiciliu pe teritoriul Romniei, numai pentru criterion of permanent residence on the territory of
persoanele cu cetenie romn. Romania, only for the persons with Romanian
citizenship.
Populaia rezident reprezint totalitatea Usual resident population represents all the
persoanelor cu cetenie romn, strini i fr cetenie, persons with Romanian citizenship, foreigners and
care au reedina obinuit pe teritoriul Romniei. without citizenship, who have their usual residence on
Populaia rezident la o anumit dat a fost determinat Romanian territory. Usual resident population at a
conform metodologiei i reglementrilor internaionale n certain date was determined according to international
domeniu. methodology and regulations in this field.
Reedina obinuit reprezint locul n care o Usual residence represents the place where
persoan i petrece n mod obinuit perioada zilnic de one person usually spends daily rest period, without
odihn, fr a ine seama de absenele temporare pentru having in view temporary absences for recreation,
recreere, vacane, vizite la prieteni i rude, afaceri, holidays, visits to friends and relatives, business,
tratamente medicale sau pelerinaje religioase. medical treatments or religious pilgrimages.

38
Se consider c i au reedina obinuit ntr-o zon There are considered as having their usual residence in
geografic specific doar persoanele care au locuit la a specific geographical zone only persons who lived at
reedina obinuit o perioad nentrerupt de cel puin that usual residence for 12 months continous period at
12 luni nainte de momentul de referin. Reedina least before the reference moment. Usual residence can
obinuit poate s fie aceeai cu domiciliul sau poate s be the same with the permanent residence or can be
difere, n cazul persoanelor care aleg s-i stabileasc different, in case of persons who choose to settle their
reedina obinuit n alt localitate dect cea de usual residence in another locality than that of
domiciliu din ar sau strintate. permanent residence from the country or from abroad.
Populaia pentru anii intercenzitari s-a determinat pe The population for the inter-censuses years was
baza datelor de la recensminte i a datelor referitoare determined based on data from censuses and data
la micarea natural i migratorie, n felul urmtor: regarding natural or migratory movement, as follows:
a) pentru perioadele 1960 - 1965 i 1966 - 1976 pe a) for 1960-1965 and 1966-1976 periods based on the
baza rezultatelor recensmintelor din anii 1956 i results of censuses carried out in 1956 and 1966
1966 i a datelor asupra sporului natural i migraiei and data on natural increase and migration in those
din anii respectivi; years;
b) pentru perioada 1977 - 1991 pe baza rezultatelor b) for 1977-1991 period based on the results of the
recensmntului din anul 1977 i a datelor asupra 1977 census and data on natural increase and
sporului natural i migraiei interne i internaionale internal and international migration with the
cu schimbarea domiciliului din anii respectivi; permanent residence change, in the respective
ncepnd cu anul 1979 s-a inclus i migraia intern years; since 1979, internal migration with the
cu schimbarea de reedin; residence change was included;
c) pentru perioada 1992 - 2001 pe baza rezultatelor c) for the 1992-2001 period based on the results of
recensmntului din anul 1992 i a datelor asupra 1992 census and data on natural increase and
sporului natural i migraiei interne i internaionale internal and international migration in the respective
din anii respectivi; datele includ fenomenul migratoriu years; data include the migratory phenomenon,
care este subevaluat, singurele date disponibile fiind which is under - assessed, the only ones available
cele din sursele administrative; data being those from administrative sources;
d) pentru perioada dintre ultimele dou recensminte, d) for the period between the last two censuses,
respectiv 2002 - 2011, datele se refer la populaia respectively 2002-2011, data refer to usual resident
rezident care a fost reestimat n condiii de population re-estimated under comparability
comparabilitate cu rezultatele finale ale conditions with final results of the Population and
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor din Housing Census of 2011;
anul 2011;
e) Populaia rezident a Romniei la 1 ianuarie 2012 e) The usual resident population on January 1, 2012,
s-a calculat plecnd de la populaia cu reedina was calculated based on the population with usual
obinuit n Romnia la momentul critic al residence in Romania at the critical moment of the
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011 Population and Housing Census - 2011
(20 octombrie 2011), la care s-au adugat (October 20, 2011), to which the following elements
urmtoarele elemente: were added:
sporul natural al populaiei din perioada natural increase of the population between
20 octombrie - 31 decembrie 2011 (numrul Octomber 20 - December 31, 2011 (the number of
nscuilor-vii minus numrul decedailor); live-births minus the number of deceased);
soldul micrii migratorii internaionale din perioada balance of international migratory movement during
20 octombrie - 31 decembrie 2011, determinat ca October 20 - December 31, 2011, determined as
diferen ntre numrul imigranilor (ceteni romni, difference between the number of immigrants
strini sau fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina (Romanian citizens, foreigners or without citizenship
obinuit n Romnia) i numrul emigranilor who settled their usual residence in Romania) and
(ceteni romni care i-au stabilit reedina number of emigrants (Romanian citizens who settled
obinuit n strintate); their usual residence abroad);
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu schimbarea balance of internal migratory movement with change
domiciliului din perioada 20 octombrie - in domicile during October 20 - December 31, 2011
31 decembrie 2011, determinat ca diferen ntre determined as the difference between the number of
numrul persoanelor care au sosit ntr-un jude i persons arriving in a county and the number of
numrul persoanelor plecate din jude; persons leaving it;

39
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu stabilirea balance of internal migratory movement with
reedinei la 1 ianuarie 2012, determinat ca residence settlement on January 1, 2012
diferen ntre numrul persoanelor care aveau determined as difference between the number of
reedina n jude i domiciliul n alt jude la persons having the residence in the county and the
1 ianuarie i persoanele care aveau domiciliul n domicile in another county on January 1 and the
jude i reedina n alt jude la aceeai dat. Au fost persons having the domicile in the county and the
luate n calcul doar personele care aveau declarat residence in another county at the same date. Only
schimbarea reedintei pentru 1 an. the persons who declared the change in residence
for one year were taken into account.
f) Dup 1 ianuarie 2012, populaia rezident la f) After January 1, 2012, the usual resident population
1 ianuarie a fost estimat n conformitate cu criteriul on January 1 was estimated according to the usual
reedinei obinuite utiliznd metoda componentelor: residence criterion, using the components method:
sporul natural al populaiei din fiecare an; population natural increase of each year;
soldul micrii migratorii internaionale din fiecare an; international migratory movement balance of each year;
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu schimbarea balance of internal migratory movement with the
domiciliului din fiecare an; change in permanent residence for each year;
soldul micarii migratorii interne cu schimbarea balance of internal migratory movement with the
reedinei pentru 12 luni, adic persoane care la data change in residence for 12 months, i.e. persons who,
de 1 ianuarie aveau reedina obinuit n alt jude on January 1, had their usual residence in another
dect cel de domiciliu. county than the one where they had their domicile.
Populaia rezident la 1 iulie s-a determinat ca medie The usual resident population on July 1 was determined
aritmetic simpl dintre valorile populaiei rezidente as simple arithmetic mean between the values of usual
la 1 ianuarie a doi ani consecutivi. resident population on January 1 of two successive years.
Datele privind populaia rezident sunt disponibile n The data on usual resident population are available
profil teritorial, la nivel naional, pe macroregiuni, regiuni at territorial and national level, by macroregion,
de dezvoltare i judee. development region and county.
Urmare a definitivrii datelor privind populaia Further to the finalization of data on usual resident
rezident la 1 ianuarie 2014, prezenta ediie a Anuarului population on January 1, 2014, the current edition of the
Statistic cuprinde i date corespunztoare populaiei Statistical Yearbook also includes data on usual resident
rezidente la 1 iulie 2013, n varianta definitiv. population on July 1, 2013 in final version.
Populaia rezident la 1 iulie 2014 i ratele The usual resident population on July 1, 2014
aferente anului 2014 sunt provizorii. and the related rates for 2014 are provisional.
Populaia dup domiciliu reprezint numrul Permanent resident population represents the
persoanelor cu cetenie romn i domiciliul pe number of persons with Romanian citizenship and
teritoriul Romniei, delimitat dup criterii permanent residence on the territory of Romania,
administrativ-teritoriale. determined according to administrative-territorial criteria.
Domiciliul persoanei este adresa la care aceasta The permanent residence of the person is the
declar c are locuina principal, trecut n actul de address where he/she declares to have the main
identitate (CI, BI), aa cum este luat n evidena dwelling, registered in the identity card, as it is registered
organelor administrative ale statului. n stabilirea valorii by the state administrative bodies. To set up the value of
acestui indicator nu se ine cont de reedina obinuit, this indicator, the usual residence is not taken into
de perioada i/sau motivul absenei de la domiciliu. account as well as the period and/or reason of absence
from the permanent residence.
Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2014 a fost Permanent resident population on July 1, 2014 was
estimat prin metoda componentelor, respectiv pornind estimated by the method of components, respectively
de la baza de date a Ministerului Afacerilor Interne privind starting from the database of the Ministry of Internal
evidena persoanelor i ajustat cu numrul deceselor i Afffairs regarding the evidence of persons and adjusted
al naterilor din perioada corespunztoare. with the number of deaths and births during that period.
Dup 1 iulie 2014, populaia dup domiciliu a fost After July 1, 2014, the population by permanent
estimat semestrial, n conformitate cu criteriul residence was half-yearly estimated, according to the
domiciliului, utiliznd metoda componentelor: usual residence criterion, using the components method:
sporul natural al populaiei din fiecare semestru; population natural increase in each semester;
soldul micrii migratorii internaionale cu balance of international migratory movement with
schimbarea domiciliului din fiecare semestru; the change in usual residence from each semester;

40
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu schimbarea balance of domestic migratory movement with the
domiciliului din fiecare semestru. change in usual residence from each semester.
Datele privind populaia dup domiciliu sunt Data regarding the permanent resident population are
disponibile n profil teritorial, pe urmtoarele niveluri de available at territorial level, at the following levels of detail:
detaliere: nivel naional, macroregiuni, regiuni de national level, macroregion, development region, county
dezvoltare, judee i localiti. and locality.
Indicatorul este relevant n dimensionarea populaiei la The indicator is relevant for estimating the population
nivel de localitate, acesta fiind singurul indicator de at locality level, as the only indicator on population
populaie disponibil la acest nivel de dezagregare n profil available at this level of disaggregation on territorial profile.
teritorial.
Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2015 este Permanent resident population on July 1, 2015
provizorie. is provisional.
Micarea migratorie internaional s-a determinat: International migration flows are determined:
pentru perioada anterioar anului 2002: numai pe for the period previous to 2002: only based on data
baza datelor provenite din surse administrative from administrative sources regarding international
referitoare la migraia internaional (definitiv) (final) migration determined by change of
determinat de schimbarea domiciliului; permanent residence;
pentru anul 2002 i perioada ulterioar: pe baza for 2002 and next period: based on data from
datelor provenite din surse administrative referitoare administrative sources regarding international
la migraia internaional (definitiv) determinat de (final) migration determined by change of
schimbarea domiciliului, modelului econometric permanent residence; the econometric model
bazat pe tehnici de estimare pe domenii mici pentru based on estimation techniques on small areas to
determinarea numrului de emigrani (persoane din determine the number of emigrants (persons from
Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n Romania who changed their usual residence in
alte ri), seriilor de fluxuri de migraie other countries); annual migration flows series
(imigrani i emigrani) transmise de oficiile (immigrants and emigrants) sent by national
naionale de statistic din Italia i Spania pentru statistical offices from Italy and Spain for
perioada 2002-2013, statisticilor disponibile la 2002-2013 period; Eurostat available statistics,
Eurostat, conform datelor furnizate pentru Romnia according to the data provided for Romania by other
de alte ri, referitor la fenomenul migraiei (statistici countries, regarding the migration phenomenon
n oglind). (mirror statistics).
Migraia internaional reprezint schimbarea International migration represents the usual
reedinei obinuite n alt ar i respectiv, din alt ar residence change in another country and respectively
n Romnia. from another country to Romania.
Emigraie nseamn aciunea prin care o persoan Emigration means the action by which one person
care a avut anterior reedina obinuit pe teritoriul who had the previous usual residence on the Romanian
Romniei nceteaz s mai aib reedina obinuit pe territory ceases to have his/her usual residence for a
teritoriul acesteia pentru o perioad care este sau se period that is, or is expected to be of at least 12 months.
ateapt s fie de cel puin 12 luni.
Imigraie nseamn aciunea prin care o persoan Immigration means the action by which a person
i stabilete reedina obinuit pe teritoriul Romniei settles his/her usual residence on the Romanian
pentru o perioad care este sau se ateapt s fie de territory for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at
cel puin 12 luni, dup ce, n prealabil, a avut reedina least 12 months, previously having the usual residence
obinuit ntr-o alt ar. in another country.
Migraia internaional se poate clasifica n funcie International migration can be classified
de modalitatea de edere pe teritoriul altui stat (domiciliu according to the type of residence on the territory of
sau reedin), n urmtoarele categorii: another state (permanent or usual residence), in the
following categories:
Migraie internaional definitiv determinat de International migration by change of permanent
schimbarea domiciliului se refer la persoane residence refers to persons who changed their
care i-au schimbat domiciliul permanent din i permanent residence from and to Romania;
n Romania;
Migraie internaional temporar de lung International migration by change of usual
durat determinat de schimbarea reedinei residence refers to persons who changed their

41
obinuite se refer la persoane care i-au schimbat usual residence from and to Romania for 12 months
reedina obinuit din i n Romnia pentru o period at least.
perioad de cel puin 12 luni.
Fluxul de emigrani reprezint numrul emigranilor Emigrants flow represents the number of emigrants
care au avut anterior reedina obinuit pe teritoriul who previously had the usual residence on the
Romniei i i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n alt ar Romanian territory and settled their usual residence in
pentru o perioad de cel puin 12 luni, n anul de referin. another country for 12 months period at least in the
reference year.
Fluxul de imigrani reprezint numrul imigranilor Immigrants flow represents the number of
(ceteni romni, strini sau fr cetenie) care, anterior, immigrants (Romanian citizens, foreigners or without
au avut reedina obinuit n alt ar i citizenship) who previously had the usual residence in
i-au stabilit reedina obinuit pe teritoriul another country and settled their usual residence on
Romniei pentru o perioad de cel puin 12 luni, n anul the Romanian territory for 12 months period at least,
de referin. in the reference year.
Soldul migraiei internaionale reprezint diferena International migration balance represents the
dintre fluxul de imigrani i fluxul de emigrani, n perioada difference between the immigrants flow and the
de referin. emigrants flow in the reference period.
Repartizarea populaiei pe medii de reziden Population breakdown by residence areas was
s-a realizat astfel: done as follows:
pentru perioada 1960-1965, n mediul urban sunt for 1960-1965 period, urban area includes
cuprinse municipiile, oraele i cele 183 localiti municipalities, towns and the 183 localities
asimilate mediului urban; assimilated to the urban area;
pentru anii 1966 i 1967, n mediul urban sunt for 1966 and 1967, urban area includes
incluse datele referitoare la municipii, orae i 238 municipalities, towns and 238 communes
comune asimilate urbanului; assimilated to the urban area;
ncepnd cu anul 1968, n mediul urban sunt starting with 1968, urban area includes only
cuprinse numai municipiile i oraele. municipalities and towns.
Vrsta este exprimat n ani mplinii (de exemplu, o Age is expressed in the years reached during the
persoan care are vrsta de 24 ani i 11 luni la 1 iulie, year (for instance, a person of 24 years old and
este cuprins la vrsta de 24 ani). 11 months at July 1st, is considered to be of
24 years old).
Sfera de cuprindere a fenomenelor demografice: The coverage of demographic phenomena:
pentru perioada 1960-2011, numrul nscuilor-vii i for 1960-2011 period, the number of live-births and
al deceselor include toate persoanele nscute i deaths includes all the persons born and
respectiv, decedate ntr-un an calendaristic, respectively deceased, during a calendar year, no
indiferent unde a avut loc acest fenomen demografic matter of the place of this demographic
(n Romnia sau n strintate); phenomenon (in Romania or abroad);
pentru anii 2012 i 2013, sunt incluse doar naterile for 2012 and 2013, only births and deaths taking
i decesele care au avut loc pe teritoriul Romniei, place on Romanias territory are included, births and
naterile i decesele persoanelor care au reedina deaths of persons with their usual residence abroad
obinuit n strintate nefiind incluse; being not included;
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii, beginning with 2014 are included only live-births and
respectiv decedaii cu reedina obinuit n respectively the deaths of persons having their usual
Romnia. residence in Romania.
Definiiile evenimentelor demografice sunt n The definitions of vital events are in compliance
concordan cu principiile i recomandrile Organizaiei with the principles and recommendations of the United
Naiunilor Unite privind sistemul statistic demografic: Nations regarding the demographic statistical system:
nscut-viu este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau live-birth is a product of conception completely
extras complet din corpul mamei, independent de ejected or extracted from the mothers body,
durata sarcinii i care, dup aceast separare, regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this
prezint un semn de via (respiraie, activitate separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart
cardiac, pulsaii ale cordonului ombilical sau activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular
contracii musculare dependente de voin); contractions dependent on will);
nscut-mort este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau stillborn child is a product of conception completely
extras complet din corpul mamei dup o durat a ejected or extracted from the mothers body after a

42
sarcinii de cel puin 28 sptmni i care, dup pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after
aceast separare, nu prezint niciun semn de this separation, gives no sign of life;
via;
decedat este persoana creia i-au ncetat definitiv deceased is the person whose vital functions
funciile vitale dup trecerea unui timp oarecare de definitively ceased after a certain time passed from
la natere; his/her birth;
cstoria reprezint uniunea liber consimit ntre un marriage is an union between a man and a woman,
brbat i o femeie, ncheiat n condiiile legii; freely consented, concluded according to the
legislation;
divorul reprezint desfacerea unei cstorii divorce represents the dissolution of a legally
ncheiate legal, printr-o hotrre definitiv a concluded marriage, according to a final decision of
instanei judectoreti, a ofierului de stare civil sau judicial court, of civil register office or of public notary.
a unui notar public. Datele se refer la aciunile de Data refer to divorce actions for which marriage
divor pentru care desfacerea cstoriei a fost dissolution was admitted.
admis.
Ratele fenomenelor demografice se calculeaz cu The demographic events rates are calculated
populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, pn n based on the permanent resident population on July 1st
anul 2011. ncepnd cu anul 2012, ratele fenomenelor of that year, until 2011. Beginning with 2012, the
demografice sunt calculate folosind populaia rezident la demographic rates are calculated bassed on usual
1 iulie a fiecrui an. resident population on July 1 of each year.
Ratele migraiei interne determinate de schimbarea The internal migration rates entailed by the change
domiciliului se calculeaz cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 in permanent residence are calculated based on the
iulie a fiecrui an. population by permanent residence on July 1 of each year.
Sporul natural reprezint diferena dintre numrul Natural increase represents the balance between
nscuilor-vii i numrul persoanelor decedate, n anul de the number of live-births and the number of deceased
referin. persons during the reference year.
Rata de natalitate reprezint numrul de nscui-vii Birth rate represents the ratio between the number
dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din of live-births from one year and the population on
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de nscui-vii la July 1st of respective year and is expressed by the
1000 locuitori. number of live-births per 1000 inhabitants.
Rata general de fertilitate reprezint numrul General fertility rate represents the number of
nscuilor-vii dintr-un an raportat la populaia feminin de live-births in a year related to female population aged
15-49 ani, la 1 iulie din anul respectiv i se exprim n 15-49 years on July 1st of that year and is expressed by
numrul de nscui-vii la 1000 femei de vrst fertil the number of live-births per 1000 women of fertile age
(15-49 ani). (15-49 years).
Indicele conjunctural al fertilitii (rata total de Total fertility rate represents the average number
fertilitate) reprezint numrul mediu de copii pe care of children that would be born by a woman during her
i-ar nate o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile, n condiiile fertile life, under fertility conditions of that year.
fertilitii anului respectiv.
Rata de mortalitate reprezint numrul persoanelor Mortality rate represents the ratio between the
decedate dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din number of deceased persons from one year and the
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de decese la 1000 population on July 1st of respective year and is
locuitori. expressed by the number of deaths per 1000
inhabitants.
Durata medie a vieii reprezint numrul mediu de Life expectancy represents the average number of
ani pe care i are de trit un nou-nscut, dac ar tri tot years an infant would live, if living all his life under the
restul vieii n condiiile mortalitii pe vrste din perioada conditions of mortality by age corresponding to the
de referin. reference period.
Rata mortalitii infantile reprezint numrul de Infant mortality rate represents the number of
decedai n vrst de sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii din anul infants deaths per 1000 live-births in respective year.
respectiv.
Rata de mortinatalitate reprezint numrul anual de Stillborn rate is the ratio between the number of
nscui-mori dintr-un an, raportat la numrul de nscui-vii stillborns in a year and the total number of live births and
i mori din acelai an i se exprim n numrul de stillborns in the same year, and is expressed by the
nscui-mori la 1000 nscui-vii i mori din anul respectiv. number of stillborns per 1000 live births and stillborns in
the respective year.
43
Rata de nupialitate reprezint numrul cstoriilor Marriages rate represents the ratio between the
dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din number of marriages from one year and the population
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de cstorii la on July 1st of respective year and is expressed by the
1000 locuitori. number of marriages per 1000 inhabitants.
Rata de divorialitate reprezint numrul Divortiality rate represents the ratio between the
divorurilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din number of divorces from one year and the population on
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de divoruri la July 1st of respective year and is expressed by the
1000 locuitori. number of divorces per 1000 inhabitants.
Vrsta medie a unei populaii s-a determinat ca Average age of a population was determined as
medie aritmetic a mijloacelor intervalelor, ponderat cu arithmetic mean of interval middles, weighted with the
numrul persoanelor de vrst respectiv, dup number of persons of that age, according to the
formula: formula:

x=
( x + 0,5) P x
x=
( x + 0.5) P x

P x P x

n care: where:

x = vrsta medie n ani mplinii x = average age in reached years

x = vrsta n ani mplinii x = age in reached years


Px = populaia n vrst de x ani Px = population aged years
0,5 = constant (jumtate de an, considerat drept 0.5 = constant (half of year, considered as average
echivalent mediu al variaiei abaterilor fa de data equivalent of bias variation compared to the exact date
exact a mplinirii unei vrste oarecare). of reaching a certain age).

Repartizarea evenimentelor demografice n Distribution on demographic phenomena at


profil teritorial (pe judee) s-a fcut dup territorial level (by county) was done according to
urmtoarele criterii: the following criteria:
pentru nscui-vii, dup domiciliul mamei pn n for live-born children, according to the mothers
anul 2011 i dup reedina obinuit a mamei residence until 2011 and according to the mothers
ncepnd cu anul 2012; usual residence beginning with 2012;
pentru decese, dup domiciliul persoanei decedate for deceases, according to the residence of the
pn n anul 2011 i dup reedina obinuit a deceased person until 2011 and according to the
persoanei decedate ncepnd cu anul 2012; usual residence of the deceased person beginning
with 2012;
pentru cstorii, dup locul nregistrrii cstoriei, for marriages, according to the place of marriage
respectiv domiciliul unuia dintre cei doi soi; registration, respectively according to the residence
of one of the two spouses;
pentru divoruri, dup ultimul domiciliu comun al for divorces, according to the last joint usual
soilor. residence of spouses.
Ratele fenomenelor demografice pe judee The demographic phenomena rates by county
au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la were calculated based on usual resident population
1 iulie 2014 i sunt provizorii. on July 1, 2014 and are provisional.
Migraia intern reprezint schimbrile de Internal migration represents changes of
domiciliu i stabilirile temporare de reedin n alt permanent residence and temporary settling of
localitate dect cea de domiciliu n interiorul granielor residence in another locality, different from that of
rii. permanent residence, inside the borders of the country.
Schimbarea domiciliului s-a nregistrat n cazul Change of permanent residence was registered
persoanelor pentru care organele de poliie au nscris in case of persons for whom Police wrote down the new
noul domiciliu n cartea de identitate i n fia de permanent residence in the identity card and in persons
eviden a persoanei. evidence file.

44
ncepnd cu anul 1992, sunt cuprinse i schimbrile Starting with 1992, data also include changes of
de domiciliu dintr-un sector n altul al Municipiului permanent residence from one sector to another within
Bucureti. Bucharest Municipality.
Nu sunt incluse schimbrile de domiciliu n interiorul There are not included permanent residence
aceleiai localiti sau n acelai sector i nici dintr-un changes inside the same locality or sector, or from one
sat n altul, n cadrul aceleiai comune. village to another, in the same commune.

Populaia pe medii, la 1 iulie


2.G1 Population by area, on July 1

%
100

80 67,9 63,1 54,2 45,7 45,4 45,4 47,1 47,0 46,1 45,0 44,6 45,1 45,9 46,1 46,1 46,0 46,0 46,1 46,1

60

40

45,8 54,3 54,6 54,6 52,9 53,0 53,9 55,0 55,4 54,9 54,1 53,9 53,9 54,0 54,0 53,9 53,9
20 36,9
32,1

0
1)
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Urban Rural

Not: Pentru perioada 2002-2014 s-a utilizat populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the 2002-2014 period, the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

1)
2.G2 Populaia rezident, pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2014
Usual resident population, by sex and area, on July 1, 2014
1)
%)

(5

48,9% 53,9%

51,1% 46,1%

Masculin / Male Urban


Feminin / Female Rural

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

45
1)
Populaia rezident, pe vrste i sexe, la 1 iulie 2014
2.G3 Usual resident population, by age and sex, on July 1, 2014
1)

Vrsta
Age

100

95

90
Masculin Feminin
Male 85 Female

80

75

70

65

60

55

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

Mii persoane 10 Mii persoane


Thou persons Thou persons
5

0
250 200 150 100 50 0 0 50 100 150 200 250

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

46
Natalitatea, mortalitatea i sporul natural al populaiei
2.G4 Birth rate, mortality and natural increase

Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)


30

25

20

15

10

0
1)
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2014

Natalitate / Birth rate Mortalitate / Mortality rate


Sporul natural pozitiv Sporul natural negativ
Positive natural increase Negative natural increase

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2014, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii sau decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Permanent residence population
at July 1st indicator.
For the 2012-2014 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe (ani)


2.G5 Life expectancy, by sex (years)

70,2
2009
77,5
70,3
2010 77,6
70,6
2011
77,9
71,2
2012 78,2
71,8
2013 78,6
72,0
2014 78,9
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Masculin Feminin
Male Female

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani.
Populaia luat n calcul a fost determinat pe baza sporului natural i a soldului migraiei internaionale definitive.
Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years period.
The population taken into calculation was determined based on natural increase and final international migration.

47
Rate de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst
2.G6 Fertility rates, by age group

Nscui-vii la 1000 femei / Live-births per 1000 women


120

100
87,2
80 78,5
65,3 67,3 66,3
60 54,5

40 37,8
33,9
27,7
20,6
20
4,4 5,2
0,2 0,3
0
1)
2009 2014

15 - 19 ani / years 35 - 39 ani / years


20 - 24 ani / years 40 - 44 ani / years
25 - 29 ani / years 45 - 49 ani / years

30 - 34 ani / years

Not: Ratele pentru anul 2009 au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaie dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Ratele pentru 2014 au fost calculate cu populaia la 1 iulie a anului respectiv.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: The rates for 2009 have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Permanent residence population at July 1st indicator.
Rates for 2014 were computed using the usual resident population at July 1st of the respective year.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Evoluia cstoriilor i divorurilor


2.G7 Evolution of marriages and divorces

mii / thou
200

150
134,3
115,8 118,1
105,6 107,8 107,5
100

50 35,8
32,3 32,6 31,3 28,5 27,2

0
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Cstorii Divoruri
Marriages Divorces

48
Fluxul de emigrani i imigrani determinat de schimbarea reedinei obinuite
2.G8 Emigrants and immigrants flow determined by change of usual residence

mii persoane/ thou persons


350

300
246,6
250
198,0 195,6
200 184,6
170,2 161,8
150
167,3 153,6
135,8 150,0 147,7 142,4
100

50

0
1)
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Emigrani Imigrani
Emigrants Immigrants

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

1) 2) 3)
Distribuia emigranilor i imigranilor , n anul 2014
2.G9 1) 2)
Breakdown of emigrants and immigrants , in 2014
3)

1) 2)
EMIGRANII , DUP ARA DE DESTINAIE IMIGRANII , DUP ARA DE PROVENIEN
1) 2)
EMIGRANTS , BY COUNTRY OF DESTINATION IMMIGRANTS , BY COUNTRY
OF PREVIOUS USUAL RESIDENCE

Alte ri
Other countries Alte ri
Danemarca Other countries
Denmark 11,3% 21,3%
1,9% Italia Grecia
Italy Greece
Austria
Austria 29,8% 2,0%
4,3% Spania
Spain
Belgia Marea Britanie 36,1%
Belgium United Kingdom
4,6% 2,6%

Germania
Germany Germania
12,8% Germany Republica
Spania 9,8% Moldova
Spain Moldova,
Italia Republic of
Marea Britanie 17,7% Italy
United Kingdom 14,2%
14,0%
17,6%

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
2) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

49
2.1 Populaia rezident (stabil), pe sexe i medii
Usual resident population, by sex and area

Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total


Inhabitants number As percentage of total Inhabitants number As percentage of total

Total Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Urban Rural Urban Rural


Male Female Male Female

1 iulie 1960 18403414 8981804 9421610 48,8 51,2 5912011 12491403 32,1 67,9 July 1, 1960
1 iulie 1961 18566932 9069012 9497920 48,8 51,2 6029978 12536954 32,5 67,5 July 1, 1961
1 iulie 1962 18680721 9130631 9550090 48,9 51,1 6109909 12570812 32,7 67,3 July 1, 1962
1 iulie 1963 18813131 9200997 9612134 48,9 51,1 6234043 12579088 33,1 66,9 July 1, 1963
1 iulie 1964 18927081 9261698 9665383 48,9 51,1 6317027 12610054 33,4 66,6 July 1, 1964
1 iulie 1965 19027367 9315510 9711857 49,0 51,0 6417124 12610243 33,7 66,3 July 1, 1965
15 martie 19661) 19103163 9351075 9752088 49,0 51,0 7305714 11797449 38,2 61,8 March 15, 19661)
1 iulie 1966 19140783 9371316 9769467 49,0 51,0 7343917 11796866 38,4 61,6 July 1, 1966
1 iulie 1967 19284814 9447715 9837099 49,0 51,0 7467928 11816886 38,7 61,3 July 1, 1967
1 iulie 1968 19720984 9670757 10050227 49,0 51,0 7144994 12575990 36,2 63,8 July 1, 1968
1 iulie 1969 20010178 9820125 10190053 49,1 50,9 7316065 12694113 36,6 63,4 July 1, 1969
1 iulie 1970 20252541 9945027 10307514 49,1 50,9 7464811 12787730 36,9 63,1 July 1, 1970
1 iulie 1971 20469658 10056431 10413227 49,1 50,9 7619873 12849785 37,2 62,8 July 1, 1971
1 iulie 1972 20662648 10156420 10506228 49,2 50,8 7776868 12885780 37,6 62,4 July 1, 1972
1 iulie 1973 20827525 10243280 10584245 49,2 50,8 7938819 12888706 38,1 61,9 July 1, 1973
1 iulie 1974 21028841 10347995 10680846 49,2 50,8 8142938 12885903 38,7 61,3 July 1, 1974
1 iulie 1975 21245103 10460119 10784984 49,2 50,8 8339229 12905874 39,3 60,7 July 1, 1975
1 iulie 1976 21445698 10564943 10880755 49,3 50,7 8555880 12889818 39,9 60,1 July 1, 1976
5 ianuarie 19771) 21559910 10626055 10933855 49,3 50,7 9395729 12164181 43,6 56,4 January 5, 19771)
1 iulie 1977 21657569 10677731 10979838 49,3 50,7 9517811 12139758 43,9 56,1 July 1, 1977
1 iulie 1978 21854622 10777854 11076768 49,3 50,7 9778831 12075791 44,7 55,3 July 1, 1978
1 iulie 1979 22048305 10875027 11173278 49,3 50,7 9886137 12162168 44,8 55,2 July 1, 1979
1 iulie 1980 22201387 10953637 11247750 49,3 50,7 10171618 12029769 45,8 54,2 July 1, 1980
1 iulie 1981 22352635 11029625 11323010 49,3 50,7 10484896 11867739 46,9 53,1 July 1, 1981
1 iulie 1982 22477703 11091465 11386238 49,3 50,7 10872275 11605428 48,4 51,6 July 1, 1982
1 iulie 1983 22553074 11128723 11424351 49,3 50,7 11054179 11498895 49,0 51,0 July 1, 1983
1 iulie 1984 22624505 11165086 11459419 49,3 50,7 11141775 11482730 49,2 50,8 July 1, 1984
1 iulie 1985 22724836 11214313 11510523 49,3 50,7 11370092 11354744 50,0 50,0 July 1, 1985
1 iulie 1986 22823479 11261467 11562012 49,3 50,7 11540494 11282985 50,6 49,4 July 1, 1986
1 iulie 1987 22940430 11319082 11621348 49,3 50,7 11770927 11169503 51,3 48,7 July 1, 1987
1 iulie 1988 23053552 11374681 11678871 49,3 50,7 11961847 11091705 51,9 48,1 July 1, 1988
1 iulie 1989 23151564 11422472 11729092 49,3 50,7 12311803 10839761 53,2 46,8 July 1, 1989
1 iulie 1990 23206720 11449147 11757573 49,3 50,7 12608844 10597876 54,3 45,7 July 1, 1990
1 iulie 1991 23185084 11435286 11749798 49,3 50,7 12552407 10632677 54,1 45,9 July 1, 1991
7 ianuarie 19921) 22810035 11213763 11596272 49,2 50,8 12391819 10418216 54,3 45,7 January 7, 19921)
1 iulie 1992 22788969 11200695 11588274 49,1 50,9 12367358 10421611 54,3 45,7 July 1, 1992
1 iulie 1993 22755260 11176390 11578870 49,1 50,9 12406204 10349056 54,5 45,5 July 1, 1993
1 iulie 1994 22730622 11156807 11573815 49,1 50,9 12427612 10303010 54,7 45,3 July 1, 1994
1 iulie 1995 22680951 11123977 11556974 49,0 51,0 12457195 10223756 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1995
1 iulie 1996 22607620 11080933 11526687 49,0 51,0 12411174 10196446 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1996
1 iulie 1997 22545925 11041414 11504511 49,0 51,0 12404690 10141235 55,0 45,0 July 1, 1997
1 iulie 1998 22502803 11012110 11490693 48,9 51,1 12347886 10154917 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1998
1 iulie 1999 22458022 10984529 11473493 48,9 51,1 12302729 10155293 54,8 45,2 July 1, 1999
1 iulie 2000 22435205 10968854 11466351 48,9 51,1 12244598 10190607 54,6 45,4 July 1, 2000
1 iulie 2001 22408393 10949490 11458903 48,9 51,1 12243748 10164645 54,6 45,4 July 1, 2001
18 martie 20021) 21680974 10568741 11112233 48,7 51,3 11435080 10245894 52,7 47,3 March 18, 20021)
1 iulie 2002 21675775 10564327 11111448 48,7 51,3 11456134 10219641 52,9 47,1 July 1, 2002
1 iulie 2003 21574365 10511908 11062457 48,7 51,3 11437954 10136411 53,0 47,0 July 1, 2003
1 iulie 2004 21451845 10451058 11000787 48,7 51,3 11563797 9888048 53,9 46,1 July 1, 2004
1 iulie 2005 21319673 10384483 10935190 48,7 51,3 11732958 9586715 55,0 45,0 July 1, 2005
1 iulie 2006 21193749 10320907 10872842 48,7 51,3 11748344 9445405 55,4 44,6 July 1, 2006
1 iulie 2007 20882980 10169596 10713384 48,7 51,3 11455494 9427486 54,9 45,1 July 1, 2007
1 iulie 2008 20537848 10000515 10537333 48,7 51,3 11102802 9435046 54,1 45,9 July 1, 2008
1 iulie 2009 20367437 9916107 10451330 48,7 51,3 10976558 9390879 53,9 46,1 July 1, 2009
1 iulie 2010 20246798 9856669 10390129 48,7 51,3 10922169 9324629 53,9 46,1 July 1, 2010
1 iulie 2011 20147657 9805108 10342549 48,7 51,3 10878099 9269558 54,0 46,0 July 1, 2011
20 octombrie 20111) 20121641 9788577 10333064 48,6 51,4 10858790 9262851 54,0 46,0 October 20, 20111)
1 iulie 2012 20060182 9770353 10289829 48,7 51,3 10823218 9236964 54,0 46,0 July 1, 2012
1 iulie 2013 19985814 9754851 10230963 48,8 51,2 10770879 9214935 53,9 46,1 July 1, 2013
1 iulie 2014 2) 19908574 9735441 10173133 48,9 51,1 10724248 9184326 53,9 46,1 July 1, 2014 2)

Not: Pentru perioada 2002 - 2014, datele se refer la populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the 2002 - 2014 period, the data refer to the usual resident population on July 1st of each year, estimated under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Recensmnt. / Census.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

50 51
Populaia rezident, pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie
2.2 Usual resident population, by age group and sex, on July 1
numr persoane / number of persons
Grupa de vrst (ani)
Age group (years) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 20141)

Total
Total 20367437 20246798 20147657 20060182 19985814 19908574
0-4 1052843 1050794 1042956 1018588 982205 953914
5-9 1059143 1055894 1055782 1058078 1062299 1068890
10-14 1102014 1095101 1092151 1085580 1072925 1061275
15-19 1140809 1120135 1106819 1096839 1089493 1082648
20-24 1392379 1379146 1360947 1312142 1233468 1153697
25-29 1320958 1309551 1306861 1326630 1368581 1398613
30-34 1538484 1532749 1522832 1485686 1424680 1370638
35-39 1548875 1541949 1541082 1553568 1576764 1579110
40-44 1739241 1743639 1752638 1707996 1605228 1540768
45-49 1109267 1095164 1079457 1154939 1323017 1469187
50-54 1376746 1359407 1334917 1280710 1208770 1147426
55-59 1461400 1455686 1452163 1449331 1443030 1416325
60-64 1238256 1242119 1249567 1279039 1317171 1328416
65-69 903433 895502 890736 898665 929552 986568
70-74 917834 911493 901745 875629 834539 801896
75-79 739568 733994 731795 731728 737421 745795
80-84 465700 463746 462382 471116 482377 488597
85 i peste / and over 260487 260729 262827 273918 294294 314811
Masculin / Male
Total 9916107 9856669 9805108 9770353 9754851 9735441
0-4 541234 540074 536087 523552 504832 490288
5-9 544364 542746 542449 543426 545767 549351
10-14 565317 561842 560491 557071 550824 545351
15-19 585430 575017 567566 561769 557984 554754
20-24 719601 712566 702584 678614 640632 600556
25-29 677130 671150 669556 682333 709453 729522
30-34 782347 779479 773778 756058 728787 704389
35-39 787600 784693 784240 791589 804774 807177
40-44 886307 888075 892223 870740 821469 791032
45-49 559164 552672 545626 586293 675103 752635
50-54 675947 667406 656122 632334 601134 574825
55-59 696219 692860 690852 690403 689332 679443
60-64 571054 572734 575759 588739 606534 612727
65-69 398458 395034 393016 397278 411784 437667
70-74 377702 375118 371166 360758 344824 332984
75-79 289811 287367 285947 284786 285509 287400
80-84 172343 171555 170603 173494 177541 179303
85 i peste / and over 86079 86281 87043 91116 98568 106037
Feminin / Female
Total 10451330 10390129 10342549 10289829 10230963 10173133
0-4 511609 510720 506869 495036 477373 463626
5-9 514779 513148 513333 514652 516532 519539
10-14 536697 533259 531660 528509 522101 515924
15-19 555379 545118 539253 535070 531509 527894
20-24 672778 666580 658363 633528 592836 553141
25-29 643828 638401 637305 644297 659128 669091
30-34 756137 753270 749054 729628 695893 666249
35-39 761275 757256 756842 761979 771990 771933
40-44 852934 855564 860415 837256 783759 749736
45-49 550103 542492 533831 568646 647914 716552
50-54 700799 692001 678795 648376 607636 572601
55-59 765181 762826 761311 758928 753698 736882
60-64 667202 669385 673808 690300 710637 715689
65-69 504975 500468 497720 501387 517768 548901
70-74 540132 536375 530579 514871 489715 468912
75-79 449757 446627 445848 446942 451912 458395
80-84 293357 292191 291779 297622 304836 309294
85 i peste / and over 174408 174448 175784 182802 195726 208774

Not: Pentru perioada 2009 - 2014, datele se refer la populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note : For the 2009 - 2014 period, the data refer to the usual resident population on July 1st of each year, estimated under the
conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

52
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20131)
2.3 Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20131)
numr persoane / number of persons
Total Urban Rural
Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

Total 19985814 10230963 10770879 5618161 9214935 4612802

0-4 982205 477373 514626 249401 467579 227972


0 179855 87348 96383 46713 83472 40635
1 181371 88209 95560 46365 85811 41844
2 195470 95113 102541 49720 92929 45393
3 210533 102394 109749 53232 100784 49162
4 214976 104309 110393 53371 104583 50938

5-9 1062299 516532 527273 256521 535026 260011


5 213577 103682 109007 52806 104570 50876
6 212233 103315 107477 52285 104756 51030
7 214242 104361 107220 52254 107022 52107
8 212624 103385 104094 50757 108530 52628
9 209623 101789 99475 48419 110148 53370

10-14 1072925 522101 487460 237938 585465 284163


10 208494 101377 96690 47045 111804 54332
11 208656 101470 95454 46464 113202 55006
12 215674 104844 97806 47673 117868 57171
13 220360 107204 99247 48443 121113 58761
14 219741 107206 98263 48313 121478 58893

15-19 1089493 531509 514120 253654 575373 277855


15 218306 106327 99300 48757 119006 57570
16 214364 104463 99751 49020 114613 55443
17 214433 104912 101157 49903 113276 55009
18 220890 107910 105905 52356 114985 55554
19 221500 107897 108007 53618 113493 54279

20-24 1233468 592836 703659 350765 529809 242071


20 219136 105934 113928 56755 105208 49179
21 222444 106666 124223 61962 98221 44704
22 237338 113825 137622 68718 99716 45107
23 267517 128515 157592 78518 109925 49997
24 287033 137896 170294 84812 116739 53084

25-29 1368581 659128 821598 405341 546983 253787


25 289506 138904 171572 84960 117934 53944
26 286425 137630 170345 84016 116080 53614
27 275223 132260 165946 81644 109277 50616
28 265443 128165 161548 79613 103895 48552
29 251984 122169 152187 75108 99797 47061

30-34 1424680 695893 844425 419623 580255 276270


30 249534 121499 149565 74013 99969 47486
31 271064 132242 162563 80557 108501 51685
32 291808 142535 173945 86306 117863 56229
33 302865 147991 178591 88855 124274 59136
34 309409 151626 179761 89892 129648 61734

35-39 1576764 771990 886910 445315 689854 326675


35 314864 154867 181668 91093 133196 63774
36 317758 155434 181796 90846 135962 64588
37 316132 154930 177833 89319 138299 65611
38 321340 157054 178414 89708 142926 67346
39 306670 149705 167199 84349 139471 65356

40-44 1605228 783759 883753 453142 721475 330617


40 292465 142810 156841 79572 135624 63238
41 299359 146216 160952 82117 138407 64099
42 311818 152162 169902 87121 141916 65041
43 333824 162925 185852 95670 147972 67255
44 367762 179646 210206 108662 157556 70984

1) Date definitive. / Final data.

53
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20131) - continuare
2.3 Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20131) - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Total Urban Rural


Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

45-49 1323017 647914 768202 400874 554815 247040


45 391088 191281 229333 119094 161755 72187
46 298931 145918 174612 90832 124319 55086
47 206937 101129 117411 61397 89526 39732
48 211410 103781 121584 63774 89826 40007
49 214651 105805 125262 65777 89389 40028

50-54 1208770 607636 718467 381796 490303 225840


50 217483 107914 128075 67513 89408 40401
51 226694 113038 134184 71003 92510 42035
52 242192 121395 144204 76607 97988 44788
53 255212 128972 152041 81079 103171 47893
54 267189 136317 159963 85594 107226 50723

55-59 1443030 753698 873286 467360 569744 286338


55 278845 143772 168962 90751 109883 53021
56 289407 150119 176309 94412 113098 55707
57 300397 156838 182757 97693 117640 59145
58 296498 156028 179312 95935 117186 60093
59 277883 146941 165946 88569 111937 58372

60-64 1317171 710637 733827 395757 583344 314880


60 268815 142934 157275 83838 111540 59096
61 267065 143164 152317 81654 114748 61510
62 265708 143543 148215 79966 117493 63577
63 269105 146236 145821 79056 123284 67180
64 246478 134760 130199 71243 116279 63517

65-69 929552 517768 457337 256091 472215 261677


65 210788 115551 108942 59949 101846 55602
66 200013 110135 99497 55046 100516 55089
67 180071 100403 87955 49283 92116 51120
68 169907 95810 81292 46159 88615 49651
69 168773 95869 79651 45654 89122 50215

70-74 834539 489715 381712 225449 452827 264266


70 158885 91061 74862 43370 84023 47691
71 161878 93714 75211 43788 86667 49926
72 167037 97702 75778 44452 91259 53250
73 172974 102635 77698 46315 95276 56320
74 173765 104603 78163 47524 95602 57079

75-79 737421 451912 320030 198434 417391 253478


75 167465 101493 74663 45729 92802 55764
76 161008 98177 70428 43342 90580 54835
77 148735 91136 64030 39618 84705 51518
78 135424 83590 57866 36113 77558 47477
79 124789 77516 53043 33632 71746 43884

80-84 482377 304836 205195 132617 277182 172219


80 119172 74223 50392 32151 68780 42072
81 109661 68784 46113 29550 63548 39234
82 95172 60489 40594 26345 54578 34144
83 84667 54022 36394 23769 48273 30253
84 73705 47318 31702 20802 42003 26516

85 i peste / and over 294294 195726 128999 88083 165295 107643

1) Date definitive. / Final data.

54
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20141)
2.4 Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20141)
numr persoane / number of persons
Total Urban Rural
Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

Total 19908574 10173133 10724248 5587763 9184326 4585370

0-4 953914 463626 504548 244553 449366 219073


0 181435 88103 98259 47604 83176 40499
1 184305 89486 98744 47833 85561 41653
2 182250 88614 95886 46488 86364 42126
3 195498 95135 102234 49609 93264 45526
4 210426 102288 109425 53019 101001 49269

5-9 1068890 519539 537050 260913 531840 258626


5 215351 104443 110921 53627 104430 50816
6 213902 103806 108693 52655 105209 51151
7 212468 103437 106824 51974 105644 51463
8 214495 104502 106903 52127 107592 52375
9 212674 103351 103709 50530 108965 52821

10-14 1061275 515924 485806 236716 575469 279208


10 209588 101781 99167 48280 110421 53501
11 208203 101227 96247 46817 111956 54410
12 208336 101341 94919 46219 113417 55122
13 215230 104621 97292 47409 117938 57212
14 219918 106954 98181 47991 121737 58963

15-19 1082648 527894 502469 247606 580179 280288


15 219157 106796 97945 48147 121212 58649
16 217715 106023 98834 48519 118881 57504
17 213957 104254 99133 48691 114824 55563
18 213164 104213 101653 50307 111511 53906
19 218655 106608 104904 51942 113751 54666

20-24 1153697 553141 635045 316238 518652 236903


20 218700 106163 106642 52885 112058 53278
21 216223 104074 112559 55996 103664 48078
22 219697 104858 122878 61210 96819 43648
23 234464 111696 136144 67865 98320 43831
24 264613 126350 156822 78282 107791 48068

25-29 1398613 669091 837138 412589 561475 256502


25 285283 136389 169630 84369 115653 52020
26 288093 137563 170954 84432 117139 53131
27 284498 135512 169423 83066 115075 52446
28 275044 131705 165641 81312 109403 50393
29 265695 127922 161490 79410 104205 48512

30-34 1370638 666249 816074 403509 554564 262740


30 252680 122202 152097 74910 100583 47292
31 250378 121565 149572 73801 100806 47764
32 271738 132258 162438 80296 109300 51962
33 292454 142452 173725 86032 118729 56420
34 303388 147772 178242 88470 125146 59302

35-39 1579110 771933 895894 448207 683216 323726


35 308521 151370 178503 89365 130018 62005
36 315800 154605 181486 90610 134314 63995
37 316646 155139 180565 90426 136081 64713
38 316840 154469 177531 88782 139309 65687
39 321303 156350 177809 89024 143494 67326

40-44 1540768 749736 835823 424907 704945 324829


40 306581 149200 166623 83768 139958 65432
41 292080 142217 156058 78930 136022 63287
42 298639 145267 160063 81330 138576 63937
43 310722 151169 168607 86205 142115 64964
44 332746 161883 184472 94674 148274 67209

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

55
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20141) - continuare
2.4 Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20141) - continued
numr persoane / number of persons
Total Urban Rural
Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

45-49 1469187 716552 846599 439467 622588 277085


45 366337 178253 208641 107530 157696 70723
46 388862 189789 227652 118092 161210 71697
47 297725 145055 173435 90076 124290 54979
48 206093 100439 116492 60748 89601 39691
49 210170 103016 120379 63021 89791 39995

50-54 1147426 572601 675752 357794 471674 214807


50 213298 104951 123957 65007 89341 39944
51 215885 107126 126621 66741 89264 40385
52 224944 112149 132620 70165 92324 41984
53 240285 120468 142502 75767 97783 44701
54 253014 127907 150052 80114 102962 47793

55-59 1416325 736882 854971 459125 561354 277757


55 264422 135165 157743 84596 106679 50569
56 275937 142639 166711 89725 109226 52914
57 286270 148932 173818 93358 112452 55574
58 296867 155480 180228 96646 116639 58834
59 292829 154666 176471 94800 116358 59866

60-64 1328416 715689 756039 408177 572377 307512


60 274214 145572 163242 87496 110972 58076
61 265146 141598 154756 82883 110390 58715
62 263238 141892 149627 80706 113611 61186
63 261306 142034 145411 78977 115895 63057
64 264512 144593 143003 78115 121509 66478

65-69 986568 548901 496980 277543 489588 271358


65 242276 133302 127871 70427 114405 62875
66 206757 114060 106754 59128 100003 54932
67 195909 108569 97378 54217 98531 54352
68 175969 98813 85824 48472 90145 50341
69 165657 94157 79153 45299 86504 48858

70-74 801896 468912 370297 218002 431599 250910


70 164248 94049 77495 44777 86753 49272
71 154109 89040 72561 42404 81548 46636
72 156591 91439 72703 42728 83888 48711
73 160882 94929 72981 43211 87901 51718
74 166066 99455 74557 44882 91509 54573

75-79 745795 458395 327670 203529 418125 254866


75 166393 101097 74916 45997 91477 55100
76 159526 97611 71176 44028 88350 53583
77 152686 93916 66806 41503 85880 52413
78 140386 86809 60546 37831 79840 48978
79 126804 78962 54226 34170 72578 44792

80-84 488597 309294 208032 134769 280565 174525


80 115885 72622 49358 31589 66527 41033
81 110101 69081 46663 30029 63438 39052
82 100420 63499 42345 27378 58075 36121
83 86232 55257 36897 24167 49335 31090
84 75959 48835 32769 21606 43190 27229

85 i peste / and over 314811 208774 138061 94119 176750 114655

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

56
Populaia dup domiciliu pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20151)
2.5 Permanent resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20151)
numr persoane / number of persons

Total Urban Rural


Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

Total 22242738 11385244 12549340 6551125 9693398 4834119

0-4 1007290 489719 543978 264114 463312 225605


0 181588 88270 98607 47816 82981 40454
1 199165 96938 107685 52327 91480 44611
2 203196 98519 109530 53167 93666 45352
3 209531 101722 112057 54295 97474 47427
4 213810 104270 116099 56509 97711 47761

5-9 1149171 558329 615076 298211 534095 260118


5 229963 111467 125022 60380 104941 51087
6 232247 112573 125065 60352 107182 52221
7 229480 111769 122706 59768 106774 52001
8 227465 110729 120600 58625 106865 52104
9 230016 111791 121683 59086 108333 52705

10-14 1124802 546719 555366 270284 569436 276435


10 228723 111310 118750 57847 109973 53463
11 224148 108706 112167 54474 111981 54232
12 222105 108266 108611 53022 113494 55244
13 220262 106604 106194 51418 114068 55186
14 229564 111833 109644 53523 119920 58310

15-19 1152902 562301 548155 268487 604747 293814


15 233308 113513 110022 53596 123286 59917
16 232589 113660 109376 53579 123213 60081
17 233495 113794 110091 53844 123404 59950
18 223621 109270 107470 52889 116151 56381
19 229889 112064 111196 54579 118693 57485

20-24 1252272 611328 641625 318936 610647 292392


20 229996 112171 111185 54950 118811 57221
21 246179 120150 121303 59993 124876 60157
22 244921 119584 123970 61572 120951 58012
23 265852 129991 139635 69594 126217 60397
24 265324 129432 145532 72827 119792 56605

25-29 1778462 871350 1045104 526835 733358 344515


25 351112 172132 199547 100721 151565 71411
26 352974 173769 204647 103482 148327 70287
27 363887 177756 214971 108131 148916 69625
28 376872 184831 222394 112483 154478 72348
29 333617 162862 203545 102018 130072 60844

30-34 1680289 820354 1032797 516674 647492 303680


30 349007 170504 215293 107828 133714 62676
31 315978 153983 193406 96649 122572 57334
32 306796 149944 187891 94154 118905 55790
33 342668 167297 211206 105520 131462 61777
34 365840 178626 225001 112523 140839 66103

35-39 1906835 931828 1142087 572080 764748 359748


35 374935 183162 229347 114661 145588 68501
36 383616 187617 231625 116078 151991 71539
37 382786 187370 229339 115030 153447 72340
38 387390 189337 231132 115769 156258 73568
39 378108 184342 220644 110542 157464 73800

40-44 1789050 877555 1010998 515564 778052 361991


40 383763 187550 221759 111634 162004 75916
41 359491 175550 204254 103220 155237 72330
42 338687 166008 187353 95355 151334 70653
43 349237 171682 195658 100469 153579 71213
44 357872 176765 201974 104886 155898 71879

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

57
Populaia dup domiciliu pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20151) - continuare
2.5 Permanent resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20151) - continued
numr persoane / number of persons
Total Urban Rural
Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

45-49 1832292 909838 1089753 573247 742539 336591


45 385671 190956 221993 115883 163678 75073
46 418975 207502 249044 130137 169931 77365
47 524709 261861 323626 170780 201083 91081
48 269692 133607 157411 83280 112281 50327
49 233245 115912 137679 73167 95566 42745

50-54 1244386 628685 764263 411163 480123 217522


50 240140 120540 143844 77252 96296 43288
51 242975 121922 148149 79150 94826 42772
52 240776 121831 148729 80014 92047 41817
53 252735 128100 156628 84431 96107 43669
54 267760 136292 166913 90316 100847 45976

55-59 1479326 770167 944712 512535 534614 257632


55 273859 140236 171770 92857 102089 47379
56 289299 149612 182403 99090 106896 50522
57 302823 157906 194525 106115 108298 51791
58 304866 159920 196499 106572 108367 53348
59 308479 162493 199515 107901 108964 54592

60-64 1396521 749316 873751 470776 522770 278540


60 319313 169442 205340 110705 113973 58737
61 271749 145012 173576 93706 98173 51306
62 278024 149044 174435 93576 103589 55468
63 264616 142711 162372 87259 102244 55452
64 262819 143107 158028 85530 104791 57577

65-69 1079609 599494 606759 334553 472850 264941


65 265783 146141 156403 85412 109380 60729
66 250860 138756 143783 78898 107077 59858
67 197538 109473 111562 61477 85976 47996
68 191338 106818 103435 57459 87903 49359
69 174090 98306 91576 51307 82514 46999

70-74 777093 453070 392814 227811 384279 225259


70 158888 91064 82376 47164 76512 43900
71 165501 95476 84272 48395 81229 47081
72 152767 88788 77284 44803 75483 43985
73 157895 93091 79127 46254 78768 46837
74 142042 84651 69755 41195 72287 43456

75-79 758175 466656 359058 220466 399117 246190


75 167497 101335 80226 48224 87271 53111
76 160291 98388 77577 47593 82714 50795
77 152606 94078 72783 44653 79823 49425
78 144382 89534 67291 41816 77091 47718
79 133399 83321 61181 38180 72218 45141

80-84 498310 316416 225115 143847 273195 172569


80 119359 75030 53947 33794 65412 41236
81 108576 68595 49297 31425 59279 37170
82 99801 63197 44852 28821 54949 34376
83 91526 58354 41079 26383 50447 31971
84 79048 51240 35940 23424 43108 27816

85 i peste / and over 335953 222119 157929 105542 178024 116577

1) Date provizoriI. / Provisional data.

58
Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 20151)
2.6 Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 20151)

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

ALBA 381538 BISTRIA-NSUD 329076

Alba Iulia 2) 2)
74045 Bistria 92977
Aiud 2) 26358 Beclean 12260
Blaj 2) 20993 Nsud 11827
Sebe 2) 32500 Sngeorz-Bi 11624
Abrud 5522
Baia de Arie 4102 BOTOANI 456941
Cmpeni 7683
Cugir 26865 Botoani 2) 122471
2)
Ocna Mure 14671 Dorohoi 31415
Teiu 7500 Bucecea 5411
Zlatna 8019 Drbani 12724
Flmnzi 11955
ARAD 474341 Sveni 8123
tefneti 5881
2)
Arad 179230
Chiineu-Cri 8459 BRAOV 630126
Curtici 8662
Ineu 9608 Braov 2) 290771
Lipova 11428 Codlea 2) 26121
Ndlac 8026 Fgra 2) 40197
2)
Pncota 8142 Scele 35899
Pecica 14087 Ghimbav 5967
Sntana 15603 Predeal 5221
Sebi 6477 Rnov 17527
Rupea 6179
ARGE 647264 Victoria 8857
Zrneti 26677
2)
Piteti 176965
Cmpulung 2) 37098 BRILA 357752
2)
Curtea de Arge 33510
2)
Costeti 10653 Brila 211688
Mioveni 34562 Furei 4132
tefneti 15123 Ianca 11105
Topoloveni 9460 nsurei 7130

BACU 747031 BUZU 480552


2) 2)
Bacu 196638 Buzu 136140
Moineti 2) 24761 Rmnicu Srat 2) 40986
Oneti 2) 52835 Nehoiu 11256
Buhui 20871 Ptrlagele 7785
Comneti 24073 Pogoanele 7596
Drmneti 14775
Slnic-Moldova 5169 CARA-SEVERIN 329286
Trgu Ocna 13161
2)
Reia 89009
BIHOR 619441 Caransebe 2) 30581
Anina 9351
Oradea 2) 222923 Bile Herculane 5204
Beiu 2) 11501 Boca 19116
Marghita 2) 18272 Moldova Nou 13626
Salonta 2) 19468 Oravia 13424
Aled 11295 Oelu Rou 12717
Nucet 2152
Scueni 12677
tei 7468
Valea lui Mihai 11056
Vacu 2473

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

59
Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor,
la 1 iulie 20151) - continuare
Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns,
2.6 on July 1, 2015 1)- continued

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

CLRAI 318097 GALAI 632452

Clrai 2) 77762 Galai 2) 304761


2)
Oltenia 28384 Tecuci 2) 45703
Budeti 7710 Bereti 3438
Fundulea 6783 Trgu Bujor 7437
Lehliu Gar 6716

CLUJ 721136 GIURGIU 277239


2) 2)
Cluj-Napoca 322075 Giurgiu 69380
2)
Cmpia Turzii 28338 Bolintin-Vale 13659
Dej 2) 39076 Mihileti 7582
Gherla 2) 23237
Turda 2) 57496 GORJ 367262
Huedin 9614
2)
Trgu Jiu 97039
CONSTANA 769666 Motru 2) 23086
Bumbeti-Jiu 10139
Constana 2) 318233 Novaci 5761
Mangalia 2) 42372 Rovinari 13714
Medgidia 2) 46203 Trgu Crbuneti 8720
Bneasa 5820 Tismana 8156
Cernavod 19470 Turceni 4836
Eforie 10999 icleni 7139
Hrova 11279
Murfatlar (Basarabi) 11649 HARGHITA 333921
Nvodari 41463
2)
Negru Vod 5785 Miercurea Ciuc 42224
Ovidiu 15586 Gheorgheni 2) 20084
2)
Techirghiol 8051 Odorheiu Secuiesc 38638
Toplia 2) 16082
COVASNA 228970 Bile Tunad 1677
Blan 7982
Sfntu Gheorghe 2) 65174 Borsec 2767
2)
Trgu Secuiesc 20334 Cristuru Secuiesc 10798
Baraolt 9393 Vlhia 7632
Covasna 11350
ntorsura Buzului 9356 HUNEDOARA 471613

DMBOVIA 529068 Deva 2) 70660


Brad 2) 16017
2) 2)
Trgovite 93855 Hunedoara 74363
Moreni 2) 20630 Lupeni 2) 27307
Fieni 7701 Ortie 2) 22677
Geti 15380 Petroani 2) 43452
Pucioasa 15447 Vulcan 2) 29076
Rcari 6519 Aninoasa 4756
Titu 10391 Clan 13356
Geoagiu 5664
DOLJ 701461 Haeg 10939
Petrila 25229
Craiova 2) 306115 Simeria 14001
Bileti 2) 20010 Uricani 9898
Calafat 2) 18583
Bechet 4371
Dbuleni 12235
Filiai 18494
Segarcea 8013

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

60
Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor,
la 1 iulie 20151) - continuare
Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns,
2.6 on July 1, 2015 1)- continued

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

IALOMIA 294410 MURE 596137

Slobozia 2) 2)
53229 Trgu Mure 150605
Feteti 2) 35604 Reghin 2) 38276
Urziceni 2) 17592 Sighioara 2) 34313
Amara 8019 Trnveni 2) 26552
Czneti 3562 Iernut 9780
Fierbini - Trg 4648 Ludu 17606
ndrei 16835 Miercurea Nirajului 6109
Sarmau 7199
IAI 912774 Sngeorgiu de Pdure 5481
Sovata 10556
2)
Iai 359270 Ungheni 7511
Pacani 2) 43522
Hrlu 12445 NEAM 578295
Trgu Frumos 14547
Podul Iloaiei 10991 Piatra Neam 2) 115810
Roman 2) 70916
ILFOV 383219 Bicaz 8662
Roznov 10297
Bragadiru 16381 Trgu Neam 22044
Buftea 22001
Chitila 14867 OLT 452095
Mgurele 10203
Otopeni 14766 Slatina 2) 84788
Pantelimon 26413 Caracal 2) 35456
Popeti-Leordeni 26107 Bal 21266
Voluntari 40116 Corabia 18378
Drgneti-Olt 12073
MARAMURE 525846 Piatra-Olt 6589
Potcoava 5854
Baia Mare 2) 147954 Scorniceti 12098
2)
Sighetu Marmaiei 44145
Baia Sprie 17055 PRAHOVA 810974
Bora 29818
Cavnic 5270 Ploieti 2) 234180
Dragomireti 3261 Cmpina 2) 37767
Slitea de Sus 5133 Azuga 4883
Seini 9568 Bicoi 19161
Somcua Mare 8005 Boldeti-Sceni 11598
Tuii-Mgheru 7991 Breaza 16802
Trgu Lpu 13226 Buteni 9950
Ulmeni 7533 Comarnic 12520
Vieu de Sus 18205 Mizil 16556
Plopeni 9108
MEHEDINI 287763 Sinaia 11622
Slnic 5996
2)
Drobeta-Turnu Severin 110098 Urlai 11641
Orova 2) 13006 Vlenii de Munte 13603
Baia de Aram 5636
Strehaia 11449
Vnju Mare 5904

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

61
Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor,
la 1 iulie 20151) - continuare
Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns,
2.6 on July 1, 20151) - continued

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

SATU MARE 390907 TIMI 741186


2) 2)
Satu Mare 122842 Timioara 333162
Carei 2) 24660 Lugoj 2) 47741
Ardud 7433 Buzia 8347
Livada 7326 Ciacova 5388
Negreti-Oa 16892 Deta 7614
Tnad 9545 Fget 7598
Gtaia 6447
SLAJ 247782 Jimbolia 13595
Reca 9473
2)
Zalu 69795 Snnicolau Mare 14654
Cehu Silvaniei 7773
Jibou 11985 TULCEA 245174
imleu Silvaniei 17419
Tulcea 2) 90071
SIBIU 463561 Babadag 10686
Isaccea 5337
Sibiu 2) 169706 Mcin 11157
Media 2) 58766 Sulina 4128
Agnita 12114
Avrig 15687 VASLUI 478513
Cisndie 19080
Copa Mic 6084 Vaslui 2) 94711
Dumbrveni 8689 Brlad 2) 73159
Miercurea Sibiului 4813 Hui 2) 30528
Ocna Sibiului 4338 Murgeni 8255
Slite 5954 Negreti 10427
Tlmaciu 8134
VLCEA 403958
SUCEAVA 742053
2)
Rmnicu Vlcea 118890
Suceava 2) 116081 Drgani 2) 21047
2)
Cmpulung Moldovenesc 20207 Bbeni 9421
Flticeni 2) 31595 Bile Govora 2871
Rdui 2) 33026 Bile Olneti 4575
Vatra Dornei 2) 17290 Blceti 5233
Broteni 6507 Berbeti 5589
Cajvana 9340 Brezoi 7235
Dolhasca 11429 Climneti 8873
Frasin 6634 Horezu 7043
Gura Humorului 17084 Ocnele Mari 3520
Liteni 10329
Miliui 5443 VRANCEA 391651
Salcea 10417
Siret 9700 Focani 2) 94757
Solca 2624 Adjud 2) 20467
Vicovu de Sus 16053 Mreti 13431
Odobeti 9619
TELEORMAN 391688 Panciu 9321
2)
Alexandria 52259 Bucureti 2) 2100519
Roiori de Vede 2) 32752 Bucharest 2)
Turnu Mgurele 2) 30176
Videle 11820
Zimnicea 15539

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

62
Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 20151)
2.7 Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 20151)

Grupe de judee, municipii, Numrul judeelor, municipiilor,


orae i comune, oraelor i comunelor Numrul locuitorilor
dup numrul locuitorilor Number of counties, municipalities, Inhabitants number
Groups of counties, towns and communes
municipalities, towns n procente n procente
and communes, Date absolute fa de total Date absolute fa de total
by inhabitants number Absolute data Percentage of total Absolute data Percentage of total

Judee2) / Counties 2)

Total 42 100,0 22242738 100,0

Sub / under 300000 6 14,3 1581338 7,1


300000 - 399999 11 26,2 3974397 17,9
400000 - 499999 8 19,0 3681574 16,5
500000 - 599999 4 9,5 2229346 10,0
600000 - 699999 4 9,5 2529283 11,4
700000 - 799999 6 14,3 4422533 19,9
800000 i peste / and over 3 7,2 3824267 17,2

Municipii i orae / Municipalities and towns

3)
Total 320 100,0 12549340 100,0

Sub / under 3000 6 1,9 14564 0,1


3000 - 4999 15 4,7 63363 0,5
5000 - 9999 96 30,0 714985 5,7
10000 - 19999 95 29,6 1315666 10,5
20000 - 49999 62 19,4 1916589 15,3
50000 - 99999 22 6,9 1657046 13,3
100000 - 199999 13 4,1 1863430 14,8
200000 - 999999 10 3,1 2903178 23,1
1000000 i peste / and over 1 0,3 2100519 16,7

Comune / Communes

3)
Total 2861 100,0 9693398 100,0

Sub / under 1000 94 3,3 70479 0,7


1000 - 1999 605 21,1 940911 9,7
2000 - 4999 1676 58,6 5343677 55,2
5000 - 9999 445 15,6 2852577 29,4
10000 i peste / and over 41 1,4 485754 5,0

Not: Numrul locuitorilor, conform definiiei populaiei dup domiciliu. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pag. 40).
Note: The number of inhabitants, according to the permanent resident population definition. (See the Methodological notes - page 40).
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti. / Including Bucharest Municipality.
3) Conform organizrii administrative a teritoriului existent la 1 iulie 2015.
According to administrative territorial organization existing on July 1, 2015.

63
2.8 Micarea natural a populaiei
Vital statistics

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la
Decese la o la 1000 nscui o vrst sub
Sporul Nscui vrst sub Nscui- vii Decese Sporul Cstorii Divoruri (vii+mori) 1 an la 1000
Anii Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori 1 an Live-births Deaths natural Marriages Divorces Stillborn nscui-vii Years
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Stillborn Infant Natural children per 1000 Infant deaths
increase children deaths increase births (live-births per 1000
and stillborn) live-births
1960 352241 160720 191521 197654 36947 5690 26680 19,1 8,7 10,4 10,7 2,01 15,9 74,6 1960
1961 324859 161936 162923 180465 33373 5251 23190 17,5 8,7 8,8 9,7 1,80 15,9 69,4 1961
1962 301985 172429 129556 184676 38095 4812 18196 16,2 9,2 7,0 9,9 2,04 15,7 58,8 1962
1963 294886 155767 139119 174931 36129 4601 16270 15,7 8,3 7,4 9,3 1,92 15,4 55,2 1963
1964 287383 152476 134907 169520 35145 4367 13975 15,2 8,1 7,1 9,0 1,86 15,0 48,6 1964
1965 278362 163393 114969 164229 36914 4048 12264 14,6 8,6 6,0 8,6 1,94 14,3 44,1 1965
1966 273678 157445 116233 171243 25804 4072 12746 14,3 8,2 6,1 8,9 1,35 14,7 46,6 1966
1967 527764 179129 348635 154105 481) 9644 24590 27,4 9,3 18,1 8,0 *) 17,9 46,6 1967
1968 526091 188509 337582 146988 4023 8625 31317 26,7 9,6 17,1 7,5 0,20 16,1 59,5 1968
1969 465764 201225 264539 140011 6991 6984 25584 23,3 10,1 13,2 7,0 0,35 14,8 54,9 1969
1970 427034 193255 233779 145531 7865 5728 21110 21,1 9,5 11,6 7,2 0,39 13,2 49,4 1970
1971 400146 194306 205840 150215 9570 4822 16964 19,5 9,5 10,0 7,3 0,47 11,9 42,4 1971
1972 389153 189793 199360 157142 11254 4288 15566 18,8 9,2 9,6 7,6 0,54 10,9 40,0 1972
1973 378696 203559 175137 170130 14472 4194 14444 18,2 9,8 8,4 8,2 0,69 11,0 38,1 1973
1974 427732 191286 236446 175496 17951 4801 14958 20,3 9,1 11,2 8,3 0,85 11,1 35,0 1974
1975 418185 197538 220647 188139 34479 4288 14498 19,7 9,3 10,4 8,9 1,62 10,1 34,7 1975
1976 417353 204873 212480 195874 35945 4186 13089 19,5 9,6 9,9 9,1 1,68 9,9 31,4 1976
1977 423958 208685 215273 199794 25726 4144 13207 19,6 9,6 10,0 9,2 1,19 9,7 31,2 1977
1978 416598 211846 204752 201103 33190 3919 12610 19,1 9,7 9,4 9,2 1,52 9,3 30,3 1978
1979 410603 217509 193094 198139 35855 3754 12995 18,6 9,9 8,7 9,0 1,63 9,1 31,6 1979
1980 398904 231876 167028 182671 34130 3518 11691 18,0 10,4 7,6 8,2 1,54 8,7 29,3 1980
1981 381101 224635 156466 182973 33635 3257 10886 17,0 10,0 7,0 8,2 1,50 8,5 28,6 1981
1982 344369 224120 120249 174448 33164 2904 9653 15,3 10,0 5,3 7,8 1,48 8,4 28,0 1982
1983 321498 233892 87606 163826 34534 2605 7676 14,3 10,4 3,9 7,3 1,53 8,0 23,9 1983
1984 350741 233699 117042 164110 32853 2988 8211 15,5 10,3 5,2 7,3 1,45 8,4 23,4 1984
1985 358797 246670 112127 161094 32587 2824 9191 15,8 10,9 4,9 7,1 1,43 7,8 25,6 1985
1986 376896 242330 134566 167254 34562 3053 8746 16,5 10,6 5,9 7,3 1,51 8,0 23,2 1986
1987 383199 254286 128913 168079 34110 3053 11077 16,7 11,1 5,6 7,3 1,49 7,9 28,9 1987
1988 380043 253370 126673 172527 36775 2926 9643 16,5 11,0 5,5 7,5 1,60 7,6 25,4 1988
1989 369544 247306 122238 177943 36008 2821 9940 16,0 10,7 5,3 7,7 1,56 7,6 26,9 1989
1990 314746 247086 67660 192652 32966 2231 8471 13,6 10,6 3,0 8,3 1,42 7,0 26,9 1990
1991 275275 251760 23515 183388 37031 1910 6258 11,9 10,9 1,0 7,9 1,60 6,9 22,7 1991
1992 260393 263855 -3462 174593 29290 1700 6080 11,3 11,4 -0,1 7,5 1,27 6,5 23,3 1992
1993 249994 263323 -13329 161595 31193 1582 5822 10,8 11,4 -0,6 7,0 1,35 6,3 23,3 1993
1994 246736 266101 -19365 154221 39663 1623 5894 10,7 11,5 -0,8 6,7 1,72 6,5 23,9 1994
1995 236640 271672 -35032 153943 34906 1472 5027 10,3 11,8 -1,5 6,7 1,52 6,2 21,2 1995
1996 231348 286158 -54810 150388 35586 1428 5158 10,1 12,5 -2,4 6,5 1,55 6,1 22,3 1996
1997 236891 279315 -42424 147105 34752 1483 5209 10,3 12,2 -1,9 6,4 1,52 6,2 22,0 1997
1998 237297 269166 -31869 145303 39985 1514 4868 10,4 11,8 -1,4 6,4 1,75 6,3 20,5 1998
1999 234600 265194 -30594 140014 34408 1459 4360 10,3 11,6 -1,3 6,1 1,51 6,2 18,6 1999
2000 234521 255820 -21299 135808 30725 1393 4370 10,3 11,2 -0,9 6,0 1,35 5,9 18,6 2000
2001 220368 259603 -39235 129930 31135 1282 4057 9,7 11,4 -1,7 5,7 1,37 5,8 18,4 2001
2002 210529 269666 -59137 129018 31790 1319 3648 9,3 11,9 -2,6 5,7 1,40 6,2 17,3 2002
2003 212459 266575 -54116 133953 33073 1290 3546 9,4 11,7 -2,3 5,9 1,46 6,0 16,7 2003
2004 216261 258890 -42629 143304 35225 1314 3641 9,5 11,4 -1,9 6,3 1,55 6,0 16,8 2004
2005 221020 262101 -41081 141832 33193 1262 3310 9,8 11,6 -1,8 6,3 1,47 5,7 15,0 2005
2006 219483 258094 -38611 146637 32672 1143 3052 9,7 11,4 -1,7 6,5 1,45 5,2 13,9 2006
2007 214728 251965 -37237 189240 36308 1009 2574 9,5 11,2 -1,7 8,4 1,61 4,7 12,0 2007
2008 221900 253202 -31302 149439 35685 993 2434 9,8 11,2 -1,4 6,6 1,58 4,5 11,0 2008
2009 222388 257213 -34825 134275 32341 969 2250 9,9 11,4 -1,5 6,0 1,44 4,3 10,1 2009
2010 212199 259723 -47524 115778 32632 856 2078 9,4 11,5 -2,1 5,1 1,45 4,0 9,8 2010
2011 196242 251439 -55197 105599 35780 811 1850 8,7 11,2 -2,5 4,7 1,59 4,1 9,4 2011
2012 180714 253716 -73002 107760 31324 779 1806 9,0 12,6 -3,6 4,8 1,40 4,3 10,0 2012
2013 2) 182313 246967 -64654 107507 28507 771 1677 9,1 12,4 -3,3 4,8 1,27 4,2 9,2 2013 2)
2014 1837853) 2533073) -695223) 118075 27188 781 16223) 9,24) 12,74) -3,54) 5,35) 1,225) 4,23) 8,83) 2014

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2014, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n
strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii sau decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence at July 1stindicator.
For the 2012-2014 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births from abroad. The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those
happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered. 4) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
1) Au fost modificate unele dispoziii legale referitoare la divor (n octombrie 1966). / Some legal acts referring to divorces were modified
(in October 1966). 5) Date definitive, calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2014. / Definitive data calculated based on the permanent resident
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data against thouse previously published. population, on July 1, 2014.
3) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

64 65
2.9 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii
Vital statistics, by area

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la
Decese la o la 1000 nscui o vrst sub
Sporul Nscui vrst sub Nscui- vii Decese Sporul Cstorii Divoruri (vii+mori) 1 an la 1000
Anii Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori 1 an Live-births Deaths natural Marriages Divorces Stillborn nscui-vii Years
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Stillborn Infant Natural children per 1000 Infant deaths
increase children deaths increase births (live-births per 1000
and stillborn) live-births

URBAN URBAN
1990 156950 99331 57619 110382 25553 1217 3778 12,9 8,2 4,7 9,1 2,10 7,7 24,1 1990
1991 135417 101460 33957 101993 28098 974 2654 11,0 8,2 2,8 8,3 2,27 7,1 19,6 1991
1992 124016 106784 17232 92663 22443 830 2575 9,9 8,5 1,4 7,4 1,79 6,6 20,8 1992
1993 117298 107482 9816 85505 23629 747 2315 9,3 8,5 0,8 6,8 1,88 6,3 19,7 1993
1994 114422 108771 5651 82263 29767 768 2295 9,1 8,6 0,5 6,5 2,36 6,7 20,1 1994
1995 109722 112205 -2483 83381 26023 693 1996 8,7 8,9 -0,2 6,6 2,05 6,3 18,2 1995
1996 108226 116450 -8224 84864 26389 691 2006 8,6 9,2 -0,6 6,7 2,09 6,3 18,5 1996
1997 110009 115997 -5988 82522 25044 689 2036 8,7 9,2 -0,5 6,5 1,98 6,2 18,5 1997
1998 110186 112733 -2547 82912 28702 714 1907 8,7 8,9 -0,2 6,6 2,28 6,4 17,3 1998
1999 108542 111159 -2617 81015 25035 670 1650 8,6 8,8 -0,2 6,4 1,99 6,1 15,2 1999
2000 108254 108436 -182 79128 22486 612 1744 8,6 8,6 - 6,3 1,79 5,6 16,1 2000
2001 102432 110063 -7631 77231 22362 567 1594 7,9 8,5 -0,6 5,9 1,72 5,5 15,6 2001
2002 98190 113225 -15035 76547 22675 602 1426 7,8 9,0 -1,2 6,1 1,81 6,1 14,5 2002
2003 100915 112283 -11368 81483 23542 569 1381 8,1 9,0 -0,9 6,5 1,88 5,6 13,7 2003
2004 111348 114316 -2968 90179 25134 633 1555 8,6 8,9 -0,3 7,0 1,95 5,7 14,0 2004
2005 117780 116809 971 92651 23709 589 1458 9,2 9,1 0,1 7,2 1,85 5,0 12,4 2005
2006 119477 116384 3093 96605 23338 538 1341 9,3 9,1 0,2 7,5 1,82 4,5 11,2 2006
2007 116367 114562 1805 104445 26066 498 1186 9,1 8,9 0,2 8,1 2,03 4,3 10,2 2007
2008 121518 114352 7166 96963 24806 468 1030 9,5 8,9 0,6 7,6 1,94 3,8 8,5 2008
2009 121864 116168 5696 86363 22308 474 982 9,5 9,1 0,4 6,8 1,75 3,9 8,1 2009
2010 117851 117632 219 74787 22144 420 913 9,2 9,2 - 5,9 1,74 3,6 7,7 2010
2011 106667 114648 -7981 67962 25152 363 797 8,4 9,0 -0,6 5,3 1,98 3,4 7,5 2011
2012 96201 116369 -20168 68821 21790 348 714 8,9 10,8 -1,9 5,4 1,72 3,6 7,4 2012
20131) 98351 114091 -15740 68985 19594 325 738 9,1 10,6 -1,5 5,5 1,55 3,3 7,5 20131)
2014 998952) 1170632) -171682) 76833 18692 372 6462) 9,33) 10,93) -1,63) 6,14) 1,494) 3,72) 6,52) 2014
RURAL RURAL
1990 157796 147755 10041 82270 7413 1014 4693 14,3 13,4 0,9 7,5 0,67 6,4 29,7 1990
1991 139858 150300 -10442 81395 8933 936 3604 12,9 13,9 -1,0 7,5 0,82 6,6 25,8 1991
1992 136377 157071 -20694 81930 6847 870 3505 12,9 14,8 -1,0 7,7 0,65 6,3 25,7 1992
1993 132696 155841 -23145 76090 7564 835 3507 12,6 14,8 -2,2 7,2 0,72 6,3 26,4 1993
1994 132314 157330 -25016 71958 9896 855 3599 12,7 15,1 -2,4 6,9 0,95 6,4 27,2 1994
1995 126918 159467 -32549 70562 8883 779 3031 12,2 15,4 -3,2 6,8 0,86 6,1 23,9 1995
1996 123122 169708 -46586 65524 9197 737 3152 11,9 16,4 -4,5 6,3 0,89 6,0 25,6 1996
1997 126882 163318 -36436 64583 9708 794 3173 12,3 15,9 -3,6 6,3 0,94 6,2 25,0 1997
1998 127111 156433 -29322 62391 11283 800 2961 12,4 15,2 -2,8 6,1 1,10 6,3 23,3 1998
1999 126058 154035 -27977 58999 9373 789 2710 12,3 15,0 -2,7 5,8 0,91 6,2 21,5 1999
2000 126267 147384 -21117 56680 8239 781 2626 12,3 14,4 -2,1 5,5 0,80 6,1 20,8 2000
2001 117936 149540 -31604 52699 8773 715 2463 12,0 15,3 -3,3 5,4 0,90 6,0 20,9 2001
2002 112339 156441 -44102 52471 9115 717 2222 11,0 15,3 -4,3 5,1 0,89 6,3 19,8 2002
2003 111544 154292 -42748 52470 9531 721 2165 11,0 15,2 -4,2 5,2 0,94 6,4 19,4 2003
2004 104913 144574 -39661 53125 10091 681 2086 10,7 14,8 -4,1 5,4 1,03 6,4 19,9 2004
2005 103240 145292 -42052 49181 9484 673 1852 10,5 14,8 -4,3 5,0 0,97 6,5 17,9 2005
2006 100006 141710 -41704 50032 9334 605 1711 10,3 14,5 -4,2 5,1 0,96 6,0 17,1 2006
2007 98361 137403 -39042 84795 10242 511 1388 10,1 14,1 -4,0 8,7 1,05 5,2 14,1 2007
2008 100382 138850 -38468 52476 10879 525 1404 10,3 14,2 -3,9 5,4 1,11 5,2 14,0 2008
2009 100524 141045 -40521 47912 10033 495 1268 10,3 14,5 -4,2 4,9 1,03 4,9 12,6 2009
2010 94348 142091 -47743 40991 10488 436 1165 9,7 14,6 -4,9 4,2 1,08 4,6 12,3 2010
2011 89575 136791 -47216 37637 10628 448 1053 9,2 14,1 -4,9 3,9 1,09 5,0 11,8 2011
2012 84513 137347 -52834 38939 9534 431 1092 9,1 14,9 -5,8 4,0 0,98 5,1 12,9 2012
20131) 83962 132876 -48914 38522 8913 446 939 9,1 14,4 -5,3 4,0 0,92 5,3 11,2 20131)
2014 838902) 1362442) -523542) 41242 8496 409 9762) 9,13) 14,83) -5,73) 4,24) 0,874) 4,92) 11,62) 2014

Nota: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2014, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n
strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii sau decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence at July 1st indicator.
For the 2012-2014 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births from abroad. The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those
happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered. 3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data against thouse previously published. 4) Date definitive, calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2014. / Definitive data calculated based on the permanent resident
2) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data. population, on July 1, 2014.

66 67
2.10 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor
Live-births by age group of parents

Grupa de vrst a tatlui (ani) Age group of father (years)


Grupa de vrst a mamei
Total 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste Nedeclarat Age group of mother
(ani) and over Not stated (years)

2009 2009
Total 222388 4242 27414 58839 68253 32299 12112 3115 1573 14541 Total
Sub 15 758 273 185 38 9 1 1 - 1 250 Under 15
15-19 25456 3153 10336 4987 1812 378 102 19 12 4657 15-19
20-24 56985 725 13839 23501 11480 2320 545 118 96 4361 20-24
25-29 65684 76 2478 24164 27522 6999 1589 311 178 2367 25-29
30-34 51371 12 484 5443 24018 14615 3937 787 386 1689 30-34
35-39 18262 3 84 642 3102 7298 4575 1129 503 926 35-39
40-44 3746 - 8 63 303 679 1345 711 362 275 40-44
45-49 126 - - 1 7 9 18 40 35 16 45-49
50 i peste - - - - - - - - - - 50 and over
2010 2010
Total 212199 3347 25165 53239 66337 33278 12675 3069 1536 13553 Total
Sub 15 733 237 179 40 9 5 1 2 - 260 Under 15
15-19 21775 2481 9158 4115 1367 381 100 19 12 4142 15-19
20-24 52649 557 12948 20946 10787 2518 600 119 93 4081 20-24
25-29 62843 52 2327 22425 26629 7172 1530 294 158 2256 25-29
30-34 51069 15 453 5045 24007 14740 4026 752 386 1645 30-34
35-39 19051 5 82 578 3261 7791 4848 1074 501 911 35-39
40-44 3965 - 18 90 273 664 1549 769 351 251 40-44
45-49 111 - - - 4 6 20 39 35 7 45-49
50 i peste 3 - - - - 1 1 1 - - 50 and over
2011 2011
Total 196242 3065 22763 47079 60405 32259 12566 2837 1524 13744 Total
Sub 15 748 264 175 38 8 7 1 - 1 254 Under 15
15-19 20150 2279 8375 3630 1257 386 84 16 11 4112 15-19
20-24 48171 452 11607 18910 10013 2465 496 92 64 4072 20-24
25-29 56343 50 2073 19515 23680 6813 1467 260 138 2347 25-29
30-34 47715 12 441 4360 21983 14217 3929 677 345 1751 30-34
35-39 19171 6 83 567 3226 7741 5074 1033 526 915 35-39
40-44 3803 1 9 56 230 621 1501 712 390 283 40-44
45-49 134 1 - 3 8 9 14 45 47 7 45-49
50 i peste 7 - - - - - - 2 2 3 50 and over
20121) 20121)
Total 180714 2592 19670 43208 54721 31595 12172 2785 1336 12635 Total
Sub 15 746 231 209 43 14 7 1 - - 241 Under 15
15-19 18205 1978 7363 3611 1108 352 92 16 14 3671 15-19
20-24 42103 351 9763 17079 8367 2200 481 90 52 3720 20-24
25-29 52591 24 1918 18365 21742 6686 1359 231 117 2149 25-29
30-34 44005 5 350 3600 20169 13628 3673 682 286 1612 30-34
35-39 19102 1 62 463 3094 8030 4950 1032 508 962 35-39
40-44 3820 1 5 45 222 684 1580 691 322 270 40-44
45-49 136 1 - 1 4 8 35 43 35 9 45-49
50 i peste 6 - - 1 1 - 1 - 2 1 50 and over
2013 1);2) 2013 1);2)
Total 182313 2763 17890 45053 54102 34032 11901 3501 1298 11773 Total
Sub 15 691 215 192 49 13 6 - - - 216 Under 15
15-19 17944 2162 7000 3821 1102 353 93 34 14 3365 15-19
20-24 39562 338 8661 17155 7544 2071 434 101 31 3227 20-24
25-29 56116 36 1710 19846 22872 7590 1425 309 125 2203 25-29
30-34 43619 8 251 3584 19110 14487 3545 817 275 1542 30-34
35-39 20473 4 65 545 3250 8825 4978 1363 481 962 35-39
40-44 3701 - 8 51 198 682 1406 804 306 246 40-44
45-49 199 - 3 2 13 18 18 73 60 12 45-49
50 i peste 8 - - - - - 2 - 6 - 50 and over
20143);4) 20143);4)
Total 183785 2579 16989 46061 53699 35690 12098 3635 1265 11769 Total
Sub 15 661 202 173 38 11 3 - - 1 233 Under 15
15-19 17887 2033 6870 4031 1097 331 88 17 12 3408 15-19
20-24 37232 287 7828 16649 6800 1988 448 102 38 3092 20-24
25-29 58346 42 1788 20955 23247 7995 1522 317 131 2349 25-29
30-34 44167 9 243 3770 19076 14997 3561 812 242 1457 30-34
35-39 21352 6 79 566 3195 9619 5024 1458 451 954 35-39
40-44 3924 - 7 47 265 735 1412 869 332 257 40-44
45-49 213 - 1 5 8 21 43 60 56 19 45-49
50 i peste 3 - - - - 1 - - 2 - 50 and over

1) Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births from abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the
previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beninning with 2014 are included only live-births having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

68 69
2.11 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei
Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother

Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani) Age group of mother (years)


Rangul nscutului-viu Nscui-vii Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste Live-birth order
Live-births Under and over

2009 2009
Total 222388 758 25456 56985 65684 51371 18262 3746 126 - Total
Primul 117763 735 20227 35096 35554 20141 5044 937 29 - First
Al doilea 67452 23 4472 15524 20058 19940 6519 904 12 - Second
Al treilea 18996 - 688 4501 5405 5227 2612 543 20 - Third
Al patrulea 8193 - 65 1416 2496 2567 1310 331 8 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4107 - 4 350 1209 1416 880 237 11 - Fifth
Al aselea 2458 - - 84 587 916 635 224 12 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1375 - - 12 239 567 425 126 6 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 2044 - - 2 136 597 837 444 28 - Eighth and over
2010 2010
Total 212199 733 21775 52649 62843 51069 19051 3965 111 3 Total
Primul 111139 714 16773 31825 34691 20569 5514 1029 23 1 First
Al doilea 65009 19 4324 14475 18574 19749 6859 996 13 - Second
Al treilea 18385 - 622 4441 5109 5000 2578 621 12 2 Third
Al patrulea 7881 - 52 1439 2367 2335 1344 332 12 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4122 - 4 377 1214 1388 881 244 14 - Fifth
Al aselea 2274 - - 75 549 877 568 200 5 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1356 - - 13 227 535 458 117 6 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 2033 - - 4 112 616 849 426 26 - Eighth and over
2011 2011
Total 196242 748 20150 48171 56343 47715 19171 3803 134 7 Total
Primul 101909 718 15412 28539 31027 19438 5802 933 37 3 First
Al doilea 58593 30 4031 13290 16009 17805 6527 882 18 1 Second
Al treilea 17996 - 642 4367 4831 4807 2721 606 22 - Third
Al patrulea 7917 - 63 1467 2340 2282 1388 368 9 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4133 - 2 392 1210 1353 916 256 3 1 Fifth
Al aselea 2362 - - 98 582 893 597 182 10 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1386 - - 14 227 548 416 173 8 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1946 - - 4 117 589 804 403 27 2 Eighth and over
20121) 20121)
Total 180714 746 18205 42103 52591 44005 19102 3820 136 6 Total
Primul 87445 717 13546 23557 27292 16429 5048 829 23 4 First
Al doilea 57390 29 3970 12219 16078 17197 6876 989 31 1 Second
Al treilea 17741 - 602 4265 4811 4581 2849 615 18 - Third
Al patrulea 8105 - 84 1515 2327 2334 1441 388 15 1 Fourth
Al cincilea 4156 - 3 421 1187 1379 909 252 5 - Fifth
Al aselea 2436 - - 107 588 908 626 199 8 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1450 - - 15 226 559 492 152 6 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1991 - - 4 82 618 861 396 30 - Eighth and over
2013 1);2) 2013 1);2)
Total 182313 691 17944 39562 56116 43619 20473 3701 199 8 Total
Primul 91156 660 13544 22764 30269 16989 5974 908 45 3 First
Al doilea 56598 31 3735 10966 16689 16762 7451 913 47 4 Second
Al treilea 17353 - 608 3903 4801 4499 2926 592 24 - Third
Al patrulea 7528 - 56 1418 2240 2066 1363 361 24 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4129 - 1 403 1232 1352 893 235 13 - Fifth
Al aselea 2299 - - 86 569 846 626 160 11 1 Sixth
Al aptelea 1332 - - 18 222 499 444 144 5 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1918 - - 4 94 606 796 388 30 - Eighth and over
20143);4) 20143);4)
Total 183785 661 17887 37232 58346 44167 21352 3924 213 3 Total
Primul 94704 641 13561 22018 32496 18240 6618 1066 62 2 First
Al doilea 56698 20 3660 10044 17043 16937 7976 977 40 1 Second
Al treilea 16543 - 600 3463 4657 4325 2841 631 26 - Third
Al patrulea 6985 - 62 1216 2098 1898 1351 341 19 - Fourth
Al cincilea 3683 - 4 399 1120 1077 815 250 18 - Fifth
Al aselea 2116 - - 76 582 693 586 172 7 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1339 - - 14 256 496 426 140 7 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1717 - - 2 94 501 739 347 34 - Eighth and over

1) Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births from abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the
previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3)
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beninning with 2014 are included only live-births having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

70 71
Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii
2.12 Average age of mother at birth, by area
ani / years
Vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere Vrsta medie a mamei la orice natere
Anii Average age of mother at first birth Average age of mother at any birth
Years
Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural

2000 23,7 24,9 22,3 25,5 26,3 24,9


2001 23,9 25,2 22,4 25,8 26,6 25,1
2002 24,2 25,5 22,5 26,0 26,9 25,3
2003 24,3 25,7 22,5 26,2 27,1 25,4
2004 24,6 26,0 22,6 26,4 27,3 25,5
2005 24,9 26,3 22,7 26,7 27,6 25,7
2006 25,2 26,6 22,9 26,9 27,8 25,8
2007 25,3 26,7 22,9 27,0 28,0 25,9
2008 25,5 27,0 23,1 27,1 28,1 25,9
2009 25,6 27,1 23,1 27,3 28,3 26,0
2010 26,0 27,5 23,4 27,6 28,6 26,2
2011 26,2 27,7 23,6 27,7 28,8 26,3
20121) 26,2 27,8 23,5 27,9 29,0 26,5
2013 26,4 28,0 23,92) 28,0 29,2 26,72)
2014 3);4) 26,7 28,3 24,1 28,2 29,4 26,8
1) Datele se refer la vrsta medie a mamelor care au nscut pe teritoriul Romniei. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile
cu anii precedeni.
Data refer only to average age of mothers who gave birth on Romanias territory. For this reason, the data is not comparable
with the previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014, datele se refer la vrsta medie a mamelor ai cror copii au reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014, data refer only to average age of women whose children have their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

ntreruperi de sarcin1), pe grupe de vrst


2.13 Abortions 1), by age group

Grupa de vrst (ani) la care a avut loc ntreruperea de sarcin


Anii
Total Age group (years) when the abortion took place
Years
15 - 19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45 - 49

Numr / Number
2009 115457 11982 25442 25794 26220 18468 7167 384
2010 101271 9731 22931 22351 23238 16223 6366 431
2011 102896 9589 22812 23005 23241 16893 6875 481
2012 87477 7547 18990 20210 19635 14751 5880 464
2013 85742 7611 17392 20523 18584 15089 5968 575
2014 77806 7287 15316 19210 16656 13533 5306 498
Rate la 1000 femei / Rates per 1000 women
20092) 20,2 17,8 29,2 30,8 27,8 20,8 8,4 0,6
20102) 17,8 15,9 26,3 27,2 24,8 18,4 6,9 0,7
20112) 18,2 16,1 27,2 28,6 25,0 19,0 7,0 0,8
20123) 18,6 14,1 30,0 31,4 26,9 19,4 7,0 0,8
20133) 18,3 14,3 29,3 31,1 26,7 19,5 7,6 0,9
20144) 16,7 13,8 27,7 28,7 25,0 17,5 7,1 0,7
Rate la 1000 nscui-vii / Rates per 1000 live-births
2009 520,9 470,7 446,5 392,7 510,4 1011,3 1913,2 3047,6
2010 478,9 446,9 435,5 355,7 455,0 851,6 1605,5 3882,9
2011 526,4 475,9 473,6 408,3 487,1 881,2 1807,8 3589,6
20125) 486,1 414,6 451,0 384,3 446,2 772,2 1539,3 3411,8
20135) 472,1 424,2 439,6 365,7 426,1 737,0 1612,5 2889,4
20146) 424,9 407,4 411,4 329,2 377,1 633,8 1352,2 2338,0

1) ntreruperi de sarcin ale femeilor de 15 - 49 ani. / Abortions of women aged 15 - 49 years.


2) Pentru perioada 2009-2011, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
For the 2009-2011 period, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1st indicator.
3) Pentru perioada 2012-2014, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitine ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor -2011.
For the 2012-2014 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditons of comparability with final results of the Population and Housing Census-2011.
4) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
5) Ratele au fost calculate la numrul nscuilor-vii, nscui n Romnia. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
Rates calculated with the number of live-births in Romania. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
6) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beninning with 2014 are included only live-births having their usual residence in Romania.

72
1) 2)
Ratele de fertilitate , pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertlitii
2.14 1)
Fertility rates , by age group and total fertlity rate
2)

Rata general Grupa de vrst (ani) / Age group (years) Indicele conjunctural
Anii de fertilitate al fertilitii
Years General fertility rate 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 Total fertility rate

1960 73,9 59,1 164,1 121,2 67,6 39,0 14,5 1,4 2,3
1961 68,4 62,6 155,4 110,1 60,1 32,4 13,2 0,9 2,2
1962 63,5 58,4 147,4 105,0 54,9 29,5 11,4 0,8 2,0
1963 61,9 61,5 144,0 102,9 53,1 28,2 10,7 0,7 2,0
1964 59,9 56,8 144,0 102,6 52,2 26,2 9,5 0,8 2,0
1965 57,3 52,4 140,7 99,8 53,5 25,1 8,9 0,8 1,9
1966 55,7 51,7 143,0 98,2 53,4 25,1 8,3 0,9 1,9
1967 105,5 79,8 251,8 198,1 124,1 59,7 16,6 1,2 3,7
1968 102,9 82,4 241,4 193,9 126,5 63,9 17,3 1,2 3,6
1969 89,6 72,6 215,7 171,7 108,0 54,7 15,0 1,0 3,2
1970 81,2 65,7 201,4 151,6 94,9 48,8 13,8 0,9 2,9
1971 75,3 62,1 190,9 138,1 82,7 44,3 13,1 0,8 2,7
1972 72,7 61,3 185,9 131,6 76,9 40,7 12,0 0,8 2,5
1973 70,4 60,6 182,4 124,2 71,6 37,6 10,3 0,6 2,4
1974 79,3 69,3 202,3 142,9 78,3 40,2 10,7 0,7 2,7
1975 77,5 69,2 197,8 138,5 71,4 36,7 10,0 0,7 2,6
1976 77,3 70,0 196,9 136,7 69,4 33,4 9,0 0,7 2,6
1977 78,8 71,2 200,9 138,1 67,6 32,3 8,6 0,7 2,6
1978 77,7 72,8 198,5 132,7 64,4 30,3 8,2 0,7 2,5
1979 76,6 72,5 200,2 128,8 61,0 28,4 7,6 0,7 2,5
1980 74,8 72,3 200,4 126,8 58,3 25,0 6,5 0,5 2,4
1981 71,9 71,1 194,3 121,6 56,4 23,4 6,3 0,6 2,4
1982 65,1 68,9 184,4 107,2 47,5 19,6 5,2 0,4 2,2
1983 59,5 57,5 178,4 99,9 42,5 17,4 4,5 0,4 2,0
1984 64,2 56,1 191,9 114,7 50,5 20,1 4,6 0,3 2,2
1985 65,1 57,3 191,4 121,1 55,2 21,4 5,1 0,4 2,3
1986 68,2 62,9 191,3 126,7 63,3 26,1 6,4 0,4 2,4
1987 69,1 65,3 189,7 126,4 65,7 28,7 8,1 0,4 2,4
1988 68,4 62,7 176,7 123,8 63,0 27,3 7,3 0,4 2,3
1989 66,3 59,3 169,1 118,0 58,8 25,6 7,1 0,4 2,2
1990 56,2 51,5 145,2 97,8 46,4 19,4 5,5 0,4 1,8
1991 48,7 49,8 131,1 78,6 34,2 13,9 4,0 0,3 1,6
1992 46,0 47,9 122,8 75,4 30,5 12,7 3,6 0,2 1,5
1993 43,7 47,7 121,1 71,9 27,7 11,3 3,1 0,3 1,4
1994 42,7 45,5 116,9 73,3 28,2 11,1 3,2 0,2 1,4
1995 40,6 42,3 108,4 71,0 28,7 10,8 3,1 0,2 1,3
1996 39,4 40,1 102,3 70,1 29,4 10,7 2,9 0,2 1,3
1997 40,1 40,6 101,9 70,1 33,1 11,0 2,9 0,2 1,3
1998 40,1 40,0 98,3 75,4 35,2 11,4 2,8 0,2 1,3
1999 39,7 39,6 94,3 76,0 36,1 12,1 2,8 0,2 1,3
2000 39,7 38,3 90,9 77,7 37,5 13,1 3,0 0,2 1,3
2001 37,3 35,1 82,3 73,9 36,2 13,4 3,0 0,2 1,2
2002 35,5 31,7 76,1 71,2 35,7 14,4 2,9 0,2 1,2
2003 35,8 32,4 74,9 72,4 38,9 15,2 3,0 0,2 1,2
2004 36,3 32,7 73,3 74,0 42,9 16,6 3,3 0,1 1,2
2005 37,3 32,4 70,0 77,3 47,8 17,6 3,4 0,2 1,2
2006 37,3 33,7 67,3 76,6 49,7 17,8 3,4 0,2 1,2
2007 36,8 33,9 64,5 75,5 49,9 17,1 3,7 0,2 1,2
2008 38,4 37,1 65,8 78,1 52,6 19,1 4,2 0,2 1,3
2009 38,7 37,8 65,3 78,5 54,5 20,6 4,4 0,2 1,3
2010 37,2 35,5 60,3 76,4 54,5 21,6 4,3 0,2 1,3
2011 34,6 33,8 57,5 69,9 51,4 21,6 3,9 0,2 1,2
2012 38,2 34,0 66,5 81,6 60,3 25,1 4,6 0,2 1,4
2013 38,8 33,8 66,7 85,1 62,7 26,5 4,7 0,3 1,4
20143) 39,3 33,9 67,3 87,2 66,3 27,7 5,2 0,3 1,4

Nota: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Ratele pentru perioada 2012-2014 au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a anului respectiv. Pentru anii 2012 i 2013
au fost inclui numai nscuii-vii care s-au nscut n Romnia, indiferent de ara de reedin obinuit, ai cror mame aveau la
momentul naterii domiciliul n Romania, iar repartizarea lor teritorial s-a fcut dup domiciliul mamei.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1stindicator.
Rates for the 2012-2014 period were computed using the usual resident population at July 1st of the respective year. For 2012
and 2013 were included only those live-births that occurred in Romania, regardless of the country of usual residence, and their
territorial breakdown was carried out by the mothers domicile. Beginning with 2014, only the live-births having their usual
residence in Romania were considered.
1) Nscui-vii la 1000 femei de vrst fertil (15-49 ani). / Live-births born per 1000 women during their fertile life (15-49 years).
2) Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile. / Number of children born in Romania by a woman during her fertile life.
3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

73
Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe
2.15 Deaths, by age group and sex

Grupa de vrst (ani) 2009 2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4)


Age group (years)

Total
Total 257213 259723 251439 253716 246967 253307

0-4 2660 2502 2264 2117 1977 1911


5-9 266 282 206 209 195 194
10-14 301 287 259 286 227 231
15-19 721 591 547 513 473 434
20-24 1210 1112 999 946 802 684
25-29 1171 1132 976 905 945 1013
30-34 1841 1795 1607 1332 1241 1244
35-39 2841 2781 2390 2226 2192 2191
40-44 4766 4924 4464 4360 3782 3823
45-49 6862 6149 5349 5021 5428 6148
50-54 13021 12246 10631 9773 8846 8449
55-59 17319 17135 16034 16245 15680 16114
60-64 18187 19233 19470 19851 20332 20819
65-69 22852 21542 20149 20155 20378 21395
70-74 35049 34716 32043 30825 28111 27145
75-79 42645 42823 41509 42188 40132 41036
80-84 43893 45172 44918 45689 44484 45316
85-89 29709 31991 33575 34891 34465 36014
90-94 8284 9428 10489 12726 14539 16228
95-99 3294 3505 3145 2988 2221 2403
100 i peste / and over 321 377 415 470 517 515
Masculin / Male
Total 137550 137957 132180 132408 128901 132142

0-4 1517 1422 1303 1159 1131 1119


5-9 159 166 134 125 116 110
10-14 189 171 164 192 145 154
15-19 501 394 394 364 311 304
20-24 878 830 746 686 594 510
25-29 886 825 689 659 693 729
30-34 1365 1331 1136 954 858 900
35-39 2063 1997 1714 1599 1564 1528
40-44 3446 3534 3211 3110 2677 2765
45-49 4926 4435 3844 3609 3885 4422
50-54 9355 8897 7604 6967 6245 6007
55-59 12065 12070 11256 11432 11023 11312
60-64 12208 12858 13061 13363 13668 14102
65-69 14207 13373 12463 12683 12833 13577
70-74 19580 19396 17909 17251 15884 15432
75-79 21017 20972 20519 20700 19744 20254
80-84 18816 19333 19171 19542 19101 19240
85-89 10514 11734 12406 12881 12924 13574
90-94 2669 3019 3334 4079 4692 5279
95-99 1080 1061 986 893 659 679
100 i peste / and over 109 139 136 160 154 145

1) Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014 are included only the deaths of persons having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

74
Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe - continuare
2.15 Deaths, by age group and sex - continued

Grupa de vrst (ani) 2009 2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4)


Age group (years)

Feminin / Female
Total 119663 121766 119259 121308 118066 121165

0-4 1143 1080 961 958 846 792


5-9 107 116 72 84 79 84
10-14 112 116 95 94 82 77
15-19 220 197 153 149 162 130
20-24 332 282 253 260 208 174
25-29 285 307 287 246 252 284
30-34 476 464 471 378 383 344
35-39 778 784 676 627 628 663
40-44 1320 1390 1253 1250 1105 1058
45-49 1936 1714 1505 1412 1543 1726
50-54 3666 3349 3027 2806 2601 2442
55-59 5254 5065 4778 4813 4657 4802
60-64 5979 6375 6409 6488 6664 6717
65-69 8645 8169 7686 7472 7545 7818
70-74 15469 15320 14134 13574 12227 11713
75-79 21628 21851 20990 21488 20388 20782
80-84 25077 25839 25747 26147 25383 26076
85-89 19195 20257 21169 22010 21541 22440
90-94 5615 6409 7155 8647 9847 10949
95-99 2214 2444 2159 2095 1562 1724
100 i peste / and over 212 238 279 310 363 370

1) Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014 are included only the deaths of persons having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst


2.16 Infant deaths, by age group

Grupa de vrst 2009 2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4) Age group

Total 2250 2078 1850 1806 1677 1622 Total


Neonatale 1289 1183 1063 968 993 987 Neonatal
Sub 7 zile 824 782 695 638 701 644 Under 7 days
7-13 zile 224 181 173 139 139 167 7-13 days
14-29 zile 241 220 195 191 153 176 14-29 days
Postneonatale 961 895 787 838 684 635 Postneonatal
1 lun 264 254 245 262 205 199 1 month
2 luni 180 159 138 157 107 97 2 months
3-4 luni 237 204 163 174 153 137 3-4 months
5-6 luni 130 125 102 97 114 83 5-6 months
7-8 luni 80 60 68 67 55 59 7-8 months
9-11 luni 70 93 71 81 50 60 9-11 months
1) Decesele sub 1 an din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile
cu anii precedeni.
The infant deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with
the previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele sub 1 an ale persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014 are included only the infant deaths having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

75
2.17 Decese, pe cauze de deces
Deaths, by death causes
numr / number
2009 2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4)
Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female

Total 137550 119663 137957 121766 132180 119259 132408 121308 128901 118066 132142 121165 Total

Boli infecioase i parazitare 1750 608 1780 694 1575 658 1626 770 1547 808 1675 995 Infectious and parasitic diseases
din care: of which:
Tuberculoz 1278 245 1249 233 1052 231 986 263 900 233 876 249 Tuberculosis

Tumori 28110 19279 28259 19243 28718 19638 29143 19875 29334 20300 30056 20446 Neoplasm

Boli endocrine, de nutriie i Endocrine, nutritional and


metabolism 1131 1267 1155 1419 1074 1283 1120 1311 1142 1208 1124 1280 metabolic diseases
din care: of which:
Diabet zaharat 1068 1206 1095 1355 1024 1199 1051 1243 1069 1146 1041 1198 Diabete mellitus

Tulburri mentale i de comportament 457 161 465 153 315 112 259 88 265 79 275 91 Mental and behavioural disorders

Boli ale sistemului nervos 1083 990 1219 1345 1384 1394 1445 1733 1393 1727 1531 1917 Diseases of the nervous system

Boli ale aparatului circulator 73559 80982 73993 82366 70845 80693 71025 82188 68423 78764 68768 80052 Diseases of the circulatory system
din care: of which:
Boala ischemic a inimii 26687 25588 27021 26276 25796 25069 25534 25851 24763 24811 25116 25449 Ischaemic heart disease
Boli cerebro-vasculare 22273 26534 22490 26815 21278 26295 21103 26249 20482 25589 19822 24784 Cerebrovascular diseases

Boli ale aparatului respirator 8223 4669 8062 4671 7923 4537 8194 5046 7844 4825 8312 5059 Diseases of the respiratory system

Boli ale aparatului digestiv 10112 6345 10174 6430 8684 5815 8702 5759 8398 5627 8678 5856 Diseases of the digestive system

Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar 1343 1122 1402 1142 1437 1219 1625 1332 1642 1508 1699 1566 Diseases of the genitourinary system

Sarcin, natere i luzie - 47 - 51 - 50 - 23 - 27 - 24 Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium

Unele afeciuni a cror origine se Certain diseases originating


situeaz n perioada perinatal 466 336 436 279 380 277 354 269 372 291 401 237 in the perinatal period

Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i Congenital malformations, deformations


anomalii cromozomiale 382 294 351 274 329 239 289 245 277 223 239 198 and chromosomal abnormalities

Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte Injury, poisoning and other


consecine ale cauzelor externe 9510 2675 9280 2752 8156 2378 8207 2344 7714 2244 7668 2185 consequences of external causes

Alte cauze 1424 888 1381 947 1360 966 419 325 550 435 1716 1259 Other causes

Not: Cauzele de deces, conform Clasificrii Internaionale a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a, 1994 - Organizaia Mondial a Sntii.
Note: Death causes, according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994 - World Health Organisation.
1) Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii
precedeni.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the
previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014 are included only the deaths of persons having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

76 77
Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces
2.18 Infant deaths, by cause of death
numr / number

2009 2010 2011 20121) 20131);2) 20143);4)

Total 2250 2078 1850 1806 1677 1622

Boli infecioase i parazitare 46 45 50 35 32 38


Infectious and parasitic diseases
din care: / of which:
Diareea i gastroenterita de natur infecioas 20 24 20 12 12 1
Diarrhoea and gastro-enteritis of infectious nature
Infecia cu meningococi 5 4 3 2 2 2
Meningococcus infection
Boli ale sistemului nervos 42 30 35 43 29 27
Diseases of the nervous system
din care: / of which:
Meningita 18 9 10 11 3 3
Meningitis
Encefalita, mielita i encefalomielita 6 8 6 7 3 2
Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalo-myelitis
Boli ale aparatului respirator 633 602 514 526 407 398
Diseases of the respiratory system
din care: / of which:
Pneumonia 617 572 492 485 393 377
Pneumonia
Boli ale aparatului digestiv 37 30 35 20 30 50
Diseases of the digestive system
din care: / of which:
Gastrita, enterita i colita neinfecioas 25 18 17 7 16 29
Non-infective gastroenteritis and colitis
Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n
perioada perinatal 802 715 657 623 663 638
Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period
din care: / of which:
Traumatisme obstetricale 5 8 7 4 5 3
Obstetrics traumatisms
Hemoragii fetale i neonatale 265 228 199 134 177 182
Fetal and neo-natal hemorrhages
Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i
anomalii cromozomiale 526 515 437 424 403 352
Congenital malformations, deformations and
chromosomal abnormalities
din care: / of which:
Malformaii congenitale ale aparatului circulator 239 240 221 206 189 175
Congenital malformations of the circulatory system
Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale
cauzelor externe 90 83 66 84 57 52
Injury, poisoning and other consequences of
external causes
Alte cauze 74 58 56 51 56 67
Other causes

Not: Cauzele de deces, conform Clasificrii Internaionale a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a, 1994 - Organizaia Mondial a Sntii.
Note: Death causes, according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994 - World Health Organisation.
1) Decesele sub 1 an din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu
anii precedeni.
The infant deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with
the previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele sub 1 an ale persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014 are included only the infant deaths having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

78
Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii
2.19 Life expectancy, by sex and area
ani / years
Pe sexe / By sex Pe medii / By area
Anii Masculin Feminin Urban / Urban Rural / Rural Years
Total Male Female Total Masculin Feminin Total Masculin Feminin
Male Female Male Female

1970 67,33 65,07 69,51 68,27 65,79 70,67 66,63 64,40 68,83 1970
1971 68,00 65,70 70,26 68,84 66,29 71,32 67,41 65,17 69,61 1971
1972 68,58 66,27 70,85 69,38 66,79 71,89 68,01 65,78 70,20 1972
1973 68,55 66,28 70,77 69,50 66,98 71,96 67,87 65,67 70,02 1973
1974 69,08 66,83 71,29 69,93 67,44 72,36 68,46 65,27 70,60 1974
1975 69,58 67,29 71,82 70,29 67,84 72,69 68,99 66,74 71,18 1975
1976 69,69 67,37 71,97 70,72 68,23 73,15 68,79 66,47 71,04 1976
1977 69,76 67,45 72,06 70,56 68,06 73,00 69,03 66,71 71,28 1977
1978 69,82 67,42 72,18 70,52 67,96 73,03 69,08 66,62 71,46 1978
1979 69,54 67,10 71,98 70,14 67,41 72,83 68,94 66,67 71,24 1979
1980 69,21 66,68 71,75 69,82 67,02 72,59 68,59 66,21 71,03 1980
1981 69,14 66,53 71,78 69,77 66,88 72,64 68,53 66,05 71,07 1981
1982 69,42 66,70 72,17 69,94 66,90 72,95 68,89 66,31 71,53 1982
1983 69,60 66,83 72,40 70,23 67,15 73,28 68,94 66,30 71,65 1983
1984 69,77 66,98 72,61 70,46 67,40 73,49 69,04 66,34 71,82 1984
1985 69,70 66,81 72,65 70,37 67,20 73,54 68,95 66,14 71,85 1985
1986 69,74 66,78 72,78 70,36 67,10 73,61 68,99 66,14 71,98 1986
1987 69,53 66,55 72,59 70,06 66,88 73,26 68,81 65,89 71,86 1987
1988 69,27 66,30 72,32 69,84 66,69 73,03 68,52 65,60 71,58 1988
1989 69,42 66,51 72,41 70,17 67,08 73,28 68,55 65,65 71,60 1989
1990 69,56 66,56 72,65 70,25 67,06 73,46 68,70 65,70 71,80 1990
1991 69,76 66,59 73,05 70,39 67,02 73,83 68,88 65,71 72,25 1991
1992 69,78 66,56 73,17 70,54 67,16 74,02 68,75 65,45 72,29 1992
1993 69,52 66,06 73,17 70,01 66,45 73,71 68,76 65,32 72,52 1993
1994 69,48 65,88 73,32 70,02 66,36 73,83 68,67 65,04 72,68 1994
1995 69,40 65,70 73,36 70,05 66,33 73,95 68,46 64,70 72,66 1995
1996 69,05 65,30 73,09 69,84 66,12 73,77 67,99 64,13 72,33 1996
1997 68,95 65,19 73,00 69,82 66,16 73,66 67,80 63,86 72,26 1997
1998 69,24 65,46 73,32 70,09 66,39 73,97 68,11 64,16 72,58 1998
1999 69,74 66,05 73,67 70,58 66,92 74,38 68,66 64,85 72,91 1999
2000 70,53 67,03 74,20 71,31 67,84 74,86 69,53 65,93 73,49 2000
2001 71,19 67,69 74,84 71,94 68,50 75,42 70,20 66,57 74,17 2001
2002 71,18 67,61 74,90 72,02 68,55 75,51 70,08 66,35 74,20 2002
2003 71,01 67,42 74,78 71,81 68,24 75,42 70,08 66,41 74,14 2003
2004 71,32 67,74 75,06 72,15 68,62 75,70 70,34 66,67 74,41 2004
2005 71,76 68,19 75,47 72,53 69,04 76,01 70,78 67,12 74,83 2005
20061) 72,22 68,74 75,80 72,98 69,56 76,34 71,23 67,69 75,13 20061)
20071) 72,61 69,17 76,14 73,34 69,96 76,64 71,64 68,13 75,50 20071)
20081) 73,47 69,99 77,05 74,62 71,30 77,87 72,02 68,38 76,06 20081)
20091) 73,76 70,19 77,45 75,04 71,62 78,40 72,18 68,46 76,35 20091)
20101) 73,90 70,27 77,64 75,26 71,83 78,62 72,20 68,38 76,50 20101)
20111) 74,20 70,63 77,86 75,50 72,14 78,78 72.55 68,81 76,75 20111)
20121) 74,69 71,24 78,20 75,94 72,68 79,09 73,13 69,52 77,12 20121)
20131) 75,16 71,75 78,61 76,37 73,16 79,44 73,66 70,08 77,61 20131)
2014 75,47 72,04 78,93 76,67 73,45 79,73 73,97 70,37 77,96 2014

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani.
Populaia luat n calcul a fost determinat pe baza sporului natural i a soldului migraiei internaionale definitive.
Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years
period.
The population taken into calculation was determined based on natural increase and final international migration.
1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data against thouse previously published.

79
Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor
2.20 Marriages by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani) 60 i
Age group of husband Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 peste
(years) under and over

2009
Total 134275 13230 48181 37720 17933 7667 4267 1973 1591 897 816
Sub / under 20 1486 988 457 30 7 3 1 - - - -
20-24 26426 7008 15824 3050 445 85 11 3 - - -
25-29 49752 3932 22694 18946 3554 509 98 12 6 1 -
30-34 29976 1089 7521 11666 7614 1632 384 54 11 4 1
35-39 11776 169 1323 2885 4011 2426 793 130 28 7 4
40-44 6024 35 262 815 1504 1827 1220 254 87 13 7
45-49 3031 4 52 197 476 679 902 468 192 45 16
50-54 2412 1 29 76 209 307 537 577 497 136 43
55-59 1581 2 9 32 64 130 211 317 421 307 88
60 i peste / and over 1811 2 10 23 49 69 110 158 349 384 657

2010
Total 115778 9748 41034 34120 16122 6890 3813 1552 1155 737 607
Sub / under 20 872 571 267 27 5 1 - 1 - - -
20-24 21266 5195 13058 2590 342 68 7 5 1 - -
25-29 43390 3003 19492 17208 3128 455 86 12 4 1 1
30-34 27094 832 6622 10651 7069 1551 324 33 10 1 1
35-39 10664 117 1264 2677 3594 2196 671 111 23 9 2
40-44 5583 22 247 697 1401 1665 1226 239 70 15 1
45-49 2336 1 52 152 340 520 728 370 138 27 8
50-54 1790 5 11 68 156 256 428 394 347 95 30
55-59 1309 - 16 32 52 115 237 248 319 235 55
60 i peste / and over 1474 2 5 18 35 63 106 139 243 354 509

2011
Total 105599 7909 36214 31770 15016 6679 3855 1608 1111 773 664
Sub / under 20 599 384 185 22 7 - - - - 1 -
20-24 18236 4219 11282 2324 334 61 14 2 - - -
25-29 38670 2451 17206 15832 2669 406 90 9 5 2 -
30-34 25303 710 6099 10134 6519 1462 323 42 12 1 1
35-39 10304 114 1117 2514 3567 2200 657 107 22 4 2
40-44 5571 21 253 689 1332 1635 1258 290 73 16 4
45-49 2247 5 41 146 355 485 708 366 103 31 7
50-54 1781 5 15 68 135 253 448 409 299 112 37
55-59 1336 - 7 27 63 109 222 242 346 242 78
60 i peste / and over 1552 - 9 14 35 68 135 141 251 364 535

2012
Total 107760 7482 35318 33940 15356 7112 4215 1690 1178 753 716
Sub / under 20 502 333 143 17 3 4 2 - - - -
20-24 16783 3802 10331 2278 283 71 14 3 1 - -
25-29 40097 2562 17421 17036 2529 428 102 15 3 - 1
30-34 26021 636 5931 10695 6895 1509 301 45 7 2 -
35-39 11329 119 1191 2986 3716 2455 720 107 25 8 2
40-44 5805 22 223 684 1350 1678 1436 319 73 16 4
45-49 2437 6 45 151 353 536 773 407 135 22 9
50-54 1831 - 23 55 127 238 479 413 337 119 40
55-59 1266 1 8 23 55 116 229 218 313 233 70
60 i peste / and over 1689 1 2 15 45 77 159 163 284 353 590

2013
Total 107507 6720 32733 36272 15243 7526 3903 2231 1252 858 769
Sub / under 20 452 285 139 21 5 2 - - - - -
20-24 14620 3251 8908 2153 246 52 6 2 - 2 -
25-29 41012 2418 16989 18447 2595 472 68 19 2 2 -
30-34 25640 586 5222 11359 6576 1562 272 52 11 - -
35-39 12103 144 1156 3238 3969 2641 763 156 29 5 2
40-44 5547 28 227 743 1270 1661 1146 371 82 11 8
45-49 3035 3 60 196 387 685 896 607 151 41 9
50-54 1868 5 17 75 106 248 422 527 318 101 49
55-59 1417 - 6 28 55 130 191 293 354 283 77
60 i peste / and over 1813 - 9 12 34 73 139 204 305 413 624

80
Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare
2.20 Marriages by age group of spouses - continued

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani) 60 i
Age group of husband Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 peste
(years) under and over

2014
Total 118075 6717 33116 41115 17184 8982 4431 3059 1506 1038 927
Sub / under 20 475 309 137 22 4 1 1 - - - 1
20-24 14468 3200 8668 2260 263 59 11 5 1 - 1
25-29 44913 2467 17543 21274 2962 539 101 24 1 2 -
30-34 27942 578 5258 12695 7231 1757 336 80 4 3 -
35-39 13903 138 1178 3764 4542 3205 793 245 33 4 1
40-44 6451 22 240 765 1424 2073 1331 500 77 16 3
45-49 4100 1 64 221 520 902 1159 971 204 44 14
50-54 2019 - 18 63 133 237 356 621 419 132 40
55-59 1727 1 7 31 59 126 208 364 456 362 113
60 i peste / and over 2077 1 3 20 46 83 135 249 311 475 754

2.21 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie


Marriages by previous marital status of spouses

Starea civil a soiei / Marital status of wife


Starea civil Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv Marital status
a soului Unmarried Divorced Widow of husband

2009 2009
Total 134275 116824 15582 1869 Total
Necstorit 116162 108298 7247 617 Unmarried
Divorat 16863 8205 7821 837 Divorced
Vduv 1250 321 514 415 Widower

2010 2010
Total 115778 100409 13809 1560 Total
Necstorit 99887 92843 6546 498 Unmarried
Divorat 14801 7298 6793 710 Divorced
Vduv 1090 268 470 352 Widower

2011 2011
Total 105599 90421 13639 1539 Total
Necstorit 90095 83278 6352 465 Unmarried
Divorat 14379 6879 6802 698 Divorced
Vduv 1125 264 485 376 Widower

2012 2012
Total 107760 92128 14110 1522 Total
Necstorit 91796 84718 6576 502 Unmarried
Divorat 14853 7140 7043 670 Divorced
Vduv 1111 270 491 350 Widower

2013 2013
Total 107507 91589 14426 1492 Total
Necstorit 91479 84258 6763 458 Unmarried
Divorat 14943 7052 7204 687 Divorced
Vduv 1085 279 459 347 Widower

2014 2014
Total 118075 101188 15247 1640 Total
Necstorit 101332 93624 7152 556 Unmarried
Divorat 15694 7317 7624 753 Divorced
Vduv 1049 247 471 331 Widower

81
Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii
2.22 Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area
ani / years
Vrsta medie la cstorie Vrsta medie la prima cstorie
Anul i mediul Average age at marriage Average age at first marriage
Year and area
So Soie So Soie
Husband Wife Husband Wife

2009
Total 30,9 27,5 29,1 25,8
Urban 31,2 28,2 29,4 26,6
Rural 30,2 26,2 28,5 24,4

2010
Total 30,9 27,6 29,1 26,0
Urban 31,4 28,4 29,6 26,9
Rural 30,1 26,1 28,4 24,3

2011
Total 31,4 28,0 29,3 26,2
Urban 31,8 28,8 29,7 27,1
Rural 30,6 26,6 28,7 24,6

2012
Total 31,6 28,2 29,6 26,4
Urban 32,1 29,0 30,0 27,3
Rural 30,7 26,8 28,9 24,8

2013
Total 31,9 28,5 29,9 26,7
Urban 32,4 29,3 30,3 27,6
Rural 31,1 27,2 29,2 25,1

2014
Total 32,3 29,0 30,4 27,3
Urban 32,9 29,9 31,0 28,3
Rural 31,2 27,3 29,3 25,3

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor


2.23 Divorces by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani)
Age group Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste
of husband (years) under and over

2009
Total 32341 278 3235 5820 6860 5782 4620 2411 1807 923 605
Sub / Under 20 15 6 9 - - - - - - - -
20-24 873 119 566 126 40 15 3 4 - - -
25-29 3829 93 1455 1741 433 69 25 4 5 2 2
30-34 6820 48 931 2669 2590 467 84 22 7 2 -
35-39 6342 10 200 931 2587 2091 434 62 17 6 4
40-44 5594 2 53 258 908 2314 1807 176 62 10 4
45-49 3444 - 11 61 201 559 1543 840 183 36 10
50-54 2738 - 4 18 66 190 572 982 751 129 26
55-59 1521 - 2 11 25 55 117 261 601 384 65
60 i peste / and over 1165 - 4 5 10 22 35 60 181 354 494

82
Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare
2.23 Divorces by age group of spouses - continued

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani)
Age group Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste
of husband (years) under and over

2010
Total 32632 202 3298 5618 7069 5805 5015 2349 1673 956 647
Sub / Under 20 9 5 4 - - - - - - - -
20-24 851 78 589 132 33 12 6 - - 1 -
25-29 3604 80 1460 1568 383 75 20 15 2 1 -
30-34 6891 29 947 2636 2607 539 106 17 5 3 2
35-39 6599 8 243 981 2790 2056 455 48 14 4 -
40-44 6051 2 39 238 1012 2345 2134 223 47 10 1
45-49 3207 - 10 37 168 531 1520 751 148 35 7
50-54 2645 - 4 14 51 173 575 953 709 140 26
55-59 1572 - 2 8 11 52 157 272 569 420 81
60 i peste / and over 1203 - - 4 14 22 42 70 179 342 530

2011
Total 35780 171 3632 6212 7537 6387 5709 2417 1852 1036 827
Sub / Under 20 10 3 5 1 - 1 - - - - -
20-24 879 73 628 148 23 3 2 1 1 - -
25-29 3984 60 1613 1807 394 86 17 4 3 - -
30-34 7542 32 1032 2841 2897 618 97 16 5 4 -
35-39 7009 3 279 1048 2842 2261 509 51 11 5 -
40-44 6842 - 56 277 1094 2617 2472 247 60 16 3
45-49 3441 - 10 58 169 543 1662 808 156 28 7
50-54 2842 - 5 15 69 171 703 966 728 150 35
55-59 1764 - 1 11 26 54 181 253 684 455 99
60 i peste / and over 1467 - 3 6 23 33 66 71 204 378 683

2012
Total 31324 116 2796 5691 6521 5679 5026 2290 1576 945 684
Sub / Under 20 1 1 - - - - - - - - -
20-24 630 46 427 124 28 5 - - - - -
25-29 3372 46 1270 1631 323 71 22 5 3 - 1
30-34 6430 15 813 2574 2414 504 84 25 1 - -
35-39 6525 8 232 1076 2610 2084 437 63 8 3 4
40-44 6003 - 41 220 897 2282 2237 256 50 16 4
45-49 3086 - 9 45 160 477 1468 743 155 27 2
50-54 2425 - 1 11 53 165 558 859 632 119 27
55-59 1593 - 1 6 20 58 168 281 566 406 87
60 i peste / and over 1259 - 2 4 16 33 52 58 161 374 559

2013
Total 28507 82 2206 5107 5673 5515 4395 2576 1370 910 673
Sub / Under 20 7 4 3 - - - - - - - -
20-24 457 41 289 99 20 6 1 1 - - -
25-29 2855 24 1069 1421 273 50 11 4 3 - -
30-34 5534 10 621 2289 2006 492 83 25 5 2 1
35-39 6101 2 178 1004 2367 2067 385 83 12 2 1
40-44 5183 - 35 216 766 2051 1759 310 40 6 -
45-49 3467 1 5 55 172 631 1497 947 122 29 8
50-54 2143 - 3 14 33 151 489 835 479 112 27
55-59 1504 - 2 7 24 41 133 306 551 374 66
60 i peste / and over 1256 - 1 2 12 26 37 65 158 385 570

2014
Total 27188 80 1796 5065 5277 5353 4034 2828 1272 861 622
Sub / Under 20 2 1 1 - - - - - - - -
20-24 361 28 249 68 10 2 3 1 - - -
25-29 2726 34 894 1482 242 58 10 5 - - 1
30-34 5029 14 449 2206 1827 435 77 18 1 1 1
35-39 6001 3 173 1001 2232 2073 414 93 6 6 -
40-44 4715 - 22 234 715 1873 1491 328 40 8 4
45-49 3782 - 5 44 190 686 1544 1173 115 16 9
50-54 1962 - - 20 37 150 354 816 473 93 19
55-59 1412 - 1 4 16 51 100 305 475 384 76
60 i peste / and over 1198 - 2 6 8 25 41 89 162 353 512

83
Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei
2.24 Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution

Cu 5 copii
Fr copii Cu Cu Cu Cu i peste
Anii Total Without 1 copil 2 copii 3 copii 4 copii With 5
Years children With 1 With 2 With 3 With 4 children
child children children children and over

2009 32341 17410 10616 3653 473 120 69


2010 32632 16922 11299 3727 496 123 65
2011 35780 19626 11591 3865 500 129 69
2012 31324 17322 9895 3484 445 114 64
2013 28507 15913 8872 3206 384 91 41
2014 27188 16035 7809 2866 347 83 48

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe


Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
2.25 by area and sex
numr persoane / number of persons
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants

Anii Total n urban n rural Total Din urban Din rural


Years In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

Total
2009 330672 166853 163819 330672 193120 137552
2010 458995 236502 222493 458995 273353 185642
2011 324626 164019 160607 324626 194248 130378
2012 372197 181194 191003 372197 225107 147090
2013 350556 182393 168163 350556 211080 139476
2014 371677 189956 181721 371677 222203 149474

Masculin / Male

2009 147712 73752 73960 147712 90274 57438


2010 206919 105139 101780 206919 128979 77940
2011 146080 72246 73834 146080 91758 54322
2012 169397 80048 89349 169397 107546 61851
2013 157444 80758 76686 157444 99011 58433
2014 167201 83826 83375 167201 104599 62602

Feminin / Female

2009 182960 93101 89859 182960 102846 80114


2010 252076 131363 120713 252076 144374 107702
2011 178546 91773 86773 178546 102490 76056
2012 202800 101146 101654 202800 117561 85239
2013 193112 101635 91477 193112 112069 81043
2014 204476 106130 98346 204476 117604 86872

84
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,
pe grupe de vrst i medii
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
2.26 by age group and area
numr persoane / number of persons
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants

Grupa de vrst (ani) Total n urban n rural Total Din urban Din rural
Age group (years) In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

2009
Total 330672 166853 163819 330672 193120 137552
pn la / until 15 66116 28895 37221 66116 32586 33530
15-19 22618 9725 12893 22618 9700 12918
20-24 52262 28983 23279 52262 26749 25513
25-29 47459 29757 17702 47459 29535 17924
30-34 41186 23765 17421 41186 25554 15632
35-39 24594 12803 11791 24594 15141 9453
40-44 18631 9071 9560 18631 12359 6272
45-49 11897 4983 6914 11897 8478 3419
50-54 14257 5504 8753 14257 10903 3354
55-59 11545 4459 7086 11545 8865 2680
60 i peste / and over 20107 8908 11199 20107 13250 6857

2010
Total 458995 236502 222493 458995 273353 185642
pn la / until 15 92863 40674 52189 92863 46342 46521
15-19 33694 15018 18676 33694 14730 18964
20-24 69711 38630 31081 69711 36159 33552
25-29 65961 41835 24126 65961 42406 23555
30-34 57466 34091 23375 57466 36681 20785
35-39 35302 18985 16317 35302 22485 12817
40-44 27992 14113 13879 27992 18813 9179
45-49 15770 6945 8825 15770 11400 4370
50-54 18217 7467 10750 18217 14028 4189
55-59 15960 6537 9423 15960 12528 3432
60 i peste / and over 26059 12207 13852 26059 17781 8278

2011
Total 324626 164019 160607 324626 194248 130378
pn la / until 15 67399 28862 38537 67399 34262 33137
15-19 22727 10029 12698 22727 10050 12677
20-24 48212 26082 22130 48212 24450 23762
25-29 45897 28399 17498 45897 29029 16868
30-34 39913 23242 16671 39913 25873 14040
35-39 25346 13505 11841 25346 16351 8995
40-44 21422 10817 10605 21422 14452 6970
45-49 10846 4735 6111 10846 7828 3018
50-54 12503 5132 7371 12503 9532 2971
55-59 11474 4487 6987 11474 9099 2375
60 i peste / and over 18887 8729 10158 18887 13322 5565

2012
Total 372197 181194 191003 372197 225107 147090
pn la / until 15 74912 32579 42333 74912 39078 35834
15-19 23463 10156 13307 23463 10343 13120
20-24 49903 25735 24168 49903 24882 25021
25-29 54478 32373 22105 54478 33637 20841
30-34 46541 25930 20611 46541 30571 15970
35-39 30953 15926 15027 30953 20209 10744
40-44 25619 11990 13629 25619 17257 8362
45-49 13965 6051 7914 13965 9946 4019
50-54 14854 5690 9164 14854 11231 3623
55-59 14243 5133 9110 14243 11260 2983
60 i peste / and over 23266 9631 13635 23266 16693 6573

85
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,
pe grupe de vrst i medii - continuare
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
2.26 by age group and area - continued
numr persoane / number of persons
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants
Grupa de vrst (ani) Total n urban n rural Total Din urban Din rural
Age group (years) In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

2013
Total 350556 182393 168163 350556 211080 139476
pn la / until 15 74164 33723 40441 74164 39382 34782
15-19 22121 10011 12110 22121 9709 12412
20-24 43464 23396 20068 43464 21263 22201
25-29 54685 33434 21251 54685 33729 20956
30-34 45365 26951 18414 45365 29547 15818
35-39 30195 16718 13477 30195 20206 9989
40-44 21622 10879 10743 21622 14279 7343
45-49 15005 7304 7701 15005 10636 4369
50-54 12342 5357 6985 12342 9204 3138
55-59 11962 5108 6854 11962 9277 2685
60 i peste / and over 19631 9512 10119 19631 13848 5783

2014
Total 371677 189956 181721 371677 222203 149474
pn la / until 15 79765 35290 44475 79765 41973 37792
15-19 22680 10149 12531 22680 9765 12915
20-24 41675 21782 19893 41675 20071 21604
25-29 59294 35810 23484 59294 35819 23475
30-34 47589 27966 19623 47589 31021 16568
35-39 32168 17335 14833 32168 21354 10814
40-44 23161 11762 11399 23161 15120 8041
45-49 17686 8459 9227 17686 12392 5294
50-54 12566 5426 7140 12566 9254 3312
55-59 12947 5359 7588 12947 9893 3054
60 i peste / and over 22146 10618 11528 22146 15541 6605

Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale,


determinate de schimbarea domiciliului
Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
2.27 determined by permanent residence changing

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Numr persoane / Number of persons


Total 330672 458995 324626 372197 350556 371677 Total

Din rural n urban 70246 96201 66784 74470 74023 78411 From rural to urban
Din urban n urban 96607 140301 97235 106724 108370 111545 From rural to urban
Din rural n rural 67306 89441 63594 72620 65453 71063 From rural to urban
Din urban n rural 96513 133052 97013 118383 102710 110658 From rural to urban
Rate la 1000 locuitori / Rates per 1000 inhabitants
Total 14,7 20,4 14,5 16,6 15,7 16,7 Total

Din rural n urban 5,5 7,5 5,3 5,9 5,9 6,2 From urban to rural
Din urban n urban 7,6 11,0 7,7 8,4 8,6 8,9 From urban to rural
Din rural n rural 6,9 9,2 6,5 7,5 6,7 7,3 From urban to rural
Din urban n rural 9,9 13,7 10,0 12,2 10,6 11,4 From urban to rural

Not: Pentru perioada 2009-2014, ratele au fost calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie a fiecrui an.
Note: For the 2009-2014 period, the rates were calculated based on the permanent resident population, on July 1st of each year.

86
Emigranii 1), pe sexe i grupe de vrst
2.28 Emigrants 1), by sex and age group
numr persoane / number of persons

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 20142)

Total 246626 197985 195551 170186 161755 184603 Total


Masculin 105778 85663 87389 70163 65303 79716 Male
Feminin 140848 112322 108162 100023 96452 104887 Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group

Sub 15 ani 30933 25473 27578 24423 22988 23540 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 17515 13474 12229 10249 10260 10488 15-19 years
20-24 ani 47739 39375 36538 29521 25965 31909 20-24 years
25-29 ani 36965 29057 30713 27395 26191 32724 25-29 years
30-34 ani 30305 23544 23527 18310 16322 20343 30-34 years
35-39 ani 23733 18422 18057 15136 14247 16989 35-39 years
40-44 ani 21608 17720 17423 15161 13138 14793 40-44 years
45-49 ani 14741 11116 9613 10216 11127 12275 45-49 years
50-54 ani 12168 9504 8928 8459 8116 8395 50-54 years
55-59 ani 6013 5535 5702 5940 6671 6752 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 4906 4765 5243 5376 6730 6395 60 years and over

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Emigranii 1), dup ara de destinaie


2.29 Emigrants 1), by country of destination
numr persoane / number of persons

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 20142)

Total 246626 197985 195551 170186 161755 184603 Total


Dup ara de destinaie / By country of destination
Austria 11276 3369 3089 2991 7883 8000 Austria
Belgia 6570 4046 5214 7155 9740 8400 Belgium
Canada 2045 858 967 846 954 977 Canada
Danemarca 1528 2026 2691 3550 3254 3500 Denmark
Frana 7576 2005 2360 2736 2765 2800 France
Germania 47134 24178 19714 21950 22184 23715 Germany
Israel 1110 1062 1457 2292 2506 2427 Israel
Italia 101161 91252 90136 80078 59347 55000 Italy
Marea Britanie 8631 7088 8228 8568 17250 32500 United Kingdom
Norvegia 987 1242 1230 1437 1762 2296 Norway
Olanda 1892 1077 590 699 1772 1500 Netherlands
Spania 43988 51823 50748 27244 22434 32762 Spain
Statele Unite ale Americii 1793 1086 1350 1073 819 825 United States of America
Suedia 1746 1671 1828 2002 1643 1800 Sweden
Alte ri 9189 5202 5949 7565 7442 8101 Other countries

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

87
Imigranii 1), pe sexe i grupe de vrst
2.30 Immigrants 1), by sex and age group
numr persoane / number of persons

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 20142)

Total 135844 149885 147685 167266 153646 142426 Total


Masculin 79398 85486 83931 94047 84790 78478 Male
Feminin 56446 64399 63754 73219 68856 63948 Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group

Sub 15 ani 14997 18192 17247 19273 18202 17843 Under 15 years
15-19 ani 5561 5333 5572 6093 5801 4737 15-19 years
20-24 ani 21549 21058 21102 20629 16782 13319 20-24 years
25-29 ani 22297 23712 24577 29381 26184 23694 25-29 years
30-34 ani 20362 22453 21303 24952 23810 21109 30-34 years
35-39 ani 15752 17230 16398 18909 15851 18193 35-39 years
40-44 ani 11751 13997 13944 16612 14727 13503 40-44 years
45-49 ani 8068 8588 8243 9671 10532 10053 45-49 years
50-54 ani 7016 7767 7876 8890 8460 7292 50-54 years
55-59 ani 4327 5756 5465 6839 6622 6226 55-59 years
60 ani i peste 4164 5799 5958 6017 6675 6457 60 years and over

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

Imigranii 1), dup ara de provenien


2.31 Immigrants 1), by country of previous usual residence
numr persoane / number of persons

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 20142)

Total 135844 149885 147685 167266 153646 142426 Total

Dup ara de provenien / By country of previous usual residence

Austria 4645 5138 2780 2499 1500 1977 Austria


Belgia 1038 989 1041 1395 1264 2500 Belgium
Canada 296 230 224 132 114 207 Canada
China 462 642 638 470 325 304 China
Cipru 505 1203 2007 2689 1300 1400 Cyprus
Franta 3369 1389 1998 2170 2154 2200 France
Germania 23496 21838 14913 14500 14390 14000 Germany
Grecia 1588 1605 2086 2795 2500 2800 Greece
Irlanda 1053 713 1071 1435 1302 1050 Ireland
Israel 162 108 260 64 107 124 Israel
Italia 21758 25428 32438 34194 25462 20000 Italy
Marea Britanie 3300 3800 6239 6343 3100 3700 United Kingdom
Republica Moldova 12847 24977 25100 22530 22764 20166 Moldova, Republic of
Spania 51549 49426 42505 63879 67164 51462 Spain
Statele Unite ale Americii 539 434 479 298 258 402 United States of America
Suedia 427 662 709 720 410 419 Sweden
Ungaria 335 588 496 665 660 700 Hungary
Alte ri 8475 10715 12701 10488 8872 19015 Other countries

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

88
Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea reedinei obinuite, pe sexe
2.32 International migration determined by change of usual residence, by sex
numr persoane / number of persons
Imigrani 1) Emigrani 2) Soldul migraiei internaionale
Anii Immigrants 1) Emigrants 2) Net international migration
Years Total Masculin Feminin Total Masculin Feminin Total Masculin Feminin
Male Female Male Female Male Female

2009 135844 79398 56446 246626 105778 140848 -110782 -26380 -84402
2010 149885 85486 64399 197985 85663 112322 -48100 -177 -47923
2011 147685 83931 63754 195551 87389 108162 -47866 -3458 -44408
2012 167266 94047 73219 170186 70163 100023 -2920 23884 -26804
2013 153646 84790 68856 161755 65303 96452 -8109 19487 -27596
20143) 142426 78478 63948 184603 79716 104887 -42177 -1238 -40939

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
2) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

89
PIAA FOREI DE MUNC

LABOUR MARKET
3
CUPRINS TABELE Pagina TABLES CONTENTS
Page

FORA DE MUNC LABOUR FORCE

3.1 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, Population by participation in economic activity,
pe sexe i medii ........................................................ 106 by sex and area
3.2 Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj, Activity, employment and unemployment rates,
dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii ................ 107 by educational level, sex and area
3.3 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale Employment structure, by activity of
economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, national economy and by age group,
n anul 2014 .............................................................. 108 in 2014
3.4 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale Employment structure, by activity of national
economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional, economy and by status in employment,
n anul 2014 .............................................................. 110 in 2014
3.5 Structura populaiei, dup participarea Population structure, by participation
la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst, in economic activity, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ....................................... 112 sex and area, in 2014
3.6 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul Employment structure, by educational
de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, level, by age group, sex and area,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ....................................... 113 in 2014
3.7 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, Employment structure, by occupation group,
grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ............ 114 age group, sex and area, in 2014
3.8 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul Employment structure, by status in
profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, employment, by age group, sex and area,
n anul 2014 .............................................................. 118 in 2014
3.9 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei Civil employment, by activity of national
naionale ................................................................... 119 economy
3.10 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei Civil employment, by activity of national
naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2014 ....... 120 economy and by type of ownership, in 2014
3.11 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti Average number of employees,
ale economiei naionale, pe sexe i by activity of national economy,
pe forme de proprietate ............................................ 121 by sex and by ownership type
3.12 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme Average number of employees,
de proprietate, clase de mrime ale by ownership type, enterprises size class
ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ......................................... 124 and by sex
3.13 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale Average number of employees, by activity of
industriei, pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate ........... 124 industry, by sex and by ownership type
3.14 Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale Employees, by activity of national economy
i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2014 ............................. 129 and by sex, on December 31, 2014
3.15 Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, Employees, by activity of industry and by sex,
la 31 decembrie 2014 ............................................... 130 on December 31, 2014
3.16 omerii nregistrai i rata omajului ........................ 132 Registered unemployed and unemployment rate
3.17 Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de Persons who attend vocational
formare profesional ................................................. 132 training courses
3.18 omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul Registered unemployed, by educational
de educaie i pe grupe de vrst, level and by age group,
la 31 decembrie 2014 ............................................... 134 on December 31, 2014
3.19 omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment
de omaj, pe grupe de vrst i dup durata indemnities, by age group and by unemployment
omajului, la 31 decembrie 2014 .............................. 134 duration, on December 31, 2014
3.20 omajul de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ............... 136 Long term unemployed, by sex and area

92
Pagina
Page

CONDIII DE MUNC WORKING CONDITIONS

3.21 Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale Number of injured at work, by activity of
economiei naionale, n anul 2014 ............................ 137 national economy, in 2014
3.22 Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte Claims which caused
de interese . ............................................................... 141 conflicts of interest
3.23 Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii Strikes initiated by observing the procedure
prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 ............................ 141 provided by Law No 168 / 1999
3.24 Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar .......... 142 Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
3.25 Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale Conflicts of interest, by activity of
economiei naionale .................................................. 142 national economy
3.26 Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, Number of vacancies, by activity
pe activiti ale economiei naionale ......................... 148 of national economy
3.27 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, Rate of vacancies, by activity of
pe activiti ale economiei naionale ......................... 149 national economy
3.28 Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, Number of vacancies, by
pe grupe majore de ocupaii ..................................... 150 major occupation groups
3.29 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, Rate of vacancies,
pe grupe majore de ocupaii ..................................... 151 by major occupation groups

Teritorial Territorial

3.30 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea Population by participation in economic activity,


economic, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................ at territorial level, by sex and area
3.31 Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj, Activity, employment and unemployment rates, at
n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie, territorial level, by educational level,
pe sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ......................................... by sex and area, in 2014
3.32 Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea Population structure, by participation in economic
economic, n profil teritorial, pe grupe de vrst, activity, at territorial level, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 .............................................. sex and area, in 2014
3.33 Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, Employment structure, at territorial level,
dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, by educational level, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 .............................................. sex and area, in 2014
3.34 Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, Employment structure, at territorial level,
dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, by status in employment, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 .............................................. sex and area, in 2014
3.35 Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, Employment structure, at territorial level,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale i by activity of national economy and
pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2014 ..................................... by age group, in 2014
3.36 Populaia ocupat civil, n profil teritorial i Civil employment, at territorial level and
pe activiti ale economiei naionale, by activity of national economy,
n anul 2014 ..................................................................... in 2014
3.37 Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial ................ Average number of employees, at territorial level
3.38 Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial Average number of employees, at territorial level
i pe sexe ......................................................................... and by sex
3.39 Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial Average number of employees, at territorial level
i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, and by activity of national economy,
n anul 2014 ..................................................................... in 2014
3.40 omerii nregistrai i rata omajului, Registered unemployed and unemployment rate,
n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2014 ........................... at territorial level, on December 31, 2014

93
3.41 omerii nregistrai, n profil teritorial, Registered unemployed, at territorial level,
pe categorii de personal i nivel de educaie, by category of personnel and educational level,
la 31 decembrie 2014 ....................................................... on December 31, 2014
3.42 omajul de lung durat, n profil teritorial, Long term unemployed, at territorial level,
pe sexe i medii ................................................................ by sex and area
3.43 Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, Number of vacancies, by activity
pe activiti ale economiei naionale, of national economy, at territorial level,
n profil teritorial, n anul 2014 .......................................... in 2014
3.44 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti Rate of vacancies, by activity of national
ale economiei naionale, n profil teritorial, economy, at territorial level,
n anul 2014 ...................................................................... in 2014
3.45 Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, Number of vacancies, by major
pe grupe majore de ocupaii, n profil occupation groups, at territorial level,
teritorial, n anul 2014 ....................................................... in 2014
3.46 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups,
de ocupaii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2014 ..................... at territorial level, in 2014
3.47 Numrul accidentailor n munc, n profil teritorial, Number of injured at work, at territorial level,
n anul 2014 ..................................................................... in 2014
3.48 Conflictele de interese, n profil teritorial, Conflicts of interest,
n anul 2014 ..................................................................... at territorial level, in 2014

SURSA DATELOR DATA SOURCE

Cercetri statistice: Statistical surveys:


 Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n  Household labour force statistical survey, for data
gospodrii, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat on employment and unemployment (according to
i omajul (conform Regulamentului nr. 577/1998 al the Regulation No 577/1998 of the Council regarding
Consiliului privind organizarea unei anchete prin the organization of a labour force sample survey in
sondaj asupra forei de munc din Comunitate, cu EC, with further amendments);
modificrile ulterioare);
 Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc n  Labour cost survey carried out in economic and
unitile economico-sociale, pentru datele referitoare social units, for data regarding the number of
la numrul salariailor (conform Regulamentului employees (according to the Regulation of the
Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 European Parliament and of the Council
privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i No 530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and
costului forei de munc); labour cost structures);
 Cercetarea statistic trimestrial asupra locurilor de  Quarterly job vacancy survey, for data related to rate
munc vacante, pentru datele referitoare la rata locurilor of vacancies (according to the Regulation of the
de munc vacante (conform Regulamentului Consiliului European Parliament and of the Council
i Parlamentului European nr. 453/2008 privind No 453/2008 regarding statistics of vacancies);
statisticile referitoare la locurile de munc vacante);
 Balana forei de munc, pentru datele privind  Labour force balance, for data on civil employment
populaia ocupat civil pe activiti ale economiei by activity of national economy, by type of ownership
naionale, pe forme de proprietate i pe judee. and by county.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


 Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de  National Agency for Employment, for data on the
Munc, pentru datele privind omajul nregistrat i number of registered unemployment and the number
numrul persoanelor cuprinse n cursuri de calificare of persons who attend qualification and
i recalificare; requalification courses;
 Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i  Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and
Persoanelor Vrstnice, pentru datele privind Elderly Persons, for data on working conditions.
condiiile de munc.

94
PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

FORA DE MUNC LABOUR FORCE

Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) is
gospodrii (AMIGO) este conceput ca o surs important conceived as an important source of inter-census
de informaii intercenzitare asupra forei de munc; ancheta information about labour force; the survey provides, in a
furnizeaz, ntr-o manier coerent, date eseniale asupra coherent way, essential data about main population
principalelor segmente de populaie (activ - ocupat i n segments (economically active - employed and
omaj - inactiv), cu numeroase posibiliti de corelare i unemployed - non-economically active), with numerous
structurare dup caracteristici demo - socio - economice possibilities of correlation and structuring by demo-socio-
diverse, n condiii de comparabilitate internaional. ncepnd economical features, under international comparability
cu anul 1996, ancheta forei de munc n gospodrii se conditions. Beginning with 1996, household labour force
realizeaz trimestrial, ca o cercetare continu, permind astfel survey is quarterly carried out, as a continuous survey,
obinerea de date conjuncturale asupra mrimii i structurii resulting in short-term data on the labour force size and
ofertei de for de munc i evidenierea fenomenelor cu structure and pointing out seasonal phenomena taking
caracter sezonier care se manifest pe piaa forei de munc. place on the labour market. Since 2004, the sample
Din anul 2004, volumul eantionului pe care se realizeaz volume is of 28080 dwellings/quarter. The yearly data are
ancheta este de 28080 locuine/trimestru. Datele anuale se calculated as quartely data arithmetic means.
calculeaz ca medii aritmetice ale datelor trimestriale.
Indicatorii de for de munc, prezentai n Anuar pentru The labour force indicators presented in the Yearbook
perioada 2009-2014, respectiv populaia activ, populaia for the 2009-2014 period, respectively economically active
ocupat, omerii, populaia inactiv, ratele de activitate, population, employment, unemployed, economically
ratele de ocupare i ratele omajului etc. au fost revizuite n inactive population, activity rates, employment rates and
funcie de populaia rezident, conform conceptului de unemployment rates etc. are revised according to the usual
reedin obinuit i a pragului de cel puin 12 luni de resident population, according to the concept of usual
prezen/absen pe teritoriul Romniei, recalculat n residence and threshold of 12 months presence/absence
condiii de comparabilitate cu rezutatele finale ale at least on the Romania's territory recalculated under the
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor din anul 2011. conditions of comparability with the final results of
the Population and Housing Census of 2011.
Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc Labour cost survey is a complex yearly statistical
este o cercetare statistic anual complex care furnizeaz survey which provides the necessary elements for the
elementele necesare efecturii unor analize privind evoluia analysis on the evolution of various components of labour
diferitelor componente ale costului forei de munc i cost and correlations among them, offering, as well, the
corelaiile dintre ele, oferind, totodat, elementele necesare necessary elements for the calculation of net and gross size,
calculului mrimii brute i nete, lunare i orare, a ctigului monthly and hourly, of the earnings structured by national
salarial structurat pe activiti ale economiei naionale, forme economy activity, ownership type, legal form, employees
de proprietate, forme juridice, categorii de salariai, sexe, category, sex, development region and county. It is achieved
regiuni de dezvoltare i judee. Se realizeaz pe un eantion on a sample of about 25500 economic and social operators,
de circa 25500 de operatori economici i sociali, aparinnd from all enterprise size classes, irrespective of employees
tuturor claselor de mrime a ntreprinderii, indiferent de number. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff
numrul de salariai. Nu sunt cuprinse forele armate i (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs,
personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante Job vacancy survey is a quarterly statistical
este o cercetare statistic selectiv trimestrial, avnd ca perioad sample survey, having as reference period the quarter
de referin luna de mijloc a trimestrului, furnizeaz elementele middle month; it provides the necessary elements for
necesare calculrii ratei trimestriale a locurilor de munc vacante. the calculation of vacancies quarterly rate. It is carried
Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 22500 out on a sample of about 22500 enterprises / local
de ntreprinderi/uniti locale. Sunt excluse forele armate i units. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff
personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs,
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.). Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.)

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Balana forei de munc este o lucrare care se Labour force balance is a paper drawn up based
realizeaz pe baza informaiilor din mai multe surse de date: on the information from several data sources:
statistica demografic; cercetarea statistic privind costul demographic statistics, labour cost survey; household
forei de munc; cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc labour force survey (HLFS); administrative sources.
n gospodrii (AMIGO); surse administrative.
Populaia activ (persoanele active) - din punct de Economically active population (active persons)
vedere economic - cuprinde toate persoanele de 15 ani comprises all persons aged 15 years and over, providing
i peste, care furnizeaz fora de munc disponibil available labour force for the production of goods
pentru producia de bunuri i servicii; include populaia and services; it includes employed population and
ocupat i omerii. unemployed.
Populaia ocupat cuprinde, conform metodologiei Employment includes, according to the
Cercetrii statistice asupra forei de munc n methodology of Household labour force survey all
gospodrii, toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care au persons aged 15 years and over, who carried out an
desfurat o activitate economic productoare de economic activity producing goods or services of at least
1) 1)
bunuri sau servicii de cel puin o or n perioada de one hour during the reference period (one week) in
referin (o sptmn), n scopul obinerii unor venituri order to get income as salaries, payment in kind or other
sub form de salarii, plat n natur sau alte beneficii. benefits.
ncepnd din anul 2011, lucrtorii pe cont propriu i Since 2011, self employed and contributing family
lucrtorii familiali neremunerai care lucreaz n workers who work in agriculture are considered
agricultur sunt considerai persoane ocupate doar employed persons only if they own agricultural
dac sunt proprietarii produciei agricole (nu neaprat i production (not necessarily of land) obtained and fulfill
ai pmntului) obinute i ndeplinesc una dintre one of the main conditions:
urmtoarele condiii:
a) producia agricol este destinat, fie i mcar n a) agricultural production is meant at least partly to
parte, vnzrii sau schimbului n natur (troc); sale or change in kind;
b) producia agricol este destinat exclusiv b) agricultural production is meant exclusively to own
2)
consumului propriu dac aceasta reprezint o parte consumption if it represents a substantial part of
2)
substanial a consumului total al gospodriei. household total consumption.
Sunt excluse din populaia ocupat persoanele care: The following persons are excluded from employment:
3) 3)
desfoar activiti agricole minore , n scop de they carry out minor agricultural activities , for
recreere, hobby sau pentru a obine, suplimentar, recreation, hobby or to get, supplementary, food
produse alimentare fr ca acestea s constituie o products without being an important part of
parte important a consumului total al gospodriei; household total consumption;
desfoar activiti agricole (cu o durat de peste 10 they develop agricultural activities (over 10 hours per
ore/sptmn), producia agricol fiind destinat week), being exclusively meant for own
exclusiv consumului propriu, dar aceasta nereprezentnd consumption, but not representing a substantial part
o parte substanial a consumului total al gospodriei. of household total consumption.
n afara persoanelor care au un loc de munc i au lucrat Besides persons with a job and who worked during the
n cursul sptmnii de referin, indiferent de statutul reference week, no matter of professional status, there
profesional, se consider persoane ocupate i cele care are considered employed persons those who belong to
fac parte din urmtoarele categorii: the following categories:
persoanele care n cursul sptmnii de referin au persons who during the reference week carried out
desfurat o munc oarecare, pltit sau a certain paid or bringing income work, even if they
aductoare de venit, chiar dac erau n curs de had compulsory school training, were retired or
pregtire colar obligatorie, erau la pensie sau benefited of pension, were registered at National
beneficiau de pensie, erau nscrise la Agenia Employment Agency (NEA) receiving or not
Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc unemployment benefit;
(ANOFM), primind sau nu indemnizaie de omaj;
ucenicii i stagiarii remunerai, care lucreaz cu remunerated apprentices and trainees, who work
program de lucru complet sau parial; with full or part time;
membrii forelor armate. members of armed forces.

1)
Cel puin 15 ore pentru lucrtorii pe cont propriu i lucrtorii familiali neremunerai din agricultur - anterior anului 2011.
At least 15 hours for self employed and agriculture contributing family workers - prior to 2011.
2)
Cel puin 50% din consumul total al gospodriei. / At least 50% of household total consumption.
3)
A cror durat n sptmna de referin nu depete 10 ore. / Whose duration in the reference week does not exceed 10 hours.
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Populaia ocupat civil cuprinde, potrivit Civil employment includes, according to the
metodologiei balanei forei de munc, toate persoanele methodology used for the labour force balance, all
care, n anul de referin, au desfurat o activitate persons who, during the reference year, carried out a
economico-social aductoare de venit, cu excepia socio-economic lucrative activity, excepting military staff
cadrelor militare i a persoanelor asimilate acestora and similar (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of
(personalul din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service staff),
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii), a salariailor political and community organisations employees and
organizaiilor politice, obteti i a deinuilor. the convicts.
Resursele de munc precum i categoria The labour force resources, as well as the category
non-salariailor care fac parte din populaia ocupat civil of non-employees belonging to civil employment
au fost estimate pe baza populaiei rezidente la 1 ianuarie have been estimated based on resident population on
2015. Datele pentru resursele de munc, populaia activ January 1, 2015. The data on labour force resources,
civil i populaia ocupat civil nu sunt comparabile cu anii civil economically active population and civil employment
anteriori. are not comparable to previous years.
omerii conform definiiei internaionale a Biroului Unemployed according to the international
Internaional al Muncii (BIM), sunt persoanele de definition of International Labour Office (ILO) criteria, are
15-74 ani, care n perioada de referin ndeplinesc persons aged 15-74 years who, during the reference
simultan urmtoarele condiii: period, simultaneously meet the following conditions:
nu au loc de munc i nu desfoar o activitate n have no job and are not carrying out any activity in
scopul obinerii unor venituri; order to get income;
sunt n cutarea unui loc de munc, utiliznd n ultimele are looking for a job, undertaking certain actions
patru sptmni diferite metode active pentru a-l gsi during the last four weeks (registering at
(nscrierea la agenii de ocupare a forei de munc sau employment agencies, or private agencies for
la agenii particulare de plasare, aciuni pentru placement, attempts for starting an activity on own
nceperea unei activiti pe cont propriu, publicarea de account, publishing notices, asking for a job among
anunuri, apel la prieteni, rude, colegi, sindicate etc.); friends, relatives, mates, trade unions a.s.o.);
sunt disponibile s nceap lucrul n urmtoarele are available to start work within the next two weeks,
dou sptmni, dac s-ar gsi imediat un loc de munc. if they immediately find a job.
Rata de activitate reprezint raportul dintre populaia Activity rate represents the ratio between active
activ i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, exprimat population and total population aged 15-64 years
procentual. expressed as percentage.
Rata de ocupare reprezint raportul dintre populaia Employment rate represents the ratio between
ocupat i populaia total n vrst de employed population and total population aged
15-64 ani, exprimat procentual. 15-64 years expressed as percentage.
Rata omajului reprezint raportul dintre numrul Unemployment rate represents the ratio between
omerilor i populaia activ, exprimat procentual. the number of unemployed and active population
expressed as percentage.
Rata omajului de lung durat reprezint ponderea Long term unemployment rate represents the
omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n populaia weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in active
activ. population.
Rata omajului de lung durat pentru tineri Long term unemployment rate for young people
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young
omaj de 6 luni i peste n populaia activ tnr. unemployed for 6 months and over in young active
population.
Incidena omajului de lung durat reprezint Incidence of long term unemployment represents
ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in total
total omeri. unemployed.
Incidena omajului de lung durat pentru tineri Incidence of long term unemployment for young
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of
omaj de 6 luni i peste n total omeri tineri. young unemployed for six months and over in total young
unemployed.
Statutul profesional reprezint situaia unei persoane Status in employment represents the situation of
ocupate, n funcie de modul de obinere a veniturilor prin an employed person, depending on the way of achieving
exercitarea unei activiti i anume: income from his activity, namely:

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salariat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea pe employee, a person who carries out his activity
baza unui contract de munc ntr-o unitate based on an employment contract into an economic
economic sau social - indiferent de forma ei de or social unit - no matter of its ownership type - or for
proprietate - sau la persoane particulare, n private persons, for a remuneration as salary, in
schimbul unei remuneraii sub form de salariu, cash or in kind, as commission a.s.o.;
pltit n bani sau natur, sub form de comision etc.;
patron, persoana care-i exercit ocupaia (meseria) employer, a person who carries out his occupation
n propria sa unitate (ntreprindere, agenie, atelier, (trade) in his own unit (enterprise, agency,
magazin, birou, ferm etc.), pentru a crei activitate workshop, shop, office, farm a.s.o.) for whose activity
are angajai unul sau mai muli salariai; he has one or several employees;
lucrtor pe cont propriu, persoana care-i exercit self-employed, a person who carries out his activity
activitatea n unitatea proprie sau ntr-o afacere in his own unit or in an individual business, without
individual, fr a angaja nici un salariat, fiind ajutat, hiring any employee, being helped, or not, by
sau nu, de membrii familiei, neremunerai; contributing family workers;
lucrtor familial neremunerat, persoana care-i contributing family worker, a person who carries
exercit activitatea ntr-o unitate economic familial out his activity into a family economic unit, run by a
condus de un membru al familiei sau o rud, pentru member of the family or a relative, for which he gets
care nu primete remuneraie sub form de salariu no remuneration as salary or payment in kind;
sau plat n natur; gospodria rneasc peasant (agricultural) household is considered such
(agricol) este considerat o astfel de unitate; a unit;
membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei member of an agricultural holding or of a
cooperative neagricole, persoana care a lucrat fie non-agricultural co-operative, a person who
ca proprietar de teren agricol ntr-o societate worked either as owner of agricultural land into an
agricol constituit conform legii, fie ca membru al agricultural holding set up according to legal
unei cooperative meteugreti, de consum sau de provisions, or as a member of a craftsmen,
credit. consumption or credit co-operative.
Numrul mediu al salariailor reprezint o medie Average number of employees represents a
aritmetic simpl rezultat din suma efectivelor zilnice simple arithmetic mean resulted from the sum of daily
ale salariailor, inclusiv din zilele de repaus sptmnal, employees number, including from the weekly rest days,
srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare mprit la legal holidays and other non-working days divided to the
numrul total al zilelor calendaristice (365 zile). n total calendar days of the year (365 days). In daily
efectivul zilnic al salariailor luat n calculul numrului number of employees taken into calculation for average
mediu, nu se cuprind: salariaii aflai n concedii fr number, there are not included: employees under
plat, n grev, detaai la lucru n strintate. n zilele de unpaid leave, on strike, detached to work abroad. In
repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile weekends, legal holidays, other days off it is taken into
nelucrtoare se ia n calcul ca efectiv zilnic numrul calculation as daily number the number of employees
salariailor din ziua precedent, mai puin cei al cror from previous day, less that of those whose labour
contract/raport a ncetat n aceast zi. Salariaii care nu contract ceased the same day. Employees who were not
au fost angajai cu norm ntreag s-au inclus n numrul employed in full time are included in average number of
mediu proporional cu timpul de lucru prevzut n employees, proportionally with the working time from the
contractul de munc. n efectivul de salariai luat n labour contract. Only persons paid are included in the
calculul numrului mediu se includ numai persoanele number of employees taken into the calculation of
care au fost pltite. average number.
ncepnd cu anul 2003 din efectivele zilnice luate n Beginning with 2003 out of the daily total number
calculul numrului mediu au fost exclui salariaii al taken into account when computing the average number
cror contract de munc/raport de serviciu a fost excluded the employees whose labour
suspendat, conform Legii nr.53/2003 (republicat) contract/agreement was suspended according to the
Codul muncii, art. 49-54, privind Suspendarea Law No 53/2003 (republished) - Labour Code,
contractului individual de munc i Legii nr.161/2003 art. 49-54, regarding the Suspension of the individual
(cu completrile i modificrile ulterioare) referitor la labour contract and the Law No 161/2003 (with
suspendarea raportului de serviciu (exemple: concediu subsequent amendments) regarding suspension of the
de maternitate, concediu pentru incapacitate temporar work agreement (examples: maternity leave, temporarily
de munc, exercitarea unei funcii n cadrul unei labour disability leave, exercising a function within an
autoriti executive, legislative ori judectoreti pe toat executive, legislative or judiciary authority during
durata mandatului .a.m.d.). duration of the mandate a.s.o.).

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Numrul salariailor la 31 decembrie (efectivul Number of employees on December 31 (number
salariailor) reprezint numrul de salariai angajai cu of employees) represents the number of employees
contract individual de munc pe durat determinat sau employed with individual labour contract with definite or
nedeterminat, n program complet sau parial (inclusiv cei non-definite duration, with full or part-time (including
cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat) those with suspended labour contract/agreement)
existeni n evidenele ntreprinderii la sfritul anului. Nu existent in the enterprise records at the end of the year.
sunt cuprini salariaii detaai la lucru n strintate i cei The employees detached abroad and those who hold
care cumuleaz mai multe funcii i nu au funcia de baz more than one position and are not having the main
la unitatea raportoare. position at the reporting unit are not included.
Repartizarea salariailor pe activiti ale economiei The breakdown of employees by activity of the
naionale s-a realizat dup activitatea omogen a national economy was carried out according to
ntreprinderii, iar pe judee n funcie de localitatea n care homogeneous activity of the enterprise and by county
acetia i desfoar activitatea. according to the locality where they work.
omerii nregistrai reprezint persoanele care Registered unemployed represent persons who
ndeplinesc cumulativ condiiile prevzute de fulfill the cumulative conditions stipulated by the
Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj Law No 76/2002 regarding the system of unemployment
i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc i care se nregistreaz insurance and employment incentives and who register
la agenia pentru ocuparea forei de munc n a crei raz to the employment agency in the territorial zone they
teritorial i au domiciliul sau, dup caz, reedina, ori alt have domicile or, by case, residence, or to another
furnizor de servicii de ocupare, care funcioneaz n condiiile provider of employment services, functioning according
prevzute de lege, n vederea obinerii unui loc de munc. to the law, in order to get a job.
Conform legislaiei n vigoare, calitatea de omer o According to the legislation in force, unemployed
are persoana care ndeplinete cumulativ urmtoarele position is held by person who fulfills the following
condiii: cumulative conditions:
a) este n cutarea unui loc de munc de la vrsta de a) he/she is looking for a job from 16 years old at
minimum 16 ani i pn la ndeplinirea condiiilor de pensionare; least to pension age;
b) starea de sntate i capacitile fizice i psihice o b) his/her health, his/her physical and psychical
fac apt pentru prestarea unei munci; capacities make him able to work;
c) nu are loc de munc, nu realizeaz venituri sau c) he/she has no job, he/she gets no income or, from
realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii, venituri mai legal activities, he/she gets an income lower than the
mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin al value of reference social indicator of unemployment
asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de insurance and stimulation of employment in force;
munc, n vigoare;
Indicatorul social de referin al asigurrilor pentru Social reference indicator of insurance
omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de munc, denumit n unemployment and stimulation of employment, further
continuare indicator social de referin, reprezint unitatea called social reference indicator represents the unit
exprimat n lei la nivelul creia se raporteaz prestaiile expressed in lei at the level of which there are reported
bneti, suportate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj, money provisions, supported from unemployment
acordate att n vederea asigurrii proteciei persoanelor n insurance budget, granted both to ensure persons
cadrul sistemului asigurrilor pentru omaj, ct i n vederea protection within unemployment insurance system and to
stimulrii anumitor categorii de persoane pentru a se ncadra stimulate certain categories of persons to get a job, as
n munc, precum i a angajatorilor pentru a ncadra n well as employers in view to employ persons looking for
munc persoane n cutarea unui loc de munc. ncepnd a job. Beginning with 2011, the social indicator value is
cu anul 2011 valoarea indicatorului social este de 500 lei; lei 500;
d) este disponibil s nceap lucrul n perioada d) he/she is available to start work in the next period
imediat urmtoare dac s-ar gsi un loc de munc. if he/she finds a job.
Asimilai omerilor sunt persoanele n cutarea unui Unemployed assimilated are persons looking for a
loc de munc i care nu au putut ocupa loc de munc dup job who could not occupy a job after graduation of
absolvirea unei instituii de nvmnt i care ndeplinesc education institution fulfilling the following conditions:
urmtoarele condiii:
sunt absolveni ai instituiilor de nvmnt, n vrst graduates of an education institution, aged minimum
de minimum 16 ani, care ntr-o perioad de 60 de zile 16 years, who during 60 days period since
de la absolvire nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc graduation did not succeed to be employed
potrivit pregtirii profesionale; according to vocational training;

99
sunt absolveni ai colilor speciale pentru graduates of special schools for disabled persons
persoanele cu handicap n vrst de minim 16 ani aged minimum 16 years, who did not succeed to be
care nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc potrivit employed according to their vocational training.
pregtirii profesionale.
Rata omajului nregistrat reprezint raportul Registered unemployment rate represents the ratio
dintre numrul omerilor (nregistrai la ageniile pentru between the number of unemployed (registered at the
ocuparea forei de munc) i populaia activ civil agencies for employment) and civil economically active
(omeri + populaie ocupat civil, definit conform population (unemployed + civil employment, defined
metodologiei balanei forei de munc). according to the methodology of labour force balance).

Locuri de munc vacante Job vacancies

Rata locurilor de munc vacante reprezint Vacancies rate represents the ratio between the
raportul dintre numrul locurilor de munc vacante i numbers of vacancies and total number of jobs
numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante, (occupied and vacant, excluding the blocked ones or
exclusiv cele blocate sau destinate numai promovrii meant for promotion inside the enterprise or
n interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei), exprimat institution), expressed as percentage.
procentual.
Datele medii anuale privind numrul locurilor de Yearly average data on the number of vacancies and
munc vacante i numrul total de locuri de munc se total number of jobs are calculated as simple arithmetic
calculeaz ca medii aritmetice simple ale datelor means of quarterly data corresponding to each of the
trimestriale corespunztoare fiecruia dintre cei doi two indicators.
indicatori.
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante include Number of vacancies includes the number of paid,
numrul posturilor pltite, nou create, neocupate, sau newly created jobs, unoccupied or becoming vacancies,
care vor deveni vacante, pentru care: for which:
angajatorul ntreprinde aciuni concrete spre a gsi employer takes concrete actions to find an adequate
un candidat potrivit pentru ocuparea postului candidate for that job (examples of concrete actions
respectiv (exemple de aciuni concrete ntreprise de taken by employer: announce of vacancy existence
angajator: anunarea existenei locului vacant prin through employment services, advertising in the
serviciile de ocupare a forei de munc, publicitate newspapers, mass media, internet, direct contact
prin ziare, media, Internet, contactare direct a with possible candidates a.s.o.);
posibililor candidai etc.);
angajatorul dorete ocuparea imediat sau ntr-o employer whishes to occupy at once or in specific
perioad specific de timp, stabilit de angajator. period of time, set by employer. Specific time period
Perioada specific de timp se refer la perioada refers to the needed maximum period of vacant job
maxim necesar ocuprii locului de munc vacant. occupation.
Sunt considerate locuri de munc vacante posturile There are considered vacancies those jobs for
destinate persoanelor din afara ntreprinderii (dar pe persons outside the enterprise (for which can also
care pot concura i persoane din interiorul compete those from inside the enterprise) no matter if
ntreprinderii), indiferent dac sunt posturi pe durat they are jobs for definite or indefinite period, full time or
determinat sau nedeterminat, n program de lucru part time.
normal sau parial.
Nu se consider vacante, posturile neocupate: There are not considered vacancies the
unoccupied jobs:
destinate exclusiv promovrii persoanelor din exclusively meant to promote persons from inside
interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei; the enterprise;
din unitile administraiei publice, blocate printr-un from units of public, local administration blocked by
act normativ. normative documents.
Posturile ocupate de persoanele care absenteaz o Jobs occupied by persons who are absent a certain
anumit perioad de timp (concedii de maternitate, pentru period of time (maternity leaves, child care, sick leaves,
ngrijirea copilului, concedii medicale, concedii fr plat, unpaid ones, others) are considered vacancies if the
alte absene), se consider vacante, dac angajatorul employer wishes substitution during definite or
dorete substituirea pe perioad determinat (temporar) temporary period and if he looks for candidates.
i dac ntreprinde aciuni de gsire a candidailor.

100
Numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i Total number of jobs (occupied and vacancies)
vacante) include efectivul salariailor la sfritul lunii includes the number of employees at the end of the
(exclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu month (except those with suspended labour contract /
suspendat) i numrul locurilor de munc vacante. agreement) and number of vacant jobs.

CONDIII DE MUNC WORKING CONDITIONS

Accident de munc reprezint vtmarea violent Accident at work represents the violent body injury
a organismului, precum i intoxicaia acut profesional, as well as the acute professional intoxication, taking
care s-au produs n timpul procesului de munc sau n place during labour process or when accomplishing
ndeplinirea ndatoririlor de serviciu, i care provoac duties at work, and which causes the temporary
incapacitatea temporar de munc de cel puin trei zile incapacity of work for at least three calendar days,
calendaristice, invaliditate sau deces. invalidity or death.
n raport cu urmrile produse i cu numrul persoanelor According to consequences and to the number of
accidentate, accidentul de munc se clasific n: persons injured, accidents at work are classified as follows:
accident care produce incapacitate temporar de accident causing temporary incapacity of work for at
munc de cel puin 3 zile calendaristice; least 3 calendar days;
accident care produce invaliditate; accident causing invalidity;
accident mortal; fatal accident at work;
accident colectiv, respectiv cel n care sunt collective accident, when at least 3 persons are
accidentate n acelai timp i din aceeai cauz cel injured at the same time and due to the same
puin trei persoane. cause.
Rata accidentelor de munc reprezint frecvena Rate of accidents at work represents accidents
de accidentare sau numrul accidentailor ce revin la frequency or number of injured persons per
1000 salariai. 1000 employees.
Conflictele de interese se refer la ntreruperile Conflicts of interest refer to work temporary
temporare ale lucrului declanate, n general, n scopuri interruptions, generally for claiming purposes or in view
revendicative sau pentru normalizarea raporturilor de to normalize the labour relationships between the unit,
munc dintre unitate, pe de o parte, i salariaii acesteia, on the one side, and its employees, on the other side
pe de alt parte conform Legii nr.168/1999 privind according to the Law No 168/1999.
soluionarea conflictelor de munc.
Greva constituie o ncetare colectiv i voluntar a Strike represents a collective and voluntary ceasing
lucrului ntr-o unitate, conform Legii nr. 168/1999. of work within a unit, according to the Law No 168/1999.

Conform CAEN Rev.2 According to CANE Rev.2


Agricultura include activitile de: agricultur, Agriculture includes: agriculture, forestry, and
silvicultur i pescuit. fishing.
Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, Industry includes: mining and quarrying,
industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air
energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer conditioning production and supply, water supply,
condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea sewerage, waste management and decontamination
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. activities.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, Trade services include: trade, transport and
transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii storage, hotels and restaurants, information and
i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri, communication, financial intermediation and insurance,
tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i real estate activities, professional, scientific and
tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de technical activities, administrative and support service
servicii suport. activities.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie Social services include: public administration and
public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, defence, compulsory social security, education, human
nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de health and social work activities, arts, entertainment and
spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti recreation, other activities of national economy.
ale economiei naionale.

101
Populaia ocupat civil, pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2014
3.G1 Civil employment, by main activities of national economy, in 2014
CAEN Rev. 2 / CANE Rev. 2

27,3%
44,1%

21,1%
7,5%
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Construcii
Agriculture, forestry and fishing Construction
Industrie1) Servicii
Industry 1) Services
1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.
Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and
decontamination activities.

1)
Structura populaiei ocupate , dup statutul profesional, pe sexe i medii,
n anul 2014
3.G2 1)
Employment structure, by status in employment, by sex and area, in 2014
%
100 0,7
11,6 6,3 5,7
90 18,3 1,6
24,5
80 19,4 24,5
12,8
70 1,1 1,5 0,7
60
35,6
50
40 0,5
30
67,9 67,7 68,2 92,0 39,4
20
10
0
Total Masculin Feminin Urban Rural
Male Female
Lucrtor pe cont propriu i membru al unei societi agricole
Salariat sau al unei cooperative
Employee Self employed and member of an agricultural holding or
of a co-operative
Patron Lucrtor familial neremunerat
Employer Contributing family worker

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

102
1)
Structura populaiei ocupate n activiti neagricole, pe sexe, n anul 2014
3.G3 1)
Employment structure in non-agricultural activities, by sex, in 2014

CAEN Rev.2 / CANE Rev.2

Total

21,0%
30,0%

10,4%
38,6%

Masculin / Male Feminin / Female

14,0% 27,3%
32,0% 30,3%

1,9%

37,2%
16,8% 40,5%

Industrie Servicii comerciale


Industry Trade services
Construcii Servicii sociale
Construction Social services

Not: Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri
financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii
suport.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i
asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale.
Note: Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply,
sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities.
Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and
insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, administrative and support service activities.
Social services include: public administration and defence, compulsory social security, education, human health and social work activities,
arts, entertainment and recreation, other activities of national economy.
1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

103
Evoluia numrului mediu al salariailor
3.G4 Evolution of average number of employees

mii persoane / thou persons


5500
5000 4774
4376 4349 4443 4444 4508
4500
4000
3500 3126
3085 3017 3051
3000 2793 2880
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Numrul mediu al salariailor - total


Average number of employees - total

Numrul mediu al salariailor din sectorul integral privat1)


Average number of employees from integral private sector1)

1) Include: proprietate integral privat, proprietate integral strin.


Including: private integral ownership, foreign integral ownership.

Numrul omerilor nregistrai i rata omajului nregistrat


3.G5 Number of registered unemployed and unemployment rate

mii persoane / thou persons


%

800 7,8 8
7,0
7,1
600 5,7 6
5,2 5,4 5,4
709 6,3
627 4,9 5,1
4,9 4,8
400 512 4
494
478
461
200 2
302 264 204 211 216 200

0 0
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - total Rata omajului - total


Number of registered unemployed - total Unemployment rate - total

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - femei Rata omajului - femei


Number of registered unemployed - women Unemployment rate - women

104
1)
Rata omajului 2), pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2014
3.G6 Unemployment 2) rate1), by age group, sex and area, in 2014

%
25 24,7

23,6
20

15

10 8,7
5,7 5,3
5 6,9 3,4
4,6 5,2
1,6
0 ani / years
15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55 ani i peste
years and over

Masculin Feminin
Male Female

%
35 32,6
30
25
20
15 18,3
8,9
10
5,9 6,0 5,0
5
6,4 4,4 4,1 1,1
0 ani / years
15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55 ani i peste
years and over

Urban Rural

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM= Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO= International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

105
Populaia1) dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii
3.1 Population1) by participation in economic activity, by sex and area

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

mii persoane / thou persons


Populaia activ Economically active population
Total 9576 9365 9188 9232 9202 9243 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 5428 5280 5132 5181 5191 5228 Male
Feminin 4148 4085 4056 4051 4011 4015 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 5102 5048 5057 5037 5022 5078 Urban
Rural 4474 4317 4131 4195 4180 4165 Rural
Populaia ocupat Employment
Total 8952 8713 8528 8605 8549 8614 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 5030 4881 4734 4800 4791 4844 Male
Feminin 3922 3832 3794 3805 3758 3770 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 4716 4605 4623 4618 4587 4669 Urban
Rural 4236 4108 3905 3987 3962 3945 Rural
omeri 2) Unemployed 2)
Total 624 652 660 627 653 629 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 398 399 398 381 400 384 Male
Feminin 226 253 262 246 253 245 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 386 443 434 419 435 409 Urban
Rural 238 209 226 208 218 220 Rural

procente / percentage
Rata de activitate 3) Activity rate 3)
Total 65,9 64,9 64,1 64,8 64,9 65,7 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 75,1 73,7 72,1 73,2 73,4 74,3 Male
Feminin 56,7 56,2 56,1 56,4 56,3 56,9 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 63,8 63,5 63,9 64,1 64,5 65,8 Urban
Rural 68,9 66,8 64,4 65,8 65,5 65,5 Rural
Rata de ocupare 3) Employment rate 3)
Total 61,4 60,2 59,3 60,2 60,1 61,0 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 69,4 67,9 66,3 67,6 67,6 68,7 Male
Feminin 53,4 52,5 52,3 52,8 52,6 53,3 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 58,9 57,9 58,4 58,7 58,9 60,5 Urban
Rural 64,8 63,3 60,5 62,2 61,8 61,7 Rural
Rata omajului 2) Unemployment rate 2)
Total 6,5 7,0 7,2 6,8 7,1 6,8 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 7,3 7,6 7,7 7,4 7,7 7,3 Male
Feminin 5,4 6,2 6,5 6,1 6,3 6,1 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 7,6 8,8 8,6 8,3 8,7 8,1 Urban
Rural 5,3 4,8 5,5 5,0 5,2 5,3 Rural

1) Seria de date pentru perioada 2009-2014 a fost calculat n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite,
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The series of data for the 2009-2014 period have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence
criteria, under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
3) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

106
Ratele1) de activitate, ocupare i omaj 2), dup nivelul de educaie,
pe sexe i medii
Activity, employment and unemployment 2) rates1), by educational level,
3.2 sex and area
procente / percentage
2013 2014
Nivelul de educaie Nivelul de educaie
Educational level Educational level
Total Superior Mediu Sczut Total Superior Mediu Sczut
Tertiary Medium Low Tertiary Medium Low

Rata de activitate 3) Activity rate 3)

Total 64,9 87,4 69,1 45,8 65,7 87,6 70,0 48,1 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 73,4 89,6 77,7 55,5 74,3 90,0 78,6 58,5 Male
Feminin 56,3 85,3 59,4 37,8 56,9 85,4 60,4 38,9 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 64,5 87,4 66,1 28,3 65,8 87,9 67,6 33,8 Urban
Rural 65,5 87,1 74,0 54,3 65,5 85,9 74,0 55,3 Rural

Rata de ocupare 3) Employment rate 3)

Total 60,1 82,6 63,7 42,2 61,0 82,5 65,0 44,4 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 67,6 85,0 71,4 50,0 68,7 84,8 72,8 52,9 Male
Feminin 52,6 80,5 54,9 35,8 53,3 80,3 56,1 36,9 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 58,9 82,8 60,2 22,8 60,5 82,9 62,2 28,4 Urban
Rural 61,8 81,6 69,5 51,6 61,7 79,8 69,5 52,4 Rural

Rata omajului 2) Unemployment rate 2)

Total 7,1 5,4 7,8 6,7 6,8 5,8 7,2 6,7 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 7,7 5,2 7,9 8,9 7,3 5,8 7,2 8,6 Male
Feminin 6,3 5,7 7,5 4,3 6,1 5,9 7,1 4,3 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 8,7 5,3 9,0 18,9 8,1 5,7 8,0 15,7 Urban
Rural 5,2 6,2 6,0 4,1 5,3 6,9 6,0 4,3 Rural

1) Seria de date pentru anii 2013 i 2014 a fost calculat n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite,
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The series of data for the years 2013 and 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence
criteria, under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
3) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

107
Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe activiti ale economiei naionale
i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2014

3.3
1)
Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by
age group, in 2014

Total din care, n vrst de munc (%): din care, n vrst de munc (%):
populaie of which, at working age (%): 65 ani i Din total, of which, at working age (%): 65 ani i
ocupat grupe de vrst (ani) peste (%) femei: grupe de vrst (ani) peste (%)
Activitatea (mii persoane) Total age groups (years) 65 years (%) Total age groups (years) 65 years Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Total 15-64 ani and over Of total, 15-64 ani and over (CANE Rev.2 sections)
employment years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%) women: years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)
(thou persons) (%)

Total 8614 95,8 5,9 24,2 29,1 22,8 13,8 4,2 43,8 41,6 2,3 10,6 12,8 10,1 5,8 2,2 Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2442 85,8 8,6 15,5 22,0 18,8 20,9 14,2 45,2 37,6 3,2 6,5 9,4 7,9 10,6 7,6 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie extractiv 75 99,6 0,3 15,4 41,9 31,5 10,5 0,4 10,9 10,8 - 0,7 3,6 5,1 1,4 0,1 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1595 99,9 5,3 24,8 29,7 27,7 12,4 0,1 42,5 42,5 2,1 11,0 13,6 12,2 3,6 - Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam
energie electric i termic, and air conditioning
gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 92 99,8 0,5 14,6 32,2 35,1 17,4 0,2 19,2 19,0 0,1 2,7 5,1 9,3 1,8 0,2 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management and
activiti de decontaminare 90 99,6 3,9 16,2 32,2 28,6 18,7 0,4 26,6 26,6 0,1 5,7 10,6 5,4 4,8 - decontamination activities
Construcii 640 99,9 5,8 28,0 32,4 21,9 11,8 0,1 7,9 7,8 0,2 2,2 2,6 2,0 0,8 0,1 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea Wholesale and retail; repair of
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1112 99,9 6,2 33,6 31,5 21,3 7,3 0,1 54,3 54,3 3,2 17,8 17,9 12,0 3,4 - motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 433 99,8 3,1 22,4 34,1 28,4 11,8 0,2 17,1 17,1 0,3 4,3 5,9 5,2 1,4 - Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 181 100,0 13,2 33,9 25,1 21,3 6,5 - 63,1 63,1 8,1 18,7 16,3 15,9 4,1 - Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 148 98,5 5,7 48,5 26,2 12,9 5,2 1,5 36,5 35,6 2,0 19,0 8,8 3,7 2,1 0,9 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 112 99,9 4,0 39,7 31,4 18,3 6,5 0,1 66,3 66,3 1,9 26,8 20,8 13,0 3,8 - Financial intermediation and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 21 99,5 6,2 25,0 30,6 29,9 7,8 0,5 36,1 36,1 3,5 5,7 12,6 9,5 4,8 - Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, Professional, scientific and
tiinifice i tehnice 193 99,5 3,8 36,2 30,6 18,8 10,1 0,5 53,9 53,8 2,1 21,3 15,5 10,4 4,5 0,1 technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i Administrative and support
activiti de servicii suport 184 99,6 5,5 26,4 29,2 26,7 11,8 0,4 25,1 24,8 0,6 6,8 7,0 8,3 2,1 0,3 service activities
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri Public administration and defence;
sociale din sistemul public 391 99,8 1,9 24,7 39,7 23,8 9,7 0,2 36,1 36,0 0,5 7,4 13,7 10,0 4,4 0,1 compulsory social security
nvmnt 311 99,6 1,7 22,4 32,5 25,2 17,8 0,4 75,2 75,0 1,6 18,2 25,5 18,8 10,9 0,2 Education
Sntate i asisten social 368 99,7 0,9 22,8 38,2 25,1 12,7 0,3 80,6 80,5 0,6 17,9 31,4 20,7 9,9 0,1 Human health and social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 55 99,7 10,2 35,4 22,2 19,7 12,2 0,3 52,2 52,2 7,6 16,6 12,6 11,1 4,3 - Arts, entertainment and recreation
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale 171 99,7 7,0 28,4 31,7 22,4 10,2 0,3 62,7 62,5 4,9 18,2 18,6 15,6 5,2 0,2 Other activities of national economy

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

108 109
Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe activiti ale economiei naionale
i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2014

3.4 Employment 1) structure, by activity of national economy


and by status in employment, in 2014

Total din care, dup statutul profesional (%): din care, dup statutul profesional (%):
populaie of which, by status in employment (%): Din total, of which, by status in employment (%):
ocupat Lucrtor Lucrtor femei: Lucrtor Lucrtor
Activitatea (mii persoane) pe cont familial (%) pe cont familial Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Total Salariat Patron propriu neremunerat Of total, Salariat Patron propriu neremunerat (CANE Rev.2 sections)
employment Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing women: Employee Employer Self-employed Contributing
(thou persons) family worker (%) family worker

Total 8614 67,9 1,1 19,4 11,6 43,8 29,8 0,4 5,6 8,0 Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2442 7,3 0,2 52,5 40,0 45,2 1,3 - 16,1 27,8 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie extractiv 75 98,5 - 1,3 0,2 10,9 10,6 - 0,2 0,1 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1595 97,7 0,6 1,6 0,1 42,5 42,1 0,1 0,2 0,1 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 92 99,9 0,1 - - 19,2 19,2 - - - production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea Water supply; sewerage, waste management
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 90 95,2 - 4,8 - 26,6 26,4 - 0,2 - and decontamination activities
Construcii 640 72,9 1,8 25,0 0,3 7,9 7,5 0,1 0,3 - Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1112 89,7 3,9 5,7 0,7 54,3 51,0 1,4 1,5 0,4 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 433 91,9 1,8 6,3 - 17,1 16,6 0,4 0,1 - Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 181 94,7 3,2 1,8 0,3 63,1 61,5 0,8 0,6 0,2 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 148 91,6 0,8 4,6 3,0 36,5 32,5 0,3 1,7 2,0 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 112 97,7 0,6 1,7 - 66,3 65,2 0,3 0,8 - Financial intermediation and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 21 87,0 2,8 9,2 1,0 36,1 33,4 - 1,7 1,0 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 193 84,9 3,9 11,1 0,1 53,9 46,7 0,9 6,2 0,1 Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti Administrative and support
de servicii suport 184 98,2 0,9 0,9 - 25,1 24,7 0,1 0,3 - service activities
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri Public administration and defence;
sociale din sistemul public 391 100,0 - - - 36,1 36,1 - - - compulsory social security
nvmnt 311 99,6 0,1 0,3 - 75,2 75,2 - - - Education
Sntate i asisten social 368 97,4 0,5 2,1 - 80,6 78,5 0,3 1,8 - Human health and social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 55 89,0 0,9 10,1 - 52,2 49,2 - 3,0 - Arts, entertainment and recreation
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale 171 66,7 1,6 31,2 0,5 62,7 38,9 0,5 22,9 0,4 Other activities of national economy

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de
comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

110 111
Structura populaiei1), dup participarea la activitatea economic,
pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2014
Population1) structure, by participation in economic activity,
3.5 by age group, sex and area, in 2014
procente / percentage

Total Persoane active Persoane


Grupe de vrst populaie Economically active persons inactive Age groups
Total Total Ocupate omeri 2) Non-economically
population Employed Unemployed 2) active persons

Total
Total 100,0 46,4 43,2 3,2 53,6 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 65,7 61,0 4,7 34,3 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 29,6 22,5 7,1 70,4 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 81,6 75,1 6,5 18,4 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 84,5 80,1 4,4 15,5 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 79,8 75,6 4,2 20,2 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 44,6 43,1 1,5 55,4 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 10,8 10,8 - 89,2 65 years and over
Masculin / Male
Total 100,0 53,7 49,8 3,9 46,3 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 74,3 68,7 5,6 25,7 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 34,8 26,6 8,2 65,2 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 89,8 82,0 7,8 10,2 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 93,0 87,7 5,3 7,0 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 88,3 83,6 4,7 11,7 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 55,4 53,1 2,3 44,6 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 12,5 12,5 - 87,5 65 years and over
Feminin / Female
Total 100,0 39,4 37,0 2,4 60,6 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 56,9 53,3 3,6 43,1 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 24,0 18,1 5,9 76,0 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 72,8 67,8 5,0 27,2 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 75,6 72,1 3,5 24,4 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 71,2 67,5 3,7 28,8 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 35,0 34,2 0,8 65,0 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 9,7 9,7 - 90,3 65 years and over
Urban
Total 100,0 47,3 43,5 3,8 52,7 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 65,8 60,5 5,3 34,2 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 23,0 15,5 7,5 77,0 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 86,1 78,5 7,6 13,9 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 88,1 82,9 5,2 11,9 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 82,1 77,2 4,9 17,9 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 36,7 34,8 1,9 63,3 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 1,0 1,0 - 99,0 65 years and over
Rural
Total 100,0 45,3 42,9 2,4 54,7 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 65,5 61,7 3,8 34,5 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 36,5 29,8 6,7 63,5 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 74,9 70,1 4,8 25,1 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 80,1 76,6 3,5 19,9 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 76,6 73,5 3,1 23,4 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 55,7 54,8 0,9 44,3 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 19,2 19,2 - 80,8 65 years and over
1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de
comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

112
Structura populaiei ocupate1), dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014
Employment1) structure, by educational level, by age group,
3.6 sex and area, in 2014

Total populaie din care, n vrst de munc (%): 65 ani


ocupat of which, at working age (%): i peste
(mii persoane) grupe de vrst (ani) (%)
Nivel de educaie Total Total age groups (years) 65 years Educational level
employment 15-64 ani and over
(thou persons) years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)

Total
Total 8614 95,8 5,9 24,2 29,1 22,8 13,8 4,2 Total
Superior 1589 99,5 2,8 37,9 31,8 18,0 9,0 0,5 Tertiary
Mediu 4849 99,0 6,0 22,2 31,5 26,9 12,4 1,0 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 309 98,3 2,3 19,7 37,4 21,4 17,5 1,7 or technical foremen education
Liceal 3040 99,5 7,5 24,0 32,3 26,9 8,8 0,5 High school
Profesional 1500 98,0 3,7 19,0 28,8 27,9 18,6 2,0 Vocational
Sczut 2176 86,2 8,0 18,6 21,8 17,3 20,5 13,8 Low
Gimnazial 1871 90,3 8,3 19,4 23,5 18,3 20,8 9,7 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 305 61,1 6,4 13,2 11,8 11,0 18,7 38,9 no education
Masculin / Male
Total 4844 96,6 6,4 24,2 29,0 22,7 14,3 3,4 Total
Superior 788 99,3 2,7 36,3 30,9 18,3 11,1 0,7 Tertiary
Mediu 2881 98,7 6,1 22,2 30,6 26,0 13,8 1,3 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 139 97,2 1,7 13,7 30,0 26,6 25,2 2,8 or technical foremen education
Liceal 1664 99,5 8,1 25,2 32,1 25,2 8,9 0,5 High school
Profesional 1078 97,7 3,8 18,6 28,5 27,0 19,8 2,3 Vocational
Sczut 1175 89,4 9,5 21,0 23,8 17,6 17,5 10,6 Low
Gimnazial 1029 91,8 9,6 21,0 25,2 18,4 17,6 8,2 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 146 72,8 9,4 21,1 14,1 12,1 16,1 27,2 no education
Feminin / Female
Total 3770 94,9 5,3 24,1 29,2 23,0 13,3 5,1 Total
Superior 801 99,7 2,9 39,4 32,7 17,7 7,0 0,3 Tertiary
Mediu 1968 99,3 5,7 22,2 32,8 28,2 10,4 0,7 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 170 99,3 2,8 24,6 43,5 17,2 11,2 0,7 or technical foremen education
Liceal 1376 99,5 6,7 22,6 32,5 29,0 8,7 0,5 High school
Profesional 422 98,6 3,4 20,2 29,5 30,1 15,4 1,4 Vocational
Sczut 1001 82,4 6,3 15,7 19,5 16,9 24,0 17,6 Low
Gimnazial 842 88,5 6,8 17,5 21,4 18,2 24,6 11,5 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 159 50,4 3,5 6,1 9,7 10,1 21,0 49,6 no education
Urban
Total 4669 99,7 3,9 27,9 30,9 25,0 12,0 0,3 Total
Superior 1407 99,7 2,3 37,7 32,1 18,6 9,0 0,3 Tertiary
Mediu 2855 99,8 4,2 23,3 30,9 28,4 13,0 0,2 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 247 99,6 1,9 20,0 38,9 22,2 16,6 0,4 or technical foremen education
Liceal 1907 99,9 5,3 25,3 31,4 28,3 9,6 0,1 High school
Profesional 701 99,7 2,0 19,0 26,6 31,2 20,9 0,3 Vocational
Sczut 407 98,5 6,8 25,8 26,5 23,2 16,2 1,5 Low
Gimnazial 365 99,0 6,5 25,6 26,6 23,5 16,8 1,0 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 42 94,1 8,9 27,9 25,6 20,0 11,7 5,9 no education
Rural
Total 3945 91,3 8,3 19,8 27,1 20,2 15,9 8,7 Total
Superior 182 98,0 6,6 38,7 29,5 13,4 9,8 2,0 Tertiary
Mediu 1994 97,7 8,5 20,6 32,4 24,6 11,6 2,3 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 62 93,3 3,7 18,4 31,7 18,5 21,0 6,7 or technical foremen education
Liceal 1133 98,9 11,0 21,9 33,7 24,7 7,6 1,1 High school
Profesional 799 96,5 5,2 19,0 30,7 25,0 16,6 3,5 Vocational
Sczut 1769 83,3 8,3 16,9 20,8 15,9 21,4 16,7 Low
Gimnazial 1506 88,2 8,7 18,0 22,7 17,1 21,7 11,8 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 263 55,8 5,9 10,9 9,6 9,6 19,8 44,2 no education
1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de
comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

113
Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014

3.7 Employment1) structure, by occupation group, age group,


sex and area, in 2014

Total populaie din care, n vrst de munc (%):


ocupat of which, at working age (%): 65 ani
(mii persoane) grupe de vrst (ani) i peste (%)
Grupe de ocupaii Total Total age groups (years) 65 years Occupation groups
employment 15-64 ani and over (%)
(thou persons) years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64

Total Total
Total 8614 95,8 5,9 24,2 29,1 22,8 13,8 4,2 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 175 99,1 1,0 23,2 34,2 26,5 14,2 0,9 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 1164 99,7 1,9 32,5 33,9 20,3 11,1 0,3 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 509 99,8 4,2 30,7 32,3 21,8 10,8 0,2 Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 365 99,9 4,6 30,1 28,6 26,4 10,2 0,1 Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 1167 99,9 6,8 29,4 31,6 23,6 8,5 0,1 Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2010 85,0 8,8 15,3 21,3 18,4 21,2 15,0 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 1364 99,9 4,4 22,5 30,1 28,9 14,0 0,1 Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 1860 97,4 7,0 23,6 31,0 23,5 12,3 2,6 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 878 94,6 10,0 21,7 26,1 21,7 15,1 5,4 Elementary occupations
Masculin Male

Total 4844 96,6 6,4 24,2 29,0 22,7 14,3 3,4 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 120 98,8 1,0 22,1 32,9 27,6 15,2 1,2 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 502 99,5 1,9 31,4 31,5 20,9 13,8 0,5 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 239 99,8 5,2 31,1 29,9 20,8 12,8 0,2 Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 132 99,8 5,4 30,2 29,2 23,9 11,2 0,2 Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 462 99,9 7,0 32,0 30,4 21,0 9,5 0,1 Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 1063 87,2 10,2 16,1 22,3 19,4 19,2 12,8 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 1068 99,9 4,7 22,1 29,4 28,4 15,3 0,1 Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 1258 98,1 7,1 25,3 32,4 21,7 11,6 1,9 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 498 95,4 12,1 25,7 25,9 18,3 13,4 4,6 Elementary occupations
Feminin Female

Total 3770 94,9 5,3 24,1 29,2 23,0 13,3 5,1 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 55 99,8 0,8 25,6 37,2 24,2 12,0 0,2 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 662 99,8 1,9 33,4 35,7 19,8 9,0 0,2 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 270 99,9 3,4 30,3 34,5 22,7 9,0 0,1 Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 233 100,0 4,1 30,0 28,3 27,9 9,7 - Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 705 99,9 6,7 27,6 32,4 25,3 7,9 0,1 Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 947 82,7 7,2 14,5 20,3 17,3 23,4 17,3 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 296 99,8 3,3 23,6 32,6 31,1 9,2 0,2 Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 602 95,9 6,7 20,1 28,3 27,0 13,8 4,1 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 380 93,5 7,2 16,6 26,3 26,1 17,3 6,5 Elementary occupations

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de
comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

114 115
Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 - continuare

3.7 Employment 1) structure, by occupation group, age group,


sex and area, in 2014 - continued

Total populaie din care, n vrst de munc (%):


ocupat of which, at working age (%): 65 ani
(mii persoane) grupe de vrst (ani) i peste (%)
Grupe de ocupaii Total Total age groups (years) 65 years Occupation groups
employment 15-64 ani and over (%)
(thou persons) years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64

Urban Urban

Total 4669 99,7 3,9 27,9 30,9 25,0 12,0 0,3 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 142 99,2 0,9 24,6 34,3 25,0 14,4 0,8 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 1030 99,7 1,7 32,8 33,7 20,6 10,9 0,3 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 427 99,8 3,5 32,3 31,1 22,0 10,9 0,2 Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 305 99,9 4,4 31,3 28,1 25,8 10,3 0,1 Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 850 99,9 5,6 29,9 31,1 24,5 8,8 0,1 Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 82 91,3 6,9 24,0 15,7 22,8 21,9 8,7 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 887 99,9 3,5 21,0 27,5 31,1 16,8 0,1 Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 946 99,9 5,2 24,8 32,4 25,9 11,6 0,1 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 309 99,9 9,0 25,1 27,6 25,5 12,7 0,1 Elementary occupations
Rural Rural

Total 3945 91,3 8,3 19,8 27,1 20,2 15,9 8,7 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 33 98,6 0,9 17,3 34,0 33,2 13,2 1,4 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 134 99,4 3,7 30,3 35,4 17,2 12,8 0,6 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 82 99,8 7,7 22,3 38,6 20,7 10,5 0,2 Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 60 99,8 5,2 23,5 31,0 30,1 10,0 0,2 Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 317 99,9 10,2 27,9 33,1 21,1 7,6 0,1 Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 1928 84,8 8,9 15,0 21,6 18,2 21,1 15,2 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 477 99,8 6,1 25,1 34,9 25,0 8,7 0,2 Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 914 94,8 8,8 22,4 29,6 20,9 13,1 5,2 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 569 91,7 10,5 20,0 25,2 19,6 16,4 8,3 Elementary occupations

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de
comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

116 117
Structura populaiei ocupate1), dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014
Employment1) structure, by status in employment, by age group,
3.8 sex and area, in 2014

Total populaie din care, n vrst de munc (%): 65 ani


ocupat of which, at working age (%): i peste
(mii persoane) grupe de vrst (ani) (%)
Statutul Total Total age groups (years) 65 years Status
profesional employment 15-64 ani and over in employment
(thou persons) years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)

Total
Total 8614 95,8 5,9 24,2 29,1 22,8 13,8 4,2 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 5850 99,8 4,8 27,5 31,9 24,6 11,0 0,2 Employee
Patron 99 98,8 0,3 19,0 39,3 26,4 13,8 1,2 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 1670 85,3 3,3 13,5 24,1 22,0 22,4 14,7 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 995 89,5 17,6 22,7 19,9 13,3 16,0 10,5 family worker

Masculin / Male
Total 4844 96,6 6,4 24,2 29,0 22,7 14,3 3,4 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 3277 99,8 5,0 26,8 31,2 24,2 12,6 0,2 Employee
Patron 72 98,6 0,4 17,8 40,0 26,5 13,9 1,4 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 1189 87,5 3,6 14,4 25,7 22,5 21,3 12,5 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 306 96,2 33,7 35,5 16,0 6,6 4,4 3,8 family worker

Feminin /Female
Total 3770 94,9 5,3 24,1 29,2 23,0 13,3 5,1 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 2573 99,9 4,4 28,4 32,9 25,2 9,0 0,1 Employee
Patron 27 99,3 - 22,2 37,2 26,1 13,8 0,7 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 481 79,9 2,5 11,2 20,3 20,8 25,1 20,1 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 689 86,6 10,5 17,1 21,7 16,2 21,1 13,4 family worker

Urban
Total 4669 99,7 3,9 27,9 30,9 25,0 12,0 0,3 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 4296 99,8 3,8 28,1 31,0 25,1 11,8 0,2 Employee
Patron 78 98,9 0,4 19,5 37,7 26,8 14,5 1,1 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 264 98,1 5,1 25,7 27,8 24,2 15,3 1,9 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 31 90,2 16,6 31,6 13,4 15,2 13,4 9,8 family worker

Rural
Total 3945 91,3 8,3 19,8 27,1 20,2 15,9 8,7 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 1554 99,9 7,5 25,9 34,4 23,2 8,9 0,1 Employee
Patron 21 98,4 0,1 17,2 45,0 24,7 11,4 1,6 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 1406 82,9 2,9 11,2 23,4 21,7 23,7 17,1 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 964 89,5 17,6 22,5 20,1 13,2 16,1 10,5 family worker

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de
comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

118
Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale (la sfritul anului)
3.9 Civil employment, by activity of national economy (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) 2012 2013 2014 (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total 8570 8531 8431 Total


Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2510 2380 2304 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie 1765 1778 1782 Industry
Industrie extractiv 65 63 62 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1509 1532 1536 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam
energie electric i termic, and air conditioning
gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 68 60 58 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management
activiti de decontaminare 123 123 126 and decontamination activities
Construcii 606 632 628 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; Wholesale and retail;
repararea autovehiculelor repair of motor vehicles
i motocicletelor 1178 1229 1205 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 447 430 408 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 154 156 165 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 153 153 161 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare Financial intermediation
i asigurri 114 122 118 and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 32 35 29 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, Professional, scientific
tiinifice i tehnice 166 169 175 and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative Administrative and support
i activiti de servicii suport 258 271 282 service activities
Administraie public i aprare; Public administration and defence;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public 192 191 196 compulsory social security
nvmnt 391 379 373 Education
Sntate i asisten Human health and
social 374 372 377 social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, Arts, entertainment
culturale i recreative 62 72 75 and recreation
Alte activiti de servicii 168 162 153 Other service activities

Not: Resursele de munc precum i categoria non-salariailor care fac parte din populaia ocupat civil au fost estimate pe baza
populaiei rezidente la 1 ianuarie 2015.
Datele pentru resursele de munc, populaia activ civil i populaia ocupat civil nu sunt comparabile cu anii anteriori.
Note: The labour force resources, as well as the category of non-employees belonging to civil employment have been estimated based
on resident population on January 1, 2015.
The data on labour force resources, civil economically active population and civil employment are not comparable to previous years.
Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului.
Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

119
Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme
de proprietate, n anul 2014 (la sfritul anului)
Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type
3.10 of ownership, in 2014 (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons
din total, pe forme
de proprietate:
din care: of total, by type
femei of ownership:
Activitatea Total of which: Majoritar Majoritar Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) women de stat privat (CANE Rev.2 sections)
State Private
majority majority

Total 8431 1270 7161 Total


din care: femei 3953 751 3202 of which: women
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2304 1224 24 2280 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie 1782 718 142 1640 Industry
Industrie extractiv 62 10 27 35 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1536 665 20 1516 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam
energie electric i termic, and air conditioning
gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 58 14 43 15 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management
activiti de decontaminare 126 29 52 74 and decontamination activities
Construcii 628 98 23 605 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu Wholesale and retail;
amnuntul; repararea repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1205 603 1 1204 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 408 65 113 295 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 165 98 5 160 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 161 65 9 152 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare Financial intermediation
i asigurri 118 88 9 109 and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 29 13 6 23 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, Professional, scientific
tiinifice i tehnice 175 87 34 141 and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative Administrative and support
i activiti de servicii suport 282 93 19 263 service activities
Administraie public i aprare; Public administration and defence;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public 196 114 196 - compulsory social security
nvmnt 373 263 350 23 Education
Sntate i asisten Human health and
social 377 300 305 72 social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, Arts, entertainment
culturale i recreative 75 42 32 43 and recreation
Alte activiti de servicii 153 82 2 151 Other service activities

Not: Resursele de munc precum i categoria non-salariailor care fac parte din populaia ocupat civil au fost estimate pe baza
populaiei rezidente la 1 ianuarie 2015.
Datele pentru resursele de munc, populaia activ civil i populaia ocupat civil nu sunt comparabile cu anii anteriori.
Note: The labour force resources, as well as the category of non-employees belonging to civil employment have been estimated based
on resident population on January 1, 2015.
The data on labour force resources, civil economically active population and civil employment are not comparable to previous years.
Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului.
Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

120
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe sexe
i pe forme de proprietate
Average number of employees, by activity of national economy, by sex
3.11 and by ownership type
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 sections)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

Total 4444 4508 2360 2376 2084 2132 Total


Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 104 108 80 84 24 24 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie 1285 1303 728 739 557 564 Industry
Industrie extractiv 62 62 52 52 10 10 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1063 1085 557 571 506 514 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam
energie electric i termic, gaze, and air conditioning
ap cald i aer condiionat 61 58 46 44 15 14 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management and
activiti de decontaminare 99 98 73 72 26 26 decontamination activities
Construcii 346 345 298 299 48 46 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu Wholesale and retail;
amnuntul; repararea repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 759 756 371 353 388 403 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 256 251 193 192 63 59 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 120 128 47 49 73 79 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 126 133 76 81 50 52 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare Financial intermediation
i asigurri 93 90 29 27 64 63 and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 24 24 13 13 11 11 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, Professional, scientific
tiinifice i tehnice 131 136 70 73 61 63 and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative Administrative and support
i activiti de servicii suport 235 252 162 169 73 83 service activities
Administraie public i Public administration
aprare; asigurri sociale and defence; compulsory
din sistemul public1) 187 192 80 81 107 111 social security1)
nvmnt 359 361 108 107 251 254 Education
Sntate i asisten Human health and
social 322 323 64 65 258 258 social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, Arts, entertainment
culturale i recreative 56 62 23 25 33 37 and recreation
Alte activiti de servicii 41 44 18 19 23 25 Other service activities

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

121
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe sexe
i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of national economy, by sex
3.11 and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 sections)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

Proprietate public 2) 1250 1241 520 511 730 730 Public ownership 2)
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 26 24 21 20 5 4 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie 148 140 112 106 36 34 Industry
Industrie extractiv 28 27 23 23 5 4 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 24 20 17 14 7 6 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam
energie electric i termic, gaze, and air conditioning
ap cald i aer condiionat 44 43 34 33 10 10 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management and
activiti de decontaminare 52 50 38 36 14 14 decontamination activities
Construcii 24 22 19 18 5 4 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu Wholesale and retail;
amnuntul; repararea repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1 1 *) 1 1 *) and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 118 112 77 74 41 38 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 3 6 1 2 2 4 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 11 9 6 5 5 4 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare Financial intermediation
i asigurri 9 9 2 2 7 7 and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 7 6 4 3 3 3 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, Professional, scientific
tiinifice i tehnice 32 32 16 16 16 16 and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative Administrative and support
i activiti de servicii suport 17 19 11 12 6 7 service activities
Administraie public i Public administration
aprare; asigurri and defence; compulsory
sociale din sistemul public 1) 187 192 80 81 107 111 social security 1)
nvmnt 345 347 101 100 244 247 Education
Sntate i asisten Human health and
social 291 290 57 58 234 232 social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, Arts, entertainment
culturale i recreative 30 30 13 12 17 18 and recreation
Alte activiti de servicii 1 2 - 1 1 1 Other service activities

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
2) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.
Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

122
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe sexe
i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of national economy, by sex
3.11 and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 sections)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

Proprietate privat 3) 3193 3267 1839 1864 1354 1403 Private ownership 3)
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 78 83 59 63 19 20 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie 1137 1163 616 633 521 530 Industry
Industrie extractiv 34 34 28 28 6 6 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1039 1065 541 558 498 507 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam
energie electric i termic, gaze, and air conditioning
ap cald i aer condiionat 17 15 12 11 5 4 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management and
activiti de decontaminare 47 49 35 36 12 13 decontamination activities
Construcii 322 322 280 280 42 42 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu Wholesale and retail;
amnuntul; repararea repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 757 755 370 352 387 403 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 138 139 116 118 22 21 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 117 122 46 47 71 75 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 115 124 70 75 45 49 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare Financial intermediation
i asigurri 84 82 27 26 57 56 and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 18 18 10 10 8 8 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, Professional, scientific
tiinifice i tehnice 99 104 54 57 45 47 and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative Administrative and support
i activiti de servicii suport 219 234 151 158 68 76 service activities
Administraie public i Public administration
aprare; asigurri and defence; compulsory
sociale din sistemul public 1) - - - - - - social security 1)
nvmnt 14 14 7 7 7 7 Education
Sntate i asisten Human health and
social 30 34 6 8 24 26 social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, ` Arts, entertainment
culturale i recreative 26 31 10 12 16 19 and recreation
Alte activiti de servicii 39 42 17 18 22 24 Other service activities

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
3) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

123
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale
ntreprinderilor i pe sexe
Average number of emolyees, by ownership type, enterprises size class
3.12 and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Forma de proprietate Total Brbai Femei


Ownership type Male Female
Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor 2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014
Enterprises size class
Total 4444 4508 2360 2376 2084 2132
Sub 50 salariai 1275 1315 721 741 554 574
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai 1103 1117 635 635 468 482
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste 2066 2076 1004 1000 1062 1076
250 employees and over
Proprietate public 1) 1250 1241 520 511 730 730
Public ownership 1)
Sub 50 salariai 114 115 52 53 62 62
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai 183 183 81 79 102 104
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste 953 943 387 379 566 564
250 employees and over
Proprietate privat 2) 3193 3267 1839 1864 1354 1403
Private ownership 2)
Sub 50 salariai 1160 1200 668 687 492 513
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai 920 934 554 556 366 378
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste 1113 1133 617 621 496 512
250 employees and over
Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.
Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
3.13 by sex and by ownership type
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 divisions)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014
Industrie - total 1285 1303 728 739 557 564 Industry - total
Industrie extractiv 62 62 52 52 10 10 Mining and quarrying
Extracia crbunelui Mining of coal
superior i inferior 20 19 17 16 3 3 and lignite
Extracia petrolului brut i Extraction of crude petroleum
a gazelor naturale 22 21 18 17 4 4 and natural gas
Extracia minereurilor metalifere 3 2 2 2 1 - Mining of metal ores
Alte activiti extractive 9 11 8 9 1 2 Other mining and quarrying
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei 8 9 7 8 1 1 Mining support service activities
Industrie prelucrtoare 1063 1085 557 571 506 514 Manufacturing
Industria alimentar 143 144 65 68 78 76 Manufacture of food products
Fabricarea buturilor 19 18 13 12 6 6 Manufacture of beverages
Fabricarea produselor din tutun 2 2 2 2 *) *) Manufacture of tobacco products
Fabricarea produselor textile 32 34 9 10 23 24 Manufacture of textiles
Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

124
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,
pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
3.13 by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 divisions)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 142 142 18 19 124 123 Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea Tanning and dressing of leather;
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, manufacture of travel and leather
harnaamentelor i nclmintei; goods, harness and footwear;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor 61 64 16 19 45 45 preparation and dyeing of furs
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea Manufacture of wood and of
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia products of wood and cork, except
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i furniture; manufacture of articles
din alte materiale vegetale mpletite 53 51 40 37 13 14 of straw and plaiting materials
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor Manufacture of paper
din hrtie 10 10 6 6 4 4 and paper products
Tiprirea i reproducerea Printing and reproduction of
pe supori a nregistrrilor 14 13 7 7 7 6 recorded media
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie Manufacture of coke
i a produselor obinute and refined
din prelucrarea ieiului 4 4 3 3 1 1 petroleum products
Fabricarea substanelor i Manufacture of chemicals
a produselor chimice 27 25 19 17 8 8 and chemical products
Fabricarea produselor Manufacture of basic
farmaceutice de baz pharmaceutical products and
i a preparatelor farmaceutice 9 9 3 3 6 6 pharmaceutical preparations
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc Manufacture of rubber
i mase plastice 45 48 27 29 18 19 and plastic products
Fabricarea altor produse din Manufacture of other non-metallic
minerale nemetalice 39 39 28 28 11 11 mineral products
Industria metalurgic 30 29 24 23 6 6 Manufacture of basic metals
Industria construciilor metalice Manufacture of fabricated
i a produselor din metal, exclusiv metal products, except
maini, utilaje i instalaii 73 72 58 57 15 15 machinery and equipment
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a Manufacture of computers,
produselor electronice i optice 23 26 11 12 12 14 electronic and optical products
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice 34 38 17 20 17 18 Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea de maini, Manufacture of machinery
utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. 48 49 38 39 10 10 and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport Manufacture of motor vehicles,
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor 135 144 69 74 66 70 trailers and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor Manufacture of other
mijloace de transport 28 30 23 24 5 6 transport equipment
Fabricarea de mobil 56 58 36 37 20 21 Manufacture of furniture
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. 12 14 5 6 7 8 Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea Repair, maintenance and installation
mainilor i echipamentelor 24 22 20 19 4 3 of machinery and equipment
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam and
energie electric i termic, gaze, air conditioning
ap cald i aer condiionat 61 58 46 44 15 14 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management
activiti de decontaminare 99 98 73 72 26 26 and decontamination activities
Captarea, tratarea i Water catchment,
distribuia apei 41 41 29 29 12 12 treatment and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea Used water collection
apelor uzate 7 7 6 6 1 1 and purification
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea Waste collection, purification and
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare disposal; activities of recycling
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti materials recovery; activities and
i servicii de decontaminare 51 50 38 37 13 13 services of decontamination

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

125
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,
pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
3.13 by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 divisions)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

Proprietate public 1) 148 140 112 106 36 34 Public ownership 1)


Industrie extractiv 28 27 23 23 5 4 Mining and quarrying
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior 20 18 17 15 3 3 Mining of coal and lignite
Extracia petrolului brut i Extraction of crude petroleum
a gazelor naturale 4 4 3 4 1 *) and natural gas
Extracia minereurilor metalifere 2 2 1 1 1 1 Mining of metal ores
Alte activiti extractive 2 2 2 2 *) *) Other mining and quarrying
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei *) 1 *) 1 *) *) Mining support service activities
Industrie prelucrtoare 24 20 17 14 7 6 Manufacturing
Industria alimentar *) *) *) *) *) **) Manufacture of food products
Fabricarea buturilor *) *) *) **) *) **) Manufacture of beverages
Fabricarea produselor din tutun - - - - - - Manufacture of tobacco products
Fabricarea produselor textile - - - - - - Manufacture of textiles
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte *) *) *) **) *) *) Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea Tanning and dressing of leather;
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, manufacture of travel and leather
harnaamentelor i nclmintei; goods, harness and footwear;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor - - - - - - preparation and dyeing of furs
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea Manufacture of wood and of
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia products of wood and cork, except
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie furniture; manufacture of articles
i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite *) - *) - *) - of straw and plaiting materials
Fabricarea hrtiei i a Manufacture of paper
produselor din hrtie *) *) *) **) *) **) and paper products
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe Printing and reproduction
supori a nregistrrilor 2 2 1 1 1 1 of recorded media
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie Manufacture of coke
i a produselor obinute and refined
din prelucrarea ieiului *) - *) - *) - petroleum products
Fabricarea substanelor i a Manufacture of chemicals
produselor chimice 2 2 1 1 1 1 and chemical products
Fabricarea produselor Manufacture of basic
farmaceutice de baz pharmaceutical products and
i a preparatelor farmaceutice 1 1 *) *) 1 1 pharmaceutical preparations
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc Manufacture of rubber
i mase plastice - *) - *) - *) and plastic products
Fabricarea altor produse din Manufacture of other non-metallic
minerale nemetalice - *) *) **) *) **) mineral products
Industria metalurgic *) *) *) *) *) *) Manufacture of basic metals
Industria construciilor metalice Manufacture of fabricated
i a produselor din metal, metal products, except
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii 6 5 4 3 2 2 machinery and equipment
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a Manufacture of computers,
produselor electronice i optice 1 1 1 1 *) *) electronic and optical products
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice - - - - - - Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje Manufacture of machinery
i echipamente n.c.a. 1 *) 1 *) *) *) and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport Manufacture of motor vehicles,
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor - - - - - - trailers and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor mijloace Manufacture of other
de transport 3 3 2 3 1 *) transport equipment

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.
Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

126
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,
pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
3.13 by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 divisions)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

Fabricarea de mobil *) **) *) **) *) - Manufacture of furniture


Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. 1 1 1 1 *) *) Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repararea, ntreinerea Repair, maintenance and
i instalarea mainilor installation of machinery
i echipamentelor 7 5 6 4 1 1 and equipment
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam
energie electric i termic, gaze, and air conditioning
ap cald i aer condiionat 44 43 34 33 10 10 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management and
activiti de decontaminare 52 50 38 36 14 14 decontamination activities
Captarea, tratarea i Water catchment, treatment
distribuia apei 34 33 24 23 10 10 and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea Used water collection
apelor uzate 5 5 4 4 1 1 and purification
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea Waste collection, purification
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare and disposal; activities of recycling
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti materials recovery; activities and
i servicii de decontaminare 13 12 10 9 3 3 services of decontamination
Proprietate privat 2) 1137 1163 616 633 521 530 Private ownership 2)
Industrie extractiv 34 34 28 28 6 6 Mining and quarrying
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior *) *) *) *) *) *) Mining of coal and lignite
Extracia petrolului brut i Extraction of crude petroleum
a gazelor naturale 18 17 14 14 4 3 and natural gas
Extracia minereurilor metalifere 1 *) 1 *) *) **) Mining of metal ores
Alte activiti extractive 8 9 7 8 1 1 Other mining and quarrying
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei 7 8 6 6 1 2 Mining support service activities
Industrie prelucrtoare 1039 1065 541 558 498 507 Manufacturing
Industria alimentar 143 144 65 69 78 75 Manufacture of food products
Fabricarea buturilor 19 18 13 12 6 6 Manufacture of beverages
Fabricarea produselor din tutun 2 2 2 2 *) *) Manufacture of tobacco products
Fabricarea produselor textile 32 34 9 10 23 24 Manufacture of textiles
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 142 142 18 19 124 123 Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea Tanning and dressing of leather;
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie, manufacture of travel and leather
harnaamentelor i nclmintei; goods, harness and footwear;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor 61 63 16 19 45 44 preparation and dyeing of furs
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea Manufacture of wood and of
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia products of wood and cork, except
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i furniture; manufacture of articles
din alte materiale vegetale mpletite 53 51 40 37 13 14 of straw and plaiting materials
Fabricarea hrtiei i a Manufacture of paper
produselor din hrtie 9 10 5 6 4 4 and paper products
Tiprirea i reproducerea Printing and reproduction of
pe supori a nregistrrilor 12 12 6 6 6 6 recorded media
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie Manufacture of coke
i a produselor obinute and refined
din prelucrarea ieiului 4 4 3 3 1 1 petroleum products

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

127
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,
pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
3.13 by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity


(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 divisions)
2013 2014 2013 2014 2013 2014

Fabricarea substanelor i a Manufacture of chemicals


produselor chimice 25 23 17 16 8 7 and chemical products
Fabricarea produselor Manufacture of basic
farmaceutice de baz i a pharmaceutical products and
preparatelor farmaceutice 8 8 3 3 5 5 pharmaceutical preparations
Fabricarea produselor din Manufacture of rubber
cauciuc i mase plastice 45 48 27 29 18 19 and plastic products
Fabricarea altor produse din Manufacture of other non-metallic
minerale nemetalice 39 39 28 28 11 11 mineral products
Industria metalurgic 30 29 24 23 6 6 Manufacture of basic metals
Industria construciilor metalice i Manufacture of fabricated
a produselor din metal, exclusiv metal products, except
maini, utilaje i instalaii 67 67 54 54 13 13 machinery and equipment
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a Manufacture of computers,
produselor electronice i optice 22 26 11 12 11 14 electronic and optical products
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice 34 38 17 20 17 18 Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea de maini, Manufacture of machinery and
utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. 47 48 37 38 10 10 equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport Manufacture of motor vehicles,
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor 135 144 69 74 66 70 trailers and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor mijloace Manufacture of other transport
de transport 26 27 22 22 4 5 equipment
Fabricarea de mobil 56 58 36 37 20 21 Manufacture of furniture
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. 11 13 4 5 7 8 Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea Repair, maintenance and installation
mainilor i echipamentelor 17 17 15 14 2 3 of machinery and equipment
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam
energie electric i termic, gaze, and air conditioning
ap cald i aer condiionat 17 15 12 11 5 4 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management and
activiti de decontaminare 47 49 35 36 12 13 decontamination activities
Captarea, tratarea i Water catchment, treatment
distribuia apei 7 8 5 6 2 2 and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea Used water collection
apelor uzate 2 2 2 1 *) 1 and purification
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea Waste collection, purification
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare and disposal; activities of recycling
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti materials recovery; activities and
i servicii de decontaminare 38 39 28 29 10 10 services of decontamination

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

128
Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe,
la 31 decembrie 2014
Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex,
3.14 on December 31, 2014
mii persoane / thou persons
Total salariai
Total employees
din care:
Activitatea proprietate Din total: Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) privat1) Of total: (CANE Rev.2 sections)
Total of which: Brbai Femei
private Men Women
ownership1)

Total 4901 3630 2572 2329 Total


Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 114 89 88 26 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie 1396 1254 785 611 Industry
Industrie extractiv 62 35 52 10 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1172 1152 614 558 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam
energie electric i termic, gaze, and air conditioning
ap cald i aer condiionat 58 15 44 14 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management and
activiti de decontaminare 104 52 75 29 decontamination activities
Construcii 376 353 324 52 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; Wholesales and retail; repair of
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 855 854 395 460 motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 271 158 208 63 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 145 141 56 89 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 147 138 88 59 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare Financial intermediation
i asigurri 99 90 30 69 and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 28 22 15 13 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, Professional, scientific and
tiinifice i tehnice 156 123 84 72 technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i Administrative and support
activiti de servicii suport 280 261 187 93 service activities
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri Public administration and defence;
sociale din sistemul public 2) 196 - 82 114 compulsory social security 2)
nvmnt 368 17 108 260 Education
Sntate i Human health and
asisten social 347 42 71 276 social work activities
Activiti de spectacole, Arts, entertainment
culturale i recreative 70 38 28 42 and recreation
Alte activiti de servicii 53 50 23 30 Other service activities

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2014.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2014.

129
Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2014
3.15 Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2014
mii persoane / thou persons
Total salariai
Total employees
Activitatea din care:
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) proprietate Din total:
Activity privat1) Of total:
(CANE Rev.2 divisions) Total of which: Brbai Femei
private Men Women
ownership1)

Total 1396 1254 785 611


Industrie extractiv / Mining and quarrying 62 35 52 10
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior 19 *) 16 3
Mining of coal and lignite
Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale 20 16 17 3
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
Extracia minereurilor metalifere 2 *) 2 *)
Mining of metal ores
Alte activiti extractive 11 10 9 2
Other mining and quarrying
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei 10 9 8 2
Mining support service activities
Industrie prelucrtoare / Manufacturing 1172 1152 614 558
Industria alimentar / Manufacture of food products 158 157 76 82
Fabricarea buturilor / Manufacture of beverages 19 19 13 6
Fabricarea produselor din tutun 2 2 2 *)
Manufacture of tobacco products
Fabricarea produselor textile / Manufacture of textiles 37 37 11 26
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 153 153 20 133
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de
voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor 67 67 20 47
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel
and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation
and dyeing of furs
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn
i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din
paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite 56 56 41 15
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and
cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie 11 11 7 4
Manufacture of paper and paper products
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor 15 13 8 7
Printing and reproduction of recorded media
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului 4 4 3 1
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice 26 24 17 9
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice 10 9 4 6
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice 51 51 31 20
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice 40 40 28 12
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2014.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2014.
130
Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2014 - continuare
3.15 Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2014 - continued
mii persoane / thou persons
Total salariai
Total employees
Activitatea din care:
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) proprietate Din total:
Activity privat1) Of total:
(CANE Rev.2 divisions) Total of which: Brbai Femei
private Men Women
ownership1)

Industria metalurgic 30 30 24 6
Manufacture of basic metals
Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor
din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii 76 71 60 16
Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
except machinery and equipment
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor
electronice i optice 29 29 14 15
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice 41 41 22 19
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. 51 50 40 11
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor 160 160 80 80
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport 33 30 27 6
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Fabricarea de mobil 65 65 41 24
Manufacture of furniture
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. 14 14 5 9
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor 24 19 20 4
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric
i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 58 15 44 14
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 104 52 75 29
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
and decontamination activities
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei 43 8 31 12
Water catchment, treatment and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate 7 2 5 2
Used water collection and purification
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor;
activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile;
activiti i servicii de decontaminare 54 42 39 15
Waste collection, purification and disposal;
activities of recycling materials recovery;
activities and services of decontamination

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2014.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2014.
131
3.16 omerii nregistrai1) i rata omajului (la sfritul anului)
Registered unemployed 1) and unemployment rate (end of year)
persoane / persons
Total omeri / Total unemployed Din care: femei / Of which: women
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total 709383 626960 461013 493775 512333 478338 302124 264401 203677 210795 215781 199885 Total
Beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj 435497 329639 182538 194473 199626 140955 188457 142429 89604 87990 88182 63491 Recipients of unemployment benefit
Primar, gimnazial, profesional 262026 178728 83576 87694 85467 63322 93100 60638 33101 29548 27450 21159 Primary, secondary, vocational
Liceal i postliceal 131855 110052 71017 79595 87277 59251 71697 57710 38622 41487 44080 30884 High school and post high school
Universitar 41616 40859 27945 27184 26882 18382 23660 24081 17881 16955 16652 11448 University
Beneficiari de alocaie de sprijin - - - - - - - - - - - - Recipients of support allowance
Primar, gimnazial, profesional - - - - - - - - - - - - Primary, secondary, vocational
Liceal i postliceal - - - - - - - - - - - - High school and post high school
Universitar - - - - - - - - - - - - University
Beneficiari de pli compensatorii Beneficiaries of compensatory payments
potrivit O.U.G.nr.98/1999 - 1 - - - - - - - - - - according to G.P.O. No 98/1999
Primar, gimnazial, profesional - 1 - - - - - - - - - - Primary, secondary, vocational
Liceal i postliceal - - - - - - - - - - - - High school and post high school
Universitar - - - - - - - - - - - - University
omeri neindemnizai 273886 297320 278475 299302 312707 337383 113667 121972 114073 122805 127599 136394 Unpaid unemployed
Primar, gimnazial, profesional 240969 262874 237689 258737 270546 294050 97407 103748 93817 101624 105940 114144 Primary, secondary, vocational
Liceal i postliceal 24497 25536 30011 30552 32536 32799 11282 12891 13964 15188 15960 16221 High school and post high school
Universitar 8420 8910 10775 10013 9625 10534 4978 5333 6292 5993 5699 6029 University
Rata omajului (%) 7,8 7,0 5,2 5,4 5,7 5,4 7,1 6,3 4,9 4,9 5,1 4,8 Unemployment rate (%)
1) La ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc. / At the agencies for employment.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.17 Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional


Persons who attend vocational training courses persoane / persons
Persoane cuprinse n pregtire din care: s-au ncadrat n activitate
Persons attending training courses of which: employed in activity
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total 44347 39987 54751 47733 36949 40265 1) 16071 18891 1) Total
din care: of which:
omeri 41306 37979 52788 46643 36124 37438 16071 18528 Unemployed
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii Persons who benefit of free
gratuite de formare profesional 1346 825 1014 431 427 439 - - vocational training services
Persoane care nu beneficiaz de servicii Persons who do not benefit of free
gratuite de formare profesional 1695 1183 949 659 398 1923 - - vocational training services
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii gratuite Persons who benefit from free-of-charge skills
de evaluare i certificare de competene - - - - - 125 2) - 23 2) evaluation and certification services
3)
Persoane cuprinse n programe de ucenicie - - - - - 340 - 340 3) Personos included in apprenticeship programs
Au ncheiat pregtirea n cursuri organizate: 36586 30692 50906 35043 82617 84152 5894 6713 6713 - 25360 28695 Accomplished their training in organized courses:
omeri care au urmat cursuri finanate Unemployed who attended courses financed
din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj 24910 23480 33713 18640 31321 29754 3369 5008 5008 - 4323 5939 from unemployment insurance budget
omeri care au urmat cursuri organizate Unemployed who attended courses
din alte fonduri 911 1702 10210 7591 4803 7684 74 141 141 - 1601 412 organized from other funds
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii Persons who benefit of free
gratuite de formare profesional finanate vocational training services financed
din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj 659 413 608 267 36551 37877 - - - - 16071 18528 from unemployment insurance budget
Persoane care au nceput cursurile Persons beginning the training
n anul anterior 9035 4297 5776 8158 9544 8731 2451 1564 1564 - 3365 3816 in the previous year
La cererea persoanelor fizice interesate 960 601 506 382 390 99 - - - - - - At the request of interested natural persons
La cererea operatorilor economici 111 199 93 5 8 7 - - - - - - At the request of the economic operators
n pregtire (cursuri n derulare) 4533 6391 9848 9374 10092 8564 - - - - 5368 - Under training (on going courses)
Au ntrerupt cursurile 1) 2301 1406 2180 2219 1855 1804 - - - - - - Interrupted the training 1)
1) Datele se refer numai la numrul omerilor nregistrai conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i
stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare.
Data refer only to the number of registered unemployed according to the Law No 76/2002 with subsequent amendments.
2) Datele se refer la persoanele beneficiare de servicii gratuite de evaluare i certificare a competenelor, ca urmare a modificrii
Legii nr. 76/2002.
Data refer to the persons who benefit from free-of-charge skills evaluation and certification services, due to changes in Law No 76/2002.
3) Datele se refer la persoane care au ncheiat contracte de ucenicie, conform Legii nr. 279/2005, modificat i completat prin
Legea nr. 179/2013.
Data refer to the persons included in apprenticeship programs, according to the Law No 279/2005, with amendments and completions
by Law No 179/2013.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

132 133
omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst,
la 31 decembrie 2014

3.18 Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group,


on December 31, 2014
persoane / persons
omeri nregistrai / Registered unemployed din care: beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj1) / of which: beneficiaries of unemployment indemnity1)
Grupe de vrst / Age groups Grupe de vrst / Age groups
Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani
under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years

Total 478338 78185 39024 102188 129554 60679 68708 140955 33301 9470 24340 38564 18269 17011 Total
din care: of which:
Femei 199885 31478 15017 44378 57688 27174 24150 63491 15148 5025 12276 17840 8183 5019 Women
Primar, gimnazial, Primary, secondary,
profesional 357372 33733 26796 83047 105338 48681 59777 63322 3881 2958 11935 22626 10527 11395 vocational
din care: of which:
Femei 135303 9949 7975 32568 43404 20773 20634 21159 1038 1056 4312 8019 3878 2856 Women
Liceal i High school and
postliceal 92050 38519 6617 12095 18929 9470 6420 59251 25655 3327 7683 12350 6254 3982 post high school
din care: of which:
Femei 47105 17652 3513 7271 10964 5093 2612 30884 11563 1910 4770 7495 3503 1643 Women
Universitar 28916 5933 5611 7046 5287 2528 2511 18382 3765 3185 4722 3588 1488 1634 University
din care: of which:
Femei 17477 3877 3529 4539 3320 1308 904 11448 2547 2059 3194 2326 802 520 Women
1) Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. No 98/1999.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj1), pe grupe de vrst i


dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2014

3.19 Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities1), by age group


and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2014
persoane / persons
Durata omajului cuprins ntre: Duration of unemployment:
Total 1 zi - 3 luni 3 - 6 luni 6 - 9 luni 9 - 12 luni 12 - 15 luni 15 - 18 luni 18 - 21 luni 21 - 24 luni 24 - 27 luni peste 27 luni
1 day - 3 months 3 - 6 months 6 - 9 months 9 - 12 months 12 - 15 months 15 - 18 months 18 - 21 months 21 - 24 months 24 - 27 months over 27 months

Total 140955 58787 33077 18412 23827 3184 433 169 1750 503 813 Total
Brbai 77464 34913 16881 9895 13533 1253 188 70 197 175 359 Men
Femei 63491 23874 16196 8517 10294 1931 245 99 1553 328 454 Women
Sub 25 ani 27672 14461 12982 33 85 27 3 - 11 34 36 Under 25 years
Brbai 15004 8985 5926 12 5 5 1 - 2 32 36 Men
Femei 12668 5476 7056 21 80 22 2 - 9 2 - Women
25 - 29 ani 12666 5960 1812 360 4280 77 10 5 32 44 86 25 - 29 years
Brbai 8779 3290 1106 196 4042 17 10 2 3 40 73 Men
Femei 3887 2670 706 164 238 60 - 3 29 4 13 Women
30 - 39 ani 23675 10138 5326 4935 2096 521 104 28 237 29 261 30 - 39 years
Brbai 14167 6274 3158 3643 607 159 72 12 18 28 196 Men
Femei 9508 3864 2168 1292 1489 362 32 16 219 1 65 Women
40 - 49 ani 42415 18856 7788 6389 6573 1358 153 77 772 220 229 40 - 49 years
Brbai 22792 11967 3978 3363 26