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2017 ComfErEmcE GuidE

SASMUN VI
SEcrEtAry GEmErAls
lEttEr
Dear Esteemed Delegates and Guests,

Welcome to the Sixth annual Schutz American School Model United Nations Conference
(SASMUN). SASMUN was initially created for Schutz students in order to debate pressing
issues affecting the world in which we live. Since then, the conference has grown tremendously
both in size and scope. Our conference allows delegates from several schools around the
country to come debate contemporary issues and propose viable solutions. In just a couple of
years, SASMUN has grown from a small club with about 30 passionate delegates into the most
established conference in the city. This year is our 6th SASMUN Conference, and like every
year, we hope to exceed all expectations, and allow for productive and entertaining debates. We
welcome you all to join us in making this conference a true success for all of us.

Model United Nations allows students to express their opinions within the context of their
country delegations. It brings out the best in all delegates, allowing them to reach heights that
they might think impossible. It builds confidence within, and promotes relationships and
interaction among delegates. SASMUN provides the opportunity for all of that to happen. The
goal of SASMUN is to transcend the pressing issues occurring on our planet. Delegates are
encouraged to merge with other delegates to create effective resolutions that provide viable
solutions, while also getting the chance to engage in public speaking to express their opinions.
SASMUN has three committees: General Assembly 1: Disarmament and International Security,
General Assembly 2: Environmental and Financial Development, and General Assembly 3:
Social, Humanitarian and Cultural affairs. The topics of each committee were designed to
address this years conference theme of Tackling Terrorism.

Terrorism has been a common subject in much of the recent news. Terrorism impacts all people
in many different aspects. Not only does terrorism directly attack human rights, it also has major
effects on the environment. Furthermore, terrorism is backed by a very intricate black market
economy. In our conference, we hope to tackle the many different aspects of terrorism.
Terrorism is a dire issue affecting our present and future world. Thus, it is vital that us, the
leaders of our future, provide the solutions in tackling terrorism. It is also our hope that the
delegates here go on to become future leaders that will take with them the awareness, new
information, and potential solutions that result from this conference.

Delegates, I wish you enormous triumph in SASMUN VI

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TAblE of ComtEmts
Introductions
The United Nations . 4
The Model United Nations . 7
SASMUN .. 8

Topics on the Agenda . 10

Committee and Topic Descriptions . 11

Conference Information
Tentative Schedule .. 20
Conference Fee 22
Dress Code 23
Plagiarism Policy .. 24
Awards Policy 25

Conference Preparation
Overview 26
Beginning Your Research 27
The Process of Debate 37
The Art of Communication .. 39
General Rules of Procedure 45

Officers and Advisors . 48

Contact Information . 49

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Introductions
ThE UmitEd NAtioms

The name 'United Nations' was first set by the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt
amidst the scourge of World War II to define the governments that support the Axis Powers.
Following the war, the term 'United Nations' came to encompass all the states that are willing
work towards international collaboration and the maintenance of peace and security. Established
first by fifty states on October 24, 1945 in San Francisco, the United Nations stands today as an
intergovernmental organization encompassing 193 member states. Since its foundation, it has
worked to establish for the world a global political culture based on the values of sovereignty as
well as amity and respect between nations. Its member states are determined, as according to
the Preamble of the Charter of the United Nations,
to protect posterity from the blight of war,
to promote fundamental human rights and fundamental freedoms to all human beings,
regardless of their race, sex, language, and religion,
to develop provisions that would maintain justice and respect for treaties as well as
international law,
to encourage social development and better living conditions in freedom,

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to develop friendly relations based on the principles of equal sovereignty and self-determination
in order to live in peace and tolerance as 'good neighbors,
to maintain international peace and security by taking collective measures to prevent threats to
peace and suppress acts of aggression as well as solve international disputes based on the
principles of justice and international law,
to reaffirm that armed forces are not used unless in the 'common interest', and
to 'employ international machinery' to help advance social and economic development to all
nations

The United Nations' headquarters is in New York. It consists of 6 principal organs:

The General Assembly (GA) is the central organ of all 193 member states comprised of seven
main committees as well as other subsidiary bodies. Among other roles, the GA decides on the
admission of new members, and makes recommendations to states concerning economic, social,
cultural, and educational fields. It elects the non-permanent members of Security Council (SC),
the members of the International Court of Justice as well as the members of the Economic and
Social Reform Council (ECOSOC).

The Secretariat is the administrative organ of the UN that carries out the day-to-day work of the
organization, such as organizing international conferences and informing the world's media of the
activities of the UN. It is headed by the Secretary General, who is the "chief administrative officer'
of all the bodies of the UN appointed by the General Assembly based on the recommendation of
the Security Council.

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the universal court for international law that settles
the disputes between nations that are entirely of a legal nature, most especially those concerning
the interpretation of treaties. The ICJ is located in The Hague, the Netherlands.

The Security Council (SC) is the most powerful organ of the UN. It is responsible for maintaining
international peace and security, and henceforth has the power to impose economic sanctions
and authorize the use of military force. It is comprised of five permanent members and 10 non-
permanent members.

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The Economic and Social Reform Council (ECOSOC) is composed of 54 members,
including representatives from the business sector as well as non-governmental
organizations. Since it is in charge of promoting human rights and sustainability, it is the
principal body for coordination on issues relating to world economic, social, health, and
education concerns.

The Trusteeship Council was responsible for administering decolonized trust territories
that were not yet self-governing. It has been inactive since 1994.

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ThE ModEl UmitEd NAtioms

The Model United Nations is an educational simulation of the United Nations in which
delegates represent in their committees either member states, such as the French
Republic, or non-governmental organizations, such as the World Health organization, in
mock debates. The topics of these debates vary depending on each committee.
Delegates are required to form groups and make resolutions on the different topics.
These resolutions are then debated and voted on.

The purpose of Model United Nations is to engage in stimulating discussions regarding


global issues and to gain experience in public speaking. It provides the best opportunity
for students to understand diplomacy and politics through practice while also being a
wonderful and enjoyable activity that truly aids in building one's character.

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SASMUN

The Schutz American School Model United Nations (SASMUN) program was created in
2012 in order to offer students an opportunity to put their leadership skills, diplomatic
skills, and understanding of conflict resolution to use in a dynamic platform of todays
youth.

SASMUN is a simulation of the United Nations where students receive a platform to get
together and discuss the pressing issues in the world today. It increases our
understanding and awareness of these issues, while phoning our skills in public
speaking, diplomacy, and research.

The objective of SASMUN is to seek through discussion, debate, research and


negotiations, solutions to the various problems of todays world. We aim to increase
student awareness of international events, issues, and trends, with particular emphasis
on the role of the United Nations, and we help the delegates of this conference gain a
comprehensive understanding of other states viewpoints, motives and actions.

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As we assemble to form a body of like-minded youths, we are able to solve abstract
problems with concrete solutions. Through SASMUN, the youth of today are empowered
and encouraged to bring issues of international concern back to their communities, along
with the yearning for change.

The young delegates, while seeking solutions to the problems at hand, will learn to break
away from narrow, national self-interest and develop a sense of true
cooperation. The research, preparation, adoption of views and attitudes other than their
own, and interaction with people from different backgrounds and personalities, will help
the delegate get a deep insight into conflict resolution, and develop them as future
leaders.

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Topics on the Agenda

CommittEE IssuEs
Topic 1: Defeating ISIS as a fighting
GA1 force in the Middle East
Topic 2: Curtailing the rise of
xenophobic nationalism worldwide
Topic 3: Preventing the rise of
terrorism in Egypt
Topic 1: Preventing eco-terrorism
GA2 Topic 2: Addressing the growing
disparity between rich and poor in
developing countries in an effort to
diminish the impetus to join terrorist
groups
Topic 3: Reducing the business
ventures and investments that are
funding terrorist groups
Topic 1: Combating the
GA3 underground trade of antiquities
Topic 2: Preventing Islamic
radicalization in Europe
Topic 3: Creating a global
framework to deal with refugees

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Committee and Topic Descriptions
gA1: DisArmAmEmt &
ImtErmAtiomAl SEcurity
Topic 1: Defeating ISIS as a fighting force in the Middle East

ISIS (also known as IS, Islamic State or Daesh) has taken the whole world by surprise
with their acquisition or territory, income and dastardly actions towards civilians. In order
to understand ISIS properly, one must look at the situation backwards to see how they
rose to prominence. ISIS has been building themselves for quite a while since the
American invasion of Iraq in 2003. With the fall of Saddam Husseins government, the
power vacuum that ensued allowed them to flourish and increase their influence.
This terrorist organization combines their unconventional interpretation of the Islamic
Holy Book and Jihadism into their goal of a religious war. They have also harnessed the
internet in order to recruit fighters and transmit their viral videos. ISIS has built fear
amongst people along with hatred. ISIS seeks a religious war; they choose their targets
and battle plans with precision and foresight. The international attention they have
achieved in response to their attacks, videos, and suicide bombings has only encouraged
ISIS to continue their atrocious acts.

In order to defeat ISIS as a fighting force in the Middle East, the world has to change the
way they react to their ways and this must begin with the way people treat each other.
ISIS has been trying to create a major conflict between religions, based on Samuel
Huntingtons idea of a Clash of Civilizations, which in turn separates the people and
their nations. To defeat ISIS, means to collaboratively work together in order to raise
awareness against their methodology and dogma.

The world must take into account ISISs goal to create worldwide armed conflict based
on religious grounds. The fighting force against ISIS must be one that unites everyone,
increases religious tolerance, and educates a large part of the worlds population,
especially those who are unemployed or more vulnerable to becoming radicalized.
Defeating ISIS also requires well-planned and heavily-armed military force to defeat them
on the battlefield and deprive them of the income-generating activities that are fueling
their operations.

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Topic 2: Curtailing the rise of xenophobic nationalism worldwide

Xenophobia is a phenomenon that has existed for centuries, but has seen a recent
resurgence due to the socio-economic problems stemming from immigration, terrorism
and globalization. To understand the rise of this different type of nationalism, one must
understand the concept fully. Nationalism is when a countrys people feel patriotic and
proudly express their principles and loyalty for their country. Xenophobia is an extension
of this benign form of nationalism, wherein people begin to show dislike and hatred
towards people from other countries. The reason that terrorism has fueled xenophobia is
due to the fact that Islamic terrorism, originating in the Middle East, has been striking fear
into the hearts of Europeans and Americans.

Negative stereotypes towards Muslims have become more widespread, the idea for
example that Muslims cannot be trusted and should therefore be banned from entering
these countries. Even though these terrorists are mostly Jihadists that claim to follow the
words of the Islamic Holy Book, the vast majority of Muslims are peaceful people who
only want to achieve their own dreams without harming anyone else. When looking at
any religious text, it is important to understand that it can be interpreted in different ways
because they are more open-ended. The Quran is used as a guide for life and does not
force people to take a certain path, but rather gives people insights, sort of like
suggestions, on what a certain path may lead to.

Fear, hatred, and ignorance between people from different countries has increased in the
past decade and is growing as terrorist attacks continue to intensify. This has created a
barrier between people, which has only fueled the rise of xenophobic nationalism. The
hysteria that is diffused throughout the world through the 24 hour news cycle has only
reinforced the negative stereotypes many hold. In order to effectively curtail xenophobic
nationalism, the world must communicate in a more tolerant and less judgemental
manner. Once people begin to concentrate on unity, then nationalism will become a
concept used to connect people from different countries rather than create barriers.

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Topic 3: Preventing the rise of terrorism in Egypt

Egypt is faced with a struggle to keep its citizens safe due to Islamic insurgency on the
Sinai peninsula and the terrorism some of these groups are espousing. After the
impeachment of Mohamed Morsi in 2013, the rise of radical jihadi groups has become
evident. Most of the terrorist attacks in recent years have targeted in this region. Terrorist
attacks in this region, which borders Israel and the Palestinian Gaza Strip, have caused
the deaths of over 200 Egyptian soldiers. They have also led to a downturn in the tourism
industry, which was once responsible for 10% of Egypts GDP. The Egyptian military sent
out 20,000 troops to protect the peninsula and they have successfully killed and captured
several jihadists. After overthrowing Morsi as President, terrorism has slowly begun to
increase in Egypt. Several police stations and churches were bombed along with ships
that were passing through the Suez Canal. Earlier, during the anti-Mubarak protests, a
court in Egypt had come to a conclusion that the Muslim Brotherhood worked alongside
Hamas and Hezbollah in order to accomplish the jailbreak of the prisoners such as Morsi.
Egypt later declared the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist group.

The military is currently working on preventing the rise of terrorism in Egypt with their
anti-insurgency tactics. They are securing the borders so that terrorists do not enter the
country and cause more devastation in the country. Although Egypt strives for stability,
security, and safety, the help of other countries alongside their support will help Egypt
succeed in keeping their citizens and soldiers safe. The terrorists are always strategizing
and creating tactics, but Egypt must be supported by the international community in order
to tackle this prevalent issue before it creates a civil war. Terrorist organizations aim to
create dysfunction and chaos, and Egypt must stand against these attempts because
they could lead Egypt to a path that will be difficult to bounce back from. Those who join
terrorist organizations, especially in Egypt, are usually doing so due to their low financial
status, lack of education or lack of employment.

More than 25% of the Egyptian population is illiterate, and this number is alarming
because people are not being properly educated to make sure they are making the right
decisions. Those that possess a good education and job are much less likely to become
radicalized. Preventing terrorism in Egypt is a process that must be done cooperatively
with the international community and the Egyptians themselves. It relies on a
combination of military preparation, economic development and a dismantling of the
terrorist groups that threaten stability in the country.

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gA2: Ecomomic &
FimAmciAl

Topic 1: Preventing eco-terrorism

Eco-terrorism is any direct or indirect use of violence against people that modify any part
of the environment or animal species. Some eco-terrorists believe in environmental
preservation; however, some environmental extremists aim to spread their ideologies
through violence and criminal acts.

Eco-terrorists often commit terrorist activities based on the principle of biocentrism,


which is a belief that humans needs are not more important than than the needs of any
member of the biological community. One example of environmental extremist groups is
the Voluntary Human Extinction Movement. This movements motto is May we live long
and die out. Members of this movement believe that humans should stop breeding in
order for the human race to become extinct to allow the Earths biosphere to return to its
healthy and nourishing nature. Furthermore, Earth First! is an extremist organization
whose members believe that anything should be done to protect mother earth.

One of the paradoxes about the eco-terrorism movement is their potential to


inadvertently ruin our environment. For instance, the intentional spilling of oil in Kuwait, in
the 1990s, caused thousands of birds and wildlife to die out and burnt over 550 Kuwaiti
wells. Lastly, according to Fox News, eco-terrorists have committed crimes over the past
two decades that are responsible for $100 million of damage in the US alone! Therefore,
this committee will discuss potential solutions for preventing eco-terrorism.

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Topic 2: Addressing the growing disparity between rich and poor in developing
countries in an effort to diminish the impetus to join terrorist groups

According to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), In


the 1980s, the richest 10% of the population in OECD countries earned 7 times more
than the poorest 10%. They now earn nearly ten times more. When you include property
and other forms of wealth, the situation is even worse: in 2012, the richest 10%
controlled half of all total household wealth and the wealthiest 1% held 18%, compared to
only 3% for the poorest 40%.

With the increasing income inequality in developing countries, individuals are becoming
more prone to joining terrorist organizations, as they are lured financially to join. Some
aspects that influence the issue of income inequality include gender inequality and lack
of education. According to the European Commission, in 2013, of the 1.6 million people
who live in extreme poverty in the world, the majority are women. In many developing
countries, there are way less females than males that attend secondary schools;
therefore, making it more difficult for women to work and earn a living. Undoubtedly,
education is a powerful weapon which enables individuals to flourish and be innovative.
Some people in these developing countries cannot afford a proper education, which
hinders their career paths and potential. Therefore, when these people cant find a path
that would upgrade their life standards, they are more vulnerable to the terrorist
organizations recruitment campaigns on social media. Terrorist organizations such as
ISIS and others use social media platforms such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter to
reach out to individuals all over the world; they are adept at portraying their organizations
in ways that appeal to disadvantaged people. Therefore, solutions need to be developed
to address the growing disparity between the rich and poor in developing countries in an
effort to diminish the impetus to join terrorist groups.

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Topic 3: Reducing the business ventures and investments that are funding
terrorist groups

Terrorist groups are using money laundering and other criminal acts such as smuggling,
human trafficking, drug trafficking, and corruption as ways to generate money for their
terrorist acts and organizations. However, according to the International Monetary Fund
(IMF), drug trafficking generates the most money for terrorist organizations. Members of
Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, for instance, start their actions in areas where opium is
produced abundantly. Individuals involved in funding terrorist groups cover over the
original sources of the money and what this money will be used for. Therefore, terrorist
organizations expunge any connections between the money and the crime, the money
and the current possessor, and they protect the money from being impounded. Such illicit
profits pose a threat on public safety and the probity of the international financial system.
Organizations such as the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), which was created by the
G-7 Summit in Paris in 1989, aims to tackle the issues of money laundering and
financing of terrorism by working with international organizations such as the IMF, the
World Bank, the United Nations, and FATF-style regional bodies. This committee will
discuss potential solutions for reducing the business ventures and investments that are
funding terrorist groups in order to protect the international financial system, prevent
criminals from gaining any resources, and make it more challenging for criminals to profit
from their actions.

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GA3: SociAl, HumAmitAriAm, &
CulturAl
Topic 1: Combating the underground trade of antiquities

The underground trade of antiquities is the illegal exchange of historical artifacts from
around the world. When artifacts are illegally extracted and sold they are not handled or
studied using the proper scientific archeological method, putting these rich elements of
world culture in dire jeopardy. These artifacts are also not documented. Thus, humanitys
understanding of history could be hindered for lack of known evidence.The continuous
looting and destruction of artifacts is encouraged by the constant demand for them in the
black market. A recent study shows that looters are operating in at least 103 countries
around the world.The underground market is said to be worth billions of dollars,
circulating between three to eight billion dollars a year. Terrorist organizations have also
begun to use this trade as a source of income for their expenses. It is known that second
in line to oil, illegal antiquities are a major source of income for ISIS. Illegal trade of
antiquities occur most consistently in countries that are in a state of unrest, such as
Syria. There are thousands of sites across Syria, and the destruction of any of them is
an irrevocable loss for humanity;Its a loss for Syria and a loss for the world. Since ISIS
has occupied Syria many archaeological artifacts have been destroyed as a statement or
sold for money.

The fifteen countries that are of global concern related to this is she are as follows:
1. The United States; one third of two million sites have been looted, including ninety-
five percent of Native American burial sites.
2. Guatemala; eighty-five percent of the known artifacts have been looted.
3. Peru; More artifacts have been lost to looters in the last two decades than in the last
four centuries.
4. Mali; between eight and ninety percent of the artifacts of the Niger River Valley have
been looted.
5. Italy; 400 of the 550 Cerevisiae tombs have been stripped of their treasures.
6. Bulgaria; an estimated 50,000 people are engaged in raids every day making
approximately 40 million dollars.
7. China; 100,000 looters are currently active and 400,000 tombs have been looted in
the last 20 years.
8. Cambodia; Angkor Wat had 1,000 Buddha statues. Only 18 remain.
9. Greece; Tanagra figures from thousands of tombs have been robbed and sold around
the world.
10. Italy; 550 Etruscan tombs found, nearly 400 have been stripped of all burial treasures
11. Turkey;Ninety percent of 400 discovered tombs have been looted
12. Syria; 4,000 illegal excavation holes have been discovered in Apamea, Syria
13. Iraq;Between April 10 and 12 in 2003 the Iraq Museum has been extensively looted
from all its treasures.
14. Iran;33,000 sites in Iran are endangered due to man-made and natural disasters.
15. Egypt; Armed robbers rob storehouses of undocumented artifacts resulting in a lack
of knowledge of the missing items.

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Topic 2: Preventing Islamic radicalization in Europe

Due to recent crisis in the Middle East, there have been many refugees seeking asylum
in multiple European countries. Most of the immigrants believe in the Muslim faith, and,
with the rise of organizations such as ISIS, this can be perceived as a threat. Over the
past two years, terrorists attacks committed in Europe by Islamic Extremists have
become more frequent, including the bombings in Brussels, the truck attack in Nice, and
most recently an attempted vandalization and attack on the Louvre Museum in Paris. In
Germany alone, approximately 403,000 crimes were committed by immigrants in the past
three years. The Muslim share of the European population has increased by two percent
in the last decade and it is predicted to double by 2030.In recent surveys it has been
discovered that an estimated sixty percent of Muslim respondents reject homosexuals
as friends, 45% believe that Jews can not be trusted and almost all have a deep rooted
hatred towards the West. Many immigrants have a hard time conforming to the way of life
in the European countries. Germany and France have been among the most willing to
accept these immigrants and as a result have become home to the two largest Muslim
populations in Europe. Violent crimes are committed among members of such
communities because of misguided thoughts, lack of education, poverty, and the feeling
of helplessness and anger. In recent years the terrorist organization ISIS has become
more commonly known, and their methods of reaching out to recruit have become more
complex and widespread. These organizations appeal mostly to young adults because of
socio-economic reasons, a promise of a new start or a welcoming community,anger and
hatred, or radical thoughts.

This is a list of the extent of radicalization of people in Europe:

1. Portion of population joining terrorist groups


2. Sweden: 1 in 30,000
3. Spain: 1 in 20,000
4. France: 1 in 8,000
5. Albania: 1 in 7,000
6. Netherlands: 1 in 7,000
7. Germany: 1 in 6,000
8. UK: 1 in 4,000
9. Norway: 1 in 3,400
10. Finland: 1 in 1,00

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Topic 3: Creating a global framework to deal with refugees

A refugee is someone who was forced to flee their country because of dire
circumstances that could have been a danger to their lives such as war, prosecution, and
natural disaster. According to UNHCR, in 2014 the number of refugees around the world
rose to 14.4 million people. Of these 14.4 million refugees, 5.4 million are cared for in 60
camps set up by the UNHCR across the Middle Eastern countries. Organizations such as
the Humans Right Watch have been defending the rights of these refugees around the
world. HRW conducts investigations to advocate to governments to stop forced returns
and ensure all migrants are treated with dignity and respect and are provided with all
their necessary needs.

Syria has become the largest source country of refugees having a total of 4.9
million refugees. Coming in second is Afghanistan, which has provided 2.7 million
refugees. The third source country for refugees in the world is Somalia, which has 1.1
million refugees. South Sudan is labeled as the fourth largest source country for
refugees, with 800,000 worldwide.

In 2015,Turkey was the country to accept the most refugees, opening its doors to
approximately 2.5 million people.This has increased tensions with the locals and has
added to population pressure problems in Turkey.

Gulf countries including Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and
Bahrain have offered zero resettlement places to Syrian refugees.
Other high income countries including Russia, Singapore and South Korea have also
offered zero resettlement places
Germany has pledged 43,431 places for Syrian refugees via resettlement and other
admission pathways; about 46% of the combined EU total.
Excluding Germany, the remaining 27 EU countries have pledged around 51,205
places via resettlement and other admission pathways, or around 1% of the Syrian
refugee population in the main host countries
Germany and Sweden together have received 64% of Syrian asylum applications in
Europe between April 2011 and October 2016

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Conference Information
TEmtAtivE SchEdulE

Friday March 10th, 2017

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Saturday March 11th,

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ComfErEmcE FEE

Registration fee for all delegates is L.E 450 (including lunch fees,
stationary, and badges). The fee is non-refundable. The deadline for
payment is to be determined.

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DrEss CodE
Since professionalism in all aspects of the conference is required to accurately reflect the actual
United Nations meetings, delegates must adhere to the MUN dress code policy. Western business
attire is what is considered appropriate. For gentlemen, a suit (or a jacket and dress pants), a dress
shirt, and a tie are required along with socks and dress shoes. No jeans, hats, or caps will be
permitted. For ladies, a formal dress, suit, dress slacks or skirt with a blouse or sweater are
acceptable, along with dress shoes. Again, no jeans, hats, or caps will be considered suitable.

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PlAgiArism Policy

According to Dictionary.com, plagiarism is "an act or instance of using or closely imitating the
language and thoughts of another author without authorization and the representation of that
author's work as one's own, as by not crediting the original author". When submitting any
documents at SASMUN, delegates must be sure that the work is entirely their own. Delegates
must always differentiate between their own ideas from those derived from online or other sources
through quotations and proper citation. Any suspicions regarding an infraction of this policy will
be brought to the attention of the SASMUN director.

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AwArds Policy

SASMUN tries to provide students with an educational and enjoyable experience that would help
them become better global citizens who are fully aware of current world events and politics. Every
year, SASMUN recognizes the delegates whose exemplary performances in their committees are
worthy to be honored with different types of individual awards based on the following criteria:

- Outstanding research proven through the quality of position papers

- Thorough knowledge and representation of the state's interests and foreign relations

- Strong skills in writing resolutions and amendments during debate

- Ability to abide by rules of procedure and to cooperate with other delegates

- Ability to construct well-conceived and persuasive arguments

Delegates should note that such criteria are not absolute law; the Chairs of each committee also

observe each delegate's level of improvement and willingness to learn. Such factors are considered

when deciding winners.

The awards that will be given this year are: Best Delegate, Best Orator, and Best Inquisitor.

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Conference Preparation
OvErviEw
There are three steps of preparation that every delegate must complete to be ready for
the SASMUN conference: functional, substantive, and positional preparation. Functional
preparation requires delegates to first learn the parliamentary Rules of Procedure as
well as how to write a resolution. For this purpose, students should look at the "Drafting a
Resolution" sub-sub section in this guide. In addition, delegates should develop an
understanding of the basic structure and function of the UN and MUN. Some of that
information is available in the "Introductions" section of this guide, although delegates are
highly encouraged to look for other references as well.

The second step after understanding the structural elements of the UN and MUN as well
as how to perform in a committee, is to undergo Substantive preparation, which
requires delegates to thoroughly research the topics of their committees without
necessarily understanding their states' viewpoints. The "Committee and Topic
Descriptions" sub-section of this guide provides summaries for each of the topics on the
agenda, but these summaries are merely introductions meant to provide an overall
picture of the topics; they do not provide the foundation for specific information. Thus,
delegates must look for other sources of information, such as government websites or
official documents and annual reports of certain international organizations. Students
should look at the "Beginning Your Research" sub-section of this guide for further advice
on how to complete this second step of preparation.

After researching the topics, delegates should undertake the last stage of preparation:
Positional preparation, which requires delegates to reach an understanding of their
countries' perspectives on the topics. Delegates must learn how their country would act
in an actual United Nations conference. They must always represent their countries'
standpoint, and not their own personal opinions. In order to complete this stage of
preparation, each delegate is advised to write a position paper (optional but
recommended-see "Position Papers" sub-sub section).

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BEgimmimg your REsEArch
The types of preparation in the previous sub-section highlight what delegates should
learn about prior to the conference. When researching, the goal of each delegate is:

- To have a basic understanding of the structure and history of the United Nations
as well as the committee he or she is assigned to,

- To review the fundamental rules and procedures of MUN

- To have thorough knowledge, beyond what is written earlier in the guide, of the
topics to be debated,

- To be familiar with the political structure, allies and enemies, and current political
affairs of the state he or she is representing, and

- To grasp the perspective and role in the committee of the member state he or
she is representing and to firmly adopt this perspective as his or her own

Resources
Other than this SASMUN Guide, delegates are encouraged to access the official

documents and resolutions of the UN available through the following links:

United Nations Treaty Collection: https://treaties.un.org/

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This website is one of the main databases of the UN that provides access to hundreds of

the multilateral treaties deposited with Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, such as the

official charter of the UN and the Convention on the Political Rights of Women, as well as

links to the UN international law pages and the UN website.

Basic Facts about the United Nations:

http://munkiconference.weebly.com/uploads/1/5/4/2/15422056/basic-facts-about-the-

un.pdf

This link is to a PDF document published by the United Nations Department of Public

Information describing in full detail the UN structure, charter, programs, and efforts in

different states.

United Nations Association of the United States of America (UNA-USA) Resource

Links: http://www.unausa.org/global-classrooms-model-un/for- educators/resources/

resource-links

UNA-USA is a non-profit organization that works to promote cooperation among nations

in support for the United Nations through efforts such as The Global Classroom project

and the Global Policy Programs. This website provides all the pages to all the UN

organizations and works, such as the UN Peace and Security and the UN Humanitarian

Rights pages.

The United Nations System Chart:

http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/pdfs/UN%20system%20chart_lettercolor_2013.
pdf

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This link is to the main diagram showing all the subsidiary organs branching out of the six
principal organs of the UN (described in the "United Nations" sub-section of this guide).

Best Delegate: http://bestdelegate.com/resources/

This website provides extensive advice on how to research countries and topics as well
as practical guidelines such as 'How to Win Best Delegate Overview' and 'Public
Speaking First Aid: How to Overcome Nervousness, Intimidation, and Perfectionism'.

Millennium Development Goals and Beyond 2015: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/

The Millennium Development Goals of the UN are eight goals established in 2000
committed to combating malaria and poverty and promoting universal education, gender
equality, and environmental sustainability, among many other focuses. The website offers
the latest news on the actions that have been taken so far to achieve these goals.

Researching States
Once delegates are assigned their countries, they must begin familiarizing themselves
with its political structure, economic situation, and foreign policy. The following are some
of the questions each delegate should ask his or herself whilst researching:

- What is the form of government in my country? For instance, is it a one-party


communist state, a democratic republic, a dictatorship, or a constitutional
monarchy?

- How does its political geography affect my country's foreign policy? What kind of
relationship does my country have with its bordering neighbors and how does this
relationship determine my country's foreign policy goals?

- What is my country's current economic condition? How does this affect the
quality of life of my country's citizens? What are my country's major trade
negotiations?

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- What are the major conflicts or wars that my country has been embroiled in?
How do these conflicts determine my country's allies and enemies?

- What organizations does my country support? In what aspects do these


organizations help my country develop?

- Who are the leaders or leading party of my country? What are their political and
social values and future plans for the state?

- Is my country a developing country? What are its domestic issues and forms of
corruption?

Researching Committees
It is important that all delegates carefully study their committees. The

"Committee and Topic Descriptions" section of this guide only introduces

the purpose and role of this year's committees. Each delegate must

conduct his or her own individual research to develop a deep

understanding of the history, purpose, powers, goals, and voting

procedures of his or her assigned committee. The UN websites provided in

the "Resources" sub-sub section of this guide are certainly a good start,

but delegates can also look for other trustworthy sources such as books,

scholarly articles, or important past resolutions and decisions online.

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Researching Agenda Topics

When studying the three topics of their committees, delegates are recommended to use the old

method of 'Who, What, Where, When, Why, and How'. Delegates should be able to define

in a detailed manner what each topic is about and its history as well as make suggestions

from the point of view of their assigned countries in order not to serve their countries'

interests but the rather international community. In order to be able to do so, delegates should

ask themselves while researching:

- What are the little, different issues or conflicts that branch out of the general
topic? What were their previous solutions?

- Who is causing these conflicts? Who is working to solve them?

- Where are these issues or conflicts most concentrated? Why these specific
regions? When did these issues start?

- How grave are the problems presented by the topic? How will they affect my
country and the international community? How did the UN and my country attempt
to solve these issues previously? How could this year's conference deal with these
issues differently?

- Why did the past attempts to resolve these problems fail? Why are the people or
states causing these problems doing so in the first place? What is their purpose?

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Position Paper (Optional)
A position paper for SASMUN is a two-page description of a delegation's perspective

and responses or policies concerning the three issues of its committee. Although fairly

short and not required, the position paper is the greatest proof that a delegate has

indeed done the aforementioned research required to attend the conference. For this

reason, it is one of the elements that committee chairs consider when picking the

delegates for each award offered at the conference. The position paper should consist of

three paragraphs. The first paragraph should outline the problems associated with each

of the three topics that are of the greatest concern to the delegate's country. It should

contain a description of the main elements and roots of these problems and of the topics

in general.

The purpose of the second paragraph is to emphasize the position of a delegate's

country. It should thus have a description of the national interests of the delegation when

it comes to these problems. It should highlight the delegation's policies towards them as

well as the reasons for the successes or failures of these policies.

The third paragraph is where the delegate offers his or her solutions; the delegate

emphasizes his or her country's specific proposals regarding the issues. The paragraph

should also include details as to how these proposals will be implemented as well as the

global impact they will have.

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SASMUN requires that the position paper be only two pages and single-spaced. The

recommended font is Times New Roman, size 12. The position paper is due on the day

of the conference. Delegates will hand them over to their committee Chairs for

evaluation.

Sample Position Paper


The following sample has been obtained from the website of the United Nations
Association of the United States of America (provided in the "Resources" sub-
section of this guide). While this example is written on one topic, SASMUN
requires that if delegates decide to write one, it should be about all three.

Committee: International Labor Organization


Topic: Globalization and Development
Country: Romania

*This sample position paper was submitted by the delegation of Romania at the 2007
UNA-USA Model UN Conference in New York City.

In the past two decades the rapidly growing world trend has been toward globalization.
With the emergence of the internet as a means of communication and the increasing
accessibility of international trade physical barriers are not the only barriers withering
away. Protective tariffs are plummeting and free trade agreements are becoming more
prevalent. Romania appreciates that globalization creates favorable situations for
expansion of commercial as well as economic assets. In the past year Romania has
seen a foreign direct investment (FDI) increase of 199%. Inward FDI increased from
EURO 234 million in 2005 to EURO 699 million in 2006. However, Romania realizes that
increased globalization does not automatically produce more equality.

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Globalization and Development can contribute to the advancement of the overall
international human condition; however, the delegation of Romania recognizes that
without proper regulation the potential for advancement will remain limited to an elite few
individuals, businesses, and nations. Unless checked and aimed toward the common
good, globalization cannot effectively serve the global community. Crucial in dealing with
the complexities of globalization, good governance must act with solidarity and
responsibility. Romania believes that in involving people in globalization we must
promote moral values, democratic principles, inclusive global political culture, institutions
that safeguard both individual civil rights and inherent freedoms, and the common good.
In addition, coping with the influx of information from globalization governments must act
with solidarity and insight. Access to digital education will undoubtedly result in the
confidence of citizens in their respective administrations and allow for a greater degree of
transparency, and therefore a lesser degree of corruption.

Romania believes the multinational business community has the ability and the obligation
to support pertinent values in human rights, labor standards, and environmental
preservation. As stated by the president, Mr. Traion Basescu, Romania feels a "heartfelt
attachment to multilateralism, as an effective instrument designed to identify the
adequate answers to the challenges brought by globalization."

Romania is party to the majority of multilateral treaties and conventions identified as such
by the Secretary General in the context of the Millennium Summit in 2001. Romania has
always supported innovative and effective ways of establishing cooperation within and
between regional organizations. As one of the newest members of the European Union,
Romania is an active member of the World Trade Organization, and looks forward to
offering its support to the redirection of globalization to best benefit the global community.

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Opening Speeches
Other than the position paper, each delegate must prepare an opening speech, which
should not exceed 1.5 minutes. An opening speech is merely an introduction of a
delegation's point of view that serves to show that a delegation is present and ready
to engage in debate. Its purpose is to briefly highlight the issues that are of the
greatest concern to the delegate's country.

Sample Opening Speech


he following sample has been obtained from the Facebook group of the Princess
Somaya University for Technology Model United Nations Club (https://
www.facebook.com/PSUT.MUN/posts/361922493894659 ).

Mrs. Secretary General, Honorable chair, Fellow delegates, Good Morning. The
delegation of North Korea is delighted to have the opportunity to take part in this
prestigious conference to debate and hopefully solve major problems the world
suffers from in our present day.

We would first like to express our interest in the issue concerning renewable energy
sources which has always been of huge importance for our country especially since
North Korea suffers from a serious energy shortage. The development and utilization
of clean renewable energy will help us rely more on our environment and not seek
help from other nations. In addition, it will provide us with aid in solving a problem
that is highly destructive and will sadly lead to the eventual death of large numbers of
nations and people.

Concerning the problem of victimized children, North Korea is highly committed to


this subject. Having lived through the Korean War and suffered civilian deaths,
massacres, starvation and imprisonment. North Korea acknowledges the post effects
of war and how dramatic such effects can be on children. Children have the right to
enjoy childhood and should be fully protected from violence; therefore, we are
delighted that this issue will be tackled again in the upcoming days.

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Conclusively, the issue of world-wide water crisis is a global matter and should be tackled
by both rich and poor countries. Water experts predict that in 50 years time, many
countries will be facing severe water shortages and North Korea is one of them. This is
an alarming fact to us and demands our immediate attention. We are looking forward to
devise possible solutions with all other nations in order to face and prevent an eventually
massive drought.

The delegate of North Korea has faith that this conference will be fruitful and very
productive and calls upon all other nations to join hands in the coming days and provide
practical solutions to be implemented in the future.

Thank you

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ThE ProcEss of DEbAtE
SASMUN committee sessions are divided into formal sessions and informal sessions.
During the formal sessions, delegates are required to abide by the parliamentary rules of
procedure as they make speeches, ask and reply to questions as well as submit and
debate resolutions and amendments. It is usually difficult for new and inexperienced
delegates to understand how to act according to the rules of procedure by merely
reading about them, but through constant observation and practice during the first hours
of debate, these rules will easily become second nature. Delegates who wish to gain
some foundations of the entire process may look at the "General Rules of Procedure"
sub- section of this guide. The order of committee dynamics is further described below.

1- Lobbying (Before Actual Conference)


Lobbying is perhaps the most important part of the conference, since it is the informal
session where the main improvements to draft resolutions take place. Lobbying typically
happens after the start of a MUN conference. During this time, delegates meet informally
to draft and seek support for resolutions. The outcome of lobbying is the submitting of
draft resolutions to the approval panel. The approval panel acts as quality control. It
ensures that every draft resolution it receives adheres to MUN style and format
requirements, that it adequately addresses the issue, and that proposes well-conceived
solutions. For example, a resolution that clearly violates an international law or requires
the United Nations to function outside its established mandate may be either rejected or
required to be changed before being approved

IMPORTANT: Lobbying at SASMUN is like that of last year. Lobbying will be conducted
prior to the actual conference. Two lobbying sessions (see the Tentative Schedule sub-
section of this guide) have been established on the Schutz campus. While not
mandatory, it is important to attend these sessions.

In addition, the first day of the conference will include about an hour and forty-five
minutes of extra lobbying time.

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2- Opening Session
As soon as the committee comes to order and the Chairs make their
announcements and conduct the roll call, formal session begins with opening
speeches. The Chair will call on each delegate to rise and make his or her speech,
which should not exceed one minute and thirty seconds.

3- Debate
The Chairs of each committee then proceed by introducing the first resolution to be
debated. The main-submitter is immediately called on to approach the podium and
introduces the resolution. The Chair will ask if the speaker is open to points of
information. If he or she is, the Chair will ask delegates to raise their placards if there
are such points in the house and will then pick delegates accordingly. Afterwards, the
Chair will ask the speaker to yield the floor. The Chair will then set time for open
debate on the resolution and will then request if there are those wishing to speak for or
against it. A new speaker rises to the podium and the same procedures take place.
Amendments are submitted, debated, and voted upon. Debate is carried on in that
manner until voting procedures on the resolution take place and the next resolution is
introduced.

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ThE Art of CommumicAtiom

Preparing a Speech
Then delegates plan on raising their placards to make speeches during the process
of debate, they usually do not have the time to write these speeches out word for
word. Delegates are thus advised to outline only a few key expressions or words.
Generally speaking, it is often noted that delegates who dictate their speeches with
spontaneity and while looking at their audiences are more convincing than delegates
who merely read from papers. Delegates should always remember that speeches for
or against a resolution during debate are meant to be impromptu; they are not meant
to be written out like opening speeches, for instance. Therefore, preparing a speech
only entails jotting down brief notes before rising to stand on the podium.

While delivering a speech, delegates should try to avoid 'filler' words such as "umm",
"like", "you know", "uh", and "sort of". A speech should be given concisely and in a
clear and energetic voice. A delegate should keep in mind that while the ideas in his
or her speech must be comprehensive, in reality it is the manner by which the speech
is being delivered that matters more than the content of the speech.

The content of a speech is open to the delegate. Within the scope of defending or
attacking a resolution or an amendment, delegates may, for instance, introduce their
allies' positions or oppose other ones. Delegates could also reference to what other
delegates have said to show support for allies or express disapproval of certain
ideas. However, delegates should remember to never stray from what their
committees are currently discussing.

Successful and attention-grabbing speeches are the ones delivered with a degree of
confidence and eloquence. Delegates should try to avoid showing any signs of fear
or anxiety while standing on the podium. SASMUN Chairs fully believe that all
delegates can quickly develop the skills needed to speak publicly. There is never a
need for nervousness and shyness at SASMUN, so delegates should simply trust
themselves and focus on expressing their ideas and remember that those who speak
the most are the ones more likely to steer the course of discussions in their favor.

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Yields
In SASMUN, there are only two situations where a delegate yields the floor, described
below:

- If a main- submitter of a resolution has done making his or her first speech for
the resolution, he or she may request to yield the floor to another delegate.

- Any delegate who makes any form of speech will be asked to yield the floor to
the Chair, who can then proceed to the next speaker or procedure, unless there
any motions.

Drafting a Resolution
A resolution is, very simply, a formally-written list of suggestions that addresses a

specific topic or issue in the committee agenda. It is the result of the collaborative effort

of a group of delegates and their negotiations during the lobbying process.

Pre-Ambulatory Clauses:

The pre-ambulatory clauses in a resolution consist of short background information at

its beginning. These clauses inform the house of what past grievances have occurred

or what needs to be solved. However, pre-ambulatory clauses are not debated. Each

clause can begin with the following examples.

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Acknowledging, affirming, alarmed by, approving,
aware of, believing, bearing in mind, confident of,
congratulating, contemplating, convinced of,
declaring, deeply concerned, deeply conscious,
deeply convinced, deeply disturbed, deeply
regretting, deploring, desiring, emphasizing,
expecting, expressing its appreciation, expressing
its satisfaction fulfilling, fully alarmed, fully aware,
fully believing, further deploring, further recalling,
guided by, having adopted, having considered,
having considered further, having devoted
attention, having examined, having heard, having
studied, keeping in mind noting further, noting
with appreciation, noting with approval, noting
with deep concern, noting with regret, noting with
satisfaction, observing, pointing out, reaffirming,
realizing.

Operative Clauses:

The operative clauses that follow are the most important as they form the "list of
suggestions" mentioned earlier. Such clauses begin with the following examples:

Accepts, affirms, approves, asks, authorizes, calls for, calls


upon, congratulates, confirms, declares accordingly,
designates, encourages, endorses, expresses its
appreciation, expresses its hope, further invites, further
proclaims, further recommends, further requests, further
resolves, hopes, invites, proclaims, proposes, recommends,
regrets, requests, resolves, seeks, strongly affirms, strongly
urges, suggests, supports trusts, transmits, urges.

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There is only one main-submitter for each resolution. This delegate will be the one called
on to introduce the resolution and make a speech supporting it. Those who sign as co-
submitters of the resolution do not necessarily support it but would like to see it debated.
For a resolution to be discussed and submitted, it must have a minimum of four co-
submitters. Each delegate may co-submit only one resolution per topic.

Sample Resolution
The following is a resolution written by a Schutz student in preparation for the 2014 Cairo
American College MUN Conference

General Assembly First Committee


Main Submitter: The People's Republic of China Topic: International Money Laundering

The General Assembly,

Acknowledging that money laundering allows crime to pay, thus encouraging further
crime,

Noting that since laundering money is untaxed, it ultimately deprives countries of social
programs which might otherwise be funded from tax revenue, Aware that money
laundering negatively affects the transparency, good governance, and accountability of
both public and private institutions,

Concerned with the fact that regular businesses find it difficult to compete with money
laundering businesses, which sell their products cheaply in order to clean money,

1. Requests all states to acknowledge money laundering as a crime as it is defined


in the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime;

2. Urges each state to allows its central bank to place a rigorous licensing process
on all other financial institutions in the state, which will ensure that only
uncorrupted persons are allowed to own and manage these financial institutions;

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3. Encourages all states to establish certain obligations for their banks, including:

a. Carrying out a process of customer due diligence by keeping identification


records of its customers for a set number of years,

b. Reporting to the state's Department of Finance whenever there are grounds


to believe that a money laundering offence has been or is about to be
committed,

c. Adopting freezing measures should a suspected client request to transfer his


or her account funds abroad,

d. Refusing to provide any service to or have any business transaction with a


client whose identity is unclear,

e. Refusing to open any anonymous or pseudonymous account for a client,

4. Urges all states to follow the Forty Recommendations of the Financial Action Force,
which ensures that the international standards for Anti-Money Laundering/
Combating the Financing of Terrorism, or AML/CFT, are being enforced;

5. Recommends all states to establish an administrative department in charge of anti-


money laundering, which will:

a. Give a disciplinary sanction to the manager of any financial institution within


that state violating the policies of the Financial Action Force,

b. Provide AML training programs to the managers and staffs in charge of


financial institutions to make them adept in facing money laundering
offences,

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6. Requests all states to seek the aid of the Basel Committee on Banking
Supervision, which works to strengthen the regulation, supervision, and practices
of banks;

7. Urges all states to review the adequacy of laws and regulations that relate to
entities that can be vulnerable and abused for the financing of terrorism, such as
non-profit organizations.

The Amendment Process


An amendment is a minor change or addition to improve a clause in a resolution. An
amendment can also be deleting a clause, though the Chair may reject it if it will
cause the resolution to not have the required number of clauses needed for it to be
debated. There can be no amendments made to amendments; in other words, there
are no amendments to the second degree.

The purpose of an amendment is to alter the controversial areas of a resolution


rather than to dismiss it entirely. If a delegate wishes to submit an amendment, he or
she must send it to the Chair for approval. The Chair will call on the delegate to come
up to the podium to make a small speech explaining the amendment. Delegates
should keep in mind that poorly written amendments will slow the flow of debate in a
committee. Delegates must plan on submitting comprehensive amendments that
serve to enhance the resolution and further validate its legitimacy.

When the time set by the Chair for debate on an amendment is over, the house
moves to voting procedures on it. Abstentions are allowed. If the amendment passes,
the Chair will ask all delegates to make the necessary changes in their copies of the
resolution being debated.

Voting on a Resolution
As soon as the Chair closes debate on a resolution or amendment, the committee
will move to voting procedures. Clapping is in order only if an entire resolution
passes.

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gEmErAl RulEs of ProcEdurE
The rules of this guide are applicable to all of the three committees in this year's
conference.

English is the official language of the conference.

Each and every delegate shall be courteous and respectful to the Chairs, admin staff,
and other delegates at all times. Any infraction of this rule will be immediately
brought to the attention of the SASMUN director.

Electronic devices, such as laptops and tablets, are permitted during the committee
sessions as long as they are used for research purposes meant to enhance the
flow of debate.

Rules Governing Debate


The Chairs will have absolute control over the proceedings of their committees. The
Chairs accord the right for any delegate to speak, be it for asking a question or
delivering a speech. They have the authority to extend or minimize debate times
and limit the number of points of information. They rule on motions and points of
order, and enforce decorum in their committees.

At the beginning of each session, the Chairs will conduct a roll call to ensure that
quorum is present.

No delegate may address a session without having first obtained the permission of the
Chair presiding over the committee. The speaking time of each delegate is also
set and determined by the Chair.

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During formal sessions, delegates must refrain from using personal pronouns such as
"I" and "you"

A point of information is a question directed to the delegate who currently has the
floor. After the speaker is done delivering a speech, the Chair will ask if he or
she is open to any points of information. Depending on the delegate's answer,
the Chair may ask if there are such points in the house. Delegates who wish to
ask a question raise their placards and if chosen, rise to state their points of
information. A delegate who wishes to ask a second question may ask the Chair
for a "request of follow up".

Should a delegate experience any form of discomfort during a formal session that may
prevent his or her participation in the proceedings, he or she may rise and state
a point of personal privilege to request that this uneasiness be corrected. The
most common point of personal privilege is due to audibility.

A delegate may rise and state a point of inquiry to ask the presiding Chair a question
regarding the current proceedings or rules of procedure of the session.

A delegate who notices an instance of improper use of the rules of procedure may rise
and state a point of order. A delegate may not interrupt a speaker with this
point, unless the speech being delivered by the speaker does not follow
parliamentary procedures.

Although the point of personal privilege and point of inquiry may be used by delegates
at any time during debate, delegates should take good care not use them
recklessly, especially if these points are meant to interrupt a speaker.

Delegates may call out for a "Motion to move to voting procedures", which is a
request for the Chair to close debate and move directly to voting procedures on
the resolution or amendment pending. It requires a "second" by other delegates
in the house and may still be overruled by the Chair.

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A "Motion to adjourn the debate" calls for the temporary disposal of a resolution.
The delegate who calls for this motion must rise and give a short speech as to
why the resolution should be adjourned. The Chair will then recognize two
speakers who wish for the resolution to be continued and two who wish
otherwise. The Chair will then put the motion to vote, and the fate of the
resolution, which requires only a majority to continue, is determined by the vote
outcome.

A "Motion to extend points of information" requests the Chair to allow, depending


on the time limit, a few more delegates to state further points of information
(questions) to the speaker on the podium. It may be overruled by the Chair due
to time constraints.

A "Motion to extend debate time" needs to be seconded by other delegates of the


house and requires a ruling by the Chair to pass.

Delegates who wish for a motion not to pass may call "objection". The final decision,
though, is the Chair's.

There are two types of voting procedures that each committee may interchange during
formal sessions. There are procedural votes, in which delegates may vote only
'yes' or 'no'; no abstentions are allowed, and substantive votes, in which
delegates may abstain from voting. In both cases, delegates raise their placards
while the committee admin staff counts the votes and reports to the Chair, who
announces the passage or failure of a resolution or an amendment.

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Officers & Advisors

Adam Carter Brandon


Barron
MUN Director Assistant MUN
Director

Omar Luke

Secretary
General

Farida Kawthar El Nancy


Ghitany Naggar Ashour

Head Deputy Secretary


Delegate Secretary

Zeina Malak El Taymour Hanya


Gad Sharef Mansi Hendy
USG
USG Finance USG USGs Conference
Research Technology Services

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Contact Information

Schutz American School 51 Schutz


Street P.O. Box 1000 Alexandria, Egypt
21111
Tel: (20-3) 576-2205/ 576-4188/
574-3561 Fax: (20-3) 574-1435

Adam Carter: acarter@schutzschool.org.eg


Brandon Barron: bbarron@schutzschool.org.eg
Omar Luke: omar17@schutzschool.org.eg
Kawthar El Naggar: kawthar17@schutzschool.org.eg

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