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5th Grade PMI

Fractions Operations Part I

Fractions as a form of division

Classwork

Draw a picture to show the division. Express your answer as a fraction.

1) * 6 4

2) * A baker poured 4 pounds of oats equally into 3 bags. What is the weight of each
bag?

3) * A principal evenly distributes 6 reams of copy paper to 8 fifth-grade teachers. How


much paper does each teacher receive?

Divide and Check Give the answer as a mixed number

7 84
4) 7)
2 11
15 228
5) 8)
4 5
42 632
6) 9)
5 12

Homework

Draw a picture to show the division. Express your answer as a fraction.


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10) * 4 6

11) * A baker poured 3 pounds of oats equally into 4 bags. What is the weight of each
bag?

12) * A principal evenly distributes 8 reams of copy paper to 6 fifth-grade teachers. How
much paper does each teacher receive?

Divide and Check Give the answer as a mixed number

6
13) 5
23
14) 3
74
15) 9
94
16) 12
635
17) 3
743
18) 15

Finding Common Denominators

Classwork
1
Find the Least Common Denominator between 3 and each of the following fractions:

1 3
19) 2 21) 4
4 3
20) 5 22) 7

2
Find the Least Common Denominator between 7 and each of the following fractions:
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1 3
23) 2 25) 4
4 1
24) 5 26) 11
3
Find the Least Common Denominator between 10 and each of the following fractions:

1 3
27) 2 29) 4
4 3
28) 5 30) 7

Homework
1
Find the Least Common Denominator between 5 and each of the following fractions:

2 1
31) 3 33) 10
4 3
32) 9 34) 11

5
Find the Least Common Denominator between 6 and each of the following fractions:

1 4
35) 2 37) 5
2 7
36) 9 38) 12

5
Find the Least Common Denominator between 16 and each of the following fractions:

3 5
39) 4 41) 12
2 1
40) 3 42) 8

Comparing Fractional Numbers

Classwork

Fill in with the correct symbol ( >, <, or = ).


1 1 7 5
43) 8 46) 8
4 6
3 3 3 2
44) 7 47) 7
8 5
2 2 5 4
45) 3 48) 9
5 7

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19 73 6 7
49) 21 50) 11
84 15

Circle which fraction is greatest:

3 2 3
51) 5 , ,
3 4
4 7 9
52) 5 , ,
9 10

Homework

Fill in with the correct symbol ( >, <, or = ).


3 3 5 3
55) 59) 22
4 5 11

4 7 7 22
56) 5 60) 13
9 39

3 1 3 4
57) 14 61) 13
6 17

2 4 1 1
58) 5 62)
11 7 5

Circle which fraction is greatest:

3 2 1
63) 8 , ,
5 4

5 7 9
64) 7 , ,
9 11

Adding Fractions with Unlike Denominators

Classwork

Add the following fractions. Simplify to lowest terms:


1 1 3 5
65) + 69) +
2 3 10 12
1 2 5 3
66) + 70) +
3 5 6 7
1 2 3 12
67) 4
+ 3
71) +
10 20
2 5 1 3
68) + 72) +
5 6 6 9
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12 2 12 6
73) + 74) +
18 6 15 12

75) Samantha ate 4/5 of her pizza and tony ate 1/3 of the pizza. How much pizza did
the two eat together?

76) Francine ran 4/5 of a mile, stopped for a break, and ran 1/8 of a mile. How many
miles did Francine run altogether?

Homework

Add the following fractions. Simplify to lowest terms:


1 3 5 7
77) + 82) +
4 5 13 11
2 3 4 2
78) + 83) +
6 7 10 7
2 4 11 15
79) + 84) +
8 9 12 22
2 2 4 6
80) + 85) +
5 7 10 16
3 7 20 30
81) + 86) +
8 12 100 150

87) Aunt Margaret ate 1/2 of the Thanksgiving pie, and Uncle Mark ate 2/5 of the pie.
How much of the pie did they eat together?

88) In 30 seconds, Michael swam 5/6 of a kilometer, and then he swam another 4/9 of
a kilometer. How much of a kilometer did he swim in that time?

Subtracting Fractions with Unlike Denominators

Classwork

Subtract the following fractions. Simplify the difference to lowest terms:


7 3 7 4
89) 91)
10 5 9 7
3 2 5 1
90) 92)
4 3 7 5
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11 2 15 7
93) 96)
12 9 20 12
7 3 11 7
94) 97)
8 5 12 15
6 3 70 30
95) 98)
11 10 120 90

99) A recipe needs 3/4 teaspoon black pepper and 1/7 teaspoon salt. How much more
black pepper does the recipe need than salt?

100) Jonathan lives 3/8 mile from the Museum of Natural History. Sylvia lives 1/4 mile
from the same museum. How much closer is Sylvia from the museum?

Homework

Subtract the following fractions. Simplify the difference to lowest terms:


7 3 23 7
101) 106)
8 7 25 10
6 3 23 3
102) 107)
7 5 40 8
4 1 17 7
103) 108)
5 3 20 12
6 5 8 22
104) 109)
7 97 10 55
8 2 90 30
105) 110)
14 10 160 120

111) A recipe needs 3/7 teaspoon of vanilla bean extract and 1/4 teaspoon of cocoa
powder. How much more vanilla bean extract does the recipe call for than cocoa
powder?

112) Richard lives 1/9 of a mile away from Times Square. Maria lives 4/5 of a mile
away from Times Square. How many miles closer is Richard than Maria?

Adding Mixed Numbers with Unlike Denominators

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Classwork

Add the following mixed numbers. Simplify the sum to lowest terms:
1 1 5 3
113) 1 2 + 2 118) 3 7 + 2
3 8
1 2 3 11
114) 1 3 + 3 5 119) 9 12 + 5 20
1 1 1 4
115) 4 4 + 5 120) 6 11 + 4 9
7
2 3 1 5
116) 8 9 + 1 121) 2 10 + 3
5 16
1 5 3 16
117) 110 + 2 122) 3 24 + 11
12 32

1 1
123) Mary is preparing for a final exam. She studied 3 4 hours on Saturday and 2 5
hours on Sunday. How many hours did she study over the weekend?

7 4
124) During the pie eating contest, Jenna ate 9 8 apple pie, and then she ate 2 5
pumpkin pie. How much pie did Jenna eat altogether?

Homework

Add the following mixed numbers. Simplify the sum to lowest terms:
1 3 4 11
125) 1 4 + 2 5 130) 2 9 + 3 12
1 3 17 5
126) 36 + 2 131) 10 30 + 1 12
7
3 5 11 5
127) 1 8 + 3 9 132) 7 +
12 16
2 2 1 5
128) 4 7 + 4 5 133) 3 16 + 6 6
1 7 35 30
129) 5 10 + 2 134) 21 105 + 43 70
18

1
135) The dog is 7 2 years old. The cat is 2 years older than the dog. How old is the
cat?

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2 1
136) Reyna drank 8 3 cups of water and 4 2 cups of milk today. How much fluid did
Reyna have to drink today?

Subtracting Mixed Numbers with Unlike Denominators

Classwork

Subtract the following mixed numbers. Simplify the difference to lowest terms:

3 1 1
137) 2 1 142) 43 13
4 3 10
2 1 3 1
138) 5 5 2 7 143) 11 8 10 9
7 3 3 3
139) 6 8 1 5 144) 12 4 8 5
14 3 6 8
140) 3 12 3 7 145) 5 10 3 17
3 5 11 2
141) 7 5 4 6 146) 27 12 16 3

3 2
147) Tiana bought 2 7 gallons of paint, but she only used 1 5 gallons of the paint. How
much paint does she have left?

1 3
148) Mr. Ramirezs dog is 5 2 years old. His cat is 2 4 years younger than the dog. How
old is the cat?

Homework

Subtract the following mixed numbers. Simplify the difference to lowest terms:
2 1 15 6
149) 3 5 1 4 154) 13 20 11 24
2 1 13 6
150) 4 5 2 3 155) 41 20 30 15
7 2 3
151) 5 10 3 9 156) 15 6 5
1 12 5 7
152) 6 6 5 21 157) 7 8 2 15
4 1 33 7
153) 7 9 7 6 158) 79 50 56 20

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2 1
159) Of his 2 3 chocolate bars, Joey gave his sister 1 5. How much does he have left?

4
160) In her garden, the grandma planted 3 9 rows of seeds. The groundhog came
1
along and ate 1 2 rows of the seeds. How many rows of seeds are left?

Fractions Unit Multiple Choice Questions

161) A fraction is an expression that indicates the ________ of two quantities:


a. Product c. Difference
b. Sum d. Quotient

162) A fraction is expressed as:


instigator numerator
a. c.
denominator denominator

denominator numerator
b. d.
numerator instigator

2
163) Which of the following fractions are equivalent to 3?
2 4
a. c.
6 9
1 4
b. d.
3 6

3
164) Which of the following fractions are NOT equivalent to 4?
9 5
a. c.
12 7
6 15
b. d.
8 20

35
165) Which of the following fractions are equivalent to ?
50

7 30
a. c.
10 40

3 50
b. d.
5 35

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166) Which set of fractions is equivalent?
2 4 4 8
a. = c. =
6 10 6 10

3 1 5 6
b. = d. =
6 2 6 5

10
167) How would you write 30 in lowest terms?
2 3
a. c.
6 10
5 1
b. d.
15 3

168) Which of the following fractions is in its lowest term?


3 5
a. c.
4 10
2 12
b. d.
6 16

169) Which of the following fractions is in its lowest term?


6 15
a. c.
10 16
14 25
b. d.
18 30

22
170) In mixed numbers, is written as
5
2 2
a. 4 5 c. 20 5
2 1
b. 5 5 d. 22 5

13
171) In mixed numbers, is written as
3
3 2
a. 1 3 c. 4 3
1 1
b. 4 3 d. 13 3

1
172) Which of the following shows 5 2 as an improper fraction?
51 15
a. c.
2 2
11 1
b. d.
2 10

5
173) Which of the following shows 2 8 as an improper fraction?
21 7
a. c.
8 8
12 5
b. d.
8 16

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174) Which of the following fractions is the largest?
2 4
a. c.
3 5
3 5
b. d.
4 10

175) Which of the following fractions is the largest?


5 7
a. c.
8 16
4 21
b. d.
9 45

176) Which of the following fractions is the smallest?


1 2
a. c.
8 20
1 3
b. d.
15 30

177) Which of the following fractions is the smallest?


4 7
a. c.
5 8
9 5
b. d.
10 6

Select the simplest form answer to each of the following expressions:

3 3
178) +
5 5
3
a. 5
6
b. 5
3
c. 10
6
d. 10

2 2
179) +
3 5
16
a. 15
4
b. 5
4
c. 8
16
d. 8
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1 1
180) 2 6 + 1 3
1
a. 3 3
1
b. 3 2
1
c. 3 9
2
d. 3 6

4 1
181) 4 5 2 2
1
a. 1
2
1
b. 2 2
3
c. 2 3
3
d. 2 10

Short Constructed Response Questions

182) The apple pie recipe calls for 3/4 cup of cinnamon and 5/6 cup of powdered
sugar. How much spice will the recipe call for all together?

183) Tina ate 5/14 of the cookie cake, and Margaret ate 3/7 of the cookie cake. How
much of the cookie cake did the two eat together?

184) Aliesa ran 2 1/5 mile, and Jackie ran 5 3/8 of a mile. How much farther did Jackie
run?

185) Billy fed his dog 2/7 of a can of dog food everyday. After his vet said the dog was
under weight, Billy started adding 2/15 can of dog food to his normal portion. How
much dog food is eaten now?

186) While cleaning the laundry room, Taylor realized she only has 1/20 of laundry
detergent left when last week she had 3/5. How much detergent did Taylor use in a
week?

187) While on vacation, the Dover family spent 1/9 of their budget on souvenirs and
2/5 of their budget on food. How much of their budget has the family spent already?

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188) Buzz Lightyear traveled 4/5 of a lightyear in 5 minutes. He traveled another 1 5/9
lightyears after resting. How many lightyears did Buzz fly altogether?

189) Freddy and Shranya went apple picking. Freddy picked 8 1/6 of a barrel of gala
apples, and Shranya picked 14 7/8 of a barrel. How many more barrels did Shranya
pick than Freddy?

190) Sam and Dean ate 8/9 of a gallon of ice cream. Sam ate 1/2 of the ice cream.
How much did Dean eat?

191) Lori measured 4 1/6 feet at the doctors. Her brother measured 5 1/7 feet. How
many feet taller is Loris brother than Lori?

192) 5/7 + 2/9 =

193) 1/3 + 3/8 =

194) 4/7 + 1 3/17 =

195) 2 1/7 + 1/8 =

196) 4/5 - 1/6 =

197) 17/18 - 1/2 =

198) 3 3/5 - 1 1/6 =

199) 8 20/23 - 2 12/17 =

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Extended Constructed Response Questions

200) In order to buy wall paper, Abbey needed to find the perimeter of her
bedroom. She measured each of the following lengths of her walls.

East wall: 10 ft North Wall: 12 ft West Wall: 10 ft South Wall: 8 ft

What is the perimeter of Abbeys room?



Her sister Annas room is a square of walls that are 10 ft. Will Anna need to buy
more or less wallpaper than Abbey?
Show all of your work to support your answers.

201) Nick wants to order enough food for his party. He knows small pizzas
come in slices of 6, and medium pizzas come in slices of 8. He wants enough
pizza for each of his friends to have 3 slices.

Write a fraction to show how many slices per medium pizza each of his friends
will eat.

If Nick wants to invite 10 friends over, how many medium pizzas should he
order?
If he wants to order small pizzas instead, how many will he need?
A medium pizza costs $12 and a small pizza costs $9. Which type of pizza
should Nick buy for his party?
Show all of your work to support your answers.

202) To find the volume of a swimming pool, you must multiply the length, width
and depth of the pool together. Michelle wants to find out how much water

she needs to fill her pool. She measured a length of 20 ft, a width of 12 ft

and a depth of 6 ft.
What is the volume of Michelles pool in cubic feet?
1
If she needs to buy 6 3 gallons of water for each cubic foot of space, how many
gallons of water will it take to fill her pool?
Show all of your work to support your answers.

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203) For a science project, Ms. States asked each of her students to measure how
much gas they used driving to school each week. The students measured

the amount of gas in fractions of a tank. Mike used of a tank, Jamie used

of a tank, Josh used of a tank, Adam used of a tank and Kate used of a
tank. Show all of your work to support your answers.
Rank the amount of gas used by each student from least to greatest.
What is the total fraction of a gas tank that Mike and Josh used?

Answer Key 1)

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12)

2)

13) 1 1/5
14) 7 2/3
15) 8 2/9
16) 7 5/6
17) 211 2/3
3)
18) 49 8/15
19) 6
20) 15
21) 12
22) 21
23) 14
24) 35
4) 3 25) 28
5) 3 3/4 26) 77
6) 8 2/5 27) 10
7) 7 7/11 28) 10
8) 45 3/5 29) 20
9) 52 2/3 30) 70
10) 31) 15
32) 45
33) 10
34) 55
35) 6
36) 36
37) 30
11) 38) 24
39) 16
40) 48
41) 48
42) 16
43) <
44) >
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45) > 95) 27/110
46) > 96) 1/6
47) > 97) 9/20
48) > 98) 1/4
49) > 99) 17/21 teaspoons
50) > 100) 1/8 of a mile
51) 3/4 101) 25/56
52) 9/10 102) 9/35
53) > 103) 7/15
54) > 104) 547/679
55) > 105) 13/35
56) > 106) 11/50
57) < 107) 1/5
58) < 108) 4/15
59) < 109) 2/5
60) < 110) 5/16
61) 2/5 111) 5/28 of a teaspoon
62) 9/11 112) 21/45 of a mile
63) 5/6 113) 3 5/6
64) 11/15 114) 4 11/15
65) 11/12 115) 9 11/28
66) 1 7/30 116) 9 37/45
67) 43/60 117) 3 31/60
68) 1 11/42 118) 6 5/56
69) 9/10 119) 14 4/5
70) 120) 10 53/99
71) 1 121) 5 33/80
72) 1 3/10 122) 14 5/8
73) 1 2/15 pizzas 123) 5 9/20 hours
74) 37/40 of a mile 124) 12 27/40 pies
75) 17/20 125) 3 17/20
76) 16/21 126) 5 25/42
77) 25/36 127) 4 67/72
78) 24/35 128) 8 24/35
79) 23/24 129) 7 22/45
80) 1 3/143 130) 6 13/36
81) 24/35 131) 11 59/60
82) 1 79/132 132) 8 11/48
83) 31/40 133) 9 43/48
84) 2/5 134) 64 16/21
85) 9/10 of the pie 135) 9 years old
86) 1 5/18 of a km 136) 13 1/6 cups
87) 1/10 137) 1 5/12
88) 1/12 138) 3 9/35
91) 13/63 139) 5 11/40
92) 18/35 140) 31/42
93) 25/36 141) 2 23/30
94) 11/40 142) 29 9/10
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143) 1 19/72 179) a
144) 4 3/20 180) b
145) 2 11/85 181) d
146) 11 1/4 182)1 7/12 teaspoons
147) 1 1/21 gallons 182) 11/14 cookie pie
148) 2 years old 183) 3 7/40 miles
149) 2 3/20 184) 4/105 of a can
150) 2 1/15 185) 11/20 detergent
151) 2 43/90 186) 23/45 of the budget
152) 25/42 187) 2 16/45 lightyears
153) 5/18 188) 6 17/24 barrels
154) 2 1/2 189) 7/18 gallon
155) 11 1/4 190) 41/42 feet
156) 8 2/5 191) 59/63
157) 5 19/120 192) 17/24
158) 23 31/100 193) 1 243/413
159) 1 7/15 of chocolate bars 194) 2 15/56
160) 1 17/28 rows 195) 19/30
161) d 196) 4/9
162) c 197) 2 13/30
163) d 198) 6 64/391
164) c 199) Abbeys room perimeter = 41 1/2
165) a feet
166) b Annas room perimeter = 41 1/2
167) c feet
168) a The same amount of wallpaper.
169) c 200) 3/8
170) a 4 large pizzas
171) b 5 medium pizzas
172) b medium pizzas
173) a 201) volume = 1687 5/6 cubic feet
174) c 10,689 11/18 gallons of water
175) a 202) Kate, Jamie, Mike, Adam, Josh
176) b 38/45 of a gas tank
177) a
178) d

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