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1. Height of the feed Level: 0.

067 m

V feed =L*W*H
V feed =0.67437*0.23*0.067
V feed =0.010392 m3
V feed =10.39 L

Sugar Balance:
50 (0.10) = 10.39 ( X l )
X l =0.48

2. Material Balance:
F = L+V
F =L+1.23 (1)
Fx f = Lxl + Vx v

F( 0.10) =L(0.48)+1.23(0)
L( 0.48)
F = (2)
0.10

Substituting eq. 2 to eq. 1

L( 0.48)
0.10 =L + 1.23

L
L=0.32 min

0.32(0.48) L
F= 0.10 =1.55 min

@ BPR Reading:
T 1 = T bH 2 O + BPR

From Fig.11-24 (CHE Handbook)


BPR= 2.88 F= -16.8 C
T 1 =109 C-16.8 C

T 1 =92.2 C

@ Conditions of the Feed

T f = 26.8 C

X f =0.10

h f = C pf ( T f - T i )

h f = 3.8927(299.95- 365.35)

kJ
h f =-254.58258
kg

kg
=996.51 3
m

(5.) CONDITIONS OF THE STEAM


P=26psi =0.17926MPa
From the steam table, =945.66 Kg/m3
HL=2701.248108 KJ/Kg
Hv=490.4636389 KJ/Kg
s= 2210.784469 KJ/Kg
(6. )CONDITIONS OF THE VAPOR
T1=93.3 C
HV= 2663.070774 KJ/Kg
=0.4638Kg/m3
(7.) CONDITIONS OF LIQUOR
XL=0.48
T1=92.2 C
hL= CPL (T1-T2)
W/R T1=TL
:.hL=0
@ ENERGY BALANCE
Fhf + SS = VHV + LHL
(1.55X10-3)(996.51)(-254.58258) +S(2210.78)(945.66)=(1.23X10-3)(2663.07)(0.4638)+0
S=1.8881484X10-4Kg/min
S=4.162654571X10-4lb/min

9. Q= s S
4
Q= 1.8881484 x 10 (2210.784469)

Q=0.41743 KJ/min
3 Btu
Q= 6.9571 x 10 KJ /s (23.7432 h )

Steam Economy
1
V 1.23 x 103( 0.4638)( )
Steam Economy= S = 1000
1.8881484 x 104
3
Steam Economy= 3.02134 x 10

11. Q=UAT U is assumed to be 350 BTU/sq.ft. hr.F


23.7432=350*A*(248-197.96)
3 2
A=1.3556697x 10 ft