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POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

1. Cable sizing for 630KVA Auxiliary Transformer

Rating of the equipment 630 KVA


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current 876.49 A

Cable type considered 1C x 630 sq.mm. AL, XLPE


Rated continuous current when 565 A
directly laid in ground

Derating Factors
a) Variation of ground temperature 0.91 ----------> a
(of cond. Temp 90 deg C for XLPE)
b) Variation of soil thermal resistivity 1.11 ----------> b
(3 cables in trefoil)
c) Group rating factor for 3 group of 0.88 ----------> c
cables in trefoil formation and touching
each other
d) Rating factor for depth of laying 0.91 ----------> d

Composite derating factor (a*b*c*d) 0.81

Continuous current rating after applying 457.02 A


the derating factor

Hence number of run required 1C x 630 sq.mm. AL, XLPE


For the Phase 2 nos.
For the Neutral 1 nos.
Total run 7 nos.

2. Cable sizing for 800KVA Auxiliary Transformer

Rating of the equipment 800 KVA


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current 1113.00 A

Cable type considered 1C x 630 sq.mm. AL, XLPE


Rated continuous current when 723 A
laid in air

Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for 2 ckt. of cables in 0.98 ----------> b
trefoil formation to top tire with
horizontal formation.

Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.98

Continuous current rating after applying 708.54 A


the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 1C x 630 sq.mm. AL, XLPE


For the Phase 2 nos.
For the Neutral 1 nos.
Total run 7 nos.

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POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

3. Cable sizing for 250kVA Diesel Generator

Rating of the equipment 250 KVA


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current 347.81 A

Cable type considered 1C x 630 sq.mm. AL, XLPE


Rated continuous current when 723 A
laid in air

Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for 2 ckt. of cables in 0.98 ----------> b
trefoil formation to top tire with
horizontal formation.

Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.98

Continuous current rating after applying 708.54 A


the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 1C x 630 sq.mm. AL, XLPE


For the Phase 1 nos.
For the Neutral 1 nos.
Total run 4 nos.

4. Cable sizing for 100kVA Lighting Transformer

Rating of the equipment 100 KVA


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current 139.12 A

Cable type considered 3.5C x 300 sq.mm. AL, XLPE


Rated continuous current when 461 A
laid in air

Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for 2 ckt. of cables in 0.98 ----------> b
trefoil formation to top tire with
horizontal formation.

Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.98

Continuous current rating after applying 451.78 A


the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 3.5C x 300 sq.mm. AL, XLPE
For the Phase 1 nos.

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POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

5. Cable sizing for 150kW H.V.W. Motor

Rating of the equipment 150 KW


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current at power factor 0.8 260.86 A

Cable type considered 3.5C x 300 sq.mm. AL, XLPE


Rated continuous current when 461 A
laid in air

Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.

Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93

Continuous current rating after applying 428.73 A


the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 3.5C x 300 sq.mm. AL, XLPE
1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 0.1 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.0877 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 0.1330 ohms/km
Route length 0.07 km
Cable Impedance 0.0093 ohms Note: Starting is not critical becasuse
Voltage drop during normal load 4.2066 Volts of Delta / Star start
Percentage Drop 1.01% < 3% (permissible limit)

6. Cable sizing for 15kW Jockey Pump Motor for Fire Fighting System

Rating of the equipment 30 KW (2 nos. of 15kW each)


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current at power factor 0.8 52.17 A

Cable type considered 3.5C x 35 sq.mm. AL, PVC


Rated continuous current when 70 A
laid in air
Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.
Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93
Continuous current rating after applying 65.10 A
the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 3.5C x 35 sq.mm. AL, PVC

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POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION
1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 1.1 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.0827 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 1.1031 ohms/km
Route length 0.07 km
Cable Impedance 0.0772 ohms
Voltage drop during normal load 6.9775 Volts
Percentage Drop 1.68% < 3% (permissible limit)

Starting ( with one motor running and 182.601074 A


othet motor starting) current
Voltage drop starting of motor 24.4211 Volts
Percentage Drop 5.88% < 20% (permissible limit)

7. Cable sizing for Chiller Unit for Air Conditioning

Rating of the equipment 43.08 KW


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current at power factor 0.8 74.92 A

Cable type considered 3.5C x 70 sq.mm. AL, PVC


Rated continuous current when 105 A
laid in air
Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.
Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93
Continuous current rating after applying 97.65 A
the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 3.5C x 70 sq.mm. AL, PVC


1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 0.533 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.0771 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 0.5385 ohms/km
Route length 0.045 km
Cable Impedance 0.0242 ohms
Voltage drop during normal load 3.1447 Volts
Percentage Drop 0.76% < 3% (permissible limit)

8. Cable sizing for Chiller Water Pump for Air Conditioning

Rating of the equipment 3.7 KW


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current at power factor 0.8 6.43 A

Cable type considered 4C x 16 sq.mm. AL PVC


Rated continuous current when 42 A
laid in air
Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b

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A
POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.
Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93 A
Continuous current rating after applying 39.06 A
the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 4C x 16 sq.mm. AL PVC


1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 2.29 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.097 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 2.2921 ohms/km
Route length 0.045 km
Cable Impedance 0.1031 ohms
Voltage drop during normal load 1.1495 Volts
Percentage Drop 0.28% < 3% (permissible limit)

Starting Current 38.6070842 A

Voltage drop at starting of motor 6.8969 Volts


Percentage Drop 1.66% < 20% (permissible limit)

9. Cable sizing for Air Handling Unit (A.H.U.) for Air Conditioning

Rating of the equipment 3.7 KW


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current at power factor 0.8 6.43 A

Cable type considered 4C x 16 sq.mm. AL PVC


Rated continuous current when 42 A
laid in air
Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b
A
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.
Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93
Continuous current rating after applying 39.06 A
the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 4C x 16 sq.mm. AL PVC


1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 2.29 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.097 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 2.2921 ohms/km
Route length 0.045 km
Cable Impedance 0.1031 ohms
Voltage drop during normal load 1.1495 Volts
Percentage Drop 0.28% < 3% (permissible limit)

Starting Current 38.6070842 A

Voltage drop at starting of motor 6.8969 Volts


Percentage Drop 1.66% < 20% (permissible limit)

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POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION

10. Cable sizing for Winter Heating Unit for Air Conditioning

Rating of the equipment 9 KW (Non - Motor)


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current at power factor 0.8 15.65 A

Cable type considered 4C x 6 sq.mm. AL PVC


Rated continuous current when 30 A
laid in air
Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.
Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93
Continuous current rating after applying 27.90 A
the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 4C x 6 sq.mm. AL PVC


1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 3.69 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.0942 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 3.6912 ohms/km
Route length 0.045 km
Cable Impedance 0.1661 ohms
Voltage drop during normal load 4.5028 Volts
Percentage Drop 1.09% < 3% (permissible limit)

11. Cable sizing for Ventilation Fan (Axail Flow type) for Exhaust Ventilation

Rating of the equipment 0.74 KW (Two 0.37kW Fan will be paralled)


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current at power factor 0.8 1.29 A

Cable type considered 3C x 2.5 sq.mm., Cu PVC


Rated continuous current when 24 A
laid in air
Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.
Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93
Continuous current rating after applying 22.32 A
the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 3C x 2.5 sq.mm., Cu PVC


1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 8.87 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.105 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 8.8706 ohms/km
Route length 0.115 km
Cable Impedance 1.0201 ohms

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POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION
Voltage drop during normal load 2.2738 Volts
Percentage Drop 0.55% < 3% (permissible limit)

Starting Current 7.72141685 A

Voltage drop at starting of motor 13.6426 Volts


Percentage Drop 3.29% < 20% (permissible limit)

12. Cable sizing for Ventilation Fan (Propeller) for Exhaust Ventilation

Rating of the equipment 0.72 KW (Four 0.18kW Fan will be paralled)


Voltage 415 V
Full Load current at power factor 0.8 1.25 A

Cable type considered 3C x 2.5 sq.mm., Cu PVC


Rated continuous current when 24 A
laid in air
Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.
Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93
Continuous current rating after applying 22.32 A
the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 3C x 2.5 sq.mm., Cu PVC


1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 8.87 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.105 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 8.8706 ohms/km
Route length 0.115 km
Cable Impedance 1.0201 ohms
Voltage drop during normal load 2.2123 Volts
Percentage Drop 0.53% < 3% (permissible limit)

Starting Current 7.5127299 A

Voltage drop at starting of motor 13.2739 Volts


Percentage Drop 3.20% < 20% (permissible limit)

13. Cable sizing of Feeder for Oil Filtration Unit

Voltage 415 V
Rating of the equipment 100.00 A

Cable type considered 3.5C x 300 sq.mm. AL, XLPE


Rated continuous current when 461 A
laid in air
Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a

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POWER CABLE SIZING CALCULATION
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.
Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93
Continuous current rating after applying 428.73 A
the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 3.5C x 300 sq.mm. AL, XLPE
1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 0.533 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.0771 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 0.5385 ohms/km
Route length 0.045 km
Cable Impedance 0.0242 ohms
Voltage drop during normal load 4.1974 Volts
Percentage Drop 1.01% < 3% (permissible limit)

14. Cable sizing of Switchyard Bay Marshalling Kiosk

Typical Runnind Loads on the Bay MK at a given point of time

2 nos. Circuit Breaker Compressor 6 kW (3 KW each)


1 no. Isolator Motor Operating 0.373 kW
Space Heater (40W each) 0.8 kW (20 nos. of heater out of 35 nos. running)
Total running load 7.173 kW
Voltage 415 V
Full Load current at power factor 0.8 12.47 A

Cable type considered 3.5C x 35 sq.mm. AL PVC


Rated continuous current when 70 A
laid in air
Derating Factors
a) Variation of ambient temperature 1 ----------> a
to 50 deg C
b) Group rating factor for multi core cables 0.93 ----------> b
with 6 cables in rack, laid in
horizontal formation.
Composite derating factor (a*b) 0.93
Continuous current rating after applying 65.10 A
the derating factor

Hence number of run required for 3.5C x 35 sq.mm. AL PVC


1 nos.
Check for voltage drop
AC Resistance of the cable 1.1 ohms/km
Equivalent Star reactance 0.0827 ohms/km
Equivalent Impedance 1.1031 ohms/km
Route length 0.5 km (Actual Length is 255m max.)
Cable Impedance 0.5516 ohms
Voltage drop during normal load 11.9167 Volts
Percentage Drop 2.87% < 3% (permissible limit)

Starting Current with 1 Comp. Start and 17.692 A


other load running.
Voltage drop at starting of motor 16.90 Volts
Percentage Drop 4.1% < 20% (permissible limit)

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