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3. CLIMATE AND RAINFALL


3.1 Temperature at Select Stations in Tamil Nadu 85-88

3.2 Distribution of Districts by Range of Rainfall 89

3.3 Rainfall by Districts 90-91

3.4 Time Series Data - Rainfall by Seasons in Tamil Nadu 92


CLIMATE AND RAINFALL 85

3. CLIMATE AND RAINFALL


3.1 TEMPERATURE AT SELECT STATIONS IN TAMIL NADU 2012-13
(in Celsius)
Station: NUNGAMBAKKAM ( Chennai North )
Maximum Minimum Humidity in %
Year and Month 8.30 17.30
Highest Mean Lowest Mean
Hours Hours
2012 June 42.4 38.8 24.2 29.0 56 59

July 38.8 35.4 22.6 26.8 68 61

August 37.3 34.9 23.7 26.1 73 70

September 36.8 34.0 22.0 25.6 76 73

October 36.0 32.2 22.2 25.1 83 77

November 33.6 31.0 17.6 22.8 80 73

December 31.0 29.6 20.7 22.6 84 78

2013 January 30.9 29.9 19.0 21.0 88 75

February 32.5 30.7 19.5 22.5 84 72

March 35.1 32.6 20.4 24.1 80 69

April 37.4 34.8 25.3 27.6 77 77

May 42.7 37.7 24.8 28.7 73 74

Station: MEENAMBAKKAM ( PBO Chennai )


Maximum Mean Minimum Humidity in %
Year and Month 8.30 17.30
Highest Mean Lowest Mean
Hours Hours
2012 June 43.2 39.4 24.6 28.0 53 49

July 39.0 36.1 22.8 25.9 68 58

August 37.6 35.3 22.9 25.2 69 62

September 36.6 34.4 22.2 24.7 75 71

October 36.7 32.9 23.1 24.2 81 73

November 34.5 31.6 17.2 22.3 78 69

December 32.5 30.4 20.6 22.3 81 70

2013 January 31.9 30.6 19.2 20.9 83 65

February 33.9 31.4 19.4 21.9 80 64

March 35.7 33.5 19.8 23.3 77 63

April 39.8 36.1 24.1 26.6 73 68

May 42.8 38.3 23.0 27.8 66 62


86 CLIMATE AND RAINFALL
3.1 TEMPERATURE AT SELECT STATIONS
IN TAMIL NADU 2012-13 (in Celsius) (Contd.)

Station: SALEM
Maximum Minimum Humidity in %
Year and Month 8.30 17.30
Highest Mean Lowest Mean
Hours Hours
2012 June 39.2 35.7 21.2 24.0 74 47
July 37.3 34.3 20.0 23.2 78 51

August 39.9 33.8 21.1 22.7 76 52

September 36.5 32.4 20.6 22.4 75 55

October 35.1 31.4 19.3 21.5 78 62

November 33.8 31.7 16.5 20.4 73 48

December 33.8 31.2 17.6 19.5 73 47

2013 January 34.8 32.9 16.4 18.6 73 34

February 36.2 34.0 17.3 20.2 72 37

March 39.3 36.8 20.1 22.3 69 31

April 39.8 38.7 23.3 25.5 67 39

May 41.3 38.8 23.6 25.4 65 37

Station: KOVILANKULAM (ARUPUKOTTAI)


Maximum Minimum Humidity in %
Year and Month 8.30 17.30
Highest Mean Lowest Mean
Hours Hours
2012 June 42.0 38.2 22.5 24.3 82 43
July 39.0 37.1 23.0 24.2 79 40

August 39.0 36.3 23.0 24.4 76 61

September 39.0 37.1 23.0 24.5 76 58

October 38.0 33.5 22.0 23.7 84 64

November 35.0 32.5 19.0 22.3 87 62

December 34.0 32.6 18.0 21.8 83 59

2013 January 34.0 33.5 17.0 19.9 81 51

February 37.0 34.2 17.0 21.3 83 48

March 38.5 36.3 19.5 22.7 82 52

April 41.0 39.0 23.0 25.0 73 43

May 41.0 39.4 23.0 25.7 70 59


CLIMATE AND RAINFALL 87
3.1 TEMPERATURE AT SELECT STATIONS
IN TAMIL NADU 2012-13 (in Celsius) (Contd.)

Station: AMS TIRUCHIRAPPALLI


Maximum Minimum Humidity in %
Year and Month 8.30 17.30
Highest Mean Lowest Mean
Hours Hours
2012 June 41.1 37.9 23.4 26.6 60 43
July 39.3 37.1 22.5 26.4 63 40

August 38.6 36.4 23.2 25.6 65 49

September 39.2 36.7 22.6 25.4 65 49

October 37.7 32.7 21.8 24.2 80 72

November 34.8 32.4 18.7 22.9 78 59

December 33.4 31.9 19.9 22.4 77 58

2013 January 34.2 32.7 18.3 21 78 47

February 37.9 33.9 18.4 22.2 75 45

March 39.9 36.5 20.2 23.9 74 46

April 41.8 40.2 25.4 27 63 37

May 39.8 37.0 25.6 27.3 57 41

Station: KODAIKANAL
Maximum Minimum Humidity in %
Year and Month 8.30 17.30
Highest Mean Lowest Mean
Hours Hours
2012 June 23.2 19.4 10.9 12.7 74 87
July 20.6 18.7 10.9 12.0 79 87

August 19.7 18.1 10.4 11.8 84 89

September 20.6 18.5 10.4 11.9 84 89

October 22.1 17.5 8.6 11.0 83 90

November 23.4 18.5 8.0 10.1 63 86

December 20.8 17.3 6.6 9.4 69 83

2013 January 21.0 19.0 7.2 8.8 47 80

February 20.6 18.4 6.4 9.3 60 81

March 21.5 19.4 8.7 10.8 63 77

April 22.8 21.1 11.1 12.8 70 83

May 23.8 21.6 12.0 13.8 71 89


88 CLIMATE AND RAINFALL
3.1 TEMPERATURE AT SELECT STATIONS
IN TAMIL NADU 2012-13 (in Celsius) (Concld.)

Station: AMS-MADURAI
Maximum Minimum Humidity in %
Year and Month 8.30 17.30
Highest Mean Lowest Mean
Hours Hours
2012 June 42.0 39.2 24.7 26.4 56 47
July 41.5 39.1 24.5 25.2 58 44

August 40.5 38.0 23.5 25.4 63 54

September 40.1 37.5 23.7 25.3 63 51

October 38.6 33.7 22.7 23.9 74 67

November 35.6 32.7 20.4 23.0 73 60

December 34.2 32.8 19.7 22.4 70 57

2013 January 34.6 33.4 19.0 21.5 70 47

February 36.5 33.7 17.0 22.0 72 46

March 39.3 36.3 19.1 23.7 69 43

April 41.9 40.0 24.0 26.3 65 41

May 42.0 40.2 25.1 26.1 57 44

Station: PALAYAMKOTTAI (TNV)


Maximum Minimum Humidity in %
Year and Month 8.30 17.30
Highest Mean Lowest Mean
Hours Hours
2012 June 40.0 37.1 25.0 26.4 56 43
July 39.0 37.0 24.1 27.1 56 44

August 39.5 36.8 25.3 26.1 59 48

September 40.4 37.7 25.1 26.7 57 43

October 41.0 32.1 22.9 24.3 78 68

November 36.1 32.2 22.1 23.6 87 71

December 33.4 31.2 21.4 23.4 88 70

2013 January 34.7 32.8 19.6 22.1 86 57

February 0 0 0 0 0 0

March 37.1 34.7 21.0 24.1 85 56

April 39.8 38.1 25.0 26.2 75 51

May 41.0 38.7 25.0 26.9 67 50

Source: India Meteorological Department, Chennai-6


CLIMATE AND RAINFALL 89

3 .2 DISTRIBUTION OF DISTRICTS BY RANGE OF RAINFALL 2013-14

Range of Distribution of districts by range of rainfall


Rainfall
Normal Rainfall expected Actual Rainfall occurred
Below Namakkal, Tiruppur, Erode, Vellore, Namakkal, Dharmapuri,
Coimbatore, Karur, Theni and Tiruppur, Erode, Tiruchirappalli,
800 mm
Thoothukkudi Karur, Pudukkottai, Thanjavur,
Madurai, Dindigul,
Ramanathapuram,Virudhunagar,
Sivaganga, Thoothukkudi and
Ariyalur.

801 mm to Vellore, Salem, Dharmapuri, Kancheepuram, Thiruvallur,


1000 mm Krishnagiri, Tiruchirappalli, Villupuram, Tiruvannamalai,
Perambalur, Pudukkottai,
Salem, Krishnagiri, Perambalur,
Madurai, Dindigul,
Ramanathapuram, Thiruvarur and Theni .
Virudhunagar, Sivaganga and
Tirunelveli

1001 mm to Thiruvallur, Villupuram, Chennai, Cuddalore, Coimbatore,


1200 mm Thiruvannamalai, Thanjavur, Nagapattinam and Tirunelveli,
Thiruvarur and Ariyalur

1201 mm to Chennai, Kancheepuram, Kanniyakumari


1400 mm Cuddalore Nagapattinam and
Kanniyakumari
1401 mm to The Nilgiris The Nilgiris
1800 mm

1801 mm and - -
above

Source: India Meteorological Department, Chennai - 600 006


90 CLIMATE AND RAINFALL
3.3 RAINFALL BY DISTRICTS 2013-14
(in mm)
South West Monsoon North East Monsoon
District (June 13 to (October13 to
September 13) December13)
Actual Normal Actual Normal
1 2 3 4 5
1. Chennai 597.6 439.1 463.5 789.9
2. Kancheepuram 533.2 490.8 315.4 641.8
3. Thiruvallur 612.5 451.6 342.0 589.3
4. Cuddalore 454.1 383.1 442.6 697.8
5. Villupuram 403.3 408.3 347.6 499.1
6. Vellore 453.9 466.1 204.6 348.7
7. Tiruvannamalai 401.5 468.1 331.5 446.5
8. Salem 491.7 440.6 255.6 370.5
9. Namakkal 316.4 339.3 232.6 291.6
10. Dharmapuri 284.6 393.4 314.4 330.1
11. Krishnagiri 377.7 399.0 235.2 289.4
12. Tiruppur 28.3 154.8 166.6 314.3
13. Coimbatore 596.7 189.8 257.9 328.9
14. Erode 233.1 229.8 210.0 314.6
15. Tiruchirappalli 207.9 293.9 250.3 391.5
16. Karur 164.7 213.6 220.6 314.7
17. Perambalur 340.1 290.7 312.1 440.9
18. Pudukkottai 286.5 350.6 202.8 406.2
19. Thanjavur 299.1 318.4 311.8 550.3
20. Thiruvarur 358.5 296.4 388.4 719.1
21. Nagapattinam 315.6 286.1 620.3 941.0
22. Madurai 189.9 335.9 266.5 419.1
23. Theni 370.4 158.4 257.9 357.9
24. Dindigul 174.8 295.4 219.7 436.4
25. Ramanathapuram 73.1 149.3 333.1 491.7
26. Virudhunagar 189.5 196.8 296.7 419.0
27. Sivaganga 267.4 301.0 264.6 422.7
28. Tirunelveli 237.0 142.4 412.8 467.2
29. Thoothukkudi 13.8 74.9 301.6 427.0
30. The Nilgiris 1004.7 759.9 398.1 478.2
31. Ariyalur 345.2 392.0 285.8 545.5
32. Kanniyakumari 503.6 477.4 480.3 496.4
State Average 325.4 321.2 294.3 440.4
CLIMATE AND RAINFALL 91
3.3 RAINFALL BY DISTRICTS 2012-13 (Concld.)
(in mm)
Winter Season Hot Weather
Annual Total
(January 14 Season
(June 13 to
District and (March 14 to
May 14)
February 14) May 14)
Actual Normal Actual Normal Actual Normal
1 6 7 8 9 10 11
1. Chennai 7.1 36.7 30.5 58.5 1098.7 1324.2
2. Kancheepuram 3.9 29.1 35.7 66.0 888.2 1227.7
3. Thiruvallur 1.5 31.5 24.6 67.2 980.6 1139.6
4. Cuddalore 15.6 44.1 174.1 81.7 1086.4 1206.7
5. Villupuram 14.0 28.2 115.2 76.0 880.1 1011.6
6. Vellore 4.8 14.9 97.4 106.5 760.7 936.2
7. Tiruvannamalai 10.0 26.5 94.9 98.9 837.9 1040.0
8. Salem 1.1 16.0 154.1 170.8 902.5 997.9
9. Namakkal 0.6 13.9 117.6 148.6 667.2 793.4
10. Dharmapuri 5.2 18.2 153.2 160.4 757.4 902.1
11. Krishnagiri 1.7 10.7 203.8 151.6 818.4 850.7
12. Tiruppur 0.0 14.0 140.4 135.1 335.3 618.2
13. Coimbatore 5.1 20.3 141.0 150.3 1000.7 689.3
14. Erode 0.0 16.1 80.8 142.4 523.9 702.9
15. Tiruchirappalli 4.0 22.7 130.1 109.9 592.3 818.0
16. Karur 0.4 17.5 96.1 109.2 481.8 655.0
17. Perambalur 0.3 21.4 182.7 108.9 835.2 861.9
18. Pudukkottai 8.1 33.1 135.7 97.5 633.1 887.4
19. Thanjavur 14.7 42.3 131.1 102.1 756.7 1013.1
20. Thiruvarur 19.5 60.1 181.0 97.7 947.4 1173.3
21. Nagapattinam 21.7 85.7 156.7 80.5 1114.3 1393.3
22. Madurai 6.1 28.1 187.4 144.8 649.9 927.9
23. Theni 10.5 35.4 226.9 168.3 865.7 720.0
24. Dindigul 7.3 30.9 240.3 168.0 642.1 930.7
25. Ramanathapuram 55.7 51.3 183.8 115.5 645.7 807.8
26. Virudhunagar 5.0 42.8 191.2 161.5 682.4 820.1
27. Sivaganga 14.9 27.9 180.6 121.2 727.5 872.8
28. Tirunelveli 70.4 69.3 314.1 166.2 1034.3 845.1
29. Thoothukkudi 31.4 42.8 159.4 111.6 506.2 656.3
30. The Nilgiris 41.1 49.3 321.8 235.3 1765.7 1522.7
31. Ariyalur 1.0 32.5 128.5 101.8 760.5 1071.8
32. Kanniyakumari 65.4 40.4 341.8 288.3 1391.1 1302.5
State Average 13.8 31.3 157.1 128.0 790.6 920.9
Source: India Meteorological Department, Chennai-600 006
92 CLIMATE AND RAINFALL
3.4 TIME SERIES DATA
RAINFALL BY SEASONS IN TAMIL NADU
(in mm)
South West North East
Winter Season
Year Monsoon Monsoon
Normal Actual Normal Actual Normal Actual
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2000-01 322.8 314.5 470.3 335.6 47.3 16.8
2001-02 322.8 260.0 470.3 379.4 47.3 70.0
2002-03 329.5 185.4 468.1 407.1 36.8 8.7
2003-04 331.5 336.5 464.6 403.1 37.4 11.6
2004-05 331.5 360.7 464.6 472.1 37.4 14.3
2005-06 332.9 308.5 459.2 828.8 36.8 15.9
2006-07 316.1 250.9 431.1 497.5 35.3 10.9
2007-08 316.1 341.6 431.1 515.4 35.3 46.6
2008-09 316.1 333.5 431.1 552.7 35.3 7.7
2009-10 316.0 317.0 431.1 482.6 35.3 11.5
2010-11 319.2 383.6 430.3 605.2 31.3 36.3
2012-12 321.2 300.5 441.2 540.8 31.3 9.5
2012-13 321.3 245.9 440.4 370.5 31.3 34.5
2013-14 321.2 325.4 440.4 294.3 31.3 13.8
(in mm)
Hot Weather Season Total %
Year Devia-
Normal Actual Normal Actual tion from
Normal
1 8 9 10 11 12
2000-01 138.9 118.4 979.3 785.4 -19.8
2001-02 134.2 85.8 974.6 795.2 -18.4
2002-03 129.8 129.8 964.1 731.0 -24.2
2003-04 128.4 283.4 961.8 1034.6 7.6
2004-05 128.4 231.7 961.8 1078.9 12.2
2005-06 129.6 150.9 958.5 1304.1 36.1
2006-07 129.1 100.4 911.6 859.7 -5.7
2007-08 129.1 261.2 911.6 1164.8 27.8
2008-09 129.1 129.2 911.6 1023.1 12.2
2009-10 129.1 126.7 911.6 937.8 2.9
2010-11 127.8 140.0 908.6 1165.1 28.2
2012-12 127.9 86.3 921.6 937.1 1.7
2012-13 128.0 92.2 921.0 743.1 -19.3
2013-14 128.0 157.1 920.9 790.6

Source: India Meteorological Department, Chennai-600 006


RAINFALL BY SEASONS IN TAMIL NADU 2013-14
500

440.4
450
Actual Normal
400

350
325.4 321.2
294.3
300
in mm

250

200
157.1
150
128.0

100

31.3
50
13.8
0
South West North East Winter Hot Weather
Monsoon