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CHIJ Katong Convent Mid-Year Exams 2015 Science(Physics/Chemistry) 5076/ 01 Sec 4E

Science(Physics/Biology) 5077/ 01

Section A [20 marks]


Answer all the questions.
Indicate your answers in the Optical Answer Sheet provided.

1 A micrometer screw gauge is used to determine radius of a ball bearing.


With the anvil and spindle touching each other and no object is placed in between, the reading is
shown in diagram 1.
When the anvil and spindle close around the ball bearing, the reading is shown in diagram 2.

0 30

mm mm 0 25

20
40

diagram 1 diagram 2

What is the correct radius of the ball bearing?

A 2.35 mm
B 2.39 mm
C 4.70 mm
D 4.78 mm

2 The diagram shows the distance-time graph of a moving car.

dis tan ce
m

time
s

Which feature of the graph gives the speed of the car?

A The area between the line and the distance axis.


B The area between the line and the time axis.
C The difference between the starting and finishing distances.
D The gradient of the line.

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CHIJ Katong Convent Mid-Year Exams 2015 Science(Physics/Chemistry) 5076/ 01 Sec 4E
Science(Physics/Biology) 5077/ 01

3 A constant force is acted on a body which is initially at rest on a smooth track. The force acts for a
short time interval, t, and causes the body to move at a certain final speed.

What is the time interval required to move the same body when the force is reduced by half so
that the body can move at the same final speed?

1
t
A 4
1
t
B 2

C 2t

D 4t

4 An object weighs 200 N on Earth. The same object is taken to another planet which has a
gravitational field strength one-quarter that of Earth.
The gravitational field strength of Earth is 10 N / kg.

What is the weight of the object on the planet?

A 20 N
B 50 N
C 100 N
D 200 N

5 The diagram shows a cylindrical rod XY of non-uniform density and mass m kg. The length of the
rod is 1.0 m and its centre of mass is at a distance of d cm from end X.
centre of mass

X Y

d cm

The following diagram shows the same non-uniform rod suspended about its midpoint by a string.
To keep the rod horizontal, different masses are hung on the rod as shown.

X Y

30 cm 40 cm
1.0 kg 2.0 kg

Which option correctly shows the values for d and m?

d / cm m / kg
A 20 1.0
B 20 2.0
C 30 1.0
D 30 2.0

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CHIJ Katong Convent Mid-Year Exams 2015 Science(Physics/Chemistry) 5076/ 01 Sec 4E
Science(Physics/Biology) 5077/ 01

6 A marble rolls down an even, frictionless slope from rest. The total distance moved by the marble
on the slope is 6 m. Assume that the air resistance is negligible.

3m

What is the speed of the marble just before it reaches the ground?

A 0.0 m s-1
B 2.0 m s-1
C 7.7 m s-1
D 11.0 m s-1

7 Which statement correctly explains why liquids are less easily compressed compared to gases?

A Liquid molecules are larger than gaseous molecules.


B Liquid molecules move at a slower rate compared to gaseous molecules.
C The attractive forces between liquid molecules are stronger than the gases.
D The molecules in liquids are more densely packed than the molecules in gases.

8 The diagram shows the fuse of a firecracker held near an extremely hot Bunsen flame.

fuse

The fuse fails to ignite.

Which inference can be made about this observation?

A Air does not conduct heat effectively.


B No heat flows from the flame to the fuse.
C The flame only transfers heat by convection.
D The fuse is a good reflector of heat.

4 [Turn over
CHIJ Katong Convent Mid-Year Exams 2015 Science(Physics/Chemistry) 5076/ 01 Sec 4E
Science(Physics/Biology) 5077/ 01

9 A glass of boiling water is placed in the freezer. The temperature of the water is monitored at
equal intervals and the results are plotted on a graph.

Which temperature corresponds to 0 C?


temperature/C

A
B
C
D time/s

10 A light ray enters a glass block with a speed of 2.13 x 108 m / s.


glass block
air
40

What is the value of angle ?


A 17
B 33
C 40
D 50

11 A wave generator which makes 5 oscillations a second is used to produce waves in a ripple tank.

20 m

Which row is correct for the waves produced?

frequency / Hz wavelength / m speed / ms-1


A 0.2 5 2.5
B 0.2 20 4
C 5 5 25
D 5 20 100

12 Which statement about electromagnetic waves is correct?


A All electromagnetic waves travel at a speed of 3 x 108 m / s in any medium.
B Radio waves require a medium such as air to propagate.
C Microwaves have a higher frequency than infra-red radiation.
D The wavelength of X-rays is higher than gamma rays.

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CHIJ Katong Convent Mid-Year Exams 2015 Science(Physics/Chemistry) 5076/ 01 Sec 4E
Science(Physics/Biology) 5077/ 01

13 A boy stands between two vertical cliffs, P and Q, as shown in the diagram. When he claps his
hands, the echoes that he hears from cliffs P and Q are 2.40 s apart. He then moves 100 m
towards cliff Q and claps his hands again.

P Q

600 m 1000 m

What is the new time difference between the echoes he can hear from cliffs P and Q?
A 0s
B 1.2 s
C 2.4 s
D 3.6 s

14 Y is a light plastic ball suspended by a string. When a negatively-charged rod is placed near it, Y
is attracted to the charged rod, as shown in the diagram.

Which of the following statement(s) is/ are possible?


I Y is negatively charged.
II Y is positively charged.
III Y is neutral.

A I only
B II only
C III only
D II and III only

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CHIJ Katong Convent Mid-Year Exams 2015 Science(Physics/Chemistry) 5076/ 01 Sec 4E
Science(Physics/Biology) 5077/ 01

15 A wire of resistance R is connected to a dry cell of e.m.f. V and a fixed resistor of resistance R in a
circuit. The wire is then replaced with another wire of the same material but twice the length of the
first wire.

What is the current flowing in the circuit when the new wire is used?
V
A R
V
B 2R
V
C 3R
2V
D R

16 Three identical resistors are connected to a battery as shown in the diagram.

If switch S is closed, which of the following statement(s) is/ are correct?

I Both readings A2 and A3 will increase.


II Ratio of readings A2 to A3 is increased.
III Reading A1 becomes zero.

A I only
B II only
C III only
D I and III only
CHIJ Katong Convent Mid-Year Exams 2015 Science(Physics/Chemistry) 5076/ 01 Sec 4E
Science(Physics/Biology) 5077/ 01

17 The circuit shows a dry cell joined to different combinations of identical resistors.

In which circuit is electrical energy transformed at the greatest rate?

A B

C D

18 In a mains circuit, the switch of an electric heater is always wired into the live wire.

What happens if the switch is wired into the neutral wire?

A The circuit in the heater remains live when the switch is open.
B The fuse blows if the current is less than the fuse rating.
C The heater continues to operate when the switch is open.
D The heater does not operate when the switch is closed.
CHIJ Katong Convent Mid-Year Exams 2015 Science(Physics/Chemistry) 5076/ 01 Sec 4E
Science(Physics/Biology) 5077/ 01

19 The diagram shows two magnets brought close together with surrounding compasses indicating
the directions of the magnetic field.

3 4

1 2

Which row correctly indicates the correct poles of the two magnets?

1 2 3 4
A north south north south
B north south south north
C south north north south
D south north south north

20 Two steel bars, X and Y, are attracted together when one end of X touches the middle of Y. When
one end of Y touches the middle of X, they are not attracted together.

X Y

Y X

Which statement is most likely to be correct?

A Both X and Y are not bar magnets.


B X is a bar magnet but Y is not.
C Y is a bar magnet but X is not.
D Y is a non-magnetic material.