PA R T

2000 FINDINGS, B Y S I T E — A D U LT MALE ARRESTEES

II

2000

FINDINGS–A D U L T

M A L E

A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Albany, New York
Catchment Area: CAPITAL AREA
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
7 21 1,722 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 17.5% 15.6% 635

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 6.0% Other 2.0% Unknown 2.1%

Other Characteristics
Employed 64.1% No High School Diploma 29.8% Unstable Housing 8.2% No Health Insurance 57.4%

19.4% 15.6%

15.0% 13.4% 36.6%

47.1% 42.8%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 7 %) (+/- 7 %) (+/- 7 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 5 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 82.2 2.0 82.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 21-25 63.0 5.6 62.3 5.0 0.0 1.9 11.1 26-30 65.7 37.3 41.2 7.0 0.0 0.0 16.0 31-35 45.3 26.8 33.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.0 36+ 61.5 41.6 16.3 14.2 0.0 0.0 10.6 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent Violent 54.4 13.5 41.5 5.1 0.0 0.0 5.7

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 67.2 18.2 44.6 11.3 0.0 0.0 6.4 Drug 85.4 48.0 57.5 0.6 0.0 0.0 20.6 Domestic Violence 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Driving While Intoxicated 59.2 20.3 42.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5

Other 62.2 22.0 41.8 8.3 0.0 0.6 9.1

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

64.9 24.6 44.7 6.5 0.0 0.3 10.4

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 14.6 5.0 38.6 3.0 0.7 In Past Month 53.2 16.3 7.4 47.7 3.1 0.8 In Past Year 65.5 22.0 11.4 55.5 4.4 1.4

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
118 95 34 127 139 194

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
229 241 239 238 230 254

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

35.1% 27.4% 65.2%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 4.0% 33.3% 40.8% 67.4%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

18.5 9.5 3.7 0.8 44.4

12.3 8.4 17.0 0.0 11.3

9.9 6.2 2.8 1.4 4.7

57.3 42.1 31.3 100.0 33.2

63.5 66.9 64.2 100.0 45.0

5.2 1.3 2.5 0.0 2.6

48.6 27.3 43.0 0.0 20.3

43.4 22.1 62.8 100.0 36.8

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

141

2000

FINDINGS–A D U L T

M A L E

A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Albuquerque, New Mexico
Catchment Area: BERNALILLO COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 2,912 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 15.2% 5.2% 558

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 56.7% Other 11.6% Unknown 1.0%

Other Characteristics
Employed 70.7% No High School Diploma 24.2% Unstable Housing 8.7% No Health Insurance 66.2%

15.9% 18.5%

16.3% 12.7% 36.6%

20.1% 10.7%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 6 %) (+/- 7 %) (+/- 6 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 6 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 85.3 27.7 77.3 5.4 3.1 0.0 28.2 21-25 71.4 28.3 61.4 12.5 5.2 0.0 29.0 26-30 60.3 45.0 29.1 11.0 12.2 0.0 28.0 31-35 50.9 26.2 26.4 10.2 2.6 0.0 14.6 36+ 60.5 39.3 44.0 14.6 2.5 0.0 32.8 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 57.1 35.3 38.3 5.8 4.0 0.0 24.6

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 67.2 43.4 41.7 19.0 2.6 0.0 31.3 Drug 56.7 24.4 43.3 5.9 5.5 0.0 19.4 Domestic Violence 43.3 24.3 25.4 0.0 8.1 0.0 11.0

Driving While Intoxicated 47.9 15.4 38.9 1.9 1.9 0.0 10.2

Other 72.8 38.8 54.3 12.3 6.8 0.0 34.0

Unknown 33.3 0.0 33.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

64.9 34.8 47.3 11.7 4.7 0.0 28.2

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 18.1 11.6 44.6 10.8 4.3 In Past Month 70.2 19.1 18.0 51.6 12.2 6.3 In Past Year 81.6 25.1 24.9 56.6 15.3 10.8

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
134 117 57 122 119 53

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
227 245 237 244 237 227

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

45.9% 13.0% 68.1%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 16.4% 39.7% 24.1% 67.9%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

21.6 19.0 13.4 7.4 50.5

12.1 6.2 16.5 6.0 6.2

8.6 3.5 8.8 9.2 5.1

22.3 19.6 29.2 0.0 22.0

67.4 70.9 55.2 64.3 72.5

3.3 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.8

51.0 6.2 32.5 8.7 1.1

39.8 30.9 30.5 16.5 41.2

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

142

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

2000

FINDINGS–A D U L T

M A L E

A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Anchorage, Alaska
Catchment Area: ANCHORAGE BOROUGH

Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
2 0 1,094 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 17.2% 12.1% 873

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 2.4% Other 30.7% Unknown 0.8%

Other Characteristics
Employed 53.9% No High School Diploma 19.7% Unstable Housing 19.1% No Health Insurance 64.4%

12.8% 16.3%

13.1% 16.6% 41.2%

52.3% 13.8%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 73.1 16.2 68.9 3.8 0.0 0.0 13.5 21-25 57.4 8.1 50.1 3.8 0.0 0.0 4.6 26-30 47.0 25.8 37.2 1.8 0.0 0.0 16.0 31-35 48.1 25.1 29.4 2.4 0.0 0.0 8.8 36+ 46.4 27.6 25.8 4.2 0.5 0.0 10.3 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 51.7 22.1 37.9 3.0 0.0 0.0 11.3

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 58.0 32.1 35.6 4.5 0.0 0.0 12.7 Drug 46.8 15.7 43.2 1.0 0.0 0.0 13.1 Domestic Violence 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Driving While Intoxicated 47.0 14.4 44.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.2

Other 53.9 22.3 40.2 2.9 0.4 0.0 10.5

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

52.2 22.1 37.7 3.5 0.2 0.0 10.3

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 14.1 7.4 36.4 0.7 1.1 In Past Month 69.5 16.9 11.7 41.0 1.4 2.5 In Past Year 78.1 22.6 19.2 50.2 2.7 4.9

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
124 69 37 114 64 54

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
239 228 210 243 216 219

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

44.9% 21.1% 64.6%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 5.7% 29.3% 22.7% 67.6%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

17.0 13.6 1.0 2.2 41.2

10.9 6.1 14.2 6.0 6.0

5.5 3.9 2.0 6.3 6.0

21.9 17.2 53.1 49.1 23.3

66.1 61.9 100.0 79.4 73.5

2.7 1.8 1.3 1.2 1.7

44.2 21.5 0.0 15.3 8.2

35.1 30.7 22.8 16.0 40.7

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

143

2000

FINDINGS–A D U L T

M A L E

A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Atlanta, Georgia

Catchment Area: FULTON COUNTY

Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 2 7,879 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 10.7% 2.2% 1,115

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White 9.0% Black 88.5% Hispanic 1.9% Other 0.5% Unknown 0.2%

Other Characteristics
Employed 66.5% No High School Diploma 31.8% Unstable Housing 13.1% No Health Insurance 57.3%

14.1% 12.8%

12.7% 12.7% 47.9%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 69.7 16.0 67.6 1.0 0.0 0.0 14.8 21-25 70.1 31.8 62.2 0.0 0.7 0.0 24.5 26-30 71.2 39.9 49.9 0.7 2.1 0.0 21.4 31-35 74.1 65.0 34.0 4.4 0.0 0.0 26.8 36+ 69.5 60.7 20.9 4.3 0.3 0.0 16.7 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 67.1 37.1 46.6 3.4 0.0 0.0 19.4

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 78.2 65.3 28.4 3.2 0.3 0.0 19.0 Drug 73.6 43.4 50 3.0 1.0 0.0 23.4 Domestic Violence 68.1 36.6 44.9 4.3 0.0 0.0 17.7

Driving While Intoxicated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Other 66.6 45.8 37.4 2.6 0.7 0.0 19.4

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

70.4 48.5 38.2 2.8 0.5 0.0 19.3

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 23.3 7.3 32.6 1.4 0.5 In Past Month 42.5 24.6 8.9 36.2 1.5 0.7 In Past Year 52.2 28.0 12.6 44.7 1.9 0.8

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
153 144 86 130 143 110

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
251 253 252 252 262 244

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

29.4% 10.4% 67.1%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 2.4% 33.2% 11.6% 66.1%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

26.2 9.5 1.9 0.6 36.4

14.9 10.3 20.5 25.8 11.1

9.7 4.3 7.8 4.7 6.1

63.5 53.3 48.1 0.0 49.8

43.2 48.2 47.0 100.0 52.8

3.9 1.9 2.0 1.3 2.2

54.2 31.0 45.8 41.8 27.9

40.2 28.5 19.1 0.0 37.4

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

144

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

2000

FINDINGS–A D U L T

M A L E

A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Birmingham, Alabama

Catchment Area: JEFFERSON COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
5 16 2,528 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 6.5% 10.6% 529

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 0.7% Other 0.9% Unknown 0.9%

Other Characteristics
Employed 65.3% No High School Diploma 33.4% Unstable Housing 4.8% No Health Insurance 53.9%

16.9% 19.7%

17.5% 13.7% 32.2%

25.4% 72.1%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 6 %) (+/- 6 %) (+/- 6 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 5 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 74.1 18.0 65.9 3.1 1.0 0.0 12.0 21-25 67.7 22.9 59.5 9.6 0.0 0.0 22.8 26-30 57.2 31.9 47.5 5.4 0.0 0.0 24.7 31-35 63.7 41.3 30.5 10.7 0.0 0.0 18.9 36+ 63.0 44.0 31.1 16.5 0.0 0.0 25.8 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 58.7 25.4 42.2 4.7 0.0 0.0 13.6

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 72.4 35.8 52.6 11.7 0.0 0.0 25.9 Drug 64.6 37.3 49.4 14.0 0.6 0.0 31.9 Domestic Violence 74.0 29.5 57.3 5.7 0.0 0.0 18.5

Driving While Intoxicated 28.6 5.0 28.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0

Other 63.7 34.2 43.9 12.3 0.0 0.0 24.3

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

64.8 33.0 45.3 10.2 0.2 0.0 21.8

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 14.2 4.1 35.7 1.2 0.0 In Past Month 48.5 15.6 5.9 44.0 1.2 0.0 In Past Year 55.5 17.6 9.0 53.2 1.4 0.3

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
127 138 57 119 210 6

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
248 247 244 251 240 0

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

25.6% 11.9% 62.3%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 2.5% 29.1% 12.0% 61.7%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

16.5 6.4 1.3 0.1 43.6

12.3 5.2 26.5 0.0 9.6

8.2 4.3 17.8 0.0 5.3

41.2 38.2 26.5 0.0 44.9

70.5 65.9 52.9 0.0 58.7

2.8 1.6 7.9 0.0 1.8

40.6 18.4 38.2 0.0 14.0

20.6 18.1 0.0 0.0 17.0

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

145

2000

FINDINGS–A D U L T

M A L E

A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Charlotte-Metro, North Carolina
Catchment Area: MECKLENBURG COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 1,221 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 37.4% 9.2% 322

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 8.1% Other 0.6% Unknown 1.9%

Other Characteristics
Employed 62.1% No High School Diploma 32.7% Unstable Housing 6.4% No Health Insurance 60.4%

22.6% 23.2%

15.7% 24.1% 14.5%

23.3% 66.1%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 11 %) (+/- 11 %) (+/- 11 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 10 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 87.4 31.8 84.4 0.0 2.9 0.0 31.8 21-25 54.2 33.9 35.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.4 26-30 53.5 38.4 38.4 0.0 5.0 0.0 28.3 31-35 83.9 70.8 40.9 5.0 0.0 0.0 32.9 36+ 47.7 38.7 4.5 4.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 54.8 37.9 35.6 2.6 0.0 0.0 21.2

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 74.5 47.0 39.5 0.0 4.1 0.0 16.1 Drug 73.0 38.7 56.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 21.8 Domestic Violence 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Driving While Intoxicated 34.8 25.2 25.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.7

Other 64.1 38.7 40.8 2.7 0.0 0.0 18.2

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

68.2 43.5 44.2 1.9 1.4 0.0 22.9

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 14.7 9.8 46.2 0.0 0.6 In Past Month 47.6 20.2 12.1 50.7 0.0 0.6 In Past Year 56.1 24.1 27.3 58.0 1.2 2.5

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
120 123 53 133 4 51

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
251 247 236 247 0 192

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

26.7% 23.5% 71.1%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 4.2% 33.9% 23.9% 66.0%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

23.0 14.6 0.0 0.6 43.5

12.5 7.6 0.0 20.0 10.9

5.8 4.4 0.0 20.0 4.8

54.5 36.1 0.0 0.0 35.4

64.8 63.9 0.0 100.0 49.0

4.2 1.5 0.0 1.0 2.3

55.5 22.7 0.0 100.0 14.0

54.0 68.5 0.0 0.0 73.4

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Cleveland, Ohio

Catchment Area: CUYAHOGA COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
5 60 5,877 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 8.2% 8.2% 2,025

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 3.5% Other 0.2% Unknown 0.7%

Other Characteristics
Employed 64.4% No High School Diploma 33.5% Unstable Housing 5.9% No Health Insurance 58.5%

16.0% 20.1%

14.9% 12.5% 36.5%

20.9% 74.7%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 5 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 76.9 26.2 70.3 2.6 0.0 12.0 30.7 21-25 77.6 26.4 62.1 0.6 0.0 22.7 29.7 26-30 73.2 21.8 56.6 2.2 0.0 5.6 13.1 31-35 66.6 46.9 38.0 3.4 0.5 0.9 22.1 36+ 67.6 55.3 32.0 6.8 0.0 0.7 26.8 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 68.5 26.7 50.5 3.6 0.0 9.6 20.2

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 81.4 53.2 57.2 5.5 0.0 8.1 39.1 Drug 80.4 42.1 51.0 5.3 0.2 14.5 30.5 Domestic Violence 74.0 30.4 55.7 3.6 0.0 10.5 23.6

Driving While Intoxicated 54.9 11.1 38.8 0.0 0.0 16.2 11.1

Other 68.0 36.6 47.1 3.1 0.0 5.5 22.5

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

72.0 38.4 49.2 3.7 0.1 8.1 25.6

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 20.2 5.1 45.5 3.9 0.3 In Past Month 54.1 21.3 6.8 50.2 4.2 0.5 In Past Year 59.3 22.7 9.2 58.1 4.8 0.7

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
135 97 61 110 107 35

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
237 224 244 248 244 0

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

33.8% 14.6% 65.2%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 4.1% 36.7% 15.2% 66.2%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

23.4 7.3 4.5 0.5 51.3

11.2 4.8 14.3 5.8 10.3

5.7 2.3 2.7 4.2 4.1

68.4 55.2 57.3 70.7 64.1

44.8 55.7 57.6 68.7 45.6

3.0 2.0 2.1 1.2 2.6

36.9 4.9 36.4 0.0 11.0

25.1 12.7 13.5 0.0 37.9

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

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D A T A

Dallas, Texas
Catchment Area: DALLAS COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
4 19 9,227 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 29.2% 9.9% 1,574

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 15.1% Other 0.7% Unknown 0.2%

Other Characteristics
Employed 70.6% No High School Diploma 34.8% Unstable Housing 7.2% No Health Insurance 65.1%

18.6% 25.7%

14.3% 14.1% 27.4%

37.5% 46.5%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 61.6 20.9 56.0 6.4 0.0 9.4 23.4 21-25 52.4 27.2 37.9 4.5 2.0 5.0 20.8 26-30 57.4 26.5 38.0 1.4 0.0 2.9 10.7 31-35 43.5 27.7 20.8 0.6 3.1 2.2 8.3 36+ 56.0 33.4 27.1 1.5 4.1 0.5 9.1 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 42.7 24.2 26.1 3.6 1.0 3.8 12.6

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 62.7 34.3 40.4 1.9 5.6 3.9 20.2 Drug 56.0 26.9 39.3 4.2 1.7 4.4 16.6 Domestic Violence 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Driving While Intoxicated 24.2 9.6 19.0 3.0 1.7 0.0 6.1

Other 52.0 24.3 33.5 2.1 0.3 3.6 9.8

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

54.5 27.7 35.8 3.0 2.1 3.9 14.8

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 11.8 9.2 33.6 2.6 1.7 In Past Month 46.1 13.2 11.2 39.6 2.8 2.6 In Past Year 56.7 16.8 17.6 47.3 3.9 4.1

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
111 103 54 117 116 75

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
237 244 235 245 226 259

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

24.3% 12.1% 69.8%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 6.8% 29.6% 16.6% 66.8%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

14.6 12.3 3.2 3.0 39.5

13.5 8.5 20.9 12.6 9.0

6.5 2.6 4.4 7.5 5.7

32.1 20.0 25.1 11.4 18.8

52.0 57.8 47.5 66.9 49.6

2.9 1.6 1.7 10.0 1.8

60.9 26.2 23.6 61.3 16.9

47.3 28.6 15.8 28.3 45.6

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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FINDINGS–A D U L T

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D A T A

Denver, Colorado

Catchment Area: DENVER COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 5,191 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 9.1% 4.4% 1,130

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 38.8% Other 3.6% Unknown 0.7%

Other Characteristics
Employed 68.6% No High School Diploma 34.1% Unstable Housing 18.8% No Health Insurance 67.9%

14.7% 17.2%

15.2% 14.3% 38.6%

28.2% 28.6%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 66.0 29.2 51.9 5.2 1.8 0.0 20.8 21-25 69.2 26.1 56.2 1.9 4.3 0.0 18.5 26-30 62.5 30.4 41.4 2.5 7.0 1.0 18.2 31-35 68.3 45.2 40.1 4.0 2.5 0.0 21.8 36+ 58.9 40.4 29.7 3.6 0.4 0.5 15.3 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 55.4 27.1 41.6 1.7 1.8 1.3 17.6

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 60.7 34.5 35.6 4.6 1.1 0.0 14.0 Drug 76.0 43.6 45.6 6.7 4.6 0.0 22.5 Domestic Violence 66.7 32.9 64.2 4.7 4.7 0.0 35.1

Driving While Intoxicated 56.6 35.3 27.5 0.0 4.9 0.0 11.1

Other 58.2 31.7 38.9 1.4 2.8 0.4 16.5

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

63.7 35.4 40.9 3.4 2.6 0.4 18.1

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 16.1 10.3 39.9 2.8 2.9 In Past Month 62.9 19.7 12.5 47.0 3.0 4.2 In Past Year 71.0 22.8 18.5 53.0 5.2 5.2

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
122 81 45 102 95 46

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
233 227 227 243 239 254

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

38.2% 17.1% 71.8%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 8.5% 28.6% 19.5% 72.1%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

20.0 13.0 3.3 3.9 44.5

9.4 7.4 15.2 2.5 5.6

5.8 2.9 4.8 3.2 4.0

44.2 35.2 62.8 30.6 38.6

45.9 62.5 70.6 77.1 48.0

3.2 2.3 2.0 1.8 1.7

40.7 29.8 33.9 3.1 2.8

37.4 39.3 12.8 38.2 38.8

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

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FINDINGS–A D U L T

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D A T A

Des Moines, Iowa
Catchment Area: POLK COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
3 2 1,966 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 19.7% 3.2% 916

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 5.3% Other 0.9% Unknown 1.0%

Other Characteristics
Employed 64.9% No High School Diploma 24.1% Unstable Housing 9.4% No Health Insurance 60.3%

14.7% 18.0%

17.7% 16.7% 32.9%

64.4% 28.4%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 6 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 6 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 5 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 56.6 3.7 51.6 2.8 10.0 2.6 14.1 21-25 60.9 4.2 52.6 1.2 21.8 2.7 19.6 26-30 64.8 12.2 44.0 0.0 17.8 4.4 13.7 31-35 49.7 11.9 37.4 1.5 15.9 0.0 17.1 36+ 49.2 17.1 31.1 5.5 22.0 0.0 24.8 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 51.4 13.2 41.3 1.0 9.4 5.2 17.7

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 60.2 19.6 39.8 4.6 21.0 1.6 23.7 Drug 65.2 16.3 48.0 1.5 23.6 1.5 23.2 Domestic Violence 48.1 17.5 34.7 0.0 2.6 8.8 15.6

Driving While Intoxicated 41.8 23.1 31.9 0.0 3.7 0.0 17.0

Other 54.5 6.1 40.2 4.2 21.0 1.1 17.5

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

55.3 11.0 41.4 2.7 18.6 1.7 19.1

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 7.2 2.9 37.5 0.5 17.8 In Past Month 56.1 9.8 5.4 44.8 0.5 21.2 In Past Year 69.3 13.1 8.6 52.6 1.0 24.7

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
114 78 37 116 141 93

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
236 226 198 240 259 235

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

31.5% 15.6% 69.8%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 7.0% 41.1% 22.4% 68.2%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

10.0 5.0 0.5 21.0 43.9

8.7 1.7 5.0 7.0 5.6

5.0 1.4 4.0 6.0 4.5

32.6 17.7 0.0 7.9 18.9

40.8 44.7 0.0 74.6 75.7

2.8 1.4 1.0 1.9 1.6

41.3 20.4 0.0 6.1 6.8

60.1 41.2 0.0 39.8 37.4

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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FINDINGS–A D U L T

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A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Detroit, Michigan
Catchment Area: WAYNE COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
6 48 1,093 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 15.3% 10.7% 844

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 1.8% Other 2.3% Unknown 0.2%

Other Characteristics
Employed 66.9% No High School Diploma 31.8% Unstable Housing 4.3% No Health Insurance 50.2%

19.4% 23.3%

14.6% 15.2% 27.6%

15.4% 80.4%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 76.2 2.7 76.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.7 21-25 71.8 9.7 69.9 3.3 0.0 0.0 9.7 26-30 58.4 9.3 50.3 6.0 0.0 0.0 7.3 31-35 66.4 34.3 36.8 8.2 0.0 0.0 13.0 36+ 69.5 51.1 23.1 16.7 0.0 0.0 20.1 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 61.5 22.2 46.3 3.3 0.0 0.0 9.9

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 73.9 36.4 44.6 9.8 0.0 0.0 14.9 Drug 85.7 35.7 57.1 17.5 0.0 0.0 23.3 Domestic Violence 54.2 25.4 37.8 2.9 0.0 0.0 12.0

Driving While Intoxicated 36.2 9.7 16.7 9.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

Other 65.4 19.0 50.3 5.3 0.0 0.0 8.9

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

69.5 24.4 49.8 7.8 0.0 0.0 11.7

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 13.5 2.6 42.9 6.2 0.5 In Past Month 38.4 15.4 3.6 49.0 6.7 0.5 In Past Year 47.2 17.0 6.2 56.5 7.0 0.7

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
133 123 62 126 178 181

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
241 243 246 247 248 266

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

26.5% 18.2% 54.7%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 3.0% 37.2% 20.0% 58.1%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

17.4 4.4 7.5 0.2 48.9

13.9 4.2 20.7 10.0 11.2

7.0 4.0 8.8 5.0 5.6

51.8 14.7 31.9 0.0 42.6

34.2 56.1 32.8 100.0 47.7

3.6 1.7 3.2 2.0 2.3

60.5 16.2 33.2 0.0 24.1

36.2 66.5 27.5 0.0 44.7

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

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D A T A

Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Catchment Area: BROWARD COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 4,524 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 5.3% 1.7% 414

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 2.9% Other 0.0% Unknown 1.2%

Other Characteristics
Employed 76.1% No High School Diploma 34.9% Unstable Housing 6.1% No Health Insurance 56.7%

14.9% 20.5%

14.2% 13.4% 37.0%

45.6% 50.3%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 6 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 6 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 4 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 68.3 11.1 66.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.6 21-25 72.1 25.2 67.5 2.4 0.0 0.0 23.0 26-30 68.4 23.5 56.6 7.5 0.0 0.0 19.2 31-35 55.3 39.7 34.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.9 36+ 53.2 41.8 18.1 1.6 0.0 0.0 8.3 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 42.2 20.0 27.8 2.1 0.0 0.0 7.8

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 50.2 27.0 27.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.7 Drug 67.9 35.3 45.0 2.8 0.0 0.0 15.3 Domestic Violence 31.7 18.0 20.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.6

Driving While Intoxicated 46.2 24.5 31.1 3.5 0.0 0.0 12.9

Other 70.8 34.4 54.2 2.1 0.0 0.0 19.9

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

61.8 30.9 43.3 2.1 0.0 0.0 14.5

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 11.0 10.6 33.3 0.9 0.0 In Past Month 52.6 12.2 13.8 38.5 0.9 0.0 In Past Year 60.6 15.0 16.9 46.2 1.6 0.0

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
124 89 53 118 66 0

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
244 228 218 251 159 0

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

29.5% 6.4% 63.8%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 2.0% 28.2% 9.4% 62.7%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

14.7 14.5 0.9 0.0 39.9

13.9 7.9 17.9 0.0 11.4

8.5 3.3 2.0 0.0 4.7

51.9 38.8 30.2 0.0 43.8

53.1 52.3 90.0 0.0 49.5

3.8 1.9 1.9 0.0 2.2

41.0 20.8 55.1 0.0 20.4

30.1 19.3 34.9 0.0 33.6

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Honolulu, Hawaii

Catchment Area: OAHU

Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 7 2,245 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 18.7% 16.5% 1,111

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White 26.2% Black 4.4% Hispanic 3.0% Other 51.7% Unknown 14.8%

Other Characteristics
Employed 49.7% No High School Diploma 18.9% Unstable Housing 20.6% No Health Insurance 50.7%

11.3% 17.6%

16.8% 13.9% 40.4%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 4 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 54.7 1.9 39.2 0.0 31.2 0.0 15.7 21-25 64.1 6.1 44.7 2.3 37.0 0.0 21.4 26-30 57.0 13.1 24.0 3.5 37.7 1.1 21.2 31-35 65.6 14.0 27.2 7.2 47.0 0.0 27.7 36+ 66.4 26.1 25.1 12.0 32.2 0.0 24.1 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 44.5 7.4 24.3 1.6 24.5 0.0 10.5

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 75.3 34.6 24.2 21.2 35.0 0.0 31.8 Drug 53.2 5.3 47.2 1.8 22.1 0.0 19.6 Domestic Violence 45.3 4.8 23.5 0.9 28.2 0.0 11.3

Driving While Intoxicated 40.6 2.5 31.9 2.5 8.6 0.0 5.0

Other 70.5 18.0 34.8 5.1 43.6 0.3 27.1

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

62.9 15.8 30.4 6.8 35.9 0.2 22.6

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 11.7 3.3 35.5 5.9 27.3 In Past Month 46.4 13.9 5.5 39.8 6.5 32.2 In Past Year 59.7 19.7 10.1 45.9 8.6 37.0

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
122 87 54 105 135 128

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
244 250 232 250 255 245

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

29.0% 20.9% 52.8%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 8.9% 41.5% 24.8% 54.2%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

14.7 6.8 6.6 31.6 38.9

14.4 7.9 23.2 10.0 6.8

7.4 4.7 4.0 8.2 6.1

54.7 42.4 62.1 28.4 42.5

60.8 42.3 54.5 46.6 43.5

3.6 1.6 4.7 2.2 1.9

55.1 24.8 64.8 26.7 4.4

34.2 56.3 15.2 44.6 46.5

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Houston, Texas
Catchment Area: HARRIS COUNTY

Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
3 0 4,935 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 12.1% 5.6% 1,330

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 28.0% Other 0.4% Unknown 0.7%

Other Characteristics
Employed 76.4% No High School Diploma 33.8% Unstable Housing 5.8% No Health Insurance 62.6%

22.9% 25.7%

14.2% 11.1% 26.1%

25.1% 45.9%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 4 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 61.9 6.2 52.8 9.7 0.0 10.8 26.0 21-25 59.0 20.1 48.4 12.6 0.0 5.8 22.7 26-30 49.8 29.1 29.9 2.2 0.0 3.5 12.7 31-35 60.0 36.5 28.5 10.2 0.5 2.8 14.7 36+ 54.1 46.4 14.9 2.0 1.7 0.2 10.6 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 49.1 24.9 32.1 6.2 0.4 4.1 15.3

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 53.8 33.4 28.2 4.9 1.0 3.9 13.2 Drug 59.5 30.9 39.7 9.5 0.8 5.5 20.8 Domestic Violence 46.5 22.5 16.3 7.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

Driving While Intoxicated 26.9 11.1 16.3 2.4 0.0 0.0 2.9

Other 56.6 33.0 34.7 7.3 0.0 4.2 18.1

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

57.2 31.5 35.8 7.4 0.5 4.8 18.0

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 10.4 4.9 29.3 0.5 1.3 In Past Month 41.0 11.2 7.0 35.1 0.8 1.4 In Past Year 50.7 12.8 10.0 40.8 1.9 2.6

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
119 106 46 123 108 24

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
240 238 241 243 261 179

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

22.0% 11.5% 65.8%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 3.8% 26.5% 15.1% 68.9%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

12.2 8.3 1.3 1.6 36.1

14.5 4.3 6.8 2.4 8.4

4.0 1.7 1.0 1.5 6.4

47.6 9.7 0.0 0.0 23.7

60.9 80.3 79.7 50.2 57.7

3.8 1.4 1.2 1.1 2.5

43.1 12.2 44.3 3.0 13.5

51.5 35.5 0.0 31.5 40.0

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Indianapolis, Indiana
Catchment Area: MARION COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 8,614 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 29.5% 1.9% 1,844

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 0.4% Other 0.4% Unknown 1.2%

Other Characteristics
Employed 71.4% No High School Diploma 42.1% Unstable Housing 5.7% No Health Insurance 59.8%

15.2% 21.5%

12.0% 13.4% 38.0%

43.2% 54.8%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 70.6 19.2 69.3 2.0 0.0 1.6 19.6 21-25 62.1 16.4 59.8 0.7 0.3 1.2 16.2 26-30 79.2 39.2 66.6 3.4 1.3 0.0 30.6 31-35 62.9 37.8 40.7 3.2 0.9 0.8 19.5 36+ 58.1 39.4 31.5 5.6 1.0 0.0 19.1 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 59.3 25.8 46.4 3.5 1.2 1.2 16.8

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 60.5 31.8 45.6 2.7 0.0 0.4 18.9 Drug 67.0 30.4 52.0 4.2 1.5 0.5 21.7 Domestic Violence 47.8 27.7 26.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.9

Driving While Intoxicated 42.3 18.7 26.6 6.0 0.0 0.0 9.0

Other 69.1 33.7 51.8 3.8 0.4 0.2 20.8

Unknown 56.1 31.8 40.6 0.0 5.5 3.7 25.6

Any Drug Cocaine

64.1 31.1 48.9 3.4 0.7 0.6 20.0

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 13.1 4.6 37.9 0.9 0.7 In Past Month 50.6 14.4 8.4 42.1 1.4 1.3 In Past Year 61.2 17.5 11.1 52.8 1.9 2.5

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
129 114 52 132 143 27

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
243 253 239 250 258 244

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

33.8% 13.5% 68.0%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 2.6% 29.8% 18.1% 72.7%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

15.4 9.3 2.0 1.7 41.4

11.3 5.7 12.7 1.9 9.2

5.7 2.6 6.5 1.4 5.8

27.8 30.4 40.5 42.8 31.7

53.9 63.5 74.0 59.6 62.7

3.2 2.2 1.9 1.0 1.9

42.4 18.3 17.8 23.5 15.8

32.5 30.7 32.8 13.3 52.6

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Laredo, Texas
Catchment Area: WEBB COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
2 0 921 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 5.9% 5.9% 374

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White 23.5% Black 1.3% Hispanic 74.5% Other 0.5% Unknown 0.3%

Other Characteristics
Employed 67.0% No High School Diploma 53.6% Unstable Housing 2.5% No Health Insurance 69.3%

18.4% 21.9%

19.9% 13.0% 26.8%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 7 %) (+/- 7 %) (+/- 6 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 6 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 67.5 35.8 57.9 13.9 0.0 0.0 35.8 21-25 65.5 45.3 27.8 11.7 0.0 0.0 16.8 26-30 54.2 44.5 30.1 13.8 0.0 0.0 23.7 31-35 64.0 58.9 13.8 9.5 0.0 0.0 18.1 36+ 49.4 45.3 14.8 2.8 0.0 0.0 12.8 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 60.4 47.9 30.5 4.7 0.0 0.0 20.1

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 77.1 52.5 41.9 27.6 0.0 0.0 39.9 Drug 51.4 36.2 29.3 7.6 0.0 0.0 17.0 Domestic Violence 69.3 51.8 38.5 6.7 0.0 0.0 21.0

Driving While Intoxicated 40.5 19.5 30.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.9

Other 52.8 40.1 20.9 6.7 0.0 0.0 12.4

Unknown 70.1 40.1 29.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

59.0 45.1 28.6 9.9 0.0 0.0 20.8

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 8.0 28.7 25.1 7.5 0.3 In Past Month 64.6 9.0 33.9 29.1 8.8 0.3 In Past Year 75.2 12.8 39.3 33.7 11.5 0.7

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
112 79 68 131 141 29

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
242 231 222 244 238 0

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

33.4% 16.8% 71.8%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 10.7% 29.9% 33.5% 73.0%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

9.9 35.1 9.1 0.5 30.6

9.4 8.6 23.1 0.0 5.7

12.3 5.6 7.6 2.0 7.0

13.6 7.3 7.0 0.0 19.0

49.3 64.8 50.7 100.0 64.0

2.2 2.0 2.5 1.0 2.0

19.4 37.0 79.5 0.0 6.7

27.0 42.7 12.7 0.0 57.1

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Las Vegas, Nevada
Catchment Area: CLARK COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
4 0 7,733 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 12.4% 6.9% 1,765

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 9.5% 21-25 19.3% 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 13.7% Other 3.0% Unknown 1.3%

Other Characteristics
Employed 68.1% No High School Diploma 24.0% Unstable Housing 11.1% No Health Insurance 65.7%

16.9% 16.6% 37.7%

53.5% 28.5%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 73.8 9.7 59.4 5.8 18.2 9.9 26.4 21-25 58.7 8.7 46.7 0.6 21.2 2.3 19.5 26-30 55.7 23.0 34.6 3.1 14.1 4.6 22.1 31-35 57.9 23.3 25.0 4.1 22.9 0.3 16.9 36+ 56.1 31.7 23.2 7.7 15.7 1.9 17.9 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 51.5 21.0 31.5 2.9 11.4 2.5 14.4

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 65.2 31.8 31.2 7.5 21.6 2.4 22.5 Drug 62.5 19.3 35.2 4.1 21.5 3.8 20.6 Domestic Violence 47.2 15.1 31.9 1.8 12.1 1.0 11.8

Driving While Intoxicated 31.1 3.4 28.1 0.0 10.1 1.0 11.5

Other 58.8 23.8 32.4 4.1 17.8 4.0 20.6

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

58.5 22.5 33.3 4.8 17.8 3.0 19.6

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 12.1 6.0 32.4 3.1 16.6 In Past Month 53.6 14.1 8.6 39.3 4.4 19.5 In Past Year 65.5 18.3 13.2 47.3 5.8 26.4

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
132 90 56 112 102 98

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
239 241 230 245 248 239

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

32.1% 13.0% 73.2%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 8.9% 36.4% 15.3% 77.7%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

14.1 8.7 4.5 18.7 37.8

12.4 10.1 16.3 8.6 6.0

7.8 4.5 4.1 5.1 3.9

51.2 28.5 35.2 17.9 26.9

41.2 44.6 26.1 65.7 63.9

3.4 1.6 1.7 2.3 1.7

47.6 26.0 45.5 14.5 6.0

37.4 25.1 17.7 47.9 42.9

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Miami, Florida
Catchment Area: MIAMI-DADE COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 1 7,336 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 11.5% 3.4% 1,042

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 3.8% Other 0.0% Unknown 0.7%

Other Characteristics
Employed 66.9% No High School Diploma 34.1% Unstable Housing 8.9% No Health Insurance 63.6%

10.7% 24.0%

13.4% 17.0% 34.9%

43.5% 52.1%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 64.1 26.9 54.0 3.6 0.0 0.0 20.4 21-25 65.6 32.4 56.6 1.9 0.0 0.0 24.1 26-30 57.9 36.5 43.4 2.6 0.0 0.0 24.5 31-35 72.4 62.0 33.6 2.4 0.0 0.0 24.9 36+ 57.7 49.8 21.9 7.0 0.0 0.0 20.2 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 56.9 38.1 40.6 1.0 0.0 0.0 21.9

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 65.3 54.5 28.4 9.2 0.0 0.0 25.4 Drug 78.5 63.3 44.5 6.4 0.0 0.0 34.6 Domestic Violence 42.0 32.7 34.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 24.7

Driving While Intoxicated 45.1 36.1 29.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 20.7

Other 56.3 32.5 39.7 1.9 0.0 0.0 17.4

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

62.8 43.5 38.5 4.0 0.0 0.0 22.5

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 13.4 15.5 30.3 3.6 0.3 In Past Month 40.2 13.6 17.9 35.3 4.2 0.3 In Past Year 50.2 14.8 22.6 41.6 4.7 0.9

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
100 123 84 113 158 42

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
236 243 244 243 249 0

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

21.4% 9.9% 71.6%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 3.0% 28.8% 20.0% 66.3%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

14.0 18.1 4.2 0.4 32.9

17.7 10.6 24.6 2.6 11.4

6.1 5.4 4.1 0.0 6.5

58.8 42.1 67.0 0.0 46.2

44.5 55.4 42.9 19.8 40.8

3.9 2.0 2.4 1.0 1.9

57.0 25.4 45.3 0.0 23.9

31.2 26.4 19.9 0.0 33.5

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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FINDINGS–A D U L T

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Minneapolis, Minnesota
Catchment Area: HENNEPIN COUNTY

Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
3 15 4,018 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 20.7% 6.1% 1,113

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 0.3% Other 5.2% Unknown 0.0%

Other Characteristics
Employed 59.0% No High School Diploma 25.6% Unstable Housing 10.0% No Health Insurance 51.7%

20.0% 23.6%

16.0% 15.4% 25.0%

37.0% 57.5%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 4 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 75.8 11.0 74.8 0.0 1.3 3.6 13.9 21-25 72.2 14.0 64.3 1.3 0.7 4.3 12.1 26-30 68.3 35.1 54.5 3.9 2.8 0.0 27.1 31-35 63.3 38.2 45.4 8.9 0.8 0.0 25.7 36+ 53.9 35.7 31.2 3.0 2.3 0.0 18.3 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 63.5 24.4 52.5 2.8 1.0 1.4 18.6

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 64.4 31.4 49.8 3.2 0.0 1.0 20.0 Drug 73.6 27.8 59.8 1.7 2.9 3.3 20.3 Domestic Violence 51.6 26.9 38.7 0.9 0.8 0.0 15.5

Driving While Intoxicated 55.5 17.9 40.0 0.6 2.3 2.4 7.7

Other 67.4 25.5 57.6 2.4 0.6 1.7 19.8

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

66.7 25.7 54.2 3.0 1.6 1.8 18.5

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 14.5 5.4 46.4 1.8 2.2 In Past Month 54.3 17.1 8.2 53.4 2.4 4.0 In Past Year 64.9 19.6 13.3 61.4 4.1 6.5

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
112 74 30 125 78 44

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
239 220 258 246 248 228

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

32.5% 27.2% 50.3%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 2.3% 37.3% 26.4% 58.0%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

17.2 8.5 2.6 3.5 46.4

8.9 2.6 13.7 1.9 10.1

5.5 2.5 8.3 1.5 5.9

68.5 52.0 90.7 19.5 49.0

55.2 49.6 68.2 63.5 63.1

2.5 1.2 4.3 1.1 3.0

52.3 8.5 40.8 0.0 20.8

43.3 26.3 76.7 8.5 39.0

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

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2000

FINDINGS–A D U L T

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A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

New Orleans, Louisiana
Catchment Area: ORLEANS PARISH
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 8,095 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 6.0% 2.2% 884

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 0.3% Other 0.4% Unknown 0.4%

Other Characteristics
Employed 62.4% No High School Diploma 49.3% Unstable Housing 4.8% No Health Insurance 60.9%

22.4% 24.4%

16.6% 10.5% 26.1%

11.2% 87.8%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 73.5 21.6 68.5 18.6 0.0 0.0 24.6 21-25 76.8 25.1 61.9 27.6 0.5 0.6 31.2 26-30 71.3 42.6 47.1 9.3 0.0 0.0 24.8 31-35 55.0 39.8 23.4 11.3 0.8 0.0 18.8 36+ 63.4 48.9 21.1 7.0 0.0 0.6 13.3 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 64.8 27.7 50.6 18.2 0.6 0.0 25.4

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 71.5 41.8 38.3 25.5 0.0 0.6 25.5 Drug 79.2 39.7 58.1 15.5 0.4 0.5 28.3 Domestic Violence 56.2 29.3 38.7 14.3 1.4 0.0 23.4

Driving While Intoxicated 39.0 29.5 16.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.9

Other 67.2 34.0 46.0 14.7 0.0 0.0 22.7

Unknown 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

69.4 34.8 46.6 15.5 0.2 0.3 22.8

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 12.7 7.7 44.3 12.7 0.2 In Past Month 35.9 14.7 9.2 49.0 13.7 0.3 In Past Year 52.7 16.0 11.9 56.3 14.6 0.5

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
108 107 75 122 144 104

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
229 231 233 242 248 258

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

22.0% 9.5% 65.6%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 9.6% 37.8% 12.5% 62.0%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

14.9 9.6 13.5 0.3 48.7

13.4 10.1 20.3 19.0 11.9

9.0 6.2 5.9 0.0 5.2

71.6 51.6 67.9 23.5 72.4

53.0 61.1 53.6 50.7 55.5

3.0 1.9 2.5 1.0 2.4

53.4 43.6 45.7 47.7 28.7

19.6 35.3 23.4 0.0 27.2

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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FINDINGS–A D U L T

M A L E

A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

New York, New York
Catchment Area: MANHATTAN BOROUGH
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
2 4 18,029 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 20.5% 0.6% 1,534

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 26.3% Other 1.1% Unknown 1.2%

Other Characteristics
Employed 45.0% No High School Diploma 39.7% Unstable Housing 11.2% No Health Insurance 58.2%

16.2% 13.8%

13.9% 14.4% 41.7%

10.4% 61.0%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 3 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 75.3 7.9 70.4 5.3 0.0 1.9 7.7 21-25 74.0 21.5 59.6 8.7 0.0 3.3 17.6 26-30 75.5 48.3 45.4 24.1 0.0 0.0 38.7 31-35 87.4 68.8 33.2 27.4 0.0 0.0 37.0 36+ 82.3 66.1 24.3 26.5 0.0 0.0 31.6 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 63.7 36.0 36.2 15.6 0.0 3.4 26.8

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 76.6 52.6 32.9 21.1 0.0 1.5 28.8 Drug 92.6 55.7 52.1 21.8 0.0 0.8 33.0 Domestic Violence 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Driving While Intoxicated 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Other 65.6 42.4 30.1 17.2 0.0 0.0 22.2

Unknown 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

79.9 48.8 40.6 20.5 0.0 0.7 27.7

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 19.2 14.7 45.2 17.6 0.0 In Past Month 39.8 21.4 16.7 49.4 18.3 0.2 In Past Year 55.3 22.7 19.3 53.3 19.4 0.3

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
130 158 112 164 183 39

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
249 256 253 257 256 0

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

22.2% 23.6% 55.2%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 7.0% 42.5% 27.2% 56.2%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

21.1 16.5 18.3 0.2 49.4

17.0 12.5 21.1 0.0 17.8

6.3 2.6 6.6 0.0 7.3

91.8 81.9 83.8 100.0 83.4

30.9 29.6 34.9 100.0 24.4

2.7 1.8 2.3 0.0 2.4

34.4 15.1 30.3 0.0 15.4

8.9 11.0 18.2 0.0 11.6

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

2000 ANNUAL REPORT

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FINDINGS–A D U L T

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A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Catchment Area: OKLAHOMA COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 3,362 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 14.8% 1.6% 999

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 3.7% Other 4.2% Unknown 0.0%

Other Characteristics
Employed 73.5% No High School Diploma 24.6% Unstable Housing 6.7% No Health Insurance 64.6%

16.6% 18.0%

16.4% 13.5% 35.4%

54.7% 37.4%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 4 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 84.4 9.6 80.7 1.1 9.9 13.0 28.1 21-25 74.8 16.8 68.2 0.6 11.9 5.7 26.3 26-30 74.3 17.4 64.5 3.9 16.9 4.5 30.4 31-35 68.8 18.0 59.9 4.8 9.4 3.8 22.1 36+ 63.0 35.5 35.4 4.5 9.7 2.0 20.9 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 71.1 22.5 63.6 3.5 7.0 2.7 24.1

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 69.9 23.9 52.4 0.9 8.2 2.1 14.7 Drug 76.6 20.0 61.1 5.3 16.8 7.1 31.7 Domestic Violence 76.5 21.6 69.6 0.0 3.7 0.0 18.4

Driving While Intoxicated 54.9 11.5 43.2 6.1 2.4 6.7 14.1

Other 66.7 20.5 55.8 2.8 7.6 7.9 24.3

Unknown 56.3 37.0 44.0 0.0 0.0 12.2 24.6

Any Drug Cocaine

71.4 22.4 57.0 3.2 11.3 5.2 24.8

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 10.7 5.2 48.9 0.5 9.1 In Past Month 61.3 12.1 7.2 53.5 0.8 12.1 In Past Year 72.1 15.2 11.8 60.8 1.4 16.7

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
120 87 50 134 60 83

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
237 238 234 247 260 232

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

39.0% 14.5% 70.6%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 11.2% 42.0% 12.5% 72.7%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

14.5 8.2 0.7 12.0 49.4

13.5 6.9 10.1 8.8 7.5

7.9 3.9 12.0 7.5 6.1

19.6 22.1 43.6 12.8 18.0

58.2 68.0 67.6 83.5 71.0

3.4 1.5 1.2 2.1 1.8

49.2 15.4 23.5 23.0 8.7

59.3 29.2 20.1 29.3 50.1

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Omaha, Nebraska
Catchment Area: DOUGLAS COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 1 4,290 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 10.8% 10.8% 567

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 4.2% Other 3.4% Unknown 0.0%

Other Characteristics
Employed 78.5% No High School Diploma 23.7% Unstable Housing 4.3% No Health Insurance 57.1%

13.6% 23.9%

19.7% 15.0% 27.8%

47.2% 45.1%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 6 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 6 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 5 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 65.2 9.6 61.9 1.5 1.1 0.0 8.9 21-25 70.3 7.0 61.8 3.0 9.0 0.0 10.6 26-30 56.8 8.8 46.5 0.0 13.9 0.0 11.7 31-35 77.6 22.7 48.7 3.4 22.8 0.0 17.7 36+ 53.8 34.7 30.5 1.9 10.3 0.0 22.3 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 55.1 13.0 40.4 2.2 9.5 0.0 10.1

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 81.6 23.0 54.4 4.4 20.5 0.0 19.5 Drug 84.7 30.2 61.9 1.3 19.1 0.0 26.0 Domestic Violence 65.8 22.4 45.1 4.0 11.1 0.0 16.8

Driving While Intoxicated 64.0 24.9 51.6 6.7 0.0 0.0 19.2

Other 61.3 17.2 47.1 2.8 10.0 0.0 15.3

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

63.4 18.0 48.1 2.0 11.0 0.0 14.9

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 7.7 2.8 43.4 0.3 8.6 In Past Month 51.0 8.9 5.1 50.0 1.4 9.9 In Past Year 61.4 11.5 8.5 55.1 1.7 11.7

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
113 89 36 133 70 155

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
243 241 240 256 238 256

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

20.6% 10.2% 59.5%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 7.1% 32.0% 10.1% 69.9%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

8.1 4.3 1.2 9.7 46.0

11.0 3.8 5.9 12.1 7.6

8.6 2.4 3.4 8.3 4.6

54.2 51.8 17.0 10.5 25.3

63.6 95.3 59.9 77.5 68.5

3.4 1.4 1.0 2.2 2.1

39.8 5.9 0.0 23.9 3.2

24.7 3.8 0.0 35.3 38.1

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Catchment Area: PHILADELPHIA COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
4 3 2,111 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 14.3% 5.4% 520


Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 0.0% Other 0.8% Unknown 0.7%

Other Characteristics
Employed 56.4% No High School Diploma 28.5% Unstable Housing 4.5% No Health Insurance 54.1%

18.7% 20.5%

16.3% 14.2% 30.3%

21.5% 77.0%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 6 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 4 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 83.3 5.8 81.2 3.6 0.0 0.0 7.3 21-25 78.6 12.4 74.5 8.4 0.0 4.6 17.7 26-30 67.4 38.6 40.0 17.8 0.0 0.0 22.2 31-35 60.7 39.6 34.8 15.8 0.0 2.2 23.8 36+ 67.8 50.8 24.4 13.7 0.0 4.2 19.0 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 58.4 17.8 43.9 4.0 0.0 1.9 9.3

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 68.9 36.6 40.7 11.7 0.0 3.7 18.0 Drug 80.8 30.5 62.3 15.9 0.0 1.6 23.0 Domestic Violence 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Driving While Intoxicated 40.4 9.0 31.4 5.9 0.0 0.0 5.9

Other 75.8 39.4 47.6 10.8 0.0 2.1 17.4

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

71.9 30.9 49.4 11.8 0.0 2.5 17.8

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 16.5 5.3 43.9 8.5 0.2 In Past Month 35.4 18.4 7.1 50.1 9.5 0.5 In Past Year 46.8 20.8 9.7 58.3 9.5 2.1

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
116 116 78 142 177 39

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
240 246 222 251 250 169

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

21.5% 22.0% 54.6%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 5.6% 43.1% 24.0% 63.7%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

18.6 7.8 9.4 0.5 48.9

12.5 11.1 21.7 6.0 13.8

7.4 10.4 9.4 11.6 8.5

77.0 65.8 95.6 100.0 70.4

43.4 45.6 61.6 0.0 51.6

2.7 1.8 3.6 2.0 3.1

54.1 13.3 28.5 0.0 22.6

31.2 25.0 18.6 0.0 31.3

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Phoenix, Arizona
Catchment Area: MARICOPA COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
2 30 15,395 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 15.8% 2.4% 2,427

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 29.0% Other 6.2% Unknown 0.4%

Other Characteristics
Employed 71.2% No High School Diploma 32.6% Unstable Housing 11.9% No Health Insurance 64.3%

13.4% 19.9%

16.5% 14.5% 35.7%

52.2% 12.3%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Confidence Interval
(+/- 3 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 3 %)

Percent Age Percent Positive by Positive by Age
<21 75.3 25.1 61.7 0.2 10.6 4.1 24.8 21-25 69.0 23.5 51.1 3.8 21.5 2.6 29.0 26-30 66.3 27.7 36.3 4.0 26.9 2.3 26.8 31-35 63.5 35.0 19.8 7.0 22.7 0.4 19.6 36+ 60.4 39.7 18.0 11.5 15.9 0.6 21.7 Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Violent 54.9 25.0 27.7 3.5 15.1 2.3 16.2

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Property 71.7 40.5 31.8 12.3 19.5 1.3 29.0 Drug 74.3 36.4 44.7 8.0 20.2 1.7 32.3 Domestic Violence 55.6 27.8 24.5 0.0 14.3 0.0 10.1

Driving While Intoxicated 49.3 22.9 29.1 2.3 12.2 0.0 16.1

Other 66.2 31.2 33.6 5.1 21.2 1.5 24.3

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

65.5 31.9 33.7 6.6 19.1 1.7 24.1

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 17.9 10.3 32.3 6.5 17.2 In Past Month 54.2 19.5 13.8 38.7 7.4 20.1 In Past Year 64.1 24.7 20.7 46.5 9.3 23.7

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
122 95 58 114 154 119

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
243 236 245 247 249 239

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

33.5% 12.6% 67.5%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 15.8% 41.3% 19.3% 69.5%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

20.5 14.5 7.9 20.3 38.6

13.3 7.5 21.9 10.4 4.8

8.7 4.6 7.6 7.7 4.6

26.1 17.8 34.4 8.6 22.1

46.0 36.4 44.5 50.8 54.4

3.2 1.4 1.9 2.0 1.6

60.0 26.7 38.2 16.9 3.9

30.9 22.1 20.7 32.8 41.8

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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D A T A

Portland, Oregon

Catchment Area: MULTNOMAH COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 3,883 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 25.9% 7.2% 1,519

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 5.0% Other 3.0% Unknown 0.3%

Other Characteristics
Employed 53.6% No High School Diploma 27.0% Unstable Housing 17.4% No Health Insurance 51.6%

11.1% 15.4%

17.8% 15.8% 39.9%

66.0% 25.8%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Percent Positive by Age Confidence Percent Positive by Age <21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 3 %) 59.2 12.0 46.2 8.1 15.3 0.0 19.3 64.0 9.7 50.4 11.1 22.7 0.0 24.2 68.1 15.6 45.7 14.3 25.3 0.6 25.3 78.0 30.5 37.7 11.2 24.4 1.0 24.0 58.6 29.2 21.1 18.1 19.5 0.0 26.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Violent 53.4 15.1 34.7 7.8 17.2 0.0 18.4 Property 75.0 27.8 33.9 20.3 25.7 0.7 29.6 Drug 80.6 29.8 45.9 22.0 29.4 0.0 41.6 Domestic Violence 49.3 15.6 31.6 5.2 9.2 0.0 10.5

Driving While Intoxicated 70.3 9.7 53.5 9.2 15.9 0.0 18.0

Other 61.7 19.3 33.6 13.5 18.9 0.3 18.8

Unknown 29.9 29.9 13.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 13.9

Any Drug Cocaine

64.3 21.9 35.6 14.1 21.4 0.3 24.6

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 9.1 5.9 32.3 8.5 18.4 In Past Month 40.5 10.7 7.8 39.4 10.4 20.4 In Past Year 57.3 15.5 11.4 50.1 13.2 26.0

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
115 75 55 94 120 95

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
241 224 234 239 243 230

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

24.5% 22.6% 55.2%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 18.5% 34.7% 33.3% 49.8%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

10.6 8.4 10.0 19.2 32.6

11.2 9.2 17.2 8.0 6.2

5.6 4.4 5.2 5.8 4.8

52.0 59.0 69.5 21.8 33.6

53.0 65.6 63.1 47.8 49.9

3.1 2.8 3.8 2.1 1.8

43.7 17.5 31.1 12.0 11.1

32.2 19.7 22.0 27.8 26.2

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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FINDINGS–A D U L T

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A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

Sacramento, California

Catchment Area: SACRAMENTO COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 6 7,540 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 22.9% 10.6% 1,681

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 9.4% 21-25 16.2% 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 17.0% Other 3.9% Unknown 0.7%

Other Characteristics
Employed 54.0% No High School Diploma 24.4% Unstable Housing 13.2% No Health Insurance 60.4%

18.3% 14.9% 41.2%

39.8% 38.7%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Percent Positive by Age Confidence Percent Positive by Age <21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 4 %) 85.2 2.1 73.0 3.4 25.2 0.0 18.5 80.2 6.7 68.2 1.1 24.5 2.1 21.3 70.3 12.9 57.9 0.9 34.9 0.0 34.1 73.4 26.5 51.4 4.0 28.7 0.0 31.4 69.2 27.0 31.8 5.2 29.8 0.0 21.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Violent 66.5 16.8 52.6 3.7 18.2 0.0 21.7 Property 81.4 26.3 51.6 4.9 25.9 0.0 24.8 Drug 80.2 20.5 48.4 3.5 45.1 0.2 32.9 Domestic Violence 69.2 20.5 51.3 6.7 13.1 0.0 17.0

Driving While Intoxicated 43.8 4.2 29.9 2.1 15.7 0.0 8.1

Other 70.9 17.7 50.6 1.9 27.3 0.6 25.4

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

73.5 18.4 50.0 3.3 29.3 0.3 25.3

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 12.4 1.8 42.6 4.1 21.0 In Past Month 51.7 14.0 3.2 49.4 5.1 24.7 In Past Year 60.6 17.7 4.5 56.1 5.8 29.6

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
121 80 53 126 93 110

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
240 229 252 245 259 235

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

34.1% 13.0% 61.9%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 13.0% 43.7% 15.5% 61.0%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

14.6 3.6 5.3 24.7 47.7

11.4 4.2 12.5 9.9 10.0

4.5 2.9 7.5 6.1 4.9

44.8 30.1 28.7 15.1 26.5

39.6 81.4 44.3 46.8 43.9

3.0 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.0

56.2 3.4 25.9 24.0 18.6

44.9 25.8 21.2 55.0 47.8

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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D A T A

Salt Lake City, Utah

Catchment Area: SALT LAKE COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 3,180 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 15.4% 5.2% 1,199

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White 61.3% Black 6.1% Hispanic 22.9% Other 9.8% Unknown 0.0%

Other Characteristics
Employed 70.6% No High School Diploma 35.7% Unstable Housing 11.4% No Health Insurance 69.1%

15.3% 22.0%

17.1% 13.8% 31.9%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Percent Positive by Age Confidence Percent Positive by Age <21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 4 %) 59.3 6.9 53.8 2.9 10.6 0.0 12.7 56.9 13.7 41.6 5.9 17.0 0.0 20.1 52.0 21.4 27.3 7.6 24.2 0.0 20.7 64.6 26.4 36.5 9.6 18.4 0.0 24.3 46.7 21.2 20.2 7.3 16.1 0.0 14.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Violent 55.1 15.3 34.9 4.6 16.9 0.0 14.0 Property 61.8 24.0 39.9 10.8 14.3 0.0 22.7 Drug 58.3 20.3 35.7 7.2 21.4 0.0 21.4 Domestic Violence 43.2 15.4 26.7 1.8 19.2 0.0 13.3

Driving While Intoxicated 43.5 19.9 26.3 7.0 7.4 0.0 13.0

Other 51.9 17.5 30.9 4.7 17.4 0.0 16.5

Unknown 100.0 51.1 51.1 0.0 48.9 0.0 51.1

Any Drug Cocaine

54.1 18.0 33.5 6.6 17.1 0.0 17.9

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 6.2 9.3 29.2 2.9 14.9 In Past Month 48.6 7.2 12.0 36.1 4.1 18.6 In Past Year 61.7 13.3 20.8 44.5 7.7 26.1

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
96 61 42 108 102 98

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
237 233 249 242 233 228

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

31.2% 13.7% 66.4%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 11.7% 37.3% 23.9% 74.9%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

7.8 13.4 4.4 18.5 37.1

12.4 6.6 14.2 8.1 4.9

7.2 3.6 5.9 8.0 5.8

22.7 22.6 21.9 19.0 14.1

43.3 53.8 52.0 73.4 72.7

1.9 1.7 1.6 2.3 1.8

27.4 19.3 26.2 17.8 6.0

47.2 22.0 25.1 34.4 32.9

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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A R R E S T E E S – W E I G H T E D

D A T A

San Antonio, Texas
Catchment Area: BEXAR COUNTY

Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
2 26 9,395 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 5.7% 6.1% 848

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 15.2% 31-35 7.7% 36+ 30.1% Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 45.7% Other 0.1% Unknown 3.1%

Other Characteristics
Employed 71.0% No High School Diploma 32.8% Unstable Housing 7.3% No Health Insurance 65.1%

21.3% 25.7%

38.0% 13.0%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Percent Positive by Age Confidence Percent Positive by Age <21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown Interval
(+/- 7 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 7 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 6 %) 60.7 21.7 50.3 5.4 0.4 0.0 15.4 55.4 18.9 48.6 4.8 0.3 0.0 16.0 53.6 20.3 38.6 12.1 0.0 0.0 15.7 45.3 23.8 30.6 4.3 0.0 0.0 12.7 45.7 20.0 29.3 19.7 0.2 0.0 23.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Violent 22.6 14.7 17.2 1.3 0.9 0.0 11.4 Property 67.1 26.0 51.2 13.6 0.8 0.0 22.5 Drug 79.2 29.7 73.3 3.2 0.6 0.0 26.4 Domestic Violence 30.6 27.7 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.1

Driving While Intoxicated 60.8 35.6 47.1 4.8 0.0 0.0 24.3

Other 47.2 20.8 33.9 11.0 0.0 0.0 16.9

Unknown 70.6 13.7 53.9 19.2 0.0 0.0 16.3

Any Drug Cocaine

52.9 20.4 40.7 10.2 0.2 0.0 17.6

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 2.3 8.0 31.6 6.5 0.5 In Past Month 43.5 4.6 12.4 34.9 6.9 2.9 In Past Year 55.3 7.1 20.7 44.1 9.8 4.4

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
120 54 67 127 185 53

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
244 221 232 247 254 214

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

25.7% 6.2% 67.0%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 6.5% 26.5% 14.9% 78.9%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

5.1 13.0 7.3 3.0 34.6

10.5 9.6 22.9 4.0 6.0

3.9 3.1 8.1 1.1 4.8

24.7 15.1 37.8 0.0 25.3

82.5 63.4 69.1 92.3 64.1

3.0 2.3 2.9 1.2 1.4

62.5 41.0 44.7 14.0 2.0

19.5 37.5 27.9 83.8 45.0

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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San Diego, California
Catchment Area: SAN DIEGO COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
2 0 9,165 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 18.9% 1.8% 1,568

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 32.8% Other 3.6% Unknown 0.2%

Other Characteristics
Employed 61.7% No High School Diploma 23.4% Unstable Housing 16.3% No Health Insurance 64.8%

12.2% 17.5%

15.0% 15.0% 40.3%

39.7% 23.7%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Percent Positive by Age Confidence Percent Positive by Age <21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 4 %) 64.9 5.4 54.8 2.6 20.0 0.0 18.0 62.9 10.1 51.7 3.6 24.1 0.6 22.6 64.4 12.8 44.1 3.9 26.0 0.0 19.4 58.0 14.3 30.6 2.5 30.9 0.0 20.0 65.9 20.7 29.1 10.2 27.6 0.0 20.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Violent 50.5 9.0 38.9 3.7 17.0 0.4 17.0 Property 60.7 11.8 35.3 6.7 27.6 0.0 20.6 Drug 69.4 21.9 36.4 7.9 33.9 0.0 27.5 Domestic Violence 44.3 8.9 32.8 7.0 16.9 0.0 17.5

Driving While Intoxicated 49.8 12.2 27.9 4.1 22.3 0.0 16.8

Other 62.7 12.6 40.6 3.5 18.1 0.0 11.2

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

63.8 14.8 38.7 6.0 26.3 0.1 20.2

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 9.0 3.2 34.4 4.3 21.1 In Past Month 54.5 9.8 5.8 41.5 5.0 24.7 In Past Year 67.0 12.8 11.2 50.0 6.5 31.4

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
124 57 19 104 100 86

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
238 225 266 243 252 227

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

33.7% 12.2% 68.3%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 9.7% 39.8% 23.6% 74.8%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

10.0 7.2 5.1 26.1 42.3

11.7 3.7 22.8 8.8 5.0

7.0 3.8 7.7 4.4 5.4

53.8 30.4 25.3 19.4 39.3

44.9 48.7 41.6 51.7 53.5

4.1 1.4 2.0 1.9 1.9

71.1 27.6 38.2 9.2 6.8

36.9 14.3 22.7 46.0 44.8

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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San Jose, California
Catchment Area: SANTA CLARA COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 3 9,621 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 15.2% 6.6% 1,487

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 35.9% Other 8.7% Unknown 0.8%

Other Characteristics
Employed 69.8% No High School Diploma 20.7% Unstable Housing 13.1% No Health Insurance 61.2%

16.9% 16.9%

16.6% 14.3% 35.3%

35.5% 19.2%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Percent Positive by Age Confidence Percent Positive by Age <21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown Interval
(+/- 8 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 7 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) 72.2 8.8 66.9 0.0 19.1 0.5 16.1 71.9 9.7 62.9 1.7 33.7 14.6 34.9 35.8 6.8 21.2 3.2 18.3 0.4 12.3 47.5 12.4 28.3 0.7 23.9 3.8 19.4 44.8 17.6 17.9 14.4 17.2 1.3 21.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Violent 38.4 5.9 30.2 1.0 8.3 0.5 7.4 Property 57.1 7.2 43.9 4.4 18.9 0.5 16.4 Drug 58.8 17.0 36.8 3.5 28.4 4.6 24.1 Domestic Violence 42.4 5.2 33.0 1.9 8.9 1.0 7.6

Driving While Intoxicated 34.3 13.8 18.8 1.1 9.5 5.2 9.6

Other 56.8 15.9 39.0 9.0 26.0 4.8 30.5

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

52.9 12.1 35.9 5.9 21.5 3.6 21.0

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 5.6 3.0 35.4 2.4 17.0 In Past Month 61.0 6.4 5.6 43.2 2.4 23.2 In Past Year 72.1 8.9 12.9 50.0 3.5 31.1

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
122 65 29 130 155 87

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
224 251 244 235 258 222

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

43.5% 10.0% 72.6%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 5.2% 37.7% 18.1% 64.0%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

6.9 5.9 2.4 24.2 42.3

9.3 3.1 22.9 4.8 6.2

4.4 2.1 5.5 4.0 5.2

38.1 57.2 11.2 30.2 30.8

49.2 44.7 77.3 60.2 44.8

3.2 1.3 2.5 1.5 2.1

33.8 15.9 20.6 10.6 3.3

30.2 34.7 5.8 25.0 46.7

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Seattle, Washington

Catchment Area: KING COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
4 3 5,926 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 26.0% 8.2% 1,858

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 0.9% Other 7.1% Unknown 1.1%

Other Characteristics
Employed 62.6% No High School Diploma 21.0% Unstable Housing 16.5% No Health Insurance 59.5%

13.4% 19.0%

15.4% 13.6% 38.6%

61.0% 29.8%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Percent Positive by Age Confidence Percent Positive by Age <21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown Interval
(+/- 3 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 3 %) 70.6 19.6 63.2 4.6 9.0 5.0 24.5 62.3 15.5 49.0 4.4 10.8 2.5 17.4 68.8 25.7 47.8 14.4 15.4 1.7 27.8 65.5 43.4 28.1 9.3 8.4 0.0 22.7 60.5 41.3 22.6 12.9 6.2 0.0 19.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Violent 56.9 22.1 38.9 4.8 8.9 0.9 15.7 Property 73.4 36.4 45.3 14.7 10.8 0.3 29.8 Drug 69.5 37.7 35.5 12.9 10.2 1.6 24.6 Domestic Violence 59.2 19.2 38.4 4.5 14.4 1.7 15.2

Driving While Intoxicated 48.8 22.2 25.3 3.4 8.9 0.0 9.9

Other 63.8 30.3 37.9 9.4 11.2 2.1 21.7

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

64.2 31.3 37.7 9.9 9.2 1.4 21.5

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 17.2 9.5 39.6 8.0 8.4 In Past Month 52.1 19.9 12.1 48.0 10.1 11.2 In Past Year 63.2 25.2 18.1 56.8 14.2 17.2

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
107 93 49 109 106 78

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
236 234 230 244 234 226

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

33.4% 19.2% 62.2%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 14.8% 41.7% 23.9% 65.8%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

21.1 14.1 10.3 10.5 45.7

13.0 6.2 18.9 7.7 6.9

8.0 3.5 5.9 6.7 5.3

56.2 43.7 65.0 34.2 37.2

58.3 66.3 53.6 52.1 65.7

3.6 1.9 2.9 2.2 2.0

37.2 13.5 37.4 14.9 10.9

37.4 30.9 25.3 40.0 42.6

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Spokane, Washington
Catchment Area: SPOKANE COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 2,660 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 24.5% 5.7% 1,267

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 1.9% Other 4.9% Unknown 1.1%

Other Characteristics
Employed 55.4% No High School Diploma 22.4% Unstable Housing 10.8% No Health Insurance 59.5%

13.2% 19.1%

16.6% 16.6% 34.5%

78.8% 13.3%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Percent Positive by Age Confidence Percent Positive by Age <21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown Interval
(+/- 5 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 4 %) (+/- 1 %) (+/- 4 %) 64.7 7.4 60.0 2.0 16.4 0.0 18.2 60.9 15.6 48.3 4.7 13.9 4.5 21.6 64.1 11.0 43.8 8.5 28.2 0.0 24.0 61.2 18.9 37.9 12.9 30.6 0.0 31.6 49.8 17.6 28.7 9.0 16.8 0.0 16.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Violent 50.0 13.5 36.3 4.2 10.6 0.9 12.8 Property 71.5 24.3 35.4 16.5 35.6 0.0 28.3 Drug 67.4 17.8 42.3 8.3 31.8 0.0 29.2 Domestic Violence 52.3 9.5 42.9 3.9 8.7 1.5 11.6

Driving While Intoxicated 30.3 3.7 25.0 3.9 7.7 0.0 9.9

Other 59.8 12.0 44.5 7.0 23.0 1.0 22.9

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

57.9 15.1 40.2 7.9 20.4 0.8 21.4

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 8.8 6.4 39.1 5.4 19.5 In Past Month 55.9 15.2 12.3 47.9 7.9 25.0 In Past Year 67.9 20.6 18.7 52.8 10.8 31.0

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
101 65 46 111 79 99

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
230 221 239 237 220 233

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

36.9% 15.1% 64.4%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 16.6% 41.9% 15.7% 70.7%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

15.9 13.7 8.4 25.6 45.6

9.3 6.2 14.4 8.0 6.8

3.6 3.0 4.3 6.0 4.6

18.9 6.6 8.0 9.2 8.2

75.5 53.3 55.9 66.8 57.9

2.8 2.2 2.1 2.3 1.6

56.8 31.3 23.7 19.8 8.5

30.2 15.1 37.4 24.8 31.4

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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Tucson, Arizona
Catchment Area: PIMA COUNTY
Site Characteristics
# Facilities in Sample:

Arrestee Participation
1 0 3,474 Interview Refusal Rate: Urinalysis Refusal Rate: Unweighted Sample Size: 12.8% 5.4% 1,196

# Other County Facilities: # Bookings in 2-Week Period/Quarter

Demographics and Sociodemographics
Age
<21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown 0.0%

Race/Ethnicity
White Black Hispanic 37.1% Other 6.2% Unknown 1.9%

Other Characteristics
Employed 65.6% No High School Diploma 32.7% Unstable Housing 15.8% No Health Insurance 60.5%

13.7% 19.5%

18.7% 13.4% 34.8%

42.5% 12.3%

Urinalysis Findings
Percent Positive
0 20 40 60 80 100
a

Percent Positive by Age Confidence Percent Positive by Age <21 21-25 26-30 31-35 36+ Unknown Interval
(+/- 4 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 5 %) (+/- 3 %) (+/- 2 %) (+/- 0 %) (+/- 4 %) 70.1 20.4 61.6 2.1 6.5 0.0 20.5 68.1 37.0 53.1 4.1 11.0 0.7 32.5 78.2 48.1 49.1 9.8 8.3 0.0 35.6 71.3 47.4 39.3 12.7 6.5 0.0 27.7 64.4 44.2 34.1 11.9 4.1 0.0 26.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Percent Positive by Percent Positive by Offense Offense
Violent 61.6 34.9 45.7 3.8 4.7 0.0 24.2 Property 75.4 49.5 51.6 14.8 7.5 0.0 41.6 Drug 75.4 44.3 52.2 13.0 7.5 0.0 35.9 Domestic Violence 60.0 33.7 44.9 3.8 4.7 0.0 24.3

Driving While Intoxicated 41.3 11.1 36.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.8

Other 76.0 46.5 48.4 8.2 8.2 0.3 32.1

Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Any Drug Cocaine

69.4 40.8 45.1 8.8 6.9 0.1 28.7

Marijuana Opiates Methamphetamine PCP Multiple Drugs

Self-Reported Substance Use

Drug
Alcoholb Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Marijuana Heroin Methamphetamine

Percent Who Used Substance:
In Past 7 Days — 20.1 20.9 40.3 6.0 7.4 In Past Month 59.2 23.1 26.4 47.5 7.1 10.3 In Past Year 70.3 28.7 35.9 55.4 10.8 15.2

Average # Days Used Substance in Past Year
122 88 51 124 126 92

Average # of Days of Heavy Usec in Past Year
237 238 232 247 249 244

Self-Reported Need for Treatment and Treatment Received,d Past Year

Alcohol
At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatment
e

38.1% 19.0% 61.8%

Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance

Drug
Injected Drugs At Risk for Dependence Admitted to Treatmente Needed Treatment and Had No Health Insurance 12.6% 44.2% 16.4% 70.1%

a. These are the “NIDA-5,” established as a standard panel of commonly used illegal drugs by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. b. Asked of those who said they used drugs in the past 12 months. Measures the percent who said they consumed five or more drinks on one occasion at least one day a month. c. Heavy use of drugs is ingestion of a drug on 13 or more days in a month. Heavy use of alcohol is consumption of five or more drinks on a single occasion 13 or more days a month. Alcohol use was measured among those who drank heavily. d. Asked of those who said they had used alcohol or drugs. e. Treatment could be inpatient or outpatient.

Drug Market Participationf

Drug
Crack Cocaine Powder Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Marijuana

Percent Who Obtained Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Paid Cash for Drugs

# of Days Arrestees Obtained Drugs by Noncash Transaction

Percent Who Purchased Drugs g Outdoors

Percent Who Purchased Drugs OutsidegTheir Neighborhood

# of Dealers from Whom Arrestees g Purchased Drugs

Percent Who Made Multiple Purchases g on Single Day

Percent Who Tried but Failed to g Purchase Drugs

23.1 28.7 7.7 10.0 49.2

13.1 7.5 19.1 6.9 4.5

8.1 4.2 7.0 6.8 5.7

31.9 21.1 40.9 6.1 29.3

49.0 55.5 53.3 54.4 55.2

2.8 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.8

44.1 25.3 36.3 9.6 1.7

38.2 29.3 24.0 23.9 32.4

f. Measures percent who used drug use in past month. g. Cash purchases only. Note: All these findings are based on the weighted data. ADAM is a program of the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice.

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2000 ANNUAL REPORT