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Volume 32 Number 1

As of January 1, 2007

The National Center for State Courts (NCSC) has regularly


published information about judicial compensation since
1974. The Survey of Judicial Salaries serves as the primary
record of compensation for state judicial officers and state
court administrators. The NCSC appreciates the willingness
of the state court administrative offices to furnish this
information on a regular basis.

This issue of the Survey of Judicial Salaries reports salary


changes as of January 1, 2007. This is an important note,
since some states implement salary changes at other points
during the year. However, a standard and unchanging cutoff date must be established to publish salary data in a timely and
predictable fashion. In addition to the usual tables and graphics provided in the Survey, the following 2-3 pages also highlight
the NCSC’s recently launched Judicial Salary Resource Center at www.ncsconline.org/d_kis/salary_survey/home.asp.

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE Courts of Last Resort Intermediate Appellate Courts


CHANGE IN REAL SALARIES 6% 6%
Annual salary growth rates are shown in the
adjacent charts, covering the fifty states and
the District of Columbia. The annual 4% 4%
percentage change in real-dollar salaries is
shown for associate justices of courts of last
resort (COLRs), associate judges of 2% 2%
intermediate appellate courts (IACs), general
jurisdiction (GJ) trial-court judges, and state
court administrators, respectively. 0% 0%
1998 2006 1998 2006

In 2006 the annual percentage increases in


salaries for the IAC and GJ trial-court judges
continued on an upward trend that began in General Jurisdiction Trial Courts State Court Administrators
2003. The COLR associate justices have also 6% 8%
seen increases each year since 2003; however,
the 2006, percentage increase remained steady
at the 2005 rate of around 5 percent. 4%
6%

Following several years of increases in the


1-2 percent range, state court administrator 4%
salaries increased an average of 8 percent 2%
during 2006. This larger than typical increase 2%
can be partly attributed to fact that at least
seven states gave large increases where state 0% 0%
court administrator positions had not received 1998 2006 1998 2006
raises during the last 5-6 years.

Judicial Salaries at a Glance


During 2006, about 80 percent of the states reported salary changes for judges or justices, while about 90 percent of states reported
changes for state court administrators. These percentages are relatively consistent, as are the average annual percent changes
for state court administrators and the four judicial positions analyzed by the Survey, all hovering around a 3 percent annual increase
from 2003-2006. The following table summarizes current salaries for the major judicial positions.
Average Annual
Mean Median Range % Change
2003-2006
Chief, Highest Court $ 145,917 $ 145,184 $ 102,466 to 217,902 3.21%
Associate Justice, Court of Last Resort 140,150 137,750 100,884 to 209,521 3.12%
Judge, Intermediate Appellate Courts 135,987 134,060 102,800 to 196,428 2.98%
Judge, General Jurisdiction Trial Courts 125,787 121,744 94,093 to 171,648 3.13%
State Court Administrators 125,675 121,712 75,000 to 211,272 3.17%

A nonprofit organization improving justice through leadership and service to courts. www.ncsconline.org/D_KIS/Salary_Survey/
JUDICIAL SALARY RESOURCE CENTER
The NCSC has recently launched the online Judicial Salary Resource Center found at www.ncsconline.org/d_kis/salary_survey/home.asp.
This Web site augments the current, semiannual Survey of Judicial Salaries, which will continue as a print publication. The new Web
site contains direct links to the current and all prior Surveys, along with features and content intended to expand discussion and analysis
of judicial salary topics.
The Judicial Salary Resource Center
Database search Related Topics supplements the printed Survey in several
menus ways:
HOME PAGE
w The Web site offers a continuously updated
salary database so that users can access
the latest salaries between issues of the
semiannual Survey.

w The Web site provides two additional


position categories—presiding judges of
intermediate appellate courts and of
general jurisdiction courts.

w The Web site offers several salary-data


search options:

w National Ranking by Position—this


automatic query will display the most
current salary data and rankings for
judges by position type
w Search Salary Data—this automatic
query allows selection of judicial
positions and reporting periods with
results returned by states or by regions

w Search Salary Data via U.S. Map


Interface—the map interface permits
simplified access to judicial salary data
by state
Current and archived
issues of the Survey

SALARY QUERY SCREEN

w The Web site offers a central location for


discussing other topics related to judicial
salary issues (i.e., future additions could
include blogs, research papers, or links to
government salary databases). Currently,
a summary paper related to judicial
Ability to search using compensation committees—“How States
state, region, position, Set Salaries”—is posted on the Web site.
and reporting period
w The Web site provides for online updating
of state salary data by authorized state
personnel via a secure login, which is only
accessible by authorized court admin-
istrators or their designees.

NCSC staff members are currently adding


historical data to the Web site database, and
additional content will be added to establish
the Judicial Salary Resource Center as an
authority on judicial salaries.

2
SALARY QUERY OUTPUT SCREEN

Sample output of salary information for


general jurisdiction judge salaries,
northeastern states, 2007.

STATE TABLES
The next seven pages show the salaries for each state and five territories that have reported current data as part of the Survey. Each state
table shows an assigned region, the salary for each position, the date of the last reported salary change, and any special notations. The
four geographical regions are those recognized by the U.S. Labor Department: Northeast, Midwest, South, and West. The map below
shows the states within each region.

Midwest

Northeast
West

South

3
NORTHEAST REGION
Connecticut Maine
as of 1-1-07 NORTHEAST as of 7-1-06 NORTHEAST
Appellate and General*
Chief Justice $176 Appellate and General
Associate Justice $163 Chief Justice $130
State Court Admin. $169 Associate Justice $112
Appellate Court $153, Chief $161 State Court Admin. $105
Superior Court $147 Superior Court $105, Chief $110
*Plus 3% semiannually after 25 or more years,
3/4 of 3% after 20-25 years, 1/2 of 3% after 15-20 years,
1/4 of 3% after 10-15 years. Limited and Special
Limited and Special Probate Court Set by legislature for each county
Probate Court $55* District Court $105, Deputy Chief $108,
Family Support Magistrate $122, Chief $128 Chief $110
Family Court Magistrate $67
* Subject to statutory formula that uses weighted caseload as part
of calculation.

Massachusetts New Hampshire


as of 7-23-06 NORTHEAST as of 6-16-06 NORTHEAST
Appellate and General
Chief Justice $151 Appellate and General
Associate Justice $146 Chief Justice $138
State Court Admin. $140 Associate Justice $134
Appeals Court $135, Chief $140 State Court Admin. $107
Superior Court $130, Chief $135 Superior Court $125, Chief $134
Limited and Special
Juvenile Court $130, Chief $135 Limited and Special
Probate Court $130, Chief $135 Probate Court $125 (full-time), $21-53 (part)*
Housing Court $130, Chief $135 District Court $125 (full-time), $0-79 (part)*
District Court $130, Chief $135
Municipal Court $130 (Boston), Chief $135
Land Court $130, Chief $135 * Based on caseload.

New Jersey New York


as of 1-1-02 NORTHEAST as of 1-1-99 NORTHEAST
Appellate and General
Appellate and General Chief Judge $156
Chief Justice $164 Associate Judge $151
$159 State Court Admin. $148
Associate Justice Appellate Division $144, Presiding $148
State Court Admin. $150 Appellate Terms $140, Presiding $143
Superior Court Appellate Supreme Court $137
Division $150 County Court $120-137 (outside NYC)
Superior Court $141, Assignment Limited and Special
Judge $147 Court of Claims $137, Presiding $144
Limited and Special Civil and Criminal Court, NYC $126
District Court $123, Presiding $127 (Nassau & Suffolk)
Surrogate Judge Set locally Family Court $120-137 (NYC Admin. Judge $142)
Municipal Court Set locally Surrogates' Court $120-137
Tax Court $141 Housing Court, NYC $115
Other City Courts $109-120

Pennsylvania Rhode Island


as of 1-1-07 NORTHEAST as of 6-25-06 NORTHEAST
Appellate and General Appellate and General
Chief Justice $180 Chief Justice $163
Associate Justice $148
Associate Justice $175 Special Master $125
State Court Admin. $165 State Court Admin. $119
Superior Court/ $165, Presiding $170 Superior Court $133, Presiding $147,
Commonwealth Court Magistrate $125
Court of Common Pleas $152, Presiding $153-155 Limited and Special
(based on # of judges/population) Family Court $133, Chief $147, Magistrates $125
Limited and Special Probate Court Set locally
District Court $76 (excluding Philadelphia and District Court $125, Chief $147, Admin. Judge $131,
Pittsburgh) Magistrate $125, Clerk Magistrate $97
Municipal Court $149, Presiding $151 Workers’ Compensation Court $125, Chief $137
Traffic Tribunal $105, Magistrate $97
(Philadelphia) Municipal Court Set locally
Traffic Court (Philadelphia) $80, Presiding $81 Note: Judge/Justice may also receive longevity pay.

4 Unless noted, all amounts are shown in $ thousands; salaries are rounded for easier comparison.
MIDWEST REGION
Vermont Illinois
as of 7-9-06 NORTHEAST as of 7-1-06 MIDWEST
Appellate and General
Chief Justice $130 Appellate and General
Associate Justice $124 Chief Justice $183
State Court Admin. $124 Associate Justice $183
Superior/District/Family Court $118, Admin. Judge $124 State Court Admin. $172
(Asst. Judges $136/day)* Appellate Court $172
Circuit Court $158, $150 Associate
Limited and Special
Child Support Magistrate $89 Limited and Special
Probate Court $28-88 None
Traffic/Municipal Hearing Officer $89
Environmental Court $118
* Half-day minimum and hourly thereafter.

Indiana Iowa
as of 7-1-06 MIDWEST as of 7-1-06 MIDWEST
Appellate and General
Chief Justice $139 + $5.5 subsistence
Associate Justice $139 + $3 subsistence Appellate and General
State Court Admin. $105 Chief Justice $150
Court of Appeals $135 Associates + $3 subsist. Associate Justice $144
($5.5 Chief subsist.) State Court Admin. $95-145
Circuit and Superior $115 Court of Appeals $134, Chief $139
Court District Court $126, Chief $131, Associate $111,
Part-time Magistrate $34
Limited and Special
Probate Court $115 Limited and Special
County Court $115 None
Juvenile Magistrates $93
Magistrates $93

Kansas Michigan
as of 6-18-06 MIDWEST as of 1-1-02 MIDWEST

Appellate and General


Appellate and General
Chief Justice $165
Chief Justice $127 Associate Justice $165
Associate Justice $124 State Court Admin. $142
State Court Admin. $115 Court of Appeals $151
Court of Appeals $121, Chief $124 Circuit Court $140
District Court Judge $115, Admin. Judge $116,
Magistrate $59* Limited and Special
Probate Court $140 (full-time), $38-78 (part) as of 1-1-07
Limited and Special
District Court $138
Municipal Court Set locally Municipal Court $12-30*
*Plus $400 for each of the first two court dates each month and $300
*May be supplemented by county governments. for each additional court date each month by a second municipality.

Minnesota Missouri
as of 7-1-06 MIDWEST as of 7-1-98 MIDWEST
Appellate and General
Chief Justice $126
Appellate and General Associate Justice $123
Chief Justice $151 State Court Admin. $115*
Associate Justice $138 Court of Appeals $115
State Court Admin. $122* Circuit Court $108, Associate $96,
Court of Appeals $130, Chief $136 Commissioner $96
District Court $122, Chief $128 Family Court $96
Magistrate $110, Referee $110 Drug Court $96
Probate Court $108, Deputy $96
Limited and Special
*Cannot exceed salary of District Ct. Judge. Municipal Court Set locally
*Tied to salary of Court of Appeals.

5
Nebraska North Dakota
as of 7-1-06 MIDWEST as of 7-1-06 MIDWEST
Appellate and General
Chief Justice $127 Appellate and General
Associate Justice $127
State Court Admin. $106 Chief Justice $110
Court of Appeals $121* Associate Justice $107
District Court $117* State Court Admin. $89
District Court $98, Presiding Judge $101
Limited and Special
Juvenile Court $117* Limited and Special
County Court $114*
Workers’ Compensation Court $117* Municipal Court Set locally
*Salary set as % of Associate Justice.

Ohio South Dakota


as of 1-1-07 MIDWEST as of 7-1-06 MIDWEST
Appellate and General
Chief Justice $147 Appellate and General
Associate Justice $138
State Court Admin. $129 as of 1-1-05 Chief Justice $113
Court of Appeals $128 Associate Justice $111
Court of Common Pleas $118* State Court Admin. $99
Circuit Court $104, Presiding Judge $106,
Limited and Special Law-Trained Magistrate $78
Juvenile/Domestic Relations Court $118*
Probate Court $118* Limited and Special
County Court $64* (part)
Municipal Court $111* (full-time), $64* (part) None
Mayor’s Court Set locally
*Equalized salary.

SOUTH REGION
Wisconsin Alabama
as of 7-14-06 MIDWEST as of 10-1-03 SOUTH
Appellate and General
Appellate and General Chief Justice $153
Chief Justice $142 Associate Justice $152-190
Associate Justice $134 State Court Admin. $140 as of 10-1-06
State Court Admin. $127* Court of Appeals, $151, Presiding Judge $152-189
Court of Appeals $127 Civil & Criminal
Circuit Court $120 State Circuit Court $112
Limited and Special
Limited and Special Probate Court Set locally
Municipal Court Set locally District Court $111
Municipal Court Set locally
*Tied to salary of Court of Appeals. Note: Some judges/justices receive higher salaries from a
discontinued system of longevity hours.

Arkansas Delaware
as of 7-1-06 SOUTH as of 7-1-06 SOUTH
Appellate and General
Chief Justice $194
Appellate and General Associate Justice $184
Chief Justice $145 State Court Admin. $126
Associate Justice $134 Superior Court Associate $168, Presiding $183,
State Court Admin. $100 Commissioner $104
Court of Appeals $130, Chief $132 Limited and Special
Circuit Court $126 Family Court Associate $168, Presiding $183,
Commissioner $104
Limited and Special Justice of Peace Court $70-75, Chief Magistrate $121
District Court $6-133 Set locally Ct. Com. Pleas. Associate $168, Chief $183,
City Court Set locally Commissioner $104
Alderman’s Court Set locally
Court of Chancery Chancellor $185, Vice $174

6 Unless noted, all amounts are shown in $ thousands; salaries are rounded for easier comparison.
District of Columbia Florida
as of 1-1-06 SOUTH as of 10-1-06 SOUTH

Appellate and General Appellate and General


Chief Judge $176 Chief Justice $161
Associate Judge $175 Associate Justice $161
Executive Officer $165* State Court Admin. $135
Superior Court $165, Chief $166 District Courts of Appeal $153
Magistrate Judge $140 Circuit Court $145

Limited and Special Limited and Special


None County Court $137
*Tied to salary of Superior Court.

Georgia Kentucky
as of 7-1-06 SOUTH as of 7-1-06 SOUTH
Appellate and General
Chief Justice $162
Associate Justice $162 Appellate and General
State Court Admin. $137 Chief Justice $137
Court of Appeals $161 Associate Justice $132
Superior Court $117 State Court Admin. $122
Limited and Special as of 1-1-06 Court of Appeals $127, Chief $130
Juvenile Court $85-195 (full-time), $20-56 (part) Circuit Court $122, Chief $123
Probate Court $35-133
Magistrate Court $25-118 (full-time), Chief $25-118 Limited and Special
$12-34 (part-time), Chief $13-43 District Court $110, Chief $111
State Court $93-138 (full-time), $10–52 (part)
City Court of Atlanta $124-129

Louisiana Maryland
as of 7-1-06 SOUTH as of 7-1-06 SOUTH
Appellate and General*
Chief Justice $130 Appellate and General
Associate Justice $124
State Court Admin. $117 Chief Justice $163
Courts of Appeal $117, Chief $123 Associate Justice $144
District Court $111 State Court Admin. $130
Court of Special Appeals $135, Chief $138
*Includes annual supplements. Circuit Court $128
Limited and Special Circuit Court Masters $81-126 as of 11-1-06
Juvenile Court $111
Municipal/Traffic Court $35, New Orleans (based on local Limited and Special
supplements) Orphan's Court Set locally
City Court $35, (based on local supplements) District Court $119, Chief $135
Parish Court $65

Mississippi North Carolina


as of 1-1-04 SOUTH as of 7-1-06 SOUTH

Appellate and General Appellate and General


Chief Justice $115, Presiding $113 Chief Justice $131
Associate Justice $113 Associate Justice $127
State Court Admin. $75 as of 7-1-06 State Court Admin. $119
Court of Appeals $105, Chief $108 Court of Appeals $122, Chief $124
Circuit/Chancery Court $104 Superior Court $115, Senior Judge $119
Limited and Special Limited and Special
Justice Court $14-56* (part-time) District Court $101, Chief $105
County Court $70-103*
Municipal Court Set locally (part-time) Note: Judges/Justices and SCA may receive additional longevity pay
at increasing percentages for 5, 10, 15, 20 years of qualifying service.
*Depends on population.

7
Oklahoma South Carolina
as of 7-1-06 SOUTH as of 7-1-06 SOUTH
Appellate and General
Chief Justice, $140 Appellate and General
Supreme Court Chief Justice $138*
Presiding Judge, $136 Associate Justice $132
Criminal Appeals State Court Admin. $119
Associate Justice $131 Court of Appeals $129*, Chief $131*
State Court Admin. $124 Circuit Court $125*
Court of Appeals $124, Presiding Judge $127
District Court $118, Associate $109, Limited and Special
Special judge lawyer/nonlawyer $100 Family Court $122*
Limited and Special Probate Court Set locally by population formula
Municipal Court Set locally Municipal Court Set locally by population formula
Workers’ Compensation Court $89 Magistrate Court Set locally by population formula
Note: District Judges serve on Courts of Tax and Bank Review. *Set as % of Associate Justices.

Tennessee Texas
as of 9-1-06 SOUTH as of 12-1-05 SOUTH
Appellate and General
Appellate and General
Chief Justice/ $153
Chief Justice $155 Presiding Judge
Associate Justice $150 Associate Justice $150
State Court Admin. $140 State Court Admin. $105 as of 3-1-06
Court of Appeals/Court of Criminal $145 Courts of Appeals $138-145, Chief $140
Appeals District Court $125-140
Circuit/Chancery/Probate/Criminal $140
Limited and Special Limited and Special
Set locally Probate Court Set locally
Juvenile Court Justice of Peace Court
General Sessions Court Set locally Set locally
Set locally County Court Set locally
Municipal Court Municipal Court Set locally

Virginia West Virginia


as of 11-25-06 SOUTH as of 7-1-05 SOUTH

Appellate and General


Appellate and General
Chief Justice $165*
Associate Justice $155* Chief Justice $121
State Court Admin. $146 Associate Justice $121
Court of Appeals $147**, Chief $150** State Court Admin. $111 as of 5-1-06
Circuit Court $144 Circuit Court $116, Family Court Judge $83

Limited and Special


Limited and Special
Juvenile/Domestic Relations Court $129
General District Court $129 Magistrate Court $44-50 (depending on population)
*Plus $13,500 in lieu of travel, lodging, and other expenses.
**Plus $6,500 in lieu of travel, lodging, and other expenses.

WEST REGION
Alaska Arizona
as of 7-1-06 WEST as of 1-1-07 WEST

Appellate and General Appellate and General


Chief Justice $166 Chief Justice $145
Associate Justice $165 Associate Justice $142
State Court Admin. $163 State Court Admin. $106-172
Court of Appeals $156 Court of Appeals $139
Superior Court $153-160 (varies by location Superior Court $136
and cost of living)
Limited and Special Limited and Special
District Court $130-137 Justice of Peace Court $33-95
Magistrate Court Varies by caseload and (based on Superior Court salary
law training and formula using filings)
Police Court Set locally

8 Unless noted, all amounts are shown in $ thousands; salaries are rounded for easier comparison.
California Colorado
as of 1-1-07 WEST as of 7-1-06 WEST
Appellate and General
Appellate and General Chief Justice $126
Associate Justice $123
Chief Justice $218* State Court Admin. $121*
Associate Justice $210 Court of Appeals $118, Chief $121
State Court Admin. $192-211 District Court $113
Courts of Appeal $196, Presiding $179*
Superior Court $172, Presiding (15+ judges) $157* Limited and Special
Presiding (1-14 judges) $154** as of Juvenile Court $113 (Denver only)
Limited and Special 2-1-06 Probate Court $113 (Denver only)
None County Court $129 (Denver only)
All Others $108
*Includes an additional 4% over others on court. Municipal Court Set locally
**Includes an additional 2% over others on court.
*Tied to salary of Court of Appeals.

Hawaii Idaho
as of 7-1-06 WEST as of 7-1-06 WEST

Appellate and General Appellate and General


Chief Justice $145 Chief Justice $112
Associate Justice $140 Associate Justice $111
State Court Admin. $109 State Court Admin. $105
Intermediate Court of Appeals $129, Chief $135 Court of Appeals $110
Circuit Court $126 District Court $104, Administrative $105
Magistrates $99
Limited and Special
Limited and Special
District Court $119
None

Montana Nevada
as of 7-1-05 WEST as of 7-1-06 WEST
Appellate and General Appellate and General
Chief Justice $102 Chief Justice $108-171 (may include longevity pay)
Associate Justice $101 Associate Justice $108-171 (may include longevity pay)
State Court Admin. $91* as of 7-1-06 State Court Admin. $117
District Court $94 District Court $130-159 (may include longevity pay
Water Court $94 and dependent on election cycle)
Workers Comp. Court $94 Limited and Special
Justice Court $42-154 (includes supplements)
Limited and Special Municipal Court $117-149 (includes supplements)
Justice of Peace Court Set locally
City Court Set locally Salaries include longevity pay in addition to base pay: 8% after 4 years
Municipal Court Set locally of service. Each year after an additional 2% up to a maximum of 22%
after 11 years of service.
*Longevity supplement may apply.

New Mexico Oregon


as of 7-15-06 WEST as of 7-1-02 WEST

Appellate and General Appellate and General


Chief Justice $117 Chief Justice $108
Associate Justice $115 Associate Justice $105
State Court Admin. $107 State Court Admin. $89-119
Court of Appeals $109, Chief $111 Court of Appeals $103, Chief $105
District Court $104, Chief $106 Tax Court $99, Magistrates $60-85
Circuit Court $96
Limited and Special
Probate Court Set locally Limited and Special
Metropolitan Court $93 (Bernalillo), Chief $95 Justice of Peace Court Set locally
Magistrate Court $70 Municipal Court Set locally
Municipal Court Set locally City Court Set locally

9
Utah Washington
as of 7-1-06 WEST as of 9-1-06 WEST
Appellate and General
Appellate and General
Chief Justice $146
Chief Justice $128 Associate Justice $146
Associate Justice $126 State Court Admin. $140* as of 1-1-07
State Court Admin. $114 Court of Appeals $139
Court of Appeals $120, Chief $121 Superior Court $132, Pro tem judge (if retired
District Court $114, Presiding Judge $115 judge) $317/day, Pro tem judge
(if attorney) $528/day**
Limited and Special Limited and Special
Juvenile Court $114, Presiding Judge $115 District Court $126
Justice of Peace Court varies Municipal Court Set locally
*Approx. 95% of Superior Ct. Judge salary.
**50% of this salary is paid by the respective counties.

Wyoming Federal System


as of 9-12-06 WEST as of 1-1-06 OTHER
Appellate and General
Appellate and General Chief Justice $212
Chief Justice $115 Associate Justice $203
Associate Justice $115 Administrative Director $165*
State Court Admin. $104 as of 7-1-06 Court of Appeals $175
District Court $110 District Court $165
Limited and Special
Limited and Special Claims Court $165
Magistrates $18-33 as of 7-1-05 Courts of International Trade $165
Circuit Court $90 as of 7-1-06 U.S. Magistrate Court $152** (full-time)
Municipal Court Set locally U.S. Bankruptcy Court $152**
*Tied to salary of District Court.
**92% of U.S. District Ct. Judge’s salary.

OTHER REGIONS
American Appellate and General Limited and Special
Chief Justice $125 Village Court $44, Chief $48
Samoa Associate Justice $119, Acting $97 *District Court Judge is also the Acting
as of 1-1-06 Administrator/Comptroller $46 plus $1,170/yr increment Associate Justice, and receives an additional
District Court $97* $20,000 for Acting Associate Justice duties.

Guam Appellate and General Limited and Special


as of 10-1-06 Chief Justice $128-165 None
Associate Justice $126-163
Admin. Director $120-149
Superior Court $100-132, Presiding Judge $125-129
Administrative Hearing Officer $98-128

Northern Appellate and General Limited and Special


$130 None
Mariana Chief Justice
Associate Justice $126
Islands State Court Admin. $70
as of 2-26-93 Superior Court $120, Presiding Judge $123

Puerto Appellate and General Limited and Special


Chief Justice $125 None
Rico Associate Justice $120
as of 8-22-03 State Court Admin. $111
Circuit Court of Appeals $105
Superior Court $90
Municipal Court $70

Virgin Appellate and General Limited and Special


Superior Court $135, Presiding Judge $145 None
Islands Administrator $92
as of 10-5-05

10 Unless noted, all amounts are shown in $ thousands; salaries are rounded for easier comparison.
SALARY RANKINGS
The table below lists the salaries for associate justices of the courts of last resort, associate judges of intermediate appellate courts, and
judges of general jurisdiction trial courts as of January 1, 2007. Where possible, the salary figures are actual salaries. In jurisdictions
where some judges receive supplements, the figures are the most representative available—either the base salary, the midpoint of a range
between the lowest and highest supplemented salaries, or the median. Salaries are ranked from highest to lowest, with the highest salary
for each position having a rank of “1.” The lowest salary has a rank of “51” except for intermediate appellate courts, which exist in only
39 states. The mean, median, and salary range for each of the positions are also shown.

Salaries for Appellate and General Jurisdiction Judges


Highest Court Intermediate General Jurisdiction Trial Court
Appellate Court Cost-of-Living Index Adjusted Salary
Adjustment Adjusted Adjusted
Salary Rank Salary Rank Salary Rank Factor Salary Rank
Alabama $ 171,031 6 $ 169,906 3 $ 111,973 40 91.88 $ 121,863 24
Alaska 165,204 7 156,084 6 152,760 5 125.87 121,363 26
Arizona 142,300 22 139,400 14 135,800 15 105.29 128,974 16
Arkansas 134,392 28 130,253 21 126,111 21 88.61 142,329 6
California 209,521 1 196,428 1 171,648 1 136.12 126,099 18
Colorado 122,972 41 118,101 33 113,232 39 101.86 111,165 36
Connecticut 162,520 9 152,637 8 146,780 7 127.17 115,416 33
Delaware 184,300 2 168,100 2 101.77 165,184 1
District of Columbia 175,100 5 165,200 3 141.30 116,911 31
Florida 161,200 11 153,140 7 145,080 8 103.39 140,328 7
Georgia 162,340 10 161,348 5 116,749 33 93.16 125,327 20
Hawaii 139,725 23 129,375 23 125,856 23 162.62 77,393 50
Idaho 110,500 48 109,500 36 103,600 48 94.98 109,073 37
Illinois 182,739 3 171,991 2 157,824 4 96.68 163,239 2
Indiana 138,844 25 134,968 18 115,282 36 94.73 121,689 25
Iowa 144,000 21 134,060 20 126,020 22 94.36 133,557 10
Kansas 123,590 39 121,310 30 114,813 37 91.33 125,713 19
Kentucky 132,412 31 127,072 26 121,744 26 93.40 130,346 14
Louisiana 123,625 38 117,195 34 110,964 41 95.37 116,351 32
Maine 112,300 46 105,300 44 109.95 95,768 47
Maryland 144,352 20 134,552 19 128,352 20 126.87 101,167 44
Massachusetts 145,984 18 135,087 17 129,694 19 122.40 105,959 42
Michigan 164,610 8 151,441 9 139,919 13 101.21 138,248 9
Minnesota 137,601 27 129,656 22 121,712 27 99.06 122,867 23
Mississippi 112,530 45 105,050 38 104,170 45 91.64 113,668 34
Missouri 123,000 40 115,000 35 108,000 43 90.95 118,751 29
Montana 100,884 51 94,093 51 101.23 92,953 48
Nebraska 126,847 35 120,504 31 117,333 32 90.82 129,194 15
Nevada 139,200 24 144,300 9 108.66 132,805 12
New Hampshire 133,554 30 125,208 25
New Jersey 158,500 12 150,000 10 141,000 11 131.81 106,968 40
New Mexico 115,040 44 109,288 37 103,824 47 102.66 101,132 45
New York 151,200 14 144,000 13 136,700 14 125.44 108,976 38
North Carolina 127,215 34 121,915 29 115,289 35 95.31 120,959 28
North Dakota 107,210 49 98,070 49 93.37 105,033 43
Ohio 137,750 26 128,400 25 118,050 30 95.58 123,508 22
Oklahoma 131,100 33 124,200 28 118,450 29 89.40 132,489 13
Oregon 105,200 50 102,800 39 95,800 50 107.51 89,109 49
Pennsylvania 175,236 4 165,342 4 152,115 6 101.32 150,139 4
Rhode Island 147,964 17 133,216 16 124.89 106,663 41
South Carolina 131,858 32 128,561 24 125,265 24 94.13 133,075 11
South Dakota 111,389 47 104,041 46 91.64 113,528 35
Tennessee 150,000 15 145,000 12 140,000 12 90.65 154,436 3
Texas 150,000 16 137,500 16 132,500 17 89.41 148,189 5
Utah 125,850 36 120,100 32 114,400 38 96.89 118,075 30
Vermont 124,000 37 117,881 31 119.63 98,541 46
Virginia 154,629 13 146,898 11 143,549 10 103.81 138,283 8
Washington 145,636 19 138,636 15 131,988 18 104.14 126,744 17
West Virginia 121,000 42 116,000 34 95.86 121,016 27
Wisconsin 134,389 29 126,782 27 119,605 28 95.94 124,672 21
Wyoming 115,300 43 109,800 42 102.30 107,333 39

Mean $ 140,150 $ 135,987 $ 125,787


Median 137,750 134,060 121,744
Range 100,884 to 209,521 102,800 to 196,428 94,093 to 171,648

COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENT USING ACCRA


The Council for Community and Economic Research—C2ER (formerly the ACCRA organization)—is the most widely accepted U.S.
source for cost-of-living indices, with nearly 400 reporting jurisdictions across America. The cost-of-living indices used in this report
were developed by examining the average costs of goods and services for the latest four running fiscal quarters. The factors reflect an
average of the reporting jurisdictions in a particular state (i.e., the cost-of-living-index for Virginia is the average of the cost-of-living
indices for each of the nine reporting jurisdictions in Virginia). More detailed information can be found at www.accra.org or www.c2er.org.

11
NATIONAL CENTER FOR STATE COURTS
The National Center for State Courts is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the modernization of court operations and the improvement of justice at
the state and local levels throughout the country. It functions as an extension of the state court systems, working for them at their direction and providing
for them an effective voice in matters of national importance.

In carrying out its purpose, the National Center acts as a focal point for state judicial reform, serves as a catalyst for setting and implementing standards
for fair and expeditious judicial administration, and finds and disseminates answers to the problems of state judicial systems. In sum, the National
Center provides the means for reinvesting in all states the profits gained from judicial advances in any state.

Funding for this Survey is made possible by assessments from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the territories and by individual contributions.
Points of view are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the National Center for State Courts. If you
have questions or comments regarding this Survey, contact the National Center for State Courts, Knowledge and Information Services, 300 Newport
Avenue, Williamsburg, VA 23185, (800) 616-6164, fax (757) 564-2075.

This Survey was prepared by the Knowledge and Information Services (KIS) Office of the National Center for State Courts, with assistance
from VisualResearch, Inc.

NCSC BOARD OF DIRECTORS


Robert M. Bell, Chair, Chief Judge, Court of Appeals of Maryland Jonathan Lippman, Chief Administrative Judge, New York State Unified
Court System
James D. Gingerich, Vice-Chair, Director, Supreme Court of Arkansas
Brenda S. Loftin, Associate Circuit Judge, St. Louis County Circuit Court,
Jean Hoefer Toal, Chair-Elect, Chief Justice, Supreme Court of South Missouri
Carolina
Gary L. Lumpkin, Vice-Presiding Judge, Court of Criminal Appeals,
Curtis H. Barnette, Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom LLP, Oklahoma
Washington, DC
Margaret H. Marshall, Chief Justice, Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts
Ruben O. Carrerou, Court Administrator, 11th Judicial Circuit, Florida
Charles W. Matthews, Jr., Vice President & General Counsel, ExxonMobil
Howard “Skip” Chesshire, Court Administrator, Cobb County Superior Corporation, Irving, Texas
Court, Georgia
Mary McCormick, President, Fund for the City of New York, New York
Stephanie J. Cole, Administrative Director of the Courts, Anchorage,
Alaska E. Leo Milonas, Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP, New York, New
York
Zelda M. DeBoyes, Court Administrator, Aurora Municipal Court,
Colorado Robert S. Peck, President, Center for Constitutional Litigation, P.C.,
Washington, DC
Gerald T. Elliott, Judge, 10th Judicial District, Kansas
Charles B. Renfrew, Law Offices of Charles B. Renfrew, San Francisco,
George S. Frazza, Esq., Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler LLP, California
New York
Ronald B. Robie, Associate Justice, Court of Appeals, California
Thomas A. Gottschalk, Executive Vice President & General Counsel,
General Motors Corporation, Michigan Randall T. Shepard, Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Indiana

Eileen A. Kato, Judge, King County District Court, Washington Lee Suskin, State Court Administrator, Supreme Court of Vermont

Rufus G. King, III, Chief Judge, Superior Court of District of Columbia Mary Campbell McQueen, President, National Center for State Courts

Dale R. Koch, Presiding Judge, Multnomah County Circuit Court,


Oregon

NCSC OFFICERS AND MANAGEMENT STAFF

Headquarters Linda R. Caviness, Executive Director Washington Office


300 Newport Avenue KIS and Association Services 2425 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 350
Williamsburg, VA 23185 Arlington, VA 22201
www.ncsconline.org Victor E. Flango, Executive Director
Program Resource Development William Kaschak,Vice President
Mary Campbell McQueen International Program Division
President John R. Meeks, Executive Director
Institute for Court Management
Robert N. Baldwin
Executive Vice President and General Counsel John K. Ramsey, Executive Director
External Affairs
Gwen W. Williams, Chief Financial Officer and
Vice President of Finance and Administration Denver Office
707 Seventeenth Street, Suite 2900
Thomas M. Clarke, Vice President Denver, CO 80202-3429
Research and Technology Services
Daniel J. Hall, Vice President
Court Consulting Services © 2007 National Center for State Courts