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5 views20 pagesintercambiadores de calor, calculadora graficada

Mar 07, 2017

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intercambiadores de calor, calculadora graficada

© All Rights Reserved

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intercambiadores de calor, calculadora graficada

© All Rights Reserved

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Water outlet temperature

Assumptions

1.The shell fluid temperature is an average isothermal tempeature at any cross

2.There is an equal amount of heating surface in each pass.

5.Specific heat of each fluid is constant.

7.Heat losses are negligible.

STEP1

SELECTION OF HEAT EXCHANGER AS PER

Heat balance:

Specific Heat of water

Latent heat of steam at 1.46psi

Dryness fraction of steam

Total latent heat

Heat removed from Steam

Calculation of Mass of water

Change in water temperature

Mass of water

Change in hot fluid inlet Temperature and cold fluid outlet Temperature

Change in hot fluid outlet Temperature and cold fluid inlet Temperature

Difference of Change in Temperature

Logarithmic value ln(14.22/32.22)

Lean mean temperature difference(LMTD)

Average temperature of cold fluid

Calculation of required area

Triangular pitch of tubes 1.25 times of diameter of tube

No. of tube pass

BWG(Birmingham wire gauge)

Tube count constant(2 pass)

Tube layout constant

Number of tubes

Projected area of tube layout

Calculation of diameter of shell

Inner diameter of shell

Shell cross flow area

Mass flow velocity

Reynolds number

Calburn factor

(C/K)^0.33

K/D

Outer heat transfer of shell

Calculation of area of tube

Area

Mass flow of velocity

Velocity

Reynolds number

Heat transfer of inner tube from graph

Total heat transfer

Clean overall coefficient

Dirt factor

Tube length(shall diameter/tube length=1/10)

Number of crosses(N+1)

Pressure drop in shell

Calculation of pressure drop of tube

Pressure drop

Return loss drop

Total tube side pressure drop

Discharge of flow tubes

Condenser efficiency

Total number of tubes calculate

Number of tubes per p

Cross sectional area o

Flow area per pass

Volumetric flow rate of water = Flow area by pass*velocity

Number of tubes

Length of tube

Length of each tube

Shell diamiter

Two pass arrangement in square p

Assume

(N/K)^1/n

Shell diamiter

Use 10% Clearence

Correct shell diamiter

HEAT EXCHANGER

FLUIDS

FLUID TEMARETURE OF STE

FLUID TEMARETURE OF WA

INLET PRESSURE OF STEAM

Latent heat of steam

RATE OF MASS FLOW STEAM

Outer diameter of tube

Baffle space

Heat transfer coefficient

Number of tubes

Clearance from tube to tube

Equivalent diameter of shel

Dynamic viscosity of steam

Specific heat constant

Thermal conductivity

Equivalent diameter inner tu

Density at 80F

Flow area per tube

Dynamic viscosity of water

Friction factor from Reynold

Friction factor from Reynold

Specific gravity of water

V^2/2g depend on mass ve

At 1.46psi saturation tempe

Innerdiamiter of tube

T1 116.6 F 47 Deg C

T3 68 F 20 Deg C

T4 95 F 35 Deg C

ER AS PER (LMTD) VALUE

1 Btu/lbF

833 BTU/hr

0.8 (Mass of dry steam / Mass of wet steam)

69442834.68 BTU/hr 324 kg/s

13888567

83,331,402 BTU/hr

27 F

2571957 lb/hr 324 kg/s

21.6 F

48.6 F

27 F

0.8109302162

33.2950967421 F

116.6 F

81.5 F

3113 ft^2 289 m^2

1.25 in

1

15

0.9

0.87

300

1.359375 in^2

1.3335667371 ft^2

62490.1121777

2349.25233751

25

1.5391863961

7.2

277.053551305 Btu/hr ft^2F

1.2 ft^2

2143297.36653 lb/hr(ft^2)

9.5257660735 fps 2.9 m/s

152817.102233

700 Btu/hr ft^2F

601.325301205 Btu/hr ft^2F

189.666804605 Btu/hr ft^2F

-0.0037798666

5.4

0.0010124 psi

4.5 psi

0.3 psi

4.7 psi

13463.3 ft^3/s 813744.1 l/s

57.8356610402 %

0.325264 m^3/s

tubes calculate

umber of tubes per pass N/2

ross sectional area of tube(a) 0.00037 m^2

ow area per pass a*N/2

pass*velocity

605.7666

5.975398 m

K 0.156

n 2.291

36.8675

0.936435 m

1.1

1.030078 m

STEAM & WATER

LUID TEMARETURE OF STEAM 91.22 F

LUID TEMARETURE OF WATER 77 to 59 F

NLET PRESSURE OF STEAM 0.722 psi

atent heat of steam 833.3 BTU/lb

ATE OF MASS FLOW STEAM 83334.735 lb/hr

uter diameter of tube 1 in

affle space 40 in

eat transfer coefficient 670 Btu/hr ft^2F

umber of tubes 300

learance from tube to tube 0.25 in

quivalent diameter of shell as per standard by data book 0.56 in

ynamic viscosity of steam at 122F 1.33 lb/ft.hr

pecific heat constant 1 BTU/lb F

hermal conductivity 0.36 BTu/hr(ft^2)F/ft

quivalent diameter inner tube 0.856 in

ensity at 80F 62.5 lb/ft^3

ow area per tube 0.576 in^3

ynamic viscosity of water at 80F 1 lb/ft.hr

iction factor from Reynolds number of shell side 0.0025 sq ft/sq in

iction factor from Reynolds number of tube side 0.0002 sq ft/sq in

pecific gravity of water 1

^2/2g depend on mass velocity 0.07

t 1.46psi saturation temperature: 114.684 F

nerdiamiter of tube 0.856 in

Segmenta

Baffle Typ

The baffle spacing must be chosen with care.

Optimal baffle spacing is somewhere between 40% - 60% of the s

Selection of tube material

To be able to transfer heat well, the tube material should have good

cold side through the tubes there is a temperature difference throug

Because of the tendency of the material to thermally expand differe

This is addition to any stress from high pressures from fluid themse

shell and tube side fluids for long periods under the operating cond

To minimize deterioration such as corrosion. All of these requiremen

,high quality tube material, typically metal poor choice of metal in t

Tube arrangement

Triangular arrangement:

Dawande

32.9 C

25 to 15 C

0.0498 bar

1938.55 Kj/Kg

10.5 kg/s

0.083 ft 0.0254 mm

1016 mm

300

6.35 mm

0.05 ft

hr(ft^2)F/ft

0.0713 ft 0.02174 m

0.03616 lb/in^3 995 kg/m^3

0.000413 Ns/m^2

Annulus diamiters and location of coefficents

inner pipe

0.0217 m

hi

D2

D1

Baffle Type & Geometry

material should have good thermal conductivity, because heat is transferred from a hot to

mperature difference through the width of the tubes.

to thermally expand differently at various temperatures, Thermal stresses occur during operation

essures from fluid themselves, The tube material also should be compatible with both the

under the operating conditions(Temperatures, pressures, PH, etc.)

on. All of these requirements call for careful selection of strong, thermally - conductivity, corrosion resistance

al poor choice of metal in this correct way of this.

Triangular pitch (30o layout) is better for

heat transfer and surface area per unit

length (greatest tube density.)

efficents

ho

rrosion resistance

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