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BS EN 13480-8:2012+A1:2014

BS EN 13480-8:2012
BS EN 13480-8:2012
Incorporating corrigendum October 2014

BSI Standards Publication

Metallic industrial piping


Part 8: Additional requirements for
aluminium and aluminium alloy piping
BS EN 13480-8:2012+A1:2014 BRITISH STANDARD

National foreword
This British Standard is the UK implementation of
EN 13480-8:2012+A1:2014. It supersedes BS EN 13480-8:2012 which
iswithdrawn.
Changes introduced in the text by CEN are indicated in the text
bysidelines.
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical
Committee PVE/10, Piping systems.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained
on request to its secretary.
This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions
of a contract. Users are responsible for its correct application.
The British Standards Institution 2014.
Published by BSI Standards Limited 2014
ISBN 978 0 580 84549 9
ICS 23.040.01
Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from
legal obligations.
This British Standard was published under the authority of the Standards
Policy and Strategy Committee on 31 December 2012.
Amendments/corrigenda issued since publication
Date Text affected
31 July 2014 Implementation of CEN amendment A1:2014
31 October 2014 Implementation of CEN Correction Notice
27 August 2014: See details in Annex Y
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 13480-8:2012+A1
EN 13480-8
NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM May
June2014
2012

ICS 23.040.01 Supersedes EN


Supersedes EN 13480-8:2007
13480-8:2012

English Version

Metallic industrial piping - Part 8: Additional requirements for


aluminium and aluminium alloy piping

Tuyauteries industrielles mtalliques - Partie 8: Exigences Metallische industrielle Rohrleitungen - Teil 8:


complmentaires relatives aux tuyauteries en aluminium et Zusatzanforderungen an Rohrleitungen aus Aluminium und
alliages d'aluminium Aluminumlegierungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 8 May 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same
status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13480-8:2012: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
BS EN 13480-8:2012+A1:2014
BS EN 13480-8:2012
EN 13480-8:2012+A1:2014 (E)
EN 13480-8:2012 (E)
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Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5
1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7
2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7
3 Terms, definitions, symbols and units ................................................................................................9
4 General requirements ............................................................................................................................9
5 Materials .................................................................................................................................................9
5.1 General....................................................................................................................................................9
5.2 Material grouping system .....................................................................................................................9
5.3 Elongation after fracture .....................................................................................................................10
5.4 Chemical composition ........................................................................................................................11
5.5 Lamellar tearing ...................................................................................................................................11
5.6 Design temperature and properties ...................................................................................................11
5.7 Prevention of brittle fracture ..............................................................................................................11
5.8 Specific requirements for fasteners made of aluminium and aluminium alloys ..........................12
5.9 Lined piping..........................................................................................................................................12
5.10 Clad products .......................................................................................................................................12
5.11 Technical delivery conditions for welding consumables ................................................................12
6 Design ...................................................................................................................................................12
6.1 General..................................................................................................................................................12
6.2 Time-independent nominal design stress .........................................................................................12
6.3 Straight pipes .......................................................................................................................................13
6.4 Pipe bends and elbows .......................................................................................................................13
6.5 Mitre bends ...........................................................................................................................................13
6.6 Socket welds ........................................................................................................................................14
6.7 Designing with transition joints .........................................................................................................15
6.7.1 Design considerations ........................................................................................................................15
6.7.2 Location of transition joints ...............................................................................................................15
6.7.3 Requirements for transition joints .....................................................................................................15
7 Fabrication and installation ................................................................................................................15
7.1 General..................................................................................................................................................15
7.2 Material grouping .................................................................................................................................16
7.3 Tolerances ............................................................................................................................................16
7.3.1 Welded pipes and connection dimensions of pipe fittings .............................................................16
7.3.2 Welded piping construction ...............................................................................................................16
7.4 Cutting and bevelling ..........................................................................................................................16
7.5 Bending and other forming.................................................................................................................17
7.5.1 General..................................................................................................................................................17
7.5.2 Definition of cold- and hot forming ....................................................................................................17
7.5.3 Heat treatment after cold forming ......................................................................................................17
7.5.4 Heat treatment after hot forming ........................................................................................................18
7.6 Welding .................................................................................................................................................19
7.6.1 Welding personnel ...............................................................................................................................19
7.6.2 Welding processes ..............................................................................................................................19
7.6.3 Weld joint preparation .........................................................................................................................19
7.6.4 Preheating ............................................................................................................................................20
7.6.5 Backing rings and backing strips ......................................................................................................21
7.6.6 Post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) ......................................................................................................21

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8 Inspection and testing ........................................................................................................................ 21


8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 21
8.2 Formed pressure retaining parts ....................................................................................................... 21
8.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 21
8.2.2 Testing of formed parts ...................................................................................................................... 22
8.2.3 Destructive testing of formed and heat treated parts ...................................................................... 22
8.3 Welding ................................................................................................................................................. 23
8.4 Visual and non-destructive testing of welds .................................................................................... 23
8.4.1 Application of NDT .............................................................................................................................. 23
8.4.2 Circumferential, branch, socket and seal welds .............................................................................. 23
8.4.3 Longitudinal welds and spiral welded tubes/pipes ......................................................................... 24
8.5 VT and NDT Methods .......................................................................................................................... 24
8.6 Production test plates for welded pipes ........................................................................................... 25
9 Final assessment and documentation .............................................................................................. 26
9.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 26
9.2 Pneumatic pressure test ..................................................................................................................... 27
9.3 Documentation for components ........................................................................................................ 27
Annex A (informative) Dimensional tolerances............................................................................................ 29
Annex B (normative) Transition joints .......................................................................................................... 31
Annex C (normative) Nominal design stress values ................................................................................... 31
Annex Y (informative) History of EN 13480-8 ............................................................................................... 42
Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC ............................................................................................ 43
Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 44

Figures

Figure 6.5-1 Mitre bend.................................................................................................................................. 14

Figure 7.6.3.1 Socket welds .......................................................................................................................... 20

Figure A.1 Dimensional details of spools....................................................................................................... 30

Tables

Table 5.2-1 Grouping system based on CEN ISO/TR 15608:2005 and EN AW numbers according to
EN 573-3:2009 ............................................................................................................................................ 10

Table 6.2-1 Design stresses for aluminium and aluminium alloy material .................................................... 12

Table 6.2-2 Allowable design strength values for 6 000 series aluminium alloys in the welded condition (see
5.6) .............................................................................................................................................................. 13

Table 6.5-1 Special symbols for subclause 6.5 ............................................................................................. 14

Table 7.3-1 Tolerances for welded pipes....................................................................................................... 16

Table 7.5-1 Heat treatment of flat products after cold forming ...................................................................... 18

Table 7.5-3 Heat treatment after hot forming................................................................................................. 19

Table 8.2-1 Destructive testing of formed and heat treated parts ................................................................. 23

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Table 8.4-1 Extent of testing for circumferential, branch, socket and seal welds ......................................... 24

Table 8.4-2 Extent of VT and NDT for longitudinal welds and spiral welded tubes/pipes ............................ 24

Table 8.5-1 Techniques, methods, acceptance criteria ................................................................................ 25

Table 8.6-1 Production test plates for welded pipes according to 8.6 a) ...................................................... 26

Table 8.6-2 Required tests and acceptance criteria for production test plates ............................................. 26

Table 9.2-1 Extent of NDT in case of pneumatic pressure test according to 9.2b) ...................................... 27

Table A.1 Tolerances .................................................................................................................................... 29

Table B.1 Testing of transition joints (T.J.) ................................................................................................... 34

Table C.1 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profile ................................................................................................ 36

Table C.2 Cold drawn rod/bar and tube ........................................................................................................ 37

Table C.3 Forgings ........................................................................................................................................ 38

Table C.4 Plate.............................................................................................................................................. 39

Table ZA.1 Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 97/23/EC ............................. 43

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Foreword
This document (EN 13480-8:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 267 Industrial piping
and pipelines, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2012, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn
at the latest by December 2012.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

This European Standard EN 13480 for metallic industrial piping consists of eight interdependent and not
dissociable Parts which are:

Part 1: General;

Part 2: Materials;

Part 3: Design and calculation;

Part 4: Fabrication and installation;

Part 5: Inspection and testing;

Part 6: Additional requirements for buried piping;

CEN/TR 13480-7, Guidance on the use of conformity assessment procedures;

Part 8: Additional requirements for aluminium and aluminium alloy piping.

Although these Parts may be obtained separately, it should be recognised that the Parts are inter-dependant.
As such the manufacture of metallic industrial piping requires the application of all the relevant Parts in order
for the requirements of the Standard to be satisfactorily fulfilled.

This European Standard will be maintained by a Maintenance MHD working group whose scope of working is
limited to corrections and interpretations related to EN 13480.

The contact to submit queries can be found at http://www.unm.fr (en13480@unm.fr). A form for submitting
questions can be downloaded from the link to the MHD website. After subject experts have agreed an answer,
the answer will be communicated to the questioner. Corrected pages will be given specific issue number and
issued by CEN according to CEN Rules. Interpretation sheets will be posted on the website of the MHD.

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This document supersedes EN 13480-8:2007+A1:2011. This new edition incorporates the Amendments/the
corrigenda which have been approved previously by CEN members, and the corrected pages up to Issue 17
without any further technical change. Annex Y provides details of significant technical changes between this
European Standard and the previous edition.

Amendments to this new edition may be issued from time to time and then used immediately as alternatives to
rules contained herein. It is intended to deliver a new Issue of EN 13480:2012 each year, consolidating these
Amendments and including other identified corrections. Issue 3 (2014-08) consolidates Amendment
EN 13480-8:2012/A1:2014; it includes the corrected pages listed in Annex Y.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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1 Scope
This Part of EN 13480 specifies requirements for industrial piping systems made of aluminium and aluminium
alloys in addition to the general requirements for industrial piping according to the series of standards
EN 13480 and CEN/TR 13480-7.

2 Normative references
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are
indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 485-2:2013, Aluminium and aluminium alloys Sheet, strip and plate Part 2: Mechanical properties

EN 485-3, Aluminium and aluminium alloys Sheet, strip and plate Part 3: Tolerances on dimensions and
form for hot-rolled products

EN 485-4, Aluminium and aluminium alloys Sheet, strip and plate Part 4: Tolerances on shape and
dimensions for cold-rolled products

EN 571-1:1997, Non-destructive testing Penetrant testing Part 1: General principles

EN 573-3:2009, Aluminium and aluminium alloys Chemical composition and form of wrought products
Part 3: Chemical composition and form of products

EN 583-1:1998, Non-destructive testing Ultrasonic examination Part 1: General principles

EN 583-2:2001, Non-destructive testing Ultrasonic examination Part 2: Sensitivity and range setting

EN 583-3:1997, Non-destructive testing Ultrasonic examination Part 3: Transmission technique

EN 583-4:2002, Non-destructive testing Ultrasonic examination Part 4: Examination for discontinuities


perpendicular to the surface

EN 583-5:2000, Non-destructive testing Ultrasonic examination Part 5: Characterization and sizing of


discontinuities

EN 583-6:2008, Non-destructive testing Ultrasonic examination Part 6: Time-of-flight diffraction


technique as a method for detection and sizing of discontinuities

EN 586-2:1994, Aluminium and aluminium alloys Forgings Part 2: Mechanical properties and additional
property requirements

EN 754 (all parts), Aluminium and aluminium alloys Cold drawn rod/bar and tube

EN 755 (all parts), Aluminium and aluminium alloys Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles

EN 764-3, Pressure equipment Part 3: Definition of parties involved

EN 1321:1996, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials Macroscopic and microscopic examination
of welds

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EN 1435:1997, Non-destructive examination of welds Radiographic examination of welded joints

EN 1779:1999, Non-destructive testing Leak testing Criteria for method and technique selection

EN 10204:2004, Metallic products Types of inspection documents

EN 10246-9:2000, Non-destructive testing of steel tubes Part 9: Automatic ultrasonic testing of the weld
seam of submerged arc-welded steel tubes for the detection of longitudinal and/or transverse imperfections

EN 10246-16:2000, Non-destructive testing of steel tubes Part 16: Automatic ultrasonic testing of the area
adjacent to the weld seam of welded steel tubes for the detection of laminar imperfections

EN 12392:2000, Aluminium and aluminium alloys Wrought products Special requirements for products
intended for the production of pressure equipment

EN 13445-4:2009, Unfired pressure vessels Part 4: Fabrication

EN 13480-1:2012, Metallic industrial piping Part 1: General

EN 13480-2:2012, Metallic industrial piping Part 2: Materials

EN 13480-3:2012, Metallic industrial piping Part 3: Design and calculation

EN 13480-4:2012, Metallic industrial piping Part 4: Fabrication and installation

EN 13480-5:2012, Metallic industrial piping Part 5: Inspection and testing

EN ISO 148-1:2010, Metallic materials Charpy pendulum impact test Part 1: Test method
(ISO 148-1:2009)

EN ISO 3834-2:2005, Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials Part 2: Comprehensive
quality requirements (ISO 3834-2:2005)

EN ISO 3834-3:2005, Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials Part 3: Standard quality
requirements (ISO 3834-3:2005)

EN ISO 4063:2010, Welding and allied processes Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers
(ISO 4063:2009, Corrected version 2010-03-01)

EN ISO 4136:2011, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials Transverse tensile test
(ISO 4136:2001)

EN ISO 5173:2010, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials Bend tests (ISO 5173:2009)

EN ISO 6892-1:2009, Metallic materials Tensile testing Part 1: Method of test at room temperature
(ISO 6892-1:2009)

EN ISO 6892-2:2011, Metallic materials Tensile testing Part 2: Method of test at elevated temperature
(ISO 6892-2:2011)

EN ISO 7438:2005, Metallic materials Bend test (ISO 7438:2005)

EN ISO 9606-2:2004, Qualification test of welders Fusion welding Part 2: Aluminium and aluminium
alloys (ISO 9606-2:2004)

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EN ISO 10042:2005, Welding Arc-welded joints in aluminium and its alloys Quality levels for
imperfections (ISO 10042:2005)

EN ISO 11666:2010, Non-destructive testing of welds Ultrasonic testing Acceptance levels


(ISO 11666:2010)

EN ISO 15614-2:2005, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials Welding
procedure test Part 2: Arc welding of aluminium and its alloys (ISO 15614-2:2005)

EN ISO 17637:2011, Non-destructive testing of welds Visual testing of fusion-welded joints


(ISO 17637:2003)

EN ISO 17640:2010, Non-destructive testing of welds Ultrasonic testing Techniques, testing levels, and
assessment (ISO 17640:2010)
EN ISO 23277:2009, Non-destructive testing of welds Penetrant testing of welds Acceptance levels
(ISO 23277:2006)
CEN ISO/TR 15608:2005, Welding Guidelines for a metallic materials grouping system
(ISO/TR 15608:2005)
ISO 857-1:1998, Welding and allied processes Vocabulary Part 1: Metal welding processes

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and units


For the purposes of this document, the terms, definitions, symbols and units of EN 13480-1:2012,
EN 13480-2:2012, EN 13480-3:2012, EN 13480-4:2012 and EN 13480-5:2012 apply.

4 General requirements
The general requirements of EN 13480-1 shall apply.

5 Materials

5.1 General

Materials for pressure-bearing parts compliant with the requirements of this European Standard shall be
accompanied by inspection documents in accordance with EN 10204:2004.

The type of inspection document should be in accordance with EN 764-5:2002 and include a declaration of
compliance to the material specification.

The requirements of EN 13480-2:2012 shall apply with the following additions/exclusions:

5.2 Material grouping system

Annex A of EN 13480-2:2012 is not applicable for aluminium and aluminium alloys. The allowable materials
for industrial piping of aluminium and aluminium alloys shall be according to Table 5.2-1.

Any product form available in the EN standards referenced in Annex C for a material and temper listed in
Table 5.2-1 is acceptable for construction to this European Standard. Other materials not defined here may be
used by agreement (see EN 13480-2:2012, 4.3) if they meet the requirements of 5.2 and 5.3 of this standard
and a Particular Material Appraisal is produced (see EN 764-4:2002).

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Table 5.2-1 Grouping system based on CEN ISO/TR 15608:2005 and EN AW numbers according to
EN 573-3:2009

Group Sub Type of aluminium and aluminium Designation


group alloys EN AW number Chemical symbol Temper
21 Pure aluminium with 1 % impurities EN AW 1050A EN AWAl 99,5 O, H111, H112
or alloy content EN AW 1070A EN AWAl 99,7 O, H111, H112
EN AW 1080A EN AWAl 99,8(A) O, H111, H112
22 Non heat treatable alloys
22.1 Aluminium-manganese alloys EN AW 3003 EN AWAl Mn1Cu O, H111, H112
EN AW 3103 EN AWAl Mn1 O, H111, H112
EN AW 3105 EN AWAl Mn0,5Mg0,5 O, H111
22.2 Aluminium-magnesium alloys with Mg EN AW 5005 EN AWAl Mg1(B) O, H111, H112
1,5 % EN AW 5005A EN AWAl Mg1(C) O, H111, H112
EN AW 5050 EN AWAl Mg1,5 (C) O, H111
22.3 Aluminium-magnesium alloys with 1,5 EN AW 5049 EN AWAl Mg2Mn0,8 O, H111, H112
% < Mg 3,5 % EN AW 5052 EN AWAl Mg2,5 O, H111, H112
EN AW 5154A EN AWAl Mg3,5(A) O, H111, H112
EN AW 5251 EN AWAl Mg2 O, H111, H112
EN AW 5454 EN AWAl Mg3Mn(A) O, H111, H112
EN AW 5754 EN AWAl Mg3 O, H111, H112
22.4 Aluminium-magnesium alloys with Mg EN AW 5083 EN AWAl Mg4,5Mn0,7 O, H111, H112
> 3,5 % EN AW 5086 EN AWAl Mg4 O, H111
23 Heat treatable alloys
23.1 Aluminium-magnesium-silicon alloys EN AW 6060 EN AWAl MgSi T4a
EN AW 6061 EN AWAl Mg1SiCu T4b, T6c
a for seamless pipes and profiles only
b for seamless pipes and flanges only
c for flanges only

5.3 Elongation after fracture

Aluminium and aluminium alloys used for parts of industrial piping that are subjected to cold forming shall
have a specified minimum elongation after fracture measured on a gauge length

Lo 5,65 S o (5.3-1)

that is 14 % in the longitudinal or transverse direction as defined by the material specification.

Aluminium and aluminium alloys used for parts of industrial piping that are not subjected to cold forming (e.g.
straight flanges and nozzles) shall have a specified minimum elongation after fracture measured on a gauge
length
Lo 5,65 S o (5.3-2)

that is 10 % in the longitudinal or transverse direction as defined by the material specification.

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5.4 Chemical composition

The chemical composition shall be in accordance with the material specification.

NOTE EN 12392:2000, 5.1.3 recommends a maximum hydrogen level of 0,2 ml per 100 g aluminium, measured in
the liquid metal during casting for parts to be welded. EN 12392:2000, 4.1, recommends a maximum lead content not
exceeding 150 g/g.

5.5 Lamellar tearing

Specific requirements to avoid lamellar tearing for industrial piping of aluminium and aluminium alloys are not
applicable.

NOTE Specific requirements apply to steel (see EN 1011-2:2001) whereas in EN 1011-4:2000 no requirement is
given because lamellar tearing is not a recognized phenomenon.

5.6 Design temperature and properties

NOTE 1 See also EN 13480-2:2012, 4.2.2.

EN 13480-2:2012, 4.2.2.1, 2nd paragraph is not applicable for aluminium and aluminium alloys.

Nominal design stress values are given in Table C.1, Table C.2, Table C.3 and Table C.4. Design
temperatures that exceed the respective temperature limit in Annex C are not permitted.

For materials of group 22.4 temperatures above 80 C may result in grain boundary precipitation of Al3-Mg2.
These materials may be used at temperatures above 80 C up to 200 C only for non-corrosive service.

NOTE 2 For further material properties see EN 12392:2000.

For welded parts and heat treated parts after forming only the values equivalent to the O temper shall be used
for design when 6 000 series flanges, etc. are welded. Nominal design stresses are given in C.6. The weld
area shall be based on the O temper but the flange strength away from the weld (2t) may be based on the
actual temper (T4 or T6).

For aluminium and aluminium alloys values of 0,2 % proof strength (or 1 % proof strength for material group
21-1 000 series aluminium) for temperatures above 20 C shall be established by linear interpolation between
two adjacent values in the tables in Annex C.

For material of group 22.4: For short periods, higher temperatures are permitted (e.g. when defrosting
refrigerating plant) up to 150 C are permissible provided that the pressure is reduced to half the working
pressure for a period up to 8 h and to atmospheric pressure for a period up to 24 h.

5.7 Prevention of brittle fracture

EN 13480-2:2012, Annex B is not applicable. All materials of Table 5.2-1 are suitable for any minimum metal
temperature without impact testing.

NOTE See also EN 1252-1 and EN 12392:2000, 8.4.

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5.8 Specific requirements for fasteners made of aluminium and aluminium alloys

Threads of bolts and studs shall be rolled. Regarding prevention of brittle fracture for materials of fasteners
5.7 applies.

NOTE 1 Other manufacturing techniques may be agreed by the parties involved. In this case, special considerations
regarding the application and testing requirements may be necessary. Such requirements are not addressed by this
standard.

NOTE 2 Materials other than aluminium and aluminium alloys may be used for bolting for piping constructions
according to this European Standard. The designer should give special consideration to these different bolting materials.

5.9 Lined piping

Specific requirements for lined piping are not applicable for aluminium and aluminium alloys.

5.10 Clad products

Specific requirements for clad products are not applicable for aluminium and aluminium alloys.

5.11 Technical delivery conditions for welding consumables

The requirements of EN 13480-2:2012, 4.3.5 shall apply.

6 Design

6.1 General

The requirements of EN 13480-3:2012 shall apply with the following additions/exclusions.

6.2 Time-independent nominal design stress

The design stresses for aluminium and aluminium alloys materials shall be in accordance with the Table 6.2-1.

Table 6.2-1 Design stresses for aluminium and aluminium alloy material

Group according to
Design stresses at design condition Design stresses at test condition
Table 5.2-1
21 f = [Rp1,0,t / 1.5] ftest = [Rp1,0,20 / 1.05]
22 f = min ([Rp0,2,t / 1.5] or [Rm,20 / 2.4]) ftest = [Rp0,2, 20 / 1.05]
23 f = min ([Rp0,2,t / 1.5] or [Rm,20 / 3]) ftest = [Rp0,2, 20 / 1.05]

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Table 6.2-2 Allowable design strength values for 6 000 series aluminium alloys
in the welded condition (see 5.6)

Material designation Value of f for design temperature (C)


not exceeding
50 75 100 125 a 150 175 a

EN AW 6060 40 40 40 38 - -
EN AW 6061 55 55 55 54 51 43

NOTE Data are derived from EN 13445-8:2009.


a
For maximum design temperature see 5.6. Values for 125 C (EN AW 6060) and
175 C (EN AW 6061) shall be used for interpolation only.

6.3 Straight pipes

In general, straight pipes shall be designed in accordance with EN 13480-3:2012, 6.1.

For D0/Di > 1,2, Formula (6.3-1) may be used. In this case pipes shall be seamless or tested in accordance
with 8.4.3 and 8.6 for z = 1,0 and the maximum allowable pressure pa shall be determined as follows:

2 D 1
pa x Rp 0, 2, t x ln 0 x (6.3-1)
3 Di 1,5

For material group 21 Rp1,0,t shall be used instead of Rp0,2,t.

6.4 Pipe bends and elbows

The standard method for calculation of bends and elbows for aluminium and aluminium alloys shall be the
method described in EN 13480-3:2012, B.4.1.3.

NOTE 1 This clause should not be understood as to prohibit the other methods given in EN 13480-3, but to reflect the
actual situation at the bend manufacturers.

NOTE 2 Also see 6.2.3 and EN 13480-3:2012, Formula B.4.1-11.

6.5 Mitre bends

EN 13480-3:2012, 6.3 may be used for the design of mitre bends for aluminium and aluminium alloys.

Alternatively the method described in Formulae (6.5-1) to (6.5-4) may also be used for multiple mitre bends for
aluminium and aluminium alloys according to Figure 6.5-1 with a maximum angle of 22,5. The pressure
limit given in EN 13480-3:2012, 6.3.1 is not applicable for this method.

NOTE 1 Current experiences are available up to pressures of 63 bar for time independent design stresses, however
this does not prohibit the calculation of mitre bends to the given formula for use of higher pressures, but shows the
reference pressure for which mitre bends made of aluminium and aluminium alloys and designed to the rules are in safe
operation.

NOTE 2 Source: FDBR Guideline, Design of power piping, July 1995

The following symbols apply for the alternative method in addition to those mentioned in Clause 3.

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Table 6.5-1 Special symbols for subclause 6.5


Symbol Description Unit
v Equivalent stress intensity MPa (N/mm2)

paa Maximum allowable pressure MPa (N/mm2)

div Design inside diameter mm


a a
See footnote in EN 13480-3:2012, Table 3.2-1.

B d
v pa i iv 0,5 f (6.5-1)
2e z

shall be met with regard to internal pressure loading, where with the smaller value of

d e 0,8 d iv e e
r1 iv (6.5-2)
2 tan

b
r2 (6.5-3)
2 tan

the value Bi is found as follows

r 0,25 d iv
Bi (6.5-4)
r 0,5 d iv e

Figure 6.5-1 Mitre bend

6.6 Socket welds

Socket welds may only be used for pipes DN 50 and below.

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6.7 Designing with transition joints

6.7.1 Design considerations

The use of transition joints shall be considered during design analysis. Transition joints should be treated as
elements within the piping and the designer should consider all the loadings likely to arise under the design
conditions.

6.7.2 Location of transition joints

A transition joint shall be positioned so that it does not undergo undue loading effects such as tensile and
shear forces or bending and torsional moments. Where appropriate, the transition joint fabricator shall provide
allowable loads or criteria for assessing pressure and combined external loads.

In general, positioning transition joints directly against piping elbows shall as far as possible be avoided.

6.7.3 Requirements for transition joints

Transition joints shall meet the requirements of Annex B.

6.8 Port-hole extruded tubes

Port-hole-extruded tubes in accordance with EN 755 series may be used up to and including DN 25, provided
that a joint efficiency of 0,7 is applied. When these tubes are subject to a combined pressure-leak-test for the
entire length the joint efficiency may be set to a factor of 1. If this test is carried out

by the tube manufacturer, the test pressure shall be

en
PT 0,95 Rpx (6.8-1)
De

by the piping manufacturer, the test pressure shall be

PT 1,43 PS (6.8-2)

The combined pressure-leak test for achieving a joint efficiency factor of 1 is to be carried out before
integration in the piping system either using helium or a gas mixture containing helium, depending on the
application. It does not replace the pressure test as specified in 9.1 and 9.2.

6.9 Alternative methods

Design by Analysis (DBA) according to EN 13445-3:2009 may be applied, using the method based on stress
categories only.

7 Fabrication and installation

7.1 General

The requirements of EN 13480-4:2012 shall apply with the following additions/exclusions.

NOTE Reference to EN 14717 may be useful to avoid and reduce the possible environmental impacts of aluminium
and aluminium alloy piping.

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7.2 Material grouping

Aluminium and aluminium alloy materials and their grouping shall be in accordance with Table 5.2-1.

7.3 Tolerances

7.3.1 Welded pipes and connection dimensions of pipe fittings

Table 7.3-1 applies for welded pipes fabricated in accordance with this European Standard. Connection
dimensions of pipe fittings (e.g. elbows, tees, reducers) shall comply with Table 7.3-1. Greater values may be
acceptable provided they are verified by design calculation.

NOTE 1 For pipe/fitting to flange connection, see EN 1092-4:2002, Table 9.

NOTE 2 Other tolerances may be applied if specified by the designer (see EN 13480-1:2012, 3.1.6).

NOTE 3 For tolerances of material fabricated to other European Standards, see applicable European Standard (e.g.
EN 12392:2000, Clause 7 or EN 1092-4:2002, 5.9).

Table 7.3-1 Tolerances for welded pipes

Type of tolerance Tolerance Reference


Mean external diameter 1,5 %
Out of roundness maximum 1,5 % for the ratio e/D < 0,01 EN 13480-4:2012, Formula
(7.4.1-1)
maximum 1,0 % for the ratio e/D 0,01
Wall thickness As for sheet, strip or plate EN 485-3; EN 485-4

Out of roundness shall be calculated in accordance with EN 13480-4:2012, Formula (7.4.1-1).

The determination of the out of roundness need not consider the elastic deformation due to dead-weight of the
pipe.

7.3.2 Welded piping construction

EN 13480-4:2012, 5.6 is not applicable for piping in aluminium and aluminium alloys. Guidance for the
tolerances of piping spools made of aluminium and aluminium alloys is given in Annex A.

EN 13480-4:2012, 7.4 is applicable for aluminium and aluminium alloys, except 7.4.4 concerning induction
forming.

The requirements according to EN 13480-4:2012, 9.9 shall apply with the following modification for aluminium
and aluminium alloys: Replace the reference to EN 25817 with EN ISO 10042.

7.4 Cutting and bevelling

In addition to the requirements of EN 13480-4:2012, 6.1 the following shall apply for industrial piping of
aluminium and aluminium alloys:

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Aluminium and its alloys shall be cut to size and shape preferably by machining or by thermal cutting process,
e.g. plasma arc cutting, or by a combination of both. Additionally, hydro mechanical methods of edge
preparation are acceptable. Flame cutting is not permitted.

For plates of 25 mm thickness cold shearing is permissible. Edges that are cut by thermal process or by cold
shearing shall be dressed back by machining unless the manufacturer can demonstrate that the material and
the weldability has not been adversely affected by the cutting process.

The surface to be welded shall be thoroughly cleaned of aluminium oxide traces and greases by mechanical
means or by pickling. Chloride containing detergents are prohibited.

7.5 Bending and other forming

7.5.1 General

The requirements of EN 13480-4:2012, Clause 7 shall apply with the following additions/exclusions.

7.5.2 Definition of cold- and hot forming

Cold forming of material groups 21 and 22 shall be carried out at temperatures below 200 C.

Cold and hot forming of material of group 23.1 is not allowed.

Hot forming of aluminium and its alloys shall be carried out in a temperature range of 320 C to 450 C. The
last stage of the hot forming process shall be completed above 300 C; otherwise, a subsequent heat
treatment to achieve the O Temper is required.

7.5.3 Heat treatment after cold forming

7.5.3.1 General

For heat treatment after cold forming the requirements of EN 13480-4:2012, 7.2 are not applicable for
industrial piping of aluminium and aluminium alloys. For aluminium and aluminium alloys, the heat treatment
shall be carried out as follows:

The heat treatment parameters shall be in accordance with the material specification of the material
manufacturer. The general heat treatment parameters shall be:

the heating rate shall be as rapid as possible;

the holding temperature shall be in the range between 320 C and 380 C depending on the alloy type;

the holding time at the holding temperature shall be between 10 min and 60 min depending on the ratio of cold
forming;

the cooling shall be performed in still air, the cooling rate needs not to be controlled.

7.5.3.2 Flat products

For aluminium and aluminium alloys heat treatment shall be carried out in accordance with Table 7.5-1.

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Table 7.5-1 Heat treatment of flat products after cold forming

Material groups according to Ratio of deformationd


Heat treatment
Table 5.2-1 Vd (%)
21 15 % no
a
21 > 15 % yes , annealing
22.1b, 22.2b, 22.3b, 22.4b 5% no
b b b b c
22.1 , 22.2 , 22.3 , 22.4 >5% yes , annealing
a
With levels of cold forming and a ratio of deformation above 15 % for materials of group 21 or above, if it can be
demonstrated in specific cases that the residual elongation after rupture after cold forming remains at least 10 %, then
in these cases annealing is not required.
b
Elongation prior to forming 14 %.
c
With levels of cold forming and a ratio of deformation above 5 % for materials of group 22 or above, if proof can be
furnished in specific cases that the residual elongation after rupture after cold forming remains at least 10 %, then in
these cases annealing is not required.
d
For Vd (%) for cylinders and cones, see EN 13480-4:2012, 7.1.3; for Vd (%) for dished circular products, see
EN 13445-4:2009, 9.2.1.

7.5.3.3 Pipes

For aluminium and aluminium alloys heat treatment shall be carried out in accordance with Table 7.5-2.

Table 7.5-2 Heat treatment of pipes after cold forming

Material groups according Mean bending External Heat treatment


to Table 5.2-1 radius of the diameter of
pipe the tube
rm do

21 1,3 De all diameters no


21 < 1,3 De all diameters yes, annealing
a a a a
22.1 , 22.2 , 22.3 , 22.4 2,5 De all diameters no
a a a a
22.1 , 22.2 , 22.3 , 22.4 < 2,5 De all diameters yes, annealing

NOTE For do and rm see EN 13480-4:2012, Figure 7.2.2-1.


a
Elongation prior to forming 14 %.

7.5.4 Heat treatment after hot forming

For heat treatment after hot forming the requirements of EN 13480-4:2012, 7.3 are not applicable for industrial
piping of aluminium and aluminium alloys. For aluminium and aluminium alloys the heat treatment shall be
carried out in accordance with Table 7.5-3 and as following:

The heat treatment parameters shall be in accordance with the material specification of the material
manufacturer. The general heat treatment parameters shall be:

a) the heating rate shall be as rapid as possible;

b) the holding temperature shall be in the range between 320 C and 380 C depending on the alloy type;

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c) the holding time at the holding temperature shall be between 10 min and 60 min depending on the ratio of
cold forming;

d) the cooling shall be performed in still air, the cooling rate needs not to be controlled.

Table 7.5-3 Heat treatment after hot forming

Material groups
Hot forming conditions Heat treatment
according to Table 5.2-1
Heat treatment should be applied if the forming process of Yes, annealing
the last forming stage is completed at 300 C.
21, 22 No subsequent heat treatment should be applied if the no
forming process of the last forming stage is completed above
300 C.

7.6 Welding

7.6.1 Welding personnel

The requirements according to EN 13480-4:2012, 9.1 shall apply with the following modification for aluminium
and aluminium alloys: Replace the reference to EN 287-1 by EN ISO 9606-2:2004.

7.6.2 Welding processes

The requirements according to EN 13480-4:2012, 9.3 shall apply with the following modification for aluminium
and aluminium alloys: Qualification of welding procedure specifications (WPQR).

The requirements according to EN 13480-4:2012, 9.3.1 shall apply with the following modifications for
aluminium and aluminium alloys: Replace reference to EN ISO 15614-1 by EN ISO 15614-2:2005.

Furthermore, impact testing is not applicable for piping of aluminium and aluminium alloys, see 5.7.

Oxy fuel gas welding processes according to EN ISO 4063:2010 are not permitted.

For qualification of welding procedures for EN AW 6061 material, the result of the tensile tests carried out in
accordance with EN ISO 15614-2:2005 shall show the following data with T = 1: minimum Rm = 165 MPa;
minimum Rp0,2 = 110 MPa.

7.6.3 Weld joint preparation

The weld joint preparation shall be in accordance with the applicable WPS.

Assembly and welding of socket welds shall be in accordance with Figure 7.6.3-1. It is important that the
1,5 mm internal gap is maintained prior to welding to allow for weld shrinkage and the fillet weld leg length
shall be 1,25 times the pipe minimum thickness calculated for pressure or 3 mm, whichever is the greater.

Where the size of fillet weld permits, it should be completed in two runs with the stop/start positions of the
second run staggered relative to the first.

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Key
a Approximate gap before welding

Cx (min) = 1 t but not less than 3 mm


t = Minimum thickness calculated under consideration of the maximum allowable pressure

Figure 7.6.3.1 Socket welds

7.6.4 Preheating

In addition to the requirements according to EN 13480-4:2012, 9.11.1 the following shall apply for industrial
piping of aluminium and aluminium alloys:

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Preheating of aluminium is not required for metallurgical reasons and is therefore not mandatory. Preheating
may be applied by the manufacturer for practical reasons, e.g. a heating at about 50 C may facilitate the
elimination of traces of moisture.

For aluminium alloys containing 3,0 % or more magnesium an extended preheating and interpass time at
temperatures of 150 C and above may result in grain boundary precipitation of Al3-Mg2 disintegration in weld
areas. Manufacturing procedures should be designed to avoid significant times above 150 C for these alloys.

7.6.5 Backing rings and backing strips

In addition to the requirements according to EN 13480-4:2012, 9.12 the following shall apply for industrial
piping of aluminium and aluminium alloys:

Permanent backing strips shall not be used for longitudinal seams.

Permanent backing rings may be used for circumferential seams in all categories only under the following
conditions:

a) nondestructive examination is carried out in accordance with the design/joint efficiency to the same
quality and acceptance criteria as a single sided butt weld;

b) the inside of the piping is not subject to corrosion;

c) backing ring material shall be of the same aluminium sub group as the piping unless the combination of
other backing ring material has been proven by a WPQR according to EN ISO 15614-2:2005.

7.6.6 Post-weld heat treatment (PWHT)

The requirements according to EN 13480-4:2012, 9.14 are not applicable for industrial piping of for aluminium
and aluminium alloys. The following shall apply for aluminium and aluminium alloys:

a) stress relieving heat treatment is normally not necessary or desirable for welded aluminium piping except
there is a risk of stress corrosion due to the operation service. Annealing heat treatment carried out for
obtaining the delivery state O is the only usable heat treatment;

b) for material group 23.1 PWHT is not permitted;

c) the heat treatment parameters (annealing) shall be in accordance with the material specification of the
material manufacturer or those as stated in 7.5.3.

8 Inspection and testing

8.1 General

The requirements according to EN 13480-5:2012 shall apply with the following additions/exclusions:

8.2 Formed pressure retaining parts

8.2.1 General

EN 13480-5:2012, 7.2.1 shall not apply to aluminium and aluminium alloys.

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The requirements for testing and inspection specified below shall apply to all formed parts of aluminium and
aluminium alloys fabricated according to this European Standard.

Formed parts, fabricated, tested and inspected according to EN 13445-8 can be used without any further
testing and inspection.

NOTE If harmonized European Standards for formed parts (e.g. elbows, tees, reducers, welded pipes) are available
and requirements for testing and inspection are specified in these harmonized European Standards, the requirements of
the harmonized European Standards apply. At the time this European Standard was prepared, no such harmonized
European Standard is available.

Cold drawn tubes according to EN 754 series and extruded tubes according to EN 755 series are not
considered to be formed parts manufactured under this European Standard. For these tubes, the
requirements of EN 754 and EN 755 series apply.

The tests specified in the European Standards for the base material shall be performed for the base material.

8.2.2 Testing of formed parts


The requirements according to EN 13480-5:2012, 7.2.4 shall not apply to aluminium and aluminium alloys.

The following examinations shall be carried out on formed parts of aluminium and aluminium alloys:

a) verification of wall thickness,

b) dimensional check (ovality, angle of bend etc.),

c) examination for surface imperfection (VT).

8.2.3 Destructive testing of formed and heat treated parts

The requirements according to EN 13480-5:2012, 7.2.5 shall not apply to aluminium and aluminium alloys.

Destructive testing to verify the heat treatment shall be performed for piping with DN > 25 for hot formed parts
and cold formed parts with subsequent heat treatment. No mechanical tests in respect of forming are required
for:

cold-formed flat products and pipes for which heat treatment is not required by Table 7.5-1 and
Table 7.5-2; and

cold-formed and heat-treated welded pipes and reducers.

One test shall be performed for parts of the same cast, wall thickness range and heat treatment lot. The wall
thickness range shall be by 20 % of the average wall thickness of the parts. The tests specified in
Table 8.2-1 shall be performed.
Destructive testing is not required for formed parts with welds for which the manufacturer holds a welding
procedure approval that includes heat treatment.

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Table 8.2-1 Destructive testing of formed and heat treated parts

Size of formed part Type of test Testing criteria Requirements


Tensile test Tensile strength and Tensile strength as for the EN base
elongation after material standard and elongation after
rupture/fracture rupture/fracture 10 % (see 5.2)
DN < 100
or
Flattening test a EN 12392:2000, 5.3.6 EN 12392:2000, Table 3
Tensile test Tensile strength and Tensile strength as for the EN base
DN > 100 elongation after material standard and elongation after
rupture/fracture rupture/fracture 10 % (see 5.2)
a
The flattening tests are performed if tensile test specimen cannot be obtained from the formed part. The flattening tests are
performed over the full section of the formed part.

8.3 Welding

The requirements according to EN 13480-5:2012, 7.3 shall apply.

8.4 Visual and non-destructive testing of welds

8.4.1 Application of NDT

The requirements according to EN 13480-5:2012, 8.1.1.1 shall apply with the following modification for
aluminium and aluminium alloys: The method for surface testing shall be PT.

8.4.2 Circumferential, branch, socket and seal welds

The requirements according to EN 13480-5:2012, 8.2 shall apply with the following additions/exclusions for
aluminium and aluminium alloys:

In EN 13480-5:2012, 8.2.1 b) replace reference to material groups 1.1, 1.2 and 8.1 with material groups 21, 22
and 23.1.

The extent of VT and NDT for circumferential, branch and seal welds shall be in accordance with Table 8.4-1.

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Table 8.4-1 Extent of testing for circumferential, branch, socket and seal welds

All Circumferential Socket welds


Branch welds Seal welds
Material Cate- welds welds
Group gory Surface Volumetric Surface testing Surface Surface
Volumetric testing
testing testing testing testing

VT PT RT/UT Branch en PT Branch en RT/UT en PT en PT


% % % diameter mm % diameter mm % mm % mm %
a
I 0 5 0 0 0 0
All
21, 22 II 100 0 5 All 0 0 All 5 All 5

III 0 10 0 > DN 100 > 15 10 N/A 5


a
I 5 5 5 0 5 5
All
23.1 II 100 5 10 All 10 0 All 10 All 10

III 5 25 10 > DN 50 >7 10 N/A 10


a
For weld configurations and dimensions, where UT or RT does not allow a clear assessment, PT shall be carried out

8.4.3 Longitudinal welds and spiral welded tubes/pipes

The requirements according to EN 13480-5:2012, 8.3 for longitudinal welds shall apply with the following
additions/exclusions for aluminium and aluminium alloys:

The extent of VT and NDT for longitudinal welds and spiral welded tubes/pipes shall be in accordance with
Table 8.4-2.

For material group 23.1, longitudinal welds and spiral welded tubes/pipes are not permitted.

Table 8.4-2 Extent of VT and NDT for longitudinal welds and spiral welded tubes/pipes

Joint coefficient VT PT RT or UT
Z % % %
Z 0,7 100 0 0
0,7 < Z 0,85 100 0 10
0,85 < Z 1,0 100 0 100

8.5 VT and NDT Methods

The requirements according to EN 13480-5:2012, 8.4.1 and EN 13480-5:2012, 8.4.3 shall apply with the
following additions/exclusions for aluminium and aluminium alloys: Sub-clauses 8.4.2 and 8.4.4 shall not
apply.

Techniques, methods, acceptance criteria for welds in aluminium and aluminium alloys shall follow the
European Standards given in Table 8.5-1 and the footnotes given in Table 8.5-1.

RT is first preferred for en < 8 mm and least preferred en > 40 mm. UT testing of aluminium and aluminium
alloys may be applied for en 4mm if qualified in accordance with Note e of Table 8.5-1.

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Table 8.5-1 Techniques, methods, acceptance criteria

Technique (abbreviations) Methods Acceptance criteria


Visual inspection (VT) EN ISO 17637:2011 EN ISO 10042:2005
Acceptance level Ba
Radiography (RT) EN 1435:1997 class Bb EN ISO 10042:2005
Acceptance level Bc
Ultrasonic Testing (UT) Manual UT, EN 17640:2010 EN ISO 11666:2010
Acceptance level 2d
Automatic UT, EN 10246-9:2000 and
EN 10246-16:2000e
For thickness en (mm)
4 en < 40 class A
40 en < 100 class B
en 100 class C
Penetrant Testing (PT) EN 571-1:1997 + testing parameters EN ISO 23277:2009,
of Acceptance level 2
EN ISO 23277:2009, Table A.1
a
For imperfections 1.11 (502) (excess weld metal for butt weld), 1.12 (503) (excessive convexity for fillet welds), 1.14 (504)
(excess penetration), 3.1 (507) (linear misalignment, for circumferential welds only), 1.10 (5011) (continuous undercut, but max
depth 0,2 mm) 1.18 (5013/515) (shrinkage groove/root concavity), 1.16 (511) (incompletely filled groove) according to
EN ISO 10042:2005, level C is sufficient.
b
However, the minimum number of exposure for circumferential weld testing may correspond to the requirements of class A
of EN 1435:1997, class A.
c
For imperfections No 2.7 (2016) (wormholes isolated), 2.8 (303) (Oxide inclusion), 2.9 (3041) (tungsten inclusion), 2.3
(2011) (Pore isolated), 2.5 (2013) (clustered (localized) porosity) according to EN ISO 10042:2005, level C is sufficient.
d
No planar imperfections accepted. For en 60 mm UT shall include examination for imperfections perpendicular to the
surface in accordance with EN 583-4:2002.
e
EN 10246-9:2000 and EN 10246-16:2000 were formerly applied to steel tubes and shall further be used as the reference
standards for acceptable methods of automatic ultrasonic testing of aluminium and aluminium alloy materials according to this
European Standard.

8.6 Production test plates for welded pipes

Production test plates are required for welded pipes manufactured according to this European Standard in the
case of joint coefficient of 0,85 < z 1,0. If a joint coefficient of 0,85 or less is specified by the designer, no
production test plates are required.

The number of test plates specified under a) or b) takes into account the tolerance of a material group to weld
procedure variables, the welding process and the quality requirements for welding.

a) For aluminium materials of groups 21, 22.1, 22.3 and 22.4 production test plates in accordance with
Table 8.6-1 shall be required, if all of the following requirements are met:

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the quality requirements of EN ISO 3834-2:2005 or EN ISO 3834-3:2005 are fulfilled;

the welding process is fully mechanised (see ISO 857-1:1998) ensuring that the welding procedure is
applied consistently,

the wall thickness en 30 mm.

Unless the requirements for production test plates given in a) apply, for all material production test plates are
required for each lot of welded pipes. A lot is defined as 100 m or fraction thereof of all pipes of the same
material and temper as well as the wall thickness range qualified in the WPQR. After
10 consecutive test plates have successfully passed the test, testing can be reduced to 200 m or fraction
thereof. After further 10 consecutive test plates have successfully passed the test, testing can be reduced
to 500 m or fraction thereof, but at least 1 production test plate per year shall be tested.

Table 8.6-1 Production test plates for welded pipes according to 8.6 a)

Longitudinal welds Spiral welds

One test plate per 200 ma or a fraction thereof of One test plate per coil but at minimum one test plate per
longitudinal welds for the same material and temper max [25 pipes; 375 m weld length]
a After 10 consecutive test plates have successfully passed the test, testing can be reduced to 300 m of longitudinal welds. After
further 10 consecutive test plates have successfully passed the test, testing can be reduced to 500 m of longitudinal welds, but at
least 1 production test plate per year shall be tested.

If production test plates are required either by a) or b) the tests specified in Table 8.6-2 shall be performed
and the given acceptance criteria shall be met.

Table 8.6-2 Required tests and acceptance criteria for production test plates

Required test Acceptance criteria


a
1 face bend test FBB according to EN ISO 5173:2010 According to EN ISO 15614-2:2005
a
1 root bend test RBB according to EN ISO 5173:2010 According to EN ISO 15614-2:2005
1 transverse tensile test according to EN ISO 4136:2011 According to EN ISO 15614-2:2005
1 macroscopic examination according to EN 1321:1996 According to EN ISO 15614-2:2005
a
2 side bend tests SBB for en > 12 mm.

9 Final assessment and documentation

9.1 General

The requirements according to EN 13480-5:2012, Clause 9 shall apply with the following additions/exclusions
for aluminium and aluminium alloys:

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9.2 Pneumatic pressure test

The requirements according to 9.3.3 of EN 13480-5:2012 shall apply with the following additions/exclusions
for aluminium and aluminium alloys:

a) The pneumatic test pressure shall be in accordance with EN 13480-5:2012, 9.3.3. Piping subject to this
pressure shall be located in an enclosed and restricted area and adequate measures being taken to
prevent parts shooting away in the case of explosion. Alternatively the piping shall be located in an area
enough far away from any individuals (public or manufacturers employees) such that in the case of
explosion, people will not be affected by the blast (This does not include damage from projectiles).

b) Alternatively a test may be performed at a test pressure of 1.1 times the maximum allowable pressure.
Before initial pressure tested, NDT (UT or RT, see Table 8.5-1 of this European Standard) shall be
performed as shown in Table 9.2-1.

Table 9.2-1 Extent of NDT in case of pneumatic pressure test according to 9.2b)

Type of weld Extent of NDT

Circumferential welds a; 10 %b,c RT or UT,


branch and nozzle welds DN 100 cross sections with longitudinal welds to be covered

Branch and nozzle welds DN 100 and socket welds Material groups 21and 22 5 % PT
Material group 23.1 20 % PT
Longitudinal welds, if not already subject to a NDT or 100 % RT or UT
pressure test at the pipe manufacturers premises

a See footnote a in Table 8.4-1.


b Up to DN 600, 10 % of welds to be tested 100 %, from DN > 600, 10 % of the total length of welds.
c
25 % for circumferential welds for material group 23.1 for category III.

Where, during pneumatic test, the piping has been subjected to the pressure in accordance with 9.2 a),
EN 13480-5:2012, Formula (9.3.3-1) shall apply for the inspection pressure.

Where the alternative 1.1 times the maximum allowable pressure has been used in accordance with 9.2 b),
the pressure shall be dropped to the maximum allowable pressure for inspection of the piping.

9.3 Documentation for components

This clause is applicable if the component manufacturer supplies single components manufactured under the
provisions of this European Standard to other parties.

Components which are manufactured from materials such as plates, coils and bars shall meet all the relevant
requirements of this European Standard related to the manufacturing process used; for instance in the
manufacturing of welded dished ends or welded pipes.

In order to prove the conformity to this European Standard of the pressure equipment containing the
component, the equipment manufacturer shall obtain either the documents a) to f) from the component
supplier:

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a) inspection documents (of the plates, coils, bars ), and as relevant,

b) non-destructive testing reports,

c) destructive testing reports,

d) heat treatment information,

e) for welded components, a statement that welding procedure approvals and welder/welding operator
approvals conform to the requirements of this European Standard,

f) for components with NDT, a statement that NDT operator qualifications conform to the requirements of
this European Standard,

or this information in the form of a component certificate.

Under 9.3 e), the component manufacturer shall also state that the welders/welding operators and welding
procedures are approved if the components are ordered for categories II and III.

Under 9.3 f), the component manufacturer shall also state that the NDT operator qualification is approved if
the components are ordered for piping category III.

If further information/documentation is required, the equipment manufacturer shall specify this in the
component order.

For recognized third party see EN 764-3.

NOTE 1 Forgings (including forged flanges), castings and seamless tubes are generally considered to be materials.

NOTE 2 Current practice may require components to be delivered with certificates based on EN 10204 or
corresponding requirement, when they are placed on the market as such.

NOTE 3 See EN 764-5 for inspection documents.

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Annex A
(informative)

Dimensional tolerances
Guidance for the tolerances of piping spools made of aluminium and its alloys is given in Table A.1, for all
diameters.

Table A.1 Tolerances

Dimensions number according to Figure A.1


Dimension 1 Dimension Dimension Dimension
Dimension 2 Dimension 3
4 5 6
1 1 1
max. max. max.
5 mm 5 mm 5 mm
EN ISO 13920, class B See EN 13480-4:2012, 7.4 3 mm
at bolt at flange
circle periphery

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Dimension No 1: face-to-face dimensions; centre-to-face dimensions; location of attachments; centre-to-centre


dimensions.
Dimension No 2: out-of-roundness of bends
Dimension No 3: lateral translation of branches or connections.
Dimension No 4: rotation of flanges, from the indicated position, measured as shown.
Dimension No 5: bevels on butt weld or plain ends state diameter to which bevel applies.
Dimension No 6: out-of-alignment of flanges from the indicated position, measured across the full gasket face diameter.

Figure A.1 Dimensional details of spools

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Annex B
(normative)

Transition joints

B.1 General
Annex B shall apply for transition joints.

The transition joint shall join aluminium and aluminium alloys to austenitic stainless steel piping or equipment.

A transition joint is a prefabricated, non-separable, component consisting of dissimilar metal parts.

A transition joint is a component that is used to join items of pressure equipment together in situations where a
permanent leak tight joint is required and fusion welding cannot be used because the materials are
incompatible with regard to fusion welding.

Transition joints may employ several metallic materials in the metallurgical bond interface. Care shall be taken
to ensure that materials used in the interface are compatible to the fluid service and design temperature of the
transition joint.

A transition joint does not rely on flanges or bolting to maintain leak tightness although some designs of
transition joint may be provided with additional external mechanical reinforcement to protect the bond interface
from external forces and moments.

B.2 Materials
For the ends of the transition joints aluminium and aluminium alloys (base metal 1) according to Clause 5 and
austenitic stainless steel (base metal 2) according to EN 13480-2:2012 shall be used.

B.3 Design
The ends of the transition joints shall be calculated to withstand at least the same pressure as the connected
piping using the design rules of the applicable clauses in EN 13480.

The transition joint shall withstand a pressure of 4 times the design pressure without leakage.

B.4 Permanent joining process


The dissimilar metal parts of a transition joint shall be joined by explosion bonding, friction welding or special
forging processes.

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B.5 Testing

B.5.1 Qualification testing (QT)

B.5.1.1 Qualification of permanent joining process

In order to reduce the number of qualification tests, transition joints shall be grouped on the basis of diameter
as shown below.

Group I DN < 100.

Group II 100 DN < 400.

Group III DN 400.

Qualification testing shall be carried out on a minimum of two samples out of groups I to III. The qualification
test shall cease to be valid if relevant aspects of the design or the manufacturing process or the material sub-
group (see Clause 5 and EN 13480-2:2012) combinations are changed.

Testing methods, test conditions and scope shall be in accordance with Table B.1.

B.5.1.2 Procedure for thermal shock testing of transition joints

Thermal shock testing shall include immersion in liquid nitrogen to cool down the transition joint to -196 C
followed by total immersion in hot water (T 80 C). The joint shall be returned to room temperature (usually
by immersing in cold water) before the test is repeated. A minimum of 5 thermal cycles is required.

B.5.1.3 Qualification of personnel

Personnel for carrying out permanent joining shall be qualified in line with the principles in EN ISO 9606-2 and
EN ISO 15614-2.

Qualification of personnel NDE and Visual Inspection shall be in accordance with EN 13480-5:2012, 8.4.3.

B.5.2 Component testing (CT) of production joints

Each transition joint shall be subject to inspection and testing.

Testing methods, test conditions and scope shall be in accordance with Table B.1.

B.6 Marking
Each transition joint shall be marked by electrochemical etching, engraving or laser marking with the following:

transition joint fabricators name or mark;

material designation or material number (on base metal 1 and 2 sides);

unique reference number.

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A tag shall be firmly attached to the transition joint with a good visible warning regarding the temperature
limitation (if any) at the bond interface during welding.

B.7 Documentation
For all transition joints, independent of material and size, inspection documents according to EN 10204:2004
shall be delivered, showing the results of all required tests.

The inspection document shall include a statement that all requirements of the applicable specification and
this annex have been met.

If further information or documentation is required, the purchaser shall specify this in the order.

The inspection documents for base metal 1 and 2 shall be attached.

B.8 Protection against overheating


The bond interface of a transition joint may be temperature sensitive and stringent measures shall be taken by
the manufacturer of pressure equipment to control and limit the maximum temperature of the interface in
accordance with the transition joint fabricators recommendations.

Each transition joint with temperature sensitive bond interface shall be provided with a thermal sensitive
indicator. The indicator shall enable the welder to check the temperature which shall be within the given limit.

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Table B.1 Testing of transition joints (T.J.)


Id.-No. Test; requirements /
Scope for QT Scope for CT Test conditions
test standard
a
1 Destructive tests
1.1 Testing specified under either
- -
Id.-No. 1.1a or 1.1b
1.1a Impact test for notch
orientation along each of the
bond interfaces; 1 set each 1 set each Test temperature: Ambient
KV 14 J (single), 18 J
(mean) / EN ISO 148-1:2010
1.1b Metallographic evaluation of
micro section (each bond
1 - 200X
interface); requirements see
b
footnote
1.2 Side bend test (Not applicable
for special forging process);
2 - Test temperature: Ambient
90, d = 12 x a, no cracks /
EN ISO 7438:2005
1.3 Hydrostatic pressure proof T.J. thermally cycledc
1 T.J. out of
test; 4 x design pressure - Test temperature: Ambient
group I, II, III
In combination with Id.-No. 2.4
1.4 Tensile test in z-directiong; Specimen shall include base metal 1
tensile load base metal 1/ and 2
2 2d
EN ISO 6892-1:2009 and Specimen thermally cycledc
EN ISO 6892-2:2011 Test temperature: Ambient
2 Non-destructive tests
2.1e UT after each explosion UT with normal beam, 25 mm, 2,25
clad;> 50 % full scale echo/ MHz
EN 583 series 100 % 100 % No disbonding permitted in plate
areas, which are to be used for the
T.J. machining
2.2 Helium leak test of T.J.;
T.J. thermally cycledc for QT
leak rate < 10-8 mbar l / s 2 all
Test temperature: Ambient
/ EN 1779:1999
2.3 Dye penetration test of T.J.;
EN ISO 23277:2009 T.J. thermally cycledc for QT
2 all
acceptance level 1/ EN 571- Test temperature: Ambient
1:1997
2.4 Pressure test; T.J. thermally cycledc for QT
1,43 x design pressure 1 all f
Test temperature: Ambient
in combination with Id.-No. 1.3 for QT
3 Visual examinations of transition joints
3.1 Visual examination;
free from foreign material,
All test pieces 100 % -
corrosion or any flaws
> 0,3 mm
3.2 Dimensional check All test pieces 100 % -
3.3 Check of markings All test pieces 100 % -
a
For explosion clad T.J. each finally clad plate (except for Id.-No. 1.3).
b
No non-metallic phases or inclusions, no pores or other not binding areas, full bonding of joint metals.
c
See B.5.1.2.
d
Alternatively testing in accordance with Id.-No. 2.4 / CT.
e
For explosion clad T.J only.
f
If testing according to Id.-No. 1.4 / CT is not performed.
g
As an alternative for special forging processes this test may be replaced by a hydrostatic proof test as in Id.-No 1.3 at
7 times the test pressure.

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Annex C
(normative)

Nominal design stress values

C.1 General
Material properties given in EN 12392:2000, Table 5 and Table 6, are considered when establishing the
nominal design stress values given in Table C.1, Table C.2, Table C.3 and Table C.4.

Nominal design stress values given in italics are time-dependent.

For determining the exact temperatures for which the time-dependent strength values become dominant, see
EN 12392:2000, Table 5 and Table 6.

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C.2 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profile


Mechanical properties for extruded rod/bar, tube and profile shall comply with EN 755-2:2013.

Table C.1 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profile

Rp0,2/20C Value of f for design temperaturea


EN AW number Temper MPa
MPa
20 C 50 C 75 C 100 C 125 C 150 C 175 C 200 C
b
EN AW-1050A O/H111 20 20,0 19,3 18,7 16,7 13,3 10,0 8,0 6,3
b
EN AW-1070A H112 23 25,6 24,5 23,5 21,5 20,4 19,4

EN AW-3003 O/H111 35 23,3 23,3 22,0 21,3 20,7 19,3 17,3 15,3
EN AW-3103 O/H111 35 23,3 23,3 22,0 21,3 20,7 19,3 17,3 15,3

EN AW-5005 O/H111 40 26,7 26,7 25,9 25,1 34,3 26,7 19,8 16,0
O/H111 40 26,7 26,7 26,0 25,3 32,0 24,7 18,0 14,7
EN AW-5005A
H112 40 26,7 26,7 26,0 25,3 32,0 24,7 18,0 14,7
EN AW-5049 H112 80 53,3 53,3 52,2 50,7 25,1 17,5 12,6 9,1

EN AW-5052 O/H111 70 46,7 46,7 45,9 44,5 36,8 29,1 21,5 14,4
EN AW-5154A O/H111 85 56,7 56,7 55,3 54,0 46,7 29,3 18,7 12,0
EN AW-5251 O/H111 60 40,0 40,0 39,3 38,0 32,6 27,3 18,0 12,7
EN AW-5454 O/H111 85 56,7 56,7 55,3 54,0 45,3 31,3 21,3 15,3
EN AW-5754 O/H111 80 53,3 53,3 52,0 50,7 40,7 26,0 15,3 10,7
EN AW-5083 O/H111 110 73,3 73,3 73,3 71,6 42,8 25,2 14,1 8,8
EN AW-5083 H112 125 83,3 83,3 83,3 79,3 48,7 28,7 16,0 10,0
EN AW-5086 O/H111 95 63,3 63,3 62,1 62,1 45,6 27,2 16,5 10,8
a
Italic numerical values are creep-range values.
b
The nominal design stress values are based on Rp1,0-strength values.

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C.3 Cold drawn rod/bar and tube


Mechanical properties for cold drawn rod/bar and tube shall comply with EN 754-2:2013.

Table C.2 Cold drawn rod/bar and tube


Value of f for design temperaturea
Rp0,2/20C
EN AW number Temper MPa
MPa
20 C 50 C 75 C 100 C 125 C 150 C 175 C 200 C
EN AW-3003 O/H111 35 23,3 23,3 22,0 21,3 20,7 19,3 17,3 15,3
EN AW-3103 O/H111 35 23,3 23,3 22,0 21,3 20,7 19,3 17,3 15,3

EN AW-5005 O/H111 40 26,7 26,7 25,9 25,1 23,3 21,5 19,8 16,0
EN AW-5005A O/H111 40 26,7 26,7 26,0 25,3 22,8 20,4 18,0 14,7

EN AW-5049 O/H111 80 53,3 53,3 52,0 50,7 44,0 30,7 22,0 16,0
EN AW-5052 O/H111 65 43,3 43,3 42,7 41,3 34,2 27,1 20,0 13,3
EN AW-5154A O/H111 85 56,7 56,7 55,3 54,0 46,7 29,3 18,7 12,0
EN AW-5754 O/H111 80 53,3 53,3 52,0 50,7 40,7 26,0 15,3 10,7
EN AW-5083 O/H111 110 73,3 73,3 73,3 71,6 42,8 25,2 14,1 8,8
EN AW-5086 O/H111 95 63,3 63,3 62,1 62,1 45,6 27,2 16,5 10,8
a
Italic numerical values are creep-range values.

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C.4 Forgings
Mechanical properties for forgings shall comply with EN 586-2:1994.

Table C.3 Forgings

Rp0,2/20C Value of f for design temperaturea


Tem- MPa
EN AW number Test direction
per
MPa
20 C 50 C 75 C 100 C 125 C 150 C 175 C 200 C
EN AW-5754 H112 80 53,3 53,3 52,2 50,7 23,2 14,9 8,8 6,1
EN AW-5083 L H112 120 80,0 80,0 80,0 76,2 46,7 27,5 15,4 9,6
(12 %)

T H112 110 73,3 73,3 73,3 69,8 42,8 25,2 14,1 8,8
(10 %)
a
Italic numerical values are creep-range values.

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C.5 Plate
Mechanical properties for plates shall comply with EN 485-2:2013.

Table C.4 Plate


Value of f for design temperaturea
Wall thickness Rp0,2/20C
EN AW number Temper MPa
mm MPa
20 C 50 C 75 C 100 C 125 C 150 C 175 C 200 C
O/H111 20 20,0 19,3 18,7 16,7 13,3 10,0 8,0 6,3
c
EN AW-1050A 6 t 12,5 30 20,0 19,3 18,7 16,7 13,3 10,0 8,0 6,4
H112
12,5 < t 80 25 16,7 16,1 15,6 13,9 11,1 8,3 6,7 5,3
O/H111 15 16,7 16,0 15,3 14,0 13,3 12,7
EN AW-1070Ac
H112 6 t 12,5 20 22,2 21,3 20,4 18,7 17,8 16,9
EN AW-1080A O/H111 15 14,7 14,0 13,3 12,7 12,0 11,3

O/H111 t 50 35 23,3 23,3 22,0 21,3 20,7 19,3 17,3 15,3


EN AW-3003 6 t < 12,5 70 46,7 46,7 44,7 42,0 34,7 26,0 19,3 15,3
H112
12,5 t < 80 40 26,7 26,7 25,5 24,0 19,8 14,9 11,0 8,8
O/H111 35 23,3 23,3 22,0 21,3 20,7 19,3 19,3 15,3
EN AW-3103 6 t < 12,5 70 45,8 45,8 44,7 42,0 34,7 26,0 19,3 15,3
H112
12,5 t < 80 40 26,7 26,7 25,5 24,0 19,8 14,9 11,0 8,8
EN AW-3105 O/H111 40 26,7 26,7 25,3 24,0 30,0 23,3 17,3 14,0

EN AW-5005 O/H111 35 23,3 23,3 22,7 22,0 20,4 18,8 17,3 14,0
EN AW-5005A O/H111 35 23,3 23,3 22,8 22,2 20,0 17,9 15,8 12,8

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Table C.4 (2/3)


Value of f for design temperaturea
Wall thickness Rp0,2/20C MPa
EN AW number Temper
mm MPa
20 C 50 C 75 C 100 C 125 C 150 C 175 C 200 C
30,0 30,0 29,3 28,7 25,8 22,9 20,0 14,7
O/H111 45
EN AW-5050
36,7 36,7 36,0 34,7 29,8 24,9 20,0 14,7
H112 55

O/H111 80 53,3 53,3 52,0 50,7 44,0 30,7 22,0 16,0


6 < t 12,5 100 66,7 66,7 65,2 63,3 31,4 21,9 15,7 11,4
EN AW-5049
H112 12,5 < t 25 90 60,0 60,0 58,7 57,0 28,3 19,7 14,1 10,3
25 < t 80 80 53,3 53,3 52,2 50,7 25,1 17,5 12,6 9,1
O/H111 0,2 < t 80 65 43,3 43,3 42,7 41,3 34,2 27,1 20,0 13,3
EN AW-5052 6 < t 12,5 80 53,3 53,3 52,4 50,9 31,5 30,1 14,5 9,7
H112
12,5 < t 80 70 46,7 46,7 45,8 44,5 27,6 26,3 12,7 8,5
O/H111 85 56,7 56,7 55,3 54,0 46,7 29,3 18,7 12,0
EN AW-5154A 6 < t 12,5 125 83,3 83,3 81,3 79,3 46,7 29,3 18,7 12,0
H112
12,5 < t 80 90 60,0 60,0 58,6 57,1 33,6 21,1 13,4 8,6
EN AW-5251 O/H111 60 40,0 40,0 39,3 38,0 32,6 27,3 18,0 12,7
O/H111 85 56,7 56,7 55,3 54,0 45,3 31,3 21,3 15,3
EN AW-5454
H112 40 < t 120 90 60,0 60,0 58,6 57,1 32,6 22,6 15,4 11,0
O/H111 80 53,3 53,3 52,0 50,7 40,7 26,0 15,3 10,7
6 < t 12,5 100 66,7 66,7 65,2 63,3 29,0 18,6 11,0 7,6
EN AW-5754
H112 12,5 < t 25 90 60,0 60,0 58,7 57,0 26,1 16,7 9,9 6,9
25 < t 80 80 53,3 53,3 52,2 50,7 23,2 14,9 8,8 6,1

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Table C.4 (3/3)

Rp0,2/20C Value of f for design temperaturea


Wall thickness MPa
EN AW number Temper
mm MPa
20 C 50 C 75 C 100 C 125 C 150 C 175 C 200 C
t 50 b 125 83,3 83,3 83,3 79,3 48,7 28,7 16,0 10,0
50 < t 80
115 76,7 76,7 76,7 73,0 44,8 26,4 14,7 9,2
80 < t 120 73,3 73,3 73,3 69,8 42,8 25,2 14,1 8,8
110
O/H111
120 < t 200 105 70,0 70,0 66,6 40,9 24,1 13,4 8,4
70,0

EN AW-5083 200 < t 250 95 63,3 63,3 60,3 37,0 21,8 12,2 7,6
63,3
250 < t 300 90 60,0 60,0 57,1 35,0 20,6 11,5 7,2
60,0
6 < t 40 125 83,3 83,3 79,3 48,7 28,7 16,0 10,0
83,3
H112 40 < t 80 115 76,7 76,7 73,0 44,8 26,4 14,7 9,2
76,7
80 < t 120 110 73,3 73,3 69,8 42,8 25,2 14,1 8,8
73,3
100 66,7 66,7 63,3 48,0 28,7 17,3 11,3
O/H111 66,7
EN AW-5086
40 < t 80 100 66,7 66,7 63,5 38,4 22,9 13,9 9,1
H112 66,7
a
Italic numerical values are creep-range values.
b
Yield strength at room temperature of 125 MPa shell be guaranteed and verified by the plate manufacturer.
c
The nominal design stress values are based on Rp1,0-strength values.

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Annex Y
(informative)

History of EN 13480-8

Y.1 Differences between EN 13480-8:2007 and EN 13480-8:2012


Significant technical changes include:

the Normative References have been updated;

in 5.2 requirements for inspection documents were added;

in 5.6 the requirements on design temperature and properties have been revised;

subclause 6.8 on port-hole extruded tubes has been added;

subclause 6.9 on alternative methods for design was added;

in 8.2.3 the requirements on destructive testing of formed and heat treated parts have been revised;

a normative Annex C including allowable design stress values has been added.

NOTE The changes referred include the significant technical changes but is not an exhaustive list of all modifications.

Y.2 List of corrected pages of Issue 2 (2013-08)


Pages 5, 6 and 35.

Y.3 List of corrected pages of Issue 3 (2014-08)

Pages 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 34, 35
(34a), 36 (34b), 37 (34c), 38 (34d), 39 (34e), 40 (34f), 41 (34g), 42 (35), 43 (36) and 44 (37).

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BS EN 13480-8:2012+A1:2014
BS EN 13480-8:2012
EN 13480-8:2012+A1:2014 (E)
EN 13480-8:2012 (E)
Issue33(2014-08)
Issue (2014-08)

Annex ZA
(informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential


Requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC
This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission to
provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the New Approach Directive 97/23/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council of 29 May 1997 on the approximation of the laws of the Member
States concerning pressure equipment.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive and has been
implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the clauses of this
standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of
conformity with the corresponding Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 97/23/EC

Clauses of this Pressure Equipment Directive


Content
European Standard 97/23/EC, Annex I
Clause 5 Provision and consideration of 2.2.3 (b), 5th indent
appropriate material properties
5.3, 5.7 Materials sufficiently ductile and tough 4.1 (a)
5.4, 7.2, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6, Material suitable for intended processing 4.1 (d)
Annex B procedure
5.6 Ambient and operational temperatures 2.2.1, 2nd indent
6, Annex B Design for adequate strength 2.2
6.2 Nominal design stress 7.1.2
6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6 Calculation method Design by 2.2.3 (a)
Formula (DBF)
6.9 Calculation method Design by Analysis 2.2.3 (a)
(DBA)
7.6, Annex B Operating procedure to carry out 3.1.2
permanent joints
Qualified personnel to carry out 3.1.2
permanent joints
7.4, 7.6.3, 7.6.5 Preparation of component parts 3.1.1
7.5 Forming 3.1.1
7.5.3, 7.5.4, 7.6.6 Heat treatment 3.1.4
8.4, 8.6 Appropriate joint factors 2.2.3 (b), 6th indent
8.4, 8.5, Annex B Internal and surface defect 3.2.1
8.4.3, 8.6 Joint efficiency 7.2
9.2, Annex B Proof test 3.2.2

WARNING Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within
the scope of this standard.

43
BS EN 13480-8:2012+A1:2014
BS EN 13480-8:2012
EN 13480-8:2012+A1:2014 (E)
EN 13480-8:2012 (E)
Issue 33(2014-08)
Issue (2014-08)

Bibliography

EN 764-4:2002, Pressure equipment Part 4: Establishment of technical delivery conditions for metallic
materials

EN 764-5:2002, Pressure Equipment Part 5: Compliance and Inspection Documentation of Materials

EN 1011-2:2001, Welding Recommendations for welding of metallic materials Part 2: Arc welding of
ferritic steels

EN 1011-4:2000, Welding Recommendations for welding of metallic materials Part 4: Arc welding of
aluminium and aluminium alloys

EN 1092-4:2002, Flanges and their joints Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN
designated Part 4: Aluminium alloy flanges

EN 1252-1, Cryogenic vessels Materials Part 1: Toughness requirements for temperatures below -80C

EN 13445-3:2009, Unfired pressure vessels Part 3: Design

EN 13445-8:2009, Unfired pressure vessels Part 8: Additional requirements for pressure vessels of
aluminium and aluminium alloys

EN 14717, Welding and allied processes Environmental check list

CEN/TR 13480-7, Metallic industrial piping Part 7: Guidance on the use of conformity assessment
procedures

EN ISO 13920, Welding General tolerances for welded constructions Dimensions for lengths and angles
Shape and position (ISO 13920:1996)

FDBR Guideline, Design of power piping, July 19951)

1) To be obtained from: Vulkan-Verlag, Huyssenallee 52-56, D-45128 Essen.

44
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