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RG

mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSi

angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo
miTiTebebi

2000-2006 GRI versia 3.0


GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

sarCevi ekonomikuri indikatorebi 38

winasityvaoba 2 garemosdacviTi indikatorebi 40

mdgradi ganviTareba da gamWvirvalobis socialuri indikatorebi:


aucilebloba
SromiTi saqmianoba da Rirseuli Sroma 44
Sesavali
adamianis uflebebis dacva 48
mdgradi ganviTarebis mimarTulebiT
angariSgebis mimoxilva sazogadoeba 51

ra mizans emsaxureba mdgradi ganviTarebis produqciaze pasuxismgebloba 54


angariSi 3
zogadi SeniSvnebi angariSgebis
`angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis~ (GRI)
Sesaxeb
angariSgebis formatis mimoxilva 3
monacemTa Segroveba 57
GRI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis zogadi
mimoxilva 5 angariSgebis formati da sixSire 57

rogor gamoviyenoT saxelmZRvanelo gare Sefaseba/dadastureba 59


miTiTebebi 7

nawili 1
terminTa ganmarteba 60
angariSis Sinaarsis, xarisxisa da
angariSgebis farglebis gansazRvra
madlobebi GG 3 `saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis~
angariSis Sinaarsis gansazRvris instruqcia 9 SemuSavebis mxardaWerisaTvis 64

angariSis Sinaarsis ganmsazRvreli


principebi 11

angariSis xarisxis uzrunvelyofis


principebi 19

angariSis farglebis dadgenis instruqcia 26

nawili 2
angariSis standartuli komponentebi
strategia da organizaciis mokle daxasiaTeba

1.strategia da analizi 28

2. organizaciis mokle daxasiaTeba 31

3. angariSis parametrebi 32

4. marTva, valdebulebebi da
dainteresebul mxareTa CarTuloba 33

5. menejmentis midgomebi da saqmianobis


efeqturobis indikatorebi 36

versia 3.0 1
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

winasityvaoba erTis mxriv, Cvens erTobliv mdgrad ganvi-


Tarebas mwvave da seriozuli riskebi emu-
mdgradi ganviTareba da
qreba, meore mxriv ki, izrdeba arCevanisa
gamWvirvalobis aucilebloba
da SesaZleblobebis mravlaferovneba. am
mdgradi ganviTarebis mizania ,,daakmayo- pirobebSi, Tu gvsurs, rom dainterese-
filos dRevandelobis moTxovnebi ise, bul mxareebs Soris urTierTobebi iyos
rom safrTxis winaSe ar daayenos momavali jansaRi, sainvesticio gadawyvetilebebi
Taobebis mier sakuTari moTxovnebis dak- _ keTilgonivruli, xolo sabazro urTi-
mayofilebis SesaZlebloba.1 vinaidan or- erTobebi _ myari da efeqturi, organ-
ganizaciebs mniSvnelovani adgili ukaviaT izaciebma daufaravad unda gamoitanon
sazogadoebis ganviTarebaSi, maT am miznis saaSkaraoze, Tu ra zemoqmedebas axdenen
SesrulebaSic aranaklebi roli ekisrebaT. isini ekonomikaze, ekologiasa da social-
ur sakiTxebze. imisaTvis, rom informacia
aRsaniSnavia, rom uprecedendto
ganviTarebis mdgradobis Sesaxeb yve-
ekonomikuri zrdis fonze xsenebuli miznis
lasTvis gasagebi da araorazrovani iyos,
miRweva SeiZleba mxolod survilad darCes.
saWiroa SemuSavdes globaluri masStabiT
ekonomikis globalizaciis pirobebSi Cndeba
yvelasTvis gasagebi cnebebi, terminebi da
ekonomikuri aRmavlobisa da cxovrebis
indikatorTa sistema. `angariSgebis glo-
gaumjobesebis axali SesaZleblobebi,
baluri inciativis~ (GRI) mizani swored is
vaWrobis ganviTarebis, codnis gaziarebisa
aris, rom uzrunvelyos zemoT CamoTvlili
da axali teqnologiebis meSveobiT. Tumca,
pirobebis Sesruleba. amisaTvis angariS-
msoflio mosaxleobis zrdis fonze,
gebis globaluri iniciativa gvTavazobs
samwuxarod, am SesaZleblobebze xeli
mdgradi ganviTarebis mimarTulebiT
yvelas ar miuwvdeba. garda amisa, safrTxe
angariSgebis saimedo da sando sistemas,
emuqreba ekologiur stabilurobasac.
romlis gamoyeneba erTnairad mosaxerx-
statistikuri monacemebiT, msoflioSi
ebeli iqneba yvela organizaciisTvis maTi
mravali adamianis cxovreba gaumjobesda.
sididis, saqmianobis sferosa Tu adgilm-
Tumca, meore mxriv, igive wyaroebi garemos
debareobis miuxedavad.
ekologiuri mdgomareobis gauaresebis,
milionobiT adamianis gaRatakebisa da biznes seqtoris, profesiuli kavSirebisa
SimSilis Sesaxeb SemaSfoTebel informacias da arasamTavrobo organizaciebis
gvawvdis. es kontrasti XXI saukunis erT-erT warmomadgenlebs, aseve investorebs,
yvelaze mniSvnelovan dilemas warmoadgens. safinanso-sabuRaltro organizaciebsa da
sxva dainteresebul mxareebs mniSvnelovnad
mdgradi ganviTarebis erT-erTi umTavresi
miCniaT, rom informacia mdgrad
gamowveva SemdegSi mdgomareobs: Tu
ganviTarebaze organizaciebis saqmianobiT
gvsurs ganviTarebas mdgradi xasiaTi
moxdenili zegavlenis Sesaxeb gamWvirvale
hqondes, aucilebelia axali da inovaciuri
iyos. swored amitom, rodesac `angariSgebis
gadawyvetilebebis miReba da axali stilis
globaluri iniciativa~ (GRI) angariSgebis
azrovnebis danergva. cnobilia, rom, codnisa
formatze muSaobda, igi TanamSromlobda
da teqnologiebis ganviTarebas, romelic
zemoT CamoTvlili dainteresebuli
ekonomikis ganviTarebas ganapirobebs,
mxareebis warmomadgenlebTan,
imavdroulad gaaCnia potenciali, gaaneit-
konsultaciebs marTavda maTTan da
ralos safrTxeebi, romlebic socialur
sxvadasxva mosazrebebis Sejerebis gziT
urTierTobebs, bunebriv garemos da
konsensusamde midioda. `angariSgebis
ekonomikis mdgradobas emuqreba. axali
globaluri iniciativa~ 1997 wels daarsda.
teqnologiebis ganviTareba, axali codnisa da
mas Semdeg angariSgebis sistema praqtikuli
inovaciuri meTodebis danergva menejmentisa
gamocdilebis dagrovebisa da sistematuri
da saxelmwifo politikis sferoSi ubiZgebs
konsultaciebis gziT ixveweboda. vinaidan
organizaciebs axleburad miudgnen
`angariSgebis globaluri iniciativa~
TavianT saqmianobas, produqciis warmoebas,
ase farTod TanamSromlobda sxvadasxva
momsaxurebis miwodebas da sxvadasxva Ronis-
dainteresebul mxaresTan, angariSgebis
ZiebaTa gatarebas, romlebsac Cveni planetis
SemuSavebuli formati erTnairad sandoa
bunebriv garemoze, adamianebsa da ekonomikaze
sxvadasxva sferos warmomadgenelTaTvis.
seriozuli gavlenis moxdena SeuZliaT.
1 
World Commission on Environment and Development. Our Common Future (garemosa da ganviTarebis msoflio
komisia. Cevni saerTo momavali). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987, gv. 43.
2 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

mdgradi ganviTarebis mdgradi ganviTarebis konteqstSi


mimarTulebiT angariSgebis organizaciis saqmianobis Sedegebis
mimoxilva Sesafaseblad imasTan mimarTebiT,
Tu ramdenad icavs organizacia
ra mizans emsaxureba `mdgradi Tavis saqmianobaSi kanonebs, normebs,
ganviTarebis angariSi~ kodeqsebs, saqmianobis standartebs
`mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSi~ aris da axorcielebs Tu ara igi
dokumenti, romelic organizaciis SigniT nebayofilobiT iniciativebs.
da mis gareT arsebul dainteresebul
mxareebs sajarod acnobs, Tu ra imis gamosavlenad, Tu rogor
zegavlenas axdens da rogori wvlili zemoqmedebs organizacia da ra
Seaqvs organizaciis saqmianobas zegavlena aqvs masze mdgradi
mdgrad ganviTarebaSi. ,,angariSgeba ganviTarebis sferoSi arsebul
mdgradi ganviTarebis mimarTulebiT molodinebs;
farTo mniSvnelobis terminia. is aris
sinonimi sxva msgavsi terminebisa (mag., drois garkveul periodSi
`sammagi Sedegi~, `angariSgeba biznesis organizaciis saqmianobis Sedegebis
socialuri pasuxismgeblobis Sesaxeb da Sesadareblad, an sxvadasxva
a.S.), romlebic aRniSnaven angariSgebas organizaciaTa saqmianobis Sedegebis
kompaniis saqmianobis ekonomikuri, erTmaneTTan Sesadareblad.
ekologiuri da socialuri aspeqtebis
Sesaxeb.
`angariSgebis globaluri
iniciativis~ (GRI) angariSgebis
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSSi
formatis mimoxilva
warmodgenili unda iyos dabalansebuli
da dasabuTebuli informacia imis Sesaxeb, GRI angariSgebis formatis yvela
Tu ra dadebiTi an uaryofiTi zegavlena dokumenti SemuSavebulia sxvadasxva
moaxdina angariSis warmdgeni kompaniis dainteresebuli mxareebis biznes
saqmianobam garemoze da sazogadoebaze seqtoris, investorebis, profesiuli
mdgradi ganviTarebis konteqstSi. kavSirebis, safinanso-sabuRaltro
organizaciebis, samoqalaqo
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSi, sazogadoebis da samecniero wreebis
romelic efuZneba GGGRI angariSgebis saerTo mosazrebebis gaTvaliswinebiT.
formats, asaxavs, Tu ra Sedegebs miaRwia angariSgebis formatis yvela dokuments
organizaciam saangariSo periodSi Tavisi winaswari testireba Cautarda da maTze
valdebulebebis, strategiisa da marTvis muSaoba kvlavac gagrZeldeba, raTa
meTodebis ganxorcielebis saSualebiT. dokumentebi kidev ufro metad daixvewos.
mraval sxva daniSnulebasTan erTad,
angariSi SeiZleba Semdegi miznebisTvis
gamoviyenoT:

2 
sammagi Sedegi (triple bottom line) mdgrad ganviTarebasTan dakavSirebuli cnebaa da, arsebiTad, gulisxmobs
mdgradi ganviTarebis saboloo miznebis - socialuri, ekonomikuri da ekologiuri mdgradobis erTobliobas.
biznes kompaniebTan mimarTebiT sammagi Sedegis cneba gulisxmobs kompaniis angariSgebas da misi saqmianobis
Sefasebas ara mxolod finansuri maCveneblebiT, aramed ekonomikur, ekologiur da socialur mdgradobaSi
Setanili wvlilis mixedviT. anu korporaciul samyaroSi `sammagi Sedegis~ koncefcia gulisxmobs biznesis
warmoebas ara mxolod aqciaTa mflobelebis interesebze dayrdnobiT, aramed sxvadasxva `dainteresebuli
mxareebis interesebis gaTvaliswinebiT (xolo `dainteresebuli mxareebi~ moicavs yvelas, viszec pirdapiri
an arapirdapiri gziT zegavlenas axdens kopmpaniis saqmianoba). (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 3
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

GRI angariSgebis formati (GRI ganviTarebaze sakuTari saqmianobiT


Reporting Framework) miznad isaxavs, moxdenili zegavlenis Sesaxeb.
Seasrulos sayovelTaod aRiarebuli,
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSis
erTiani sistemis funqcia, romlis
momzadebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
mixedviTac ganxorcieldeba
(The Sustainability Reporting Guidelines)
angariSgeba organizaciis saqmianobis
(SemdgomSi_ `saxelmZRvanelo
ekonomikuri, ekologiuri da socialuri
miTiTebebi~) Seicavs principebs, romelTa
maxasiaTeblebis Sesaxeb. am sistemis
mixedviT ganisazRvreba angariSis
gamoyeneba nebismier organizacias
Sinaarsi da romlebmac unda uzrunvelyon
SeuZlia, misi sididis, saqmianobis
angariSSi warmodgenili informaciis
sferosa Tu adgilmdebareobis
maRali xarisxi. `saxelmZRvanelo
miuxedavad. igi iTvaliswinebs im
miTiTebebSi~ agreTve CamoTvlili da
mravalmxriv Taviseburebebs, romlebic
ganmartebulia angariSis standartuli
SeiZleba axasiaTebdes rogorc mcire
komponentebi (anu angariSSi Sesatani
sawarmoebs, ise msoflios sxvadasxva
standartuli monacemebi), romlebic
qveynebSi moqmed msxvil organizaciebs.
moicavs saqmianobis efeqturobis
GGRI angariSgebis formati moicavs
indikatorebsa da sxva maCveneblebs.
rogorc zogadi Sinaarsis, ise
garda amisa, `saxelmZRvanelo
calkeuli sferoebisTvis aqtualur
miTiTebebSi~ axsnilia, Tu rogor unda
masalebs. sxvadasxva dainteresebulma
moxdes konkretuli teqnikuri aspeqtebis
mxareebma mTeli msoflios masStabiT
angariSSi asaxva.
mizanSewonilad da marTebulad miiCnies,
rom organizaciebma am formatis
mixedviT awarmoon angariSgeba mdgrad

sqema 1: GRI angariSgebis formati

4 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

indikatorTa protokolebi (Indicator `GRI saxelmZRvanelo


Protocols) SemuSavebulia TiToeuli miTiTebebis~ zogadi mimoxilva
indikatorisTvis, romelic
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSia Setanili. mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSis
indikatorTa protokolebi Seicavs momzadebis `saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi~
ganmartebebsa da miTiTebebs imis Sedgeba angariSgebis principebis,
Sesaxeb, Tu rogor unda moxdes angariSSi angariSgebis instruqciebisa da angariSis
Sesatani monacemebis Segroveba, aseve standartuli komponentebisgan
sxva Sesabamis informacias. es yovelive (saqmianobis efeqturobis indikatorTa
unda daexmaros angariSis Semdgenlebs da CaTvliT). yvela es Semadgeneli nawili
uzrunvelyos indikatorebis erTgvari erTnairi wonisa da mniSvnelobis
interpretacia angariSis mkiTxvelebis matarebelia.
mier. amgvarad, saxelmZRvanelo
nawili 1 angariSgebis principebi da
miTiTebebTan erTad saWiroa isargebloT
instruqciebi (Reporting Principles and
indikatorTa protokolebiTac.
Guidance)
seqtoruli danarTebi (Sector Supplements) am nawilSi aRwerilia angariSgebis
avsebs `saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebs~ da procesis umTavresi elementebi.
Seicavs damatebiT ganmartebebs imis imisaTvis, rom gansazRvroT, Tu ra
Sesaxeb, Tu rogor unda gamoiyenon unda Sevides angariSSi, winamdebare
`saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi~ sxvadasxva nawilSi warmodgenili da ganmartebulia
seqtorSi dasaqmebulma organizaciebma. angariSgebis principebi Semdeg
seqtoruli danarTebi aseve moicavs sakiTxebTan mimarTebiT rogoria
saqmianobis efeqturobis indikatorebs, dainteresebul mxareTa CarTuloba,
romlebic konkretuli seqtorisTvis aris ramdenad srulia da arsebiTi angariSSi
damaxasiaTebeli. seqtoruli danarTebi warmodgenili informacia, rogoria
ver Caenacvleba `saxelmZRvanelo organizaciis saqnianobis Sedegebi
miTiTebebs~, aramed maTTan erTad unda mdgradi ganviTarebis konteqstSi.
gamoiyenoT. TiToeul princips aseve axlavs testebis
kompleqti, romelic saSualebas
teqnikuri protokolebis (Technical gvaZlevs SevafasoT, Tu ramdenad
Protocols) mizania damatebiTi informacia srulad ganxorcielda es principi. am
miawodos angariSis Semdgenlebs principebisa da angariSis standartuli
calkeuli sakiTxebis Sesaxeb. magaliTad, komponentebis saSualebiT Tqven
imis Sesaxeb, Tu rogor unda ganisazRvros SeZlebT gansazRvroT, Tu ra sakiTxebi
angariSis farglebi. teqnikuri da indikatorebi unda aisaxos angariSSi.
protokolebic saxelmZRvanelo amave TavSi warmodgenilia dabalansebis,
miTiTebebisa da seqtoruli danarTebis Sedarebadobis, sizustis, droulobis,
paralelurad unda gamoiyenoT. maTSi sicxadis da sandoobis principebis
aRwerilia is ZiriTadi sakiTxebi, aRweriloba. raTa darwmundeT, rom
romlebic, rogorc wesi, angariSmgebeli angariSSi warmodgenili informacia
organizaciis winaSe dgeba angariSis saTanado xarisxisaa, TiToeuli
Sedgenis procesSi. principis Semdeg mocemulia e.w.
testebis kompleqti. es nawili mTavrdeba
instruqciiT, romelic angariSmgebel
organizaciebs exmareba daadginon
im struqturuli erTeulebis sia
(organizaciis filialebis, Svilobili
kompaniebis da a. S.), romelTa saqmianobac
unda aisaxos angariSSi (anu rogor unda
ganisazRvros e.w. ,,angariSis farglebi).

versia 3.0 5
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

sqema 2: G
G RI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis mokle mimoxilva

nawili 2 angariSis standartuli menejmentis midgomebi: ganmartebiTi


komponentebi (Standard Disclosures) informacia imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra
migomebs iyenebs organizacia
am TavSi saubaria im standartul
sakiTxTa ama Tu im jgufis
monacemebsa da indikatorebze, romlebic
gadasawyvetad. es monacemebi
aucileblad unda Sevides mdgradi
gvawvdis zogad konteqsts ama Tu im
ganviTarebis angariSSi. saxelmZRvanelo
konkretul sferoSi organizaciis
miTiTebebSi gansazRvrulia is
saqmianobis ukeT gasagebad.
informacia, romelic arsebiTi
da mniSvnelovania organizaciaTa
saqmianobis efeqturobis
umravlesobisTvis da sainteresoa Sida
indikatorebi: indikatorebi,
da gare dainteresebuli mxareebisaTvis.
romlebic gvawvdis Sedarebad
ganasxvaveben angariSis standartuli
informacias imis Sesaxeb, Tu
komponentebis (anu angariSSi Sesatani
rogoria organizaciis saqmianobis
monacemebis) sam tips:
ekonomikuri maCveneblebi, ras
akeTebs da ra Sedegebs aRwevs
strategia da organizaciis mokle
igi garemosdacviT da socialur
daxasiaTeba: zogadi ganmartebiTi
sferoSi.
informacia organizaciis
saqmianobis ukeT gasagebad,
rogoricaa informacia organizaciis
strategiis, korporaciuli
mmarTvelobis tipis, organizaciis
Taviseburebebis Sesaxeb.

6 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

rogor gamoviyenoT miTiTebebi da angariSgebis formatis


saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi sxva komponentebi.
sawyisi etapi
daexmaros angariSis Semdgenlebs
organizaciis sididis, seqtorisa gaizaron, Tu rogor apireben isini
da geografiuli mdebareobis, TandaTan GRI angariSigebis srul
agreTve angariSgebis gamocdilebis formatze gadasvlas.
miuxedavad, yvela organizacias
(kerZo, saxelmwifo Tu arakomerciuli GGRI angariSgebis formatTan
organzaciebis CaTvliT) rekomendacia Sesabamisobis donis miTiTeba imisTvis
eZleva, `saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebze~ aris saWiro, rom maqsimalurad naTeli
dayrdnobiT moamzados angariSi. angariSi iyos, G
G RI angariSgebis formatis
mravalgvari SeiZleba iyos _ is SeiZleba romeli komponentebi iyo gamoyenebuli
damoukidebel dokumentad momzaddes angariSis momzadebisas. imisaTvis,
an Sevides wliur an finansur angariSSi, rom `doneebis sistema~ erTnairad
SeiZleba veb-gverdze gamoqveyndes an warmatebiT miesadagos yvela tipis
dabeWdili saxiT gavrceldes. angariSmgebel organizacias, iqneba igi
angariSgebis TvalsazrisiT damwyebi,
upirveles yovlisa unda ganisazRvros gamocdili Tu saSualo gamocdilebis
angariSis Sinaarsi (ix. Sesabamisi mqone organizacia, aRniSnuli sistema
instruqcia I nawilSi). zogierTma sam dones iTvaliswinebs. es doneebi
organizaciam SeiZleba mdgradi pirobiTad aRiniSneba C, B da A-Ti.
ganviTarebis angariSi Tavidanve TiToeuli donisaTvis dadgenilia
`angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis~ angariSgebis kriteriumebi, romlebic
sruli formatiT moamzados, zogs asaxavs, Tu ramdenadaa angariSSi
SeiZleba erCivnos Tavidan mxolod gamoyenebuli G G RI angariSgebis formati.
yvelaze aqtualuri da praqtikuli TiToeul dones SeiZleba daematos
sakiTxebiT Semoifarglos da srul pliusi (+) (mag. A+, B+, C+), Tu angariSi
formatze mogvianebiT gadavides. gare Semfasebelmac Seafasa. 3
yvela angariSmgebelma organizaciam
unda gansazRvros, Tu ras Seitans sakuTari angariSisa da doneebis sistemis
igi Tavis angariSSi. aseve sasurvelia kriteriumebis Sedarebis safuZvelze
organizaciebma miuTiTon, Tu rodis angariSis Semdgeneli organizacia
gadavlen isini angariSgebis srul uflebamosilia Tavadve gansazRvros G G RI
formatze. formatTan Sesabamisobis done.

GRI angariSgebis formatTan garda amisa, angariSis warmdgen


Sesabamisobis doneebi organizaciebs SeuZliaT airCion
qvemoT dasaxelebuli erTerTi an orive
angariSze muSaobis dasrulebis Semdeg
SesaZlebloba:
organizacia valdebulia miuTiTos,
Tu ramdenad srulad gamoiyena man
moiwvion mesame mxare, romelic
`angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis~
daadgens, Tu ramdenad sworad
(GRI) formati. amisTvis arsebobs ,,GRI
gansazRvra angariSmgebelma
formatTan Sesabamisobis doneebis
organizaciam sakuTari angariSis
sistema. sistema miznad isaxavs:
`Sesabamisobis done~;
calsaxad cxadi gaxados angariSis
GRI-is warmomadgenels sTxovon,
mkiTxvelisaTvis, Tu ramdenad
Seamowmos angariSisTvis
srulad iqna gamoyenebuli angariSis
`Sesabamisobis donis~ miniWebis
Sedgenisas GRI saxelmZRvanelo
siswore.
3 
Tu gsurT damatebiTi informacia gare Sefasebis Sesaxeb, ix. Tavi ,,angariSgebis zogadi SeniSvnebi,
paragrafi `dadastureba/gare Sefaseba~.

versia 3.0 7
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

damatebiTi informacia ,,GGRI angariSgebis nawili 1: angariSis Sinaarsis,


formatTan Sesabamisobis doneebis xarisxis da angariSgebis farglebis
sistemaze~, aseve Sesabamis kriteriumTa gansazRvra
sruli kompleqti warmodgenilia am
am nawilSi warmodgenilia angariSgebis
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebze darTul
principebi da angariSis momzadebis
dokumentSi _ ,,GGRI angariSgebis
instruqciebi, romelTa meSveobiT unda
formatTan Sesabamisobis doneebis
ganisazRvros angariSis Sinaarsi. am
sistema, agreTve ganTavsebulia veb-
nawilSive ganmartebulia, Tu rogor
gverdze: www.globalreporting.org.
unda moxdes angariSSi warmodgenili
Setyobineba gamoyenebis Sesaxeb informaciis xarisxis uzrunvelyofa da
angariSis farglebis dadgena.
Tu organizaciam Tavisi angariSis
momzadebisas srulad an nawilobriv
`angariSis momzadebis instruqciebSi~
gamoiyena GRI `saxelmZRvanelo
aRwerilia, rogor unda daadginos
miTiTebebi~ an/da G
G RI angariSgebis
angariSmgebelma organizaciam, Tu
formati, igi valdebulia amis Sesaxeb
ra Seitanos angariSSi da ra nabijebi
Seatyobinos globaluri angariSgebis
gadadgas amisaTvis. es instruqciebi
iniciativas angariSis gamosvlisTanave.
dagexmarebaT GG RI angariSgebis
Setyobinebis sxvadasxva formebi arsebobs:
formatis marTebul interpretaciasa
SeatyobineT `angariSgebis da gamoyenebaSi, agreTve dagexmarebaT
globalur iniciativas~, rom Tqvenma gansazRvroT angariSis Sinaarsi da
organizaciam moamzada angariSi da daadginoT angariSis farglebi.
miawodeT amobeWdili dokumenti da/
an misi eleqtronuli versia; `angariSgebis principebi~ gvexmareba
ganvsazRvroT, Tu ra Sedegebs isaxavs
internetis meSveobiT
angariSi miznad da ra gadawyvetilebebi
daaregistrireT Tqveni angariSi
unda miiRoT angariSis momzadebis
`angariSgebis globaluri
procesSi, magaliTad, ra sakiTxebi unda
iniciativis~ monacemTa bazaSi;
Sevides angariSSi, romeli indikatorebi
sTxoveT `angariSgebis globaluri unda gamoiyenoT da rogor moxdes maTi
iniciativis~ warmomadgenels, angariSSi asaxva. TiToeuli principi
SegimowmoT, Tu ramdenad sworad moicavs gansazRvrebas, misi Sinaarsis
gansazRvreT angariSgebis formatTan ganmartebasa da testebis kompleqts.
Sesabamisobis done. es ukanaskneli exmareba angariSmgebel
organizacias Seafasos, ramdenad srulad
angariSis mniSvnelobis maqsimalurad
iyenebs igi principebs. testebi aris
gazrda
TviTdiagnostikis instrumenti. isini ar
mdgradi ganviTarebis mimarTulebiT unda ganvixiloT, rogorc konkretuli
angariSgeba erTdroulad cocxali monacemebi, romlebic unda aisaxos
procesic aris da instrumentic. igi ar angariSSi. testebi agreTve saSualebas
sruldeba angariSis dabeWdvis an veb- gvaZlevs damatebiT ganvmartoT, Tu
gverdze gamoqveynebis Semdeg. angariSgeba rogor xdeba angariSgebis principebis
gacilebiT ufro farTo procesis gamoyeneba.
nawilia, romelic moicavs organizaciis
strategiis SemuSavebas, samoqmedo angariSgebis principebis erToblioba
gegmis Sesrulebas da saboloo Sedegebis uzrunvelyofs maqsimalur
Sefasebas. angariSgeba saSualebas iZleva, gamWvirvalobas. gamWvirvaloba ki
ganvaxorcieloT organizaciis saqmianobis is faseuloba da mizania, romelic
yovelmxrivi Sefaseba da xeli SevuwyoT safuZvlad udevs mdgradi ganviTarebis
am saqmianobis mudmiv gaumjobesebas. igi mimarTulebiT angariSgebis yvela
aseve kargi instrumentia dainteresebul aspeqts. gamWvirvaloba SeiZleba
mxareebTan urTierTobisa da ganvmartoT, rogorc organizaciis mier
organizaciuli procesebis ganviTarebis informaciis sruli gamoaSkaraveba im
uzrunvelsayofad. Temebsa da indikatorebze, romlebic

8 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

asaxaven organizaciis zegavlenas angariSis Sinaarsis gansazRvris


mdgrad ganviTarebaze da romelTa instruqcia
safuZvelze dainteresebuli
GRI angariSgebis formatis mixedviT
mxareebi gadawyvetilebebs iReben.
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSis
gamWvirvalobaSi aseve igulisxmeba
momzadebisas:
informaciis gaxsna im winapirobebis,
procesebisa da prcedurebis Sesaxeb,
unda ganisazRvros sakiTxebi
romlebic gamoiyeneba zemoxsenebuli
(Temebi) da maTTan dakavSirebuli
monacemebisa da indikatorebis
Sesabamisi indikatorebi, romelTa
saaSkaraoze gamosatanad.
angariSSi asaxva mniSvnelovani da
aucilebelia. amisaTvis viyenebT
angariSgebis principebi or jgufad aris
mravalsafexurian process, romelic
dayofili:
eyrdnoba informaciis arsebiTobis,
dainteresebul mxareTa CarTulobis
principebi, romelTa mixedviT
da mdgradi ganviTarebis konteqstis
ganisazRvreba, Tu ra sakiTxebi
principebs, agreTve angariSis
da indikatorebi unda asaxos
farglebis gansazRvris instruqcias.
organizaciam Tavis angariSSi;
Tematikis dadgenisas gaiTvaliswineT
principebi, romlebic uzrunvelyofs
GRI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebsa
angariSSi warmodgenili informaciis
da Sesabamis seqtorul danarTebSi
xarisxs da am informaciis saTanadod
warmodgenli indikatorebis
warmoCenas.
yvela aspeqtis mniSvneloba da
organizaciis saqmianobasTan
principebi amgvarad imitom daajgufes,
Sesabamisoba. aseve ganixileT
rom ufro naTeli yofiliyo maTi roli
sxva, angariSisTvis aranaklebi
da funqcia, Tumca, maTi gamoyeneba amiT
mniSvnelobis mqone sakiTxebi da
ar izRudeba. TiToeul princips SeuZlia
Temebi, Tu aseTebi arsebobs.
gaamyaros gadawyvetilebaTa wyeba da,
angariSis Sinaarsis gansazRvris an
mas Semdeg, rac gansazRvravT
informaciis xarisxis uzrunvelyofis
Sesabamis sakiTxebsa da indikatorebs,
garda, kidev mraval SekiTxvaze mogceT
gamoiyeneT TiToeuli principisTvis
pasuxi.
SemuSavebuli testebi, raTa
daadginoT, Tu romeli Temebi da
1.1. angariSis Sinaarsis gansazRvra indikatorebi aris arsebiTi da unda
imisaTvis, rom organizaciis saqmianoba aisaxos angariSSi. 4
dabalansebulad da gonivrulad
warmoaCinoT, saWiroa ganisazRvros, angariSgebis principebi aseve
Tu ra sakiTxebi unda Sevides angariSSi. dagexmarebaT SerCeuli sakiTxebis
sakiTxebis SerCeva, anu angariSis Sinarsis prioritetulobis gansazRvraSi da
gansazRvra, damokidebulia imaze, Tu imis dadgenaSi, Tu romel maTganze
ra misias asrulebs organizacia da ra unda gamaxvildes yuradReba.
gamocdileba aqvs mas, aseve ra molodini
da interesi gaaCniaT dainteresebul konkretuli meTodebi da procesebi,
mxareebs organizaciis mimarT. ai, amis romelTa saSualebiTac xdeba
mixedviT unda daadginoT, ras SeitanT sakiTxebis arsebiTobis gansazRvra,
angariSSi. unda:

4
GRI angariSis komponenti `mokle informacia organizaciis Sesaxeb~ (OOrganizatinal Profile Disclosure) (1-4) yvela
angariSmgebel organizacias miesadageba.

versia 3.0 9
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

gansxvavdebodes yvela damatebiTi indikatorebis


organizaciaSi da, Sesabamisad, gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi unda
maTi dadgena TiToeuli daasabuToT maTi `arsebiToba~ Tqveni
organizaciisTvis cal-calke xdeba; organizaciisTvis.

iTvaliswinebdes G
G RI angariSgebis seqtoruli danarTebis saboloo
principebTan dakavSirebul versiaSi mocemuli indikatorebi
instruqciebsa da testebs; ZiriTad indikatorebad aris
miCneuli. Sesabamisad, maT mimarT
iyos Ria da gaxsnili. damokidebuleba iseTive unda iyos,
rogoric aris `saxelmZRvanelo
aRniSnuli meTodis gamoyenebisas: miTiTebebis~ ZiriTadi indikatorebis
mimarT.
gamijneT ZiriTadi da damatebiTi
indikatorebi. yvela indikatori angariSSi Sesuli yvela sxva
SemuSavda `angariSgebis globaluri informacia (mag., kompaniisTvis
iniciativis~ mier, mravali specifiuri indikatorebi) imave
sxvadasxva dainteresebuli angariSgebis principebs unda
mxaris monawileobiT. ZiriTadi daeqvemdebaros da teqnikurad igive
indikatorebi, rogorc wesi, datvirTva unda hqondes, rogoric
ufro farTo daniSnulebisaa da aqvs G
G RI angariSis standartul
organizaciaTa umravlesobisTvis komponentebs.
arsebiT indikatorebs warmodagnes.
amitom am indikatorebis mixedviT informaciis sisrulis principis
angariSgeba yvela organizaciisTvis safuZvelze daadastureT, rom
savaldebuloa, im gamonaklisis angariSSi Sesuli informacia da
garda, rodesac konkretuli angariSis farglebi saTanadod aris
indikatori angariSgebis principebis dadgenili.
safuZvelze araarsebiTad CaiTvala.

sqema 3: angariSis Sinaarsis ganmsazRvreli principebi

10 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

angariSis Sinaarsis ganmsazRvreli finansur angariSSi `arsebiToba~


principebi im niSnulad iTvleba, romelic
ganapirobebs organizaciis finansuri
angariSgebis TiToeuli principis
angariSiT mosargeble adamianebis da
aRwera moicavs principis gansazRvrebas,
organizaciebis, kerZod, investorebis
misi Sinaarsis ganmartebas da testebis
ekonomikur gadawyvetilebebs.
kompleqts, romelic dagexmarebaT
niSnulis cneba aseve arsebiTia
principebis gamoyenebaSi. amasTanave,
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSis
testebi aris TviTdiagnostikis
momzadebisas, Tumca, am SemTxvevaSi
instrumenti. isini ar unda ganvixiloT,
niSnulis cneba kavSirSia zemoqmedebis
rogorc konkretuli monacemebi,
ufro mravalferovan aspeqtebTan da
romlebic angariSSi unda aisaxos.
dainteresebul mxareTa ufro farTo
principebi da angariSis Sinaarsis
wresTan. mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSSi
gansazRvris instruqciebi paralelurad
`arsebiToba~ ar Semoifargleba
unda gamoiyenoT.
mdgradi ganviTarebis mxolod im
sakiTxebiT, romelic seriozul finansur
informaciis `arsebiToba~ (Materiality)
zegavlenas axdens organizaciaze.
gansazRvreba: angariSSi warmodgenili mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSSi
informacia unda moicavdes im sakiTxebsa `arsebiTobis~ gansazRvreba aseve
da indikatorebs, romlebic asaxaven gulisxmobs ekonomikur, ekologiur
organizaciis saqmianobis arsebiT da da socialur zemoqmedebas, rodesac es
mniSvnelovan zegavlenas ekonomikur, zemoqmedeba scildeba garkveul zRvars
ekologiur da socialur sferoebze (niSnuls) _ im niSnuls, romelis miRmac
an romlebic seriozul (arsebiT) aRar xdeba dRevandeli moTxovnebis
zegavlenas axdenen dainteresebul dakmayofileba imgvarad, rom saWiro ar
mxareTa mier gakeTebul Sefasebebsa da gaxdes momavali Taobebis moTxovnebze
gadawyvetilebebze. kompromisis gakeTeba.5 amgvar arsebiT
sakiTxebs xSirad seriozuli finansuri
ganmarteba: organizaciis saqmianoba zemoqmedebis moxdena SeuZlia
mraval sakiTxs moicavs, romelTa organizaciaze mokle an grZelvadian
angariSSi Setana organizaciis periodSi. amrigad, aRniSnuli sakiTxebi
xelmZRvanelobas SeiZleba mniSvnelovani iqneba imaTTvisac, vinc
mizanSewonilad miaCndes. Tumca, yuradRebas ZiriTadad organizaciis
arsebiT sakiTxebad da indikatorebad finansur mdgomareobaze amaxvilebs.
mxolod isini CaiTvleba, romlebic
gansakuTrebiT cxadad asaxaven, Tu ra Sida da gare faqtorebis erTianoba unda
zegavlena aqvs organizaciis saqmianobas gamoviyenoT imis dasadgenad, Tu ra saxis
ekonomikur, garemosdacviT da socialur informacias aqvs arsebiTi mniSvneloba.
sferoebze, an romlebic zegavlenas es faqtorebi moicavs organizaciis
axdenen dainteresebul mxareTa zogad misias, konkurenciis strategias,
gadawyvetilebebze. aseTi sakiTxebi da dainteresebul mxareTa molodinebs da
indikatorebi aucileblad unda aisaxos mosazrebebs, ufro farTo socialur
angariSSi. `arsebiToba~ aris is niSnuli, molodinebs, agreTve organizaciis
romlis miRmac sakiTxi an indikatori zemoqmedebas winamaval (mag., miwodebis
imdenad mniSvnelovania, rom misi asaxva qseli) an Semdgom (mag., momxmareblebi)
angariSSi aucilebeli xdeba. Tumca, ierarqiul erTeulebze6. arsebiTobis
am niSnulis miRmac yvela arsebiTi Sefasebis dros aseve gaTvaliswinebuli
sakiTxi da indikatori ver iqneba msgavsi unda iyos is ZiriTadi molodinebi,
datvirTvis matarebeli. Sesabamisad, romlebic asaxulia saerTaSoriso
angariSSi maTze yuradReba Tanabrad ki ar standartebsa da xelSekrulebebSi da
unda gamaxvildes, aramed maTi fardobiTi romelTa moTxvnebic organizaciam unda
mniSvnelobis da prioritetulobis daakmayofilos.
Sesabamisad.
5
garemosa da ganviTarebis msoflio komisia. Cevni saerTo momavali. oqsfordi: Oxford University Press, 1987, gv. 43.
6
UUpstream and downstream entities. ix. agreTve `terminTa ganmarteba boloSi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 11
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

zemoxsenebuli Sida da gare faqtorebi rogorc aRvniSneT, arsebiTobis


aucileblad unda gaiTvaliswinoT im principi dagexmarebaT gansazRvroT
informaciis mniSvnelobis Sefasebisas, angariSSi Sesatani sakiTxebi. garda
romelic asaxavs kompaniis saqmianobis amisa, es principi dagexmarebaT sworad
seriozul zemoqmedebas ekonomikur, gamoiyenoT saqmianobis efeqturobis
ekologiur da socialur sferoebze da indikatorebi. rodesac saaSkaraoze
romelic zegavlenas axdens dainteresebul gamogaqvT monacemebi organizaciis
mxareTa mier gadawyvetilebis miRebaze7. saqmianobis Sesaxeb, unda gaxsovdeT,
arsebobs dadgenili meTodikebi, romelTa rom arsebobs informaciis sisrulisa
meSveobiT SesaZlebelia Sefasdes, Tu da detaluri aRweris sxvadasxva
ramdenad mniSvnelovania zemoqmedeba. xarisxi. zogierT SemTxvevaSi GG RI
zogadad, `mniSvnelovani zemoqmedeba instruqcia gansazRvravs, Tu ramdenad
gulisxmobs iseT zemoqmedebas, romelic detaluri unda iyos informacia ama
eqspertTa mudmiv SeSfoTebas iwvevs, an Tu im konkretuli indikatorisTvis.
romelic gamovlinda iseTi sayovelTaod mTlianobaSi, imisaTvis rom daadginoT,
aRiarebuli instrumentebiT, rogoric Tu ramdenad detaluri unda iyos
aris, magaliTad, zemoqmedebis Sefasebis angariSSi Setanili monacemebi,
meTodologiebi an sicocxlisunarianobis unda gaiTvaliswnoT, Tu ramdenad
ciklis Sefaseba. arsebiT zemoqmedebad mniSvnelovania esa Tu is informacia
iTvleba aseve im saxis zemoqmedeba, organizaciis saqmianobis efeqturobis
romelic imdenad mniSvnelovania, rom Sesafaseblad da ramdenad uwyobs igi
organizaciis mxridan aqtiur marTvas an xels saTanado Sedarebis ganxorcielebas.
Carevas moiTxovs.
arsebiT sakiTxebze angariSgeba
angariSSi xazi unda gausvaT informacias, SeiZleba moicavdes iseTi informaciis
romelic asaxavs organizaciis saqmianobas gamoaSkaravebas, romliTac gareSe
yvelaze arsebiT sakiTxebTan mimarTebiT. dainteresebuli mxareebi sargebloben
angariSSi SeiZleba sxva sakiTxebic da romelic gansxvavdeba organizaciis
Sevides, magram maT naklebi yuradReba SigniT, yoveldRiuri menejmentis
unda dauTmoT. amasTanave, unda aRweroT miznebisTvis saWiro informaciisgan.
procesi, romlis meSveobiTac moxda Tumca, unda aRiniSnos, rom amgvari
konkretuli sakiTxebis fardobiTi informacia namdvilad unda Sevides
prioritetulobis dadgena. angariSSi, vinaidan es informacia
mniSvnelovania dainteresebul
mxareTa mier Sefasebebis gakeTebisa da
gadawyvetilebis miRebisTvis, agreTve
xels uwyobs dainteresebul mxareTa
CarTulobas. amgvarma CarTulobam ki,
Tavis mxriv, SeiZleba iseTi qmedebebi
gamoiwvios, romlebic seriozul
zemoqmedebas moaxdens organizaciis
saqmianobaze an im sakiTxebis mogvarebaze,
romlebic dainteresebul mxareTa
SeSfoTebas iwvevs.

7
dainteresebul mxareTa ganxilvis dros aseve ix.
sqema 4: arsebiTobis gansazRvra dainteresebul mxareTa CarTulobis principi.

12 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

testebi R organizaciis winaSe arsebuli


mniSvnelovani riskebi;
gare faqtorebi
R organizaciis warmatebis
arsebiTi sakiTxebis gansazRvrisas ganmsazRvreli kritikuli
gaiTvaliswineT Semdegi gare faqtorebi: faqtorebi;

R dainteresebul mxareTa mier R organizaciis ZiriTadi kompetenciis


mdgradi ganviTarebis konteqstSi sfero da misi unari, Tavisi wvlili
dasaxelebuli umTavresi sakiTxebi Seitanos mdgrad ganviTarebaSi.
da indikatorebi;
prioritetebis gansazRvra
R msgavsi/partniori an konkurenti
organizaciebis mier konkretuli R angariSSi unda moxdes arsebiTi
seqtorisTvis wamoweuli umTavresi sakiTxebisa da indikatorebis
sakiTxebi da samomavlo gamowvevebi; prioritetizacia (anu
ganisazRvros arsebiTi sakiTxebisa
R organizaciisa da misi da indikatorebis fardobiTi
dainteresebuli mxareebisTvis prioritetuloba).
strategiuli mniSvnelobis mqone
kanonebi, normatiuli aqtebi,
dainteresebul mxareTa CarTuloba
saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebi an
(Stakeholder Inclusiveness)
nebayofilobiTi SeTanxmebebi;
gansazRvreba: angariSmgebelma
R mdgrad ganviTarebasTan
organizaciam unda gansazRvros, Tu
dakavSirebuli riskebi,
vin warmoadgens mis dainteresebul
SesaZleblobebi da zegavlenebi
mxareebs da angariSSi miuTiTos, Tu
(mag., globaluri daTboba, aiv/Sidsi,
ramdenad gaamrTla organizaciam maTi
siRaribe), romelTa racionaluri
dasabuTebuli molodinebi da imedebi.
Sefaseba SesaZlebelia da romlebic
gamovlenilia aRiarebuli
ganmarteba: dainteresebuli mxare
eqspertebis an sferoSi aRiarebuli
aris organizacia an individi,
eqspertuli organoebis mier
romelzec organizaciis saqmianobam,
Catarebuli keTilsindisieri
mis mier warmoebulma produqciam da/
kvlevebis Sedegad.
an momsaxurebam seriozuli zegavlena
SeiZleba moaxdinos; Tavis mxriv,
Sida faqtorebi
dainteresebul mxareTa saqmianobam
SesaZloa seriozuli gavlena iqonios
arsebiTi sakiTxebis gansazRvrisas
organizaciis mier sakuTari strategiebis
gaiTvaliswineT Semdegi Sida faqtorebi:
warmatebiT ganxorcielebasa da
dasaxuli amocanebis Sesrulebaze.
R organizaciis umniSvnelovanesi
dainteresebuli mxaris cneba moicavs im
faseulobebi, politika, strategia,
organizaciebsa da individebs, romelTac
menejmentis saoperacio sistema,
kanoniT an saerTaSoriso konvenciebiT
miznebi da amocanebi;
miniWebuli uflebebis safuZvelze
SeiZleba kanonieri pretenzia gaaCndeT
R im dainteresebul mxareTa
organizaciis mimarT.
interesebi/molodinebi, romelTac
organizaciis warmatebaSi
konkretuli wvlili Seitanes (mag.,
TanamSromlebi, aqcionerebi da
mimwodeblebi);

versia 3.0 13
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

dainteresebul mxareebad moiazrebian rogoricaa _ ramdenad detaluri unda


isinic, vinc Tavisi wvlili Seitana iyos angariSi, raTa dainteresebuli
organizaciaSi (mag., organizaciis mxareebi daakmayofilos, an rogor unda
TanamSromlebi, aqcionerebi, uzrunvelvyoT angariSSi warmodgenili
mimwodeblebi), agreTve organizaciisTvis informaciis sicxade da araorazrovneba
gareSe pirebi (mag., sxvadasxva Temebi da _ am sakiTxebis gadawyvetisas meti
sazogadoebebi). yuradReba unda gavamaxviloT im
dainteresebul mxareTa molodinebze,
dainteresebul mxareTa molodinebsa romlebic, savaraudod, gaecnobian
da interesebs uSualod ukavSirdeba angariSs. amasTanave, mniSvnelovania,
angariSis momzadebisas miRebuli rom angariSSi axsnaT da daasabuToT
mravali gadawyvetileba, magaliTad, is procesi da meTodebi, romlebic
ra unda aisaxos angariSSi, rogori gamoiyeneT xsenebul sakiTxebze
iqneba angariSis farglebi, rogor gadawyvetilebebis miRebisas.
unda moxdes indikatorebis gamoyeneba,
xarisxis uzrunvelyofa da gare Sefaseba. dainteresebul mxareTa CarTuloba
Tumca, unda gaxsovdeT, rom yvela is instrumentia, romelic gexmarebaT
dainteresebuli mxare erTnairad ar gaiazroT, Tu ra molodinebi da
sargeblobs angariSiT. es ki garkveul interesebi gaaCniaT dainteresebul
sirTules warmoqmnis, vinaidan angariSi mxareebs8. organizaciebi dainteresebul
Tanabrad unda pasuxobdes, erTis mxriv, mxareTa CarTulobis misaRwevad
im dainteresebul mxareTa molodinebsa sxvadasxva xerxebs mimarTaven, rac
da interesebs, romlebic, savaraudod, organizacias exmareba daadginos,
gamoiyeneben angariSs, meore mxriv Tu ra unda Sevides angariSSi.
ki zogadad yvela dainteresebuli es xerxebi SeiZleba mocavdes
mxaris molodinebs, romlebic dainteresebuli mxareebis CarTulobas
ukavSirdeba maT winaSe organizaciis saerTaSoriso standartebTan
angariSvaldebulebas. amitom saWiroa, Sesabamisobis mizniT, an organizaciis
rom orive kategoriisTvis saintereso mimdinare organizaciuli da biznes
informacia angariSSi dabalansebulad procesebisTvis informaciis miRebis
warmoCndes. mizniT. amasTanave, dainteresebul
mxareTa CarTuloba SeiZleba
rodesac saubaria angariSis Sinaarssa organizaciam gamoiyenos angariSis
da farglebze, gasaTvaliswinebelia momzadebisTvis saWiro informaciis
dainteresebul mxareTa farTo speqtris mosapoveblad. organizaciebs aseTive
molodinebi da interesebi. es speqtri warmatebiT SeuZliaT gamoiyenon sxva
SeiZleba moicavdes iseT dainteresebul SesaZleblobebi, rogoricaa media,
mxareebsac, romelTac raime mizeziT agreTve samecniero wreebTan, msgavs
ar SeuZliaT angariSis Sesaxeb TavianTi organizaciebTan da partniorebTan
mosazrebebis gamoTqma, ris gamoc TanamSromloba. am xerxebiT organizacia
maT mosazrebebs maTi uflebamosili ukeT igebs, Tu ra gonivruli molodinebi
warmomadgenli an Suamavali warmoadgens. da interesebi aqvT dainteresebul
zogma SeiZleba ar moisurvos Tavisi azris mxareebs.
gamoTqma, vinaidan isini komunikaciisa
da Tanamonawileobis sxva saSualebebs angariSSi unda aRweroT da daasabuToT
aniWeben upiratesobas. miuxedavad dainteresebul mxareTa CarTulobis
amisa, dauSvebelia, rom am kategoriis procesi, raTa SesaZlebeli iyos angariSis
dainteresebul mxareTa gonivruli gare Sefaseba. rodesac dainteresebul
molodinebi da interesebi ar iyos mxareTa CarTuloba angariSis
gaTvaliswinebuli angariSis Sinaarsis SedgenisTvis gamoiyeneba, igi unda
gansazRvrisas. rac Seexeba iseT sakiTxebs, efuZnebodes sistematur an sayovelTaod

8
igulisxmeba gonivruli da adeqvaturi molodinebi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

14 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

aRiarebul midgomebs, meTodologiebsa testebi:


da principebs. zogadad, is midgoma unda
SearCioT, romelic uzrunvelyofs R organizacias SeuZlia aRweros is
dainteresebul mxareTa molodinebis dainteresebuli mxareebi, romelTa
sworad gaazrebas. angariSmgebeli winaSec angariSvaldebulad Tvlis
organizacia valdebulia, angariSSi Tavs.
dasabuTebulad warmoaCinos, Tu ra
meTodi gamoiyena man im dainteresebul R angariSi asaxavs organizaciis
mxareTa dasadgenad, visTanac mimdinare saqmianobisas
TanamSromlobda, rogor da ratom dainteresebul mxareebTan
TanamSromlobda maTTan da ra gavlena TanamSromlobis procesis
iqonia amgvarma TanamSromlobam angariSis Sedegebs. Tavis mxriv, es procesi
Sinaarsobriv mxaresa da organizaciis SesabamisobaSia organizaciis
saqmianobaze mdgradi ganviTarebis saqmianobis samarTlebriv da
konteqstSi. zemoT aRwerili procesis instituciur CarCoebTan.
meSveobiT SesaZlebeli unda iyos
dainteresebuli mxareebis mier Setanili R angariSSi aRwerilia, Tu ra Sedegi
wvlilis gansazRvra da sazogadoebis gamoiRo dainteresebul mxareebTan
kanonieri molodinebis gamovlena. ar TanamSromlobam, romelic uSualod
aris gamoricxuli, rom organizaciis angariSis momzadebis mizniT
sxvadasxva dainteresebul mxareebs ganxorcielda.
gansxvavebuli an urTierTsapirispiro
mosazrebebi da molodinebi gaaCndeT. R dainteresebul mxareTa CarTulobis
am SemTxvevaSi organizacia valdebuli procesi, romelsac angariSis
iqneba ganmartos, Tu rogor daabalansa momzadebisas gadawyvetilebebis
es mosazrebebi da molodinebi angariSis mTeli rigi efuZneba, Seesabameba
Sedgenisas. angariSis miznebsa da farglebs.

Tu ver moxerxda dainteresebul mxareTa


dadgena da maTi Tanamonawileobis
uzrunvelyofa, SeiZleba vivaraudoT,
rom angariSi ver iqneba yvela mxarisTvis
sando da saintereso informaciis
Semcveli. dainteresebul mxareebTan
mudmivi kontaqti ki aZlierebs maT
dainteresebas angariSis mimarT da
uzrunvelyofs, rom angariSi sasargeblo
iqneba. Tu dainteresebul mxareebTan
TanamSromlobis process sworad da
Tanmimdevrulad warmarTavT, mudmivad
gaizrdeba codna rogorc uSualod
organizaciis SigniT, ise mis gareTac
da organizacia angariSvaldebuli
iqneba dainteresebul mxareTa ufro
mravalferovani speqtris mimarT.
angariSgeba ki aZlierebs ndobis
faqtors angariSmgebel organizaciasa
da dainteresebul mxareebs Soris, xolo
ndoba, Tavis mxriv, kidev ufro aZlierebs
angariSis sandoobas.

versia 3.0 15
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

mdgradi ganviTarebis konteqsti miznebTan mimarTebiT. magaliTad,


(Sustainability Context) organizacia warmoadgens informacias
TanamSromelTa xelfasebis da socialuri
gansazRvreba: angariSSi warmodgenili
SeRavaTebis Sesaxeb da Seudarebs maT
unda iyos organizaciis saqmianobis
qveyanaSi arsebuli minimaluri da saSualo
Sedegebi mdgradi ganviTarebis farTo
Semosavlebis dones, agreTve Seudarebs
konteqstSi.
imas, Tu ramdenad SeuZlia socialuri
uzrunvelyofis arsebul sistemebs
ganmarteba: informacia organizaciis
daexmaros siRaribeSi myof da siRaribis
saqmianobis efeqturobis Sesaxeb garkveul
zRvarTan miaxloebul adamianebs. Tu
konteqstSi unda iyos warmodgenili.
organizacia ramdenime geografiul
`mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSis~
regionSi da ramdenime sxvadasxva seqtorSi
erT-erTi mTavari mizania upasuxos
saqmianobs, mas mouwevs dafiqreba imaze,
kiTxvaze: ras akeTebs organizacia, an
Tu rogor sjobs asaxos organizaciis
ris gakeTebas gegmavs momavalSi iseTs,
saqmianobis erTiani maxasiaTeblebi
rac gaaumjobesebs an gaauaresebs
mdgradi ganviTarebis ufro farTo
ekonomikur, ekologiur da socialur
konteqstSi. amisTvis SeiZleba saWiro
pirobebs, ganviTarebasa da tendenciebs
gaxdes gaimijnos is sakiTxebi an faqtorebi,
adgilobriv, regionul an globalur
romelTa zemoqmedeba ufro globaluri
doneze. Tu angariSSi warmodgenili
masStabisaa (magaliTad, klimatis
informacia mxolod organizaciis
cvlilebas ukavSirdeba) da isini, romelTac
individualuri ganviTarebis tendenciebs
ufro regionul an adgilobriv doneze aqvT
an mxolod organizaciis saqmianobis
gavlena (mag., adgilobrivi sazogadoebis
efeqturobas asaxavs, igi zemoT dasmul
ganviTarebaze). amgvaradve unda gaimijnos,
kiTxvaze pasuxs ar mogvcems. amitom,
erTis mxriv, sxvadasxva saqmianobaTa
angariSSi organizaciis saqmianobis
zegavlenis tendenciebi da maxasiaTeblebi,
efeqturoba mdgradi ganviTarebis farTo
xolo meore mxriv, saqmianobis Sedegebis
konteqstSi unda iyos aRwerili. es moicavs
konteqstebi sxvadasxva adgilmdebareobis
organizaciis saqmianobis Sedegebis
mixedviT.
ganxilvas im SezRudvebisa da moTxovnebis
konteqstSi, romlebic arsebobs
Tavad organizaciis mdgradoba da
ekologiuri da socialuri resursebis
biznes-strategia aseve qmnis konteqsts
gamoyenebasTan mimarTebiT seqtorul,
organizaciis saqmianobis Sesafaseblad.
adgilobriv, regionul da globalur
angariSSi cxadad unda warmoaCinoT
doneze. magaliTad, amaSi igulisxmeba,
mdgradobisa da organizaciuli
rom sakuTari ekoefeqturobis
ganviTarebis strategiis kavSiri, agreTve
tendenciebis aRweris garda, organizaciam
zogadi konteqsti, romelSic aRwerilia
angariSSi aseve unda miuTiTos misi
organizaciis saqmianoba.
saqmianobiT gamowveuli garemos
dabinZurebis absoluturi maCvenebeli,
testebi:
imasTan mimarTebiT, Tu ra odenobis
damabinZurebeli nivTierebis STanTqma R o
 rganizacia ganmartavs, Tu rogor
SeuZlia adgilobriv ekosistemas. esmis mdgradi ganviTareba; sakuTar
angariSSi sxvadasxva sakiTxebis
mdgradi ganviTarebis konteqstis warmoCenisas iyenebs obieqtur
cneba xSirad yvelaze TvalsaCinoa da xelmisawvdom informaciasa
garemosdacviT sferoSi, sadac arsebobs da mdgradi ganviTarebis
resursebis gamoyenebisa da dabinZurebis maxasiaTeblebs.
doneebis globaluri SezRudvebi. Tumca,
es cneba aranakleb mniSvnelovania R organizacia warmoadgens Tavis
socialur da ekonomikur sferoebSi, saqmianobas mdgradi ganviTarebis
magaliTad, socio-ekonomikuri pirobebisa da miznebis farTo
ganviTarebis erovnul da saerTaSoriso konteqstSi, romlebic asaxulia
miznebTan, aseve mdgradi ganviTarebis sayovelTaod aRiarebul seqtorul,

16 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

adgilobriv, regionul da/an sisrule (Completeness)


saerTaSoriso publikaciebSi.
gansazRvreba: angariSSi maqsimalurad
srulad unda iyos asaxuli arsebiTi
R sakuTari saqmianobis Sedegebis
sakiTxebi da indikatorebi, amasTanave,
warmodgenisas organizacia
angariSis farglebi sakmarisad farTo
cdilobs naTlad warmoaCinos mis
unda iyos, raTa angariSma warmoaCinos
mier moxdenili zegavlenis masStabi
organizaciis saqmianobiT moxdenili
Sesabamis geografiul konteqstSi.
mniSvnelovani ekonomikuri, ekologiuri
da socialuri zegavlena, agreTve
R angariSSi naCvenebia, Tu ra
saSualeba misces dainteresebul
mimarTebaSia organizaciis
mxareebs, Seafason angariSmgebeli
grZelvadiani strategia, riskebi da
organizaciis saqmianobis efeqturoba
SesaZleblobebi (miwodebis qselTan
angariSgebis periodSi.
dakavSirebuli sakiTxebis CaTvliT)
mdgradi ganviTarebis sakiTxebsa da
ganmarteba: sisrule, upirveles yovlisa,
TemebTan.
ukavSirdeba iseT ganzomilebebs,
rogoricaa dafarvis sfero, angariSis
farglebi da vadebi. sisrulis cneba aseve
SeiZleba ukavSirdebodes informaciis
Segrovebas (mag., Segrovebuli
monacemebi unda Seicavdes informacias
yvela organizaciuli erTeulis Tu
regionis Sesaxeb, romlebic angariSis
farglebSi Sedis), agreTve imas, Tu
ramdenad gonivrulad da misaRebad aris
warmoCenili Segrovebuli informacia. es
sakiTxebi angariSis xarisxs ukavSirdeba
da maT Sesaxeb ufro dawvrilebiT
cota qvemoT visaubrebT, sizustisa da
dabalansebis principebis ganxilvisas.

`dafarvis sfero~ gulisxmobs angariSSi


asaxuli mdgradi ganviTarebis sakiTxebis
mravalferovnebas. sakiTxTa da
indikatorTa erToblioba sakmarisi
unda iyos imisaTvis, rom saTanadod
asaxos organizaciis saqmianobis
seriozuli ekonomikuri, ekologiuri da
socialuri zegavlena. maTi saSualebiT
dainteresebul mxareebs agreTve
unda SeeZloT, Seafason organizaciis
saqmianobis efeqturoba. imis
dasadgenad, sakmarisia Tu ara angariSSi
Setanili informacia, organizaciam
unda gaiTvaliswinos dainteresebul
mxareebTan TanamSromlobis Sedegebi,
agreTve farTo sazogadoebis
molodinebi, romlebic, SesaZloa, ver
gamovlinda dainteresebul mxareebTan
TanamSromlobis procesSi.

versia 3.0 17
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

`angariSgebis farglebSi igulisxmeba, da sferos. marTalia, amgvari prognozi,


Tu ra tipis organizaciuli erTeulebis TavisTavad, met-naklebi sandoobiT
(mag., filiali, erToblivi sawarmo, gamoirCeva, magram gadawyvetilebis
qvekontraqtori da a.S.) saqmianobaa misaRebad is sasargeblo informacias
asaxuli angariSSi. rodesac organizacia iZleva, mxolod im pirobiT, Tu naTlad
adgens Tavisi angariSis farglebs, man unda iqneba axsnili, ras efuZneba es prognozi da
gaiTvaliswinos, Tu ra tipis organizaciaTa Tu yvelas gaazrebuli aqvs is SezRudvebi,
da sawarmoTa erTobliobaze axorcielebs rac am saxis prognozs axasiaTebs. amgvari
igi kontrols (xSirad amas `organizaciul samomavlo zemoqmedebis xasiaTisa da
farglebsac~ uwodeben da, rogorc alabaTobis gamovlena Seesabameba angariSis
wesi, es finansuri angariSgebisTvis umTavres mizans dabalansebulad da
damaxasiaTebel definiciebs ukavSirdeba), racionalurad warmoaCinos organizaciis
agreTve unda gaiTvaliswinos im sawarmoTa saqmianobis ekonomikuri, ekologiuri da
da organizaciaTa erToblioba, romelTac socialuri zegavlenis maxasiaTeblebi.
angariSmgebeli organizacia uSualod
testebi:
ar akontrolebs, magram zemoqmedebas
axdens maTze (xSirad amas uwodeben R angariSis momzadebisas
`saoperacio/samoqmedo farglebs~). gaTvaliswinebuli iyo organizaciis
rodesac organizacia afasebs zemoqmedebis winamavali da Semdgomi ierarqiuli
xarisxs, man unda gaiTvaliswinos, Tu ra erTeulebis mTeli jaWvi; angariSSi
zegavlenas axdens is winamaval ierarqiul srulad da prioritetulobis
erTeulebze (mag., miwodebis qselze), aseve mixedviTaa warmodgenili mTeli
Semdgom iereraqiul erTeulebze (mag., is informacia, romelic arsebiT
distributorebsa da misi produqciisa Tu informaciad SeiZleba CaiTvalos
momsaxurebis momxmareblebze). es farglebi arsebiTobis, mdgradi ganviTarebis
icvleba imis mixedviT, Tu ra konkretul konteqstisa da dainteresebul mxareTa
aspeqtebs an ra tipis informacias Seicavs CarTulobis principebis safuZvelze.
angariSi.
R angariSSi asaxulia yvela organizaciuli
`vadebSi~ igulisxmeba, rom angariSisTvis erTeuli (filiali, erToblivi sawarmo,
SerCeuli informacia sruli unda qvekontraqtori, da a.S.), romelzec
iyos angariSSi miTiTebuli mTeli angariSmgebeli organizacia kontrols
periodisTvis. ramdenadac SesaZlebelia, axorcielebs an seriozul zegavlenas
ganxorcielebuli saqmianobebi, axdens (Tu angariSSi ar aris sagangebod
RonisZiebebi da moxdenili zegavlena miTiTebuli sxva pirobebi).
warmodgenili unda iyos angariSgebis
R angariSSi dafiqsirda yvela is
sruli periodisaTvis. es moicavs
umniSvnelovanesi aqtivoba an
angariSgebas im saqmianobaTa Sesaxeb,
RonisZieba, romelsac adgili
romelTac drois mokle periodSi (anu
hqonda saangariSo periodSi; aseve
saangariSo periodis ganmavlobaSi)
mocemulia warsulSi ganxorcielebul
minimaluri zegavlena moaxdines, magram
RonisZiebaTa SesaZlo momavali
romlebsac ufro didi xnis Semdeg iseTi
zegavlenis racionaluri Sefaseba,
mniSvnelovani kumulatiuri, Seuqcevadi
Tu es zegavlena racionalurad
Sedegebi mohyveba, romelTac Tavs ver
prognozirebadia da SeiZleba Tavidan
avaridebT da romelTa prognozireba
ver aviciloT an Seuqcevadi iyos.
didi albaTobiT aris SesaZlebeli (mag.,
bio-akumulirebadi an mdgradi moqmedebis R angariSSi ar aris gamotovebuli
damabinZurebeli nivTierebebi). imisaTvis mniSvnelovani informacia,
rom SevafasoT, Tu ra dadebiTi Tu romelic zemoqmedebas moaxdens
uaryofiTi zegavlenis moxdena SeuZlia dainteresebul mxareTa Sefasebebsa
organizacias momavalSi, angariSSi da gadawyvetilebebze, an romelic
mocemuli informacia unda efuZnebodes asaxavs umniSvnelovanes ekonomikur,
kargad gaTvlil prognozs, romelic ekologiur da socialur zemoqmedebas.
asaxavs am zemoqmedebis masStabs, xasiaTsa

18 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

1.2 angariSis xarisxis testebi:


uzrunvelyofis principebi
R angariSSi Sesulia, rogorc dadebiTi,
am TavSi saubaria principebze, romelTa ise uaryofiTi Sedegebi da informacia.
dacvac uzrunvelyofs angariSSi Sesuli
R informacia angariSSi imgvaradaa
informaciis xarisxs da mis saTanado
warmodgenili, rom mkiTxvels SeuZlia
warmodgenas. yvela gadawyvetileba,
dainaxos organizaciis saqmianobis
romelic angariSisTvis informaciis
rogorc dadebiTi, ise uaryofiTi
momzadebis process ukavSirdeba,
tendenciebi wlidan wlamde.
am principebs unda daeqvemdebaros.
es principebi umniSvnelovanesia
R sxvadasxva sakiTxze yuradReba
imisaTvis, rom informacia iyos
gamaxvilebulia maTi fardobiTi
realurad gamWvirvale. angariSSi
mniSvnelobis (arsebiTobis)
warmodgenili informaciis kargi xarisxi
proporciulad.
dainteresebul mxareebs exmareba sandod
da racionalurad Seafason organizaciis
saqmianoba da Sesabamisi RonisZiebebi
gaataron.

angariSis xarisxis uzrunvelyofis


principebi

[informaciis] dabalanseba (Balance)

gansazRvreba: angariSSi unda aisaxos


organizaciis saqmianobis rogorc
dadebiTi, ise uaryofiTi aspeqtebi,
raTa SesaZlebeli iyos organizaciis
mTliani saqmianobis dasabuTebulad da
racionalurad Sefaseba.

ganmarteba: angariSma unda mogvces


organizaciis saqmianobis erTiani
obieqturi suraTi. gaumarTlebelia
angariSSi iseTi informaciis Setana
an ar Setana, an prezentaciis iseTi
formatis gamoyeneba, romelmac
SeiZleba SecdomaSi Seiyvanos
angariSis mkiTxveli da, Sesabamisad,
safuZvlad daedos gaumarTlebel
gadawyvetilebebs an mcdari azris
Camoyalibebas. angariSma unda asaxos
organizaciis saqmianobis rogorc
dadebiTi, ise uaryofiTi Sedegebi,
agreTve is sakiTxebi, romlebmac, maTi
mniSvnelobis Sesabamisad, SeiZleba
gavlena moaxdinos dainteresebul
mxareTa gadawyvetilebebze. angariSSi
cxadad unda gaimijnos faqtebi da
angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier maTi
interpretacia.

versia 3.0 19
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

Sedarebadoba (Comparability) Tu monacemebis dasaangariSeblad


sistematurad erTnair meTodebs
gansazRvreba: sakiTxebisa da informaciis
gamoiyenebT, Tu angariSebis struqtura
SerCevas, Segrovebas da angariSSi
droTa viTarebaSi ar Seicvleba,
warmodgenas Tanmimdevruli da
agreTve Tu informaciis Segrovebisas
erTgvarovani xasiaTi unda hqondes.
gamoyenebuli meTodebi da winaswari
angariSSi Sesuli informacia
varaudebi erTnairad iqneba ganmartebuli,
imgvarad unda iyos warmodgenili,
maSin saqmianobis Sedegebis Sedareba
rom dainteresebul mxareebs SeeZloT
drois WrilSi gaioldeba. vinaidan
droTa viTarebaSi organizaciaSi
sakiTxTa fardobiTi mniSvneloba rogorc
momxdari cvlilebebis gaanalizeba
organizaciisTvis, ise dainteresebuli
da am informaciis Sedareba sxva
mxareebisTvis droTa viTarebaSi icvleba,
organizaciebis SedegebTan da
angariSis Sinaarsic, TavisTavad, unda
saqmianobasTan.
ganviTardes. Tumca, organizaciebi unda
ecadon, rom wlidan wlamde angariSebis
ganmarteba: Sedarebadoba mniSvnelovani
Sedgenisas Tanmimdevrulni iyvnen,
aspeqtia organizaciis saqmianobis
arsebiTobis principis SezRudvebis
Sesafaseblad. angariSis saSualebiT
gaTvaliswinebiT. angariSSi mocemuli unda
dainteresebulma mxareebma unda
iyos rogorc absoluturi monacemebi
SeZlon angariSSi mocemuli informacia
(jamuri cifrebi, mag., amdeni tona
organizaciis saqmianobis ekonomikuri,
nagavi), ise fardobiTi monacemebi (mag.,
garemosdacviTi da socialuri Sedegebis
myari narCenebis moculoba warmoebuli
Sesaxeb Seudaron organizaciis
produqciis erTulze), rac analitikuri
saqmianobis Sedegebs wina wlebSi, mis mier
Sedarebis saSualebas mogvcems.
dasaxul amocanebs da, SeZlebisdagvarad,
sxva organizaciebis saqmianobis
rodesac raime Seicvleba angariSis
Sedegebs. Tanmimdevruli angariSgeba
farglebis, dafarvis sferos, saangariSo
saSualebas aZlevs Sida da gare mxareebs,
periodis xangrZlivobis an angariSis
daafiqsiron aTvlis wertilebi
Sinaarsis TvalsazrisiT (angariSis
organizaciis saqmianobis Sesafaseblad,
dizainis, gamoyenebuli gansazRvrebebisa
Seafason misi miRwevebi da winsvla
da indikatorebis CaTvliT) ,
sareitingo aqtivobebis, sainvesticio
angariSmgebelma organizaciam, Tu
gadawyvetilebebis, interesTa dacvis
SesaZlebelia, axali informacia warsul
porgramebisa da sxva saxis aqtivobebis
monacemebTan erTad unda warmoadginos
konteqstSi.
(an piriqiT). amgvarad, informacia da
Sedarebebi droTa viTarebaSic saimedo da
rodesac sxvadasxva organizaciebis
azris mqone iqneba. rodesac informaciis
saqmianobis Sedegebs erTmaneTs
amgvari paraleluri warmodgena ar xdeba,
vudarebT, sifrTxile gvmarTebs.
angariSSi ganmartebuli unda iyos, Tu
yuradReba unda mivaqcioT organizaciis
ram gamoiwvia axali midgomis gamoyeneba
sidides, geografiuli adgilmdebareobiT
da rogor unda moxdes axali moancemebis
gamowveul Taviseburebebs da sxva
interpretireba.
faqtorebs, romlebic zegavlenas
axdens organizaciis saqmianobaze.
testebi:
Tu saWiroa, angariSis Semdegenlebs
SeuZliaT damatebiTi ganmartebebi R rogorc angariSebi, ise maTSi
daurTon TavianT angariSs. es daexmareba Sesuli informacia, wlidan wlamde
mkiTxvels, ukeT aRiqvas ama Tu im Sedarebadia.
faqtoris specifika, romelmac SeiZleba
organizaciaTa saqmianobis gansxvavebuli R organizaciis saqmianobis
Sedegebi ganapirobos. maxasiaTeblebi Sedarebadia Sesabamis
aTvlis wertilebTan (saorientacio
maCveneblebTan).

20 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

R  u erTi saangariSo periodidan


T
meoremde Seicvala angariSis
farglebi, dafarvis sfero,
saangariSo periodis xangrZlivoba an
angariSSi warmodgenili informaciis
tipi, SesaZlebelia am cvlilebebis
identificireba da ganmarteba.

R a ngariSSi gamoyenebulia monacemebis


Segrovebis, gazomvisa da informaciis
prezentaciis sayovelTaod
aRiarebuli protokolebi, GRI
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSi
mocemul indikatorTa teqnikuri
protokolebis CaTvliT (rodesac
aseTi protokolebi arsebobs).

R angariSSi SeZlebisdagvarad
gamoyenebulia GRI seqtoruli
danarTebi (Tu aseTi danarTebi
arsebobs).

sqema 5: angariSis xarisxis uzrunvelyofis principebi

versia 3.0 21
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

sizuste (Accuracy) R raodenobrivi monacemebis


cdomilebis zRvari dasaSveb
gansazRvreba: imisaTvis, rom
farglebSia da saSualebas aZlevs
dainteresebulma mxareebma sworad
dainteresebul mxareebs, rom
Seafason angariSmgebeli organizaciis
organizaciis saqmianobasTan
saqmianobis maxasiaTeblebi, angariSSi
dakavSirebiT dasabuTebuli, swor
warmodgenili informacia sakmarisad
monacemebze damyarebuli daskvnebi
zusti da detaluri unda iyos.
gaakeTon.
ganmarteba: ekonomikuri, ekologiuri
R angariSSi miTiTebulia, Tu ra
da socialuri sakiTxebisa da maTi
monacemebi daiangariSeT, ra
indikatorebis amsaxveli informacia
saxis winaswari varaudebi da
SeiZleba gamoxatuli iyos xarisxobrivi
teqnika gamoiyeneT monacemTa
an raodenobrivi maCveneblebis
daangariSebisas, an sad SeiZleba am
meSveobiT. maxasiaTeblebi, romlebic
informaciis moZieba.
gansazRvravs informaciis sizustis
xarisxs, damokidebulia rogorc
R angariSSi warmodgenili xarisxobrivi
informaciis xasiaTze, ise am informaciis
monacemebi SesabamisobaSia da
momxmareblis vinaobaze. magaliTad,
eTanxmeba angariSSi warmodgenil
xarisxobrivi informaciis sizustes
danarCen informacias, iseve rogorc
mniSvnelovanwilad gansazRvravs is,
sxva xelmisawvdom mtkicebulebebs.
Tu ramdenad cxadad, detalurad da
dabalansebulad aris warmodgenili
angariSis farglebiT gansazRvruli
informacia. meore mxriv, raodenobrivi
xasiaTis informaciis sizuste SeiZleba
damokidebuli iyos im konkretul
meTodebze, romlebic gamoiyeneba
monacemebis Segrovebis, damuSavebisa
da analizis dros. saWiro sizustis
konkretuli zRvari nawilobriv imazec
aris damokidebuli, Tu ra mizniT iqneba
informacia gamoyenebuli. zogierTi saxis
gadawyvetilebis miRebas informaciis
sizustis ufro maRali xarisxi sWirdeba,
vidre sxvebs.

testebi:
R angariSSi mocemulia monacemebi,
romlebic uSualod iyo gazomili;

R monacemebis gazomvis teqnika da


gamoTvlis meTodebi sakmarisad
detalurad aris aRwerili da igive
meTodis gamoyenebisas yovelTvis
igive Sedegs miviRebT;

22 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

drouloba (Timeliness)

gansazRvreba: angariSgebas regularuli


testebi:
xasiaTi aqvs da informacia droulad
miewodeba dainteresebul mxareebs, raTa R angariSSi mocemuli informacia
maT dasabuTebuli gadawyvetilebebi gamoqveynebulia saangariSo periodis
miiRon. dasrulebisTanave (an sakmaod male).

ganmarteba: iqneba Tu ara informacia R saqmianobis umTavresi


sasargeblo imazea damokidebuli, maxasiaTeblebis Sesaxeb informaciis
droze miewodeba Tu ara igi Segrovebis da gamocemis drois
dainteresebul mxareebs, raTa maT ganrigi SesabamisobaSia mdgradi
es informacia gadawyvetilebis ganviTarebis angariSis momzadebisa
miRebisas gaiTvaliswinon. informaciis da wardgenis ganrigTan;
gavrcelebis drouloba gulisxmobs,
erTis mxriv, angariSgebis regularul R angariSSi mocemul informaciaSi
xasiaTs, xolo meore mxriv imas, Tu (vebgverze ganTavsebuli angariSis
ramdenad axlosaa angariSis gamocemis CaTvliT) calsaxad aris miTiTebuli,
TariRi masSi asaxul movlenebTan. Tu ra periods moicavs igi, rodis
moxdeba misi ganaxleba da rodis
marTalia, mTeli rigi miznebisaTvis Seitanes uaxlesi Sesworebebi.
informaciis mudmivi mowodeba
sasurvelia, magram angariSmgebelma
organizaciebma pasuxismgebloba
mxolod imaze unda aiRon, rom
erT dadgenil vadaSi gamoaqveynon
konsolidirebuli informacia maTi
saqmianobis ekonomikuri, ekologiuri
da socialuri maxasiaTeblebis Sesaxeb.
imisaTvis, rom SesaZlebeli iyos
informaciis Sedareba drois WrilSi
da imisaTvis, rom dainteresebul
mxareebs xeli miuwvdebodeT angariSze,
aucilebelia daicvaT Tanmimdevruloba
angariSgebis sixSirisa da saangariSo
periodis xangrZlivobis TvalsazrisiT
(anu angariSgeba unda xorcieldebodes
mudam erTsa da imave dros, erTi da
igive xangrZlivobis periodis bolos).
dainteresebul mxareTaTvis Zalian
mosaxerxebelia, Tu mdgradi ganviTarebis
angariSisa da finansuri angariSis
gamoqveynebis TariRebi erTmaneTTan
SeTanxmebulia. aucielebelia, rom
informacia droulad miewodos
dainteresebul mxareebs, Tumca, es ar
unda moxdes informaciis sandoobis
xarjze.

versia 3.0 23
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

sicxade (Clarity) R angariSSi ar aris gamoyenebuli


teqnikuri terminebi, akronimebi,
gansazRvreba: angariSSi informacia
Jargoni an sxva iseTi sityvebi/
imgvarad (im formatiT) unda iyos
simboloebi, romlebic SeiZleba
warmodgenili, rom gasagebi da
gaugebari iyos dainteresebuli
xelmisawvdomi iyos dainteresebuli
mxareebisTvis. angariSis Sesabamis
mxareebisaTvis, romlebic am angariSiT
TavebSi an angariSis bolos darTul
sargebloben.
specialur terminTa leqsikonSi
mocemulia damatebiTi ganmartebebi
ganmarteba: imis miuxedavad, beWdur
(Tu amis saWiroeba arsebobs).
Tu eleqtronul formatSia angariSi
momzadebuli, masSi mocemuli
R angariSSi warmodgenili monacemebi
informacia gasagebi, xelmisawvdomi
da informacia erTnairad
da gamosayeneblad vargisi unda
xelmisawvdomia nebismieri
iyos organizaciis mravalricxovani
dainteresebuli mxarisTvis, maTi
dainteresbuli mxareebisTvis. maT
CaTvliT, visac gansakuTrebuli
advilad unda moiZion angariSSi maTTvis
moTxovnebi gaaCnia informaciis
saintereseo informacia. informacia
xelmisawvdomobis mimarT (mag., maTi
imgvarad unda iyos warmodgenili, rom
gansxvavebuli unarebis, enis an
gasagebi iyos organizaciis saqmianobaSi
teqnologiebis xelmisawvdomobis
met-naklebad Caxeduli dainteresebuli
gamo).
mxareebisTvis. grafikulma elementebma
da konsolidirebuli informaciis
cxrilebma unda gaaadvilos informaciis
aRqma. informaciis koncentraciis
xarisxma SeiZleba daazianos misi sicxade
im SemTxvevaSi, Tu informacia ufro
metad an naklebad detaluria, vidre
dainteresebuli mxareebi moelodnen.

testebi:
R angariSSi mocemulia imdeni
informacia, ramdenic dainteresebul
mxareebs sWirdeba, ar aris
zedmetad detaluri da ar Seicavs
meorexarisxovan da usargeblo
monacemebs.

R sarCevi, rukebi, veb-gverdis bmulebi


da sxva damxmare saSualebebi uiolebs
dainteresebul mxareebs maTTvis
saintereso informaciis moZiebas
zedmeti Zalisxmevis gareSe.

24 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

sandooba (Reliability) testebi:


gansazRvreba: informacia angariSis R angariSSi miTiTebulia gare
momzadebis procesis Sesaxeb, aseve Sefasebis farglebi da dafarvis
angariSSi Setanili monacemebi sfero.
imgvarad unda Segrovdes, aRinusxos,
damuSavdes, gaanalizdes da gamoices, R organizacias SeuZlia daasaxelos
rom SesaZlebeli iyos misi gadamowmeba angariSSi warmodgenili informaciis
da uzrunvelyofili iyos warmodgenili pirvelwyaroebi.
informaciis xarisxi da arsebiToba.
R organizacias SeuZlia miuTiTos,
ganmarteba: dainteresebuli mxareebi Tu ra sando mtkicebulebebi
darwmunebuli unda iyvnen, rom gaaCnia mas angariSSi warmodgenili
SesaZlebelia angariSis gadamowmeba varaudebis da rTuli gamoTvlebis
da dadgena, Tu ramdenad sandoa masSi gasamyareblad.
Setanili informacia da ramdenad
sworad iyo gamoyenebuli angariSgebis R angariSSi warmodgenili monacemebis
principebi. angariSSi warmodgenili sizuste cTomilebis dasaSveb
informacia da monacemebi unda farglebSi dasturdeba am monacemTa
efuZnebodes Sida kontrolis pirveladi wyaroebiT an informaciis
meqanizmebs an dokumentebs, romelTa mflobelebis mier.
ganxilva da Sefaseba SesaZlebelia
im adamianebisTvisac, visac angariSis
momzadebaSi ar miuRia monawileoba.
organizaciis saqmianobasTan
dakavSirebuli monacemebi da faqtebi,
romlebic ar aris gamyarebuli
mtkicebulebebiT, ar unda SeitanoT
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSSi, garda
im SemTxvevisa, rodesac informacia
arsebiTia da angariSi iZleva
masTan dakavSirebuli yvela saxis
orazrovnebisa da bundovanebis calsaxa
ganmartebas. angariSSi aRwerili da
dasabuTebuli unda iyos is procesebi,
romlebic safuZvlad udevs angariSis
momzadebisas miRebul umniSvnelovanes
gadawyvetilebebs (mag., ra procesebis
mixedviT moxda angariSis Sinaarsis
dadgena, angariSgebis farglebis
gansazRvra da dainteresebul mxareTa
Cabma). sainformacio sistemebis
SemuSavebis dros angariSmgebelma
organizaciam unda gaiTvaliswinos, rom
am sistemebis gadamowmeba SesaZlebeli
iyos angariSis gare Sefasebis procesSi.

versia 3.0 25
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

1.3 angariSis farglebis dadgenis aseve imis gaTvaliswinebiT, Tu ras asaxavs


instruqcia 9 warmodgenili monacemebi da indikatorebi
saqmianobis efeqturobas, menejmentis
angariSis Sinaarsis gansazRvris maxasiaTeblebs Tu TxrobiT/aRwerilobiT
paralelurad (ix. 1.1), organizaciam informacias.
aseve unda gansazRvros, Tu ra saxis
organizaciuli erTeulebis (mag., angariSis farglebis dadgenis instruqcia
filialebis, erToblivi sawarmoebis) efuZneba im mosazrebas, rom angariSmgebel
saqmianoba aisaxeba angariSSi. mdgradi organizaciasTan sxvadasxvagvari
ganviTarebis anagariSis farglebma urTierTobis Sesabamisad, sxvadasxva
unda moicvas is erTeulebi, romlebzec erTeulebidan sxvadasxva saxis informaciaa
angariSmgebeli organizacia axorcielebs xelmisawvdomi da maTi saqmianobis
kontrols an mniSvnelovan zegavlenas Sedegebze sxvadasxva zegavlenis moxdenaa
axdens winamaval ierarqiul erTeulebTan SesaZlebeli. magaliTad, saqmianobasTan
(miwodebis qseli) da Semdgom ierarqiul dakavSirebul iseT informacias,
erTeulebTan (mag., distributorebi da rogoricaa monacemebi gamonabolqvis
momxmareblebi) urTierTobis farglebSi, Sesaxeb, organizacia advilad moipovebs im
an amgvari urTierTobis gziT. erTeulebidan, romlebic mis kontrols
eqvemdebareba, xolo erToblivi sawarmodan
angariSis farglebis dasadgenad unda an mimwodeblisagan ufro rTulia amgvari
gaiTvaliswinoT Semdegi definiciebi10: informaciis moZieba. amitom, angariSis
farglebis ganmsazRvrel instruqciaSi
kontroli: sawarmos finansuri minimaluri molodinebia mocemuli,
da samoqmedo politikis marTvis rodesac saqme exeba winamavali da Semdgomi
uflebamosileba misi saqmianobidan ierarqiuli erTeulebis saqmianobis
sargebelis miRebis mizniT. amsaxvel indikatorebsa da monacemebs
menejmentis midgomebis Sesaxeb. Tumca,
mniSvnelovani gavlena: organizacias Tavad SeuZlia gadawyvitos,
uflebamosileba, monawileoba miiRo rom gaafarTovos angariSis farglebi da ama
sawarmos finansur da samoqmedo Tu im indikatoris mixedviT warmoadginos
politikasTan dakavSirebuli informacia winamavali Tu Semdgomi
gadawyvetilebebis miRebaSi, magram ierarqiuli erTeulebis Sesaxeb.
ar gqondes uflebamosileba am
politikis gasakontroleblad. rodesac misaRebia gadawyvetileba,
Tu ramdenad mniSvnelovania esa Tu is
angariSis farglebis dadgenis qvemoT erTeuli (organizacia), raTa mis Sesaxeb
mocemuli instruqcia vrceldeba informacia SeagrovoT an SeitanoT
rogorc mTlianad angariSze, ise angariSis farglebSi, unda gaiTvaliswinoT,
saqmianobis efeqturobis calkeuli Tu ramdenad mniSvnelovan zemoqmedebas
indikatorebis farglebis gansazRvraze. axdens es erTeuli mdgrad ganviTarebaze.
seriozuli zemoqmedebis mqone
aRsaniSnavia, rom angariSis farglebSi erTeulebi, rogorc wesi, organizaciasa
Seyvanili yvela organizaciuli erTeulis da am organizaciis dainteresebul
Sesaxeb angariSgeba erTnairad ar unda mxareebs uqmnian did riskebsa da did
moxdes. angariSgebis midgoma ama Tu im SesaZlebloebebs. amitom organizacia
erTeulisTvis imis mixedviT ganisazRvreba, ufro metad aris angariSvaldebuli da
Tu ra saxis kontrols axorcielebs an ra pasuxismgebeli am erTeulebis saqmianobaze.
zegavlenas axdens organizacia am erTeulze,

9
angariSis farglebis dadgenis instruqcia momzadda angariSgebis farglebis protokolis safuZvelze.
instruqcia momavalSic gadaisinjeba imis mixedviT, Tu ra gamocdileba dagrovdeba angariSgebis farglebis
protokolSi.
10
am terminebis ufro dawvrilebiTi ganxilva SegiZliaT ixiloT angariSgebis farglebis protokolSi.

26 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

angariSis farglebis dadgenis informacia im erTeulebis Sesaxeb,


instruqcia romlebzec organizacia seriozul
gavlenas axdens, warmodgenili
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSis
unda iyos menejmentis midgomebis
farglebSi unda moxvdes organizaciis
WrilSi.
yvela is erTeuli, romelsac
seriozuli (realuri da potenciuri) aRweriTi/TxobiTi informacia
zemoqmedebis moxdena SeuZlia mdgrad SeiZleba warmoadginoT im
ganviTarebaze da/an is erTeulebi, erTeulebis Sesaxeb, romlebzec
romelTac angariSmgebeli organizacia organizacia arc kontrols
akontrolebs an mniSvnelovan gavlenas axorcielebs da arc seriozul
axdens maTze finansuri an saoperacio zemoqmedebas axdens, Tumca, maT
(samoqmedo) politikisa da saqmianobis garkveulwilad ukavSirdeba
TvalsazrisiT. organizaciisTvis mniSvnelovani
problemebi, vinaidan isini TviTon
am erTeulebis Sesaxeb informacia
axdenen seriozul zemoqmedebas
SeiZleba angariSSi aisaxos saqmianobis
[mdgrad ganviTarebaze, an
efeqturobis indikatorebis
organizaciaze].
mixedviT, menejmentis efeqturobis
indikatorebis mixedviT, an aRweriTi angariSi unda moicavdes yvela
informaciis warmodgenis gziT. im erTeuls, romelic angariSis
farglebSi moxvda. angariSis
angariSmgebelma organizaciam
momzadebisas organizaciam SeiZleba
angariSSi aucileblad unda asaxos
efeqturobis motiviT ar moiZios
minimum Semdegi erTeulebi qvemoT
informacia angariSis farglebSi
CamoTvlili midgomebis gamoyenebiT:
moxvedril romelime erTeulze
informacia im erTeulebis Sesaxeb, an erTeulTa jgufze, Tu amgvari
romelTac angariSmgebeli organi- gadawyvetileba sagrZnoblad
zacia akontrolebs, warmodgenili ar Secvlis monacemebisa da
unda iyos saqmianobis efeqturobis indikatorebis saboloo Sedegebs.
indikatorebis mixedviT;

sqema 6: angariSis farglebis dadgenis gadawyvetilebaTa xe

versia 3.0 27
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

nawili 2. angariSis menejmentis midgomebi (Management


standartuli komponentebi Approach): monacemTa es jgufi
moicavs informacias imis Taobaze,
am nawilSi saubaria im ZiriTad sakiTxebze
Tu rogor aregulirebs organizacia
da monacemebze, romlebic mdgradi
ama Tu im TemasTan dakavSirebul
ganviTarebis angariSSi unda aisaxos,
sakiTxebs, da amgvarad gvawvdis
`saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis~ I nawilSi
zogad konteqsts konkretul
mocemuli `Sinaarsis ganmsazRvreli
sferoSi organizaciis saqmianobis
instruqciebis~ gaTvaliswinebiT.
ukeT gasagebad.
am nawilSi aRwerilia angariSis
saqmianobis efeqturobis
standartuli komponentebis (anu
indikatorebi (Performance Indicators):
angariSSi Sesatani standartuli
indikatorebi, romlebic gvawvdis
monacemebis) sami sxvadasxva tipi:
Sedarebad informacias ekonomikur,
garemosdacviT da socialur
strategia da organizaciis mokle
sferoebSi organizaciis saqmianobis
daxasiaTeba (Strategy and Profile):
Sedegebis Sesaxeb.
es komponenti moicavs im zogad
monacemebs, romlebic gvawvdis
angariSmgebel organizaciebs
zogad konteqsts organizaciis
urCeven, am struqturiT isargeblon
saqmianobis ukeT gasagebad,
angariSebis momzadebisas. Tumca,
rogoricaa informacia organizaciis
savsebiT SesaZlebelia sxva formatis
strategiis, korporaciuli
gamoyenebac.
mmarTvelobis tipis, organizaciis
Taviseburebebis Sesaxeb.

sqema 7: GRI standartuli komponentebis mimoxilva

28 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

organizaciis mokle daxasiaTeba iyos, rom organizaciis saqmianoba


(Profile) Seesabameba saerTaSoriso
standartebs da axsnili unda iyos,
1. strategia da analizi
Tu rogor kavSirSia saerTaSoriso
am Tavis mizania, warmoadginos mdgrad standartebi organizaciis
ganviTarebasTan organizaciis strategiul gegmebsa da
damokidebulebis zogadi, strategiuli samomavlo warmatebasTan;
xedva, raTa Seqmnas konteqsti Semdgomi,
is zogadi tendenciebi (mag.,
ufro detaluri informaciisTvis,
makroekonomikuri an politikuri),
romelic warmodgenili iqneba angariSSi
romlebic gavlenas axdens
GGRI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis
rogorc organizaciaze, ise
danarCeni Tavebis Sesabamisad. es Tavi
mis prioritetebze mdgradi
SeiZleba daefuZnos angariSis sxva
ganviTarebis kuTxiT;
nawilebSi mocemul informacias, Tumca,
am Tavis umTavresi mizania, ganixilos ra umniSvnelovanesi movlenebi
strategiuli sakiTxebi da warmoadginos moxda saangariSo periodSi, ras
maTi gaazreba, da ara ubralod Seajamos miaRwia organizaciam da ra saxis
angariSis Sinaarsi. strategia da warumatebloba hqonda mas;
analizi unda Seicavdes gancxadebas,
ramdenad Seasrula organizaciam
romelic mocemulia 1.1-Si (qvemoT) da
dasaxuli amocanebi;
mokle TxrobiT aRwerilobas, romelic
mocemulia 1.2-Si (qvemoT). organizaciis ZiriTadi amocanebi
da sirTuleebi momavali wlisTvis,
1.1 organizaciis yvelaze maRali
aseve, uaxloesi 3-5 wlisaTvis
rangis gadawyvetilebis
dasaxuli miznebi;
mimRebi piris gancxadeba (es
SeiZleba iyos aRmasrulebeli sxva sakiTxebi, romlebic
direqtori, [direqtorTa sabWos] arsebiTia organizaciis
Tavmjdomare an misi ekvivalenturi strategiis TvalsazrisiT.
Tanamdebobis piri). gancxadebaSi
1.2 umniSvnelovanesi zemoqmedebis,
deklarirebuli unda iyos, Tu
safrTxeebisa da SesaZleblobebis
ramdenad mniSvnelovania mdgradi
aRwera.
ganviTareba organizaciisTvis da misi
strategiisTvis. angariSmgebelma organizaciam
unda moamzados ori mokle
kerZod, gancxadebaSi Camoyalibebuli
paragrafi, romlebSic saubari
unda iyos, Tu rogoria organizaciis
iqneba organizaciis mier moxdenil
erTiani xedva, aseve moklevadiani,
mniSvnelovan zegavlenaze, aseve
saSualo vadiani (3-5 wlis)
mis winaSe arsebul safrTxeebsa da
da grZelvadiani strategia,
SesaZleblobebze.
gansakuTrebiT im problemebis
mogvarebasTan mimarTebiT, I paragrafSi xazgasmiT unda
romlebic ukavSirdeba organizaciis aRiniSnos, Tu ra zemoqmedebas axdens
saqmianobis Sedegebs ekonomikur, organizacia mdgrad ganviTarebaze
ekologiur da socialur da dainteresebul mxareebze, am
sferoebSi. ukanasknelTa uflebebis CaTvliT,
romelTa dacvas uzrunvelyofs
gancxadebaSi aseve Camoyalibebuli
qveynis kanonmdebloba da
unda iyos:
sayovelTaod aRiarebuli
mdgradi ganviTarebis sferoSi saerTaSoriso standartebi. aseve,
organizaciis strategiuli gaTvaliswinebuli unda iyos, Tu ra
prioritetebi da sakvanZo realuri molodinebi da interesebi
sakiTxebi mokle da saSualo gaaCnia organizaciis dainteresebul
vadisaTvis; miTiTebuli unda mxareebs. konkretulad am TavSi unda:

versia 3.0 29
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

aisaxos, Tu ra gavlenas mdgradi ganviTarebis


axdens organizacia mdgrad tendeciebidan;
ganviTarebaze, ra gamowvevis winaSe
dgas igi da ra SesaZleblobebi moxdes mdgradi ganviTarebisTvis
gaaCnia am kuTxiT. es moicavs arsebiTi sakiTxebis (riskebisa
informacias imis Sesaxeb, xom ar da SesaZleblobebis)
bRalavs organizaciis saqmianoba prioritetizacia imis Sesabamisad,
dainteresebul mxareTa uflebebs, Tu ramdenad mniSvnelovania
rogorc es gansazRvrulia qveynis isini organizaciis grZelvadiani
kanonmdeblobiTa da sayovelTaod strategiisa da konkurentunariani
aRiarebuli standartebiTa da poziciisTvis, aseve finansuri
normebiT. Rirebulebis ganmsazRvreli
xarisxobrivi da (Tu SesaZlebelia)
ganimartos, ra meTodiT xdeba raodenobrivi faqtorebisTvis.
zemoxsenebuli gamowvevebisa
da SesaZleblobebis iyos cxrilebi, romlebSic
prioritetizacia; Sejamebulad iqneba warmodgenili:

gakeTdes umTavresi daskvnebi miznebi; sad dgas organizacia


imis Sesaxeb, Tu ras miaRwia Tavisi saqmianobiT am miznebTan
organizaciam saangariSo mimarTebiT; ra gamocdileba
periodSi zemoT CamoTvlil miiRo organizaciam saangariSo
sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT; aqve periodSi;
miTiTebuli unda iyos, Tu ram
ganapiroba dasaxuli amocanebis amocanebi momavali saangariSo
Seusrulebloba an gadaWarbebiT periodisTvis; aseve saSualo
Sesruleba; vadiani periodisTvis (3-5
weli) dasaxuli miznebi,
aRweroT, Tu rogor (ra romlebic kavSirSia
procesebis saSualebiT) xdeba umniSvnelovanes riskebTan da
organizaciis saqmianobis SesaZleblobebTan.
Sedegebis da/an Sesabamisi
cvlilebebis marTva. mokled iyos aRwerili
zemoxsenebuli riskebis da
II paragrafSi yuradReba unda SesaZleblobebis marTvis
gamaxvildes imaze, Tu ra gavlena meqanizmebi, aseve gamovlenili
aqvs mdgradi ganviTarebis iyos sxva Sesabamisi safrTxeebi da
tendenciebs, riskebsa da SesaZleblobebi.
SesaZleblobebs organizaciis
grZelvadian perspeqtivebsa da
finansur mdgomareobaze. am dros
gansakuTrebiT unda miaqcioT
yuradReba informacias, romelic
mniSvnelovania, an momavalSi SeiZleba
gaxdes mniSvnelovani organizaciis
finansuri efeqturobiT
dainteresebuli mxareebisTvis.
konkretulad, II paragrafSi unda:

aisaxos organizaciis winaSe


warmoqmnili umniSvnelovanesi
riskebi da SesaZleblobebi,
romlebic gamomdinareobs

30 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

2. organizaciis mokle daxasiaTeba warmoebuli produqciis an


gaweuli momsaxurebis moculoba.
2.1 organizaciis saxeli.

garda zemoTqmulisa, sasurvelia,


2.2 umTavresi savaWro marka (brendi),
Tu angariSmgebeli organizaciebi,
produqcia da/an momsaxureba.
saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, warmoadgenen
damatebiT informacias:
angariSmgebelma organizaciam unda
ganmartos, Tu ra funqcia akisria
mTlian aqtivebze;
mas am produqciisa Tu momsaxurebis
miwodebaSi da ramdenad iyenebs qve-
beneficiarTa mflobelobaze
kontraqtorebs produqciisa Tu
(saxelisa da msxvil aqcionerTa
momsaxurebis Seqmnasa da miwodebaSi.
wilobrivi qonebis miTiTebiT);
2.3 organizaciis saoperacio
qvemoT mocemul informacias,
(funqcionaluri) struqtura ra
qveynebis/regionebis mixedviT:
ganyofilebebisgan Sedgeba, aqvs
Tu ara filialebi, erToblivi
gayidvebis/Semosavlebis
sawarmoebi da a. S.
moculoba im qveynebSi/
regionebSi, romlebSic
2.4 organizaciis saTao ofisis
gayidvebi/Semosavlebi
mdebareoba.
organizaciis mTliani
Semosavlebis 5 an met procents
2.5 ramden qveyanaSi saqmianobs
Seadgens;
organizacia. daasaxeleT qveynebi,
romlebSic ganTavsebulia ZiriTadi
im qveynebSi/regionebSi gaweuli
warmoeba an is filialebi, romelTac
xarjebi, sadac es xarjebi
gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvT
mTliani Semosavlebis 5 an met
mdgrad ganviTarebaze moxdenili
procents Seadgens;
zemoqmedebis TvalsazrisiT.
TanamSromelTa raodenoba.
2.6 sakuTrebis forma da iuridiuli
statusi.
2.9 ra seriozuli cvlilebebi ganicada
organizaciam saangariSo periodSi
2.7 romel bazrebs emsaxureba
zomis, struqturis an sakuTrebis
organizacia (geografiul, seqtorul
TvalsazrisiT:
da momxmarebelTa/beneficiarTa
WrilSi);
Seicvala Tu ara organizaciam
mdebareoba, saqmianobis sfero,
2.8 organizaciis sidide, rac moicavs
gaxsna an daketa axali erTeulebi,
Semdeg monacemebs:
an gafarTovda;
TanamSromelTa raodenoba;
saaqcionero kapitalis
struqturis cvlileba
wminda gayidvebi (kerZo
an kapitalis formirebis,
organizaciebis SemTxvevaSi) an
SenarCunebis da gardaqmnisken
wminda Semosavali (saxelmwifo
mimarTuli sxva cvlilebebi (kerZo
seqtoris organizaciebisTvis);
seqtoris SemTxvevaSi).
mTliani kapitalizacia,
2.10 ra jildoebi aqvs miRebuli
daTiSuli sakuTar da nasesxeb
organizacias saangariSo periodSi.
kapitalad (kerZo seqtoris
organizaciebisTvis);

versia 3.0 31
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

3. angariSis parametrebi Tu angariSis farglebi da


dafarvis sfero srulad ar
angariSis mokle daxasiaTeba
moicavs organizaciis saqmianobis
3.1 saangariSo periodi (mag., fiskaluri/ arsebiT ekonomikur, ekologiur da
kalendaruli weli), romelsac faravs socialur zemoqmedebebs, miuTiTeT,
warmodgenili informacia. rogoria strategia da savaraudo
vadebi sruli formatis angariSis
3.2 rodis momzadda (Tu momzadda) wina mosamzadeblad.
angariSi.
3.8 ris safuZvelze xdeba angariSSi
3.3 angariSgebis perioduloba (wliuri, informaciis Setana erToblivi
orwliani da a.S.). sawarmoebis, filialebis, arendiT
gacemuli sawarmoebis/danadgarebis,
3.4 sakontaqto piri angariSTan an mis qvekontraqtorebze delegirebuli
SinaarsTan dakavSirebiT SekiTxvebis funqciebis da sxva erTeulebis
arsebobis SemxvevaSi. Sesaxeb, romelTac SeiZleba
seriozuli zegavlena moaxdinon
angariSis dafarvis sfero da farglebi organizaciis saqmianobis wlidan
wlamde Sedegebis erTmaneTTan da/
3.5 aRwereT, ra procesis meSveobiT
an sxva organizaciebis saqmianobis
ganisazRvra angariSis Sinaarsi. es
SedegebTan Sedarebadobaze.
moicavs Semdegs:
3.9 monacemTa gazomvis teqnika
rogor gansazRvreT angariSSi
da daangariSebis meTodebi, im
warmodgenili informaciis
varaudebisa da teqnikebis CaTvliT,
arsebiToba;
romlebic safuZvlad daedo
angariSSi Sesuli informaciis
rogor moxda angariSSi
Segrovebas da indikatorebis
warmodgenil sakiTxTa
gamoyenebas.
prioritetizacia;
Tu GG RI indikatorTa protokolebi
rogor gamoavlineT
saerTod ar gamoiyeneT an maT
dainteresebuli mxareebi,
sagrZnoblad dascildiT, ganmarteT,
romlebic, savaraudod,
ra iyo amis mizezi.
isargebleben angariSiT.
3.10 Tu wina angariSSi warmodgenili
ganmarteT, rogor gamoiyena
informaciis formulirebebi
organizaciam `angariSis Sinaarsis
Seicvala, axseniT amgvari cvlilebis
ganmsazRvreli instruqcia~ da masTan
mniSvneloba, aseve ganmarteT, ratom
dakavSirebuli principebi.
Seicvala formulireba (mag., moxda
organizaciis sxva organizaciasTan
3.6 miuTiTeT angariSis farglebi (mag.,
Serwyma an sxva organizaciis mier
qveynebi, ganyofilebebi, filialebi,
Sesyidva, Seicvala angariSgebis
arendiT gacemuli sawarmoebi/
periodi, organizaciis saqmianobis
danadgarebi, erToblivi sawarmoebi,
xasiaTi an Sefasebis meTodebi).
mimwodeblebi da sxv.). am sakiTxze
Semdgomi rekomendaciebi motanilia
3.11 Tu wina wlebis angariSebTan
GGRI angariSgebis farglebis
SedarebiT mniSvnelovnad Seicvala
protokolSi.
angariSis dafarvis/moqmedebis
sfero, angariSis farglebi an
3.7 miuTiTeT, raime konkretuli
angariSSi gamoyenebul monacemTa
SezRudvebi Tu arsebobda angariSis
daangariSebis/gazomvis meTodebi,
dafarvis sferos an farglebis
miuTiTeT amis Sesaxeb.
dadgenisas11.

11
dafarvis sferos ganmartebisaTvis ix. `sisrulis principi~.

32 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

GRI Sinaarsis saZiebeli 4. marTva, valdebulebebi da


dainteresebul mxareTa CarTuloba
3.12 angariSi unda Seicavdes Sinaarsis
saZiebels, anu cxrils, romelSic marTva
miTiTebulia angariSis romel
4.1 aRwereT organizaciis
nawilSi ra monacemebi (standartuli
mmarTvelobis struqtura. ar
komponentebi) aris warmodgenili.
gamogrCeT organizaciis umaRlesi
mmarTveli organos komitetebi,
miuTiTeT, romel gverdze an
romlebic pasuxismgebelni arian
veb-gverdis romel bmulzea
konkretul amocanebze, magaliTad,
ganTavsebuli Semdegi monacemebi
organizaciis strategiis dadgenasa
(angariSis Semdegi standartuli
da organizaciis saqmianobis
komponentebi):
zedamxedvelobaze.
strategia da analizi 1.1 1.2;
ganmarteT, ra uflebamosileba aqvT
am komitetebs miniWebuli da vin
organizaciis mokle daxasiaTeba
arian maTi wevrebi (ar gamogrCeT
2.1 2.10;
damoukidebeli wevrebis da/
an araaRmasrulebeli wevrebis
angariSis parametrebi 3.1 3.13;
miTiTeba12); miuTiTeT, ekisrebaT
Tu ara am komitetebs uSualo
marTva, valdebulebebi da
pasuxismgebloba organizaciis
dainteresebul mxareTa
saqmianobis ekonomikur, ekologiur
CarTuloba 4.1 4.17;
Tu socialur maxasiaTeblebze.
monacemebi menejmentis
4.2 miuTiTeT, aris Tu ara umaRlesi mmar-
midgomebis Sesaxeb, indikatorTa
TvelobiTi organos Tavmjdomare imav-
ketegoriebis mixediT;
droulad aRmasrulebeli menejeric
(Tu pasuxi dadebiTia, ganmarteT, ra
saqmianobis efeqturobis ZiriTadi
funqcia akisria mas organizaciis
indikatorebi;
menejmentSi da ram gamoiwvia
uflebamosilebaTa aseTi ganawileba).
angariSSi gamoyenebuli nebismieri
damatebiTi GG RI indikatorebi;
4.3 Tu organizacias unitaruli
sabWo13 hyavs, miuTiTeT mmarTveli
angariSSi gamoyenebuli nebismieri
organos damoukidebeli da/an ara-
indikatorebi GG RI seqtoruli
aRmasrulebeli wevrebis raodenoba.
danarTebidan.
miuTiTeT, rogor ganmartavs
dadastureba / gare Sefaseba
organizacia `damoukidebel~ da `ara-
3.13 miuTiTeT, rogoria organizaciis aRmasrulebel~ wevrs. es ganmarteba
politika da arsebuli praqtika mxolod im organizaciebisTvis
(gamocdileba) angariSis gare aris arsebiTi, romelTac sabWos
Sefasebis TvalsazrisiT. ganmarteT, unitaruli struqtura aqvT.
ra masStabiT da ris safuZvelze `damoukidebelis~ definiciisaTvis
ganxorcielda gare Sefaseba (Tu es ixileT agreTve terminTa
informacia ar aris mocemuli uSualod ganmartebiTi leqsikoni boloSi.
gare Sefasebis daskvnaSi, romelic
daerTvis mdgradi ganviTarebis 4.4 aRwereT meqanizmebi, romelTa
angariSs). aseve ganmarteT, ra meSveobiT aqcionerebs da TanamSrom-
urTierTobaa angariSmgebel organi- lebs SeuZliaT rekomendaciebi da
zaciasa da im firmas/kompanias Soris, miTiTebebi miawodon organizaciis
romelmac gare Sefaseba ganaxorciela. umaRles mmarTvelobiT organos.

12
araaRmasrulebeli wevrebi (non-executive members), anu wverebi, romlebic ar miekuTvnebian organizaciis
aRmasrulebel struqturebs (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
13
U
U nitary Board.
versia 3.0 33
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

miuTiTeT procesebze, romlebic 4.8 DwarmoadgineT organzaciaSi


exeba Semdeg sakiTxebs: SemuSavebuli misiis ganacxadi
da/an faseulobaTa Sesaxeb ganacxadi;
aqcionerTa gadawyvetilebebis korporaciuli qcevis kodeqsi;
an sxva meqanizmebis gamoyeneba, ekonomikur, garemosdacviT da
romlebic aqcionerTa socialur sferoebSi organizaciis
umciresobas saSualebas aZlevs, saqmianobasTan dakavSirebuli
daafiqsiros sakuTari pozicia principebi; agreTve miuTiTeT, Tu ra
umaRlesi mmarTveli organos stadiazea maTi ganxorcieleba.
winaSe.
axseniT:
TanamSromelTa informireba
da konsultaciebi oficialur ramdenad xdeba organizaciaSi, misi
warmomadgenlobiT organoebTan saqmianobis sxvadasxva regionebSi
samuSao urTierTobebis Sesaxeb, da/an sxvadasxva ganyofilebebSi
rogoricaa organizaciis `samuSao zemoxsenebuli instrumentebis
sabWo; aseve, TanamSromelTa gamoyeneba.
warmomadgenloba umaRles
mmarTvelobiT organoebSi. ramdenad Seesabameba
zemoxsenebuli instrumentebi
gansazRvreT ekonomikur, saerTaSoriso standartebs.
garemosdacviT da socialur
sferoebSi organizaciis 4.9 aRwereT umaRlesi mmarTvelobiTi
saqmianobasTan dakavSirebuli organos mier gamoyenebuli
sakiTxebi, romlebic zemoxsenebuli procedurebi, romelTa meSveobiTac
meqanizmebis gamoyenebis Sedegad is zedamxedvelobas uwevs
warmoiSva saangariSo periodis organizaciis mier sakuTari
ganmavlobaSi. ekonomikuri, garemosdacviTi da
socialuri saqmianobis Sedegebis
4.5 aRwereT, rogori kavSiria umaRlesi Sefasebas da marTvas (Sesabamisi
mmarTvelobiTi organoebis wevrTa, riskebis da SesaZleblobebis
ufrosi menejerebis da maRali rangis CaTvliT), aseve saerTaSoriso
aRmasruleblebis anazRaurebas standartebTan, qcevis kodeqsebTan
(samuSaodan wasvlisas gadaxdili da principebTan Sesabamisobas.
kompensaciis) da organizaciis
saqmianobis Sedegebs Soris miuTiTeT, ra sixSiriT afasebs
(socialur da garemosdacviT umaRlesi mmarTvelobiTi organo
sferoSi saqmianobis Sedegebis mdgradi ganviTarebis xelSewyobisken
CaTvliT). mimarTul saqmianobas.

4.6 aRwereT arsebuli procesebi, 4.10 aRwereT procesebi, romlebic


romlebic umaRles mmarTvelobiT gamiznulia umaRlesi mmarTvelobiTi
organoebs saSualebas aZlevs Tavidan organos saqmianobis Sesafaseblad,
aicilon interesTa konfliqti. gansakuTrebiT ekonomikur,
garemosdacviT da socialur
4.7 aRwereT procesebi, romelTa sferoebSi saqmianobis efeqturobis
meSveobiT ganisazRvreba, aqvT Tu ara WrilSi.
umaRlesi mmarTvelobiTi organoebis
wevrebs sakmarisi kvalifikacia
da profesionalizmi, raTa maT
warmarTon organizaciis strategia
ekonomikur, garemosdacviT da
socialur sakiTxebSi.

34 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

sagareo iniciativebTan dakavSirebuli monawileobs proeqtebSi da


valdebulebebi komitetebSi;
4.11 ganmarteT, rogor xdeba
sawevro Senatanebis gadaxdis
organizaciaSi prevenciuli
garda axorcielebs mniSvnelovan
principis an midgomis ganxorcieleba.
dafinansebas;
prevenciul midgomas gansazRvravs
organizaciisTvis strategiul
rios principebis (Rio Principles) muxli
mniSvnelobas aniWebs asociaciis
15.14 winamdebare `saxelmZRvanelo
wevrobas.
miTiTebebis~ 4.11 punqtis mixedviT
angariSSi warmodgenili informacia
es upirvelesad exeba organizaciis
SeiZleba exebodes organizaciis
doneze wevrobas.
midgomebs im riskebis marTvis
mimarT, romlebic warmoiqmneba
mimdinare samuSaos dagegmvis, axali dainteresebul mxareTa CarTuloba
produqciis warmoebisa Tu Semotanis
am TavSi CamoTvlili monacemebi (anu
procesSi.
angariSis standartuli komponentebi)
asaxavs, Tu rogor axerxebs organizacia
4.12 aRwereT organizaciis gareT
dainteresebuli mxareebis Cabmas Tavis
SemuSavebuli ekonomikuri,
saqmianobaSi saangariSo periodis
garemosdacviTi da socialuri
ganmavlobaSi. aRniSnuli informacia
qartiebi, principebi an sxva
ar Semoifargleba dainteresebuli
iniciativebi, romlebsac organizacia
mxareebis CarTulobiT mxolod mdgradi
iziarebs an mierTebulia maTTan da
ganviTarebis angariSis momzadebis mizniT.
cxovrebaSi atarebs.
4.14 CamoTvaleT dainteresebul mxareTa
miuTiTeT zemoT aRniSnul
jgufebi, romlebic CarTulni iyvnen
iniciativaTa miRebis TariRi, sad
organizaciis saqmianobis procesSi.
(romel qveynebSi an sferoebSi)
magaliTad:
moqmedebs es iniciativebi, aseve
aRniSneT, ramdenad mravalferovania
Temebi;
am iniciativebis SemuSavebasa da
marTvaSi Cabmul dainteresebul
samoqalaqo sazogadoeba;
mxareTa speqtri (magaliTad, mravali
sxvadasxva dainteresebuli mxare da
momxmareblebi;
a. S.). ganasxvaveT arasavaldebulo,
nebayoflobiTi iniciativebi da
kapitalis mimwodeblebi da
is iniciativebi, romelTa mimarT
aqcionerebi;
organizacias aRebuli aqvs
valdebulebebi.
mimwodeblebi;
4.13 miuTiTeT, romeli asociaciebis
TanamSromlebi, sxva muSakebi da
(mag., dargobrivi asociaciebis) da/an
maTi profesiuli kavSirebi.
interesebis damcveli erovnuli Tu
saerTaSoriso organizaciebis wevria
4.15 aRwereT, ris safuZvelze
Tqveni organizacia. kerZod, Tqveni
gansazRvreT da SearCieT, romeli
organiacia:
dainteresebuli mxareebi unda
CagerToT saqmianobis procesSi.
CarTulia mmarTvelobiT
struqturaSi;
14
prevenciuli principi (precautionary principle) Camoyalibebulia rio de Janeiros 1992 wlis `garemos dacvisa da
ganviTarebis Sesaxeb deklaraciis~ me-15 muxlSi: `im SemTxvevebSi, rodesac arsebobs seriozuli da Seuqcevadi
zianis safrTxe, sruli samecniero dasabuTebis ararseboba ver gaxdeba safuZveli iseTi ekonomikurad efeqturi
zomebis gadavadebisTvis, romlebic mimarTulia garemos mdgomareobis gauaresebis Tavidan acilebisaken (anu
prevenciisaken)~. http://www.unep.org/Documents/Default.asp?DocumentID=78&ArticleID=1163 (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 35
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

es moicavs im procesis aRweras, socialuri indikatorebi, Tavis mxriv,


romelTa saSualebiTac Tqven dayofilia SromiTi saqmianobis,
gamoavlineT dainteresebul mxareTa adamianis uflebaTa, sazogadoebasTan
jgufebi, agreTve gansazRvreT, Tu urTierTqmedebisa da produqciaze
romel jgufebTan unda, an ar unda pasuxismgeblobis qvekategoriebad.
iTanamSromloT. TiToeuli kategoria Seicavs
informacias menejmentis midgomebis/
4.16 aRwereT organizaciis midgomebi meTodebis Sesaxeb (,,menejmentis
dainteresebuli mxareebis midgomebi), aseve, saqmianobis
CarTulobis mimarT. es moicavs efeqturobis ZiriTad da damatebiT
informacias imis Sesaxeb, Tu indikatorTa kompleqts.
ra sixSiriT xorcieldeba
dainteresebul mxareTa sxvadasxva ZiriTadi indikatorebi GRI-m SeimuSava
jgufebTan TanamSromlobis/ sakonsultacio procesis farglebSi,
CarTulobis sxvadasxva formebi. romelSic mravali dainteresebuli
(anu TanamSromlobis sixSire mxare monawileobda. es procesi miznad
TanamSromlobis formebisa da isaxavda iseTi sayovelTaod gamoyenebadi
dainteresebul mxareTa jgufebis indikatorebis dadgenas, romlebsac
mixedviT). arsebiTi mniSvneloba eqneboda (anu
`arsebiTi~ indikatorebi iqneboda)
CarTulobis/TanamSromlobis organizaciaTa umetesobisTvis.
formebi SeiZleba moicavdes: organizaciam Tavis angariSSi informacia
kvlevebs, fokus-jgufebs, adgilobriv ZiriTadi indikatorebis mixedviT unda
mosaxleobasTan erTobliv ganxilvebs, warmoadginos, garda im SemTxvevisa,
korporaciul sakonsultacio rodesac esa Tu is indikatori, GRI
jgufebs, werilobiT gancxadebebs, angariSgebis principebidan gamom-dinare,
sxvadasxva struqturebs organizaciis am organizaciisTvis arsebiT indikatorad
menejmentisa da profesiuli ar CaiTvala. damatebiTi indikatorebi
kavSirebis monawileobiT da sxva gamoiyeneba axladwamowyebuli
instrumentebs. Tu romelime mxaris saqmianobis an iseTi sakiTxebis
CarTva mxolod angariSis momzadebis dasaxasiaTeblad, romlebic, SesaZloa,
procesSi moxda, organizaciam unda arsebiTi iyo zogierTi, magram ara yvela
miuTiTos amis Sesaxeb. organizaciisTvis. Tu organizacia
saqmianobs sferoSi, romlisTvisac ukve
4.17 aRwereT mTavari sakiTxebi da SemuSavebulia seqtoruli danarTis
problemebi, romlebic wamoiWra saboloo versia, maSin am danarTSi
an gamovlinda dainteresebul warmodgenili indikatorebi organiaciam
mxareTa CarTulobis da maTTan aseve ZiriTad indikatorebad unda
TanamSromlobis Sedegad, miiCnios. am sakiTxebze damatebiTi
aseve, rogori iyo am sakiTxebze informaciisTvis ixileT `angariSis
organizaciis reagireba (angariSgebis Sinaarsis gansazRvris instruqcia.~
formiT reagirebis CaTvliT).
informacia menejmentis midgomebis
Sesaxeb unda Seicavdes mokle mimoxilvas,
5. menejmentis midgomebi da Tu rogor marTavs organizacia
saqmianobis efeqturobis indikatorTa TiToeuli kategoriis
indikatorebi calkeul aspeqtebs. es daexmareba
mkiTxvels gansazRvros konteqsti da
es Tavi exeba mdgradi ganviTarebis
ukeT gaigos informacia organizaciis
sferoSi saqmianobis efeqturobis
saqmianobis Sesaxeb. organizacias SeuZlia
indikatorebs. monacemebi am TavSi
ise warmoadginos informacia menejmentis
sami ZiriTadi kategoriis mixedviTaa
midgomebis Sesaxeb, rom moicvas
dajgufebuli _ ekonomikuri,
indikatorTa mocemuli kategoriis
garemosdacviTi da socialuri.

36 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

yvela aspeqtis erToblioba, an monacemTa wardgena: rig SemTxvevebSi


TiToeuli aspeqtis mixedviT cal-calke gamarTlebulia fardobiTi an
warmoadginos informacia. nebismier procentuli monacemebis warmodgena.
SemTxvevaSi, informacia unda moicavdes am SemTxvevaSi aucileblad unda
yvela im aspeqts, romelic indikatorTa warmoadginoT absoluturi
TiToeul kategorias ukavSirdeba, monacemebic.
imis miuxedavad, Tu ra formatiTaa
warmodgenili an rogoraa dajgufebuli monacemTa agregireba (gaerTianeba
es informacia. da Sejameba): angariSmgebelma
organizaciebma unda gansazRvron
angariSis standartuli komponentebis informaciis agregirebis
mTliani sruqturis Semadgeneli nawilebi (gaerTianebisa da Sejamebis)
_ strategia (1.1) da mokle informacia Sesaferisi done. damatebiTi
organizaciis Sesaxeb (1.2)15 _ miznad informacia am sakiTxze SegiZliaT
isaxavs, mogvawodos organizaciis winaSe moiZioT `saxelmZRvanelo
arsebuli riskebis da SesaZleblobebis miTiTebebis~ nawilSi: `zogadi
mokle mimoxilva. xolo monacemebi SeniSvnebi angariSgebis Sesaxeb~.
menejmentis midgomebis Sesaxeb miznad
isaxavs warmoadginos ufro detaluri sazomi erTeulebi: monacemebi
informacia im midgomebis Sesaxeb, warmodgenili unda iyos
romlebsac organizacia iyenebs mdgrad saerTaSorisod aRiarebuli
ganviTarebasTan dakavSirebuli riskebisa sazomi erTeulebis gamoyenebiT
da SesaZleblobebis samarTavad. (magaliTad, kilogrami, tona,
litri); daangariSeba unda moxdes
saqmianobis efeqturobis indikatorebis konvertirebis standartuli
mixedviT informaciis warmodgenisas koeficientebis gamoyenebiT. Tu
gamoiyeneT monacemTa Segrovebis da romelime koeficienti sagangebod
damuSavebis qvemoT mocemuli miTiTebebi: aris gansazRvruli saerTaSoriso
konvenciebiT (mag., CO2-Tan
angariSgeba tendenciebis Sesaxeb: mimarTebiT saTburis airebis
angariSSi warmodgenili informacia ekvivalenti)16, es koeficienti,
unda moicavdes mimdinare Cveulebriv, miTiTebulia
saanagariSo periods (magaliTad, indikatorebis protokolebSi.
erTi weli) plus, sul mcire, wina or
periods; aseve, momaval miznebs, Tuki
isini ukve gansazRvrulia mokle da
saSualovadiani periodebisTvis.

protokolebis gamoyeneba:
indikatorebis Sesaxeb informaciis
warmodgenisas organizaciam unda
gamoiyenos saqmianobis efeqturobis
indikatorebze darTuli
portokolebi. am protokolebSi
mocemulia ZiriTadi miTiTebebi
informaciis Segrovebisa da
interpretaciis Sesaxeb.

15
ix. nawili 2, Tavi 1. strategia da analizi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
16
Greenhouse Gas Equivalent (GHG).

versia 3.0 37
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

ekonomikuri indikatorebi miznebi da saqmianobis efeqturoba

mdgradi ganviTarebis ekonomikuri aRwereT, ra saerTo miznebi aqvs


ganzomileba Seexeba organizaciis organizacias saqmianobis ekonomikur
saqmianobis zegavlenas misi aspeqtebTan dakavSirebiT.
dainteresebuli mxareebis ekonomikur
mdgomareobaze, aseve adgilobrivi, saqmianobis efeqturobis GG GRI
saxelmwifo da globaluri donis indikatorebTan erTad, saWiroebisamebr,
ekonomikur sistemebze. ekonomikuri gamoiyeneT organizaciis sakuTari,
indikatorebi TvalsaCinos xdis Semdegs: specifiuri indikatorebi, raTa aCvenoT,
Tu ra mimarTebaSia saqmianobis Sedegebi
rogor moZraobs kapitali sxvadasxva dasaxul miznebTan.
dainteresebul mxareebs Soris;
organizaciis politika
ra saxis ekonomikuri zegavlena
mokled aRwereT organizaciis saerTo
aqvs organizacias zogadad
politika (strategiuli kursi), romelic
sazogadoebaze.
gansazRvravs organizaciis zogad
valdebulebebs zemoT CamoTvlil
finansuri efeqturoba umniSvnelovanesi
ekonomikur aspeqtebTan dakavSirebiT,
maCvenebelia zogadad organizaciisa
an miuTiTeT, Tu sad SeiZleba aRniSnuli
da misi mdgradobis Sesafaseblad. amis
informaciis Tavisuflad moZieba
Sesaxeb informacia, ZiriTadad, finansur
(magaliTad, veb-gverdis misamarTi).
angariSebSia warmodgenili. mdgradi
ganviTarebis angariSis mkiTxvelebs ki
damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia
yvelaze metad ainteresebT, Tu ra wvlili
Seaqvs organizacias zogadad ekonomikis warmoadgineT Semdegi saxis damatebiT
mdgrad ganviTarebaSi, rac xSirad informacia, romelic saWiroa
naklebad aisaxeba finansur angariSebSi. organizaciis saqmianobis ukeT gagebisa
da SefasebisaTvis:
informacia menejmentis midgomebis
Sesaxeb
ra ZiriTadi warmatebebi da
mokled aRwereT menejmentis midgomebi, Cavardnebi hqonda organizacias;
romlebic danergilia organizaciaSi
TiToeul qvemoTCamoTvlil ekonomikur raSi mdgomareobda organizaciis
aspeqtTan mimarTebiT: winaSe arsebuli ZiriTadi riskebi da
SesaZleblobebi;
ekonomikuri efeqturoba;
ra mniSvnelovani cvlilebebi
bazris dafarva; ganicada organizaciis sistemebma da
struqturebma saangariSo periodis
iribi ekonomikuri zegavlena. ganmavlobaSi, romlebic mimarTuli
iyo organizaciis saqmianobis
TiToeul aspeqtTan dakavSirebuli efeqturobis gaumjobesebisaken;
menejmentis midgomebi aRwereT qvemoT
ra saxis strategiebi gamoiyena
ganxiluli sakiTxebis mixedviT (miznebi
organizaciam sakuTari politikis
da efeqturoba, organizaciis politika,
realizaciisa da efeqturobis
damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia).
gaumjobebsebis mizniT.

38 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

saqmianobis ekonomikuri EC7 adgilobrivi mosaxleobis


efeqturobis indikatorebi daqiravebis procedurebi
da kompaniis menejmentis
aspeqti: ekonomikuri efeqturoba
zeda rgolis SemadgenlobaSi

ZiriTadi
adgilobirvi mosaxleobis
EC1 Seqmnili da ganawilebuli
procentuli wili organizaciis
ekonomikuri Rirebuleba
saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi.
Semosavlebis, mimdinare
sawarmoo xarjebis,
aspeqti: iribi ekonomikuri zegavlena
TanamSromelTa anazRaurebis,
gacemuli Semowirulobebisa
EC8 komerciuli, naturiT an
da sazogadoebisaTvis
sazogadoebisaTvis sasikeTo/
gaRebuli sxva investiciebis,
saqvelmoqmedo saqmianobis19
gaunawilebeli mogebis, aseve
ZiriTadi

formiT infrastruqturaSi
kapitalis mimwodeblebisa da
ganxorcielebuli investiciebi
saxelmwifosaTvis gadaxdili

ZiriTadi
da sazogadoebisaTvis sasargeblo
Tanxebis CaTvliT.
momsaxurebis ganviTareba, aseve am
gziT moxdenili zegavlena.
EC2 finansuri danaxarjebi,
organizaciis winaSe warmoqmnili
ZiriTadi

safrTxeebi da SesaZleblobebi, EC9 mniSvnelovani iribi ekonomikuri


damatebiTi

romlebic klimatis cvlilebas zemoqmedebis analizi da aRwera,


ukavSirdeba. aseve zemoqmedebis masStabi.

EC3 ramdenad asrulebs organizacia


valdebulebebs, romlebic
ZiriTadi

Tavis Tavze aiRo sapensio


programis farglebSi `winaswar
gansazRvruli pensiiT~17.

EC4 mTavrobisagan miRebuli


ZiriTadi

mniSvnelovani finansuri
daxmareba.

aspeqti: bazris dafarva

EC5 organizaciis dabali kategoriis


muSakis standartuli xelfasisa
damatebiTi

da adgilobrivi minimaluri
xelfasis Sefardeba organizaciis
saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi.

EC6 adgilobrivi mimwodeblebis


gamoyenebis politika da
praqtika, aseve adgilobrivi
mimwodeblebisagan
ZiriTadi

ganxorcielebuli Sesyidvebis
procentuli wili18 organizaciis
saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi.
17
Defined-benefit plan. ix. aseve `ekonomikuri indikatorebis protokolSi~ EC3 indikatorze darTuli sqolio
(mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
18
anu, adgilobrivi Sesyidvebis procentuli wili Sesyidvebis mTel odenobasTan SefardebiT (mTargmn. SeniSvna).
19
Commercial, in-kind or pro bono.

versia 3.0 39
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

garemosdacviTi indikatorebi (miznebi da saqmianobis efeqturoba;


organizaciis politika; organizaciuli
mdgradi ganviTarebis garemosdacviTi
pasuxismgebloba; treningi da
ganzomileba ukavSirdeba organizaciis
cnobierebis donis amaRleba; monitoringi
saqmianobis zegavlenas bunebis
da Sedegebze reagireba; damatebiTi
cocxal da aracocxal sistemebze,
konteqsturi informacia).
ekosistemebis, miwis, haeris da wylis
CaTvliT. garemosdacviTi indikatorebi
miznebi da saqmianobis efeqturoba
asaxavs garemoze kompaniis saqmianobis
zegavlenas moxmarebuli resursebis aRwereT organizaciis erTiani miznebi
(magaliTad, masalebi/nedleuli, energia, kompaniis saqmianobis garemosdacviT
wyali) da warmoqmnili produqtebis (mag., aspeqtebTan dakavSirebiT.
gamonabolqvi, narCenebi, sawarmoo nagavi)
konteqstSi. garda amisa, es indikatorebi GRI saqmianobis efeqturobis
asaxavs kompaniis saqmianobis zegavlenas indikatorebTan erTad, saWiroebisamebr,
biomravalferovnebaze, garemosdacviT gamoiyeneT organizaciis sakuTari,
kanonebTan da normebTan Sesabamisobas specifiuri indikatorebi, raTa aCvenoT,
da sxva maCveneblebs, rogoricaa Tu ra mimarTebaSia saqmianobis Sedegebi
garemos dacvis mizniT gaweuli dasaxul miznebTan.
finansuri xarjebi, agreTve warmoebuli
produqciis da gaweuli momsaxurebis organizaciis politikia
zegavlena garemoze.
mokled aRwereT organizaciis saerTo
politika (strategiuli kursi), romelic
informacia menejmentis midgomebis
gansazRvravs organizaciis zogad
Sesaxeb
valdebulebebs zemoT CamoTvlil
mokled aRwereT menejmentis midgomebi, garemosdacviT aspeqtebTan dakavSirebiT,
romlebic gamoiyeneba organizaciaSi an miuTiTeT, sad SeiZleba aRniSnuli
TiToeul qvemoT CamoTvlil informaciis Tavisuflad moZieba
garemosdacviT aspeqtTan mimarTebiT: (magaliTad, veb-gverdis misamarTi).

nedleuli/masala;
organizaciis pasuxismgebloba

energia;
daasaxeleT yvelaze maRali Tanamdeboba,
romelic uSualod pasuxismgebelia
wyali;
organizaciis saqmianobis garemosdacviT
aspeqtebze, an axseniT, rogor aris
biomravalferovneba;
gadanawilebuli pasuxismgebloba
maRali Tanamdebobis pirebs Soris am
gafrqvevebi, Camdinare wylebi,
TvlsazrisiT. aRniSnuli informacia
narCenebi;
unda gansxvavdebodes 4.1. punqtiT
gansazRvruli monacemebisgan, romlebic
produqcia da momsaxureba;
koncentrirdeba mmarTvelobiT
struqturebze.
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
Sesabamisoba;
treningebi da cnobierebis donis
amaRleba
transporti;
aRwereT procedurebi, romelbic
zogadi. dakavSirebulia garemosdacviT
treningebTan da cnobierebis donis
TiToeul aspeqtTan dakavSirebuli amaRlebasTan am sferoSi.
menejmentis midgomebi aRwereT
qvemoT ganxiluli punqtebis mixedviT

40 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

monitoringi da Sedegebze reagireba

aRwereT monitoringTan, prevenciul


saqmianobasTan da zianis gamosworebasTan
dakavSirebuli procedurebi, mowodebis
qselTan dakavSirebuli procedurebis
CaTvliT.

CamoTvaleTY organizaciis
garemosdacviTi saqmianobis Semowmebebi
da gamoyenebuli sertifikaciis
sistemebi; aseve CamoTvaleT sxva zomebi,
romlebic gamoiyeneba angariSmgebeli
organizaciis an misi mowodebis qselis
Semowmebis (auditis) mizniT.

damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia

miawodeT mkiTxvelebs Sesabamisi


damatebiTi informacia, romelic saWiroa
organizaciis saqmianobis ukeT gagebisa
da SefasebisTvis. kerZod:

ra ZiriTadi warmatebebi da
Cavardnebi hqonda organizacias;

raSi mdgomareobda organizaciis


winaSe arsebuli ZiriTadi
garemosdacviTi riskebi da
SesaZleblobebi;

ra ZiriTadi cvlilebebi ganicada


organizaciis sistemebma da
struqturebma saangariSo periodis
ganmavlobaSi, romelTa mizani
iyo organizaciis saqmianobis
efeqturobis gaumjobeseba;

ra saxis strategiebi gamoiyena


organizaciam sakuTari politikis
ganaxorcielebisa da efeqturobis
amaRlebis mizniT.

versia 3.0 41
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

saqmianobis garemosdacviTi

damatebiTi
EN9 wylis wyaroebi, romlebzec
efeqturobis indikatorebi mniSvnelovani zegavlena moaxdina
aspeqti: nedleuli/masala organizaciis wyalaRebam.

EN1 moxmarebuli nedleuli/masala


ZiriTadi

wonis an moculobis miTiTebiT. EN10 reciklirebuli da xelmeored

damatebiTi
gamoyenebuli wylis mTliani
moculoba da procentuli wili.
EN2 organizaciis mier moxmarebuli
ZiriTadi

reciklirebuli masalis
aspeqti: biomravalferovneba
procentuli wili20.
EN11 organizaciis kuTvnili, ijariT
aspeqti: energia an marTvis uflebiT aRebuli im
miwis nakveTebis adgilmdebareoba
EN3 energiis pirdapiri moxmareba, da zoma, romlebic mdebareobs
ZiriTadi

daTiSuli pirveladi daculi teritoriebis farglebSi,


energoresursebis (energiis esazRvreba maT, an mdebareobs
pirveladi wyaroebis) mixedviT. daculi teritoriis farglebs
ZiriTadi

gareT, magram aqvs maRali


EN4 energiis arapirdapiri Rirebuleba biomravalferovnebis
ZiriTadi

moxmareba, daTiSuli pirveladi TvalsazrisiT.


energoresursebis (energiis
pirveladi wyaroebis) mixedviT. EN12 daculi teritoriebisa da biom-
ravalferovnebis kuTxiT maRali
EN5 energiis moxmarebis Semcirebisa
damatebiTi

Rirebulebis mqone sxva terito-


da energoefeqturobis amaRlebis riebis (daculi teritoriebis
Sedegad dazogili energia. miRma) biomravalferovnebaze kom-
ZiriTadi

paniis saqmianobiT, produqciiT


da momsaxurebiT moxdenili mniS-
EN6 iniciativebi, romlebic vnelovani zegavlena.
mimarTulia energoefeqturi
an ganaxlebad energiaze EN13 daculi an aRdgenili habitatebi.
damatebiTi
damatebiTi

dafuZnebuli produqciisa da
momsaxurebis SemuSavebisken; aseve,
am iniciativebis Sedegad energiaze
moTxovnis Semcireba.
EN14 biomravalferovnebaze zegavle-
damatebiTi
damatebiTi

EN7 energiis arapirdapiri moxmarebis nis marTvis strategia, mimdinare


Semcirebisken mimarTuli aqtivobebi da samomavlo gegmebi.
iniciativebi da miRweuli
Sedegebi.
EN15`bunebis dacvis msoflio kavSiris~21
aspeqti: wyali wiTel nusxaSi da saxelmwifos mier
dacul saxeobaTa nusxaSi Setanili
EN8 wylis mTliani amoReba, daTiSuli saxeobebis raodenoba, romlebic
ZiriTadi

wylis wyaroebis mixedviT. saxloben im teritoriebze,


romlebzec zegavlenas axdens
damatebiTi

organizaciis saqmianoba,
TiToeuli saxeobisTvis
gadaSenebis riskis xarisxis
miTiTebiT.
20
anu gadamuSavebuli an xelmeored moxmarebuli nedleulis/masalis procentuli wili gamoyenebuli
nedleulis/masalis mTlian moculobasTan/wonasTan (ENE E EN N1) SefardebiT (mTargmn. SeniSvn.)
21
The World Conservation Union. ix. www.iucn.org (mTargmn. SeniSvn.)

42 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

aspeqti: gafrqvevebi, Camdinare wylebi, EN25 wylis obieqtebi/wyalsatevebi da


narCenebi maTTan dakavSirebuli habitatebi,
maTi zoma, daculobis statusi da
EN16 saTburis airebis pirdapiri Rirebuleba biomravalferovnebis
ZiriTadi

da arapirdapiri gafrqvevebis kuTxiT, romlebzec mniSvnelovani


mTliani odenoba, masis miTiTebiT. zegavlena moaxdina angariSmgebeli
organizaciis wyalCaSvebam

damatebiTi
da misi sawarmoo obieqtebis
EN17 saTburis airebis sxva
teritoriebze warmoqmnilma
ZiriTadi

mniSvnelovani arapirdapiri
zedapirulma gadanarecxma da
gafrqvevebis mTliani odenoba,
gaRvrilma wylebma.
masis miTiTebiT.
aspeqti: produqcia da momsaxureba
damatebiTi

EN18 saTburis airebis gafrqvevis


Semcirebisken mimarTuli EN26 iniciativebi, romelTa
iniciativebi da am iniciativebis mizania kompaniis produqciisa
meSveobiT miRweuli Sedegebi. da momsaxurebis garemoze
ZiriTadi zemoqmedebis Semcireba, aseve, am
EN19 ozondamSlel nivTierebaTa iniciativebis Sedegad miRweuli
ZiriTadi

gafrqvevebis raodenoba, masis Semcirebis masStabi.


miTiTebiT.
EN27 gayiduli produqciis da misi
SesafuTi masalis im nawilis
EN20 NOx, SOx da sxva mniSvnelovani
procentuli wili, calkeuli
ZiriTadi

damabinZureblebis atmosferoSi
ZiriTadi

kategoriebis mixedviT, romelic


gafrqveva, damabinZurebeli
Segrovda, gadamuSavda da
nivTierebebis tipisa da masis
xelmeored iqna gamoyenebuli.
miTiTebiT.
aspeqti: sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
EN21 wyalCaSvebis mTliani moculoba,
ZiriTadi

Sesabamisoba
daTiSuli Camdinare wylebis
xarisxisa da mimRebi obieqtebis EN28 garemosdacviTi kanonebisa da
mixedviT. normatiuli aqtebis moTxovnaTa
Seusruleblobis gamo dawesebuli
ZiriTadi

EN22 narCenebis mTliani masa, mniSvnelovani jarimebis fuladi


ZiriTadi

daTiSuli narCenebis tipisa da gamoxatuleba da aramonetaruli


gauvnebelyofis meTodebis sanqciebis mTliani odenoba.
mixedviT.
aspeqti: transporti

EN23 mniSvnelovani gaJonvebis EN29 organizaciis saqmianobisTvis


ZiriTadi

SemTxvevaTa raodenoba da maTi saWiro produqciis, saqonlis da


moculoba. nedleulis, aseve organizaciis
damatebiTi

TanamSromelTa/muSaxelis
transportirebiT gamowveuli
EN24 transportirebuli, mniSvnelovani zemoqmedeba
importirebuli, eqsportirebuli garemoze.
an gadamuSavebuli narCenebis wona,
aspeqti: zogadi
romlebic bazelis konvenciis I,
damatebiTi

damatebiTi

II, III da VIII danarTebis Sesabamisad EN30 garemosdacviTi xarjebis da


miCneulia saxifaTo narCenebad; investiciebis mTliani odenoba,
aseve, qveynis gareT gatanili daTiSuli maTi daniSnulebis
narCenebis procentuli wili. mixedviT.

versia 3.0 43
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

socialuri indikatorebi pasuxismgeblobis maregulirebel or


iseT instruments, rogoricaa: `Sromis
mdgradi ganviTarebis socialuri
saerTaSoriso organizaciis~ sammxrivi
ganzomileba ukavSirdeba organizaciis
deklaracia multinacionaluri
saqmianobis zegavlenas im socialur
sawarmoebis da socialuri strategiis
sistemebze, romelTa farglebSic igi
Sesaxeb~ da `ekonomikuri TanamSromlobis
funqcionirebs.
da ganviTarebis organizaciis~23
saxelmZRvanelo principebi
GRI socialuri indikatorebi asaxavs
multinacionaluri organizaciebisTvis.
kompaniis saqmianobis im ZiriTad
aspeqtebs, romlebic Seexeba SromiT
informacia menejmentis midgomebis
saqmianobas, adamianTa uflebebs,
Sesaxeb
sazogadoebas da produqciaze
pasuxismgeblobas. mokled aRwereT menejmentis midgomebi,
romlebsac organizacia iyenebs
SromiTi saqmianobis TiToeuli qvemoT
CamoTvlili aspeqtis samarTavad:
SromiTi saqmianoba da Rirseuli
Sroma dasaqmeba;
SromiTi saqmianobis kategoria
menejmentis da personalis SromiTi
aerTianebs konkretul aspeqtebs,
urTierTobebi;
romlebic saerTaSoriso doneze
sayovelTaod aRiarebul standartebs
janmrTeloba da usafrTxoeba
efuZneba, kerZod:
samuSao adgilze;
gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciis
treningi da ganaTleba;
sayovelTao deklaracia adamianis
uflebebis Sesaxeb da misi
mravalferovneba da Tanabari
protokolebi;
SesaZleblobebi.
gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciis
TiToeul aspeqtTan dakavSirebuli
konvencia: saerTaSoriso SeTanxmeba
menejmentis midgomebi aRwereT
samoqalaqo da politikuri
qvemoT ganxiluli punqtebis
uflebebis Sesaxeb;
mixedviT (miznebi da saqmianobis
efeqturoba; organizaciis politika;
gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciis
organizaciuli pasuxismgebloba;
konvencia: saerTaSoriso SeTanxmeba
treningi da cnobierebis donis
ekonomikuri, socialuri da
amaRleba; monitoringi da Sedegebze
kulturuli uflebebis Sesaxeb;
reagireba; damatebiTi konteqsturi
informacia). aRwerisas ZiriTadi
`Sromis saerTaSoriso
amosavali dokumetebi unda iyos `Sromis
organizaciis22~ (ILO) deklaracia
saerTaSoriso organizaciis~ sammxrivi
SromiT saqmianobaSi fundamenturi
deklaracia multinacionaluri
principebis da uflebebis Sesaxeb,
sawarmoebis da socialuri strategiis
romelic miiRes 1998 wels (kerZod,
Sesaxeb (kerZod, `Sromis saerTaSoriso
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
organizaciis~ rva ZiriTadi SeTanxmeba)
rva ZiriTadi SeTanxmeba);
da `ekonomikuri TanamSromlobis
da ganviTarebis organizaciis~
venis deklaracia da samoqmedo
saxelmZRvanelo principebi
programa;
multinacionaluri organizaciebisTvis.
SromiTi saqmianobis indikatorebi
efuZneba biznesis socialuri

22
International labour Organization (ILO).
23
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

44 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

miznebi da saqmianobis efeqturoba monitoringi da Sedegebze reagireba

aRwereT organizaciis erTiani miznebi,


aRwereT monitoringTan, prevenciul
romlebic kompanias dasaxuli aqvs
saqmianobasTan da zianis gamosworebasTan
SromiTi saqmianobis zemoT CamoTvlil
dakavSirebuli procedurebi, romlebic
aspeqtebTan mimarTebiT da miuTiTeT,
momwodeblebis qselzec vrceldeba.
rogor miesadageba es miznebi
sayovelTaod aRiarebul saerTaSoriso
CamoTvaleT organizaciaSi SromiT
standartebs.
saqmianobasTan dakavSirebiT
Catarebuli Semowmebebi da gamoyenebuli
GGRI saqmianobis efeqturobis
sertifikaciis sistemebi; aseve
indikatorebTan erTad, saWiroebisamebr,
CamoTvaleT sxva zomebi, romlebic
SegiZliaT gamoiyenoT organizaciis
gamoiyeneba angariSmgebeli organizaciis
specifiuri indikatorebi, raTa
an misi momwodeblebis qselis Semowmebis
TvalsaCino gaxadoT, Tu ra Sesrulda
(auditis) mizniT.
dasaxul miznebTan mimarTebiT.
damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia
organizaciis politika
damatebiT miawodeT mkiTxvelebs
mokled aRwereT organizaciis politika
Sesabamisi informacia, romelic saWiroa
(strategiuli kursi), romelic
organizaciis saqmianobis ukeT gasagebad,
gansazRvravs SromiTi saqmianobis
kerZod:
aspeqtebTan dakavSirebiT organizaciis
mier aRebul valdebulebebs, an
ra ZiriTadi warmatebebi da
miuTiTeT, romel veb-gverdze SeiZleba
Cavardnebi hqonda organizacias;
am informaciis moZieba. aseve miuTiTeT,
Tu ramdenad Seesabameba organizaciis
raSi mdgomareobda organizaciis
politika zemoT aRniSnul saerTaSoriso
winaSe arsebuli ZiriTadi riskebi da
standartebs.
SesaZleblobebi;
organizaciis pasuxismgebloba
ra ZiriTadi cvlilebebi ganicada
miuTiTeT yvelaze maRali Tanamdeboba, organizaciis sistemebma da
romelsac organizaciaSi uSualod struqturebma saangariSo periodis
ekisreba pasuxismgebloba SromiTi ganmavlobaSi organizaciis
saqmianobis aspeqtebze, an axseniT, rogor saqmianobis efeqturobis
aris gadanawilebuli es pasuxismgebloba gaumjobesebis mizniT;
menejmentis maRal donze. aRniSnuli
informacia unda gansxvavdebodes 4.1. ra strategiebi gamoiyeneboda
punqtiT gansazRvruli monacemebisgan, organizaciis politikis
romlebic koncentrirdeba mmarTvelobiT ganxorcielebisa da efeqturobis
struqturebze. gaumjobebsebis mizniT.

treningebi da cnobierebis donis


amaRleba

aRwereT procedurebi, romlebic


ukavSirdeba treningebs SromiTi
saqmianobis sxvadasxva aspeqtebis
Sesaxeb, aseve am sferoSi cnobierebis
amaRlebisken mimarTul RonisZiebebs.

versia 3.0 45
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

SromiTi saqmianoba da Rirseuli LA3 srul Statze momuSave


Sroma 24 TanamSromlebisTvis dawesebuli
finansuri daxmareba da
saqmianobis efeqturobis SeRavaTebi, romlebic ar
indikatorebi

damatebiTi
vrceldeba droebiT an naxevar
aspeqti: dasaqmeba Statze momuSave TanamSromlebze,
daTiSuli saqmianobis ZiriTadi
LA1 organizaciis mTliani SromiTi tipebis mixedviT.
resursebi (yvela saxis muSakTa
aspeqti: menejmentis da personalis
saerTo raodenoba), daTiSuli
SromiTi urTierTobebi
dasaqmebis tipebis, SromiTi
ZiriTadi

xelSekrulebis tipebisa da
LA4 im TanamSromelTa procentuli
kompaniis saqmianobis regionebis

ZiriTadi
wili, romlebzec vrceldeba
mixedviT.
`koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis
xelSekrulebebi~.25
LA2 TanamSromelTa denadobis
absoluturi da procentuli
ZiriTadi

maCvenebeli, daTiSuli sqesis,


asakobrivi jgufebisa da
regionebis mixedviT.

24
`Rirseuli Sroma~ kompleqsuri cnebaa, romelic eTikur principebs efuZneba. termini `Rirseuli Sroma~ (DD D ecent
Work) oficialurad pirvelad gvxvdeba Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis (ILO) generaluri direqtoris angar-
iSSi 1999 wlis Sromis saerTaSoriso konferenciaze: `Rirseuli Sroma gulisxmobs produqtiul Sromas, romlis
drosac daculia mSromelTa uflebebi, romelic adeqvaturad anazRaurdeba da adeqvaturi socialuri dacvis
programebiT regulirdeba. Rirseuli Sroma agreTve gulisxmobs, rom yvela adamianisaTvis xelmisawvdomi unda
iyos sakuTari SromiT Semosavlis miRebis SesaZleblobebi. Rirseuli Sroma aris gza ekonomikuri da socialuri
ganviTarebisaken, gza, romlis meSveobiTac dasaqmebis, Semosavlis miRebisa da socialuri dacvis miRweva Sesa-
Zlebelia socialuri standartebisa da mSromelTa uflebebis SebRalvis gareSe. profesiuli kavSirebis, kerZo
kompaniebisa da saxelmwifo xelisuflebis sammxrivi TanamSromloba da dialogi warmoadgens im miznebs, rom-
lebic uzrunvelyofs Tanamonawileobasa da demokratiul procesebs. imavdroulad, es aris instrumenti Sromis
saerTaSoriso organizaciis sxva strategiuli miznebis misaRwevad. ganviTarebadi msoflio ekonomika gvTavazobs
SesaZleblobebs, romlebic yvelasaTvis sasikeToa, magram es yovelive unda efuZnebodes TanamonawileobiT so-
cialur institutebs, raTa Sedegad moitanos kanoniereba da ekonomikuri da socialuri politikebis mdgradoba~
(ix. Decent Work, Report of Mr. Juan Somavia, ILO Director-General, 87th session of the International Labour Conference, 1999).
Sesabamisad, am formulirebis mixedviT, Rirseuli Sromis maxasiaTeblebia: a) produqtiuli Sroma; b) uflebebis
dacva; g) adeqvaturi anazRaureba; g) socialuri dacva. aRniSnuli dokumentis Tanaxmad, Rirseuli Sromis maxasi-
aTeblebs unda daematos mexuTe komponenti - e). profesiuli kavSirebis, kerZo kompaniebisa da saxelmwifo xelis-
uflebis sammxrivi TanamSromloba da dialogi. Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis Semdegdroindel dokumetebSi
`Rirseuli Sromis~ ganmartebas emateba an aqcentirdeba iseTi komponentebi, rogoricaa Sromis usafrTxoeba,
Tanasworoba da pirovnuli Rirseba (SOMAVIA, Juan, Decent jobs for all in a global economy; an ILO perspective, document
submitted to the Third WTO Ministerial Meeting (30 Nov. 3 Dec. 1999), aseve mSromelTa monawileoba gadawyvetilebis
miRebis procesSi (SOMAVIA, Juan, Introduction in Globalising Europe. Decent work in the information economy. Report of the
Director General. Sixth European Regional Meeting, ILO, Geneva 2000, vol I, p. X.) (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
25
`koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis xelSekrulebebi~ (Collective bargaining agreement) iuridiuli Zalis moqone koleq-
tiuri SeTanxmeba kompaniasa da im profkavSirebs Soris, romlebic am kompaniis TanamSromelTa interesebs war-
moadgens. SeTanxmebis sagania Sromis pirobebi, xelfasis odenoba, samuSao dRis da samuSao kviris xangrZlivoba,
Svebulebebi da a. S.; amgvari xelSekrulebis pirobebs mxareebi gansazRvraven koleqtiuri molaparakebis gziT
(collective bargaining), romelic garkveuli regularobiT tardeba. koleqtiuri SeTanxmeba, Cveulebriv, garkveuli
periodis ganmavlobaSi moqmedebs da Semdeg gadaixedeba. kompaniis an profkavSiris mxridan molaparakebis (col-
lective bargaining) proceduraze uaris Tqma sasamarTlos mier ganixileba, rogorc `usamarTlo SromiTi urTier-
Tobebi~ (unfair labor practices). `koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis xelSekrulebis~ dadebis ufleba mSromelebs miniWebuli
aqvT 1935 wlis `vagneris kanoniT~ (Wagner Act), aseve `menejmentisa da personalis SromiTi urTierTobebis aqtiT
(LL abor-Management Relations Act), romelic 1947 miiRes, rogorc vagneris kanonis Sesworeba (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

46 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

aspeqti: treningi da ganaTleba


LA5 organizaciis saqmianobaSi
mniSvnelovani cvlilebebis
LA10 weliwadSi saSualod
ganxorcielebamde
ramdeni saaTi ixarjeba erTi
SetyobinebisaTvis saWiro
TanamSromlis swavlebaze/
minimaluri vada;26 agreTve,
ZiriTadi

treningebze, TanamSromelTa

ZiriTadi
gaTvaliswinebulia Tu ara es
kategoriebis mixedviT.
vadebi `koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis
xelSekrulebebSi~.

aspeqti: janmrTeloba da usafrTxoeba


LA11 unar-Cvevebis ganviTarebisa da
samuSao adgilze
uwyveti swavlebis programebi,

damatebiTi
romlebic xels uwyobs
LA6 menejmentis warmomadgenlebTan
TanamSromelTa xangrZliv
erTad TanamSromelTa ra
dasaqmebas da exmareba maT
procentuli wili monawileobs
karieris dasrulebisas.
[samuSao adgilze] janmrTelobisa
da usafrTxoebis oficialur
LA12 im TanamSromelTa procentuli
erTobliv komitetebSi, romelTa damatebiTi
wili, romlebic regularulad
saSualebiT xorcieldeba
gaivlian sakuTari muSaobis
profesiul daavadebaTa
efeqturobisa da profesiuli
profilaqtikis/mkurnalobisa
ganviTarebis Sefasebas.
damatebiTi

da Sromis usafrTxoebis
programebis monitoringi da
am sferoSi rekomendaciebis aspeqti: mravalferovneba da Tanabari
momzadeba. SesaZleblobebi

LA7 sawarmoo travmebis, profesiuli LA13 mmarTvelobiTi organoebis


daavadebebis, dakarguli Semadgenlobisa da sxvadasxva
dReebisa da samuSaos gacdenis kategoriis TanamSromelTa
koeficienti, aseve samuSaosTan daTiSva genderuli, asakobrivi,
ZiriTadi

dakavSirebuli gardacvalebis umciresobis jgufebisadmi


ZiriTadi

SemTxvevebis sruli raodenoba, mikuTvnebis da mravalferovnebis


organizaciis saqmianobis sxva maCveneblebis mixedviT.
regionebis mixedviT.
LA14 mamakacTa da qalTa ZiriTadi
LA8 informirebis, swavlebis/ (sabazo) xelfasebis Sefardeba,
treningebis, konsultirebis, TanamSromelTa kategoriebis
ZiriTadi

prevenciuli da riskis mixedviT.


kontrolis arsebuli programebi,
romlebic daxmarebas uwevs
TanamSromlebs, maT ojaxebs
ZiriTadi

da sazogadoebis wevrebs mZime


daavadebebTan brZolasa da
Tavidan acilebaSi.

LA9 janmrTelobis dacvisa da


damatebiTi

Sromis usafrTxoebis sakiTxebi,


romlebic Setanilia profesiul
kavSirebTan dadebul oficialur
xelSekrulebebSi.

26
igulisxmeba vada Setyobinebasa da cvlilebis ganxorcielebas Soris (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 47
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

adamianis uflebaTa dacva informacia menejmentis midgomebis


Sesaxeb
adamianis uflebaTa dacvis indikatorebi
ukavSirdeba angariSSi warmodgenil mokled aRwereT menejmentis midgomebi,
informacias imis Sesaxeb, Tu ramdenad romlebic gamoiyeneba organizaciaSi
aris gaTvaliswinebuli adamianTa adamianis uflebaTa dacvis TiToeul
uflebebi investiciebis gakeTebisa da qvemoT CamoTvlil aspeqtTan mimarTebiT:
momwodeblebis/kontraqtorebis SerCevis
procesSi. garda amisa, indikatorebi investiciebi da Sesyidvebi;
moicavs monacemebs organizaciis
TanamSromlebisa da usafrTxoebis diskriminaciis dauSvebeloba;
samsaxuris personalisTvis Catarebuli
treningebis Sesaxeb adamianTa uflebebis asociaciebSi gaerTianebisa da
dacvis sferoSi, agreTve monacemebs koleqtiur molaparakebebSi
aradiskriminaciuli mopyrobis, monawileobis Tavisufleba;
asociaciebSi gaerTianebis Tavisuflebis,
bavSvTa Sromis argamoyenebis, ZirZveli bavSvTa Sromis aRmofxvra;
mosaxleobis uflebebis dacvis Sesaxeb,
iZulebiT da ZaldatanebiT SromasTan iZulebiTi da savaldebulo Sromis
dakavSirebuli sakiTxebis Sesaxeb. aRmofxvra;

sayovelTaod aRiarebuli adamianis saCivrebis da ukmayofilebis


uflebebi gawerilia Semdeg ganxilvis praqtika;
deklaraciebsa da konvenciebSi:
usafrTxoebis dacva;
gaeros sayovelTao deklaracia
adamianis uflebaTa Sesaxeb da misi ZirZveli mosaxleobis uflebebi.
protokolebi;
TiToeul aspeqtTan dakavSirebuli
gaeros saerTaSoriso konvencia menejmentis midgomebi aRwereT qvemoT
samoqalaqo da politikur uflebaTa ganxiluli punqtebis mixedviT (miznebi
Sesaxeb; da efeqturoba; organizaciis politika;
organizaciuli pasuxismgebloba;
gaeros saerTaSoriso konvencia treningi da gaTviTcnobiereba;
ekonomikuri, socialuri da monitoringi da Sedegebze reagireba;
kulturuli uflebebis Sesaxeb; damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia).
aRwerisas ZiriTadi amosavali
`Sromis saerTaSoriso dokumentebi unda iyos `Sromis
organizaciis~ (ILO) deklaracia saerTaSoriso organizaciis~ sammxrivi
SromiT saqmianobaSi fundamenturi deklaracia mravalerovani sawarmoebis
principebisa da uflebebis Sesaxeb, da socialuri strategiis Sesaxeb
1998 weli (gansakuTrebiT, Sromis (kerZod, `Sromis saerTaSoriso
saerTaSoriso organizaciis rva organizaciis~ rva ZiriTadi SeTanxmeba,
ZiriTadi konvencia); romlebic moicavs Semdeg SeTanxmebebs:
100, 111, 87, 98, 138, 182, 20 da 10527),
venis deklaracia da samoqmedo da `ekonomikuri TanamSromlobis
programa; da ganviTarebis organizaciis~
(OECD) saxelmZRvanelo principebi
multinacionaluri organizaciebisaTvis.

27
konvenciebi 100 da 111 Seexeba diskriminaciis dauSvebelobas, konvenciebi 87 da 98 asociaciebSi
gaerTianebisa da koleqtiuri molaparakebebis Tavisuflebas, konvenciebi 138 da 182 bavSTa Sromis
aRmofxvras; da bolos, konvenciebi 29 da 105 Seexeba iZulebiTi da savaldebulo Sromis prevencias.

48 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

miznebi da saqmianobis efeqturoba treningi da cnobierebis donis amaRleba

aRwereT organizaciis erTiani miznebi, aRwereT im treningebTan da cnobierebis


romlebic mas dasaxuli aqvs adamianis amaRlebis RonisZiebebTan dakavSirebuli
uflebebis sxvadasxva aspeqtebTan procedurebi, romlebic exeba adamianis
mimarTebiT da miuTiTeT, rogor uflebaTa dacvis aspeqtebs.
miesadageba es miznebi sayovelTaod
aRiarebul saerTaSoriso standartebs. monitoringi da Sedegebze reagireba

GRI saqmianobis efeqturobis aRwereT monitoringTan, prevenciul


indikatorebTan erTad, saWiroebis saqmianobasTan da zianis gamosworebasTan
SemTxvevaSi, SegiZliaT gamoiyenoT dakavSirebuli procedurebi, romlebic
organizaciis specifiuri indikatorebi, momwodeblebis qselzec vrceldeba.
raTa TvalsaCino gaxadoT, Tu ra
Sesrulda dasaxul miznebTan mimarTebiT. CamoTvaleT adamianis uflebebis dacvis
kuTxiT organizaciis saqmianobis
organizaciis politika Semowmebebi da am sferoSi gamoyenebuli
sertifikaciis sistemebi. aseve
mokled aRwereT organizaciis
CamoTvaleT sxva zomebi, romlebic
politika (strategiuli kursi),
gamoiyeneba angariSmgebeli organizaciis
romelic gansazRvravs organizaciis
an misi miwodebis qselis auditis mizniT.
valdebulebebs adamianis uflebaTa
dacvis sxvadasxva aspeqtTan dakavSirebiT
damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia
(im midgomebis/politikis CaTvliT,
romelmac, sakmao albaTobiT, SeiZleba damatebiT miawodeT mkiTxvelebs
zegavlena moaxdinos TanamSromelTa Sesabamisi informacia, romelic saWiroa
gadawyvetilebebze, gawevrianden organizaciis saqmianobis ukeT gasagebad,
profkavSirebSi an monawileoba miiRon kerZod:
koleqtiur molaparakebebSi), an
miuTiTeT, romel veb-gverdze SeiZleba ra ZiriTadi warmatebebi da
am informaciis moZieba. aseve, miuTiTeT, Cavardnebi hqonda organizacias;
Tu ramdenad Seesabameba organizaciis
politika zemoaRniSnul saerTaSoriso organizaciis winaSe arsebuli
standartebs. ZiriTadi riskebi da SesaZleblobebi;

organizaciis pasuxismgebloba ra mniSvnelovani cvlilebebi


ganicada organizaciulma sistemebma
miuTiTeT yvelaze maRali Tanamdeboba,
da struqturebma saangariSo
romelsac pasuxismgebloba ekisreba
periodis ganmavlobaSi, romlebic
organizaciaSi adamianTa uflebebis
mimarTuli iyo organizaciis
dacvis aspeqtebze, an axseniT, rogor
saqmianobis efeqturobis
aris gadanawilebuli es pasuxismgebloba
gaumjobesebisken;
menejmentis maRal donze. aRniSnuli
informacia unda gansxvavdebodes 4.1
ra saxis strategiebi da procedurebi
punqtiT gansazRvruli monacemebisgan,
gamoiyena organizaciam sakuTari
romlebic mmarTvelobiT struqturebze
politikis gansaxorcieleblad da
koncentrirdeba.
dasaxuli miznebis misaRwevad.

versia 3.0 49
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

adamianis uflebaTa dacvis aspeqti: BbavSvTa Sroma


indikatorebi
HR6 saqmianobebi, romelTac axlavs
aspeqti: investiciebi da Sesyidvebi
bavSvTa Sromis gamoyenebis didi

ZiriTadi
riski, agreTve bavSvTa Sromis
HR1 im mniSvnelovani sainvesticio
aRmofxvrisken mimarTuli
SeTanxmebebis saerTo raodenoba
RonisZiebebi.
da procentuli wili, romlebic
Seicavs debulebebs adamianis
ZiriTadi

aspeqti: iZulebiTi da ZaldatanebiTi


uflebaTa dacvis Sesaxeb, an
Sroma
romlebic Semowmda adamianis
uflebaTa dacvis TvalsazrisiT.
HR7 saqmianobebi, romelTa
farglebSic aRiniSneba iZulebiTi
HR2 im mniSvnelovani momwodeblebis
da ZaldatanebiTi Sromis
da kontraqtorebis procentuli
gamoyenebis didi riski, agreTve

ZiriTadi
wili, romelTac gaiares Semowmeba
iZulebiTi da ZaldatanebiTi
adamianis uflebaTa dacvis
Sromis aRmofxvrisken mimarTuli
ZiriTadi

kuTxiT, agreTve Semowmebis


RonisZiebebi.
sapasuxod ganxorcielebuli
RonisZiebebi.
aspeqti: usafrTxoeba

HR3 jamuri xangrZlivoba


HR8 usafrTxoebis samsaxuris
(saaTebSi) organizaciis
TanamSromelTa ra procentulma
TanamSromlebisTvis Catarebuli
wilma gaiara treningi/swavleba
treningebisa, romlebic exeba
organizaciis politikasa da
organizaciis politikasa da
procedurebze, romlebic exeba
procedurebs adamianis uflebaTa
damatebiTi

adamianis uflebaTa dacvis


dacvis sxvadasxva aspeqtTan
sxvadasxva aspeqts da romlebic
mimarTebiT da romlebic
arsebiTia organizaciis
arsebiTia organizaciis
saqmianobisTvis.
damatebiTi

saqmianobisaTvis; aseve im
TanamSromelTa procentuli
aspeqti: ZirZveli mosaxleobis
maCvenebeli, vinc es treningebi
uflebebis dacva
gaiara.
HR9 ZirZveli mosaxleobis uflebebis
aspeqti: diskriminaciis dauSvebeloba
darRvevis SemTxvevaTa saerTo
HR4 diskriminaciis SemTxvevebis raodenoba da amgvari darRvevebis
ZiriTadi

damatebiTi

saerTo raodenoba da sapasuxod aRmosafxvrelad gatarebuli


gatarebuli RonisZiebebi. RonisZiebebi.

aspeqti: asociaciebSi gaerTianebisa da


koleqtiur molaparakebebSi
monawileobis Tavisufleba

HR5 saqmianobebi, romelTa farglebSi


asociaciebSi gaerTianebisa da
koleqtiur molaparakebebSi
monawileobis Tavisufleba
mniSvnelovani riskis winaSe
ZiriTadi

SeiZleba dadges, aseve am


uflebaTa dasacavad gatarebuli
RonisZebebi.

50 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

sazogadoeba miznebi da amocanebi

sazogadoebasTan urTierTqmedebis aRwereT organizaciis saqmianobis


amsaxveli indikatorebi organizaciis erTiani miznebi zemoT CamoTvlil
mier sazogadoebaze moxdenil aspeqtebTan dakavSirebiT.
zegavlenaze koncentrirdeba,
im sazogadoebaze, romelSic is GGRI saqmianobis efeqturobis
funqcionirebs. es indikatorebi agreTve indikatorebTan erTad SegiZliaT,
asaxavs im SesaZlo riskebis marTvisa saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, gamoiyenoT
da regulirebis gzebs, romlebic organizaciis specifiuri indikatorebi,
warmoiSveba sxva socialur insitutebTan raTa TvalsaCino gaxadoT, Tu ra
urTierTobis Sedegad. Sesrulda dasaxul miznebTan mimarTebiT.

kerZod, es indikatorebi gvawvdis organizaciis politika


informacias im riskebze, romlebic
mokled aRwereT organizaciis politika,
ukavSirdeba meqrTameobas da korufcias,
romelic gansazRvravs organizaciis
saxelmwifo politikaze mavne zegavlenas
valdebulebebs sazogadoebasTan
da monopoliur saqmianobas.
urTierTqmedebis sxvadasxva aspeqtTan
dakavSirebiT, an miuTiTeT, sad SeiZleba
informacia menejmentis midgomebis
am informaciis Tavisuflad mopoveba
Sesaxeb
(mag., veb-gverdis misamarTi).
mokled aRwereT menejmentis midgomebi,
romlebsac organizacia iyenebs organizaciis pasuxismgebloba
sazogadoebasTan urTierTqmedebis
miuTiTeT yvelaze maRali Tanamdeboba,
qvemoT CamoTvlil aspeqtTagan
romelsac organizaciaSi pasuxismgebloba
TiToeulis samarTavad:
ekisreba sazogadoebasTan
urTierTqmedebis xvadasxva aspeqtze,
sazogadoeba/Temi;
an axseniT, rogor aris gadanawilebuli
es pasuxismgebloba menejmentis
korufcia;
maRal donze. aRniSnuli informacia
unda gansxvavdebodes 4.1 punqtiT
saxelmwifo politika;
gansazRvruli monacemebisagan, romlebic
koncentrirdeba mmarTvelobiT
konkurenciis Semaferxebeli
struqturebze.
saqmianoba;
treningebi da cnobierebis donis
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
amaRleba
Sesabamisoba.
aRwereT im treningebTan da cnobierebis
TiToeul aspeqtTan dakavSirebuli amaRlebis RonisZiebebTan dakavSirebuli
menejmentis midgomebi aRwereT qvemoT procedurebi, romlebic exeba
ganxiluli punqtebis mixedviT (miznebi sazogadoebaze zegavlenis da masTan
da efeqturoba; organizaciis politika; urTierTqmedebis aspeqtebs.
organizaciuli pasuxismgebloba;
treningebi da cnobierebis amaRleba;
monitoringi da Sedegebze reagireba;
damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia).

versia 3.0 51
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

monitoringi da Sedegebze reagireba

aRwereT monitoringTan, prevenciul


da zianis gamosworebis saqmianobasTan
dakavSirebuli procedurebi, romlebic
miwodebis qselzec vrceldeba.

CamoTvaleT sazogadoebasTan
urTierTqmedebis/zegavlenis kuTxiT
organizaciis saqmianobis Semowmebebi da
gamoyenebuli sertifikaciis sistemebi,
aseve CamoTvaleT sxva zomebi, romlebic
gamoiyeneba angariSmgebeli organizaciis
an misi mowodebis qselis auditis/
Semowmebis mizniT.

damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia

miawodeT mkiTxvelebs Sesabamisi


damatebiTi informacia, romelic saWiroa
organizaciis saqmianobis ukeT gasagebad,
kerZod:

ra ZiriTadi warmatebebi da
Cavardnebi hqonda organizacias;

raSi mdgomareobda organizaciis


mTavari riskebi da SesaZleblobebi;

ra mniSvnelovani cvlilebebi
ganicada organizaciis sistemebma
da struqturebma saangariSo
periodis ganmavlobaSi, organizaciis
saqmianobis efeqturobis
gaumjobesebis mizniT;

ra saxis strategiebi/procedurebi
gamoiyena organizaciam sakuTari
politikis gansaxorcieleblad da
dasaxuli miznebis misaRwevad.

52 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

sazogadoebasTan aspeqti: saxelwifo politika


urTierTqmedebis/zegavlenis SO5 organizaciis pozicia saxelmwifo
indikatorebi politikis sakiTxebTan
aspeqti: sazogadoeba/Temi dakavSirebiT da misi monawileoba

ZiriTadi
saxelmwifo politikis
SO1 organizaciis mier SemuSavebisa da lobirebis
ganxorcielebuli nebismieri procesSi.
qmedebebi da programebi, romelTa
mizania sazogadoebaze/Temze SO6 politikuri partiebis,
organizaciis saqmianobiT politikosebis da maTTan
moxdenili zegavlenis Sefaseba dakavSirebuli institutebis

damatebiTi
da marTva, am qmedebebisa da sasargeblod gakeTebuli
programebis xasiaTi, moqmedebis finansuri da naturiT
ZiriTadi

sfero da efeqtianoba maTi Semowirulobis mTliani


dawyebis, mimdinareobisa da moculoba.
dasrulebis etapebze.
aspqti: konkurenciis Semaferxebeli
saqmianoba
aspeqti: korufcia

SO7 konkurenciis SeferxebasTan


SO2 organizaciis im erTeulebis
(arapatiosan konkurenciasTan)28,
(qvedanayofebis, filialebis da
monopoliur praqtikasa da anti-
a. S.) absoluturi raodenoba da
damatebiTi
ZiriTadi

monopoliur saqmianobasTan29
procentuli wili, romlebSic
dakavSirebiT ganxorcielebul
ganxorcielda korufciasTan
samarTlebriv qmedebaTa saerTo
dakavSirebuli riskis Sefaseba.
raodenoba da maTi Sedegebi.
SO3 organizaciis TanamSromelTa aspeqti: sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
procentuli wili Sesabamisoba
(TanamSromelTa mTlian
odenobasTan SefardebiT), SO8 organizaciis mier kanonebis
romlebmac gaiares treningebi da normatiuli moTxovnebis
ZiriTadi

organizaciis antikorufciuli darRvevis gamo gadaxdili


ZiriTadi

politikisa da procedurebis mniSvnelovani jarimebis fuladi


Sesaxeb. gamoxatuleba da aramonetaruli
sanqciebis mTliani raodenoba.
SO4 korufciul qmedebaTa aRmoCenis
ZiriTadi

SemTxvevebSi gatarebuli
RonisZiebebi.

28
konkurenciis Seferxeba / arapatiosani konkurencia (anti-competitive behaviour) qmedebebi, romelTa mizania,
Seaferxos an SezRudos konkurencia bazarze (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
29
monopoliuri praqtika da antimonopoliuri saqmianoba (anti-trust and mopnopoly practices); Trust msxvili
sawarmoo monopolia, kompaniaTa msxvili gaerTianeba, Seqmnili romelime dargSi fasebisa da warmoebis
moculobis regulirebis mizniT. es cneba warmoiSva aSS-Si XIX XX ss-Ta mijnaze. pirveli cnobili trasti iyo j.
rokfeleris kompania `Standard Oil of New Jersey (Seiqmna 1879 wels). ukve 1890 wels kongresi Seecada trastebis
saqmianoba gaekontrolebina Sermanis antitrastuli (antimonopoliuri) kanonis miRebiT [Sherman Antitrust Act].
trastebTan seriozuli brZola daiwyo prezidentma ruzveltma (Roosevelt, Theodore) da aqtiurad ganagrZo
prezidentma u. taftma (Taft, William Howard) (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 53
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

produqciaze pasuxismgebloba miznebi da saqmianobis efeqturoba

produqciaze pasuxismgbelobis aRwereT organizaciis erTiani miznebi,


indikatorebi exeba angariSmgebeli romlebic mas dasaxuli aqvs produqciaze
organizaciis mier warmoebuli pasuxismgeblobis sxvadasxva aspeqtTan
produqciis da gaweuli momsaxurebis mimarTebiT.
iseT aspeqtebs, romlebic pirdapir
zegavlenas axdens momxmareblebze. GGRI saqmianobis efeqturobis
kerZod, aseTi aspeqtebia: janmrTeloba indikatorebTan erTad, saWiroebis
da usafrTxoeba, [momxmareblis] SemTxvevaSi, SegiZliaT gamoiyenoT
informireba da [produqciis da organizaciis specifiuri indikatorebi,
momsaxurebis] markireba, marketingi raTa TvalsaCino gaxadoT, Tu ra
da momxmareblis piradi cxovrebis Sesrulda dasaxuli miznebidan.
xelSeuxebloba.
organizaciis politika
es aspeqtebi, ZiriTadad, aisaxeba
mokled aRwereT organizciis politika,
informaciaSi Sida procedurebis
romelic gansazRvravs organizaciis mier
Sesaxeb, aseve, informaciaSi imis Taobaze,
aRebul valdebulebebs produqciaze
Tu ra doneze sruldeba an irRveva es
pasuxismgeblobis sxvadasxva aspeqtTan
procedurebi.
dakavSirebiT, an miuTiTeT, sad SeiZleba
informacia menejmentis midgomebis am informaciis Tavisuflad mopoveba
Sesaxeb (mag., veb-gverdis misamarTi).
mokled aRwereT menejmentis midgomebi,
organizaciis pasuxismgebloba
romlebic gamoiyeneba organizaciaSi
produqciaze pasuxismgeblobis TiToeul miuTiTeT yvelaze maRali Tanamdeboba,
qvemoT CamoTvlil aspeqtTan mimarTebiT: romelsac uSualod ekisreba
pasuxismgebloba `produqciaze
momxmareblebis janmrTeloba da pasuxismgbelobis~ aspeqtebTan
usafrTxoeba; dakavSirebiT, an axseniT, rogor aris
gadanawilebuli es pasuxismgebloba
produqciis da momsaxurebis menejmentis maRal donze. aRniSnuli
markireba; informacia unda gansxvavdebodes 4.1
punqtiT gansazRvruli monacemebisgan,
marketinguli komunikaciebi; sadac yuradReba gamaxvilebulia
mmarTvelobiT struqturebze.
momxmareblis piradi cxovrebis
xelSeuxebloba; treningebi da cnobierebis donis
amaRleba
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
aRwereT im treningebsa da cnobierebis
Sesabamisoba.
donis amaRlebisken mimarTul
RonisZiebebTan dakavSirebuli
TiToeul aspeqtTan dakavSirebuli
procedurebi, romlebic exeba
menejmentis midgomebi aRwereT qvemoT
produqciaze pasuxismgeblobis aspeqtebs.
ganxiluli punqtebis mixedviT (miznebi
da efeqturoba; organizaciis politika;
organizaciis pasuxismgebloba; treningi
da cnobierebis donis amaRleba;
monitoringi da Sedegebze reagireba;
damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia).

54 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

monitoringi da Sedegebze reagireba

aRwereT monitoringTan, prevenciul


saqmianobasTan da zianis gamosworebasTan
dakavSirebuli procedurebi, romlebic
momwodeblebis qselzec vrceldeba.

CamoTvaleT produqciaze
pasuxismgeblobis kuTxiT organizaciis
saqmianobis Semowmebebi da am sferoSi
gamoyenebuli sertifikaciis sistemebi;
aseve CamoTvaleT sxva zomebi, romlebic
gamoiyeneba angariSmgebeli organizaciis
an misi miwodebis qselis auditis/
Semowmebis mizniT.

damatebiTi konteqsturi informacia

miawodeT mkiTxvelebs saTanado


damatebiTi informacia, romelic saWiroa
organizaciis saqmianobis ukeT gasagebad,
kerZod:

ra ZiriTadi warmatebebi da
Cavardnebi hqonda organizacias;

raSi mdgomareobda organizaciis


winaSe arsebuli mniSvnelovani
riskebi da SesaZleblobebi;

ra mniSvnelovani cvlilebebi
ganicada organizaciis sistemebma
da struqturebma saangariSo
periodis ganmavlobaSi, organizaciis
saqmianobis efeqturobis
gaumjobesebis mizniT;

ra saxis strategiebi da procedurebi


gamoiyena organizaciam sakuTari
politikis gansaxorcieleblad da
dasaxuli miznebis misaRwevad.

versia 3.0 55
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

produqciaze pasuxismgeblobis PR5 momxmareblebis saWiroebaTa


indikatorebi dakmayofilebisaken mimarTuli

damatebiTi
saqmianobebi, iseTi kvlevebis
aspeqti: momxmarebelTa janmrTeloba da
Sedegebis CaTvliT, romlebic
usafrTxoeba
avlens momxamarebelTa
kmayofilebis dones.
PR1 produqciisa da momsaxurebis
sasicocxlo ciklis etapebi, aspeqti: marketinguli komunikacia
romlebzec xdeba maTi zegavlenis
PR6 programebi, romlebic
Sefaseba janmrTelobasa
uzrunvelyofs marketingul
da usafrTxoebaze, amgvari
komunikaciasTan (reklamis,
zegavlenis gaumjobesebis
produqciis popularizaciis
mizniT; aseve, im mniSvnelovani
da sponsorobis CaTvliT)

ZiriTadi
produqciis da momsaxurebis
ZiriTadi

dakavSirebuli kanonebis,
procentuli wili, romelic
standartebis da nebayofilobiTi
eqvemdebareba msgavs
kodeqsebis dacvas.
procedurebs.
PR7 marketingul komunikaciasTan
PR2 im normatiul moTxovnebTan
(reklamis, produqciis
da nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
popularizaciis da sponsorobis
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa
CaTvliT) dakavSirebul
ricxvi, romlebic aregulireben
normatiul moTxovnebTan da
janmrTelobasa da usafrTxoebaze
nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
produqciis da momsaxurebis
damatebiTi

Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa
zegavlenas maTi sasicocxlo
sruli raodenoba, daTiSuli
damatebiTi

ciklis ganmavlobaSi; agreTve,


amgvar SeusabamobaTa Sedegebis
amgvar SeusabamobaTa saerTo
kategoriebis mixedviT.
raodenobis daTiSva maTi
Sedegebis kategoriebis mixedviT. aspeqti: momxmarebelTa piradi
cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba
aspeqti: produqciis da momsaxurebis
PR8 momxmarebelTa piradi cxovrebis
markireba
xelSeuxeblobis darRvevisa
damatebiTi

PR3 produqciisa da momsaxurebis da momxmarebelTa monacemebis


Sesaxeb ra saxis TandarTuli dakargvis Taobaze Setanili
informaciis warmodgena dasabuTebuli saCivrebis mTliani
moiTxoveba Sesabamisi raodenoba.
procedurebiT; aseve,
aspeqti: sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
mniSvnelovani produqciis da
ZiriTadi

Sesabamisoba
momsaxurebis ramden procentze
vrceldeba amgvari moTxovna
PR9 produqciis da momsaxurebis
informaciaze.
miwodebis da gamoyenebis Sesaxeb
kanonebTan da normatiul
PR4 im normatiul moTxovnebTan
ZiriTadi

moTxovnebTan Seusabamobis
da nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
gamo dawesebuli mniSvnelovani
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa
jarimebis fuladi gamoxatuleba.
ricxvi, romlebic aregulireben
produqciisa da momsaxurebis
Sesaxeb TandarTuli informaciis
damatebiTi

miwodebasa da markirebas;
agreTve, amgvar SeusabamobaTa
saerTo raodenobis daTiSva maTi
Sedegebis kategoriebis mixedviT.

56 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

zogadi SeniSvnebi sferoSi organizaciis saqmianobis


angariSgebis Sesaxeb gansakuTrebiT Zlieri an susti mxareebi.
meore mxriv, monacemebis gadametebulma
monacemTa Segroveba detalizaciam SesaZloa gaarTulos
ganxorcielebis SesaZleblobaTa informaciis gageba da aRqma. angariSgebis
Sefaseba indikatorebSi mocemuli principebisa da
miTiTebebis safuZvelze angariSmgebelma
rogorc zemoT dainaxeT, angariSis
organizaciebma unda gansazRvron
Sinaarsis gansazRvra mravalsafexuriani
monacemebis detalizaciis saTanado
procesia.30 am procesis Sedegad
done. monacemebis detaliizaciis
organizacia daadgens im sakiTxebisa da
xarisxi SeiZleba gansxvavdebodes
indikatorebis CamonaTvals, romelTa
indikatorebis mixedviT, Tumca, zogadad,
Sesaxeb informacia unda aisaxos
detalizirebuli (gauerTianebeli/
angariSSi.
araagregirebuli) monacemebi ufro meti
saWiro informaciis Semcvelia, vidre
Tumca, praqtikuli saxis sirTuleebma,
erTi Sejamebuli (agregirebuli) cifri.
rogoricaa monacemTa xelmisawvdomoba,
maTi Segrovebis Rirebuleba,
angariSgebis formati da sixSire
informaciis konfidencialoba, piradi
cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba da sxva ras warmoadgens `mdgradi ganviTarebis
samarTlebrivi xasiaTis mosazrebebi, angariSi~
aseve, xelmisawvdomi informaciis
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSi
sandoobaa da a. S., yvela am faqtorma,
gaxlavT erTiani dokumenti, romelic
SesaZloa, migaRebinoT dasabuTebuli
konsolidirebulad da Sejamebulad
gadawyvetileba, ar warmoadginoT
gvawvdis racionalur da dabalansebul
angariSSi esa Tu is konkretuli
informacias organizaciis saqmianobis
informacia. Tu angariSSi ar SegaqvT
Sesaxeb garkveuli periodis ganmavlobaSi.
arsebiTi mniSvnelobis mqone informacia,
dainteresebul mxareebs saSualeba unda
amis Sesaxeb erTmniSvnelovnad unda
hqondeT, miiRon angariSSi Sesuli mTeli
miuTiToT da axsnaT gamomwvevi mizezebi.
informacia ,,erTi fanjris principiT,
anu erTi wyarodan, rogoricaa, GRI
monacemTa agregireba (gaerTaneba) da
angariSis Sinaarsis saZiebeli. sxva
detalizacia
publikaciebi ar unda miuTiToT,
angariSmgebelma organizaciebma unda rogorc GGRI angariSis standartuli
gansazRvron warmodgenili informaciis komponentebis Sesaxeb informaciis
agregirebis (anu konsolidaciis da wyaro (magaliTad, saqmianobis
gaerTianebis) da, piriqiT, detalizaciis efeqturobis indikatorebis Sesaxeb
xarisxi. amisaTvis unda ganisazRvros, informaciisa). gamonakliss warmoadgens
Tu ra Zalisxmevas moiTxovs monacemTa is SemTxvevebi, rodesac dainteresebuli
detalizacia (mag., qveynebis an obieqtebis mxareebisTvis uzrunvelyofilia amgvari
mixedviT monacemebis daTiSulad gare wyaroebis pirdapiri wvdomis
warmodgenisTvis) da ramdenad gaizrdeba saSualebebi (magaliTad, miTiTebulia
monacemTa amgvari detalizaciis konkretuli veb-gverdis bmuli an
Sedegad angariSis informatiuloba saTanado publikaciis gverdis nomeri).
(anu Seesabameba Tu ara detalizaciaze GGRI angariSis gverdebis minimaluri
daxarjuli Zalisxmeva informatiulobis raodenoba dadgenili ar aris. mTavaria,
zrdis xarisxs). organizaciam saTanadod gamoiyenos GG RI
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi da CarCo
monacemTa agregirebam (anu konsoli- dokumentebi, romlebic man SearCia
daciam da gaerTianebam) SeiZleba angariSis momzadebis mizniT.
gamoiwvios informaciis mniSvnelobis
gafermkrTaleba da ar mogvces saSualeba,
TvalsaCinod warmovadginoT sxvadasxva

30
ix. 1.1. `angariSis Sinaarsis gansazRvris instruqcia da ` angariSis Sinaarsis ganmsazRvreli principebi~
(mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 57
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

angariSis gamoqveynebis saSualebebi garemosdacviT, socialur da ekonomikur


sakiTxebze angariSgeba SesaZloa
angariSis gavrcelebis misaRebi gzebia integrirebuli an droSi SeTanxmebuli
eleqtronuli versiis gamoqveyneba iyos organizaciis sxva angariSebTan,
(veb-gverdze an CD-ROM-is meSveobiT), rogoricaa wliuri finansuri angariSi.
an misi beWduri saxiT gavrceleba. vadebis koordinacia gaaZlierebs
organizaciam SeiZleba erTdroulad organizaciis saqmianobis finansuri
gamoiyenos orive saSualeba an mxolod maCveneblebis kavSirs ekonomikur,
erTi maTgani. magaliTad, organizaciam garemosdacviT da socialur
SeiZleba gadawyvitos, ganaTavsos Tavisi maCveneblebTan.
sruli angariSi veb-gverdze, xolo
beWduri saxiT gaavrcelos angariSis
angariSis Sinaarsis ganaxleba
mokle reziume, sadac Seva organizaciis
strategia, saqmianobis efeqturobis axali angariSis momzadebisas
indikatorebi da analizi. angariSis organizacias SeuZlia gamoyos
gamoqveynebis forma damokidebuli iqneba informaciis is nawili, romelic ucvleli
organizaciis mier dadgenil saangariSo darCa angariSgebis wina periodis Semdeg
periodze, organizaciis gegmebze (magaliTad, organizaciis politika,
angariSis Sinaarsis ganaxlebasTan romelic ar Secvlila). aseT SemTxvevaSi,
dakavSirebiT, angariSis savaraudo organizacias SeuZlia ganaaxlos mxolod
momxmareblebze da sxva praqtikul is sakiTebi da indikatorebi, romlebmac
faqtorebze, rogoricaa, magaliTad, cvlileba ganicades da ucvlelad
angariSis gavrcelebis strategia. warmoadginos is monacemebi, romlebic
dainteresebul mxareebs saSualeba unda ar Secvlila. magaliTad, organizaciam
hqondeT sul mcire erTi formiT mainc SeiZleba axal angariSSi wina angariSidan
(veb-gverdis an beWduri publikaciis ucvlelad gadmoitanos informacia
meSveobiT) miiRon sruli informacia organizaciis politikis Sesaxeb,
saangariSo periodisaTvis. romelic ar Secvlila, magram ganaaxlos
saqmianobis efeqturobis indikatorebi.
angariSgebis sixSire aseTi midgomis ganxorcieleba
mniSvnelovnad aris damokidebuli imaze,
organizaciam unda gansazRvros
Tu ra saSualebas airCevs organizacia
angariSis gamoqveynebis stabiluri
angariSis gamosaqveyneblad. iseTi
da Tanmimdevruli perioduli cikli.
sakiTxebi, rogoricaa strategia da
bevri organizaciisTvis es iqneba
analizi, aseve saqmianobis efeqturobis
wliuri cikli, Tumca, zogma SeiZleba
indikatorebi, savaraudod, cvlilebas
angariSis momzadeba or weliwadSi
yovel saangariSo periodSi ganicdis.
erTxel amjobinos. organizaciam
sxva sakiTxebi, rogoricaa monacemebi
SeiZleba gadawyvitos, regularulad
organizaciis Sesaxeb da mmarTvelobiTi
ganaaxlos informacia erTiani
struqtura, ufro neli tempiT icvleba.
Semajamebeli angariSebis gamoqveynebis
nebismier SemTxvevaSi (angariSis Sinaarsis
TariRebs Soris (anu erTi angariSis
ganaxlebis ra gzac ar unda airCios
gamosvlidan meoremde SualedSi). amas
organizaciam), saangariSo periodis
aqvs garkveuli upiratesoba, radgan
momcveli mTeli informacia Tavmoyrili
dainteresebul mxareebis informacia
da xelmisawvdmi unda iyos erT
ufro myisierad miewodeba. aseT midgomas
dokumentSi, eleqtronuli an beWduri
aqvs uaryofiTi mxarec, rac gamoixateba
saxiT.
monacemebis Sedarebis sirTuleSi.
nebismier SemTxvevaSi, organizaciebma
unda daicvan angariSis gamoqveynebis
stabiluri periodi, romelsac srulad
unda asaxavdes angariSSi gamoqveynebuli
informacia.

58 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

gare Sefaseba/dadastureba31 momzadebis procesis ganxilvasac, magram


ar Semoifargleba amiT. `gare Sefaseba~
gare Sefasebis / dadasturebis
gansxvavdeba im aqtivobebisgan, romelTa
saSualebebi
mizania organizaciis saqmianobis
organizaciebi mraval saSualebas iyeneben xarisxis Sefaseba an dadastureba,
imisaTvis, rom uzrunvelyon sakuTari magaliTad, ganxorcielebuli saqmianobis
angariSis sandooba. organizaciebs sertifikatebis gacema da standartebTan
SeiZleba hqondeT sakuTari, Sida saqmianobis Sesabamisobis Sefaseba.
kontrolis sistemebi (Sida auditis
meqanizmebis CaTvliT), romlebic GRI formatis mixedviT momzadebuli
organizaciaSi informaciis marTvis angariSis gare Sefasebis ZiriTadi
da angariSgebis procesis erT-erT maxasiaTeblebi, zogadad, Semdegia:
Semadgenel nawils warmoadgens. aseTi
Sida sistemebi friad mniSvnelovania gare Sefaseba ganxorcielda
angariSis zogadi erTianobisa da jgufebis an individebis mier,
sandoobis TvalsazrisiT. miuxedavad romlebic organizaciisTvis gareSe
amisa, GRI girCevT, mdgradi ganviTarebis pirebs warmoadgenen da romlebic
angariSisTvis Sida saSualebebis TvalsaCinod kompetenturni arian
paralelurad gare Sefasebisa da rogorc konkretul sakiTxTan
dadasturebis saSualebebic gamoiyenoT. mimarTebiT, ise Sefasebis
ganxorcielebis TvalsazrisiT;
dReisaTvis organizaciebi angariSis
gare Sefasebisa da dadasturebis gare Sefaseba ganxorcielda
sxvadasxva saSualebas mimarTaven, konkretuli procedurebis dacviT,
rogoricaa profesiuli Semfasebeli/ sistemurad, dasabuTebulad da
saaudito kompaniebi, dainteresebul Sesabamis dokumentebsa da wyaroebze
mxareTa/eqspertTa sabWoebi da sxva, dayrdnobiT;
organizaciis gareT arsebuli jgufebi
da individebi. miuxedavad imisa, Tu gare Sefaseba gansazRvravs, aris
romel saSualebas airCevs organizacia, Tu ara angariSSi dasabuTebulad
gare Sefasebis/dadasturebis procesi da dabalansebulad warmodgenili
unda ganaxorcielon kompetenturma informacia organizaciis saqmianobis
individebma Tu jgufebma, romlebic Sesaxeb, monacemTa sandoobisa
organizaciisTvis gareSe pirebi arian. da mTlianad angariSis Sinaarsis
am mizniT SesaZlebelia individebis gaTvaliswinebiT;
an jgufebis daqiraveba, romlebic
daeyrdnobian gare Sefasebis profesiul gare Sefaseba ganaxorcieles
standartebs. aseve SeiZleba iseTi jgufebma da individebma,
midgomebis da saSualebebis gamoyeneba, romlebic ar arian SezRudulebi
romlebic efuZneba sistemur, organizaciasTan an dainteresebul
dokumentirebul da dasabuTebul pirebTan TavianTi urTierTobis
process, magram ar misdevs konkretul gamo da SeuZliaT gamoaqveynon
standartebs. damoukidebeli da miukerZoebeli
daskvna mdgradi ganviTarebis
`angariSgebis globaluri iniciativa~ angariSis Sesaxeb;
(GRI) iyenebs termins ,,gare Sefaseba/
dadastureba im aqtivobebTan gare Sefaseba gansazRvravs, Tu
dakavSirebiT, romelTa saboloo Sedegi ramdenad gamoiyena organizaciam
gaxlavT angariSis xarisxis da masSi angariSis momzadebisas da angariSSi
mocemuli informaciis Sesaxeb daskvnebis warmodgenili daskvnebis gakeTebisas
gamoqveyneba. ,,gare Sefaseba moicavs GGRI angariSgebis formati
angariSSi warmodgenili informaciis (angariSgebis principebis CaTvliT);

31
Assurance.

versia 3.0 59
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

gare Sefasebis Sedegad SemuSavdeba terminTa ganmarteba


werilobiTi daskvna, romelic
angariSgebis globaluri iniciativa
sajarod xelmisawvdomia, aseve
(Global Reporting Initiative)
Semfaseblis gancxadeba angariSis
avtorebTan misi urTierTobis `angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis~
Sesaxeb. (GRI) TvalsazrisiT, nebismieri
organizaciis angariSgeba ekonomikuri,
organizaciebma unda warmoadginon garemosdacviTi da socialuri sakiTxebis
informacia gare Sefasebis mimarT Sesaxeb iseTive regularuli da
sakuTari damokidebulebis Sesaxeb, Sedarebadi unda iyos, rogorc finansuri
rogorc es miTiTebuli iyo angariSis angariSgeba. `angariSgebis globaluri
standartuli komponentebis ganxilvisas iniciativa~ am xedvas axorcielebs
(ix. nawili 2, `organizaciis mokle GRI angariSgebis formatis mudmivi
daxasiaTeba~, punqti 3.13). ganviTarebis, daxvewis da misi gamoyenebis
SesaZleblobis gaumjobesebis gziT.
mdgradi ganviTarebis mimarTulebiT
angariSgebis formatis yvela komponenti
SemuSavebulia globaluri procesis
meSveobiT, romelSic CarTuli iyo
mravali dainteresebuli mxare da
romelic orientirebuli iyo SeTanxmebis
miRwevaze.

`angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis~


(GRI) angariSgebis formati (GRI Reporting
Framework)
GRI angariSgebis formati miznad isaxavs,
uzrunvelyos organizaciebi ekonomikur,
garemosdacviT da socialur sferoebSi
miRweuli Sedegebis Sesaxeb angariSgebis
sayovelTaod aRiarebuli formatiT. es
formati Sedgeba mdgradi ganviTarebis
angariSis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis,
indikatorTa protokolebis, teqnikuri
protokolebisa da seqtoruli
danarTebisagan.

angariSgebis principi (Reporting Principle)


principebi, romelTa mixedviT
ganisazRvreba, Tu ra Sedegs unda
miaRwios angariSma, da romelTa
mixedviTac angariSis momzadebis
procesSi miiReba sxvadasxva
gadawyvetilebebi, rogoricaa, magaliTad,
gadawyvetileba, Tu romeli indikatorebi
unda Sevides angariSSi, rogor unda
warmovadginoT es indikatorebi da sxva.

60 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

angariSis standartuli komponentebi SeiZleba moaxdinos angariSmgebeli


(Standard Dislosures) organizaciis saqmianobam, produqciam
da/an momsaxurebam; b) romelTa
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi gansazRvravs
saqmianobam, gonivruli molodinebis
angariSSi Sesatan sakiTxebsa da
Tanaxmad, zegavlena SeiZleba moaxdinos
informacias, romlebic arsebiTia
organizaciis unarze, warmatebiT
organizaciaTa umravlesobisTvis da
ganaxorcielos sakuTari strategiuli
sainteresoa dainteresebuli mxareebis
kursi da miaRwios dasaxul miznebs.
umravlesobisTvis. es sakiTxebi da
informacia dajgufebulia angariSis
damatebiTi indikatorebi (Additional
standartuli komponentebis sami
Indicators)
kategoriis mixedviT:
damatebiTi indikatorebi aris G
G RI
monacemebi organizaciis strategiis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSi mocemuli
Sesaxeb da organizaciis mokle indikatorebi, romlebic asaxavs
daxasiaTeba. es monacemebi gvawvdis axladwarmoqmnil aqtivobebs an iseT
angariSgebis zogad konteqsts sakiTxebs, romlebic, savaraudod,
organizaciis saqmianobis ukeT arsebiTia ara zogadad yvela
gasagebad (mag., monacemebi organizaciisTvis, aramed mxolod
organizaciis strategiis, zogierTi maTganisTvis.
struqturis, mmarTvelobis da
menejmentis midgomebis Sesaxeb). indikatorTa aspeqtebi (Indicator Aspects)
informaciis zogadi tipebi, romlebic
monacemebi menejmentis midgomebis
indikatorTa ama Tu im kategorias
Sesaxeb gvacnobebs, Tu rogor
ukavSirdeba (magaliTad, energiis
aregulirebs organizacia ama Tu im
moxmareba, bavSTa Sroma, momxmareblebi).
TemasTan dakavSirebul sakiTxebs da
amgvarad gvawvdis zogad konteqsts
indikatorTa kategoriebi (Indicator
konkretul sferoSi organizaciis
Categories)
saqmianobis ukeT gasagebad.
indikatorTa kategoriebi aRniSnavs
saqmianobis efeqturobis mdgrad ganviTarebasTan dakavSirebuli
indikatorebi gvawvdis Sedarebad Temebisa da sakiTxebis farTo
informacias ekonomikur, sferoebs an jgufebs. GG RI angariSgebis
garemosdacviT da socialur saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSi
sferoebSi organizaciis saqmianobis gansazRvruli kategoriebia _
Sedegebis da moxdenili zegavlenis ekonomikuri, garemosdacviTi da
Sesaxeb. socialuri. socialuri kategoria,
Tavis mxriv, iyofa qvekategoriebad:
angariSis farglebi (Boundary) SromiTi praqtika, adamianTa uflebebi,
sazogadoebaze zegavlena da produqciaze
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSis
pasuxismgebloba. TiToeuli konkretuli
farglebi gansazRvravs im organizaciul
kategoria SeiZleba moicavdes
erTeulebs, romelTa saqmianobasac
indikatorTa ramdenime aspeqts.
moicavs organizaciis `mdgradi
ganviTarebis angariSi~.
indikatoris protokoli (Indicator
Protocol)
dainteresebuli mxare (Stakeholder)
indikatoris protokoli gvawvdis
GRI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSi
gansazRvrebebs, angariSSi Sesatani
mocemulia dainteresebuli mxaris
monacemebis mogrovebis instruqciebs
farTo ganmarteba, romelic
da sxva informacias, romelic
gulisxmobs im jgufebs da individebs:
exmareba angariSis Semdgenlebs da
a) romlebzec, gonivruli molodinebis
uzrunvelyofs saqmianobis efeqturobis
Tanaxmad, mniSvnelovani zegavlena

versia 3.0 61
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

indikatorebis erTgvarovan saqmianobis efeqturobis indikatori


interpretacias. indikatorebis (Performance Indicator)
protokolebi SemuSavebulia
saqmianobis efeqturobis indikatori
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSi Setanili
moicavs xarisxobriv an raodenobriv
saqmianobis efeqturobis TiToeuli
informacias organizaciis saqmianobis
indikatorisaTvis.
Sedegebis da moxdenili zegavlenis
Sesaxeb, romelic eqvemdebareba Sedarebas
mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSi
da romelic TvalsaCinos xdis droTa
(Sustainability Report)
viTarebaSi momxdar cvlilebebs.
angariSgeba mdgradi ganviTarebis
mimarTulebiT gaxlavT mdgradi seqtoruli danarTebi (Sector Supplement)
ganviTarebis miznebis misaRwevad
seqtoruli danarTebi `saxelmZRvanelo
organizaciis mier ganxorcielebuli
miTiTebebs~ avsebs interpretaciebiT da
saqmianobis Sedegebis gazomvis,
miTiTebebiT imis Sesaxeb, Tu rogor unda
gamoaSkaravebis da maTze
gamoiyenoT `saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi~
pasuxismgeblobis aRebis praqtika.
ama Tu im seqtorSi, agreTve Seicaven
`mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSi~
saqmianobis efeqturobis specifiur,
gvawvdis dabalansebul da dasabuTebul
mocemuli seqtorisTvis damaxasiaTebel
informacias imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra dadebiTi
indikatorebs. seqtoruli danarTebi
an uaryofiTi Sedegebi aqvs angariSis
unda gamoiyenoT GRI angariSgebis
warmdgeni organizaciis saqmianobas
`saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebTan~ erTad da
mdgradi ganviTarebis xelSewyobis
ara mis magivrad.
TvalsazrisiT.
unitaruli sabWo (Unitary Board)
mokle informacia organizaciis Sesaxeb
(Profile Dislosure) sabWos iseTi struqtura, romelic
organizaciis saqmianobaze mxolod erTi
organizaciis Sesaxeb informaciis
mmarTveli organos pasuxismgeblobas
danomrili moTxovnebi, romlebic
gulisxmobs.
Camoyalibebulia `saxelmZRvanelo
miTiTebebis~ II nawilSi da gvawvdis zogad
Semdgomi ierarqiuli erTeulebi
konteqsts organizaciis saqmianobisa da
(Downstream)
angariSis ukeT gasagebad (magaliTad: 2.1,
3.13). termini ,,Semdgomi ierarqiuli
erTeulebi efuZneba koncefcias
sabWos damoukidebeli wevri (Independent warmoebis jaWvis Sesaxeb, romelic
Board Member) moicavs mTlian process nedleulis
mopovebidan saboloo momxmareblis
termin ,,damoukidebelis ganmarteba
mier produqciis an momsaxurebis
gansxvavdeba iurisdiqciebis mixedviT.
gamoyenebamde. termini `Semdgomi
damoukidebeli, rogorc wesi, niSnavs,
ierarqiuli erTeulebi~ gamoiyeneba im
rom wevrs ar gaaCnia am organizaciaSi
organizaciebis aRsaniSnad, romlebic
aranairi finansuri interesi an raime
garkveul rols asruleben angariSis
sxva potenciuri sargebeli, romelmac
warmdgeni organizaciis mier miwodebuli
SeiZleba interesTa konfliqti
saqonlis an momsaxurebis distribuciasa
gamoiwvios. organizaciebma, romlebic
da moxmarebaSi, anu, ufro zogadad rom
iyeneben GGRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo
vTqvaT, garkveul funqcias asruleben
miTiTebebs, unda warmoadginon termin
warmoebis jaWvis ufro Semdgom etapze,
,,damoukidebelis sakuTari ganmarteba.
vidre Tavad angariSis warmdgeni
organizacia.

62 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

Sinaarsis saZiebeli (Content Index) winamavali ierarqiuli erTeuli


(Upstream)
GRI Sinaarsis saZiebeli gaxlavT cxrili
an matrica, romelSic CamoTvlilia termini ,,winamavali ierarqiuli
angariSis yvela standartuli erTeulebi efuZneba koncefcias
komponenti da miTiTebulia, sad warmoebis jaWvis Sesaxeb, romelic
SeiZleba moiZioT informacia TiToeul moicavs mTlian process nedleulis
maTganze (gvedis nomeri an U
U RL bmuli). mopovebidan saboloo momxmareblis
angariSmgebel organizaciebs aseve mier produqciis an momsaxurebis
SeuZliaT saZiebelSi daamaton miTiTeba gamoyenebamde. termini `winamavali
organizaciis specifiur indikatorebze ierarqiuli erTeulebi~ gamoiyeneba im
(anu im indikatorebze, romlebic ar organizaciebis aRsaniSnad, romlebic
aris mocemuli GG RI saxelmZRvanelo garkveul rols asruleben angariSis
miTiTebebSi). Sinaarsis saZiebeli warmdgeni organizaciis miwodebis
saSualebas aZlevs angariSis mkiTxvels, jaWvSi, anu, ufro zogadad rom vTqvaT,
swrafad Seiqmnas warmodgena, Tu ra garkveul funqcias asruleben warmoebis
sakiTxebi Sevida angariSSi da aadvilebs jaWvis ufro adreul etapze, vidre Tavad
angariSis gamoyenebas. Sinaarsis saZiebeli angariSis warmdgeni organizacia.
gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania, Tu
angariSis romelime standartuli im sityvebisa da cnebebis ganmarteba,
komponenti sxva angariSSia Setanili, romlebic SegxvdebaT uSualod
magaliTad, finansur angariSSi an mdgradi indikatorTa gansazRvrebebSi, ixileT
ganviTarebis wina wlebis angariSebSi. indikatorTa protokolebSi.

ZiriTadi indikatori (Core Indicator)


ZiriTadi indikatorebi aris GRI
`saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSi~
Setanili indikatorebi, romlebic
sainteresoa dainteresebuli mxareebis
umravlesobisTvis da miCneulia
arsebiTad, Tu GRI angariSgebis
principebis safuZvelze sxvagvarad ar
aris gansazRvruli.

versia 3.0 63
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

G3 saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis sxvadasxva dainteresebul mxareTa


SemuSavebis mxardaWerisTvis warmomadgenlebisgan Seiqmna qvemoT
madlobas vuxdiT: CamoTvlili teqnikuri samuSao
jgufebi. TiToeulma jgufma SeimuSava
globalur Zalisxmevas (Global Effort)
da warmoadgina G
G 3 `saxelmZRvanelo
G3-is saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis miTiTebebis~ sxvadasxva nawili.
SemuSavebas finasuri an naturiT Senatanis
saxiT daxmareba gauwies Semdegma organiza- indikatorebze momuSave samuSao
ciebma: jgufis (IWG) wevrebi

G3 konsorciumi: indikatorebze momuSave samuSao


jgufi pasuxismgebeli gaxldaT
indikatorTa erTobliobis kompleqsur
ganxilvaze, indikatorebis xarisxsa da
erTgvarovnebaze, teqnikuri daxmarebis
komitetis (TAC) instruqciebTan zogad
Sesabamisobaze.
Mr. Neil Anderson, Union Network International, UNI
Mr. David Bent, Forum for the Future
Mr. William R. Blackburn, William Blackburn
Consulting
G3 specialuri mxardaWera:
Ms. Jullie-Anne Braithwaite, Rio Tinto/ICMM
G3 saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis
SemuSavebaSi wvlili Seitanes agreTve Ms. Sarah Forrest, Goldman Sachs International
gaerTianebuli samefos garemos dacvis,
Ms. Somporn Kamolsiripichaiporn, Chulalongkorn
sakvebis da soflis meuneobis sakiTxebis
University
saministrom da niderlandebis sagareo
saqmeTa saministromG. Mr. Robert Langford, The Federation des Experts
Comptables Europeens (FEE)
Ms. Stephanie Maier, Ethical Investment Research
G3 internet-versiiis mxardaWera: Service (EIRIS)
Ms. Asako Nagai, Sony Corporation
Mr. Ron Neilsen, Alcan Inc.
Mr. Michael Rae, World Wide Fund Australia
Ms. Ulla Rehell, Kesko Corporation

G3 saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis da Mr. George Nagle, Bristol-Mayers Squibb


protokolebis Sinaarsis SemuSaveba Ms. Filippa Bergin, Amnesty International
moxaliseebi biznes kompaniebidan, Ms. Giuliana Ortega Bruno, Ethos Institute
arasamTavrobo organizaciebidan,
SromiTi gaerTianebebidan indikatorebis samuSao jgufma imuSava
(profkavSrebidan), sabuRaltro, mrCevelTa eqvs Tematur jgufTan,
investorTa, samecniero wreebidan romlebic TavianTi kvalifikaciis
da a. S. Seikribnen da SeimuSaves G
G 3 sferoebSi pasuxismgebelni iyvnen
`saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis~ da indikatorebis ganxilvasa da
protokolebis yvela komponenti. indikatorTa teqnikuri protokolebis
2005 wlis ianvar-noemberSi SemuSavebaze.

64 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

sazogadoebasTan urTierTqmedebis garemosdacviT (dabinZurebis)


sakiTxebze mrCevelTa Tematuri sakiTxebze mrCevelTa jgufis wevrebi
jgufis wevrebi:
Ms. Tanja D. Carroll, Coalition for Environment
Ms. Anne Gambling, Holcim Responsible Economies (CERES)

Ms. Sachin Joshi, Center for Social Markets (CSM) Mr. Yutaka Okayama, Toyota Motor Corporation

Mr. Craig Metric, Investor Responsibility Research Ms. Maria Fatima Reyes, Philippine Institute of
Center (IRRC) Certified Public Accountants (PICPA)

Mr. Keith Miller, 3M Mr. Yogenda Kumar Saxena, Gujarat Ambuja


Cements
Ms. Ruth Rosenbaum, Center for Reflection,
Education and Action (CREA) Mr. David Stangis, Intel Corporation

Ms. Glaucia Terreo, Instituto Ethos Ms. Sonia Valdivia, The Catholic University of Peru

Mr. Peter Wilkinson, Transparency International Mr. Eric Shostal, Institutional Shareholder Services

adamianis uflebaTa dacvis Ms. Lucian Turk, Dell, Inc.


sakiTxebze mrCevelTa jgufis
SromiTi saqmianobis sakiTxebze
wevrebi:
mrCvelTa jgufis wevrebi
Ms. Marina dEngelbronner, Humanist Committee
Ms. Michiko Arikawa, Matsushita Electric Industrial
on Human Rights (HOM)
(Panasonic)
Ms. Bethany Heath, Chiquita Brands
Mr. Stephen Fros, Southeast Asia Research Center
Mr. Jorge Daniel Taillant, The Center for Human
Ms. Kyoko Sakuma, Sustainability Analysis &
Rights and Environment (CEDHA)
Consulting
Rev. Mr. David M. Schilling, Interfaith Center on
Mr. Sean Ansett, Gap Inc.
Corporate Responsibility
Ms. Deborah Evans, Llyoyds Regsiter of Quality
Ms. Susan Todd, Solstice Sustainability Works Inc.
Assurance (LRQA)
Mr. Hirose Chuichiro, Canon
Mr. Pierre Mazeau, Electricit de France (EDF)
Mr. Steve Ouma, Kenyan Human Rights Commission
Mr. Dan Viederman, Verit
Mr. Bjorn Edlund, ABB Ltd.
Eekonomikur sakiTxebze mrCevelTa
Ms. Marleen van Ruijven, Amnesty International jgufis wevrebi
garemosdacviT (biomravalferovnebis Ms. Christina Jasch, Institute for Environmental
da wylis) sakiTxebze mrCevelTa Management and Economics (IOEW)
jgufis wevrebi
Mr. Martin Tanner, Novartis International AG
Mr. Ian Blythe, Boots Group PLC
Ms. Helen Campbell, former AccountAbility
Mr. Ian Dutton, The Nature Conservancy
Mr. Eric Israel, KPMG LLP
Ms. Annelisa Grigg, Fauna & Flora International
Ms. Martina Japy, BMJ CoreRatings
Ms. Nancy Kamp-Roelands, Ernst & Young,
Netherlands/Royal NIVRA Ms. Michelle Smith, Rohm and Haas

Ms. Erin Musk, City West Water Ms. Lisa Acree, Business for Social Responsibility

Mr. Mike Rose, SASOL Mr. Johan Verburg, NOVIB/Oxfam Netherlands

Mr. Fernando Toledo, Codelco

versia 3.0 65
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

samuSao jgufi `angariSgeba, rogorc sazogadoebis komentarebi


procesi~ (RPWG)
GG3 saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis Sesaxeb
angariSgebis procesis sakiTxebze samuSao komentarebis warmodgenis mowodebis
jgufis amocana gaxldaT angariSgebis pasuxad `globaluri angariSgebis
principebis ganaxleba da Semdgomi iniciativam~ 270 gamoxmaureba miiRo
daxvewa, aseve G rekomendaciebis momzadeba 2006 wlis ianvridan martis CaTvliT.
G3 `saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis~ am komentarebma mniSvnelovani roli
gamoyenebis Taobaze. Seasrula GG 3-is saboloo saxiT
Ms. Amy Anderson, Starbucks Coffee
Camoyalibebis procesSi.

Mr. Pankaj Bhata, World Resources Institute (WRI) angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis
(GRI) mmarTveli organoebi
Mr. Bill Boyle, BP
angariSgebis globaluri inciativis
Dr. Uwe Brekau, Bayer AG mmarTveli organoebis, maTi wevrebis da
rolis Sesaxeb informaciis misaRebad,
Ms. Debra Hall, Coalition for Environmentally
estumreT veb-gverds: www.globalreporting.org
Responsible Economies (CERES)

Mr. Dunstan Hope, Business for Social teqnikur mrCevlTa komiteti (TAC): es
Responsibility gaxlavT Tormeti eqspertisgan Semdgari
jgufi, romelic maRali donis teqnikuri
Dr. Aqueel Khan, Association for Stimulating Know rCevebisa da eqspertuli daxmarebis
How (ASK) gziT xels uwyobda G G RI formatis
Ms. Judy Kuszewski, SustainAbility Ltd. xarisxis, struqturuli Sekrulobis
da Tanmimdevrulobis uzrunvelyofas.
Mr. Brian Kohler, Communications, Energy & GG3 SemuSavebis procesSi maTi ZiriTadi
Paperworks Union of Canada funqcia gaxldaT mTlian struqturaze
rCevebis miwodeba, im sakvanZo sakiTxebis
Mr. Ken Larson, Hewlett Packard
gadaWra, romlebic warmoiSveboda
Mr. Steve Lippman, Trillium Invest saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis
SinaarsTan dakavSirebiT; am principebis
Mr. Luis Perera, PricewaterHouseCooopers SemuSavebisTvis saTanado jansaRi
Mr. Dante Pesce, Vincular, Pontificia Universidad procesis uzrunvelyofa; direqtorTa
Catlica de Valparaso sabWosTvis GG3 versiis publikaciis
Sesaxeb dadebiTi an uaryofiTi
Ms. Mizue Unno, So-Tech Consulting, Inc. rekomendaciebis miwodeba.
Mr. Cornis van der Lugt, UNEP Division of
teqnikur mrCevelTa komitetis wevrTa
Technology, Industry, and Economics (DTIE)
umravlesobam kenWisyriT miiRo dadebiTi
Mr. Robert Walker, The Ethical Funds Company gadawyvetileba G
G 3 saxelmZRvanelo
miTiTebebis gamoSvebis Taobaze.
Mr. Ian Whitehouse, Manaaki Whenua Landcare
Research dainteresebul mxareTa sabWo (SC): es
Mr. Alan Willis, Alan Willis & Associates ormocdarvakaciani jgufi warmoadgenda
dainteresebul mxareTa politikis
qalbatoni Jennifer Jansen-Rogers, oficialur forums, angariSgebis
KPMG (holandia) ar iyo jgufis globaluri iniciativis (GRI)
wevri, Tumca man faseuli rCevebi mmarTvelobis struqturis farglebSi.
mogvawoda angariSgebis procesTan sabWo rCevebs awvdida direqtorTa
dakavSirebiT. sabWos strategiasa da politikasTan
dakavSirebul sakiTxebze da xels
uwyobda G
G 3-is ganviTarebis procesis
ZiriTadi mimarTulebis gansazRvras.
dainteresbul mxareTa sabWos zogi

66 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

wevri uSualod monawileobda G G 3 Responsibility Matters (wamyvani


samuSao jgufebSi. sabWos wevrTa konsultanti _ Mark Brownlie);
umravlesobam kenWisyriT miiRo dadebiTi
Sandra Pederson, redaqtori;
gadawyvetileba G
G 3 saxelmZRvanelo
miTiTebebis gamoSvebis Taobaze. Source-Asia (wamyvani konsultanti _
Paul Wenman);
direqtorTa sabWo: Teqvsmetkacian
Triple Innova (wamyvani konsultanti _
jgufs ekisreba saboloo rwmunebiTi
Michael Kundt);
(fiduciary), finansuri da samarTlebrivi
pasuxismgebloba angariSgebis amsterdamis universiteti (wamyvani
globalur iniciativaSi (GRI), rac konsultanti _ Jeffrey Harrod).
moicavs G G RI-s saxelmZRvanelo
samarTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba
miTiTebebis gadasinjvis, organizaciuli
strategiis da samuSao gegmebis Taobaze winamdebare dokumenti, romelic
saboloo gadawyvetilebis miRebis miznad isaxavs mdgradi ganviTarebis
uflebamosilebas. direqtorTa sabWo mimarTulebiT angariSgebis
warmarTavda G G 3 process; teqnikur popularizacias, SemuSavebulia mraval
mrCevelTa komitetisa da dainteresebul dainteresebul mxaresTan konsultaciebis
mxareTa sabWosgan rekomendaciebis Sedegad. am konsultaciebSi CarTulni
miRebis Semdeg, man erTxmad uyara kenWi iyvnen sxvadasxva angariSvaldebuli
GG3-is saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis organizaciebis warmomadgenlebi da
gamoqveynebas. angariSis momxmareblebi mTeli msoflios
masStabiT. angariSgebis globaluri
angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis iniciativis (GGRI) direqtorTa sabWo
(GRI) samdivno: samdivno, umaRlesi mxars uWers G G RI mdgradi ganviTarebis
donis aRmasruleblis winamZRolobiT, angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis
axorcielebs saxelmZRvanelo (GGRI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis)
miTiTebebs da teqnikur samuSao gegmas, gamoyenebas yvela organizaciis mier,
damtkicebuls GRI direqtorTa sabWos Tumca G G RI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebze
mier, aseve marTavs komunikaciis, srulad an nawilobriv dafuZnebuli
informirebis da dainteresebul angariSebis momzadeba da gamoqveyneba
mxareebTan urTierTobis sferoebs da angariSmgebeli organizaciebis sruli
finansur administracias. samdivno pasuxismgeblobis sferod rCeba. arc
xels uwyobs direqtorTa sabWos, angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis
dainteresebul mxareTa sabWos da direqtorTa sabWo da arc Tavad Stitching
teqnikur mrCevelTa komitetis muSaobas. Global Reporting Initiative ar iReben
pasuxismgeblobas im Sedegebsa Tu
konsultantebi zaralze, romelic pirdapir Tu iribad
SeiZleba mohyves angariSis momzadebisas
angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis
GGRI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis
samdivnom G
G 3 SemuSavebis procesSi
gamoyenebas an im angariSebis gamoyenebas,
moiwvia Semdegi anazRaurebadi
romelic efuZneba G G RI saxelmZRvanelo
konsultantebi:
miTiTebebs.
csrnetwork (wamyvani konsultanti _
Targmani
Mark Line);
GRI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi momzadda
Just Solutions (wamyvani konsultanti _
inglisur enaze. qarTuli Targmanis
Vic Thorpe);
sizustisa da inglisur dedanTan
onValues (wamyvani konsultanti _ Ivo Sesabamisobis uzrunvelsayofad
Knoepfel); yvelaferi gakeTda, rac SesaZlebeli
iyo, teqstis ganxilvisa da redaqtirebis
Ove Arup (wamyvani konsultanti _ Jean
CaTvliT GRI-s damtkicebuli
Rogers);
damoukidebeli recenzentebis mier.

versia 3.0 67
RG GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi

miuxedavad amisa, teqstis inglisuri angariSgebis globaluri iniciativa (GGRI),


dedani warmoadgens oficialur versias. angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis
logo, G
G RI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
`saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis~ uaxlesi da akronimi G
G RI gaxlavT angariSgebis
versia inglisur enaze SegiZliaT ixiloT globaluri iniciativis safirmo niSnebi.
veb-gverdze: www.globalreporting.org
damatebiTi informacia angariSgebis
gamoyenebis Sesaxeb Setyobinebis globaluri iniciativis (GGRI) da GRI
moTxovna mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSgebis
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis Sesaxeb
organizaciebs, romlebmac gamoiyenes
SegiZliaT moiZioT Semdeg veb-
GGRI saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi da/an
misamarTebze:
GRI angariSgebis CarCos sxva elementebi
da maT safuZvelze moamzades sakuTari
www.globalreporting.org
angariSebi, vTxovT, amis Sesaxeb angariSis
gamoqveynebisTanave Seatyobinon
info@globalreporting.org
angariSgebis globalur iniciativas.
angariSgebis globaluri iniciativisaTvis
Setyobinebis gasagzvnad, angariSmgebel
organizaciebs SeuZliaT gamoiyenon
Semdegi SesaZleblobebi (yvela an erT-
erTi):

SeatyobineT angariSgebis
GGlobal Reporting Initiative
globalur iniciativas, rom Tqvenma
organizaciam moamzada angariSi da
PO Box 10039
miawodeT amobeWdili dokumenti da/
an misi eleqtronuli versia;
1001 EA Amsterdam
daaregistrireT Tqveni angariSi
The Netherlands
angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis
internet monacemTa bazaSi;
Tel: +31 (0) 20 531 00 00
sTxoveT angariSgebis globaluri
Fax: +31 (0) 20 531 00 31
iniciativis warmomadgenels
SegimowmoT, Tu ramdenad sworad
2000-2006 Global Reporting Initiative.
gansazRvreT GG RI formatTan
Sesabamisobis done.
yvela ufleba daculia.
saavtoro uflebi da safirmo niSani
winamdebare dokumentze saavtoro
uflebebs flobs Stichting Global Reporting
Initiative (GRI). dokumentis gadaReba da
gavrceleba sainformacio mizniT da/an misi
gamoyeneba mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSis
momzadebisTvis SesaZlebelia angariSgebis
globaluri iniciativis winaswari
nebarTvis gareSe. angariSgebis globaluri
iniciativis winaswari werilobiTi
nebarTvis gareSe akrZalulia winamdebare
dokumentis an misi romelime nawilis
gadaReba, Senaxva, Targmna an raime formiT
an saSualebiT gadacema (eleqtronuli,
meqanikuri, fotoasliT, Canaweris saxiT an
sxva) nebismieri sxva miznebisTvis.

68 2000-2006 GRI
GRI angariSgebis saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi RG

qarTuli Targmani

GG3 saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis da


indikatorTa protokolebis qarTuli
Targmani moamzada `saqarTvelos
strategiuli kvlevebisa da ganviTarebis
centrma~.

qarTul Targmanze muSaobdnen:


lela xoferia
miranda beriSvili

teqstis damoukidebeli recenzenti:


nino TavaZe, gaeros ganviTarebis
programis regionaluri proeqti
`dasavleT dsT-sa da amierkavkasiis
qveynebSi aTaswleulis miznebis
misaRwevad mravalmxrivi partniorobis
xelSewyoba `globaluri SeTanxmebis
farglebSi~

qarTuli Targmani momzadda fondi


N`novibis~ finansuri mxardaWeriT

saqarTvelos strategiuli
kvlevebisa da ganviTarebis
centri

Tbilisi, 0177, delisis I Sesaxvevi, 5a

tel.: (+99532)399019

faqsi: (+99532)250711

el-fosta: office@csrdg.ge

www.csrdg.ge

versia 3.0 69
AL

GRI angariSgebis formatTan


Sesabamisobis doneebi

2000-2006 GRI versia 3.0


GRI Sesabamisobis doneebi AL

GRI angariSgebis formatTan ra mniSvneloba aqvs `doneebis


Sesabamisobis doneebi sistemis~ gamoyenebas
mokle mimoxilva `Sesabamisobis doneebis sistemis~
mizania:
imis saCveneblad, rom angariSi momzadda
`globaluri angariSgebis iniciativis~
cxadad aCvenos angariSis mkiTxvels,
(GRI) standartebis mixedviT, angariSis
Tu ramdenad srulad iqna
Semdgenelebma unda miuTiTon, Tu
gamoyenebuli GRI saxelmZRvanelo
ramdenad efuZneba maTi angariSi GRI
miTiTebebi da angariSgebis
angariSgebis formats, risTvisac unda
formatis sxva elementebi angariSis
gamoiyenon ,,Sesabamisobis doneebis
momzadebisas.
sistema.
daexmaros angariSis Semdgenlebs
imisaTvis, rom `Sesabamisobis doneebis gaiazron, Tu rogor apireben isini
sistema erTnairad warmatebiT TandaTan GRI angariSigebis sruli
miesadagos yvela tipis angariSmgebel formatis gamoyenebas.
organizacias, iqneba is angariSgebis
Sesabamisobis donis miTiTebiT
TvalsazrisiT damwyebi, gamocdili
angariSis Semdgeneli naTels xdis
Tu saSualo gamocdilebis mqone
mkiTxvelisaTvis, GRI angariSgebis
organizacia, SemuSavda Sesabamisobis
formatis ra elementebia angariSSi
doneebis samsafexuriani sistema. am
gamoyenebuli.
doneebs pirobiTad ewodebaT A, B
da C doneebi. TiToeuli donisaTvis
damwyebTa sayuradRebod: doneebis
dadgenilia angariSgebis kriteriumebi,
sistemis gamoyeneba exmareba imaT,
romlebic asaxavs, Tu ramdenadaa
vinc pirvelad adgens angariSs,
angariSSi gamoyenebuli GRI angariSgebis
gansazRvron aTvlis wertili da
formati. TiToeul dones SeiZleba
cxadad dainaxon, Tu ramdenad
daematos pliusi (+) (mag. A+, B+, C+), Tu
mniSvnelovani da Rirebulia
angariSi gare Semfasebelmac Seafasa.
angariSgebis srul formatze
TandaTan, etapobrivad gadasvla.
rogor muSaobs sistema
angariSis gamocdil
angariSis Semdgeneli organizacia SemdgenelTaTvis: `globaluri
uflebamosilia Tavadve gansazRvros angariSgebis iniciativis~
GRI formatTan Sesabamisobis done, angariSgebis formatis safuZvelze
sakuTari angariSisa da doneebis sistemis mravalma organizaciam (da maTi
kriteriumebis Sedarebis safuZvelze (ix. ricxvi yoveldRiurad izrdeba)
momdevno gverdi). SeimuSava angariSgebis rTuli da
srulyofili sistema, romelic
garda amisa, angariSis warmdgen angariSis gare Sefasebasac moicavs.
organizaciebs SeuZliaT airCion qvemoT am organizaciebs surT swrafad
dasaxelebuli erT-erTi an orive da martivad acnobon amis Sesaxeb
SesaZlebloba: mkiTxvels, raSic maT swored
`doneebis sistema~ exmarebaT.
moiwvion mesame mxare, romelic
daadgens, Tu ramdenad sworad
gansazRvra angariSmgebelma
organizaciam sakuTari angariSis
Sesabamisobis done;
GRI-is warmomadgenels sTxovon
Seamowmos angariSisaTvis
Sesabamisobis donis miniWebis
siswore.

versia 3.0 1
AL GRI Sesabamisobis doneebi

`Sesabamisobis doneebis~
kriteriumebi

imisaTvis rom angariSs mieniWos C, C+, B,


B+ anAA, A, A+ done, is unda akmayofilebdes
TiToeuli donisaTvis SemuSavebul
yvela kriteriums, romelic qvemoT
motanil cxrilSia miTiTebuli:

beWduri versiis wina an ukana ydis


`Sesabamisobis donis~ dadgena Sida mxares;
imisaTvias rom cxadi gaxadoT, romeli
eleqtronuli versiis SemTxvevaSi,
donis moTxovnebs akmayofilebs Tqveni
angariSis Sesaval nawilSi an
angariSi da vin gansazRvra an gadaamowma
saZieblebis Semcvel gverdze;
misi `Sesabamisobis done~, angariSs unda
daurToT `Sesabamisobis donis sqema~. angariSis im nawilSi, sadac saubaria
imisaTvis rom angariSi GRI standartebze angariSis miznebsa da parametrebze
dafuZnebulad aRiaron, aucielebelia, (ix. angariSis standartuli
rom Tqven TviTon gansazRvroT GRI komponentebi, punqtebi 3.1 3.11); an
formatTan angariSis Sesabamisobis
angariSis im nawilSi, sadac
done (donis TviT-deklarireba).
mocemulia GRI Sinaarsis saZiebeli
angariSis Semdegenlebs ufleba
(ix. angariSis standartuli
aqvT, amasTan erTad, mesame mxaresac
komponentebi, punqti 3.12).
Seamowmebinon donis miniWebis siswore,
an `globaluri angariSgebis iniciativis~
`globaluri angariSgebis iniciativa~
warmomadgenlebs sTxovon amis gakeTeba.
mxolod im SemTxvevaSi miuTiTebs Tqvens
GRI formatTan `Sesabamisobis donis angariSs sakuTar veb-gverdze, rogorc
sqema~ SeiZleba CarTuli iyos angariSis GRI -ze dafuZnebul angariSs, Tu mas
rogorc eleqtronul, iseve beWdur darTuli eqneba Sesabamisobis doneebis
versiaSi nebismier adgilas. kerZod, es sqema, sadac, sul mcire, dafiqsirebuli
sqema SeiZleba ganTavsdes: iqneba, ra dones aniWebs sakuTar angariSs

2 2000-2006 GRI
GRI Sesabamisobis doneebi AL

Tavad organizacia (donis TviT- warmomadgnelis mier. rodesac Tqvens


deklarireba). imisaTvis rom angariSi angariSSi gamoiyenebT termins ,,GG
G RI
GRI veb-gverdis nusxaSi moxvdes, ar angariSgebis formatTan Sesabamisobis
aris savaldebulo organizaciis mier doneebi, mas iseTive datvirTva unda
sakuTari angariSisaTvis miniWebuli hqondes, rogorc es gansazRvrulia
donis gadamowmeba mesame mxaris mier an zemoT, `Sesabamisobis doneebis~
`globaluri angariSgebis iniciativis~ kriteriumebis mixedviT.

2002 C C+ B B+ A A+ magaliTad, am sqe-


Sesabamisad maze naCvenebia,
savaldebulo

Sesabamisobis ganxorcielda angariSis gare Sefaseba rom angariSis Sem-

ganxorcielda angariSis gare Sefaseba

ganxorcielda angariSis gare Sefaseba


donis TviT- dgenelma sakuTar
deklarireba angariSs mianiWa B B
done, `GRI format-
Sesabamisobis
Tan Sesabamisobis
done Seamowma
doneebis sistemis~
ara savaldebulo

mesame mxarem
mixedviT. es Sefaseba
Semowmda GGRI gadaamowma rogorc
warmomadgenlis damoukidebelma
mier eqspertma, ise `an-
gariSgebis global-
uri iniciativis~
warmomadgenelma.

niSani `Semowmebulia
GRI-s mier~

`Sesabamisobis donis~ `angariSgebis globaluri


gadamowmebis moTxovna iniciativa~ (GRI) amowmebs,
Tu ramdenad akmayofilebs an
angariSis Semdgenlebs SeuZliaT ar akmayofilebs angariSi im
daukavSirden `angariSgebis globaluri kriteriumebs, romlebic Seesabameba
iniciativis~ warmomadgenels da sTxovon angariSisTvis organizaciis mier
mas gadaamowmos, Tu ramdenad sworad miniWebul dones. `angariSgebis
mianiWa organizaciam sakuTar angariSs globaluri iniciativa~ Tavis
Sesabamisobis done. es Txovna SegiZliaT daskvnas usaTuod gaacnobs
warudginoT GRI-s eleqtronuli saxiT, angariSis Semdgenlebs.
veb-gverdze: www.globalreporting.org.
winaswari Setyobinebis safuZvelze G G RI-s `angariSgebis globaluri
warmomadgeneli angariSis gamocemamde iniciativis~ mier Catarebuli
gadaamowmebs Sesabamisobis dones. mas Sesabamisobis donis Semowmeba
Semdeg, rac mxareebi SeTanxmdebian, Tu mxolod donis miniWebis siswores
ra dones akmayofilebs angariSi, GRI Seexeba. igi ar gamoxatavs
mianiWebs angariSs Sesabamisobis donis `angariSgebis globaluri
Sesaferis specialur [grafikul] niSans, iniciativis~ Sexedulebas zogadad
romelic Tan daerTvis angariSis rogorc angariSis Rirsebebze, mis xarisxsa
eleqtronul, ise beWdur versias. da Sinaarsze. Semowmeba mxolod
imas exeba, Tu ramdenad iyo
Tu SeiZleba, miaqcieT yuradReba gamoyenebuli angariSis Sedgenisas
qvemoT CamoTvlil pirobebs GGRI-s mier GGRI angariSgebis formati.
`Sesabamisobis donis~ SemowmebasTan
dakavSirebiT:
versia 3.0 3
AL GRI Sesabamisobis doneebi

donisTvis ,,plusis (+) miniWeba (mag., gare Sefasebis Sedegad SemuSavdeba


C+, B+ da A+) mxolod im SemTxvevaSi mosazreba an daskvna, romelic
SeiZleba, Tu ganxorcielda angariSis sajarod xelmisawvdomia angariSis
gare Sefaseba. `angariSgebis mkiTxvelebisaTvis (ix. gv 37
globaluri iniciativis~ mier saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi, versia
`Sesabamisobis donis~ gadamowmeba ver 3.0)
Caenacvleba angariSis gare Sefasebas
Tu `angariSgebis globalur iniciativas~
da, Sesabamisad, mis safuZvelze dones
mimarTaven TxovniT gadaamowmos `plus~
ver mieniWeba pliusi (+).
(+) donis angariSi, igi aucileblad
rodesac `angariSgebis globalur gadaamowmebs, erTvis Tu ara angariSs
iniciativas~ mimarTaven TxovniT gare Sefasebis daskvna. Tumca, igi
gadaamowmos, Tu ramdenad sworad ar Seafasebs, ramdenad pasuxobs
aqvs angariSs miniWebuli C+, B+ an ganxorcielebuli gare Sefaseba zemoT
A+ done, angariSgebis globaluri CamoTvlil kriteriumebs.
iniciativa gadaamowmebs, erTvis Tu
ara angariSs gare Sefasebis daskvna. faqtobrivad, doneebis sistemis
umTavresi mizania daanaxos organizacias,
angariSgebis globaluri iniciativa Tu rogor aris SesaZlebeli etapobrivad
gadamowmebas axorcielebs GRI angariSgebis formatis sul ufro
garkveuli anazRaurebis safasurad. srulad gamoyeneba. es sistema ver iqneba
Tu organizacia globaluri da arc unda iyos gamoyenebuli gare
angariSgebis iniciativis
Sefasebis nacvlad.
dainteresebul mxareTa ricxvSia, igi
am gadasaxadisagan Tavisufldeba.

`Sesabamisobis done~ da gare


Sefaseba

doneebi A+, B+ da C+ mxolod im


SemTxvevaSi mieniWeba angariSs, Tu
ganxorcielda misi gare Sefaseba.
angariSisaTvis plusis misaniWeblad misi
Semdgeneli darwmunebuli unda iyos,
rom man gamoiyena gare Sefasebis Semdegi
meqanizmebi:
gare SefasebaSi CarTo mxareebi
(adamianebi Tu kompaniebi), romlebic
kompetenturni arian am sferoSi da,
amasTanave, organizaciisaTvis gareSe
pirebs/mxareebs warmoadgenen;
gare Sefasebisas daculi iyo yvela
savaldebulo procedura, romelTa
axsna-ganmarteba SesaZlebelia
da romlebic efuZneba Sesabamis
dokumentebsa da wyaroebs;
monacemTa sandoobisa da mTlianad
angariSis Sinaarsis gaTvaliswinebiT,
gare Sefaseba gansazRvravs, aris
Tu ara angariSSi dasabuTebulad
da dabalansebulad warmodgenili
informacia organizaciis saqmianobis
Sesaxeb;

4 2000-2006 GRI
GRI Sesabamisobis doneebi AL

gardamavali safexurebi 2002 wlis miTiTebebis Sesabamisad. igi


saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebidan adekvaturad da dabalansebulad
asaxavs Cveni organizaciis
angariSis Semdgenlebma, romlebic saqmianobis ekonomikur,
iyenebdnen saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis garemosdacviT da socialur
2002 wlis versias, TviTon unda Sedegebsa da zegavlenas.
gadawyviton, Tu rodis gadavlen
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis GG3 2002 wlis versiis kriteriumebis
versiaze. Sesabamisad, `angariSgebis ,,gamoyenebiT
globaluri iniciativis~ veb-
gverdi kvlav aRiarebs da miiRebs organizaciam unda ganacxados Tavis
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis Zveli, angariSSi, rom angariSi momzadda 2002
2002 wlis versiis mixedviT momzadebul wlis kriteriumebis `gamoyenebiT.
angariSebs, angariSgebis momdevno ori termini ,,gamoyenebiT SeiZleba
sruli ciklis ganmavlobaSi. (rac Seexeba Seicvalos Semdegi terminebiT:
imaT, vinc pirvelad amzadebs angariSs,
maT GGRI urCevs axali, 3.0 versiiT dafuZnebulia;
ixelmZRvanelon).
eyrdnoba;
Tu angariSi 2002 wlis versiis
mixedviT aris momzadebuli, angariSis Tanaxmad;
warmdgenelma SeiZleba sakuTar angariSs
mianiWos qvemoTCamoTvlilTagan Sesabamisad;
erT-erTi done. xolo GRI-s SeiZleba
sTxovos, gadaamowmos donis miniWebis mixedviT;
Sesabamisoba.
gaTvaliswinebiT.
2002 wlis verisiis angariSgebis
kriteriumebis ,,Sesabamisoba

1. angariSSi warmoadgineT C nawilis 1-3


Tavebis Sesabamisi informaca.
2. C nawilis me-4 Tavis moTxovnebis
Sesabamisad, SeitaneT angariSSi GGRI
Sinaaris saZiebeli.
3. SeitaneT angariSSi informacia yvela
ZiriTadi indikatoris mixedviT,
romlebic mocemulia C nawilis
me-5 TavSi: (a) angariSSi asaxeT es
indikatorebi; an (b) miuTiTeT, ram
ganapiroba ama Tu im indikatoris
gamotoveba;
4. uzrunvelyaviT, rom angariSi
SesabamisobaSi iyos `saxelmZRvanelo
miTiTebebis~ BB nawilis principebTan.
5. angariSSi SeitaneT aRmasrulebeli
direqtoris an direqtorTa
sabWos xelmowerili gancxadeba:
,,winamdebare angariSi momzadda
2002 wlis GGRI saxelmZRvanelo

versia 3.0 5
IP

indikatorTa protokolebi
ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

2000-2006 GRI versia 3.0


indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

saqmianobis ekonomikuri EC7 adgilobrivi mosaxleobis


daqiravebis procedurebi da
efeqturobis indikatorebi kompaniis menejmentis zeda rgolis
SemadgenlobaSi adgilobirvi

ZiriTadi
mosaxleobis procentuli wili
aspeqti: ekonomikuri efeqturoba
organizaciis saqmianobis ZiriTad
regionebSi.
EC1 Seqmnili da ganawilebuli
ekonomikuri Rirebuleba
aspeqti: iribi ekonomikuri zegavlena
- Semosavlebis, mimdinare
sawarmoo xarjebis,
EC8 komerciuli, naturiT an
TanamSromelTa anazRaurebis,
sazogadoebisaTvis sasikeTo/
gacemuli Semowirulobebisa
saqvelmoqmedo saqmianobis
da sazogadoebisaTvis
formiT infrastruqturaSi
gaRebuli sxva investiciebis,
ganxorcielebuli investiciebi

ZiriTadi
gaunawilebeli mogebis, aseve
da sazogadoebisaTvis sasargeblo
ZiriTadi

kapitalis mimwodeblebisa da
momsaxurebis ganviTareba, aseve am
saxelmwifosaTvis gadaxdili
gziT moxdenili zegavlena.
Tanxebis CaTvliT.
EC9 mniSvnelovani iribi ekonomikuri
damatebiTi

EC2 finansuri danaxarjebi, zemoqmedebis analizi da aRwera,


organizaciis winaSe warmoqmnili aseve zemoqmedebis masStabi.
safrTxeebi da SesaZleblobebi,
romlebic klimatis cvlilebas
ZiriTadi

ukavSirdeba.

EC3 ramdenad asrulebs organizacia


valdebulebebs, romlebic
ZiriTadi

Tavis Tavze aiRo sapensio


programis farglebSi `winaswar
gansazRvruli pensiiT~.

EC4 mTavrobisagan miRebuli


ZiriTadi

mniSvnelovani finansuri
daxmareba.

aspeqti: bazris dafarva

EC5 organizaciis dabali kategoriis


muSakis standartuli xelfasisa
damatebiTi

da adgilobrivi minimaluri
xelfasis Sefardeba organizaciis
saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi.

EC6 adgilobrivi mimwodeblebis


gamoyenebis politika da
praqtika, aseve adgilobrivi
mimwodeblebisgan
ZiriTadi

ganxorcielebuli Sesyidvebis
procentuli wili organizaciis
saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi.

versia 3.0 1
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

mniSvneloba 1. ekonomikuri efeqturoba.


indikatorTa es jgufi asaxavs, Tu
saqmianobis ekonomikuri efeqturobis
ra pirdapir ekonomikur zegavlenas
indikatorTa mixedviT angariSSi
axdens organizaciis saqmianoba da ra
warmodgenilma monacemebma unda
ekonomikuri Rirebuleba iqmneba am
warmoaCinos:
saqmianobiT.
rogor xdeba kapitalis moZraoba
2. bazris dafarva. indikatorTa es
sxvadasxva dainteresebul mxareebs
jgufi gvawvdis informacias imis
Soris; da
Sesaxeb, Tu ra saxis urierTqmedebebs
axorcielebs organizacia konkretul
ZiriTadad ra saxis ekonomikur
bazrebze.
zegavlenas axdens organizacia
sazogadoebis sxvadasxva fenebze. 3. iribi ekonomikuri zegavlena. es
indikatorebi asaxavs sxvadasxva saxis
organizaciis saqmianobis ekonomikuri ekonomikur zegavlenebs, romlebic
maCveneblebi warmodgenas gviqmnis warmoiqmneba organizaciis mier
zogadad organizaciis saqmianobisa da misi ganxorcielebuli saqmianobisa da
mdgradobis Sesaxeb. aRsaniSnavia, rom am biznes-operaciebis Sedegad.
monacemebs organizaciebi sakmaod kargad
sxvadasxva ekonomikur indikatorebs
asaxaven wliur finansur angariSebSi.
Soris mravalgvari kavSirebi arsebobs.
finansur angariSebSi, rogorc wesi,
EC1 indikatorze darTuli `damatebiTi
mocemulia informacia organizaciis
Rirebulebis cxrilis~ 1 elementebi
finansuri mdgomareobis, finansuri
dakavSirebulia sxva ekonomikur
saqmianobis efeqturobis Sesaxeb, aseve
indikatorebTan; garkveuli kavSiri
imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra cvlilebebi moxda
arsebobs aseve TanamSromelTa
organizaciis finansur mdgomareobaSi
xelfasebs/daxmarebebs (EC1-2.1c da EC5),
da ra Sedegebs miaRwia organizaciam
mTavrobasTan urTierTqmedebasa (EC1-
finansuri kapitalis marTvis kuTxiT.
2.1e da EC4) da sazogadoebisTvis gaRebul
samwuxarod, finansur angariSebSi investiciebs (EC1-2.1f da C
E 8) Soris.
naklebad aris warmodgenili informacia ekonomikuri indikatorebi aseve mWidrod
imis Taobaze, Tu ra wvlili Seitana aris dakavSirebuli sxva protokolebSi
organizaciam ufro masStaburi mocemul indikatorebTan, maT Soris:
ekonomikuri sistemebis mdgradobaSi,
 EC1-2.1c, EC5 da LA14 kavSirSia
romelTa farglebSic igi saqmianobs.
erTmaneTTan xelfasebis konteqstSi;
Tumca, unda aRiniSnos, rom swored
es informacia ainteresebs metwilad
 EC1-2.1c, EC3 da LA3 kavSirSia
`mdgradi ganviTarebis angariSis~
erTmaneTTan TanamSromelTa
mkiTxvelebs. organizacia SeiZleba
SeRavaTebis/daxmarebebis konteqstSi;
finansurad sicocxlisunariani iyos,
magram amas aRwevdes garkveuli gare
 EC1-2.1f, EC6, EC8 da SO1 _
Zalebis an garegani cvlilebebis
adgilobriv TemTan urTierTqmedebis
meSveobiT. Tumca, igive gare faqtorebma
konteqstSi;
SeiZleba garkveuli gavlena moaxdinos
sxva dainteresebul mxareebzec.
 EC2 (klimatis SecvlasTan
saqmianobis ekonomikuri efeqturobis
dakavSirebuli riskebi) kavSirSia
indikatorebi zomavs organizaciis
indikatorTan EN3 (energiis pirdapiri
saqmianobis ekonomikur Sedegebs da am
moxmareba); da
Sedegebis zegavlenas dainteresebul
mxareTa farTo speqtrze.
 EC10 (iribi ekonomikuri zegavlena)
am kategoriis indikatorebi sam aspeqts da SO1(socio-ekonomikuri
moicavs: zemoqmedeba Temze/sazogadoebaze)
aseve kavSirSia erTmaneTTan.

1
ix. qvemoT: C
E 1, monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da warmodgena (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

2 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

ganmartebebi SeZlebisdagvarad unda


daeyrdnoT organizaciis
organizaciis saqmianobis ZiriTadi
im finansur angariSTa monacemebs,
regionebi (Significant locations of operation)
romelTac auditi CautardaT, an
es aris regionebi (geografiuli arealebi), menejmentis mimdinare aRricxvas,
sadac organizaciis Semosavlebi erTi romelic Sida auditma Seamowma.
bazridan, aseve gaweuli danaxarjebi, nebismier SemTxvevaSi, informaciis
dainteresebul mxareTaTvis gadaxdili damuSavebisas unda gamoiyenoT:
Tanxebi, warmoebuli produqcia an
TanamSromelTa raodenoba organizaciis  `finansuri aRricxvis
globaluri jamuri maCveneblebis saerTaSoriso standartebi~ (IFRS)
mniSvnelovan wils qmnis2 da sadac zemoT da `standartebis interpretacia~,
CamoTvlili maCveneblebi imdenad romlebic momzadebuli da
masStaburia, rom gansakuTrebul gamoqveynebuli aqvs ` finansuri
mniSvnelobas iZens organizaciis an mis aRricxvis saerTaSoriso
dainteresebul mxareTa mier seriozuli standartebis sabWos~ (IASB)
gadawyvetilebebis miRebisas. rogorc (indikatorTa zogierT
wesi, amgvar regionebSi organizaciis protokolSi miTiTebulia
saqmianobis maCveneblebis erToblioba aRricxvis konkretuli
Seadgens organizaciis saqmianobis saerTaSoriso sabuRaltro
jamuri maCveneblebis udides standartebi, romelTac unda
nawils. organizaciebma angariSSi gaecnoT); an
unda Camoayalibon da ganmarton is
kriteriumebi, romelTa mixedviTac finansuri angariSgebis
gansazRvres sakuTari saqmianobis standartebi, romlebic
ZiriTadi regionebi. am regionebis aRiarebulia regionul an
gansazRvrisas angariSmgebelma saerTaSoriso doneze.
organizaciebma aseve unda gamoiyenon
`finansuri aRricxvis saerTaSoriso angariSmgebelma organizaciam calsaxad
standartebi~14 (IAS 14).3 unda miuTiTos, romeli standartebi
gamoiyena da garkveviT daimowmos
zogadi miTiTebebi da damowmebis ZiriTadi Sesabamisi wyaroebi.
wyaroebi (Sesabamisi standartebi,
konvenciebi da sxva dokumentebi) segmenturi angariSgeba
angariSis warmdgenma organizaciebma
 finansuri aRricxvis saerTaSoriso
unda isargeblon `finansuri aRricxvis
standartebis sabWos (IASB)
saerTaSoriso standartebiT 14~ (IAS
vebgverdze (www.iasb.org) SegiZliaT
14), rodesac gansazRvraven termins
gaecnoT finansuri angariSgebis
,,adgilobrivi, rogorc es moiTxoveba
saerTaSoriso standartebs.4
EC1, CE 5, EC6 da EC7 indikatorebisTvis.
ekonomikuri indikatorebisaTvis
monacemebis Segroveba-damuSavebisas

2
magaliTad, Tu regionSi warmoebuli produqcia organizaciis mTliani produqciis mniSvnelovan wils qmnis;
Tu regionSi dasaqmebul TanamSromelTa raodenoba organizaciis mTliani SromiTi resursebis mniSvnelovans
wils qmnis; Tu regionSi gaweuli danaxarjebi organizaciis mier globalurad gawuli danaxarjebis jamuri
raodenobis mniSvnelovan wils qmnis da a. S. (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
3
International Accounting Standards 14.
4
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).

versia 3.0 3
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

EC1 Seqmnili da ganawilebuli 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


ekonomikuri Rirebuleba - warmodgena
Semosavlebis, mimdinare sawarmoo
2.1 monacemTa warmodgena:
xarjebis, TanamSromelTa
anazRaurebis, gacemuli monacemebi warmoebuli da
Semowirulobebisa da ganawilebuli ekonomikuri
sazogadoebisaTvis gaRebuli sxva Rirebulebis Sesaxeb sasurvelia
investiciebis, gaunawilebeli efuZnebodes organizaciis
mogebis, aseve kapitalis finansur angariSebs an mogeba-
mimwodeblebisa da saxelmwifosTvis wagebis angariSebs, romelTac
gadaxdili Tanxebis CaTvliT auditi CautardaT, an menejmentis
mimdinare aRricxvas, romelic Sida
1. mniSvneloba auditma Seamowma. aseve sasurvelia,
rom monacemebi ekonomikuri
monacemebi imis Sesaxeb, Tu rogor qmnis
Rirebulebis Sesaxeb warmodgenili
da anawilebs organizacia ekonomikur
iyos daricxvis meTodis
Rirebulebas, gviCvenebs, Tu rogor
gamoyenebiT6, cxrilis formatSi,
qmnis organizacia dovlaTs Tavisi
romelic Seicavs globaluri
dainteresebuli mxareebisaTvis.
masStabiT organizaciis
`warmoebuli da ganawilebuli ekonomikuri
saqmianobis ZiriTad komponentebs,
Rirebulebis5 cxrilis~ ramdenime
rogorc es qvemoT aris mocemuli.
komponenti zogad warmodgenas gviqmnis
zogierT SemTxvevaSi monacemebi
aseve angariSmgebeli organizaciis
sakaso meTodis (anu faqtobrivi
ekonomikuri maCveneblebis Sesaxeb, rac
gadaxdebis daangariSebis
dagexmarebaT sxva monacemebis ukeT
meTodis)7 gamoyenebiTac SeiZleba
gagebaSi. Tu monacemebi warmoebuli da
warmoadginoT, Tu SesaZlebelia
ganawilebuli ekonomikuri Rirebulebis
dasabuTdes am konkretul
Sesaxeb cal-calkea warmodgenili
SemTxvevaSi sakaso meTodis
qveynebisTvis, es monacemebi gvexmareba
gamoyenebis mizanSewonileba.
SevafasoT, Tu ra wvlili Seitana
am SemTxvevaSic monacemebi
organizaciam adgilobriv ekonomikaSi
warmoadgineT cxrilis saxiT,
da rogoria am wvlilis fuladi
romelic qvemoT mocemul ZiriTad
gamoxatuleba.
komponentebs Seicavs.

5
Economic Value Generated and Distributed (EVG&D).
6
daricxvis meTodi (aAccrual basis accounting) - sabuRaltro aRricxvis meTodi, romlis Tanaxmadac organizaciis
Semosavlebi aRiricxeba im fiskaluri periodis ganmavlobaSi, rodesac es Semosavlebi iyo miRebuli, miuxedavad
imisa, Tu rodis ganxorcielda am Semosavlebis Camoricxva; aseve danaxarjebi aRiricxeba im periodis
ganmavlobaSi, rodesac isini gaweul iyo qaRaldze, miuxedavad imisa, faqtiurad gadaxdilia Tu ara Tanxa. sxva
sityvebiT, daricxvis meTodiT sabuRaltro aRricxvisas, rogorc Semosavlebi, aseve danaxarjebi aRiricxeba
maSin, rodesac maT adgili hqondaT (da ara rodesac ganxorcielda realuri Tanxis gadaricxva). gansxvaveba
daricxvis meTodiT aRricxvasa da sakaso meTodiT (anu faqtobrivi gadaxdebis daangariSebis meTodiT) aRricxvas
Soris imaSi mdgomareobs, Tu rodis xdeba Semosavlebisa da danaxarjebis aRricxva. sakaso meTodiT aRricxvisas
Semosavlebi aRiricxeba maSin, rodesac Tanxa realurad Semodis organizaciaSi, da danaxarjebi rodesac
realurad ganxorcielda Tanxis gadaxda (ganurCevlad imisa, TuU rodis gaica an miRebul iqna angariSfaqtura).
daricxvis meTodiT aRricxvis gamoyeneba kompaniaTa Tu specialistTa umravlesobas kanoniT moeTxoveba.
amasTanave, daricxvis meTodis gamoyenebisas kompaniebs aqvT garkveuli Tavisuflebis xarisxi, Tu rodis iqna
Semosavali da danaxarji `aRiarebuli~. Tumca arsebobs kanonebi, romlebic aregulirebs `aRiarebas@. amasTan
erTad, kompaniebs moeTxovebaT sifrTxile gamoiCinon im Semosavlebis daangariSebisas, romlebic aRricxulia,
magram SesaZloa realurad ar Camoiricxos (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
7
sakaso meTodi (cash basis accounting) ix. wina sqolio (mTargmn. SeniSv.).

4 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

imisaTvis, rom ukeT Sefasdes, a) Semosavlebi moicavs Semdegs:


Tu ra gavlenas axdens organizacia
adgilobriv ekonomikaze, monacemebi  sufTa gayidvebi, rac udris
warmoebuli da ganawilebuli produqciisa da momsaxurebis
ekonomikuri Rirebulebis Sesaxeb mTlian Rirebulebas
unda warmoadginoT calkeuli gamoklebuli dabrunebuli
qveynebis, regionebisa da calkeuli produqciis Rirebuleba da
bazrebis mixedviTac ki, Tu fasdaklebebi.
am qveynebSi/regionebSi/bazrebze
warmoebuli da ganawilebuli  finansuri investiciebidan
ekonomikuri Rirebuleba miRebuli Semosavlebi moicavs
organizaciis saerTo maCveneblebis finansur sesxze procentis
mniSvnelovan wils Seadgens. saxiT miRebul naRd fuls,
angariSmgebeli organizaciebi dividendebs aqciebidan,
movaleni arian ganmarton, ra roialtis8 da aqtivebis
kriteriumebiT gansazRvraven, ras gamoyenebiT miRebul pirdapir
warmoadgens `mniSvnelovani~ wili. Semosavals (magaliTad, uZravi
qonebidan miRebuli qira).
2.2 miTiTebebi warmoebuli da
ganawilebuli ekonomikuri   aqtivebis gayidviT miRebuli
Rirebulebis cxrilis SedgenisTvis Semosavlebi gulisxmobs
materialur aqtivebs (uZravi

komponenti SeniSvna
warmoebuli pirdapiri ekonomikuri Rirebuleba
a) Semosavlebi wminda gayidvebi + finansuri investiciebisa
da aqtivebis realizaciis Sedegad miRebuli
Semosavlebi

ganawilebuli ekonomikuri Rirebuleba


b) sawarmoo xarjebi mimwodeblebisaTvis gadaxdili Tanxebi,
arastrategiuli investiciebi, roialti da
`mxardaWeris anazRaureba~

g) TanamSromelTa xelfasebi da daxmarebebi TanamSromelTaTvis gadaxdili Tanxebis


jamuri raodenoba (mimdinare anazRaureba,
da ara samomavlo valdebulebebi)

d) finansebis momwodeblebisaTvis gadaxdili organizaciis kapitalis momwodeblebisTvis


Tanxebi gadaxdili nebismieri saxis Tanxebi

e) saxelmwifosTvis gadaxdili Tanxebi (qveynebis jamuri gadasaxadebi


mixedviT ix. ganmartebebi zemoT)

v) saTemo investiciebi sazogadoebis/Temis sasargeblod gaRebuli


Tanxebi da nebayofilobiTi investiciebi
(Semowirulobebis CaTvliT)

gaunawilebeli mogebis ekonomikuri investiciebi, sakuTari kapitali, a.S.


Rirebuleba (daiangariSeba Semdegnairad -
warmoebul ekonomikur Rirebulebas gamoklebuli
ganawilebuli ekonomikuri Rirebuleba)

8
roialti (royalty) salicenzio gadasaxadi, wiaRiseulis mopovebs an inteleqtualuri sakuTrebis gamoyenebis
uflebis gadasaxadi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 5
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

qoneba, infrastruqtura, daxmarebebi moicavs standar-


mowyobiloba) an aramaterialur tul daxmarebas (mag., sapensio,
aqtivebs (inteleqtualuri sadazRvevo, samsaxurebrivi
sakuTrebis ufleba, dizaini da transportiT sargeblobisa da
brendis saxelwodeba). TanamSromelTa samedicino mom-
saxurebis Tanxebi), an sxva saxis
b) sawarmoo (operaciuli) xarjebi: daxmarebas, romelic muSaks gae-
weva _ es SeiZleba iyos biniT uz-
 angariSmgebeli organizaciis runvelyofa/binis qiris gadaxda,
mier masalis, produqciis uprocento sesxebi, sazogado-
komponentebis, mowyobilobebisa ebrivi transportiT sargeblo-
da momsaxurebis SesyidvisaTvis bis xarjebis dafarva, saswavlo
organizaciis gareT naRdi grantebi da samsaxuridan daT-
fuliT gadaxdili nebismieri xovil muSakTa kompensacia. aq ar
Tanxa. amaSi Sedis qira uZrav Sedis gadamzadebis xarjebi, spec-
qonebaze, licenziis mosakrebeli, tansacmlis an sxva samuSao aR-
`mxardaWeris anazRaureba~9 Wurvilobis xarjebi, romlebic
(vinaidan maT calsaxa komerciuli uSualod muSakis saqmianobas
daniSnuleba aqvT), roialti, ukavSirdeba.
kontraqtorebis anazRaureba,
muSakTa gadamzadebasTan d) kapitalis momwodeblebisaTvis
dakavSirebuli xarjebi (mowveuli gadaxdili Tanxebi:
trenerebis SemTxvevaSi),
spectansacmeli muSakTaTvis da a.S.  yvela kategoriis aqcionerTaTvis
gadaxdili dividendebi;
g) TanamSromelTa xelfasebi da
daxmarebebi:  kreditorebisTvis gadaxdili
sesxis procentebi;
mTliani saxelfaso fondi
moicavs TanamSromleTa  aq Semodis procentebi nebismieri
xelfasebs, TanamSromelTa saxis kreditze an sesxze (ara
nacvlad organizaciis mier mxolod grZelvadian valze), aseve
gadaxdili saxelmwifo privilegirebul aqcionerTa
gadasaxadebis CaTvliT dagvianebuli dividendebis
(TanamSromleTa saSemosavlo sauravebi.
gadasaxadebi, mosakreblebi,
umuSevrobis socialuri e) saxelmwifosTvis gadaxdili Tanxebi:
fondebisTvis gadaxdili
gadasaxadebi). StatgareSe  kompaniis yvela gadasaxadi
daqiravebuli muSakebi, romlebic (saSemosavlo, mogebis, qonebis
organizaciisaTvis asruleben da a.S.), da maTTan dakavSirebuli
raime samuSaos, rogorc wesi, aq jarimebi, gadaxdili adgilobriv,
ar unda gaiTvaliswinoT. maTi erovnul Tu saerTaSoriso doneze.
xelfasi unda aisaxos `mimdinare aq ar unda Sevides gadavadebuli
xarjebis~ nawilSi, rogorc gadasaxadebi, vinaidan maTi gadax-
momsaxurebaSi gadaxdili Tanxa. da SeiZleba sulac ar moxdes. Tu
organizacia erTze met qveyanaSi
9
mxardaWeris anazRaureba (facilitation payments) eTikuri TvalsazrisiT saeWvo gadasaxadi, romlis mizania
garkveuli momsaxurebis miRebis daCqareba an stimulireba. Cveulebriv, `mxardaWeris nazRaurebas~ ganasxvaveben
aSkara qrTamisa an korufciuli qmedebisagan. bevr qveyanaSi `mxardaWeris anazRaureba~ (anu garkveul
SemTxvevebSi mcire moculobis Tanxebis araoficialurad gadaxda) miRebuli praqtikaa da kanonieradac iTvleba.
kompanias, romelic ramdenime qveyanaSi saqmianobs, SeiZleba sakuTari qveynis kanonmdeblobiT ekrZalebodes
amgvari `mxardaWeris anazRaurebis~ gadaxda, Tumca is eTikur problemas waawydeba im qveynebSi saqmianobisas,
sadac `mxardaWeris anazRaurebis~ gadaxda miRebulia da biznesis warmoebis Semadgenel nawils warmoadgens
(mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

6 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

funqcionirebs, informacia ga- vi moxmarebis obieqtebis yovel-


dasaxadebis Sesaxeb warmoadgineT dRiur saqmianobas), investiciebis
daTiSulad, qveynebis mixedviT. Tanxa unda moicavdes amgvar oper-
organizaciam unda ganmartos, aciul (mimdinare) xarjebs.
segmentaciis ra gansazRvreba
gamoiyena. a
 q ar Sedis samarTlebriv da ko-
merciul saqmianobaze gaweuli
v) sazogadoebis sasargeblod gaRebuli xarjebi, an investiciebi, rom-
investiciebi (saTemo investiciebi): lebsac mxolod komerciuli
miznebi aqvs. politikuri par-
  im sazogadoebis sasargeblod tiebisTvis gaRebuli Semowiru-
gaRebuli nebayofilobiTi lobebi am nawilSi unda SeitanoT,
Semowirulobebi da investiciebi, Tumca, ufro detalurad amgvari
romelSic organizacia funqci- Semowirulobebi SO6-Si aisaxeba.
onirebs, TUu beneficiarebs orga-
nizaciasTan araviTari kavSiri nebismieri infrastruqturuli
ara aqvT. es moicavs saqvelmoq- investicia, romelic, upirveles
medo organizaciebisaTvis, ara- yovlisa, organizaciis ZiriTad
samTavrobo organizaciebisa saqmianobas ukavSirdeba (mag., ma-
da kvleviTi institutebisaT- Rarosken an qarxnisken mimavali
vis gaRebul Semowirulobebs gzis mSenebloba), an organizaciis
(Tu xsenebuli organizaciebi saqmianobis xelSewyobas emsa-
ar arian CarTulni angariSmge- xureba, am punqtSi ar aisaxeba.
beli organizaciis komerciul Tumca, am nawilSi unda asaxoT
saqmianobasTan dakavSirebul investiciebi iseT infrastruq-
kvlevebSi), aseve municipaluri turaSi, romelic organizaciis
infrastruqturis ganviTare- saqmianobas uSualod ar ukav-
basa da eqspluataciaze gaRebul Sirdeba, magaliTad, Tu organiza-
xarjebs (mag., rekreaciuli in- cia Tavisi TanamSromlebisa da
frastruqtura garTobisa da maTi ojaxebisaTvis aaSenebs sko-
dasvenebis adgilebi da a. S.) da las an saavadmyofos
socialuri programebis uSualo
dafinansebisaTvis gaRebul 3. ganmartebebi
xarjebs (kulturuli da sagan-
ar aris.
manaTleblo RonisZiebebis CaT-
vliT). es Tanxa unda asaxavdes im 4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
realur xarjebs, romlebic or-
am indikatorisTvis informacia SeiZleba
ganizaciam saangariSo periodSi
moiZioT safinanso ganyofilebaSi,
gaswia da ara am periodisaTvis
saxazino ganyofilebaSi an buRalteriaSi.
nakisr valdebulebebs.
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
 infrastruqturaSi Cadebul
gamoiyeneT finansuri aRricxvis
investiciebTan dakavSirebiT aR-
saerTaSoriso standarti 12
saniSnia, rom amgvari investicie-
_ saSemosavlo gadasaxadebis
bis jamuri Tanxa unda moicavdes
Taobaze; finansuri aRricxvis
rogorc kapitalur xarjebs, ise
saerTaSoriso standarti 14 _
saqonlis SeZenaze da muSaxelis
segmentur angariSgebaze; finansuri
daqiravebaze gaweul xarjebs.
aRricxvis saerTaSoriso standarti
mimdinare programebis an moqmedi
18 Semosavlebze; finansuri
obieqtebis/dawesebulebebis da-
aRricxvis saerTaSoriso standarti
finansebis SemTxvevaSi (mag., orga-
19 TanamSromleTa daxmarebebsa da
nizacia afinansebs sazogadoebri-
SeRavaTebze. 10

10
International Accounting Standard (IAS) 12 on Income Taxes, IAS 14 on segment Reporting, IAS 18 on Revenues, and IAS 19
on Employee Benefits.

versia 3.0 7
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

2.2 miuTiTeT klimatis cvlilebiT


EC2 finansuri danaxarjebi,
gamowveuli riskebi da/an SesaZleb-
organizaciis winaSe warmoqmnili
lobebi, romelTac SeiZleba garkveu-
safrTxeebi da SesaZleblobebi,
li finansuri Sedegebi mohyves
romlebic klimatis cvlilebas
organizaciisTvis. es moicavs Semdegs:
ukavSirdeba
klimatis cvlilebiT gamowveuli
1. mniSvneloba
fizikuri safrTxeebi (mag., amindis
klimatis clileba garkveuli riskebisa clilebis zegavlena da cxeli
da SesaZleblobebis Semcvelia rogorc amindiT gamowveuli daavadebebi);
organizaciebisTvis, ise maTi investorebisa
am sakiTxis maregulirebel
da sxva dainteresebuli mxareebisaTvis.
kanonmdeblobasTan dakavSirebuli
klimaturi pirobebisa da amindis Secvlam
riskebi (mag., axali kanonmdeblobis
SeiZleba organizaciebi fizikuri riskebis
moTxovnaTa dasakmayofilblad
winaSe daayenos. amgvar riskebs ganekuTvneba
gatarebul RonisZiebebze da
xSiri grigalis zemoqmedeba, zRvis donis
sistemebis Seqmnaze gaweuli xarjebi);
Secvla, garemo temperaturisa da wylis
xelmisawvdomobis Secvla, uaryofiTi zemoq- klimatis cvlileba dRis wesrigSi
medeba personalze, kerZod, personalis ayenebs axali teqnologiebis, axali
janmrTelobaze (mag., sicxiT gamowveuli produqciisa da momsaxurebis
daavadebebi an avadmyofobebi), an saqmianobis Seqmnis da miwodebis aucileblobas,
sxva adgilas gadatanis aucilebloba. rac rigi organizaciebisaTvis axal
SesaZleblobas warmoadgens;
mTavrobebi cdiloben daareguliron
saqmianoba, romelic zemoqmedebas axdens organizaciis konkurentunarianobis
klimatis cvlilebaze. Sesabamisad, orga- zrdis SesaZlebloba, rac ukavSirdeba
nizaciebi, romelTa saqmianobas mohyveba klimatis cvlilebiT gamowveul
atmosferoSi saTburis airebis gafrqveva, axal sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebsa Tu
iZulebulni arian gazardon xarjebi, raTa teqnologiur miRwevebs.
daakmayofilon maregulirebeli organoe-
2.3 miuTiTeT, ganaxorciela Tu ara menej-
bisa Tu kanonmdeblobis moTxovnebi, rac
mentma im xarjebis raodenobrivi Sefa-
asustebs maT konkurentunarianobas. saTburis
seba (mag., dazRvevisa da naxSirbadis
airebis gafrqevevaze dawesebuli SezRudvebi
kreditis11 Rirebuleba), romelTa
organizaciebisTvis axal SesaZleblobebsac
gaweva organizacias mouwevs klimatis
warmoqmnis, romlebic axali teqnologiebisa
cvlilebis Sedegad. xarisxobrivi
da bazrebis Seqmnas mohyveba. es gansakuTrebiT
Sefasebis Catarebac sasargeblo iqnebo-
im organizaciebs exeba, romelTac SeuZliaT
da, Tu aris amis SesaZlebloba. Tu
energia da energoproduqtebi ufro
amgvari xarisxobrivi Sefaseba Catarda,
efeqturad gamoiyenon an awarmoon.
miuTiTeT, ra instrumentebi gamoiyeneT
EN16 indikatori gvawvdis monacemebs SefasebisaTvis da ra finansuri
saTburis airebis gamofrqvevis erTiani Sedegebi mohyva mas.
moculobis Sesaxeb, xolo EN18 iZleva
3. ganamartebebi
informacias imis Taobaze, Tu ra Ronis-
Ziebebi gaatares da ra Sedegebs miaRwies ar aris.
organizaciebma amgvari gamofrqvevebis
4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
Semcirebis kuTxiT.
monacemebi am indikatorisTvis SeiZleba
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
moiZioT organizaciis mmarTvelobiTi
warmodgena
organos an garemosdacviTi komitetebis
2.1 angariSSi miuTiTeT, ganixila Tu ara mier momzadebul Canawerebsa da oqmebSi.
organizaciis xelmZRvanelma organom
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
klimatis cvlilebasTan dakavSirebuli
riskebi da SesaZleblobebi. ar aris.

11
naxSirbadis krediti (carbon credit) - sertifikati, romelic adasturebs, rom mTavrobam an kompaniam gadaixada
saTanado Tanxa an ganaxorciela saTanado RonisZiebebi, raTa atmosferoSi naxSirorJangis gafrqvevis odenoba
Semcirdes.

8 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

EC3 ramdenad asrulebs organizacia 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


valdebulebebs, romlebic Tavis warmodgena
Tavze aiRo sapensio programis
2.1 miuTiTeT, ra tipis sapensio
farglebSi `winaswar gansazRvruli
programas sTavazobs organizacia
pensiiT~ 12
TanamSromlebs:
1. mniSvneloba
sapesnio programas winaswar
rodesac organizacia Tavis TanamSromlebs gansazRvruli pensiebiT; Tu
sapensio programas sTavazobs, am
pirobis Sesruleba organizaciisTvis sxva saxis sapensio programas.
valdebulebas warmoadgens, vinaidan
maszea damokidebuli organizaciis 2.2 Tu organizaciaSi moqmedebs
TanamSromelTa grZelvadiani sapesnio programa winaswar
keTildReoba. marTalia, `winaswar gansazRvruli pensiebiT, miuTiTeT,
gansazRvruli pensiiT~ sapensio programis am programiT gaTvaliswinebuli
SemoReba garkveul sirTuleebs uqmnis pensiebi damqiravebelma uSualod
damqiravebels im TvalsazrisiT, rom organizaciis saerTo saxsrebidan
organizacia winaswar iRebs garkveul unda gadaixados, Tu calke fondidan,
valdebulebebs, romlebic unda romlis marTva organizaciis
Seasrulos. sxva tipis sapensio programebi, resursebisgan damoukideblad
rogoric aris, magaliTad, `sapensio xorcieldeba.
programa fiqsirebuli gadasaxadiT~,13
ar uzrunvelyofs pensiis moculobas, an 2.3 Tu sapensio programiT
am sapensio programis xelmisawvdomobas gaTvaliswinebli valdebulebebis
yvela TanamSromlisaTvis. sapensio dafarvas organizacia uSualod
programa, romelsac airCevs organizacia, Tavisi resursebidan gegmavs,
garkveul Sedegebs gamoiRebs miuTiTeT am valdebulebaTa
rogorc TanamSromlebisTvis, ise savaraudo Rirebuleba.
damqiraveblisaTvis. amasTanave, saTanadod
dafinansebuli sapensio programa, erTis 2.4 Tu sapensio programiT
mxriv, organizaciaSi moizidavs kadrebs gaTvaliswinebuli valdebulebebis
da uzrunvelyofs maT SenarCunebas, dafarva calke Seqmnili fondis
meore mxriv ki, uadvilebs damqiravebels meSveobiT xorcieldeba, miuTiTeT:
grZelvadiani finansuri da strategiuli
gegmis SemuSavebas.

12
sapensio programa winaswar gansazRvruli pensiiT (Defined benefit pension plan) - sapensio programa,
romlis monawileebsac garantirebuli aqvT pensiis garkveuli, winaswar gansazRvruli odenoba, xolo
pesniis odenoba damokidebulia rogorc muSakis samuSao staJze, ise garkveuli wlebis ganmavlobaSi
miRebuli xelfasis odenobaze. amgvarad, pensiis odenoba SeiZleba dadgenili iyos fiqsirebuli Tanxis
saxiT, an garkveuli wlebis ganmavlobaSi miRebuli saSualo xelfasis procentuli wilis saxiT. am programis
mixedviT sapensio fondSi Senatanebs akeTeben damqiraveblebi da zogjer, nawilobriv muSakebic. `sapensio
programa gansazRvruli pensiiT~ gansxvavdeba mravali sxva saxis sapensio programebisagan, romelTa
farglebSic muSakisaTvis gadaxdili pensiis odenoba damokidebulia investirebuli Tanxebidan miRebuli
Semosavlebis moculobaze. sapensio programa gansazRvruli pensiiT SeiZleba damatebiT sTavazobdes
programis monawileebs sagadasaxado SeRavaTebs (`sapensio programa gansazRvruli sagadasaxado
pirobebiT~ - tax-qualified benefit plan). (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
13
sapensio programa fiqsirebuli gadasaxadiT (Defined contribution pension plan) - sapensio programa, romlis
farglebSic winaswar gansazRvrulia, Tu ra odenobis Tanxas ixdis sapensio fondSi muSaki da damqiravebeli,
xolo muSakisTvis gadaxdili pensiis odenoba damokidebuli iqneba sapensio fondSi gadaricxuli Tanxis jamur
odenobaze da sapensio fondis mier am Tanxis investirebiT miRebuli Semosavlebis odenobaze (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 9
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

 anxorcielebuli Sefasebis
g teqnika gamoiyeneT, romelsac
Tanaxmad, programiT nakisr iyenebT organizaciis finansuri
valdebulebaTa ra nawils dafaravs angariSebis momzadebisas. gaxsovdeT,
am mizniT gamoyofili aqtivebi; rom sapesnio programa winaswar
gansazRvruli pensiebiT warmoadgens
rogor ganxorcielda es Sefaseba; `finansuri aRricxvis saerTaSoriso
standartis (IAS) 19-is nawils, Tumca
rodis ganxorcielda es Sefaseba. es standarti gacilebiT met sakiTxs
exeba.
2.5  u sapensio valdebulebebis dafarva
T
calke Seqmnili fondis meSveobiT 3. ganamartebebi
srulad ver xerxdeba, aRwereT
sruli dafarva (Full coverage)
strategia (Tu aseTi strategia
arsebobs), romelic damqiravebels
rodesac sapensio programis aqtivebi
SemuSavebuli aqvs am valdebulebaTa
srulad faravs an aWarbebs sapensio
srulad dasafarad da miuTiTeT
programiT gaTvaliswinebul
Sesabamisi vadebi, Tu es vadebi
valdebulebebs.
gansazRvrulia (anu rogor da ra
droSi gegmavs menejmenti sapensio
4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
programiT nakisri valdebulebebis
srulad dafarvas).
informacia am indikatorisTvis SeiZleba
moiZioT organizaciis safinanso
2.6 miuTiTeT, xelfasis ra procents
ganyofilebaSi an buRalteriaSi.
gaiRebs TanamSromeli an
damqiravebeli sapensio fondisaTvis.
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
2.7 miuTiTeT, rogoria sapensio finansuri aRricxvis saerTaSoriso
programebSi organizaciis standarti 19 TanamSromelTa
TanamSromelTa monawileobis xarisxi daxmarebebisa da SeRavaTebis
(mag., savaldebulo an nebayofilobiT Sesaxeb14.
programebSi monawileoba;
regionalur an qveynis sapensio
programebSi monawileoba; aseve,
finansuri zegavlenis mqone sapensio
programebSi monawileoba).

2.8 sxvadasxva iurisdiqciebis


farglebSi (mag., sxvadasxva qveynebSi)
sxvadasxvagvari ganmartebebi da
miTiTebebi arsebobs im meTodebTan
dakavSirebiT, romlTa safuZvelze
daiangariSeben, Tu ramdenad
daifara sapesnio valdebulebebi.
daangariSebisas daefuZneT qveyanaSi
moqmed kanonebsa da meTodebs,
xolo angariSSi warmoadgineT
konsolidirebuli jamuri monacemebi.
monacemTa konsolidaciisas igive

14
International Accounting Standard (IAS) 19 on Employee Benefits.

10 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

EC4 mTavrobisagan miRebuli 3. ganmartebebi


mniSvnelovani finansuri daxmareba
mniSvnelovani finansuri daxmareba
1. mniSvneloba (Significant financial assistance)

es indikatori gansazRvravs, Tu ra
mniSvnelovani pirdapiri an arapirdapiri
daxmarebas uwevs angariSmgebel
finansuri daxmareba, romelic ar
organizacias im qveynebis mTavrobebi,
ukavSirdeba saqonlisa da momsaxurebis
sadac is axorcielebs Tavis saqmianobas.
mimoqcevas, aramed warmoadgens
mTavrobisagan miRebul mniSvnelovan
waxalisebas, an ganxorcielebuli
finansur daxmarebas Tu SevudarebT
qmedebebis anazRaurebas, aqtivis
organizaciis mier gadaxdili
Rirebulebis an gaweuli xarjebis
gadasaxadebis moculobas, warmogvidgeba
kompensacias. amasTanave, finansuri
dabalansebuli suraTi, romelic asaxavs
daxmarebis mimwodebeli ar unda moelodes
angariSmgebeli organizaciisa da
gawuli daxmarebis sanacvlod pirdapir
mTavrobis urTierTqmedebas.
finansur amonagebs.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena 4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
2.1 qvemoT CamoTvili punqtebisTvis
finansist-buRalterTa dokumentacia
daricxvis meTodiT daiangariSeT
Seicavs IAS 20-is calkeul sakiTxebs,
erTiani finansuri Rirebuleba da
magram ara konsolidirebuli saxiT,
warmoadgineT konsolidirebuli
rogorc amas EC4 indikatori moiTxovs.
(jamuri) monacemebi:
sagadasaxado SeRavaTebi/ 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
kreditebi;
finansuri aRricxvis saerTaSoriso
subsidiebi; standarti (IAS) 20, `saxelmwifo
grantebis/subsidiebis aRricxvisa
 ainvesticio grantebi, kvlevisa
s
da saxelmwifo daxmarebis Taobaze
da ganviTarebis programebisTvis
informaciis gaxsnis Sesaxeb~ .
miRebuli grantebi an sxva
saxelmwifo grantebi;
premiebi;
roialtis gadaxdis SeRavaTiani
periodebi15;
saeqsporto-sakredito
saagentoebidan (ECAs) miRebuli
finansuri daxmarebebi;
finansuri waxaliseba; da
 xva saxis finansuri daxmareba,
s
romelic organizaciam miiRo an
SeiZleboda mieRo saxelmwifo
marTvis nebismieri organosgan/
nebismieri qveynis mTavrobisgan
nebismieri saqmianobisaTvis.
2.2 miuTiTeT, flobs Tu ara saxelmwifo
kompaniis aqciebs.

15
Royalty holidays.
16
International Accounting Standard (IAS) 20 on Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance.

versia 3.0 11
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

EC5 organizaciis dabali 2.2 miuTiTeT, rogori procentuli


kategoriis muSakis standartuli Sefardebaa adgilobriv minimalur
xelfasisa da adgilobrivi xelfassa da im xelfass Soris,
minimaluri xelfasis Sefardeba romelsac organizaciis dabali
organizaciis saqmianobis ZiriTad kategoriis muSaki iRebs organizaciis
regionebSi saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi.
1. mniSvneloba 2.3 miuTiTeT, 2.2 punqtis mixedviT
dadgenili procentuli Sefardeba17
organizaciis mier sakuTar TanamSromelTa
ramdenad gansxvavebulia organizaciis
ekonomikuri keTildReobis xelSewyoba
saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi (anu
warmoadgens TanamSromlebSi Tanxis
rogoria am Sefardebis meryeobis
dabandebis erT-erT formas. es indikatori
diapazoni organizaciis saqmianobis
gviCvenebs, Tu ra wvlili Seaqvs
ZiriTad regionebSi).
organizacias sakuTar TanamSromelTa
ekonomikur keTildReobaSi Tavisi 2.4 miuTiTeT, rogor aris
saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi. am gadanawilebuli adgilobrivi
indikatoris meSveobiT Cven aseve minimaluri xelfasisa da dabali
SegviZlia SevafasoT, Tu ramdenad kategoriis muSakis standartuli
konkurentulia organizaciis xelfasebi xelfasis Sefardeba (anu 2.2-Si
da ra gavlenas axdens es xelfasebi dadgenili Sefaredeba) organizaciis
adgilobriv SromiT bazarze. Tu saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi.
xelfasi, romelsac organizacia Tavis
2.5 miuTiTeT, rogor ganmartavT
TanamSromlebs sTavazobs, bazarze
,,organizaciis saqmianobis ZiriTad
arsebul minimalur xelfass aRemateba, es
regionebs~.
xels uwyobs TanamSromelTa loialurobis
zrdas, exmareba organizacias Zlieri 2.6 im organizaciebma, sadac muSakebis
urTierTobebi Camoayalibos adgilobriv anazRaureba mxolod xelfasis
sazogadoebasTan da aZlevs mas e.w. saxiT xorcieldeba, es xelfasebi
`socialur licenzias~, gaagrZelos unda warmoadginon saaTobrivi
saqmianoba am regionSi. es indikatori anazRaurebis WrilSi.
gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania im
2.7 Tu organizaciis saqmianobis ZiriTad
organizaciebisTvis, sadac muSakebis
regionebSi minimaluri xelfasi ar
umetesobis anazRaureba (rogorc
aris gansazRvruli, an minimaluri
anazRaurebis moculoba, ise forma)
xelfasis ramdenime sxvadasxva
ganisazRvreba minimaluri xelfasis
maCvenebelia dadgenili, miuTiTeT
maregulirebeli kanonebisa da
amis Sesaxeb. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi
normatiuli aqtebis safuZvelze.
(anu rodesac ramdenime sxvadasxva
minimaluri xelfasis miTiTebaa
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
SesaZlebeli) axseniT, Tqven romels
warmodgena
TvliT minimalur xelfasad da
ganmarteT, ratom.
2.1 miuTiTeT, organizaciis SromiTi
resursebis ra nawili iRebs
anazRaurebas minimaluri xelfasis
Sesaxeb arsebuli kanonebis
Sesabamisad.

17
anu adgilobrivi minimaluri xelfasisa da dabali kategoriis muSakis standartuli xelfasis procentuli
Sefardeba (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

12 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

3. ganmartebebi
adgilobrivi minimaluri xelfasi (Local
minimum wage)

minimaluri xelfasi aris saaTSi an drois


sxva monakveTSi samuSaos SesrulebisTvis
kanoniT dadgenili anazRaureba. vinaidan
zogierT qveyanaSi ramdenime sxvadasxva
minimaluri xelfasia dadgenili
(mag., minimaluri xelfasi SeiZleba
gansxvavdebodes qveynis sxvadasxva
StatebSi/provinciebSi, aseve dasaqmebis
kategoriebis mixedviT), gansazRvreT,
Tqven romel minimalur xelfass uTiTebT.

dabali kategoriis muSakis xelfasi (Entry


level wage)

es aris anazRaureba, romelsac iRebs


srul ganakveTze momuSave yvelaze dabali
kategoriis muSaki. staJioris an Segirdis
xelfasi am monacemis dadgenisas ar unda
gaiTvaliswinoT.

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
am indikatorisTvis informaciis wyarod
moiazreba saxelfaso an safinanso
ganyofileba, aseve saxazino ganyofileba
an buRalteria. am indikatorisTvis
informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia aseve
im qveynebis/regionebis kanonmdeblobaSi,
sadac saqmianobs organizacia.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


ar aris.

versia 3.0 13
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

EC6 adgilobrivi mimwodeblebis 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


gamoyenebis politika da warmodgena
praqtika, aseve adgilobrivi
2.1 miuTiTeT, rogor ganmartavs
mimwodeblebisgan ganxorcielebuli
organizacia termins `adgilobrivi~
Sesyidvebis procentuli wili
geografiul WrilSi.
organizaciis saqmianobis ZiriTad
regionebSi 2.2 Semdgomi daangariSebis gakeTebisas
gaiTvaliswineT, rom procentuli
1. mniSvneloba
maCveneblebi unda gamoiTvaloT
adgilobirv ekonomikaze organizaciis saangariSo periodis ganmavlobaSi
saqmianobiT moxdenili zemoqmedeba warmodgenili angariSfaqturebis an
ar Semoifargleba samuSao adgilebis aRebuli valdebulebebis safuZvelze
SeqmniT, xelfasebisa da gadasaxadebis (anu daricxvis meTodis gamoyenebiT).
gadaxdiT. magaliTad, mowodebis
2.3 miuTiTeT, aris Tu ara oganizaciaSi
qselSi adgilobrivi biznes-kompaniebis
SemuSavebuli politika an
xelSewyobis gziT organizaciam SeiZleba
damkvidrebuli praqtika, romlis
iribad xeli Seuwyos adgilobriv
Tanaxmad organizacia adgilobriv
ekonomikaSi damatebiTi investiciebis
mimowdeblebs aniWebs upiratesobas
mozidvas.
Tavisi saqmianobis ama Tu im
rodesac angariSmgebeli organizacia konkretul regionSi an, zogadad,
warmoaCens, rom is dadebiT gavlenas nebismier regionSi.
axdens adgilobriv ekonomikaze, mis
2.4 Tu es asea, miuTiTeT procentebSi,
mimarT ganmtkicdeba sazogadoebis
ama Tu im regionSi SesyidvebisTvis
keTilganwyoba, rac xels Seuwyobs
gankuTvnili biujetis ra wils
aRniSnul regionSi organizaciis
xarjavs organizacia adgilobriv
saqmianobas. adgilobrivi momwodeblebis
mimwodeblebze. es monacemebi cal-
gamoyeneba SeiZleba swori strategia
calke warmoadgineT organizaciis
iyos drouli miwodebis da
saqmianobis ZiriTadi regionebisTvis
adgilobrivi ekonomikis stabilurobis
(mag., ama da am regionSi saqonlisa
uzrunvelsayofad. amasTanave, es
da masalis amdeni procenti
strategia gansakuTrebiT efeqturi
adgilobrivi mimwodebelebisagan
iqneba periferiuli regionebisTvis.
SeviZineT). adgilobrivi Sesyidvebis
Tu organizacia Tavisi Sesyidvebis did
ganxorcieleba SesaZlebelia
wils adgilobrivi mimwodeblebisgan
rogorc organizaciis adgilobrivi
ganaxocielebs, es xels Seuwyobs
biujetidan, romlis menejmenti
adgilobrivi ekonomikis ganviTarebasa da
adgilobrivad xorcieldeba
TemTan urTierTobebis ganmtkicebasac.
(adgilobriv filialSi an
Tumca, adgilobrivi Sesyidvebis erTiani
ganyofilebaSi), ise erTiani
zemoqmedeba [adgilobriv ekonomikaze]
biujetidan, romelsac saTao ofisi
imazec aris damokidebuli, Tu ramdenad
gankargavs.
stabilurad gamoiyeneba adgilobrivi
momwodeblebi drois xangrZlivi periodis 2.5 miuTiTeT, geografiuli mdebareobis
ganmavlobaSi. garda, ra faqtorebi gansazRvravs
momwodebelTa SerCevas (mag.,
fasi, saqmianobis ekologiuri da
socialuri maxasiaTeblebi).

18
anu, adgilobrivi Sesyidvebis procentuli wili Sesyidvebis mTel odenobasTan SefardebiT (mTargmn.
SeniSvna).

14 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

3. ganmartebebi
adgilobrivi mimwodebeli (Locally-based
suppliers)

masalis/nedleulis, produqciisa da
momsaxurebis mimwodeblebi, romlebic
imave geografiul bazarze saqmianoben,
sadac angariSmgebeli organizacia
eweva saqmianobas (es gulisxmobs,
rom adgilobrivi mimwodeblebisgan
Sesyidvisas ar xorcieldeba
transnacionaluri gadaricxvebi). termin
,,adgilobrivis ganmarteba sxvadasxvavari
SeiZleba iyos, vinaidan sxvadasxva
situacaSi `adgilobrivad~ SeiZleba
CaiTvalon mimwodeblebi regionis,
qalaqis, an patara qveynis farglebSi.

4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba

ar aris.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


ar aris.

versia 3.0 15
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

EC7 adgilobrivi mosaxleobis 3. ganmartebebi


daqiravebis procedurebi da
adgilobrivi (Local)
kompaniis menejmentis zeda rgolis
SemadgenlobaSi adgilobirvi
is pirebi, romlebic daibadnen an
mosaxleobis procentuli wili
iuridiuli ufleba aqvT ganusazRvreli
organizaciis saqmianobis ZiriTad
vadiT imyofebodnen (mag., moqalaqe
regionebSi
an mudmivmoqmedi vizis mflobeli) im
1. mniSvneloba geografiul arealSi, sadac saqmianobs
organizacia. angariSmgebelma
organizaciis personalisa da menejmentis
organizaciam SeiZleba termin
zeda rgolis dakompleqteba mTel rig
`adgilobrivis~ sakuTari ganmartebiT
mosazrebebs ukavSirdeba. Tu menejmentis
isargeblos, radgan sxvadasxva
zeda rgols adgilobrivi Temis
SemTxvevebSi mizanSewonilia,
warmomadgenlebiT daakompleqtebT,
`adgilobrivad~ miiCnioT qalaqis,
es, erTis mxriv, sargeblobas moutans
regionis an patara qveynis mosaxleoba.
adgilobriv mosaxleobas, xolo meore
Tumca, angariSSi organizaciam
mxriv, organizacia SeZlebs ukeT
aucileblad unda warmoadginos termin
gaigos adgilobrivi Temis saWiroebebi.
`adgilobirvis~ miseuli ganmarteba.
menejmentis gundis mravalferovani
Sedgeniloba da masSi adgilobrivi
4. informaciis mopoveba da
mosaxleobis warmomadgenelTa CarTva
dokumentireba
xels uwyobs organizaciis adamianuri
kapitalis ganviTarebas, ekonomikuri informacia am indiktorisTvis SeiZleba
sargebeli moaqvs adgilobrivi moiZioT organizaciis kadrebis an
sazogadoebisaTvis, xolo organizacias adamianuri resursebis ganyofilebaSi.
SesaZleblobas aZlevs ukeT gaiazros
adgilobrivi moTxovnilebebi. 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
ar aris.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena
2.1 miuTiTeT, aqvs Tu ara organizacias
SemuSavebuli globaluri politika
an damkvidrebulia Tu ara
organizaciaSi praqtika, romlis
Tanaxmad organizacia sakuTari
saqmianobis ZiriTad regionebSi
upiratesobas aniWebs adgilobrivi
kadrebis dasaqmebas.
2.2 Tu es asea, miuTiTeT, menejmentis
zeda rgolis ramdeni procenti
aris adgilobrivi kadrebiT
dakompleqtebuli. procentuli
Sefardebis daangariSebisas
gaiTvaliswineT mxolod srul
Statze dasaqmebuli TanamSromlebis
Sesaxeb arsebuli monacemebi.
2.3 ganmarteT, ras gulisxmobT
,,menejmentis zeda rgolSi~.

16 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

EC8 komerciuli, naturiT an _ komerciuli, naturiT Senatanisa


sazogadoebisTvis sasikeTo/ Tu sazogadoebisaTvis sasikeTo/
saqvelmoqmedo saqmianobis19 saqvelmoqmedo saqmianobis formiT.
formiT infrastruqturaSi
2.2 miuTiTeT, Caatara Tu ara
ganxorcielebuli investiciebi
organizaciam Temis saWiroebaTa
da sazogadoebisTvis sasargeblo
Sefaseba, raTa daedgina, Tu ra saxis
momsaxurebis ganviTareba, aseve am
infrastruqtura Tu momsaxureba aris
gziT moxdenili zegavlena
saWiro. dadebiTi pasuxis SEemTxvevaSi
1. mniSvneloba mokled aRwereT Sefasebis Sedegebi.
organizacia zegavlenas axdens ekonomikaze
3. ganmartebebi
ara mxolod ekonomikuri Rirebulebis
warmoebiTa da ganawilebiT, aramed infrastruqtura (Infrastructure)
infrastruqturaSi investiciebis
nagebobebi/konstruqciebi (mag.,
gakeTebis gziT. infrastruqturaSi
wyalgayvaniloba, gza, skola an
gakeTebuli investiciebis Sedegebi
saavadmyofo), aSenebuli upirveles
SeiZleba gascdes organizaciis uSualo
yovlisa sazogadoebisTvis momsaxurebis
biznes-saqmianobis farglebs da xangrZ-
gawevis mizniT da ara komerciuli mogebis
livi periodis ganmavlobaSi iyos
miRebis mizniT, saidanac organizacia ar
sagrZnobi. amgvari investiciebi SeiZleba
moelis pirdapir ekonomikur mogebas.
moicavdes satransporto komunikaciebs,
komunalur samsaxurebs, sayofacxovrebo [sazogadoebisTvis sasikeTo] momsaxurebis
infrastruqturas, sportul, ganviTareba (Services supported)
janmrTelobisa da socuzrunvelyofis
centrebs da a.S. organizaciis mier sakuTar sazgadoebisTvis sasikeTo momsaxurebis
saqmianobaSi dabandebuli Tanxebis garda, ganviTarebis xelSewyoba mimdinare (opera-
swored es indikatori asaxavs organizaciis ciuli) xarjebis pirdapiri dafarvis an
mier ekonomikaSi Setanil wvlils. organizaciis TanamSromelTa am sferoebSi
dasaqmebis gziT. sazogadoebisaTvis
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
sasikeTo momsaxureba aseve SeiZleba
warmodgena
moicavdes komunalur momsaxurebas.
2.1 aRwereT ganxorcielebuli
investiciebi da gaweuli daxmareba 4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
(maTi moculoba, danaxarjebi,
xangrZlivoba); aseve ganmarteT, ra informacia am indikatorisaTvis SeiZleba
zemoqmedeba (dadebiTi Tu uaryofiTi) moiZioT organizaciis safinanso
moaxdina an mosalodnelia rom an saxazino ganyofilebaSi, aseve
moaxdinos am investiciebma adgilobriv buRalteriaSi.
sazogadoebasa da ekonomikaze.
miuTiTeT, ra formiT ganxorcielda 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
aRniSnuli investiciebi da servisebi
ar aris.

19
sazogadoebisTvis sasikeTo/saqvelmoqmedo saqmianoba - Pro bono publico (xSirad Semoklebulad pro bono)
laTinuri frazaa, romelic niSnavs `sazogadoebis sakeTildReod~. termini zogjer gamoiyeneba profesiuli/
kvalificiuri samuSaos aRsaniSnavad, romelic xorcieldeba nebayoflobiT, anazRaurebis gareSe, sazogadoebriv
sawyisebze. amgvari praqtika, Cveulebriv, damkvidrebulia iuristTa wreebSi da sul ufro da ufro metad
mkvidrdeba marketingis, teqnoligiebis gamoyenebisa da strategiis SemuSavebasTan dakavSirebul sakonsultacio
firmebSi. Cveulebrivi moxaliseobrivi muSaobisagan gansxvavebiT, `pro bono~ momsaxureba moiTxovs
specialur kvalifikaciasa da profesionalizms; is gulisxmobs profesionalebis mier gaweul momsaxurebas
maTTvis, visac ara aqvs SesaZlebloba rom gadaixados am mosaxurebis safasuri. iuridiul sakiTxebze `pro
bonokonsultacia SeiZleba gaewios pirovnebas an adamianTa jgufs samarTlebriv SemTxvevasTan dakavSirebiT,
saapelacio sasamarTloSi saqmis wardgenisas. saqmis mogebis SemTxvevaSi, mosamarTlem zogjer SeiZleba miiRos
gadawyvetileba, rom wagebulma mxarem dafaros `pro bono konsultaciis Rirebuleba. (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 17
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC)

EC9 mniSvnelovani iribi 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


ekonomikuri zemoqmedebis analizi warmodgena
da aRwera, aseve zemoqmedebis
2.1 aRwereT, ra samuSao CaatareT,
masStabi
raTa ukeT gagegoT organizaciis
1. mniSvneloba saqmianobiT moxdenili iribi
ekonomikuri zegavlena qveynis,
mdgradi ganviTarebis konteqstSi didi
regionul Tu adgilobriv doneze.
mniSvneloba eniWeba irib ekonomikur
zemoqmedebas, romelic zogadad 2.2 aRwereT organizaciis saqmianobiT
organizaciis saqmianobiT moxdenili moxdenili rogorc dadebiTi, ise
ekonomikuri zemoqmedebis mniSvnelovani uaryofiTi iribi ekonomikuri
nawilia. organizaciis saqmianobiTa da zegavlenis magaliTebi. mag.:
bazarze misi yofniT moxdenili pirdapiri
ekonomikuri zemoqmedeba asaxavs organizaciebis, seqtoris an
dainteresebul mxareebs Soris fulis mTlianad ekonomikis efeqturobis
mimoqcevis uSualo Sedegebs, xolo iribi zrda (mag., sainformacio
ekonomikuri zemoqmedeba gulisxmobs teqnologiebis20 ufro farTo
damatebiT zegavlenas da Sedegebs, danergvisa da gavrcelebis gziT);
romlebic warmoiqmneba ekonomikaSi fulis
Semdgomi moZraobis kvaldakval. ekonomikuri ganviTareba
ukiduresad Rarib regionebSi (mag.,
pirdapiri ekonomikuri zemoqmedeba
ramdeni adamiania materialurad
xSirad izomeba organizaciasa da
damokidebuli erTi adamianis mier
mis dainteresebul mxareebs Soris
aRebul xelfasze);
ganxorcielebul transaqciaTa
RirebulebiT, maSin rodesac iribi
socialuri an ekologiuri
zemoqmedeba gulisxmobs amgvari
pirobebis gaumjobesebiT an
transaqciebis Sedegebs, romlebsac,
gauaresebiT ganpirobebuli
rig SemTxvevebSi, SeiZleba arc hqondes
ekonomikuri zemoqmedeba (mag.,
fuladi gamoxatuleba. iribi zemoqmedeba
samuSao bazris struqturis Secv-
mniSvnelovnad gansazRvravs organizaciis,
la, rac gamowveulia regionSi
rogorc socio-ekonomikuri cvlilebis
mcire saojaxo fermebidan msxvil
monawilis an ganmaxorcieleblis rols,
plantaciebze gadasvliT; garemos
gansakuTrebiT ganviTarebadi ekonomikis
dabinZurebis ekonomikuri
qveynebSi. gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania
Sedegebi);
iribi zemoqmedebis Sefaseba da mis
Sesaxeb angariSgeba adgilobrivi Temis/
produqciisa da momsaxurebis
sazogadoebisa da regionuli ekonomikis
xelmisawvdomoba mcireSemosav-
konteqstSi.
liani ojaxebisaTvis (mag.,
organizaciis menejmentisTvis iribi farmacevtul saqonelze SeRa-
ekonomikuri zemoqmedeba mniSvnelovan vaTiani fasebi xels uwyobs
miniSnebebs Seicavs imis Sesaxeb, Tu sad mosaxleobis janmrTelobis
SeiZleba warmoiqmnas organizaciis gaumjobesebas, xolo janmrTeli
reputaciis SebRalvis riski an, mosaxleoba ufro aqtiurad aris
piriqiT, axal bazrebze gasvlisa da CarTuli ekonomikur ganviTarebaSi;
sazogadoebis ndobis mopovebis sasikeTo fasebis struqtura, romelic
SesaZleblobebi. dabalSemosavliani ojaxebis
msyidvelobiT unars aRemateba);

20
sainformacio teqnologiebi - produqciis warmoebis, Senaxvisa da informaciis miwodebis teqnologiebi,
romlebic efuZneba kompiuteruli SesaZleblobebisa da mikroeleqtronikis gamoyenebas (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

18 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: ekonomikuri indikatorebi (EC) IP

profesiul wreebSi an geografiul 3. ganmartebebi


regionebSi unarebisa da codnis
iribi ekonomikuri zemoqmedeba (Indirect
gazrda (mag., momwodebelTa bazis
economic impact)
Seqmnis aucilebloba iwvevs
gamocdil specialistebze/ organizaciasa da mis dainteresebul
kvalificiur muSakebze moTxovnis mxareebs Soris ganxorcielebuli
zrdas, anu iseTi kompaniebis transaqciebi da fulis moZraoba pirdapir
Camoyalibebas da ganviTarebas, ekonomikur zegavlenas axdens ekonomikur
romlebic kvalificiur Sromas sistemebze da dainteresebul mxareebze. am
iyeneben, rac, Tavis mxriv, xels pirdapiri zemoqmedebis damatebiT Sedegs
uwyobs Sesabamisi saganmanaTleblo ewodeba iribi ekonomikuri zegavlena.
institutebis Camoyalibebas);
ekonomikuri zemoqmedeba (Economic impact)

mowodebis an distribuciis ekonomikis efeqturobisa da misi


qselSi samuSao adgilebis Seqmna ganviTarebis potencialis cvlileba,
da SenarCuneba (mag., SeafaseT, romelmac SeiZleba zemoqmedeba moaxdinos
ra gavlenas axdens organizaciis sazogadoebis/Temis an dainteresebuli
saqmianobis zrda an Semcireba mis mxareebis keTildReobasa da ganviTarebis
momwodeblebze); grZelvadian perspeqtivebze.

pirdapiri ucxouri investiciebis 4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba


stimulireba, uzrunvelyofa an
ar aris.
SezRudva (mag., infrastruqturis
momsaxurebis gafarToebam an 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
Semcirebam ganviTarebad qveyanaSi
ar aris.
SeiZleba gamoiwvios pirdapiri
ucxouri investiciebis gazrda an
Semcireba);

organizaciis saqmianobis
adgilmdebareobis SecvliT
(mag., saqmianobis nawilis sxva
qveyanaSi gadataniT) gamowveuli
ekonomikuri zemoqmedeba;

produqciisa da momsaxurebis
gamoyenebis ekonomikuri
zemoqmedeba (mag., ra kavSiri
arsebobs ekonomikuri zrdis
modelebsa da konkretuli
saqonlisa da momsaxurebis
gamoyenebas Soris).

2.3 miuTiTeT, ramdenad mniSvnelovania


organizaciis saqmianobiT moxdenili
zemoqmedeba dainteresebul mxareTa
prioritetebis, aseve erovnuli
Tu saerTaSoriso standartebis,
protokolebisa da samoqmedo
politikebis konteqstSi.

versia 3.0 19
IP

indikatorTa protokolebi
garemos dacva (EN)

2000-2006 GRI versia 3.0


indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

saqmianobis garemosdacviTi EN10 reciklirebuli da xelmeored

damatebiTi
gamoyenebuli wylis mTliani
efeqturobis indikatorebi
moculoba da procentuli wili.
aspeqti: nedleuli/masala
EN1 moxmarebuli nedleuli/masala
ZiriTadi

wonis an moculobis miTiTebiT. aspeqti: biomravalferovneba

EN11 organizaciis kuTvnili, ijariT


an marTvis uflebiT aRebuli im
ZiriTadi

EN2 organizaciis mier moxmarebuli miwis nakveTebis adgilmdebareoba


reciklirebuli masalis da zoma, romlebic mdebareobs
procentuli wili. daculi teritoriebis farglebSi,
esazRvreba maT, an mdebaroebs
aspeqti: energia daculi teritoriis farglebs

ZiriTadi
gareT, magram aqvs maRali
EN3 energiis pirdapiri moxmareba,
ZiriTadi

Rirebuleba biomravalferovnebis
daTiSuli pirveladi
TvalsazrisiT.
energoresursebis (energiis
pirveladi wyaroebis) mixedviT.
EN12 daculi teritoriebisa
da biomravalferovnebis
EN4 energiis arapirdapiri
ZiriTadi

kuTxiT maRali Rirebulebis


moxmareba, daTiSuli pirveladi
mqone sxva teritoriebis
energoresursebis (energiis
(daculi teritoriebis miRma)
pirveladi wyaroebis) mixedviT.
biomravalferovnebaze kompaniis
ZiriTadi

saqmianobiT, produqciiT
damatebiTi

EN5 energiis moxmarebis Semcirebisa


da momsaxurebiT moxdenili
da energoefeqturobis amaRlebis
mniSvnelovani zegavlena.
Sedegad dazogili energia.
EN13 daculi an aRdgenili habitatebi.
damatebiTi

EN6 iniciativebi, romlebic


mimarTulia energoefeqturi
an ganaxlebad energiaze
damatebiTi

dafuZnebuli produqciisa da
momsaxurebis SemuSavebisken; aseve, EN14 biomravalferovnebaze
damatebiTi

am iniciativebis Sedegad energiaze zegavlenis marTvis strategia,


moTxovnis Semcireba. mimdinare aqtivobebi da samomavlo
gegmebi.
damatebiTi

EN7 energiis arapirdapiri moxmarebis


Semcirebisaken mimarTuli EN15 `bunebis dacvis msoflio
iniciativebi da miRweuli Sedegebi. kavSiris~ wiTel nusxaSi da
saxelmwifos mier dacul saxeobaTa
nusxaSi Setanili saxeobebis
aspeqti: wyali raodenoba, romlebic saxloben
im teritoriebze, romlebzec
damatebiTi

EN8 wylis mTliani amoReba, daTiSuli zegavlenas axdens organizaciis


ZiriTadi

wylis wyaroebis mixedviT. saqmianoba, TiToeuli


saxeobisaTvis gadaSenebis riskis
xarisxis miTiTebiT.
damatebiTi

EN9 wylis wyaroebi, romlebzec


mniSvnelovani zegavlena moaxdina
organizaciis wyalaRebam.

versia 3.0 1
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

aspeqti: gafrqvevebi, Camdinare wylebi, EN25 wylis obieqtebi/wyalsatevebi da


narCenebi maTTan dakavSirebuli habitatebi,
maTi zoma, daculobis statusi da
EN16 saTburis airebis pirdapiri
ZiriTadi

Rirebuleba biomravalferovnebis
da arapirdapiri gafrqvevebis
kuTxiT, romlebzec mniSvnelovani
mTliani odenoba, masis miTiTebiT.
zegavlena moaxdina angariSmgebeli
organizaciis wyalCaSvebam

damatebiTi
EN17 saTburis airebis sxva da misi sawarmoo obieqtebis
ZiriTadi

mniSvnelovani arapirdapiri teritoriebze warmoqmnilma


gafrqvevebis mTliani odenoba, zedapirulma gadanarecxma da
masis miTiTebiT. gaRvrilma wylebma.
aspeqti: produqcia da momsaxureba
EN18 saTburis airebis gafrqvevis
damatebiTi

Semcirebisken mimarTuli
EN26 iniciativebi, romelTa
iniciativebi da am iniciativebis
mizania kompaniis produqciisa
meSveobiT miRweuli Sedegebi.
da momsaxurebis garemoze
ZiriTadi
zemoqmedebis Semcireba, aseve am
EN19 ozondamSlel nivTierebaTa
ZiriTadi

iniciativebis Sedegad miRweuli


gafrqvevebis raodenoba, masis
Semcirebis masStabi.
miTiTebiT.
EN27 gayiduli produqciis da misi
EN20 NOx, SOx da sxva mniSvnelovani SesafuTi masalis im nawilis
damabinZureblebis atmosferoSi procentuli wili, calkeuli
ZiriTadi

gafrqveva, damabinZurebeli kategoriebis mixedviT, romelic


nivTierebebis tipisa da masis Segrovda, gadamuSavda da
ZiriTadi

miTiTebiT. xelmeored iqna gamoyenebuli.

EN21 wyalCaSvebis mTliani moculoba,


ZiriTadi

daTiSuli Camdinare wylebis


aspeqti: sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
xarisxisa da mimRebi obieqtebis
Sesabamisoba
mixedviT.
EN28 garemosdacviTi kanonebisa da
EN22 narCenebis mTliani masa, normatiuli aqtebis moTxovnaTa
ZiriTadi

daTiSuli narCenebis tipisa da Seusruleblobis gamo dawesebuli


ZiriTadi

gauvnebelyofis meTodebis mniSvnelovani jarimebis fuladi


mixedviT. gamoxatuleba da aramonetaruli
sanqciebis mTliani odenoba.
EN23 mniSvnelovani gaJonvebis
ZiriTadi

aspeqti: transporti
SemTxvevaTa raodenoba da maTi
moculoba.
EN29 organizaciis saqmianobisTvis
saWiro produqciis, saqonlis da
EN24 transportirebuli, nedleulis, aseve organizaciis
damatebiTi

importirebuli, eqsportirebuli TanamSromelTa/muSaxelis


an gadamuSavebuli narCenebis wona, transportirebiT gamowveuli
romlebic bazelis konvenciis I, mniSvnelovani zemoqmedeba
damatebiTi

II, III da VIII danarTebis Sesabamisad garemoze.


miCneulia saxifaTo narCenebad,
aspeqti: zogadi
aseve qveynis gareT gatanili
narCenebis procentuli wili. EN30 garemosdacviTi xarjebis da
damatebiTi

investiciebis mTliani odenoba,


daTiSuli maTi daniSnulebis
mixedviT.

2 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

mniSvneloba moxmarebas. `energiis pirdapiri


moxmareba~ gaxlavT energiis moxmareba
garemosdacviTi indikatorebi
uSualod organizaciis mier, misi
imgvaradaa dajgufebuli, rom maTi
saqmianobis, produqciis warmoebisa da
aspeqtebis erTobliobam asaxos rogorc
servisebis miwodebis procesSi. `energiis
organizaciis mier moxmarebuli
arapirdapiri moxmareba~ gaxlavT energiis
resursebi, aseve warmoebuli
moxmareba sxva mxareebis mier, romlebic
produqcia, narCenebi, gamonabolqvi
momsaxurebas uweven organizacias an
da maTi zegavlena garemoze. energia,
amarageben mas. informacia energiis
wyali da sxvadasxvagvari nedleuli
moxmarebis xuTi sxvadasxva sferos Sesaxeb
Tu masala aris is, rasac, Cveulebriv,
angariSSi Semdegnairad unda aisaxos:
moixmars organizaciaTa umetesoba.
am resursebis moxmarebis Sedegad E
 N3 gvawvdis informacias angariSmgebeli
warmoiqmneba narCenebi da gafrqvevebi, organizaciis mier energiis pirdapiri
romlebic zemoqmedebas axdens garemoze moxmarebis Sesaxeb, organizaciis
da romlebsac moicavs indikatorTa farglebSi gamomuSavebuli energiis
aspeqti `gafrqvevebi, Camdinare wylebi moxmarebis CaTvliT (magaliTad,
da narCenebi~. biomravalferovnebac bunebrivi airis wvis meSveobiT
SeiZleba garkveulwilad davukavSiroT gamomuSavebuli energiisa);
moxmarebuli resursebis cnebas, Tu
E
 N4 gvawvdis informacias arapirdapir
mas aRviqvavT bunebriv resursad.
moxmarebul energiaze, romelic
biomravalferovnebaze ki uSualo
ixarjeba organizaciis mier gareT
zemoqmedebas axdens organizaciis
Sesyiduli energiis, magaliTad
saqmianobis Sedegad warmoqmnili
eleqtroenergiis, sawarmoeblad.
damabinZureblebi.
E
 N5 gvawvdis informacias imis
aspeqtebi `transporti~ da `produqcia
Taobaze, Tu ramdeni energia daizoga
da momsaxureba~ asaxavs organizaciis
energiis moxmarebis Semcirebis da
saqmianobasTan dakavSirebul sferoebs,
energoefeqturobis gaumjobesebis
romlebSic organizaciam aseve SeiZleba
xarjze.
zegavlena moaxdinos garemoze, Tumca, ara
pirdapir, aramed sxva mxareebis meSveobiT, E
 N6 exeba energodamzogi produqciis da
rogoricaa, magaliTad, momxmareblebi da momsaxurebis SemuSavebas.
teqnikuri momsaxurebis momwodeblebi.
 a bolos, EN7 exeba energiis
d
`sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan arapirdapir moxmarebas angariSmgebeli
Sesabamisoba~ da `zogadi aspeqtebi~ asaxavs organizaciis saqmianobis Sedegad.
im konkretul RonisZiebebs, romlebsac
informacia moxmarebuli energiis
organizacia axorcielebs, raTa
Sesaxeb mniSvnelovania saTburis airebis
areguliros da marTos garemoze sakuTari
atmosferoSi gafrqvevisa da klimatis
saqmianobiT moxdenili zegavlena.
cvlilebis konteqstSi. wiaRiseuli
rac Seexeba aspeqtebs `energia~, `wyli~, sawvavis wva energiis gamomuSavebis mizniT
`gamonabolqvi, Cadineba, narCenebi~ da iwvevs naxSirorJangis (saTburis airis)
`biomravalferovneba~ - am aspeqtTagan atmosferoSi gafrqvevas. imisaTvis,
TiToeuli moicavs ramdenime indikators, rom mivaRwioT kiotos protokolSi
romelTa urTierTmimarTeba ufro Camoyalibebul miznebs da SevamciroT
detalurad qvemoT aris warmodgenili: klimatis mZafri cvlilebis riski,
unda Semcirdes energiaze moTxovna
aspeqti `energia~
da energomoxmareba. amas SeiZleba
am aspeqtTan dakavSirebuli indikatorebi mivaRwioT energiis ufro efeqturi
asaxavs organizaciis mier energiis moxmarebiT (rac izomeba E EN N5 da ENEN6
moxmarebis xuT yvelaze mniSvnelovan indikatorebiT) da energiis wyarod
sferos, romlebic moicavs energiis wiaRiseuli sawvavis nacvlad ganaxlebadi
rogorc pirdapir, ise arapirdapir wyaroebis gamoyenebiT (rac izomeba

versia 3.0 3
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

ENEN3 da E
EN N4 indikatorebiT). energiis romelic gamoiyeneba gaTbobis mizniT)
pirdapiri moxmarebis Semcirebis garda, an Sualeduri energiis formiT (mag.,
mniSvnelovan strategias am miznis eleqtroenergia, romelic gamoiyeneba
misaRwevad warmoadgens energoekonomiuri ganaTebis mizniT). SesaZlebelia misi
produqciisa da momsaxurebis Seqmna Sesyidva, mopoveba (magaliTad, qvanaxSiri,
(EE
N N6) da energiis arapirdapiri bunebrivi airi, navTobi), miReba (biomasis
gamoyenebis Semcireba (ENEN7) (dabali energia), ganaxlebadi wyaroebidan
energointensivobis nedleulisa da miReba (siTburi an qaris energia) an
servisebis, magaliTad, satransporto angariSmgebeli organizaciis sazRvrebSi
momsaxurebis, gamoyeneba). Setana sxva saSualebebiT.
aspeqti `gafreqvevebi, Camdinare wylebi,
saTburis airebis atmosferoSi gafrqveva
narCenebi~
(Greenhouse gas emissions - GHG)

atmosferoSi gafrqvevebis, Cadinebis da arsebobs gafrqveuli saTburis airebis


narCenebis aspeqti moicavs indikatorebs, eqvsi ZiriTadi saxeoba:
romlebic gamoiyeneba organizaciis
naxSirorJangi (CO2);
saqmianobiT warmoqmnili standartuli
damabinZureblebis garemoSi SeRwevis meTani (CH4);
gasazomad. es indikatorebi Seexeba
azotis oqsidi (N2OO)
sxvadasxva tipis damabinZureblebs
(mag.: atmosferoSi gafrqveuli hidroftornaxSirbadebi (HHFH FCs
damabinZureblebi, Camdinare wylebi, moicavs am jgufis ramdenime
myari narCenebi), romlebic, Cveulebriv, nivTierebas);
maregulirebeli sistemebis meSveobiT
perftornaxSirbadebi (PFCs _ mocavs
regulirdeba (amgvari damabinZureblebi
am jgufis ramdenime nivTierebas);
aisaxeba indikatorebiT E EN N20-EEN N23, E EN N24).
garda amisa, specialuri indikatorebia gogirdis heqsaftoridi (SF6).
SemuSavebuli ori tipis gafrqvevebisTvis,
arapirdapiri energia (Indirect energy)
romlebic saerTaSoriso konvenciebiT
regulirdeba.esenia atmosferoSi angariSmgebeli organizaciis saoperacio
saTburis airebis gafrqvevebi farglebs gareT gamomuSavebuli energia,
(aisaxeba indikatorebiT E EN N16 da EN romelic gamoiyeneba organizaciis
EN17) da ozondamSleli nivTierebebis moTxovnilebis dasakmayofileblad
atmosferoSi gafrqvevebi (EE N N19). EEN N16- Sualedur energiaze (magaliTad,
isaTvis monacemebi SegiZliaT gamoTvaloT eleqtroenergia, gaTboba da kondicireba).
im informaciis safuZvelze, romelic yvelaze gavrcelebuli magaliTia
ENEN3 da ENEN4 indikatorebis mixedviT angariSmgebeli organizaciis farglebs
warmoadgineT. E EN N18 ki exeba gafrqvevebis gareT moxmarebuli sawvavi, romelic
Semcirebas da aseTi Semcirebisaken gamoiyeneba organizaciis farglebs
mimarTul iniciativebs. SigniT moxmarebuli eleqtroenergiis
gamomuSavebisTvis.
ganmartebebi Sualeduri energia (Intermediate energy)

pirdapiri energia (Direct energy) es gaxlavT energiis iseTi formebi,


romlebic miiReba pirveladi energiis
es aris energia, romelic Sedis gardaqmniT energiis sxva formebad.
angariSmgebeli organizaciis saoperacio organizaciaTa umravlesobisTvis
(samoqmedo) farglebSi. is SeiZleba moxmarebuli Sualeduri energiis
organizaciam moixmaros sakuTar erTaderT mniSvnelovan formas
farglebSi an moaxdinos misi eqsportireba eleqtroenergia warmoadgens.
sxva momxmareblebisTvis. pirdapiri organizaciebis mcire nawilisaTvis sxva
energia SeiZleba arsebobdes pirveladi saxis Sualeduri energoproduqtebic
energiis formiT (mag., bunebrivi airi, SeiZleba mniSvnelovani iyos. aseTebia,

4 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

magaliTad, gaTbobis an kondicirebis


centraluri sistemidan miRebuli
orTqli an wyali, aseve gadamuSavebuli
sawvavi, rogoricaa sinTeturi sawvavi,
biosawvavi da sxva.
energiis pirveladi wyaroebi/pirveladi
energoresursebi (Primary source)

es gaxlavT energiis pirveladi forma,


romelic gamoiyeneba angariSmgebeli
organizaciis energomoTxovnis
dakmayofilebis mizniT. es energia
gamoiyeneba an saboloo energo-
moTxovnilebaTa dasakmayofileblad
(magaliTad, Senobis gaTboba,
transportireba) an energiis Sualeduri
formebis gamomuSavebis mizniT,
rogoricaa eleqtroenergia da siTbo.
energiis pirveladi wyaroebi moicavs
araganaxlebad wyaroebs, rogoricaa,
magaliTad, qvanaxSiri, bunebrivi
airi, navTobi da birTvuli energia;
aseve moicavs energiis ganaxlebad
wyaroebs, rogorebicaa biomasa, mzis,
qaris, geoTermuli da hidroenergia.
pirveladi energiis gamoyeneba SeiZleba
organizaciaSi (magaliTad, bunebrivi airis
moxmareba angariSmgebeli organizaciis
gaTbobis mizniT), an organizaciis
gareT (magaliTad, eleqtrosadgurebis
mier bunebrivi airis moxmareba
eleqtroenergiis gamomuSavebis mizniT,
romelic miewodeba angariSmgebel
organizacias).
ganaxlebadi energia (Renewable energy)

ganaxlebadi energia gamomuSavdeba


mudmivad ganaxlebadi da Sevsebadi
bunebrivi procesebis meSveobiT.
ganaxlebadi energia moicavs
eleqtroenergias da siTbos, romelic
gamomuSavdeba mzis, qaris, okeanis,
wylis energiis, biomasis, geoTermuli
resursebis da biosawvavisagan, aseve
wyalbadisagan, romelic ganaxlebadi
resursebidan aris miRebuli.

versia 3.0 5
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN1 moxmarebuli nedleuli/masala naxevrad warmoebuli saqoneli


wonis an moculobis miTiTebiT (naxevarfabrikatebi) an nawilebi.
es moicavs yvela saxis masalasa da
1. mniSvneloba
komponentebs (garda nedleulisa),
es indikatori asaxavs globaluri romelic aris saboloo produqtis
resursebis SenarCunebaSi angariSmgebeli nawili;
organizaciis mier Setanil wvlils, aseve
SesafuTi masala.
organizaciis mcdelobebs, Seamciros
masalebis/nedleulis moxmareba da 2.2 gansazRvreT, ra saxis araganaxlebadi
gazardos ekonomikis efeqturoba. da ZiriTadi masalebi moixmareT.
yovelive zemoTqmuli warmoadgens nebismieri sazomi erTeulebi
`evropis TanamSromlobis da ganviTarebis gadaiyvaneT masalis faqtiuri wonis
organizaciis sabWos~ (OECD) gacxadebul an moculobis amsaxvel erTeulebSi,
miznebs, iseve rogorc mravali qveynis romlebic asaxavs masalis arsebul
mier SemuSavebuli mdgradi ganviTarebis mdgomareobas da ara `mSral
saxelmwifo strategiis amocanas. nivTierebas/wonas~.
organizaciis menejerebisTvis da
2.3 cal-calke miuTiTeT mTliani wona an
organizaciis finansuri mdgomareobiT
moculoba:
dainteresebuli sxva pirebisaTvis
nedleulis da masalis moxmareba pirdapir moxmarebuli araganaxlebadi
kavSirSia mTlian sawarmoo xarjebTan. masalisa;
xolo TiToeuli produqtisa Tu
produqciis saxeobisaTvis moxmarebuli moxmarebuli ZiriTadi masalis.
masalis/nedleulis Sida aRricxva
aadvilebs misi gamoyenebis efeqturobis da 3. ganmartebebi
masalaze gaweuli xarjebis monitorings.
ZiriTadi masala (Direct materials)
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
masala, romelic Sedis saboloo
warmodgena
produqtSi.
2.1 gansazRvreT, mTliand ra da ra saxis
araganaxlebadi masala (Non-renewable
masala/nedleuli moixmareT, rac
materials)
moicavs gare momwodeblebisagan
Sesyidul da Sida wyaroebidan resursebi, romelTa ganaxlebac ar
miRebul masalas/nedleuls (mag., xdeba drois mokle periodSi, magaliTad,
sakuTari produqciisaTvis masalis mineralebi, metalebi, navTobi, gazi,
warmoeba da wiaRiseulis mopoveba). qvanaxSiri da a.S.
kerZod, es moicavs Semdegs:
4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
nedleuli (bunebrivi resursebi, Sesabamisi informaciis mopoveba
rogoricaa madneuli, mineraluri SesaZlebelia sabuRaltro sistemebidan,
wiaRiseuli, xe-tye da a.S., romelic aseve Sesyidvebisa an momaragebis
gamoiyeneba produqciis warmoebis ganyofilebebidan.
an momsaxurebis gawevis mizniT);
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
sawarmoo procesTan dakavSirebuli
masalebi (anu masala, romelic `evropis TanamSromlobis da
saWiroa sawarmoo procesisTvis, ganviTarebis organizacia~ (OECD).
magram ar aris saboloo produqtis sabWos rekomendaciebi masalis
nawili, magaliTad, manqana- moxmarebisa da resursebis efeqtiani
danadgarebis warmoebisaTvis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb, 2004.1
saWiro sapoxi zeTebi);

1
OECD, Recommendation of the Council on Material Flows and Resource Productivity.

6 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN2 organizaciis mier moxmarebuli 3. ganmartebebi


reciklirebuli masalis
gadamuSavebuli / reciklirebuli masala
procentuli wili
(Recyled input materials)
1. mniSvneloba
masala, romelic cvlis TviTnabad
es indikatori asaxavs angariSmgebeli
resursebs an axal masalas, romlis
organizaciis unars, moixmaros
Sesyidva an mopoveba xorcieldeba Sida
gadamuSavebuli an meoradi masala. aseTi
an gare wyaroebidan da romelic ar
masalis gamoyeneba saSualebas aZlevs
warmoadgens angariSmgebeli organizaciis
organizacias, Seamciros moTxovna
saqmianobis Sedegad warmoqmnil Tanmdev
TviTnabad resursebsa da axal masalaze
produqts an nivTierebebs2.
da amgvarad xels uwyobs globaluri
resursebis SenarCunebas. organizaciis 4. informaciis mopoveba da
menejerebisTvis, iseve rogorc dokumentireba
organizaciis finansuri mdgomareobiT
dainteresebuli sxva pirebisTvis, es Sesabamisi monacemebis mopoveba
maCvenebeli mniSvnelovania, radgan SesaZlebelia sabuRaltro sistemebidan,
meoradi an gadamuSavebuli masalis Sesyidvebisa an momaragebis
gamoyenebiT SesaZlebelia mTliani ganyofilebebidan, aseve organizaciis Sida
sawarmoo xarjebis Semcireba. Canawerebidan warmoebisa da narCenebis
gauvnebelyofis Sesaxeb.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
2.1 EEN1-Si miTiTebuli monacemebis
`evropis TanamSromlobis da
Sesabamisad gansazRvreT moxmarebuli
ganviTarebis organizaciis~ samuSao
masalis/resursebis mTliani wona an
jgufi reciklirebis da narCenebis
moculoba.
warmoqmnis prevenciis sakiTxebze.3
2.2 gansazRvreT organizaciis mier
moxmarebuli gadamuSavebuli
(reciklirebuli) da meoradad
gamoyenebuli masalis mTliani wona an
moculoba. Tu wonisa da moculobis
gansazRvris mizniT mimarTavT
Sefasebas, miuTiTeT, Sefasebis ra
meTodebi gamoiyeneT.

2.3 miuTiTeT organizaciis mier


moxmarebuli gadamuSavebuli/recik-
lirebuli masalis procentuli wili,
Semdegi formulis mixedviT:
moxmarebuli reciklirebuli masala
EN2= x100
I
mTlianad moxmarebuli masala

2
Tanmdevi produqti an nivTierebebi - by-rpoduct or non-product output. A
A by-product meoradi an SemTxveviT
warmoqmnili produqti, romelic warmoiqmna sawarmoo procesSi, qimiuri reaqciis an bioqimiuri procesis
Sedegad da ar warmoadgens gamiznulad warmoebul pirvelad produqcias. N N on-product output (NPO) - warmoebis
Sedegad warmoqmnili yvela saxis narCenebi, Cadinebebi/Camdinare wylebi Tu gafrqvevebi, anu yvela saxis
myari, Txevadi Tu gazisebri nivTierebebi da masala, romelic ar warmoadgens saboloo produqts an ar aris
integrirebuli saboloo produqtSi da warmoiqmneba organizaciis saqmianobis Sedegad (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
3
OECD Working Group on Waste Prevention and Recycling.

versia 3.0 7
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN3 energiis pirdapiri 1 seqcias;5 xolo ENEN4 indikatori asaxavs


moxmareba, daTiSuli pirveladi pirveladi energiis moxmarebas angariSmge-
energoresursebis (energiis beli organizaciisaTvis saWiro Suale-
pirveladi wyaroebis) mixedviT duri energiis sawarmoeblad, rogoricaa,
magaliTad, eleqtroenergia, gaTboba,
1. mniSvneloba
kondicireba da a.S.
angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier mox-
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
marebuli energiis odenoba miuTiTebs
warmodgena
organizaciis unarze efeqtianad gamoiye-
nos energoresursebi. energiis moxmarebas 2.1 `pirdapiri energiis (pirdapir
pirdapiri zegavlena aqvs sawarmoo xarje- moxmarebuli energiis) pirveladi
bze, Tavad ki damokidebulia energiis mi- wyaroebis Sesyidva
wodebis stabilurobasa da fasebis meryeo-
gansazRvreT energiis pirveladi wy-
baze. garemoze organizaciis mier moxdeni-
aroebi (pirveladi energoresursebi),
li zegavlena nawilobriv ganpirobebulia
romlebic angariSmgebelma organiza-
imiT, Tu romel energoresursebs iyenebs
ciam Seisyida sakuTari moxmarebis miz-
organizacia. gamoyenebuli energore-
niT. amaSi Sedis:
sursebis Tanafardobis Secvla4 SeiZleba
migviTiTebdes organizaciis mcdelobaze, pirdapiri energiis araganaxlebadi
minimumamde daiyvanos sakuTari zemoq- wyaroebi, rogoricaa:
medeba garemoze.
qvanaxSiri;
informacia pirveladi energoresursebis
gamoyenebis Sesaxeb gvexmareba SevafasoT,
bunebrivi gazi;
Tu rogor zegavlenas moaxdens organiza-
ciaze garemos dacvis regulirebis axali
navTobis gadamuSavebis Sedegad
instrumentebi, rogoric aris, magaliTad,
miRebuli sawvavi, magaliTad
kiotos protokoli. wiaRiseuli sawvavis
benzini, dizelis sawvavi,
moxmareba gaxlavT saTburis airebis ga-
gaTxevadebuli navTobis airi
frqvevis ZiriTadi wyaro. Sesabamisad,
(LPG), dawnexili bunebrivi airi
energiis moxmareba pirdapir ukavSirdeba
(CNG), gaTxevadebuli bunebrivi
organizaciis mier atmosferoSi saTburis
airi (LNG), butani, propani,
airebis gafrqvevis moculobas.
eTani da a.S.
wiaRiseuli sawvavis Secvla ganaxlebadi
energoresursebiT friad mniSvnelovania pirdapiri energiis ganaxlebadi
klimatis cvlilebis Tavidan acilebis wyaroebi, rogoricaa:
TvalsazrisiT, agreTve garemoze sxva
saxis zemoqmedebis prevenciis kuTxiT, biosawvavi;
romelsac iwvevs energomatareblebis
mopoveba da gadamuSaveba. amasTanave, eTanoli;
ganaxlebadi da efeqtiani energetikuli
teqnologiebis gamoyeneba amcirebs wyalbadi.
angariSmgebeli organizaciis
amJamindel da momaval damokidebulebas SeniSvna: WRI/WBCSD GH protoko-
araganaxlebad energoresursebze da mis lis safuZvelze biomasa amoRe-
sensitiurobas fasebis meryeobisa da bulia pirdapiri ganaxlebadi
mowodebis Seferxebis mimarT. energoresursebidan. imisaTvis,
rom angariSi Seesabamebodes WRI/
es indikatori asaxavs angariSmgebeli or-
WBCSD GH protokols, biomasis
ganizaciis mier pirveladi energiis pirda-
wvis Sedegad atmosferoSi CO2-
pir moxmarebas da Seesatyviseba saTburis
is pirdapiri gafrqvevis Sesaxeb
airebis Sesaxeb WRI/WBCSD protokolis
angariSgeba calke unda moxdes.
4
igulisxmeba Tanafardobis Secvla ganaxlebadi energoresursebis ufro intensiuri gamoyenebis xarjze
(mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
5
scope 1 of the WRI/WBCSD. GH

8 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

2.2 `pirdapiri energiis~ pirveladi kuTari angariSgebis farglebs gareT.


wyaroebis warmoeba
2.4 energiis mTliani moxmareba
miuTiTeT pirveladi energiis odenoba, daiangariSeT joulebSi an misgan
romelsac angariSmgebeli organizacia nawarmoeb jerad erTeulebSi,
awarmoebs, moipovebs, agrovebs an mi- rogoricaa, magaliTad, gigajoulebi
iRebs energiis sxva formebis gardaqm- (erTi miliardi jouli an 109 jouli),
nis gziT. energiis odenoba warmoad- Semdegi formulis gamoyenebiT:
gineT joulebSi an mis jerad erTeu-
lebSi (mag., gigajoulebSi). aq SeiZleba pirdapir moxmarebuli energiis
Sevides imave saxis energiis wyaroebi, mTliani raodenoba = Sesyiduli
romlebic miTiTebulia 2.1.-Si. pirdapiri pirveladi energia +
warmoebuli pirdapiri pirveladi
2.3 `pirdapiri energiis~ pirveladi
energia gayiduli pidapiri
wyaroebis gayidva
pirveladi energia.
joulebSi an misgan nawarmoeb jerad
gamoiyeneT mocemuli cxrili
erTeulebSi (mag., gigajoulebSi) miu-
pirveladi energiis odenobis
TiTeT, ra odenobis pirveladi energi-
gigajoulebSi gadasayvand:
is eqsporti moaxdina organizaciam sa-

qvanaxSiri gj navTobi gj benzini gj bunebrivi airi gj eleqtr. energia gj


metruli bareli haloni Termi kilovat/sT.
26,00 6,22 0,125 0,1055 0,0036
tona

britanuli
metruli 1000 kuburi
(mokle) 23,59 metruli tona 44,80 44,80 1,1046 megavat/sT. 3,6000
tona futi
tona6

grZeli 26,42 britanuli tona 40,64


1000 kuburi 39,01 3600,0
dizeli gigavat/sT.
tona metri

1 000 000
britanuli
grZeli tona 45,52 haloni 0,138 Termuli 1,055

erTeuli
(MMBtu)8

metruli 43,33
tona

mazuTi/
navTobi

haloni 0,144

metruli 40,19
tona

6
britanuli tona = 0.98 tonas (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
7
grZeli tona = 1.016 mertul tonas (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
8
britanuli Termuli erTeuli (British Thermal Unit (BTU) standartuli sazomi erTeuli, romelic aRniSnavs sawvavSi
siTburi energiis odenobas da, aseve, gasaTbobi mowyobilobisa Tu kondicirebis sistemebis gaTbobisa da gagrilebis
potencials. B B TUU aris siTbos raodenoba, romelic sWirdeba erTi pinta (= 16 uncia) wylis gaTbobas farenheitis 1
gradusiT. radganac B B TUU warmoadgens energiis moxmarebis sazom erTeuls, SesaZlebelia misi gadayvana kilovat/
saaTebSi (3412 B B TUU = 1 kilovat/sT) an joulebSi (1 B B TUU = 1,055.06 jouls). M MB BTUU Uudris erT milion B
B TUUU-s, romelic
aseve udris erT dekaTerms (10 Terms). M MB BTUU xandaxan ixmareba, rogorc bunebrivi airis standartuli sazomi da
saSualebas iZleva Sedardes sxvadasxva xarisxis bunebriv airTa da sxva sawvavebis energetikuli Rirebuleba. 1 kuburi
Ffuti bunebrivi airi Cveulebriv gvaZlevs daaxloebiT 1,000 B B TUU-s, amgvarad 1000 kuburi futi bunebrivi airi mogvcems
1MMB BTU-sU. xandaxan M MB BTUU-is nacvlad xmaroben M MBU MBTU-s, rac M MBU BTU-is sinonimuria (anu aTasjer aTasi BTUU). (mTargmn.
SeniSvn.).
versia 3.0 9
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

2.5 joulebSi an misgan nawarmoeb jerad


erTeulebSi (mag., gigajouli)
miuTiTeT moxmarebuli pirdapiri
energiis mTliani odenoba, daTiSuli
ganaxlebadi pirveladi wyaroebis
mixedviT.

2.6 joulebSi an misgan nawarmoeb jerad


erTeulebSi miuTiTeT moxmarebuli
pirdapiri energiis mTliani odenoba,
daTiSuli araganaxlebadi pirveladi
wyaroebis mixedviT.

3. ganmartebebi
ganaxlebadi resursebi (Renewable resources)

resursebi, romlebic aRdgeba da Seivseba


drois mokle monakveTSi, ekologiuri
ciklis farglebSi (iseTi resursebisagan
gansxvavebiT, rogorebicaa mineralebi,
metalebi, navTobi, gazi, qvanaxSiri,
romlebic ar ganaxldeba drois mokle
periodSi).

4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba

informaciis miReba SesaZlebelia


angariSfaqturebidan, siTbos an
sawvavis moxmarebis daangariSebebidan,
Sefasebebidan, standartuli
monacemebidan da a.S. joulebis
raodenoba SeiZleba pirdapir amoiRoT
angariSfaqturebidan da zeddebulebidan,
an gadaiyvanoT Tqvens xelT arsebuli
monacemebi joulebSi. informacia energiis
im pirveladi wyaroebis Sesaxeb, romlebic
Sualeduri energiis sawarmoeblad iyo
gamoyenebuli, SeiZleba momwodeblebisgan
miiRoT.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


saTburis airebis protokolis (GHG)
iniciativa - msoflio resursebis
institutis (WRI) da mdgaradi
ganviTarebis msoflio biznes sabWos
(WBCSD) korporaciuli aRricxvisa
da angariSgebis standartebi
(ganaxlebuli gamocema, 2004)9.

9
The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG) Initiative - A corporate accounting and reporting standard (Revised Edition, 2004) of the
World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD).

10 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN4 energiis arapirdapiri miuTiTeT moxmarebuli Sualeduri


moxmareba, daTiSuli pirveladi energiis raodenoba, romelic
energoresursebis (energiis angariSmgebelma organizaciam gare
pirveladi wyaroebis) mixedviT wyaroebidan Seisyida. amaSi Sedis:
1. mniSvneloba Sualeduri energia, romelic
miRebulia EN3-Si CamoTvlili
angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier
araganaxlebadi energoresursebidan;
eleqtroenergiis, gaTbobisa Tu orTqlis
es moicavs Sualeduri energiis Semdeg
Sesyidvis gziT arapirdapir moxmarebuli
formebs:
energiis raodenoba da pirveladi wyaroebi
migviTiTebs, Tu rogoria organizaciis eleqtroenergia;
Zalisxmeva, marTos sakuTari saqmianobiT
garemoze moxdenili zegavlena da Seamciros gaTboba da kondicireba;
klimatis cvlilebaSi Setanili wvlili.
konkretuli zegavlena, romelic energiis orTqli;
arapirdapir moxmarebas aqvs klimatis
cvlilebaze, damokidebulia imaze, Tu ra birTvuli energia;
pirveladi energoresursebi gamoiyeneba
Sualeduri energiis sawarmoeblad. importirebuli energiis sxva
formebi.
Sualeduri energia gulisxmobs energiis
im formebs, romlebic miiReba pirveladi Sualeduri energia, romelic
energiis gardaqmnis gziT. organizaciebis miRebulia ganaxlebadi
umetesobisTvis eleqtroenergia energoresursebidan; es moicavs
moxmarebuli Sualeduri energiis Sualeduri energiis Semdeg formebs:
ZiriTadi forma gaxlavT. organizaciaTa
mzis energia;
mcire nawilisaTvis energiis sxva
Sualeduri energoproduqtebic SeiZleba
qaris energia;
mniSvnelovani iyos. aseTebia: orTqli
an wyali, romelic miiReba gaTbobis an
geoTermuli energia;
gagrilebis centraluri sistemebidan,
greTve gadamuSavebuli sawvavi, rogoricaa
hidroenergia;
sinTeturi sawvavi, biosawvavi da a.S.
es indikatori zomavs im energias, romelic biomasaze dafuZnebuli Sualeduri
saWiroa organizaciis mier Sesyiduli energia;
eleqtroenergiisa da nebismieri sxva saxis
Sualeduri energoproduqtebis (mag., wyalbadze dafuZnebuli
centraluri gaTboba) sawarmoeblad da Sualeduri energia.
misawodeblad, romlebic moiTxovs energiis
mniSvnelovan moxmarebas organizaciis 2.2 gansazRvreT pirveladi sawvavis
sazRvrebs gareT. es monacemebi aseve raodenoba, romelic daixarja orga-
saSualebas gvaZlevs daviangariSoT saTburis nizaciis mier moxmarebuli Sualeduri
airebis arapirdapiri gafrqvevebi. es energiis sawarmoeblad. es monacemi
indikatori Seesatyviseba saTburis airebis gamoiTvaleT gare momwodeblebisgan
Sesaxeb WRI/WBCSD protokolis me-2 seqcias.10 Sesyiduli energiis mTliani raodeno-
bis mixedviT (EE
N N3 `Sesyiduli ener-
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
gia~). imisaTvis rom gansazRvroT, ra
warmodgena
odenobis sawvavi daixarja Tqvens mier
2.1 joulebSi an mis jerad erTeulebSi, Sesyiduli energiis sawarmoeblad, mi-
rogoricaa, magaliTad, gigajouli marTeT qvemoTCamoTvlilTagan erT-
(erTi miliardi jouli an 109 jouli), erT saSualebas:
10
Scope 1 of the WRI/WBCSD GHG.

versia 3.0 11
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

gamoiyeneT eleqtroenergiis 3. ganmartebebi


momwodeblebisgan miRebuli
monacemebi daxarjuli sawvavis ar aris.
Sesaxeb, TuU aseTi monacemebi
4. informaciis mopoveba da
xelmisawvdomia;
dokumentireba
gamoiyeneT eleqtroenergiasa
am indikatorisTvis informaciis yvelaze
da gaTbobaze sawvavis xarjvis
mniSvnelovan wyaros warmoadgenen
standartuli monacemebi;
energiis momwodeblebi da maTTan
dakavSirebuli Sesabamisi samsaxurebi.
Tu ar arsebobs standartuli
garda amisa, monacemebi SesaZloa
monacemebi, mimarTeT Sefasebas.
miiRoT angariSfaqturebidan, sawvavisa
da siTbos moxmarebis aRricxvis
2.3 punqt 2.1-is monacemebze dayrdnobiT
monacemebidan, Sefasebebidan,
miuTiTeT:
standartuli monacemebidan da a.S.
garda standartuli monacemebisa,
arapirdapir moxmarebuli energiis
romelTa miReba SesaZlebelia `energiis
mTliani raodenoba, daTiSuli
saerTaSoriso saagentodan~,11 monacemebis
ganaxlebadi da araganaxlebadi
amoReba SeiZleba agreTve wliuri
energoresursebis mixedviT.
angariSebidan, romlebsac sxvadasxva
monacemebi warmoadgineT
qveynebis mTavrobebi amzadeben da
Sualeduri energiis amsaxvel
warmoadgenen `klimatis cvlilebis Sesaxeb
erTeulebSi.
gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciis CarCo-
konvenciis~12 Sesabamisad. am angariSebSi
ra raodenobis pirveladi
warmodgenilia informacia qveynis mier
energiia gaixarja zemoT
moxmarebuli energiisa da atmosferoSi
miTiTebuli arapirdapiri energiis
Sesabamisi gafrqvevebis Sesaxeb.
sawarmoeblad.

SeniSvna: pirveladi energiis


5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
mTliani raodenoba (joulebSi),
romelic gamoyenebuli iyo `energiis saerTaSoriso saagentos~
Sualeduri energiis sawarmoeblad, (IEA) yovelwliuri gamocema
mniSvnelovnad gadaaWarbebs energetikuli balansis Sesaxeb
Sesyiduli Sualeduri energiis `evropis TanaSromlobis da
raodenobas (joulebSi). amgvari ganviTarebis organizaciis~ wevr da,
gansxvaveba ganpirobebulia aseve, sxva qveynebSi; 13
energodanakargebiT pirveladi
energiis Sualedur energiad saTburis airebis protokolis (GHG)
gardaqmnisa da transportirebis iniciativa msoflio resursebis
procesSi (gansxvavebis zoma institutis (WRI) da mdgaradi
garkveulwilad damokidebulia ganviTarebis msoflio biznes sabWos
gamoyenebul pirvelad wyaroebze). (WBCSD) korporaciuli aRricxvisa
da angariSgebis standartebi
(ganaxlebuli gamocema, 2004)~. 14

kiotos protokoli , 1997 weli.15

11
International Energy Agency (IEA).
12
Unated Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC).
13
International Energy Agencys (IAE) annual publication of Energy Balances for OECD and non-OECD countries.
14
The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG) Initiative A corporate accounting and reporting standard (Revised Edition, 2004) of the
World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD).
15
Kyoto Protocol, 1997.

12 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN5 energiis sawarmoo procesis modernizacia;


moxmarebisSemcirebisa da
energoefeqturobis amaRlebis aRWurvilobis/teqnikis gardaqmna
Sedegad dazogili energia da ganaxleba;
1. mniSvneloba
cvlilebebi TanamSromelTa
qcevasa da midgomebSi.
es indikatori gviCvenebs, U ra Sedegebi
gamoiRo organizaciis aqtiurma
3. ganmartebebi
Zalisxmevam, romelic mimarTuli iyo
energoefeqturobis amaRlebisaken dazogili energia (Energy saved)
teqnologiuri procesebis gaumjobesebisa
igive samuSaos SesrulebisTvis
da energodazogvis sxva RonisZiebebis
naklebi energiis moxmareba. es termini
meSveobiT. energoefeqturobis amaRlebas
ar gulisxmobs energiis moxmarebis
mohyveba xarjebis Semcireba, rasac, Tavis
Semcirebas organizaciis saqmianobis
mxriv, mosdevs konkurentunarianobis
masStabis Semcirebis xarjze (magaliTad,
amaRleba da bazarze poziciebis gamyareba.
warmoebis calkeuli komponentebis gare
energoefeqturi teqnologiebis
kontraqtorebisTvis gadacemis xarjze).
damkvidreba pirdapir zegavlenas
axdens sawarmoo xarjebze da amcirebs energiis moxmarebis Semcirebisa da
angariSmgebeli organizaciis samomavlo energoefeqturobis amaRlebis RonisZiebebi
damokidebulebas energiis araganaxlebad (Conservation and efficiency improvements)
wyaroebze.
organizaciuli an teqnologiuri
energiis efeqturi moxmareba warmoadgens
inovaciebi, romlebic saSualebas aZlevs
klimatis cvlilebasTan brZolis erT-erT
organizacias, ganaxorcielos konkretuli
mniSvnelovan organizaciul strategias.
saqmianoba da miaRwios konkretul
energoefeqturobas wvlili Seaqvs
miznebs naklebi energiis moxmarebiT. amaSi
aseve garemoze sxva saxis zemoqmedebis
Sedis sawarmoo procesis modifikacia,
SemcirebaSi, rasac energomatareblebis
aRWurvilobis/teqnikis modifikacia da
mopoveba da damuSaveba iwvevs.
gardaqmna (magaliTad, eleqtrodamzogi
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da ganaTebis sistemebis SemoReba), aseve
warmodgena energiis zedmeti moxmarebis Semcireba
organizaciis TanamSromelTa qcevisa da
2.1 gansazRvreT energiis moxmarebis
midgomebis Secvlis gziT.
SemcirebiTa da energoefeqturobis
amaRlebis gziT dazogili energiis
4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
mTliani raodenoba. am indikatorSi ar
unda asaxoT energia, romelic daizoga
informacia am indikatorisTvis
warmoebis moculobis Semcirebis an
SeiZleba miiRoT energomoxmarebis Sida
warmoebis garkveuli komponentebis
aRricxvis sistemis Canawerebidan, aseve
gare kontraqtorebisTvis gadacemis
mowyobilobebisa da aRWurvilobis
xarjze.
momwodeblebis mier warmodgenili
informacidan (magaliTad, axali teqnikis
2.2 dazogili energiis mTliani
an ganaTebis sistemebis maxasiaTeblebi
raodenoba warmoadgineT joulebSi
energoefeqturobis TvalsazrisiT da a.S.)
an mis jerad erTeulebSi, rogoricaa,
magaliTad, gigajoulebi (erTi
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
miliardi jouli an 109 jouli). am
monacemSi gaiTvaliswineT Semdegi ar aris.
meTodebiT dazogili energia:

versia 3.0 13
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN6 iniciativebi, romlebic 2.3 rodesac mogyavT monacemebi energiis


mimarTulia energoefeqturi an moxmarebis Sesaxeb (magaliTad,
ganaxlebad energiaze dafuZnebuli kompiuteris gamoyenebisTvis saWiro
produqciisa da momsaxurebis energia), cxadad miuTiTeT nebismieri
SemuSavebisken; aseve am winaswari varaudebi produqciis
iniciativebis Sedegad energiaze gamoyenebis sixSiris Tu intensivobis
moTxovnis Semcireba Sesaxeb, aseve monacemebis
manormirebeli koeficientebi
1. mniSvneloba
(magaliTad, samuSao dRis
energiis moxmareba seriozul zegavlenas ganmavlobaSi 10%-iT naklebi energiis
axdens klimatis cvlilebaze, radgan moxmareba, imis gaTvaliswinebiT,
wiaRiseuli sawvavis wvis Sedegad rom kompiuteri muSaobs rva saaTi
gamoiyofa naxSirorJangi (saTburis airi). procesoris sxvadasxva datvirTviT).
Sesabamisad, energiis ufro efeqtian aseve miuTiTeT Sesabamis sferoSi
gamoyenebas arsebiTi mniSvneloba aqvs arsebuli standartebi (magaliTad,
klimatis cvlilebis Tavidan asacileblad, avtomanqanis mier sawvavis moxmareba
rac kiotos protokolis mTavar 100 km-ze, 90km\sT siCqariT
mizans warmoadgens. energoefeqturi moZraobisas).
produqciisa da momsaxurebis SemuSaveba
gaxlavT produqciaze pasuxismgeblobis 3. ganmartebebi
iniciativebis mniSvnelovani nawili.
amgvari produqcia da momsaxureba xels ar aris.
uwyobs organizaciis imijis amaRlebas
da bazarze misi konkurentunarianobis 4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
zrdas. energoefeqturi teqnologiebis
gamoyenebiT aseve SesaZlebelia Semcirdes informaciis miReba SesaZlebelia
moxmarebis sagnebis Rirebuleba. rodesac produqciis Sida testirebisa da
vadarebT erTsa da imave seqtorSi misi maxasiaTeblebis gazomvis gziT,
dasaqmebuli sxvadasxva organizaciebis produqciis/momsaxurebis moxmarebis
iniciativebs, romlebic mimarTulia modelebis Seswavlis meSveobiT, seqtorSi
energoefeqturobis zrdisaken, ukeT arsebul standartebze dayrdnobiT da a.S.
vxedavT, ra tendenciebi arsebobs
konkretuli produqciisa Tu momsaxurebis
bazarze. 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
energoefeqturobis standartebisa
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
da Sesabamisi testirebis
warmodgena
procedurebis Sesaxeb informacias
2.1 warmoadgineT informacia im aqveynebs standartizaciis
iniciativebis Sesaxeb, romlebic saerTaSoriso organizacia (ISO).16
mimarTulia organizaciis mier
energofeqturobis standartebi da
warmoebuli ZiriTadi produqciis
Sesabamisi testirebis procedurebi
da momsaxurebis energomoxmarebis
aseve xelmisawvdomia saerTaSoriso
Semcirebisken.
eleqtroteqnikuri komisiidan (IEC).17
2.2 warmoadgineT raodenobrivi
maCveneblebi, TuU ramdenad Semcirda
saangariSo periodis ganmavlobaSi
organizaciis produqciisa da
servisebis energomoxmareba.

16
International Organization for Standardization.
17
International Electrotechnical Commission.

14 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN7 energiis arapirdapiri 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


moxmarebis Semcirebisken warmodgena
mimarTuli iniciativebi da
2.1 am indikatoris monacemebSi nu asaxavT
miRweuli Sedegebi
energiis arapirdapir moxmarebas,
1. mniSvneloba romelic dakavSirebulia Sualeduri
energiis SesyidvasTan, rogorc es
organizacia arapirdapiri gziT
ganszRvrulia E EN N4-Si.
moixmars energias masalis an produqciis
komponentebis Sesyidvisas, momsaxurebis 2.2 gansazRvreT organizaciis mier
Sesyidvisas (rogoricaa, magaliTad, energiis mniSvnelovani arapirdapiri
saqonlisa Tu muSaxelis transportireba), moxmareba (anu energiis moxmareba
aseve warmoebis calkeuli komponentebis sxva mxareebis mier organizaciis
gare kontraqtoebisaTvis gadacemisas. momwodeblebis, kontraqtorebis,
energiis arapirdapiri moxmarebis momxmareblebis da sxv.) Semdegi
regularuli monitoringi xels uwyobs kategoriebis mixedviT:
mis mniSvnelovan Semcirebas (magaliTad,
energointensiuri masalebis
energoefeqturi masalis, momsaxurebis,
gamoyeneba;
warmoebis saSualebebis saguldagulo
SerCeva an mivlinebis magivrad
warmoeba qvekontraqtis
satelefono an video-konferenciebis
safuZvelze;
gamoyeneba).
arapirdapir moxmarebuli energiis mivlinebebi;
raodenobis daangariSebis safuZvelze
SesaZlebelia daviangariSoT Sesabamisi TanamSromelTa mgzavroba
saTburis airebis arapirdapiri samsaxurSi da samsaxuridan.
gafrqvevebis moculoba, rogorc amas
iTxovs indikatori EEN N19. energiis 2.3 miuTiTeT energiis arapirdapiri
arapirdapiri moxmarebis aRricxva da misi moxmarebis Semcirebisken mimarTuli
Semcireba saSualeba aZlevs organizacias, iniciativebi, romlebsac organizacia
gaaumjobesos produqciis an momsaxurebis axorcielebs.
maxasiaTeblebi misi sasicocxlo ciklis
2.4 warmoadgineT raodenobrivi
ganmavlobaSi. amgvarad, energiis
monacemebi, Tu ramdenad Semcirda
arapirdapiri moxmarebis Semcireba
energiis arapirdapiri moxmareba
warmoadgens Semadgenel nawils
saangariSo periodSi 2.2-Si
kompleqsuri programisa `proeqtireba
CamoTvlili kategoriebis mixedviT.
garemosaTvis~18.
2.5 miuTiTeT, ra winaswar varaudebs
da bolos, es indikatori asaxavs
daefuZneT da ra meTodebi
angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier
gamoiyeneT sxva saxis arapirdapiri
arapirdapiri gziT moxmarebuli energiis
energomoxmarebis daangariSebisas,
dazogvis masStabs.
aseve miuTiTeT informaciis wyaro.

18
`proeqtireba garemosaTvis~ (Design-for-environment program - DfE) warmoadgens SeerTebuli Statebis `garemos
dacvis saagentos~ (US Environmental Protection Agency) mier SemuSavebul TanamSromlobiT programas, romelic
muSaobs sxvadasxva dainteresebul mxareebTan (biznes kompaniebTan, garemosdacviT organizaciebTan da sxva)
garemosa da adamianebisaTvis damabinZureblebiT miyenebuli zianis Sesamcireblad, rac miiRweva produqciis,
sawarmoo procesebisa da aRWurvilobis garemosdacviTi maxasiaTeblebis optimizaciis gziT. `proeqtireba
garemosaTvis~ (DfE) programis ZiriTadi prioritetebia: energoefeqturoba _ produqciis warmoebisa da
misi moxmarebisaTvis saWiro energiis raodenobis Semcireba; masalebis inovacia, anu produqcis warmoebisas
masalis moxmarebis Semcireba da iseTi masalebis SemuSaveba, romlebic nakleb zegavlenas axdens garemoze; iseTi
produqciisa da aRWurvilobis SemuSaveba, romelic eqspluataciis dasrulebis Semdeg advilad reciklirdeba
da gadamuSavdeba. am gziT mcirdeba qimiuri damabinZureblebiT garemosaTvis miyenebuli ziani da miiRweva
grZelvadiani dadebiTi Sedegebi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 15
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

3 ganmartebebi

ar aris.

4 informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba

am indikatorisTvis informacia SeiZleba


miiRoT momwodeblebisgan, aseve amoiRoT
produqciis/momsaxurebis sasicocxlo
ciklTan dakavSirebuli Sefasebebisa da
gaTvlebis Semcveli dokumentaciidan
(romlebic Catarebuli organizaciis
SigniT an kvleviTi organizaciebis mier),
da a.S.

5 damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


`energiis saerTaSoriso saagentos~
(IEA) yovelwliuri gamocema
energetikuli balansis Sesaxeb,
`evropis TanaSromlobis da
ganviTarebis organizaciis~ wevr da,
aseve, sxva qveynebSi.

16 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN8 wylis mTliani amoReba, 2.2 miuTiTeT organizaciis mier erTi


daTiSuli wylis wyaroebis mixedviT wlis ganmavlobaSi amoRebuli wylis
mTliani moculoba. monacemebi
1. mniSvneloba
warmoadgineT kubur metrebSi
informacia angariSmgebeli organizaciis (m3\weliwadSi) da daTiSeT wylis
mier sxvadasxva resursebidan aRebuli wyaroebis qvemoT CamoTvlili
wylis moculobis Sesaxeb gvexmareba, kategoriebis mixedviT:
warmodgena SeviqmnaT im potenciuri
riskebisa da zegavlenis masStabis Sesaxeb, zedapiruli wylebi, rac moicavs
romlebic ukavSirdeba organizaciis mier Waobebis, mdinareebis, tbebis da
wylis moxmarebas. wyalaRebis mTliani okeaneebis wyals;
moculoba migvaniSnebs organizaciis,
rogorc wylis momxmareblis masStabsa da gruntis wylebi;
mniSvnelobaze. amasTanave, am monacemis
safuZvelze daiangariSeben sxva wvimis wyali, romelsac uSualod
maCveneblebs, romlebic wylis moxmarebis agrovebs da inaxavs angariSmgebeli
efeqturobas Seexeba. organizacia;

angariSmgebeli organizaciis sxva organizaciebis Camdinare


sistematuri Zalisxmeva, gaakontrolos wylebi;
da gaaumjobesos wylis moxmarebis
efeqturoba, pirdapir kavSirSia wylis wyalmomaragebis municipaluri
moxmarebis xarjebTan. moxmarebuli wylis sistemebidan da sxva sistemebidan
mTliani mloculoba migviTiTebs agreTve, miRebuli wyali.
Tu ra riskebis winaSe SeiZlebaE dadges
organizacia wylis fasis gazrdisa an 3. ganmartebebi
wylis mowodebis Seferxebis SemTxvevaSi.
wylis mTliani amoReba (Total water withdrawal)
sufTa mtknari wyali sul ufro da ufro
deficituri xdeba msoflioSi, ramac
saangariSo periodis ganmavlobaSi
SeiZleba sagrZnobi zegavlena moaxdinos
nebismieri miznebisTvis nebismieri
im sawarmoo procesebze, romlebic
wyarodan organizaciis farglebSi
wylis did odenobas saWiroebs. im
amoRebuli da Semotanili wylis mTliani
regionebSi, sadac wylis resursebi Zalze
raodenoba (zedapiruli, gruntis, wvimis
SezRudulia, organizaciis mier wylis
wylisa da municipaluri wyalmomaragebis
moxmarebis masStabma da formebma SeiZleba
sistemebidan Semosuli wylis CaTvliT).
aseve gavlena moaxdinos dainteresebul
mxareebTan urTierTobaze.
4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena
monacemebi organizaciis mier wylis
2.1 gansazRvreT organizaciis mier amoRebis Sesaxeb SegiZliaT miiRoT wylis
nebismieri wyaroebidan amoRebuli mricxvelebidan, wylis gadasaxadis
wylis mTliani moculoba. es moicavs qviTrebidan, wylis moxmarebasTan
rogorc uSualod angariSmgebeli dakavSirebuli sxva monacemebidan da
organizaciis mier amoRebul (Tu ar arsebobs arc mricxvelebi, arc
wyals, aseve Suamavlebis meSveobiT, qviTrebi da arc sxva sando monacemebi)
magaliTad wyalmomaragebis organizaciis sakuTari daangariSebebidan.
sistemidan, miRebul wyals. am
monacemSi SeiyvaneT agreTve 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
gamagrilebeli sistemisTvis
ar aris.
gamoyenebuli wyali.

versia 3.0 17
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN9 wylis wyaroebi, romlebzec nebismieri saxis wyalaReba ramsaris


mniSvnelovani zegavlena moaxdina nusxaSi Setanili wyalWarbi
organizaciis wyalaRebam teritoriebidan, nacionaluri
an saerTaSoriso donis daculi
1. mniSvneloba
teritoriebidan, moxmarebuli
wylis sistemebidan wylis amoRebam SeiZleba wylis raodenobis miuxedavad.
zegavlena moaxdinos garemoze, rac
SeniSvna: Tu wylis miwodeba
gamoixateba gruntis wylebis donis dawevaSi,
xorcieldeba saxelmwifo an kerZo
moxmarebisaTvis vargisi wylis odenobis
wylis mimwodeblis mier, angariSSi
SemcirebaSi an sxvagvar cvlilebebSi,
unda miuTiToT am momwodeblebis
romlebic aqveiTebs ekosistemis unars,
wylis wyaro (anu wyalsatevi,
Seasrulos sakuTari funqciebi. aseTi
saidanac wyals iRebs es mimwodebeli).
cvlilebebi ki, Tavis mxriv, mniSvnelovan
zegavlenas axdens cxovrebis xarisxze 2.2 miuTiTeT wylis wyaroebis saerTo
regionSi da maT SeiZleba ekonomikuri raodenoba, romlebzec mniSvnelovan
Sedegebic mohyves. gavlenas axdens organizaciis mier
wylis amoReba (mniSvnelovani gavlena
es indikatori zomavs, Tu ra masStabis
gansazRvreT 2.1 punqtSi CamoTvlili
zegavlena SeiZleba mohyves angariSmgebeli
kriteriumebis mixedviT). monacemebi
organizaciis mier wylis moxmarebas.
daTiSeT wylis wyaroebis tipebis
amasTanave, Tu monacemebs ganvixilavT
mixedviT da miuTiTeT Semdegi:
wylis sxva momxmareblebTan urTierTobis
konteqstSi, romlebic imave wylis wylis wyaros moculoba kubur
resursebiT sargebloben, es indikatori metrebSi (m3);
saSualebas gvaZlevs SevafasoT savaraudo
miekuTvneba Tu ara wylis wyaro
riskebi da SesaZleblobebi, iseve rogorc
dacul teritorias (romelic
organizaciis mier gamoyenebuli wylis
aRiarebulia aseTad qveynis an
resursebis stabiluroba.
saerTaSoriso doneze);
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
wylis wyaros Rirebuleba
warmodgena
biomravalferovnebis kuTxiT
2.1 gansazRvreT wylis wyaroebi, romle- (mag., saxeobaTa mravalferovneba
bzec mniSvnelovani zegavlena moax- da endemuroba, dacul saxeobaTa
dina angariSmgebeli organizaciiis raodenoba).
wyalaRebam. mniSvnelovnad iTvleba
3. ganmartebebi
wyalaReba, romelic akmayofilebs qve-
moTCamoTvlilTagan erT an ramdenime ar aris.
kriteriums:
4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
wyalaReba, romelic udris am
konkretuli wylis obieqtis informacia wyalsatevebisa da daculi
saSualo wliuri moculobis 5%-s teritoriebis Sesaxeb SegiZliaT miiRoT wylis
an mets; resursebTan dakavSirebuli saministroebidan
an sxva samTavrobo struqturebidan,
wylis amoReba wylis iseTi
aseve sxvadasxva kvlevebidan, rogoricaa,
obieqtebidan, romlebsac
magaliTad, garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefasebebi.
profesionalebi gansakuTrebiT
mgrZnobiared miiCneven maTi zomis
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
an funqciis gamo, an Tu wylis am
obieqts aqvs iSviaTi an safrTxis `bunebis dacvis msoflio kavSiris~
winaSe mdgomi wylis sistemis statusi (IUCN) safrTxis winaSe mdgomi
(an Tu es wylis sistema asazrdoebs saxeobebis wiTeli nusxa.19
mcenareTa an cxovelTa safrTxis
ramsaris konvencia wyalWarbi
winaSeE mdgom saxeobebs an maT
teritoriebis Sesaxeb,201971.
sacxovrebel garemos warmoadgens);
19
UCN Red List of Threatened Species.
20
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.

18 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN10 reciklirebuli da xelmeored iRebs 20 m3 wyals erTi ciklisaTvis


gamoyenebuli wylis mTliani da Semdeg iyenebs igive wyals sami
moculoba da procentuli wili 21 Semdgomi ciklis ganmavlobaSi.
Sesabamisad, reciklirebuli/
1. mniSvneloba
xelmeored gamoyenebuli wylis
organizaciaSi wylis reciklirebisa da mTliani moculoba iqneba 60 kuburi
xelmeore gamoyenebis praqtika migviTiTebs, metri.
Tu ramdenad efeqturad xdeba resursebis
2.3 miuTiTeT erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi
gamoyeneba, aseve ra warmatebebs miaRwia
organizaciis mier reciklirebuli
organizaciam wyalaRebisa da wyalCaSvebis
an xelmeored gamoyenebuli wylis
mTliani moculobis Semcirebis
mTliani moculoba kubur metrebSi
mimarTulebiT.
(m3/weliwadSi). aseve gansazRvreT
wylis reciklirebasa da xelmeore misi procentuli wili organizaciis
gamoyenebas umeteswilad mohyveba iseTi mier moxmarebuli wylis mTlian
xarjebis Semcireba, romlebic ukavSirdeba moculobasTan mimarTebiT, romelic
wylis moxmarebas, gawmendas da Camdinare miTiTebulia indikatorSi E EN N8.
wylebis gatanas/gauvnebelyofas.
3. ganmartebebi
reciklirebisa da xelmeore gamoyenebis
Sedegad wylis moxmarebis Semcirebas wylis reciklireba / xelmeored gamoyeneba
garkveuli wvlili Seaqvs aseve wylis (Recycling/Reuse)
resursebis marTvasTan dakavSirebuli
es gaxlavT gamoyenebuli wylis/
saxelmwifo da regionuli miznebis
Camdinare wylis xelmeored gamoyeneba
miRwevaSi.
sawarmoo procesSi, sanam moxdeba misi
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da saboloo gawmenda da/an garemoSi CaSveba.
warmodgena arsebobs wylis reciklirebis/xelmeored
gamoyenebis sami saxe:
2.1 es indikatori asaxavs ori saxis
xelmeored gamoyenebul wyals Camdinare/gamoyenebuli wylis
iseTs, romelic gadamuSavda an xelmeore gamoyeneba imave sawarmoo
gaiwminda xelmeore gamoyenebamde procesSi an imave sawarmoo ciklis
da iseTs, romelic ar gawmendila/ ufro maRal doneze;
gadamuSavebula xelmeore
Camdinare/gamoyenebuli wylis
moxmarebamde. am indikatorSi Sedis
xelmeore gamoyeneba sxva sawarmoo
aseve ruxi wyali (anu Segrovebuli
procesSi, magram imave sawarmoSi;
wvimis wyali da sayofacxovrebo
procesebis Sedegad, magaliTad, Camdinare/gamoyenebuli wylis
WurWlis recxvis, sarecxisa da xelmeore gamoyeneba igive
banaobis Sedegad warmoqmnili organizaciis sxva sawarmoSi.
Camdinare wyali).
4. informaciis mopoveba da
2.2 daiangariSeT reciklirebuli da dokumentireba
xelmeored gamoyenebuli wylis
am indikatorisTvis monacemebi SeiZleba
moculoba. es monacemi gamoTvaleT
miiRoT wylis mricxvelebidan da wylis
imis mixedviT, Tu rogoria
gadasaxadis qviTrebidan, an (Tu ar gaqvT
organizaciis mTliani moTxovnileba
arc mricxvelebi da arc qviTrebi) Tavad
wyalze da am moTxovnilebidan
organizaciis gaTvlebidan, romlebic
ra moculoba dakmayofilda
efuZneba wylis moxmarebis auditis an
reciklirebuli/ xelmeored
aRricxvis monacemebs. informaciis
gamoyenebuli wyliT da ara axali
miReba SesaZlebelia aseve wylis
wylis amoRebis xarjze. magaliTad,
momwodeblebisgan.
Tu organizaciis sawarmoo procesi
saWiroebs 20 kubur metr wyals erTi 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
sawarmoo ciklisTvis, organizacia
ar aris.

21`
aq igulisxmeba procentuli wili moxmarebuli wylis mTlian moculobasTan mimarTebiT (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 19
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EN11 organizaciis kuTvnili, biomravalferovnebis kuTxiT.


ijariT an marTvis uflebiT am CamonaTvalSi SeitaneT is
aRebuli im miwis nakveTebis teritoriebic, romlebzec muSaoba
adgilmdebareoba da zoma, romlebic ganxorcieldeba momavalSi, ris
mdebareobs daculi teritoriebis Sesaxebac ukve gakeTda oficialuri
farglebSi, esazRvreba maT, an gancxadeba.
mdebaroebs daculi teritoriis
farglebs gareT, magram aqvs maRali 2.2 TiToeuli zemoTCamoTvlili
Rirebuleba biomravalferovnebis teritoriis/miwis nakveTis Sesaxeb
TvalsazrisiT warmoadgineT Semdegi informacia:
1. mniSvneloba
geografiuli mdebareoba.
rodesac organizacia warmoadgens
angariSs imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra zegavlenas miwisqveSa da/an miwis zedapirs
axdens misi saqmianoba dacul an maT qvemoT mdebare teritoriebi,
mosazRvre teritoriebze, agreTve romlebic SeiZleba iyos
biomravalferovnebis kuTxiT maRali organizaciis sakuTrebaSi, ijariT
Rirebulebis mqone teritoriebze, hqondes aRebuli an marTvis
amgvari angariSgebis meSveobiT uflebiT gadacemuli.
organizacia Tavadac ukeT gaiazrebs
biomravalferovnebasTan dakavSirebul miwis nakveTis mdebareoba dacul
konkretul riskebs. dacul teritoriebze teritoriasTan mimarTebiT
an maRali biomravalferovnebiTi (daculi teritoriis SigniT,
Rirebulebis mqone teritoriebze esazRvreba mas an Seicavs
ganxorcielebuli saqmianobis daculi teritoriis nawils),
monitoringi saSualebas aZlevs aseve biomravalferovnebis
angariSmgebel organizacias, Seamciros am TvalsazrisiT maRali Rirebulebis
teritoriebze zegavlenis riskebi. amgvari mqone adgilebTan mimarTebiT.
monitoringi aseve exmareba organizacias,
marTos sakuTari saqmianobis am miwis nakveTze/teritoriaze
zegavlena biomravalfrovnebaze an mimidnare saqmianobis tipi (ofisi,
Tavidan aicilos araswori marTva. Tu warmoeba, wiaRiseulis mopoveba).
organizacia ver axerxebs, saTanadod
marTos biomravalferovnebaze sakuTari miwis nakveTis/teritoriis zoma
saqmianobis zegavlena, amas SeiZleba kvadratul kilometrebSi (km2).
mohyves misi reputaciis Selaxva,
adgilobrivi xelisuflebis organoebidan miwis nakveTis/teritoriis
mSeneblobis nebarTvebis Seyovneba, aseve mniSvneloba biomravalferovnebis
mosaxleobis ndobisa da keTilganwyobis, TvalsazrisiT, rac Semdeg
anu konkretul regionSi saqmianobis maxasiaTeblebs moicavs:
`socialuri licenziis~ dakargva.
- ra saxisaa daculi teritoria an
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da maRali biomravalferovnebiTi
warmodgena Rirebulebis teritoria (mag.,
xmeleTis, mtknari wylis an
2.1 CamoTvaleT teritoriebi/miwis
zRvis ekosistema).
nakveTebi, romlebic ekuTvnis
organzacias, ijariT an marTvis
- daculobis statusi (magaliTad,
uflebiT aqvs aRebuli da
daculi teritoria `bunebis
romlebic mdebareobs daculi
dacvis msoflio kavSiris~ (IUCN)
teritoriis farglebSi, esazRvreba
klasifikaciis Sesabamisad,
mas an mdebareobs daculi
ramsaris konvenciiT
teritoriis farglebs miRma,
gansazRvruli savarguli,
magram maRali Rirebuleba aqvs

20 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

adgilobrivi kanonmdeblobis SeiZleba flobdnen informacias


mixedviT daculi teritoria, saerTaSoriso an nacionaluri
Natura 2000-is siaSi Setanili mniSvnelobis daculi teritoriebisa da
teritoria da a. S.). biomravalferovnebis kuTxiT maRali
Rirebulebis mqone adgilebis Sesaxeb.
3. ganmartebebi garda amisa, biomravalferovnebis Sesaxeb
saxelmwifo strategia da samoqmedo
daculi teritoria (Protected area)
gegma xSirad Seicavs informacias daculi
geografiulad gansazRvruli konkretuli teritoriebis da biomravalferovnebis
teritoria, romelic sagangebod TvalsazrisiT maRali Rirebulebis
regulirdeba an imarTeba dacvisa da mqone adgilebis Sesaxeb, agreTve maT
konservaciis mizniT. CamonaTvals.
biomravalferovnebis TvalsazrisiT maRali 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
Rirebulebis mqone adgilebi (Areas of high
ramsaris konvencia wyalWarbi
biodiversity value)
teritoriebis Sesaxeb22, 1971.
es aris teritoriebi, romlebsac
oficialurad ara aqvT miniWebuli UNESCO-s msoflio memkvidreobis
daculi teritoriebis statusi, obieqtebis sia .23
magram sxvadasxva samTavrobo
struqturebisa Tu arasamTavrobo biosferuli nakrZalebis (rezervebis)
organizaciebis mier aRiarebulia, gaeros sia . 24
rogorc biomravalferovnebis
TvalsazrisiT mniSvnelovani sxvadasxva qveynebis saxelmwifo
teritoriebi. es gansazRvreba moicavs im strategiebi da samoqmedo gegmebi
habitatebs, romlebic prioritetulia biomravalferovnebis dacvis
[biomravalferovnebis] konservaciis Taobaze, romlebic SemuSavebulia
TvalsazrisiT (es habitatebi xSirad `biomravalferovnebis dacvis
gansazRvrulia biomravalferovnebasTan konvenciis~ Sesabamisad.
dakavSirebul saxelmwifo strategiebsa
da samoqmedo gegmebSi, romelic organizacia Conservation
SemuSavebulia `biomravalferovnebis International-is mier dadgenili
dacvis konvenciis~ Sesabamisad). garda biomravalferovnebis mniSvnelovani
amisa, bunebis dacvis saerTaSoriso adgilebi da veluri bunebis
organizaciebis nawilma ukve gansazRvra teritoriebi ;25
biomravalferovnebis TvalsazrisiT
maRali Rirebulebis mqone konkretuli WWF -is 200 globaluri ekoregionis
teritoriebi. sia;26
4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
`frinvelTa dacis saerTaSorios
saWiro informaciis wyaro SeiZleba asociaaciis~ mier dadgenili
iyos Sesyidvebis kontraqtebi, lizingis frinvelTaTvis mniSvnelovani
kontraqtebi an saxelmwifo/regionuli teritoriebi.27
miwis kadastri.
`bunebis dacvis msoflio kavSiris~
saxelmwifo doneze ki garemos dacvaze
(IUCN) mier gansazRvuli mcenareTa
pasuxismgebeli sajaro samsaxurebi
mravalferovnebis centrebi .28
22
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
23
UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
24
United Nations Biosphere Reserves.
25
Conservation Internationals Biodiversity Hotspots and Wilderness Areas.
26
WWFs Global 200 Ecoregion.
27
Bird Life Internationals Important Bird Areas.
28
IUCNs Centres of Plant Diversity.

versia 3.0 21
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN12 daculi teritoriebisa sawarmoebisa da qarxnebis,


da biomravalferovnebis wiaRiseulis mompovebeli
kuTxiT maRali Rirebulebis obieqtebis/maRaroebis da
mqone sxva teritoriebis satransporto infrastruqturis
(daculi teritoriebis miRma) mSenebloba an gamoyeneba;
biomravalferovnebaze kompaniis
saqmianobiT, produqciiT dabinZureba (wertilovani an
da momsaxurebiT moxdenili arawertilovani wyaroebidan iseTi
mniSvnelovani zegavlena nivTierebebis Setana garemoSi,
romlebic iq bunebrivad ar
1. mniSvneloba
arsebobs);
es indikatori gvawvdis informacias
mniSvnelovani pirdapiri da invaziuri saxeobebis, parazitebis
arapirdapiri zegavlenis Sesaxeb, da paTogenebis (daavadebaTa
romelsac angariSmgebeli organizacia gamomwvevebis) garemoSi Seyvana;
axdens daculi teritoriebis
biomravalferovnebaze, aseve saxeobaTa Semcireba;
biomravalferovnebis kuTxiT maRali
Rirebulebis mqone adgilebze, romlebic habitatis transformacia;
daculi teritoriebis sazRvrebs gareT
mdebareobs. es indikatori agreTve ekologiuri procesebis
gvawvdis konteqsts, raTa ukeT gavigoT arabunebrivi cvlilebebi
amgvari zegavlenis Serbilebisken (magaliTad, gruntis wylebis donis
mimarTuli organizaciuli strategia. an marilianobis Secvla).
indikatori moiTxovs struqturizebul,
xarisxobriv informacias, romelic 2.3 warmoadgineT informacia
saSulebas iZleva erTmaneTs SevudaroT mniSvnelovani pirdapiri da
sxvadasxva organizaciebis mier moxdenili arapirdapiri zegavlenebis Sesaxeb
zegavlenis masStabi da xasiaTi, aseve qvemoTmotanili maxasiaTeblebis
gavaanalizoT am zegavlenis cvlileba mixedviT (asaxeT rogorc pozitiuri,
drois WrilSi. ise negatiuri zegavlena):
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
saxeobebi, romlebmac ganicades
warmodgena
zegavlena;
2.1 gansazRvreT angariSmgebeli
organizaciis saqmianobiT, im teritoriebis farTobi,
produqciiTa da servisebiT romlebmac ganicades zegavlena
biomravalferovnebaze moxdenili (aq unda asaxoT ara mxolod
mniSvnelovani zegavlena. miuTiTeT oficialurad daculi
rogorc pirdapiri, ise arapirdapiri teritoriebi, romlebmac ganicades
zegavnlena (mag., miwodebis qselis zegavlena, aramed buferuli
oranizaciebis saqmianobiT moxdenili zonebic, aseve gansakuTrebiT
zegavlena). sensituri an mniSvnelovani
teritoriebi, romlebic
2.2 miuTiTeT, ra saxisaa organizaciis oficialurad aris dadgenili);
saqmianobiT biomravalferovnebaze
moxdenili mniSvnelovani pirdapiri zegavlenis xangrZlivoba;
da arapirdapiri zegavlena.
zegavlenis xasiaTi gansazRvreT zegavlenis Seqcevadoba an
qvemoTCamoTvlilTagan erTi an meti Seuqcevadoba.
kategoriis Sesabamisad:

22 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

3. ganmartebebi SesaZlebelia sxva organizaciebisganac,


romlebic angariSmgebeli organizaciis
mniSvnelovani zegavlena ( Significant impact)
mowodebis qselSi arian CarTulni
geografiuli arealis/regionis (mowodebis qselis winamavali an Semdgomi
mTlianobaze pirdapir an iribad ierarqiuli erTeulebi _ momwodeblebi
moxdenili uaryofiTi zegavlena. es da momxmareblebi)
gulisxmobs, rom arealis/regionis mTel
teritoriaze ekologiuri maxasiaTeblebi, 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
struqturebi da funqciebi arsebiTad
globaluri angariSgebis
icvleba xangrZlivi periodis
iniciativis resurs dokumenti
ganmavlobaSi. es ki niSnavs, rom habitati,
biomravalferovnebis Sesaxeb.29
misi populaciis mravalricxovaneba
da/an calkeuli saxeobebi, romlebic
ganapirobeben am habitatis mniSvnelobas,
veRar SenarCundeba.
calkeuli saxeobebis doneze Tu
ganvixilavT mniSvnelovan zegavlenas,
is iwvevs saxeobis mravalricxovnebis
da/an misi gavrcelebis arealis
Semcirebas imdenad, rom reproduqciisa
da xeluxlebeli teritoriebidan
migraciis bunebrivi procesebis
xarjze veRar aRdgeba Tavdapirveli
mdgomareoba am saxeobis ramdenime Taobis
ganmavlobaSi. mniSvnelovani zegavlenis
Sedegad SeiZleba agreTve sagrZnoblad
Seicvalos resursebis komerciuli Tu
piradi saWiroebisaTvis gamoyenebis
SesaZlebloba da xelmisawvdomoba,
rac xangrZlivi periodis ganmavlobaSi
aisaxeba am resursebis momxmarebelTa
keTildReobaze.
4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba

am inidkatorisTvis saWiro informacia


SeiZleba moiZioT organizaciis
garemosdacviTi menejmentis sistemebis
Canawerebidan an sxva Sida dokumentebidan.
informaciis miReba SesaZlebelia aseve
garemoze zemoqmedebis da socialuri
zemoqmedebis Sefasebis angariSebidan da/
an produqciisa da servisebis sasicocxlo
ciklis Sefasebis dokumentebidan,
Tu CamoTvlili dukumentacia
xelmisawvdomia. informaciis miReba

29
GRI Biodiversity Resource Document.

versia 3.0 23
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN13 daculi an aRdgenili Seesabameba gansazRvrebebs _


habitatebi 30 `aRdgenili an `daculi (ix.
`ganmartebebi~ qvemoT).
1. mniSvneloba
2.2 SeafaseT teritoriis statusi imis
organizaciis strategia
safuZvelze, Tu ra mdgomareobaSia
biomravalferovnebis sakiTxebze
teritoria [da misi saarsebo
moicavs sxvadasxva komponentebs,
garemo] saangariSo periodis
romlebic ukavSirdeba organizaciis
dasasrulisaTvis.
funqcionirebis Sedegad bunebrivi
garemosaTvis miyenebuli zianis 2.3 miuTiTeT farTobi (heqtarebSi) da
prevencias, menejments da Semdgom mdebareoba TiToeuli teritoriisa
gamosworebas. es indikatori asaxavs, `daculi~ an `aRdgenili~ habitatiT.
Tu rogor da ramdenad xorcieldeba aseve miuTiTeT, daadastura Tu ara
konkretuli strategia, romelic damoukidebelma gareSe eqspertma,
mimarTulia organizaciis saqmianobiT rom habitatis aRdgena warmatebiT
garemosaTvis zianis miyenebis ganxorcielda. Tu teritoriiis
prevenciisa da miyenebuli zianis farTobi 1 km2-s aRemateba, angariSSi
gamosworebisken. bunebrivi habitatebis farTobi kvadratul kilometrebSi
mTlianobasa da SenarCunebaze zrunva asaxeT.
ganamtkicebs organizaciis reputacias,
2.4 miuTiTeT, TanamSromlobs Tu
aumjobesebs adgilobrivi sazogadoebis
ara organizacia mesame mxaresTan
damokidebulebas mis mimarT da xels
bunebrivi saarsebo garemos
uwyobs organizaciis garSemo arsebuli
(habitatebis) dacvis an aRdgenis
bunebrivi garemosa da bunebrivi
mizniT sxva teritoriebze,
resursebis stabilurobas.
garda im teritoriebisa, sadac
organizacia Tavad akontrolebda
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
da axorcielebda dacvis an aRdgenis
warmodgena
RonisZiebebs.
2.1 am indikatorisTvis unda
3. ganmartebebi
warmoadginoT monacemebi mxolod im
teritoriebis Sesaxeb, romlebzec teritoria aRdgenili habitatiT (Area
ukve dasrulebulia garemosaTvis Restored)
miyenebuli zianis gamosworebis
(anu bunebrivi saarsebo garemos teritoria, romelic gamoiyeneboda
aRdgenis) procesi an sadac organizaciis saqmianobis procesSi an
habitati aqtiurad aris daculi ganicada am saqmianobiT gamowveuli
organizaciis saqmianobiT zianis zegavlena da romelzec aRdgeniTi
miyenebisagan. teritoriebi, sadac RonisZiebebis Sedegad bunebrivi garemo
kvlav mimdinareobs organizaciis aRdga da daubrunda sawyis mdgomareobas
saqmianoba, am indikatoriT SeiZleba an iseT mdgomareobas, romelic
asaxoT im SemTxvevaSi, Tu bunebrivi ekosistemis jansaR funqcionirebas
saarsebo garemo am teritoriebze uzrunvelyofs.

30
habitati _ areali/bunebrivi garemo, romelic dasaxlebulia konkretuli saxeobebiT. termini habitati
farTod gamoiyeneba ekologiur konteqstSi da gulisxmobs fizikur garemos (xmeleTis nawils an wyalsatevs
/ wyalsatevis nawils), romelSic arseboben xvadasxva biologiur organizmTa (mcenareTa, cxovelTa,
mikoroorganizmTa) saxeobebi, saxeobaTa populaciebi, an saxeobaTa jgufebi da romelic xasiaTdeba maTi
arsebobisaTvis aucilebeli yvela pirobiT (klimati, reliefi, niadagi, sakvebi da a. S.). amgvarad, habitati aris
sxvadasxva saxeobaTa/cocxal organizmTa erToblivi bunebrivi saarsebo garemo erT konkretul geografiul
arealSi, romelic xasiaTdeba specifikuri fizikuri niSnebiT da romelSic am saxeobaTa populaciebi/cocxali
organizmebi Tanaarseboben da urTierTqmedeben (mTargmn. SeniSvna).

24 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

teritoria daculi habitatiT (Area Protected)

teritoria, romelic daculia


organizaciis saqmianobiT gamowveuli
nebismieri zianisgan da sadac
bunebrivi garemo SenarCunenebulia
Tavdapirvel mdgomareobaSi, jansaRi,
funqcionirebadi ekosistemiT.

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
informacia daculi teritoriebis Sesaxeb
SesaZlebelia moiZioT organizaciis
garemosdacviTi menejmentis sistemebis
dokumentaciaSi, teritoriis rukebSi,
garemoze zemoqmedebisa da socialuri
zemoqmedebis Sefasebis angariSebSi
an organizaciis politikis amsaxvel
dokumentebSi.

informacia miwebis aRdgenis


Sesaxeb (anu miwis aRdgenis Taobaze
wayenebuli moTxovnebi ) SesaZlebelia
miiRoT miwis lizingis, ijaris an
nasyidobis xelSekrulebebidan,
garemoze zemoqmedebisa da socialuri
zemoqmedebis Sefasebis angariSebidan da
riskebis reestridan.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


ar aris.

versia 3.0 25
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN14 biomravalferovnebaze 2.2 warmoadgineT informacia


zegavlenis marTvis strategia, organizaciis strategiis
mimdinare aqtivobebi da samomavlo Sesaxeb, romelic SemuSavebulia
gegmebi biomravalferovnebis marTvis
organizaciuli politikis
1. mniSvneloba gansaxorcieleblad. warmodgenili
informacia unda moicavdes
biomravalferovnebasTan dakavSirebuli
qvemoTCamoTvlil sakiTxebs:
organizaciuli politikis, miznebisa da
valdebulebebis efeqturi ganxorcieleba ramdenad aris gaTvaliswinebuli
damokidebulia imaze, aqvs Tu ara biomravalferovnebis sakiTxebi
organizacias SemuSavebuli da danergili iseT analitikur SefasebebSi,
struqturirebuli programebi, rogoricaa, magaliTad,
romelTa mizania biomravalferovnebaze konkretuli teritoriisaTvis
moxdenili zegavlenis marTva. amgvari garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefaseba;
struqturirebuli programebis
rogoria biomravalferovnebi-
arseboba gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania
saTvis warmoqmnili safrTxeebis
im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac qveynis
gansazRvris meTodologia;
kanonmdebloba ar Seicavs gamokveTil
standartebs, romelTa safuZvelze rogoria konkretuli miznebis
organizacias SeuZlia dagegmos da amocanebis gansazRvris
biomravalferovnebaze zegavlenis Pprocedurebi;
marTvis sakuTari sistema.
rogoria monitoringis procesebi;
es indikatori saSualebas aZlevs Sida da rogoria sajaro angariSgebis
gare dainteresebul mxareebs gaaanalizon, praqtika.
Tu ramdenad efeqturad aregulirebs
2.3 CamoTvaleT mimdinare
organizacia potenciur zegavlenas
saqmianobebi, romlebic miznad
biomravalferovnebaze sakuTari strategiis,
isaxavs biomravalferovnebasTan
mimdinare saqmianobebisa da samomavlo
dakavSirebuli riskebis marTvas (es
gegmebis meSveobiT. rodesac organizacia
riskebi gansazRvrulia EN EN11 da EN
efeqturad marTavs biomravalferovnebaze
EN12 indikatorebSi); Tu samomavlod
sakuTari saqmianobiT moxdenil zegavlenas
dagegmili gaqvT aseTi saqmianobebis
(romelic asaxulia E EN N11 da ENEN12
ganxorcieleba, miuTiTeT amis Sesaxeb.
indikatorebiT), mcirdeba organizaciis
reputaciis Selaxvisa da jarimebis 3. ganmartebebi
dawesebis riski, aseve naklebia albaToba,
ar aris.
rom organizacia ver miiRebs mSeneblobisa
da saqmianobis warmarTvisaTvis saWiro 4. informaciis mopoveba da
nebarTvebsa da licenziebs. gansakuTrebiT dokumentireba
mniSvnelovania habitatebis (bunebrivi
informacia programebsa da miznebze
saarsebo garemos) da saxeobebis dacvisa da
SegiZliaT moiZioT menejmentis
aRdgenisken mimarTuli saqmianobebi.
saxelmZRvanelo principebSi an
organizaciis garemosdacviTi menejmentis
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
sistemebis dokumentebSi, garemoze
warmodgena
zemoqmedebisa da socialuri zemoqmedebis
Sefasebis angariSebSi, korporaciuli
2.1 Tu saxelmwifo kanonmdeblobam
socialuri pasuximgeblobis politikis
garkveuli zegavlena moaxdina
amsaxveli dokumentebSi da riskebis
organizaciis konkretul strategiaze,
reestrSi.
saqmianobebze an samomavlo gegmebze,
romelTa Sesaxeb informacias 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
am indikatoriT warmoadgenT,
ar aris.
aucileblad miuTiTeT amis Sesaxeb.

26 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN15 `bunebis dacvis msoflio seriozuli safrTxis winaSe mdgomi;


kavSiris~31 wiTel nusxaSi da
saxelmwifos mier dacul saxeobaTa safrTxis winaSe mdgomi;
nusxaSi Setanili saxeobebis
raodenoba, romlebic saxloben mowylvadi;
im teritoriebze, romlebzec
mdgomareoba uaxlovdeba safrTxis
zegavlenas axdens organizaciis
winaSe mdgoms;
saqmianoba, TiToeuli saxeobisaTvis
gadaSenebis riskis xarisxis yvelaze naklebi safrTxis winaSe
miTiTebiT mdgomi.

1. mniSvneloba 3. ganmartebebi
es indikatori exmareba angariSmgebel
`bunebis dacvis msoflio kavSiris~ wiTeli
organizacias sworad gansazRvros
nusxa (IUCN Red List)
is geografiuli arealebi, sadac
misi saqmianoba SeiZleba safrTxes
`bunebis dacvis msoflio kavSiris~
Seicavdes gadaSenebis saSiSroebis
mier SemuSavebuli reestri, romelSic
winaSeE mdgom mcenareTa da cxovelTa
Setanilia safrTxis winaSe mdgom
saxeobebisaTvis. amgvari safrTxeebis
mcenareTa da cxovelTa saxeobebi da
gamovlena ki exmareba organizacias
miTiTebulia maTi daculobis globaluri
marTebuli nabijebi gadadgas, raTa
statusi.
Tavidan aicilos saxeobaTa gadaSeneba an
maTTvis zianis miyeneba. `bunebis dacvis
4. informaciis mopoveba da
msoflio kavSiris~ wiTeli nusxa da
dokumentireba
saxelmwifos mier dacul saxeobaTa nusxa
dagexmarebaT gansazRvroT im habitatebis informacia IUCN wiTel nusxaSi, aseve
sensituroba, romlebzec zegavlenas saxelmwifos mier dacul saxeobaTa
axdens organizaciis saqmianoba, agreTve nusxaSi Setanili saxeobebis Sesaxeb
daadginoT am habitatebis fardobiTi SeiZleba mogawodon bunebis dacvis
mniSvneloba menejmentis kuTxiT. saxelmwifo an regionulma samsaxurebma,
aseve garemosdacviTma arasamTavrobo
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da organizaciebma. organizaciebs,
warmodgena romlebic saqmianobas awarmoeben
dacul teritoriebze, maT mosazRvre
2.1 gansazRvreT im habitatebis
teritoriebze an biomravalferovnebis
adgilmdebareoba, romlebzec
TvalsazrisiT maRali Rirebulebis
zegavlena moaxdina angariSmgebeli
mqone adgilebSi, aseve gamoadgebaT
organizaciis saqmianobam da
winasaproeqto Sefasebebi, kvlevebi
romlebSic mkvidroben `bunebis
da nebarTvebTan dakavSirebuli
dacvis msoflio kavSiris~ wiTel
sxva saxis dokumentebi, romlebic
nusxaSi Setanili saxeobebi da
SeiZleba Seicavdes informacias
saxelmwifos mier daculi saxeobebi.
dacul teritoriebze arsebuli
biomravalferovnebis Sesaxeb.
2.2 miuTiTeT arsebul saxeobaTa
raodenoba im teritoriebze,
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
romlebzec zegavlenas axdens
organizaciis saqmianoba; TiToeuli `bunebis dacvis msoflio kavSiris~
saxeobisaTvis qvemoT CamoTvlili (IUCN) safrTxis winaSe mdgom
kategoriebis mixedviT miuTiTeT, ra saxeobaTa wiTeli nusxa .32
donis safrTxe emuqreba mas:

31
The World Conservation Union (IUCN).
32
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

versia 3.0 27
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN16 saTburis airebis33 pirdapiri Sefasebebi. Tu Sefasebas


da arapirdapiri gafrqvevebis mimarTeT imitom, rom ar arsebobs
mTliani odenoba, masis miTiTebiT standartuli monacemebi/
koeficientebi, aucileblad
1. mniSvneloba
miuTiTeT, ra sawyisi monacemebi
saTburis airebis gafrqvevebi, romlebic gamoiyeneT.
klimatis cvlilebis erT-erT ZiriTad
am indikatorisaTvis monacemebis
mizezs warmoadgens, regulirdeba gaeros
Segroveba-damuSavebis Sesaxeb damatebiTi
CarCo konvenciiT klimatis cvlilebaze34
informacia SegiZliaT moiZioT `msoflio
da kiotos protokoliT. Sesabamisad, sxva-
resursebis institutisa~ (WRI) da
dasxva saerTaSiriso Tu nacionaluri ma-
`mdgradi ganviTarebis msoflios biznes
regulirebeli da wamaxalisebeli sistemebi
sabWos~ (WBCSD) saTburis airebis
(mag., gafrqvevebis sertifikatebiT vaWroba)
protokolSi da IPCC dokumentebSi,
miznad isaxavs, gaakontrolos saTburis
romlebic CamoTvlilia qvemoT, qveTavSi:
airebis gafrqvevebis odenoba da waaxalisos
`damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi~.
am gafrqvevaTa moculobis Semcireba.
2.2 warmoadgineT informacia saTburis
es indikatori, E
EN N17-Tan kombinaciaSi,
airebis pirdapiri gafrqvevebis
SesaZleblobas gaZlevT, warmoaCinoT
Sesaxeb yvela im obieqtidan da
organizaciis miznebi erovnuli da
wyarodan, romelsac flobs an
saerTaSoriso donis maregulirebel da
akontrolebs angariSmgebeli
wamaxalisebel sistemebTan mimarTebiT.
organizacia; es moicavs gafrqvevebs,
informacia saTburis airebis pirdapiri
romlebic warmoiqmneba Semdegi
da arapirdapiri gafrqvevebis Sesaxeb
sawarmoo procesebis Sedegad:
warmodgenas gviqmnis agreTve, Tu ra
finansuri Sedegebi SeiZleba mohyves eleqtroenergiis, siTbos an
organizaciisTvis am gafrqvevebs, orTqlis gamomuSaveba (ENEN3
magaliTad, gafrqvevebis dabegrvisa da indikatoriT warmodgenili
gafrqvevebze arsebuli kvotebis saxiT. informaciis Sesabamisad);
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da wvis sxva procesebi, rogoricaa,
warmodgena magaliTad, navTobgadamamuSavebel
warmoebaSi Tanmdevi gamouyenebeli
2.1 arsebobs gaTvlebis sxvadasxva
gazis wva;
meTodologiebi, romelTa mixedviT
SesaZlebelia daiangariSoT fizikuri an qimiuri gadamuSaveba;
TiToeuli wyarodan saTburis airebis
masalis, produqciis, narCenebis
gafrqvevis odenoba. miuTiTeT,
transportireba;
romel standarts daefuZneT, aseve,
qvemoTCamoTvlilTagan romeli ventilacia;
meTodologia gamoiyeneT monacemebis
gafrqvevebi atmosferoSo, romlebic
dasaangariSeblad:
kontrols ar eqvemdebareba.
uSualo gazomva (magaliTad,
wvis procesebis Sedegad
uwyveti gazomvis mowyobilobebis
warmoqmnili gafrqvevebi Seesabameba
gamoyenebiT);
araganaxlebadi da ganaxlebadi
gamoTvlebi, romlebic wyaroebidan pirdapir moxmarebul
efuZneba konkretuli obieqtis pirvelad energias (ris Sesaxebac
specifiur monacemebs (mag., informacias warmoadgenT E EN N3
sawvavis Semadgenlobis analizis indikatoris mixedviT). gaxsovdeT,
safuZvelze); rom monacemebi biomasis wvis Sedegad
warmoqmnili CO2-is pirdapiri
gafrqvevis standartul
gafrqvevebis Sesaxeb aq ki ar
koeficientebze dafuZnebuli
unda asaxoT, aramed calke unda
gamoTvlebi;
33
Greenhouse gas (GHG).
34
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC).

28 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

gamoaqveynoT `saTburis airebis obieqtebidan, romlebsac flobs an


protokolis korporaciuli akontrolebs sxva organizacia. am
standartis~35 Sesabamisad. indikatoris konteqstSi arapirdapiri
gafrqvevebi moicavs saTburis airebis
2.3 warmoadgineT informacia saTburis
gafrqvevas eleqtroenergiis, siTbos
airebis arapirdapiri gafrqvevebis
an orTqlis warmoebisas, romelic
Sesaxeb, romlebic warmoiqmneba
organizaciis gareT gamomuSavdeba, magram
organizaciis mier Sesyiduli
Semoitaneba da moixmareba organizaciaSi.
eleqtroenergiis, siTbos da orTqlis
warmoebis procesSi (es monacemebi naxSirorJangis ekvivalenti (Carbon dioxide
Seesabameba E
EN N4 indikatoriT equivalent)
warmodgenil monacemebs energiis
`CO2-is (naxSirorJangis) ekvivalenti~
arapirdapiri moxmarebis Sesaxeb).
aris sazomi, romlis meSveobiTac SeiZleba
monacemebi sxva saxis arapirdapiri erTmaneTs SeudaroT sxvadasxva saTburis
gafrqvevebis Sesaxeb (magaliTad, airebis gafrqvevebi imis mixedviT, Tu
organizaciis TanamSromelTa rogoria am airebis `globaluri daTbobis
mivlinebebis an samsaxurSi potenciali~ (GWP).36`CO2-is ekvivalenti~
mgzavrobisaTvis gamoyenebuli konkretuli saTburis airisTvis
satransporto saSualebebis Semdegnairad unda gamoiangariSoT:36
gafrqvevebis Sesaxeb) aq ar aisaxeba. airis masa (tonebSi) gamravlebuli am airis
es monacemebi warmodgenilia E EN N17-is `globaluri daTbobis potencialis~
mixedviT. maCvenebelze.
2.4 miuTiTeT saTburis airebis gafrqvevis
4. informaciis mopoveba da
mTliani odenoba, romelic warmoadgens
dokumentireba
pirdapiri da iribi gafrqvevebis jams
(2.2 da 2.3 punqtebSi warmodgenili energiis pirdapiri da arapirdapiri
monacemebis Sesabamisad). es monacemi gamoyenebis Sedegad warmoqmnili
warmoadgineT `CO2-is ekvivalentis~ gafrqvevebis odenoba SeiZleba
tonebSi (`CO2 ekvivalentis~ ganmarteba daiangariSoT EEN N3 da E
EN N4-Si warmodgenili
ix. qvemoT). monacemebis mixedviT.
3. ganmartebebi 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
pirdapiri gafrqvevebi (Direct emissions) saTburis airebis protokolis (GHG)
iniciativa `msoflio resursebis
gafrqvevebi yvela im obieqtidan/wyarodan,
institutisa~ da `mdgradi ganviTarebis
romelsac flobs an akontrolebs
msoflios biznes sabWos~ korporaciuli
angariSmgebeli organizacia. magaliTad,
aRricxvis da angariSgebis standarti
wvis procesebTan dakavSirebuli
(ganaxlebuli gamocema, 2004)37.
pirdapiri gafrqvevebi warmoiqmneba
energiis miRebis mizniT sawvavis wvis kiotos protokoli, 1997.
Sedegad angariSmgebeli organizaciis
eqspertTa mTavrobaTaSorisi jgufi
saoperacio/samoqmedo farglebSi.
klimatis cvlilebis sakiTxebze
arapirdapiri gafrqvevebi (Indirect emissions) (IPCC), angariSi klimatis cvlilebis
Sesaxeb, 2001, samuSao jgufi I:
gafrqvevebi, romlebic ukavSirdeba
samecniero safuZvlebi38.
angariSmgebeli organizaciis saqmianobas,
magram warmoiqmneba im wyaroebidan/

35
GHG Protocol Corporate Standard (revised edition).
36
globaluri daTbobis potenciali (Global warming potential /GWP) - maCvenebeli, romelic arsebuli Sefasebebis
safuZvelze zomavs, Tu ra wvlili Seaqvs globalur daTbobaSi ama TuU im saTburis gazis mocemul masas. es aris
fardobiTi koeficienti, romelic adarebs mocemuli masis saTburis gazs imave masis naxSirorJangTan (romlis
`globaluri daTbobis potenciali~ aris 1). (mTargmn. SeniSvna).
37
The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG) Initiative A corporate accounting and reporting standard (Revised Edition, 2004) of the
World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD).
38
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2001, Working Group I: The Scientific Basis.

versia 3.0 29
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN17 saTburis airebis sxva imisaTvis, rom sworad gansazRvroT,


mniSvnelovani arapirdapiri amgvar saqmianobaTagan romeli
gafrqvevebis mTliani odenoba, unda asaxoT angariSSi, TiToeuli
masis miTiTebiT saqmianobis Sedegad warmoqmnili
arapirdapiri gafrqvevebi SeafaseT
1. mniSvneloba qvemoTCamoTvlili kriteriumebis
mixedviT:
saTburis airebis gamofrqvevebi,
romlebic klimatis cvlilebis erT-
aris Tu ara arapirdapiri
erT ZiriTad mizezs warmoadgens,
gafrqvevebis raodenoba
regulirdeba gaeros CarCo konvenciiT
sakmarisad mniSvnelovani pirdapir
klimatis cvlilebaze (UNFCC) da kiotos
gafrqvevebTan SefardebiT,
protokoliT. zogierTi organizaciisTvis
aseve sxva saxis arapirdapir
saTburis airebis arapirdapiri
gafrqvevebTan SefardebiT,
gafrqvevebi bevrad aRemateba pirdapir
romlebic energiis warmoebas
gafrqvevebs. amasTanave, sakuTar
mosdevs (energiis warmoebasTan
saqmianobaSi damkvidrebuli midgomebis
dakavSirebuli arapirdapiri
SecvliT organizacias SeuZlia
gafrqvevebi asaxulia E EN N16
sagrZnoblad Seamciros saTburis
indikatoriT);
airebis gafrqvevebis odenoba. rodesac
organizacia cxadad warmoaCens, Tu ra
miaCniaT Tu ara dainteresebul
RonisZiebebs axorcielebs arapirdapiri
mxareebs, rom gafrqvevebis masa an
gafrqvevebis Semcirebis mizniT, es xels
mniSvneloba kritikul zRvarzea an
uwyobs misi reputaciis ganmtkicebas da
gascda mas;
misi, rogorc klimatis cvlilebasTan
mebrZoli organizaciis imijis
SesaZlebelia Tu ara, rom
damkvidrebas.
gafrqvevebis raodenoba
mniSvnelovnad Semcirdes
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier
warmodgena
ganxorcielebuli RonisZiebebis
2.1 warmoadgineT informacia saTburis Sedegad.
airebis gafrqvevebis Sesaxeb,
romlebic warmoiqmneba organizaciis 2.3 miuTiTeT saTburis airebis
mier energiis arapirdapiri arapirdapiri gafrqvevebis mTliani
moxmarebis Sedegad. am maCvenebelSi odenoba, CO2-is ekvivalentis tonebSi
nu asaxavT arapirdapir gafrqvevebs, (CO2-is ekvivalentis ganmarteba ix.
romlebic warmoiqmneba organiizaciis qvemoT).
mier Sesyiduli eleqtroenergiis,
siTbos, orTqlis warmoebis procesSi, 3. ganmartebebi
radgan es monacemebi asaxulia EEN N16
indikatoriT. arapirdapiri gafrqvevebi (Indirect emissions)

2.2 garda amisa, miuTiTeT, angariSmgebeli gafrqvevebi, romlebic ukavSirdeba


organizaciis romeli saqmianobebi angariSmgebeli organizaciis saqmianobas,
iwvevs saTburis airebis arapirdapir magram warmoiqmneba sxva organizaciis
gafrqvevebs (magaliTad, organizaciis kuTvnili an kontrolirebadi
TanamSromelTa mivlinebebis wyaroebidan. am indikatoris konteqstSi,
an samsaxurSi mgzavrobisas arapirdapiri gafrqvevebi ar moicavs
satransporto saSualebaTa saTburis airebis gafrqvevebs, romlebic
gafrqvevebi) da SeafaseT am warmoiqmneba organizaciis mier Sesyiduli
gafrqvevaTa raodenoba. da moxmarebuli eleqtroenergiis,

30 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

siTbos an orTqlis warmoebisas39 (mag., eqspertTa mTavrobaTaSorisi jgufi


transportireba, SefuTva40). klimatis cvlilebis sakiTxebze
(IPCC), angariSi klimatis cvlilebis
naxSirorJangis ekvivalenti (Carbon dioxide
Sesaxeb, 2001, samuSao jgufi I:
equivalent)
samecniero safuZvlebi;
`CO2-is (naxSirbadis orJangis)
kiotos protokoli, 1997.
ekvivalenti~ aris sazomi, romelic
gamoiyeneba sxvadasxva saTburis
airebis gafrqvevebis SedarebisaTvis
imis mixedviT, Tu rogoria am airebis
`globaluri daTbobis potenciali~
(GWP) . `CO2-is ekvivalenti~ konkretuli
saTburis airisaTvis gamoiangariSeba
Semdegnairad: airis masa (tonebSi)
gamravlebuli am airis `globaluri
daTbobis potencialis~ maCvenebelze.

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
informacia am indikatorisTvis SeiZleba
mogawodon produqciisa da momsaxurebis
gare momwodeblebma. zogierTi saxis
arapirdapiri gafrqvevebis Sesaxeb
(magaliTad, organizaciis TanamSromelTa
saqmiani mgzavrobisas satransporto
gafrqvevebis Sesaxeb) organizacias
SesaZloa dasWirdes Tavisi Canawerebis
Sejereba da Sevseba gare wyaroebis
monacemebiT, imisaTvis rom miiRos
saboloo maCvenebeli.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


saTburis airebis protokolis (GHG)
iniciativa `msoflio resursebis
institutisa~ (WRI) da `mdgradi
ganviTarebis msoflios biznes sabWos~
(WBCSD) korporaciuli aRricxvis da
angariSgebis standarti (ganaxlebuli
gamocema, 2004);

39
radgan es gafrqvevebi asaxulia EN EN16 indikatoriT (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
40
aq, rogorc Cans, igulisxmeba, rom arapirdapiri gafrqvevebi E EN N17 indikatoris konteqstSi moicavs iseT
gafrqvevebs, romlebic mosdevs organizaciis saqmianobasTan dakavSirebul transportirebas, SefuTvas/
SesafuTi masalis utilizacias da sxva. ix. aseve EN E
EN N16, Tavi: `monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da waradgena~,
punqti 2.3 (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 31
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN18 saTburis airebis gafrqvevis saqmianobis Sedegad (rogorc es


Semcirebisken mimarTuli asaxulia E
EN N17-Si). cal-calke
iniciativebi da am iniciativebis warmoadgineT informacia
meSveobiT miRweuli Sedegebi savaldebulo da nebayoflobiTi
Semcirebis Sesaxeb.
1. mniSvneloba
2.2 warmoadgineT informacia
saTburis airebis gafrqveva klimatis
organizaciis iniciativebis Sesaxeb,
cvlilebis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi
romlebic mimarTulia saTburis
mizezi gaxlavT, romelsac aregulirebs
airebis gafrqvevebis Semcirebisaken;
gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciis
miuTiTeT sferoebi, romlebSic
CarCo konvencia klimatis cvlilebis
ganxorcielda es iniciativebi.
Sesaxeb (UNFCC) da kiotos protokoli.
Sesabamisad, sxvadasxva saerTaSiriso 2.3 warmoadgineT raodenobrivi
Tu nacionaluri maregulirebeli monacemebi, Tu ramdenad Seamcira
da wamaxalisebeli sistemebi (mag., organizaciam saangariSo periodis
gafrqvevebis sertifikatebiT vaWroba) ganmavlobaSi saTburis airebis
miznad isaxavs gaakontrolos saTburis gafrqveva ganxorcielebuli
airebis gafrqvevebis odenoba da sxvadasxva iniciativebis Sedegad. miRweuli
saSualebebiT waaxalisos am gamofreqvevaTa Semcirebis moculoba warmoadgineT
moculobis Semcireba. saTburis airebis CO2-is ekvivalentis tonebSi.
gafrqvevebis regularuli monitoringi
3. ganmartebebi
xels uwyobs maT mniSvnelovan Semcirebas
(magaliTad, energoefeqturi masalis, ar aris.
momsaxurebisa da warmoebis saSualebebis
4. informaciis mopoveba da
gamoyenebis xarjze).
dokumentireba
es indikatori SeiZleba gamoiyenoT
am indikatorisTvis informaciis
ENEN16-Tan da E
EN N17-Tan kombinaciaSi, raTa
miReba SesaZlebelia EEN N16 da ENEN17-is
ganisazRvros da Sefasdes gafrqvevebis
mixedviT warmodgenili monacemebidan,
SemcirebasTan dakavSirebuli
gafrqvevebis gazomvis Sedegebidan,
organizaciuli miznebi erovnuli da
sabuRaltro aRricxvis monacemebisa da
saerTaSoriso donis maregulirebeli da
standartuli monacemebis daangariSebis,
mastimulirebeli sistemebis konteqstSi.
aseve Sefasebebis gziT. informacia
iniciativebis Sesaxeb SesaZloa
saTburis airebis gafrqvevebis aRricxva da
moiZioT dokumentaciaSi, romelsac
Semcireba saSualebas aZlevs organizacias,
awarmoebs garemosdacviT menejmentze
gaaumjobesos produqciis an momsaxurebis
pasuxismgebeli departamentbi.
maxasiaTeblebi maTi sasicocxlo ciklis
ganmavlobaSi da, amasTanave, warmoadgens 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
Semadgenel nawils kompleqsuri
saTburis airebis protokolis (GGHG HG)
programisa `proeqtireba garemosaTvis~41.
iniciativa `msoflio resursebis
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da institutisa~ (WRI) da `mdgradi
warmodgena ganviTarebis msoflios biznes sabWos~
(WBCSD) korporaciuli aRricxvis da
2.1 gansazRvreT, ramdenad Semcirda
angariSgebis standarti (ganaxlebuli
saTburis airebis gafrqvevebi
gamocema, 2004);
yvela wyarodan/obieqtidan,
romlebsac flobs an akontrolebs eqspertTa mTavrobaTaSorisi jgufi
angariSmgebeli organizacia (es klimatis cvlilebis sakiTxebze
gafrqvevebi asaxulia E
EN N16-Si), aseve (IPCC), angariSi klimatis cvlilebis
ramdenad Semcirda gafrqvevebi, Sesaxeb, 2001, samuSao jgufi I:
romlebic warmoiqmneba energiis samecniero safuZvlebi;
arapirdapiri moxmarebisa da
kiotos protokoli, 1997.
angariSmgebeli organizaciis
Design for environment - ganmartebisaTvis ix. EN 7-ze darTuli sqolio amave protokolSi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.)
41 D

32 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN19 ozondamSlel nivTierebaTa 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


gafrqvevebis raodenoba, masis warmodgena
miTiTebiT
2.1 es indikatori ar asaxavs
ozondamSlel nivTierebebs,
1. mniSvneloba
romlebsac Seicavs produqcia an
ozonis Sre (OO3) filtravs mzis romlebic gamoiyofa misi gamoyenebis
biologiurad mavne ultraiisfer (UU
U V
U -BB) an ganadgurebis procesSi.
radiacias. monrealis protokoli
saerTaSoriso doneze aregulirebs 2.2 am indikatoriT aisaxeba
ozondamSleli nivTierebebis `ozondamSleli nivTierebebis Sesaxeb
gamoyenebis TandaTanobiT SezRudvas da monrealis protokolis~ A, B, C da E
Sewyvetas. monacemebi imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra damatebebSi asaxuli nivTierebebis
odenobis ozondamSleli nivTierebebi gafrqvevebi.
gaifrqveva atmosferoSi organizaciis
saqmianobis Sedegad, migviTiTebs, Tu 2.3 gansazRvreT ozondamSleli
ramdenad akmayofilebs organizacia am nivTierebebis gafrqvevebis odenoba,
sferoSi arsebul kanonmdeblobas da Semdegi formulebis gamoyenebiT:
SesZlebs Tu ara igi SesabamisobaSi iyos
momavalSi mosalodnel sakanonmdeblo gafrqvevebi = nivTierebaTa
SezRudvebTan. es monacemebi agreTve warmoeba + [nivTierebaTa] Semotana
gviCvenebs, Tu rogor axerxebs [nivTierebaTa] gatana.
organizacia am sferoSi arsebuli riskebis
marTvas. am monacemebis warmodgena warmoeba = warmoebuli nivTierebebi
gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania im teqnologiuri saSualebebiT
organizaciebisTvis, romelTa sawarmoo ganadgurebuli nivTierebebi _
procesebi, produqcia da momsaxureba nivTierebebi, romlebic mTlianad
ukavSirdeba ozondamSleli nivTierebebis gamoiyeneba nedleulad sxva
gamoyenebas da romlebic, Sesabamisad, qimikatebis sawarmoeblad.
unda gadavidnen axal teqnologiebze,
raTa Seasrulon valdebulebebi am SeniSvna: `nivTierebaTa warmoebaSi~
nivTierebaTa gamoyenebis SezRudvis ar igulisxmeba ozondamSleli
Taobaze. amgvarad, am mimarTulebiT nivTierebebis gadamuSaveba da
organizaciis mier miRweuli warmatebebi xelmeored gamoyeneba.
(anu ramdenad Seamcira organizaciam
ozondamSleli nivTierebebis gamoyeneba) 2.4 miuTiTeT konkretuli ozondamSleli
gviCvenebs, Tu rogoria organizaciis nivTierebebis gafrqvevebis masa
teqnologiuri miRwevebi da konkurentuli tonebSi, agreTve CFC-11 ekvivalentis
pozicia im produqciis da momsaxurebis tonebSi (CFC-11 ekvivalentis
bazarze, romlebzec zegavlenas axdens gansazRvreba ix. qvemoT).
kanonebi ozondamSlel nivTierebaTa
Sesaxeb.

versia 3.0 33
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

3. ganmartebebi

ozondamSleli nivTierebebi (Ozone-depleting


substance - ODS)

nebismieri nivTiereba, romelsac


aqvs 0-ze maRali `ozonis daSlis
potenciali~ da romelsac SeuZlia
ozonis stratosferuli Sris daSla.
ozondamSleli nivTierebebis umetesoba
kontroldeba monrealis protokoliT
da misi danarTebiT. es nivTierebebia
qlorftornaxSirbadebi (CFCs)42,
hidroqlorftornaxSirbadebi (HCFCs)43,
halonebi da meTilbromidi.
CFC-11 ekvivalenti (CFC-11 equivalent)

CFC-11 aris maCvenebli, romelic


gamoiyeneba sxvadasxva nivTierebaTa
Sesadareblad maTi `ozonis daSlis
potencialis~ mixedviT. erTeulad
gamoiyeneba CFC-11 da CFC12-is `ozonis
daSlis potenciali~ (rac Seadgens 1-s).

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba

informaciis miReba SesaZlebelia


organizaciis SigniT Catarebuli
gazomvebis da aRricxvis gziT.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


monrealis protokoli ozondamSlel
nivTierebaTa Sesaxeb44.

gaeros garemos dacvis programa


(UNEP), saxelmZRvanelo halonebis
Sesaxeb45.

Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).


42 D

43
Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
44
The Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer.
45
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Halon Handbook.

34 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN20 NOx, SOx ENda sxva mniSvnelovani 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


damabinZureblebis gafrqveva warmodgena
atmosferoSi, damabinZurebeli
nivTierebebis tipisa da masis 2.1 gansazRvreT organizaciis
miTiTebiT saqmianobiT gamowveuli mniSvnelovani
gafrqvevebi atmosferoSi da
1. mniSvneloba
gamoTvaleT maTi masa.
es indikatori zomavs organizaciis
2.2 vinaidan zogierTi tipis gafrqvevis
saqmianobis Sedegad atmosferoSi
masis gansazRvra, rogoricaa,
damabinZureblebis gafrqvevis masStabs
magaliTad, azotis Jangeulebi (NN
N OX),
da gviCvenebs, Tu rogoria am gafrqvevaTa
kompleqsur gaTvlebs moiTxovs,
fardobiTi odenoba da mniSvneloba sxva
miuTiTeT, Tqven romeli meTodi
organizaciebis gafrqvevebTan SedarebiT.
gamoiyeneT am gaTvlebisTvis. kerZod,
haeris damabinZureblebi uaryofiT miuTiTeT qvemoTCamoTvlilTagan
zegavlenas axdens bunebriv saarsebo romel kategorias miesadageba Tqvens
garemoze (habitatebze), aseve adamianebis mier gamoyenebuli meTodi:
da cxovelebis janmrTelobaze.
haeris dabinZurebis, anTropogenuli gafrqvevebis odenobis pirdapiri
gamJavianebis46, tyis degradaciis gazomva (magaliTad, uwyveti
procesebis fonze, aseve adamianTa gazomvis mowyobilobebis
janmrTelobis dacvis mizniT, SemuSavda gamoyenebiT);
adgilobrivi da saerTaSoriso
normatiuli aqtebi, romlebiTac gamoTvlebi, romlebic efuZneba
regulirdeba gafrqvevebi atmosferoSi. konkretuli obieqtis specifikur
am gafrqvevebis Semcireba dadebiTad monacemebs;
aisaxeba organizaciis TanamSromelTa da
mimdebare teritoriebis macxovrebelTa gafrqvevis standartul
janmrTelobaze. Tu organizacia koeficientebze dafuZnebuli
karg Sedegebs aRwevs gafrqvevaTa gamoTvlebi;
Semcirebis kuTxiT an TvalnaTliv
warmoaCens, kanonmdeblobis moTxovnebis Sefasebebi (Tu Sefasebas mimarTeT
dakmayofilebis miRma kidev ra damatebiT imitom, rom ar arsebobs saSualo
RinisZiebebs atarebs am mimarTulebiT _ standartuli monacemebi/
yovelive es xels uwyobs TanamSromlebTan koeficientebi, aucileblad
da adgilobriv mosaxleobasTan miuTiTeT, Tu saidan miiReT sawyisi
organizaciis urTierTobis gaumjobesebas cifrebi).
(radgan amgvari gafrqvevebiT swored
TanamSromlebs da adgilobriv Tems 2.3 miuTiTeT atmosferoSi mniSvnelovani
uSualod adgeba ziani), aseve saSualebas gafrqvevebis masa (kilogramebSi
aZlevs organizacias SeinarCunos da an mis jerad erTeulebSi,
gaafarTovos sakuTari saqmianoba am rogoricaa, magaliTad, tona).
regionSi. garda amisa, regionebSi, sadac monacemebi warmoadgineT TiToeuli
moqmedebs gafrqvevebTan dakavSirebuli qvemoTCamoTvlili kategoriisaTvis:
SezRudvebi, gafrqvevaTa maRali
maCvenebeli uSualod iwvevs organizaciis
danaxarjebis zrdas.

46
gamJavianeba (Aacidification) - es aris haeris damabinZureblebis (ZiriTadad amiaki, gogirdis orJangi da azotis
Jangeulebis) mJaveebad gardaqmnis procesi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 35
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

NOx (azotis Jangeulebi); 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


`Sor manZilebze transsasazRvro
SOx (gogirdis Jangeulebi);
haeris dabinZurebis Sesaxeb
konvenciis~ Jenevis protokoli48, 1979.
mdgradi organuli
damabinZureblebi (POP);
`Sor manZilebze transsasazRvro
haeris dabinZurebis Sesaxeb
aqroladi organuli naerTebi
konvenciis~ helsinkis protokoli,
(VOC);
1985.
haeris saxifaTo damabinZureblebi
roterdamis konvencia winaswar
(HAP);
informirebuli Tanxmobis
procedurebis Sesaxeb,491998.
gafrqvevebi wertilovani da
gafantuli wyaroebidan (anu
stokholmis konvencia mdgradi
sakvamuri milebidan da maT miRma
organuli damabinZureblebis Sesaxeb50
ukontrolo gafrqvevebi); 47
(danarTi a, b da c), 2001.
myari nawilakebi (mtveri) (PM);
`Sor manZilebze transsasazRvro
haeris dabinZurebis Sesaxeb
gafrqvevebis sxva standartuli
konvenciis~ sofiis protokoli, 1988.
kategoriebi, romlebic
gansazRvrulia gafrqvevebis
`Sor manZilebze transsasazRvro
maregulirebeli normatiuli
haeris dabinZurebis Sesaxeb 1979 wlis
aqtebiT.
konvenciis~ goTenburgis protokoli
mJavianobis, evtrofikaciis da
3. ganmartebebi
miwispira ozonis daSlis Semcirebis
mniSvnelovani gafrqvevebi atmosferoSi Taobaze .51
(Significant air emissions)

gafrqvevebi atmosferoSi, romlebic


regulirdeba saerTaSoriso konvenciebiT
da/an adgilobrivi kanonebiT da
normatiuli aqtebiT, im gafrqvevebis
CaTvliT, romlebic miTiTebulia
angariSmgebeli organizaciis saqmianobis
nebarTvebSi.
4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
am indikatorisaTvis informacia
SegiZliaT moiZioT gafrqvevebis gazomvis
meSveobiT, aseve finansuri aRricxvis
monacemebisa da standartuli monacemebis
daangariSebis gziT, an Sefasebebze
dayrdnobiT.

47
Stack and fugitive emissions.
48
Geneva Protocol to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution.
49
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Procedure.
50
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).
51
Gothenburg Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution to abate acidification, eutrophication,
and ground-level ozone.

36 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN21 wyalCaSvebis mTliani CaSvebuli wylis mimRebi obieqtebis


moculoba, daTiSuli Camdinare mixedviT da miuTiTeT, rogor
wylebis xarisxisa da mimRebi xdeba CaSvebuli wylis gawmenda.
obieqtebis mixedviT Tu angariSmgebeli organizacia ar
iyenebs mricxvelebs wyalCaSvebis
1. mniSvneloba
moculobis aRricxvisTvis, maSin
angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier es monacemi Semdegnairad unda
CaSvebuli Camdinare wylis moculoba gamoTvaloT: organizaciis mier
da xarisxi pirdapir aris dakavSirebuli adgilze moxmarebuli wylis
garemoze moxdenil zegavlenasTan da daaxloebiTi odenoba unda gamoakloT
organizaciis sawarmoo xarjebTan. organizaciis mTliani wyalaRebis
CaRvrili Camdinare wylis xarisxis moculobas (romelic miTiTebulia
mudmivi gaumjobesebis da/an misi ENEN8-Si).
odenobis Semcirebis gziT angariSmgebel
organizacias SeuZlia Seamciros 2.2 miuTiTeT wlis ganmavlobaSi
sakuTari saqmianobiT garemoze dagegmili da daugegmavi wyalCaSvebis
moxdenili uaryofiTi zegavlena. qimiuri moculoba kubur metrebSi (Mm3/
nivTierebebis an biogenuli nivTierebebis weliwadSi); monacemebi daTiSeT
(ZiriTadad azotis, fosforis da Semdegi maxasiaTeblebis mixedviT:
kaliumis) maRali Semcvelobis mqone
Camdinare wylebis ukontrolo CaSvebas mimRebi obieqti;
SeiZleba mniSvnelovani zegavlena hqondes
maT mimReb wylis obieqtebze. aman ki, Tavis gawmendis meTodi;
mxriv, SeiZleba uaryofiTi zegavlena
moaxdinos rogorc organizaciisTvis gamoiyena Tu ara es wyali
miwodebuli wylis xarisxze, aseve xelmeored sxva organizaciam.
organizaciis urTierTobaze adgilobriv
mosaxleobasTan da wylis sxva 2.3 informacia CaSvebuli Camdinare da
momxmareblebTan. teqnologiuri wylis xarisxis Sesaxeb
angariSmgebelma organizaciebma unda
Camdinare an teqnologiuri wylebis
warmoadginon mTliani moculobis
CaSveba gamwmend nagebobebSi ara mxolod
miTiTebiT, iseTi standartuli
dabinZurebis dones amcirebs, aramed
parametrebis mixedviT, rogoricaa
amasTanave amcirebs organizaciis
Jangbadis biologiuri moTxovna52,
finansur xarjebs da im riskebs, romlebic
Sewonili nawilakebi53 da ase Semdeg.
mohyveba garemosdacviTi kanonmdeblobis
xarisxis parametrebis SerCeva
darRvevas. es yovelive erTad ki aZlierebs
damokidebuli iqneba organizaciis
angariSmgebeli organizaciis `socialur
produqciis, servisebis da saqmianobis
licenzias~ mocemul regionSi saqmianobis
xasiaTze. SerCeuli parametrebi unda
gasagrZeleblad.
Seesabamebodes mocemul seqtorSi
Cveulebriv gamoyenebul parametrebs.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
sufTa wyali aris wyali, romelic
warmodgena
organizaciis sazRvrebidan gasvlis
2.1 warmoadgineT informacia dagegmili etapze akmayofilebs mtknari wylis
da daugegmavi wyalCaSvebis Sesaxeb xarisxisaTvis qveynis kanonmdeblobiT
(Segrovebuli wvimis wylisa da dawesebul moTxovnebs. es SeiZleba
sayofacxovrebo kanalizaciis iyos mtknari wyali, romelic moixmara
gamoklebiT); es monacemebi daTiSeT organizaciam, magram aman ar imoqmeda

52
Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD).
53
Total Suspended Solids (TSS).

versia 3.0 37
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

wylis xarisxze, an Camdinare wyali, 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


romelic imgvarad gaiwminda CaSvebamde,
MARPOL-is konvencia (gemebis mier
rom akmayofilebs mtknari wylis
gamowveuli dabinZurebis Semcirebis
xarisxisadmi wayenebul moTxovnebs.
saerTaSoriso konvencia)54, 1973.
3. ganmartebebi
stokholmis konvencia mdgradi
wyalCaSvebis mTliani moculoba (Total water
organuli damabinZureblebis
discharge)
Sesaxeb55.
saangariSo periodis ganmavlobaSi
organizaciis mier sxvadasxva zedapirul
da miwisqveSa wyalsatevebeSi, aseve
mdinareebTan, okeanesTan, tbebTan,
WaobebTan, gamwmend nagebobebTan
da gruntis wylebTan mierTebul
koleqtorebSi CaSvebuli wylis mTliani
moculoba, romelic CaiRvreba erT-erTi
qvemoTCamoTvlili meTodiT:
gansazRvruli Riobidan /milidan
wylis CaSveba (wertilovani
wyalCaSveba);
miwis zedapirze difuziuri an
gaurkveveli formiT wylis CaSveba
(arawertilovani wyalCaSveba);
angariSmgebeli organizaciis
teritoriidan satvirTo manqaniT
gatanili Camdinare wyali.

Segrovebuli wvimis wylisa da


sayofacxovrebo kanalizaciis CaSveba
ar unda asaxoT am indikatoriT (rogorc
mTliani wyalCaSvebis nawili).

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba

informacia angariSmgebeli organizaciis


mier CaSvebuli Camdinare wylis
moculobis Sesaxeb SeiZleba moipovoT
Sesabamisi mricxvelebis Cvenebebidan
(wertilovani CaSvebis an milis saSualebiT
CaSvebis SemTxvevaSi) da maregulirebeli
organoebis mier gacemuli nebarTvebidan.

54
MARPOL Convention (International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of Ships).
55
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).

38 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

Sesabamisad, sadac warmoiqmna


EN22 narCenebis mTliani masa,
narCenebi);
daTiSuli narCenebis tipisa da
gauvnebelyofis meTodebis mixedviT
arasaxifaTo narCenebi (yvela sxva
saxis myari an Txevadi narCenebi
1. mniSvneloba
Camdinare wylebis garda).
monacemebi ramdenime wlis ganmavlobaSi
warmoqmnili narCenebis raodenobis 2.2 Tu SeuZlebelia monacemebis mopoveba
Sesaxeb gviCvenebs, TuU ra Sedegebi narCenebis wonis Sesaxeb, gansazRvreT
gamoiRo narCenebis Semcirebisaken wona narCenebis simkvrivisa da
mimaTulma organizaciis RonisZiebebma. es moculobis, masis balansisa da sxva
monacemebi aseve SeiZleba migviTiTebdes msgavsi xelmisawvdomi monacemebis
sawarmoo procesis efeqturobisa safuZvelze;
da produqtiulobis SesaZlo
gaumjobesebaze. finansuri TvalsazrisiT, 2.3 miuTiTeT narCenebis mTliani masa
narCenebis raodenobis Semcirebas tonebSi; monacemebi daTiSeT 2.1-Si
uSualod mosdevs masalaze gawuli CamoTvlili kategoriebis mixedviT
xarjebis, aseve narCenebis gadamuSavebasa (saxifaTo da arasaxifaTi narCenebi),
da ganTavsebaze gaweuli xarjebis xolo TiToeuli kategoriisTvis
Semcireba. monacemebi daTiSeT narCenebis
gauvnebelyofis qvemoTCamoTvlili
informacia imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra
meTodebis mixedviT:
meTodebiT gauvnebelyofs organizacia
narCenebs (ganTavseba, insiniracia,
kompostireba;
meoradi gamoyeneba, gadamuSaveba da
a. S.) migviTiTebs, Tu rogor axerxebs
xelmeore gamoyeneba;
organizacia daabalansos sxvadasxvagvari
zemoqmedeba garemoze, rac narCenebis
reciklireba;
gauvnebelyofis sxvadasvxa meTodebs
mohyveba. narCenebis minimizaciis
narCenebis aRdgena;
strategiaTa umravlesoba upiratesobas
aniWebs aRdgenis, meoradi gamoyenebis
insiniracia (an sawvavad gamoyeneba);
da gadamuSavebis meTodebs, narCenebis
gauvnebelyofis sxva SesaZleblobebTan
nagavsayrelze ganTavseba;
SedarebiT.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da Rrmad Camarxva;
warmodgena
organizaciis teritoriaze Senaxva;
2.1 gansazRvreT angariSmgebeli
organizaciis saqmianobis Sedegad sxva (angariSmgebelma organizaciam
warmoqmnili narCenebis raodenoba Tavad unda daakonkretos ras
Semdegi kategoriebis mixedviT: moicavs `sxva~).
saxifaTo narCenebi (`saxifaTo
2.4 miuTiTeT, rogor daadgineT,
narCenebi~ gansazRvreT im qveynis
narCenebis gauvnebelyofis romeli
saxelmwifo kanonmdeblobis
meTodebi iyo gamoyenebuli:

versia 3.0 39
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

narCenebis gauvnebelyofas 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


axorcielebda Tavad
saxifaTo narCenebis transsasazRvro
angariSmgebeli organizacia,
gadaadgilebisa da ganTavsebis
an informacia gauvnebelyofis
kontrolis Sesaxeb bazelis
Sesaxeb uSualod aris damowmebuli
konvenciis damateba saxifaTo
raime sxva saSualebiT;
narCenebis gadatanis akrZalvis
Taobaze56, 1989.
informacia mogawodaT
kontraqtorma, romelic
londonis konvencia narCenebis
axorcielebda gauvnebelyofas;
Sesaxeb (zRvis dabinZurebis Tavidan
acilebis Sesaxeb konvencia)57, 1972.
xelT gqondaT gauvnebelyofis
ganmaxorcielebeli kontraqtoris
MARPOL-is konvencia (gemebis mier
standartuli monacemebi
gamowveuli dabinZurebis Semcirebis
organizaciis narCenebis
saerTaSoriso konvencia), 1973 w.
gauvnebelyofis meTodis Sesaxeb.

3. ganmartebebi
narCenebis gauvnebelyofis meTodi (Disposal
method)

meTodi, romlis gamoyenebiTac xdeba


narCenebis gadamuSaveba, ganTavseba an
ganadgureba, rac moicavs kompostirebas,
xelmeore gamoyenebas, reciklirebas,
aRdgenas, insiniracias (sagangebo
qarxnebSi dawvas), nagavsayrelze
ganTavsebas, Rrmad Camarxvas, sawarmos
teritoriaze Senaxvas.

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
am indikatorisTvis informaciis
mopoveba SegiZliaT narCenebis gare
auditis Sedegebidan, romelic Caatares
narCenebis gauvnebelyofis samsaxurebma,
am samsaxurebis mier warmodgenili
narCenebis balansis cxrilidan (waste
balance sheet), aseve angariSmgebeli
organizaciis qviTrebidan, Sida
saaRricxvo sistemebis monacemebidan,
Sesyidvebisa da momaragebis
ganyofilebebidan.

56
Ban Amendment to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their
Disposal.
57
London Dumping Convention.

40 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

EN23 mniSvnelovani gaJonvebis - sawvavis gaJonva (niadagSi an


SemTxvevaTa raodenoba da maTi wylis zedapirze);
moculoba
- narCenebis gaJonva (niadagSi an
1. mniSvneloba
wylis zedapirze);
qimikatebis, navTobis da sawvavis gaJonvam
SeiZleba seriozuli uaryofiTi zegavlena - qimikatebis gaJonva
moaxdinos garemoze, kerZod, niadagze, (umeteswilad, niadagSi an wylis
wyalze, haerze, biomravalferovnebaze da zedapirze);
adamianTa janmrTelobaze. organizaciis
mudmivi Zalisxmeva, Tavidan aicilos - sxva.
saSiS nivTierebaTa gaJonva, uSualod
ukavSirdeba sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan 2.4 warmoadgineT informacia
Sesabamisobas, aseve finansur riskebs, mniSvnelovani gaJonvebiT garemoze
romlebic mosdevs gaJonvebis Sedegad moxdenili zegavlenis Sesaxeb.
nedleulis danakargebs, garemosaTvis
3. ganmartebebi
miyenebuli zianis gamosworebas,
maregulirebeli organoebis mier gaJonva (Spill)
dawesebul sanqciebs da reputaciis
saxifaTo nivTierebebis avariuli
Selaxvas. es indikatori aseve saSualebas
(SemTxveviTi) daRvra/gaJonva, rasac
gvaZlevs, arapirdapiri gziT SevafasoT
SeuZlia uaryofiTi zegavlena moaxdinos
organizaciis unari, ganaxorcielos
adamianTa janmrTelobaze, miwaze,
efeqturi monitoringi.
mcenareebze, wyalsacavebsa da gruntis
wylebze.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da mniSvnelovani gaJonva (Significant spill)
warmodgena
yvela gaJonva, romelic asaxulia
angariSmgebeli organizaciis finansur
2.1 daadgineT yvela mniSvnelovani
angariSSi (mag., am gaJonvasTan
gaJonva, romelic aRricxulia
dakavSirebuli finansuri valdebulebebis
angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier,
gamo) an aRricxulia angariSmgebeli
aseve maTi moculoba;
organizaciis mier, rogorc gaJonva.
2.2 miuTiTeT gamovlenili mniSvnelovani
gaJonvebis mTliani raodenoba da 4. informaciis mopoveba da
moculoba; dokumentireba
2.3 im gaJonvebze, romlebic asaxulia
informacia navTobis, sawvavis da
organizaciis finansur angariSebSi,
qimikatebis gaJonvis Sesaxeb SesaZlebelia
damatebiT warmoadgineT Semdegi
moiZioT organizaciis garemosdacviTi
informacia:
menejmentis sistemis Sida CanawerebSi.
gaJonvis adgilmdebareoba; aseve Sesabamisi garemosdacviTi
uwyebebis ificialur gancxadebebSi da
gaJonvis moculoba; am uwyebebisadmi mimarTul oficialur
gancxadebebSi.
gaJonili nivTiereba Semdegi
kategoriebis mixedviT: 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
ar aris.
- navTobis gaJonva (niadagSi an
wylis zedapirze);

versia 3.0 41
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN24 transportirebuli, saxifaTo narCenebis wona, romlebic


importirebuli, eqsportirebuli daniSnulebis adgilze gaitanes
an gadamuSavebuli narCenebis wona, angariSmgebeli organizaciidan
romlebic bazelis konvenciis I, gare wyaroebis / momwodeblebisken,
II, III da VIII danarTebis Sesabamisad romlebic ar ekuTvnis organizacias,
miCneulia saxifaTo narCenebad,
+
aseve qveynis gareT gatanili
narCenebis procentuli wili saxifaTo narCenebis wona, romelTa
transportireba daniSnulebis
1. mniSvneloba
adgilze moxda saxelmwifos SigniT
saxifaTo narCenebis marTva mravali an qveynidan qveyanaSi, im obieqtebs
dainteresebuli mxarisaTvis SeSfoTebis Soris, romlebsac flobs, ijariT aqvs
mTavar sagans warmoadgens. saxifaTo aRebuli an marTavs angariSmgebeli
narCenebis arasaTanado transportirebam, organizacia.
gansakuTrebiT im qveynebSi, sadac ar
2.3 gansazRvreT da miuTiTeT mTliani
arsebobs amgvari narCenebis saTanado
wona saxifaTo narCenebisa, romelmac
mopyrobisaTvis saWiro infrastruqtura
gadakveTa qveynis sazRvrebi da
da Sesabamisi kanonmdebloba, SesaZloa
romelic Semoitanes angariSmgebeli
ziani miayenos rogorc adamianTa
organizaciis teritoriaze,
janmrTelobas, ise bunebriv garemos.
daniSnulebis adgilze. narCenebi,
garda amisa, saxifaTo narCenebis
romelTa transporotireba xdeba
arasaTanado menejments SeiZleba
erTi organizaciis sxvadasxva
mohyves adgilobrivi da saerTaSoriso
obieqtebs Soris, ar iTvleba
kanonmdeblobis darRvevasTan
importirebul narCenebad.
dakavSirebuli valdebulebebis daweseba
da organizaciis reputaciis Selaxva.
2.4 gansazRvreT, daniSnulebis adgilze
transportirebuli saxifaTo
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
narCenebis mTliani moculobis
warmodgena
ra wils Seadgens angariSmgebeli
2.1 gansazRvreT, ra saxis saxifaTo organizaciidan qveynis sazRvrebs
narCenebis transportireba moxda gareT gatanili saxifaTo narCenebi.
saangariSo periodis ganmavlobaSi aman unda moicvas yvela narCeni,
angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier an romelmac datova organizacia da
misi saxeliT. gadakveTa qveynis sazRvrebi, garda im
narCenebisa, romelTa transportireba
2.2 miuTiTeT transportirebuli moxda angariSmgebeli organizaciis
saxifaTo narCenebis mTliani wona erTi obieqtidan meoreSi.
Semdegi formulis gamoyenebiT:
2.5 gansazRvreT, daniSnulebis
daniSnulebis adgilze adgilze transportirebuli da
transportirebuli saxifaTo eqsportirebuli narCenebis mTliani
narCenebis mTliani wona moculobis ra nawilis gadamuSaveba
ganaxorciela organizaciam.
=

saxifaTo narCenebis wona, romelic 2.6 gansazRvreT, daniSnulebis


Semoitanes angariSmgebel adgilze transportirebuli da
organizaciaSi daniSnulebis adgilze, eqsportirebuli narCenebis mTliani
iseTi gare wyaroebidan/ gare moculobis ra nawilis gadamuSaveba
momwodeblebisgan, romlebsac ar ganxorcielda gare wyaroebis/
flobs organizacia, momwodeblebis mier. saubaria
angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier
+
transportirebul, eqsportirebul an
importirebul narCenebze.

42 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

2.7 narCenebis miTiTebuli moculobebi


gadaiyvaneT wonaSi da mokled
ganmarteT, ra meTodi gamoiyeneT
gadasayvanad.

2.8 warmoadgineT Semdegi monacemebi


kilogramebSi an tonebSi:

transportirebuli saxifaTo
narCenebis mTliani wona;

importirebuli saxifaTo
narCenebis mTliani wona;

eqsportirebuli saxifaTo
narCenebis mTliani wona;

gadamuSavebuli saxifaTo
narCenebis mTliani wona.

3. ganmartebebi
ar aris.

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba

informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia


narCenebis gatanisa da ganTavsebis
samsaxurebis (kontraqtori
organizaciebis) qviTrebSi, sabuRaltro
aRricxvis sistemebSi da Sesyidvebis
an momaragebis departamentebis
dokumentaciaSi. zogierTi qveyana
saxifaTo narCenebis gadazidvis
SemTxvevaSi moiTxovs Tanmdev
dokumentacias, romelic SeiZleba
Seicavdes am indikatorisaTvis saWiro
yvela monacems.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi

saxifaTo narCenebis transsasazRvro


gadaadgilebisa da gauvnebelyofis
kontrolis Sesaxeb bazelis
konvenciis damateba saxifaTo
narCenebis gadatanis akrZalvis
Taobaze58, 1989.

58
Ban Amendment to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their
Disposal.

versia 3.0 43
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN25 wylis obieqtebi/wyalsatevebi wyalCaSveba Seadgens wylis


da maTTan dakavSirebuli obieqtis saSualo wliuri
habitatebi, maTi zoma, daculobis moculobis 5%-s an mets.
statusi da Rirebuleba
biomravalferovnebis kuTxiT, wyalCaSveba, romelic Sesabamisi
romlebzec mniSvnelovani profesionalebis azriT (mag.,
zegavlena moaxdina angariSmgebeli municipaluri samTavrobo
organizaciis wyalCaSvebam da misi organoebis azriT) mniSvnelovan
sawarmoo obieqtebis teritoriebze zegavlenas axdens (an didi
warmoqmnilma zedapirulma albaTobiT SeiZleba moaxdinos)
gadanarecxma da gaRvrilma wylebma wylis obieqtebze da maTTan
dakavSirebul habitatebze.
1. mniSvneloba
wyalCaSvebebi iseT wylis
es xarisxobrivi indikatoria. igi
obieqtebSi/ wyalsatevebSi,
avsebs wyalCaSvebasTan dakavSirebul
romlebic, profesionalebis azriT,
raodenobriv indikatorebs da saSualebas
gansakuTrebiT mgrZnobiarea
iZleva ganisazRvros am wyalCaSvebebis
maTi zomis, funqciis an statusis
zemoqmedeba garemoze. angariSmgebeli
(mag., iSviaTi, safrTxis winaSe an
organizaciis wyalCaSvebam da misi
ganadgurebis piras mdgomi sistemis
obieqtebis teritoriebze warmoqmnilma
statusis) gamo, an imis gamo, rom
zedapirulma gadanarecxma da gaRvrilma
es wylis obieqtebi xels uwyobs
wylebma SeiZleba mniSvnelovani
safrTxis winaSe mdgomi mcenareebis
zegavlena moaxdinos wylis habitatze
an cxovelebis garkveuli jiSebis
da, Sesabamisad, wylis resursebis
gadarCenas an maT sacxovrebel
xelmisawvdomobaze. wylis obieqtebis
garemos warmoadgens.
gamovlena, romlebzec zegavlenas axdens
angariSmgebeli organizaciis wyalCaSveba,
nebismieri wyalCaSveba ramsaris
saSualebas gvaZlevs ganvsazRvroT,
nusxaSi Setanil wyalWarb
TuU ra saqmianobebs axorcielebs
savargulebSi, aseve adgilobriv
organizacia im regionebSi, romlebic
da saerTaSoriso doneze
iwvevs gansakuTrebul SeSfoTebas,
aRiarebuli daculi teritoriebis
an sadac angarSmgebeli organizacia
wyalsatevebSi, wyalCaSvebis
garkveuli riskis winaSeE SeiZleba dadges
moculobis miuxedavad.
adgilobrivi mosaxleobis SeSfoTebis,
wylis SezRuduli resursebis da sxva
2.2 warmoadgineT monacemebi im wylis
msgavsi mizezebis gamo.
obieqtebis Sesaxeb, romlebzec
mniSvnelovani zegavlena moaxdina
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
orGGganizaciis wyalCaSvebebma
warmodgena
(igulisxmeba wyalCaSvebebi, romlebic
2.1 gansazRvreT, romel wylis akmayofilebs wina punqtSi CamoTvlil
obieqtebze/wyalsatevebze kriteriumebs). kerZod, wylis am
moaxdina mniSvnelovani zegavlena obieqtebis Sesaxeb warmoadgineT
angariSmgebeli organizaciis Semdegi saxis informacia:
wyalCaSvebam, romelic akmayofilebs
erT an ramdenime qvemoTCamoTvlil wylis obieqtis/wyalsatevis
kriteriums: moculoba kubur metrebSi;

44 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

miekuTvneba Tu ara wylis obieqti


adgilobriv an saerTaSoriso
doneze dacul teritorias;

wylis obieqtis/wyalsatevis
Rirebuleba biomravalferovnebis
TvalsazrisiT (mag., daculi
saxeobebis raodenoba).

3. ganmartebebi
ar aris.
4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
informacia wylis wyaros (wyalsatevis)
an daculi teritoriis statusis
Sesaxeb SesaZlebelia moiZioT
Sesabamisi adgilobrivi an erovnuli
samTavrobo struqturebidan, romlebic
ganageben wylis resursebs, aseve Tavad
angariSmgebeli organizaciis an sxva
organizaciebis iniciativiT Catarebuli
kvlevebidan, rogoricaa, magaliTad,
garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefaseba.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


IUCN safrTxis winaSe mdgomi
saxeobebis wiTeli nusxa.

ramsaris konvencia wyalWarbi


teritoriebis Sesaxeb.

versia 3.0 45
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN26 iniciativebi, romelTa 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


mizania kompaniis produqciiTa da warmodgena
momsaxurebiT garemoze moxdenili
2.1 es indikatori ar asaxavs Semdeg
zemoqmedebis Semcireba, aseve am
monacemebs (radgan isini asaxulia sxva
iniciativebis Sedegad miRweuli
garemosdacviTi indikatorebiT):
Semcirebis masStabi
1. mniSvneloba eqspluataciis dasrulebis Semdeg
mwarmoeblis mier produqciis ukan
zogierT seqtorSi dasaqmebuli
miReba gadamuSavebis mizniT (EE
N N27).
organizaciebisTvis produqciis da
momsaxurebis zegavlena garemoze maTi
zegavlena biomravalferovnebaze
eqspluataciis fazaSi (magaliTad,
(EE
N N12).
sarecxi manqanis mier wylis moxmareba)
da eqspluataciis dasrulebis Semdeg
2.2 warmoadgineT informacia
SeiZleba mniSvnelobiT utoldebodes an
saangariSo periodis ganmavlobaSi
aRematebodes warmoebis etapze moxdenil
ganxorcielebuli RonisZiebebis
zegavlenas. aseTi zegavlenis masStabi
Sesaxeb, romlebic mimarTuli iyo
damokidebulia rogorc momxmarebelTa
sxvadasxva saxis produqciiTa da
qcevaze, ise produqciis da momsaxurebis
momsaxurebiT garemoze moxdenili
saerTo maxasiaTeblebze. dainteresebuli
mniSvnelovani zegavlenis
mxareebi moelian, rom organizaciebi
Sesamsubuqeblad Semdeg aspeqtebTan
ufro qmediTad da efeqturad Seafaseben
mimarTebiT:
da gaaumjobeseben sakuTari produqciisa
da servisebis zegavlenas garemoze.
masalis gamoyeneba (mag. ara-
es indikatori gvexmareba SevafasoT ganaxlebadi, energointensiuri,
RonisZiebebi, romlebsac angariSmgebeli toqsikuri masalis gamoyeneba);
organizacia axorcielebs, raTa
Seamciros sakuTari produqciiTa wylis moxmareba (produqciis
da servisebiT, aseve maTi miwodebiT warmoebis da/an eqspluataciis
gamowveuli uaryofiTi zemoqmedeba dros moxmarebuli wylis
garemoze da, piriqiT, gazardos maTi moculoba);
dadebiTi zemoqmedeba. produqciis
proeqtireba garemosdacviTi gafrqvevebi (saTburis airebi,
mosazrebebis gaTvaliswinebiT, anu toqsikuri, ozondamSleli
`proeqtireba garemosaTvis~59, xels gafrqvevebi);
uwyobs axali biznes-SesaZleblobebis
gamovlenas, zrdis bazarze produqciisa Camdinare wylebi (mag., produqciis
da momsaxurebis upiratesobas da warmoebis da/an eqspluataciis
biZgs aZlevs axali teqnologiebis procesSi gamoyenebuli wylis
ganviTarebas. produqciisa da servisebis xarisxi);
SemuSavebisas garemosdacviTi aspeqtebis
gaTvaliswineba aseve amcirebs risks, xmauri;
rom produqcia da servisebi male aRar
daakmayofilebs samomavlod dagegmil narCenebi (masala/qimiuri naerTebi,
axal kanonmdeblobas, meore mxriv ki romlebic toqsikuria an ar
aumjobesebs organizaciis reputacias. eqvemdebareba gadamuSavebas).

59
Design for environment ganmartebisaTvis ix. EN EN7-ze darTuli sqolio amave protokolSi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
L
60
Lifecycle Assessment (LCA).

46 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

2.3 warmoadgineT raodenobrivi


monacemebi, Tu ramdenad Semcirda
saangariSo periodis ganmavlobaSi
produqciis an momsaxurebis
zegavlena garemoze. Tu mogyavT
monacemebi, romlebic esqpluataciis
etaps asaxavs (mag., sarecxi manqanis
mier wylis moxmareba), garkveviT
miuTiTeT, ra varaudebs daefuZneT
produqciis moxmarebis xasiaTisa da
SesaZlo intensivobis gansazRvrisas,
an ra manormirebeli koeficienti
gamoiyeneT Sefasebisas (mag., 5 kg.
sarecxze moxmarebulia 10%-iT
naklebi wyali).

3. ganmartebebi

ar aris.

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba

informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia


produqciis sasicocxlo ciklis
Sefasebis60 angariSebidan, agreTve
produqciis proeqtirebasTan,
SemuSavebasa da testirebasTan
dakavSirebuli dokumentebidan.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


ar aris.

L
60
Lifecycle Assessment (LCA).

versia 3.0 47
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN27 gayiduli produqciis da gamoyenebis Sesaxeb calke unda iyos


misi SesafuTi masalis im nawilis warmodgenili.
procentuli wili, calkeuli
kategoriebis mixedviT, romelic 2.2 miuTiTeT Segrovebuli,
Segrovda, gadamuSavda da gadamuSavebuli da xelmeored
xelmeored iqna gamoyenebuli gamoyenebuli produqciis da
SesafuTi masalis procentuli
1. mniSvneloba
wili produqciis TiToeuli
produqciisa da SesafuTi masalis kategoriisTvis (anu msgavsi
gauvnebelyofa maTi eqspluataciis produqciis jgufebisaTvis,
dasrulebis Semdeg sul ufro seriozul romlebsac aqvs msgavsi
ekologiur problemas warmoadgens. maxasiaTeblebi da funqciebi da
produqciis sasicocxlo ciklis akmayofilebs garkveuli bazris
dasrulebis Semdeg misi gadamuSavebisa konkretul moTxovnilebebs).
da xelmeored gamoyenebis efeqturi procentuli monacemebi gamoTvaleT
sistemebis danergvas SeuZlia Semdegi formulis mixedviT:
mniSvnelovani wvlili Seitanos masalis
da resursebis efeqtur da ekonomiur saanagriSo periodSi
gamoyenebaSi, amasTanave, Seamciros Segrovebuli,
narCenebis gauvnebelyofasTan Segrovebuli, gadamuSavebuli da
dakavSirebuli xarjebi da problemebi. gadamuSavebuli xelmeored gamoyenebuli
da xelmeored produqcia da misi SesafuTi
es indikatori gviCvenebs, Tu ramdenad
gamoyenebuli masala
efeqturad xdeba angariSmgebeli x100
produqciis % =
organizaciis produqciis, misi
aangariSo periodSi
Semadgeneli nawilebisa da masalis
gayiduli produqcia
Segroveba da gardaqmna sasargeblo
masalad, romelic warmoebis axal ciklSi 2.3 radgan monacemTa wyaro SeiZleba
gamodgeba. es indikatori aseve gviCvenebs, sxvadasxva iyos, aucileblad unda
ramdenad warmatebulad axerxebs miuTiToT, rogor SeagroveT
organizacia SeimuSavos gadamuSavebisTvis monacemebi am indikatorisTvis (mag.,
an xelmeore gamoyenebisTvis gamosadegi monacemebis wyaroa gadamuSavebis
produqcia da SesafuTi masala. es an xelmeore gamoyenebis mizniT
maxasiaTeblebi ki, Tavis mxriv, SeiZleba produqciis Segrovebis Sida
iyos konkurentuli produqciis organizaciuli sistema; monacemebi
diferenciaciis safuZveli im sferoebSi, mogawodaT gare sistemam, romelic
romlebzec vrceldeba produqciisa organizaciis SekveTiT axorcielebs
da SesafuTi masalis reciklirebis produqciis Segrovebas gadamuSavebis
oficialuri moTxovnebi. an xelmeore gamoyenebis mizniT).
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da 3. ganmartebebi
warmodgena
Segrovebuli, gadamuSavebuli da xelmeored
gamoyenebuli (Reclaimed)
2.1 gansazRvreT organizaciis
produqciisa da misi SesafuTi gulisxmobs produqciisa da misi
masalis raodenoba, romelic SesafuTi masalis Segrovebas, xelmeore
eqspluataciis dasrulebis Semdeg gamoyenebas an reciklirebas maTi
Segrovda, gadamuSavda da xelmeored saeqspluatacio periodis dasrulebis
iyo gamoyenebuli saangariSo Semdeg. produqciisa da misi SesafuTi
periodis ganmavlobaSi. wundebuli masalis Segroveba da gadamuSaveba
da ukan dabrunebuli an gayidvidan SesaZloa ganaxorcielos mwarmoebelma
amoRebuli produqcia aq ar unda organizaciam an kontraqtorma. es termini
gaiTvaliswinoT. informacia SesafuTi moicavs produqciasa da SesafuT masalas,
masalis reciklirebis an xelmeore romelic:

48 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

Segrovda angariSmgebeli
organizaciis mier an misi davalebiT;

daxarisxebulia masalis (mag.,


liToni, mina, qaRaldi, plastikati) an
Semadgeneli komponentebis mixedviT;

gamoiyeneba angariSmgebeli
organizaciis an sxvaTa mier.

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
ar aris.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


ar aris.

versia 3.0 49
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN28 garemosdacviTi kanonebisa monacemSi SeitaneT EEN N23-Si asaxul


da normatiuli aqtebis moTxovnaTa gaJonvebTan dakavSirebuli
Seusruleblobis gamo dawesebuli darRvevebic, Tu isini
mniSvnelovani jarimebis fuladi akmayofilebs ENEN28-Si warmodgenil
gamoxatuleba da aramonetaruli kriteriumebs;
sanqciebis mTliani odenoba
maregulirebel organoebTan
1. mniSvneloba
nebayoflobiT dadebuli
kanonmdeblobasTan da normatiul SeTanxmebebi garemosdacviT
moTxovnebTan Seusabamobis xarisxi sakiTxebze, romelTa Sesrulebas
warmodgenas gviqmnis menejmentis unarze, savaldebulo xasiaTi aqvs61
imgvarad warmarTos organizaciis da romlebic SemuSavebulia,
saqmianoba, rom is garkveul parametrebs rogorc axali normatiuli
akmayofilebdes. ekonomikuri aqtebis alternativa. zogierTi
TvalsazrisiT, sakanonmdeblo iurisdiqciis farglebSi
moTxovnebis dacva exmareba organizacias aseTi SeTanxmebebi ganixileba
Seamciros pirdapiri da arapirdapiri xelSekrulebis specifiur
finansuri riskebi, romlebic, erTis nairsaxeobad (covenant).
mxriv, jarimebSi gamoixateba, xolo meore
mxriv, mosdevs reputaciis Selaxvas. zog organizaciis winaaRmdeg aRZruli
SemTxvevaSi sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebis saqmeebi davis mogvarebis
darRvevas mosdevs garemosTvis saerTaSoriso an erovnuli
miyenebuli zianis gamosworebis an sxva donis meqanizmebis gamoyenebiT,
saxis garemosdacviTi valdebulebebis romlebsac zedamxedvelobas uwevs
dakisreba, romlebic did xarjebTan saxelmwifo marTvis organoebi.
aris dakavSirebuli. xolo rodesac
organizaciis saqmianoba stabilurad 2.2 warmoadgineT informacia
akmayofilebs arsebul sakanonmdeblo mniSvnelovani jarimebisa da
moTxovnebs, es uadvilebs mas saqmianobis arafuladi sanqciebis Sesaxeb Semdegi
gafarToebas da saWiro nebarTvebis kategoriebis mixedviT:
miRebas.
mniSvnelovani jarimebis mTliani
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
monetaruli Rirebuleba;
warmodgena
2.1 miuTiTeT, ra administraciuli an arafuladi sanqciebis saerTo
samarTlebrivi sanqciebi daekisra raodenoba;
organizacias garemosdacviTi
kanonmdeblobis darRvevisa da davis mogvarebis meqanizmebis
normatiuli aqtebis moTxovnaTa gamoyenebiT ganxiluli saqmeebi.
Seusruleblobis gamo, rac mocavs
Semdegs: 2.3 Tu angariSmgebel organizaciaSi
ar gamovlenila sakanonmdeblo
saerTaSoriso deklaraciebi, moTxovnebis an normatiuli
konvenciebi, xelSekrulebebi, aqtebisa da SeTanxmebebis darRvevis
adgilobrivi, regionuli da SemTxvevebi, saWiroa am faqtis mokled
erovnuli donis kanonmdebloba dafiqsireba.
da normatiuli aqtebi. am

61
Binding voluntary agreements.

50 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

3. ganmartebebi
garemosdacviTi kanonebi da normatiuli
aqtebi (Environmental laws and regulations)

aq igulisxmeba kanonebi da normatiuli


aqtebi, romlebic aregulirebs
nebismier garemosdacviT aspeqts
(gafrqvevebi, Camdinare wylebi, narCenebi,
nedleulis/masalis gamoyeneba,
energia, wyali, biomravalferovneba),
romelic aqtualuria angariSmgebeli
organizaciis saqmianobisTvis. es
moicavs agreTve maregulirebel
organoebTan nebayoflobiT dadebul
SeTanxmebebs, romelTa Sesrulebas
savaldebulo xasiaTi aqvs da romlebic
SemuSavda, rogorc axali normatiuli
aqtebis alternativa. nebayoflobiTi
SeTanxmebebi gaTvaliswinebuli unda
iyos, Tu angariSmgebeli organizacia
uSualod uerTdeba maT, an Tu saxelmwifo
organoebi maT teritoriaze moqmed
yvela organizaciaze savaldebulo wesiT
avrceleben am SeTanxmebas kanonebisa da
kanonqvemdebare aqtebis meSveobiT.

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba

am indikatorisTvis informaciis mopoveba


SesaZlebelia auditis angariSebidan,
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
Sesabamisobis kontrolis sistemebidan,
romlebsac iuridiuli departamenti
axorcielebs. informacia fuladi
jarimebis Sesaxeb SeiZleba moiZioT
sabuRaltro ganyofilebaSi.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


ar aris.

versia 3.0 51
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

gaJonvebi (qimikatebis, navTobis,


EN29 organizaciis saqmianobisTvis
sawvavis).
saWiro produqciis, saqonlis da
nedleulis, agreTve organizaciis
2.2 warmoadgineT informacia imis Sesaxeb,
TanamSromelTa/muSaxelis
Tu ra mniSvnelovan zegavlenas axdens
transportirebiT gamowveuli
garemoze organizaciis saqmianobasTan
mniSvnelovani zemoqmedeba
dakavSirebuli saqonlis, masalebisa
garemoze.
da organizaciis TanamSromelTa/
1. mniSvneloba muSaxelis transportireba. Tu
angariSSi ar aris warmodgenili
satransporto saSualebebis zemoqmedeba
raodenobrivi monacemebi, axseniT amis
garemoze mravalferovani SeiZleba
mizezi.
iyos, globaluri daTbobis, smogisa
da xmauris CaTvliT. zogierTi
2.3 miuTiTeT kriteriumebi da
kompaniisTvis, gansakuTrebiT
meTodologia, romelTa meSveobiTac
iseTi kompaniebisaTvis, romelTac
gansazRvreT, Tu romelia garemoze
momaragebis da gavrcelebis farTo
`mniSvnelovani zemoqmedeba~.
qseli gaaCniaT, garemoze moxdenili
zemoqmedeba mniSvnelovanwilad
2.4 miuTiTeT, rogor xdeba produqciis,
swored transportirebiT gamowveuli
saqonlisa da masalis, agreTve
zegavleniT ganisazRvreba. produqciis,
organizaciis TanamSromlebis/
saqonlis da masalis transportirebiT,
muSaxelis transportirebiT garemoze
aseve organzaciis muSaxelis/
moxdenili zemoqmedebis Semcireba.
TanamSromelTa transportirebiT
garemoze moxdenili zegavlenis Sefaseba
3. ganmartebebi
gaxlavT garemodacviTi menejmentis
strategiis SemuSavebisadmi kompleqsuri transportireba (Transportation)
midgomis nawili.
resursebis da saqonlis erTi adgilidan
meoreze gadatana (mommarageblebs,
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
mwarmoeblebs, sawyobebsa da
warmodgena
momxmareblebs Soris) sxvadasxva saxis
2.1 gansazRvreT, ra saxis mniSvnelovan transportis gamoyenebiT, mgzavrTa
zegavlenas axdens garemoze transportirebis CaTvliT (mag.,
organizaciis mier gamoyenebuli TanamSromelTa mgzavroba samsaxurSi da
satransporto saSualebebi. es moicavs ukan, aseve mivlinebebi).
Semdegs:
[transportireba] teqnikuri uzrunvelyofis
mizniT62 (Logistical purposes)
energiis moxmareba (mag., navTobi,
navTi, benzini, eleqtroenergia); saqonlis da momsaxurebis transportireba
(orive mimarTulebiT) da misi Senaxva
gafrqvevebi (saTburis airebi, warmoebisa da moxmarebis adgilebs Soris.
ozondamSleli nivTierebebi,
organizaciis TanamSromlebis / muSaxelis
NOX, SOX da sxva gafrqvevebi
transportireba (Transportation of the members
atmosferoSi);
of the organizations workforce)

Camdinare wylebi/wyalCaSveba (mag., organizaciis TanamSromelTa mgzavroba


sxvadasxva qimikatebi); samsaxurSi da ukan, aseve mgzavroba
mivlinebebis dros, TviTmfrinavis,
narCenebi (mag., sxvadasxva saxis matareblis, avtobusis da sxva
SesafuTi masala); motorizebuli da aramotorizebuli
satranspoto saSualebebis gamoyenebiT.
xmauri;

62
anu organizaciis saqmianobasTan dakavSirebuli transportireba (mTargmn. SeniSvna).

52 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
informaciis moZiebis potenciuri
wyaroebia: gadazidvebis da teqnikuri
momsaxurebis gamwevi qvekontraqtorebis,
aseve momwodeblebis mier warmodgenili
angariSfaqturebi, organizaciis
teqnikuri uzrunvelyofis ganyofilebis
angariSebi, avtomanqanebis gamoyenebis da
eqspluataciis aRricxvis dokumentacia,
aseve organizaciis garemosdacviTi
an sxva ganyofilebis mier Catarebuli
monitoringis/gazomvis Sedegebi.
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi

gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciis


rekomendaciebi saxifaTo tvirTebis
transportirebis Sesaxeb.63

63
United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.

versia 3.0 53
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN)

EN30 garemosdacviTi xarjebis da 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


investiciebis mTliani odenoba, warmodgena
daTiSuli maTi daniSnulebis
2.1 xarjebis Sesaxeb am indikatorisTvis
mixedviT
warmodgenili monacemebidan
1. mniSvneloba unda gamoricxoT xarjebis
qvemoTCamoTvlili kategoriebi,
garemoze mavne zemoqmedebis Semsubuqebisa
romlebic gansazRvrulia
da Tavidan acilebis mizniT gaweuli
buRalterTa saerTaSoriso
xarjebis aRricxva saSualebas aZlevs
federaciis (IFAC) `saerTaSoriso
organizacias Seafasos sakuTari
saxelmZRvanelo dokumentSi
garemosdacviTi iniciativebis
garemosdacviTi menejmentis
efeqturoba. monacemebi am xarjebis
finansuri aRricxvis Sesaxeb~65:
Sesaxeb aseve gvawvdis Rirebul
informacias xarjebis efeqtianobis Sida- xarjebi, romlebic dakavSirebulia
organizaciuli analizisTvis. garemoze organizaciis saqmianobis iseT
mavne zemoqmedebis Semsubuqebisa da produqtTan, romelic ar
Tavidan acilebis mizniT gaweuli xarjebis warmoadgens mis produqcias66;
Sedareba garemosdacviTi saqmianobis
garemosdacviTi kanonmdeblobis
efeqturobis amsaxvel monacemebTan
darRvevis gamo dawesebuli
saSualebas gvaZlevs SevafasoT, Tu
jarimebi.
ramdenad efeqtianad iyenebs organizacia
resursebs sakuTari garemosdacviTi 2.2 qvemoTCamoTvlili kategoriebis
saqmianobis gasaumjobeseblad. rodesac mixedviT gansazRvreT, ra xarjebi
garkveuli periodis ganmavlobaSi gaswia organizaciam narCenebis,
xdeba garemosdacviTi xarjebis gafrqvevebis da Cadinebebis
srulfasovani aRricxva da analizi, gauvnebelyofaze, agreTYve
miRebuli informacia saSualebas aZlevs garemosTvis miyenebuli zianis
angariSmgebel organizacias gansazRvros gamosworebaze:
im organizaciuli da teqnologiuri
myari narCenebis gadamuSavebisa da
investiciebis Rirebuleba da mniSvneloba,
gauvnebelyofis xarjebi;
romlebic mimarTulia garemosadcviTi
saqmianobis efeqturobis amaRlebisaken. gafrqvevebis [da Camdinare
wylebis] gawmenda/gauvnebelyofis
organizaciis SigniT SesaZlebelia
xarjebi (filtrebis, reaqtivebis
Seiqmnas garemosdacviTi menejmentis
Rirebuleba).
finansuri aRricxvis srulmasStabiani
sistema,64 romelic Tavs uyris gafrqvevebis [da Camdinare
da akontrolebs sxvadasxva saxis wylebis] nebarTvebis miRebis da
informacias. es indikatori yuradRebas gamoyenebis xarjebi;
amaxvilebs im xarjebze, romlebic
Sesabamisi danadgarebis amor-
ukavSirdeba narCenebis gauvnebelyofas,
tizaciis da eqspluataciis xarjebi,
gafrqvevebis da Camdinare wylebis
saWiro masalisa da momsaxurebis
gawmendas, garemosTvis miyenebuli zianis
xarjebi, agreTve am sferoSi dasaqme-
gamosworebas, garemoze mavne zemoqmedebis
bul personalze gawuli xarjebi.
prevenciasa da garemosdacviT menejments.

64
`menejmentis sistemis finansuri aRricxva~ (anu finansuri aRricxva menejmentis ama Tu im sistemebis farglebSi)
farTo mniSvnelobis cnebaa da moicavs finansuri monacemebis identifikaciis, gazomvis, Segrovebis, analizis, momzadebis,
interpretaciisa da warmodgenis process aq igulisxmeba finansuri monacemebi, romlebsac menejmentis sistema iyenebs
organizaciis SigniT saqmianobaTa dagegmvis, Sefasebis da kontrolis miznebisaTvis, aseve angariSgebis miznebisaTvis.
garemosdacviTi menejmentis finansuri aRricxva warmoadgens meqanizms, romlis meSveobiTac SesaZlebelia ganisazRvros
da gaizomos mimdinare sawarmoo procesTan dakavSirebuli mravalferovani garemosdacviTi xarjebi, ekonomikuri mogeba,
romelic moaqvs dabinZurebis prevenciasa da ufro sufTa sawarmoo procesebis danergvas. garemosdacviTi menejmentis
finansuri aRricxva saSualebas aZlevs kompanias gaiTvaliswinos aRniSnuli xajebi da mogeba yoveldRiuri biznes-
gadawyvetilebebis miRebis procesSi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
65
IFAC International Guidance Document on Environmental Management Accounting.
66
Non-product outputs.
54 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: garemos dacva (EN) IP

garemosTvis miyenebuli zianis garemoze mavne zemoqmedebis


dazRvevis xarjebi67. prevenciasa da garemosdacviT
menejmentze gaweuli xarjebi.
garemosTvis miyenebuli zianis
reabilitaciis xarjebi, gaJonvebis
3. ganmartebebi
Sedegebis likvidaciis xarjebis
CaTvliT (monacemebi gaJonvebis garemosdacviTi xarjebi (Environmental
Sesaxeb mocemulia E
EN N23-Si). protection expenditures)

2.3 qvemoTCamoTvlili kategoriebis


angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier an misi
mixedviT daadgineT, ra xarjebi
saxeliT garemosdacviT saqmianobaze
gaswia organizaciam garemosdacviT
gaweuli yvela xarji, romelTa mizania
menejmentze da garemosTvis zianis
garemoze zemoqmedebis sxvadasxva
miyenebis prevenciaze:
aspeqtebis da maTTan dakavSirebuli
personalis ganaTlebasa da riskebis prevencia, Semcireba, kontroli
treningebze gaweuli xarjebi; da dokumenturi aRricxva. aq Sedis
aseve xarjebi, romlebic ukavSirdeba
garemosdacviT menejmentTan
[narCenebis, gafrqvevebisa da Camdinare
dakavSirebuli gare momsaxurebis
wylebis] gauvnebelyofas/gawmenda-
xarjebi;
gadamuSavebas, garemos gajansaRebas
menejmentis sistemebis gare da miyenebuli ekologiuri zianis
sertificirebis xarjebi; gamosworebas.
garemosdacviTi menejmentis 4. informaciis mopoveba da dokumentireba
saqmianobasTan dakavSirebul
informaciis mopoveba SeiZleba
personalze gaweuli xarjebi;
qviTrebidan da finansuri aRricxvis
samecniero-kvleviT saqmianobaze sistemebis dokumentaciidan (magaliTad,
gaweuli xarjebi; garemosdacviTi menejmentis finansuri
aRricxva), aseve, Sesyidvebis,
ufro sufTa teqnologiebis
adamianuri resursebisa da iuridiuli
danergvisTvis saWiro damatebiTi
ganyofilebebidan.
xarjebi (mag., damatebiTi xarjebi,
romlebic saWiroa standartulTan 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
SedarebiT ufro sufTa
buRalterTa saerTaSoriso
teqnologiebis dasanergad);
federacia (IFAC). `saerTaSoriso
`mwvane~ produqciisa da servisebis saxelmZRvanelo dokumenti
SeZenaze68 gaweuli damatebiTi garemosdacviTi menejmentis
xarjebi; finansuri aRricxvis Sesaxeb~ .69
garemosdacviT menejmentTan gaeros mdgradi ganviTarebis
dakavSirebuli sxva xarjebi. ganyofileba (UUNDCDD) 2003:
garemosdacviTi menejmentis finansuri
2.4 miuTiTeT organizaciis mier gaweuli
aRricvis procedurebi da principebi
garemosdacviTi xarjebis mTliani
(garemosdacviTi menejmentis farglebSi
raodenoba Semdegi qvekategoriebis
finansuri aRricxvis sainformacio-
mixedviT:
kvleviTi centri EMARIC), 2003 .70
narCenebis, gafrqvevebis da
Cadinebebis gauvnebelyofaze,
agreTve miyenebuli zianis
gamosworebaze gaweuli xarjebi;
67
Insurance for environmental liability.
68
Green purchases-iseTi produqciisa da servisebis SeZena, romelTa warmoeba da/an moxmareba nakleb zemoqmedebas
axdens garemoze (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
69
IFAC- The International Federation of Accountants (2005) International Guidance Document on Environmental Management
Accounting.
70
UNDSD- United Nations Division for Sustainable Development (2003): Environmental Management Accounting Procedures and
Principles (EMARIC Environmental Management Accounting Research and Information Center, 2003).

versia 3.0 55
IP

indikatorTa protokolebi
produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR)

2000-2006 GRI versia 3.0


indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR) IP

produqciaze pasuxismgebloba PR5 momxmareblebis saWiroebaTa


dakmayofilebisken mimarTuli

damatebiTi
saqmianobis efeqturobis saqmianobebi, iseTi kvlevebis
indikatorebi Sedegebis CaTvliT, romlebic
avlens momxmarebelTa
aspeqti: momxmarebelTa janmrTeloba kmayofilebis dones.
da usafrTxoeba
aspeqti: marketinguli komunikacia
PR1 produqciisa da momsaxurebis
PR6 programebi, romlebic
sasicocxlo ciklis etapebi,
uzrunvelyofs marketingul
romlebzec xdeba maTi zegavlenis
komunikaciasTan (reklamis,
Sefaseba janmrTleobasa da
produqciis popularizaciis
usafrTxoebaze amgvari zegavlenis
da sponsorobis CaTvliT)

ZiriTadi
gaumjobesebis mizniT; aseve, im
dakavSirebuli kanonebis,
mniSvnelovani produqciis da
standartebis da nebayofilobiTi
ZiriTadi

momsaxurebis procentuli wili,


kodeqsebis dacvas.
romelic eqvemdebareba msgavs
procedurebs.
PR7 marketingul komunikaciasTan
(reklamis, produqciis
PR2 im normatiul moTxovnebTan
popularizaciis da sponsorobis
da nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
CaTvliT) dakavSirebul
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa
normatiul moTxovnebTan da
ricxvi, romlebic aregulireben
nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
janmrTelobasa da usafrTxoebaze
damatebiTi

Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa
produqciis da momsaxurebis
sruli raodenoba, daTiSuli
zegavlenas maTi sasicocxlo
amgvar SeusabamobaTa Sedegebis
damatebiTi

ciklis ganmavlobaSi; agreTve,


kategoriebis mixedviT.
amgvar SeusabamobaTa saerTo
raodenobis daTiSva maTi aspeqti: momxmarebelTa piradi
Sedegebis kategoriebis mixedviT. cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba
aspeqti: produqciisa da momsaxurebis PR8 momxmarebelTa piradi cxovrebis
markireba xelSeuxeblobis darRvevisa
damatebiTi

da momxmarebelTa monacemebis
PR3 produqciisa da momsaxurebis
dakargvis Taobaze Setanili
Sesaxeb ra saxis TandarTuli
dasabuTebuli saCivrebis mTliani
informaciis warmodgena
raodenoba.
moiTxoveba Sesabamisi
procedurebiT; aseve, aspeqti: sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
mniSvnelovani produqciis da Sesabamisoba
ZiriTadi

momsaxurebis ramden procentze


PR9 produqciis da momsaxurebis
vrceldeba amgvari moTxovna
miwodebis da gamoyenebis Sesaxeb
informaciaze.
kanonebTan da normatiul
ZiriTadi

moTxovnebTan Seusabamobis
PR4 im normatiul moTxovnebTan
gamo dawesebuli mniSvnelovani
da nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
jarimebis fuladi gamoxatuleba.
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa
ricxvi, romlebic aregulireben
produqciisa da momsaxurebis
Sesaxeb TandarTuli informaciis
damatebiTi

miwodebasa da markirebas;
agreTve amgvar SeusabamobaTa
saerTo raodenobis daTiSva maTi
Sedegebis kategoriebis mixedviT.

versia 3.0 1
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR)

mniSvneloba da servisebze TandarTul informacias/


instruqcias, romelSic aRwerilia
produqciaze pasuxsismgeblobis
am produqciisa Tu momsaxurebis
indikatorTa meSveobiT cnobili
maxasiaTeblebi.
xdeba, Tu ra zemoqmedebas axdens
momxmarebelze angariSmgebeli momxmarebelTa piradi cxovrebis
kompaniis mier warmoebuli saqoneli da xelSeuxebloba (Customer privacy)
miwodebuli momsaxureba. organizaciebi
saTanado gulisyuriT unda moekidon es aspeqti exeba momxmarebelTa uflebas
sakuTari produqciisa da servisebis piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobasa
SemuSavebas, raTa am ukanasknelebma da pirad TavSesafarze, rac moicavs
maTze dakisrebuli funqcia saTanadod Semdeg komponentebs: momxmarebelTa
Sesarulon, da amasTanave, saqonliTa da Sesaxeb nebismieri monacemis Tu
momsaxurebiT mosargeble adamianebis informaciis daculoba, informaciis/
janmrTelobasa da usafrTxoebas monacemebis gamoyeneba mxolod winaswar
uneburad safrTxe ar Seuqmnan. garda gansazRvruli mizniT (Tu sxvagvarad
amisa, produqciasa da servisebTan, ar aris SeTanxmebuli), informaciis/
agreTve maT momxmareblebTan monacemebis konfidencialuroba da
dakavSirebuli informaciis maTi dacva rogorc arakeTilsindisieri
miwodebisas organizaciam, erTis mxriv, gamoyenebisgan, aseve moparvisgan.
unda gaiTvaliswinos, Tu ra ufro momxmarebelSi igulisxmeba
daainteresebs momxmarebels, xolo rogorc saboloo momxmarebeli, ise
meore mxriv, am informaciis miwodebisas korporaciuli momxmarebeli.
ar unda Seilaxos momxmareblis piradi
cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba. am kategoriis marketinguli komunikacia (Marketing
indikatorebi umeteswilad wyvilebSia communication)
mocemuli: ZiriTadi indikatori,
romelic warmoaCens, Tu ra procesebis strategiebis, sistemebis, meTodebisa
meSveobiT xdeba ama Tu im aspeqtis marTva, da saqmianobis erToblioba, romelTac
da damatebiTi indikatori, romelic organizacia mimarTavs reputaciis
warmoaCens, Tu ramdenad aris daculi gansamtkiceblad, aseve samizne jgufebSi
kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli standartebi sakuTari brendis, produqciisa Tu
(anu warmoaCens sakanonmdeblo servisebis popularizaciis mizniT.
moTxovnebTan Sesabamisobis xarisxs). marketingul komunikaciaSi igulisxmeba
reklamireba, potenciur myidvelTan
ganmartebebi individualuri komunikacia gayidvis
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan Seusabamobis mizniT (individualuri gayidvebi)1,
saxeebi (Type of non-compliance) produqciis/servisebis popularizacia,
sazogadoebasTan urTierTobebi da
sasamarTlo dadgenileba dasponsoreba.
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnaTa darRvevis
damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
Sesaxeb, dajgufebuli kanonebisa da
(Sesabamisi standartebi, konvenciebi,
kanonqvemdebare aqtebis kategoriaTa
SeTanxmebebi da sxva dokumentebi)
mixedviT.
produqciisa da servisebis Sesaxeb  ECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
O
informaciis miwodeba /markireba (Product mravalerovani sawarmoebisaTvis,
and service information/labeling) ganaxlebuli versia, 2000 w .2
informaciis warmodgena da markireba am
konteqstSi erTi da igive mniSvnelobis
matarebelia da gulisxmobs produqciaze
1
Personal selling.
2
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, Revision 2000.

2 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR) IP

PR1 produqciisa da momsaxurebis 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


sasicocxli ciklis etapebi, warmodgena
romlebzec xdeba maTi zegavlenis
2.1 qvemoT mocemul cxrilSi sasicocxlo
Sefaseba janmrTleobasa da
ciklis TiToeuli etapisTvis
usafrTxoebaze amgvari zegavlenis
miuTiTeT, afasebs Tu ara organizacia
gaumjobesebis mizniT; aseve, im
produqciisa da momsaxurebis
mniSvnelovani produqciis da
zegavlenas janmrTelobasa da
momsaxurebis procentuli wili,
usafrTxoebaze, amgvari zegavlenis
romelic eqvemdebareba msgavs
gaumjobesebis mizniT:
procedurebs
diax ara
1. mniSvneloba
produqciis koncefciis
es indikatori gviCvenebs, xorcieldeba
SemuSaveba
Tu ara produqciisa da/an momsaxurebis
mTeli sasicocxlo ciklis manZilze Sesabamisi kvlevebi
sistematuri RonisZiebebi janmrTelobasa
sertificireba
da usafrTxoebze maTi zegavlenis
regulirebis mizniT da rogoria am warmoeba
RonisZiebaTa masStabi. momxmarebeli
marketingi da reklama
moelis, rom produqciam da momsaxurebam
saTanadod Seasrulos maTze dakisrebuli dasawyobeba da
funqcia da safrTxis winaSe ar daayenos distribucia
momxmareblis janmrTeloba da misi
eqspluatacia da
usafrTxoeba. amgvari pasuxismgebloba
momsaxureba
mxolod sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebiT
ki ar regulirdeba, aramed aisaxeba [narCenebis]
nebayofilobiT kodeqsebSi, rogoric gauvnebelyofa,
aris, magaliTad, ekonomikuri xelmeore gamoyeneba an
TanamSromlobisa da ganviTarebis gadamuSaveba
organizaciis (OECD) saxelmZRvanelo
2.2 miuTiTeT, produqciis an
miTiTebebi mravalerovani
momsaxurebis wamyvani kategoriebis
sawarmoebisaTvis.
ramdeni procenti eqvemdebareba msgavs
Zalisxmeva, romelsac organizacia procedurebs da gaivlis Sefasebas
gaswevs sakuTari produqciisa am procedurebTan Sesabamisobis
da mosaxurebis momxmarebelTa gamosavlenad.
sicocxlisa da usafrTxoebis
dasacavad, agreTve am produqciisa Tu 3. ganmartebebi
servisebis momwodeblebis sicocxlisa
ar aris.
da usafrTxoebis dasacavad _ es
Zalisxmeva uSualo zemoqmedebas axdens 4. informaciis mopoveba da
organizaciis reputaciaze da mis winaSe dokumentireba
arsebul samarTlebliv da finansur
informaciis moZiebis SesaZlo wyaroebia:
riskebze, romlebic ukavSirdeba bazris
iuridiuli ganyofilebisa da gayidvebis
diferenciacias produqciis xarisxis
ganyofilebis masalebi, aseve xarisxis
mixedviT, organizaciis personalis
marTvis sistemebis gamoyenebiT
motivacias, agreTve produqciasa
Segrovebuli informacia.
da momsaxurebaze xelSekrulebebis
gauqmebas [janmrTelobasa da sicocxleze 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
maTi mavne zemoqmedebis, an am sferoSi
OECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
arsebul standartebTan Seusabamobis
mravalerovani sawarmoebisTvis,
gamo].
ganaxlebuli versia, 2000 w.

versia 3.0 3
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR)

PR2 im normatiul moTxovnebTan 2.3 miuTiTeT, sul ramdeni SemTxveva


da nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan gamovlinda saangariSo periodSi,
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa rodesac organizaciam daarRvia
ricxvi, romlebic aregulireben janmrTelobasa da usafrTxoebaze
janmrTelobasa da usafrTxoebaze produqciis da momsaxurebis
produqciis da momsaxurebis zegavlenis maregulirebeli
zegavlenas maTi sasicocxlo sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebi da
ciklis ganmavlobaSi; agreTve, nebayoflobiTi kodeqsebi.
amgvar SeusabamobaTa saerTo
2.4 es indikatori asaxavs sakanonmdeblo
raodenobis daTiSva maTi Sedegebis
moTxovnebTan Tu nebayoflobiT ko-
kategoriebis mixedviT
deqsebTan Seusabamobis SemTxvevebs,
1. mniSvneloba romlebic saangariSo periodSi gamov-
linda. Tumca, Tu amgvar SeusabamobaTa
janmrTelobis dacvisa da usafrTxoebis
didi raodenoba ukavSirdeba gasul
uzrunvelyofis moTxovna mravali qveynis
wlebSi momxdar movlenebs, amis Sesaxeb
da saerTaSoriso donis normatiul doku-
aucileblad unda miuTiToT.
mentebSi calsaxad aris Camoyalibebuli.
Tu organizacia ver axerxebs aRniSnul 2.5 am indikatoris mixedviT ar unda
sferoSi sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebis dak- asaxoT sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
mayofilebas, es imis mimaniSnebelia, rom Tu nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
organizacias ara aqvs Sida menejmentis Seusabamobis iseTi SemTxvevebi,
saTanado sistemebi da procedurebi, an es rodesac organizacia udanaSaulod
sistemebi da procedurebi arasakmarisad miiCnies.
aris danergili. sakanonmdeblo moTxovne-
2.6  iuTiTeT saangariSo periodSi
m
bis ugulebelyofa uSualod finansur
zemoxsenebul sakanonmdeblo
problemebSi aisaxeba [rogoricaa, magali-
moTxovnebTan an nebayoflobiT
Tad, jarimebi]; amasTanave, izrdeba fin-
kodeqsebTan Seusabamobis
ansuri riskebi, romlebic organizaciis
SemTxvevaTa sruli raodenoba,
reputaciis Selaxvasa da TanamSromelTa
daTiSuli Semdeg qvekategoriebad:
loialobis Semcirebas ukavSirdeba.
amitomac, sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
Seusabamobis SemTxvevebi organizaciaSi Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa ricxvi,
rac SeiZleba naklebi unda iyos. am in- romelTa Sedegad organizacia
dikatoris meSveobiT vlindeba, Tu ra dajarimda an sxva sanqcia
tendenciebi axasiaTebs organizaciis Sida daekisra;
kontrolis meqanizmebs, umjobesdeba maTi
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
efeqturoba Tu piriqiT, uaresdeba.
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa ricxvi,
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da romelTa gamo organizacias
warmodgena gafrTxileba mieca;
2.1 es indikatori Seexeba produqciisa da nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
momsaxurebis sasicocxlo cikls mas Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa ricxvi.
Semdeg, rac produqti an momsaxureba
3. ganmartebebi
ukve mzad aris moxmarebisTvis da
unda akmayofilebdes im normatiul ar aris.
moTxovnebs, romlebic janmrTelobasa
4. informaciis mopoveba da
da usafrTxoebaze produqciis da
dokumentireba
momsaxurebis zegavlenas ukavSirdeba.
informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia
2.2 Tu angariSmgebel organizaciaSi
organizaciis iuridiul da kvleviT
ar gamovlenila sakanonmdeblo
ganyofilebebSi, aseve xarisxis marTvis
moTxovnebTan an nebayoflobiT
sistemebis dokumentaciaSi.
kodeqsebTan Seusabamobis
SemTxvevebi, saWiroa am faqtis 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
mokled dafiqsireba.
ar aris.

4 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR) IP

PR3 produqciisa da momsaxurebis


diax ara
Sesaxeb ra saxis TandarTuli
informaciis warmodgena moiTxoveba produqciis an
Sesabamisi procedurebiT; aseve, momsaxurebis
mniSvnelovani produqciis da komponentebis
momsaxurebis ramden procentze warmomavloba
vrceldeba amgvari moTxovna
[produqtis]
informaciaze
Semadgenloba,
1. mniSvneloba gansakuTrebiT ki im
nivTierebebis miTiTeba,
momxmareblebs da saboloo klientebs
romelTac garkveuli
esaWiroebaT advilad xelmisawvdomi
zemoqmedebis moxdena
da adeqvaturi informacia imis
SeuZliaT bunebriv an
Sesaxeb, Tu ra dadebiT an uaryofiT
socialur garemoze
zemoqmedebas axdens produqcia an
momsaxureba mdgrad ganviTarebaze, produqciis an
raTa maT gonivruli arCevani gaakeTon momsaxurebis
produqciis an momsaxurebis SeZenisas. gamoyenebis
es arCevani ki, Tavis mxriv, bazarze usafrTxoeba
aisaxeba. mdgrad ganviTarebaze
produqciis
zegavlenis kontqstSi saTando
dasawyobeba/narCenebis
informaciis miwodeba da produqciis
gauvnebelyofa da
Tu servisebis markireba uSualod
Sesabamisi zemoqmedeba
ukavSirdeba garkveul sakanonmdeblo
bunebriv an socialur
moTxovnebTan da nebayoflobiT
garemoze.
kodeqsebTan Sesabamisobas (rogoricaa,
magaliTad, nacionaluri kanonmdebloba sxva (ganmarteT)
an O
OE ECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
mravalerovani sawarmoebisTvis) da 2.2 miuTiTeT, produqciis an
potenciurad kavSirSia brendis da momsaxurebis wamyvani kategoriebis
bazris diferenciaciis strategiebTan. ramdeni procenti eqvemdebareba
es indikatori warmoaCens, Tu ramdenad msgavs moTxovnebs TandarTul
asaxavs produqciaze Tu momsaxurebaze informaciaze da Sefasdeba am
TandarTuli informacia maT zegavlenas moTxovnebTan Sesabamisobis kuTxiT.
mdgrad ganviTarebaze.
3. ganmartebebi
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
ar aris.
warmodgena
2.1 qvemoT motanil cxrilSi miuTiTeT, 4. informaciis mopoveba da
savaldebuloa Tu ara Semdegi dokumentireba
saxis informaciis warmodgena
informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia
organizaciis im procedurebis
organizaciis iuridiul ganyofilebaSi
Tanaxmad, romlebic aregulirebs
da gayidvebis ganyofilebaSi,
produqciisa da momsaxurebis Sesaxeb
aseve xarisxis marTvis sistemebis
TandarTuli iformaciis miwodebas
dokumentaciaSi.
da markirebas:
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
OECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
mravalerovani sawarmoebisTvis,
ganaxlebuli versia, 2000 w.

versia 3.0 5
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR)

PR4 im normatiul moTxovnebTan kodeqsebTan Seusabamobis


da nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan SemTxvevebi, saWiroa am faqtis
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa mokled dafiqsireba.
ricxvi, romlebic aregulireben
2.3 gamoavlineT, saangariSo periodSi
produqciisa da momsaxurebis
sul ramdeni SemTxveva dafiqsirda,
Sesaxeb TandarTuli informaciis
rodesac organizaciam daarRvia
miwodebasa da markirebas; agreTve
produqciisa da momsaxurebis
amgvar SeusabamobaTa saerTo
Sesaxeb informaciis miwodebasa
raodenobis daTiSva maTi Sedegebis
da markirebasTan dakavSirebuli
kategoriebis mixedviT
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebi da
1. mniSvneloba nebayoflobiTi kodeqsebi.
2.4 am indikatoriT ar unda asaxoT
mravali kanoni da normatiuli
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
aqti gansazRvravs, Tu rogor unda
Tu nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
moxdes produqciis an momsaxurebis
Seusabamobis iseTi SemTxvevebi,
markireba da maT Sesaxeb informaciis
rodesac organizacia udanaSaulod
momxmareblisTvis miwodeba. Tu
miiCnies.
organizacia ver axerxebs aRniSnul
sferoSi sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebis 2.5 saangariSo periodSi zemoxsenebul
dakmayofilebas, es migvaniSnebs, rom sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
organizaciis Sida menejmentis sistemebi da nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
da procedurebi ar aris saTanado, an Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa sruli
sakmarisad efeqturad ver funqcionirebs. raodenoba [ix. punqti 2.3 zemoT]
garda imisa, rom sakanonmdeblo daTiSeT Semdeg qvekategoriebad:
moTxovnebis ugulebelyofa uSualod
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
finansur problemebSi aisaxeba,
Seusabamobis SemTxvevebis ricxvi,
rogoricaa, magaliTad, jarimebi, is
romelTa Sedegad organizacia
safrTxes uqmnis organizaciis imijs,
dajarimda an sxva sanqcia
momxmarebelTa loialurobasa da maT
daekisra;
kmayofilebas. amitom, sakanonmdeblo
moTovnebTan Seusabamobis SemTxvevebi sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
organizaciaSi rac SeiZleba naklebi Seusabamobis SemTxvevebis ricxvi,
unda iyos. am indikatoris meSveobiT romelTa gamo organizacias
gamovlenili tendenciebi gviCvenebs, gafrTxileba mieca;
Tu rogor viTardeba organizaciis Sida
nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
kontrolis meqanizmebi, umjobesdeba maTi
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa ricxvi.
efeqturoba Tu piriqiT, uaresdeba.
3. ganmartebebi
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
ar aris.
warmodgena
4. informaciis mopoveba da
2.1 es indikatori asaxavs sakanonmdeblo dokumentireba
moTxovnebTan Tu nebayoflobiT
kodeqsebTan Seusabamobis SemTxve- informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia
evebs, romlebic saangariSo periodSi organizaciis iuridiul da teqnikur
gamovlinda. Tu amgvar SeusabamobaTa ganyofilebebSi, aseve xarisxis marTvis
didi raodenoba ukavSirdeba gasul sistemebis dokumentaciaSi.
wlebSi momxdar movlenebs, amis
Sesaxeb aucileblad unda miuTiToT. 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
2.2 Tu angariSmgebel organizaciaSi ar aris.
ar gamovlinda sakanonmdeblo
moTxovnebTan an nebayoflobiT

6 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR) IP

PR5 momxmareblebis saWiroebaTa zogadad organizaciis Sesaxeb;


dakmayofilebisaken mimarTuli
produqciis/ momsaxurebis
saqmianobebi, iseTi kvlevebis
mTvari kategoriebis Sesaxeb; an
Sedegebis CaTvliT, romlebic
avlens momxmarebelTa kmayofilebis organizaciis saqmianobis Sesaxeb
dones ZiriTad geografiul arealebSi.
1. mniSvneloba 2.3 kvlevis Sedegebis warmodgenisas
aucileblad miuTiTeT, produqciis/
momxmareblis kmayofileba is
momsaxurebis romel kategorias an
indikatoria, romelic gviCvenebs,
organizaciis saqmianobis romel
Tu ramdenad reagirebs organizacia
geografiul areals exeboda es
momxmarebelTa moTxovnebze, rac,
kvleva.
Tavis mxriv, organizaciis grZelvadian
warmatebas ganapirobebs. momxmarebelTa
kmayofilebis done mdgradi ganviTarebis
3. ganmartebebi
konteqstSi migvaniSnebs, Tu ra
midgomebiT sargeblobs organizacia
ar aris.
Tavis erT-erT dainteresebul mxaresTan
momxmarebelTan urTierTobisas.
4. informaciis mopoveba da
am indikatoris gamoyeneba mdgradi
dokumentireba
ganviTarebis sxva indikatorebTan erTad
sakmaod gamarTlebulia. momxmareblis
informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia
kmayofilebis amsaxveli indikatori, sxva
momxmareblebTan urTierTobisa da
indikatorebTan kombinaciaSi, gviCvenebs,
kvleviTi ganyofilebebidan.
Tu ramdenad iTvaliswinebs organizacia
sxva dainteresebuli mxareebis
saWiroebebs. 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
ar aris.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena
2.1 warmoadgineT informacia im
midgomebis Sesaxeb, romlebsac
organizacia iyenebs momxmareblis
kmayofilebis Sesafaseblad da
SesanarCuneblad, rogoricaa
magaliTad:
momxmarebelTa kmayofilebis
donis Sefasebis sixSire;
standartuli moTxovnebi
kvlevis meTodologiasTan
mimarTebiT;
momxmareblis mxridan
ukukavSiris miRebis meqanizmebi.
2.2 miuTiTeT im kvlevebis Sedegebi
da ZiriTadi mignebebi, romlebic
Catarda saangariSo periodSi
(statistikurad misaRebi moculobis
samizne jgufTan) Semdeg sakiTxebze
informaciis misaRebad:

versia 3.0 7
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR)

PR6 programebi, romlebic 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


uzrunvelyofs marketingul warmodgena
komunikaciasTan (reklamirebis,
2.1 miuTiTeT, ra kodeqsebi Tu
produqciis popularizaciis
nebayofilobiTi standartebi
da sponsorobis CaTvliT)
moqmedebs organizaciaSi marketingul
dakavSirebuli kanonebis,
komunikaciebTan dakavSirebiT.
standartebis da nebayofilobiTi
kodeqsebis dacvas 2.2 miuTiTeT, ra sixSiriT afasebs
organizacia aRniSnul standartebTan
1. mniSvneloba
da kodeqsebTan sakuTari saqmianobis
marketinguli komunikaciis mizania, Sesabamisobas.
zemoqmedeba moaxdinos momxmarebelTa
2.3 miuTiTeT, ukeTebs Tu ara organizacia
Sexedulebebze da Sesyidvis Sesaxeb
realizacias iseT produqcias,
gadawyvetilebebze. marketinguli
romelic:
komunikacia, romelic ar iTvaliswinebs
sayovelTaod aRiarebul eTikur da akrZalulia zogierT bazarze; an
kulturul standartebs, xelyofs
warmoadgens dainteresebul
piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobas da
mxareTa SekiTxvebis/SeSfoTebis
ormag standartebs iyenebs an cdilobs
an sazogadoebrivi ganxilvis
zemoqmedeba moaxdinos daucvel
sagans.
jgufebze, magaliTad bavSvebze _
amgvari marketinguli komunikacia 2.4 miuTiTeT, rogori reagireba moaxdina
dainteresebuli mxareebis seriozul organizaciam dainteresebul mxareTa
SeSfoTebas gamoiwvevs, razec SekiTxvebze an SeSfoTebaze zemoT
momxmarebelTa aqtiurobis zrdac aRniSnul produqciasTan dakavSrebiT.
migvaniSnebs. marketinguli komunikaciis
miuRebeli da arasaTanado meTodebis
gamoyenebam SeiZleba organizacia 3. ganmartebebi
seriozuli riskebis winaSeE daayenos,
rogoric aris, magaliTad, momxmarebelTa ar aris.
da sxva dainteresebul mxareTa
gaucxoeba, reputaciis Selaxva, finansuri 4. informaciis mopoveba da
danaxarjebi da samarTlebrivi devna. dokumentireba

erovnuli da saerTaSoriso
informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia
kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili normebis
organizaciis iuridiuli, gasaRebis da
garda, nebayofilobiTi da TviT-
marketingis ganyofilebebis masalebSi.
maregulirebeli kodeqsebic (rogoric
aris `vaWrobis saerTaSoriso
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
palatis~ (ICC) saerTaSoriso
kodeqsi sareklamo saqmianobis
Sesaxeb, an OECDD saxelmZRvanelo vaWrobis saerTaSoriso palatis (ICC)
miTiTebebi mravalerovani rekomendaciebi (ICC saerTaSoriso
sawarmoebisaTvis) asaxaven marketingul kodeqsi sareklamo saqmianobis
komunikaciebSi organizaciis Sesaxeb)3 da masTan dakavSirebuli
pasuxismgeblobis koncefcias. amgvari qcevis kodeqsebi.
TviTdisciplinaruli kodeqsebisa
OECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
da wesebis Sesruleba exmareba
mravalerovani sawarmoebisTvis,
organizaciebs, sakuTari marketinguli
ganaxlebuli versia, 2000 w.
komunikaciebi warmarTon sayovelTaod
aRiarebuli standartebis mixedviT.

3
ICC International Code of Advertising Practice.

8 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR) IP

PR7 marketingul komunikaciasTan dakavSirebuli sakanonmdeblo


(reklamis, produqciis moTxovnebi an nebayoflobiTi
popularizaciis da sponsorobis kodeqsebi.
CaTvliT) dakavSirebul normatiul
2.4 am indikatoris mixedviT ar unda
moTxovnebTan da nebayoflobiT
aisaxos sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
kodeqsebTan Seusabamobis
Tu nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
SemTxvevaTa sruli raodenoba,
Seusabamobis iseTi SemTxvevebi,
daTiSuli amgvar SeusabamobaTa
rodesac organizacia udanaSaulod
Sedegebis kategoriebis mixedviT
miiCnies.
1. mniSvneloba
2.5 zemoxsenebul sakanonmdeblo
moTxovnebTan da nebayoflobiT
aRniSnul sferoSi sakanonmdeblo
kodeqsebTan dafiqsirebul
moTxovnebTan Tu nebayoflobiT
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa sruli
kodeqsebTan Seusabamoba migvaniSnebs,
raodenoba [ix. punqti 2.3 zemoT]
rom organizaciis Sida menejmentis
daTiSeT Semdeg qvekategoriebad:
sistemebi da procedurebi ar aris
saTanado, an sakmarisad efeqturad
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
ver funqcionirebs. sakanonmdeblo
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa ricxvi,
moTxovnebis ugulebelyofa uSualod
romelTa Sedegad organizacia
finansur problemebSi aisaxeba,
dajarimda an sxva sanqcia
rogoricaa, magaliTad, jarimebi, da
daekisra;
amasTanave, safrTxes uqmnis organizaciis
imijs, momxmarebelTa loialurobasa
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
da kmayofilebas. amitom, amgvari
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa ricxvi,
Seusabamobis SemTxvevebi organizaciaSi
romelTa gamo organizacias
rac SeiZleba naklebi unda iyos. am
gafrTxileba mieca;
indikatoris meSveobiT warmoCndeba, ra
tendenciebi axasiaTebs organizaciis Sida
nebayoflobiT kodeqsebTan
kontrolis meqanizmebs, umjobesdeba maTi
Seusabamobis SemTxvevaTa ricxvi.
efeqturoba Tu piriqiT, uaresdeba.
3. ganmartebebi
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena
ar aris.
2.1 es indikatori asaxavs sakanonmdeblo
moTxovnebTan Tu nebayoflobiT 4. informaciis mopoveba da
kodeqsebTan Seusabamobis SemTxvevebs, dokumentireba
romlebic saangariSo periodSi
gamovlinda. Tumca, Tu amgvar informaciis moZiebis SesaZlo wyaroebia:
SeusabamobaTa didi raodenoba organizaciis iuridiuli, gasaRebis da
ukavSirdeba gasul wlebSi momxdar marketingis ganyofilebaTa masalebi.
movlenebs, amis Sesaxeb aucileblad
unda miuTiToT. 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
2.2 Tu angariSmgebel organizaciaSi ar aris.
ar gamovlinda sakanonmdeblo
moTxovnebTan an nebayoflobiT
kodeqsebTan Seusabamobis SemTxvevebi,
saWiroa am faqtis mokled dafiqsireba.
2.3 miuTiTeT, saangariSo periodSi
sul ramdeni SemTxveva dafiqsirda,
rodesac organizaciam daarRvia
marketngul komunikaciebTan

versia 3.0 9
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR)

PR8 momxmarebelTa piradi xelSeuxeblobis darRvevis Taobaze


cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobis Setanili dasabuTebuli saCivrebis
darRvevisa da momxmarebelTa sruli raodenoba, daTiSuli Semdeg
monacemebis dakargvis Taobaze qvekategoriebad:
Setanili dasabuTebuli saCivrebis
gareSe mxareebis mier Semotanili
mTliani raodenoba
saCivrebi, romlebic organizaciam
1. mniSvneloba daasabuTa;
momxmarebelTa piradi cxovrebis makontrolebeli organoebis mier
xelSeuxebloba sayovelTaod aRiarebuli Semotanili saCivrebi.
principia, rogorc sxvadasxva qveynebis
2.4 miuTiTeT momxmarebelTa Sesaxeb
erovnuli kanonmdeblobebis mixedviT,
monacemebis gaJonvis, moparvisa
ise organizaciaTa samoqmedo politikis
da dakargvis SemTxvevebis mTliani
farglebSi. Tu organizacia ver axerxebs
raodenoba.
aRniSnuli moTxovnis dakmayofilebas, es
migvaniSnebs, rom misi Sida menejmentis 2.5 Tu angariSmgebel organizaciaSi ar
sistemebi da procedurebi ar aris gamovlenila amgvari dasabuTebuli
sakmarisad efeqturi, an saTanadod ver saCivrebi, saWiroa am faqtis mokled
funqcionirebs. am indikatoris meSveobiT dafiqsireba.
SesaZlebelia SevafasoT organizaciaSi
danergili menejmentis sistemebis da 3. ganmartebebi
procedurebis qmediToba, romlebic
momxmarebelTa piradi cxovrebis
momxmarebelTa piradi cxovrebis
xelSeuxeblobis darRveva (Breach of customer
xelSeuxeblobas uzrunvelyofs. am
privacy)
sferoSi arsebuli sakanonmdeblo
moTxovnebis ugulebelyofa uSualod
moicavs nebismier Seusabamobas arsebul
finansur problemebSi aisaxeba, rogoricaa,
kanonmdeblobasTan da organizaciis mier
magaliTad, jarimebi, da amasTanave,
aRiarebul nebayoflobiT standartebTan,
safrTxes uqmnis organizaciis imijs,
romlebic momxmarebelTa piradi
momxmarebelTa loialurobasa da
cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobas ukavSirdeba.
kmayofilebas. amitom, sakanonmdeblo
moTovnebTan Tu nebayoflobiT
dasabuTebuli saCivari (Substantiated
kodeqsebTan Seusabamobis SemTxvevebi
complaint)
organizaciaSi rac SeiZleba naklebi
unda iyos. am indikatoris meSveobiT makontrolebeli an sxva adeqvaturi
gamovlenili tendenciebi gviCvenebs, organos mier angariSmgebeli organizaci-
Tu rogor viTardeba organizaciis Sida isTvis gagzavnili werilobiTi pretenzia,
kontrolis meqanizmebi, umjobesdeba maTi romelic miuTiTebs momxmarebelTa
efeqturoba Tu uaresdeba. piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobis
darRvevis SemTxvevaze, an
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
organizaciisaTvis wardgenili saCivari,
warmodgena
romelic am ukanasknelma kanonierad da
dasabuTebulad miiCnia.
2.1 miuTiTeT, momxmarebelTa piradi
cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobis darRvevis 4. informaciis mopoveba da
Taobaze Setanili dasabuTebuli dokumentireba
saCivrebis mTliani raodenoba
am indikatorisTvis informaciis moZieba
saangariSo periodisaTvis;
SeiZleba organizaciis ganyofilebebSi,
2.2 Tu amgvar SemTxvevaTa didi romlebic pasuxs ageben momxmarebelTa
raodenoba ukavSirdeba gasul wlebSi momsaxurebaze, sazogadoebasTan
momxdar movlenebs, amis Sesaxeb urTierTobaze da/an iuridiul aspeqtebze.
aucileblad unda miuTiToT.
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
2.3 miuTiTeT, saangariSo periodSi
ar aris.
momxmarebelTa piradi cxovrebis

10 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: produqciaze pasuxismgebloba (PR) IP

PR9 produqciis da momsaxurebis 2.3 Tu angariSmgebel organizacias


miwodebis da gamoyenebis Sesaxeb ar daurRvevia kanonmdebloba an
kanonebTan da normatiul normatiuli aqtebi, saWiroa am faqtis
moTxovnebTan Seusabamobis mokled dafiqsireba.
gamo dawesebuli mniSvnelovani
jarimebis fuladi gamoxatuleba 3. ganmartebebi
1. mniSvneloba ar aris.
sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
organizaciis Sesabamisobis done 4. informaciis mopoveba da
migviTebs, Tu ramdenad Seswevs dokumentireba
menejments unari, efeqturobis
informaciis moZiebis SesaZlo
konkretuli parametrebis Sesabamisad
wyaroebia auditis angariSebi da
warmarTos organizaciis saqmianoba.
iuridiuli departamentis mier
ekonomikuri TvalsazrisiT, Tu
danergili sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebTan
organizacia emorCileba sakanonmdeblo
Sesabamisobis kontrolis sistemis
moTxovnebs, es amcirebs pirdapiri da
Sedegebi. jarimebis Sesaxeb informacia
iribi finansuri riskebis albaTobas,
xelmisawvdomia buRalteriidan.
romlebic, erTis mxriv, jarimebis
gadaxdaSi gamoixateba, xolo meore
mxriv, organizaciis reputaciis
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
SebRalvas mosdevs xolme. sakanonmdeblo
moTxovnebTan Sesabamisobaze ar aris.
garkveulwilad damokidebulia aseve,
SesZlebs Tu ara organizacia Tavisi
saqmianobis gafarToebas da Sesabamisi
nebarTvebis miRebas.

2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena
2.1 miuTiTeT, ra administraciuli an
samarTlebrivi sanqciebi daekisra
organizacias kanonebisa da
normatiuli moTxovnebis darRvevis
gamo (es moicavs: saerTaSoriso
deklaraciebs /konvenciebs / xel-
Sekrulebebs, aseve nacionaluri,
regionuli da adgilobrivi donis
normatiul aqtebs), romlebic
Seexeba angariSmgebeli organizaciis
produqciisa da momsaxurebis
miwodebas da gamoyenebas. am
indikatoriT gaTvaliswinebuli
informacia moicavs P P R2, P
P R4 da P
P R7
indikatorebis monacmebs, Tumca, amiT
ar Semoifargleba.

2.2 miuTiTeT saangariSo periodSi


dakisrebuli mniSvnelovani jarimebis
mTliani fuladi odenoba.

versia 3.0 11
IP

indikatorTa protokolebi
SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

2000-2006 GRI versia 3.0


indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

SromiTi saqmianoba da aspeqti: janmrTeloba da


Rirseuli Sroma 1 usafrTxoeba samuSao adgilze
LA6 menejmentis warmomadgenlebTan
saqmianobis efeqturobis
erTad TanamSromelTa ra
indikatorebi
procentuli wili monawileobs
[samuSao adgilze] janmrTelobisa
aspeqti: dasaqmeba
da usafrTxoebis oficialur
LA1 organizaciis mTliani SromiTi erTobliv komitetebSi, romelTa
resursebi (yvela saxis muSakTa saSualebiT xorcieldeba
saerTo raodenoba), daTiSuli profesiul daavadebaTa
dasaqmebis tipebis, SromiTi profilaqtikis/mkurnalobisa
ZiriTadi

damatebiTi
xelSekrulebis tipebisa da da Sromis usafrTxoebis
kompaniis saqmianobis regionebis programebis monitoringi da
mixedviT. am sferoSi rekomendaciebis
momzadeba.
LA2 TanamSromelTa denadobis
absoluturi da procentuli LA7 sawarmoo travmebis, profesiuli
ZiriTadi

maCvenebeli, daTiSuli sqesis, daavadebebis, dakarguli


asakobrivi jgufebisa da dReebisa da samuSaos gacdenis
regionebis mixedviT. koeficienti, aseve samuSaosTan
dakavSirebuli gardacvalebis
ZiriTadi

LA3 srul Statze momuSave SemTxvevebis sruli raodenoba,


TanamSromlebisaTvis organizaciis saqmianobis
dawesebuli finansuri daxmareba regionebis mixedviT.
da SeRavaTebi, romlebic ar
damatebiTi

vrceldeba droebiT an naxevar LA8 informirebis, swavlebis/


Statze momuSave TanamSromlebze, treningebis, konsultirebis,
daTiSuli saqmianobis ZiriTadi prevenciuli da riskis kontrolis
tipebis mixedviT. arsebuli programebi, romlebic
daxmarebas uwevs TanamSromlebs,
ZiriTadi

maT ojaxebs da sazogadoebis


aspeqti: menejmentis da personalis
wevrebs mZime daavadebebTan
SromiTi urTierTobebi
brZolasa da Tavidan acilebaSi.
LA4 im TanamSromelTa procentuli
wili, romlebzec vrceldeba LA9 janmrTelobis dacvisa da
ZiriTadi

damatebiTi

`koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis Sromis usafrTxoebis sakiTxebi,


xelSekrulebebi~ 2 romlebic Setanilia profesiul
kavSirebTan dadebul oficialur
xelSekrulebebSi.
LA5 organizaciis saqmianobaSi
mniSvnelovani cvlilebebis aspeqti: treningi da ganaTleba
ganxorcielebamde
LA10 weliwadSi saSualod ramdeni
SetyobinebisaTvis saWiro
saaTi ixarjeba erTi TanamSromlis
minimaluri vada; agreTve
swavlebaze/treningebze,
gaTvaliswinebulia Tu ara es
ZiriTadi

TanamSromelTa kategoriebis
ZiriTadi

vadebi `koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis


mixedviT.
xelSekrulebebSi~.

1
ix. `saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSi~ SromiTi saqmianobis indikatorebze darTuli sqolio 24, gv. 46 (mTargmn.
SeniSvn.).
2
ix. LA`saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSi~ LA4 indikatorze darTuli sqolio 25, gv. 46 (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).

versia 3.0 1
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

LA11 unar-Cvevebis ganviTarebisa da


uwyveti swavlebis programebi,
romlebic xels uwyobs
TanamSromelTa xangrZliv
damatebiTi

dasaqmebas da exmareba maT


karieris dasrulebisas.

LA12 im TanamSromelTa procentuli


damatebiTi

wili, romlebic regularulad


gaivlian sakuTari muSaobis
efeqturobisa da profesiuli
ganviTarebis Sefasebas.

aspeqti: mravalferovneba da Tanabari


SesaZleblobebi
LA13 mmarTvelobiTi organoebis
Semadgenlobisa da sxvadasxva
kategoriis TanamSromelTa
daTiSva genderuli, asakobrivi,
ZiriTadi

umciresobis jgufebisadmi
mikuTvnebis da mravalferovnebis
sxva maCveneblebis mixedviT.

LA14 mamakacTa da qalTa ZiriTadi


(sabazo) xelfasebis Sefardeba,
TanamSromelTa kategoriebis
ZiriTadi

mixedviT.

2 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

mniSvneloba indikatorebSi L LA A14 (Tanaswori


xelfasi), L LA A13 (mravalferovneba) da
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
LALA3 (SeRavaTebi da daxmarebebi) aisaxeba,
(ILO) `samoqmedo gegma Rirseuli Sromis
Tu ra saxis SeRavaTebi da socialuri
dasamkvidreblad~3 efuZneba samarTliani
daxmarebis programebi vrceldeba
globalizaciis cnebas, romlis mizania
TanamSromlebze, aseve ra wvlili Seaqvs
socialuri da ekonomikuri miznebis
organzacias mravalferovnebisa da
erTobliobiT ekonomikuri zrdisa da
Tanasworobis zogadi socialuri miznis
Tanasworobis uzrunvelyofa. `samoqmedo
miRwevaSi. am mxriv saintereso monacemebi
gegma~ oTxi elementisagan Sedgeba:
GLAGRI ekonomikur indikatorebSic aris
dasaqmeba; warmodgenili. informacias imis Sesaxeb,
Tu rogor uzrunvelyofs organizacia
dialogi; TanamSromelTa profesiul zrdas (rac,
Tavis mxriv, aumjobesebs organizaciis
uflebebi; adamianuri resursebis kapitals),
gvawvdis indikatorebi L LA A10, L
LA A11 da L
LA A12.
dacva.
ganmartebebi
SromiT saqmianobasTan dakavSirebuli
mTliani SromiTi resursebi (Total Workforce)
indikatorebi ZiriTadad efuZneba
Rirseuli Sromis cnebas. indikatorebi saangariSo periodis bolosaTvis
moicavs informacias angariSmgebel angariSmgebel organizaciaSi momuSave
organizaciaSi dasaqmebuli SromiTi adamianTa mTliani raodenoba (anu
resursebis mravalferovnebisa da yvela saxis TanamSromelTa raodenoba,
masStabis Sesaxeb, gansakuTrebiT daqvemdebarebaSi myofi muSakebis
yuradReba maxvildeba TanamSrmelTa CaTvliT, romelTa Sesaxeb ganmarteba
genderul da asakobriv ganawilebaze. ixileT qvemoT).

LALA4 da L
LA A5 indikatorebi warmoaCenen, Tu muSaki (Worker)
ra saxis urTierTobebia Camoyalibebuli
muSaki aris zogadi termini da
organizaciasa da mis TanamSromlebs
gulisxmobs nebismier adamians, romelic
Soris da ramdenad arian TanamSromlebi
asrulebs samuSaos, miuxedavad misi
CarTulni warmomadgenlobiT
saxelSekrulebo urTierTobisa.
organizaciebSi (LL A A4 Tavis mxriv
avsebs HH R4 indikators, romelic
TanamSromeli (Employee)
exeba asociaciebSi gaerTianebisa da
koleqtiuri molaparakebebis warmoebis adamiani, romelic qveyanaSi moqmedi
uflebas). kanonmdeblobis an damkvidrebuli
praqtikis Tanaxmad angariSmgebeli
rac Seexeba organizaciaSi profesiul organizaciis TanamSromlad iTvleba.
daavadebebaTa profilaktika/mkurna-
lobas da TanamSromelTa Sromis daqvemdebarebaSi myofi muSaki (Supervised
usafrTxoebas, es monacemebi aisaxeba worker )
samuSao adgilze janmrTelobisa da
adamiani, romelic samuSao adgilze
usafrTxoebis indikatorebis meSveobiT
regularulad asrulebs samuSaos
(LALA6, L
LA ALA7, LALAL8, LALAL9). es indikatorebi,
anagriSmgebeli organizaciisaTvis an
erTis mxriv, warmoaCens organizaciis
misi saxeliT, Tumca, qveyanaSi moqmedi
mier am kuTxiT ganxorcielebuli
kanonmdeblobis an praqtikis Tanaxmad ar
progarmebis masStabs, xolo meore
iTvleba organizaciis TanamSromlad.
mxriv, gvawvdis statistikur monacemebs
janmrTelobis dacvisa da Sromis
usafrTxoebisken mimarTuli saqmianobis
efeqturobis Sesaxeb.

3
Decent Work Agenda.

versia 3.0 3
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

damoukidebeli kontraqtori (Independent damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


contractor) (Sesabamisi standartebi, konvenciebi,
SeTanxmebebi da sxva dokumentebi)
individi, romelic iuridiulad aRiarebulia,
rogorc TviTdasaqmebuli piri. Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
konvencia 135, `mSromelTa
koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis xelSekrulebebi
warmomadgenlebis Sesaxeb~, 4 1971 w.
(Collective bargaining agreements)
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
arsebobs koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis
konvencia 87, ,,asociaciebSi
xelSkrulebaTa ori tipi _
gawevrianebis Tavisuflebisa da
damqiraveblebze orientirebuli
gaerTianebebis Seqmnis uflebis
da muSakebze orientirebuli.
dacvis Sesaxeb,5 1948 w.
damqiraveblebzea orientirebuli
werilobiTi xelSekrulebebi, romlebSic Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
gawerilia daqiravebisa da samuSaos konvencia 98, ,,gaerTianebebis Seqmnis
pirobebi. es xelSekrulebebi dadebulia da koleqtiuri molaparakebebis
damqiraveblis, damqiravebelTa jgufis an gamarTvis uflebis Sesaxeb,6 1949 w.
damqiravebelTa erTi an meti asociaciis
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
mier. meore tipis xelSekrulebebi,
(ILO) deklaracia SromiT saqmianobaSi
romlebic muSakebzea orientirebuli,
ZiriTadi principebisa da uflebebis
ideba erTi an meti organizaciis mier,
Sesaxeb, 7 1988 w.
romelic muSakebs warmoadgens, xolo
Tu aseTi organizacia ar arsebobs, maSin Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
muSakTa mier qveynis kanonmdeblobis `samoqmedo gegma Rirseuli Sromis
Sesabamisad arCeul da uflebamosilebiT dasamkvidreblad~ 8, 1999 w.
aRWurvil warmomadgenlebTan.
 romis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
S
sammxrivi deklaracia mravalerovani
TanamSromelTa kategoriebi (Employee
sawarmoebisa da socialuri
categories)
politikis Sesaxeb,9 1977w,
TanamSromelTa jgufebi, daxarisxebuli gadasinjuli 2000w.
maTze dakisrebuli funqciebis
 konomikuri TanamSromlobisa da
e
an organizaciis departamentebis
ganviTarebis organizaciis (OECDD)
TaviseburebaTa mixedviT (mag.,
korporaciuli marTvis principebi, 10
menejmentis zeda rgoli, menejmentis
2004 w.
Sua rgoli, specialistebi, teqnikuri,
administraciuli, warmoebis, momsaxure O
 ECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
da a.S. personali). mravalerovani sawarmoebisaTvis, 11
ganaxlebuli versia, 2000 w.
gaeros aTaswleulis deklaracia , 12
2000 w.

4
ILO Convention 135, Workers Representatives Convention.
5
ILO Convention 87, Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention.
6
ILO Convention 98, Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention.
7
ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work.
8
ILO Decent Work Agenda.
9
ILO Tripartite Declaration Concerning Multi-nationals and Social Policy.
10
OECD Principles of Corporate Governance.
11
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.
12
United Nations Millennium Declaration.

4 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

LA1 organizaciis mTliani SromiTi 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


resursebi (yvela saxis muSakTa warmodgena
saerTo raodenoba), daTiSuli
2.1 daadgineT, sul ramdeni adamiani
dasaqmebis tipebis, SromiTi
(TanamSromeli da daqvemdebarebaSi
xelSekrulebis tipebisa da
myofi muSaki) muSaobs angariSmgebel
kompaniis saqmianobis regionebis
organizaciaSi saangariSo periodis
mixedviT
bolosaTvis. mowodebis qselis
muSakebi am indikatorSi ar unda
1. mniSvneloba
gaiTvalisiwinoT.
organizaciis mTliani SromiTi
2.2 miuTiTeT, ra saxis xelSekrulebebia
resursebis moculoba, anu organizaciaSi
gaformebuli muSakebTan, ramdenia
dasaqmebul adamianTa saerTo raodenoba
srul Statze, ramdeni _ naxevar
warmodgenas gviqmnis, Tu rogoria
Statze. es monacemebi warmoadgineT
organizaciis saqmianobis zemoqmedebis
im qveyanaSi moqmedi kanonmdeblobis
masStabi SromiTi saqmianobis sakiTxebTan
Sesabamisad, romelSic dasaqmebulni
mimarTebiT. mTliani SromiTi resursebis
arian es muSakebi.
daTiSva dasaqmebis tipis, SromiTi
xelSekrulebis tipisa da regionebis 2.3 erTiani statistikuri monacemebis
mixedviT (regionSi igulisxmeba dasaangariSeblad gamoiyeneT
mTlianad qveyana an geografiuli qveynebis statistikuri monacemebi,
areali) gviCvenebs, Tu rogor iyenebs da xolo samarTlebriv definiciaTa
anawilebs organizacia sakuTar adamianur gansxvavebebs yuradRebas nu
resursebs erTiani strategiuli miaqcevT. mosalodnelia, rom
miznebis misaRwevad. es monacemebi sxvadasxva qveyanaSi dasaqmebis
warmodgenas gviqmnis agreTve, Tu xelSekrulebis tipis, aseve sruli
rogoria organizaciis biznes-modeli, da naxevari Statis gansazRvrebebi
ramdenad stabiluria Seqmnili samuSao sxvadasxvagvari iyos, magram erTiani
adgilebi da ra masStabis SeRavaTebs da maCvenebeli mainc asaxavs mxolod im
daxmarebebs sTavazobs organizacia Tavis SromiT urTierTobebs, romlebic
muSakebs. aRsaniSnavia, rom organizaciis SesabamisobaSia adgilobriv
mTliani SromiTi resursebis moculoba kanonmdeblobebTan.
warmoadgens ramdenime sxva indikatoris
2.4 miuTiTeT organizaciis mTliani
monacemebis daangariSebis safuZvels
SromiTi resursebis raodenoba,
da, Sesabamisad, mravali kompleqsuri
daTiSuli TanamSromlebisa da
indikatorisaTvis gamoiyeneba, rogorc
daqvemdebarebaSi myofi muSakebis
monacemebis standartul maCveneblebSi
raodenobis mixdeviT.
gadayvanis koeficienti. 13 Tu, magaliTad,
sami an meti wlis ganmavlobaSi 2.5 Tu organizaciaSi samuSaos
dafiqsirdeba organizaciaSi dasaqmebuli mniSvnelovan nawils asruleben
adamianebis raodenobis zrda an, piriqiT, muSakebi, romlebic iuridiulad
Semcireba, es iqneba erTian ekonomikur miekuTvnebian TviTdasaqmebulTa
ganviTarebaze da SromiTi resursebis kategorias, an pirebi, romlebic
mdgradobaze organizaciis zegavlenis ar warmoadgenen organizaciis
amsaxveli mniSvnelovani maCvenebeli.14 TanamSromlebs da daqvemdebarebaSi
myof muSakebs, amis Sesaxeb
aucileblad unda miuTiToT.
2.6  iuTiTeT TanamSromelTa mTliani
m
raodenoba, daTiSuli SromiTi
13
xelSekrulebebis tipebis mixedviT.
Normalizing factor.
14
ix. `angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis~
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis is nawili, sadac
saubaria mravali wlis monacemebis warmodgenaze.

versia 3.0 5
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

2.7 miuTiTeT mudmiv TanamSromelTa ganusazRvreli vadiT gaformebuli an


saerTo raodenoba, daTiSuli mudmivi kontraqti (Indefinite or Permanent
dasaqmebis tipebis mixedviT. Contract): srul an naxevar Statze
ganusazRvreli vadiT gaformebuli
2.8 miuTiTeT organizaciis mTliani
SromiTi xelSekruleba.
SromiTi resursebis raodenoba,
daTiSuli dasaqmebis regionebis fiqsirebul-vadiani an droebiTi
mixedviT (geografiuli regionebi kontraqti (Fixed Term or Temporary
gamoyaviT am regionebSi organizaciis Contract): SromiTi xelSekruleba
saqmianobis masStabis Sesabamisad). (zemoTmotanili gansazRvrebis
Sesabamisad), romelic dasrulebulad
2.9 Tu adgili aqvs organizaciaSi
iTvleba miTiTebuli vadis amowurvis
dasaqmebul adamianTa raodenobis
Semdeg an dadgenili samuSaos Sesrulebis
nebismier sezonur cvlilebas (mag.,
Semdeg (xolo samuSaos SesrulebisaTvis
turizmis an soflis meurneobis
saWiro vada xelSekrulebaSia
sferoSi), ganmarteT amgvar
miTiTebuli).
cvlilebaTa mizezebi.
droebiTi kontraqti, rogorc wesi,
3. ganmartebebi
drois garkveuli periodiT ideba da igi
Sesrulebulad iTvleba konkretuli
dasaqmebis tipebi (Employment types) proeqtis an samuSaos nawilis Sesrulebis
Semdeg, agreTve im TanamSromlis
sruli Stati (FFull Time): `srul ganakveTze
samuSaoze dabrunebis Semdeg, romelsac
momuSave adamianis~ ganmarteba Seesabameba
anacvlebda droebiTi kontraqtiT
arsebul erovnul kanonmdeblobebsa
daqiravebuli adamiani da a. S.
da damkvidrebul praqtikas samuSao
saaTebTan dakavSirebiT (mag., erovnuli 4. informaciis mopoveba da
kanonmdebloba gansazRvravs, rom `sruli dokumentireba
Stati~ aris weliwadSi sul mcire 9 Tve da
kviraSi sul mcire 30 saaTi muSaoba). am indikatorisTvis monacemebis
moZieba SeiZleba saxelfaso uwyisebSi
naxevari Stati (PPart Time): naxevar (nacionaluri donis an konkretuli
ganakveTze momuSave adamianis samuSao obieqtebisaTvis).
saaTebis raodenoba kviraSi, TveSi an
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
weliwadSi imaze naklebia, vidre srul
ganakveTze momuSave adamianisa, rogorc Sromis saerTaSoriso organizacia:
es zemoT aris ganmartebuli. dasaqmebis statusebis saerTaSoriso
klasifikacia15;
SromiTi xelSekruleba (Employment Contract)
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizacia:
SromiTi xelSekruleba, romelsac
Sromis bazris ZiriTadi
iuridiuli Zala aqvs qveynis
indikatorebi16;
kanonmdeblobis an damkvidrebuli
praqtikis Sesabamisad. SromiTi
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizacia:
xelSekruleba SeiZleba iyos werilobiTi,
LABOLABROSTAA -s internet-sistemis
sityvieri an konkludenturi (anu
indikatorebi17;
nagulisxmebi xelSekruleba, rodesac
saxezea dasaqmebis yvela maxasiaTebeli,
gaero: msoflios makroregionebi da
magram ar arsebobs werilobiTi an
komponentebi18 .
mowmis daswrebiT gaformebuli zepiri
xelSekruleba).

15
ILO: International Classification of Status in Employment.
16
ILO: Key Indicators of the Labour Market.
17
ILO: LABORSTA Internet Indicators. [LABORSTA - an International Labour Office database on labour statistics operated by the
ILO Bureau of Statistics]
18
United Nations: World Macro Regions and Components.

6 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

LA2 TanamSromelTa denadobis 3. ganmartebebi


absoluturi da procentuli
maCvenebeli, daTiSuli sqesis, TanamSromelTa denadoba (Turnover)
asakobrivi jgufebisa da regionebis
TanamSromelTa saerTo raodenoba,
mixedviT.
romlebmac datoves organizacia
1. mniSvneloba nebayoflobiT, samsaxuridan daTxovnis,
pensiaze gasvlis an samuSao adgilze
Tu organizaciaSi TanamSromelTa
gardacvalebis Sedegad.
denadobis maRali koeficientia, es
TanamSromelTa ukmayofilebis an
4. informaciis mopoveba da
undoblobis maCvenebelia. denadobis
dokumentireba
maRali koeficienti aseve SeiZleba
miuTiTebdes fundamentur cvlilebebze
am indikatorisTvis informaciis
organizaciis saqmianobis ZiriTad
potenciuri wyaroebi moicavs saxelfaso
sferoSi. Tu TanamSromelTa denadoba
uwyisidan amoRebul monacemebs
gansxvavebulia genderul an asakobriv
(nacionaluri donis an konkretuli
WrilebSi, es potenciuri uTanasworobis
obieqtebisTvis). am maCveneblis
an [TanamSromelTa garkveuli jgufebis]
Zlieri cvalebadoba SeiZleba aixsnas
SeuTavseblobis mimaniSnebelia. denadoba
organizaciis samoqmedo gegmebsa
aseve gavlenas axdens organizaciis
da strategiul miznebSi Setanili
adamianur da inteleqtualur kapitalze
cvlilebebiT.
da, Sesabamisad, SeiZleba organizaciis
produqtiulobazec moaxdinos
zemoqmedeba. TanamSromelTa denadoba 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
uSualo kavSirSia pirdapir xarjebTan,
saxelfaso fondis Semcirebis an axali ar aris.
muSakebis ayvaniT gamowveuli xarjebis
gazrdasTan. dasaqmebis maCveneblis
daangariSeba LLA A1-Si mocemuli
informaciis meSveobiT aris SesaZlebeli.

2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena

2.1 gansazRvreT, sul ramdenma


TanamSromelma datova organizacia
saangariSo periodSi.

2.2 miuTiTeT, sul ramdenma


TanamSromelma datova organizacia
saangariSo periodSi da ramdenia
es procentul gamoxatulebaSi;
orive maCvenebeli daTiSeT sqesis,
asakobrivi jgufebisa (mag., <30; 30-
50; >50) da dasaqmebis regionebis
mixedviT.

procentuli maCvenebeli
daiangariSeTY saangariSo periodis
bolosaTvis TanamSromelTa sruli
raodenobidan.

versia 3.0 7
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

LA3 srul Statze momuSave pensia;


TanamSromlebisaTvis dawesebuli
finansuri daxmareba da SeRavaTebi, kompaniis aqciaTa mflobeloba;
romlebic ar vrceldeba droebiT
an naxevar Statze momuSave sxva.
TanamSromlebze, daTiSuli
saqmianobis ZiriTadi tipebis 2.3 standartul daxmarebad iTvleba
mixedviT iseTi daxmareba/SeRavaTebi,
romlebic srulStatian
1. mniSvneloba
TanamSromelTa umravlesobaze
am indikatoris mixedviT SesaZlebelia vrceldeba. es ar niSnavs, rom
Sefasdes, Tu ra investiciebs debs standartuli daxmareba unda
organizacia adamianur resursebSi gavrceldes absoluturad
da ra minimalur SeRavaTebs da yvela srul Statze momuSave
daxmarebebs sTavazobs srul Statze TanamSromelze. es indikatori
momuSave TanamSromlebs. srulStatiani gviCvenebs, Tu ra saxis daxmarebis
TanamSromlebisTvis dadgenili da SeRavaTebis imedi da molodini
SeRavaTebi da daxmarebebi mniSvnelovnad SeiZleba hqondes organizaciis
ganapirobebs maT samsaxurSi darCenas. am TanamSromels.
indikatoris meSveobiT aseve SevityibT,
Tu rogoria adamianuri resursebis 3. ganmartebebi
sxvadasxva segmentebSi ganxorcielebuli
investiciebis Tanafardoba. finansuri daxmareba da SeRavaTebi (Benefits)

2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da angariSmgebeli organizaciis mier


warmodgena gaweuli pirdapiri finansuri
daxmareba, TanamSromlis movlaze/
2.1 miuTiTeT, ra saxis daxmarebebs/
mkurnalobaze gaweuli xarjebis
SeRavaTebs sTavazobs organizacia
dafarva an TanamSromlis sxva xarjebis
Tavis TanamSromlebs.
anazRaureba. am indikatorSi aseve
Sedis kadrebis SemcirebaSi moyolil
2.2 miuTiTeT, qvemoT CamoTvlili
TanamSromelTa kompensacia (kanoniT
daxmarebebidan/SeRavaTebidan
gaTvaliswinebuli minimumis zemoT),
romeli warmoadgens standartul
warmoebis droebiTi SeCerebis dros
daxmarebas srulStatiani
gadaxdili kompensacia, samsaxurebrivi
TanamSromlebisaTvis, magram
movaleobis Sesrulebisas miRebuli
ar vrceldeba naxevarStatian
fizikuri dazianebis SemTxvevaSi
an droebiT TanamSromlebze.
gadaxdili damatebiTi anazRaureba,
informacia daTiSeT saqmianobis
marCenalis dakargvis SemTxvevaSi gaweuli
ZiriTadi kategoriebis mixedviT:
finansuri daxmareba, aseve damatebiTi
anazRaurebadi Svebuleba da dasvenebis
sicocxlis dazRveva;
dReebi. es indikatori ar mocavs
naturiT gaweul daxmarebas/SeRavaTebs,
jandacva;
rogoricaa, magaliTad, sportuli
stadionebiT, darbazebiT, auzebiT da
unarSezRudulobis/invalidobis
sxva mowyobilobebiT uzrunvelyofa,
daxmareba;
sabavSvo baRebi TanamSromelTa
SvilebisaTvis, ufaso kveba samuSao
dekretuli Svebuleba (dedis an
saaTebSi da socialuri keTildReobis
mamis);
sxva msgavsi programebi.

8 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

4. informaciis mopoveba da Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis


dokumentireba konvencia 130, `samedicino momsa-
xurebisa da avadmyofTa finansuri
daxmarebis Sesaxeb~,22 1969 w.
informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia
adgilobrivi an centraluri
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
donis koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis
konvencia 132, `anazRaurebadi
xelSekrulebebSi, sadac miTiTebulia,
Svebulebis Sesaxeb~ (ganaxlebuli
kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli SeRavaTebisa
versia), 231970 w.
da daxmarebebis garda, damatebiT ra saxis
SeRavaTebis gakeTebas Tu daxmarebis
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
gawevas gegmavs organizacia Tavisi
konvencia 140, `anazRaurebadi
TanamSromlebis sasargeblod. informacia
saswavlo Svebulebis Sesaxeb~,24 1974 w.
SeiZleba moiZioT aseve TanamSromlebTan
dadebuli xelSekrulebebidan,
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
TanamSromelTaTvis (maT Soris,
konvencia 157, `socialuri
axladayvanili TanamSromlebisaTvis)
uzrunvelyofis uflebebis
gankuTvnili sainfrmacio masalebidan da
mxardaWeris Sesaxeb~,25 1982 w.
SeRavaTebis/daxmarebebis mokle nusxidan.
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
konvencia 168, `dasaqmebis
xelSewyobisa da umuSevrobisagan
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
dacvis Sesaxeb~, 261988w.
konvencia 102, `socuzrunvelyofis
minimaluri standartebis
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
Sesaxeb~,191952 w.
konvencia 183, `dedaTa dacvis
Sesaxeb~,27 2000w.
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
konvencia 121, `samuSao adgilze
OECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
daSavebulTa finansuri daxmarebis~
mravalerovani sawarmoebisaTvis,
Sesaxeb,201964 w.
ganaxlebuli versia,28 2000 w .
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
konvencia 128, `invalidobis,
xandazmulobisa da marCenalis
daRupvis SemTxvevaSi finansuri
daxmarebis Sesaxeb~,211967 w.

19
ILO Convention 102, Social Security(Minimum Standards) Convention.
20
ILO Convention 121, Employment Injury Benefits Convention.
21
ILO Convention 128, Invalidity, Old-Age and Survivors Benefits Convention.
22
ILO Convention 130, Medical Care and Sickness Benefits Convention.
23
ILO Convention 132, Holidays with Pay Convention.
24
ILO Convention 140, Paid Educational Leave Convention.
25
ILO Convention 157, Maintenance of Social Security Rights.
26
ILO Convention 168, Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment Convention.
27
ILO Convention 183, Maternity Protection Convention.
28
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, Revision 2000.

versia 3.0 9
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

LA4 TanamSromelTa procentuli mier dadebuli xelSekrulebebi,


wili , romlebzec vrceldeba an damqiravebelTa im gaerTianebis
`koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis mier xelmowerili xelSekrulebebi,
xelSekrulebebi~29 romlis wevric aris angariSmgebeli
organizacia. xelSekrulebebi
1. mniSvneloba
SeiZleba daidos seqtorul, erovnul,
regionul, organizaciul an samuSao
asociaciebSi gaerTianebis
adgilis doneze.
Tavisufleba adamianis fundamenturi
uflebaa, rogorc amas gansazRvravs
2.3 miuTiTeT, sul ramden
saerTaSoriso deklaraciebi da
TanamSromelze vrceldeba
konvenciebi, gansakuTrebiT `Sromis
koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis
saerTaSoriso organizaciis~ ZiriTadi
xelSekrulebebi.
konvenciebi 87 da 98. koleqtiuri
molaparakebebi dainteresebul mxareTa
2.4 miuTiTeT im TanamSromelTa
CarTulobis mniSvnelovani elementia da
procentuli wili, romlebzec
gansakuTrebiT arsebiTia angariSgebis
vrceldeba koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebis konteqstSi.
xelSekrulebebi.
es gaxlavT dainteresebul mxareTa
CarTulobis forma, romelic xels uwyobs
3. ganmartebebi
instituciuri struqturis Camoyalibebas
da, gavrcelebuli mosazrebis Tanaxmad,
ar aris.
wvlili Seaqvs agreTve sazogadoebis
stabilurobis miRwevaSi. korporaciul 4. informaciis mopoveba da
mmarTvelobasTan erTad, koleqtiuri dokumentireba
molaparakebebi erTiani sistemis
damoukidebel profesiul kavSirebTan
Semadgeneli nawilia, romelic
dadebuli oficialuri aRiarebis
pasuxismgebel menejments uzrunvelyofs.
xelSekrulebebi da koleqtiuri
es gaxlavT erToblivi Zalisxmevis
xelSekrulebebi, iseve rogorc Sesabamisi
xelSemwyobi instrumenti, romelic
Canawerebi, rogorc wesi, angariSmgebeli
mowodebulia gaaZlieros organizaciis
organizaciis kadrebis ganyofilebaSi
dadebiTi socialuri zemoqmedeba. imis
inaxeba.
mixedviT, Tu TanamSromelTa ra nawilze
vrceldeba koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
xelSekrulebebi, cnobili xdeba, Tu
ramdenad icavs organizacia asociaciebSi Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
gaerTianebis fundamentur uflebas. konvencia 87, ,,asociaciebSi
gawevrianebis Tavisuflebisa da
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
gaerTianebebis Seqmnis uflebis
warmodgena
dacvis Sesaxeb~ ,301948 w.
2.1 am indikatorisaTvs procentuli
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
maCveneblis dasaangariSeblad
konvencia 98, ,,gaerTianebebis Seqmnis
gamoiyeneT LLA A1 indikatoris
da koleqtiuri molaparakebebis
monacemebi.
gamarTvis uflebis Sesaxeb~ ,311949 w.
2.2 koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis savaldebulo
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
xelSekrulebebs ganekuTvneba
konvencia 135, `mSromelTa
uSualod angariSmgebeli organizaciis
warmomadgenlebis Sesaxeb~ ,321971 w.

29
ix. L
LA A4 indikatorze darTuli SeniSvna saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebSi (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
30
ILO Convention 87, Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise.
31
ILO Convention 98, Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining.
32
ILO Convention 135, Workers Representatives Convention.

10 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

Sromis saerTaSoriso organizacis


konvencia 154, `koleqtiuri
molaparakebebis warmoebis Sesaxeb~,
1981 w. da rekomendaciebi: 91,
`koleqtiuri xelSekrulebebis
Sesaxeb rekomendacia~, 1951 w. da 163,
`koleqtiuri molaparakebebis Sesaxeb
rekomendacia~,331981 w.

Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis


deklaracia SromiT saqmianobaSi
ZiriTadi principebisa da uflebebis
Sesaxeb, 86-e sesia, 1998 w., muxli 2 (a)34.

CD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi


mravalerovani sawarmoebisaTvis, naw.
IV, punqti 2(a)35.

33
ILO Convention 154, Collective Bargaining Convention, 1981 and Recommendations 91, Collective
Agreements Recommendation 1951, and 163, Collective Bargaining Recommendation, 1981.
34
ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, 86th Session, 1998, Article 2 (a).
35
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, Section IV, Paragraph 2 (a).

versia 3.0 11
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

LA5 organizaciis saqmianobaSi 2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da


mniSvnelovani cvlilebebis warmodgena
ganxorcielebamde
2.1 miuTiTeT, ZiriTad saqmianobaSi
SetyobinebisaTvis saWiro
mniSvnelovani cvlilebebis Setanamde
minimaluri vada; agreTve
minimum ramdeni kviriT adre
gaTvaliswinebulia Tu ara es
xdeba, wesisamebr, am cvlilebebis
vadebi `koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis
Sesaxeb TanamSromlebis an maTi
xelSekrulebebSi~
warmomadgenlebis gafrTxileba, Tuki
1. mniSvneloba am cvlilebebs arsebiTi gavlenis
moxdena SeuZlia TanamSromlebze.
es indikatori gvamcnobs, Tu
rogor uzrunvelyofs organizacia
2.2 Tu organizacias dadebuli
saqmianobaSi Sesatani mniSvnelovani
aqvs koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis
cvlilebebis droul ganxilvas,
xelSekrulebebi, miuTiTeT,
agreTve TanamSromlebisa da maTi
aris Tu ara am xelSekrulebebSi
warmomadgenlebis CarTulobas am
debulebebi, romlebic gansazRvravs
cvlilebaTa Sesaxeb molaparakebebSi da
cvlilebaTa Sesaxeb winaswari
maT ganxorcielebaSi (es gansakuTrebiT
Setyobinebis vadas da/an
exeba im cvlilebebs, romlebmac SeiZleba
konsultaciebis da molaparakebebis
dadebiTi an uaryofiTi gavlena iqonion
gamarTvas [TanamSromlebTan an maT
TanamSromlebze). Tu organizacia
warmomadgenlebTan].
droulad da efeqtianad Caatarebs
Tavis muSakebTan da sxva dainteresebul
3. ganmartebebi
mxareebTan konsultaciebs (zogierT
SemTxvevaSi aseTebad mTavrobis saqmianobaSi mniSvnelovani cvlilebebis
warmomadgenlebic gvevlinebian), es Setana (Significant operational changes)
minimumamde daiyvans muSakebsa da Temze
angariSmgebeli organizaciis saqmianobis
saqmianobis cvlilebiT gamowveul
struqturis Secvla, rasac organizaciis
arakeTilmyofel zegavlenas.
TanamSromlebisTvis seriozuli dadebiTi
Setyobinebis minimaluri vada is an uaryofiTi Sedegis motana SeuZlia.
mniSvnelovani indikatoria, romelic am saxis cvlilebebs ganekuTvneba,
gvagebinebs, Tu ramdenad axerxebs magaliTad, restruqturizacia,
organizacia TanamSromelTa saqmianobis komponentebis delegireba
kmayofilebisa da motivaciis Senar- sxva organizaciebisTvis, sawarmoTa
Cunebas sakuTar saqmianobaSi arsebiTi daxurva an, piriqiT, gafarToeba, axali
cvlilebebis Setanisas. es indikatori filialebis/sawarmoebis gaxsna, sxva
saSualebas gvaZlevs agreTve SevafasoT, organizaciis sakontrolo paketis
Tu ramdenad Seesabameba organizaciaSi Sesyidva, mTlianad organizaciis an misi
damkvidrebuli konsultirebisa da nawilis gayidva an Serwyma.
molaparakebebis praqtika am sakiTxze
arsebul saerTaSoriso normebs.
4. informaciis mopoveba da
konsultaciebis kargi praqtika, romel-
dokumentireba
sac wvlili Seaqvs [TanamSromlebsa
da organizaciis xelmZRvanelobas am indikatorisTvis monacemebs moiZiebT
Soris] kargi samuSao urTierTobebis organizaciis farglebSi dadebul
CamoyalibebaSi, exmareba organizacias xelSekrulebebSi.
pozitiuri samuSao garemos SeqmnaSi,
muSakTa gadinebis Semcirebasa da
saqmianobis wyvetis minimumamde dayvanaSi.

12 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi


deklaracia Sromis saerTaSoriso
organizaciis miznebisa da amocanebis
Sesaxeb (filadelfiis deklaracia),
1944 w. - Sromis saerTaSoriso
organizaciis wesdebis danarTi
muxli 1(a) da III(e)36.

Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis


konvencia 158, `samuSaos Sewyvetis
Sesaxeb~ ,371982 w.

Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis


sammxrivi deklaracia mravalerovani
sawarmoebisa da socialuri
politikis Sesaxeb ,381977w.

Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis


rekomendacia 94, `sawarmos/kompaniis
doneze TanamSromlobis Sesaxeb~,39
1952 w.

Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis


rekomendacia 135, `konvencia
mSromelTa warmomadgenlebis
Sesaxeb~ ,401971 w.

OECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi


mravalerovani sawarmoebisaTvis,
ganaxlebuli versia, 2000 w., naw. IV , (2)
da (3)43.

OECD korporaciuli marTvis


principebi, 2004 w. (gansakuTrebiT,
muxli IV, C, D D da E E)42.

36
Declaration concerning the aims and purposes of the International Labour Organisation (Declaration of Philadelphia), 1944 -
Annex to the ILO Constitution Articles I (a) and III (e).
37
ILO Convention 158, Termination of Employment Convention.
38
ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles Concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy.
39
ILO Recommendation 94, Co-operation at the Level of the Undertaking Recommendation.
40
ILO Recommendation 135, Workers Representatives Convention.
41
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Companies, Revision 2000, Article IV.
42
OECD Principles of Corporate Governance, 2004 (notably Article IV, C, D & E).

versia 3.0 13
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

LA6 menejmentis warmomadgenlebTan 2.2 miuTiTeT, yvela saxis


erTad TanamSromelTa ra TanamSromelTa (daqvemdebarebaSi
procentuli wili monawileobs myofi muSakebis CaTvliT) ramdeni
[samuSao adgilze] janmrTelobisa procentia CarTuli janmrTelobisa
da usafrTxoebis oficialur da usafrTxoebis oficialur
erTobliv komitetebSi, romelTa erTobliv komitetebSi:
saSualebiT xorcieldeba
profesiul daavadebaTa 0%;
profilaqtikis/mkurnalobis da
Sromis usafrTxoebis programebis 25%-mde;
monitoringi da am sferoSi
rekomendaciebis momzadeba 35-dan 50%-mde;
1. mniSvneloba
50-dan 75^-mde;
janmrTelobis da usafrTxoebis
erToblivi komitetebi xels 75%-ze meti.
uwyobs profesiuli daavadebebis
profilaqtika/mkurnalobis (anu samuSao 2.3 miuTiTeT, Cveulebriv ra doneze
adglze janmrTelobis) da Sromis funqcionirebs komitetebi (mag.,
usafrTxoebis kulturis Camoyalibebas. erTi saamqros da/an mravali
komitetebis meSveobiT SesaZlebeli saamqros, regionis, jgufis an
xdeba TanamSromlebis CarTva im kompaniis doneze). es damokidebulia
RonisZiebebSi, romlebic mimarTulia organizaciis oficialur
maTi janmrTelobisa da usafrTxoebis strategiaze, procedurebze an
gaumjobesebisaken. es indikatori araformalur praqtikaze.
warmoadgens erT-erT maCvenebels imisa,
Tu ramdenad aqtiurad monawileoben 3. ganmartebebi
muSakebi am saqmianobaSi.
ar aris.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena 4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba
2.1 miuTiTeT [samuSao adgilze]
janmrTleobisa da usafrTxoebis
informaciis SesaZlo wyaroebi moicavs
oficialuri erToblivi komitetebi
organizaciis procedurebs, aseve
(menejmentisa da TanamSromelTa
janmrTelobisa da usafrTxoebis
monawileobiT), romlebic
komitetebis oqmebs.
monitorings uwevs TanamSromelTa
janmrTleobisa da usafrTxoebis
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
programebs nebismier doneze
(sawarmos an ufro maRal doneze) da  romis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
S
SeimuSavebs Sesabamis rekomendaciebs. konvencia 155, `samuSao adgilze
,,oficialuri ixmareba im komitetebis janmrTelobisa da Sromis
mimarT, romelTa arseboba da usafrTxoebis Sesaxeb~43da
funqcionireba integrirebulia protokoli 155, 1981 w.
angariSmgebeli organizaciis
organizaciul da administraciul Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
struqturaSi da romlebic saqmianobs konvencia 161, `samuSao adgilze
dadgenili, werilobiT dafiqsirebuli samedicino momsaxurebis Sesaxeb~,44
wesebis Sesabamisad. 1985 w.

43
ILO Convention 155, Occupational Safety and Health Convention.
44
ILO Convention 161, Occupational Health Services Convention.

14 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

LA7 sawarmoo travmebis, daSavebis SemTxvevebic (anu iseTi


profesiuli daavadebebis, daSaveba, romlisTvisac sakmarisia
dakarguli dReebisa da samuSaos pirveladi daxmarebis aRmoCena),
gacdenis koeficienti, aseve aucielblad miuTiTeT, aisaxeba
samuSaosTan dakavSirebuli Tu ara Tqvens angariSSi amgvari
gardacvalebis SemTxvevebis umniSvnelo travmebi.
sruli raodenoba, organizaciis
saqmianobis regionebis mixedviT 2.3 ,,dakarguli dReebis daangariSebisas
miuTiTeT:
1. mniSvneloba
ra igulisxmeba ,,dReSi _
imis mixedviT, Tu ra maCveneblebi aqvs
,,kalendaruli dRe Tu ,,gegmiuri
organizacias TanamSromelTa janmrTe-
samuSao dRe; da
lobis (anu profesiul daavadebaTa pro-
filaqtikisa da mkurnalobis) da Sromis
saidan iwyeba ,,dakarguli
usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofis kuTxiT,
dReebis aTvla (mag., ubeduri
naTlad Cans, Tu ramdenad zrunavs orga-
SemTxvevis momdevno dRidan Tu
nizacia sakuTar TanamSromlebze. sawar-
sami dRis Semdeg).
moo travmebisa da gacdenebis dabali
maCvenebeli, Cveulebriv, ukavSirdeba
2.4 saangariSo periodisTvis miuTiTeT
TanamSromelTa karg sulier mdgomare-
sawarmoo travmebis, profesiuli
obasa da dadebiT tendenciebs Sromis
daavadebebis, dakarguli da
nayofierebis kuTxiT. indikatori naTels
gacdenili dReebis koeficienti
hfens, Tu ramdenad efeqturad xdeba
regionebis mixedviT, qvemoT
organizaciaSi profesiul daavadebaTa
mocemuli formulis gamoyenebiT:
profilaqtikis/mkurnalobis da Sromis
usafrTxoebis sakiTxebis menejmenti,
sawarmoo travmebis koeficienti
rasac mosdevs profesiul daavadebaTa da
(IR) 45
travmaTa SemTxvevebis Semcireba.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da travmebis saerTo raodenoba
IR= X200,000
warmodgena
namuSevari saaTebis saerTo raodenoba

2.1 am indikatorma unda asaxos Semdegi


monacemebi, daTiSuli organizaciis SeniSvna: sawarmoo travmebis
saqmianobis regionebis mixedviT: koeficientSi aseve unda SeitanoT
SemTxvevebi, romlebsac sikvdili mohyva.
mTliani SromiTi resursebi
profesiuli daavadebebis
(anu TanamSromlebisa da
koeficienti (ODR) 46
daqvemdebarebaSi myofi muSakebis
saerTo raodenoba); da
profesiul daavadebaT saerTo raodenoba
ODR= X200,000
adgilze momuSave damoukidebeli
namuSevari saaTebis saerTo raodenoba
kontraqtorebi, romelTa
usafrTxo samuSao garemos
dakarguli dReebis koeficienti
uzrunvelyofa angariSmgebeli
(LDR) 47
organizaciiis pasuxismgeblobaSi
Sedis. dakarguli dReebis saerTo raodenoba
LDR= X200,000
2.2 vinaidan zogierT angariSmgebel namuSevari saaTebis saerTo raodenoba
organizacias warmodgenil
monacemebSi Seaqvs umniSvnelo
45
Injury Rate (IR).
46
Occupational diseases rate (ODR).
47
Lost Day Rate (LDR).
48
Absentee Rate (AR).

versia 3.0 15
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

gacdenili dReebis koeficienti axlos aris is) `Sromis saerTaSoriso


(AR) 48 organizaciis~ mier SemuSavebul
kodeqsTan.
gacdenili dReebis saerTo raodenoba
garkveuli periodisaTvis 3. ganmartebebi
AR= X200,000
namuSevari saaTebis saerTo raodenoba sawarmoo travma (Injury)
imave periodisaTvis
samuSaos dros an samuSaos Sedegad
miRebuli travma, romelsac SeiZleba
SeniSvna: mamravli 200,000 nawarmoebia mohyves an ar mohyves sasikvdilo Sedegi.
Semdegnairad _ 40 samuSao saaTis
Semcveli 50 samuSao kvira yoveli sawarmoo travmebis koeficienti (Injury rate)
100 TanamSromlisaTvis. am mamravlis
sawarmoo travmebis sixSiris Sefardeba
gamoyenebiT miRebuli koeficienti
yvela TanamSromlis da daqvemdebarebaSi
TanamSromelTa raodenobas
myofi muSakis (anu mTliani SromiTi
ukavSirdeba da ara saaTebis
resursebis) mier saangariSo
raodenobas.
periodSi namuSevari saaTebis jamur
raodenobasTan.
2.5 miuTiTeT saaangariSo periodSi
dafiqsirebuli profesiuli profesiuli daavadeba (Occupational disease)
travmebiT da profesiuli
daavadeba, romelic ganviTarda samuSao
daavadebebiT gamowveuli
pirobebis an samuSao procesis Sedegad
gardacvalebis SemTxvevebis
(mag., stresis an mavne qimikatebis mudmivi
sruli raodenoba (warmoadgineT
zemoqmedebis Sedegad), an sawarmoo
absoluturi maCvenebeli, anu
travmis Sedegad.
jamuri cifri da ara procentuli
maCvenebeli an sixSire).
profesiul daavadebaTa koeficienti
(Occupational disease rate)
2.6 aRwereT, ra wesebis da procedurebis
gamoyenebiT xdeba samuSao profesiul daavadebaTa sixSiris
adgilze ubeduri SemTxvevebis Sefardeba yvela TanamSromlis da
statistikis dafiqsireba da maT daqvemdebarebaSi myofi muSakis (anu
Sesaxeb angariSgeba. specialurad mTliani SromiTi resursebis) mier
amisaTvis `Sromis saerTaSoriso saangariSo periodSi namuSevari saaTebis
organizaciam~ SeimuSava profesiuli jamur raodenobasTan.
daavadebebis da sawarmo travmebis
SemTxvevebis aRnusxvisa da maT dakarguli dRe (Lost day)
Sesaxeb Setyobinebis kodeqsi. Tu
dro (,,dReebi), romlis drosac
qveynis kanonmdebloba iTvaliswinebs
muSaks samsaxurSi miRebuli travmis an
`Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis~
profesiuli daavadebis gamo ar SeuZlia
rekomendaciebs, sakmarisia
masze dakisrebuli regularuli samuSaos
aRniSnoT es faqti da miuTiToT,
Sesruleba (Sesabamisad, dRe ,,daikarga).
rom organizaciaSi damkvidrebuli
Tu muSaki am dros nawilobriv asrulebs
praqtika da wesebi SesabamisobaSia
Tavis movaleobas an sxva ufro ioli
kanonmdeblobasTan. Tu es ase ar aris,
saxis samuSaozea gadayvanili imave
maSin aRwereT wesebis is sistema,
organizaciaSi, es dReebi dakargulad ar
romliTac sargeblobT da miuTiTeT,
iTvleba.
rogoria misi mimarTeba (anu ramdenad

48
Absentee Rate (AR).

16 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

dakarguli dReebis koeficienti (Lost day 4. informaciis mopoveba da


rate) dokumentireba
samsaxurebrivi ubeduri SemTxvevebis am indikatorisTvis monacemebis moZieba
da travmebis, an profesiuli daavadebis SeiZleba: TanamSromelTa pirad saqmeebSi
Sedegebi, romlebic aisaxeba daSavebuli (aRricxvis furcelSi), maTTan dadebul
muSakebis mier gacdenil samuSao dReebSi. kontraqtebSi, samsaxurSi gamocxdebis
es koeficienti gamoiTvleba dakarguli furcelSi da ubeduri SemTxvevebis
dReebis jamuri raodenobis SefardebiT Sesaxeb CanawerebSi.
im samuSao saaTebis jamur raodenobasTan,
romlebic, samuSao gegmis Tanaxmad,
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
organizaciis muSakebs saangariSo
periodSi unda emuSavaT.
 romis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
S
konvencia 155, `samuSao adgilze
[samuSaos] gacdena (Absentee)
janmrTelobisa da Sromis
muSakis samsaxurSi gamoucxadebloba usafrTxoebis Sesaxeb~ da
SeuZlod yofnis gamo, Tumca ar aris protokoli 155 ,491981 w.
aucilebeli, rom SeuZlod yofna
gamowveuli iyos samsaxurebrivi travmiT Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
an profesiuli daavadebiT. am SemTxvevaSi procesualuri kodeqsi `profesiuli
`gacdena~ ar moicavs samsaxurSi winaswar daavadebebisa da sawarmoo travmebis
nebadarTul gamoucxadeblobas iseTi aRnusxvisa da Setyobinebis
mizeziT, rogoricaa gegmiuri Svebuleba, Taobaze~,50 1995 w.
saswavlo Svebuleba, dekretuli
Svebuleba da ojaxuri mgomareobis gamo Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
Svebuleba. saxelmZRvanelo principebi~ samuSao
adgilze janmrTelobisa da Sromis
gacdenis koeficienti (Absentee rate) usafrTxoebis marTvis sistemebis
Sesaxeb~51, 2001 w.
es koeficienti gviCvenebs garkveuli
periodis ganmavlobaSi gacdenili
dReebis raodenobis Sefardebas samuSao
dReebis jamur raodenobasTan, romlebic,
samuSao gegmis Tanaxmad, organizaciis
muSakebs unda SeesrulebinaT imave
periodis ganmavlobaSi.

gardacvalebis SemTxveva (Fatality)

muSakis gardacvaleba saangariSo


periodis ganmavlobaSi, romelic
gamoiwvia samuSao adgilze miRebulma
travmam (sawarmoo travmam) an
profesiulma daavadebam, romliTac
muSaki angariSmgebel organizaciaSi
muSaobis dros daavadda.

49
ILO Convention 155, Occupational Health & Safety Convention and Protocol 155.
50
ILO Code of Practice on Recording and Notification of Occupational Accidents and Diseases.
51
ILO Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems.

versia 3.0 17
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

A daxmarebis programebi
LA8 informirebis, swavlebis/
treningebis, konsultirebis, sagmanaT-lo/ sakonsul- profilaqt./ mkurnaloba

prevenciuli da riskis kontrolis trening - tacio riskis

arsebuli programebi, romlebic programebi kontroli

daxmarebas uwevs TanamSromlebs,


programis
maT ojaxebs da sazogadoebis
samizne diax ara diax ara diax ara diax ara
wevrebs mZime daavadebebTan
jgufi
brZolasa da Tavidan acilebaSi
muSakebi
1. mniSvneloba
muSakebis
es indikatori mniSvnelovania
ojaxebi
nebismieri organizaciisTvis, radganac
igi axasiaTebs TanamSromelTa sazogad-bis/

janmrTelobisa da usafrTxoebis adgilobrivi

uzrunvelyofisken mimarTul Temis

organizaciul strategias. warmomadgen-

es indikatori gansakuTrebiT lebi

mniSvnelovania iseT regionebSi


dasaqmebuli organizaciebisaTvis,
sadac gadamdebi daavadebebis
gavrcelebis didi saSiSroeba arsebobs, 2.2 miuTiTeT, aris Tu ara organizaciaSi
agreTve organizaciebisaTvis, muSakebi, romelTa saqmianoba
romelTa TanamSromlebic, saqmianobis ukavSirdeba ama Tu im konkretuli
specifikidan gamomdinare, infeqciuri daavadebiT dasneulebis maRal risks
an sxva specifiuri daavadebebis an albaTobas.
SeZenis maRali riskis winaSe dganan. es
indikatori gviCvenebs, Tu ramdenad aris 3. ganmartebebi
aRniSnuli sakiTxi gaTvaliswinebuli
riskis kontroli (Risk control)
organizaciis programebSi, aseve
ramdenad axorcielebs organizacia RonisZiebebi, romlebic mimarTulia
am sferoSi msoflioSi damkvidrebul daavadebaTa zegavlenisa da gavrcelebis
praqtikul midgomebs. mZime daavadebebis Semcirebisaken.
profilaqtika xels uwyobs organizaciis
mZime daavadebebi (Serious diseases)
personalis janmrTelobas, kmayofilebas
da stabilurobas. garda amisa, profesiuli an araprofesiuli daavadebebi,
organizacia, romelic axorcielebs romlebic muSakis janmrTelobas
profilaqtikur programebs, inarCunebs seriozulad aryevs da seriozuli Sedegebi
e.w. `socialur licenzias~, rom SeiZleba mohyves misi ojaxis wevrebis
gaagrZelos saqmianoba am regionSi. an sazogadoebis warmomadgenelTaTvis
(rogoric aris mag., aiv-Sidsi, diabeti,
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
kunTis an myesis qronikuli travmuli
warmodgena
daWimuloba52 da stresi).
2.1 miuTiTeT, ra saxis programebs 4. informaciis mopoveba da
axorcielebs organizacia, romlebic dokumentireba
daxmarebas uwevs TanamSromlebs, maT
informaciis moZiebis SesaZlo wyaroebia:
ojaxebs da sazogadoebis wevrebs
organizaciis politikisa da saqmianobis
mZime daavadebebTan brZolasa da
procedurebis Semcveli dokumentebi,
Tavidan acilebaSi. informacia
TanamSromelTa janmrTelobis dacvis
warmoadgineT qvemoT motanili
Sida komitetebis oqmebi, aseve kadrebis
cxrilis mixedviT:
ganyofilebisa da janmrTelobis dacvis
centrebis Canawerebi.
52
Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI).

18 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi

aiv-Sidsze angariSgebis
saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi:
angariSgebis globaluri iniciativis
(GGRI) resurs-dokumenti.53 LA8
standartuli indikatoria aiv-
SidsTan dakavSirebiT. Tu organizacia
iseT regionebSi saqmianobs, sadac
maRalia am daavadebis gavrcelebis
xarisxi, man angariSSi ufro meti
informacia unda warmoadginos am
sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. `globaluri
angariSgebis iniciativis~ resurs-
dokumenti magaliTad gamogadgebaT.

53
Reporting Guidance on HIV/AIDS: A GRI Resource Document.

versia 3.0 19
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

LA9 janmrTelobis dacvisa da dacvisa da Sromis usafrTxoebis


Sromis usafrTxoebis sakiTxebi, sakiTxebTan dakavSirebul
romlebic Setanilia profesiul SemowmebebSi, auditebsa da
kavSirebTan dadebul oficialur ubeduri SemTxvevebis gamoZiebaSi;
xelSekrulebebSi
treningebi da ganaTleba;
1. mniSvneloba
saCivrebis wardgenis /ganxilvis
es indikatori asaxavs organizaciis meqanizmi;
adamianuri resursebis janmrTelobisa
saxifaTo samuSaos Sesrulebaze
da usafrTxoebis dacvis uzrunvelyofis
uaris Tqmis ufelba; da
erT-erT saSualebas. oficialuri
xelSekruleba xels uwyobs orive perioduli Semowmebebi.
mxaris mier sakuTari pasuxismgeblobis
globaluri donis xelSekrulebebi,
aRiarebas da, Sesabamisad, janmrTelobis
rogorc wesi, moicavs Semdeg sakiTxebs:
dacvisa da usafrTxoebis kulturis
amaRlebas organizaciaSi. es indikatori Sromis saerTaSoriso
gviCvenebs, Tu ramdenad aqtiurad aris organizaciis (ILO) standartebTan
organizaciis personali CarTuli da moTxovnebTan Sesabamisoba;
menejmentisa da profesiuli kavSirebis
problemis gadawyvetis meqanizmebi
oficialur xelSekrulebebSi, romlebSic
an struqturebi;
miTiTebulia, Tu ra saxis RonisZiebebis
gatarebas iTvaliswinebs administracia saqmianobis miznobriv
jandacvisa da usafrTxoebis kuTxiT. standartebTan an paqtikuli
midgomebis gamoyenebasTan
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
dakavSirebuli valdebulebebi.
warmodgena
3. ganmartebebi
2.1 miuTiTeT, adgilobriv an globalur
doneze profkavSirebTan gaformebul oficialuri xelSekrulebebi (Formal
oficialur xelSekrulebebSi aris agreements)
Tu ara gaTvaliswinebuli [samuSao
orive mxaris mier xelmowerili werilo-
adgilze] janmrTelobis dacvisa da
biTi dokumentebi, romliTac mxareebi
Sromis usafrTxoebis sakiTxebi (diax/
adastureben TavianT mzaobas, daicvan do-
ara).
kumentSi Camoyalibebuli pirobebi. ofi-
2.2 Tu pasuxi dadebiTia, miuTiTeT, ra cialur xelSekrulebebs ganekuTvneba,
masStabiT aris asaxuli janmrTelo- magaliTad, adgilobriv doneze dadebuli
bis dacvisa da Sromis usafrTxoebis koleqtiuri SeTanxmebis xelSekrulebebi,
sxvadasxva sakiTxebi adgilobrivi Tu aseve nacionaluri da saerTaSoriso do-
globaluri donis xelSekrulebebSi, nis CarCo xelSekrulebebi.
romlebsac organizacia awers xels.
4. informaciis mopoveba da
adgilobriv doneze dadebuli
dokumentireba
xelSekrulebebi, rogorc wesi,
moicavs Semdeg sakiTxebs:
am indikatorisaTvis monacemebis moZieba
individualuri damcavi SesaZlebelia profesiul kavSirebTan
aRWurviloba; dadebul koleqtiur xelSekrulebebSi.
[samuSao adgilze] janmrTleobisa
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
da usafrTxoebis oficialuri
erToblivi komitetebi Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
organizaciis menejmentisa da konvencia 155, `samuSao adgilze
TanamSromelTa monawileobiT; janmrTelobisa da Sromis
usafrTxoebis Sesaxeb~ da Sesabamisi
muSakTa warmomadgenlebis
protokoli #15554, 1981 w.
monawileoba janmrTelobis

54
ILO Convention 155, Occupational Safety and Health Convention and its Protocol 155.

20 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

LA10 weliwadSi saSualod ramdeni treningis/swavlebis saaTebis jamuri raoden.


saaTi ixarjeba erTi TanamSromlis TiToeuli kategoriis TanamSromlebisaTvis
LA10 =
swavlebaze/treningebze,
amave kategoriis TanamSromelTa saerTo
TanamSromelTa kategoriebis
raodenoba
mixedviT
1. mniSvneloba 3. ganmartebebi
Tu organizacias surs ganviTardes, man treningi/swavleba (Training)
gansakuTrebuli yuradReba unda miaq-
nebismieri saxis profesiuli
cios adaminuri kapitalis SenarCunebas
treningi da swavleba;
da ganviTarebas, ZiriTadad treningebis
saSualebiT, romlebic iTvaliswinebs TanamSromlis anazRaurebadi
TanamSromelTa codnisa da kvalifikaciis saswavlo Svebuleba, romelsac
amaRlebas. es indikatori gviCvenebs, Tu angariSmgebeli organizacia faravs;
ra moculobis investiciebs axorcielebs
TanamSromlis mier organizaciis
organizacia am mimarTulebiT da ram-
gareT gavlili treningi an saswavlo
denad Tanabrad moicavs es investiciebi
programa, romlis xarjebsac
TanamSromelTa sxvadasxva kategoriebs.
nawilobriv an srulad ixdis
treningebisa da swavlebis xelmisawv-
organizacia; da
domobas wvlili Seaqvs kompaniis so-
cialuri saqmianobis sxva maCveneblebis konkretul Temaze, magaliTad, janm-
gaumjobesebaSic, rogoricaa, magaliTad, rTelobis dacvisa da usafrTxoebis
samuSaoze Tanabari SesaZleblobebis uz- sakiTxebze Catarebuli trningi.
runvelyofa. treningebis xelmisawvdo-
treningi/swavleba ar moicavs samuSao
moba aZlierebs agreTve TanamSromelTa
adgilze TanamSromlis praqtikul
profesiuli zrdis motivacias, rogorc
insturuqtaJs Tu konsultirebas misi
personalur, ise organizaciul doneze.
uSualo xelmZRvanelis mier.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
4. informaciis mopoveba da
warmodgena
dokumentireba
2.1 miuTiTeT, saangariSo wlis bolosTvis
am indikatorisTvis monacemebis wyaroa
ramden TanamSromels moicavs Tanam-
kadrebis aRricxvis furceli da
SromelTa TiToeuli kategoria (mag.,
treningebis ganrigi.
menejmentis zeda rgoli, menejmentis
Sua rgoli, specialistebi, adminis-
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
traciuli, sawarmoo, teqnikuri momsax-
urebis personali da a.S.). angariSmge- Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
belma organizaciam adanmianuri konvencia 142, `adamianuri resursebis
resursebis sakuTari sistemis (anu sa- ganviTarebis Sesaxeb~ , 1975 w.
kuTari struqturis) mixedviT unda gan-
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
sazRvros TanamSromelTa kategoriebi.
konvencia 140, `anazRaurebadi
2.2 daadgineT, mTlianobaSi treningis/ saswavlo Svebulebis Sesaxeb~ , 1974 w.
swavlebis ramdeni saaTi
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
Cautarda TiToeuli kategoriis
konvencia 155, `samuSao adgilze
TanamSromlebs.
janmrTelobisa da Sromis
2.3 miuTiTeT, TiToeuli kategoriis erT usafrTxoebis Sesaxeb~ , 1981 w.
TanamSromelze weliwadSi saSualod
OEOECDD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
treningis/swavlebis ramdeni saaTi
mravalerovani sawarmoebisaTvis,
daixarja. am monacemis gamosaTvlelad
ganaxlebuli versia, 2000 w. muxlebi II,
gamoiyeneT qvemoTmotanili formula:
4 da IV 2(c), 3 da 5. 58

55
ILO Convention 142, Human Resources Development Convention.
56
ILO Convention 140, Paid Educational Leave Convention.
57
ILO Convention 155, Occupational Safety and Health Convention.
58
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, Revision 2000, Articles II, 4 & IV, 2 (c), 3 & 5.
versia 3.0 21
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

LA11 unar-Cvevebis ganviTarebisa xangrZlivi [saswavlo an


da uwyveti swavlebis programebi, SemoqmedebiTi] Svebuleba im
romlebic xels uwyobs pirobiT, rom TanamSromels
TanamSromelTa xangrZliv SeunarCundeba samuSao adgili.
dasaqmebas da exmareba maT karieris
dasrulebisas 2.2 pensiaze gamsvleli an samsaxuridan
daTxovili TanamSromlebis
1. mniSvneloba
daxmarebis programebi moicavs Tu
ara qvemoTCamoTvlilTagan romelime
unar-Cvevebis ganviTarebis programebi
komponents?
saSualebas aZlevs organizacias, dagegmos
sakuTari TanamSromlebis kvalifikaciis
winasapensio gegma im
amaRleba, raTa maT daakmayofilon
TanamSromlebisaTvis, romlebic
organizaciis strategiuli miznebis
apireben pensiaze gasvlas;
misaRwevad saWiro moTxovnebi mudmiv
cvalebad samuSao garemoSi. rac ufro im sapensio asakis muSakebis
kvalificiuri da mcodnea organizaciis kvalifikaciis amaRleba, romlebic
personali, miT ufro didia organizaciis muSaobis gagrZelebas apireben;
adamianuri kapitali da TanamSromlebic
kompensacia samsaxuridan
ufro kmayofilebi arian samuSaoTi.
daTxovasTan dakavSirebiT;
es yvelaferi ki, Tavis mxriv, zrdis
TanamSromelTa Sromis nayofierebas. amgvari kompensaciis gacemisas
rac Seexeba im TanamSromlebs, romlebic TanamSromlis asakis da samuSao
sapensio asaks uaxlovdebian, isini staJis gaTvaliswineba;
ufro imedianad grZnoben Tavs da ufro
dasaqmebis servisi; da
efeqturad urTierToben kolegebTan da
xelmZRvanelobasTan, radgan ician, rom ,,samsaxuris gareSe cxovrebaze
samuSaodan pensiaze gasvlis gardamaval gadasvlisas (anu samuSaodan
periodSi isini aucileblad miiReben pensiaze gasvlisas) daxmarebis
mxardaWeras. uwyveti swavlebis mizania gaweva (treningi, konsultacia).
xeli Seuwyos codnisa da gamocdilebis
3. ganmartebebi
dagrovebas, rac daexmareba nebismier
moqalaqes, advilad moergos swrafad xangrZlivi dasaqmebis SesaZlebloba
cvalebad SromiT bazars da aqtiuri (Continued employability)
monawileoba miiRos ekonomikuri
axali profesiuli unarebis SeZenis gziT
cxovrebis nebismier sferoSi.
mudmivad cvlad garemoSi adaptacia.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da karieris dasruleba (Career endings)
warmodgena
erovnuli kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili
2.1 TanamSromelTa swavlebis Tu sapensio asakis miRwevisas pensiaze gasvla,
kvalifikaciis amaRlebisa da unar- an organizaciis restruqturizaciis
Cvevebis SeZenis programebi Seicavs Sedegad samsaxuridan daTxova.
Tu ara qvemoTCamoTvlilTagan
unar-Cvevebis ganviTareba (Skills management)
romelime komponents?
organizaciis politika da progrmebi,
Sida trening-kursebi;
romelTa mizania TanamSromelTa
unar-Cvevebis ganviTareba, raTa maT
organizaciis gareT Catarebuli
daakmayofilon organizaciis da/
treningi da swavleba, romelsac
an konkretuli sferos Secvlili
organizacia afinansebs; da
strategiuli moTxovnebi.

22 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

uwyveti swavleba (Lifelong learning)


codnis, kvalifikaciis, unar-Cvevebisa da
interesebis ganviTareba mTeli cxovrebis
ganmavlobaSi _ skolamdeli asakidan
dawyebuli, pensiaze gasvlis Semdegomi
etapis CaTvliT.

4. informaciis mopoveba da
dokumentireba

am indikatorisTvis monacemebis
wyaroa organizaciis procedurebi
TanamSromelTa daTxovis Sesaxeb da
kadrebis aRricxvis furceli.

5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi

Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis


konvencia 142, `adamianuri resursebis
ganviTarebis Sesaxeb~, 59 1975 w.

Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis


konvencia 168, ` dasaqmebis
xelSewyobisa da umuSevrobisagan
dacvis Sesaxeb~ ,601988 w.

59
ILO Convention 142, Human Resources Development Convention.
60
ILO Convention 168, Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment Convention.

versia 3.0 23
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

LA12 im TanamSromelTa procentuli 3. ganmartebebi


wili, romlebic regularulad
muSaobis efeqturobisa da profesiuli
gaivlian sakuTari muSaobis
ganviTarebis regularuli Sefaseba (Regular
efeqturobisa da profesiuli
performance and career development review)
ganviTarebis Sefasebas
1. mniSvneloba saqmianobis efeqturobis maCveneblebi da
Sefasebebi efuZneba TanmSromlisTvis da
organizaciis saerTo miznebTan
misi ufrosisTvis cnobil kriteriumebs.
mimarTebiT TanamSromelTa saqmianobis
aseTi Sefaseba tardeba weliwadSi sul
efeqturobis Sefaseba xels uwyobs,
mcire erTxel da es TanmSromlisaTvis
erTis mxriv, calkeuli TanamSromlebis
winaswar aris cnobili. is SeiZleba
individualur ganviTarebas da, meore
moiacavdes uSualo xelmZRvanelis,
mxriv, organizaciis adamianuri kapitalis
kolegebis an TanamSromlebis ufro
profesiul zrdasa da ganviTarebas.
farTo speqtris mier ganxorcielebul
amgvar Sefasebas SeiZleba mohyves
Sefasebas. SefasebaSi monawileoba
TanamSromelTa kmayofilebis zrdac,
SeiZleba miiRon agreTve kadrebis
rac pirdapir kavSirSia organizaciis
ganyofilebis TanamSromlebma.
saqmianobis efeqturobis amaRlebasTan.
es indikatori arapirdapiri gziT 4. informaciis mopoveba da
gviCvenebs, Tu rogor axerxebs dokumentireba
organizacia TanamSromelTa unar-
Cvevebisa da profesionalizmis informaciis moZieba SeiZleba
monitoringsa da SenarCunebas. TanamSromelTa aRricxvis furcelSi.
LA12 indikatorTan 61 kombinaciaSi
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
es indikatori gviCvenebs, Tu ra
midgomebs iyenebs organizacia Tavisi
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
TanamSromlebis profesiuli unar-
konvencia 142, `adamianuri resursebis
Cvevebis ganviTarebisTvis. imis mixedviT,
Tu TanamSromelTa ra nawili gaivlis ganviTarebis Sesaxeb~62, 1975 w.
regularulad muSaobis efeqturobisa
da profesiuli ganviTarebis Sefasebas,
naTeli xdeba, Tu ramdenad iyenebs
organizacia am sistemas mTeli
organizaciis masStabiT.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
warmodgena

2.1 miuTiTeT TanamSromelTa saerTo


raodenoba. es raodenoba unda
emTxveodes L
LA A1-is mixedviT
miTiTebul cifrs.

2.2 miuTiTeT, TanamSromelTa saerTo


raodenobis ramdenma procentma
miiRo mis mier Sesrulebuli samuSaos
oficialuri Sefaseba saangariSo
periodis ganmavlobaSi.

61
rogorc Cans inglisur teqstSi Secdomaa. savaraudod aq igulisxmeba LA11 indikatori (mTargmn. SeniSvn.).
62
ILO Convention 142, Human Resources Development.

24 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

LA13 mmarTvelobiTi organoebis gansazRvreT organizaciaSi moqmedi


Semadgenlobisa da sxvadasxva adamianuri resursebis marTvis
kategoriis TanamSromelTa sistemis safuZvelze. TanamSromelTa
daTiSva genderuli, asakobrivi, mTliani raodenoba unda emTxveodes
umciresobis jgufebisadmi LALA1-is mixedviT miTiTebul
mikuTvnebis da mravalferovnebis raodenobas.
sxva maCveneblebis mixedviT
2.3 TanamSromelTa TiToeuli
1. mniSvneloba
kategoriisTvis miuTiTeT, rogoria
es indikatori warmoadgens organizaciis am kategoriaSi Semdegi jgufebis
farglebSi arsebuli mravalferovnebis procentuli wili:
raodenobriv sazoms. igi SeiZleba
gamoiyenoT seqtoruli an regionuli sqesi: qali/mamakaci
maCveneblebis paralelurad.
informacia organizaciaSi arsebuli erovnul umciresobaTa
mravalferovnebis Sesaxeb gvexmareba warmomadgenlebi
SevafasoT organizaciis adaminuri
kapitali. organizaciis mTeli asakobrivi jgufebi: 30 wlamde, 30-
personalis mravalferovnebas da 50 weli, 50 wels zemoT
menejmentis mravalferovnebas Tu
SevudarebT erTmaneTs, davinaxavT, 2.4 miuTiTeT, organizaciis
Tu ramdenad daculia organizaciaSi mmarTvelobiT organoebSi (mag.,
Tanabari SesaZleblobebis principi. direqtorTa sabWoSi, mmarTvelobiT
detaluri informacia organizaciis komitetSi an, arakomerciuli
mTliani SromiTi resursebis organizaciis SemTxvevaSi, sxva
Semadgenlobis Sesaxeb, agreTve msgavs organoSi) rogoria qvemoT
gvexmareba ukeT ganvsazRvroT, CamoTvlili jgufebis procentuli
Tu ra sakiTxebia gansakuTrebiT wili:
mniSvnelovani TanamSromelTa ama Tu im
kategoriisaTvis. sqesi: qali/mamakaci
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da
erovnul umciresobaTa
warmodgena
warmomadgenlebi
2.1 miuTiTeT mravalferovnebis
asakobrivi jgufebi: 30 wlamde, 30-
indikatorebi, romlebsac
50 weli, 50 wels zemoT
organizacia iyenebs monitoringisa
da aRricxvis sakuTar sistemaSi
3. ganmartebebi
da romlebic aseTive warmatebiT
SeiZleba gamoiyenoT mdgradi mmarTvelobiTi organo (Governance bodies)
ganviTarebis angariSSi.
komiteti an sabWo, romelic
axorcielebs organizaciis strategiul
2.2 miuTiTeT, sul ramden TanamSromels
xelmZRvanelobas, monitorings
moicavs TanamSromelTa TiToeuli
uwevs menejmentis efeqturobas da
kategoria (mag., sabWo, menejmentis
pasuxs agebs oranizaciis menejmentis
zeda rgoli, menejmentis Sua rgoli,
angariSvaldebulebaze mTeli
administracia, warmoebis segmenti
organizaciisa da dainteresebuli
da a. S.). TanamSromelTa kategoriebi
mxareebis winaSe.

versia 3.0 25
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA)

mravalferovnebis indikatorebi (Indicators of Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis


diversity) `sammxrivi deklaracia mravalerovani
sawarmoebisa da socialuri
maCveneblebi, romelTa mixedviT
politikis Sesaxeb~, muxlebi 21, 22, 23,
organizacia agrovebs monacemebs,
1977w .67
rogoricaa, magaliTad: moqalaqeoba,
warmoSoba, eTnikuri mikuTvneba,
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
sarwmunoeba da unarSezRuduloba.
`deklaracia SromiT saqmianobaSi
ZiriTadi principebisa da uflebebis
4. informaciis mopoveba da
Sesaxeb~, 68 1998 w.
dokumentireba
informaciis SesaZlo wyaroebia: Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
TanamSromelTa kadrebis aRricxvis konvencia 111, `dasaqmebasTan
furceli da Tanabari SesaZleblobebis da SromiT saqmianobasTan
uzrunvelyofis komitetebis oqmebi. dakavSirebuli diskriminaciis
dauSvebelobis Sesaxeb~, 69 1958 w.
5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
`saerTaSoriso konvencia nebismieri
`konvencia qalTa diskriminaciis
formis rasobrivi diskriminaciis
nebismieri formis aRkveTis Sesaxeb~
aRmofxvris Sesaxeb~,70 1969 wlis 4
gaeros generaluri asamblea:
ianvari.
rezolucia 34/180, 1979 wlis 18
dekemberi63.
OECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
mravalerovani sawarmoebisTvis,
`deklaracia Seuwynareblobisa da
ganaxlebuli versia, 2000 w.
religiis an mrwamsis safuZvelze
(paragrafi `dasaqmeba da samrewvelo
diskriminaciis yvela formis
urTierTobebi) .71
aRmofxvris Sesaxeb~, gaeros
generaluri asambleis rezolucia
gaeros globaluri SeTanxmeba,
36/55, 1981 wlis 26 noemberi.64
principi 6, 2000 wlis 26 ivlisi .72
`deklaracia rasaze da rasasTan gaeros deklaracia rasobrivi
dakavSirebul crurwmenebze~. diskriminaciis nebismieri gamovlenis
iuneskos generaluri konferenciis aRmofxvris Sesaxeb: gaeros
20-e sesia, 1978 wlis 27 noemberi .65 generaluri asambleis rezolucia,
1904 (XVIII),- 1963 wlis 20 noemberi .73
`erovnul an eTnikur, religiur da
lingvistur umciresobaTa uflebebis
deklaracia~. gaeros generaluri
asambleis rezolucia 47/135, 1992
wlis 18 dekemberi .66

63
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: UN GA: Resolution 34/180 of 18 December 1979.
64
Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination based on Religion or Belief: UN GA: Resolution
36/55 of 26 November 1981.
65
Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice: General Conference UNESCO 20th session on 27 November 1978.
66
Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities: UN GA Resolution
47/135 of 18 December 1992.
67
ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles Concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy: Art. 21, 22, 23, 1977.
68
ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work.
69
ILO Convention 111, Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation.
70
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
71
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, Revision 2000 (Employment and Industrial Relations Section).
72
United Nations Global Compact: Principle 6, 26 July 2000.
73
United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination: UN GA Resolution 1904 (XVlll) of 20
November 1963.

26 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: SromiTi saqmianoba (LA) IP

LA14 mamakacTa da qalTa ZiriTadi 2.4 miuTiTeT, rogoria TanamSromelTa


(sabazo) xelfasebis Sefardeba, TiToeul kategoriaSi mamakacTa
TanamSromelTa kategoriebis da qalTa ZiriTadi xelfasebis
mixedviT Sefardeba.
1. mniSvneloba
3. ganmartebebi
bevr qveyanaSi kanondeblobiT aris ZiriTadi (sabazo) xelfasi (Basic salary)
dadgenili, rom Tanabari sirTulis
samuSao Tanabrad unda anazRaurdes. am minimaluri fiqsirebuli Sromis
princips amkvidrebs Sromis saerTaSoriso anazRaureba, romelsac TanamSromeli
organizaciis me-100 konvenciac `erTnairi Sesrulebuli samuSaos sanacvlod iRebs.
samuSaosaTvis qalisa da mamakacis Sromis es Tanxa ar moicavs aranair saxelfaso
Tanabari anazRaurebis Sesaxeb~. erTnairi danamats, rogoricaa, magaliTad, staJis
anazRaureba organizaciaSi kvalificiuri an zeganakveTuri samuSaos danamati,
kadrebis dakavebis umniSvnelovanesi premia, finansuri daxmareba an sxva ram
faqtoria. rodesac anazRaureba Tanabari damatebiTi Tanxa (mag., transportiT
ar aris, organizacias ori saxis safrTxe mgzavrobisaTvis).
emuqreba: reputaciis Selaxva da
diskriminaciis braldebiT sasamarTloSi
4. informaciis mopoveba da
saqmis aRZrva.
dokumentireba
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da am indikatorisaTvis monacemebis moZieba
warmodgena SesaZlebelia TanamSromelTa kadrebis
aRricxvis furcelsa da saxelfaso
2.1 LA13-Si mocemul informaciaze uwyisebSi.
dayrdnobiT miuTiTeT, mTeli
organizaciis masStabiT rogoria 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
mamakacTa da qalTa raodenoba
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
TanamSromelTa TiToeul
konvencia 100, `erTnairi
kategoriaSi. TanamSromelTa
samuSaosaTvis qalisa da mamakacis
kategoriebi gansazRvreT
Sromis erTnairi anazRaurebis
organizaciaSi moqmedi adamianuri
Sesaxeb~741951 w.
resursebis marTvis sistemis
safuZvelze. TanamSromelTa mTliani
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
raodenoba unda emTxveodes LLA A1-is
konvencia 111, `dasaqmebasTan
mixedviT miTiTebul raodenobas.
da SromiT saqmianobasTan
2.2 miuTiTeT, rogoria TanamSromelTa dakavSirebuli diskriminaciis
TiToeul kategoriaSi mamakacTa da dauSvebelobis Sesaxeb~75, 1958 w.
qalTa ZiriTadi xelfasebi.
 romis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
S
2.3 am monacemebisTvis drois nebismieri (ILO) `deklaracia SromiT
periodi gamodgeba (mag., saaTobrivi, saqmianobaSi ZiriTadi principebisa
kvireuli, Tviuri an wliuri da uflebebis Sesaxeb~76, 1998 w.
anazRaureba).

74
ILO Convention 100, Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value.
75
ILO Convention 111, Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation, 1958.
76
ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work.

versia 3.0 27
IP

indikatorTa protokolebi
adamianis uflebebi (HR)

2000-2006 GRI versia 3.0


indikatorTa protokolebi: adamianis uflebebi (HR) IP

adamianis uflebebi aspeqti: bavSvTa Sroma

saqmianobis efeqturobis HR6 saqmianobebi, romelTac axlavs


indikatorebi bavSvTa Sromis gamoyenebis didi

ZiriTadi
riski, agreTve bavSvTa Sromis
aspeqti: investiciebi da Sesyidvebi aRmofxvrisken mimarTuli
RonisZiebebi.
HR1 im mniSvnelovani sainvesticio
SeTanxmebebis saerTo raodenoba aspeqti: iZulebiTi da ZaldatanebiTi
da procentuli wili, romlebic Sroma
Seicavs debulebebs adamianis
HR7 saqmianobebi, romelTa
ZiriTadi

uflebaTa dacvis Sesaxeb, an


farglebSic aRiniSneba iZulebiTi
romlebic Semowmda adamianis
da ZaldatanebiTi Sromis
uflebebis dacvis TvalsazrisiT.
gamoyenebis didi riski, agreTve
iZulebiTi da ZaldatanebiTi

ZiriTadi
HR2 im mniSvnelovani momwodeblebis
Sromis aRmofxvrisken mimarTuli
da kontraqtorebis procentuli
RonisZiebebi.
wili, romelTac gaiares Semowmeba
adamianis uflebaTa dacvis
aspeqti: usafrTxoeba
ZiriTadi

kuTxiT, agreTve Semowmebis


sapasuxod ganxorcielebuli
HR8 usafrTxoebis samsaxuris
RonisZiebebi.
TanamSromelTa ra procentulma
wilma gaiara treningi/swavleba
HR3 jamuri xangrZlivoba
organizaciis politikasa da
(saaTebSi) organizaciis
procedurebze, romlebic
TanamSromlebisaTvis Catarebuli
damatebiTi

exeba adamianis uflebebaTa


treningebisa, romlebic exeba
dacvis sxvadasxva aspeqts da
organizaciis politikasa da
romlebic arsebiTia organizaciis
procedurebs adamianis uflebaTa
saqmianobisaTvis.
dacvis sxvadasxva aspeqtTan
mimarTebiT da romlebic aspeqti: ZirZveli mosaxleobis
arsebiTia organizaciis uflebebis dacva
damatebiTi

saqmianobisTvis; aseve im
HR9 ZirZveli mosaxleobis uflebebis
TanamSromelTa procentuli
darRvevis SemTxvevaTa saerTo
maCvenebeli, romlebmac es
raodenoba da amgvari darRvevebis
treningebi gaiares.
damatebiTi

aRmosafxvrelad gatarebuli
RonisZiebebi.
aspeqti: diskriminaciis dauSvebeloba

HR4 diskriminaciis SemTxvevebis


ZiriTadi

saerTo raodenoba da sapasuxod


gatarebuli RonisZiebebi.

aspeqti: asociaciebSi gaerTianebis da


koleqtiur molaparakebebSi
monawileobis Tavisufleba

HR5 saqmianobebi, romelTa farglebSi


asociaciebSi gaerTianebisa da
koleqtiur molaparakebebSi
monawileobis Tavisufleba
mniSvnelovani riskis winaSe
ZiriTadi

SeiZleba dadges, aseve am


uflebaTa dasacavad gatarebuli
RonisZebebi.

versia 3.0 1
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: adamianis uflebebi (HR)

mniSvneloba r
 ogor iTvaliswinebs organizacia adamianis
uflebaTa dacvis sxvadasxva aspeqtebs
adamianis uflebaTa dacvis indikatorebi
sagareo saqmianobaSi, iqneba es investiciebi
gviCvenebs, Tu ra zegavlenas axdens or-
Tu momwodebelTa SerCeva (HR1 da HHR2).
ganizacia dainteresebul mxareTa samo-
qalaqo da politikur uflebebze da ra ganmartebebi
saqmianobas eweva igi am sferoSi. adamianis
adamianis uflebebi (HHuman rights)
uflebebis indikatorTa aspeqtebi, Tavis
mxriv, efuZneba msoflioSi aRiarebul adamianTa sayovelTaod aRiarebuli
standartebs, rogoric aris, upirveles uflebebi ZiriTadad gansazRvrulia
yovlisa, `gaeros sayovelTao deklaracia Semdeg xuT konvenciasa da deklaraciaSi:
adamianis uflebaTa Sesaxeb~ da `Sromis
1. gaeros sayovelTao deklaracia
saerTaSoriso organizaciis (ILO) deklara-
adamianis uflebaTa Sesaxeb,1948 w. 1
cia SromiT saqmianobaSi ZiriTadi principe-
bisa da uflebebis Sesaxeb~, 1998 w. (kerZod, 2. gaeros saerTaSoriso konvencia
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis rva samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis
umTavresi konvencia). marTalia, `adamianis Sesaxeb, 1966 w. 2
uflebebi~ da `SromiTi saqmianoba~ urT-
3. gaeros saerTaSoriso konvencia
ierTdakavSirebuli kategoriebia, magram am
ekonomikuri, socialuri da
kategoriaTa indikatorebi mainc sxvadasxva
kulturuli uflebebis Sesaxeb, 1966 w.3
miznebs emsaxureba. adamianis uflebebis
indikatorebi yuradRebas imaze amaxvilebs, 4. Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis (ILO)
Tu rogor uzrunvelyofs angariSmgebeli deklaracia SromiT saqmianobaSi Ziri-
organizacia adamianis ZiriTad uflebaTa Tadi principebisa da uflebebis Sesaxeb,
dacvasa da pativiscemas, maSin rodesac 1988 w.4 (kerZod, Sromis saerTaSoriso
SromiTi saqmianobis indikatorebi, ZiriTa- organizaciis rva umTavresi konvencia).
dad, samuSao pirobebsa da samuSao garemos
5. venis deklaracia da samoqmedo gegma, 1993 w.5
xarisxsze koncentrirdeba.
damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
saqmianobis efeqturobis indikatorebi
gvawvdis Sedarebad informacias organizaci- Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
is saqmianobis Sedegebis Sesaxeb da, upirve- (ILO) deklaracia SromiT saqmianobaSi
les yovlisa, adamianis umTavres uflebaTa ZiriTadi principebisa da uflebebis
darRvevis SemTxvevebze amaxvilebs yura- Sesaxeb, 1988 w.
dRebas. es indikatorebi asaxavs, erTis mxriv,
Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
Tu ra zegavlenas axdens organizacia dain-
sammxrivi deklaracia mravalerovani
teresebul mxareebze, xolo meore mxriv, ra
sawarmoebisa da socialuri politi-
safrTxeebis winaSeE ayenebs adamianis ufleba-
kis Sesaxeb, 2001 w.,6 mesame gamocema.
Ta darRveva Tavad organizacias. indikator-
ebi sam ZiriTad sferoze vrceldeba:  OECD saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebi
mravalerovani sawarmoebisTvis, 2000
a
 damianis uflebaTa umTavres aspeqtebTan
wlis ganaxlebuli versia. 7
dakavSirebuli SemTxvevebi (HR4 da HR9);
 gaeros sayovelTao deklaracia
gaaCnia Tu ara organizacias saTanado
adamianis uflebaTa Sesaxeb, 1948 w.
potenciali, codna da unarebi, raTa
efeqturad moagvaros sxvadasxva sakiTx- Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis
ebi adamianis uflebaTa dacvis sferoSi, konvencia (169) damoukidebeli
rac moicavs treningebsa da Sida proce- qveynebis ZirZveli da momTabare
durebs (HR3, HR5, HR6, HR7 da H
H R8); da xalxebis Sesaxeb, 1989 w.8

1
United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.
2
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966.
3
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966.
4
ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, 1998.
5
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, 1993.
6
ILO Tripartite Declaration Concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy, 2001.
7
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, Revision 2000.
8
ILO Convention (169) concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries, 1989.
2 2000-2006 GRI
indikatorTa protokolebi: adamianis uflebebi (HR) IP

HR1 im mniSvnelovani sainvesticio sainvesticio proeqtis ganxorcieleba,


SeTanxmebebis saerTo raodenoba da romelic finansuri aRricxvis kuTxiT
procentuli wili, romlebic Seicavs Zalze mniSvnelovania.
debulebebs adamianis uflebaTa
2.3 Tu erTsa da imave partniorTan
dacvis Sesaxeb, an romlebic
ramdenime mniSvnelovani
Semowmda adamianis uflebaTa
sainvesticio xelSekruleba daido,
dacvis TvalsazrisiT
xelSekrulebaTa saerTo raodenoba
1. mniSvneloba unda Seesabamebodes ganxorcielebul
proeqtTa an daarsebul organizaciul
am indikatoris meSveobiT SesaZlebelia
erTeulTa mTlian raodenobas.
ganisazRvros, Tu ramdenad aris gaTval-
iswinebuli adamianis uflebebi orga- 2.4 miuTiTeT saangariSo periodSi
nizaciis ekonomikur gadawyvetilebebSi. dadebuli im mniSvnelovani
es gansakuTrebiT arsebiTia im organiza- sainvesticio xelSekrulebebis
ciebisTvis, romlebic saqmianoben an sxva mTliani raodenoba da procentuli
organizaciaTa partniorebs warmoadgenen wili, romlebSic Sevida debulebebi
iseT regionebSi, sadac adamianTa uflebe- adamianis uflebebis dacvis Sesaxeb
bis dacvis mdgomareoba seriozul SeSfo- an romlebic Semowmda/Sefasda
Tebas iwvevs. adamianis uflebebTan dakav- adamianis uflebebis dacvis kuTxiT.
Sirebuli kriteriumebis gaTvaliswineba
3. ganmartebebi
[sainvesticio partniorebis Tu kontraq-
torebis] Sefasebis procesSi, an maTi debulebebi adamianis uflebaTa Sesaxeb
integrireba saqmianobisadmi wayenebul (Human rights clauses)
moTxovnebSi SeiZleba im strategiis Se-
werilobiT xelSekrulebaSi Cadebuli
madgeneli nawili gaxdes, romelic miznad
konkretuli piroba, romelic
isaxavs sainvesticio riskebis Semcirebas.
gansazRvravs organizaciis saqmianobisas
Tu adamianis uflebebis dacvis kuTxiT
adamianis uflebaTa dacvis im minimalur
organizaciaSi raime problema dafiqsir-
moTxovnebs, romelTa dakmayofileba
da, es gamoiwvevs investori organizaciis
investiciis ganxorcielebis savldebulo
reputaciis Selaxvas da imoqmedebs inves-
winapirobaa.
ticiebis stabilurobaze.
2. monacemTa Segroveba-damuSaveba da Semowmeba/Sefaseba adamianis uflebaTa
warmodgena dacvis kuTxiT (Human rights screening)

2.1 gaiTvaliswineT mxolod is formaluri an dokumentirebuli


xelSekrulebebi, romlebic mniSvnelo- procesi, romlis farglebSic investiciis
vania TavianTi masStaburobiTa da Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebis misaRebad erT-
strategiuli datvirTviT. mniSvnelo- erT faqtorad gamoiyeneba adamianis
vaneba imis mixedviT ganisazRvreba, uflebaTa dacvis sferoSi saqmianobis
Tu organizaciis menejmentis romeli Sefasebis kriteriumTa erToblioba.
donis Tanxmobaa saWiro ama Tu im sain-
vesticio xelSekrulebis dasadebad. 4. informaciis mopoveba da
SegiZliaT gamoiyenoT sxva krite- dokumentireba
riumic, romelTac Tanmimdevrulad
informaciis moZieba SesaZlebelia
miusadagebT yvela xelSekrulebas. or-
angariSmgebeli organizaciis iuridiul,
ganizaciam unda ganmartos Tavis anga-
investorebTan urTierTobis da
riSSi, Tu ras gulisxmobs ,,mniSvnelovan
finansur ganyofilebebSi, aseve xarisxis
xelSekrulebaSi .
marTvis sistemis meSveobiT Segrovebul
2.2 gansazRvreT, ramdeni mniSvnelovani dokumentaciaSi.
sainvesticio xelSekruleba daido
saangariSo periodSi, romelTa Sedegad 5. damowmebis ZiriTadi wyaroebi
organizacias sakuTrebaSi gadaeca
ar aris.
sxva organizaciuli erTeuli an
organizaciam daiwyo iseTi kapitaluri

versia 3.0 3
IP indikatorTa protokolebi: adamianis uflebebi (HR)

HR2 im mniSvnelovani dadebuli iseTi xelSekrulebebis


momwodeblebis da kontraqtorebis procentuli wili, romlebSic
procentuli wili, romelTac Cadebulia adamianis uflebaTa
gaiares Semowmeba/Sefaseba dacvis kuTxiT Semowmebis/Sefasebis
adamianis uflebaTa dacvis kuTxiT9, moTxovna an gaTvaliswinebulia
agreTve amgvari Semowmebis amgvari Sefasebis kriteriumebi.
sapasuxod ganxorcielebuli ,,kriteriumisa da ,,Semowmeba/
RonisZiebebi Sefasebis definiciebisTvis ixileT
HR1-is ganmartebebi.
1. mniSvneloba
2.3 miuTiTeT mniSvnelovan
produqciisa da momsaxurebis mimwodeblebTan da kontraqtorebTan
momwodebelTa da kontraqtorTa farTo dadebuli xelSekrulebebis
qselis ganviTarebam sazogadoebis procentuli wili, romlebic Sewyda,
didi daintereseba gamoiwvia imasTan romelTa pirobebi gadaixeda an
dakavSirebiT, Tu rogor axorcieleben romlebTan mimarTebiTac gatarda
angariSmgebeli organizaciebi adamianis sxva RonisZiebebi adamianis uflebaTa
uflebaTa dacvis sakuTar politikas dacvis kuTxiT Semowmebis/Sefasebis
mowodebis qselebTan mimarTebiT. Catarebis Semdeg..
es gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania
3. ganmartebebi
im seqtorebSi dasaqmebuli
organizaciebisTvis, romlebic efuZneba mniSvnelovani mimwodeblebi da
saqmianobis calkeuli komponentebis kontraqtorebi (Significant suppliers and
qvekontraqtorebisTvis gadacemas da contractors)
mowodebis globalur qsels.
gareSe mxareebi, romelTaganac xdeba
Tu organizacia Tavis mowodebis qselSi produqciis an momsaxurebis SeZena,
axorcielebs adamianis uflebaTa dacvis an visTanac formdeba xelSekruleba
efeqturobis Sefasebasa da monitorings, produqciis an momsaxurebis
es migvaniSnebs, rom organizacia mowodebaze. am indikatoris konteqstSi
dadebiT zemoqmedebas axdens zogadad ,, mniSvnelovan momwodeblebsa da
biznes-sazogadoebaze. rodesac msxvili kontraqtorebSi igulisxmeba:
mimwodeblebi an kontraqtorebi arRveven
konkretuli tipis produqciisa
adamianis uflebebs, es azaralebs maT
Tu momsaxurebis ZiriTadi
biznes-partniorTa reputacias da/
momwodeblebi, romlebzec modis
an iwvevs momwodebelTa saqmianobis
organizaciis mier ganxoricelebuli
arastabilurobas. adamianis uflebaTa
Sesyidvebis yvelaze didi wili; an
dacvis kuTxiT Sefaseba warmoadgens
riskis marTvis Semadgenel nawils, xolo