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Morrison Bros. Co.

Established 1855

Venting Guide for Aboveground Storage Tanks

This guide is intended for reference use only. All final details of design and construction must meet the requirements of federal,
state, and local codes. In cases where plan approval is required, such approval must be obtained from the authority having
jurisdiction before any work is performed.
The equipment presented in the Guide applies only to shop fabricated tanks.
Morrison Bros. Co.
Established 1855

24th and Elm St. P.O. Box 238


Dubuque, IA 52004-0238
Ph: (563) 583-5701
Fax: (563) 583-5028
E-mail: custserv@morbros.com
Internet: http://www.morbros.com
Contents

I. Background Information Page


Introduction .......................................................................................................... 1
Definitions ............................................................................................................ 1

II. Example Calculations for Vent Selection


Horizontal Cylindrical Storage Tank ..................................................................... 2
Vertical Cylindrical Storage Tank ......................................................................... 3
Horizontal Rectangular Storage Tank .................................................................. 4

III. Calculation Tables


PrecalculatedHorizontal Cylindrical Tanks ........................................................ 5
PrecalculatedVertical Cylindrical Tanks ............................................................ 6
PrecalculatedHorizontal Rectangular Tanks ..................................................... 7
Wetted Areas for Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks ..................................................... 8
Wetted Areas for Vertical Cylindrical Tanks ......................................................... 9
Venting Capacity ................................................................................................ 10
Gallon Capacity per Foot of Length ................................................................... 11

IV. Vent Selection


Morrison VentsCapacities .............................................................................. 12
Vent Combinations ............................................................................................ 13
Morrison EquipmentIllustrations .............................................................. 14 - 22

V. Aboveground Fuel Storage Diagrams


Pressure Systems
Horizontal tank with top fill and remote dispenser ................................................... 23
Rectangular double wall with remote fill and side mounted dispenser .................... 24
Suction Systems
Horizontal tank with top fill and top mounted dispenser .......................................... 25
Rectangular double wall with remote fill and remote pump ..................................... 26
Bulk Storage
Equipment Illustration .............................................................................................. 27
Gauging System ...................................................................................................... 28

Refer
eferences
erences
NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code 1996 Edition
National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9904

UL 142 Steel Aboveground Tanks 7th Edition, April 1, 1993


UL Standards for Safety UL Publication Stock, 333 Pfingsten Road, Northbrook, IL 60062, Tel (847) 272-8800

API Std 2000 Venting Atmospheric & Low Pressure Storage Tanks
American Petroleum Institute - Fourth Edition, October 1992
1120 L Street, Northwest, Washington DC 20005 Order #822-20000

PEI RP200 Recommended Practices for Installation of Aboveground Storage Systems for Motor
Vehicle Fueling
Petroleum Equipment Institute, P.O. Box 2380, Tulsa, OK 74101, Tel (918) 494-9696

Morrison Bros. Co. P.O. Box 238, Dubuque, IA 52004-0238, Tel (563) 583-5701
Background Information

T he Morrison Venting Guide was created to assist in equipment selection for above-
ground storage tanks. Examples on the next two pages illustrate a vent selection
process. It is best to work through the examples before attempting to use any of the
tables in this book.

Tables include examples for standard sized tanks. The venting capacity charts and
wetted area tables were taken directly from NFPA 30 and UL 142.

The vent selection chapter includes venting capacities of specific Morrison vents. This
data was obtained from results of laboratory testing and engineering calculations.
Catalog pages of the Morrison equipment follow the vent capacity chart.

Definitions
Emergency Venting Venting sufficient to and emergency vents shall be enough to prevent
relieve excessive internal pressure in storage tanks rupture of the shell or bottom of the tank if vertical, or
caused by exposure fires. Venting rate may exceed of the shell or heads if horizontal.
requirements of normal atmospheric and product
transfer effects. In such cases, the construction of Wetted Area Exposed surface or shell area
the tank will determine if additional venting capacity of a tank used in determining the venting require-
must be provided. ments needed for that size tank in event of an
exposure fire. In a horizontal tank, the wetted area
Atmospheric Tank A storage tank that is calculated as 75% of the exposed surface area.
has been designed to operate at pressures from In a vertical tank, the wetted area is calculated as the
atmospheric through 1.0 PSIG (760 mm Hg through first 30 ft. above grade of the exposed shell area of
812 mm Hg) measured at the top of the tank (NFPA the tank.
30 Pg. 30-8). Pressure not to exceed 1.0 PSIG
under normal operation, and 2.5 PSIG under emer- CFH Abbreviation for Cubic Feet of Free Air per
gency conditions (PEI RP-200). Hour used to quantify or measure the airflow and
degree of pressure relief for venting calculations.
Pressure Relieving Devices Defined
in NFPA 30 2-3.6.4, where entire dependence for Vent Capacity The maximum rate of airflow
emergency relief is placed upon pressure relieving (CFH) recorded under test conditions at a maximum
devices, the total venting capacity of both normal pressure of 2.5 PSI for specific sized emergency
vents. This capacity rating is often required to be
featured as a permanent label on the vent itself.

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 1


Vent Selection/Capacity Example
Horizontal Cylindrical Storage Tank

TANK CAPACITY
10,000 gallons

TANK SIZE
10 ft. dia x 17 ft. long

STEP 1 Precalculated Data for Common Sizes STEP 5 Vent Selection


Find tank size on chart on page 5. Table lists wetted area and Options based on size of piping, type of product, flow require-
CFH for common sized horizontal tanks. For a 10 x 17 tank ments, required venting capacity and mounting. For the sake of
wetted area = 518 sq. ft. and required vent capacity = 360,840 this example, use 2" piping, Class 1B liquid. The normal vent
CFH. Proceed to Step 5. size should be no smaller than the system piping, so a Morrison
2" Fig. 548 (20,200 CFH) is selected.
STEP 2 Wetted Area Table
Total required venting capacity for this tank example was
If tank size is NOT listed on page 5, wetted area can also be
determined to be 360,840 CFH. Normal venting and emergency
found on page 8. Follow grid for this example 10' diameter x
venting may be combined to reach this total. Morrison Vent
17' length = 518 sq. ft. Proceed to Step 4.
Capacities are listed on page 12. Since the 6" Emergency Vent
STEP 3 Calculate Wetted Area (246,130 CFH) can not provide enough additional capacity to
meet the requirement, an 8" Emergency Vent (462,000 CFH) is
If the tank size is NOT on either chart, wetted area can be selected. In specifying pressure settings, it is recommended
calculated. For Horizontal Tanks, wetted area = 75% of the total that the Emergency Vent NOT be less than the normal vent.
exposed surface area. Therefore, the vent specification for this example is as follows:
For a 10' x 17' tank: Normal Vent - 2" Fig 548 ........................... 20,200 CFH
0.75[2(area of each end) + (area of shell)] = wetted area (8 oz pressure - 1 oz vacuum)
= 3.14, d = diameter, L = length, WA = wetted area
Emergency Vent - 8" Fig 244 ................... 462,000 CFH
WA = 0.75[(d2 2) +(dL)] (16 oz pressure)

0.75[((3.14)(102) 2) + (3.14)(10)(17)] Total Venting Provided ............................. 482,200 CFH

WA = 518 sq. ft. STEP 6 Verification


STEP 4 Determine CFH Requirement Refer to the chart on page 13 showing vent combinations and
verify the total CFH figure. Also refer to the product illustrations
Use Venting Capacity Chart on page 10. Wetted area must be on pages 14 - 19 and verify the selection for correct option on
known (518 sq. ft.). Since 518 is between 500 and 600 on the material compatibility and mounting requirements.
chart, interpolation is needed and is done as follows:

600 sq. ft. .............. 392,000 CFH


500 sq. ft. .............. 354,000 CFH
Difference = 100 sq. ft. ................38,000 CFH

38,000 = x x
100 (518-500) x = 6,840 CFH

Total CFH Required: (6,840 + 354,000) = 360,840 CFH

Page 2 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Vent Selection/Capacity Example
Vertical Cylindrical Storage Tank

TANK CAPACITY
10,000 gallons

TANK SIZE
10 ft. dia x 17 ft. high

STEP 1 Precalculated Data for Common Sizes STEP 5 Vent Selection


Find tank size on chart on page 6. Table lists wetted area and Options based on size of piping, type of product, flow require-
CFH for common sized vertical tanks. For a 10 x 17 tank ments, required venting capacity and mounting. For the sake of
wetted area = 534 sq. ft. and required vent capacity = 366,920 this example, use 2" piping, Class 1B liquid. The normal vent
CFH. Proceed to Step 5. size should be no smaller than the system piping, so a Morrison
2" Fig. 548 (20,200 CFH) is selected.
STEP 2 Wetted Area Table
If tank size is NOT listed on page 6, wetted area can also be Total required venting capacity for this tank example was
found on page 9. Follow grid for this example 10' diameter x determined to be 366,920 CFH. Normal venting and emergency
17' height = 534 sq. ft. Proceed to Step 4. venting may be combined to reach this total. Morrison Vent
Capacities are listed on page 12. Since the 6" Emergency Vent
STEP 3 Calculate Wetted Area (246,130 CFH) can not provide enough additional capacity to
meet the requirement, an 8" Emergency Vent (462,000 CFH) is
If the tank size is NOT on either chart, wetted area can be selected. In specifying pressure settings, it is recommended
calculated. For Vertical Tanks, wetted area = area of shell to that the Emergency Vent NOT be less than the normal vent.
elevation not more than 30 ft. above the bottom. Therefore, the vent specification for this example is as follows:
For a 10' x 17' tank: Normal Vent - 2" Fig 548 ........................... 20,200 CFH
Wetted Area = (area of shell) (8 oz pressure - 1 oz vacuum)
= 3.14, d = diameter, L = length, WA = wetted area
Emergency Vent - 8" Fig 244 ................... 462,000 CFH
WA = (d)L (16 oz pressure)
(3.14)(10)(17) Total Venting Provided ............................. 482,200 CFH

WA = 534 sq. ft. STEP 6 Verification


STEP 4 Determine CFH Requirement Refer to the chart on page 13 showing vent combinations and
verify the total CFH figure. Also refer to the product illustrations
Use Venting Capacity Chart on page 10. Wetted area must be on pages 14 - 19 and verify the selection for correct option on
known (534 sq. ft.). Since 534 is between 500 and 600 on the material compatibility and mounting requirements.
chart, interpolation is needed and is done as follows:

600 sq. ft. .............. 392,000 CFH


500 sq. ft. .............. 354,000 CFH
Difference = 100 sq. ft. ................38,000 CFH

38,000 = x x
100 (534-500) x = 12,920 CFH

Total CFH Required: (12,920 + 354,000) = 366,920 CFH

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 3


Vent Selection/Capacity Example
Horizontal Rectangular Storage Tank

TANK CAPACITY
10,000 gallons

TANK SIZE
274"L x 130"W x 65"H
(22'-10"L x 10'-10" W x 5'-5"H)

STEP 1 Precalculated Data for Common Sizes STEP 4 Vent Selection


Find tank size on chart on page 7. Table lists wetted area and Options based on size of piping, type of product, flow require-
CFH for common sized rectangular tanks. For a 274"L x 130"W ments, required venting capacity and mounting. For the sake of
x 65"H (22'-10"L x 10'-10"W x 5'5"H) tank wetted area = 612 this example, use 2" piping, Class 1B liquid. The normal vent
sq. ft. and required vent capacity = 396,320 CFH. Proceed to size should be no smaller than the system piping, so a Morrison
Step 4. 2" Fig. 548 (20,200 CFH) is selected.

STEP 2 Calculate Wetted Area Total required venting capacity for this tank example was
determined to be 396,320 CFH. Normal venting and emergency
If the tank size is NOT on the precalculated chart on page 7, venting may be combined to reach this total. Morrison Vent
wetted area can be calculated. For Horizontal Rectangular Capacities are listed on page 12. Since the 6" Emergency Vent
Tanks, wetted area = exposed shell area excluding the top (246,130 CFH) can not provide enough additional capacity to
surface of the tank. meet the requirement, an 8" Emergency Vent (462,000 CFH) is
For a 274"L x 130"W x 65"H tank: selected. In specifying pressure settings, it is recommended
that the Emergency Vent NOT be less than the normal vent.
Wetted area = (L x W) + 2(L x H) + 2(W x H) Therefore, the vent specification for this example is as follows:
144 Normal Vent - 2" Fig 548 ........................... 20,200 CFH
(8 oz pressure - 1 oz vacuum)
L = length, W = width, H = height
Emergency Vent - 8" Fig 244 ................... 462,000 CFH
(274 x 130) + 2(274 x 65) + 2(130 x 65) (16 oz pressure)
144 Total Venting Provided ............................. 482,200 CFH

Wetted Area = 612 Sq. ft. STEP 5 Verification


STEP 3 Determine CFH Requirement Refer to the chart on page 13 showing vent combinations and
verify the total CFH figure. Also refer to the product illustrations
Use Venting Capacity Chart on page 10. Wetted area must be on pages 14 - 19 and verify the selection for correct option on
known (612 sq. ft.). Since 612 is between 600 and 700 on the material compatibility and mounting requirements.
chart, interpolation is needed and is done as follows:

700 sq. ft. .............. 428,000 CFH


600 sq. ft. .............. 392,000 CFH
Difference = 100 sq. ft. ................36,000 CFH

36,000 = x x
100 (612 - 600) x = 4,320 CFH

Total CFH Required: (4,320 + 392,000) = 396,320 CFH

Page 4 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Pre-Calculated Data
Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks

TANK WETTED REQ'D VENT EMERGENCY


CAPACITY DIAMETER LENGTH AREA CAPACITY VENT SIZE
(Gallons) (Ft or In) (Ft-In) (Sq Ft) (CFH) (Inches)
280 36" 5'-2" 47 49,520 3
300 38" 5'-0" 49 51,640 3
500 48" 5'-5" 69 72,650 4
530 46" 6'-0" 71 74,750 4
550 48" 6'-0" 75 78,950 4
1,000 48" 10'-8" 119 124,950 6
1,000 64" 6'-0" 109 114,450 4
1,500 64" 9'-0" 147 154,350 6
2,000 64" 12'-0" 184 193,200 6
2,500 64" 15'-0" 222 223,320 6
3,000 64" 18'-0" 259 243,680 6
3,000 6'-0" 14'-0" 240 233,400 6
4,000 64" 24'-0" 335 281,100 6H
4,000 6'-0" 19'-0" 311 270,060 6H
5,000 8'-0" 13'-4" 326 276,960 6H
6,000 8'-0" 16'-0" 376 300,480 8
8,000 8'-0" 21'-4" 477 344,340 8
10,000 8'-0" 27'-0" 584 385,920 8
10,000 9'-0" 21'-0" 540 369,200 8
10,000 10'-0" 17'-0" 518 360,840 8
10,000 10'-6" 15'-7" 515 359,700 8
12,000 8'-0" 32'-0" 678 420,080 8
12,000 9'-0" 25'-0" 625 401,000 8
12,000 10'-0" 20'-6" 600 392,000 8
12,000 11'-0" 17'-0" 583 385,540 8
15,000 8'-0" 40'-0" 829 470,990 8FL
15,000 10'-6" 23'-5" 703 429,020 8
20,000 10'-0" 34'-2" 922 499,820 8FL
20,000 10'-6" 31'-0" 896 491,760 8FL
20,000 11'-0" 28'-0" 868 483,080 8FL
25,000 10'-6" 38'-6" 1,082 537,530 10
30,000 10'-6" 46'-3" 1,274 568,100 10

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 5


Pre-Calculated Data
Vertical Cylindrical Tanks

TANK WETTED REQ'D VENT EMERGENCY


CAPACITY DIAMETER LENGTH AREA CAPACITY VENT SIZE
(Gallons) (Ft or In) (Ft-In) (Sq Ft) (CFH) (Inches)
280 36" 5'-2" 48 50,580 3
300 38" 5'-0" 49 51,640 3
500 48" 5'-5" 68 71,600 4
530 46" 6'-0" 72 75,800 4
550 48" 6'-0" 75 78,950 4
1,000 48" 10'-8" 134 140,700 6
1,000 64" 6'-0" 100 105,000 4
1,500 64" 9'-0" 151 158,550 6
2,000 64" 12'-0" 201 213,100 6
2,500 64" 15'-0" 251 239,520 6
3,000 64" 18'-0" 301 265,460 6H
3,000 6'-0" 14'-0" 263 245,760 6
4,000 64" 24'-0" 402 312,840 8
4,000 6'-0" 19'-0" 358 291,840 6H
5,000 8'-0" 13'-4" 335 281,100 6H
6,000 8'-0" 16'-0" 402 312,840 8
8,000 8'-0" 21'-4" 536 367,680 8
10,000 8'-0" 27'-0" 678 420,080 8
10,000 9'-0" 21'-0" 593 389,340 8
10,000 10'-0" 17'-0" 534 366,920 8
10,000 10'-6" 15'-7" 514 359,320 8
12,000 8'-0" 32'-0" 804 463,240 8
12,000 9'-0" 25'-0" 706 430,040 8
12,000 10'-0" 20'-6" 644 407,840 8
12,000 11'-0" 17'-0" 587 387,060 8
15,000 8'-0" 40'-0" 1,005 524,825 10
15,000 10'-6" 23'-5" 764 449,760 8
20,000 10'-0" 34'-2" 1,073 536,045 10
20,000 10'-6" 31'-0" 1,022 527,630 10
20,000 11'-0" 28'-0" 967 513,770 10
25,000 10'-6" 38'-6" 1,269 567,350 10
30,000 10'-6" 46'-3" 1,525 603,875 10

Page 6 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Pre-Calculated Data
Horizontal Rectangular Tanks

TANK
WETTED REQ'D VENT EMERGENCY
CAPACITY LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT AREA CAPACITY VENT SIZE
(Gallons) (Ft-In) (Ft-In) (Ft-In) (Sq Ft) (CFH) (Inches)
125 6'-8" 2'-9" 1'-0" 37 38,950 3
186 2'-8" 2'-8" 3'-6" 44 46,340 3
250 4'-4" 4'-0" 1'-11" 49 51,640 3
250 6'-8" 2'-9" 1'-11" 54 56,900 3
500 7'-6" 3'-0" 3'-0" 86 90,560 4
500 10'-0" 3'-6" 2'-0" 89 93,740 4
1,000 9'-8" 4'-8" 3'-0" 131 137,550 6
1,000 10'-0" 4'-7" 3'-0" 133 139,650 6
2,000 10'-2" 6'-11" 3'-10" 201 211,560 6
2,000 10'-8" 6'-4" 4'-0" 204 213,240 6
2,500 10'-2" 6'-11" 4'-9" 233 229,480 6
3,000 8'-6" 6'-10" 7'-2" 278 253,560 6H
3,000 13'-9" 5'-5" 5'-5" 282 255,640 6H
4,000 11'-4" 6'-10" 7'-2" 338 282,480 6H
4,000 18'-2" 5'-5" 5'-5" 354 289,920 6H
5,000 22'-9" 5'-5" 5'-5" 428 323,760 8
6,000 13'-8" 10'-10" 5'-5" 413 317,460 8
6,000 16'-5" 6'-10" 7'-2" 445 330,900 8
6,000 27'-4" 5'-5" 5'-5" 503 355,140 8
8,000 18'-2" 10'-10" 5'-5" 511 358,180 8
8,000 21'-11" 6'-10" 7'-2" 562 377,560 8
10,000 22'-10" 10'-10" 5'-5" 612 396,320 8
10,000 27'-5" 6'-10" 7'-2" 678 420,080 8
12,000 27'-4" 10'-10" 5'-5" 710 431,400 8
12,000 32'-11" 6'-10" 7'-2" 795 460,300 8 FL

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 7


Approximate Wetted Areas
Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks
(Wetted Area Equals 75 Percent Total Area)

TABLE 1

Tank 3 Ft 4 Ft 5 Ft 6 Ft 7 Ft 8 Ft 9 Ft 10 Ft 11 Ft 12 Ft Tank 3 Ft 4 Ft 5 Ft 6 Ft 7 Ft 8 Ft 9 Ft 10 Ft 11 Ft 12 Ft
Diameter Diameter
Tank Approximate Wetted Area of Tanks With Flat Heads, Tank Approximate Wetted Area of Tanks With Flat Heads,
Length Square Feet Length Square Feet
3 Ft 32 38 Ft 685 791 902 1013 1129 1244
4 Ft 39 55 39 Ft 701 810 923 1036 1155 1272
5 Ft 46 65 88 40 Ft 718 828 944 1060 1181 1301
6 Ft 53 74 100 128 41 Ft 734 847 966 1083 1207 1329
7 Ft 60 84 112 142 173 42 Ft 751 866 987 1107 1233 1357
8 Ft 67 93 124 156 190 226 43 Ft 767 885 1008 1130 1259 1385
9 Ft 74 102 136 170 206 245 286 44 Ft 904 1029 1154 1284 1414
10 Ft 81 112 147 184 223 264 308 353 45 Ft 923 1051 1178 1310 1442
11 Ft 88 121 159 198 239 283 329 377 428 46 Ft 941 1072 1201 1336 1470
12 Ft 95 131 171 213 256 301 350 400 454 509 47 Ft 960 1093 1225 1362 1498
13 Ft 102 140 183 227 272 320 371 424 480 537 48 Ft 979 1114 1248 1388 1527
14 Ft 109 150 194 241 289 339 393 447 506 565 49 Ft 998 1135 1272 1414 1555
15 Ft 116 159 206 255 305 358 414 471 532 594 50 Ft 1157 1295 1440 1583
16 Ft 123 169 218 269 322 377 435 495 558 622 51 Ft 1178 1319 1466 1612
17 Ft 130 178 230 283 338 395 456 518 584 650 52 Ft 1199 1342 1492 1640
18 Ft 137 188 242 298 355 414 477 542 610 678 53 Ft 1220 1366 1518 1668
19 Ft 197 253 312 371 433 499 565 636 707 54 Ft 1246 1389 1544 1696
20 Ft 206 265 326 388 452 520 589 662 735 55 Ft 1263 1413 1570 1725
21 Ft 216 277 340 404 471 541 612 688 763 56 Ft 1437 1593 1753
22 Ft 225 289 354 421 490 562 636 714 792 57 Ft 1460 1622 1781
23 Ft 235 300 368 437 508 584 659 740 820 58 Ft 1484 1648 1809
24 Ft 244 312 383 454 527 605 683 765 848 59 Ft 1507 1674 1839
25 Ft 324 397 470 546 626 706 791 876 60 Ft 1531 1700 1866
26 Ft 336 411 487 565 647 730 817 905 61 Ft 1726 1894
27 Ft 347 425 503 584 668 754 843 933 62 Ft 1752 1923
28 Ft 359 440 520 603 690 777 869 961 63 Ft 1778 1951
29 Ft 371 454 536 621 711 801 895 989 64 Ft 1803 1979
30 Ft 383 468 553 640 732 824 921 1018 65 Ft 1829 2007
31 Ft 395 482 569 659 753 848 947 1046 66 Ft 1855 2036
32 Ft 496 586 678 775 871 973 1074 67 Ft 2064
33 Ft 510 602 697 796 895 999 1103 68 Ft 2092
34 Ft 524 619 715 817 918 1025 1131 69 Ft 2120
35 Ft 539 635 734 838 942 1051 1159 70 Ft 2149
36 Ft 553 652 753 860 966 1077 1187 71 Ft 2177
37 Ft 567 668 772 881 989 1103 1216 72 Ft 2205

SI Units: 1 Ft = 0.30 m; 1 sq ft = 0.09 sq m


Source for Chart: NFPA 30, 1996 Edition, Table B-1

Page 8 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Approximate Wetted Areas
Vertical Cylindrical Tanks
(Area of Shell to Elevation Not More Than 30 Ft Above Bottom)

TABLE 2

Tank 3 Ft 4 Ft 5 Ft 6 Ft 7 Ft 8 Ft 9 Ft 10 Ft 11 Ft 12 Ft
Diameter
Tank
Wetted Area, Square Feet
Length
3 Ft 28
4 Ft 38 50
5 Ft 47 63 79
6 Ft 56 76 94 113
7 Ft 66 88 110 132 154
8 Ft 75 101 127 151 176 201
9 Ft 85 113 141 170 198 226 255
10 Ft 94 126 157 189 220 251 283 314
11 Ft 103 139 173 208 242 276 311 345 381
12 Ft 113 151 188 227 264 301 340 377 415 452
13 Ft 164 204 246 286 326 368 408 450 490
14 Ft 176 220 265 308 351 396 440 484 528
15 Ft 189 236 284 330 377 424 471 519 566
16 Ft 202 251 302 352 402 453 502 554 603
17 Ft 267 321 374 427 481 534 588 641
18 Ft 283 340 396 452 510 565 623 679
19 Ft 298 359 418 477 538 597 657 716
20 Ft 314 378 440 502 566 628 692 754
21 Ft 397 462 527 594 659 727 792
22 Ft 416 484 552 623 691 761 829
23 Ft 435 506 577 651 722 796 867
24 Ft 454 528 602 679 757 830 905
25 Ft 550 628 708 785 865 943
26 Ft 572 653 736 816 900 980
27 Ft 594 678 764 848 934 1018
28 Ft 616 703 792 879 969 1056
29 Ft 728 821 911 1003 1093
30 Ft 753 849 942 1038 1131

SI Units: 1 Ft = 0.30 m; 1 sq ft = 0.09 sq m


Source for Chart: UL 142, Seventh Edition, Table A-3

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 9


Emergency Venting Capacity

Wetted Surface Venting Capacity Minimal Opening


Nominal Pipe Size
(Sq Ft.) (CFH) (Inches)
20 21,100 2
30 31,600 2
40 42,100 3
50 52,700 3
60 63,200 3
70 73,700 4
80 84,200 4
90 94,800 4
100 105,000 4
120 126,000 5
140 147,000 5
160 168,000 5
180 190,000 5
200 211,000 6
250 239,000 6
300 265,000 6
350 288,000 8
400 312,000 8
500 354,000 8
600 392,000 8
700 428,000 8
800 462,000 8
900 493,000 8
1000 524,000 10
1200 557,000 10
1400 587,000 10
1600 614,000 10
1800 639,000 10
2000 662,000 10
2400 704,000 10
2800 742,000 10
and over

At 14.7 psis and 60 F (101.4 kPa and 16 C)


Interpolate for intermediate values.
These values taken from NFPA 30.
These pipe sizes apply only to open vent pipes to the specified diameter not more than
12 inches (0.3m) long and a pressure in tank of not more than 2.5 psig (17.1 kPa).
If tank is to be equipped with a venting device or flame arrestor, the vent opening is to
accommodate the venting device or flame arrestor in accordance with the listed CFH.

NORMAL VENTING RECOMMENDATIONS

NFPA 30 1996
2-3.5.2 Normal vents shall be sized to be at least as large as the
filling or withdrawal connection, whichever is larger, but in no case
less than 1-1/4 in. (3 cm) nominal inside diameter.

Page 10 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Gallon Capacity Per Foot of Length

summer U.S. Gallons Diameter U.S. Gallons Diameter U.S. Gallons


(Inches) Per Ft Length (Inches) Per Ft Length (Inches) Per Ft Length
24 23.50 65 172.38 106 458.30
25 25.50 66 177.72 107 467.70
26 27.58 67 183.15 108 475.89
27 29.74 68 188.66 109 485.00
28 31.99 69 194.25 110 493.70
29 34.31 70 199.92 111 502.70
30 36.72 71 205.67 112 511.90
31 39.21 72 211.51 113 521.40
32 41.78 73 217.42 114 530.24
33 44.43 74 223.42 115 540.00
34 47.16 75 229.50 116 549.50
35 49.98 76 235.66 117 558.51
36 52.88 77 241.90 118 568.00
37 55.86 78 248.23 119 577.80
38 58.92 79 254.63 120 587.52
39 62.06 80 261.12 121 597.70
40 65.28 81 267.69 122 607.27
41 68.58 82 274.34 123 617.26
42 71.97 83 281.07 124 627.00
43 75.44 84 287.88 125 638.20
44 78.99 85 294.78 126 647.74
45 82.62 86 301.76 127 658.60
46 86.33 87 308.81 128 668.47
47 90.13 88 315.95 129 678.95
48 94.00 89 323.18 130 690.30
49 97.96 90 330.48 131 700.17
50 102.00 91 337.86 132 710.90
51 106.12 92 345.33 133 721.71
52 110.32 93 352.88 134 732.60
53 114.61 94 360.51 135 743.58
54 118.97 95 368.22 136 754.64
55 123.42 96 376.01 137 765.78
56 127.95 97 383.89 138 776.99
57 132.56 98 391.84 139 788.30
58 137.25 99 399.88 140 799.68
59 142.02 100 408.00 141 811.14
60 146.88 101 416.00 142 822.69
61 151.82 102 424.48 143 834.32
62 156.83 103 433.10 144 846.03
63 161.93 104 441.80
64 167.12 105 449.82

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 11


Vent Capacity
at 2.5 PSI Standard Air
P R E S S UR E C A P A C IT Y
S IZ E F IG. N O. D E S C R IP T ION D A T A S OU R C E
o z/s q in. CF H

2" 148ALT P res s ure Vacuum Vent 8 14,200 T es ted at Iowa S tate Univ. by P . Kavanagh, 1960
2" 148ALT P res s ure Vacuum Vent 16 10,500 T es ted at Iowa S tate Univ. by P . Kavanagh, 1960
2" 351S F lame Arres ter 22,000 T es ted at Ohio S tate Univ. by O. E . B uxton Jr. 1967
2" 351S /548-748 F lame Arres ter/Vent 2 15,500 B as ed on IS U T es t of 2" 351S /548-748 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990
2" 351S /548-748 F lame Arres ter/Vent 4 15,500 B as ed on IS U T es t of 2" 351S /548-748 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990
2" 351S /548-748 F lame Arres ter/Vent 6 15,500 B as ed on IS U T es t of 2" 351S /548-748 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990
2" 351S /548-748 F lame Arres ter/Vent 8 15,500 T es ted at Iowa S tate Univ. by P . Kavanagh, 1990
2" 351S /548-748 F lame Arres ter/Vent 12 13,000 B as ed on IS U T es t of 2" 351S /548-748 - 16 oz by Kavanagh, 1990
2" 351S /548-748 F lame Arres ter/Vent 16 13,000 T es ted at Iowa S tate Univ. by P . Kavanagh, 1990
2" 354 Updraft Vent 27,650 T es ted at Univ. Wis cons in P latteville by L. Lee, 1988
3" 354 Updraft Vent 59,000 T es ted at Univ. Wis cons in P latteville by L. Lee, 1996
4" 354 Updraft Vent 116,900 T es ted at Continental Dis c Corp, 1997
2" 548-748 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 2 20,200 B as ed on IS U T es t of 2" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1960
2" 548-748 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 4 20,200 B as ed on IS U T es t of 2" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1960
2" 548-748 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 6 20,200 B as ed on IS U T es t of 2" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1960
2" 548-748 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 8 20,200 T es ted at Iowa S tate Univ. by P . Kavanagh, 1960
2" 548-748 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 12 18,600 Approx. Calculated C.F .H .
2" 548-748 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 16 18,000 T es ted at Iowa S tate Univ. by P . Kavanagh, 1960
2" 749 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 8 8,500 T es ted at Univ. Wis cons in P latteville by L. Lee, 1988
2" 749 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 12 8,500 T es ted at Univ. Wis cons in P latteville by L. Lee, 1988
2" 749 CR B P res s ure Vacuum Vent 1.70 11,000 T es ted at Univ. Wis cons in P latteville by L. Lee, 1996
3" 548 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 2 43,000 B as ed on IS U T es t of 3" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990
3" 548 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 4 43,000 B as ed on IS U T es t of 3" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990
3' 548 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 6 43,000 B as ed on IS U T es t of 3" 548 - 8 oz by Kavanagh, 1990
3" 548 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 8 43,000 T es ted at Iowa S tate Univers ity by P . Kavanagh, 1990
3" 548 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 12 40,000 B as ed on IS U T es t of 3" 548 - 16 oz by P . Kavanagh, 1990
3" 548 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 16 40,000 T es ted at Iowa S tate Univers ity by P . Kavanagh, 1990
3" 244 S eries E mergency Vent 8 59,900 T es ted at Continental Dis c Corp, 1997
4" 244 S eries E mergency Vent 8 119,750 B as ed on Continental Dis c Corp T es t of 4" 16 oz 244, 1997
4" 244 S eries E mergency Vent 12 119,750 B as ed on Continental Dis c Corp T es t of 4" 16 oz 244, 1997
4" 244 S eries E mergency Vent 16 119,750 T es ted at Continental Dis c Corp, 1997
6" 143 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 8 246,130 B as ed on Continental Dis c Corp T es t of 6" 16 oz 244, 1997
6" 143 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 10 246,130 B as ed on Continental Dis c Corp T es t of 6" 16 oz 244, 1997
6" 143 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 16 246,130 B as ed on Continental Dis c Corp T es t of 6" 16 oz 244, 1997
6" 244 S eries E mergency Vent 8 246,130 B as ed on Continental Dis c Corp T es t of 6" 16 oz 244, 1997
6" 244 S eries E mergency Vent 10 246,130 B as ed on Continental Dis c Corp T es t of 6" 16 oz 244, 1997
6" 244 S eries E mergency Vent 16 246,130 T es ted at Continental Dis c Corp, 1997
6" 244H S eries E mergency Vent 8 298,750 B as ed on Continental Dis c Corp T es t of 6" 16 oz 244, 1997
8" 143 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 8 462,000 B as ed on UL Calc from Cont. Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
8" 143 P res s ure Vacuum Vent 16 462,000 B as ed on UL Calc from Cont. Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
8" 143A F lngd P res s ure Vacuum Vent 8 509,550 B as ed on UL Calc from Cont. Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
8" 143A F lngd P res s ure Vacuum Vent 16 509,550 B as ed on UL Calc from Cont. Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
8" 244M Male E mergency Vent 8 453,300 UL Calc bas ed on Continental Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
8" 244M Male E mergency Vent 16 453,300 UL Calc bas ed on Continental Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
8" 244 F emale E mergency Vent 8 462,000 UL Calc bas ed on Continental Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
8" 244 F emale E mergency Vent 16 462,000 UL Calc bas ed on Continental Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
8" 244F F langed E mergency Vent 8 509,550 UL Calc bas ed on Continental Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
8" 244F F langed E mergency Vent 16 509,550 UL Calc bas ed on Continental Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
10" 143A F lngd P res s ure Vacuum Vent 2.5 808,350 B as ed on UL Calc from Cont. Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
10" 143A F lngd P res s ure Vacuum Vent 8 808,350 B as ed on UL Calc from Cont. Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
10" 143A F lngd P res s ure Vacuum Vent 16 808,350 B as ed on UL Calc from Cont. Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
10" 244F S eries F langed E mergency Vent 2.5 808,350 UL Calc bas ed on Continental Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
10" 244F S eries F langed E mergency Vent 8 808,350 UL Calc bas ed on Continental Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
10" 244F S eries F langed E mergency Vent 16 808,350 UL Calc bas ed on Continental Dis c Corp. T es t of 244 S eries , 1997
2" 922 Vent/Overfill Alarm 8 24,656 T es ted at Continental Dis c Corp, 1997

Page 12 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Vent Combinations

MORRISON VENTS CFH MORRISON VENTS CFH

1. 2" Fig. 548 - 4 oz P ............................ 20,200 8. 3" Fig. 548 - 4 oz P ............................ 43,000
4" Fig. 244 - 8 oz P ........................ 119,750 4" Fig. 244 - 8 oz P ........................ 119,750
139,950 162,750

2. 2" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 20,200 9. 3" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 43,000
6" Fig. 244 - 16 oz P ...................... 246,130 6" Fig. 244 - 16 oz P ...................... 246,130
266,330 289,130

3. 2" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 20,200 10. 3" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 43,000
8" Fig. 244 - 16 oz P ...................... 462,000 8" Fig. 244 - 16 oz P ...................... 462,000
482,200 505,000

4. 2" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 20,200 11. 3" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 43,000
10" Fig. 244 - 16 oz P ...................... 808,350 10" Fig. 244F - 16 oz P .................... 808,350
828,550 851,350

5. 2" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 20,200 12. 3" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 43,000
10" Fig. 244F - 8 oz P ...................... 808,350 10" Fig. 244F - 8 oz P ...................... 808,350
828,550 851,350

6. 2" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 20,200 13. 3" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 43,000
10" Fig. 244F - 2.5 oz P ................... 808,350 10" Fig. 244F - 2.5 oz P ................... 808,350
828,550 851,350

7. 2" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 20,200 14. 3" Fig. 548 - 8 oz P ............................ 43,000
2" Fig. 922 - 8 oz P .......................... 24,656 2" Fig. 922 - 8 oz P .......................... 24,656
44,856 67,650

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 13


Emergency Vents
244

Emergency Vent
Emergency vent (pressure relief
only) used on aboveground
storage tanks, as a code require-
ment that helps prevent the tanks
from becoming over-pressurized
and rupturing if exposed to fire. Fig.244 Fig.244F
UL listed. Fig.244M

WARNING! WARNING!
The 244 emergency vent is for emergency pressure
The 244 emergency vent must be properly sized and
relief only and must be used in conjunction with
selected for each specific tank application in order to
a normal vent or pressure vacuum vent such
meet the proper venting capacity requirements.
as a Morrison Fig. 354, 548, 748, or 749.

Description
The 244 emergency vent consists of a body and cover that Material and Configuration Options
moves up and down on a center pin. Pressure inside the 1. Aluminum Body or Iron Bodysuffix (I) indicates iron.
tank forces the cover to lift up off the vent seat, allowing
2. Metal-to-Metal Seat (brass) or Soft Seat (Viton)suffix
air to exhaust. The center pin guides the movement. When
(O) indicates o-ring.
pressure falls the cover lowers back down onto seat and
the vent is automatically reset. 3. Male Threads/Female Threads/Flanged Mounting
Connectionsuffix (M) indicates male, and suffix (F)
Code Compliance indicates flanged.
When properly sized for the tank, this vent will conform to 4. Opening Pressure Settingsettings indicated are
the requirements of NFPA 30, 30A, UL 142, UL 2244, API approximate.
2000, and PEI RP200.
Emergency vent should be set higher than the

normal vent so the normal vent operates first.
Aluminum Body Style(O) indicates Viton o-ring seat
Opening 5. Screened Opening(all 4" and 6", and 8" female
Pressure Ship Venting Mounting threaded body only) specify "WITH SCREEN", #3 mesh
Fig. No. Size Setting Weight Capacity Connection stainless steel screen used for theft control. Screen is
(oz/sq in) (lbs) (CFH)
(@ 2.5 PSI)
NOT intended to function as a flame arrester.
244 &
244O 4" 8.0 10.65 119,750 Female NPT Use 16 oz. o-ring to comply with pressure decay test.
12.0 16.00 119,750 Female NPT Contact factory for assistance.
16.0 21.00 119,750 Female NPT
6" 8.0 15.50 246,130 Female NPT Iron Body Style(O) indicates Viton o-ring seat
10.0 21.50 246,130 Female NPT
16.0 33.15 246,130 Female NPT Opening
8" 8.0 34.70 462,000 Female NPT Pressure Ship Venting Mounting
16.0 68.00 462,000 Female NPT Fig. No. Size Setting Weight Capacity Connection
244& (oz/sq in) (lbs) (CFH)
244OF 8" 8.0 387.50 509,550 Flanged (@ 2.5 PSI)
16.0 71.50 509,550 Flanged 244I &
10" 2.5 32.00 808,350 Flanged 244OI 4" 8.0 13.65 119,750 Female NPT
8.0 71.00 808,350 Flanged 12.0 19.00 119,750 Female NPT
16.0 125.00 808,350 Flanged 16.0 24.00 119,750 Female NPT
6" 8.0 20.63 246,130 Female NPT
244M & (3" OM only) 10.0 26.63 246,130 Female NPT
244OM 3" 8.0 5.75 59,900 Male NPT 16.0 38.28 246,130 Female NPT
8" 8.0 44.33 462,000 Female NPT
4" 8.0 11.55 119,750 Male NPT 16.0 77.63 462,000 Female NPT
12.0 16.30 119,750 Male NPT
16.0 21.25 119,750 Male NPT 244MI & (3" OMI only)
6" 8.0 19.45 246,130 Male NPT 244OMI 3" 8.0 8.00 59,900 Male NPT
10.0 24.00 246,130 Male NPT 4" 8.0 16.36 119,750 Male NPT
16.0 35.00 246,130 Male NPT 12.0 21.11 119,750 Male NPT
8" 8.0 34.00 453,300 Male NPT 16.0 26.06 119,750 Male NPT
16.0 68.00 453,300 Male NPT 6" 8.0 27.76 246,130 Male NPT
10.0 32.31 246,130 Male NPT
244OH 6" 8.0 21.50 298,750 Female NPT 16.0 43.31 246,130 Male NPT
16.0 41.40 298,750 Female NPT 8" 8.0 34.63 453,300 Male NPT
16.0 75.36 453,300 Male NPT
244OMH 6" 8.0 23.00 298,750 Male NPT
16.0 42.9 298,750 Male NPT

Page 14 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Pressure/Vacuum Emergency Vents
143 and 143A

Pressure/Vacuum
Emergency Vent
Emergency vent with both
pressure and vacuum relief for
use on aboveground storage
tanks. Pressure relief is handled
in same manner as with the
Morrison Fig. 244. Emergency
vacuum relief can be utilized as
a backup to the normal vent.
6" Fig. 143 8" Fig. 143 8"/10" Fig. 143A
Opening pressure and vacuum
settings are approximate. Opening
Pressure Ship Venting Mounting Vacuum
Construction Details Fig. No. Size Setting Weight Capacity Connection Setting
(oz/in2) (lbs) (CFH) (oz/in2)
Bodyaluminum (@ 2.5 PSI)
Covercast iron (except 10"2.5 oz 143A is 143 6" 8.0 22.50 246,130 Female NPT 1.0
aluminum) 16.0 35.00 246,130 Female NPT 1.0
VacuumAssembly and Seat Ringbrass
Vacuum Screentype 304 stainless steel 8" 8.0 37.00 462,000 Female NPT 1.0
16.0 69.00 462,000 Female NPT 1.0
NOTEThe 143 and 143A emergency vents
should always be used in conjunction with a 143A 8" 8.0 44.00 509,550 Flanged 1.0
16.0 74.00 509,550 Flanged 1.0
"normal vent" such as Morrison Fig. 548 or 548A.
10" 8.0 84.00 808,350 Flanged 1.0
16.0 124.00 808,350 Flanged 1.0

WARNING!
WARNING!
The 244 and 143 Series emergency vents are for
The 244 and 143 series emergency vents must be properly
emergency pressure relief only and must be used in
sized and selected for each specific tank application in order
conjunction with a normal vent or pressure vacuum vent,
to meet the proper venting capacity requirements.
such as a Morrison Fig. 354, 548, 748, OR 749.

Emergency Vent Fittings


244A 244C


Flanged Adaptor Companion Flange



The 244A can be used with The 244C can be used with

either Fig. 244F or Fig. 143A. either Fig. 244F or Fig. 143A.


Construction Details

Construction Details
Carbon steel welded rim and skirt.

Fig. 244C
Cast iron with NPT center port

Fig. 244A

I.D.

Size Weight Size Weight


8" (eight 7/8" holes on 11" B.C.) 19.0 lbs 8" (eight 7/8" holes on 11" B.C. w/8" NPT I.D.) 26.5 lbs

10" (twelve 1" holes on 14" B.C.) 21.5 lbs 10" (twelve 1" holes on 14" B.C. w/10" NPT I.D.) 36.0 lbs

244N Construction Details


Carbon steel NPT
Pipe Nipple
Available (T.O.E.) Threaded Size Weight
One End or (T.B.E.) 4" x 8" 12.0 lbs
Threaded Both Ends. 6" x 8" 16.5 lbs
8" x 8" 21.5 lbs
Fig. 244N

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 15


Pressure/Vacuum Vents



548 and 548A 748 and 748A




Pressure/Vacuum Vent Pressure/Vacuum Vent



With Gauge Hatchfor normal For normal venting of



venting of aboveground aboveground storage tanks.


storage tanks. Allows tank to Allows tank to breathe


breathe during filling and during filling and discharging



discharging operations. operations. Pressure/vacuum


Pressure/vacuum poppets seal poppets seal vapors in the tank


vapors in the tank when when pressure is equalized. This



pressure is equalized. This vent vent must be used in conjunc-


must be used in conjunction tion with an emergency vent


with an emergency vent and it and it is RECOMMENDED that



is RECOMMENDED that the the opening pressure setting is


opening pressure setting is set Fig. 548 set below that of the emergency


vent so the normal vent


below that of the emergency vent so Fig. 748


the normal vent operates first. operates first.



Construction Details Construction Details

Fig. 548brass body and hood Fig. 748stainless steel poppets


Fig. 548Aaluminum body and hood


Fig. 748Abrass poppets (available in


2.0 oz/in2 pressure1.0 oz/in2


Standard Features vacuum only



1. Brass (raised) metal-to-metal


Standard Features

seats/poppets.

2. Threaded gauge hatch for manual 1. Aluminum body and hood.


gauging access. 2. Horizontal discharge with field-


adjustable, tripolar orientation.


3. Horizontal discharge with field-


adjustable, tripolar orientation. 3. Optional pressure discharge NPT


hood.

Fig. 548 Fig. 548A Venting


Pressure Vacuum Ship Ship Capacity


Size Setting Setting Weight Weight (CFH) Fig. 748 Fig. 748A Venting

(oz/sq in) (oz/sq in) (lbs) (lbs) (@2.5 PSI) Pressure Vacuum Ship Ship Capacity

Size Setting Setting Weight Weight (CFH)


2" 2.0 1.0 13.25 7.00 20,200 (oz/sq in) (oz/sq in) (lbs) (lbs) (@2.5 PSI)

4.0 1.0 13.75 8.75 20,200


6.0 1.0 14.25 8.50 20,200 2" 2.0 1.0 13.25 7.00 20,200

8.0 1.0 14.75 9.50 20,200 4.0 1.0 NA 8.75 20,200


12.0 1.0 15.75 10.50 18,600 6.0 1.0 NA 8.50 20,200


16.0 1.0 17.00 11.25 18,600 8.0 1.0 NA 9.50 20,200


12.0 1.0 NA 10.50 18,600


3" 2.0 1.0 26.25 12.25 43,000 16.0 1.0 NA 11.25 18,600

4.0 1.0 27.25 13.75 43,000


6.0 1.0 28.25 15.00 43,000


8.0 1.0 28.75 15.75 43,000


12.0 1.0 29.25 15.75 40,000


16.0 1.0 33.25 20.50 40,000


748ALT Pressure Vacuum Ship Venting


Setting Setting Weight Capacity
(oz/sq in) (oz/sq in) (lbs) (CFH)
Pressure-Vacuum Vent (@ 2.5 PSI)
8.0 1.0 5.5 20,200
For Ag-Chemicalvent valve used with aqua-amonia 16.0 1.0 5.5 18,000
and ag-chemical products allowing tank to breathe 32.0 1.0 5.5 NA
during filling/discharging operations. Poppets seal
vapors in the tank when pressure is equalized. Settings
are approximate.

Construction Details
Size2" NPT Option (must
Body and Capaluminum specify)male NPT Fig. 748ALT
PoppetsTeflon coated connection for dryer
alum application
Screensstainless steel Optionpressure discharge
NPT hood

Page 16 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Pressure/Vacuum Vent

749 Series

Pressure/Vacuum Vent
Vent valve used on underground and low volume
aboveground tanks for motor fueling. Vent allows tank to
breathe during filling and discharging operations.
Construction Details
Poppets seal vapors in the tanks when pressure is equal-
ized. Settings are approximate. Bodyaluminum
Pressure Poppetaluminum
Fig. 7492" NPT Vacuum Poppetbrass
Fig. 749S2" slip-on style Pipe SealBuna-N
Fig. 749CRB2" NPT CARB approval (95-15A) for stage I Screenbrass
and II (8 oz for stage I only).Viton o-rings on pressure Fig. 749
poppet.
Fig. 749CRBS2" slip-on style CARB approval (95-15A)
Pressure Vacuum Ship Venting
for stage I and II (8 oz for stage I only). Viton o-rings Fig. No. Setting Setting Weight Capacity
on pressure poppet. (oz/in2) (oz/in2) (lbs) (CFH)
Fig. 749BSPsame as Fig. 749, but with British pipe (@ 2.5 PSI)
749 &
threads. 749S 8.0 0.5 1.0 8,500
12.0 0.5 1.0 8,500
749CRB &
WARNINGFig. 749 P/V vent must only be used in conjunc- 749CRBS 3"W.C. 8" W.C. 1.2
tion with motor fueling and/or low capacity flow. Fluid handling 8 oz 5 oz 1.2
in lines larger than that used for retail service stations can
749BSP 8.0 0.5 1.0 8,500
cause tank to rupture or implode. 12.0 0.5 1.0 8,500

922

Combination Vent/Overfill
Alarm
For use on aboveground storage tanks. The
922 alerts you when your tank is near full
while also allowing your tank to breathe
during filling and dispensing operations.
This 2" full port pressure/vacuum vent is
equipped with a high intensity, audible
alarm which can be set by adjusting the
cable length to float height. It is fully
mechanical, with no wires or batteries
needed. Fig. 922

Pressure relief setting8 oz/in2


Vacuum relief setting1 oz/in2 Size Weight
Venting Capacity (CFH @ 2.5 PSI) 24,656 2" 3.5 lbs

Construction Details
Size2" NPT
Bodyanodized aluminum
Screensstainless steel
Rainguardanodized alumi-
num
SealsViton WARNINGAll emergency vents, fill connections, tank
Internalsbrass openings, and piping connections must be airtight. Alarm/vent
Floatstainless steel airway must be free of any obstruction such as dirt or ice
when filling or unloading tank.

NOTENot for use on vapor recovery systems.


Emergency vent should be set higher than 10 oz/in2

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 17


Flame Arresters


351S 351S/748A




Flame Arrester Flame Arrester



Used in conjunction with a With 748A Ventused in


normal vent on above- conjunction with a Fig. 748A


ground storage tanks. pressure/vacuum vent on



Open (non-pressure type) aboveground storage tanks.


flame arrester to help Pressure type flame arrester


prevent the transmission to help prevent the transmis-


of heat and/or an ignition


sion of heat and/or an


source into the tank. ignition source into the tank.



Fig. 748Asame vent
Size Weight


Fig. 351S featured in pressure/vacuum


2" NPT 25 lbs
vent section.


Construction Details Standard Features


Construction Details Fig. 351S w/748A


Bodycast iron 1. Gauge opening cap.


Fig.351SFlame arrester
Covercast iron 2. Vapor relief capacity at

Fig. 748APressure/vacuum
Capbrass 2.5 PSI = 22,000 CFH
vent
Arrester Platesstainless steel

Fig. 748 Venting
Pressure Vacuum Ship Capacity

Restrictions and Warning Size Setting Setting Weight (CFH)


(oz/sq in) (oz/sq in) (lbs) (@2.5 PSI)


1. Do not use with acetylene, carbon disulfide, etheleneoxide


or hydrogen gases. For use with normal hydrocarbon flames 2" 2.0 1.0 40.0 20,200

4.0 1.0 40.5 20,200


such as gasoline in air.


6.0 1.0 40.5 20,200

2. Routine inspection is required to ensure airways are clear


8.0 1.0 41.0 20,200

and free of debris. Blocked airways can cause structural 12.0 1.0 42.5 18,600

deformation of the tank. 16.0 1.0 43.75 18,600


WARNINGObstruction of airflow through vents can result in structural deformation of the tank. Atmospheric conditions and below
freezing temperatures may cause condensation to occur and freeze. Freezing action can restrict movement of poppets and block
screened air passages. Monthly inspection and more frequent inspection in cold weather by someone familiar with the proper
operation of this vent is required to help guard against accidental damage to the tank. For further instructions contact: Morrison Bros.
Co., Dubuque, Iowa (563) 583-5701.

Open Vents

354 155 and 155S




Updraft Vent Double



Open vent used on under- Outlet Vent


ground and aboveground


Aluminum T-style vent


tanks for motor fueling. Vent

used primarily on small


allows tank to breathe fuel oil storage tanks.


during filling/dispensing Outlet ports on either side


operations. 1" and 2" sizes are


of the inlet with 20 mesh


CARB approved (89-12). stainless steel screen keeps debris Fig. 155S

Fig. 354

Construction Details out of the airway.


Ship Venting Fig. 155threaded (NPT)


Bodyaluminum
Size Weight Capacity

Capaluminum (slip-on) (lbs) (CFH) Fig. 155Sslip-on w/set screw


Screen40 mesh brass


1" 0.75 27,650


NOTEopen vents will 2" 0.75 27,650


allow unrestricted 3" 1.5 59,000


evaporation of product. 4" 2.25 116,900 Size Weight



" 6 ozs
NOTEopen vents will

1" 9 ozs
WARNING! allow unrestricted

1" 10 ozs

evaporation of product.
Tank piping must be equal to the vent size, or less to maintain 1" 12 ozs

proper tank design limits. Pumping product through lines larger 2" 1.0 lbs

than the vent size, may cause the tank to rupture or implode. 3" 3.0 lbs

Page 18 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Tank Gauges


818/818F 918/918F




Clock Gauge Clock Gauge


Alarm


Patent 5144836for measur-


ing liquid level in aboveground Utilizes the Fig. 818


storage tanks. Gauge mounts


style clock gauge with a


on top of tank and is activated built-in high level


by a float connected to a cable. warning alarm.



Readout is on a 12 hour clock Fig. 818 Contains a battery
Fig. 918


face. powered, intrinsically


safe, alarm unit that is mounted remote from gauge.


Small hand = feet, large hand = inches. Gauge can be read


20-30 ft away to within 1/8 ". Maximum measurement is 12 Alarm is set for desired level during installation and can be


ft. reset at any time for a change in alarm level requirements.



Fig. 818SSwith stainless steel parts for some chemicals. Fig. 918SSwith stainless steel parts for some chemicals.


Fig. 918METwith metric face


Fig. 818METwith metric face


Fig. 818MEFwith metric face and female threads Fig. 918MEFwith metric face and female threads



Fig. 818MEBwith metric face and British pipe threads.


Construction Details


Fig. 818Ifloating suction gauge.


Gauge UnitFig. 818 clock gauge style (same standard and

Construction Details

optional features). Fig. 918 gauge has alarm dial and internal
Bodyaluminum with 2" NPT male connection. 2" female

switch. Alarm dial is accessible on the clock face. Electrical


connection818F junction box and lead wires for remote mounting are also

Floatstainless steel included.


Cablestainless steel

Alarm Unit Plastic weatherproof housing. 90 decibel high


Standard Features

pitched beep cycle alarm. Features a push-button test switch.


1. Vapor tight construction. Powered by two 9 volt batteries (included).



2. Swivel 360 for desired orientation.


3. High level/low level decals for application on lens cover.


4. Float fits through a 2" schedule 40 and 80 pipe nipple, and


works with a Fig. 419, 2" Morrison drop tube.



Options (must specify)


1. Metric face plate (range = 3 m, 60 cm).



2. Single dial with and full increments (for 8 ft height


only).

3.
Extension leader for extended mounting above the tank.

1018

Electronic AST Gauge


Console, mechanical gauge and easy to use
software make the Electronic AST Gauge user
friendly for overfill prevention and inventory
management. Console cycles through tanks and
indicates product levels in each tank. Can
measure tanks up to 35' in height. Console is
intrinsically safe and can be mounted in any
location. Console is equipped with a 90 decibel
alarm. Tank gauge is equipped with a dial for
mechanical readout of tank levels. Specially
designed float minimizes drift in high turbulence
tanks. Optional modem allows communication
with remote PC. Each console monitors four
aboveground tanks, and software can monitor a
network of eight consoles and 32 tanks per site.
Unlimited sites can be monitored from one PC.
Easy to install, easy to operate. ETL listed.

Fig. 1018

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 19


Tank Gauges
618

Simplex Tank Gauge


Used for measuring liquid level in aboveground storage
tanks. Best suited for vertical tanks over 12 ft high. Gauge
readout by tape which passes over an indicator mounted at
3 ft height on the side of the tank. Activated mechanically
by a float that rests on the liquid level. Float is connected to
a cable that runs up through the top of the tank, across two
pulleys, and down the side of the tank to the indicator
position. Shipping weight = 26 lbs.

Construction Details Standard Features


Tape sizes available: round copper float
tape for 31 ft tank tape
tape for 40 ft tank stainless steel cable
tape for 50 ft tank vapor seal

Options (must specify)


1. Round stainless steel float with swivel (101/8 " diameter).
2. Brass cylindrical float (1" diameter, 32" long) with center
swivel.
3. Stainless steel cylindrical float (1" diameter, 32" long) with
center swivel.

NOTEInstallation
NOTECylindrical floats will
instructions are included,
pass through a 2" opening.
piping is not included.


SGC89 SGE92


UST Liquid Level Gauge AST Liquid Level Gauge



For measuring liquid level in For measuring liquid level in


underground aboveground storage tanks. Em-



storage tanks. ploys the same mechanical features


Mechanical gauge and construction details as the


operates using a SGC89. Ideal for tanks over 12 ft in



weight and float height. Visible from ground level.


connected to a

stainless steel Steil Gauge Fig. SGC89


measuring tape
Standard Features

passing over a pulley inside the gauge. Readout is made by


12 ft or 50 ft tape

viewing the measuring tape through a magnifying lens in


3" NPT female body threads

the gauge head. Tape lengths available for 12 ft diameter


3" nylon float


tanks or metric equivalent. UL listed.

3" pulley

Construction Details Standard Features



Bodyaluminum 12 ft tape Options


PulleyCelcon 4" NPT female body


Metric tape 3.66 meters

Tapestainless steel threads


SealsViton 3" nylon float 2" nylon float


3" pulley 2" pulley


Floatnylon
3" BSP female body

threads

Options

Metric tape 3.66 meters


Size Weight

2" nylon float Size Weight


Steil Gauge

4" NPT 2" pulley 3" NPT female threads 8.0 lbs

female threads 4.5 lbs Fig. SGE92


4" BSP female body

threads

Page 20 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


9095A

AST Overfill Prevention Valve Construction Details


Patent 5832953installed at the fill port of an Adaptoraluminum (hard-coat anodized)
aboveground storage tank. Used in a tight fill Female adaptorductile iron
application, the valve terminates flow of Bodyanodized aluminum
product when the liquid level reaches a preset Plunger and dashpotbrass or nickel plated
Shaft, linkages, and hardwarestainless steel
warning level (90-95% full). The valve is
Pipingsteel (epoxy coated)
installed on a standard NPT male connection
when used with the quick disconnect or female
adaptor. The 2" valve can be used in conjunction Features
with the Morrison Fig. 518and 515 lines of AST 1. Adjustable float (1")for setting the precise level of
spill containers for added spill protection. When shutoff in the field and allowing it to be done using
installed to manufacturers requirements, the standard length pipe nipples.
OPV valve can eliminate environmentally 2. Immediate and cushioned shutofffull flow up to
hazardous spills. All models are supplied with within 1-2 seconds of closing and no abrupt kickback
an adaptor to mount to Morrison Fig. 419 or jolt, or startling noise in the line when valve closes.
3. One piece adaptor/coupler castingno extra seams
aluminum drop tubes. ULC listed.
and joints to leak when top portion is under pressure
Fig 9095A-AVfor aviation fuel systems. from closing.
Fig. 9095 4. Dry disconnectafter shut off product is allowed to
automatically drain from the highest point so fill
nozzle can be removed without spilling.
Size Weight
5. Simple mechanicsminimum moving parts. Shutoff
2" valve w/ 2" male quick disconnect x 4" female adaptor 14.1 lbs
is activated by basic hydraulic principle with no
2" valve w/2" x 2" x 4" female threaded adaptor 14.1 lbs
springs, levers, or complicated sequence leading to
2" valve w/2" male quick disconnect remote fill adaptor 12.6 lbs
closure.
2" valve w/3" male quick disconnect x 4" female adaptor 14.1 lbs
3" valve w/3" male quick disconnect x 6" female adaptor 29.0 lbs
3" valve w/3" x 3" x 6" female threaded adaptor 38.0 lbs Code Compliance
3" valve w/3" male quick disconnect remote fill adaptor 26.0 lbs
NFPA 30, 30A, UFC, BOCA, SBCCI/SFC, and PEI
RP200.

FMMASO-91 Series

Overfill Warning Valve for Specifications


Waste Oil Systems Valve Body and Collaranodized
Patent 5007450warning valve with optional aluminum
Floatpolypropylene
alarm for use on waste oil evacuation systems
Float Rod and Valve Spoolbrass
which use an air operated pump. O-ring sealsViton
Hardware stainless and plated steel

Operation Installation Collar2" NPT


Air inlet and outlet" NPT
1. Valve installs on 2" bung opening at the top Overall length (including float and audible
of the tank. Air supply is routed through the Fig. signal)20"
valve before going to the pump. FMMASO-91S Shipping weight2.0 lbs
Shipping weight Fig. FMMASO-91EX4.5
2. The valve will close off air supply to the
lbs
pump when liquid level reaches 90% of tank
capacity. Air is diverted to the audible signal
on models FMMASO-91S and FMMASO-
Models
91EXS.
Fig. (FMMASO-91)standard valve without audible signal.
3. The valve will reset as liquid is removed Fig. (FMMASO-91S)standard valve with audible signal.
from the tank and air pressure to the valve is Fig. (FMMASO-91EX)same as Fig. FMMASO-91, but with extended
turned off. body for use on double wall, or vaulted tanks.
Fig. (FMMASO-91EXS)same as Fig. FMMASO-91EX, but with
audible signal.
Fig. (FMMATO-91)high level turn-on for sump applications (no
signal).

Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 21


Spill Containers


517 Series 518 Series



7 Gallon AST


3 Gallon AST


Spill Container Spill Container



Installed on above- Installed on aboveground


ground storage tanks storage tanks for the



for the purpose of purpose of containing small


containing small spills Fig. 517 spills and drips from the fill


and drips from the fill nozzle. 3 gallon capacity. nozzle. 7 gallon capacity.



Steel construction. Lockable and white powder Lockable with drain valve


coated. ULC listed. and vented lid. Connects to


4" male (NPT) riser, and is


Fig. 517spill containment. Male (NPT) riser


connection. white powder coated. ULC


listed.


Fig. 517Fspill containment. Female (NPT) riser


connection. Fig. 518CCsame as 518


only with centered opening.


Fig. 517WOwaste oil containmentRemovable


screen on inside of container so used filters, etc. can

Construction Details

be allowed to drain. Size Weight

Body and lid (14 ga.)steel
4" 21.5 lbs

Drain Valvebrass
Size Weight

Drain O-ringViton

2" (517, 517F, and 517WO) 15 lbs


4" (517, 517F, and 517WO) 15 lbs


515

AST Remote Spill Container


For use on aboveground storage tanks for the purpose of
containing fuel spillage during remote tank filling opera-
tions. 15 gallon capacity. 12 ga. steel construction. Lockable
lid, and powder coated white for durability. 1" NPT drain
with locking ball valve included. Choice of one or two fill
ports, 2", 3" or combination. 2" bung for pump. Single
column base is easily adjustable or can be custom ordered
for post hole mount.

Fig. 515

Front Back Back Side


(Single) (Double)

28" - 42"

Page 22 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840


Aboveground Fuel Storage - Pressure System
Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840

Horizontal cylindrical tank with top fill and remote dispenser

Fig. 548 Fig 517 or 518


Pressure Spill Container Fig. 9095A
Vacuum Vent Fig. 305C Overfill Fig. 235
Fig. 818 Fill Cap Prevention Valve or 535
Clock Fig. 323 Gate
Gauge & 323C Valve Fig. 346 Series
(Alarm
Fig. 244 Fig. 918) Vapor External Fig. 710
Recovery Submersible
Emergency Pump Emergency Solenoid
Vent Adaptor Valve Valve
w/ Cap

Fig. 78DI
Expansion
Relief Valve

12 Ft.
Minimum Fig. 419
Drop Tube

Electrical
Line

Fig. 636
Emergency
Fig. 128DI Shut-off Valve
Frost-Proof
Drain Valve
Page 23

Morrison Bros. Co. P.O. Box 238 Dubuque, IA 52004 Ph: 563-583-5701 Fax: 563-583-5028
Aboveground Fuel Storage - Pressure System
Page 24

Rectangular double-wall tank with remote fill and side mounted dispenser

Fig. 548
Pressure
Vacuum Vent

Fig. 9095A Fig. 235 Fig. 346 Series


Overfill 12 Ft. Minimum Fig. 244 or 535 External
Prevention to Grade Level Emergency Gate Emergency
Valve Fig. 918 Vent Valve Valve
(Interstitial) Submersible
Clock Pump Fig. 710
Gauge Fig. 244 Solenoid
w/Alarm Emergency Valve
Vent
Fig. 78DI
Expansion
Relief Valve
Electrical
Line
Fig. 515
Remote Spill
Container Fig. 246
Check
Fig. 800A Valve
& 800DC Fig. 419
Adaptor w/ Drop Tube Dispenser
Dust Cap

Fig. 691B
Locking
Ball Valve Fig. 636
Emergency
Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840

Shut-off Valve
Fig. 918
Fig. 323 & 323C Overfill
Vapor Recovery Alarm
Adaptor w/ Cap

Morrison Bros. Co. P.O. Box 238 Dubuque, IA 52004 Ph: 563-583-5701 Fax: 563-583-5028
Aboveground Fuel Storage - Suction System
Horizontal cylindrical tank with top fill and top mounted pump
Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840

Fig. 922 Combination


Pressure Vacuum
Vent / Overfill Alarm Fig 517 or
518 Spill
Container Fig. 9095A
Fig. 305C Overfill
Fill Cap Prevention Valve
Fig. 818
Clock
Fig. 244 Gauge Suction Pump
Emergency
Vent

12 Ft.
Minimum Fig. 419
Drop Tube

Fig. 157
Suction Pipe
Strainer Fig. 128DI
Frost-Proof
Drain Valve
Page 25

Morrison Bros. Co. P.O. Box 238 Dubuque, IA 52004 Ph: 563-583-5701 Fax: 563-583-5028
Aboveground Fuel Storage - Suction System
Page 26

Rectangular double-wall tank with remote fill and remote pump

Fig. 922 Combination


Pressure Vacuum
Vent / Overfill Alarm

Fig. 9095A Fig. 235 Fig. 346 Series


Overfill Fig. 244 12 Ft. Minimum
to Grade Level or 535 External
Prevention Emergency Gate Emergency
Valve Vent Valve Valve
Fig. 818 (Interstitial) Fig. 710
Clock Fig. 244 Solenoid
Gauge Emergency Valve
Vent
Fig. 78DI
Expansion
Relief Valve

Electrical
Line
Fig. 246
Check
Valve
Fig. 800A
& 800DC Fig. 419
Adaptor w/ Drop Tube
Dust Cap

Fig. 691B
Locking
Ball Valve
Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840

Fig. 515 Pressure


Remote Spill Fig. 157 Regulating
Container Suction Pipe Valve
Strainer (Tokheim 52)

Morrison Bros. Co. P.O. Box 238 Dubuque, IA 52004 Ph: 563-583-5701 Fax: 563-583-5028
AST Bulk Storage Normal (P/V) Vent - and with Flame Arrestor

Emergency Vent (Threaded or Flanged)

Fig. 548 Fig. 351S / 748A

Allows tank to breathe during normal filling


and withdrawing operations. Match vent
Fig. 244 Fig. 244F size to fill and withdrawal piping.
Allows tank to exhaust excessive
pressure if exposed to pool fire. Size Simplex Tank Gauge
to be determined by tank size and type.
Pipe Nipple Fig. 618
12" height minimum
Internal Emergency Valve 31 ft
Manhole
Automatic Pipe Nipple or 40 ft
Flange Adaptor 50 ft
shut-off of
product flow in
event of fire Indicates
and/or impact. liquid level
Poppet is (inventory)
located inside in the tank.
tank. In feet and
inches.
Fig. 272

Gate Valve with


Expansion Relief

Expansion
Relief feature
allows excess
pressure due to
temperature
gain to bleed
back to tank.
Fig. 535

Frost Proof Drain Valve

Allows water on bottom


of tank to be drained off.
Fig. 128 Seat is located up inside
the tank shell.
Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840 Page 27
Page 28 Morrison Bros. Co. 8005534840

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