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LO3. Construct Assembly Drawing

Assembly Drawing
Assembly Drawing shows the relationship of two or more parts of an item when assembled. It is used to
show more detailed illustration of a project to be done in all trade areas. This must be drawn after all the parts
have been detailed.
The views of the object are usually orthographic and isometric. The pictorial views are permissible if
needed for clarity. Only those views, sections and details are necessary to adequately describe the assembly
be used.
Assembly drawing should be drawn by referring to the detail drawings of the respective parts. This
provides an excellent check for fits, clearances and interferences. Only those operations performed on the
assembly in the condition shown should be specified. No detail dimensions should be shown on assembly
drawings except to cover operations performed during assembly or to locate detail parts in an adjustable
assembly. Finally, assembly drawings are used near the end of final fabrication of the product.
The assembly /sub-assembly drawings are drawings of discrete sub-systems showing in some detail
how the component items fit together. Typical assembly drawings include gearbox drawings, roller drawings,
guard system drawings.
The assembly drawing generally includes at least three orthographic views with sections as needed to
clearly show all of the details and their relative positions. Overall and detail dimensions should be
shown. The weight/mass of the assembly/sub-assembly are to be noted. The drawing includes a parts list
identifying all of the component details; quantities, materials and supply details. The assembly drawing
includes a list of reference drawings and notes identifying the relevant codes and specifications and testing
The drawing separate items to be identified with leader lines to balloons which include the item
reference number linking to the parts list.

Assembly Drawings Supplies the Following Information:

Name of the assembly mechanism or subassembly;
Visual relationship of one part to another in order to correctly assemble the various parts;
List of parts;
Bill of materials may be needed; and
Overall size and location dimension. It is used when it is necessary to check clearance fitting.

Factors to be Considered in of Selecting of Assembly Drawings

Depicts the assembly in its natural position in space.
Defines clearly how the parts fit together.
Describes the functional relationship of the parts.
Uses minimum number of views

Features of an Assembly Drawing

Dimensions. Detailed dimensions required for
manufacturer are excluded from assembly drawings. But
the overall dimensions of the assembled object are usually
indicated. The spatial relationship between parts is
important for the product to function correctly. This should
be indicated on the drawing. It can be done by indicating
the maximum and minimum clearance between two parts.
Internal Parts. If there are internal assemblies, sectional
views should be used.
Parts list. Each part is given a unique number placed in a
circle. A leader line terminates to part of the object.

A table of parts should be added to the drawing to identify each

part, an example of a parts list is shown below:
Item No. Description Qty Material Remarks

The first three items; item No., description, and quantity should be completed for every distinct part on your
drawing. (i.e. the number of duplicate parts are recorded in the quantity). The material is used for components
that are being made within the company. The Remarks column is used for specifying a manufacturers part
number when using bough-in parts.

Types of Assembly Drawings

The following are the types of assembly drawings.

1. General Assembly Drawing. This includes orthographic drawings of assembled products, parts lists,
and related data needed in manufacturing process.

2. Exploded Pictorial Assembly Drawing. It is the most useful in assembling various components. This
is usually drawn in a pictorial form with an axis line showing the sequence of assembly.
3. Layout Assembly Drawing. Its shows rough preliminary design ideas sometimes in a sketch form. It
shows overall size, form, location, and relationship of only major components. This drawing shows the
amount of clearances required to operate and service the unit. This drawing is applicable in electrical,
air-duct, and other connections layout.
Design Assembly Drawing. It is a refined version of layout assembly drawings with more accurate
and refined dimensions, line work and manufacturing data.

4. Working Assembly Drawing. It is a fully dimensioned and noted drawing that is used directly in the
manufacturing process. This combines the features of detail drawings with assembly drawings.
5. Pictorial Assembly Drawing. It is a substitute for multiview assembly drawing. It is a sectional view
designed to show the interior structure and relationship of static and moving parts, and components. It
is drawn in exploded view form to show the relationship of parts before assembly.

6. Outline Assembly Drawing. It shows only the major outline of an assembly or sub/assembly and
includes only few basic notations.
7. Diagram Assembly Drawing. It shows the form and location of all sub/assemblies with multiview
drawings installation assembly. It also shows how to assemble the product.