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Implant Training in DAI-CHI

industrial cooling systems

The DAI-CHI industrial cooling systems specialise in the


production of PROCESS CHILLERS, PANEL AIR CONDITIONERS &
the FILTRATION SYSTEMS.

DETAILS REGARDING THE PROCESS CHILLERS:


Process chillers in DAI-CHI are vapour compression
refrigeration systems capable of employing the R22
(CHClf2) refrigerant whose ODP value is 0.05.
Generally, companies while placing an order for the
process chillers mention three important data which
determine the capacity of the chiller. They are
Evaporator inlet temperature, outlet temperature, and
discharge in LPM.
Capacity of a chiller in kcal/hr is given by =>
C = temperature gradient*discharge in
LPM*60
EVAPORATOR SELECTION:
HEAT EXCHANGERS are used for the purpose of
facilitating PHASE CHANGE i.e. from liquid form of
refrigerant to vapour form involving the removal of
LATENT HEAT of vaporisation. It is in the evaporator
section where the REFRIGERATION EFFECT is caused.
PLATE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGERS-
It is used only when clean oil or water is available at the
inlet. As it is not possible to remove the contaminants
(that settle down over a period of time) here.
SHELL & TUBE heat exchangers:

They are capable of handling all type of fluids


(regardless of the fluid being clean or not).As the
contaminants can be removed easily here.
COIL-IN-TANK heat exchangers:

Heating coil is immersed inside the tank containing cold


water initially for achieving the phase change with the
subsequent refrigeration effect.
Gasket Plate type heat exchanger:

This type is actually an improved form of plate heat


exchanger. Gaskets are provided and are attached with
the plates here rendering the plates to be removed
easily for facilitating the removal of contaminants.
INSULATION:
The thermal conductivity (k) of the insulating material
being used here is 0.04 W/mK. Essentially, the suction
line of the refrigeration system is insulated to prevent
the conductive heat transfer.
COMPRESSOR EMPLOYED:
The selection of compressor plays a major role as the
compressor is the only component that accounts for
nearly 30-40 % of electricity consumption and the
procurement cost.
Thus, keeping the energy consumption as criteria for
the compressor selection SCROLL compressors are
preferred over the well known Reciprocating
compressors.
COMPARISION->
Scroll compressors are highly energy efficient
as compared to reciprocating.
Scroll compressors involve the circular and
translational movement of the scroll against a
stationary scroll for achieving the
compression. However, a reciprocating
compressor involves the sliding motion of the
piston for compression. Thus, wear and tear in
scroll is quite less owing to its circular motion
against the stationary scroll.
Cost of scroll as well as reciprocating
compressors are same.
In fact, unlike the reciprocating compressors
the scroll compressors can handle even liquids
as well.
Thus, it can be safely concluded that scroll compressors
can prove to be more economical than the
reciprocating ones.

LIMITATIONS OF SCROLL COMPRESSORS:


Despite the above mentioned advantages scroll
compressors do have some limitations which are as
follows->
Temperature less than 24 degree Celsius of the air
is not advisable for safe operation.
Rotation of the scroll at times gets reversed
rendering it unfit for operation.
Must not be switched on and off more than 9 times
in an hour.
CONDENSERS:
Air cooled condensers are used here. Technically
speaking, the air cooled condensers are used to absorb
the latent heat of condensation released by the
refrigerant thereby undergoing the phase change. An
air cooled condenser consists of condenser coil
equipped with the headers, copper tubes and the
corrugated aluminium fins.
FANS:
Fans are used for even distribution of the air over the
aluminium fins and the copper tubes. Fans are placed
directly above the condensers and their number
depends on the size of the condenser which in turn
depends on the capacity of the refrigeration system.
THROTTLING DEVICES:
Throttling devices are used to expand the high pressure
refrigerant and are used to control the refrigerant flow
before allowing it to pass through the evaporator
section. Again the selection purely depends on the
capacity of the refrigeration system. For 1-2 TR
refrigeration systems capillary tube is used as the
throttling device. Whereas, for greater TRs
thermostatic expansion valves are used.
TUBES:
Copper tubes are generally used for these systems.
Brazing is employed for joining of copper tubes, filter
dryers, etc.
FILTER DRYER:
As the name suggests, they are used to filter the
dessicants (by removing the dirt, moisture) and prevent
the refrigerant from getting freezed.