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You are on page 1of 50

25

x 2 x 1

2

(4)

Figure 2

5

y

x 2 x 1

Figure 2 shows a sketch of part of the curve C with equation , x > 0.

The finite region R is bounded by the curve C, the x-axis, the line with equation x = 1 and the

line with equation x = 4.

(b) Use calculus to find the exact volume of the solid of revolution generated, giving your

answer in the form a + bln c, where a, b and c are constants. (6)

2. (i) Find

x

x cos dx

2

(3)

1

x 1 3x

2

(4)

1

0 x

3

(b) Hence find, for

1

dx

x 1 3x

2

(3)

x e dx

2 x

3. (a) Find .

(5)

1 2 x

0 x e dx

(b) Hence find the exact value of .

(2)

4. (a) Use the substitution x = u2, u > 0, to show that

1

2

x(2 x 1) u (2u 1)

dx = du

(3)

(b) Hence show that

1 a

1 x(2 x 1) b

dx = 2ln

(7)

5. Using the substitution u = 2 + (2x + 1), or other suitable substitutions, find the exact

value of

1

0 2 (2 x 1)

dx

giving your answer in the form A + 2ln B, where A is an integer and B is a positive constant.

(8)

[C4 June 2013(R) Q7]

6.

Figure 2

3

x 27 sec t y 3 tan t 3

, , 0t

6

(a) Find the gradient of the curve C at the point where t = .

(4)

(b) Show that the cartesian equation of C may be written in the form

2 1

y ( x 3 9) 2

, axb

stating values of a and b.

(3)

Figure 3

The finite region R which is bounded by the curve C, the x-axis and the line x = 125 is shown

shaded in Figure 3. This region is rotated through 2 radians about the x-axis to form a solid

of revolution.

(c) Use calculus to find the exact value of the volume of the solid of revolution.

(5)

7. (a) Use integration to find

1 ln x dx

x3

.

(5)

(b) Hence calculate

2

1 ln x dx

1 x 3

.

(2)

8.

Figure 2

Figure 2 shows a sketch of part of the curve C with parametric equations

1

2

x = 1 t, y = 2t 1.

The curve crosses the y-axis at the point A and crosses the x-axis at the point B.

(b) Find the x-coordinate of the point B. (2)

(c) Find an equation of the normal to C at the point A. (5)

The region R, as shown shaded in Figure 2, is bounded by the curve C, the line x = 1 and the

x-axis.

(d) Use integration to find the exact area of R. (6)

9.

Figure 3 shows a sketch of part of the curve with equation y = 1 2 cos x, where x is

measured in radians. The curve crosses the x-axis at the point A and at the point B.

(a) Find, in terms of , the x coordinate of the point A and the x coordinate of the point B. (3)

The finite region S enclosed by the curve and the x-axis is shown shaded in Figure 3. The

region S is rotated through 2 radians about the x-axis.

(b) Find, by integration, the exact value of the volume of the solid generated. (6)

1 A B C

x (3x 1) 2 x (3x 1) (3x 1) 2

10. f(x) = = + + .

f ( x) dx

(b) (i) Hence find .

2

f ( x ) dx

1

(ii) Find , leaving your answer in the form a + ln b, where a and b are

constants. (6)

x sin 3 x dx.

11. (a) Use integration by parts to find (3)

2

x cos 3x dx.

(b) Using your answer to part (a), find (3)

12.

Figure 1

Figure 1 shows the curve with equation

2x

3x 4

2

y= , x 0.

The finite region S, shown shaded in Figure 1, is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the

line x = 2.

The region S is rotated 360 about the x-axis.

Use integration to find the exact value of the volume of the solid generated, giving your

answer in the form k ln a, where k and a are constants.

(5)

13.

Figure 3

Figure 3 shows part of the curve C with parametric equations

2

x = tan , y = sin , 0 < .

1

3, 3

2

The point P lies on C and has coordinates .

(a) Find the value of at the point P.

(2)

The line l is a normal to C at P. The normal cuts the x-axis at the point Q.

(b) Show that Q has coordinates (k3, 0), giving the value of the constant k.

(6)

The finite shaded region S shown in Figure 3 is bounded by the curve C, the line x = 3 and

the x-axis. This shaded region is rotated through 2 radians about the x-axis to form a solid of

revolution.

(c) Find the volume of the solid of revolution, giving your answer in the form p 3 + q 2,

where p and q are constants.

(7)

2

x sin 2 x dx

0

14. Use integration to find the exact value of .

(6)

15. The curve C has parametric equations

x = ln t, y = t2 2, t > 0.

Find

(b) a cartesian equation of C. (3)

Figure 1

The finite area R, shown in Figure 1, is bounded by C, the x-axis, the line x = ln 2 and the line

x = ln 4. The area R is rotated through 360 about the x-axis.

(c) Use calculus to find the exact volume of the solid generated. (6)

[C4 June 2010 Q2]

16. Using the substitution u = cos x +1, or otherwise, show that

2

e cos x 1 sin x dx

0

= e(e 1).

(6)

17. f() = 4 cos2 3sin2

1 7

2 2

(a) Show that f() = + cos 2. (3)

2

f ( ) d

0

(b) Hence, using calculus, find the exact value of . (7)

18.

Figure 2 shows a cylindrical water tank. The diameter of a circular cross-section of the tank

is 6 m. Water is flowing into the tank at a constant rate of 0.48 m3 min1. At time t minutes,

the depth of the water in the tank is h metres. There is a tap at a point T at the bottom of the

tank. When the tap is open, water leaves the tank at a rate of 0.6h m3 min1.

(a) Show that, t minutes after the tap has been opened,

dh

dt

75 = (4 5h).

(5)

When t = 0, h = 0.2

(b) Find the value of t when h = 0.5

(6)

19.

Figure 2

x = 5t 2 4, y = t(9 t 2)

The curve C cuts the x-axis at the points A and B.

(a) Find the x-coordinate at the point A and the x-coordinate at the point B. (3)

The region R, as shown shaded in Figure 2, is enclosed by the loop of the curve.

20. (a) Using the substitution x = 2 cos u, or otherwise, find the exact value of

2

1

dx

1 x ( 4 x )

2 2

.

(7)

4

1

x(4 x 2 ) 4

Figure 3 shows a sketch of part of the curve with equation y = , 0 < x < 2.

The shaded region S, shown in Figure 3, is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the lines

with equations x = 1 and x = 2. The shaded region S is rotated through 2 radians about the

x-axis to form a solid of revolution.

(b) Using your answer to part (a), find the exact volume of the solid of revolution formed.(3)

4 2x A B C

(2 x 1)( x 1)( x 3) (2 x 1) ( x 1) ( x 3)

21. f(x) = = + + .

f ( x) dx

(b) (i) Hence find . (3)

2

f ( x ) dx

0

(ii) Find in the form ln k, where k is a constant. (3)

(5 x) dx

22. (a) Find . (2)

( x 1) (5 x ) dx

(b) (i) Using integration by parts, or otherwise, find .

(4)

5

( x 1) (5 x) dx.

1

(ii) Hence find (2)

2

sin d .

23. (a) Using the identity cos 2 = 1 2 sin2 , find

(2)

Figure 4

2

x = tan , y = 2 sin 2, 0< .

1

3

The finite shaded region S shown in Figure 4 is bounded by C, the line x = and the x-

axis. This shaded region is rotated through 2 radians about the x-axis to form a solid of

revolution.

(b) Show that the volume of the solid of revolution formed is given by the integral

6 2

sin d

0

k ,

where k is a constant.

(5)

(c) Hence find the exact value for this volume, giving your answer in the form p 2 + q3,

where p and q are constants. (3)

24.

Figure 1

3

(1 4 x)

Figure 1 shows part of the curve y = . The region R is bounded by the curve, the x-

axis, and the lines x = 0 and x = 2, as shown shaded in Figure 1.

(4)

(b) Use integration to find the exact value of the volume of the solid formed.

(5)

2

tan x dx

25. (a) Find .

(2)

1 ln x dx

x3

(b) Use integration by parts to find .

(4)

(c) Use the substitution u = 1 + ex to show that

3x

e 1

1 ex 2

dx = e2x ex + ln (1 + ex) + k,

x

xe dx

26. (a) Use integration by parts to find .

(3)

2 x

x e dx

(b) Hence find . (3)

2

4 y2

27. (a) Express in partial fractions.

(3)

(b) Hence obtain the solution of

dy

dx

2 cot x = (4 y2)

3

for which y = 0 at x = , giving your answer in the form sec2 x = g( y).

(8)

28.

Figure 3

2

x = 8 cos t, y = 4 sin 2t, 0t .

The point P lies on C and has coordinates (4, 23).

(a) Find the value of t at the point P. (2)

The line l is a normal to C at P.

(b) Show that an equation for l is y = x3 + 63. (6)

The finite region R is enclosed by the curve C, the x-axis and the line x = 4, as shown shaded

in Figure 3.

2 2

64 sin t cos t dt

3

(c) Show that the area of R is given by the integral . (4)

(d) Use this integral to find the area of R, giving your answer in the form a + b3, where a

and b are constants to be determined. (4)

[C4 Jan 2008 Q3]

29.

1

(2 x 1)

The curve shown in Figure 2 has equation y = . The finite region bounded by the

curve, the x-axis and the lines x = a and x = b is shown shaded in Figure 2. This region is

rotated through 360 about the x-axis to generate a solid of revolution.

Find the volume of the solid generated. Express your answer as a single simplified fraction, in

terms of a and b. (5)

x

ln 2 dx

30. (i) Find .

(4)

2 2

sin x dx

4

(ii) Find the exact value of .

(5)

[C4 Jan 2008 Q7]

31.

Figure 3

1

(t 1)

x = ln (t + 2), y = , t > 1.

The finite region R between the curve C and the x-axis, bounded by the lines with equations

x = ln 2 and x = ln 4, is shown shaded in Figure 3.

2

1

dt

0 (t 1)(t 2)

.

(4)

(b) Hence find an exact value for this area.

(6)

(c) Find a cartesian equation of the curve C, in the form y = f(x).

(4)

(d) State the domain of values for x for this curve.

(1)

32. Use the substitution u = 2x to find the exact value of

1

2x

(2 x 1) 2

0

dx.

(6)

x cos 2 x dx

33. (a) Find .

(4)

2

x cos x dx

(b) Hence, using the identity cos 2x = 2 cos2 x 1, deduce .

(3)

2(4 x 2 1) B C

(2 x 1)( 2 x 1) ( 2 x 1) (2 x 1)

34. A+ + .

(4)

2

2(4 x 2 1)

(2 x 1)( 2 x 1)

1

(b) Hence show that the exact value of dx is 2 + ln k,

giving the value of the constant k.

(6)

35. Figure 1

y

1 0 1 x

4 2

1

3(1 2 x) 1

2

The curve with equation y = , x > , is shown in Figure 1.

1 1

4 2

The region bounded by the lines x = , x = , the x-axis and the curve is shown shaded in

Figure 1.

(a) Use calculus to find the exact value of the volume of the solid generated.

(5)

Figure 2

A

B

Figure 2 shows a paperweight with axis of symmetry AB where AB = 3 cm. A is a point on

the top surface of the paperweight, and B is a point on the base of the paperweight. The

paperweight is geometrically similar to the solid in part (a).

(2)

36. Figure 3

O 2 x

x

2

The curve with equation y = 3 sin , 0 x 2, is shown in Figure 1. The finite region

enclosed by the curve and the x-axis is shaded.

(b) Find the volume of the solid generated. (6)

[C4 Jan 2007 Q3]

37. Using the substitution u2 = 2x 1, or otherwise, find the exact value of

5

3x

dx

1 (2 x 1)

.

(8)

38. Figure 1

y

y=

xex

O 1 3 x

Figure 1 shows the finite region R, which is bounded by the curve y = xex, the line x = 1, the

line x = 3 and the x-axis.

The region R is rotated through 360 degrees about the x-axis.

Use integration by parts to find an exact value for the volume of the solid generated.

(8)

39. Figure 2

y

O x

x = t 2 sin t, y = 1 2 cos t, 0 t 2.

5

3 3

(a) Show that the curve crosses the x-axis where t = and t = .

(2)

The finite region R is enclosed by the curve and the x-axis, as shown shaded in Figure 2.

5

3

(1 2 cos t ) 2 dt

3

.

(3)

(c) Use this integral to find the exact value of the shaded area.

(7)

5x 3

(2 x 3)( x 2)

40. (a) Express in partial fractions. (3)

6

5x 3

dx

2 ( 2 x 3)( x 2)

(b) Hence find the exact value of , giving your answer as a single

logarithm. (5)

1

2 1

3

dx

0 (1 x 2 ) 2

41. Use the substitution x = sin to find the exact value of .

(7)

Solutions

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

Question 4

Question 5

Question 6

Question 7

Question 8

Question 9

Question 10

Question 11

Question 12

Question 13

Question 14

Question 15

Question 16

Question 17

Question 18

Question 19

Question 20

Question 21

Question 22

Question 23

Question 24

Question 25

Question 26

Question 27

Question 28

Question 29

Question 30

Question 31

Question 32

Question 33

Question 34

Question 35

Question 36

Question 37

Question 38

Question 39

Question 40

Question 41

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