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BREAKING STRENGTH EXAMPLE (TWO-WAY RANDOM EFFECTS)

The factors that influence the breaking strength of a synthetic fiber are being studied.
Four production machines and three operators are randomly selected. A two-way factorial
experiment is run, with two observations per treatment combination, using raw material
from the same production batch, with breaking strength as response.

Residual plots:

2
1

-1
-1

-2
-2
1 2 3 4
1 2 3

Operator Machine

2
Normal Probability Plot

.999
1
.99
.95

.80
0
.50

.20

-1 .05
.01

.001
-2
-1.5 -0.5 0.5 1.5
110 115 120
stres1
FITS1 Average: 0 Anderson-Darling Normality Test
Std Dev: 1.0011 A-Squared: 0.522
N of data: 24 p-value: 0.166

Max/min standard deviations


By operator 1.55, 2.70 ( size 8)
By machine 2.32, 4.46 (size 6)

Running on Minitab

1. As fixed effect:
Ana ly si s of V ar ia nc e (Ba la nc ed D es i gns )

Factor Type Levels Values


Operator fixed 3 1 2 3
Machine fixed 4 1 2 3 4

Analysis of Variance for Strength

Source DF SS MS F P
Operator 2 160.333 80.167 21.14 0.000
Machine 3 12.458 4.153 1.10 0.389
Operator*Machine 6 44.667 7.444 1.96 0.151
Error 12 45.500 3.792
Total 23 262.958

II. Designating factors as random

Ana ly si s of V ar ia nc e (Ba la nc ed D es i gns )

Factor Type Levels Values


Operator random 3 1 2 3
Machine random 4 1 2 3 4

Analysis of Variance for Strength

Source DF SS MS F P
Operator 2 160.333 80.167 10.77 0.010
Machine 3 12.458 4.153 0.56 0.662
Operator*Machine 6 44.667 7.444 1.96 0.151
Error 12 45.500 3.792
Total 23 262.958