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3/5/2017 AllowablestressesoftypicalASMEmaterialsCarbonSteel

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OnlineCalculationTools: Someexamplesforallowablestressvalues"S"oftypicalcarbonsteels
accordingtoSectionII,PartD,Table1A,metric.

Cylinderinternalpressure NB:PleaseuseSectionIIPartDforallpermittedASMEmaterials.

Ellipticalheadoninternalpressure carbonsteel

Torisphericalheadoninternalpressure Spec.No. SA105 SA106 SA516 SA516 SA/EN100282 SA/EN102162

Klpperboden(DIN28011)oninternalpressure Type/Grade B 60 70 P265GH P235GH

Korbbogenboden(DIN28013)onint.pressure NominalComposition carbonsteel carbonsteel carbonsteel carbonsteel carbonsteel carbonsteel

ProductForm forgings smls.pipe plate plate plate smls.tube


Hemisphericalheadoninternalpressure

AlloyDesig./UNSNo. K03504 K03006 K02100 K02700


Flathead(circular)oninternalpressure
t16
Size/Thickness[mm] 60 16<t40
Flathead(noncircular)oninternalpressure 40<t60

PNo. 1 1 1 1 1 1
Equivalentflangepressureduetoext.loads

GroupNo. 2 1 1 2 1 1
Loosetypeflangeoninternalpressure
Min.Tensile
Strength 485 415 415 485 410 360
Formingstrainofacylinder [MPa]
Min.Yield
Strength 250 240 220 260 245 215
Formingstrainofahead [MPa]
IApplic.andMax.
Temp.Limit 538 538 454 454 NP 538
Formingstrainoftubeorpipebends [C]

IIIApplic.andMax. 371 371 371 371 NP NP


Temp.Limit[C]
Allowablestressescarbonsteel
VIII1Applic.andMax. 538 538 538 538 371 538
Temp.Limit[C]
Allowablestresseshighalloysteel
XIIApplic.andMax. 343 343 343 343 NP NP
Temp.Limit[C]

ExternalPressure CS2 CS2 CS2 CS2 CS2 CS2


ChartNo.

Notes G10,S1,T2 G10,S1,T1 G10,S1,T2 G10,S1,T2 T1 G10,S1,T2,W14

30to40C[MPa] 138 118 118 138 117 103

65C[MPa] 138 118 118 138 117 103

100C[MPa] 138 118 118 138 117 103

125C[MPa] 138 118 118 138 117 103

150C[MPa] 138 118 118 138 117 103

200C[MPa] 138 118 118 138 117 103

250C[MPa] 136 118 118 138 117 103

300C[MPa] 129 118 115 136 117 103

325C[MPa] 125 118 112 132 117 103

350C[MPa] 122 117 108 128 117 103

375C[MPa] 117 105 104 123 106 102

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3/5/2017 AllowablestressesoftypicalASMEmaterialsCarbonSteel
400C[MPa] 101 88.9 88.9 101 89.1

425C[MPa] 83.9 75.3 75.3 83.8 75.4

450C[MPa] 67.0 62.7 62.7 67.1 62.6

475C[MPa] 51.1 45.5 45.5 51.0 45.5

500C[MPa] 33.6 31.6 31.6 33.6 31.6

525C[MPa] 21.3 21.9 21.9 21.3 21.9

550C[MPa] 12.9 12.7 12.7 12.9 12.7

575C[MPa]

600C[MPa]

625C[MPa]

650C[MPa]

675C[MPa]

700C[MPa]

725C[MPa]

750C[MPa]

775C[MPa]

800C[MPa]

825C[MPa]

Notes:

forinterpolationconsiderGeneralNotes(b):
The stress values in this Table may be interpolated to determine values for intermediate
temperatures.Thevaluesatintermediatetemperaturesshallberoundedtothesamenumberof
decimal places as the value at the higher temperatur between which values are being
(b)
interpolated.Theroundingruleis:
whenthenextdigitbeyondthelastplacetoberetainedislessthan5,retainunchangedthedigit
inthelastplaceretainedwhenthedigitnextbeyondthelastplacetoberetainedis5orgreater,
increaseby1thedigitinthelastplaceretained.

Due to the relatively low yield strength of these materials, these higher stress values were
establishedattemperatureswheretheshorttimetensilepropertiesgoverntopermittheuseof
these alloys where slightly greater deformation is acceptable. The stress values in this range
exceed 66 2/3 % but do not exceed 90% of the yield strength at temperature. Use of these
G5 stresses may result in dimensional changes due to permanent strain. These stress values are
not recommended for the flanges of gasketed joints or other applications where slight amounts
of distortion can cause leakage or malfunction. For Section III applications, Table Y 2 lists
multiplyingfactorsthat,whenappliedtotheyieldstrengthvaluesshowninTableY1,willgive
allowablestressvaluesthatwillresultinlowerlevelsofpermanentstrain.

Uponprolongedexposuretotemperaturesabove425C,thecarbidephaseofcarbonsteelmay
G10
beconvertedtographite.SeeNonmandatoryAppendixA,A201andA202.

At temperatures above 550C, these stress values apply only when the carbon is 0.04% or
G12
higheronheatanalysis.

G21 ForSectionI,useislimitedtoPEB5.3.SeePG5.5forcautionarynote.

Afactorof0.85hasbeenappliedinarrivingatthemaximumallowablestressvaluesintension
G24 for this material. Divide tabulated values by 0.85 for maximum allowable longitudinal tensile
stress.

For temperatures above 550C, these stress values may be used only if the material is heat
H1 treated by heating to the minimum temperature specified in the material specification, but not
lowerthan1040C,andquenchinginwaterorrapidlycoolingbyothermeans.

For Section I applications, stress values at temperatures of 450C and above are permissible
S1 but, except for tubular products 75 mm O.D. or less enclosed within the boiler setting, use of
thesematerialsatthesetemperaturesisnotcurrentpractice.

Allowable stresses for temperatures of 370C and above are values obtained from time
T1
dependentproperties.

Allowable stresses for temperatures of 400C and above are values obtained from time
T2
dependentproperties.

Allowable stresses for temperatures of 565C and above are values obtained from time
T7
dependentproperties.

Allowable stresses for temperatures of 595C and above are values obtained from time
T8
dependentproperties.

Allowable stresses for temperatures of 620C and above are values obtained from time
T9
dependentproperties.

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3/5/2017 AllowablestressesoftypicalASMEmaterialsCarbonSteel
W12 TheseSvaluesdonotincludealongitudinalweldefficiencyfactor.ForSectionIIIapplications,
for materials welded without filler metal, ultrasonic examination, radiographic examination, or
eddy current examination, in accordance with NC 2550, shall provide a longitudinal weld
efficiency factor of 1.00. Materials welded with filler metal meeting the requirements of NC
2560shallreceivealongitudinalweldefficiencyfactorof1.00.Otherlongitudinalweldefficiency
factorsshallbeinaccordancewiththefollowing:
(a)forsinglebuttweld,withfillermetal,0.80
(b)forsingleordoublebuttweld,withoutfillermetal,0.85
(c)fordoublebuttweld,withfillermetal,0.90
(d)forsingleordoublebuttweld,withradiography,1.00

These S values do not include a weld factor. For Section VIII, Division 1, and Section XII
applications using welds made without filler metal, the tabulated tensile stress values shall be
W14
multipliedby0.85.Forweldsmadewithfillermetal,consultUW12forSectionVIII,Division1,
orTW130.4forSectionXII,asapplicable.

notes:

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The stress values of the exemplary materials shown here are intended to be used for information
andguidanceonly.TheydonotreplacetheuseofthetablesinASMECodeSectionII,PartDand
due consideration of all applicable notes. CIS GmbH expressly disclaims liability for errors and
omissionsinthecontentsofthissite.

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