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1.1 Background

Every organization has an activity of specific work activities in order to achieve

organisasi.Salah one such activity is manajemen.Dalam business organization is known
among other things the planning and delivery of freight management, purchasing and
warehouse management, project management, operations management, and educational
organizations sorts sebagianya.Dalam -macam management as it was not in the know, but
there is only one type of multilevel management is the highest management leading up to the

There is a close connection between the organizational, administrative and

manajemen.Organisasi is a group of people with a certain bond that is the container to
achieve their goals, first they integrate material resources as well as the attitude of the
members known as management and finally did they carry out activities to achieve goals and
implement management tersebut.Baik called administrative activities.

1.2. Formulation of the problem

From the above discussion, raised questions about some of the elements and
management functions including the following:

1. How Elements of Management According to the experts?

2. What are the elements of Management General?
3. What are the Management Functions?

1.3. Purpose

In this case as for the purpose of making paper following the Basic Management is

1. to deepen the philosophy of science in general and Element Management and

Management Functions in particular.
2. understands the true intent in Management Science.
3. Be able to apply in the daily life of management science itself


2.1. Elements of General Management and according to the experts

Management is basically a process of activities that must be done by using ways of

thinking scientifically and practically to achieve the objectives that have been defined
through collaboration with others by using the resources available in a way that is rigorous.
Management is essentially "Achieving goals through others", achieving the goal through the
activities of others. And depending on the ability to move these people are basically the
success or failure of a manager. Because the human element of the dominant management
principles nature does not produce the same results. Management principles are flexible in the
sense that its application should also consider the specific circumstances that considerations
related to the human element as a basic element of management. The above description
shows the urgency of attention on the human element with various aspects of the motives,
emotions, aspirations, ratios, and others as a basic element of management. Many authors use
the term means (tools) or a management tool to mention the elements of this management.

A. Elements of Management According to the Experts

According to Fremont E. Kast mentioned two basic elements of management, namely:

a) M e n
b) Materials

While O.F. Peterson gives the definition of top management as "the use of men,
materials and money to echieve a common goal" (the use of a group of people, materials and
money to achieve a common goal). From these definitions appear to have three (3) basic
elements of management, namely:

a) M e n
b) Materials
c) Money

George R. Terry argued that the basic elements (basic elements) which is a source that
can be used (available resources) to achieve the objectives in carrying the management are:

a) Men
b) Money
c) Machines
d) Methods
e) Materials
So is the management elements that in the mentioned according to experts, and there are
some elements of management in general describe commonly called with 6 M in
Management "(The Six M's in Management), including:

a. M e n (human, people, labor)

The labor force includes both executive and operative labor. In the normal
management of human factor is the most decisive. The central point of management is
human, because people make goals and he is also the process of activities to achieve
the goals he has set it. Without labor there would be no work processes. It's just that
the management itself would not arise if everyone is working for himself alone
without the cooperation with the other. Management arises because of the people who
work together to achieve a common goal.

b. Money (money needed to achieve the desired objectives)

Money is an essential element to achieve the objectives in addition to the human

factor becomes the most important element (the most important tool) and other
factors. In the modern world which is an important factor as a means of exchange and
a measure of value of a business. A large company is also measured on the amount of
money spinning in the company. But use the money not only operators, government
agencies and foundations as well use it. So the money is needed in every human
activity to achieve its objectives. Especially in the implementation of scientific
management, attention must be paid earnest against the money factor because
everything is taken into account in a rational way that takes into account how much
power should be paid, how alar-tools that are required to be purchased and how well
the results that can be achieved from an investment.

c. Machines (machines or tools necessary to achieve the objective)

In any organization, the role of machines as auxiliaries indispensable work. Machines

can alleviate and ease in carrying out the work. Just keep in mind that the use of the
machine is highly dependent on humans, not humans who depend on or even enslaved
by the machine. The machine itself would not exist if nothing is found, while the
finding is human. Machine made is to facilitate or help to achieve the goal of human

d. Methods (methods or means used to accomplish goals).

How, mobilization and supervision. By way of good work will accelerate and
facilitate the implementation of the work. But even working methods that have been
formulated or set it well, if people are given the task execution is less understood or
experienced the results will also remain unfavorable. Therefore the results of the use /
application of a method will depend also on the person.
e. Materials (materials or equipment necessary to achieve the objective).

A man without a material or materials will not be able to achieve the goal he wanted,
so that the material elements in management can not be ignored.

f. Market (a market to sell the output / goods produced).

For a company, marketing products produced are certainly very important for the
continuity of the production process of the company itself. The production process of
goods to be stopped if the goods produced were not sold or not absorbed by
consumers. In other words, the market is very important to master in the continuity of
the process of the company or industry. Therefore, control of the market to distribute
the results of production in order to reach the consumers are the decisive ones in the
management activities. So that the market can be controlled by the quality and price
of goods must be in accordance with the tastes and purchasing power of consumers.
Low-quality goods at a high price will not be sold. This above is the use commerce
market in the world. As for the administration of the State, which became the market
is the community (public) as a whole, while being the product is in the form of care
and services (service). When the people or community has felt that the best possible
service from their government the people will also provide the best possible
cooperation, or in other words to support the government can run stable.

g. Information (Information)

Of course, information is being favored, what is happening in society, etc. Information

management is also very important in analyzing products which have been and will be

Seventh element of the management better known as 6 M + I, the man, money,

material, machine, method, market and information. Each of these have different
characteristics. Management can not run properly without the seven elements.

2.2. Functions of Management

a. Planning (Planning)

Management, planning is the process of defining the organization's goals, create a

strategy to achieve that goal, and develop a plan of work activities of the organization.
Planning is the most important process of all management functions without planning for
other functions-organizing, directing, and controlling-not be able to walk.

b. Organizing (organizing)

The process concerning how strategies and tactics that have been formulated in the
planning designed in an appropriate organizational structure and tough, systems and
organizational environment that is conducive, and can ensure that all parties in the
organization to work effectively and efficiently in order to achieve organizational goals.

c. Direction or implementation (Actuating / Directing)

The process of implementation of the program to be executed by all parties within the
organization and motivating process that all parties can carry out their responsibilities with
full awareness and high productivity.

d. Control and supervision (controlling)

The process is carried out to ensure the entire chain of events that have been planned,
organized and implemented to run in accordance with expectations despite various changes
occurring in the business world environment encountered.


A manager or leader function - management functions and elements - elements of an

integrated management (integrative) and comprehensive (comprehensive), meaning managers
make in achieving the objectives of planning, organizing, controlling all the management
elements simultaneously in a single motion simultaneously.

In the execution of the work, a manager will ask whether that should be planned, driven,
monitored and controlled? if observed from the notion of management object is a person, but
in practice all elements of management (6 M) made the planning, organized, mobilized for its
implementation, and controlled to achieve the goal. Therefore do:

a) Planning (Planning) to: Personnel, Budget, Materials, Tools, Methods and Marketing.
b) Organizing (Organizing) to: Personnel, Budget, Materials, Tools, Methods and
c) Mobilization (Action), to: Personnel, Budget, materials, equipment, methods and
d) Budgeting (Budgeting) to: Personnel, Budget, Materials, Tools, Methods and
e) Control (Controlling) to: Personnel, Budget, Materials, Tools, Methods and


A. Conclusion

Although the experts mentioned elements of different management but can we draw
conclusions from the contents of the discussion paper on top is.

The existing management element 7, namely:

a) M e n (human, people, labor)

b) Money (money needed to achieve the desired objectives)
c) Machines (machines or tools necessary to achieve the objective)
d) Methods (methods or means used to accomplish goals)
e) Materials (materials or equipment necessary to achieve the objective)
f) Market (a market to sell the output / goods produced)
g) Information (Information)

Management Functions and conclusions will be:

a) Forecasting (Forecasting Function)

b) Planning (Planning Functions)
c) Organizing (Organizing Function)
d) Actuating / Directing (Function Direction and Implementation)
e) Controlling (Monitoring and Control Function)


Suggestions for Good readers, the contribution that would help enhance this paper, because
the author, be aware that there are many errors in the manufacture of this paper.

Silalahi, 1996, Pengantar manajemen , teori dan praktek Jakarta : Rineka Cipta

Siswanto, HB.Dr. 2007. Pengantar manajemen Jakarta : Bumi Aksara