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Name: Date: Period:

Day:

Ecology Notes
Energy Flow in Ecosystems
1. What is the difference between abiotic and biotic factors?

2. Put the following in order from smallest to largest by numbering 1 to 4

Ecology Population Species Community

3. What law must the flow of energy in an ecosystem follow?


__________________________________________________

4. Energy in an ecosystem is

5. - A community of organisms and their nonliving environment.

6._________________ - A place where organisms live.

7. Food Webs and Food Chains use arrows to show the _________ _____ _____________ from one
organism to the next, NOT who eats who.

8. For most organisms on Earth, from where does all of our energy come from?
___________________

9. Give an example of the each of the following energies based on the squirrel.

Electrical Energy:

Chemical Energy:

Mechanical Energy:

Heat Energy:

10. Where does the energy go when a snake consumes (eats) a squirrel?

11. are links of food chains.

12. Write two examples of food chains that could make up a food web in the example.

1.

2.

13. ________________ - (P) An organism that captures energy and turns it into food (chemical
energy).
________________ - (C#) An organism that cannot make its own food, so it has to eat the
chemical energy of others.
_________________ _______________ - (C1) A consumer one energy arrow away from a
producer.
_________________ _______________ - (C2) A consumer two energy arrows away from a
producer.
_________________ _______________ - (C3) A consumer three energy arrows away from a
producer.
________________ - (D) An organism that breaks down dead organisms and waste products to
get energy.

14.____________________ Species An organism that has spent a long time fitting into an
ecosystem.

15. ____________________ Species An organism that is new to an ecosystem and throws it off
balance.

16. LABEL THE ORGANISMS IN THE FOOD WEB WITH THE PROPER CODE: P,
C1, C2, C3, D

17. Give an example of a Carnivore (Heterotroph)

18. Give an example of an Herbivore (Heterotroph)

19. Give an example of an Omnivore (Heterotroph)

20. Species- An organism that has spent a long time fitting into an
ecosystem.

21. Species- An organism that is new to an ecosystem and throws it off


balance.

Essential Questions: (pick one)


SYMBIOSIS
22. What is symbiosis?

23. With symbiosis, one organism benefits from the relationship.

24. How do the Venom Alien and Eddie Brock work together? Whos getting what?

25. When both organisms benefit in a relationship it is called .

26. When one organism benefits in a relationship and one organism is unaffected it is called
.

27. When one organism benefits in a relationship and one organism is harmed it is called
.

28. When Spider-Man was wearing the black suit, it was turning him into a darker, meaner person
while feeding on his brain. What type of symbiosis would this be?

29. When one organism consumes another for energy it is called .

30. When 2 or more organisms struggle over available resources it is called


.

How is How is
Name of Relationship species 1 species 2 Real-world example of relationship.
affected? affected?
Mutualism
Parasitism
Commensalism
Predation
Competition
Key: B = Benefits U = Unaffected H = Harmed K =

Killed S = Struggles
31. A is an environment factor that prevents an organism or
population from reaching its full potential of size or activity. Example:

Florida Ecosystems:

32. An is an area where fresh water mixes with salt water from the
ocean.

33. A is an area where fresh water mixes with salt water from the ocean.

34. A is a limestone ridge found in tropical climates and composed of


coral fragments that are deposited around organic remains.
Essential Questions: (pick two)