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URBANIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON HOUSING

Article · November 2012

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Arati Petkar Dhiraj Takkekar
College of Engineering, Pune 2 PUBLICATIONS 0 CITATIONS
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Impact of rapid urbanization on housing sector is observed as dominant and need more attention while preparing development plans. Takkekar. Second is Out-migration also termed as rural push.  Distress migration initiates urban decay. It is a finite process--. Main cause being migration and increase in population. Urbanization is the process. Further discusses advantages and disadvantages of urbanization and its impact on housing sector which is observed in most of the Indian cities. Quantification of urbanization is very difficult. regional plans. A country is considered to urbanize when over 50 per cent of its population live in the urban areas. however. More and more towns are now getting converted in to cities. 1.com Abstract—Urbanization is phenomenon which is observed all over the world weather nation is developed or developing. Arati Siddharth Petkar. Increasing population has to be accommodated in the city. it has various impacts on the city structure. Gujarat. . URBANIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON HOUSING *Mrs. better facilities and amenities. College of Engineering. [1] 2.Causes and trends The main reason for urbanization is migration. urban housing.  Poor quality of rural-urban migration leads to poor quality of urbanization. Civil Engineering Department. India. unemployment. opportunities in rural areas causing people to migrate from rural areas to urban areas. fringe area. inequalities. Civil Engineering Department. first In-migration also termed as urban pull.ar.svnit. Pune. Email:-asp. 2.in **Dr. by which large numbers of people become permanently concentrated in relatively small areas. Urbanization is an index of transformation from traditional rural economies to modern industrial one. degradation in the quality of urban life. In this process the number of people living in cities increases compared with the number of people living in rural areas. This scenario. etc. In India we have many metro cities as well as tier two cities which are growing very rapidly because of migration from surrounding areas.  Urbanization is mainly a product of demographic explosion and poverty induced rural . poverty. This study analyses the urbanization trends in India. this happens due to lack of resources. trends of urbanization in developed nation as well as India as developing nations.  Rapid urbanization leads to massive growth of slum followed by misery. not due to urban pull but due to rural push.E. Associate Professor. E-mail:. Assistant Professor. opportunity.in ***Dhiraj L. Keywords—Urbanization. Urbanization has many effects on the city structure. According to UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund Agency) in 2008 more than half of Worlds population lives in cities. Internal rural to urban migration means people move from rural areas to urban areas. This migration can be of two types. J. INTRODUCTION Urbanization and pace of urbanization has increased tremendously in last few decades. India. Pune. People from rural areas migrate to cities in search of employment. This study analyses the causes of urbanization.urban migration. Kingsley Davis has explained urbanization as process of switch from spread out pattern of human settlements to one of concentration in urban centers. spreading beyond municipal jurisdiction.M Macwan. rarely occurs.dhirajtakkekar@gmail. in terms of population as well as size.a cycle through which a nation passes as they evolve from agrarian to industrial society [1] The unique features of urbanization in India can be highlighted in the following manner:  Lopsided and focused on Class-I Cities. Town and Country planning. Cities are growing very fast.  Urbanization occurs without industrialization and strong economic base. Email: . Natural increase of urbanization can occur if the natural population growth in the cities is higher than in the rural areas.Tech student. exploitation. this happens due to availability of employment in a city. Urbanization trend is seen all over the world but is becoming most dominant in Asia. forming cities. Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology. URBANIZATION Urban area is an area which is dominated by the people engaged in non-agricultural activities. so the problems of slums. Surat. causes of urbanization and its impacts on housing sector.jemm@ced. It is a long term process.ac. M. India. rapid urbanization.  Urbanization occurs primarily.ac. One of the most significant impacts is seen on the housing sector as residential land use is predominant over other land uses. College of Engineering.civil@coep. It is progressive concentration of population in urban unit.1 Urbanization . unauthorized construction and haphazard development of fringe areas are observed in most of the Indian cities.