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Antti Hakala-Ranta Enhanced protection

functionality with
Power and productivity for a IEC 61850 and GOOSE
better world™
Singapore, Sept 22-23.9.2008


Background for IEC 61850
Goals and key thoughts of IEC 61850
Modeling of information and services
New type of communication services
Horizontal communication - GOOSE
Sampled measured values - SMV
Engineering support
System integration
Application examples
Future outlook
© ABB Ltd.’ - Page 2

Background – why IEC 61850
Global markets
DA users (Utility, industries) becoming more and more international ->
global standards needed
Flexible communication structures
Communication systems must be capable of fulfilling world-wide
Rapid changes in communication state-of-the-art technology, but long
life cycles of communication standards
Increasing economical and operational demands on utility
Modern substation systems produce lots of data
Data need to be converted into information
Communication networks provide access from anywhere
Communication in substations has to support:
© ABB Ltd.’ - Page 3

Guaranteed and fast real time system responses
High resistance against harsh environmental conditions

History Standards/de facto standards for substation automation communication IEC60870-5-103 Master slave serial protocol. no horizontal communication. horizontal communication Never really accepted by customers. no controls (only with spec.0 Predecessor of IEC61850 by US vendors & utilities (an EPRI project) Modeling & semantic ideas. also variant running over TCP DNP3. no events.0… …and many other proprietary ones © ABB Ltd. due to a lot of promises given but… Officially and publicly to be replaced by IEC61850 Modbus Well known but: no information semantics (signal engineering). especially in US Master slave serial.Page 4 . SA semantics defined!. too restricted to give easy interoperability Used in Europe and some far east countries UCA2. no time-synch Used world-wide. extension).’ .

’ . 2008. both by utilities and industries © ABB Ltd.Page 5 . widely accepted and in use. How and what? An IEC project group of about 60 members from different countries worked in three IEC working groups from 1995 Objectives: A single protocol for complete substation considering modeling of different data required for substation Definition of basic services required to transfer data so that the entire mapping to communication protocol can be made future proof Promotion of high interoperability between systems from different vendors A common method/format for storing complete configuration data Define complete testing required for the equipments which confirms to the standard 1st parts of IEC 61850 standard were published 2004 Now.

Background – What is IEC 61850? IEC 61850 is a global standard for “Communication Networks and Systems in Substations” „How to make different devices AND tools from different vendors work together (=interoperability)“ YES. WE DO! DO YOU UNDERSTAND ME? © ABB Ltd.’ .Page 6 .

also in industrial plants to NCC / DCS HMI Station Station Engineering Station Level computer gateway station Station or interbaybus (LAN) Control Protection Protection Control Protection Bay Level & Control Process bus (LAN) © ABB Ltd.’ .Page 7 Process Level Process Interface Process Interface Process Interface . Application area of IEC 61850 Electrical substations.

’ . but also their tools & systems interoperable It uses Ethernet and TCP/IP for communication Provides the broad range of features of mainstream communication © ABB Ltd.Page 8 High performance It is open for future new communication concepts . Goals and key thoughts of IEC 61850 It specifies an expandable data model and services for substation automation It does not specify protection or control functionality. but it specifies how they will expose their information It supports free allocation of functions to devices It is open for different system philosophies It defines a description language for substation automation systems This facilitates efficient device integration It supports comprehensive consistent system definition and engineering This makes not only the devices.

Structure of the IEC 61850 standard Introduction and overview Part 1 Impact on Glossary Part 2 tenders and implementation product mgmt.’ .Page 9 Process bus Impacts not only on communication ! . Direct impact General requirements Part 3 System and Project management Part 4 Communication requirements Part 5 Communication model (Data model and Services) Part 7 Substation Configuration Language (SCL) Part 6 Impact on Conformance testing Part 10 engineering Part 8-1 : Mapping for Part 9-1 : Mapping to point- MMS-TCP/IP-Ethernet to-point connections Part 8 Part 9 part 9-2 : Mapping for bus Part 8-x : for Future Use connections Station bus © ABB Ltd.

Page 10 seven layer stack IEC61850 The data model is mapped unambiguously to an existing stack *) Manufacturing Message Specification . Concept 1: Split of application and communication Future Proof Design Aspects .’ .Independence of actual technology Application Long-term definition Slow Application Domain Safe-guarding investments • Objects Substation •Services Abstract Interface Adaptation Mapping per selected stack Stack Interface 7 6 MMS* 5 4 TCP/IP Stack selection 3 Communication 2 following state-of-art Fast Technology 1 Ethernet Communication technology ISO/OSI Approach of © ABB Ltd.

These descriptions can be exchanged between engineering tools of different manufacturers Common approach to system engineering without the need of time consuming.’ . error prone human conversion of engineering data © ABB Ltd. their configuration and their functional and communication capabilities Concrete communication structure of a SA system Allocation of devices to the substation primary equipment. Concept 2: Take care of the engineering Additionally to the communication – make the tools interoperable Making it possible to efficiently manage the configuration data in a system even if the products are from different vendors Substation Configuration Language (SCL) allows describing in a standardised way IEDs.Page 11 .

logical nodes "#$% " # &$ ' %( . ' ' ! $ $ + ' $ © ABB Ltd. / # #$% # # &$ ' %( )# * ' + % . .Page 12 .’ .# .$ . IEC 61850 – Data Model.

CD bit 1x1828 Frequency DA: 12.’ . Node Data/Attribute . close 0x4098 IEC 61850 Position QA1 E1Q1KA1.stVal Trip Overcurrent.Ctrl/MMXU1.general Frequency E1Q1KA1. DA:12.Op. 1x1827. 4x0488 Close CB DA: 12.Prot/PHPTOC1.Pos.f © ABB Ltd. Device Log.Hz. latch reset 0x2454 Trip Ovecurrent.mag.ctVal Voltage Level Bay IED Log.Ctrl/QA1CSWI1. Example: Modbus and IEC 61850 Modbus Position QA1 DA:12. 1x2347. E1Q1FA1.Page 13 Close CB E1Q1KA1.Ctrl/QA1CSWI1.Pos. select 0x4096.

parameter and software download upload from monitoring information like travel curves or history of gas density values Transfer of generic object oriented system events (GOOSE) © ABB Ltd. Data access and transfer (Services) read a value / attribute write configuration attributes control a device (direct operate / select before operate) event oriented communication with reporting local storage of time-stamped events in a log get directory information file transfer for e.Page 14 Transfer of sampled (analog) values (SV) .g.’ .

IEC 61850 .’ .Page 15 Mission is real-time data transmission– IED to IED 100ms / 10ms / 3ms Uses low-level Ethernet layer and priority tagging to get priority in network and devices .GOOSE GOOSE – real time sharing of information between devices in a substation NCC Switch Switch Control & Control & Control & Control & Control & Control & Control & Control & Control & Control & Protection Protection Protection Protection Protection Protection Protection Protection Protection Protection Based on ”publisher/subscriber” model where any device can publish data and other subscribe it if needed User first decides in configuration what is needed to be published and those IEDs interested of that data subscribe to it © ABB Ltd.

’ . IEC 61850 – GOOSE IEC 61850 GOOSE.Page 16 . What? GOOSE = Generic Object Oriented Substation Event Generic = Any data Object Oriented = Data from IED 61850 data model Substation = Whole substation sees the data Event = Event based sending GOOSE is used for transmit data to peer devices in substation Can in principle transmit any kind of process data between IEDs Ethernet technology offers fast and reliable way to transmit the data Similar kind of functionality ABB have in existing LON platform and it is already used for a decade successfully © ABB Ltd.

Why? Reduce interpanel wiring with between IEDs Performance – faster than IO wiring Supervised connections Actions can taken in application if peer IED stops communication Quality information is sent to peer IEDs with data for validation More (virtual) I/O for IEDs.Page 17 .’ . without hardware changes Possibilities: Expandability In IED retrofit cases minimised wiring changes Chance to introduce new functionality Due to more IO capacity and higher performance Flexibility Possibility to add easily functionality afterwards – no rewiring © ABB Ltd. IEC 61850 – GOOSE GOOSE.

’ . -> GOOSE communication enables fast and station wide © ABB Ltd. and sends a related GOOSE message to relay A Conventional wiring: <37ms 2. Arc protection and GOOSE with REF615 3. busbar compartment via sensor 1 1. With GOOSE: <23ms After receiving the GOOSE GOOSE message message relay A checks the current level and issues a trip Relay B command to breaker A 3. 1.Page 18 supervised arc protection schemes . Both relay A (incoming feeder) and relay B (outgoing feeder) are Relay A equipped with three arc sensors Relay B detects an arc in the 2.

g.’ .Blocking based busbar protection Delay setting with inst. O/C prot.Page 19 . O/C protection start delay + output relay’s delay <40ms Start delay with receiving relay + retarding time for <40ms the blocking signal *) ALL TOGETHER 100ms *) if relays are of the same family: <10ms + 2 x relay’s ”task time” © ABB Ltd. e. IEC 61850 . (conventional approach) Safety marginal. delay in operation due to CT 20ms saturation.

O/C (REF615 GOOSE approach) block-PHIPTOC Safety marginal. IEC 61850 . O/C prot.’ . faster fault clearing time PHLPTOC-start © ABB Ltd.Page 20 . delay in operation due to CT 40ms saturation.Blocking based busbar protection Yep. X O/C protection start delay IEC 61850-8-1 20ms Retardation time of inst. e. I am! I’ll block the Delay setting with inst.g. Inst. O/C stage blocking 5ms X GOOSE delay (Class 1) <3ms ALL TOGETHER ~70ms With GOOSE better protection co- ordination -> more selective busbar Who is interested? protection.

Circuit Breaker failure scheme with GOOSE Relay B (outgoing feeder) detects a fault.’ . I hear you! opening command to the REF615 I’ll open my Breaker breaker and starts the breaker failure Relay A The breaker in outgoing X feeder fails to open and after a set time delay the breaker failure protection in Relay B sends out back- X up command as a GOOSE REF615 message to Relay A GOOSE message Relay B After receiving the GOOSE message Relay A issues opening command to the My Breaker is not incoming feeder breaker © ABB Ltd. issues OK.Page 21 opening! and the fault is cleared. Activate Breaker failure scheme .

’ .Page 22 Relay C Relay B .1-of-N Blocking Local HMI In this scheme a blocking signal is sent from selected feeder to other feeders Relay A No other controls allowed within User issues Select timeout period Select breaker Command Circuit Breaker control selection before Operate X is sent by the publisher and in all from SCS subscriber IEDs this signal is connected to the blocking input of the control function block Breaker Selected When control sequence is over X X subscriber IEDs get new value change which frees the control function block © ABB Ltd. IEC 61850 .

IEC 61850 .’ .Busbar Earthing Earthing switch In this scheme a blocking signal Closed -indication is sent to breakers if the earthing switch is closed Relay A Circuit Breaker position is sent by the publisher and in all subscriber IEDs this signal is X connected to the blocking input of the control function block to prevent closing of breakers This schema can be made also in opposite way where feeders X X breaker position can block closing of earthing switch © ABB Ltd.Page 23 Relay C Relay B .

’ . IEC 61850 – Disturbance Recording In this scheme a fault is detected in one feeder Relay A GOOSE can be used to trig the Detected fault Disturbance Recording in other and Trip feeders X Recordings are triggered almost parallel without delays X X Relay C Relay B © ABB Ltd.Page 24 .

Page 25 .’ . IEC 61850 GOOSE – Performance issues Functionality without guaranteed performance? GOOSE response time requirements from application to application according the standard (IEC 61850-5) are: Type 1 (fast messages) Type 1A (tripping) Class P2/3: <3ms (P2/3 = transmission S/S) Class P1: <10ms (P1 = distribution S/S) Type 1B (others) Class P2/3: <20ms Class P1: <100ms Following IEC 61850 standard means that relay-to-relay signalling is faster than with traditionally wiring Reduced wiring with faster response times Challenge is to guarantee these in all circumstances © ABB Ltd.

Sampled measured values – IEC 61850-9-2 IEC 61850-8-1 A method for transmitting sampled measurements from transducers IED IED Enables sharing of analogue I/O signals among IEDs Benefits are obvious in high. Sampled voltage transmission substations Values IEC 61850-9-2 Process bus How about medium voltage switchgears? Remote BIOs CTs/VTs © ABB Ltd.Page 26 .’ .

Page 27 communication technology Ethernet Physical Layer with Priority tagging * Generic Object Oriented Stack selection according to the state-of-the-art Substation Event Communication technology .Services) Communication technology changes quickly Splitting of SA specific Client Server Sampled data model from GOOSE* Communication Values communication technology Mapping Abstract Communication Services Interface (ACSI) MMS Real time Stack Interface Communication TCP ISO/OSI – Stack Hierarchical set of IP Rules how information is coded for transmission Ethernet Link Layer According to state-of-the art © ABB Ltd.’ . The approach: Mapping to communication stacks Model according to state-of-the-art SA technology SA specific data model evolves slowly Data Model (Objects.

IEC61850-6. Engineering with help of SCL IEC 61850-6 defines an XML based language to describe in a defined way Capabilities of the devices (IEDs) How devices are connected to the primary apparatuses How devices exchange information This means and results Different device and system tools can exhance information Efficient. automated device integration Facilitates centrally done system engineering of systems consisting devices from different vendors Support top-down engineering “Data entry only once” – engineering information is preserved and can be utilized in other product and tools Demo… © ABB Ltd.Page 28 .’ .

IEC 61850-420 Communication between substations. IEC 62445-2 (NP) Information security for TC57 protocols: IEC 62351-5 (published) IEC interfaces based on IEC 61850. high availability automation networks UCA User’s Group International – for maintenance of the standard © ABB Ltd. IEC 61400-25-x Upcoming Ed. clarifications Models for Distributed Energy Resources (DER).Amendment 2 for IEC 61850-7-4 IEC 61850.’ . Future.Page 29 “feedback” to IEC . related work After original publishing Power Quality . updates. Amendment 1: miscellaneous corrections Models for Hydro Power Plants. IEC 61850-7-410 Models and mappings for Wind Turbines.2 to be published during 2009 Updates. old 62010) High Voltage Switchgear and controlgear . apply 61850 for HV assemblies (published) IEC 62439. IEC 61850-90-1 Related work Communication between substation and control center.

“The whole scope” Distributed generation (DER) (Hydro) Power Plants 0 5 618 8 50 IE C 6 1 IEC IEC 62351 (* © ABB Ltd.’ .Page 30 *) security within TC57. ~5 parts .

functions can be freely allocated within the system.’ .e. availability must in focus © ABB Ltd. Future with IEC 61850 IEC 61850 facilitates a new way of building systems Location transparency – i.Page 31 …see next page… . due to the efficient communication Step 1: Simplifying signal wiring Usage of GOOSE to replace interbay wiring Usage of remote I/Os To share common IO in a substation To extend IO capabilities of an IED Step 2: Simplifying measurement wiring and enhancing functionality Sharing busbar voltages for all devices on a substation with Ethernet -> more functionality for all bay level devices with same HW Step 3: Reallocating functionality -> centralizing Easier maintenance. upgrades. less complicated hardware Reliability.

Traditional Separate interbay signal.Page 32 . shared voltage signals… © ABB Ltd. external signal wired … DCS/NCC Local SCS GPS time source External signals Station bus (e. settings Clock synch IRIG-B External signals Interlocking.’ .g. Modbus TCP) Monitoring. control. time synchronization.

control.’ . shared external signals Station bus IEC 61850 Time synchronization External signals © ABB Ltd. by IEC 61850 GOOSE for sharing interpanel and external signals SNTP time synchronization on station bus DCS/NCC Electrical control system Local .Page 33 .SCS & GW HMI GPS time source Monitoring. IEC 61850. settings Interlocking. as today Simplification of interpanel and external signals.

fault records etc -> easier to maintain and extend Complicated applications like fault location. IEC 61850 .Page 34 External signals .possibilities Simpler.’ . more cost-efficient IEDs External and secondary IO as remote IO All signals (including measurements) shared for all components –> less wiring Centralized handling of control. distance protection can be implemented using the power of centralized computer Local DCS/NCC HMI Station Computer Redundant looped 100Mbit/s Ethernet. IEC 61850-8-1/9-2 © ABB Ltd. disturbance handling.

disturbance handling. handling of control. added-value services… DCS/NCC Service provider for: . fault records etc -> easy to maintain and extend the system -> online upgrades without affecting the operation. availability… All other functionality centralized: distance.’ .Technical support WAN WAN Redundant looped 100Mbit/s Ethernet. IEC 61850-8-1/9-2 © ABB Ltd.Fault analysis HMI Station Computer . standardization. EF) -> lower complexity: cost-efficient. IEC 61850 – extremely centralized Simplistic IEDs per bay I/O interface and basic protection (OC.Maintenance Local . differential protection. maintenance.Page 35 External signals .

’ .Advantages of IEC 61850 Better connectivity and interoperability between devices and systems from different vendors Cost savings on substation automation systems Efficient device integration and system level engineering Simpler wiring Support for new type of applications Standardized high performance communication between bays High performance process bus to connect intelligent sensors reducing system costs Future-proof applications Application configuration withstands changes on communication systems Standardized. controlled way to define © ABB Ltd.Page 36 extensions to the system . Summary .

Newton Evans Survey 2008. future usage of IEC 61850 International 31% already use it 58% to use IEC 61850 by 2010 Only 9% no plans 27% “maybe” International North America Less then 5% use it Only 8% have plans to use it 2010 52% have no plans yet 39% maybe © ABB Ltd.Page 37 North America .’ .

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