You are on page 1of 189

KING EDWARD THE SI& TH
ON

THE S UPRE MAC Y .

@b z f r en c h @r i
ginal ant an QEn iab Err ansla ti
un .

W IH
T H IS DI S C UR S E O O N TH E R EFO RMATIO N A USES ; OF B

AND A FE W B R EF N TI CE S
I O OF H IS L IF ED U CATI N AND DEATH
E ,
O , .

EDITED BY

RO BE RT P O TTS M A T RIN C O LL C A M BRIDG E
,
. . . .
3

HO N LL D
. . .
,
I IAM AN D MARY C O LEGE
W LL L ,
VA .

C A M BRID G E
P UBL I S HED BY WI LL IAM M E CA FE TR IN ITY S TREET
T L ,
.

LO N D O N :

S O LD A T TH E N ATIO NA S C IE L O TY

S D E I’ O SIT O RY , W E S M INS TER
T .

1 874 .

PETIT TRA TE I EN GL I S H TRAN SLATI N O 101 D I S C O U R E N H REFO RM ATION S O T E 0F AB USE S 13 3 . C O NTE NT S . E D U CA IO N T . INTR OD U C TION A W R EF FE B I N OT I C E S OF TH L IFE E . OF K IN E DWARD V I G .

.

” . re gard e d in re fere nc e to it s a utho r o r it s s ubj e ct . s i rab le if not n e c essar y a t no di s t ant d ay fo r th e . De c ree i s re gard ed as a con sp i ra cy a gain s t th e s ove r e ign p owers of th ese Stat es I t ma y b e found d e . utterl y s ubver siv e of all Na tion al Governme nt s which are not s ubj e ct o r s ub servi e nt to th e infall ib le P on tiff of Ro me F ro m th e re c e nt a ction t ak e n in . u s urpe d and att em p t e d to b e e x er ci se d ov er all C h ri s . ti an p e op les a nd n a tion s i s of s uch a n ature as to b e . . Th e sho rt T reati se of King Edwar d th e Sixth on th e Suprema cy i s a lit erar y cur io s ity wh e th er it b e . Swit zerland a nd G ermany a ga in s t th e a ge nt s of Ro me in a ttemp t s mad e to en f or c e th e Syllabus on th e i r s ubj e ct s it may b e fa i rl y i n ferre d th a t th e V a tic a n . . Sin c e th e p ub lic ation of th e V a tic a n De c ree th e. a t th e p resent time it en ga ges th e seriou s a tte ntion of s ome of th e Govern m ent s of Eur o pe Th e su prema cy . n ation s of Eu ro pe to a gree to s o me int ern a tion al law s fo r th e m utual d e fenc e of th e i r Gov er nment s a gain s t thi s sup reme R e gi me nt of P ri es t s as th ese na tion s “ . s ubj e ct h as assu me d a h igh d e g ree of i mp o r t anc e a nd . INTRO DUC T I O N .

ma tion both C ivil a nd R e l igiou s a nd hi s sho r t l ife . Thi s o rigin al i s s till preserve d in th e Univers ity L ib rary of Camb r idg e ( D d xii h a vin g b ee n pre . D uk e of Somerse t th e L o r d P r ot e cto r of hi s Roy al . pers on Th e prese nt p ub l ic ation i s a n a tt emp t to exhibit th e Sho rt T reati se of King Edwar d th e Sixth in th e same fo rm pa ge fo r p a ge l in e fo r l in e and . . know le dge and a meas u re of int e lle ctu al cultiva tion far b e yond wh a t might h av e b e e n e x pe cte d a t s o early a n a g e and it may fa i rly b e t ak e n to repres e nt . h andwriting . With r e fe renc e to th e Royal a utho r He co mp o se d . . . s on of King He n ry V III appears to h a v e fu ll y a ppr e . . . . h e nd e d th e i mp o r t a nc e of th e Roy al Suprema cy in . . wo r d fo r wo rd as th e o rigin al co py e xi s t s in hi s own . ’ C olle ge Camb ridge It i s a small book in bo ard s with ' . thi s little t reati s e b ef o r e h e wa s f ou r te e n ye a r s of a ge in . t/ze Fr e n ch l a n g u a ge Th e wo rk e xhibit s a n e xt e nt of . So me y e ars h a d n o w passe d s inc e hi s fa th er with th e aid of hi s P arliam e nt h a d con firme d th e la w of s uprema cy by th e Act fo r th e Extingui shment of . . . vi h av e already a gree d to a ct in conc er t fo r th e abo lition of th e slav ery of th e huma n ra c e . th e vi e w s a nd o p inion s h el d a t th a t ti m e on th e s ub j e ct. a flo r d s ample e vid e nc e of hi s s inc erity Th e young ' . . s e nte d by Edw ard Cann on M A F el low of King s . c arrying out without e xt ern al int e rfe re nc e th e B e fo r . th e a utho rity of th e Bi sho p of Ro me Th e youthful . King d e dic ate d th e little t re a ti s e to hi s uncl e th e .

e v e r y resp e ct I n s te a d of re t a ining th e fe w a b b e . ” “ To M r Nicho lls b e l ong s th e c re dit of th e . but variously by le tte rs h as b ee n r igidl y a dh e re d to in . a nd th e las t pa ge i s d at e d in th e sa me h and w ri ting 1 4 M ars . a cop y of a n E ssa y of wh ich th e firs t pa ge i s h ea de d . . . . “ Al e n c on tr e les abu s d u Mond e 1 3 De . retain e d in th e print e d i mpr e ss ion . e sam e di vi s ion of wo rd s not b y syllab l e s as a t pre sent . d re d pa ge s but th e numb e r of lin e s on ea ch pa ge i s . vi i a cal f le a th er b a ck Acco rding to N a smith it w as . ” l i pp 1 1 2 1 1 3 e e e . b e tte r to print th e o m itte d le tte r o r le tter s wh ere a ny abb r e vi a tion s occu r . . . .1 85 6 vo . . th e . Th e s i z e s of ty p e empl oy e d n early c o rr e sp ond to th e si ze of th e le tte rs in th e manu s cr ip t which a r e . . “ N t a n d Q u i s S c o n d S ri s o cs er e . e v e r o n e a ch pa g e of th e ma nu s c r i p t h as b e e n s t r ictl y . in fo rm n e are r th e o rdin ary Ro man le tt e rs th a n th e manu s c rip t writing of th at a ge Th e v ar ia tion s in . I t would appear fr o m thi s title th at th e King h ad firs t pro p o se d to hims e l f to w rite on thi s s ubj e ct but a fte rw ar d s ch a nge d h is inte ntion . o riginally bound in gre e n v e lv e t with gilt e dg e s which ar e s till di ml y v i s ib l e I t i s w r itt e n on paper . s r ve d am ong th e m anu s c ri p t s e o f King Edw ar d V I . r vi a ti o n s it w as d eem e d . . . In th e B r iti sh Mu se u m ( MSS Ad d it 54 6 4) i s pre . sp e lling th e sam e wo rd s h av e b ee n r e t ain e d a nd th . . not alw ay s th e sam e Th e sam e num b er of l ine s how . . l av es are in l e ngth a nd b re a dth about e and inch es re sp e ctiv e l y Th e manu s crip t cont ain s a hun . . to w rite on th a t of Al e n c o n tr e d e la P r ima ut é d “ u P ap e.

th e B riti s h Mu se um i s th e foll owing t es ti m ony a p . o o mme n c a a e s c r i vr e l e di ct l iv re e t ju squ es a c e . L ondon in th e year 1 6 82 A co py of th e b o ok i s . . qu i l l e u s t ach e vé l e dic t livr e a to u sj o r s es t é e n ’ ’ . ’ . Th e Engl i s h t ra n sla tion of King Edw ar d s Sh o r t ’ T reati s e which foll ow s th e o r igin al F r e nch in thi s . a u o Il e s t a d o nn é co mme on p e ut v e o i r par les q y . . So merse t A t th e end of th e manu s c rip t co p y in . E scr i t d e c e j e un e Roy Leq u el co mp o sa e t e s cri z vi . co p y preserve d in th e Univers ity L ib rar y a t Cam b ridge i s th e fai r t ra n s c rip t ma d e by th e King him sel f fo r p rese nt a tion to hi s uncle th e D uk e of . ’ u ou p eut fa cilement e nt end re q uel e sprit es t e n l uy e t . . . u ” ma gard e j u squ es a pr es e n t . vol ume i s a C o p y of th e t ran slation p ubli sh e d in . ’ a vo i t d es l iv r e s q u i l a vo i Car des c e qu i l ’ t le z ’ u . I t b ears th e foll owing title pa ge Th e “ - . ’ i Ain si par les e s c r it p ar o lles e t a ction s d n P rinc e z . viii di s cov ery th a t thi s essa y i s really th e o riginal r o gh u d ra ft of th e King s Sho rt T reati se a g ain s t th e P op e s ’ ’ Suprema cy Th e cop y of thi s dra ft i s in King E d . pre ser v e d in th e Univers ity L ib rary a t Camb ridg e ( 7 89 . of hi s F re nch mas ter Mon s Be l ma in e . sa n s l a d e ’ y d e pa r so n n e viva nt e xc e pté d e s pro p o s . t ce L iv re n a ya n t e nco res dou ze an s a ccompl i s e t . ‘ war d s h and w r iting co rre ct e d th r oughout by th e h an d ’ . and th e . p a r e n tl y w r itt e n by th e King s F re nch mas t er ’ Tout a in s i qu n bon P a in tr e pe ut repres e nt er 1e ’ u vi sa ge re gard cont en an c e e t co rp ulenc e d un P rince . q u i l a vo it o u ys d e pl u si eu rs e t la s ouv en anc e qu i l ’ .

and b e n ea th L ondon : printe d by J D fo r Jon ath a n . Und er thi s title are print e d Lu k ii 42 —An d w h n h w e . . ” a p e rs on of v ery high qu al ity in thi s Th ere are . . F ranc e and I re land De fe nd er of th e F aith . e s o e . . by ’ hi s M aj e s ty Edward th e Sixth King of G r e at B r ita in .An d all th at h ard h im w r asto nish d t his u n d r . “ A De clara tion a gain s t th e P o pe s Supre ma cy . . y ars ol d th y w nt u p t e e as e ve e . to hi s uncle th e D uk e of So merse t P r ot e c to r of h is . e e e e a e sta n ding an d answ rs e . De dic at e d . . V 47 — er . r epr int e d in th e y ear 1 81 0 with th e foll owing title . . t c am t p a ss th at aft r th r . Thi s tran slation with s o me slight al te ration s w a s . and i s h er e p re s e nt e d as it w as fa ithfully t ran slat e d by . In th e a dd r e ss of th e p ub l i sh er to th e re a d er i s s t at e d Th e P rinc e s a u to gr a ph o n of th e ’ t rea ti se a gain s t th e P apa cy now p ub li sh ed w as . e ee e in th T mpl sitting in th mid t f th Do cto rs ’ e e e. of th e m o s t em in entl y learn e d me n of th e las t a g e . . no tra c es in th e p ublish er s remark s which en ab le th e ’ ' reader to di s cov er th e n ame of thi s di s tingui sh e d pe r so n a e g Th a t. . ix P op e s Suprema cy confut e d by King Edw ar d th e ’ VI . e e o J ru s al m & e e . . . .h e w as a ma n of high honou r ma y b e infe rr e d fro m hi s c al m vindic ation of King Edw ar d s ’ memo r y fro m th e unju s t and s ne er ing c e n s ures of Dr H e yl in . Robin s on a t th e Go ld en L ion in S t Paul s C hur ch . c . V 46 — An d i er . p ers on and R e gent of hi s Kingdo m in th e ye ar 1 5 49 . . ” T ran slat e d out of hi s F rench o rigin al . ’ Yar d . fou nd in th e F rench tongu e in th e L ib rar y of on e . days th y fou n d h im e o . tw l .

. Bl ss d e e t th o u O Lo r d w h n th y k in g is th s o n of n ob l s a n d ar . . . th e P r ot e s t a nt Educ a tion al I n s titut e in L ondon Th e . you to you r s ubj e ct s b eyond any of your pre de c ess ors . it de s c end s fr o m on e of you r r oy al pred e c ess o rs I th ere fo re pre s ume to re vi e . o o on . Si re I h ave re c ently co me in p o ssession of a r oyal . you r co r on a tion e ng a g em e nt i s s ti ll s olem n a nd bind ing as a t firs t . . hith e r to you r . . M aj es ty h as fa ithfull y fulfille d it which h as end ear e d . . . . wi th Th e re i s a co p y of th e book in th e L ib rary of . To th e King . th y p rinc s t in d s as on —S l m ” e ea ue e . . v a nd prese nt it fo r you r M aj e s ty s a cc e p ta nc e : I con ’ ce i ve no o n e else h as s uch a n a tu ral r ight to it as you r M aj es ty I h av e b e e n induc e d to do s o at thi s ti m e . u r e print of th e t ran slation . e e e . ’ n U nive rs ity L ib rar y a t Cam b r idg e no r in th e L ib rar y . All rank s and profession s am ong u s highly es te em your M aj es ty and Govern me nt W e th ank Almighty . O n e of you r M aj es ty s sa c re d titles i s conc ern e d in ’ th e fo ll owing pa g es . . & Now rep ubl i sh e d a nd d e dic at e d to Hi s M aj es ty G e o r g e th e Thi r d by th e R e v John D unc a n LL D F A S . A cop y of Dr D unc a n s r e print i s not found i th e . . as th e s ubj e ct mat te r of it i s co ming b e fo re both you r - Maj es ty s honourab le House s of L o rd s and C o mm on s ’ . of th e B riti sh Mu se um Th e book i s not ofte n me t . . P icc adilly e tc . C h elsea : P r inte d by J Till ing a nd s ol d by Ha tc h a r d . . . . j ew el of con side rab le v alu e . fo ll owing d e dica tion i s prefi x e d by Dr D nc a n to hi s .

. “ Si re . Buckingha m G a t e . . To th e Sho rt T rea ti se on th e Suprema cy h as b ee n a dd e d th e young King s di s cou rse on th e R e fo rma tion ’ of Abu s e s As th e l it erary co mp o s ition of a youth it . cont ain s many wi se s ugge s tion s s o me of th e m not . u religion law s and lib erty— th a t you ma y l e av e th e m . pray th at you r v al u ab le life ma y y e t b e l e ngth e n e d . . many ye ars fo r th e com fo r t of you r family a nd h app i . gl o ry to all e t ernity which i s th e sinc ere prayer of . . g r e tte d th a t wh a t rema in s of thi s d i s cou rse i s on l y a fra gm ent and it ma y b e doubte d if th e di s cou rse . u . a h appy d em i se to re ign with th e King of king s in . xi God fo r pr o l onging you r life to s uch a p e riod as to b e . Pala c e Stree t . n ess of your kingdo ms— th a t God ma y k e ep you r M aj es ty fa i thful to yo r sa c re d t r u s t in matte rs of . m o s t i mp o rta nt of th e p i e ce s th a t rema in in th e King s ’ h andw riting I t appears to h a v e b e e n s ugge ste d by . un s u itable fo r th e pres e nt ti m e and fo rms on e of th e . p u re and undi mini sh e d to you r r oyal s ucc e ss o r . John D unc an . th e fa th er of all th e r e igning m on arch s in Eu ro p e . i tself w as ev er co mple te d by th e King . You r M aj es ty s fa ithf l s ubj e ct ’ u and d evote d ser va nt . M ay . a nd if con s i s te nt with th e D ivine will w e e arnestly . a nd wh e n you sh all h a ve fini sh e d you r ge n era tion wo rk am ong you r pe ople on e ar th may you b e b l e ss e d with. th e w r itt e n a dvic e of M B ce r I t i s to b e r e .

Roxbu r gh Club In M r Nic h o ll s s vo lu m e s (print e d . . gr aphic al Me m oir by John Gough Nic h o l l s E sq . . and printe d in two qu arto vo lumes fo r th e . . xii Th e Literary R emain s of King Edw ard th e Sixth h ave b ee n e dite d with Hi s to rical Not es a nd a Bio . . ’ in 1 85 9 ) th e rea d e r wi ll fi nd alm o s t e v er y m a tt er o f int eres t conn e ct e d with th e l ife a nd w r iting s of King Edw ard V I . .

A FE W BRI EF NO T I CES O F THE L IFE . as no e e e sw atin g sickn ss w hich h a d c au s d th m alarm b t th i cr a sin g e e e e u e n e t a s t fo r th s tud y of Gr k h a d r o u s d th e e f ars of d i in s of th ol d ee e e e v e e sch ool Th n mi s of th . . Th follow in g tw a n c d o t s ill u str at th K in g s o p ini o n of l arn ’ e o e e e e e in g an d ign o ranc e : Wh il st t Ab in gd o n h &Si T h o ma s M o r ] w c all d u p o n al s o a e r e as e . e ve e n ve rsity p ul pi t b y an impud n t an d ign o ran t p r a ch r H h ad . e d n ounc d all wh fa o ur d Gr k s tudi s a s h r tics in his c oars e e o v e ee e e e e phras ology th o s wh taugh t th ob n o i ou s lan gu ag w r d i b l e . . e o e x e e e a o os m xima an d th s tud n ts d i b l mi t l os. ’ e e a o os nu u os . . Camb ridge w as a g rea t p at r on of learn ing& a nd w as . e e e e . ear n estness in ma tters of religion ma y not b e un in . . E DUCAT I ON AND DE AT H O F K I NG . te r e s tin g to th e rea d er . e e e . and th e t e sti m oni es of hi s cont emp o rari e s to hi s me nt al a nd m o ral q u al iti e s hi s docility l ov e of lear ning a nd . . w l a rnin g e e h ad rais d a fa c ti o n e e ’ e ‘ ne e ’ e against it Th stud nts h a d tak n si d s c all in g th ms l s Gr k s . Th e fo llowing b ri e f notic es of th e youthfu l King . . e e o o p n a n d p ub lic insult At l ngt h th mo st iru l n t ab u s h a d b n e . King He n r y V III th e Found er of T r inity C o lle ge . e e v e e ee p ou r d u p o n th Gr k lan guag a n d l it ratur e e n fro m th U i ee e e e . no e e. t in t r f r w i th his in flu nc t qu i t a fool ish o e e e cit m nt w hich e e o e ex e e h ad s i d th stud nts t O ford It w e z e e t th sp r a d of th e a x . E DWARD THE S I& TH . e e ve ee an d T r oj ans a n d t c o nt nt w ith w o rd y w arfar th y h a d c o m t .

e ve . u e oo s n e ss . . r e er c S e e b o h m. . ’ . e u p o n his kn s b fo r th Kin g an d simpl y pray d fo r fo rgi n ss ee e e e . M o r u p o n h arin g w h at h a d b n p a s in g w r o t a l tt r of id i e. pp . u rging h o w r b y w y of t n u atin g his fault th at h w c a ri d . e . e e ne s o th di in inst a d of r plying t his a rgum nts d ro pp d d ow n . xi v c areful to s e le ct th e ab les t a nd th e b es t in s t ructo rs fo r hi s children Hi s s on P r inc e Edwar d w as bo rn on . e e a th K in g t e w h at h th o u gh t of i t Th K in g a ns w r d his look o se e e . fi n all y th p r a ch r hims lf r l n t d s o fa r a s t a dmi t e e A ft r all I m e e e e e o e a no t so y h o s ti l t Gr k l tt rs b c au s e th y ve r d ri d fr om th e o ee e e . a e e n h took o cc a si o n t e pr ss his r o yal pl asur th at th stud nts Woul d o ex e e e e e ‘ d o w ll t d ot th ms l s w ith n rgy an d s pirit t th study of e o ev e e e ve e e o e Gr k l it ratur ee an d s o s a ys E ra s mu s sil nc w imp o s d p o n e e . e e e n n an t b t r s p ctful r mo nstranc t th Uni rsity auth o riti s H u e e e e o e ve e . 1 2 th O ctob e r 1 5 3 7 a nd in hi s o r n a l h e h as re co r d e d . as r e e e o e argu m nts h h a d urg d against Gr k lit ratu r A ft r h h ad d o e e e ee e e . e e e w i th a s atiric l smi l A ft r th s rmo n th d i in w ord r d t a e . e a n d Pa c int r st d th K ing al s o in th affair an d t th ir sugg sti o e e e e e e . e e o e . . 1 86 9 . ” e dM x or by F d i e or e r s. e ab u s of Gr k l it ratu r a n d th mo d rn sch ool of int rp r tati o n e ee e e e e e e . b ad h i m r tir b t w i th stric t inj u nc ti o ns n e e e. O a n o th r o cc a si o n th K in g a n d his c o u rti rs h a d att n d d Di in n e e e e e v e s r ic Th c o u rt p r a ch r h ad l ik th O fo rd di in in dulg d in e v e . ’ e e a sk d th p r a ch r Wh at w ork s of E ra smu s h h a d r ad H h a d t e e e e e e . e no r a d any T h n s ai d th K in g y o u pro y ou rs lf t b a fool fo r e . 2 n d ed . 45 8— 46 0 . h a in g E rasmu s an d his N w T s tam nt in his y Pa c look d t v e e e e e . a ex e . ve e o e . e . e . e e e e v e as e e o att n d u p o n th K ing It w ar ang d th at Mor sh o ul d r ply t th e e .r again t p r a ch t u e ve o e a c o u r t Th O f d R f m C l t E m . y o u co n d mn w h at y o u h a n r r a d I r ad o nc r pl i d th e ve e ve e . w t th as n o spirit of Ch it b t th sp iri t of f l ih e H th n r s . e v e. e a e e e an . ’ e e e e ve . e e as e u th s b r awl rs e e e . e ve e . o e . a n or e . u th a t h e w as b r ought up am ong th e wome n until h e w as six y ears of a g e Afte r thi s tim e h e do es not . ’ e e e di in a thin g c all d th Mo ri a v e. e e e . e e ar e e ve e H br w Th K in g w o n d rin g t th d is tin g u ish d foll y of th m ’ e e . ’ ‘ e e. e as r e aw ay b y th sp irit in his s rmo n w h n h p ou r d fo rth all his ab u s e e e e e e of th Gr k lan gu ag e B t th K in g h r ob s r d ee th at s p irite . ” e e e e e th r w e e a d ci d d c o ngr uity b tw n th at an d th p r a ch r An d as e e e ee e e e . e g ee s . ‘ Pa c h r s ugg st d th a t e e . u . e e x v e. r as u s.

amiab le mann ers a nd of grea t ex peri e nc e in t ea ching . M r ( aft erw ar d s Si r) John C h ek e in 1 5 44 w as app oint e d . by th e i r good e x ample h e m ight b e induce d to pr ofi t in hi s l e arn ing S e v eral nob le ass oci at es w ere b r ought . . M ast er of Eton a nd w as a ma n of s trict int e gr ity . pre cep to rs Dr C ox e a nd M r C h ek e in s tr uct e d hi m in . u p with P rinc e Edwar d wh e n h e w as p la c e d und er th e c are of pre c ep to rs And it i s not i mpr ob ab le . &V appear to h av e h a d m uch of th e s oci e ty of hi s s i s t ers . th e young princ e w as Dr Rich ard C ox e H e h a d b ee n . . . Th e pr inc e w as in s t r ucte d in th e ar t of w r iting by Roge r A s ch am w h o on a cc o unt of hi s e x q i s ite h a nd . th e sele ction of th em Th e firs t pre c ep to r cho se n fo r . . ” a nd all l ib eral s ci e nc es H e als o a dd s th a t John B el . u . . . th e l e arning of tongu e s of th e Sc ri p tu res of p hi l o s o p hy . hi s fi v e le arn e d d aught ers w as a noth er of P r inc e . Princ ess E l i zab e th Si r Anthony C ook e fam ou s fo r . . ma in e a F re nch ma n t a ught hi m th e F re nch lang u a ge . th e P r inc ess M ar y a nd th e P r inc ess E l i za b e th . I t w as th e cu sto m of tho se ti mes to ass oci at e fou r o r m o re child re n of good di sp o s ition a nd gen er ou s mann ers to b e e duc at e d with th e King s s on s o th a t ’ . th a t Cran mer th e pr inc e s godfa th er w as con s ul t e d in . . s uch child re n as m ight b e app oint e d to a tte nd u p on hi m Th e princ e in hi s j o u rn al h as s t a t e d th a t hi s two . ” as a s u ppleme nt to Dr C ox e both fo r th e b e tter . in st r uction of th e princ e a nd th e d i lig e nt t ea ching of . . . as both o f th em h a d th ei r own separat e hou s e ho ld s . Ed w ar d s pre c ep to rs I t i s not c ert a in wh e n h e w as ’ . ’ . . h ad b e e n als o app oint e d to t ea ch hi s young e r s i s t er th e . .

of spee ch h e h ath ma d e th e m hi s s ubj e ct s and ser vant s . . P r inc e E d w a r d e a n o ffi c e ful of ho pe c o mfo r te a nd . s e d o me a nd f e l i Wi citi y g to th a t e x ample which e a c co d n . . Go d d e s wo r d e to th e abo li sh me nt of a 1 pap i s t r y th e . on th e re tireme nt of Dr C ox e fro m th a t offi c e Th e . An e xt ra ct fr o m a le tter of Dr C ox e w ritt e n in ‘ . citi e . to t ru e a nd u n fa yn e d religion perp e tu al pea c e conco rde a nd . par t s thu s b eat e n down and con qu ere d h e b e g in n e th to . . . 1 5 45 . . u . xvi app oint ed but hi s app oint ment w as pr ob ab l y mad e . . . 3 4. . to thi s r e a l me . . w e l th e honou r a nd f e l i . Bk 1 . ing remark s O u r nob le King full of w y s e d o me h a th c alle d up . . own glo ry i mm o rt al fam e and m e m o ri e . r i s se t afo re hi s e ye s ma y s o se t out a nd ma yn ta yn e . . a c qui rem e nt s of hi s p up i l H e h a th e x p ugn e d a nd utt erl y con q u e re d a g rea t nu mb er of th e c ap t a in s of I gno ranc e Th e e ight part s . . . . . a nd c a n d e clin e a ny mann er of Latin noun a nd c o n j u . dire ction ho w e v er of th e e duc a tion of P rinc e Edw ar d . 1 5 45 giv es th e foll owing a ccount of th e ch ara ct e r a nd . confu s ion of a 1 b e resi e tha t th e b y h e feare d of hi s . . To xo ph i . e nn em i es l ov e d of a l hi s su b j e c te s ma y b ring to hi s . fo r w h o me a l England d a yl y doth pra y e th a t h e pass ing hi s t to u r . r . l u s . g ate a v erb perfe ctl y unl e ss it b e a n o ma l m Th e se . ’ u in l e a r n yn g and kno w le dg e fo l o w yn g e hi s fa th er in . w ho se app oint me nt Rog er As ch am ma k es th e fo ll ow . fol . thi s e xc ellent ma n ful of l e a r n yn g e to t ea ch e nob le . appears to h a v e d e vo lve d chi efly on M r Ch ek e on . s o la c e to a l t r u e b ertes of Engla nd .

wh e re in h e d e lighte th m uch . th par t s a n d i s n o w r e a dy to e nt e r into Ca to to s o m e e . wi th d u e o r de r of con s t r uction . w a nton wo me n to b e obe di e nt to fathe r a nd m oth e r . . m um mis is ti vide tu r m ihi non s o l m pr ae c l r a . me q u amqu am a dn ita r pr o vir ib u s o m n e t emp u s . and l e a r n e th th e re how good it i s to give e a r nto di s ci plin e to fear God to u . num e rare q e a m . u . e . H e n d e s ta n d e th a nd c a n frame w e ll hi s th ree con u r co rd s of grammar a nd h ath ma d e already fo r ty o r fi fty . C um tot ta nt a in me c o n tu l e r is b e e fi c ia e t n . u a . e t cogito . v e r u me ti am pa te r n ae tuae pie ta tis r g a me ple e n issi ma ob q ua m ing e nt e s tibi g ra ti as a go . Th e th r e e fo ll owing le tt ers of P r inc e Edw ar d e x hi bi t s o m e indic a tion s of hi s dutiful di sp o sition Re g ize Maj e sta ti . pre tty La tin v e rse s a nd c an a n s wer w e ll favoure dl y to . . . t am e h vix ma g n itu d in e m b e n e fic io r m tu o r u m a t u ting e re p o ss e Q u are c o n a b o r q uod n a tura e t o ffi c i . tu m hae c s tr e n a q ua m a d me p o s t re u . ” to b e th ankful to hi m who t elle th hi m of hi s faul t s . . keep God s comma ndm e nt s to b e w are o f s t rang e a nd ’ . xvii bui ld th em up a gain and frame th e m aft er hi s p urp o s e . R e x n o b ilis sime at que pa ter pie n tiss ime quae vix . w ho l e s o m e a nd god l y less on th a t s h all b e d e vi se d fo r hi m . vitae me ae e t labo rem in o m ni g e n e re o ffic io r m . . u m . pro pe r a nd pro fi tab le fab les of E s o p a nd oth e r . “ Every d ay in th e mass ti me h e rea de th a p o r tion of So lo m on s P r o ve rb s fo r th e e x er ci se of hi s r a ding ’ .

To Q ue en K a th ar in e &Without da te ] . F r o m Hun sdon thi s 1 2 th of M ay . . mo s t i ll u s t riou s Q ue e n a nd b elov e d Moth er a nd re c e iv e . Jesu s t e s e rve t in c o l me m u . Edwa rd th e P r inc e . . pa tri s bonu s filiu s a c s e qu i ex emplu m vi r tuti s . sap i enti ae e t pie ta tis tuae Q uam r e m sp e ro tibi . . u o tid a n a m tu am b e n e d i i ti m m i ti D o m inu s q c o n e p e r a s . “ Mo s t hono rab le a nd e n tie l y b l ove d m oth er I r e . k eep ing . P ardon m y r ud e s tyle in w riting to you . . ” E P rince ps . . . m y d e ar si s te r M ar y fro m all th e wile s and e nch ant me nt s of th e Evi l o n e and b e s e e ch h er to atte nd . . . To Q uee n K ath arin e &t ran sla tion fr o m Latin ] . Si er p g as in b e n e vo l e n tia tu a er g a m e e t m ihi . no l o nger to fo re i g n d anc es and m e rrime nt s which do not b e co me a m o s t C h r i s ti a n P rin c e ss And s o . . xviii me p o stulant maj e sta tituae plac ere a t q u e esse o ptimi . . futu ram g a tis s ima m At q u e hoc m e liu s pr ae sta b o r . h a v e me m o s t h u mb l i r e co mm e nd e d unto you r e g ra c e . . Ha r tfo r d iee d e cim o Ja n u a r iianno 1 5 46 . . putting my t ru s t in God fo r you to tak e thi s e xh o r ta ti o n in good par t I co mme nd you to hi s m o s t g ra ciou s . . i s th e l ove of God P re serv e th ere fo re I pra y you . . m y h ear ty th a nk s fo r you r lo ving kindn ess to me and m y s i s t er Ye t d earest Moth e r th e onl y t r u e . con s o lation i s fro m H e ave n a n d th e only real l ov e .

xix with 1yk e th a n ke s both fo r th a t your gra c e d e d . ” E P rinc e . . . . “ I pray God I mai e b e h ab le in par t to sati s fy th e good ex pe ctation of th e K in g e s M aj esti m y fa th e r and of your g ra c e : who m God h a v e e v er in hi s m o s t b lesse d ke pin g . d es troy e d th e ty ranny of th e bi sho ps of Ro me b ani sh e d . . . Your l oving s onn e . fr o m your s ubj e ct s and ima ge s re m ove d Th e s e a ct s . b e s ign s of a se cond Jo si ah who r e fo rme d th e Chu rch . . . r a e me n t g to go fo r w ar d in s uch th i n g es w h er in you r gra c e b e r e a th me on h and th a t I am already e nte re d . hum b ly a dm oni sh you r Royal Maj es ty wh at thing . who in st ea d of th e u s u al S erm on d eliv ere d a b ri e f ch ar ge —a dm oni shing th e King of hi s duty e spe ci all y . al s o th at it please d you r gra c e s o g e n tyl l y to vo w c h saufe to dire cte unto me you r l oving and t e nd re le tt ers which do gev e me m uch co m fo r t a nd e n c o u . Abb e y by Cranmer th e Ar chbi shop of Cant erbu r y . a cce p t e s o g e n tyll y m y s i mple a nd r ude l e tt ers a nd . in respe c t of R e ligion — fro m which th e fo llowing p assage i s take n Th ere fo re not fro m th e bi sho p of Ro me but as a . you r Highn ess i s to p e rfo rm You r M aj es ty i s God s vic e g e re nt and C h ri s t s vic ar ’ ’ - within you r own do minion s and to s e e with you r pre . King Edw ard V I w as c ro w n e d in Wes tm in s t er . . messeng er fr o m m y S aviou r J es u s C hri s t I sh all m o s t . . d e cess o r Jo si ah God t rul y wo rshi pped and idola tr y .

j u s tic e th r oughout you r realms Fo r pre c e d e nt s on . . to pr ocu re p e a c e to re pre ss viole nc e and to e x e cut e . s e t h em fo r th e p e o pl e s sa fe ty by God s app oint m e n t ’ ’ u . u . . . u . of Jo s iah in th e book of th e King s thu s : L ike unto ‘ hi m th ere w as no king b e fo re hi m th a t tu rn d to th e e L o r d with all hi s h e art a cco r ding to all th e La w of . d a y Fr o m th at w e re c e iv e wh a ts o ev e r it i s th a t w e a t . w e h a ve no p ow er F r o m th at w e are wh a t w e a r e thi s . VV i th o t th at s r d W e are nothing w e c a n do no thing ‘ u . Th e fo ll owing a ne cdot e s m e ntion e d by St ry pe i “ A t th e C o r o n a tion o f King Edw ar d which w a s on . . Mo s e s n e i th e r a fte r hi m w e r e th e re a ny l ike hi m . . . . ’ Thi s w as to tha t P rinc e a p e rp e tu al fame of dignity . wh e n th e nob l e s a bout hi m aske d hi m wh a t th at w as . . ‘ the s w o r d o f th e S p i rit a nd to b e pr e fe rre d b e fo re th es e . h e a n sw e r e d Th e B i Th a t book a dd e d h e i s ’ . Sh rov e Sund ay F e b 2 0 - . . hi s b l e ss ing s in abund anc e Fo r e x ample it i s w ritt e n. . to r e ma in to th e e n d of h i s d ay s ” . tho s e kings who perfo rm e d not th ese things th e o l d . . kingdo ms h e said the re w as on e y e t w a n ting And . . s w o rd s Tha t ought in all r ight to go ve rn u s who . la w sh e w s how th e L o rd re ve nge d hi s qu arre l a nd on tho s e kings who fulfille d th e se thing s h e p ou r e d fo r th . . th a t h e h e ard it fro m c re dib le h and s th at wh e n th re e . v e ng e s in to j u s tify th e innoc ent to r e lie v e th e p oo r . ] thi s pre se nt do as s ume He th a t rules without it i s . about th e s e ti mes &B al d e V i ri s Ill s tr ib ] relate s . . b le . . a n a utho r th a t w r ote . && of Go d in hi s d ay s Yo are to r e w ar d vi r tu e to re . . . s wo r d s w ere b r ought s ign s of hi s b e ing king of th ree .

J ames s In which firs t you se t b e fo r e m in e e yes you r ’ . th e n you r good wi sh tow ar d s me and las tly your . . Th e foll owing i s a t ra n slation of a La tin le tte r of l King Edward to K ath ar in e th e Q uee n D ow a ger . th e thi rd you r p i e ty toward s God . a nd th en to a n s w er you r . all to you Fo r letters a r e tok en s o f rem e mb ranc e a nd . godlin ess your knowle dg e a nd learning in th e Sc ri p . . . you sh e w th e duty of a good wife a nd a good s ubj e ct in th e se cond th e pra i se of you r fri end shi p . l e tt er full of kindness which you sent me fr o m St . perfo rm all ou r affa i rs F ro m th a t alon e w e obta in all . fo rb e ar to send you a le tt er firs t to do s o mewh a t th a t . p owe r vi rtu e gra c e salva tion and wh at s o e ver w e . but ho ld out alw ay s in readin g th em Fo r in th e firs t . h a v e of divin e s tr e ngth And wh en th e p iou s young . . continue to l ov e m y fath e r and to sh e w s o g re a t to k e n s. . . a n d in . in you And c e ase not to lov e a nd rea d th e Sc ri p tu res . ma y b e a cc e p t able to you . . . . b e ing a t le ngth m ov e d by your requ es t I coul d not . tures Go on th ere fo re in you r good e nt erpri s e and . . . . of kindn ess to me which I h a ve hith er to e ver per c e ive d . l ov e tow ar d m y f a the r th e King of m o s t noble mem o r y . . . . ” b rought a nd c ar ri e d b efo re hi m . Sinc e I w as not far fr o m you a nd in ho p e s e v e r y . . . w e ought to l ive to fi ght to gov ern th e pe ople and to . m a n d e d th e Bib l e with th e gr ea t es t re v ere nc e to b e . . xxi not to b e c alle d God s m ini s ter o r a King Und e r th a t ’ . ’ king h ad s aid thi s a nd s o me oth er lik e wo rd s h e co m . d a y to see you I thought it b e s t to w r it e n o l e tt er a t . kindn ess b e tw een s uch as are a t a g reat di s tanc e But . . .

xxii Wh erefo re sinc e you love m y fa th er I ca nnot but . which esta te I pra y Go d you ma y alway s b e serv e d with th em th a t will fa ithf ull y tr l y and plainly giv e. l ove a nd adm ire you fro m m y h e ar t Wh e refo re if . to h a ve ye t b e fo re yo u r ey es continually th e fear of God with th e which if you do not di re ct o rd er a nd . temp e r all your doing s a nd sa ying s b e you w ell as . . I sh all do it will ingly F are we ll . - u n to you ( rema ining p rese nt l y with me e v e n as it h a th . th e King of all king s Al mighty God and m u s t by hi s . . sinc e you l ov e me I c a nnot but . you coun sel I h av e thought it m y duty fo r a mem o r y . . . . . alway s h ere tofo re done ) to require you y ea and in . h a d a very dang er ous illn ess a nd d espair ing of re cov e ry . . su re d ne ith er to h av e good s ucc ess in th e grea t ch ar g e th a t h e h ath co mm itte d to you n eith e r in th e end . . King Edw ard B e ca u se I am d eparting m y s overeign l o rd unto . app oint ment lea ve you who m of l ong time I h ave don e . m uch comme nd you . h e w r ot e th e foll owing v aledicto ry le tter to hi s fo rmer p u p i l. ‘ both h av e and wi ll dimin i sh in you th e fear of ma n . th ere b e any thing wh ere in I may do you a kindn ess . God s b eh alf to ch ar ge you th a t fo r a smu c h as y ears ’ . to enjoy th at j oyfu l pla c e th a t i s p ro m i se d time n tibu s . . . . of m y las t will and fo r a tok e n of my w ell Wi shing . “ Th e 3 0th of M ay In th e y ear 1 5 47 M r ( a ft er w ar d s Si r) John C h e k e . m y b es t to b r ing u p in vir tu e a nd good learning a nd you are now co ming to a gov ern me nt of yourself in . l ov e you a gain : and s inc e you love God s wo rd I w ill ’ . u .

“ . xxiii eu m . . th a t sh all of all thing s mak e fai r w eath er a nd wha t s o . . c alle d th ere unto to t h e which all me n a s w ell princ es . how se ve rely will H e p uni sh king s a nd prince s fai ling th e re in in who m th e la ck th ere of m u s t n e e d s b e both . d ive rs s o r t s as w e ll of s to r i es as of p hil o s o p hy wh er e by . e v er th e y sh al l see to th e cont rary sh all t e ll you a l l . . M aj e sty s di sp o si tion ( which I know m o s t ap t to r e ’ ce i ve all god ly a d m onition s ) p utt e th me in c o m fo r t to think thi s to b e s uffi ci e nt b es e e ching God s o to di re ct . “ Mo s t affe ction at ely b ese e chin g you r g rac e if a n y . of you r ser vant s about you s h all frank ly a dm oni s h yo u of a ny thin g which in you may b e m i slik ed to t ake it . . Fo r if God do right ext remely p uni sh me n of b ase e s t a t e and of l o w d e g rees fo r w a nting of th a t n e c e s . . and in th e wo rl d to co me wh e n by d ea th you sha ll b e . . . you h a v e h a d p r ofi t a nd p le nty of gr av e a nd wi se r ules . to hi s gl o ry a nd your honou r a nd w eal th both h e re . to re w ar d th em a cco r dingl y And if any s uch s h all b e . as oth ers as w ell young as o ld are s ubj e ct . b e w are of th em th ey serv e th emselv es a n d . My w eakn ess s uff ere th me not s o l ong to t alk with you in thi s ma tte r as I c oul d wi sh and you r . a nd to con sid er th em a nd . a t th e i r h a nd s a nd think th em th a t sh all s o do to b e . not you . your only ser va nt s of t ru s t . . i s we l l . . . . sary j ew e l which h a th in Sc rip tu re s o many pr o mi s e s . all you r d oing s thought s a nd meaning s as ma y t e nd . . . to th emselves and to th e co mm onwealth m os t p e ril ou s .And wh ere you ha v e read in the time th a t it h a th. p lease d God to le nd me unto you div ers di s cou rs e s of .

. “ Fo r you r D ivinity I woul d wi sh youwoul d dilig e ntl y . . . And wh e re as I sh all now leav e m y co lle ge in Cam b ridge d e stit u te of a h e ad if your Gra c e app oint th e r e . . “ And unde rst anding th at it h ath pl e ase d you ( sith e n . app ointe d (m uch unto m y co m fo rt ) th e w ard shi p of my s on to hi s m oth e r . l iving I coul d n e ve r do hi m any goo d wh e reby I m ight b e a ccom p t e d a grat e ful s cholar . . qu ae r e gn a se r va n t r b e ing th e t enth and e le ve nth u . ye t . res o r t and e spe cially to tw o ch ap ters in hi s Pol itic s . unto you r M aj es ty : th e Bi shop of Chich e s te r w a s m y b ringe r p and a t hi s h a nd s I ga t e a n e ntr y to s ome S kill - u . man . S ap i e ntia Ecclesi as ticu s and th e P rove rb s . to w ho m I b ese e ch you fo r tho s e ma tters ofte n to . th e ti me of m y s ickn ess ) to s e nd unto me many co m fo r ta b l e messa g es and am ong th e r e s t th a t you h a v e . contin u e th e re ading of th e Ne w T es tame nt with . u nto Mr Haddon I think you sh all a pp oint a wo rthy . . if . . in learnin g . . . th e o n e De Mu ta tio n e r e gni & c and th e oth er pe r . conveni e nt pi e ce of s uch l a n d s a s during hi s non a g e . . sh all fall unto you . ch ap t rs of th e S of hi s Po l itic s e . like as I do th e re fo re re nd e r unto you r G ra ce m y m o s t hu mb le th ank s s o to do I with . Fin all y on e s uit ch arity m o ve th me to make . . ‘ in m in e O pinion am ong the m a ll non e h a th s o abun . . like humblen ess de si re you ( m y gre a t de bt s con s idere d) to rem it to him if all sh all b e too m uch y et s o me . d au tly furni sh e d you in tho se p oint s as h ath Ari stotle . xxiv a nd o rd ers fo r th e good gove r nme nt of you r re alm .

In th e m onth of Apri l o r M ay 1 549 Si r John . Wh ere fo re you r G ra c e in m in e o pinion h a th don e . &&V d ying I might attain fo r hi m l ib er ty with s o m e . a nd sh all make h ere by a numb er of hon es t and learn e d me n to ser ve th e King s M aj e s ty faithfully in ’ th ei r c alling a noth e r d a y which i s on e chi e f p oint of . all unknown matte rs to th e wo rs t and fe are d sh adow s . tion . th e doubtful m ind s of s o me w a vering me n which took . a v ery b e n efi ci al d e e d to th e s cho o ls who s e h ead and . though in s om e thin g s h e r e tofo re h e h a th m o re tho rough ly pers ua de d hi s con . of m i s tr us t e d thing s wh ere of th e y h a d no c au se . a right ob e di ent s ubj e ct . . . . . and you r G ra c e ho l d Ha rrin gt o n s Nug A ti ’ q V ae l i ppn1 7 — 22 u ae . e very s ubj e ct s duty to labou r in : and h ere by all s o r ts ’ o f s tud e nt s knowing th e King s M aj es ty tow ar d i n ho pe ’ of all e xc ellency to learning . on th e m o ral e duc ation of King Edw ard Th e le tt ers which you r G ra c e se nt to th e Un i versity &of Camb r idg e ] fo r th e b e tt er e x p e dition of th e vi sit a tion h ath e ncoura ge d me n s s tudies marv el . . ’ l o sl y to th e fur th er d es i r e of l e ar ning a nd e s t ab l i sh e d u . o . ch ance ll o r you b e in spee din g out of h and thi s vi s it a . . . s ci ence th a n to th e perfe ction of C hri s t s religion w as . you thinking m o s t assu re dl y you sh all fi nd of h im . . ’ requi sit e . “ Thu s th e L iving God pre s e r v e y ou r M aj es ty l ong to re ign m o s t pro sperou sly O ut of m y d e ath . du ring hi s l ife both a d ai ly b e ad sma n fo r you a nd . small a id of living I should b e m uch bound u nt o . . C h e ke w r ot e th e following lett er to th e L o r d P r ot e cto r . .

als o fo r ci v i l c au ses An d th e r e fo re as I may say . xxvi i n g th e s tern of honou r not only o rdering all ma tt ers . . it b e sifte d with m uch s e and e xperi enc e to th e fi n es t u . . a nd th ere fo re thi s kind c an b e l e arn e d b y no - book but only by dilige nt h earing of sa g e and ex . me n to s e r v e hi s g ra ce h e rea ft er . . . . n e s s of n atural wit wh e r e of h e h ath s uffi ci e nt e xc e p t . . by who s e a utho rity it now th e b ett e r springeth . “ Fo r which c au se I s upp o s e am ong oth e r th e . which h e c annot d o o n ly by grea t . and so toward a numb er of youth preparing the mse lv es a fo r e h and to ser ve hi s M aj e s ty s co mm on ’ w ealth h ere a fte r . o f coun s l with wi s do m but als o con s id e r ing th e fur th er e . u n b e h o va b l e fo r th e co mm onw e al th no r un s e r vic eab le . King s Maj e sty ha th gre at occ as ion to giv e Go d th ank s ’ . . h e a dj oin a l so e x per i e nc e ( th e v e r y g r ound wo r k of all - w i s do m) wh ere in hi s M aj e s ty b es t s h all b e a dv er ti se d by you Fo r all lear ning b e it n e v er s o g reat e xc e p t . fo r th e King s M aj e s ty no r un pleasant to you r Grac e ’ . a nc e of le ar ning with fa vou r b e s ti rre d a nd e n ab le d to tta i n to a g rea t er and per fe ct er t ra d e of l e ar ning not . . th a t not on ly in hi s m ino rity hi s realm i s gove rn e d a t ho me w ith you r sa g e a ncie nt coun sel a nd d e . ledge . bo ldly to you r G ra c e I ofte n thinking of hi s Maj es ty . t r us t h e w ill n o w mak e hi m ( a cco rding to all m e n s ’ c er tain e x pect ation ) wo rthy anothe r d a y s o n ob le a n uncle . . c a n b e no wi s do m but on l y a void a nd a w as t e know . . fe nde d fr om th e fo re ign incu rsion of g rea t and p ow er ful a dve rsaries but als o pr ovi s ion i s made fo r lear ne d . who se u s e s h all b e n e c essary fo r th e realm not onl y fo r religion but .

. it i s wh ere fa ncy favoure th a man s o w n inv e ntion a nd ’ . . . . . s ticke th to hi s se n se by sel f l ov e . one p e rfe ct a nd s o to follow th a t which re as on ab le . h e h ath a b e tt e r o p inion of hi s own reas on th a n it d e s e rve th inde e d and s o allow eth it to b e good and . and espe ci ally of th e King s M aj es ty n o w in thi s ’ . ’ fo r if th er e b e a ny wi s dom it i s confe rring with many . a nd th e re fo re i s not con s ta nt th erein by j udgm e nt but h e ad str ong by . s ight do judge th e i r own coun sel b es t b e ca u se th e y . daily to avoid th e g round of all e rro r th a t self ple asing . - . e x per i e nc e l e a d e th a ma n witty unto . com e unconce iv e d and u nthought of by oth e rs th an . “ And thi s thing i s to b e a voi d e d dil ige ntly of all . ’ as hi s no r no ma n s judgm e nt co mpare d to hi s own : . . wi se h e a d s a nd of dive rs good coun s e ls to choo se out . do p e rc e iv e in the mse l ves no reas on a gain s t th emse l v es . wilfuln ess . b e c a u se e very faul t i s great er in a kin g tha n in a mea n man and als o fa ult s r oot e d . ’ h ead s n e ve r s o m uch to th e cont rar y Wh erefo re as . o r e v e r h e kno w - wh a t it i s wo r th by pr oof of re as on . ’ coun sel and think e th no ma n s fo resight to b e s o good . hi s Maj e sty h ath al w a y s learn e d s o I t ru s t h e laboure th . a dvice who doth fo res e e th e gr e a tn ess of da ngers to . wh e n a ma n d e 1 a v7 a lighte th in hi s own re as on a nd d e sp i se th oth e r m e n s . And if th ere b e a ny hindranc e and s to p to wi s do m . . t e ndern ess of hi s you th . which th e G reek s do c all ¢ A t . . . xxvii pe r i e n ce d coun sello rs a nd fo ll owing m o re th eir good . al though th ere b e in th e thing it self a nd wi s e m e n s . . th e i r own s udd e n fancies who fo r la ck of far th e r in .

full of fe ar wh e n th ere i s no c au se and m y duty rea d y . Tu l l i ’ e s But wh at m e an I to w r ite thi s to you r G ra c e “ . o th i ng . a nd al way s p e rsu ading hi mself in h is yo th u . fault s which wi ll e ls e un a w ar e s c reep into hi s m ind . m i st ru sting hi s own reas on t aking t ruth to b e hidde n . esp e ciall y knowing th e King s M aj e s ty s n ature how ’ ’ . a n Ac a de mic sl ow to j udge gla d to h e ar all men . . th e y utte rly t ak e aw ay th e l ikelihood of div e rs good v i r tu e s which els e would spr ing’ fres h l y in it I d o . e n e ve w k n o w mo r th a n ff ctu all y w d o ” e e e e Lib I e . Th takin g u p of thin g s u p o n tru s t a n d fla tt ri g o u rs l s th at e . . . Not only in w arfar e but als o in p e a c e it i s d ange r ou s . b e ginning i s g rounde d on a n e rr o r Th e King s . and s o not to b e found a t th e firs t s ight . sa fe gu ard of wi sdo m and h appine ss i s to a void th e firs t fault w hich i s firs t co mmande d to b e avoide d in . kn o we th thi s on ly th i ng th a t y e t h e kn e w . which Soc rat e s b e li e ve d wh e n h e w as o ld th a t h e . matt e r with a p u ta ot to maint ain on th at r e as on who s e . ’ M aj es ty w as wont to labour in th at h e continu e d to b e . ’ M aj e s ty knowe th h erein h alf wh at I m e a n a nd th e s ure . xxviii n thi s i g do anoteon l y g r ow to a g r e a tn e ss b ut als o . . me n . . . wi sh th e re fo re oft e nti m e s th at which th e King s . and willing to ob e y all tho s e who b e p ut in t ru s t about him I h a v e no c a u se to m i s tru s t but l ov e i s . and n s o sh all h e b e s t avoid th e botto mless d ange rs unkn own . . . . gla d h e i s to follow you r G rac e s good a dv er ti seme nt s ’ . fo r a p b lic p e rs on to say H a d I kn o wn to excu se th e u . thinking wi s do m e ith e r to b e n me n of exp e ri e nc e o r e ls e in no I . .

m y h Ope i s th ere will b e no c a u se . . n o t (b y n a tu re as a s ubj e ct by duty . o . In a noth e r La tin le tt e r of Rog er A s ch am w r itt e n to . m uch honou r fo r th e g re a t bu rde n of u n s fl e r a b l e pa in s u which you s u s tain in hi s m ino r ity fo r hi s c a u s e . . as a s e r v a nt ) but continu all y wi sh to hi s Maj e s ty d ai ly inc reas e of God s ’ mar ve ll ou s gift w ell b e gun in hi m a nd to you r Gra c e . . a nd lib erally re compen se anoth er d a y tho s e you r . . xxix to adm oni s h a fo r e h and fo r fe ar of a c au se . but fr o m m y own fre qu ent ob se r vation which I re gar d . ’ M j e s ty as h e i s m o s t bounde n th ankfully con s id er a . and y e t . e x pe ct e d fr o m hi s y ears I t i s fr o m no fond rep o r t s . . in th e spring of 1 5 5 0 “ Th e nobility of England w as n e v er mo r e d e vot e d to l it erature th a n at prese nt O u r m o s t illu s triou s. King Edward alik e in abil ity in indu s t r y p e rse . H e sh all h e ar fr o m y o u how honourable it i s fo r a H riar n gto n s N g A n tiqu V l I pp 41 — 47 ’ u ze es . . . . . fo llowing particul ars of th e progress of King Ed w ar d s ’ e duc a tion as co mm unic a t e d by Si r John C he k e . ve r a n c e . you r a ffa i rs with good s ucc e ss s o will th e King s . not doubting b t as God of hi s goodn e ss doth pro sper all u . h a ve conte mpla t e d th e who le b a nd of vi rtu es t aking u p ” th e i r res ide nce in hi s b reas t . a s th e s w e e t es t incid e nt of m y good fo r t u n e th a t I . fo r I c a n . . a nd a c qui re me nt s far e xc ee d s wh a t i s u s uall y . S tu r mi u s on 1 4 th D ec e m b er 1 5 5 0 are cont a in e d th e . in finite t ra v ails in hi s Th e fo llowing s ho r t e xt ract i s t ak e n fr o m a Latin le tt er of Rog er A sc h am to Jo annes Stu r mi s w ritt e n u .

fram e wi se coun sel tha n tho se of Ari s totle . no spu r to h as te n th a t c areer of l e arning a nd wi sdo m . goodn e ss s u rp asses both : o r rath er as it b e co mes a . . . . c e e d e d s o far in th a t la ngu a g e th a t h e r e adi l y t ra n s . . &&& r ul er to s tudy wi s do m and how a comm onw eal th i s to . th e d a y b e fo re I le ft Englan d wh e n conv ersing in. ‘ . . h e an s we re d with th e g r e a te s t wi sdo m a nd le arn ing ( as . . j udgm e nt a nd in p e rse v e ra nc e th a t q uality y o u m o s t . it w as th at th e King sho l d rea d th e Ethic of A ri s u to tl e ra th e r th a n t h e C yr o pee d i a of & e no phon a nd . L ondon with Si r John C h ek e I in quire d of hi m h o w . v al u e in s tudy h e wonderfu lly exc ee d s hi s y ears I n . s uit o f th e mo st perfe ct religion in wi llingn e ss in . judgm e nt I n Gr e ek h e h as l e arn e d th e D i ale ctic of . . a nd n e xt to Hol y Writ th ere are non e m o re s uite d to . . th e b e s t coun sels are to b e de riv e d fro m th e b es t book s . s c ar c e any oth er particular do I es te em him m o re fo r tu n a te th a n th a t h e h a s obt ain e d Joh n C h e k e as th e in st ructo r of hi s youth in s ound learning and t r u e rel igion Latin h e unde rs tand s with a ccu ra cy speak s . into which h e h as m o s t h app ily e nt er e d . whilst . al though th e King s uch i s th e e xc e llenc e of hi s n atu re requi res . C h ri s ti a n man to speak such i s th e manifol d gra c e of . h e i s al way s wont ) in o rd er th a t hi s mind firs t . b e govern e d by good coun se l not by good luck . la t es th e Latin of C icer o s P hilo s ophi a into Greek O n ’ . O u r King s ability equ als hi s fo r tun e a nd hi s ’ . God th at in ea ger ne ss fo r th e b es t l ite rature in p u r . with pro pri e ty w rite s w ith fa ci lity combin e d with . . A ri stotle and now learn s hi s E thic He h as pro .

. tu n i ty : fo r I b el i e v e th a t it h as not h appe n e d but by God s spe ci al provid e nc e th a t thi s high es t e x erci se of ’ you r abil ity judgment a nd l e arning sho u l d b e e m . no o n e i s b etter q al i fie d to j udg e th a n yoursel f u . Germa n Chur ch in L ondon d at e d 2 0th May 1 5 5 0 . l ow e d by th e Rhe to ric o f Ari stotle s o th a t thi s labou r . d e a vo u r i s to giv e hi m no pr e c ep t un a cco mpani e d by s ome remarkab le e x ample How fo rtun at e ( add s . u it s pr inc e (fo r h e h as but re c e ntly ent ere d hi s fou r te e n th y ear ) i s r e are d und er thi s e xc elle nt t ra ining . u . . r a n a b s trus e and re condit e n a tu re a lthough highl y . . hi sto ry should a t onc e fo rm s uch conclu sion s as a e of . “ O u r King i s a youth of s uch god l ine ss as to b e a wond er to th e whole wo rl d H e o rd ers all thing s fo r . Th e fo llowing i s a n e xt ra ct of a le tt er to Bullinger fr o m M ar tin Mic r o n i s on e of th e m ini s t e rs of th e u . ploye d to p oli sh s o e xt ra o r dinary a s ummit of r oyal ” maj e s ty . . judgme nt to e a ch of tho se ex amples of ch ara ct e r a nd conduct th a t e v erywh e re pr e s e nt the mselve s in hi sto ry : a nd b e c au se it i s s c ar c e ly p o ss ib le th at hi s n a tu ral per c e p ti o n s am u s e d a nd le d a w a y by th e pleasa ntn e ss of . ’ A s ch am ) i s England m y Stu r mi s th a t th e yo th of . H e will Sho rtl y fini sh th e E thic which w ill b e fo l . n e c e ssar y to con firm th e jud gme nt S ti ll m y e n . xxxi in s t ruct e d in all tho se infi nit e ex am in a tion s a n d di s se ction s o f th e V rtu es a nd vic e s ma y b ring a s ound i . th e a dva nc e me nt of God s gl o ry He h as on e very ’ . th a t you h a v e und ert ake n s e e ms to offer you not m e re l y a favou rab le but e ve n a provid enti al o ppo r . .

. . ’ “ Th e King as you kno w h as no m in a t e d Hoo p e r . King th a t with hi s o wn pe n h e erase d th e cla us e of th e . progre ss of th e R e fo rmation Th e o a th of S upre ma cy . . No thing could b e m o re godly th a n thi s a ct o r m o re . o . in th e firs t P ra yer Book of Edw ard V I 1 5 49 e nde d . . w h e n h e appeare d b e fo r e th e King in th e pres e nc e of th e Co unci l Hoo p e r convinc e d th e King by many . . ” wo rthy of a Ch ri stia n King 1 . re fu se d to a cce p t unle ss h e coul d b e al toge th e r r e lie ve d fr o m all a pp e ara nc e of p o p i s h s u p e rs tition He re . ar gu me nt s th a t th e o a th shoul d b e tak e n in th e n am e of God alon e who kno w e th th e h ear t Thi s took pla c e on . . . . e e . . . e e . ’ . I Z rich L tt rs V l III p 5 66 Pa rk r S o ci ty ‘ ‘ u e e . J es u s C hri s t . Ho ly Evange l i s t s In th e s e cond e dition of 1 5 5 2 th e . . th e n a q ue s tion i mm e di ate ly ar i s e s as to th e fo rm of th e o ath which th e bi sho ps h a ve o r de re d to b e t ak e n in th e n ame of God th e S a int s a nd th e Go spels which . u . ta in e d w e re s i mply th ese — So h elp me God th r ough ‘ . . o ath which sanctione d s w e aring by any c reatures . o . . th e 2 0 th Jul y I t w as s o a g reeable to th e godl y . . . . xxxii L o rd s d ay a s e rm on s c h a s h e u se d to h av e du ring ’ . L e nt I wi sh th e bi shops a nd nobil ity w ere inflame d . to th e bi sho pr ic of G l ouc e s t er which howe ver h e . wo rd s obj e cte d to w er e s tr uck out and the wo r d s r e . Augu st 1 5 5 0 e xplain s a ve ry i mp o rtant s te p in th e . i mpiou s o ath Hoop e r p o sitive ly re fu se d to t ake So . . ' Zurich L tt rs V l III p 5 6 1 Pa rk r S o ci ty e e . with th e wo rd s So h e lp me God all S aint s and th e . . wi th th e l ik e Mi cr on iu s in a le tt er to Bullinger of d a te 2 8th . . .

adm i ration to all kingdo ms by reas on of hi s remark ab le zeal fo r godl iness a nd th e res to ration of religion . founde d no less th a n s ixt ee n g rammar s c hools a nd . . . th a t h e m ight not see th e d readful d isp e r sIO n of r e l i gion which wou l d doubtless h a v e app eare d m o re p ain . hi s d ea th h e se nt fo r th e bi s ho p a nd a ft er th a nking . . Zu rich L tt rs V l III p 6 E d Pa rk r S it e e . e oc e v . co lle ges fo r th e e duc ation of youth Sho r tl y b e fo re . o . . wh en s c ar c el y out of hi s boyhood w as a n obj e ct of . m y sel f to b e esp e ci all y touch e d by you r spee ch as . design e d if hi s life h a d b ee n sp are d to ere ct tw el ve . . xxxiii Rudolph Gu alt er in a le tt er to Q u ee n E l i zab e th . ful to him th a n d eath At th e sugges tion of Bi sho p Ridle y Kin g Ed w ar d . sh e w th a t Anti ch ri s t h as v er y l ittle o r ra th er no . as in re gard of th e e x ample which fr o m me He wi ll requi re . hi m fo r th e serm on in which th e bi sho p h a d s t r ongly presse d th e duty of pr oviding fo r th e reli e f of p overty and th e igno ra nc e of ou r fell ow me n a dd e d : I took “ - . . . . w ell in r e gar d of th e abi liti es God h ath give n me . fo r as in th e kingdo m I am n e xt u nder Go d . ingr a titud e d eser ve d it a ju s t God took to himself in . King Edw ard you r b r oth er of mo s t p iou s mem o r y . s tr e ngth to d e fe nd hi s kingdo m as s oon as th e l ight . a n d b ra v el y ov er th re w th e tyra nny of Antich ri s t th roughout hi s realm By which e x ample God woul d . in 1 5 5 9 w r ot e thu s . peac e ou r m o s t godly King as h e did Jo s i as of o l d . . of th e D ivin e Wo r d h as di sperse d th e darkn ess in which h e i s wont to hi de hi msel f But b e c a u se ou r .

.

. . At th e tim e of h i s d epar t u r e t h er e w e re p e se n t i . a n d D oc to r W e nd y a ls o C hr is to p h er Salm on h i . Th o ma s W r o th e a n d Sir He n ry Sidn e y D o c to r O w e n . left on r ec o r d th e foll ow in g a cc oun t o f th e l ast s e r vi c e o f d u tv a nd a ffec tion h e e r fo r m d d u r in g t h e la st p e m o ments of hi ma s e r s t . s gr oo m . “ This you n g P r in c e who di e d in my ar ms h a d al m o s t . . c a us e fo r hi s e l e c tion of th e La d y J a n e G r e v to su cc e e d b e fo re his sister M ar y th o ugh sh e w a s th e h e ires s . t hou h t h e co ul d n o t s ur vi v e th e m ont h of Au gust g . ’ ill n e s s w a s of s u c h a char a c ter th a t th ere w a s no f u rth er hop e o f h i s rec o v ery an d th e p hysi o . w h o h a d be e n o n e of th e Kin s per so na l a tte n da n ts ’ g dur ing th e who le of his reig n Sir H enr y Si dn e y h a s .t ha t King w a s sick of con s umption a n d th e dis e a s e th e . c a us e d d ea th to pe n e t ra te his da r t e v en into m y o w n so u l . fo r to be hol d him a n d h o w like a l a mb h e . it woul d ha v e c o n v er te d th e fi e rc e st of Pa p ist s if th e y h a d a n y g ra c e in th e m of tr u e f i t h i C h r it He wou l d ca ll up on a n s . wa s mo r ta l O n th e sixt ee nth of Jun e th e Kin g s . Ar G ree nw ich on th e e v en i . d e pa rte d this life an d wh e n his voi c e h a d le ft him . th e s e v e nth v ea r of hi s re ign Edw ar d V I d i e d . . non e sa vi n g hi s S a vi o u r H e pra y e d th a t G od wo u l d . b e pl e a s e d to be s to w th e Go s pe l on hi s s bj e c ts fo r u hi s g l or y an d th e i r sa l v a tion . s till h e e r ec te d hi s eye s to h ea ve n . n g of th e 6 th d a y of Jul y 1 5 5 3 in th e s e v e nte e n th y ea r of h is a g e and in . . vv C h a mb e r Si r r . . n hi s r c h a m b e r tw o g e n t lem en of th e P i . h e al o in h i s s ickn e s s s ma d e a p ra ye r to G o d to d eliv er this na tion fr o m tha t un c h a r ita ble rel igion of P o p er y which w a s th e chiefe s t . .

o u h a ve g i ve n me I tha n k o th i s g e n e r a l e xh o r t a y y u . o u r d i s p e n s a ti o n the r e i n . . . a s it a pp e a r s th a t h e w a s r e s t o r e d to h e a l th b e fo r e th e en d of th e mo n th of Ma y . a r e mi s e r a b l e a n d sha l l b e th e g r e a t e s t a c c o u n t a n t s o f . . . t r e ss i n g Ne ithe r r e g ime n n o r me di c i n e co u l d a ffo r d . s ti o n o f th e phy s i c i a n s the y d e l i ve r e d the i r o p in i o n . . a n d t w e l ve fe ll o w s i n i mit a ti o n o f Chr i s t a n d h i s t we l ve . a n i e d w ith w e a k n e ss a n d fa i n tn e ss Aft e r a c on s u lt a . . a c ti o n s I ma y t h i s w a y b e s t d i sch a r ge m y d u ty ” . fo r a s o u r mi s e r i e s s tan d mo s t i n n e e d of a i d fr o m Hi m s o a r e w e th e gr e a t e s t d e b t o r s —d e b t o r s to a ll th a t . he a ga i n fe l l s i c k of a gh a n d a t th e b e g in n in g o f th e Fe b r u a r y cou . Fu l l e r i n hi s M i . tha n tha t to ma r the i r c o n c e it I w i ll a dd a thi r te e n th . ti o n s o d i r e c t me ( I p r a y y ou ) b y wha t p a r ti c u l a r . an y r e l ie f Th e c o u gh c o n ti n u e d to i n c r e a s e a c c o mpa . K i n g E dwa r d h a s n o t e d in hi s j o u r n a l tha t h e fe l l s i c k o f th e me a sl e s a n d th e sma ll po x o n 2 Ap r il - . s t Co n te m p l a ti on s i n B e tte r T5712 6 8 . A fe w m ths ft on a er hi s r e c o ve r y . n u mb e r Oh n o s a i d th e K i n g I ha ve a b e tt e r w a y ’ . r e l a te s t h a t A c o ve t o u s c o u r ti e r c o mpl a i n e d to K i n g . a n d th e r e fo r e my l o r d a s . . o r tw o fe l l o w sh i p s so to d i s c o mp o s e tha t s u p e r s titi o u s . fo l l o w i n g it h a d i n cr e a s e d a n d h a d b e c o me ve r y d is . 1 552 . . H i s s ic kn e ss mu s t h a ve b e e n o f a mi ld fo r m . xxx i v so mu s t I mo s t n e a r l y a pp r o a ch Him in g o o d n e s s a n d me r c y . a p o s tl e s He a dvi s e d th e K i n g a l s o to t a k e a w a y o n e . E d wa r d th e S i x t h o f C h r i s t C o l l e g e i . it w a s a su p e r s titi o u s fo u n d a ti o n c o n s i s tin g o f a ma s t e r . fe l l o w ship u n t o th e m whi ch h e d id a c c o r d in gl y a n d . ” so it r e ma i n e th u n t o th i s d a y . n C a mb r i d g e tha t .

fo r to b e ho l d h im a n d h ow l i ke a l a mb h e . r . n hi s c h a mb e r tw o g e n t l e me n o f th e Pr i vy Cha mb e r Si . . . s til l h e e r e c t e d hi s e ye s to he a ve n . m . At th e ti me o f h i s d e p a r t u r e the r e w e r e p r e s e n t i . l e ft o n r e c o r d th e fo l l o w i n g a c c o u n t o f th e l a s t s e r vi c e o f d u t y a n d a ff e c ti o n h e p e r fo r me d d u r i n g th e l a s t mo me n t s o f hi s ma s t e r Thi s y o u n g Pr i n c e w h o d i e d i a r ms h a d a l mo s t “ n m . c a u s e d d e a th to p e n e tr a t e h i s d a r t e ve n i n t o my o w n so u l . who h a d b e e n o n e o f th e K i n g s p e r s o n a l a tt e n d a n t s ’ d u r i n g th e who l e o f hi s r e i gn Si r H e n r y S i dn e y h a s . u n o n e s a vi n g h i s S a vi o u r He p r a y e d th a t G o d w o l d . s e ve n t e e n th y e a r o f h i s a g e a n d in th e s e ve n th y e a r o f ha s r e ign K i n g E d w a r d V I d i e d . h e a l s o in h i s s i c kn e ss ma d e a p r a ye r to Go d to d e l ive r th i s n a ti o n fr o m tha t u n ch a r it a b l e r e l i g i o n o f Po p e r y Wh i c h w a s th e c h i e fe s t . &&&V tha t th e Kin g w a s si c k s u mp ti o n a n d th e d i se a s e of con . . y . i l l n e ss w a s o f su ch a c ha r a c t e r tha t the r e w a s n o f r the r ho p e o f hi s r e c o ve r y a n d th e phy s i c i a n s u . it wo u l d ha ve c o n ve r t e d th e fi e r c e s t o f Pa p i s t s i f the y h a d a n y gr a c e i n th e m o f t r u e fa ith in C h i s t He w o l d c a l l u p o n r . tho u gh t h e c o u l d n o t su r vi ve th e mo n th o f Au g u s t . . At Gr e e n w i ch o n th e e ve n i n g o f th e 6 th d a y o f . d e p a r t e d thi s l i fe a n d wh e n h i s v o i c e h a d l e ft h i . . Ju l y 1 5 5 3 i . . w a s mo r t a l On th e s i x t e e n th o f Ju n e th e K i n g s ’ . c a u s e fo r h i s e l e c ti o n o f th e L a d y Ja n e G r e y to s u c c e e d b e fo r e hi s s i s t e r Ma r y tho u gh sh e w a s th e he i r e ss . u b e pl e a s e d to b e s t o w th e G o sp e l o n hi s s u bj e c t s fo r hi s gl o r y a n d the i r s a l va ti o n . Th o ma s Wr o th e a n d Si r H e n r y S i dn e y Do c t o r O w e n . a n d Do c t o r We n d y a l s o C hr i s t o p h e r S a l mo n h i s g r o o m . n th e .

th i s r e a l m fr o m p a p i s tr y a n d ma i n t a i n th y t r u e . . ” L o r d a s h e d id . b e it n o t my w il l b u t thy w i ll b e d o n e L o r d I c o m . a n d s a ve th i n e i n h e r it a n c e 0 L o r d Go d s a ve th y . fo l l o we th : “ L o r d Go d d e l ive r me o u t o f th i s mi s e r a bl e a n d . . o p t i pp 3 5 3 6 . . . c h o s e n p e o p l e o f E n gl a n d 0 my L o r d Go d d e fe n d . ye t fo r . 9* Mm il V l e o r a s. wr e tc h e d l ife a n d t a k e me a mo n g thy cho se n : h o w . . ar . . . ha pp y it w o u l d b e fo r me to b e w ith Th e e . hi s e ye s b e i n g c l o s e d sp e a k i n g to h ims e l f a n d . . r e l i g i o n . s i s t e r fo r h e r r e l i gi o n b u t o u t o f p u r e l o ve to hi s . . xxxvi a pp ar e n t to h is s u c c e ss i o n — n o t o u t o f s pl e e n u n t o h i s . th in kin g n o n e to ha ve he a r d h im ma de thi s p r a y e r a s . . c h il d . su bj e c t s th a t h e d e s i r e d the y mi ght l ive a n d die in th e . . tr u l y se r ve Th e e O my L o r d Go d bl e ss thy p e o pl e . Fo x e h a s r e c o r d e d * As th e ti me a pp r o a che d whe n it pl e a s e d Al mi ght y G o d to c a l l thi s y o u n g k in g fr o m a b o u t thr e e h o u r s b e fo r e hi s d e a th th i s go dl y ’ u s. . . th y c ho s e n s s a k e s e n d me l i fe a n d he a l th tha t I ma y ’ . . mi t my s p i r it to The e O L o r d th o u k n o w e s t h o w . . . th a t I a n d my p e o pl e ma y p r a i s e th y H o l y Na me fo r th y So n Je s u s C h r i s t s s a k e ” ’ . . . .

te r r e a p r e s die u c he f d e l é gl i s e d a n gl e te r r e e t Ir ’ ’ l a n d e A s o n tr e s c h e r .E D WA RD Si xie s me de ce no m p a r l a gr a c e . de di ’ eu ) d r o a n l e te r r e . B e fe n d e u r d e l a fo y e t e n . e t b ie n ay me O n c l e E do u ar d Du c d e So me r s e t G o u ve r n e u r d e . g r Fr a n c e e t Ir l a n d e .

e t Pr o te c te u r de se s Ro ya u me s Pa is . Ap r e s a v o ir d c o n si ér é ( tr e sc h e r e t bi en a yme co mb i e n ce u x d e spl a i se n t a di e u q u id e s pe n d e n t to u t l e u r te mp s e n f o l i es e t va n i té z d e cc mo n d e . co mme en p a sse te mp s fr i vo l e s e t j e u x d e s qu e l z . j e t s u b e c tz - .sa p e r so n n e .

p e l l e r e t n o mme r h é r é ti ’ qu e s.n e vi ent p r o u ffit e t u li ti té . p o u r ta n t qu a vo n s . d o n c . s a mu s é a fa i r e qu e l qu e oe u vr e l e qu e l me s e r a o mme . Pu i s. n y a so y me sme . ( c fi ta b l e ’ j e sp e r e ) p r ou e t a vo u s a u s sy a c c e p ta bl e . n o n s e u l e me n t n ou s ma u l d i re ma i s ap . n y au g e n d r e h u ma i n j e me s u i. qu e vo i o n s be a u c o u p d e Pa p i ste s .

a ve c se s ti tr a di o n s. e t le s me ttr e su r l e u r me s me d o s Car i . i lz l ai ’ qu s se n t 1a p u re . e t e n su v y y 1a l u mi er e qu in o u s e st o n m tr e e d e d ie u . e u xme s me s 1e so n t p u i s . n o u s s o mme s es me u z d e fa i r e qu e l qu e oe u vr e p o u r n o u s d e fe u dr e d e l e u r s con tu me l i e s. lz n o u s a pp e ll e n t h é r é ti u e s ma i s q . ss é l e u r An ti de l a i c hr i s t.

e s me c h a p i tr e . e t su yve n t le u me sme s p ha n ta si r es . t Au Pa u l d i ssime s fr e r e s . c o mme i 1 a pp e r t d e c e qu e Bo n i e sme d e c c n o m fa c e tr o i ( qu an t fa i 1 e sto i d i c t é ve s qu e u n i v e r se l) p e n sa e n so yme s me q u e c e ste dé fé c ti o n la d e l a qu e l l e P a u l p a r l e e n l a s e c o n d e é pis tr e a u x Th e ssa l o n d e u xi . fu st a ve n u e e n so y . Ca r S .vo i de l e va n gi le ’ x .

s tr e c o mme . l h o mme ’ e t qu e . si l a j o u r n é e d e C h r i s t e s to it pre s . pr io n s par l a d ’ n o u s vo u s ' ve n e me n t d e n o s tr e se i gn e u r q u e ne so i ez me u z to st es en vo str e e n te n d e me n t e t qu e . n p a r es p ri t. Q u e nu l n e vo u s s é du i se au cu n e me n t car le j ou r me vi e n dr a p o i n t q u e pr é mié r e me n t n e s o it ve n u n u d e p a r te me n t. ne so ye z tr o u b l e zy . n y p a r o l l e n y e pi.

e vo z fa i ’ j .de p e c h é n e so i t rev el é 1e fil z d e p e r d i ti t1 ad ’ on . l sc a vo i l e qu e l i t e st e r b ie n ma u va is . d o n c qu . e tc . T o u te s fo i 1 su i s i vit sa me s me p h a n ta s i e . V eu . a p e r so g y p ar c tz : u e q vo u s a ve z u n e gr a n d e . e ve r s a i de die u s e sl é ve r a ’ r e e t su s to u t j u squ e s a e str e a ss si au te mp l e d e d i eu . e t n e se d e to u rna p a s de so n err eu r .

Di e u v o u s do n n e sagr a c e p e r p e tu e lle. . c c p é n u l ti me j o u r d Ao u st ’ 1 5 49 .a ff e c ti o n ve r s l a pa r o l l e d i vi ne e t syn c e r e r e l i gi on . vo u s pr i an t de le pr e n d re en gr é . e t vo u s mo n s tr e s a b é n ig n ité p o u r to u sj o u r s . De mo n p a l a i s d e O u e stme s te r l e z Lo n dr e s. e j vo u s d e di e c e s t oe u v e r p r e se n t .

vic e s c ar qu e l pai s y a il a u m o nd e au qu e l n y ait qu e lqu e vic e e t abu s ’ e t pr inci palem e nt a n t emps p r es e nt vo u qu e maint e n ant l e g rand emp i r e . u e la n atu r e h u main e e s t p r o mp t e q a t o u s mau x e t e mb r o u ill e e d e t o u s . P E T I T T RAI T E A l e n c o n tr e d e la primau té du pape . NO US p o u v o n s tr es bi e n v o ir e t ap per c evo ir pa r l e xp e r ie n c e d u m o nd e ’ .

s o n p r o p o s par l e pap e s o n m ini s tre .d An ti c hr i ’ s t es t e n v o gu e : lequ e l es t la s o u r c e d e t o u t mal : fo nt ain e d e t o u t a b o mi n a tion . d e re c o nciler l e m o nd e a s o y par la m o rt d ic e l u y 1e di ab le ch ang e a d e sl o r s ’ . e t vr a y fil z d u diab le p o nr c e u e qu and D i e u e u t e nvo y é s o n fil z q u n i qu e p o u r n o s tr e i n fir mi té a c e ll e fi n . E t p o u rt ant s i l e s A s tr o l o gu e s ( l e s qu e l z pro u ve nt qu e t o u t e ch o s e r et o u rn e ra a s o n el e ment ) di sent 1a v er it e l e pap e . des ce ndra e n e n fe r : c ar i l n e p oe u t 10 . l e s in stit u ti o n s d e C hr i s t e n t r a diti o n s hu main e s e t per ver tit l e s es critu r e s a .

c tr i n e d i : T o u te s fo i ’ ’ ce lu y pape s c e st u n e ch o s e d i ffi c i l e p o u r t ant qu il y a ’ . b e au c o u p qu iy c o ntr e di sent : o e n o n o b s t ant n o u s c o nd am n er o n s la s u p e r i or i té d u pape par les rai s o n s e n s u i v ant es . . ’ l m a semb l e l e mi e u x e n c c livre d e c o nd am n e r pr e mi e r e me n t 1a papau t é e t ap r e s 1a d o . 11 .e stre d e D i eu p o u r t ant qu e s o u z pret e n 2 Co r i n 11 0 9 d e r el igi o n e t c o mmand e m e nt d e di e u il a u s u r pé a s o yme sme l a u th o r i ’ té d e C hr i s t : laqu e ll e ch o s e es t v e ne e n t o u s ‘ ses oe u vr es Pa r qu o y i .

. pr o messe e s to it faite a u peu ple Ju d ai q u e e t a u ss y q u e R o mm e e s to i t i nfi d ele qu and J e r u salem e s to it fi d e l e c a r . . Pau l e c r iva u t a u x Ro mma in s d it . . e t p o u r t ant qu e l e v esqu e d e R o mme ’ d o it es tre 1e s u périeu r Je r esp o n s qu il ’ es t imp o ss ib l e e nt ant qu e la p r emi e re . Q u and les Ju ifz to mb o ie n t salu t ve . Rom 1 1 B . La Prem i ere Partie . Pr e mi e r e me n t la o u les papi s t es di se nt u e R o mme es t la mer e d e t o u t e s e gli ses q . n oi t e ntre les Ge n ti . .lz M ai s p o u r t ant qu e les papi st es n e pe ve n t 12 .

u e d e R o mme a re eu s o n p o v o i r d e q g Pi er re au qu el e s to i . 13 . gu eu r c ar ilz di se nt qu e c e l u y qu i ayme C hri s t es t l e principal e t qu e. j e t e d o n r a y l e s c l e fz d u ci el . . M th a . pro u v er par c es t ext es e n su iva n s Tu . E t u n pe u apres . u e a maint en ant e t ta s c h e n t d e l e q . E . es Pi erre e t d ess u s c es t e p i e r re j e d ifi e . e t a u s sy ilz a ll e g u e n t c e l i eu o u Pi erre dit a C hr i s t e t ay me S e i ’ j Ja n 2 1 . ’ r a y m o n e gl i se dit C hr i s t a Pi e r re : . C . t d o nn ée 1a mesme a u th o r ité d e C hr i s t laqu ell e le dit ev e s .pro u v er qu e R o mme es t la mere d e to u ‘ ’ t es au tr es é gli ses ilz di sent qu e 1 eves . 16 .

‘ D av ant ag e ilz affe r m e nt qu il e sto it c o m ’ ’ mand é a l u y s e u l d e p a is tr e l e s b re bi s e t . e p . . p o u rt ant qu il e s t l e pr incipal ’ . e t qu il ’ ’ ar lo i t l e p r em i t r e s o n doi t 5 J e su s p er . V oi c y d e u x glaiv es . ain s i t o u s les C h r e s ti e n s d o iv e nt av o ir y u n pap e : e t u e c o mme a u t e mps passé q i1 y a vo i t u n é ve s qu e p r incipal e ri tr e 14 . Pierre a ymo it C hri s t l o mi eu x d e t o u s e t . u n r o . . Ilz a l l e g u e n t a u s sy au cu n e s r a is s o n s h u main es qu e c o mme l e s m o u ch e s a m iel o n t . d e s tr e les pe s c h e u r d es h o mmes . leq u el l i eu les pap i s te s i n te r r e te n t u e Pi e r re a vo i t u n e p q e sp e c t e mp o r e ll e e t l a u tr e sp ir itu e lle ’ 22 . .

Je resp o n s qu e s i v o u s r e g ar d ez 1a c h o . a u th o r i té l u y e s to it do nn é pa r c e s m o t z Tu es p ie r r e e t s u r c e s t e e tc . r ez u e C hr i s t n e l it pas d e p i rr e q p a r o e .les Ju ifz ( c o mme M o ses e t A ar o n ) u e maint e n ant n u e ve s u e d es E xo a u ss y q q e ve s qu e s es t n e c e ssair e . . va n te v o u s v o i r . 15 . l au tr e qu e Pier re e sto it a R o mme ’ . M a th . ’ e nt ant qu il e s to it n o mm e mai s enta nt . 1 1 y a d eu x g ra nd e s m e nt e r i es e n p e u d e par o lles l u n e e s t qu e 1 a u th o r ité d e la s u pre ’ . . ’ m it é d e l e gli se e s to it d o nn ée a Pi e r r e ’ . P o u r l e pr emi er o n ilz di sent qu e c e s te . s e pr e c e d e nt e e t e n s u i .

e t t o u t ai n si qu u n e mai s o n laqu e ll e a ’ h 7 D . ’ l l i er re S at a n : mai s l e gl i s e d e ’ p e o t Pi . par . 16 . . qu il e s to it fid e l e c ar 1e prec e d ent es t qu e ’ Pi erre dis o it Tu es 1e fil z d e D i eu . . ’ Pi er re L e n s u iva n t e st qu e D ie u a p . ’ e t p o u r t ant e lle n e s t pas fo nd ée d e ss u s P ie r r e : C a r si l e gl is e e s to it fo nd é e d essu s ’ Pi err e ell e a u r o it u n fe ib l e fo nd e m e nt . u n fo nd eme nt d é bile n e oe u t d e me n p rer l o ng t emps mai s t o mb e a in sy . g u oy i l es t é vid e nt qu e C hr i s t n e d is o i t pas qu e Pi er r e e sto it l e fo nd e ment d e l e gl i se mai s qu il pa r l o it d e la fo y d e ’ . C hrist n es t pas fo nd é e d e ssu s S ata n ’ .

M th 1 6 G a . vo ir qu e c c t ext e Tu e s P ie r re e t d ess u s . . . . . . Je r e sp o n s qu e l e s c l e fz e s to i e n t don né es n o n seu l em e nt a Pi err e mai s . 1? . n o m a s d ess u s l u ies t l e gl i se fo nd é e : ’ p o u r c e qu i l e s to i n u v ai ss e au fra gi l e ’ p t e t f o r t d e bile c ar i1 r e n io it C hr i s t pa r t r o i s fo i s Le se c o nd t ext e es t qu e l e s . meu rer mais to mb e r o it t o u t in c o n ti . estr e e nt e ndu qu e s u r la fo y d e Pi err e . . n ent Pa r lesqu e ll e s ch o ses o n poe u t .l e glise ay ant s i pau vre fo n d a c io n qu e ’ Pi erre e st e t si d ebile n e po u r r o it d e . c l e fz d u ci el e s to ie n t d o nn ées a Pi e r r e .M 8 C ar c. . c est e p i er re j e difi e r a y mo n e gli se do it ’ . .

E t t o u t ain s i qu e qu and l hu y s e st o u v er t qu ico n qu e ’ 18 . d u pap e o u di ab l e . ’ . . . o u y bie n d e D i e u n o mpa s . l u ie s t c o mm i s e P o u r laqu e ll e c h o s e Ga l a t 2 B . pas l e fo nd e m e nt d e glis e e t s o n c o m . qu e lles s o nt les c l e fz d u cie l ? l a u th o ’ r it e d e pa r d o nn e r l e s pe ch es ? n o n mai s 1e pr e s c h e me n t d e l éva n g i le de ’ D ie u l e p e r e . pa gn o u n o mpa s s o n g o ve r n e u r c a r . P au l app e ll e P i e r r e la C o u l o mn e n o m . . au s s y au x au tres a po str e s e t par c es t ar gu m e nt j e resp o n s qu il n e s to it pas ’ ’ l e pr inci pal : c a r les au tr e s r e c e vo i en t la m e sm e a u th o r ité d e c l e fz laqu ell e .

P o u r laqu e lle ch o s e saint Pau l dit Qu ic o n qu e invo qu e r a l e n o m . . . qu elle es t la p o r t e d u ci e l e t d o n n o ie n t . a i ns y qu and D i eu e n vo o i t s o n s inc e r e c o mmand eme nt et y so n év angile ilz o u vr o ie n t la v ér it é la 2C i or n2 . d e D i eu s e r a sau v é C o mment in vo .ve u l t poe u t e nt rer . a u x h o mmes a e nt e ndr e l e c r i tu r e la ’ qu e lle s ilz s u iv ent ils sero nt sau ve z ’ . u e r o n t ilz c e l u a q l ilz n e cr o i e nt q y u u e as ? C o mme nt c r o ir o nt i lz e n c e l u p y 19 . o R m 10 c . . Pa r qu o y o n poe u t e nt end re qu e l e va n gi le ’ e t la v é r it é d e l é c r i tu r e s o nt l e s s e u l e s ’ p o rt e s qu ic o ndu i sent l h o mme a u r o y ’ a u me d e D i e u .

A u q u a tr ie s me ch ap itr e au x Ro mma i n s au ss i i A c e l u y qu in oe u vr e pas mai s ’ 1 dit . . du qu e l ilz n o n t pas o u y parler ? C o m ’ m e nt o r r o n t ilz san s av o ir vu u n pr e s c h e u r m 4 A E t u n pe u apres i 1 dit Fo y vi e nt par o u ir ' . s a fo y l u e s t i mpu t é e a j u s tic e y . . cr o it e n c e l u y qu ij u stifie l e s me s c h a n s . e t o u r d e la p a r o l l e d e D i e u y . q 2O . M aint en ant n o u s p r o u v e r o n s qu e l e r e s c h e me n t d e l é va n i e e s t la cl e f ’ p g l d u ci e l . . Au h u i tie s me ch ap itr e a u x Ro mma i n s ( c o mm e j ay d e ss u s dit ) ’ Pau l a ffir me qu e qu ic o n qu e inv o qu e l e n o m d u S e ign e u r e s t sau v é e t u e l e p r es . .

e e t qu e le p l e fait la fo i( laqu ell e ch o se j ay ’ l e va n gi ’ d e mo n s tr é e icy d ev an t) p o u rt ant i ’ l s en s u it qu e l e vr a y pr e s c h e me n t es t l e n tr é e ’ e n j u s tifi c a ti o n c a r to u t a in sy qu u n e’ t e r r e s é mé e poe u t pr o du ir e fr u it p o u r M th 1 4 A a . . .che me n t d e l é va n gi ’ l e es t l ’ en tr é e e n l in ’ v o c ati o n d e D i eu : a d o n c i1 s e n s u it qu e l o ’ r e s c h e me n t d e l e va n i ’ ’ p g l e es t l e n tr é e d u salu t D av a nta g e Pau l a ffir me . . . . . v e n qu e la seme nc e n e s o it semée e n M 4 Aar c . t err e plein e d e ch ar do n s b ri eres o u . L 8 B uc . p i er r es : e t e n c o r s ell e e st s é mé e e n t elle ’ t erre ell e fera 1a t erre n u pe u me il l e u 21 . ’ i r e s c h e me n t d e q u e fo yj u s t fi .

y es t semé a c u e u r d h o n n e s te s ge n s o u d e ’ . 28 E . les b a ptis a n s e n mo n n o m . P o u r t ant n o u s n o u s d evo n s e ffo r c er qu e l e va n gi l e s o it pr e s c h é e par t o u t l e m o nd e ’ M th a . 14 G . ’ d o nn é e n la t er r e at a n ci e l p o u r t ant . . ai ns s i l e co m ma nd eme nt d e Di e u r e . . ’ P u i s do n c qu il es t pro u v é qu e les c l e fz 22 . Mr a c . Lu c. 16 D . c o mme il e s t é cr it T o u t p o v o ir m e s t . . . c e u x qu e o n t u n b o n z e le a la v ér it é i 1 l e s c o n fe r m e r a e n t o u t e b o nt é mai s s i ancu n s s o nt o b s tin e z e t o pin ia tr e s . i lz n e pe v e n t impu t er la fau t e a l c o ri ’ t u r e ve n qu ell e e s t en e u xme s me s . ’ . all e z e t pr e s c h e z a t o u t es creatu r e s .

to mb o i t e ntr e t o u s e t qu e l o mesm e . . a r c e t e x t e l a u th o r i s to i é e a ’ p . ’ l e plu s d e t o u s M ai s n o u s de v o n s te . 2 A . ’ vr a ye P i e r r e n e s to i t pas m e ill e u r qu e ’ . té e t d o nn Pi e r r e plu s qu a u x au tr e s c a r Pau l dit ’ qu il e s t a u s sy b o n qu e qu e l qu u n d e s ’ ’ ' au tr e s a po s tr e s . nir p o u r c er t ain qu e l e s pr it d e D i e u ’ Glt a a . . 23 . laqu elle ch o se s e ll e e st . 16 C . th o r i ’ du ci el s o n t l au té de r e sc p her e t qu e l ’ au th o r i té d e pr d o nn ée e sch e r M e s to i th t a . e s t l e m e ill e u r p ou r t ant qu i l pr e s c h o it . A t c es 2 A . a cha c u n a po str e j e n e p u i s v o ir c o mm e . . l u y : e t s o n me d e ma n d o i t lequ e l d e s ’ d e u x e s t l e m e ill e u r j e dir o is qu e P au l .

di se nt qu e qu and C hri s t e s to it r e su s cit é d e m o rt a vi e i1 d ema nd a qu il ay . a d o n e ch acu n h o n n e s te h o mme d o it avo ir 1a s u pr é mité d ess u s t o u s a u u t res : p o u r t ant qu e ch a cu n qu ies t b o n ” e t h o n n e s te ayme D i eu c a r c ela es t l e p o int e t o ffi c e d e ch a c u n vr a y C h res ti e n . 24 . B . 21 . ’ l a ymo i t e t p o u r t a nt ( c o mm e i lz di sent ) ’ qu il es t l e p r incipal M ai s s a in s y es t ’ . esprit d e D ieu qu ie sto i t e n Pi e r re e sto i t au ss i e n P au l par laqu ell e ch o se o n u t pr o u v er u e n u l d e u x fu s t s u ’ p oe q r i ’ é e u r d e l au t re P u i s les pap i s t e s p . Ja n . ’ . ’ m o it e t qu e Pi er re r e spo n d o it qu il .

n o fait r i e n m o in s u e l e c o mma nd e q me nt d e D i eu c a r Jesu s s e n fu io it ’ qu and les Ju ifs ta s c h o ie n t a l o faire Jan . . . d e pr e s c h e r j e s e r o is c o nt e nt mai s il . C hres ti e n mai s s il e s to it 1e p r incipal ’ ch ef g o u v er n eu r e t r o y par d e ss u s . e t empereu r ma i s 1e pape par vi o lenc e o n a t o rt o n a trav ers a s su b 25 .Or 1a qu es tio n n es t pas s i Pierre e s to it ’ . . fi d e l e h o n n e s te b o n saint o u vr a y . ‘ to u s au t res : o u s il e s to i t m eille u r qu e ’ les au t res a po str e s e t m ini s t res d e Jes u s C hr i s t c ar s i 1e pape vo u l o i t a v o ir l a u th o r ité d e Pi erre laqu e lle es t ’ . 6 B . r o y. .

r o i s b ai se nt l e s pie dz d u pape J esu s . Je s u s p r e s ch e e t l e . 26 . u n e c o r o n n e d esp in e s e t u n e r o b e d e ’ . cu n mai s 1e pap e a tr o i s c o u r o nn es e t e s t h o n o r é d e s r o i s d e s p r inc es d e s . . pape s e r e p o s e e n s o n c h a s te a u d e S aint m 6 B . . e mp e r e u r s e t d e t o u s e s ta tz J es u s . a rm s A pai e n u l tr ib u t . . ath 1 7 D paie t r ib u t : mai s l e pap e r e go it e t n o . i o u t es n a ti o n s e s u s a vo i t j é t t aJ t ‘ so y . . 19 c du C hr i s t p o rt e s a cr o ix : mai s l o . . . Ang e J e s u s re me die a u x mala di es . . a h 27 c p o u rpr e e t e s to it m o qu é d e t o u t ch a . lav e les pie d z d e s s e s a po s tr e s mai s les . . . . . . mai s l e pap e s e r e sj o u it d u sang respan n. . . 11 14 A .

d e p iti e mai s 1e pape vi e nt e n t o u t e p o mp e ( c o mbie n qu a pr e s l e b ea u t e mps ’ vi ent 1a plu i e ) C hri s t es t u n a gn eau : 1 C ‘ . . . e t c e u x qu ive n d o ie n t : l e s qu e l z 27 . . M th 2 1 a . J an . . J an 2 B . . . p o vo ir t o u s les r o y au mes d e C hr e s ti ent é C hr i s t j e tt a h o rs d a t e mpl e l e s . mai s l e pape e s t u n l o u p C hri s t e sto it . C hr i s t vi ent d ess u s u n pau vr e as u e h u m b lem e nt e t ple in .pape es t p o r té C hr i s t ve n o it e n paix . . L u c 2 A . pau vr e e t l e pap e ve n l t av o ir s c u z s o n L 9 A u c. c o mm e u m pau vre h o mm e a u m o nd e : mai s 1e pape pr e nd gr and plai s ir a m e ttr e gu e r r e e ntr e les r o i s e t p r in c es d e la t er re . . ch ange u r s . .

M th
a pape r e co i
.
t
21 B Jesu s o r d o nn e la c en e
. . 1e .

M 1 1 C e n mem o ire d e s o : e t l o pape i n ve n to i
t
ar c . .

y .

Lu c22 B
.
1a messe mait resse d e t o u t e ab u s i o n
. . .

M 1 6 D J esu s m o nt e a u ci e l e t l o pape t o m b e e n
ar e . . .
,

e n fer D ie u c o mmand e qu e n o u s .

n a o n s qu elqu e au tr e D i e u

D t 6 A u e lu
en .

y . .

q y
Ex d 2 0 A mai s 1e pape ve n l t es t re h o n o ré c o mme
o . . .

M th 4 B n u grand D i e u
a . . D i eu n o u s a d e fle n
. .

B 6 A
ar u c d u d e c o mmettre id o l a t ri e
. . .mai s 1e pape
es t l a u th e u r d e t o u s yma g e s D ieu ’
.

E d 2 0 A n o u s a d e fe ndu d e j u rer e n v ain mai s
xo . . .

l e pape a d o nn é c o ng é a t o u s c e u x qu i
s o nt ses am i s d e se per j u r e r D ie u .

M th 1 2 B n o u s a c o mmande d o b s e r ve r les j o u rs
a . . .

28

d e fes t es e n pr ia n t lisant , o u e s tu dia n t
'

, ,

e t l e pape pass e c c j o u r 1a e n p o mpe ,

e t j o u a nt e n o s 1 ve té , e t e n h u rla nt o u
, y
a b a a n t e n l e gli se D e
'

i u a d e fie n
-
y .

d u d e tu er qu e l qu u n e t c e s t grand p i
’ ’

ti e d e v o ir c o mm e l e pap e per sé cu t e les
C h r e s ti e n s : mai s D i e u n o u s a pr e d i

t
o n a u vin gt e t qu a tr i
d e c e s t e p e r s e c u ti

e sme ch ap itre d e M athi e u B e au c o u p
,

d e fau x pr O ph e te s ( dit C hr i s t) ser o nt e n
c e t emps la Ini qu ité ser a gr and e e t M th
,
a . 24 A
. .

ch arit é s e n ir a mais 1 e va n gile sera
’ ’

r e s c h é a t o u t e c rea t u r e ; p o u r t a nt
p
qu and v o u s v e r r ez l a b o min a tio n

29

au saint li eu r e
p di
t d e Da ni el 1e
p r o

h t e a d o n c ce u x u e s o nt e n J e r u s a
p e .
q
l e m s e n fu i r o n t a u x m o nt aign es

.

N es t c e pas a in s i maint e n ant o u y

c ar i 1 y a b eau c o u p d e l o u ps ve s tu s
d e p e au x d e b rebi s lesqu e ls s c u z pr e
te nc e d e r e li g i o n o b s c u r i
s s e n t la vra i e

do ctrin e d e C hr i s t : e t t o u t e l a b o mi

n ati o n e s to it qu as i a u l i e u saint c e s t
,

a di r e a u t empl e d e D i e u .

O r p o u r r e t o u r ne r a u pr o p o s D ie u
,

1 C i
or n . 5 . a d e ffe n du a du lt e r e mai s p o u r t ant
u e l e pap e v e n l t e s tr e o b e i sant a s o n
q
pere S a t an i , 1 c o mmand e qu e l e s pr e

30

s tr e s e n me n t b eau c o u p d e c o ncu
en tr e ti a

bin e s e t p u t ain s e t qu e j amai s n e s e
,


j o ign ent a qu e l qu u n e e n mari a ge .

D ie u a d e ffe n d u d e d ér o b er qu e lqu e
h o mme femme o u e n fant : mai s l e pap e
,
'

a es t é s i vi e u x lar r o n u e maint e n ant
q
i l d e r o b e l h o n n e u r d e n a Di eu e t l e

,

tr an s fe r e a s o yme sme . D i e u a d e ffe n
d a d e te s mo i g n e r fau ss e m e nt a l e n c o n tr e

d e qu e l qu u n

mai s l e pape dit T o u t
,

fiai mai s qu a r g e n t vi enn e

r e b on , .

D ie u a c o mmand e qu e n o u s fu ssi o n s
c o nt en s d e c e la qu ie st n o s tr e mai s Ie
pape ve u l t qu e ch acu n e mai s o n l u y

31

paie tr ib u t e t p o u r c o n c l u ir e . Filz s o y ez . i l e st e n t o u t es ch o ses c o ntr air e a D i eu . qu idit. M ai s j e n e 1e p u i s b lamer : c ar i 1 fa it la c o m E ph es . ob e i s s a n s a vo z par e n s e t a in s i fait i . D mand eme nt d e P au l . 6 .l e diab l e va c o mme u n ly o n ru gi ssant p o u r d e c e vo ir l e m o nd e ( co mm e saint Pie rre dit ) e t l e pape n e fait i1 pas ai n s ? ou c a r 1e pape o r d o nn e y y n o n se u leme nt inj u s t es e t mau v ai ses l o ix mai s a u ssy ch er ch e ’ la m o r t d u n ch a cu n qu ia n u b o n . 0. 1 c ar 1e diab le n o mmé yp o c r 1 s 1 e es t s on p e re au qu el 11 se m o n s tre o b e i ssant e t . 5 . 1 Pi er .

Or p o u r v e nir a la pr imau t é d e Pi e r r e j e v o u dr o ie bi e n c o n gn o istr e c o mbi e n d e r o y au mes saint Pi err e av ait s o u z s o n emp ir e c a r i1 e sto i ’ t i mp o ss ib le qu i l cu s t t o u t s c u z s o y v e n qu e sam t J a qu e s e s to i . 33 . n o s tr e s et u e n o u s n e s o mm e s a n u l q s in o n a C hr i s t e t qu e C hr i s t e s t a D ieu .t 1 Pi e rr e 1 . . D . Ch r e s ti en n e . A . Au s sy j e n e p u i s v o ir c o m me Pi er r e s e r o it 1e pr incipal : c ar P au l dit qu e l e s a po s tr e s s o nt tr e to u s ICo r i n 4 . . t e ve s qu e d e J e r u salem laqu e ll e cit é e s to it al o r s . ’ S emb labl e ment Pi er r e n e s a ppe l l e pas p a r au t re n o m qu e ’ l a p o s tr e d e C h ri s.zele o u am o u r env ers D i eu .

u n G e ntil e t n o mpas c o mme n u J u i . Pi erre es t a n o u s Dav ant ag e qu and . vo y ant la di ssimu lati o n d e Pi er r e l u y dit Si tu e s ta n t J u if fai s c o mme . Ga l 2 B . d es J u ifz a u x G e n ti lz n o u s qu e s o m me s par na tu r e J u ifz e t n o mpa s pe 34 . 2 . ’ P au l . f o fa i s tu o b s e r v e r la mani e r e p q y u r u o : Ga l . . ’ s i Pier re e u s t e s té e n t elle a u th o r ité qu il n e po vo it mentir ( c o mm e ils di ’ sent) M ai s ( c o mme j ay d ess u s dit) . P ar l a qu e ll e ch o se i r l es t mani fe s t e qu e n o u s n e s o mmes pas a P ie rre mai s qu e . . . Pau l ve n o it en An tio c h e il r e sisto it a Pierre laqu ell e ch o se il n e u s t pa s fait .

. 35 . . l o y e tc . b ailla s a m e r e e n ga r d e e t au ss i J an se c o u c h o it entr e les br as d e C hr i s t Ja n 1 4 . a u qu e l n o u s av o n s mis . ’ s ti fie Z pa r la fo y e t n o mpas p a r la ' ' . t o u t n o str e e sp o ir a c e l l e fin d e s tre j u . . 1e ch e f d e s au tr es c ar C h r i s t l u y Ja n 1 9 C .ch e u r e s de s Ge n ti lz pot ant qu e n o u s u r u e n u l le ch air s e ra j u s ti fi é ' s a vo n s e c q par les oeu vres d e la 10 y : mai s qu e ’ n o u s s o m me s j u s tifi e z pa r l a fo y e n J e s u s chri s t . D . o n s d o nc c o mme i l oe u t e s t re Pi err s it 1e p r inci pal p q u e e o c a r si c e l u e sto it 1e pr incipal qu iai m e y m i e u x C hr i s t il appert qu e J an s e r o it . V oi .

p o u r t ant qu il ’ ’ 36 . ’ san s 1e pape e t n u l qu ib r igu e p o u r e s tr e pa e n e oe u t c o nvo qu e r u n p p c o ncil e a d o n c l o c o ncil e qu ic o n fer .qu and iie sto it a s o u per M ai s a . d e mand e s i 1e pap e d e v ant qu il s o it ’ e le u oe u t c o n vo qu e r n u c o n cil e ? p j e ’ s ay bi e n qu i z dir o nt qu i l n e ’ c l p oe u t . ’ p r o p o s j e d e mand e s il a qu e lqu e c o n cile lé gitime san s qu e l e pape 1e c o n ' v o qu e P J e s ay bi e n qu e les pap i s t es c d ir o nt qu i l n y e n a 11 11 1 A do n c j e ’ ’ . m o it l e pape d estr e s u p e r i e u r d e l e gl i ’ ’ s e n e s t pas l e giti me . Si d o nc n u l c o ncile n e s t l e g itime .

All e z e t pr e s c h é z a t o u t es n ati o n s . 5 c . d o it a in s y a t o u s l e s au tr es . E . mai s les d ev o re . .n e s to i ’ t pas c o nv o qu é d u pape po u r c e u alor s i ’ 11 y e n a vo i ’ q 1 t p o int . r o e p o u r d ev o r er l e s pe ti s p y . dis ant . . b a pti s a n s e n m o n n o m : mai s 1e pa e n e fait p a s l e c o mmand eme nt d e p C hr i s t : c ar i l n e pa i s t pas l e s b r e bi s . les M tha . O r j e 37 . d e c e s t e r ai s o n ils fu ye n t a u n au t r e . di san s qu e C hr i s t c o mma n d o it a Pi er r e d e pa i s tr e s e s b r e bi s ma i s i1 c o mma n Ja n 2 1. e t mang e c o mme n u ly o n r u gi ssant q u ich e r ch e s a 1 Pie r . M aint e n ant qu ilz o n t e s t é r e po u se z ’ . 28 . . C .

vo u dr o i s qu e lepape fi s t l e c o mma n d e me nt qu e D i e u do nna 2 Pie rr e c ar 1 n e su i ’ j e s pas mar r y p o u r t an t q u i l a c es t e a u th o r ité d e pr e s c h e r C hr i s t a t o u t l e m o nd e mai s p o u rt ant qu i ’ l lai sse la pr é dic ati o n d e l é va n gile e t ’ u s u r pe a s o me s me l a u th o r i ’ y té laqu e ll e d e dr o it appartie nt a C hr i s t . ’ ’ c e s t d e str e 1e prim a t de l e gli se ’ . Il e st vr a y qu e l e pape es t p r imat d e ’ l e gli se n o mpas divine o u c ath o li qu e . . mai s di ab o li qu e : c a r 11 tran s gr e sse l e c o mmand e m e nt d o nn é a Pi e r re e t a u x au tres a po s tr e s en g en eral : p o u rt ant 38 .

l leu r di so it Alle z v ou s e n . a po s tr e s p o u r pr e s c h e r l e va n g i ’ l e d e pe ni te n c e e t l e r o y au m e d e D i e u i . e t s o yé z c o mme . ’ b r e bi s e ntr e les l o u ps mai s l ev esqu e d e R o mme e s t c o mm e n u lo u p e ntre les b r ebi s c a r i l d e v o r e e t mang e to u t es l e s pau vr es br ebi s d e C hr i s t : e t qu a nd ell es s e s o nt c a ch ées d e pa o u r qu elles o n t a don c i ’ . ’ ’ cie rs e t m ini s tres : mai s qu il d o it o u ir . 39 . q u and Ch ri s t e n vo o i t ses d u ze M th 10 A: qu e y o a . exc u s e r di sant qu e pr e s c h e r es t t r o p vile o ffi c e p o u r l u y e t q u il a d es o fli . l fe int la v o ix d u n e b r e bi s a c e ll e fi n d e les manger II se poe u t . .

. . 40 . g e ant le s p a u vr e s . le qu e l i a vo r r e c e n so n po vo r i et ce u x la qu i se dise nt l e s s u c c e s s e u r s de p ie r r e . ( d i t Pa ul ) d o it e s tr e ir r ép r é h e n s ib l e 18 ma y d u n e s e u l e f e m me s o b r e ’ . m 7 A 1 Ti . n e d o iv e nt p e n s e r q u e ce s te o fii ce e st tr o p vi l e po u r e u x . ’ n e st o t i pa s tr o p vile p ou r p i e r re . . cu n q do it e s tr e Un e ve s qu e e ve s u e . ap t e a e n se ig n er .

g l o d o S a in t P a u l . n o s t osi ‘ n d r e n x d o s bi o n s d a n tr n : ma is y y i 1 d o i t e s tr e b o n g o ve r n e u r d o s a f a . s il o s t c o n pa b l o a n n o n s o l o n 1a r e i ’ . m illo . ay a n t s e s lilz s o u z s o y o n c h a s tc té . n ml fa i ii ' y v g te nr .n o mpas r o n n o . Ma i n tc n a n t n o u s i a o n r n cr o n s lo pap o d o a n t Sa in t Pa u l a t vc r r o n s ' . l e s t c o u pa b lc Lo s o c o n d o s t q u i l s o i t l o n n tr y ‘ . 41 . Lo p r c mi or c o n u n a n d e me n t l c qu c l n n c vc s q u c d o i t o b s e r ve r o s t d e s tr o i ‘ r r é r é ho n s i p b l o m a is n o u s ’ a vo n s r o u vé u o l o vo s n o d o l to n n n o p q q t ra n s g r e s s e to n s l o s c o mma n d o mo n s d o Di o n p o u r l a q u e ll e c h o s e i .

lm mie re r e pa n i c .Ga me r le s me s s e s . v: ms to i t pa s tr o p vi l l a vo i t r e ce u qe M 1 a tho r i té d o Ch ri ca z la qu ise ( 1 : le n a r y d ’ u x .

’ ’ ir r e au . mes me c o mm er t u er b ru e r . s il n n ue au t r e : p a r u o y aym e mi eu x qu l diray plu s 1 de Bu l 43 . M th a . 2 ' u t l e m o nd e. a r o ll e . Jan 2 1 . . e t ve u .i 1 do n es me h m as P63 0 11 0 “ ? e nt Allez e . . .

e t pres 42 . en laqu elle ch o se l e v esqu e d e R o mme f au l t b eau c o u p c ar i 1 e ntr e ti e nt d e s p u t a in s e t p e n s e qu e me c h a n te fo r . d e squ e ll e s ch o ses l ev esqu e d e R o mm e n o b s e r ve Du l l e s Le qu a tr ie s ’ . ni c a ti o n es t me ille u r e qu e b o n e t h o n n es t e mar i a g e Le tr o is ie s me e s t qu il . vr e s m a i s l e ve s qu e d e R o mm e e st plein ’ d e t o u t e av ar ic e Le c in qu ie s me e s t qu il . me es t qu il s o it lib er al e t lo g e les pa u ’ . . ’ s o it ap t e a en s e ign er m a i s n o s tr e dia b l e o u pe r e di ab o l i qu e pe n se qu e d e . ’ d u ne ’ fe mm e . ’ s o it s o b re sa ge b ie n g a r n y d e v er tu s . . maint e nir la gl o ire d e D ie u . ’ e t ch as t e .

M th 2 8 C a . e l u yme s me es t r e 1e b o u rre au s i l n e n ’ ’ . . ce lu u ipres ch e 1a a r oll e e t v u lt y q p . .c h er es t tr o p vile o ffic e p o u r l u y . to u . 43 . vo it pa s c c c o mmand eme nt Allez at . c e n o n o b s ta n t p o u r s a mes me c o mm o dit e i1 ve n l t e mp r i s o nn er t u e r b ru ler . . te s fo i s s o n pr éd é c esseu r Pi e r r e p r e s ch o i t l e va n gi l e o u au treme nt i l pe c h o i ’ . . . t a ’ ’ l e n c o n tr e d e D i eu e n c e qu il n o b s e r . p o v o it t r o u v er q u elqu e au tr e p a r qu o y n o u s v o y o u s qu il s ayme m i eu x qu il ’ ’ ’ n e fait D i e u . Q u e di ’ r a y pl u s P I ] tran s gr ess e to u t 1 o r dre d e saint Pau l ’ . . r e s c h e z l e va n i 21 E ’ p g l e a t o u t l e m o nd e J an .

l z di s e nt qu e P i e rre e s to i t l e p e s c h e u r d es h o mm e s c ar Andry e t Jan e sto ie n t a u s sy pes 44 . ’ r ie n au tre ch o se d e p a istr e les b re bi s . s ino n d e pr e s c h e r l e va n gile Au s sy ’ . o n n on . . ci p al I lz di s e nt qu e P i e r r e e s to i t c o m mand é d e pa istr e les b r ebi s j e r e s ~ p o n s qu a t o u s les a po s tr e s le u r e s to it ’ a u ss c o mmand é d e pa i s tr e les b r ebi s y e n c e cy Al l e z pr e s c h a n s e tc M ai s c e n es t . l e u r au tr e ar gu m e nt e s t d e la m e sm e s u b s t anc e qu a nd i . . ’ D it es maint en ant s il es t c o u pab le o n . Or n o u s r e s po n dr o n s a leu r a r g u me n s Q u e Pi er re es t l e P r in .

’ . ’ tir : p o u r t an t c e qu e j ay dit es t vr a y . 45 . G . ’ er r e C e n o n o b s ta n t l e pap e p e n s e . Or s i l a pr é dic a ti o n d e n u l n es t lé gitim e san s l a u th o r ité ’ ’ d e Pi erre o u d e pape a d o n e la pr e di . 26 . ’ ch e u r s d es h o mmes e t c c n es t ri e n au tr e ch o se d es tre pe s c h e u r d es h o m ’ mes qu es t r e pr e sc h e u r d e C hr i s t . es tre u n D i e u di sant Je n e pu i s men . . c ati o n d e saint Pau l n e s to it pas l é gi ’ ti me laqu e ll e i1 n a pas r e c en d e P i . ’ ’ M ai s a c e l a j e r e sp o n s qu e s il n e s t meil l e u r qu e Pi erre il poe u t mentir : c ar Pi err e r e n io it C hr i s t par tr o y s M a th .

c est e qu e s tio n Q u and 1e pap e es t . ’ R o mme m e nt grand e me nt qu and . di ss imu lati o n M ai s l e v esqu e d e . fo i s a d o n e Pi err e me n to i t t r o i s fo i s . ’ c c n e se r o i t e n au tr e ch o s e s in o n qu il se dit ch e f d e l e glise C h r e stie n n e e t ’ . . . tr e r o n t les am e s a u ci el ? c a r p e r ’ s o nn e n a l e s c l e fz s il n e s t pap e ’ ’ Ad o n c i l a vi e n t qu e qu and l e pape 46 . m o r t e t n u l au tr e a l e s c l e fz c o mment en . . Au s sy Pau l 1e r e pr o u vo i t pou r sa ' Ga l 2 C . a v o 1r l e s c l e fz d u ci el : c a r s i l e pape a vo i t les c l e fz d a ci el j e d e mand e .

. . . . . 1 Ti m 2 A o . . . . M ai s c es t un e fo lle ch o se d e dire qu e ’ ’ l e pape a l e s c l e fz d u ci el . . . . e t se s i e d a la d e xt r e d e s o n p e r e . . L 24 B u c . e t d o u f e r c a r C hr i s t es t n o s tr e seu l mé di at e u r. 47 . a r s a m o r t pe n se fid e l e me n t es tr e sau vé J 19 C p . pri M 16 D ar e . .es t mo rt l e s hu is d u ci el s o nt fe rmez . m o rt e t pass io n p o u r t o u s fid e l e s do nné M 1 5 B . ant p o u r n o u s lequ el au ssi d e mo u r r a L 24 E u c. n o s tr e pas t e u r n o s tre r e d e mpte u r e t . . . . ar c . a . an . . . . n o s t re p o r t e n o s tre ch ef . m o nt a a u ci e l e n t o u t e gl o ir e e t h o nn eu r M th 2 8 D ‘ . s o u v e r ain mai s tr e : lequ e l ( apr e s qu il ’ e u t e n s e ign é fait d e s m i ra cl e s s o u ffe r t . salu t a t o u t ch acu n qu icr o i t en l u y e t . M th 2 7 A a .

1 24 A . ’ th 2 5 B. 48 . . 4 A . . v e c n o u s en e sp r it e t par t o u t co mme s o n e ' . pere j u squ es a u t e mps qu il vi e ndr a j u . . me p o u r s ignifi c atio n qu e n o u s s o mmes . d eite t ro i s e n p e r s o nn es : plein d e t o u t e . 21 . G . th 2 6 A. . la av e c s o n pere e t l e saint esprit u n e n . . . . A . . es t n o s tre r e d e mpte u r : n o u s s o mmes ses s u b j e tz e t b r e bi s n o u s s o mmes r a ch e ’ té z p a r l u y e t lav e z d e l e au d e b a pte s . e t mai s tr e ic e l u y e s t n o s tr e b e r g e r : i c e lu y 10 . c . g er l e m o nd e a u j o u r d e j u gem e nt : la b o nt é du qu el es t invis ibl e la m i ser ic o r d e d u qu el es t in é n ar r able la gl o ir e du qu e l e st ine s timabl e Ic e l u y e st n o s tr e g o u ve r n e u r . v er tu e t ex emp t d e t o u t vic e e sta n t a .

e s to i t n o s tr e ch e f n o u s s e r i o n s u n m o n s tre .ses b rebi s Nu l au tre n es t n o s tr e pas t eu r . t o u t e s l e s p e in e s d e m o r t e t d e nfe r a t o u ’ s c e u x qu is e fi e n t e u l u y : c a r a l u y n o u s c r i o n s Abb a p e r e : D o nc s i l e pape ve n l t R m s . D i eu Pa r qu o y i l apper t qu e Pi e r r e n es t ’ . 4 D . c . o . or n . . ayant d eu x t es t es P au l é criv ant a u x . . . Po u r t ant n o u s d e v o n s p e n s e r qu e D ie u es t n o s tr e De r e S pir itu e l qu io s t e pas sa pass i o n . . s o nt n o str e s e t n o u s a C h r i s t e t C hri s t a . 49 . C o r inthie n s dit qu e t o u t e s t n o s tr e : e t qu e P i e rr e Ap o ll o e t t o u t l e s au tr e s a po s tr e s 1 C i . ’ . ’ g o u ve rn eu r n y p o pe c a r s i qu e l qu a u tr e . . pas n o s tr e ch e f mai s n o s tr e mini s tr e .

q plein d e t o u t e v er tu ain s i a u c o ntrair e l e . dr o i s bi e n s a vo i c r s i 1e pape es t n o s t r e per e S pi r itu e l ch ar n el o u di ab o l i qu e . u i ’ ’ q 1 p . 5O . au ss i n a l es t pas : c ar c o mme C h ri s t es t ’ l Ag n e a u imma cu lé e t l u n i u e f ilz d e di e u ’ ’ . ape e s t u n o r d villain l o u p e t l u n i ’ p qu e . ’ di abl e n e s t n o s tre pere spi ritu el 1e pape ’ . P rem ie re . fi l z d u diab l e s o n per e : du qu e l i l a r ec en t o u t e s o n a u th o r ité e t o ffi c e M ai s j e vo u . d eu x s pi ri tu e l z M ai s j au se dire qu e s i l e : .e s tre appelle pere sp iritu el n o u s avo n s tr o i s. . . . peres e n t o u t : d e s qu e l z l u n es t ch arn el e t ’ . r o fe ss e ch as t e t é e t n es t p o int mar i é . ment ch ar n el il n e 1e poe u t es tre : p o u r ta nt . .

Or c o nclu o n s qu e c o mme i1 e sto it dit d e C hr i s t Tu es mo n fil z j e t ay e nge ndré P . ’ ' ’ d r e p o u r la c o n s e rv er. e lle es t d e s tr u i te c ar t o u t ain s i qu e l e c o r ps d u n h o mme D e ’ 51 . t au u e c o mme C h r i s t e s to i j d ’ o u r d hu : et t e y q l o r d r e d e M el chi se d e ch ain s i l e pap e es t P ’ sa l . . .Au ss y i 1 ne poe u t pas es tre spir itu el p o u r . . s ti e n té es t S p i rit u e ll e me nt tr e sb o n n e e t es t . bie n fo r mé e en esp r it ain s i s il n y a b o n o r . . ’ d e l o r d r e di ab o li qu e M ai s c o mm e C hr e . u dir a a i ’ j a u o u r d hu y D. Tu es mo n e n n e my j e t ay d e str u i ’ . ’ t ant qu il es t a d o nné a u m o nd e a do n e i 1 s e n su i t qu i l es t l e pe r e di ab o l i qu e ’ ’ . 110 A . 2 B . i e n s y d u pape . ’ sa l .

te n a n s mai s i1 n e n a o r d o nn é n u l p o u r s o n ’ gr and e ve s qu e : c a r il n e s t pas ain s i o r d o nné ’ e n la S aint e é cr itu r e Or s i l e s papi s t es disent . . b ras o u qu atre pie d z . . . di r oi t d o nc v o u s n e v o u l e z pas qu i l y ait ’ .l a d e u x t es t es o u qu at re . e n té n e p e ve n t es t re bi e n e n o r d r e C h r e s ti s ilz o n t d e u x qu id o min e nt e t aye nt l e m ’ . q . 1 B u ia e nv o y é s o n fil z u ni q u e en t e r r e icy . y d t . a in s y c es pais d e . e t t emp o r e ll e a u th o r i té Ge l n y e n s o n e m . 1 1 0 A h a s l a f ait r o e la e r re e n S p ir itu e ll e ’ . ’ p ir e d e t o u t l e m o nd e M aint en ant o n me . p ir e a mis d e s r o i s l e s qu e l z s o nt ses l ie u . d es r o i s e t e mper eu r s j e resp o n s qu e D i eu . . ’ p es t oe u re sa t in s i.

' pape es s o n h ér i i le t t j e vo u d r o e ' er qu e . 4 . y qu il a tte n d ist j u squ e s a c c qu e C hr i s t mo u ’ r u s t a tfin d a vo i ’ . lequ el vint . 1 . c ar C hri s t dit d e s o yme sme qu il es t ’ 53 . r s o n r o y au me : p o u r t ant u e l e s hé r iti e rs o n t l h e r i ’ t a e ap r es q g la m o r t d e leu r pr é d e c e s s e u r s . M aint en ant les pap i s t e s di s e nt qu e c o mm e e n la vie ill e 10 y il y a vo i t u n a r c e ve s u e q E d xo . d u peu pl e I sraelit e a i n s y ma int e n ant i l y d o it av o ir u n ch e f pr incipal e n la C h r e s tie n té . e n t e rr e e t s o u ffr it m o r t p o u r n o u s au t r e s : M th a . J e r esp o n s qu e la pr e str ic e d Aa r o n ’ e t M o s e s r e r e se n to i t l a pr i mau té n o m p pas d u pap e mai s d e C hri s t .

b o mi n ab l e lar r o n : p o u r laqu elle ch o se 54 . se u l b er g er : c ar c o mme Jan te stifi e il dis o it . ’ a r mo ien l e s ta b l e d e s b r e bi s mai s vi ’ p m . u i ’ u e e nt re par l hu i s e s t l e b er g er : c e l u q y q g ar d e l hu i s l u y o u vre e t les b rebi s o n t ’ . . au tr e ell e s n e su ivr o nt D o nc 1e pape. q u in e vi e nt pas d e par C h r i s t e st n u a . o u y s a v o ix e t i ’ 1 appelle ses b rebi s e t s en . o u r t ant qu ell e s c o n n o i ’ n t s a v o ix e t p g s s e . er1 1 D e nt par ailleu rs i .4 D . . l e s t larr o n : c ar c e l u y . . pain d es c e nd ant du ci el : e t qu il est n o s tre . 10 A c ert es j e v o u s dy qu e c elu i qu in eu tre . s t re Mess ia s e t au s si qu il es t l e vr a y . . no ’ ’ 6 D . . va d e v a nt e lles e t l e s b rebi s l e s u iv e nt .

vo i c y d e u x glaiv e s . p o ur les englo u tir. Or i lz di s e nt u n S i mfi e 1e p o v o ir t e mp o rel e t ’ q u e l g . 55 . ’ lz diso i ent .t o u tes vr a ye s e t h o n n e s te s b re b is d o iv en t ' s e n par tir d e l u y ’ c ar i1 vi e nt p o u r les d evo r er e t n o mpa s po u r les pa istr e . u e l e s pap i s t es s o nt b at u s d e leu r me s q me b as to n ( c e la e st d e leu r m e sme ar gu m e nt ) ilz di s e nt qu a pr e s qu e l e s dis ci ’ ples d e C hri s t a vo ie n t pre s che l o ng t e mps ilz r e to u r n o ie n t a J e s u s l e qu el . M a int e n an t p u i s . e t n o mpa s p o u r les e n se in e r g - . l e u r d e mand a s ilz a vo ie n t e u qu elqu e ’ glaiv e t o u t c e t emps la e t qu i .

ve n o i e n t : c a r ilz a v o i e n t e s t é e nv o y és Lu c 9 A . . r o y au me n es t pas d e c e m o nd e : c ar i ’ 1 y a d e u x ma n ie r e s d a u th o r ité l u n e ’ . P o u r l aqu elle cho se S aint Pau l e n sa pre 56 . . 6 A . p o u r pr e s c h e r C hr i s t a t o u t e s n atio n s . S e c o nd e m e nt n o u s d e v o n s c o n s id er e r qu el p o v o ir C hr i st a vo it e n la t e rre Il dit qu e s o n . ’ sp iritu e lle e t l au tre t e mp o relle ’ . e t d e mo n s tr e r la lu m i ere a c eu x u i q e s to ie n t e n t e n e br e s . C a r pr e mi e r e me n t n o u s d e v o n s c o n s id er er d e qu e l li eu les a po str e s M ar c . l au tr e l e sp iritu el : laqu elle rai s o n ( c o m ’ me i 1 s e r a d e m o n s tr e icy apres ) e s t s o tt e e t v a in e. .

t m ini s tre sp ir it u e l c o mm e i e s to i . . ’ c e m o nd e . . . go u v er n eu rs e t lie u te n a n s Or C h ri s t . me a po s tr e s pr o ph e te s e t d o ct e u rs : e t . . le u r h ér it a g e i1 r e Spo n d o it Q u im a . au cu n s te mpo r e l z c o mm e r o i s e mper e u rs . . E t au ss i qu and d e u x frer e s ve n o ie n t a lu l e r e qu e r a n t d e divi ser L 12 B y uc . c o mme i1 y a a n c o rps dive r s m e mb res ’ p o u r div ers e s c au ses a in sy i1 y a e n l e gli se . . d e C hr i s t au cu n s m ini s tr e s s pi tu e l z c o m r i .mi ere e pi s tr e a u x C o r inthi e n s dit qu e 1 C i 12 or n . . 1 dit s o y mesme di sant Mo n r o y au me n e s t pas d e . es t 57 . . ’ fait j u g e entr e v o u s P La tr o i sie s me ch o se laqu elle d o it es tr e c o n s id e r é e . .

qu e Chri s t pa r l o it en m o qu eri e La . v o u s qu elqu e e sp e c t o u t c e t e mps P c o mme e n v o u lant dir e . Q u and j e v o u s e nvo i oi s v o u s v o u li e z av o ir d es b a s to n s av e c v o u s maint e n ant qu e p e n sez vo u s ma . . Par t o u t es c e s cho ses c y no u s po vo n s ‘ fa cil e m e nt e n t e ndre c e t e xt e : c ar apres u e les di s ci ples e s to i e n t e nv o y e z p o u r q r e s c h e r l e va n i ’ p g l e d e v é r it é ilz r e t o u r . 58 . . q u e t o u s l e s a o s tr e s di p s o ie nt e n semb le vo ic y d e u x glaiv es . q u a tr i e s m e. La c in qu ie sme ch o se es t qu e l e s a po s tr e s n e n te n d o i e n t pas c c qu e C hr i s t di soi ’ t . n o i e nt a Je su s l e qu el leu r d is o it Avi e z .

me e n disant J a y d e u x e spé e s l u n e qu i . Pa r qu o y n o u s v o yo n s qu e C hr i s t pa r l o it e n m o qu eri e e t qu e t o u s l e s di s ciples . p . ’ . t r e s po n doi u i l i n t d e u x glaiv es ’ ent s a v o e q . vo us a e ll e pa s g ard é e d e t ou t ‘ gra c e ne ma l P o u au t rement Avi ez vo u s qu elqu e . r e s on doi e n t e t n o m a s P i erre se u l c o m p . ’ si ni r e lle a u th o r i u i ’ g fi e ma t emp o t é : e t l au tre q si g ni fi e 1 a sp i r it u e lle u r i s d ic ti on . b e so i a vo i r e s é e P Ad o n c les di s ci ples ’ n g d p e t n o m a s P i e rre se u l l e s u e l z n e n te n ’ ( p ) q doi e n t pas c c qu e C h ri s t di so i . Au s sy C h ri s t n e p o vo i t et n e vo u l o i t pas d o nn e r la t em o relle a u p 59 gg d .

2 Co r u e Pau l se di es r e in fér i e u r a n u l ’ . au cou p e n u n ar gu m e nt : c a r i lz di s e nt u e C e p h as e s t n u ch e f o u e n v ér it é q . ( qu and c e u x c y l e u rs a r g u me n s s o nt a ffo i bli z ) ilz di s e nt qu il es t vr a y semblab l e ’ u e Pi e r r e e s to it l o ch e f p o u r tant q . des a po s tr e s d u n o mb r e d e s qu e l z e s to it 60 . D . qu il pa r l o it l e pr e mie r e t a u t e mps ’ d e ss u s dit il r e s po n d o it p o u r t o u s : M ai s il es t plu s vr a y semblable qu i l ’ n e s to i ’ t pas l e ch e f d e s au tr es p o u r t ant . 11 . ’ t m ini s tre sp i ritu e l M ai s les papi s t e s faill e nt b e . q t n t 12 . Cep h as e s t u n e p i e rre M aint en ant . th o rit e p o u rt ant qu il e sto i .

’ e s t vr a y s e mb lab l e o u n o n c ar An d r y a r l oi t a u c u n e fo is l e p r e m i er e t D e d o it p ’ o n d o u t e r qu e ch a c u n d e u x n e a r l a st p a u c u n e s fo i s l e p r e mi er : mai s i ’ 1 n e s en Su it pas p o u r t a nt qu e qu iparle l s pre m i e r a u c u n e sfo is s o it e ve s qu e d es e ve s qu e s c a r e nt ant qu il p a r l o it l e pr e m i ’ e r c e la s i ni i i ’ fi d u n e n atu r e ’ g e q u l e s to t pl e in e d e c o u r ag e . san s fau t e To u te s fo is n o u s v er r o n s s il . o n au t r em e nt qu il ’ d e si r oi t es tre l e pl u s gr a nd mai s C hri s t 61 . pu t er maint e n ant qu e ll e ch o s e se mbl e es tr e vr a ye mai s qu e lle ch o se es t vrai e .Pi er r e Or n o u s n e d e vo n s di s .

s tr e e t se r vite u r d e J es u s ch r is t . 62 . plu s mai s 1e p a pe qu e dit i . s e r a l e pl u s petit e ntre vo u s Ain sy i1 . 9 B . . 1 Pi er . en s o n n o m. q . 1 . . . dit qu e c e l u y qu ir e go it u n p e tit e nfant Jq a u es 4 B . 1 . . . 12 C . 1 A . M ar c . e t Ph ilip . Lu c . dit c e l u y qu e ve n l t es tre l e plu s grand . e u x ti ’ a p o int d o r g u e i l r e e n l e gl i s e ’ l l ’ 8 C . b u e a s o yme s me ca r i 1 dit P i e r re 1e a po . d e C h r i s t : c a r D ieu ay m e hu mil it é . . sera pas ap t e p o u r l e r o y au me d e D i eu . . . n y t Ro m . A . E . 1P P au l ti ers d e c c n o m par la grac e d e D i eu . B2 . M ai s Pi e rr e s o yme s me n e s a ttr i ’ b u e pas s i h au l t ti l tr e qu e l e pa pe a ttr i . e t n o n 2 Pi er . 1e r e go it : e t a u s sy qu e c e l u y 5 B u e n es t pas sem b lab le a u n e n fa nt n e ’ l Pi er .

. 1 les d é str u i . ou i l es t u n ab o m in ab le larr o n e t c o nt a . . . V o y e z c o mm e i l a u n b eau ti l tr e e t n o m c o m bi e n qu il s o it u n se r pent ’ . m in é d e t o u t immu n d ic e té 1 1 se dit pa . ” r o id es r o i s . li e u t en ant d e P i er re D ieu e n t e r r e ev es . g tio n s la o u i . 63 . c o mme i l es t ple in d e t o u t e ma g n ific e n c e e t o rg u e il. t 1 1 se dit vic aire d e C hri s t e t li eu t e n ant d e saint . e 1e qu el mo t s i n i fi e pere d e t o u t e s n a p . . V o y ez icy c o mme i l se .tres saint pere e t pape vic air e d e C hri s t . u e d e s e ve s u e s pr inc e d e princ e s e t q q . v en imeu x : c ar i1 se dit tr essaint pere la . dit D i eu e t blasph e m e C h ri s t V o yez .

fer e t l e . ’ n 11 D Co r i . e z bi e n a ppe r c e vo i r les vr ai s m in i s tr e s d e la p a r o l l e d e ntr e l e s fau l x Antich r i s t s ’ . . . di able t err es t e c a r i1 sembl e es tre b o n . 64 . . mai s il e st mau v ai s E t c o mm e saint . l es t vic aire d e Be lz e b u b l i e u te n ant d e L u ci . l e di ab l e s o yme s me s e tr an s fo r m e e n u n ange d e l u miér e p o u rt ant v o u s po v . Pau l dit a u x C o r inthi e n s c c n e s t pas m e rve ill e s i l e s m ini s tres d u di ab l e s o n t u m h a n s a l oei n s e t tr i l ’ l ai sa p v e u qu e p . o u r c e qu e l e s vrai s a p o s tr e s ch e m in e n t p s e l o n l e s pr it d e D i e u mai s l e s f au lx ’ a p o s tr e s ch emin ent s el o n la ch air . Pierre e t D ie u e n t e rre o u i .

’ r o d e s r oys la ou i l es t ti r an d e tir an s . . l e s t d u di ab le c c a g ra nd a o u r : c ar i l . s u ivre ses ab o min ab les tr a dic io n s e t pr e . A . C . ’ . yj e p s e dit h o n n e s te h o mm e t r e ssaint e ve s qu e . 3 . and s impl e s a gn eau x d e D ieu d e l a is s e r l e u r fo y. a . . . c e p te s di ab o liqu es Au s sy s ilz n e fo nt . pa r laqu elle ilz s o nt s a u vé z e t G l . y c ar t o u s l e s au tres tir an s e xe r go ie n t leu r tir anni e d e ss u s l e s c o r p s d e s g e n s mai s c e . ’ ses pr e c e pte s c e s t adire a d o r e r d e s yma . d e ss u s les ame s c o n tr e ig n a n t les pau vr e s . n o u s v err o n s d o nc s i l e pape es t m ini s tre d e D i eu o u d u di ab le C er t ain eme nt i . 2 . diab l e c c l o u p c e tir an ex er c e s a tir anni e . .

. o fir i l di ab l es i ’ g r au x y d o es e t 1 l es . y c o u pp e la langu e u n p e u au par av ant a c e ll e . Au s s y maint e n ant e n fr anc e d e v ant r u le ’ q u o n b qu e l q ’ u u n o n l u . pap e e s t l e m ini s tr e d e L u cife r j a y b o n . e s . Du t emps d u fe u r o y mo n p e r e qu and s o n n o m fu t e fi a c é d e l ivres i l e sto u p . b r u le o u le u r fait fair e ame nde h o n o ra b l e o u l e s g e h e nn e e t t o u r me nt e . pa les b o u ch e s d es C h r e stie n s av e c ses s ix ar ticles c o mm e av e c si . ’ e sp o i r u e c o mm e L u ci fe r to mb o i t q h o r s d u ci e l e n enfer a in sy qu e l e pap e . 66 . fi n qu il n e par l e V e u d o nc qu e l e ’ . x p o in s .

E t to u t ain s i qu u n h o mm e qu e e s t m o n té e n u n e ’ t o u r s il t o mb e il p r e ndr a u n gr and . . ’ a D i e u : p o u r tant j ay b o n e sp o ir qu e ’ D i eu l u y o s t e r a s e s h o nn e u r s e t s a gl o i r e . C . 18 . u e D i e u a o s te la gl o ir e d e s r ich e s e t q . ( o pap e ) g ar d e to y bi e n . vid dit a u p s ea u me s qu e D i e u v e u l t e s tr e P . Au s sy mar i e m e r e d e C hr i s t a dit ' L u c . p e r ve r s av e c l e s p e r v er s e t saint av e c l e s s a int s Or 1e pape a o st e l h o n n e u r . l a d o nn é e a u x h u mbl e s P o u r t ant ’ . c a r s i tu t o mb e s tu au r as u n e gr and c h e u te . ’ 67 .so n vic air e t o mb er a h o r s d e c e ste gl o ire d e la papau té e n grand d ér i si o n C ar Da . s al . 1 E .

. p ) n e v e 1 2 D pas u e n o u s s o y o n s b ap ti s e z e n s o n q . . ’ ’ 1 1 E e u r a n u l d e s au tr e s a o s tr e s u lt 2 C or . p . y . n om E t t ant s e u l e ment n e ve n l t i l qu e n o u s s o y o n s b a ptis é z a u n o m d e Pi er r e . . . . O . y q . 1e d u n D i e u d u n e fo y d u n b a pte s me . ’ ’ ’ E ph 4 A . . 8 A ma i s n o m a s d u n pap e r s i Pi e r r e ’ 1 C i or n . . E ph 3 A . . p. ’ a u x ci e u x to mb e r é z j u squ e e n e n fe r . . . . sau lt ain s i v o u s qu iavez m o nt e j u squ e . . . 1 Tim t 2 B e s to i o t Di e u e n t e r r e e t vic ai r e d e C hr i s t . 68 . M th 1 9 C n o u s e u ss i o n s e s t é b a ptis é z e n s o u n o m : a . ' M th 1 1 D a i u e C hr i s t a r é dit d T r e t Sid o n ‘ ns e a . mai s Pau l ( l e qu e l dit qu il n e s t in fer i . M ai s p o u r v e ni r a la pr ima n té d u pap e j e s cay bi e n qu e l e c r i ’ tu r e p a r .

. . M aint en ant qu e les pap i s t es n e e n t p r o u v e r pa r l e c r i u e no u s ’ p e v tu r e q d ev o n s av o ir u n pap e ilz o n t r e c o u r s . . m e nt l e u r r ais o n n e s t pas e xtr ait e d e la ’ s a n c te es cr itu r e . a u x s im ilit u d es di san s . . To u t a i n s y q u e les b est es d e la t e r re ( c o mm e les m o u ch e s a m i e l) o n t u n r o y qu id o m in e s u r e ll e s ai n s t o u s C hr e ti e n s d o iv e nt a v o ir y u n r o e t pap e : a l a qu e ll e rai s on je r e s y o n dr a e n t r o i s ma n i er es P r é mi er e p y . su i s 51 Pi er r e j e su i s a P au l j e s u i s a Ap o llo . ’ mai s a u s sy n e ve u l t pas qu o n di sse Je . 69 . mai s e s t d e le u r s mes mes in ve n c io n s S e c o nd em e nt p o u r .

. . s ph e 1 D . ’ . ’ pas n u r o y Tie r c e me n t si t o u t e s l e s . o u e n C hr e s tie n té n o n t . pas u n qu ifu s t j u ste m a i s qu e to u s e . m o u ch e s a m ie l a vo ie n t u n r o y au ss i. . . s to ie n t inj u s t e s e t mau v ai s D i e u r e . J e m e s u i s r és e r v é s e p t m ill e 70 . M ai s l e s pap is t e s di r o n t qu e s i n o u s v o u l o n s c o nd am n e r la pa pau t é n o u s ' . s o n di p t . . avo n s n o u s c e st a dir e J e s u s chri s t . c o nd amn e r o n s l e u r s p e r es a u ssy p o u r h ér é ti qu e s J e l e u r r e sp o n s ain si qu e . D ieu r e spo n d o it a E li ah : c a r q u and 3 Ro i s . E li ah d is o it a u Se ign e u r qu il n y a vo it ’ ’ Ro m 1 1 A . . t ant qu e t o u te s les m o u ch e s a mi e l qu i ’ s o nt a u m o nde . 9 D .

q p a l e n c o n tr e d e la papau t é a pe r te me n t ’ e t au t r e s ar doi e n t l e u r s a vo i r a eu x g c mesm e s M ais l e s pap i s t es n e v e u lent . laq u e ll e ( s i v o u s pe n s é z qu e vi e ill e sse e t c o u s tu me fasse 1a ch o s e b o nn e ) es t.h o mm e s que n o nt p o int fait o b éi ssa nc e ’ ' a Baal : a i n s y il n e fau lt pas d o u t e r qu il n y ait e u b e au co u p Ch r e s tie n s ’ ’ a u m o nd e d e s u e l z au c u n s ar l o i ent . 71 . pas qu e n ou s sa chi o n s plu s qu e n o z per e s J e s cay bi e n qu e n o s tr e r eli . e n la saint e e c r i tu r e e t p a r o ll e divi n e . gi o n n e c o n s i s t e pas e n la vi e ll e c o u s tu me e t l u s a n c e d e n o z p e r e s ma i s ’ .

e t r é é . pen s e z qu e la v ér it é d o it . p . o & n c o a : 9 m : : o u c 3 D m o v o u M ai s n o s tr e r e l igi o n n e a r E x c o fi g 6 c @ a ? o u u o > nm 5 v : a g o u v erné e par n o z per e s 3 E S 3 m: > o w a 1 4 5 0 J > s n o . 9 . . v 5 : : a > : m . . 8 : : 0 0 0 § v v » 2 2 a 10 E car i lz e s to ie n t ma u v a i s m 5 . : 0 > 3 E — 4 a 0 3 9 D ie u es t la a r o ll e leq u e3 m 1 A O 8 . o m . . a m 5 & 2 q3 3 w m 3 s tr e D ieu sau ve u r. C hri s t a dit . c c o m s 3 . . t o u t e v ér it é c o n s i s t e e n 9 t m 9 . . m u 5 c : di t v o u s n e d e vé z pas s u 2 . 8 : “ 5 c . v n : 0 a . . . u 9 a m 3 x s e m o o o > n 5 o . . . Les pap i s t es do nc dise nt qu e c o m ’ bi e n qu e C h ri st n o r d o n n a st pa r l e pape . h 5 a : 0 n . 3 9 v o 3 ~ z u u O 9 u g 5 me c e m s ra sa n s 3 5 7 t 2 t o cd 3 D n e n e e 2 9 a 2 5 : g 5 . J c s u i s la v c i1 n a pas dit j e s u i s la vi e ille c o u s tu me ’ . a . o 3 o 6 . . n m n “ m : o w u 9 x 3 3 o g plu s vieil le q u e lem o nd e 3 w e c o 5 . e a a v ¢ a 14 A .

p er im 1 T o . A qu elle int enti o n .qu i l e n a lai ss e faire a s o n e glise : a d o nc ’ e d e ma nd e c o mme Pi er r e e s to i e sle u j t e ve s qu e u n i ve r s e l P Au s sy t o u t es ch o ses n é c e ssair e s a n o s tr e salu t s o nt é cr it es e n la Bibl e . s ist e r a u x ch o ses le squ e ll e s te s o nt c o m m i s e s p o u r t ant que tu as app r is l é c r i ’ t u r e l a qu e ll e s t e d o nr a sal u t par la .é e di sa nt T u d o i s . La S e c o nd e Par tie . v o u l o n s n o u s 73 . d o nc . c . c o mme P au l te stifi e e n s o n e i p s tr e a Ti m o th. 3 . e n C hr i s t J e s u .

. pen sez qu e la v ér it é d o it e s tre s u ivie . . . . 10 E. . plu s vi e ill e qu e le m o nd e n e s t V 1 e 1 l C ar ’ D ie u es t la a r oll e leq u e l e s t sa n s c o m p . M ai s n o s tre r e l igi o n n e d o it pas e s tr e go u v er né e par n o z p e re s c a r E ze chi e l dit vo u s n e d e vé z pas s u ivr e vo z per e s : . t o u t e v ér it é c o n s i s t e e n c e l ivre 1a . Les pap i s t es d o nc disent qu e c o m ’ bi e n qu e C h ri st n o r d o n n a s t pa r l e pap e . e t ré d e mp t e u r J e s u s . 14 A . c a r ilz e s to i e nt mau v a i s . me n c e me n t e t s e ra san s fi n e t s i vo u s . . C hr i s t a dit J e s u i s la v o ye . v ér it é e t vie . Au s sy n o s tr e D ieu sau v e u r. i1 n a pas dit j e s u i s la vi e ille c o u s tu me ’ .

. . e pi s tr e a Ti mo th é e dis a nt T u d o i s p e r . mo 3 l Ti . v o u lo n s n o u s . s i st e r a u x ch o s e s le squ e ll e s t e s o nt c o m m i s e s p o u rt a nt que tu as appr i s l é c r i ’ t u r e l a qu e ll e s te d o nr a sal u t pa r la fo y . A qu e lle inte nti o n d o nc . 73 . C . e n C hr i s t J e s u .qu i l e n a lai ss e faire a s o n e glise : a d o nc ’ e d ema nd e c o mm e Pi er r e e s to i e sle u j t e ve s qu e u n i ve r s e l P Au ss y t o u t e s ch o ses n é c essair e s a n o str e sal u t s o nt é cr it es e n la Bibl e c o mm e P au l te stifi e e n s o n . La S e c o nd e Parti e .

n o u s l av o n s e n u n d e str o it pu i s qu il ’ . n y p a r vr a e his to i r e y . & a r l e s cr i u r e ilz n e l e e v e n t pr o u ’ car p t p ve r . P ar q y u o l e v esqu e d e R o mm e a p e r du u n d e s e s ’ gr an s tiltr e s c e st P apa ex j u r e divin o ’ . . j u r e divin o si e lle n e st appr o u vée pa r . ’ l e cr i Bi e n mainte n ant ’ tu r e . ’ pr o u v e r qu e P i err e n e s t pas l e ch ef d e l e glis e P pre n e z l e c as qu il l ait e s t é : c a r ’ ’ ’ ’ c e la n a ppr o u ve pas qu e l e v esqu e d e ’ Ro mme e st l e ch ef principal p o u r t ant u e to u s l e s pap i s t e s n e v e n t pas q p e pr o u v e r qu e Pie r r e fu st j amai s a R o mme . Car nu lle a u th o r ité n e poe u t e st r e e x . ’ 74 .

l e v e squ e d e R o mm e e s to it c o n s tit u é ’ par l e gl i s e p r i mitiv e . t emps O r l e s pap i s t e s di s e nt qu e . a d o n c t o u s r o i s t o u s p r inc e s e t au t r e s . ma gi s tr a tz p e v e n t a b r o u e r l e s s t a tu s g et i n s ti tu c io n s f a it e s a r l e u r s pe r e s p . mai s n o mpa s ’ pl u s qu e M a h o mme t : c ar ilz c o mme n 75 . D o nc s i ch a c u n e u s t c o n g n e u c e la l e pap e e u s t e s té pau vr e 11 y a l o ng . les tra diti o n s hu m ain e s : c a r s il n e st ’ ’ pas e ve s qu e pa r la pa r o ll e divin e mai s . c o mm e n o u s av o n s ve n p a r c y d e v ant . se u lem e nt pa r l e s tr a d ic io n s hu main e s .es t c o n s tr a int d e dir e P au l pape par .

e s t r e fa u s e s e t c o ntr e fait e s ar le s p p a p i s t e s c a r 11 e st la e c r it qu e Pi e rr e e s t o it a R o m me e n l an d e u xie s me d u ’ re gne d e Clau diu s d e mo u r a n t la . p o u r pr o u ve r qu e P i e r r e e sto it a Ro m me ilz d e mo n s tr e n t l e s e pi str e s C le me n ti n e s lesqu e lles n o u s p r o u v e r o n s . le qu el r e gn a cin q an s ap r es C aiu s . oi ent t o u s d e u x qu as i e n u n mesm e c t emps : mai s 1e pap e fu t e s l e u qu and t o u te s mau v ai ses e r r e u r s e s to ie n t gr an d es e n C h r e s tie n té To u te s fo is . vint e t cin q an s : mai s C hr i s t fu t c r u ci fié l an d e T ib eri u s d i xh u i tie sme ’ . 76 .

d es Ge n tilz Da va n ta g e Pa u l . . .Calig u la re gn a q u atre an s e t Cl a u d i . 77 . v o yo n s qu e l e u r hi s t o ir e e st fau se e t . . A . e s to i t e v e qu e d e s J u i fz n o mpa s d e s Gla a . ’ b e au c o u p d e pla c es qu il es t l Apo s tr e . n o u s pr o u v er o n s qu il n es t pas vr a y ’ ’ u e Cl e m e nt e c r i i t l i t es a q vo e s e p s r J a qu e s : c ar Ja qu e s e sto it m o r t d e v ant ’ l e vesqu e Cl e m e nt Au s sy saint Pi err e . . Ge n ti lz c a r saint Pau l s e g l o r i fie e n . u s d e u x c es t e n t o u t u n ze an s d e v ant ’ . . u e Pi err e fu s t a R o mm e : l a d ’ E n ' q t u S e ign eu r d i xh u itie s me P au l tr o u v a Pi er r e e n J er u sal e m : pa r qu o y n o u s Ga l 2 . ’ E ph 3 . 2 B .

78 . car c e n o n o b s t ant qu e l e di ab l e ( a c e ll e fin d e c o n fe r me r s o n p o v o ir ) ait inv e n té l e s e pi s tr e s Cl e m e ntin e s ( c o mbi e n qu e ll e s ’ s o ient c o ntr e fait es p a r l e s papi s t e s ) to u te s fo i s e d j yq u e D ie u p a r s a cle m e nc e e t b o nt é e nv e r s s e s e sl e u z a . e cr i va n t au x G a l a th i en s dit qu il s en ’ ’ a ll o i t e n Je r u sal e m a c e ll e fin d e v o ir Pi er r e : Pa r qu o y il e s t vr a y s e mblab le u e Pi e rr e p o u r la plu s par t d u t e mps q d e mo u r o i t a J e r u sal e m e t a u x li e u x ’ d a l e n to u r .Glt a a . M ai s v o ye z icy l a stu c e ’ d u di ab l e e t l e p o v o ir d e D i e u . ai n s s o u ffer t l e s e i s tr e s e s tr e e c r i t es y p . 1 . D .

c u n e s fo i s l e u r s main s e t a u c u n e s fo i . A . u e ch a c u n qu ia l e u l e s hi s t o ir e s poe u t q fa cil e m e nt c o mp r e n d r e e t e nt e ndr e qu e e ll e s e s to i e n t fe int es p a r l a s tu c e s e r pe n ’ tin e e t pa r au cu n s o b s tin e z e t a b o mi . s t o u t l e u r c o r ps e t a in s y fa is o ie n t a ccr o ir e a u x g e n s qu e l e s yma g e s fai te s d e b o i s l e s e n te n d o i e n t o u to u te . . 6 . q u e le s y m a e s a u c u n e s fo i g s t o u r n o i e nt l e u r s y e u x a u c u n e s fo is l e u r t e s te a u . ar u c . . n a b l e s papi s t e s Au s sy n o u s p o vo n s . ' v o ir l e u r as tu c e e n b e au c o u p d a u tr e s ch o s e s c a r qu o y qu e l e c r itu r e d ie qu e ’ les yd o l e s n o n t p o int d e vie ilz fa 1 s 0 1 e n t B ’ . 79 .

pu i s qu e n o u s v o yo n s 80 . M aint en ant . Dani el av e c d e s c endr es o u d u sabl o n i e B e l n e ma n e o i ’ ’ L hi r e de s to i pr o u vo t qu l ye d o l g t r ydd e Be l ' pas . ain s i oi a r l e s saint e s e c r i t g e p ur es et p arla c o n fe ss i o n d e pl u s i e u r s g e n s e t n o t o ir e e x pér i e nc e i . la ch o se e s to it fait e a vi z lesqu elles ( e n . mai s qu e l e s pr e str e s man n t . La T i er c e P ar ti e . t o u rn ant) fa iso ie n t t o u r n er l e s ye u x e t la t e s t e d e l yma g e ’ M ai s c o mme . l a e s té pr o u v é u e t o u t e s to i t fa it a vi z e t au tr e s i n q s tr u me n s .

n onse u l ement qu e Pierre n es t pas l e pri ’ n » ’ c i a l mai s a u ss i qu i l n e s to i ’ p . 81 . t pas a Ro mme (ve u qu i ” ’ l z di s e nt qu e l e pape ne oe u t pas me ntir ) n o u s v e r r o n s s i p e u xme s me s n o u t p a s c o n fe ssé qu e n u l ’ ’ n e d o it e s tr e p r i mat d e l e gl i se : c ar G r e go ir e premi e r d e c e n o m e cri . ' v o it qu e n u l n e d e vo it e s tr e pape : p o u r c e qu a l o r s qu e Gr e g o ir e e s to i ’ ' t e ve s qu e d e R o mm e e t M au ric e e mper e u r i 1 y . a vo i t b eau c o u p d h e r e s i ’ e s e n C hr e s tie n té a d o n e 1e patr i ar ch e e t e ve s qu e d e C o n s ta n tin o b l e pr é te n d o it d e s tr e ’ e ve s u e u niv e r sel au qu el M au r ice q .

tr e o u cin q c e n s a n s apr es C hr i s t i 1 e n a vo i pas u n e n t o u t l e m o nd e ’ n y t u ifu s t a in s i n o mmé E t au ss q u an d q . s to i e n t l o pini o n q u il fa u si s t av o ir n u ’ ’ pap e e t a u c u n e sfo is l e s e ve squ e s d e Ro m 82 . y il y a vo i t au c u n es c o n te n c io n s po u r la papau t é t ou s l e s g e n s s ca va n s d e t e . n e r a u x o u d o it a v o i r u n e v e s qu e u n i . v e r s e l qu ia i t n o m d e pap e la o u qu a . so i fa vo r i t: mai s Gr é g o i r e e cr i vit qu e n u l n e d e vo i t es t re p r incipal d e l e gl i se ’ . M ainte n ant qu e les papi s te s s o nt v aincu s ilz dis e nt qu e par l e c o n sent e m e nt d e s d o ct e u r s e t d es c o ncile s g e .

Ci pr i an u s si mplic i ta t ch a c u n e ve s qu e ti e nt po r c io n ca r c o m pr e l a to r . ’ té d e ’ l e gli se dit 1 1 y a u n e ve s qu e d o n t . ’ e st u n e . P ar e ille me nt l u y e sta n t e ve s qu e d e Car th a g e Cip ir a . ad C orn appelle l e v esqu e d e R o mm e s o n c o m . c e st ad i ’ r e J e s u s chr i s t. ’ 83 .me e u xm e s me s l e d e te s to i Au s s i ‘ ent . y ’ c o u lan s d u n e fo nt ain e ain s i l e gl i se . S aint C ipr i an é cr i vant d e l u n i . u n e.e s ta n t i ll u m in é e par la c larté d u S e ign e u r qu ies t e nd s e s rai s p a r t o u t l e m o nd e e t to u te sfo is la clar té es t . me i l y a pl u s i e u r s r ai s a u s o l i el e t . la cl ar té es t u n e pl u s i eu rs b r anch es e t n u ar b r e pl u s i e u rs r u s s e a u x d e .

t a nt qu il y a it u n p r imat ’ m o nd e : c a r l e mo nd e ( 2 u n e vi lle ’ q u A u s sy. E pi p r imat di sant S i s . c o m bi e n qu il y a it d e s e v e s qu e s a u x ’ ’ vill e s e t n ati o n s il n e s e n s u it pas p o u r . l es t q u es ti o n d a u . ’ ’ ad E va g th o r ité qu isera l e p r ima t d e l e gli s e ' ’ . Ch p a . ’ e v e s qu e d e R o mm e ab a i ss e l e s til e d u J e r on . p g D av ant a g e S aint J er o me a in o n . 47 . . 7 8 ad C o n s ant . An gu sti nu s e p ist .

Co mme nt d o nc es t c e qu e P i erre po vo it A g t a d u us . . . 7 6 M i au r ’ ’ on l a c cu s e d a vo i r c o mmu ni q u é av e c Pi 1 A er r e . . . Ci pm E p i t s ” mai s les p r ie S emb lab leme nt qu a nd . mar i e pa r . su cc esseu r P c ar Pi e rre e n s o n e pis tr e D A gut 8 3 us ad A v un co mmand e pas a u x m1 n 1 s tr e s d e D ie u . les Ge n tilz i1 n e b ru le pas ses a c c u s e u r A t 1 1 A . ns i l ob e i t d e o re 85 . ’ a va n ta g e nv o yé en A t 8 C c es . E ml ' e stre l e pr i mat o u l e pape es t re s o n . les s i e n s mai s il 8 6 ax c u s e e t m o n s t r e s u b m1 s s mn . c es .

( 111 6 8 1310 11 . s . Q u e dir ay pl u s P t o u s c o n s e n A g ti ‘1 us t ent e n u m j u squ e s a s ix c e n s an s apr es nu s e pi t 7 8 d s . e ve s u e d e R o mm e ab ai ss e l e s til e d u q J E pi t pr imat di sant e r on . 84 . ’ t ant qu il y a it u n pr imat d e t o u t l e ’ m o nd e : c a r l e mo nd e e s t plu s gr and lle A le C ’ q u u n e vi u s s y a u c o nci . C t on s an C h r 1 st qu e n u l n e d e v0 1 t es t r e pape . . . a v a nt a g e S aint J er o me ’ D a in o n p g .th a g e i l fu t c o ncl u qu e n u l n e s e r o i . c o mbi en qu il y a it d e s e ve s qu e s a u x ’ villes e t n ati o n s i1 n e s e n s u it pas p o u r . . d e ar Ch p 47 a . t app e lle pr e mi e r o n p r imat d es e ve s qu e s . a . a d E g va th o r i té qu isera l e pr imat d e 1 e gli se ’ ’ . .

76 d M a i au r . o n l a c cu s e d a vo i ’ ’ r c o mm u ni qu é av e c Pi er r e 1 . ad A vi an c o mmand e pas a u x m1 n 1 s tr e s d e D i eu . . 1 ob e it a le u r d e c r e t . D av ant ag e qu and il e s to it e nv o y é e n ’ A c te 8 8 C . At c es 11 A . les Ge n tilz i1 n e b ru le pas ses a c c u s e u r s . ad E u l ol es tr e l e pr l ma t o u l e pa pe e s tr e s o n . C i p i E pi t r a . s mai s l e s p r ie S e mblab l e ment qu and . c o mm e l e pap e fa it les s i e n s mai s i l se e x c u se e t m o n s tr e s u b m i ss i o n . S a ma r i e p a r ses c o mpa gn o n s i . s u cc ess e u r P c a r Pi e rr e e n s o n e pis tr e n e A u t 83 gu s . . 85 . . . A .C o mme nt d o nc es t c e q P i e re p o vo it u e r A u gu s t .

t t e ll e J 6 . Dani e l (1e m i e u x aym e d e Ba l z a sa r ) vi t u n e vi s i o n laqu ell e e s to i . Q u art e P arti e . De c es t ab o min ab le e t diab o li qu e pape l e c r itu r e n o u s a ass e z pl e in ement ’ de m o n s tr e e n b e au c o u p d e pla c e s d e s . l e s qu atr e v e n s d u ci e l c o mb a to i ent e n la gr and ma ir . qu e ll es j é d e mo n s tr e r a y au cu n e s main t e n ant Pr e mie r e me n t a u s e ptie s me . ch ap itr e d e Dani e l 11 e s t d e mo n s tr é qu e . e t qu at r e b es t es s o r tire nt d e la t err e La prem i ere e s to it . v e y dit Dani e l e n ma vi s i o n e t v o i sy . La . 86 .

7 A . e t f o r t e grand e men t . t to u t es ch o s es . b es t e e s toi t s e mb labl e a n u O u r s e t 0 6 . p e sm e b es te e s to i t e po u ve n ta b l e te rr ible . me tto i t d ess u s u n c o sté a t o n l u y di t . Da n . mange b e au c o u p de ch air La ti er c e . ’ h o mme l u y fu t d o nn é La se c o n d e . e s to it sem b lab le a u n e Le o par d e e t a v o i t ’ s u r s o n d o z qu a t re esl e s d o s e a u x e t y ladit e b est e a vo it qu atre t es t e s . Apres j e r e g a r d o is e t voic y la qu a tr l . d u n Aigle e t j e v o yo i ’ s j u squ es a c e qu e les e sl e s e s to ie n t o sté e s e t l s c u e u r d u n . E lle a vo it gr ans d en s d e f e r e t de vor o i . 87 .c o mme u n e Lio n n e s se e t a vo it l e s e sle s .

h e me s M a i s e r e a r do i s j u squ e a p . . Apres j e r e g a r d o is dit Dani e l l e j u g e . t emps Le s qu a tr e v e n s e t l e s . c di sent ) sig n ifie n t l e s qu atre m o n ar 88 . . .Ic e l l e di x co r ne s e t vo ic y u n e pe a vo i t tit c o rn e mo n to i t e ntr e e ll e s e t d e v o . qu atre b es t es ( c o mm e M e lancht o n ( E c o l a mp a d i u s e t t o u t es g e n s s a va n s . r o it t r o i s c o r n es e t a vo i . ment d e la c o r n e e t la b e s t e e s to it . g ’ c e qu e l a nci e n d e t emps e s to i t ass i s . t d eu x y e u x e t u n e b o u ch e laqu e lle pa r l o it b las . tu ée e t b r u l é e a n fe u S a vi e n e d u r c it qu n n t e mps d eu x t e mps e t d e my ’ .

La tie r c e s ig n ifio it l e mpir e d e s ’ G r e c z l e q u e l e s to i . e . an s o u Na b u c h o d o n o s o r tint l empire .chi es La prem ier e e sto it d es Ass ir i . I au qu e l ( ap r es av o ir es t e l o n g t e mps fait b e s t e ) l e c u cu r d u n h o mme f u t ’ d o nn é La s e c o nd e b e s t e s ign ifi o it l em . E t les qu atre e sles e t qu atr e t e s t e s s i nifi e n t l e s qu at r e e mper e u r s ap r es g Alexandr e e n la M o n ar chie d es Gre e r c ar S e l e u cu s f u t f a it r o y d e Syr ie ’ . Pto l o mé e d E g i A o n e d As s i ’ ’ p te ntig . Cassandr e d e Gr e c e : La qu a tr ie s me 89 . ’ pire d e s P ersan s laqu e ll e e s to it tr es cru e . ll e . t bi e n to s t g aign e . ’ ’ .

Antichr i s t a d e u x y e u x . c es t a dire ’ l o P ape e t Ma h o mme t : c ar c o m bi e n qu e l e Pap e n e parle pas a l e n c o n tr e C hri s t ’ . c e l u y qu in o u s fi a tte es t n o s t re e nn e my (j a go it c c qu il semble estre n o s tre ’ amy ) ain s i l e pap e qu e s e dit s e rvit e u r d es servi teu rs d e D i eu e st e n n e my d e . o mme M a h o mme t f ait to u te s f o i s ( c ) j e dy qu e l e P ap e e s t au ss i bi e n o u pl u s Antichr is t qu e Ma h o mme t E t c o mme . t u n e pe tit e c o r n e . laqu e lle e st An tichri s t.b es t e si n i fie la t errib le m o n ar chi e d es g Ro mma i n s h o r s d e laqu ell e mo n to i . C hri s t : Po u r ta nt qu e s o u s l u mbr e ’ 9O .

t o u t es au t re s tr a ditio n s S o n t e mps . . li e n d o it es tre ain s i e nt end u u e le s M 13 q. cr i si e . j o u rs ser o nt a b b r é g é z . p o u r t ant l e . . ' 91 . s e p t s o nt tr o i s e t d em y . j u s te t o m b e s e p t fo i s e n n u j o u r c es t a . s e r a u n t e mps d e u x t e mps e t u n d e . d e r eligi o n il me t en v o gu e t o u t e ypo . . ar c . my t e mps : c e s t a dir e qu e les j o u rs s e ’ a r o nt a b b r é g éz : c a r l e n o mb r e d e s ep t es t pr in s p o u r u n n o mb r e parf ait e n l ér i tu r e co mm e S aint P au l dit . .di ss i mu lati o n e t yd o l a tr ie av e c . Le ’ . 2 . ’ dire b eau c o u p d e f o i s E t la mo ytié d e . S aint Pa u l au ss i e n d eu x e pis tr e s pr o p h é ti se du 2 Th e ssa l o .

. u e l h o m me d e pe ch e n e s o it r e vé l é 1e ’ q . e t s e s l e ve r a s u s t o u t j u squ e s a es tr e ’ 92 . Au ss y me s fr e r e s n o u s vo u s p r i o n s pa r l a ve n e me n t d e n o s tr e S e ign e u r qu e ’ . e spr it n a r o lle n e i s tr e c o mme y p . . i l dit . s i la j o u r n é e d e C hr i s t e s to it pr es . ne s o é z to s t e s me u z e n v o s tr e e nt end e y ment e t qu e n e s o yez tr o u b l é z n y p a r . Q e n u l n e v o u s s e d u ise au c u n e me nt : u car le o u r n e vi e ndr a p o int u e pr e mi e r e q ment n e s o it v e nu u n d e par t e m e n t e t . e r e me n t Pr e mi e cr i va n t au x T h e ssa l o n l e n s . fil z d e p e r diti o n e t l a ve r s a i r e d e D i eu ’ . y p . .pape .

Au s s y S aint P a u l e c r i va n t a T im o th e e dit e n c e s t e mani ere . sa n s a u x d o ctr in es d u di ab le par l y ’ o cr is i e d e plu s i e u rs u iparle nt me n p q s o nge s d e f e n d a n s mar i age .ass i s au t emple d e D i eu e tc . Or l e s pr it d e m o n ’ s tr e n o ta mme n t qu a u x d e r ni e r s j o u rs - ’ mo th 1 Ti . . d e z a u n ch a cu n s i l e pape n a pas d e f ’ fe nd u d e mang e r au cu n es vi an d es e n au c u n s t emps e t ch a cu n v o u s dira . e t mang er au c u n es ch o ses l e squ elles D i e u a cr é é e s p o u r e n u s e r a n fi d e les av e c a ctio n d e gr a c e Deman . 93 . . ’ au cu n s d e f a u dr o n t d e la fo y s am u .

’ bi e n sent u Au s s y t o u ch ant la pr o . . 16 . v o n s qu a u x d e rni e rs j o u rs il vi endra ’ 2 Pi erre 3 . ’ 94 . p r e s tr e s S a int . A su s 1a t er r e : p o u r t a n t i . qu e ou y. Pi e r re dit n o u s s a c . La p r e mi e r e fi o l l e e s to it la m o n ar chie d es A s si a n s la o u l e p e u pl e d Is r a e l r i . hi bi ti o n d e mar i a ge d e mand e z a u x . S aint Ja n . c ar 1a pl u s pa r t l a bi e n ’ se n me n te r o is ' tu ou pa j r a ve n tu r e e ne pas s i j e d is o is qu e t o u s qu as i l o nt . e n l A oc a l i s e dit u e s e p t an g e s j e t ’ p p q te r e n t s e p t fi o ll e s d i n d i n a ti o n de s ’ g Ap oc . A d es m o qu e u r s e tc . l e s t vr a ys e m b l a b l e qu e la s ignifi c a ti o n e s t t elle .

La qu ar t e fi o l l e e sto it la m o n ar chi e d es Ro mma in s laqu e lle l Ap o c a l ips e ’ ( ac a u s e d e s a gr a nd e u r ) dit qu elle e s to i ’ t j e tté e s u r l e s o l e il La c n u i i q e s me es t l e pape n o s tr e An tichri s t La s ixie s me .d e vint c ap tif s c u z Ne b u ch o d o n Os o r . La se c o nd e fi o ll e e sto i t la m o n ar chi e d es P er san s La tr o isie s me fio ll e e s to i . La s e ptie s me fi o ll e sig n ifi e la fin d u mo n d e e t j o u r d u j u dg ement Au ch ap itre . t la mo n a c h ie d es G r e c z laqu elle mo n ar c hi e Al e x and r e a i n a l e pre m i er g g . fi o l l e es t l e r o y au me d e M a h o mme t . e n su ivant i1 d e m o n s tr e c o mme 1e sept 95 .

. h o nn eu r e t r ich esses d u pap e : . Le s dix 96 . ’ nes . C e s t e fe mme e sto it o r n ée d o r . La p a ill ar d e d e Ba b ilo n e m e r e d es ab o m in atio n s Les s e p t t es t e s s ign i . s e a n te s u r u n e b es t e pl e in e d e n o ms d e b lasph e me ay ant s e p t t e s t es e t dix c o r . ‘ fi e n t les s e p t m o nt aign e s su r lesqu el les Antich ris t d e m e u re c a r R o mme es t e di fié e s u r sep t mo nt aign es . e t ’ p o u r pre e t te n o it u n e c o u ppe d o r e n . s a main pl e in e d es ab o m in ati o n s d e la t er r e : elle a vo it c e r it e n s o n fr o nt . e s me i ang e l u y d em o n s tra 1e s i e g e . . car i 1 dit qu il vo yo i t u n e f emme s e ’ 17 A .

d g S eign eu r d 1 s a n t Ba b i .c o r n es s o n t l e n om b re d es r o i s qu is o nt a l e n c o n tr e d e l Agn e a u l e s qu e l z l A ’ ’ ’ . 1 q u a u x d ern i ers t emps les h o mmes ’ . 97 . ’ a u fe u a 1 n S1 a b o n esp o ir u e le r o j y q y a u me d An ti ch r is t ser a d e s tr u i t : c ar ’ c o mbi e n qu e les mau v ai s a y ent pro s é ri té p o u r u n t emps leu r re gn e n e p . . n e a u b a ttit e t v a in qu it : c ar i l es t l e g e s ro i s A o n c vin t l An e d u ’ r o y d . 1 1a l o y du S e ign eu r to u sj o u r s leu r pro s . 2 Pi er r e 3 . sera pas l o ng : mai s c eu x qu ie s tu die n t De u t er o . sy e c r i va n t a Ti mo th é e dit Or sa ch ez ' . é ri té sera l o ngu e S a int Pa u l au s ‘ p . 18 . m 3 2 Ti . l o n e es t t o mb ée Ap oc .

E n la premi e r e par ti e d e n o s tre livr e n o u s av o n s d é claré e t pr o u v é c omm e 98 . me r o n t mesmes e t sero nt ava ’ s ay eux . Is a ie 1e p r o p h e t e dit qu e C h r i st Is a i . b att era la t err e d e la v er g e d e s a b o u ch e . g . . e t o c c ir a l h o mme mau v ai s par ’ l e Spr i ’ t s o rt ant d e s a b o u ch e .e 11 A . . . la d é s tr u c tio n d e Ba b i l o n e e t no u s . e tc . C o ncl u sio n . c o nt ent er d e la vo u l o n té d u S e ign eu r . ri cie u x va n te u r s o r g u e ille u x i n r a tz . Pu i s d o nc qu e n o u s vo yo n s qu e l e r e n e d An ti r i n e d e mo u r r a pas ’ g c h s t p o u r j amai s il n o u s f au lt att e ndr e . .

u n Antichri s t . p mm a u té . prio n s l e seign eu r qu il pré 99 . e t tira n a b o ’ m in ab le . E n la tr o isie s me par tie n o u s avo n s pro u v é par leu r s dit z m esmes qu ila’ n e d é vr o ie n t pas av o ir l a . E n la s e co nd e n o u s av o n s pr o u v é qu i lz’ ne e ve n t a l l e g u e r qu elqu e vr a t es p y mo i g g q na e u e P i erre a it e s t é a R o mme . E n la qu a tr ie s me parti e n o u s av o n s d e mo n str e les pr o p h e s i es parlant es d e l An ti ’ chr i st . Pu i s do nc qu e l e P ape e s t l e vr a y fil z d u di ab le h o mme . mau vai s . i t pas l e ’ ’ Pi e rre n e sto primat d e l e gli se. c o n fu les rai s o n s p a pistiqu e s ta n s .

e t l o u ang e . s o it gl mr e h o nn e u r . s inc e r e . . e mpir e .ser ve c eu x qu ion t ve n la lu mi ere . p o u r to u sj a ma is Amen . Fini s . e t e n l au tr e ’ m o nd e s o it participant d u r o y au me e t ern al pa r J es u s C hri s t n o s tr e S e ign eu r au qu el av e c l e per e e t la saint espr it . . e t pu re lu m i e r e : a c e ll e fin qu e t o u t l e m o nd e e n c e s t e V I8 gl o r ifie D i eu . e n la l u mi e re : e t qu il m o n s tr e a c eu x qu i ’ s o nt e n t e n ebr es la vr a y e .

.

.

.

.

s m To h i o st de ar an d w e ll b e l ov e d U n cl e . n on E a th a fte G o d H e a d of th e C h u ch of E gl a n d a n d r r . Al s & th y a s o th ms l v s w h il s t th y fo s k th p e ar e e e e . . r n of I e l a n d r . au ea n s ec n e e Th s s l o ie s d s o d h p t h d h pp d to h im a n an . a a ene . an ec n c a er . . p r o te c tor of h is K i n g d o ms C o u n tr i e s a n d S u b j e c t s . en n i t i fli g Sp o t s n r d Di v s i o s f o m w h n om s r an er n . n r n . e r a e e u r e v o i e of thc G o sp l d foll o w th i e w im gi ti o s e . Edw a r d D u k e of S o me s e t Go ve r n o u r of h is p e r s on a n d r . . or an n a e e er mi d t o mpl o y my s l f b o t th d o i g s o m th i g w hi h n e e e a u e n e n c w il l b ( I h o p ) p o fi e t b l t o as m y s l f d p t b l e r a e e . l a d Fr a c e n a d I ela d . a m y n W en fi m m c n er e a e se e an & ch r it Anti s nd it s Tr a di: ' a w b e e n pl e a s e d “ tw h ic h Go d h a th Lig li ' zd ' ' é. o u ( w h h w m en d th i ves l B i s h o p as) t h t t h t f a ll i ge e u n er a a a a n a w y w h i h St P a l sp ks of i h i s o d E p i s tl t o th c . . n r . aii ‘ ti an d f o l lo th e t o w r te s ome th in g t o d e fe n d 1 Efl g ai n st th e ir c on t u me l i e s a n d l a y th e m ( a s it i s j u s t) . D e fe d e of th e F a ith a d n . as i s mo s t id t f om B o i f th Th i d w h e v th o g h t en r n a ce e r . Aft g o s id d ( m d er h a vi n d w l l b l ov dc n er e y e ar an e e e U l ) h w m h th y d i sp l n c e o G d w h w st l l th i u c e e a se o o a e a e r tim th foll i s d e on iti s of th i s w o l d sp d i g it e e an va n e r . r e n ce c e no p o fi t b fi t t o th ms l v s m k id . an e r o n a n a n . an a cc e a e u n to y H vi g t h o s i d d th t w ou . E d w a r d th e S i xth b y th e gr a c e o f G o d K i n g of E n g . I h v d t r or en e e e e .

1 04

s lfe . S i t P l s ith W b s h y b th
Fo r a n by
au a ,
e e eec ou r e r en ,

th o mi g of
e c L o d th t y b
n t s oo sh k i
ou r r ,
a e e n o n a en n

mi d n b , t o b l d ith b y sp i it
or e r by w o d n
u e ,
n e er r ,
n or r ,
or

b y l tt e th t th d y of C h i s t i s t h d L t
er ,
as a e a r a an . e no

m d
an i y b y y m s ; f th t d y sh l l t
e c e ve ou an e an or a a a n o

c o m x p t th e , e o m f l l i g w y fi s t d th t M
ce er e c e a a n a a r , an a an

of Si b n l d th e S of P diti o ; w h x l t th
r e ve a e ,
e on er n o e a e

h i ms l f b o v e ll th t i s
a l l d G d s o th t h
e a G d a ca e o ,
a e ,
as o ,

s itt th i th t mpl of GOD &
e n e e e ,
c .

N o tw ith s t d i g h fol l o w d h i w p o d i m g i
an n e e s o n r u a na »

ti o s d f i s
n an d di d t fo s k h i
an c e o s wh i h
, an n o r a e s er r r ,
c

h k w to b
e n e y wi k d e ve r c e .

C o s i d e r in g th n b y y o l if
n d ti o s th t y h a e u r e an ac n
,
a ou ve

a g t Aff ti o to th d i i w o d d th e si
r e a ec n R li e v n e r
,
an n ce r e e

g i o n

t k it i
a e n e

pp fl m m
,

a d sh o w h i b
n
g sv eni on r e er .

F om d f T al d t W s tmi st
r o Lo d th i s l s t
a e a e n er ,
1n n on ,
a

d y of A g st 1 5 4 9
a u u , .

S m ll T ti s A g i s t th A a r ea e a n e

P im y of th Po p r ac e e .

W m y sil y fi d e d p a i b y th xp i
ea of n an e r c e ve e e er e n ce

th w o l d th t h m
e r t ,i s d i sp o s d t o ll vil s
a du an n a u r e e a e ,
an

en t gl d b y ll m
an e of vi s F w h t ti o i s a ann er ce . or a n a n

th i th
er e th i w h i h th
n i s t s o m vi
e e ar d n c er e n o e ce , an

m y d i so d s
an A d p i ip l l y i th i s g b
r er s w n r nc a n a e ecau e no

th i s s h
er e x l t ti o of th G t Emp i of A ti h i st
u c an e a a n e r ea r e n c r :

w h i h i s th so
c of ll vil th fo t i of ll b o mi
e u r ce a e , e u n a n a a n a

ti o d t
n ,
of th d vil F w h G d h d s t
an r u e so n e e . or en o a en

hi o ly S
s to h l
n i fi mi ti
on d to o il th ea ou r n r e s, a n r ec nc e e

w o ld rt o h ims l f b y h i d th th d vil i s t tl y
u n e s ea ,
e e n an

ch g d th i s tit ti o s of Ch i s t i t o h m t d iti o s
an e e n u n r n u an r a n ,

1 05

an p v t d th H ol y S ip t s t h i p p o s e s d
d er er e e cr u r e o s u r an

d s i g s b y h i mi i s t
e n th
,
P op A d th fo i f th s n er e e . n er e r e e

A s t o l o g s ( w h m i t i th t ll th i gs sh l l
r er t to o a n a n a a n a r e u r n

th i w l m t ) y t th th P o p sh l l d s d
e r o n e e en sa a r u , e e a e ce n

i t o h ll f h
n e ot b l o g to G d
: b hi
or e ca n n e n u n o ,
or e s

s v t w h il s t d th p t
er an ,
of R l i gi o d th u n er e r e e n ce e n an e

co mm d of G d h s ps t o h i ms l f th
an th o ity o ,
e u u r u n e e au r

of C h i st pp s i ll h i w o ks
r ,
as a e ar n a s r .

Th fo it s m d b s t t o m i th i s l ittl b oo k fi st t o
er e r e ee e e e n e ,
r

co d m th P p y d ft w d s th d o t i of th
n e n e a ac an a er ar e c r ne e

s id Po p Th o gh I m t i g o t th t it i s d iffi l t
a e . u a no n r an a a cu

t sk b
a ,
s th m y th t w i ll o t d i t it
e cau e t er e ar e an a c n r a c : no

w ith st d i g w w i l l o d m th S p m y of th P o p
an n e c n e n e u r e ac e e ,

f om th fol l o w i g R s o s
r e n e a n .

Fir s t P a r t Th e .

Fi r s t th e n w h e r e a s th e p a p i s t s s a y th a t R o me i s th e
, ,

mo th e of a ll o th e r c h u r c h e s a n d th e r e fo r e th e bi sh o p
r ,

of R ome o u gh t t o b e s u p e r io u r t o a l l o th e r bi sh o ps I ,

a n s w e r th a t it i s i mp o ss ib l e b e c a u s e th e fi s t p r o mi s e w a s , r

ma d e u n to th e J e w s An d R om e w a s h e a th e n w h e n J e r u
s a l e m w a s C h i stia n ; fo r S t Pau l w r itin g t o th e R o ma n s
r .
,

s a ys ( Ro m x i ) thr ou g h the ir f u ll s a l va tion 26 come u n to the
. .
,

G e n ti le s An d b e c a u s e th e p a p i s t s c a n n o t p r o ve R o me t o
.

h a ve b e e n th e mo th e r of a ll th e o th e r c h u r c h e s th e y ,

th e e for e s a y th e bi sh o p of R ome h a th r e c e ive d h is p o w e r
r

fr o m S t P e te r : t o w h om h a d b e e n g i ve n th e s a me
.

A u th o r ity w i th C h r i s t a n d r e ma i n s in th e s a i d bi sh o p of ,

R o me t o th i s d a y w h ic h th e y e n d e a vo u r t o p r ove o u t of ,

th e s e foll o w i n g t e xt s ( M a t x vi) Thou cur t P e te r a n d u p o n . .
,

thi s Ro ch I w i l d my c hu r c h s a ith C h i s t a n d a l ittl e
ll b u i ,
r ,

a fte r An d I w i ve the e the ke ys of the E ng ol a m of H e a ve n
ll g i
'

,

An d th e y a ll e g e th a t o th e r p l a c e o f S c r i p tu r e w h e r e ,

1 06

P t s ys t o Ch i s t L d th k w t th t I l v Th
e er a r ,
or ,
ou no es a o e ee :

s yi g th t h th t l ov s Ch i s t i s th h i f d P t
a n a e a e r e c e , an e er

l o vi g C h i s t mo
n th y of thr o th ,
p o s tl s l ov d r e an an e er a e e

hi m i s th ,
fo th h i f d p i i p l of th p o stl s
er e r e e c e an r nc a e a e .

Ag i th y ffi m th t h o l y w
a n ,
e omm d d t o f d
a r a e n as c an e ee

th sh e p of Ch i s t d b th fi sh of m
ee d th t h
r , an e e er en , an a e

w as th fi s t sp k e d m d rsw to J s s ( L k ea er ,
an a e an er e u u e

xxii) B h l d h ,
tw w d e f om w h
o th P p i s t s
er e ar e o s or s r e n ce e a

c o l d th t P t h d t mp o l d sp i it l s w o d
nc u e a e er a a e r a an a r u a r .

Th y l l g e l s o s om h m
a e s o s th t th B s
e a e u an r e a n ,
a as e ee

h v a K i g so l l C h i s ti s o gh t t o h v
e on e n ,
P op a r an u a e on e e .

A d th t
n th e w of l d mo gs t th J w s ( E xo d
a as er as o a n e e .

a p i i p l p i s t bi sh op ( M o s s d A o ) s o w
r nc a r e or as e an ar n ,
n o

it i s ss y th sh o l d b bi sh op of th bi sh ops
n e ce ar er e u e a e .

H tw g
e r e ar e t f l s h oo d s i th s f w w o d s th o r ea a e n e e e r e

on e i s th t th th o ity d s p m y ov th Ch h
,
a e au r an u r e ac er e u r c

w as giv t o S t P t ; th o th th t P t w t R om
en . e er e er a e er as a e .

T th fi s t w h
o eth y y th t th r , th o ity w g i er e e sa a e au r as ve n

hi m b y t h s w o d s Th o r t P t e & e I s w r , u a e er , c .
, an er

th t i f y
a m k th p di g
ou d fo l l o w i g w o d s
r e ar e r e ce n an n r

( M t x vi) i th t h p t
a . of th Go sp l y w il l fi d
. n a c a er e e , ou n

th t C h i s t d i
a d t s p k of P t
r h w b ly no ea e er , as e as ar e a

m anb t h w
,
b li
u f asth fo go i g w o de as a e e ve r : or e r e n r s

ar e h w P t
,
h d s i d Th
o t th eS f G d by
er a a ,
ou ar e on o o :

w h i h it i s vi d
c t th t C h i s t d id t e
y th t P t enw a r no sa a e er as

th fo e d ti o of th h h b t sp k of th f ith of
u n a n e c u r c ,
u a e e a

Pt e Th fol l o w i g w o d s d l
er . h w Ch i s t
e ll d n r ec ar e o r ca e

P t s t b t th h h of G d i s t fo d d p o
e er a an , u e c u r c o no u n e u n

sa t th fo it i s t fo d d p o P t
an , er e r e f i f th n o u n e u n e er : or e

c h h w
u r c fo d d p o S t P t it w o l d h v w k
as u n e u n . e er ,
u a e a ea

fo d ti o
u n d l i k th t h o s
a n s d y fo d ti o th t
, an ,
e a u e ,
a an u n a n a

c o l d t st d l o g ( M t vii) b t th fl d m d
u n o an n a . . u e oo s ca e, a n

th w i d b l w
e d h t p
n s th t h e d itf l l
, I l ik
an ea u on a ou s e , a n e . n e

m w o l d th
an n e r C h h f ll i f it h d s o poo fo
u e u r c a , a r a u n

o en e r r e . n c a c u n S t P l l l s S t P t ( G l ii ) th p ill . s to n e will I b i ld my u c hu r ch . n o u n d ti o a of th c h h . e e e ' r . A d wh t n e th e k y s of h a v th ar th o ity of p d o e e a en . 1 07 d a ti o n . b t of th f i th u e a of P t . t o w h o m G d s t h i s i c e m n er er e n o en s n er co m dm t an d g o sp e l h en o p e d t th w h i h i s th e s an . e w h i h th er u po de d n F he wa c e ch h i s fo ur c u n . M o r e o ve r w e w ll i p r ove th a t th e p r e ac h in g . an d up on thi s . c e s e a g o sp l a d th e t th of th S i p t s e n th o l y g te s r u e cr u r e ar e e n a th t o d c t m t o th k i gd o m of G o d V Vh a c n u en St e n ’ e n ce P l s y s ( R m x ) Wh v h ll l l p th mf . e ve th b u t b e li on m tha t j hi u st i fie th the u n g o d ly . e er a . r s o d t xt i s th t th e k e y s of h e av w ec n e . hi s f a i th i s c ou n te d f or r i h t g e ou sn e ss . or s f il d w k ve ss l w h d i d C h i st th ic Th e i i a r a an ea e . n a e u n an u n er an n of th S i p t e s w h i ch i f th y o b y d ( 2 C o ii ) th y e cr u r . oso e er s a ca u on e na e o the L or d s ha l l be sa ve d . au a o . mu st n ot b e u n de r st oo d of P t e er . n as en r en . n o s rn r . . An d i n th e u r th fo ch a p t t o th R o m s h er e an e a l so s ith a ( Ro m . . . r ac n e th F t h e e th g osp l I y of G d o t th Po p s o a r . o c an r a e e w gi ve er e t o l y to P t b t n l s o t o th n o o th n e er . e sh o l d th by b e s a v d By w h i h w e th t th e u er e e . e en ru . i v . c g te of h e a v a A d he g v t o h im en d st d i g . Thou ar t P e te r . H o w th e n s ha l l the y ca ll on mi Hi n w h o m the y ha ve n ot b eli e ve d ? An d ho w s ha ll the y b e l i e ve i n . e g an d h i g b y th w oe ar n e r d of Go d . e au r ar n ig i ? N n it i s th e p e h i g of th e g o sp l of Go d s n o. . e ar . cau th o ity of e e r e r e ce e a e au r th k ys th t w e e ommitt d t o h im O w h i h c o t a as c e . e e . By w h i ch on e ma y se e f o m th s r e o d s i th e e w r n t e xt . n ar u en an er a e a n p i ip l b e s th s t r nc a i v d th e s m . . ) m tha t w o r ke th Bu t to h i n o t. Hi m of w ho m th e y ha ve n ot he a r d ? A n d ho w s ha ll the y he a r tho u t a p r e a che r ? wi An d a l ittl e s So f a te r h e a it h . o . er n e . g iv t o S ta en er e en . h i omp i o n e t h i g o ve o u r c s c an n . u a e er a p o stl s A d b y th i s g m t I s w th t h w s o t e . au ca t th e fo. Pe t e ( M t r T wh i h I a s w e th t th k ys . n e e ’ r d v il s e A d ’ wh a d oo i s op e v y o w h o w ill . sa . th e n f ith o m th a c b y h e a r in . m y e t a th i .

. . o b stin a t e a n d p e r ve r s e th e y c a n o t i mp u t e th e fa u l t u n t o n th e S cr i p tu r e s th a t i s r e a ll y i . 1 08 of th e g o sp e l i s th e ke y of h e ve I th a n . . or st on e s ( M a t x iii M a k iv Lu k e viii ) a n d y e t . A g a i n P a u l a ffir ms th a t fa ith j u s ti fi e s a n d th a t th e . b ap ti sin g the m i na me . . . . oe er ca ll s up o n the na me of the L o r d s ha ll th a t th e p r e a ch i n g of be s a ve d . . A ll p o we r i s gi ve n u n to M e in he a ve n a n d i n e a r th . Si n ceth e n it i s pr o ve d th a t th e k e y s of h e a ve n IS th e . a l th o u gh it b e s o w e d on s u ch g o u n d it w il l a l ittl e r . th e h e a r t s of h o e s t p e o p l e o r su c h a s h a ve a n . a n d te a ch a l l n a ti o n s . r th a n t o th e o th e r d i s c i p l e s An d S t P a u l s a y s h e w a s . au l a ffi ms th t Wh v r a . th e g o sp e l i s th e w a y a n d e n tr a n c e of s a l va ti o n . . n o t c a s t i n t o th e g o u n d w h i c h i s f u l l of th i s tl e s o r th o r n s r . . . w h i c h of th e m w a s th e b e tt e I sh o u l d s a y P a u l b e c a u s e r . . . t e x t ( M a t x vi) a n y mo e a u th or ity w a s g ive n t o P e te r . e al fo r z t u th it w il l c o n fi r m th e m in a l l g oo d n e s s b u t i f a n y b e r . g o n my ye the r ef o r e . Th e n i f h e s a i d n o t a w hi t b e hi n d the ve r y chi ef e s t ap os tl e s . . an d th e g o sp e l i s th e d oo r t h a t l e a d s t o th e i n v o c a ti o n of th e n a me of G o d Wh e n c e it foll ow s th a t th e p r e a c h in g of . . n e e i gh th ch a pt er t th e R om o s P an . a s it i s w r i tt e n M a tt xxviii M k i L u ke xx i v ) ( a x v . . a u th o r it y of pr e a c h i n g a n d th a t th e a u th o r ity of p r e a c hin g . . r . h e p r e a c h e d mor e th a n th e m a ll . r . . . n th e ms e l ve s . w a s g i ve n t o a l l th e a p o s tl e s I c a n n o t s e e h o w b y th a t . . tr u e S t Pe te r w a s n o t a b ove h im An d if I w e r e a sk e d . . . B u t w e o u gh t to . me l i o r a te th e e a r th S o i f th e w o r d of Go d b e s ow e d in . . pr e a c h in g of th e g o sp e l c a u s e s fa ith ( w h i c h I h a ve sh e w n b e fo e ) w h e n c e it f ol l o w s th a t th e t r u e p e a ch in g of th e r r Wo r d is th e d oor a n d e n tr a n c e t o j u s ti fic a ti o n L ik e a s . gr ou n d w h i ch i s s o w e d ma y pr o d u c e f u it i f th e s e e d b e r . Th e r e fo r e w e o u g h t t o d o o u r u tmo s t e n d e a vo u r s t o c a u s e th e g o sp e l t o b e p r e a c h e d th r o u gh o u t a ll th e w o r l d .

c . an n e ee e P op J e s s p i d t ib t ( M t e . . . Ch i s t w e i s d f om a sa a a er r as r a e r th d d h e sk d ( J h xxi ) w h l ov d h im d th t ea . an a e a e r of G d w h i h fil l e d S t P t e fil l e d l s o S t P l f om o c . emp o s a d ll s t t s of p so s er r . u e r ec e i ve s d p ys n o e . e. f o it i s th e d ty an u er n r u an d offi c of ve y t e Ch i s ti e N w th e q e sti o i s e r r u r an . e u ea e a d is e a s e s ( L ke th e P o p e j o i c e s i bl oo d a d u r e n n . r wh m y b p ove d th t e ith e n ce a of th m w s p i o e r a n er e as u er r t o th e o th er . b t th P op d ks h ims l f an u n u e e ec e w ith t i pl e a ow d r d o d b y k i gs p i cr s n . an a e u u mo k d c d sp it p o e Hi m . sts i h i C s tl e of S t A g l o J s s h l d l l ' an d r e n s a . P op y o g or v i ol e n c e . e er . b t w h th r u r he w p i ip l h d an u e er as r nc a . u b t tha Pope r u e a . n e . u . g ov e o d ki g a b ov a d ov r n r . an u r e r e a th o w r p o H im i d i si o n u d n l l th m l tit d e n er n . b t h e g d s b t l ittl e e c n n e u r e ar u th p e p t of G d ( Jo h vi) f J e r ce d p t d it o . an a P t e sw e d h l ov d h im a d th fo e ( y th y ) h er an r e . J s s o p d h i mo th an a d n . or e su s e ar e n o a mo u n ta i n a lon e . au . J e su s w or e a of th o s d a p pl o b w s cr ow n r n . w he n ve d the Je w s w ou ld ma ke he p e r c e i m a hi hi ng an d e mp e r o r An d th e . b wr n . r a n er an o gh t t o h v th s p m cy o v e v y o th b e s u a e e u r e a er er er . e r . . e e . ea . e u a e s d i s c i p l e s f e t ( J o h x iii ) d k i gs k i ss th f t of th ’ e . n er e r sa e e w th as h i f p o s tl eBy w hic h e s o c e ev y g oo d m a e . e a e o . . o e . th an e s t of th e p o s tl s n e n er e r a e an d mi i s t s of J s s Ch i s t ? F n er if th P op w o l d e u r or e e u h ve th e a th o ity of S t P t w h i h w a t o p ch I au r . P te w f ith f l p i o s g oo d a h ol y d r e r as a u . Ag i th P p i s t s a n y th t ft . w o ld b u o t e t t o giv it h im . 1 09 a cc o t c e t i l y th t th Sp i it of Go d w p o e d o t u n r a n a e r as u r u u p o th e m l l ( G l ii A t s ii ) d th t th s m sp i it n a a . e a e s e a e . h a t h ma d e all na ti o s s b j t t o n u ec u n m hi . . c s r ea . an IS a r e n . o u n n o t w h e th e . r n ce . or d e c e it . e u ene s u an t gh t th p opl ( M a t au e th Po p e t k s h i s e e . . n J s s w sh d h i a e a e er n . ca u e e h g oo d ac d p io s p so l o v e s Go d . an t e C h i s ti . a .

r r ch u r h e s G o d h a th fo bi d d e c . r n u u r en . u r en r j y Go d h a th c omm d d th e u r . . . u P op e fo me d th e ma ss a ma ste p i e e of i mp o st e J e s s r . . n e h i ms e l f t o b e h o o e d l ik e u n t o a gr e a t g o d Go d fo bi d s n u r . u a s c e d e d i t o h e ve n ( Ma k xvi) a d th e P o p e fa ll s i t o n a n r . a se o e s. . r r u e the P o p e w o l d h a v e a ll c h i s ti a u ki g d o ms de hi r n n u n r s p ow e a d c o mma n d Ch i s t d ove th e mo e y c h a ge s r n . n n n p e s on a n d it i s ma tte of g e a t c omp ssi o a d s o r o w r a r r a n n r t o s e e h o w c r u e ll y th e P op e p e s e cu t e s C h i s ti s G o d r r an . ll o w s p o mp n n u a . r - c u r . s ta n d i f o n the h o ly p l a ce . u P o p e i d e s in a l l p o mp a d spl e d o r Ch i s t w a s l mb n n u r . . n e . . u n r n n c o mme mo a ti o of H ims e l f ( M a k xiv L ke r n th e r . Ch i s t c me w ith p e c e a d p ove ty i t o th e w o l d . . . . b t th e u n n a . m d a d k il l i g a y r n u r er . P o p e i s a w ol f C h i s t w a s p oo ( L k . the an d l o ve of ma n y sha l l w a s c o l d . . . tha t ti b e ca u se in iu i q ty s h a ll a b o u n d . . n n h e ll Go d h a th c o mma d e d th a t w e s h o l d h a v e n o o th e . 110 ma ss a c r e s Ch i st b o e H is c o s s p on H is sh ou l d e s . s ha l l a r i se at me . for e tol d th i s p e s e c ti o n in th fo a d t w e ti e th ch a p t e r u e u r - n - n r of M tth e w ( M a t xxiv ) M a n y f l p r p h t s a y s C h i st a . s f i ds pe . r r n - n r a d s l l e s o u t of th e n e t e mp l e ( J o h ii M a t xx i ) th e r . P op e r e c e ive s th e m i J e s s i s titu te d th e s a c a me t i n . r r n i v a i n ( E xo d xx ) b t th e P o p e a l l ow s h i n . r a a ( J oh th e . g a me s i dl e ss mimi c y t o b e e x e c i s e d o n th o s e d a ys in . r r r u r ( Jo h x i x ) th e P o p e i s b o e p o n th e sh o l d e s of m . b y Da n i sp o ke n e l the p r op he t. r . r u t o ommit i d ol a t y ( M a t s c a d th e P o p e i s th e r . of fe stiva l s i g oo d an e u se n w o ks p y e s a d d e v o ti o s b t th e P o p e r . n a u th o of ima g e w o sh ip Go d h a th p oh ibit e d s w e a i g r r . th e r a a n r n r P op e d e l i gh t s i s ti i g p w a a mo gs t th e ki n gs dn r r n u r n an p i c e s of th e e a th Ch i st c a me me e kl y h u mbl y a d r n r . . r . b u t the g osp e l s h a ll b e p r e a che d i n a ll the w or l d . n c omp ssi o a te l y s ittin g p o a a s s ( M t a n . r a r . w he n ye the r ef o r e sha l l se e the a b omi n a tion o f d e s o l a ti on . thm l e t th e m w hich b e i n J u de a fl e e in to the mou n ta i ns . n u r Go d b u t H i m ( D e u t vi E xo d xx ) a d th e P o p ma k e s .

s o sa . u nn e . r th p u n de e r e te n c e ofc r th tr r l i g io e n . ob s u e e u e d octri of Ch ri t . e e se e n o e a e ou r ( 1 P t e A d . an ou ar e . u i t th ch rch f n o e u o Go d . f o r th e r e ar e man y w o l ve s i n sh e e p s cl oth in g ’ . otw ith ta di g th P o p w h w il l b b d i t u e n s n n e e . u e o e e e e u se p y him a trib t a T c cl d h i i u y th i g p e . or c c r . B tt ut t th p ri mac y f P t o r e u rn I k h w ma y o e o e er . en S t J am . 111 An d i s n ot th i com s e to pa ss n ow ? Ye a . c tai l y f h er n t l y or d ai . o w h o m h p ay ll b d i ce Ti D i l w lk th b t s a o e en e . o on u e . e an e e se es an i marria g n G d h ath f bi dd e . o n s s es s o e e co n cu bi d h arl o t rath r th n es an g iv th m l v t o ys. o n e u s o e on en w i th wh at i w b t th P p w i l l h av s ou r v ry h o o n . child . w ick d or d e j t l awn o on ns e an u n u s s. e u s e c mm d of P a l w h ich s ay ( E ph o an Ch i ld u b y y. n e s an d al m t ll abo mi tio s w ros a n a n e e i tro d c d i to th n u e n e ho l y p l ac th a t i t y bro g h te . e e ca n se e o e e s u e th c h i f e F S t P a l ay s t th C o i th ia e . t al i g fr m oith r or en s e n o e e m w ma an . an th ench ri ti N ith r s I h w P t r ho l d b an . w th bi h p of J r l m d th at city es as en s o e u sa e . B u t to r e tu r n f rbi d d to ou r matte r . u s o e r n n s. b th p r u t d a th ll w h e u h av a t su e s z al d l o v o e a o e ru e e an e to w ar d G d s o . le ev a e a ou as a r o wm g l i ' ( u ai t h S t P t r ) on ki g w h sm h m y d v . r en o e ou r p t ar en s : d th D m o of an h y p cri y i h i fa teh r t e n o s s s e . e s n e ve r n o p o ito t G d B t I ca o t bl am h im for h f l fil th s o o . as o n k i g d m St P t r h d d r h i d o mi io ? F it w a s n o s . Go d h a th o en ad l t ry . or l d th i f u e e s su an o e th at h ob s v G d of h i h o r d tra sf r it t e r e en o s on u . e e a u n e s n n or imp o ibl th at l l k i g d o m h o l d b ss e d r hi a m wh n s s u e u n e . b t t h anP p cri l l on e i g o d g ri t w h ic u h e o e es a s o s com t h i mill G d h ath comm a d d t b c t t es o s .d s t t h P o p d th nam Y oe no e e o e s e e s. an n e s o h im lf G d h ath forbi dd se . s . ar e ou r s . on e n i g th e Ap o s tl s ( 1 C n Al l y e d y or . wh o . b a i g fal w i t e o en e r n se n ss ag ai t y ns . b t th P o p i ch o n . o e o e en t h i fa th r th o s D vi l c mma d h i p ri t t k p e e e .

d th t an wh i l b ri g t b a l ct d P o p n on e o s a ou n o e e e e e ca n mb l a C o ci l th a s se th e C cil wh ich co firm th u n . n . o . en e ou n n s e P p op ri r e r th C h rch i t l w f l b ca su e o it o ve e u s n o a u . an sa s n e e e o f d h i h p ( J h xxi ) b t h c mma d d l l th r t ee s s ee o . Li k w i e se St . an o n a n e so J w h il t h e su s. pp d ( J h xix J h s B t t th e su e o . o n ou e th ch i f f th Ap o tl for C h ri t pp i t d h im t e e o e s e s. e e a a u ou n can e cal l d b t b y th P p ? t w h ich I m r th p ap i t e u e o e o a su e e s s w il l a w r g at i l y ns Th I k if th P p e ne cal l a ve . w hy co mp e l l e s t thou the Ge n ti l e s to l i ve a s d o the J e w s 9 We . . e n e e as en n on e l ct d e e B t b i g th e d ri v . s e en a . a u n . th a t w e ar e n ot P te r e ’ s. e u se w t co as n o ocat d b y a P o p b i g th r w th nv e e . s a o n e o t k a c r f h i Moth r d J h l y i th bo m of e a e o s e . b e ca u s e he w a s to b e b l a me d ( Ga l . li f ve s t a te r th e ma n n e r of the Ge n ti l e s . or ou n o ve l ye d . . a n ap os tl e o f Je su s Chr is t. e f or if he was p rin cip a l w h o . u e o n e a e es t d th s a m ( M t o o eay i g G y th ef dt h e a . P e te r call s i h ms e l fby n o o th e r ti tl e ( 1 Pe t . mi s t fie d b y the fa i tha t w e g h t b e j i u th of Chr i s t. as . b u t e te P r o ur A g ai wh s . u o e ma t t r i h a d I e k Wh th r n l wf l c ciln b . ich h w l d t h av wh e ou no e don e if P e te r had an y su ch a th rity c l d t h a u o . fr m th arg m t th y u e n u s en o e u en . en . b u t P e te r . bei n g a Je w . o e er or e a n ea c . a n d n o t s i n n er s o f the Ge n tile s . 1 12 C hr i st s. en Pa u l cam e to An t i cho ths too d P e te r to h i he w i s fa c e. b y w h ich it i ma if t s n es . e fly t a th r o d y th at C h ri t co mm a d d P t r t no e . w ho a r e Je w s b y n a tu r e . hn o w in g tha t a ma n i s n ot j u sti fie d b y the w or ks of the l a w . en as e o e can co cil b f r h i l c t io t w h ich I k w th y will r pl y u n e o e s e e n . a n d n ot b y th e w ar b s f o the l a w . . ou . as th e y sa y : b u t ( as I h av i d th r p ) P l e sa e eu on au . s n . & c . o no e e h ca e t I f th nnoo C o ci l i l a w f l w i th o t a P p . se e n i g th e di s s im u lat i on o f P t r s id to h i e m If th e . Le t u s th e n se e how i tis p o s s ib l e th a t Pe t r e sh o u ld b e ch i f . a n d n o t a s d o the Je w s . b u t b y th of Je s u s Chr i the f a i s t. l o ve d C h ri t th b t it i vi d t th t S t J h w l d b s e es . . e ve n w e ha ve b e l ie ve d i n J e s u s C hr i s t. n u n s u u o e . ’ and st i Chr i s Go d ’ s .

m e th i k s th t th o s e w h o cal l th e ms e l v e s th e s u cc e ss or s of n a P e te r sh o l d o t e s te e m th e o ffi c e to o me a for th e m . a s u b e ( 1 T m i . u e ea es th p r ach i g f th g p l e e d n rp th a th ority of o e os e an u su s e u b i g h a d f th ch rch wh ich of i g h t b l g t e n e o e u . n ot gi ve n to w i ne. u n n . b u t de v o r u s th e m l e oar n on ( 1 P t e w h . f so e r b . r e on s o n on e b t C h ri t Ti tr th P p i p ri m at of th ch rch ’ u s . w h il s t h e i s tak e n u p w i th s e e i g a n d atte d i g to th e n n n s i gi n o u t of th e ma n es B t I a s w e r to th e fi r s t th a t ss u n g . c mm d m t or e an s e sse s e o an en g i i ve n g al t S tn P t r d en er t h r t of th Ap tl o . o w i h th P p w s l d o b y th c mma d m t f G d w h ich e o e ou e e o n en o o h g v t St P t r f e a e I h l d t r gr t h i h i g o . u e d ia b ol ic l F h a tr gron e th . B t th e bi sh o p of R o me u i k e a w l f amo g sh e p a t s l i o n e . S t P au l w ri te s to Ti mo th y w h t e ve ry B i h o p o g h t to . Fo r h e d o th n ot f ee d hi s ik a r i g l i sh e e p . i g u po n i n ts b e i g to o l o w a n d me an a n o ffi c e fo r h i n m . No w l e t u s arrai g n . the hu s b a n d o f on e w ie . bu t on e tha t r u l e th w e l l h i s o w n h o u s e h a vi . n n th e y a e h i d b y fe ar h e tak e th e vo ic e of th e s h e e p to r s b e tray a d d e vo u r th e m H e e xcu s e s h ims e l f fro m p r e ach n . e s ( M a t . e e : or s ou n o e e s av n a th ri ty t p r ch Ch ri t t ll th w rl d b t h l v u o o ea s o a e o . s ay i g h e h ath l ow e r o ffi c e r s a d min i ste r s f o r th at w ork n n . I g w l ve s se n d yo u or as on o . A Bi s h op ( s aith h e ) mu s t b e b l a me l e ss. o f g ood b e ha vi ou r g i. s u e e o e s e e u .w l k ab t t k h i p r o y N w I a s ou o se e s e . b t ti u ’ t th di i s n o C th l ik Ch rch b t th e v ne or a o c u . iii ) . ap t to te a ch. e i g a d d e vo ri g th n n p o o r s h e e p o f Ch i st a d w h e u n e r . F orwh C h ri t t h i tw l en Di ci pl s t p r ach th s se n s e ve s e o e e g osp l f r e p ta c o d t h k i e g d o m f en G d h ai dn e an e n o o . B u t th e Po p e d o e s n ot o b e y th e c o mm an d me n t of Je su s Ch ri s t . n o t g i s tr i ve n to fi l thy l u er e. 113 a ll n a ti on s . no /ee r . e . f th s he ep a m B e ho l d . . r e c e ive d a ll h i a th ori ty a d p o w r fro m Ch ri s t h i ms e l f s u n e . b ago ti zin g th em i n My na me .ve n to hos i p ta l i ty . n g hi s c hi ldr e n i n su bj e c ti th on w i a ll g r a vity . e e an e es e os es . if th e offi c e of p r e ch i g Wa s o t b e l o w St P e t r w h o h a d a n n .

114 th e Po p e b e fo r e St . e se n s. Th f r th i th t h e ou b l i b r l g iv t h p it l i ty s a e e e a . u ts ou r e or o e a ou n m i tai i g th g l ry f G d b y p r ach i g i t a n n n e m o o o e n . n th w r d of th G o p l ( M t e se o s G y ll dp h e s e a . Th fir e s o an en t o abi h p i s t ba s o tw h a v p r v d th a t o be l me l e s s . B t w w u wil l p roc d t th ir th r arg m t no e d ee o e o e u en s. s sa y m r ? H d i ob y o l l th e rd r f S t P a l g ive s e s a e o e s o . e th ird i th t h h o ld b s b r ad f l l f w id m e d s u e so e . en e sa . & F th p r ach i g f th G p l ig ifi th i g ' no n ' c . a n fir t t th ir m ai tai i g P t r t b th ch i f f w h ich s o e n n n e e o e e e . T wh ich I a w r th at ll th Ap tl o w r m ns e a e os es e e co m d d an w ll eh t f d th h p f Ch ri t i as e as e o ee e s ee o s . e a se e h l v e h im l f m r th a h l o es G d Wh at h all I se o e n e o ve s o . n o t gr dy f fil th y l cr . th s wh d p r ch th w r d . n o s n n s e e e s so e e . Pa u l. ta d g i l ty Th co d i th at h b e s n s u . n e s o o o e e rr mi gh til y . P au l ’ s i r ul e he bt c mm dm t e g u l ty o r n o t . an d w l d h i m l f b th ir x c ti ou r if h d id t fi dse e e e e u on e e n o n o th r t d i e t i h i t d b y w h ic h w s o o m y th at n s s ea . e v r d ict th r f r e wh th r h b g il ty i c t e e o e e e e e u or n n o en . u e p ri o l ay s d b r n . o e a an r ea c . an u n o se o o ea e o . e e th h b e d of w if u s i w h ich th bi h p f R m an on e e . en o os a . e ith r p r ch d th g p l e e ai d ag i t G d i t e e os e . an ou n s f r ic ti b tt r th a l aw f l d h n t m rriag Th o n a on e e n u an o es a e . n e e u en s no t mor s b s ta tial wh th y e yu P t w a fi s h of n . f h all w c c bi s d c t fil th yor e o s on u n e s. b u e e o e th bi h o p f R o m tra g r e s s l l th c mm d m t f o e n s e s se a e o an en s o G d b y w h ich h o . u . o e an p r ach th g p l o v r ll th w orl d B t h w il l im e e os e e a e . an d exami ne w h e th e r b y St . or th y l l g h i b i g c mm a d d t f d th e a e e h p (J h s e n o n e o ee e s ee o . s oo e an an offi c f h im tw i th ta d i g h i p r d c r P t r e or . b t th ee bi h p f R m i o u e u e s o o o e s f ll f avaric u od pp r i Th fi fth i th t h b e an o e ss o n . e s o o e e e o se es . e er as er . an u o s o an v ir t w h ich th b i h p f R om v ry l i ttl b rv u e . or s nne a n s o n n o o b rvi g th at co mma d m t ( M t se n G y d n en a . or e e n o e os e s n es e l b t f d i g th se u h p A d th ir o th r ar g m t i ee n e s ee . e s a e e a p t t t ch b t o d vi l ea d iab l ical fath r cc .

u a th ority fr m P t r th P o p th th p r ch i g f St u o e e e e en e ea n o . e ve o n s n a e xv . ea . S h ph r d R d m r d v r i g L r d . J h xix . e e o e e s p k tr th T wh ich I a w r th at if h b o en u . o . w h ( aft r h e e . u s a o sa th at th p p h ath th k y f h av e o d h ll w h e e e s o e en an e . ne an e s. or e o e h th k y a ve f h a m k th i q ry w h e e s oth p o p e ve n . m i i g f v r e e n e e es or u s r e a n n or e e w i th h i b l d fa th r d ths H l y Gh t e sse G d i e an e o os . an d ee e so n s n n . v . an so e e n o o e e h d t gh t i t c t d d o a au m y miracl . e e n o g r t r th ea P t r e h m y l i . for fi h r of m u e s e s en s e s en ar e r all y th i g b t p r ach r f C h ri t e n o n u e e s o s . f P t r d i d C h ri st an e e . a e s u e : en e e i d ad s d e h ath th . an s se e on e r n o o h i f th r w h e r h i t rc d s a fe . au a ft r w ar d p rov d h im f h i d i im l a t i ( G l e s r e e or s ss u on a . an F if th p p v n e e s e a ve n . a n su e e d th f ea ( Matt d p ro o or u s c d al ati t ll . e ee e . n n n e se . d S t P l e a . o ca n an u en e i t h av n o ? N p r o e ti ll h b enl c t d p p h vi g o e s n e e e e e o e a n th k y w h c it m t f l l w th at th p p b i g e e s : en e u s o o . io f i th f l l y an ro e o e o s a ss n a u b li e t b av d ) a c d d i to h a e ve s . An dr e w an d J oh n w e r e b y th e s am e a th ority ma d fi h r of m . M t a d f m th p w r f h i p . u e v . an ee e an s n e n n u s h i p i its s d b i g i v ry r p c t q al w i th h i fath . N w if th p r ach i g f th g o p l b o l aw f l w ith o t e e n o e s e e u n u . en C h ri t i sl y m d i tor sTi m ou r a g t H d on e a . r mai i g w ith b y . Pa l w u t l aw f l b ca as n o h di d t c iv th u . d ff r d n s r u e . e a e or e e en e t h ric ( M t xx i) P t r th l i d th ric . an n u n e s v on o a th t b l i a hi m ( Mar k e i L k xxi . t o n s e . or tw ith sta d i g th o po p acc t e e no n n e e ou n s h im l f G dse ayi g I ca t l i th r f r I h av a o . an e n n e e r es e e u s er . on e o n Tri i ty d th r n p r i U i ty f l l of p o w r . e e en e e an . s n . ky h wan y so ln on e t r e e s. . 1 15 me n : fo r I sa y. o w i th g r e ts e s en e n e ve n ea h o r d g l ry d i a t d on u an th i gh t h a d f G d o . u e an vir t d fr u e fro m vic d i . e u se e no r e e e e au th ity fr m P t r . B t th b i h p f R m l i u e ot ri l y if i o th i g l s o o o e es n o ou s . b t i h i pr t di g t b u n th h a d f th s C h ri tia e en n o e e e o e s n C h rch u d h a i g th k y of h . . nn o e . ou r e . e t t ve n s es ar e ose . . e o e e n d ad h a a c l d B i i foll y t y ’ e g t.

an t pp r th t s s o ’ s e e ' a ea s a P t r i t h ad b t mi i t r to e e s n o a Th r f r we u a n s e u n u s .i . or d as s s e u a e . a a s ou s e e . a as s o C h ri t Th t my s . a n w r a r d w e o e os es e e ou s. e e o e e m t t mG d u s es ee p iri t l f th r w h b y th p i o ou r s u a a e . ai d f e e o e . i i. Matt. i v . an w a h d b y th e w t r s e f b ap t i m t h w th t w a hi e s o s o s o a e ar e s s h p (J h ee l i o pa t r . n u e . H i e s ou r o ve n o an as e e s ou r S h ph rd d R d m r e e d w an hi b j ct ed ee e . o a ll w h b li v i hi m . o e r e e ve hi th ri ty s au d offi c o an e . e u se e ve s e e . G d w ill y t tho p o p Th o art my samy th i o e e . s . th it f ll o w th at h m t b n e ss d iab o l ical en o s e u s e our f th r L t a e th r f r . nn all w h o b car al f th r b ca h l i c l ib at e c an e ou r n a e . e o e en w ill b c ll d p irit l f th r w h all h a th r f th r e a e ou r s u a a e . an o s u a . an on ly of G d d d w i th ll p w r so n th o th . u en e . au . e o . 116 i t ll h e sh al l c o me in gl ory to b e j u dge of a ll th e w o l d r E ( p h i . n e s a e . a n e ar e Ch ri t d Ch ri t i G d . Ptr a n s. s a a ve e o en ee sa . an o os n es t im b l .t . o e a ss on o f Ch i t t k f m r l l th p ai s . d e n so e o e . th t i th o e p irit f ad pti e e n a s e s o o on wh r b y w e y Ab b e F a t h r (R m e cr If th p p th a. wh r f the eoi ca al d tw p irit l e on e i th r s r n . an on so n f th d il h i fa th r fro m w h m h h ath o e ev c i d s e . oof d th d h ll t r o u s a e n s o ea an e . . th i d y h ou I b g tt th ( P l ar son . n t th C ri th i o e y (1 C o th t ll i n r . H i a eG r r d M t r. an w rl dl i o . en u e a o e : on e o er s i d th p o p i e . H eb . an e ar e s su e s an s h p (P l ee w ra m d b y h i b l d d sa . car al d i bol ic l f th r n . s a s or . n e e ca n th p p b e f o C h ri t i th i mm ac l t l a mb e e so . an d m k a p rof i of ch a ti ty a e s ith r h b e ss on s : n e e can e e ou r s p iri t l fath r b i g u a ad dic t d t th w orl d e . co cl d th t it w e u s. L rd ith rn on e e se s ou r s o or o : n e e th p p e y o r t eh b n or L r d . B t I w l d fai k w w h th r th p p b sp irit l ‘ u ou n n o e e e O e e ou r u a . Ap l l o d ll th th r a p tl os. wh g r a. cl e d r e w lf s d ly an u n e an an a ve n o u s o . or I th fir t pl c I ca ot a a a e . an l w on ea can e ou r o e se e s h ld b c m am ou t r h i g tw h a d P l w ri ti g e o e on s e av n o e s . w h r b y i s ’ s. o se e n e ss s n s cr ab u t l e . me rcy xp r ib l d g l ry m t i u n e e ss e . e ar e n so e s oo . e s ve ee a e s.

ou a d vi h im th t tay ti ll Ch ri t w r d ad b fo th y se en . s s o M ia ( J h se . e s s sa . b u t he tha t e n te r e th n b y the doo r i i s the S he p . s o o e J w . G d who t h i o ly o se n d w i t th w rl d m d h i s m n son o n n o e o . n o e o e . or w fi d e n a th ori d b y th H ol y S cri pt r N w n on e so u se e u e . . a h i gh p ri t or arch b i h p f th . i s a thi f e . f S t J h n an ou r n s e e or . e as ou r e ss s o n an d th at h w th tr b r d w h ich cam d w e as fr m e u e ea e o n o h ave ( J oh en d o l y h ph rd . ou ou n o h v a y ki g or mp ror ? B t t th at I a w r th a t e an n s e e s u o ns e . e s th o gh t w t b a h d so er e s pr m u no o e ea or u e e mi i t r am g t h ri tia n s e T w h ic h I on w r th t s C s ns . o an s e . s w h ca m o dow t o th ar th ( M t i ) d ff r d d th e n e e a . u so e a q t u es io m th n d y W eh a t th y wen ld t . o if th p pi ts y th at th p o p i h ir t h im I w l d e a s sa e e s e o . o s s e e e e r e e se iz d p o h i k i g d m b ca e u n h i tak th p s n o : e u se n o e rs e e os s e ssio of th i i h rita c till aft th d ath of th i n e r n e n es er e e e r p r d c ss or s e e e . o n t ti fi es th a t h es y (J h I m th d e h th tsa s o n a e oo r e a e n te r e th n o t b y me i n to the s he ep f ol d . an su e e ea for ay f h im l f th at h w u s. a th p ri th oo d of A ar e es d Mo pr t d th on an se s r e e se n e e su p m y of r e ac S a i r C h ri t t th P p F or C h ri t ou r v ou s . ou r s. u n e e o a ( E xo d iv ) th r w . ou r ee so th Ch ri tia c tri s co l d v r w ll b i t d e se s n ou n e u ne e e su s s u n er th d i trac tio e s f tw q al v r ig n B t om m y o e u so e e ns . 117 d a y h a ve I d str e o ye d th e e C h ri st w a s o f th e ord e r : an d as of M l h i d e c se ek ( Ps al m s o th e p o p e i s o f th e o r d e r d iabo l ic B . u t as Ch r i s ti a n i ty is s p iritu a l ly ve ry g o o d . en . i ca A th bo dy of a m co l d t mu s t d e y . e e as es . a e ki g n r it ( M t o ve p tti g ll p irit l d t mp oral a . u n a s u a an e a th ri ty i t h i h a d ( P al m u o n o h b y hi s n s s e s s ov e r eig ty h a th p l ac d k i g t b n h i li t a t v r the n s o e s eu en n s o e e e ar th . M r o r th p ap i t y th at a s d r th l d l w o e ve . but cl i mb e th so me ot er h w a y. s e an u n otb h l th y w i th tw h a d f e ea ar m or f f t o e s. an d w e ll d e s g n e d . b t h h ath t ord ai d y s pr m bi h p f u e n o n e an u e e s o . y e t i rd r t if th e r e b e n ot g o o d o e o pr r e s e ve i t. an sa .

a n h th m y m mb a an f v ral e th r e r s. fi t u o s . th y h d b e o en e et os es e e a e en se n ( M r k i )a t p hv C h . i w sa l d n . A d g ain wh a tw br th n . s c d ril y p r p h t . or s . so e e ar e so n e ch rch f Ch ri t m g t th p irit al mi i t r . d s m os es e on a . o s h w th l i e g h t t th e th t t i d h o S c d l y w ose a sa n ar n e ss . no o ee e o e u on e . e e o s. th a t th of th w rd i g ifi th p irit al th th r e on e e s o s s n es e s u . or e s h im l f th a t h i k i g d m w se . cm t hi en m d o e r en a e u n o an r e q t u es ed h m i t d i i d t h ir i h ri t oc b tw t h v m e e n e an e e e en e . s . e on . e m t c u s i d r th p w r C h i s t h d on s e arth f h aid e o e r a on e . ~ o e u e a e . t p r y p th m t t e vo u . . a n d a s tr a n e r g l l the y wi n ot f ll o ow . s d th r n o as n o o s an e e ar e tw s or t f a th ori ty th o s o p irit al d th o th ru . al i th or se e u se s. h e w r d (L k an s e M e wh m d m u j g d e d i i d an . e o n u en sa far th r th t aft r th d i ci pl h d p r ch d ab t th e . a n d l e a de th the m o u t. f o r the y kn o w h i s vo i ce . th ir dl y t ach r . e u o con s i d r fr m w h c th ap tl cam . ap tl . he a r h i s vo ice : An d he c a l le th hi s o w n she ep b y n a me . d as n s. as e o s on e . e o e th t mp ral p w r e e wh i h r a o ( oh al l b e h w : c e son as s e s e n h r af t r ) i e e lfi h e d ai F s se fir t w o gh t t s an v n . a e e s es a ea e ou e ci ti af t r th y r t r d t J e s. e n u s s ou e th ir we d (t w i o t w i th th i r n r o w arg m t) y o .t h i g t b co ei d r d i th a t C h ri t n o e n s e e s. 118 he r d o fTo him the p or te r op e n e th. a n d the she ep the she ep . u e a s s.w rd N w th y r g f r th r e e ar e o s o s . o e s . n o o i tr c t t h m B t th p p i t b i g th c rg d w it h ns u e . an li t a t eu en N w C h ri t w n s. au es n s s e p i tl t th C ri th ia s ( 1 C xii ) th b dy i s e o e o n d n or . e on e s u an e e t mp ral e O w h ich o . a n u e . e s e e : Wh th r th y h d y w r d w i th t h m ? d th a t th y e e e a an s o e an e an s w r d H r e e tw . n o s no o s or . as e t ti fi es f h im l f es o i y g M y k i g d m i se t f th . i t t l l o p p lr ea cd ( L k ix ) t r s o a eo e. o a e e a u e or v er v o er y 9 T h th ir ou d . e e s an o e t mp ral mi i t r e o k i g mp r r g v r r n s e s. e h e a k d th m e u n e o e s u s. o e n o s. t f th i w orl d . Bu t th e po pe n ot co mi g b y C h ri t i n ab mi b l th i f th r f r ll s s an o na e e : e e o e a tr u ed g d h p an g h t t fl oo y fro m sh im for ee h c m ou o : e o es to d r t t f d th m . a on s e s u n s e s r s . a p irit al mi i t ro h s as s u n s e . a n d the s he ep f o l l ow hi m.cc t S t P l w rit i h i fi r t n a ou n .

e u se e s a e a e on e n n ou r di p t s du a sw r d i b h alf of ll th Ap tl e . t r d to J en h ai d t th m e r e u ne e su s . f or i n n o th i n g I n d the b e hi xii ) I w h ich ve r y chi e e st f ap os tl e s (2 C or . e on e s n n e o a th ority d th th s ig ify i g th sp irit al j idi u . b t u w w h at d y no th i k h th t my g rac k p t yo ou n . . o e u s no s u e wh at i m t p r babl y t s b t w h at i mo t c rtai l y os o ru e . i th r w o l d n e o l d Ch ri st g i e t mp oral u n or c u ve a e a th o ity f r m ch u r h . u e u e e e s e . an s no b e d o b t d b t th a t ach of th m s om time sp ak fi r st . e u s e n e e e e o e o r t f noA d r w om tim p ak fi r t d it i t to or n e s e es s e s . n nu mb P t i om pri d N w w m t t d i p t er e er s c se . ( b t w h s a ne th th i arg m t w r w ak u d) en e se e r u e n s e e e ene th th y en y i t i p robab l e th at P t r w a s th cr ch i f s e . e e e e a p stl b ca h p k fir st t th at tim c c r i g o e . u s s e n t N v th l r u e . H d y a y w r d w i th y ou th ? ( an m ch s t o y) ou en as u as o sa . or su ose as n o a w hi t b e hi n d the ve r y c hi / & c e s t ap o s tl e s . w or d s th ig ify i g my t mp ral e o s . n ee e ou a s Th h i d i ci pl en ( t P t r l y) s ds ta d i g es t w h at n o e e on . e e er e o s r s By w h ich w Ch i t p o k iro ic l l y d th at ll h i e se e r s s e n a . F rth l y th at ll th ap tl a w r d t o g th r B h l d ou . 1 19 s p ak e co c r i g th w or d s i o ic l l y to th e dis ci pl es n e n n e s r n a . B ti t i m r l ik l y h w u t th p ri c ov r th s o e st e e as n o e n e e e r e . wo d ns e e . l t xami w h th r it b p r b ab l e er e e ss . . Wh I ty en fi r t t y w o l d h av s t a v w ith y se n ou s ou . th at th a p o tl d r t od e t w h at Ch ri t m a t s es u n e s o no s e n . A d th P ap i t n x t r m ly i e a g m t wh r s s err e e e n on e r u en . no e e a one e s ou sa y I h av tw . . a no e e ou fr m ll il ? or l w h a t d h av y h d of a w or d ? o a ev e se . u s t s or . e o h r e tw e w rd ar e Fifth l y y m y b r i th t xt o s o s. e e th y y th at C ph a i h ad wh a s i tr th C ph a s e sa . ou a o se ve n e e . n s e a e s u n e s an e for aft r th ap tl h d b e t t p r ac h th g p l f e os es a e en se n o e e os e o tr th w h u th y . a e os es n s e e e e . u n er s n n no C h ri t s aid a w r d th r w s tw. e s s a e . w p irit al mi i t r o as u a s e as a s u n s e . ere n u e i s to . ou u e es ou . an so n e e n e a e os es . as i e f h hn ld e . an e o er n n e u u r s c ti on . an a s d i ci p l s m d a s w r s e tP t r l a . b c s St P a l ay ( 1 C xi ) F I pp ] w e au e . e s u n o e . By ll w h ich th i g w m y a i l y a d r t d th at t x t .

the sa me sha ll b e the l a st of a ll and s e r va n t u n to a ll . how he c im l f G d a ll s d b l ph m h Ch ri t B h l dse o . F or h e w r te s th u s i n hi i s e p s tl e ( 2 P e t i . th e r foe r e . u e . an d a t rr trial d m . y e s h a l l ttl e c h i n ot be fi t f or n do m o the kig f h e a ve n N o r d es te a ttr i . h e s th i ai ( Ma tt x iii ) Wh . an d no mo r e .a it s th e o e i f a P p tak po es u n m hi . n n n er . an d Ch ri t ay ( L k ix ) i L k s s s u e . an con t mi t d w i th a ll n a cl a e H call h im l f th a u n e n n e ss . v . as ou a se e i n a t m g ifi t th a n ca e i n L k f G d l v h mil ity u e . e e . e s se e p p w hich w ord i g i fi fath r to ll ti o e . An d i n a n o th e r ev n a g e l s t. i th r i th r ne oft r e s e e any l y. or o o es u ( R om xii Ph il ii ) . os o r e ce i ve t h on e s u ch l i ttl e chi ld i n my n a me r e ce i ve th me . ou s s l th a t h c l d h av d ir d t h a or b e se e ou e es e o ve e en th g a t t B t C h ri s t ai d ( Matt xviii . . an e u o . L k i ) Th y e r e es : u s . Pr i n ce o f n ce s. f eh w ld es m t o b v ry e on or e ou se e e e g d wh i l t h i s v ry w ick d A d it i s o w o d if oo . e o h w h o i fi ll d d p ff d e p w i t sh p ri d d v a i tye an u e u e an n . B h ld h w la g e o d fai a am o d ti tl h tak r e an r n e an e e e s. o Pe r b u te so i h gh t l e to h ms e l . a . . an as e es s . and Go d on ear th . u e s e s s r s s ea i g t th at tim m y i g ify th at h w n a f a v y co u ra g e a s n e as o er e p irit . s e e e . If a ny ma n de s i r e to b e fi r s t. the mos t Ho ly P op e a n d Fa ther . i n th e ki n g do m or ch rch f Ch ri t u y m y o s . w h il t s n es e u n a na on s. a n d Vi ca r to C h r i s t. d e ea e e es e e . Bu t th e P o p e — wh a t d o e s h e say P a u l the thi ? r d b y the g r a ce o f Go d. n u e . K i ng o f Kin g s . a nd ye b e co me a s l i u n l e ss l dr e n . Dep u ty to P e te r . B i Pr i s hop f o the B i sh op s. 1 20 b u o s t th fo foll ow th at h e w h p ak om ti td e no er e r e o s e s s e tim fir t m st b bi h o p of th bi sh o p h i fi t p k es s . . e u o u e . n se e os h l y fath r w h r s h i s a d t tab l th i f o e . p o u d i t tl e . e tha t h u mb l e the mse lve s l i he a ttl e li ld ch i s ha l l b e the g r e a te s t n g do m n the hi i of he a ve n . s h b ri g th m t d tr ctio e n N y h call h i m l f th s e o es u n . th gh h b a v ou m s rp t call i g h im l f th m t e e eno ou se en . . e s se e vic r of C h ri t a d d p ty f S t P t r d g d p s . B h ol de . a s e r va n t a n d a n ap os tl e o f Je su s Chr i s t. P e te r . an o u on ear th w h i l t h i vicar t B l z b b d p ty t L cif r s e s o ee e u .

S a ta n h i mse lf b e i n tr a n sfor me d g i n to an a n el o g f li g ht . u n s. r n n u r n . th y mi g h t o t sp a k e C o i d e ri g th e th a t th P p e i s n e . o . an o e n to h i i d l s a d d e vi l s ohe b r ack s a d torme t n s. . e r . th y r f e t e e b y to w it a d ori g imag e s d ff ri g u s o o e . r . l i ttl e b f r e th e x e c tio e o th e y c u t o t h i t g e th at e u n . u s on u . n . P a l w r ite s u to th e C ori n th ia ns (2 Co r . o h ath tak e G o d h o o a w ay f m h im th e re f r e I h op e ’ n s n ur ro . e s o e e mo th f Ch ri s tia s w ith h i u s o s S ix A ticl e s a s if h wo l dn r . o o s ab o mi abl tra d itio n d d iab l ical p r c pt e W h ich if n s an o e e s . b t th i d e vi l w l f ty ra t e x e ci e s h i ve th u s . or St . o e e fal s a tich ri e n s s b ca s th tr u e u e ap s tl e s w al k aft o e od e er th p irit of G s . so e o e. D ri g th e e ig u n f my l ate fath e th k i g w h r th e n o r e n . en p op ame w a bl o tt d t of o u book h t pp d th e s n ’ s e ou r s. a n d de ce itf u l u o r he r s ca n l Vo ' tr a n sfor m the mse l ves i n to . os bi sh o p a k i g of k i g . s . w i ll fall fr m th g e at g l o y o f th e p a p cy i t c te mp e r r o a n o on tib l d e ri io e Fo Davi d h ath ai d ( P s n . se e r e o b e th mi i te of G o d e f th e d vi l . w h r a s h e i s th e tyra t of . n o s. or o e e w i l l p o ve p r cl ai mi g h i m l f a g oo d m a m t h oly r o n se an . o l of o . an d th fal w lk se a afte r th fl e h Le s e e e e w h th e th P p e e s . n . e u c h k e th m o e . n . t th r f r u . n n s e e n ty r ts . 1 21 th e mi i t n s er s o f th e d e vi l app e ar b r ave an d tr i u mph an t ou tw ar dl y f . o . an e f w d th w ilt h w thy lf f w d Ag ai th e P p e r o ar ou s e se r o ar . n P al m IV ith th p th w ilt h w thy lf p s s. f o an l l o th e r x ci e th e ir ty ra y ov r bo di e s r a s e er s nn e . ma r ve l w ha t f a lse ap os tles . d wi e th th ur e ou s e se u r e. ns d i mpl l amb a n n f Go d t r an s e s o o for ak th e ir faith wh r e by th e y a e s ave d to f ll w h i s e . r s s o r e s u s m en co tr i i g th e p oo . ns n n e o th e mi i s t r of L cife n I a m i g oo d h p e th at a s e u r . . Wh e re fo r e yo u ma y a s il y d i c e e s rn th e t r mi i t r f u e n s e s o th e w rd fr m th e o t . A d a t th i d y i F ra c e b e fo e a y o e i s b n s at a n n . n n s th m e f rc e th m to a co s tly e can tatio . w h ich I f ar h e n s r . x viii ) i th e r s s . L cif r fe ll from h e ave i to h ll u e th p p h i vicar n n e . or o s e r n .

y h is u s o e e n s n e na e so far fr m h avi g b p ti d i to th o am f P t r n u s a se n e n e o e e . w il l w r t th a t an s G d a w r d El ij h ( 1 K i xix ) e o . a n d e xa l te d the m of l o w d eg r e e Ta e . An d n ow th t th e a p ap i s ts can n ot p ro ve b y th e S cri p tu r es th a t we o u g h t to h av e o n e p o p e th e y r u n to s i mi l i . or . e on e n e p pa c y w a h ll co d . u . or . u o affi rm h i m l f t b i f ri r t o f th o th r ap o s tl ) s se o e n e o o n n e o e e es w ill t al l ow no t b b ap tiz d i to h i am . . 2 C n o s n Pa l ( wh e . e r en s ae a . th at a s th e cr e a tu r e s i n th e e ar th ( a s th e b ees a ki g ) r th m h a ve ll C h ri ti s o g h t t n o ve e . l C s vii i. . . 0 P o pe . m for fa e th rs h r tic a I n e n ou r e e s as e e s . e r e s n s n o e e e H l y S cri pt r b t fr m th ir w i o u ti eS c dl y . n s en d m h v o . n e e th t th a S crip t r p ak of e G d faith u e s e s on e o . M th e m th of J aith ( L k er o e su s s u e H e ha th p u t d ow n the mighty fr o m the i r s e a ts . on e b apti m ( E ph i . e s ou e een e i t h i am B t ( 2 C xi . . so a s an u o ha k i g d p op T w h ich I w ill ve o n e n w r th r an e . B t th p ap i ts w i l l th u y eth a t if w c d m th s en sa . B t t r t r t th p op s p imacy I k o w v ry w ll ’ u o e u n o e e r . so th o u wh o h a st e x a l te d th y s e l f u n to a th e h e ve n s. v . t u de s. t k i g Th ird l y th at if l l b a e n o h av on e n . k he ed of th y s e l f . u o e o n n ve n on . as C h ri t for s e to l d of Ty S i d ( Mattr e an d on . o e e a e en o on ea r th d vicar f Ch ri t w h l d h av b . l Tim Matt b t . . u or . 1 22 Go d ill d iv s t h im of h i h o o w e s n u r s an d gl o y As r ar y . th t l l th b a a wh ich i th w orl d or i C h ri t e ees ar e n e . e su s . an bap tiz d o s . o . u no m ti of en P p N w if P t r h d b on ag d on e o e . as o ns e e a n . on e . for if th o u t u mb l e s t th o u wi l h ve t a a t rrib l fall e e . e on . th a t h w i ll t h av it ai d I m of P t r or of P a l e n o e s . or of A p o ll o s . wh h ai d t th Lord th at th ch il d of I r l h d en e s o e . a e e . s . e h av w t wi n t J s C h ri t ( E ph so e e . sa y n i g. o ans e ee w y a F ir t th at th i r a o i t xtrac t d fro m th s . w ou ld f all dow n u n to th e aby of ss h e ll . As am an w h o h a s go t p u i t n o a h i gh tow er w o u l d h a ve a h u ge l e ap i f he sh o u l d f ll a do wn . th e n . a ees e th ir k i g .

a a e no n e t t t s a u es o f y f th f th y w ou r p ll t d aM re v r e r s. an e r u . en S t P l t ti fi n e ( 1 Tim iii ) i e as . an e ee er . e u s e n . au es es . dye . an e e : e di d ot n y I a m th o l d sa c t . o o e . w i th or t o s e r . ur r li g i o o g h n t t t b ue t e r e d g o no v r d b y f o r s e or e n e ou r o e fath r for Ez ch i l aith ( E h W ll y ' e s : e t i th e s z ec . u no er e . or u s e o u r a s u n H l y S cri p t r o d Di vi e w r d u A d th at ( if y e s. ye t I h a ve l ef t me se ve n thou sa n d i n Isr a e l . n h i E p i tl e t Tim th y w h r h s s o y B t ti tho i . u h av b e ma y C h ri tia een i th w orl d n me f w h ich s n s n e . n a n nu u en ( Ex d o d if y . Th p p i t th e y th a t th o gh Ch ri t d i a s s d t i d en d sa . a n d we r e u n j u st a n d w ic ke d . o as ou b gi e i g (J h nn n a d sh ll co t i e w i th o t d o . o w h ich I k h w P t r th as w . Th e S co e n d P art . . an o e s h av k p t th i k w l e d g a d e e ti m t t th m e l v e r n o . w hi ch a r e a b le to ma l e wi s a l va ti the e se u n to on . u c on nu e ou n n g s w hi the thi c h tho u h a s t l e a r n e d. an n o . u r on on s s s n o t f ld c o t m o th e ag f o f th e r . e su s s sa (J h o n I m th w y d th t th d th l i a f h e a . so o h av p k op l y ag ai st th e p ap acy e s o en d th r th at en n . th i k t r th o g h t to b e f l l o w e d an ou n u u o an d b ye d o ll tr th i c tai d i th t b o k e . a O u e s on ne n a o . l c t d tho iv r l e e en as e e e e u n e sa bi h p ? F l l th i g s o c ary t or a l vati e n s n e e ss o ou r sa on ar w ritt i th B i b l . n ou thi k n ti q i ty d c t m m k an u a th i g g d ) i l d r an u s o a es n oo s o e th a th w orl d n F eG d i th W o d w h w . Bu t to wh a t p r p s e u o do we go abo u t to p ro ve a th t P e te r . e n se n en s o e s es b t th p a p i t w i l l u t k o w m r th ’ u e t s fi s s no u er s o n o e an ou r fath r B t I k w v y w ll th at o r e l i g i c i t e s . o u r Go d d S av i d R d m an J C h r it id ou r . e e e o e u o o . a ll the hn e e s w hi ch hav e n ot N ith e r m t w imag i e b t th at th e re b o w e d to B a al . thr ou g h f a ith whi ch i s i n Chr i st J e su s . A n d tha tf r o m a ch i ld tho u ha s t hn o w n the H o ly S cr i p tu r e s. 1 23 fo s ak r en his cov a en n t. b t i th e u s o s. u s n o n ee ord i th e p p e y t h l ft it t th ch rch t d it T a n o . m e u s o . e e e sa s. or e er e o u e .

e u se e u e th y ca e t pr it. d th r ma g i trat n m y ab r g at th e s. an u u s o. en . u n u n on s en a ki g p ri c n s. an o e s e s. or es as ea b f r Cl m t w e o e bi h p e M r r St P t r w en as s o . e e o e th b i h o p f R m l o e s f h i g r t ti tl o f Pp o e se s on e o s ea e s. mak it l ves y r b f r P t r w e e t t R om en A d ea s e o e e e en o e . . n i thn i gh t th y ar of e e L rd P l f d S t P t r e en e ou r o . u s C l i g l a r ig d f r y r a u e d Cl a d i ne tw wh ich ou e a s. o e s s sa . o a a ca j D ii f ar c th rityv ne. b xj D ii or l n o au o can e e ur e v n o. au u s. n e it i w ri tts th t P t r w ent R m i th a co d y a e e as a o e . a n e e e en - ve e s b t Ch ri t w u cr ci fi d i th i gh t th y r f Tib ri s as u e n e e e en ea o e u s. N v rth l t p r v th at P t w e e e e ss t R om th y o o e e er as a e . b t w w ill pr o u e e e th m en ne s es u e o ve e c t rf it d ou n d fal i fi d b y th P p i t e e e . or e e u n n ea e s am g e d th p p w a e. a o e e t t t s a u d i ti t ti e s an ma d b y th ir fa th ns w ha u on s e e e r s. e p r d c th Cl m ti Ep i tl . . e se e e s o s fal A d w w ill pr se . e e i J r al m ( G l i ) b y w h ic h w n e u s e th ir h i t ry i a . 1 24 i s n ot a of th Ch rch ? F al l w h h d b th e h e d e u or o e a een so . f if h b au . th a t i n ti t tr t h at C l m t e o ve s n o u e e en w r t th o e p i tl t J am f J am w d d e se e s es u n o e s. e ve on e en a n n . s n e e u s e o e o sa . : . s o o o e as n s u e e ve u b t u m r th no M h m t f th y b g o e r than a o e . nn oby y tr h i t r y T o veh r f r n or an u e s o . w e er as e ve a o e . F or i th m an s e e a s s . e o e h d b a po r l o g g een N w th p ap i t o y th at th n a o . P l p p b y h ma tr d itio . an d h r ig d fi y a aft r th C r cifix i e e ne C ai ve e r s e e u on . e bi h p f R m w i ti t t d b y th p rimi ti ch rch . t pr or e s s e s e ve s an no o ve th at P t r t R m b ca b y th S cript r . . th a t d t co cl d th t th bi h p f R o m i th oe s n o n u e a e s o o e s e p ri ci p l h d F th p ap i t th m l n a ea c . e e as th e bi h o p f th J w s d t of th G o til ( G l ii ) e e s. o e o ve . n e se n e r o f th r i g of C l e di e d l iv d th r tw ty fi n y ar . a s e ve se e n b f r I f ry e o th eh d k o w th i s th p p . e . o e t b i h p u n a ns or e e n o s o b y th d i i w r d b t o ly b y h ma trad iti th e v ne o ll . a n no e en es a . l ct d w h an l l ma r f e o e as e e e en a nn e o w ick d rr r w r a d v a c d i C h ri t e e o sd om e e n e n s en . u n e s s it b c firm d b th S cri pt r W ll th e on e w h v e u e . au ou n . e a ve hi m i a g r t pl g n i c h m t b f rc d t y ea u n e .

. n G al atian s s a ys ( Ga l i ) th at h e w e n t u p to J e r s al e m to . s e es u ne e e s. th t a e ve ry on e wh h ath r a d o e h i t ry s o . a n m tim th ir wh l bo d i . n or was a tR m o e (c ons i d i g th at th y y th P p c er n e sa e o e a n n ot li e ). o sl th i g ar e d w i th t l if th y s e n s e e ss n s an ou e . . u s e e P e te r th e r e fo r e it i s m o s t p r o b ab l e th a t P e te r d w e l t . o e e o e n o ea . . l l u n f i t b i g mad er s oo t e a o e n e so o th e l if th at ( a s th y t r d th m) th y ma d th h a d e . es s b y th H l y S cri p t r so th c f io f e o u e s. th e y w e r f ig d b y rp ti s b til ty d b y m e e ne se en ne u . 1 25 fo r St .d xp i c an th y o e va n an e er en e . u as n e as h s e a d p r v d th i d l B l d id t t b t h i or s n . ma y pl ai l y c n o mp r e h e n d an d u n d r ta d th at e s n . an a e e o o . Si c n e we se e th t P t r i th r w th h i f a e e n e e as e c e . f o r n o tw ith s ta n g th e d i n de v l i ( to e s ta b l i sh hi s p o w e r ) i n v e n te d th e C l e me n t n e i Ep i s tl e s ( th ou g h th ey b e c ou n te rf it e e d b y th e p a p i sts ) y t e I Go d b y h i s a y. e a s e e fl a se b til ty f su tw i th ta d i g th a t th H l y S cri p t r or no s n n e o u e sa i th i d l . so e es o ve e ha d n d s. e h av e ft fr m d ima g w h ich m tim rol l d th ir o en a e es so e es e e e y om tim t r d th ir h ad m tim m d th ir e s. ird P art Th e Th . for th e mo s t p a rt in Je ru s al e m or in th e a dj ac e n t ci t i e s . . u s p ri t . e u n e e e e e e an d y e of th imag t t r al es B t e D a i l w i th e o u n so . P au l gl es i n ori s e v e ral pl ac e s th at h e w a s th e Ap o s tl e of i Ag ai n St P a u l w ri ti g to th e th e G e n t l e s . an o er i tr m t ns u en s . e on e ss n o s e ve ral p r o d b y b s r tio e s n s. b y w h ich m so e s es e o e es e an t h y ma d p pl b l i e e th at eo i m g m ad f w o d e e e ve . I n ral oth r i ta c s l o w m y d i cov r th ir s e ve e ns n e a s . h rdea d d an t d th m . e h a ve b p r v d t h av b een m r mach i s o e d th o e een e e n e . s g o od n es s an d cl e me n c y to w a d s h i s r ele c t. h th a u s e d th e ca ai d s e p i s tl e s to b e so ritt w en . An d h e re w e ma y s e e th e craft o f th e d e vil a n d th e p o w e r of Go d . . an so e abomi ab l n d o b d rat p p i t e an u e a s s .

. . th r w e ep r i th w orl d th at w as no d i ti g i h de so n n e as s n u s e or call d b y th at m Mor o r w h e th r w r na e . s . en d th bi h p e d p tri rch f C an ta ti o pl e s o an a a o on s n n e . s e s o o o e s co p i an on M r o r S t J m 3 b i h p f R m h mb l . 1 C ypri Ep it d C I J m Ep it d E g an s a or n . th t n fir a ri a o n e u o b e P p r o e . o e en s s ea s ou u a ll th w rl d y t e rth l th cl ari ty i b t o . F or Gr g o y th e e r o gh t t s t h th w tte n . A d w th p ap i t n no v r th ro w b y th i th ye y s s ar e o e n s : e sa th at b y th c t f th G r l C o cil a d d ct r e on se n o e en e a u n s. en e e e e s ral co te ti e ve b o t the p p acy n ll l a d p r o n on s a u a . er o s a va ' . i Rr G e g o y w a s th e n b s h o p o fd Ma ric o me . a e r ne e s ns d t t d th e es e pi i th at th r m t b a p p e O d n on e e u s e o e : an om tim th v ry b i h op of R om th m l abh orr d - s e es e e s s e e s e ve s e i t A d St Cyp ri “ w riti g co c r i g th . ‘ r s o o o e . C h ri t Lik w i th am C yp ri ] b i g e su s s . o wi t J . e e s on e s o . o w as m ch fa r d b y Ma ric B t Gr g ry d cl ar d u vo u e u e . n o o s. e n bi h p f C arth g call th b i h p f R m h i m s o o a e . 1 26 we w ll i e xami newh e th r th e y th m l s h v n e e s e ve a e ot ack o w l n e dg e d th at o p r o o g h t to b e th e p rimat n e s n u e of th e Ch u rch . th Ch rch i b t n wh ich b i g il l mi at d b y th e u s u o e . e n u n e e bri gh t f L rd w h xt d h i b m th r gh o t n e ss o ou r o . u es th tyl of p ri mat ayi g if th r b e s e y q s t io of e . e e e an u e n C ypri D S i p l iit t P l t m an . . . e e b i h op h l d a h a s F or th r o ma y b am i s s r e . n . u e o e e th en h i w ri ti g th a t th r o gh t t b in s p ri cip al n s. e nz c a e r e a or u . t e n e ve e e ss e s u on e . 5 n n e n n e u n th Ch rch ai th Th r i e u bi h p of w h o m v ry . s n . e ve . ity of an . e e u o e no n i th C h rch n e u . a t th t ti m p r t d d t b a th iv r al b i h p w h e e en e o e e u n e s s o . e se e s e an t . a n d th e e a rr r t ic i C h ri we e m ny he e s n s t d m. an u e w as r r e mp e o . o e ve . er o c. . as e e ar e n e s n th e y t th bri g h t su n ib t . an i r l bi h p w u n ve tab l i h d sa d r th am f s o as es s e u n e e n e o p p wh r a s for fo r fi h d r d y ar aft r C h ri t o e : e e u or ve u n e e s e s . e ma y b ra ch i e n e ss s u on e n n es n a tr ral tr ams from a f tai i l ik ma ee : s e ve s e ou n n n e n n er .

s e con d b e a s t w a s l ike u n to a b ea r . e e o u s : I w ay Da i l i my ii b y ight d b h ld th f sa . s s . o o s n o e e e th at th r i a p ri mat r ll th w rl d for th w rl d i ' e e s e o ve a e o . 1 27 th e a th rity of a p rim at of th ch rch al th gh th r u o e e u . en e as sen o s e en an d c mp i ( Act viii ) h o anadily ob y d th i d c on s s . an s e s a su ss n . Of th abl d i s d e te st th h ol y S cr i p e an d iab o l ical p o p e . h w th at D a i l ( th at w s seb l ov d n o n e as e e b y B l h azz r )e s w a vi io wh ich app ar d t h im th a sa s n . n e ou r o Da i l i nti et d ow . om es ve u s a e n ar e on s on s e of w h ich I h all h w to y A fi r t i th f s th f s e u n ou . n v s on n . e se en e s acc d f h avi g c mm icat d w i th th G til ( A ct u se or n o u n e e en es s h do t b r h i cc r ' e th es no P p d hi u n s a u se s. A g ai wh h w n t t S amaria b y h i br th r . ou e e ar e bi h o p of ati s d ci ti it f ll w s t th r for n on s an e s. Th e F ou r P ar t th . the fi r s t w a s l i ke a l i on . e o s m c h g r at t h a u y ci ty A d al e i th C o er cil f n an . e r e e e e r e r ee an d w e t d ow t th at C ityn n o . and Au g u s t . wer e and a ma n ’ s he a r t w a s g i ve n to i t The . Ep . n so n e u n o C ar th g it w d cr d th at a e h o l d b cal l d th as e ee . e t r u i es v ral pl ac gi n se pl yd m e trati . 28 a d Co a st . s s n e . A r i f le sh . a n d ha d e ag l e s ’ wi n s g and Ib e he l d ti l l the w i n s th e r g eo f p l u cke d. wh i t fo u r w i ch ha d up on the b a ck of i ng s of a f wl o . u an b s ch th mi i t e ee of Go d Lik w i wh h i e n s ers . n on e s u e e e fi r t p rimat f th bi sh p Wh at h l l I y m r ? s or e o e o s . The thi r d wa s li ke u n to a l e op a r d. e o e s su e sso F or P t r i h i Epi tl d s t c mma d b t p ray d e e n s s es oe no o n . a s e o e oe s s : b t xc u e h i ms l f d h w u se s b mi io e . a n d f o u r g r e a t b e a s ts ca me up ou t f o the ear th . an d i tr a i se d u p i tse lf o n o n e s i de a nd the y d sa i thu s u n to se . de vou r mu ch it. . H w c ld n on e ou o e o e . o ou P t r th h av b e e p rimat or th P p h i cc en e r? een e . an e o e ou r n ds wi o f he a ve n s tr o ve u p on the g r e a t s e a . s a sa o e It w co t d d a gr d b y as n se nfor ix h d r d y ar e an ee s ' un e e s aft r Ch ri t th at e gh t t b s P p .

a an d C a ss a n d e r G re e ce . th e s er va n ts o f G o d i s th e e n e my o f C h ri . . a n s w er th a t th e p o p e i s as mu ch o r r a th er mo re . . Af te r thi s I b e hold the f ou r th ch w a s d r e a df u l b e a s t. t h a d te n ho r n s and i A n d b e ho ld. zz w h o ( a fte r h e h a d b e e n ma d e l i ke u n to th e b e a s ts fo r a l o n g s e a so n ) h a d th e u n d e r s ta n d i n g o f a ma n g i ve n h im a ga i n Th e s ec o n d s i . z . . me s a n d a h a lf . . gn ifi e d th e e mpire of th e P e rs ia n s . w i tr er s s a y ) s ign ify th e fo u r mo n a rc h ie s . s t . E gyp t An tig o n u s A s i . No w th e fo u r w i . sp e a h i n g b l a sp he mi es An d I b e he l d ti . an An ti c h rist th a n M a h o met Fo r a s h e wh o . l l I s a w t he An c i en t f D o g s d id s it a n d I b e he l d s a ith Da n ie l till the o . a n d th e fo u r win g s a n d fo u r h e a d s sign ify th e . . 1 28 the sa i d b e a s t ha d a lso f ou r h e a ds . a mo ng the m a n o the r l ittl e hor n . c h ris t . . a mo n g th e m th e G rec i a n mo n a rch y . Fo r S el e u cu s w a s ma d e kin g o f S yr ia Pto l e my g o t . a n d i mon th . Th e . the r e ca me u p . . d i an t ha d g r e a t i ron te e th . a n d s tr on g e x e e e di n g lg . a n d An tic h rist h a th tw o e y e s vi th e p o p e a n d . wh il st . th e firs t w a s th a t of th e A s syria n s w h e re of Neb u c h a d n e a r w a s e mp e ro r . M a h o me t . . fo r n o tw ith sta n d in g th a t th e pop e d o th n o t sp e a k a g a in s t C h rist ( a s M a h o met d o th ) n e ve rth e l e ss I . j u dg me n t w as se tf or the ho r n a n d till the b e a s t w a s s la in a n d . fou rth b e a st s ig ifie s th e te rrib l e mo n a r c hy of th e n Ro ma n s o u t o f w h ich a ris e s a l ittl e h o rn w h ich is An ti . fl a tte r s u s i s ou r e n e my ( th o u g h h e s e e ms to b e o u r frie n d ) s o th e p o p e wh o s ty l e s h ims e lf th e s e rva n t o f . a n d de vou r e d e ve ry th i n g. w hi ch w a s a d o min ion o f g re a t cr u e l ty Th e th ird n o tifi e d . th e G r e c i a n E mp i re wh ich w a s imme d ia tel y r a is e d to its . hi s b o dy g i ve n to the b u r n i n g fla me : a n d i t sha ll b e f or a time ti. gra n d eu r . b efo r e w ho m the r e w e re thr e e f o r the f is t hor ns r t ha d e ye s . whi an d te r i r b le . . fou r emp e r o r s w h o su ccee d ed Al ex a n d er a n d d ivid e d . a n d a p ln e he d u p b y the o o ts . n d s a n d th e fo u r b e a sts ( a s M e l a n c th o n ( E c o l a mpa d iu s a n d a l l th e l e a rn e d .

tr o u b l e d n e i . fo r St a p e rf e ct n u mb er i r n . . a d a h a l f . the d a y of C hr i st i s a t ha n d Le t n o ma n d e c e i ve y ou b y a n y . . & c . co mig o ou r L o r d tha t y e b e n o t s oon s ha ke n i n mi n d or b e n f . a n d comma n di n g to a b s ta in f ro m me a ts . Fo th e n u mb er s ev e n s ta n d s f o S crip tu r e . sp e a kin g li es i n hyp o f o cr i s . mu l a tio n . he p u ts i np r a ctice a ll h y p o cri sy d o l a try i . . me a n s f r th a t d a y s ha ll n o t come e xc e p t the r e come a f a lli . s h a ll b e s h o r te n e d St P a ul a l s o i . An d c o n cern i n g th e p r oh ib itio n o f ma rria g e a sk th e ir . A g a in . - mu st i n t er r e t b y th a t i m p e r f e c t ti m e t h a t th o s e d a ys p . . w ritin g to Timo th y ( 1 m i Ti v. . i n th e s Ap o c a l y p s e . P a ul s a ys th e j u s t fa ll s eve n time s a d a y . ) s p e a ks th u s No w the sp i : r it sp e a ke th e xp r e ssly n the l a tte tha t i r me s ti s ome s ha l l dq aa r t f r o m the f ith a . w ho opp o se th a n d e xa l te th mse lf hi a b o ve God . No w l e t e very o n e b e a sk e d i f th e P o p e h a th n o t fo r b id d e n certa in me a ts a t cer t a in time s . to w it o f te n . & c . y fo rb i dding to ma rry . St . n tw o E pi s tl e s p r o . n (2 Pe t ‘ th e l a s t d a ys . a n d th e y mu st a l l c o n fe s s h e h a th . n . Jo h n . x vi : ) S e ve n an g el s u p o re d vi l of G wr a th u p o n r th : ’ ou t th e a s od s th e ea a n d th e s ig ific n a ti on s p r ob a b l e to b e th u s i . . h e s a ys ( 2 T h e s s No w w e b e se e ch y ou b r e thre n by the . . g i v i n g h e e d to do c tr i n es d e vils . w hi ch Go d ha th cr e a te d to b e r e ce i ve d w i th tha n ksg ivi n g of the m w hi ch b e l i e ve . o w n p ri e s ts S t P e te r te ll s u s th a t th er e s h a ll c o me i . . t m a n of s i n b e r e ve a l e d the S o n o P e r d i f ti on . s c o fi e r s . s si di an d a ll s o rts o f tr a d i ti on s . o n g . Th e fir st via l to b e . ph e s i e s o f th e p o p e Fir s t writi g to th e T h e s s a l on ia n s . . St . P a ul . so tha t he as Go d si tte th n the te m i p le f o Go d . o r p e rch a n ce I sho u l d n o t b e a li ar i f I sai d th a t a l mo s t a ll fo lk s h a ve . hi me s ti s h e time s n a ll b e a a m ti . No w th e h a l f o f s e ve n is th r e e a n d a h a l f th er e fo r e w e . th t is to s a y hi s d a y s sh a l l b e s h o rte n e d . . the r b y sp i r it n o r b y wo r d n o r by l e tte r a s tha t . a wa yfi r s t a n d t h a . f o r mo s t fo l ks h a v e fe l t it . 1 29 u nd er th e sh a d o w of rel ig ion . r . a y s ( Ap o .

Th e fifth i s o u r An ti ch ris t th e p o p e T h e s ixth via l is . . - the ear th T h e s e ve n h e a d s sig n ify th e s e ve n h ill s w h ich . th e sta te h o n o u r a n d rich e s o f th e p o p e . e hi s li p s sha ll he s la y the w i cke d . In th e fo ll o w i n g ch a p t e r h e d e c l a r e s th a t o n e o f th e S e ven An g e l s c a me a n d ta lk e d w ith h im a n d sh o w e d h im . P a u l writin g to Timo th y ( 1 Tim iii) s a y s This kn o w . own s e l ve s c o ve to u s bo a ste rs p r ou d b l a s p h e mers & c . . cry in g B b y lon is f a lle n a n d is b e come the ha b ita tion of de vils . . a l so . c a me th e m fo r h e is Lo rd o f L o rd s a n d K in g o f K in gs . a n d u p on he r fo re he a d w a s tte n . th g o l d . th a t in th e l a st d a y s me n sh a ll b e l o vers of th eir . th e p c a ptive to Ne b u ch a d n e z a r T h e s e c on d th e Pe r s ia n z . . n a me s of b l a p he my ha vi n g se ve n he a ds a n d te n ho r n s s . i . a hd the w o man w s a r r a ye d i n p u rp l e a n d s ca r l e t co l ou r a n d de cke d a . . . ki n g s w h o ma d e w a r w i th th e l a mb a n d th e l a mb ov er . . ha vi wi n g a g o l de n c up i n he r ha n d. . f o r h e s a y s . th e ir d o min o n sh a ll n o t l a st . . . b u t th o s e w h o stu dy th e i l a w o f th e Lo rd th e i r p ro sp e rity sh a ll l a st f o r e ve r S t . e n d o f th e w o r l d a n d th e d a y of j u d g me n t. B a b y l on . . M o n a rch y Th e third th e Mo n a rch y of th e Gr e c a n s . f u l l f o abo mi n a ti o ns and fi l thin e ss of he r f or n ica tion s . . . th e n c e I h o p e th a t th e ki n g d o m o f An ti c h ris t sh a l l b e d e s tr o y e d Fo . . . th e d o mi ni on of M a h o me t Th e s eve n th via l sig n ifi e s th e . . gra n d eu r ) s a ys th e fo u rth via l w a s pou re d u po n th e s u n . . . wr i th e mo the r of h a r l o ts a n d a b omi n a ti o n s of . wh ic h Al e x a n d e r fir s t e sta b l ish e d Th e fou r th w a s th e . . . . . An tic h rist d w e ll s o n ( Ap o xvii) fo r Ro me is b u ilt up o n . th o u g h th e w ick e d ma y p ro sp e r fo r a time r . An d th e p ro p h e t I s a i a h sa i th ( Is a xi) th a t C h ris t sha ll . s mi te the e a r th w i th th e r o d f hi s mou th a n d wi th th b r e a th of o . 13 0 th e A s sy ri a n M o n a rch y wh en e opl e o f I sra el b ec a me . T h e n a n o th e r a n ge l c a me do wn fro m h e a ven ( Apo xviii) . ( Apo xvii) h e s a w A w o ma n s it u p on the b e a s t f u l l of . . s e v e n mo u n ta i ns Th e te n h o rn s a r e th e n u mb er o f th e . Roma n M o n a rch y w h ich th e A po c a l yp s e ( b e c a u s e o f its . . . a .

e ver Amen. . a w icke d o n e —ve ry so o f th e d e vil a n A tich ris t a n d a n n . th t a ll th e w o rl d ma y g l o ri n a fy Go d in this li fe a n d b e p a rt ke r o f th e e te r a l K in g d om of H e a ven . . an d s b mit o r e l v u u s es to th e will o f th e Lor d . Ro me . In th e fir t s p rt of o b o ok w e h a ve p ro ve d a d d e cl a r e d a u r . . Th e C o n cl u i on s . to w h o m w ith th F a th e r a d th e Ho l y G h o st e . n th e p a pi s tia l r e o s fo r it c as n In th s ec o n d w e h a v e p r o ve d th a t th ey c a n o t p r o e . we mu s t wai t for th e d es tr u cti on of Ba by l on . s p e a kin g of An ti ch rist S i c e th en th e p o p e is th t . . . n i n d a rk e s s . 13 1 S in ce we se e . n n . n . a s n i n th e w o rl d to c ome b y th e m rits o f J e s u s C h ris t o u r . s h o w th e s i c e r e p u re a d tr u e l igh t u n to th o s e w h o sit n . n th a t P e te r w a s o t ri p m te o f th e C h u rch b y c o n futi g a ll n a . n . a b o mi n a bl e t r a t l e t s p r y u to th e Lo r d to p re s er ve u a n y n th o s e s till in th e l ig ht w h o h a ve s e e it a n d th a t H e will n . b e a ll h o o u r g l o ry d o mi io a n d p r a is e fo r e ver a n d n . th a t th e re ign of An ti ch ris t sh a l l n ot l st a f or e ve r . In th e fo u rth p a rt w e h a ve e xp l a i n e d th e p ro ph ecie s . In th e th i rd p a rt we h a ve p ro ve d fr om th ems e l ve s th a t th y h a ve s a i e d th ey o u gh t o t to h a v e th e p ri ma cy n . . n d u e s a d a ll e g e a y tr u e te s ti n mo y th a t S t P ete r w a s a t n n . n . th en . e S a vio u r .

.

.

.

Th ’ e c c l e si a s ti ca l l c o n siste th i n se tti n gfo r th th e wo r d s o f G o d. th o th e r te m o r e ll ’ p l . e e o e w r e ce ry th t th e ne th t w r s sa p i t d t b b ih p a o se a e e a o n e o e s o s or p h w r eac r h t i l ou r s if d l d e i the ir d on e s n e an ern e n e oc . i th r f r s eth i g u m t e o f th i m a Wh r f r it n n e e or es en . F ordi i p li it w r ry g d th t it w tf th sc n e. DI S C O U RS E . so e or e na e . Fo r as th e g o o d h u sb a n d ma n s ma k e th h i s gr u d o n g o o d a n d pl e n ti fu ll . so th t th th t h l d b th x t f th i d i i pl i e ’ a os a s u e e e cu ou r s o s sc n w er m e f trid h enty w id m o d j u d gm t e B t on e s . d th t e e ve oo a en u r . so m f l th i &] m e or a bl t x cut e s. p r y r m un t fi r t wi th gos d c id r a e s s s oo on s e a i b c on tf th d f ut e se th ri b m did . u bi th b ih p w h h l d x cu t m f p pit y c a u se os s o s oe s u e e e . s o d o t th e tr e p r e a c h o u r oc ne h u th d t ri wi a n d e xa m p p e ri n t an d rla e o n th e e l e s mi p p ’ n d th e w o r d g f of G o d. an a es e n e a en n e e n se tf th th p pl mu t u r ti u l ly b e e ll u r d t b ir th m e s con n a e a e o e e e . o n . n e e n o f G d w rd o u ch lik vic w r d u ly pu ih d ’ s o . s r e a l me i Th e go v e r n a u n c e o f th i s d e vi de d i n to to w p rt s a e &] on e ec a s ti c l e si c a ]. e e e n s e . s o . Th e s e tti of th e s te th G o d c o n si i n gfu r th w o r ds of n th e go o d sc re e di t d o ctrine an d e xa mp l e o f th e te a c h o u r s an d s i p ritu a l l of fic e rs . an a th th t d i o se d t b ly ff d i w ri g ri ti g a no a g l c ti g e o en n s ea n . an en . so e or a s r e. s m f ig o e or m f g m f n o r a u n ce th i r ill m . a r di i p l i it e en u na e o e e e sc n e. a n d th e s ci l i di p ne . xt b i g u r . an h d u rc hof t fi c e rs i t th m w i th of h i th e C o a ss s e s g r c a A de t h. con ti n e wi n g th e pe pl e i n pr r a ye . th t th y a e at l e n gh te b ' e co me pl e n tifu ll Wh e re fo re . Pr y r a e s to Go d a sol mu st b e ma d e c o n tin u a ll y o f th e p e pl e . or s e e s. so e or a e .

o se n n u i o s h e me t t r th e rme s a n d l gge s ufficie t to s tr e n gh n o a e . n n o o th e r Th e e x mp l e w h e r e f m y b e b t t k e o f a m ’ . r s e r vice a s I h a ve p t in r e me mb r a c is in a r t ic l e s to u c h i g . . th b l d d d th c a d n n e e u . lle d to c o me th e r e u to to h e ie th e n n . e d me a n d so th e b o k e to b e e s t a w as p i n te d ba y le o . n or e n g d en e th o b lru d th e r e fo r env e n s th e to m ke e l ve r i . Th e te m p o re ll r gime t ite th i n w l l o rd e ri g e n con s s e n . 2 t i r ne. n n s e rvi t w e r e me & e t th e fa u te s w e r e d ra w e o t a s it ce i . an e en n o e o e o c m w e l th d e v e ry p a rte o f th h l e s o o e h u rt ’ en . n n n o a n e s lfe i . n a a d th m y ti o m b re g r t s t e an s i fo es de fea e f th ea r a ss s r enc o e h e a d e d b o dye h a vi g o ki d f w y to e rich th m an . an t th : e o . c e e d a . ] n u . eu rihi g d d f d i g th e h l e b o dy p l itiqu f th e o m c n . Te mp o re ll Re g me n t i . s n . ve a th e a rme d e fe di r e th h e l pi n th s d yd th n . A d fo a s m c h n r th e y i se rvi ou n g th e i r ki g a d as t y n n n cou n r e h v di a ev r gr t d ma yf l d h rge e s ea e ve s th e an rme n o c a s. r n n . a a o oc no ea se . an d li gh te s w ih p r te s e ge d r . n e b y hu b d ry s s s th e an rme d th d e c t m t it l f . T his mo ch gen e ra l ly fo r re ligio n . n wi s h n o a u th o r ity g e v e n g e n e ra ll y to a ll b i s h o p s b u t th a t . the r b y m h die ithe r b y h a di cr ft e ith r n e ar c au n s . to e x e r c i se i t in th e i r d io c e sis . u n n th e sta tu t e s o f thi s Pa li e me n t Bu t fo r d i s c i l i e I w o ld p r . an n a n es n d p y f l l fo th e cre i g d y d i g f th e r c o u t ry ’ an a n u r n as n an a n o n s . b li sh id a d a l me n w i . . s o s r n n an g tle me n c h fly d u h l ike k i d f p pl e b e a l w ye s en e an s c n o e a r d y to d f c e o f th e ir e e t y en d h i fly f th i r up cou n r e . n e n a . a s o a es a n an b dyo Fo . an a e th e h l e b d y o h f l y th e h e d o o ugh t e vi g me . a s a . an c e o e s e r io a d u r g o ve n d o u ght i ll th i g r n ou r b e vigila t . . c o mmissio b e ge v e n to tho s e tha t b e o f th e b e st s o rt o f th e m n . t h r e w a rdin g of su ch me n o th er might b e a l l u r e d at by to f l o w th e i o r go o d l ife A s fo r th e pra ye rs a d th e d ivi e .

so n a co en e o e ve ry pa rt to h a ve a d vi c tu m e t n on ad s a tu r ta te m i . er or. an in h c su c m y f il i mea se s p ti l a B t th i i a e n so on e ar cu ar s . as n e o no a a t &] mu c h o o r t &] l i tl i mm w l th u gh t o o o e . i n w o rk i n g a n d s o tr u e l y a n d j u s tl y ma k e th a t th a t th e y . u ea c en t w o k ith er m d l i or e ony k i. h epen d on e en e ce . 3 th e n th e p a rt e ve n s o mu st th e a r tific e r s s o u s e th e ir ga in e . n e e e e e n o th r u p ti e F o ccth e rm d l ggi d th a on s . g tl m en d evi gm en ugh t t b pr vid d f an se r n en o o e o e or . wh r th e p t i i e f e v l w ith r y t m d l i e sa u n r e s o n o a e . An d . t n or tifi b t t h e hi er c au n an ar so u r . p rt f th b dy d th r v f t w o n or n o on e a e o e o o se e or o p i o c cu Ev a c on si th r th g . w l e o e . I th i k th i c try n e be m hs t t ou n h v can ar e n o er c au n o a e m r l d th o e 1 00 1i an hu b dm an f m w r th . so o ught t th y ith r h v mu ch th y h i F no e ne e a e so as e a ve n r a u n ce . ggis th a t i s to s a y . . n o s an an or er ou r o a b v 1 00 o 2 00 l i e ti fi b v 1 00 m or l b ur r . n o ar cer a o e ar e . s ea e n o en e a . d f ne g d i g f e e n an n o en en r n o bl d onN . tl m ugh t t b en so n e e e en e an o o e a f m er th m h ou r . w o r ke th e me r c h a u n te s mu s t s o se l l th e re w a r e a n d s o l a b o u r . . s u c h r e n ts a n d s o s e ll th in e s th a t c o me o f th e n cr e a s e o f ’ g . u s s su r th is m w l th m y t b r e . v r or a es an e s o n e e d r w th h l e b l d fr m th l i a e vi b t l o vi th i t su ffi i t on o e e r . en s s. a n on e ki d f n t t li v byo Wh f ar i th b d y o e p rt h th . to b ri n g in s tr a u n g c o mmo d ite s th e h u sb a n d me n mu st p a y . th e g ro u n d th a t th e h a n d i s a n d th e l e . o s e e n a e or er co en ea n o p r th t h ll h v m r th th pr p rti f th e so n a s a a e o e en e o o on o e c u t y w ill b r o n r F i t i c v i t t ea rih th e . co m en t h v m r e a n o ea e on e an o a e o e th 2 f m en th b ar fi th e s. n o a o e mu h m r th c h p do ith e I p k w an g r ll y d e s en . n o e e n a e f h i d d h l b d y i t &] b igg f th p p i f as on e an o e o s o o or e r o or c o n o th b d ye S mu t th i o r b i w l d id mm w l th . u o ave s a rt p r tiul rly F u rth rm r e a c m mb r i a . th e g e n t e me n a n d o f s e r vi s ta ts o f n me n ma g y w e d l o e th e ll c o mme n w e a l th th a t s e r vi ce th e y o g t to d o e A n d a s th e u h . or as s on en en o en c e c u try o n it h rtf l i mm d r t l y t so r s rih y u p rt u o e a e o en c an on e a .

4

as th r e i
s no p ar ts ad tte d in
mi th e b o dy t h at do th not

wo rks an d ta ke pa y e n ,
so o u gh t th r e no pa rt o f th e co m
me n w e a l th to b e b u t l ab o r so s v o c a ti
m in h i on . Th e ge n l e t
ma n u gh t t l b r i r vic i hi c u try
o o a ou n se e n s o n ,
th e s e rvi
n
g
ma n ught t w it d ilig tl y
o h i m t r th
o a ti fi s en on s as e ,
e ar c sr

o ugh t t l b u r i hi w rk th h u b d m
o a o ni ti ll i g s o s, e s an an s n n

th gr u d
e th m o nh t i p s, i g th t mp t e b t
er c au n e n a ss n e s e s e s, u

th v eg b di a u g hat l l
ou n y t b b i h
s d o i t h e c er e o e an s e ,
as s

su
p fl er h u m u r i
u o u se th b d t h t i t y oth p it l n e o y ,
a s o sa e s s

an d fi lth w ih b c u , t i f
i c i p ut
,
e t b y th a se s or n o u se , s ou e

t
s r en gh t f tu r Th i i th tr rd ri g f th t t f
o na e . s s e u e o e n o e s a e o

a w ll f h i e d -
mm w l th th t v ry p rt d
as on e co b y en ea ,
a e e a o o e

on
&] h d
e & ] g v
e ,
on
&] l w e l l p r t isou f th e r n ou r ,
on s a ,
as a a o e

b d y b y th h d d
o o e gr m g th m l f e e d &] t t ,
a ee a on e se ,
an on s n o o

ea t th r p thr ugh g r d i b t th t w
an o e u th t
o e n e s, u a e se e a

rd r m d r ti d r b rid l l th ff ti

o e, o e a on ,
B t
an e a so n e a ec on s . u

th i i m t f l l t b h d i
s s os omm w l w l a o d d e a n a co en ea e e or r e ,

th t th l w
a d e di a b w les x ec u t d
an d u el y or n a u n ce s e e e e ,

o b y d e d mi it d w i
e ,
an th u t rr upti N w h vi g n s r e o co on . o ,
a n

se e n h w th i g o u gh t t b l t fi t n es h w o w th y o e ,
e u s r s se e o no e

b e rd r d o d i w h t st t th y t d
e e ,
an w n d th a a e e s an no ,
an en

g oe f r w r dot k r a m d y o ss e a e e s .

Th fir t p i t i r d ri g th
e s m w l th w t u h d
o n n o e n e co en ea e o c e

w th t th g
as tl m
a bl m e d vi gm
en es h ul d en ,
n o e en ,
an se r n en o

t d t utl y t d f c f th ir p i
s an s o o d g v
e en e o e su e r ou r an ou e r n ou r ,

an d h u l d b p i f l l i r d ri g th i
s o e r c u try ; w ih thi g
a n u n o e n e o n c n ,

a lth ugh i m p rt d th m t p rt b w ll ( th ki
o n so e a an e os a e e an s

b e t G d) y t i
o m p rti i
o ,
t b s ol utl y w ih I
e n so e a s, s no a ,
s

h l h w h r ft r p rtic u l rly B t th s d p i t
'

s a s o e ea e a a . u e e c on o n ,

f orm it a n f th S t t
e n au n ce o d f bl f l d d m e a e an o n o es o an e en ,

ii sl l l k d to oF th t t te f g
e tl m
. d or bl m a s a o en e en an n o e en

w hi ch i tru ly t b t mid th e t t f b l
s o h th l
e er s a e o n o e sse a a

o n ly n o t e n cre a s ed th e g a i
ns of li
ving . Fo r me r c h a u n ts s

5

h a ve

i
n hau n ss d rs fi mo r s h a ve in h a u n ss d th e ir
th e i
r wa ,
r

c o m e a n d c a tte ll l a b o u re rs th e ir w a ge s a r tifi c e r s the pric e
, , ,

o f th e i r w o rkma n s h ip ma rin e rs a n d b o te s me n th e ir h ire fo r
,

s e rvi ce w h e r e b y th e y r e c o mp e n s e th e l o s s e o f th i
,
n e s th ey
g
b ye b u t th e mo s t p a r t o f tr u e g e n tl e me n ( I me a n s n o t
th e i s fe r min g g e tl e me n n o r c l rkin g k igh ts s ) h a ve litle o r
n ,
a n

n o th i n g s n c s s s s d th e i
r r r e n te s ; ye t th e ir h o u s e ke pi g is d e a re r n

the ir me a t is d e a re r th e ir live rie s de a re r th e ir w a gis gre a te r
, , ,

wi c h thi n a t l e n th i f s e e d y r e me d b e n o t h a dd w i ll
g g p , y ,

b ri n
g th a t s ta te i n to u tte r r u i n s ( u o d a b si
q t ) Th e a r ti fi ce r s .

w o rk fa l s e ly th e c l o th i
,
e rs u s e d e c e iti n cl o th th e ma s o n s i n ,

hi l din g th e c l o kma ks r s in th e ir c l o kke s th e j o yn e r in h is
, ,

w o rki g o f t i mb e r a n d so f rth a l o th e r a l mo s t to th

n u
, ,

i n t e n t th e y w o l d h a v e me n c u m o fte n er to th e m f o r a me n d

i g th e i
n r th in g e s a n d s o h a ve mo re g ain s a ltho ugh a t th e
, ,

b e gi n ni n
g th e y ta k e o t o f me a s u re u Th e me r c h a u n ts s .

a v e n tu r e n o t to b ri n s tr a u n g c o mmo d i
n
g i te s b u t l o yts r a t ,

h o me s e n d fu rth s ma l l s h o y e s wi
,
th 2 o r 3 ma ri n e rs o c cu p y ,

e x ch a n u
g o f m o n ey b y a n d s e ll,
vi ta i l s s te a l s o u t b u ll io n , ,

cor n e , vi ta il s w o o d a n d s u ch l i
, ,
ke th i n g e s o u t o f th e re a l ms ,

a n d s e l l th e i r w a re u n re a s on a b l y T h e h usb a n d me n a n d .

f e r mo u r s ta ke th e i r gro un d a t a sma ll r e n t a n d d w e ll n o t ,

on i t b u t l e tt i
, t to p o o r s me n fo r tr e i b l e th e r e n t th e y ta ke
i t fo r a n d s e ll th e i
,
r fle sh c o rn e milks b u tte r e tc a t , ,
.
,
, ,

u n r e a so n a b l e p rice s Th e ge n tl e ma n c o n str a yn e d b y n e ce ssite
.
,

a n d p o v e rty b e c o mms th a fe r mo u r a gr a si
,
sr or a sh ep
, ,

ma s te r th e g r a sis r th e fe r mo u r th e me r ch a u n t b e c o me
, ,

l a n d e d me n a n d ca l l th emse l f ge n tl eme n th o ugh th e y b e
, ,

ch u r l e s Y e a th e fe r mo u r w i
.
,
l l h a v e te n fe rme s so me 2 0 , ,

a n d w e ll b e a p e d l a r s me r c h a u n t th e a r ti fice r w i ll l e a ve th e
t o w n s a n d f r h is mo r e p a ss e te mp s w il l l ive in th e co un trie
,
o

ye a a n d mo r e th a n th a t w i
,
ll b e a j u s tic e o f ps a x a n d w ill
, ,

th i n k s ko r n s to h a v e i t d en i e d hi m s o l o rd ly b e th ey n o w ,

6

a da e s i . Fo r n ow t hy e ar e c o n te n t w ith
n ot sh e e
p but ,

th y mu t h
e s a ve or s l s th e y th i k th e ms e lfe s n o t n

w ll ; th y mu t 2 0
e e s mil e s qu a r e th e ir o w n s l a n d o fu ll ,
r

o f th i r f m e d 4 5 ftar t l i b y i t &] l i
e s, a n tl or cr a ss o ve s o o e ,

s u c h h lh d b th y F id l p r e ou n es th ir w r e e . or e e so n s e e e

n e ve r I th i k m th b w n th w s ( m th i k )
or e an e no e ar r ss en n s

i ths u th r f w ih p r
e ca se d thi g b t
e eo ,
c e so n s can o n o n u

r bbo d t l anB t l k x c u ti
s ea s f th l w . h th u s a e e e on o e a es a

b ene th h if t f ll
e c Th l w e es h th b m i
sor e o a . e a es a en an

f tl y b r k
es th ff d o p u ih d
en ,
d ith r b y
e o en ou r s n s e ,
an e e

b ri b ry ef l ih pi t y c p d p u ih m t T h e d i
or o s s es a e n s en . sse n

i
s on d d i gr m t b t h f
an p riv t m tt r
sa ee d l en o or a e a e s, an a so

i m tt r
n f r li
a
gi e h th bs o l itl c u b t e on, a e ne , no e a se , u

th p i i
e
p l l h th b
r nc th d i b d i ta d a t ti sn e e so e e n an con en o u se

t lk i g
a d d y g
n f th f l ih
an d f d p plo nwi ch f o e o s an on e e, or

l k f t hi g h
a e o w d deac d br k n wil fu lly d
a ve an r s an o en ,
an

d i b d i tl y th l w
so e enf th i r l m ,
Th l w r e l a es o s ea s . e a e s a so

an d j u dg h mu ch ff d d i es rru pti
a ve d b ri b ry o en e n co on an e .

Fu rth r m r th y d e w d y mu h
o e ,
t f r t ll
e t oe n o a a s c u se o o es a no

on l y pri t m k tt f c m va d t i
i l arw h b y th y s ss o o e an v a s, er e

ih
n th p ri th r f b t l
au n s e d t th ce t b rd e eo ,
u a so s e n o e se a o a o e

s hipp d t k th w i
e s an s ug r d ti a
y th er w r
e e n s, a s, a s, o r an o a e ,

an d b ri g i t t L d n wh r th y ll d ub l th p r
o on on ,
ea e e se o e e ic e .

Wh t h l I y f th
a s th t b y
a d l l ffi
sa f tr t
o o se a an se o ce s o u s ,

th t i a mp p it b fi th t d t r y ti
r O r mb er th t
a t
en e c e s, a es o ,
a no

con s d ri g th
i e t y ig f m n f th i r & r ] t ur e
e su s a n n o en o e co n ,
o n

ti ll gr u d t p tu r th t
-
o n c o i pp as ll i d it e ,
a u se e x e ss s n a ar e ,
n e ,

an d i b yl d i g n f cl ur f w t
u n d c mm ,
o f en os es o as es an o o n s, o

th th t c t f l
o se d a d ii bi ll
as b t th t th thi g
a s an ss c o u ss s s, u a e n

is t di
so l g d l m t b l t tr t f th p
s o u ss , on ,
an a en a e o en ea o e ar

ti l cu th t I m w ry t g
ar s a
y fu t h r
a i t h p e e o oe an r e n e ar

ti l
cu r a s W h r f r I w il l c
. h vi g t ld th w r t
e e o e e a s se ,
a n o e o s ,

bi th b
ca u s e t wi ll it lf
e es s a ve se .

5 P is h i g of e g b di d r u er . ’ n en e a no en th y o m t o m s s t t l y t e c e th y d w d ys an ’ e a e o er as e oe no a a an d gl t . . ca n an se c ou s e . un n va a ou n s an i d l p s o s 6 E o gi g th good . n or e r . s t a n d e t h in d e . t i g ti l l g o r d to r a n en e c e s. e e ou r e ce er e n . ene of p pl di ob di e of th l o w s o t b yij g d s l l i g e . er e r e e n a se a e n e ce ss y th i g w w il l sh w ar a d vi th i n Y o th . ean n th y b a or e ar en e as e e b o gh t p d th t m k p l o g s t th s o of t h i r u u . . Now e I w i ll b e gin e t o e n tr e a te of a r e me dy Th e i ll i n . s e e n ce e er r . an ca et ll b y o d h i g of e t s si g t& n w ] t se a . an u n . a l s . e . n en r n r en s n a e ar e e co mm w l th enThi s b th h i f p o i t s th t t d t o ea . c e . g vi g gildi g j y i g p i ti g m k i g of l o th s r a n . r er n e e cu st o m s 3 8 E g d i g f d h ip i l th p t s of th er . e n a e 3 Ex . u o es u a r e ce n s s er w bi a t d m t t di o W ith w h t s o or e th i g th es a w u . r n . a H m o r a ce i g th t f th mo s t p t m b . o n n . b t th i k th i t l l s w t ne ec d h o st u n e e r r a ve e e an ne : A d f n th is p p os w ol d I w ih t h t tifi or u r d oth e s e a ar ce r s an er . Th i s em st b id w ith t h s so or e s m d i u e cu r e e e ec n s or p l t 1 G e as r e s :oo d d ti o . r n n . e u ca n . ce i tfu l w o k i g of s i g of x h g d u y r n ar ti fic e r s. e ve n f o m th i t d t g t o th i t t t h y m y t w h r e r en r es a e . e e e c e n e a en o d w ll th h ol r er mm w l th e A d f e th fi s t it e co en e . ti g th l w s j s tl y w ith o t sp t of p s o s . ” a e ve r n e ne v s l i s imb e se d it w i ll l o g k p th s o ru e s ith n e e e av u r . c er . ou r n n - r u n p st a x di g i ur e. u m s t b b o gh t p s o m i h b d y s om i w o k i g u e r u u . u r e ec er n 4 E x mpl of . n c u r a n e . a n c e . u n o ar e o li veby k p i g of m y sh p d m y f m i d l ss . s e . an a en e e n e e av u r e r fi t b i gi g p Wh fo s i g th t it rs r n n m th s o u . c n ve n b l l i o l d b l m t l l op w oo d i o fi h om u n . e pp ll d i t ce d b yl d i g n l o si g n a ar e . e n r n . e d e a . n an e n of offi s imp op i ti g b fice . e cu n e a e u . u n e c au n an u s r . m k i g v t w ith h o y s o l y i t o Fl a n en d o yi g of e n n au n r e s. e n u s an r e. 2 D vi s i g of g oo d l w s . se a e n n e an e r ee . en c n of ommo s s ti g of ill d di i bil l s c n . ee n an ee an an ar e s. th i s c o mme n w e a l th a s I h a v e b e for e sa id . 7 O d i g w l th e er n . as i s i o d fi s t s o it mith t o b i d ig iti d d g n r r e r . ea . F Ho or s ith y w is l y Q r a ce t i mb t a ve r e . e n s t au n s n r en e . n .

h a v e s ome pl a c e s a pp oin t e d th e m in e ve r y oo d t o u n e w he r e t h e y sh l d b e e n ti se s a n d b o u ud t o g p r . n fa u t h i ms e l f n can pu n i sh a n o th e r fo r th e sa m offe n c e Tu p e t . ’ migh t th e b e tt e r u n d e r sta n d th e m w i c h th i g s h a l mo c h u . n j u s tic e s of pe a x Wh e r e fo e I w ol d w ish e th a t a fte th i s . . . u t e di o u se s t a t u t e s w e r e br ou gh t i n t o o n e su mme t oge th e r . . r es d o c to r é c u m c lp a r e d a r g i t i su m A nd t h i e s j u s ti ce s u p u . r r Pa r l i e me n t w e r e e n d e d th e y n obl e m e e x c e p t a fe w th a t n . . 8 ' w er e e ith e r co mma u n d e d to b i g th e ir s on n e s in l ike r n u p tr a d e o r e l se . . 3 Ne v e r th e l e s s e w h e . a n d ma d e mo r e pl a in e a n d sh o t t o th in te n t th a t me n r . a ll t h i . a u th o i te t o e x e c u t e r Th a t i s t o s a y th e n ob l e me a n d th e . be in g pu t o u t th e ir i s n o d o u t fo r th e e x e c u tion of th e . a . h e r e t ofo e w h a t s t a t u t s I th i nk mo s t n e c e ss a y t o b e r r e n a c t e d t hi s se ssion s Ne ve r th e l e s I w ol d w ish e th a t be s i d e . Th i s sh a l w e l l e a s e a n d r e me d ie th e d e c e it f l w o k i n g of u r th i n e s d i s ob e d i e n c e of th e l o w e r s o r t c a s ti g of s e d i ciou s n g . n t h a t t a k e c h i l d r e n a n d t e a c h th e m t o b e gge sh ou l d a c c o d . law e s . fu ll y a d d u e l y e xe c u t e d Biw h o m ? By th o se th a t h a v e n . me n sh u l d b e pu t fr om b e in g j u s ti c e s of p e a x th a t b e t o c h e d o r bl o tt e d w ith th o s v i ce s th a t b e a ga i s t th ie s n e w u ' n l a w s t o b e e s t a bl i s h e d Fo r o ma n th a t i s i . s a n d t h e ir s h ou l d r . s h o l d b e w ith me w e n t t o t h e ir c o u n t e i . I h a ve sh e w e d min e op i n i on . n h e l p t o a v a u n c e th e pr o fi t of th e c o mme n w e a l e . li sh e d a n d e n a c t e d th e y se r v e t o n o e pu p o s e e x c e p t t h e y b e . r . n c e r te in kin d of c o n d itio s A l s o th a t th o s e v a ga b o u d is n . e s l a w e s b e ma d e n e sta b . s e e th e s t a t u t e s f l l y a d d u e l y e x e c u t e d a n d th a t t h o s e u n . . 2 D e vis in g of goo d l a w e s . bil l e s a n d w il c l e r e l y ta k e a w a y th e idl e n e s of pe pl e . r i t o t h ei d e me i rte s b e w o r th e l y p u n i sh e d r n g . th e m h e r e ft e r w h a n time sh a l s e r ve th e s pe r flo u s a n d .