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# AE451A

Experiments in Aerospace Engineering III
Impact test to measure fracture energy of
materials
(Structures Exp. 2)

Report Submitted By:
Akarsh Jain
13060
Group 03

1: Dimensions of Charpy Test Specimen[1] . 1: Fig. Procedure: 1) Power up the Dynamic Impact Machine 2) Open CEAST software program and begin data acquisition 3) Set the hammer and sample specifications according to standard ASTM E23 and required height/energy/velocity of hammer 4) Begin impact and record readings 5) Analyse readings and find Fracture Energy Observations: Specimen Dimensions The dimensions of the specimen are in according to standard ASTM E23 and is shown in Fig.5 kg. The test measures the impact energy. The following are some methods used to determine this behaviour: 1) Charpy test or Charpy V-notch test: The apparatus consists of a pendulum of known mass and length that is dropped from a known height to impact a notched specimen of material. We shall be doing the Charpy test. The weight of the Charpy test hammer is 7.Objective: To measure fracture energy of an aluminum by conducting Charpy’s Impact test. but notch faces in direction of hammer. or the energy absorbed prior to fracture. 2) Izod Test: Like the Charpy test. Notch direction is directly opposite that of hammer impact point. Theory: Impact tests are designed to help characterise the behaviour and resistance to failure of material to a sudden applied force.

Case 1: 2 m/s The Obtained Displacement vs Time graph is shown in Graph 1. Fracture Energy (case 1) = 16.718 J (Max.104 ms and 7. total energy at 8.568 mm) Case 1: 4 m/s The Obtained Displacement vs Time graph is shown in Graph 3. Displacement Plot 3000 2500 2000 Force (N) 1500 1000 500 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Displacement (mm) Graph 2: Force vs Displacement plot The area under the curve of the Graph 2 is 16717. Force vs Displacement Graph is shown in Graph 4: . Hence. Force vs Displacement Graph is shown in Graph 2: Displacement vs Time Plot 9 8 Displacement (mm) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 TIme (ms) Graph 1: Displacement vs Time plot Force Vs.63 units.

Fracture Energy (case 1) = 21. Displacement vs Time plot 50 45 Displacement (mm) 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Time (ms) Graph 3: Displacement vs Time plot Force vs Displcement Plot 8000 7000 6000 5000 Force (N) 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 -1000 Displacement (mm) Graph 4: Force vs Displacement plot The area under the curve of the Graph 2 is 21503.087 mm) Results:  For the case of hammer speed 2 m/s. the Fracture energy = 16.504 J (Max.98 units. Hence.446 ms and 15. total energy at 4. the Fracture Energy = 21.504 J  Error in Data = 25 % References: 1) Structures Lab Manual .718 J  For the case of hammer speed 4 m/s.