You are on page 1of 5

Chapter 1 Key words: Fundamentals of Computer Systems and Programming

Computer System

A computer system is the complete computer made up of the CPU, memory
and related electronics (main cabinet), all the peripheral devices connected
to it and its operating system.

Input devices

An input device is a peripheral used to provide data and control signals to an
information processing system such as a computer or information appliance.

Output devices

An output device is any device used to send data from a computer to another
device or user.

Input device definition

An input device is a peripheral used to provide data and control signals to an
information processing system such as a computer or information appliance.

Output device definition

An output device is any device used to send data from a computer to another
device or user.

Data Protection Act

The Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA) is an act which defines UK law on the
processing of data on identifiable living people.

Computer Misuse Act

The Computer Misuse Act 1990 is a law passed by the government. It was
introduced to try to fight hackers and hacking.

Copyright and Patents Act

convention. gives the creators of literary. images. Professional standards De facto standards which become accepted by an industry are also known as industry standards or professional standards. Copyright. Designs and Patents Act 1988. dramatic. musical and artistic works the right to control the ways in which their material may be used. product. comments. Hacking Hacking is the process of gain unauthorized access to data in a system or computer. Plagiarism Plagiarism is the the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own. E-waste . etc. De facto standards A de facto standard is a custom. or system that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces (such as early entrance to the market). Piracy Piracy isi the the unauthorized use or reproduction of another’s work. Social Network A social network is a dedicated website or other application which enables users to communicate with each other by posting information. messages.

computers. recycling and recovery targets for all types of electrical goods. E-waste is discarded electronic appliances such as mobile phones. with a minimum rate of 4 kilograms per head of population per annum recovered for recycling by 2009. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment(WEEE) The WEEE Directive set collection. and televisions. Ethical Behaviour Information systems Control and monitoring systems Communication Systems Proprietary Open .

Designs and Patents Act Code of conduct Code of conduct area Responsible for E-Waste Coding standard .E-Waste landfill consideration Copyright.

De-facto standard example Open standards example .