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WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

- An Overview -

Ms. Azzalina Zainuddin


Snr Specialist
Occupational Safety and Health Inspectorate
MOM
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations
- An Overview -

Commencement
Enacted - 10 July 2015
Enforced 1 Aug 2016
Presentation Scope

Impetus to Mandate DfS

WSH (DfS) Regulations


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Impetus for DfS
Impetus to Mandate DfS
Shifting the WSH Intervention Upstream

We cannot rely solely on downstream regulation and


enforcement activities to achieve a breakthrough in WSH
performance. We have to do more upstream rather than only
deal with the risks that materialize downstream.
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DPM Tharman Shanmugaratnam


Launch of NWSH Campaign
5 7 May 2014
Can such risks posed to maintenance personnel be avoided?
Can such risks posed to maintenance personnel be avoided?
Maintenance of Greenwalls
Maintenance of Greenwalls

Save cost and time to erect scaffolding during maintenance


Enhanced safety with no need to work at height
Effective long term maintenance
Faade Maintenance
Faade Maintenance

Permanent maintenance unit


Mitigate risk of being hit by
passing vehicles
Faade Maintenance

Cleaning via rope access techs vs. Self-Cleaning glass


Impetus to Mandate DfS
Shifting the WSH Intervention Upstream

We cannot rely solely on downstream regulation and


enforcement activities to achieve a breakthrough in WSH
performance. We have to do more upstream rather than only
deal with the risks that materialize downstream.

To achieve widespread adoption of DfS


and enable significant progress in
workplace safety, the Government has
decided to mandate DfS, and require
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developers to ensure designs are safe to


build, maintained and demolished.

DPM Tharman Shanmugaratnam


Launch of NWSH Campaign
13 7 May 2014
WSH (DfS) Regulations
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

Objective

To foster greater industry ownership amongst Developers and Designers to


manage the WSH risks upstream at the design and planning phase of projects.

Key Features

Collaboration amongst parties in addressing design risks

Sharing of relevant information with relevant parties

Competency

Stakeholders

Developers DfS Professionals


Designers Owners
Contractors
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

Parts in the Regulations

PART 1 - PRELIMINARY
1. Citation and commencement
2. Definitions
3. Application
PART 2 - DUTIES OF DEVELOPER
4. Design of structure for safety and health of affected persons
5. Developers duties in respect of designers and contractors
6. Design-for-safety review meeting
7. Design-for-safety register
8. Delegation of developers duties
PART 3 - DUTIES OF DESIGNER AND CONTRACTOR
9. Duties of designer
10. Duties of contractor
PART 4 - MISCELLANEOUS
11. Duty of registered proprietors and subsidiary management corporations
12. Offences
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

Apply to

(a) A development undertaken by a developer in the course of business which


involves construction work with a contract sum of $10 million or more

(b) A development to modify a permanent structure (which has a DfS register)

i.e. structures covered in (a) which will undergo modification in future, e.g. extension of bldg

Note:

(a) Refer to the Planning Act on definition of development on what is included or excluded under
development

Do not apply to development:

(a) which are not in the course of business (e.g. home owner building his own residence)

(b) where the developer has appointed a designer before 1 August 2016.
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations
Eliminate or Reduce
DEVELOPERS Design Risk

1) Design risks
DESIGN
RISK
2) Competency

3) Time & resources


as far as it is reasonably practicable, ensure all
4) Information foreseeable design risks are eliminated

5) DfS Review if not reasonably practicable to eliminate, then ensure


Meetings that the design risk must be reduced to as low as
6) DfS Register reasonably practicable

design risk - anything that is provided or omitted in the design of a structure that increases
the likelihood of a person being injured when constructing, working at or demolishing
the structure;
Example (omission)
Part of the structure where maintenance need to be carried out have open sides and no barrier,
wall or guard-rail is designed for to prevent person from falling when it is reasonably practicable
to do so.
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

DEVELOPERS

1) Design risks

2) Competency Hire competent


personnel

3) Time & resources

4) Information ensure designers and contractors engaged by developer


are competent to perform their duties
5) DfS Review
Meetings
6) DfS Register
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

DEVELOPERS

1) Design risks

2) Competency
Allocate sufficient time and
3) Time & resources resources

4) Information
Project is planned and managed to ensure
5) DfS Review
Meetings designers and contractors appointed have
sufficient time and resources to perform their
6) DfS Register
duties.
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

DEVELOPERS

1) Design risks

2) Competency Provide relevant


information
3) Time & resources

4) Information Provide relevant information to designers and


contractors to enable them to perform the duties.
5) DfS Review
Meetings
6) DfS Register
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

DEVELOPERS
DEVELOPER DESIGNER
DfS
1) Design risks REVIEW
MEETINGS
2) Competency MAIN
CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR
3) Time & resources

4) Information

5) DfS Review convene DfS review meetings as are necessary to


Meetings
6) DfS Register
(i) identify all foreseeable design risks in the
project; and

(ii) discuss how each of the foreseeable design


risks can be eliminated or reduced.

ensure all relevant designers and contractors attend


the DfS meetings
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

DEVELOPERS
DfS
1) Design risks Register

2) Competency

3) Time & resources

4) Information keep an updated DfS register

5) DfS Review accessible to designers and contractors appointed


Meetings
6) DfS Register available for inspection by an inspector

DfS register contain information and records on

DfS review meeting convened; and

residual design risk in the project.


Information to be used for future maintenance works, Addition &
Alteration works, demolition etc.
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

DEVELOPERS
Maintenance Strategy Report
1) Design risks
DfS
Register
2) Competency

3) Time & resources

4) Information

5) DfS Review
Meetings
6) DfS Register
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

Developer may delegate two duties to DfS professional

DEVELOPERS DfS PROFESSIONAL

5) DfS Review Meetings

6) DfS Register

Ensure that the DfS Professional provide developer


(DfSP) is competent to perform
the duties relevant information on

identified design risks; and

provide DfS Professional (DfSP) how design risks can be


information necessary for DP eliminated or reduced.
to perform these duties
updated copy of DfS register
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations
Eliminate foreseeable Reduce and control
DESIGNERS risk in design the risk

1) Design Plan
RISK
2) Competency

3) Information
as far as it is reasonably practicable, design plan must
eliminates foreseeable design risks

if not reasonably practicable to eliminate, then designer


must propose modification to design plan that reduces
the design risk to as low as reasonably practicable
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

Who are Designers?

Designer refers to the person or an organization or a


company who prepares a design plan relating to a
structure.

e.g. Engineers, Architects, Professional Engineers, Qualified


Persons (QPs)
and even Contractors or Developers if they prepare a design
plan for permanent or temporary structures.
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WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

DESIGNERS

1) Design Plan

2) Competency Hire competent


personnel

3) Information

designers appointed by the designer (delegated


designer) must be competent to perform their duties
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

DESIGNERS

1) Design Plan

2) Competency Provide relevant


information
3) Information

provide relevant information on the design, construction


or maintenance to person who appointed the designer
provide delegated designer all relevant information
to enable the delegated designer to perform his duties as a
designer
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

CONTRACTORS

1) Competency
Hire competent
2) Information personnel

designers and subcontractors engaged by the contractor


must be competent to perform their duties
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

CONTRACTORS

1) Competency

2) Information Provide relevant


information

provide all relevant information to designers and


subcontractors appointed by contractor to enable them
perform their duties
inform the person who appointed the contractor of any
foreseeable design risk that the contractor knows
WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

OWNER
DfS
When structure or building is disposed/sold to new owner Register

Current owner

give DfS register to the new owner;

inform new owner of the nature and purpose of the DfS register.

New owner

ensure DfS register is made available for inspection by an inspector


WSH (Design for Safety) Regulations

DEVELOPERS DESIGNERS CONTRACTORS

1) Design risks 1) Design Plan 1) Competency

2) Competency 2) Competency 2) Information

3) Time & resources 3) Information


4) Information

5) DfS Review
OWNER
Meetings DfS PROFESSIONAL
DfS register
6) DfS Register
1) DfS review
meetings available for inspection

2) DfS Register
give to new owner
3) Information to
developer
DfS Video

Click to watch video: https://youtu.be/IJGV3LgNq-U


Information & Resources

Click on image to go to the website


Thank You for
your Time