7 views

Uploaded by srikaanth06

LFB RADIAL DISTRIBUTION POWER FLOW MODEL
SECTION – 3

- Voltage
- Optimal power flow solution by Domrnel, H. W., Tinney, W. F.
- Shan Zhong, Student Member, IEEE, and Ali Abur, Senior Member, IEEE
- GGOV1_2
- floyds algorithm
- Finite Elements
- Thesis
- Tutorial Power System Analysis - Power Flow Analysis-Solution
- AC PowerFlow Part1
- pv555
- 7 Contingency
- IRJET-Load Flow Analysis and Optimal Allocation of Distributed Generation Using Psat: A Review
- NI CaseStudy Cs 13453
- Generator Capability Curve
- 89708090 Generator Capability Curve
- DIgSILENT TechRef Common Impedance
- Iterative DCOPF Model Using Distributed Slack Bus
- 00320667
- 2
- A Fuzzy Based Solution for Improving Power Quality in Electric Railway Networks

You are on page 1of 7

SECTION 3

LFB Three Set Equations

theory. If A is incidence matrix, real and reactive power balance equations at all

busbars, except slack bus can be written using the incidence matrix. As all shunt

connections are excluded in the incidence matrix, their real- and reactive power

contributions are accounted for separately in the power balance equations. Real-

and reactive power loads, shunt capacitors and line charging susceptances can be

treated as shunt branches. Following the traditional classification of slack, voltage

controlled and load busses, the LFB equations are formulated as three sets of

equations.

A. p PGL A'.l 0

Using a bus incidence matrix A with rows corresponding to all

busses other than the slack, the bus real and reactive power balance in matrix

equation form.

(2.1)

(2.2)

A Incidence matrix

A1 Incidence matrix with out slack bus

A11 Incedenc ematrix with out slack bus and -1 elements of A set to zero

l

Active power losses

m

Reactive power loss

compensating susceptances at each bus.

V2 The unknown voltage square vector except at the slack bus is the square

generator buses are classified into two kinds

b)voltage-controlled PV buses.

Let n be the total number of buses and n pv and npq the number of voltage-

controlled and load buses, respectively. Allowing for one slack bus, the total number

of various buses is

n = n pv+npq+1 (2.3)

as

2

A1 .q QGL1 A1 '.m H 1 .V1 0

(2.5)

Vi ( p jql )

i V j j l (rl jxl )

tl V j ( j )

(2.5)

ViV j ( pl jql )

( i j ) (rl jxl ) V j2

tl V j ( j )

(2.6)

V12V22 ( 2 1 ) V j4 ( pl rl ql xl ) 2 2V22 ( pl rl ql xl ) ( pl xl ql rl ) 2

V j4 ( pl rl ql xl ) 2 2V22 ( pl rl ql xl ) ( pl xl ql rl ) 2 V12V22 ( 2 1 ) 0

Vi 2V j2

V 2V [rl pl xl ql ]

j

4

j

2

2

( pl2 ql2 )( rl 2 xl2 ) 0

t l

(2.7)

Vi 2

V 2[rl p l xl ql ] 2 k l

j

2

tl

(2.8)

kl

V j2 sl2 pl2 ql2

where

pl xl ql rl

sin( i j l )

ViV j

(2.9)

The denominator part of (2.9) may be assumed as unity and (2.9) approximated as

( i j l ) pl xl q l rl

(2.10)

i j pl xl ql rl l

(2.11)

l

There are a total of line voltage equations. The total number of unknown

voltage magnitudes will drop to n-n pv-1. When dispersed generators are specified as

voltage-controlled buses. Because the voltage of a PV bus is known, the value is

shifted to the right-hand side of (2.8) .This equation can be written in a matrix form

as

2

(2.12)

2

Vslack p, q

Real and reactive line flow vectors at receiving end

Ac

Slack bus voltage

Bus incidence matrix corresponding to the slack bus.

A and A' are defined a incidence matrix and a modified incidence matrix with

all +1 in A set to zero, then it is easy to include the relevant branch losses in the

power

balance equation equations by using the vectors of branch real and reactive power

losses l and m.

susceptances at each bus as the diagonal element except the slack bus.

PGL QGL PGLi PGi PLi

and are the injection power vectors defined as and

.

p and q are real and reactive line flow vectors at receiving buses of the

branches in the network. The reactive mismatch equations should be deleted at the

PV buses.

V2 , the unknown voltage vector which contains the voltages at the PQ buses,

is

A 0 0 p PGL A' l

0 2

A1 0 q QGL A'1 m H 1V

2 R 2 X (A1 A1 ) V 2

T T AcT V pv2 k

(2.13)

N 2(n 1) ( n n pv 1) 3(n 1) n pv

(2.14)

The matrix in (2.13) has a linear form in the (k+1) th iteration as follows:

A pqv2 x ( k 1) y1 y 2( k )

(2.15)

Apqv2

The coefficient matrix is a constant matrix that needs to be factorized

only once during the solution process. The coefficient matrix is nonsingular since

the radial network is of tree structure with all the branches connected, and the rows

x

corresponding to tree branches in a network graph are independent. is the

p q

variable vector of active, reactive line flows , and square of bus voltage

V2 y1

magnitudes ; is a constant vector of the injection powers and PV bus voltages;

y2

is a variable vector of branch losses and charging and compensating powers. An

y2

iterative power flow analysis is started with the vector set to zero. Using the

solution vector in an iteration, the right-hand side of (12) is updated by calculating

y1 x

vector and adding to vector . calculate all values of unknowns vector .

- VoltageUploaded byjack_clift
- Optimal power flow solution by Domrnel, H. W., Tinney, W. F.Uploaded byEléctrico Ingeniería
- Shan Zhong, Student Member, IEEE, and Ali Abur, Senior Member, IEEEUploaded byAhmadinijad
- GGOV1_2Uploaded byİNANC
- floyds algorithmUploaded byYash Sharma
- Finite ElementsUploaded byKZ
- ThesisUploaded byEk Pari Pagal Si
- Tutorial Power System Analysis - Power Flow Analysis-SolutionUploaded byAdriana Shoppe
- AC PowerFlow Part1Uploaded byManjit Karkhanis
- pv555Uploaded bymakroum
- 7 ContingencyUploaded byhemang patel
- IRJET-Load Flow Analysis and Optimal Allocation of Distributed Generation Using Psat: A ReviewUploaded byIRJET Journal
- NI CaseStudy Cs 13453Uploaded bySaad Parvaiz Durrani
- Generator Capability CurveUploaded byarputharaju_k
- 89708090 Generator Capability CurveUploaded bynabil160874
- DIgSILENT TechRef Common ImpedanceUploaded byАлишер Галиев
- Iterative DCOPF Model Using Distributed Slack BusUploaded byGabriel Felix
- 00320667Uploaded byAbdulrahman
- 2Uploaded byarwin
- A Fuzzy Based Solution for Improving Power Quality in Electric Railway NetworksUploaded bynpfh
- ANTONY GORMLEY Museo de Arte Contemporaneo Monterrey Mexico ANTONY GORMLEY BETWEEN YOU and ME Artium Vitoria Gasteiz SpainUploaded byjorgeheymann
- AC Power Transmission - Open Electrical.pdfUploaded byDoly Damanik
- <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd"> <HTML><HEAD><META HTTP-EQUIV="Content-Type" CONTENT="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1"> <TITLE>ERROR: The requested URL could not be retrieved</TITLE> <STYLE type="text/css"><!--BODY{background-color:#ffffff;font-family:verdana,sans-serif}PRE{font-family:sans-serif}--></STYLE> </HEAD><BODY> <H1>ERROR</H1> <H2>The requested URL could not be retrieved</H2> <HR noshade size="1px"> <P> While trying to process the request: <PRE> TEXT /titlecleaner?title=ES-6.pdf HTTP/1.1 Host: www.scribd.com Connection: keep-alive Accept: */* Origin: http://www.scribd.com X-CSRF-Token: c6794efe07c8060daf3e4f8b0dcd45be4a34967c User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.22 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/25.0.1364.152 Safari/537.22 X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest Referer: http://www.scribd.com/upload-document Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate,sdch Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.8 AcceUploaded bymounicapaluru_351524
- MET2007 Lars AbrahamssonUploaded bynpfh
- safsafafaUploaded byHandikaPutra
- DOPF Lumayan Lengkap Msg_pass_dynUploaded byRahadian Akbar
- Power System Simulation Lab ManualUploaded byK.Ramachandran
- [doi 10.1109_ELECO.2009.5355219].pdfUploaded byahmed
- Scheme of Work Form 5 (2011)-FrameUploaded byNorzAynie Sz
- `Thinking Method' and `Working Method‘Uploaded byAkmal Mustafa

- Measurement of Reactive Power of Star and Delta Connected Balanced LoadsUploaded bysrikaanth06
- Power electronics and advanced electrical drives lab_1.docxUploaded bysrikaanth06
- PART-AUploaded bysrikaanth06
- Force in Magnetic FieldsUploaded bysrikaanth06
- energy meterUploaded bysrikaanth06
- Inverter Topologies for Hybrid Electric VehiclesUploaded bysrikaanth06
- Sepic ConverterUploaded bysrikaanth06
- A New Topology for Unipolar Brushless DC Motor DriveUploaded bysrikaanth06
- Generator Load ModelUploaded bysrikaanth06
- Load Frequency ControlUploaded bysrikaanth06
- AC Voltage Controllers-1Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- Static v-I Characteristics of a ThyristorUploaded bysrikaanth06
- Mosfet Part2Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- Mosfet Part1Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- PE_UNIT2Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- PE Unit1 AssignmentUploaded bysrikaanth06
- Reactive Power of Star and Delta Connected Balanced LoadsUploaded bysrikaanth06
- New Microsoft Office Word DocumentUploaded bysrikaanth06
- New Microsoft Office Word DocumentUploaded bysrikaanth06
- off_1Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- DEPT LABSUploaded bysrikaanth06
- LFC Modelling Part 3Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- LFC Modelling Part 2Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- LFC Modelling Part 1Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- LFC Introduction Part 3Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- LFC Introduction Part 2Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- LFC Introduction Part 1Uploaded bysrikaanth06
- LFC AbstractUploaded bysrikaanth06
- psocUploaded bysrikaanth06

- log .exeUploaded byDiego Alonso Black Lotus
- Lecture_1 - Entroduction to MBSUploaded byDhanushka Madusanka
- Fermentation SystemsUploaded byAntillon Lolly
- AAA_Energizer_Ultimate_Lithium_detailsUploaded byjobin_michael
- sustainibilityUploaded byIsmail Ali Syahbana
- BGP-4 Command and Configuration HandbookUploaded bylokesh
- TheoryUploaded byNikhilPrakash
- WEG Dc Motor 678 Brochure EnglishUploaded byS Sarath Chandra
- Structural Design of G+5 Building (Final Year Project for BSC in Civil Engineering)Uploaded bySamuel Tesfaye
- Further Differentiation - SolutionsUploaded bywolfretonmaths
- Surge Arresters Ohio BrassUploaded byalpcruz
- Duplex Ss WPSUploaded byVinu Raveendran
- Arduino Circuits and Projects Guide - ElektorUploaded bytsegay
- Reporte de Coordinacion de ProteccionesUploaded byJoaquin Medina
- Research World May 2010 Using Mobile Phones for ResearchUploaded bymatrix
- Computer Aided Manufacturing LabUploaded byelangandhi
- X509 and PKIUploaded byNewton Kitonga Nganda
- Gate valve - 800#.pdfUploaded byDanielle Johnson
- industrial training reportUploaded byapi-373020854
- 4.-Developing Your Strategic Plan - McNamara CarterUploaded byDavid A. Campos
- Dynamic Analysis of Pile FoundationsUploaded byasghar
- SN74LS166DUploaded byYuki Hana
- Cyber ThreatsUploaded byanon_952722090
- cover page - table of contentsUploaded byapi-297596479
- configuratie laptopUploaded byAlex Grigoras
- Tech Drilling Drilling DragBitsUploaded byBima Mahendra
- Plugin Attachment 107Uploaded byAhsan Khan Khan
- Shell StructuresUploaded byrahul_srikrishna
- create your own school project instructions rubricUploaded byapi-305277490
- Chap 1(a)-Molecular Diffusion in Gases.pptUploaded byHelena Francis