A Report On

Reservation policy harming the nation

Submitted in partial fulfillment for the Award of degree of Master of Business Administration

Submitted By: Students Name: Ajay Singh Rathore Gaurav Goyal Abeer Bansal MBA Part II

Submitted To:- Col. Bharat Singh

Jodhpur Institute of Management
(A Constituent offfff , Jodhpur)

2008-2010

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Acknowledgement
We express our sincere thanks to project guide, Faculty Members (Jodhpur Institute of Management, for guiding us right from the inception till the successful completion of the project. We sincerely acknowledge them for extending their valuable guidance, support for literature, critical reviews of project and the report and above all the moral support they have provided us during all stages of this project.

We would also like to thank to Col. Bharat Singh for his help and cooperation throughout our project.

We express our gratitude to Jodhpur Institute of Management for providing us with this opportunity.

………………………………….. ABEER BANSAL (3001)

AJAY SINGH RATHORE (3003) GAURAV GOYAL JIM,Jodhpur (3025)

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Contents
Chapter 1 1.1 1.2 1.3

Introduction
What is Reservation History & Present Scenario of Reservation System Reservation others than caste or religion in some more categories.

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Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 Chapter 5 5.1

Modern status of the Caste System
Views “Against” Reservation Some real Examples. IIT STATISTICS KARNATAKA CET KERALA CET EVENTS AGAINST RESERVATIONS HAVE RESERVATIONS REALLY FAILED THEIR PURPOSE?

5 6 7-8

9-13

Chapter 6

A funny story : Life After 10 years (Effects of Reservations)

14-16 17-18 19

Chapter 7 Chapter 8

Conclusion Bibliography

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Introduction
India is country of many cultures, religion or castes and sub-castes, as a result of centuries of following Varnasrama Dharma, a social system which translates to "types" or "order". This put limitations on access to education, jobs and other rights to the"lower-castes". During the British Raj, some methods for upliftment of the backward among these parts of the population were introduced. These included reservations in the legislature and in government jobs. After independence, the Indian constitution, introduced provisions for reservations for the scheduled castes and tribes in government institutions in the 1950s, to give a fair reperesentation to the weaker sections of society. 22.5% of the seats in higher education institutes currently setaside for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs). The reservation system was originally supposed to last only for ten years. However, it has continued to this day. In 1989, then Prime Minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh accepted and implemented the proposals of the Mandal Commission, which recommended reservations for Other Backward Classes (OBCs). Many Indian states implemented the OBC reservations in their higher educational institutions, which led to protests by those belonging to "upper castes" and opposed to the quota system. It must be noted, however, that a select few higher educational institutions - the IITs, IIMs, AIIMS, etc. - were kept out of the purview of the OBC reservations until now. In some states (for example Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu) where the quotas for SC/ST/OBC have been implemented, the quota amounts to 50% of the available seats in any medical, engineering or other institute falling under the state government. Reservations will practically pull down the mark of competence to such low levels that the basic force of inquisitive learning is stopped at premature levels at each and every stage of learning -school, college, University and work. Quality education takes a back seat and glory of competent careers will become a tale of the past. DISCLAIMER We are not against any caste or religion, but against those people who are supporting or believe that the reservation system is playing important role in upliftment of backwards caste like sc/st obc for the betterment of society.

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What is Reservation??
• Reservation in Indian law provides for a quota system whereby a percentage of posts are reserved for employment in Government and in the public sector units, and in all public and private educational institutions, in order to diminish backwardness of the socially and educationally backward communities and the Scheduled Castes and Tribes who do not have adequate representation in these services and institutions.

The central government of India reserves 27% of higher education, and individual states may legislate further reservations. Reservation cannot be exceeded 50%, as per the rulings given by the supreme court, but certain Indian states like Rajasthan have proposed a 68 % reservation.

Now % of reservation growing day by day, each politician who represents for their caste make “rallies and andolan” to get the share in reservation, Reservation is started as thinking to upliftment the backward caste for next 10 years but almost 60 years are already gone but reservation never ends, no other party or political had enough courage to raise their voice against reservation because they leave in a hear of loosing their vote banks at the end. Simply it matter of “kisaa kursi ka”

Reservation, in India, is a type of affirmative action that tries to allocate fixed number seats in educational and social institutions, for various underrepresented communities. It is stated as a response to the thousands of years of discrimination done by upper caste persons in India. Thus, when India attained independence, the constitution gave special provision for certain communities to have a minimum representation in various fields. The initial provision was to have ended in a few years, but the practice continues till now, and the government of India kept on increasing the quotas that, many Institutions have more than 80% of the seats reserved for people of various communities and other criteria, leaving very little for open competition.

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History & Present scenario of Reservation system.
1. In India reservation was given to people before Indian independence also when India was ruled by British people. 2. 1882 - Hunter Commission appointed. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule made a demand of free and compulsory education for all along with proportionate reservation/representation in government jobs. 3. In the year 1902 , Chatrapati Sahuji Maharaj, Maharaja of Kolhapur in Maharashtra 4. Introduced reservation in favor of backward classes to eradicate poverty and give them chance to participate in the state administration. 5. The notification of 1902 created 50% reservation in services for backward classes/communities in the State of Kolhapur. This notification is the first Govt. Order providing for reservation for the welfare of depressed classes in India. 6. Because of caste system millions of families in India got ill treatment and no opportunities to rise in society. 7. 1908-Reservations were introduced in favor of a number of castes and communities that had little share in the administration by the British. 8. 1909- Provisions were made in the Government of India Act 1909 commonly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms. 9. 1919 - Provisions were made in the Government of India Act 1919 10. 1921-Madras Presidency introduces Communal G O in which reservation of 44 per cent for non-Brahmins, 16 per cent for Brahmins, 16 per cent for Muslims, 16 per cent for Anglo-Indians/ Christians and eight per cent for Scheduled Castes. 11. 1935-Indian national congress passes resolution called Poona Pact to allocate separate electoral constituencies for depressed classes. 12. 1935 - Provisions in Government of India Act 1935. 13. 1947-India obtained Independence. Dr. Ambedkar was appointed chairman of the drafting committee for Indian Constitution. 14. 26/01/1950-The Constitution of India came in force. 15. 1951 - In the case of State of Madras Vs. Smt. Champakam Dorairanjan AIR 1951 SC 226 Court has pronounced that caste based reservations as per Communal Award violates Article 15(1).

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16. 1st constitutional amendment (Art. 15 (4)) introduced to make judgment invalid. 17. 1953-Kalelkar Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward class.

18. 1963 - Court has put 50% cap on reservations in the case of M R Balaji v Mysore AIR 1963 SC 649. 19. Tamil Nadu (69%, under 9th schedule) and Rajasthan 68% exceeded this limit. 20. 1979-Mandal Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward. 1980-the commission submitted a report, and recommended changes to the existing quotas, increasing them from 22% to 49.5%.As of 2006 number of castes in Backward class list went up to 2297 which is the increase of 60% from community list prepared by Mandal commission. 21. 1990-Mandal commission recommendations were implemented in Government Jobs by Vishwanath Pratap Singh. 22. 1991-Narasimha rao Government introduced 10% separate reservation for Poor among Forward Castes. 23. 1994 Supreme court advised Tamilnadu to follow 50% limit 24. 1995-Parliament by 77th Constitutional amendment inserted Art 16(4) (A) permitting reservation in promotions to the Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes. 25. 2005 August 12 - The Supreme Court delivered a unanimous judgment by 7 judges on August 12, 2005 in the case of P.A. Inamdar & Ors. Vs. State of Maharashtra & Ors.declaring that the State can't impose its reservation policy on minority and non-minority unaided private colleges, including professional colleges. 2005-93rd Constitutional amendment brought for ensuring reservations. 26. To other backward classes and Scheduled castes and Tribes in Private Educational institutions. This effectively reversed the 2005 August Supreme Court judgment. 27. 9th March 2010 - Women Reservation Bill passed in the Upper house, Rajya Sabha.

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Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and OBC’s were not enough , we have reservation in some more categories:
1. Caste based. fees, rent, 2. Management Quota. 3. Gender based(now women`s after getting 33%). 4. Religion based. 5. State of domiciles. 6. Physically handicapped. 7. Ex-serviceman(XSM). 8. Sports quota. 9. Disabled army persons. 10. Persons with disabilities(PWD). 11. Visually Challenged(VC). 12. Hearing Impaired. 13. OC- Orthopedically Challenged. Relaxation in age, hostel etc.

Modern status of the caste system
The Government of India has officially documented castes and subcastes, primarily to determine those deserving reservation (positive discrimination in education and jobs) through the census. The Indian reservation system, though limited in scope, relies entirely on quotas. The Government lists consist of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes: Scheduled castes (SC) : Scheduled castes generally consist of former "untouchables" (the term "Dalit" is now preferred). The present population is 16% of the total population of India (around 160 million). For example, the Delhi state has 49 castes listed as SC. Scheduled tribes (ST) : Scheduled tribes generally consist of tribal groups. The present population is 7% of the total population of India i.e. around 70 million.

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Other Backward Classes (OBC) : The Mandal Commission covered more than 3000 castes under OBC Category and stated that OBCs form around 52% (which includes casts like Jat of the Indian population. However, the National Sample Survey puts the figure at 32%.[45] There is substantial debate over the exact number of OBCs in India. It is generally estimated to be sizable, but many believe that it is lower than the figures quoted by either the Mandal Commission or the National Sample Survey.

Views “Against” Reservation
1. Reservation should not based on caste, religion, sex(gender) if it necessary then it should be based on financial condition of an individual or family or providing free scholarship to those capable candidates students it will help for the betterment of our society/nations. 2. An important and notable aspect is whether these reservations actually reach the people for whom they are really intended or being misused? 3. We should aim for a society where everyone is equal. For that, we need bold statesmen who can fight for the cause of equality and make the people realize that division and discrimination based on caste, creed, religion or sex is only going to harm their own interests. 4. Reservation should be given but on the basis of financial status. It should be given to financially poor and backward community who do not have the resources... 5. There should not be any form of reservation, neither financial status nor any other criteria could be basis for it. since rich people and other knowledgeable section are largely using &those who don't know are needy of it. 6. It should be on part of poor people that if want success & means they have to work according to that ,reservation only gives birth to caste differences . even after 50 yrs these castes are still dependent on reservation to get admission in college .Is 50yrs is not enough to stand on their own ?

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Some Real Examples:
Per annum expenditure of Indian Government for a reservation student in MBBS• • • • • • Fees – Rs. 1,80,000/- + 1,85,400/- = Rs. 3,65,400/THEY HAVE SUCH LUXURIES FOR 5,1/2 YRS AND IF THEY HAVENT EQUALISED WITH THE OPEN CATEGORY STUDENTS AFTER GRADUATION THEN DEFINITELY THE RESERVATIONS ARE NOT WORKING HERE!!! Scholarship – Books Hostel Total Rs. 30,000/-

- Rs. 4000/(minimum) – – Rs. 7,200/Rs. 41,200/- per annum

.: 1,85,400/- for 4.5 years course (excluding Internship)

AND IF THEY HAVE EQUALISED WITH THE OPEN CATEGORY STUDENTS THEN “ WHAT IS THE POINT IN HAVING RESERVATIONS AT THE POST GRADUATE LEVEL?”

IIT STATISTICS
• A study done by the IITs themselves shows that 50 per cent of the IIT seats for the SCs and STs remain vacant and for the remaining 50 per cent, 25 per cent are the candidates, who even after six years fail to get their degrees. So, clearly, again in their case, reservations are not working.

Example:

KARNATAKA CET
Engineering Entrance examinations: Physics (60) Chem. (60) Math (60) Total (180) Open Category: 34.25 41 48 = 123.25 Reservation: 2.75 6.5 8 = 17.35 Reserved student got admission, whereas Open Candidate was denied!!!

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Kerala CET
• • • • • • Total students:- 20,000 appeared for 700 MBBS seats. Open merit closed at 412 rank. Ezhava (o.b.c) merit closed at 1605 rank. Muslims (o.b.c) merit closed at 1732 rank. Latin Catholics (o.b.c) merit closed at 2653 rank. ST merit closed. 14,246 rank

EVENTS AGAINST RESERVATIONS
The students against reservation formed a group 'Youth for Equality' and demanded that the government roll back on its decision through peaceful protests. The events were widely covered by media. In an incident on May 13, medical students protesting in Mumbai were lathicharged (baton-charged) by the police. The police later justified the incident claiming that the protestors had tried to break into the Governor’s residence. The nationwide strike launched by medical students protesting against the lathicharge, was later joined by resident doctors from all over India, thus crippling the health infrastructure of a number of cities] The government took measures to counter the protesting doctors by serving them with suspension letters and asking them to vacate the hostels to make way for newly recruited doctors. Some states invoked the 'Essential Services Maintenance Act' (ESMA) and gave notices to the doctors to return to work, failing which legal action would be taken against them. The government also put on alert 6,000 men from Rapid Action Force to take care of any untoward incident. However, in most places the protesters remained defiant despite ESMA. Meanwhile, a body of eminent persons, the National Knowledge Commission, dominated by the anti reservation groups, requested the government to maintain 'status-quo' on the issue until alternative policies to reservation were explored.

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After the Human Resources Development Minister Arjun Singh criticized the Knowledge Commission for its stand, two members of the Commission (Pratap Bhanu Mehta and Andre Beteille) resigned on 22 May 2006. In Delhi, a human chain rally was organized on May 20, by students of IIT Delhi with the support of PAN IIT. Nearly 150 students went on a 'relay' hunger strike in AIIMS (Delhi) which, lasted for about a month. Faculty of PGIMER, Chandigarh and other medical institutions joins students in anti-reservation rally. IIT Kanpur students with medical college students organized a cycle rally against reservation. About 100 students of PGIMER and 50 students of Punjab University and Punjab Engineering College organized a motor rally on May 23 to the Mansa Devi temple and Nadasaheb gurudwara. On May 20, Indore saw a big human chain formation through the M.G. Road. Protest marches were organized on April 28, May 14, and May 20 in Chandigarh. A resolution, signed by 2,500 IIT Roorkee students and expressing their opposition, was sent to the President, the Prime Minister, the Chief Justice of India and the Election Commission. A peaceful protest march was organized on May 23 The following were the demands made by the 'Youth for Equality', the anti reservation student body leading the protests: * Roll back of the proposed hike in reservations * Setting up of an academic, non-political panel of experts to review the existing reservation policy and explore alternate forms of affirmative action * Vacant positions in reserved government jobs to be thrown open for other eligible candidates * No penal action be taken against the protestors * A white paper issued on the reservation policy and a concrete statement on the issue by the Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh. Several students at the IIT Guwahati decided to boycott classes to protest against the government proposal. In Jaipur, hundreds of striking anti-quota resident doctors went on a door-to-door campaign in Jaipur to garner support for a rally. The doctors affiliated to 'Youth for Equality' began their Jan Samarthan padyatra in the High Court and Banipark

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areas.. In Chennai, more than a hundred students from IIT Madras and city medical colleges protested in front of the government guesthouse in Chepauk After the government reaffirmed its commitment to implementing reservations, the protesters called for a "Civil disobedience movement". Their protests were also supported by the traders in Delhi, who threatened to shut shops if the government doesn't roll back on its decision. The AIIMS Faculty Association went on a mass casual leave from 25 May, 2006 to support the anti-quota stir, but made it clear that basic health-care services would not be disrupted. On 27 May 2006, a massive rally was organised in Delhi. The rally was attended by participants from all over India, numbering almost 1 lakh. It was declared that the strike by students and junior doctors would continue. On May 28, 2006, the government set up an 'Oversight Committee' to "prepare a road map with a time-bound programme to implement 27 per cent reservation for OBCs without compromising merit and addressing apprehensions aired by studentspropose an effective way to implement reservations keeping the interests of all sections of society in mind". This committee, headed by former Karnataka Chief Minister M Veerappa Moily, will submit its report by August 31, 2006. On 31 May, 2006, in deference to the Supreme Court directive, resident doctors resumed hospital works from 1 June, 2006, as the health service was affected seriously due to the strike. However, protest from the part of students (both medical and other streams) has continued and a national coordination committee comprising representatives of medical colleges, IITs and several other educational institutions has been proposed to be formed to lead the agitation. The Supreme Court has also sought the government to clarify the basis on which the reservation policy was being implemented.[citation needed]

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Clips of Some Protests Movements

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HAVE RESERVATIONS REALLY FAILED THEIR PURPOSE?
1. Instead of caste basis, give it on economic basis: As far as making economic condition as criteria is concerned, there is always good and bad of all thoughts. Good about this will be that this should be the correct way to decide for giving help however there are too many lacunas in this as getting certificate for economic background is very easy to get since no one file income tax return and there is no proof of incomes for people other than salaried people so what will happen ultimately is again people who do not deserve the benefit will get it and needy will remain eluded with this. 2. Unskilled people in jobs: I agree that when it comes to job then what we need are competent people in jobs to provide proper service and let our country grow. It is wrong to say the people who need help to rise first time are not competent but what is required is that we bring them up and educate and train them so that they are competent enough to take up the challenges. 3. Would you like a doctor coming through quota to operate on you who does not how to use scalpel: Now if we talk about getting a doctor without enough skills. This is often repeated example but what we fail to understand that a person cannot be a doctor just by getting admission in medical college. S/he became doctor after passing out from the college. If we say that college examination system is such that they will pass person without knowledge then problem does not lie in reservation in admission but in examination system which required to be looked into. Having said that if education system is not good and it will allow person without skill to get the degree then what is guarantee that a person who has come by other route let us by paying higher fees or something and for that matter what is guarantee that a person who have scored 90+ marks is good in medical study. So then we are running risk of many doctors without skills operating on us. So this argument that if the person has come with reservation will be not competent doctor is not correct. If a person has

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passed MBBS (s/he can be anyone reserve one or other) and do not know how to use scalpel and then we should hung all the teachers who have taught them, people who have set the papers and all the examiners who has taken their practical exams and checker who checked their examination papers. 4. What about other type of reservations: why there so much hue and cry about backward class reservations, do everyone really want selection of students on merit basis? if yes, then why there is not no one appear to oppose the other kind of quota called as management quota or N.R.I quota. if all the protest is based on the concept of merit, will the protestant also oppose the private medical and engineering college; giving birth to so called meritorious students by engulfing a big price? 5. Reservation will take country backward: If that is true then why & how the south Indian states likes Tamilnadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka are more developed than the states of north India? Though there is average 60% reservation is present in both government & private sector. 6. We have to swallow bitter pill that India is still not free from Caste, gender and religion bias. To remove it we need everyone at equal social status. We need healthy education that can clean our prejudices. We need reservation for those who really need that and we need a surname free India so that Eklavya & Arjuna both can serve the nation equally without any bias. 7. So mantra for anything to be good and successful is honest implementation of the same.

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Life After 10 years (Effects of Reservation) (A Funny Story):

Sun is rising as usual in the east .I am standing here outside the school, waiting for my 10 yr kid. He studies in class 2. Only this year he could get admission into the school. For the last 5 yrs admissions were closed for the general category students. School bell rings. I can see a lot of happy children coming out of the gate, I waited for half an hour and my kid came at last after other children. General students are not allowed to cross the gate unless other OBC/SC/ST students have crossed the gates. OBC/SC/ST fathers drive away their children in classy cars. But I have to walk back home with my kid a 5km stretch. I lost my car some years back when Govt. came with a rule that general people have to deposit a tax equal to cost of their cars. Failing which I had to sell the car. As far as buses are concerned, the seats in buses are reserved for OBC/SC/ST. So no place there also. After walking some 5km in scorching heat I finally reached home. It was Wednesday … shit no electricity. Every Mon, wed, Thu, sat is power cut in the houses of General category population So that SC/ST/OBC can be uplifted by providing them with every opportunity and in that consideration electricity is an important factor. Its 10:00 pm in night no electricity at home. It’s very hot inside the four walls of home .So I dare to step out in park with my wife and kid. I seated myself with my family on a secluded bench in garden. It was hardly 5min. a guard came to us strolling in the park. He asked me what caste you belong to. I said with some hesitation. G..General. He asked me to pay a fine of Rs.200 and get out of the park. My Fault… The bench I was sitting on was meant for again the SC/ST/OBC . For their upliftment peace of mind is one essential thing. So Government came with this decision to reserve benches for them. Kudos to them… Its early in the morning …the newspaper wala just knocked the door. I took the newspaper and started reading. Its independence day . I never used to forget this days some 20 yrs back. My kid hardly knows what 15th august is, because I never told him any stories of greatness of our country or anything related to country. I don’t feel like telling him the failures after freedom. On front page of newspaper, in a corner their is a news about a OBC member getting 6 months imprisonment in "BAL SUDHAR GRAHA" from a juvenile court for murdering and raping a six year old girl. Yes the rules have been amended, since the last 5 years. The Culprit was a 25 year old OBC, so age relaxation was

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provided for trial of crime. So he was taken to juvenile court, since there is an age relaxation for OBC/SC/ST. About 11 am some one gave me the BAD news about demise of one of my neighbor and friend Mr. Mehta. I went to his house for condolence next day, his body was lying there still rotting in the heat. I asked his son about the Cremation .His son told me "Many reserved category have died yesterday so we are not getting entry to cremation ground”. This rule is the latest from Government where the seats in cremation ground will be reserved for SC/ST/OBC for their upliftment. Finally next day Mehta-ji was cremated could see sun setting through the Flames burning a liberated Body, liberated from caste and creed. I was surprised sun still sets in the west? it was about 9 pm , I was about to sleep in my bed my son came to me with innocence in his eyes , inquisitively he asked me the question what is reservation? I asked him where you listened that he suddenly burst in tears… I asked him to keep quite. But I could listen through his sobs "mujhe bhi reservation chahiye(I too want reservation)". How can I convince him it’s no other toy in the market I can get for him? He kept crying that night, claiming many of "his classmates have gotreservation". To make him quiet I said ok; ill buy you reservation at your next B"day. HOPE he understands the bloody concept soon. Bye Bye India !!

I am not against OBCs, I am against reservation.

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CONCLUSION
Had the deserved people worked for these 55 years in the country, the country would have been far more better than what it is, and that would had benefited all OBCs equally, along with the nation. Though most of our points talks about the problem with the reservation policy, we in no way want any modifications in the reservation policies to answer these problems. Our’s call is for No Reservation. Alternate method to help the needy, like to give them free education should be adopted. Help them prepare for the competition but don't kill the competition. While reservations cannot take the place of comprehensive societal changes, they constitute a very important and necessary step in the process of compensating for centuries of (and ongoing) discrimination. They promote integration in the upper strata of society by increasing the access of highly disadvantaged and underrepresented communities to elite occupations and decision-making positions. For example, in central government services, reservations for SCs and STs have been operational for a few decades, and this has resulted in a rise in SC representation in all four categories of central services. However, upper castes continue to disproportately occupy the more prestigious Class I services, while SCs/STs/OBCs have been relegated to jobs lower in the hierarchy. Furthermore, the cumulative percentage of SC/ST employees in Central government services continues to be below their percentage in the general population. The issue of reservation has been presented as arising out of educational and social backwardness of the OBCs. Except in nomenclature there is no substantial evidence to show that most or even the majority of the ”jatis‘ that constitute the OBCs are educationally backward. The heterogeneity within what is an administrative grouping (and that too residually defined as non-upper caste and non SCST essentially) is far too large. And the systematic regional differences in the educational and economic achievements of the OBCs would not warrant the lazy position of class=caste from which the reservation agenda has-been both presented and discussed. The assumed parallelism with SCST reservation are just not there. Neither the argument for creating a middle class, nor the need to overcome social ostracism and untouchability are relevant in this case. The issue

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is at best (to the extent that some of the OBC jatis are backward educationally) one of access which is overwhelming an issue of economic ability and performance of the state in the provision of educational services. Moreover the fact that as much as 20-25% of enrollment in higher education being from the OBC’s makes us asks the question: Is the initiative that has the potential to divide the country worth addressing a nonproblem or at best a most ill-stated one? The Supreme Court having placed ”social and educational equality‘ above equality under law, if it has to be true to the spirit and letter of this very position would have to address the issue of educational deprivation far more comprehensively than is presented by the reservationists. It cannot accept a report merely because it has the imprimatur of the executive. It needs to understand the nature of the unholy alliance of all political parties on this issue. Much of the deprivation has to do with performance of the state and its educational machinery. State failure in regulation of both public and private education, shameful under funding of the public education system at the primary and secondary levels especially in much in much of north and central India, the wanton destruction of most of the universities leaving much of their fare all but worthless are the real problems. These now create a scarcity for quality education and that makes the issue of reservation politically appropriable in a most perverse and reprehensive manner and which could never solve either the problem of higher education or the problem of access that much of the OBCs (as much as the Indian population as a whole) face. The Supreme court must see through this game. After all it can insist on compulsory primary education and fully funded quality primary and secondary education to begin with,

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Bibliography
Google search. • • • • • • • www.reservationbill.com www.managementparadise.com www.ndtvdebate.com www.youthforequality.com www.castereservation.com www.showthread.com Various Journals, magazines, newspapers, books etc. have been searched as references that helped us to make the report.

As this is our last project for this college, we would like to thank all the faculty members for they have supported us at every stage and tried their best in assisting us to move a step further up. We on behalf of all J.I.M students thank you for your unaccountable cooperation in creating a proper teacher- student relation.

Thank You

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