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YANBU TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology


Program: Diploma Certificate Instructor: Muhammad Rafique
Subject: MET 4402: Industrial Equipment Basic I Contact: mrafique@yic.edu.sa
Handout Module 9: Power Plant Systems Office : C2 B5 F3

Module 9: POWER PLANT SYSTEMS

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YANBU TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Program: Diploma Certificate Instructor: Muhammad Rafique
Subject: MET 4402: Industrial Equipment Basic I Contact: mrafique@yic.edu.sa
Handout Module 9: Power Plant Systems Office : C2 B5 F3

A machine that produces power is called power plant.

POWER

TYPES OF POWER PLANTS

There are two common types of power plants

1. Steam Power Plant


2. Gas Power Plants

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YANBU TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Program: Diploma Certificate Instructor: Muhammad Rafique
Subject: MET 4402: Industrial Equipment Basic I Contact: mrafique@yic.edu.sa
Handout Module 9: Power Plant Systems Office : C2 B5 F3

A. STEAM POWER PLANT

It uses steam to produce power.

Layout

Basic Components

1. Boiler: Converts water into steam


2. Turbine: Use high temperature and pressure steam and convert into mechanical energy
3. Condenser: Converts steam back to water
4. Pump: Increase pressure of water and supplies to boiler

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YANBU TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Program: Diploma Certificate Instructor: Muhammad Rafique
Subject: MET 4402: Industrial Equipment Basic I Contact: mrafique@yic.edu.sa
Handout Module 9: Power Plant Systems Office : C2 B5 F3

Basic Circuits

Three thermodynamic circuits are involves as indicated

1
3

1. Furnace Gas Cycle


2. The Steam Cycle
3. Condenser Cooling Water Circuit

Working

It works on Rankine cycle.

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YANBU TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Program: Diploma Certificate Instructor: Muhammad Rafique
Subject: MET 4402: Industrial Equipment Basic I Contact: mrafique@yic.edu.sa
Handout Module 9: Power Plant Systems Office : C2 B5 F3

TYPICAL BOILER

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YANBU TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Program: Diploma Certificate Instructor: Muhammad Rafique
Subject: MET 4402: Industrial Equipment Basic I Contact: mrafique@yic.edu.sa
Handout Module 9: Power Plant Systems Office : C2 B5 F3

TYPES OF BOILER

1. Fire Tube Boilers

2. Water Tube Boilers

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YANBU TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Program: Diploma Certificate Instructor: Muhammad Rafique
Subject: MET 4402: Industrial Equipment Basic I Contact: mrafique@yic.edu.sa
Handout Module 9: Power Plant Systems Office : C2 B5 F3

B. GAS POWER PLANT

It uses gases to develop power.

Types of Gas Power Plant

These are of two types:

1. Closed Cycle Gas Turbine Power Plant or Constant Volume GTPP


2. Open Cycle Gas Turbine Power Plant or Constant Pressure GTPP

Layout of Gas Power Plant

Fig: Closed Cycle Gas Power Plant Fig: Open Cycle Gas Power Plant

Basic Components

1. Compressor: Increase the pressure of gas


2. Combustion Chamber
3. Gas Turbine:
4. Heat Exchanger (Only in Closed Cycle Gas Plant)

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YANBU TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Program: Diploma Certificate Instructor: Muhammad Rafique
Subject: MET 4402: Industrial Equipment Basic I Contact: mrafique@yic.edu.sa
Handout Module 9: Power Plant Systems Office : C2 B5 F3

Working

It works on Brayton Cycle.

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