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Autism

Spectrum
Disorder

Ali Wilcox

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?


The term spectrum refers to the wide range of
symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment that Environmental: Environmental causes include
children with Autism Spectrum Disorder can anything outside of the body that can affect your
have. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2015) health. This also includes the environment that
Some children may be affected mildly by their was provided in the mothers womb. Many
symptoms while it can affect others severely. environmental factors are being researched such
ASD is characterized by: as medical conditions in the family, parental age,
-Persistent deficits in social communication exposure to different toxins, as well as
-Repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. complications during pregnancy. Scientists say
-Symptoms must be present in the early that it is likely that more than one environmental
developmental period factor is involved with ASD.
-Symptoms cause clinically significant
impairment in social, occupational, or other ASD and Vaccines: Health experts have advised
important areas of current functioning. giving vaccines to your children which has
resulted in a decrease in the number of children
getting sick, becoming disabled, or dying from
Causes
diseases. Since children start getting vaccines at
Genetic: There have been many studies on twins the age of two, which is the time that ASD
and scientists have found that when one twin has symptoms usually show up, some parents believe
ASD, the other twin is 90% more likely to also that vaccines are in a way related to their childs
have ASD. Most individuals with autism do not disorder. The latest information about ASD and
have family history of autism. This random vaccinations is available on the Centers of
occurrencesuggeststhatautismiscausedbya Disease Control and Preventions website.
genemutation.Mutationscanbeinheritedbut
somealsoappearfornoreason.

EnvironmentalEnvironmentalcausesinclude
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Diagnosis

Often includes a two-part process. The first


Social Impairment: Includes little eye
process includes contact,
a general listening
screening. less,
If the and failing
child
Communication Issues: For children with ASD it may not be as
shows easy for them
developmental to reach
problems thenthe
theymilestones
are that th
referred for another evaluation. In this second
Repetitive and stereotype behavior: These behaviors c
evaluation a team of specialists are able to
diagnose the child if they have ASD. Children
can usually be diagnosed by age 2. Some
conditions that they look for include, sensory
problems, sleep problems, intellectual disability,
seizures, fragile X syndrome, Tuberculosis
Sclerosis, Gastrointestinal problems.

Treatments

Early interventions
Applied Behavior analysis
Developmental, Individual Difference,
Relationship-based(DIR)/Floortime
Model
TEACCH (Treatment and Education of
Autistic and related Communication
handicapped Children)
Interpersonal Synchrony
Medications help reduce some symptoms
that are causing problems for your child
at home or in school.