You are on page 1of 16

Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev.

Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
1 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

RAS LAFFAN OLEFIN PROJECT


Document Attribute Table
Unit N Area Equip. Cat. N Doc. Origin Discipline
30 000 95 ENG VESS
Primary Doc. Type Secondary Doc. Type Turnover system As-Built Class Issue Status
SP JSS N/A AE IFA
Tag Nos:

GENERAL SUPPLY RULES FOR

SHELL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS

NOTE: FOR THE PURPOSE OF THIS


DOCUMENT, CONTRACTOR
STANDS FOR "COMPANY" OR
RLOC.

Pages modified under this revision: 15.

1 11/07/06 Up-dated C.MACHABERT A. LE-TOHIC R. DE MAISTRE


0 04/04/2006 IFE Issue for Execution Incorporated D. LUXIMON A. LE-TOHIC R. DE MAISTRE
Clients Comments
A 05/09/2005 Issued for Acceptance - IFA J.BESSON A. COLOMBEL A. LE-TOHIC
Rev Date STATUS WRITTEN BY CHECKED BY APPROVED BY
DD/MM/YY (name & visa) (name & visa) (name & visa)

DOCUMENT REVISIONS

Sections changed in last revision are identified by a vertical line in the right margin
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
2 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

CONTENTS

1. GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................................ 3
1.1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................3
1.2 DEFINITIONS ...................................................................................................................................3
1.3 APPLICABLE SPECIFICATIONS AND CODES .......................................................................................3
1.4 DOCUMENTS PRIORITY ....................................................................................................................5
2. DESIGN ................................................................................................................................................................ 5
2.1 GENERAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS ..................................................................................................5
2.2 EQUIPMENT STABILITY ....................................................................................................................6
2.3 DEAD AND LIVE EXTERNAL LOADS ...................................................................................................6
2.4 MATERIALS .....................................................................................................................................6
2.5 THICKNESSES .................................................................................................................................7
2.6 CORROSION ALLOWANCES ..............................................................................................................7
2.7 NOZZLES ........................................................................................................................................7
2.8 SUPPORTS ......................................................................................................................................9
2.9 INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL ACCESSORIES .........................................................................................9
2.10 SHELL AND CHANNELS ..................................................................................................................10
2.11 BUNDLE ........................................................................................................................................10
2.12 SHELL EXPANSION JOINTS ............................................................................................................10
3. FABRICATION ................................................................................................................................................. 10
3.1 CONSTRUCTION DETAILS ...............................................................................................................10
3.2 TOLERANCES ................................................................................................................................11
3.3 WELDING OPERATIONS .................................................................................................................11
3.4 HEAT TREATMENT .........................................................................................................................12
3.5 ALLOY LINING ...............................................................................................................................13
4. EXPEDITING, INSPECTION AND TESTING ............................................................................................. 13
4.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS .............................................................................................................13
4.2 MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION .............................................................................................................14
4.3 NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATIONS ................................................................................................14
4.4 HYDROSTATIC TEST ......................................................................................................................15
4.5 SEAL TEST FOR WELDS ................................................................................................................16
4.6 SHIPMENT .....................................................................................................................................16
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
3 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

1. GENERAL

1.1 Scope

1.1.1 This specification covers the minimum requirements for the design, fabrication, expediting,
inspection and testing of shell and tube heat exchangers subject to internal and/or external pressure.

1.1.2 This specification shall be read together with the Job Specification for Welding and for NDE for
Pressure Vessels and Heat Exchangers (8458U-30-JSS-6300-002).

1.1.3 This specification does not cover auxiliary shell and tube exchangers for rotating and packaged
equipment. In this case they are designed as per Manufacturers Standard.

1.2 Definitions

1.2.1 For the purpose of this specification, the following definitions shall apply:

CONTRACTOR/TECHNIP: Party which carries out all or parts of the design,


engineering, procurement, construction and commissioning
for the project.
MANUFACTURER/SUPPLIER: Party which manufactures or supplies equipment and
services to perform the duties specified by the TECHNIP.
COMPANY: RAS LAFFAN OLEFIN COMPANY - RLOC

1.3 Applicable Specifications and Codes

ASME Section VIII Div. 1 Pressure vessels


(2004 Edition)

ASME Section VIII Div. 2 (Note 1) Pressure vessels Alternative rules


(2004 Edition)

ASME Section II Materials specification


(2004 Edition)

ASME Section V Non-destructive Examination


(2004 Edition)

ASME Section IX Welding and Brazing Qualification


(2004 Edition)

ASME B 31.3 Process Piping


(2004 Edition)

ASME B 16.5 Pipe flanges and flanged fittings


(2003 Edition)
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
4 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

EJMA Standard of the expansion joints Manufacturers


(Eighth Edition 2003) Association, Inc.

ASME B 16.47 Series A flanges Large Diameter steel flanges NPS 26 through NPS 60
(1996 Edition)

ASME B 16.20 Metallic gaskets for piping


(1998 Edition + 2000 Addenda)

ASME B 16.21 Non-metallic flat gaskets for pipe flange


(1992 Edition)

ASME B 1.1 Unified Inch Screw Threads


(2003 Edition)

UBC Uniform building code, for wind and earthquake design


(1997 Edition)

PD 5500 Annex G For calculation of stresses from local loads


(2003 Edition)

WRC bulletin n 107 Welding Research Council bulletin, for local stresses in
(1979 Edition) spherical and cylindrical shells due to external loading

WRC bulletin n 297 Welding Research Council bulletin, for local stresses in
(1987 Edition) cylindrical shells due to external loadings on nozzles-
supplement to WRC bulletin n 107

AWS American Welding Society for joint Specifications and


welding electrodes

API 660 Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers for General Refinery
(2003 Edition) Services

TEMA Standards of the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers


(Eighth Edition) Association

Note:
1. ASME VIII Div. 2 may be used for thickness greater than 50 mm when recommended by the
vessel Manufacturer or requested by the Licenser or TECHNIP.

1.3.1 ASME Stamp


ASME stamp is required for all Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers.

1.3.2 System of Units


SI metric System.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
5 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

1.4 Documents Priority


In case of conflict between documents listed below, the ones appearing earlier in the list shall take
precedence over those appearing later:
Governmental/local legislation/regulations/standards.
Data sheets/drawings.
This specification.
Other specifications codes and standards referred to in the above documents.
Any conflict between the above documents must be brought to TECHNIPs attention and written
clarification obtained before proceeding with manufacturing or any other work.

2. DESIGN

2.1 General Design Requirements

2.1.1 Tubes
Carbon steel tubes will be seamless type.
Stainless steel tubes will be welded type except U-tubes that will be seamless type.
All welded tubes will be subject to non-destructive electric test as per SA-450.
Preferred tube diameters are and 1. The size and thickness of tubes are indicated on the
guide drawing /datasheet
A consistent tube length is preferred.
Tube characteristics: BWG wall thickness below indicated is minimum thickness for carbon steel
and low alloy steel and average thickness for stainless steel.

Tube material 19.05 OD tubes () 25.4 OD tubes (1)


Carbon steel 14 BWG (Avg) 12 BWG (Avg)
Stainless Steel 16 BWG (Avg) 14 BWG (Avg)
Titanium alloys 18 BWG (Avg) 16 BWG (Avg)
Chrome-Molybdenum Steels 16 BWG (Min) 14 BWG (Min)
Monel 16 BWG (Avg) 14 BWG (Avg)
Inhibited Admiralty 16 BWG (Min) 14 BWG (Min)
Note: titanium tube thickness will be calculated.

2.1.2 Where practical, exchangers shall be designed for maximum interchangeability of parts.

2.1.3 Design Criteria


When guide drawing is not supplied by TECHNIP, the Vendor shall include the following:
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
6 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

2.1.3.1 The Vendors thermal and hydraulic guarantee that the Vendor shall confirm the thermal and
hydraulic rating of shell and tube exchangers using HTRI or HTFS computer programs.
All shell and tube exchangers shall be analyzed for vibration prior to their construction.

2.1.3.2 Removable tube bundles having either 90 square or 45 rotated square tube patterns are required for
fouling services where shell side mechanical cleaning will be necessary.

2.1.3.3 TEMA P type outside-packed floating head exchangers are prohibited.

2.1.3.4 Where interstream contamination is not acceptable, strength welded tube-to-tubesheet joints are
required, per ASME Section VIII, Div. 1, Para UW 20.

2.1.3.5 Closed Circuit Cooling Water (CCCW) fouling resistance shall be specified by the TECHNIP, but
should not be less than 0.00018m2-C/W. CCCW quality shall be such that CCCW is suitable for
either shell side or tube side service.

2.1.3.6 The fouling resistance for clean, non-fouling streams such as steam, and refrigerants shall be
0.0001m2-C/W.

2.1.3.7 Fouling factors are net. Tube side values shall be increased by ratio of outside to inside surfaces.

2.1.3.8 MANUFACTURER shall guarantee pressure drops to include entrance and exit losses.

2.1.3.9 TEMA A type heads are preferred for all shell and tube heat exchangers having tubeside fouling
factors greater than 0.00035 m2_C/W.

2.1.3.10 Heat Exchangers located in process systems intended for chemical cleaning should be designed with
dedicated cleaning nozzles.

2.2 Equipment Stability


See Design Specification 8458U-30-JSD-0400-01 3.

2.3 Dead and Live External Loads


See Design Specification 8458U-30-JSD-0400-01 4.

2.4 Materials

2.4.1 During the proposal stage the Supplier may, however, propose alternate materials. In all cases
their use is subject to TECHNIPs and COMPANYs written approval.
Such an approval shall be obtained before the order award.

2.4.2 Welded carbon and carbon manganese steels for S&T Heat Exchangers shall comply with the
following:
Carbon content shall not exceed 0.23%
In addition, one of the following requirements, based on the ladle analysis, shall be satisfied:
- Ceq = C+Mn/6+(Cr+Mo+V)/5+(Cu+Ni)/15 0.44%
or
- Ceq = C+Mn/6 0.40% (See Note )
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
7 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

Note: This formula may be used if the material standard specified C and Mn only.

2.4.3 Gaskets shall be asbestos free.

2.5 Thicknesses

2.5.1 The thicknesses shown in TECHNIP's drawings and sketches shall be the minimum thicknesses
after fabrication.
The selection of adequate thicknesses to provide for thinning of materials, due to construction
operations, is at Supplier's care and responsibility.
Reductions of thickness due to plates under tolerance (only if within the limits accepted by the
applicable Codes) are subjected to TECHNIP's or COMPANYs written approval.

2.5.2 In case that thickness are not specified in TECHNIP's drawings and sketches, minimum wall
thicknesses shall be in compliance with the contractual codes.

2.6 Corrosion Allowances

2.6.1 Unless otherwise specified the corrosion allowance shall be in compliance with the contractual
codes.
Minimum corrosion allowance for each exchanger (except exchanger surfaces) shall be provided
as follows:
a) Carbon steel (including 0.5 Mo alloy steel) 3mm or as per requirement (whichever is greater).
Corrosion allowance shall be applied on carbon steel parts in accordance with TEMA code
section 5 paragraph RCB 1.51.
b) Stainless steel: Nil or as per TECHNIPS Specifications.
c) Nickel: Nil or as per TECHNIPS Specifications.
d) Titanium: Nil or as per TECHNIPS Specifications.
e) Hastelloy B/C: Nil or as per TECHNIPS Specifications.

2.6.2 Unless otherwise stated no corrosion allowance is required for external surfaces.

2.6.3 Heat exchangers shall be fabricated from materials in combination with corrosion allowance, which
will assure a twenty-five (25) year service life, and three (3) years of continuous operation between
scheduled shutdowns. Heat transfer surface materials shall be selected such that no corrosion
allowance is required. Material selection shall fully consider low temperature design for both
normal operation and for upset conditions. Equipment must also be adequate for any auto-
refrigeration conditions that could occur during start-up, shutdown, or unit upset.

2.7 Nozzles

2.7.1 The minimum size of nozzle for equipment shall be 2 inch unless otherwise specified on process
data sheet.
Whenever the construction allows it, flanged connections 2 N.D. shall be long weld-neck type.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
8 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

Nozzles up to 8 NB shall be of seamless pipe. Nozzles of size above 8 NB shall be seamless or


welded as per specifications. Reinforcement pad for nozzles shall be considered as per code.

2.7.2 Nozzles shall be weld neck flange type, unless otherwise specified.
Slip-on flanges may be used in no cyclic conditions for class 150 rating and when design
temperature is in the range between 0C and 260C, if written approval from TECHNIP is
obtained.

2.7.3 When corrosion allowance greater than 3 mm is specified, the Supplier shall verify the thickness
of standard blind flanges.

2.7.4 The bolt holes of the nozzle and girth flanges shall always straddle the principal centerlines of the
exchanger or their parallel lines.

2.7.5 Stud bolts shall be provided with two heavy series hexagonal nuts.
Length of bolts and studs shall be such that they extend beyond the nut by at least four threads.
Bolt diameter > 2" on exchangers shall be tightened using hydraulic bolt tensioning equipment. In
this case, required tension for each bolt shall be marked on drawing and Vendor data book as
required for tightening torque.
Bolting lengths for standard flanged joints shall be determined in accordance with ASME B16.5.
Studs shall be full length threaded and length shall be measured from first thread to the last
thread.
Bolt/Nut threads shall be as per ASME B1.1 up to 1, UNC-2A / 2B, for 1-1/8 and above UN 8
class 2A / 2B.
Nuts for bolts and studs shall be standard hexagonal heavy series in accordance with ASME B
18.2.
Bolts between connecting nozzles of stacked exchangers shall be supplied and shall be removable
without moving the exchangers.

2.7.6 Connections
By exception, vents and drains on vertical exchangers shall be 3/4" if possible (1/2" if not
possible), drilled and tapped in the tube sheet (and fitted with a threaded plug). Unless otherwise
specified, for hydrogen and clad items 1" flanged nozzles or 3/4" hole shall be provided instead.

2.7.7 Openings and removable flanges shall be provided in adequate numbers to facilitate inside easy
inspection of equipment and removal of internals.

2.7.8 The Supplier shall analyze the local stresses induced on the shell/heads by external piping and shall
increase or install reinforcements as necessary. Unless otherwise specified, the piping loads shall be
taken as indicated in the General Design Specification document (to be developed during
engineering execution).

2.7.9 Steel flanges shall conform to the followings:


24 and below (all ratings); flange dimensions shall conform to ASME B16.5.
26 and larger (all ratings) shall conform to ASME B16.47 serie A.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
9 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

2.7.10 Dimensions of gaskets for flanges shall be conforming to ASME B16.20 and B16.21.

2.8 Supports

2.8.1 For construction details refer to TECHNIP standards unless otherwise specified on TECHNIP
drawings.

2.8.2 The transition plate for support saddles and brackets shall be made of the same material as the
exchanger.

2.8.3 For design temperatures lower than -29C, the support saddles, and brackets shall be made of the
same material as the exchanger.

2.8.4 Unless otherwise specified, equipment working at a temperature below -20C, shall be provided
with wooden pillows to prevent direct contact with foundations.

2.9 Internal and External Accessories

2.9.1 For construction details refer to TECHNIP standards.

2.9.2 All the external parts, appurtenances and accessories, directly welded to the shell (stiffening rings,
clips, gussets, etc.), shall be made of the same quality of material as the exchanger.

2.9.3 Unless otherwise required all the internal parts in contact with the contained fluid, or directly
welded to the wall, shall be made of the same quality of material as the inside of the exchanger.

2.9.4 All the internal and external attachments shall be positioned so that the distance between the fillet
welds of these attachments and the shell welded joints shall be, toe to toe, not less than 30 mm. or
twice the shell thk. whichever is greater, unless otherwise required for process reasons.

2.9.5 Reinforcing plates and pads shall have rounded corners. Minimum radius shall be 50 mm, if not
otherwise specified.

2.9.6 Lifting lugs shall be provided for all heat exchangers, including channel heads of shell and tube
units and design to lift twice the equipment weight.

2.9.7 Rolled only tubes shall project 3 mm 0.5 mm beyond the tube side face of the tube sheet of
horizontal exchangers: for vertical exchangers, the tubes shall flush with the tube side face of the
top tube sheet, to allow complete drainage.

2.9.8 Where clad tube sheets are used, pulling lugs or tapped holes shall be located on the outside edge,
not in the cladding

2.9.9 The exchangers shall be designed to withstand to the bundle pulling force determined as follow:
150% of the bundle weight.

2.9.10 Nameplates

2.9.10.1 Each Heat exchanger shall be provided with 2 austenitic stainless steel nameplate, permanently
attached to the Heat exchanger indicating Manufacturers name and design data as shown on the
applicable standard drawing and a second nameplate in compliance with paragraph UG 119 of
ASME VIII Division 1. SI unit shall be used.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
10 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

2.9.10.2 Nameplates shall be permanently visible, whether the Heat exchanger is insulated or not.

2.9.10.3 When cold temperature insulation is specified (for operating temperature <-60C) for the Heat
exchanger 2 additional nameplates mounted on a wooden block or insulation block is required.

2.9.10.4 All these nameplates shall be supplied by the Manufacturer.

2.10 Shell and Channels

2.10.1 The girth flanges shall be welding neck type confined joint type, unless otherwise specified

2.10.2 Jack screws shall be provided to aid in loosening all heads, channels and channel cover.

2.10.3 Lifting lugs shall be provided for Channel and Shell Cover according to Construction Standards
8458U 30 STC 06 90 03.

2.11 Bundle

2.11.1 On vertical removable bundle units with channel down, a full diameter stationary tube sheet with
at least four collar bolts shall be provided, or other means approved by the TECHNIP, to hold the
bundle with channel off.

2.11.2 Sliding strips shall be provided to facilitate pulling the removable tube bundles. Sliding strips
shall be properly seated in the baffles, secured with a complete seal weld and attached to the
stationary tube sheet with a fillet weld. The sliding strips shall protrude 2 mm beyond the
periphery of the baffles.

2.11.3 Vertical exchangers shall be provided with four sliding strips evenly divided around the
circumference of the bundle. When square pitch patterns is required on shell side the sliding strips
shall not obstruct the tube lanes or pass partition.

2.11.4 Baffles shall be tied together with rods and spacers and provided, when necessary, with 90 top and
bottom notches 12 mm wide for venting and draining.

2.11.5 Impact baffle (impingement plate) shall extend at least 25 mm beyond the projection of the nozzle
bore.

2.12 Shell Expansion Joints

2.12.1 The types and material of construction of expansion joint offered by the Supplier shall require
TECHNIP approval.

3. FABRICATION

3.1 Construction Details

3.1.1 In case of butt-welding of plates of unequal thickness, the thicker plate shall be tapered (according
to the provisions of the contractual Codes).
Joint between plates of different thickness shall be made by alignment of the inner surface, unless
otherwise agreed by TECHNIP.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
11 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

3.1.2 Whenever possible dished heads shall be made of a single piece.

3.1.3 The nozzles orientation of equipment with respect to weld seams shall be so designed that no
nozzle falls on shell weld seams of equipment.
The reinforcing plates of nozzles and/or appurtenances shall not be located on shell welded joints.

3.1.4 Nozzles shall be joined to the shell and to their reinforcements with full penetration welds.All
nozzles shall be set-in type, unless otherwise specifically accepted.

3.1.5 Nozzle reinforcing plates and pads shall be welded all around the periphery and shall be provided
with threaded vent hole.

3.1.6 Slip-on flanges shall be provided with threaded vent hole.

3.1.7 Nozzles for shell thicker than 40 mm shall be self-reinforcing type.

3.1.8 When hydrogen service is noted on the exchanger data sheet, vent all voids and gaps behind
flanges, reinforcing rings, linings and the like, to the outside through vent holes tapped for
NPS pipe.
Hydrogen service is defined as 7 Bar a partial pressure of hydrogen in the process stream.

3.1.9 Shell shall be of one-piece construction whenever practical and shall be fabricated out of seamless
pipe or rolled plate.

3.2 Tolerances

3.2.1 The allowable tolerances after fabrication are specified in the contractual Codes and Standards.

3.3 Welding Operations

3.3.1 The Manufacturer shall submit to TECHNIP for approval the following documents:

- Welding book including weld map, Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) and supporting
Procedure Qualification Reports (PQR).
No welding operation is allowed before TECHNIPs approval of such documents.
TECHNIPs approval shall not relieve the Supplier from his responsibility for the design and the
weld execution.
All welding, NDE and Heat Treatment shall comply with the requirements of Job Specification
for Welding and NDE of Pressure Vessels and Heat Exchangers (RC2-30-INSP-JSS-00-000-1003
/ 8458U-30-JSS-6300-002).

3.3.2 In case that the equipment is completed at site of final destination or another place different from
the workshop, the Supplier shall submit to TECHNIP's approval also the WPS relevant to the
parts to be welded in field.

3.3.3 The main welded joints shall be full penetration type. The use of backing strip is not allowed.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
12 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

3.3.4 All fillet welds shall be continuous, with the smaller dimension equal to 0.7 times the thinner of
the welded parts.

3.3.5 Temporary attachments shall be welded to the base material using the same welding procedure of
the main welds.

3.4 Heat Treatment

3.4.1 No weld may be executed directly to the pressure parts, subjected to the postweld heat treatment
(PWHT), after heat treatment has been carried out.

3.4.2 The vent holes on reinforcing plates, pads, slip-on flanges, shall be open and dirt-free during heat
treatment.

3.4.3 Gasket contact surface of girth flanges shall be machined after PWHT.

3.4.4 The welding qualification coupons shall be heat treated with the same cycle as the exchanger
material.
Furthermore, the final heat treatment shall be performed placing the production coupons together
with the exchanger in the furnace.

3.4.5 The Brinell hardness test shall be performed after PWHT on weld.
At least one reading shall be taken on each circumferential, longitudinal joint and on each
diameter of branch weld connection. Each welding procedure used shall be tested.
The acceptable maximum values are defined by the contractual Codes.

3.4.6 The heat treatment procedure for clad steel is subjected to prior TECHNIP's approval.

3.4.7 Stress relieving after bending is required for carbon steel and low-alloy steel U-tubes with
bending radius inferior or equal to 5 times the outside diameter of tubes. The heated area shall
include the bent portion of U-tubes + 200 mm beyond the point of tangency.

3.4.8 Annealing heat treatment is required for SS U-tubes with bending Radius inferior or equal to 5
times the outside diameter of tubes. The annealed area shall include the bent portion of U-tubes +
200 mm beyond the point of tangency. A Bending Procedure shall be documented, approved by
TECHNIP and proven to the requirements of the material specification for mechanical strength
and corrosion resistance.

3.4.9 Welded carbon steel components shall be postweld heat treated if any of the following service
conditions are specified by TECHNIP :
Required by Codes (ASME VIII and API 660)
Caustic Soda Service
Unhibited ammonia containing air
Hydrogen in presence of free water ( refer to NACE MR-01-75)
Aqueous mixtures of methyl pyridine dehydrogenation products
High hydrogen pressure (>7kg/cm2 partial pressure)
Other conditions as specified.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
13 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

3.5 Alloy Lining

3.5.1 Alloy lining for shell and heads shall be made using integrally and continuously bonded clad plate
or weld deposit overlay.

3.5.2 Clad plates shall be subjected to shear test, according to the relevant specification, unless
otherwise specified.

3.5.3 Lining by plug welding and strip lining are not allowed.

3.5.4 Moreover, within a 100 mm wide strip each side of the internal parts directly welded to the lining,
a full UT shall be performed with the acceptance criteria of the contractual Code.
Any lack of bond in the integral cladding and the base material or lack of fusion between the weld
overlay and the base material shall be repaired and checked again.

3.5.5 The X-ray examination of welded seams shall be made before the alloy cover weld is deposited,
provided that the requirements of ASME Section VIII div.1 par. UCL-35 are met.

3.5.6 Unless otherwise specified the nozzles of cladded exchangers shall be as follows:
- The method of lining of nozzles and manways shall be integrally bonded cladding or weld
deposit overlay, unless otherwise agreed by the TECHNIP.
- Minimum nozzles nominal diameter for cladded exchangers shall be 2".
- The weld overlay of nozzles shall be made of 1 or 2 passes, according to Vendor process and
references.

3.5.7 The use of solid alloy, instead of the specified cladded or overlaid material, is not allowed,
unless it is specifically approved in writing by TECHNIP.

4. EXPEDITING, INSPECTION AND TESTING

4.1 General Requirements

4.1.1 Manufacturer shall submit for review by TECHNIP, a Quality Control Plan, which will define in
chronological manner the list of the operation of fabrication, and associated control and tests.
For equipment of inspection levels 1, 2 and 3 Manufacturer's Quality Control Plan shall be
submitted compulsorily to TECHNIP before the Pre-inspection meeting is held.

4.1.2 Inspection and Test Plan included in the MR shall defines the type and extent of TECHNIP and
COMPANY involvement in terms of Hold, Witness points and documents review. Manufacturer
will have to notify TECHNIP 10 days in advance of such points of involvement.

4.1.3 The Supplier shall place at disposal of the inspectors all the means and the assistance required
for the proper performance of their activities.

4.1.4 Before the final inspection of the equipment, all the slag, loose scale, dirt, grit, weld spatter, paint,
oil and other foreign matter shall be removed in order to allow an easy, reliable and complete
inspection.

4.1.5 The exchanger equipment shall be delivered to the job site fully assembled and pressure tested.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
14 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

4.2 Material Identification

4.2.1 All the materials used for exchanger fabrication shall be new and of the type and grade specified
in the contractual drawings, sketches and/or other specifications.
They shall be properly stored and identified before their employment.
They shall comply with the relevant certificates per European Standard EN 10204 3.1, for the
following parts, unless otherwise required by MR or Local Authority:
- All pressure retaining parts
- All elements directly welded on pressure parts
- Baffles from alloy steel or non-ferrous materials
Support Brackets.
For all others remaining parts certificate 2.2 is required.
Chemical analysis of alloy materials and cladding shall be spot checked as per the requirements
of the specification for Positive Material Identification 8458U-30-JSS-6300-004.

4.2.2 Each plate, pipe and forging shall be marked by the mill with a legible stamp showing the material
type, grade number and heat number.

4.2.3 The stamp transfer, before cutting, shall be carried out under the supervision of the Manufacturer's
quality controller and, if required, witnessed by inspectors of TECHNIP.
A procedure of Manufacturer's quality control for material identification and the stamp transfers
record may be requested, according to the contractual Codes, Standards and specifications.

4.2.4 The metal stamp on tubes, pipes and rolled surfaces shall be made by a low stress type.

4.3 Non-Destructive Examinations

4.3.1 The X-Ray examination of welded seams shall be performed strictly in compliance with the
contractual Codes and Standards and according to the requirements specified in TECHNIP's
drawings.

4.3.2 In any case the X-Ray spot examination is required as minimum, unless otherwise specified.

4.3.3 When X-Ray spot examination is required, the points to be X-rayed shall at least include all the T
crosses between circumferential and longitudinal joints, as well as the welded seams in the torical
section of the formed heads.

4.3.4 For Thickness equal or greater than 50 mm, branch connection nozzles shall be examined by UT.
For Thickness below 50 mm, only MT or PT shall be mandatory.

4.3.5 For thickness greater than 50 mm, the bevels prepared for welding shall be examined by MT.

4.3.6 After removing parts temporarily welded to the shell, the involved area shall be ground flush and
checked by MT for thickness 50 mm and/or for material with ultimate tensile strength 490
MPa.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
15 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

4.3.7 When PWHT is required the X-RAY examination (RT) and the Ultrasonic Examination (UT)
shall be performed as detailed in the table.

Materials Thickness Before PWHT After PWHT


Carbon Steel 50 mm RT (1)
Low alloy steel 50 mm RT (2)
All ferritic carbon steel materials > 50 mm RT UT
(1): Unless otherwise specified by applicable code.
(2): For thickness between 15 to 50 mm, RT before PWHT followed by UT after PWHT is
acceptable.

4.3.8 Plates thicker than 50 mm and non-standard forgings shall be examined by UT at the mill.

4.3.9 For all the welds on non-magnetic materials, including weld deposits, the MT examination shall
be substituted by PT.

4.4 Hydrostatic Test

4.4.1 The hydrostatic test shall be performed strictly in compliance with the requirements of the
contractual Codes. The Supplier shall develop a Hydrostatic test procedure for TECHNIP and
COMPANY review and acceptance.

4.4.2 Clean water shall be the hydrostatic test medium unless another one is approved in writing by
TECHNIP.
The hydrostatic testing of exchangers with internal surfaces in austenitic stainless steel material
shall be carried out with potable quality water having a maximum chloride content of 20 ppm.
If the chloride content is greater than 20 ppm, up to 250 ppm, a sufficient quantity of
sodium-nitrate shall be added to provide a test medium of 0.5% by weight sodium-nitrate
solution. After the test procedure stainless steel exchangers shall be immediately rinsed with
water containing less than 10 ppm chloride.
Water with a chloride content greater than 250 ppm shall not be used for testing.

4.4.3 The test pressure value shall be read at the top of the exchanger, erected as for operation.
For vertical exchanger, the test can be performed in horizontal position, but in this case, the
missing water head shall be taken into account, by increasing the test pressure value.

4.4.4 Vertical exchanger tested in the horizontal position shall be supported by saddles, adequately
designed to avoid local stress values in the shell exceeding 90% of the yield strength of the
material.

4.4.5 The hydraulic test pressure value shall be maintained and recorded for one hour at least, in the
presence of the inspector.

4.4.6 After completion of fabrication and testing, the exchangers shall be drained of water and dried.

4.4.7 The temperature of the exchangers wall during the test shall be 17C above the vessel Minimum
Design Metal Temperature.
Project n - Unit Doc Type Material Code - Serial n Rev. Page

8458U 30 JSS 0610 01 1


COMPANY Job N COMPANY Doc. N Rev
16 / 16

QC2-0007 RC2-30-VESS-JSS-95-000-0610 1

4.4.8 Exchangers which are to be stacked in service, shall be assembled in the Supplier's shop for fit-up,
final hydrostatic testing and inspection prior to shipping.

4.4.9 Test gaskets shall be of the same type and material as the service gaskets.

4.5 Seal Test For Welds

4.5.1 The seal test, using a soapy solution and air at a pressure of 170 kPa(g), shall be performed on all
the nozzle reinforcement plates and slip-on flanges.

4.6 Shipment

4.6.1 Gaskets shall not be changed after successful pressure testing, the exchanger shall be put into
operation without disturbance of joints.
When a heat exchanger is dismantled for any cause, it shall be reassembled with new gaskets of the
same type and material.

4.6.2 Solid metal gaskets, reassembled for shipment shall previously have been coated with grease or
varnish, as well as corresponding parts.

4.6.3 All bolting shall be lubricated with molybdenum or equivalent, before assembly.

4.6.4 All nozzle gasket faces shall be protected by gaskets and metal blanks bolted, unless otherwise
specified.