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SpecifiersGuideto

PerviousConcretePavements
intheGreaterKansasCityAreav1.211

TheConcretePromotionalGroup
ofGreaterKansasCity

Missouri/KansasChapterofthe
AmericanConcretePavementAssociation

Provision:
The Concrete Promotional Group and the MO/KS ACPA have prepared this document as a guide only.
The information within the document is based on the best information and judgments available at the time of publication.
Theadvancementsinperviousconcreteresearchandexperiencescontinuetochangehowperviousconcreteisplacedandhow
mixdesignsaredeveloped.Materialsmaybesubjecttochange.Innoeventwillthemembersofeithertradeassociationbe
liableforanydirect,indirect,punitive,incidental,specialorconsequentialdamages.Anypersonorbodiesofpersonsutilizing
allorpartsofthefollowinginformationassumesallrisksinconnectiontherewith.

Forward

Thisguidehasbeenassembledforspecifierswhoconsiderperviousconcreteforstormwatermitigation.Ittakes
intoconsiderationthelocalclimate(freeze/thaw)andclaysoilstypicaloftheKansasCityMetroregion,aswellas
localresources/materials.

Theinformationfoundwithinthisdocumentismeanttofacilitatethedesignandinstallationofperviousconcrete
pavementsystemsforstormwatermitigation.TheEPAPhaseII,NPDESstormwatermandatesrequirepost
developmentrunofftobeequaltoorlessthanpredevelopmentrunoff.Perviousconcretepavementfilters,
cools,anddetains(temporarystorage)stormwater,whilealsoservingasaparkinglot,sidewalk,orpavement.
Perviousconcretebecomesamultipurposeproduct,fulfillingstormwaterrequirementswhilereducingsite
footprintandprovidingaproductivepavementsurface.Forspecifichelpinregardstothehydrologydesignrefer
toHydrologicDesignofPerviousConcrete,EB303,PortlandCementAssociation,Skokie,Illinois,2007
(www.cement.org).

Perviousconcretepavementisarecognizedgreenbuildingconstructionmethod.ForthoseseekingU.S.G.B.C.
LEEDcertification,perviousconcretecanaidinachievingpointsinthesecategories:ReducedSiteDisturbance:
DevelopmentFootprint,StormwaterManagement:Rate&Quantity,Landscape&ExteriorDesigntoReduceHeat
Islands,ImprovedEnergyEfficiencytoAdjacentBuildings,RegionalMaterials,possiblyRecycledContentandother
InnovativeCredits.

Theperviousconcretesystemconsistsofasurfacelayerofspeciallydesignedconcreteconsistingof15%to25%
voidstoallowrainwatertoflowthroughthepavement.Thislayersitsonasubbaseofcleancoarseaggregate
(20%to40%voids)toactastemporarystorageforrainwater.(Otherpartsoftheworldwithsandysoilsmaynot
needthisstoragelayer,butbecauseoftheclaysoilsintheKansasCityareaitismandatoryinthismarket.)The
lastpartofthesystemconsistsofafilterfabricplacedundertheaggregatestoragelayerandontopofthesoil
subgrade.Thisfilterfabricshallalsowrapupthesidesofthesubbaseandperviousconcrete.Thisprotectsthe
subbaseandperviouslayersfrominfiltrationofsurroundingsoilsorfineswhichcanclogupthesystem.Refer
tothediagrambelowforavisualunderstandingofthedescription.

TheConcretePromotionalGroupofGreaterKansasCity(CPG)in
conjunctionwiththeMO/KSChapteroftheAmericanConcretePavement
Association(MO/KSACPA)providesPerviousConcretePavement
Certification.ItismandatoryfortheConcreteContractorplacingthe
perviousconcreteaswellastheReadyMixedConcreteSuppliertobe
PerviousConcreteCertified.TheNationalReadyMixedConcrete
AssociationalsooffersaPerviousConcreteContractorCertification.The
programsaresimilarandbothareequallyacceptable.TheCPG&MO/KS
ACPAversionnotonlyhasawrittenexam(mustpass80%orbetter)butit
alsohasafieldplacementexam.Thecertificationisopenand
recommendedtoallpartiesinvolvedintheperviousconstructionprocess
including:engineers,architects,landscapearchitects,stormwater
engineers,generalcontractors,inspectors,etc.

BothCPGandMO/KSACPAareavailableforperviousconsultation.Actual
projectconditionsmayrequiremodificationsoradditionstothisguide.
Specificsiteconditions,constructabilityissues,weatherconditions,code
regulationsallvarybyproject.RefertoPerviousHandbookatCPGwebsite.

PerviousConcreteGuidelinesfortheGreaterKansasCityArea
SECTION1GENERAL

1.1 Scope
Thisguideaddressestheequipment,materials,andprocessesnecessaryforperviousconcrete
pavementconstructionintheGreaterKansasCityArea.Itincludespreparationofsubgradefor
temporarydetentionofstormwater.Itistobeusedinconformancewithjobspecificplans,
specificationsandothercontractdocumentsforparkinglots,sidewalks,paths,playground
underlayment,driveways,andotherpedestrianareas.Itcanbeusedinlightresidentialtraffic
streets.
1.2 References
A. AmericanConcreteInstitute(www.concrete.org)
ACI301 SpecificationforStructuralConcrete
ACI305 HotWeatherConcreting
ACI306 ColdWeatherConcreting
ACI522R10 ReportonPerviousConcrete
ACI522.111 SpecificationforPerviousConcretePavement(revised2011)
B. AmericanSocietyforTesting&Materials(www.ASTM.org)
ASTMC29 TestforBulkDensity(UnitWeight)&VoidsinAggregate
ASTMC33 SpecificationforConcreteAggregates
ASTMC42 TestMethodforObtainingandTestingDrilledCoresandSawedBeams
ofConcrete
ASTMC94 SpecificationforReadyMixedConcrete
ASTMC138 TestMethodforDensity(UnitWeight),YieldandAirContent
(Gravimetric)ofConcrete
ASTMC140 TestMethodsforSamplingandTestingMasonryUnitsandRelatedUnits
ASTMC150 SpecificationsforPortlandCement
ASTMC172 PracticeforSamplingFreshlyMixedConcrete
ASTMC494 SpecificationforChemicalAdmixturesforConcrete
ASTMC618 SpecificationforCoalFlyAsh
ASTMC989 SpecificationforGroundGranulatedBlastFurnaceSlaguseinConcrete
andMortars
ASTMC1077 PracticeforLaboratoriesTestingConcreteandConcreteAggregatesfor
UseinConstructionandCriteriaforLaboratoryEvaluation
ASTMC168810 TestMethodforDesignedWeightandVoidsContentforPervious
Concrete
ASTMC1701 StandardTestMethodforInfiltrationRateofInPlacePerviousConcrete
ASTMD448 ClassificationforSizesofAggregateforRoad&BridgeConstruction
ASTMD2434 TestMethodforPermeabilityofGranularSoils(ConstantHeard)
ASTMD3385 TestMethodforInfiltrationRateofSoilsinFieldUsingDoubleRing
Infiltrometer
ASTMD5093 TestMethodforFieldMeasurementofInfiltrationRateUsingDouble
RingInfiltrometerwithaSealedInnerRing

ASTMD5084 TestMethodforMeasurementofHydraulicConductivityofSaturated
PorousMaterialsUsingaFlexibleWallPermeameter
(FallingHead,MethodC)
ASTME329 SpecificationforAgenciesEngagedintheTestingand/orInspectionof
MaterialsUsedinConstruction
C. NationalReadyMixedConcreteAssociation(www.nrmca.org)
NRMCAPerviousConcreteContractorCertification
D. PortlandCementAssociation(www.cement.org)
E. TheConcretePromotionalGroupofGreaterKansasCityPerviousConcreteCertification
(www.concretepromotion.com)
F. MO/KSChapterAmericanConcretePavementAssociation(www.moksacpa.com)
G. ThePortlandCementAssociationsDesignofPerviousConcreteMixtures,CD081,Skokie,
Illinois(www.cement.org)
H. IowaStateUniversityPerviousConcreteResearch(www.iastate.edu)
(www.cptechcenter.org)
I. UniversityofMissouri,KansasCity,MO,Dr.JohnKevern,PerviousConcreteResearcher
(www.UMKC.edu)
1.3 QualityAssurance
A. AmandatoryPreBidMeetingshallbeheldwithprospectivebidderstoincludecontractors,
producersandspecifierswheretheperviousconcretepavementconstructionprocesswill
bedescribed.
B. Priortosubmittingthebidthecontractorandreadymixedsupplierplacingthepervious
concretewillshowproofofcurrentPerviousCertification(eitherCPGorNRMCA
certificationorequal).Theperson(s)holdingthecertificationshallbeonthejobsiteatthe
placeofpavingduringtheentireperviousconcreteprepandplacement.Thisperson(s)shall
beinchargeoftheplacementcrew.
C. Atleast80%ofthecontractorcrewplacingperviousconcreteshallbepresentand
participatoryinthetestpanelplacement(1.6).
1.4 QualificationofLaboratoriesTheinspectionandtestingservicesofthetestinglaboratoryshall
beunderthedirectionofafulltimeemployeeregisteredasaProfessionalEngineerintheState
ofKansasorMissouriasappropriateforthejob.Theyshallhaveaminimumoffiveyearsof
professionalengineeringexperienceininspectionandtestingofconcreteconstruction,andthe
technicianshallhaveataminimumbeACIFieldTestingTechnicianCertificationaswellasCPG
PerviousConcreteTechnicianCertificationorequal.
1.5 Equipment
A. PlacementshallbedonewithaRollerScreedproperlyweightedwithwaterorsandinthe
roller,approximately20lb/ft.
B. CrossRollersshallbeusedbehindtherollerscreedtoaidinrollingouttheridgesleftbythe
rollerscreedandforfinalcompaction.Thecrossrollersshallweighamaximumof100lbs.
C. JointsshallbeplacedwithaRolledJointFormer(pizzacutter).Thisisacrossrollerwitha
flangeweldedmidsectionforrollingjointsinplasticconcrete.Thedepthoftheflangeshall
bebetweenandofthepavementthickness.

D. Tampersshallbeusedontheedgesagainsttheformstoaidinbettercompactionwhere
morewearandtearoccursandwhereconsolidationismoredifficult.Thesearetypically8
x8steelplatesattachedtoa52handle.
E. Minimumoftwoworkingspraycansforthesoybeancuretobesprayedfromeachsideof
thepavingprocess.Followthedosagerateinstructedbythemanufacturerforpervious
concretepavement.
F. Sometypeofprotectivesheetingortemporarycoverageoncurbandgutterorpreviously
pavedsection.Thisprotectstherollerscreedfromdamagefromabrasionwhenusingthe
previouslypavedsectionastheformforcurrentpavingoperation.
G. Watersource,hose,sprayerforfillingthescreedandwettingthesubbaseaggregatejust
priortotheperviousconcreteplacement.(Keepsthesubbaseaggregatefromdrawing
waterfromthefreshlyplacedperviousconcrete.)
H. Appropriatehandtoolssuchassquaredshovelsandcomealongs,forplacingthepervious
asitisdepositedfromtheconcretetruckschuteorbeltplacement.
I. Minimum6milpolysheetingshallbeusedforpavementcuring.Plasticshouldbeprerolled
andset,soastoquicklyandefficientlybeavailabletoimmediatelyrolloverthefreshly
placedpavement.Plasticshouldbecuttobeapproximately2feetwiderthantheforms
widthsetforthepavingoperation.
J. Anchorstoproperlyholddownthepolysheetingtopreventthesheetingfromblowingoff
orallowingairtobillowunderthesheeting.Wood2x4s(orequivalent)stretchedalong
eachsidetocontinuouslyholddowntheplasticwithsandbagsorequivalentevery5to6
feet.Ifwoodformsareusedtheplasticcanbestapledalongtheoutsideedgeoftheforms
tokeeptheplasticdownwithsandbagsaddedforsecurity.(Mudclumpswillnotwork.)
Preplanplacementandpreplacetheanchorsalongthepavingoperationforquickaccess.
K. PerviousconcreteisNOTpumpable,mostplacementsrequirebeltplacement.
1.6 Submittals:AdministrativeRequirementsforSubmittalProcedure
A. Priortocommencementofwork,thecontractorshallsubmitthefollowing:
1. Proposedconcretemixturesubmittalsshouldincludedesignunitweight,ASTMC1688
unitweight,anddesignedordesiredASTMC1701values,allmaterialweights,volumes,
andwater/cementitiousratio.Itisadvisedtohavethemixdesignadjustedbyworking
throughtheExcelSpreadsheetcreatedbyJohnKevern,PhD,UMKC,CivilEngineering
Dept.Itcanbefoundat:(http://k.web.umkc.edu/kevernhisgeneralwebaddress)
http://k.web.umkc.edu/kevernj/Current%20Research/Design%20of%20Pervious%20Con
crete%20Mixtures.htmorb/bmethodoutlinedinACI522R10ReportonPervious
Concrete,6.7.1proportioningmethod.
2. Aggregatetype,source,andgradingperASTMC33forthePerviousConcrete
3. Cement,supplementarycementitiousmaterialsandchemicaladmixturemanufacturer
certificationsallmeetingtheappropriateASTMrequirements.
4. FibersshallconformtoASTMC1116
B. Proposedaggregateforuseinstormwaterstorageordetentionlayer:aggregatetype,
source,gradingandvoidcontent(percentporosity).
C. Personnelqualifications:EvidenceofqualificationslistedunderQualityAssuranceSection
1.3ofthisdocument.

1.7 TestPanels(Experiencedcontractor&suppliermayomittestpanelasdirectedbythespecifier.)
Priortoconstruction,testpanelsshallbeconstructedinaccordancewiththeplansand
specifications.Atestpaneltakesaminimumfor7daystocurebeforeitisreviewedfor
approvalbytheowner/specifier.Apanelthatfailswouldindicateanothertestpanelplacement
untiloneisapproved.
A. Thetestpanelwillbeconstructedinaccordancewiththeplansandspecifications.Thetest
areawillbeaminimumof4cubicyardsor10X20area,asdeterminedbythespecifierat
thedesigneddepth.Thepanelshallbeinstalled,consolidated,jointedandcuredusingthe
materials,equipmentandpersonnelproposedfortheproject.Thetestpanelsareto
demonstratetothespecifierthatinplaceunitweightscanbeachieved,acceptable
permeabilitycanbeachievedandsatisfactorypavementcanbeinstalledatthesitelocation.
B. Thetestpanelcanbeconstructedonsiteinanareafordemolitionaftertestapprovalorin
apredeterminedareathatmaybesavedandused(forexampleapadunderapicnictable)
orwithpriorapprovalinasmallpartoftheactualproject.Ifthetestprovestobe
unsatisfactorybythespecifieritwillberemovedandreplaceduntilaccepted.Iftheactual
siteistoosmallorlimitingthespecifierandcontractorshallcometoanagreementforan
alternativetestsite.
C. Testpanelscostandremoval,ifnecessary,shallbeincludedasalineiteminthecontract
proposalandcontract.Testpanelsmaybeplacedatanyofthespecifiedperviousconcrete
pavementlocationsontheprojectsiteorothertestsite.
D. Quality:Testpanelsshallhaveacceptablesurfacefinish,jointdetails,thickness,porosity
andcuringproceduresandshallcomplywiththetestingandacceptablestandardslistedin
thequalitycontrolsectionofthisdocument.Thetestwillestablishthetargetunitweightin
thefieldtouseforacceptanceattheactualpours.Usuallytheacceptancelevelis+/5from
thisestablishedweight.
E. Satisfactoryperformanceofthetestpanelsshallbedeterminedby:
1. Organizedconstructionteamwithalltheproperequipmentathand&usedonthetest
pour,consolidatingthesurfacetoasatisfactorythicknessandsmoothnesswiththe
rollerscreedweigheddownwithwaterorsand.
2. Voidstructurebetween15%minimumand25%maximum.UseASTM1701toestablish
theinplacepermeability.
3. Anaverageinfiltrationvalueof500in./hr.isdesirableforsitesnotacceptingadditional
contributingrunon.
1.8 ProjectConditions:WeatherLimitations
A. TheContractorshallnotplaceperviousconcretepavementwhentheambienttemperature
ispredictedbytheNationalWeatherServicePointForecastforthejobsitetobe40F(4.4C)
orlowerduringthesevendaysfollowingplacement,unlessotherwisepermittedinwriting
bytheArchitect/Engineer.
B. TheContractorshallnotplaceperviousconcretepavementlaterintheyearthanNovember
1 or earlier in the year than April 1 unless otherwise permitted in writing by the
Architect/Engineer.
C. TheContractorshallnotplaceperviousconcretepavementwhentheambienttemperature
is predicted by the National Weather Service Point Forecast for the jobsite to rise above

90F (32.2C) during the seven days following placement, unless otherwise permitted in
writingbytheArchitect/Engineer.
D. Perviousconcretepavementshallnotbeplacedonfrozensubgrade.
E. Heated water typically used by ready mix producers to mitigate cold weather concreting
maynotbeusedforbatchingperviousconcrete.
1.9 PrepavingConference
A. Aprepavingconferencewiththespecifier,concretecontractorforeman(perviousconcrete
certified),generalcontractor,readymixedsupplier(perviousconcretecertified)and
inspectionpartyshallbeheldatleastoneweekpriortoperviouspavement.
B. Areviewofthecompletedtestpanelplacement.MakeavailabletheASTMC1688unit
weightandASTMC1701dataresults.
C. ReviewthePreConstructionConferenceChecklistinthebackofthisdocument.

SECTION2MATERIALS
2.1FilterFabric
Thefilterlayershallconsistofaminimum4oz.nonwovengeotextilefabric.
2.2 CoarseAggregateforStorageLayer
Thislayershallbeaminimumof12inches(sidewalkswillvary)dependingonthedesign
parameters.ThematerialshallconformtoASTMC33standardsandbecapableofhaving
minimumvoidsof38%byweightmeasuredinaccordancewithASTMStandardC29.Test
reportsshowingvoidcontentshallbesubmittedtotheprojectmanagerforaggregatestobe
usedontheproject.Thedesignermayselectotherspecificgradationsandangularitybased
uponeconomics,proximitytothepavementstructureanddesiredflowrates.Thisshallbea
cleanwashedrockwithlessthan2%retainedonthe100sieve.Thisrockshallbeamaximum
topsizeof1rock.Finesplugthesystem.(PerviousConcrete:HydrologicalDesignand
Resources,PCACD063.02,www.cement.org,recommendedasatooltodeterminedepthfor
thecoarseaggregatestoragelayer.)
2.3 CuringMaterials
A. PolyethylenesheetingTheprimarymethodofcuringperviousconcreteshallbethe
placementofawaterproofcovering.Thissheetingshallbeaclassifiedasheavydutywitha
minimumof6milsheeting.
B. Soybeanoil(cure),enoughtocurethepavementaccordingtothemanufacturer
recommendation.Thesoybeanoilisalsousedontheformsasabondbreakerandtospray
therollerscreedandotherplacementequipment/tools.
2.4 Cement
A. PortlandCementTypeI,TypeII,orTypeI/IIshallconformtoASTMC150.
B. TypeIPorISshallconformtoASTMC595.
2.5 SupplementaryCementitiousMaterials
A. FlyashshallconformtoASTMC618
B. GroundgranulatedBlastFurnaceSlag(GGBFS)knownasslaghereon,shallconformtoASTM
C989.
C. Whenflyashand/orslagareused,initialsettimewillbedelayed,andlongtermstrength
gainistypicallyincreased.

2.6 Admixtures
A. AirentrainingadmixturesshallconformtoASTMC260.(Note:Thereisnotacurrentway
totestperviousforairintheplasticstateatthistime.Normalairtestingprocedureswill
notworkwithperviousconcrete.Dosethemixbytheadmixturecompany
recommendationsasifdosingforconventionalconcrete.)Airentrainingadmixturesshallbe
usedinperviousconcrete.Dosageshouldfollowmanufacturerinstructionsforconcrete
exposedtoseverefreeze/thawconditions,typicallystartingat2oz/cwt.
B. ChemicaladmixturesshallconformtoASTMC494
1. WaterreducingadmixturesshallbetypeA,B,DorF.
(Thepolycarboxylatetypewaterreducershaveproventoworkandarestrongly
recommended.Astartingdosagerateof6oz/cwtissuggested.)
2. Extendedcontroladmixtures(hydrationstabilizers)meetingrequirementsofASTM
C494TypeBRetardingorTypeDWaterReducing/Retardingshallbeused.This
admixtureiscriticaltothesuccessofthemixdesign.(Thewarmertheweather,the
moreofthisadmixturetobeused.Perviousconcretemixesusemoreofthis
chemicalthannormaldosageratesforconventionalconcrete.TheBASF/Delvo
versionstartsat6oz/cwtcandoseupto12oz/cwtinhotweather.The
Grace/Recoverversiontakesapproximately25%moreonaverageduetothe
chemicalcompositionmakeupoftheadmixtures.)Allperviousconcreteprojects
shallhavetheseproducts,orequal.Theyshallbeavailableatthejobsiteforre
dosingasneeded.
3. Viscositymodifyingadmixtureshavebeenusedsuccessfullyinothermarkets.
C. Fibersshallbeusedinperviousconcretepavements.
1. Fibersshallbepolypropyleneorcellulose,<1.5in.fibrillatedormicrofibertype.
2. Fiberdosageratewillbe1.5lbs/yd.
3. Fibersmustberemovedfrombagsandshallbedistributedin23gallonsofwater
beforeadditiontothemixtopreventballingmaterialsandpromotingeven
distribution.(Note:Fiberbenefitsincludepreventingexcessravelingfromtoodry
mixandpreventingovercompactionfromtoowetmix.)
2.7 AggregatesforPerviousConcrete
Aggregateusedwillhaveadirectinfluenceonthepermeability,surfacetexture,andtheappearance
oftheperviousconcreteslab.Itisextremelyimportantthatthereadymixsuppliermonitorand
measuretheSSDaggregatemoisturecontentwhenbatchingperviousconcrete.Thewaterto
cementratioislowinperviousconcrete.Changesinaggregatemoistureaffectthesuccessor
failureoftheperviousmixdesign.
A. Coarseaggregateshallbecrushedstoneorcrushedgravelandshallmeetthesizeand
gradingrequirementsasdefinedinASTMD448andshallcomplywithASTMC33.Gradation
choiceshallbelimitedtosizesunlessotherwiseapprovedbythearchitect/engineer.
Thespecificgravityshallbe>2.5andtheabsorptionshallbe<2.5%toaidindurabilityand
performance.
B. Fineaggregateforperviousconcreteshallmeetthesizeandgradingrequirementsas
definedinASTMD448andshallcomplywithASTMC33.Sandwillbeincludedinthetotal
combinedaggregategradation.Generallimitsof6%sandshallbeallowedinthemix.

2.8 WaterWatershallcomplywithASTMC94.
2.9 MixDesignProportions

A. Thecontractorshallfurnishtothespecifieraproposedmixdesignwithproportionsof
materialspriortocommencementofworkincomplianceofASTMC1688.Thecomposition
oftheproposedconcretemixtureshallbesubmittedtothespecifierforreviewand/or
approvalandshallcomplywiththefollowingprovisionsunlessanalternativecompositionis
demonstratedtocomplywiththeprojectrequirements.

B. Mixtureperformancewillbeaffectedbypropertiesoftheparticularmaterialsused.Trial
mixturesmustbetestedtoestablishproperproportionsanddetermineexpectedbehavior.
Concreteproducersmayhavemixtureproportionsforperviousconcreteoptimizedfor
performancewithlocalmaterials.Herearetwosuggestedoptionsforproportioning
procedures:
1. Dr.JohnKevernsExcelSpreadsheetmentionedinSection1.5Submittals.
2. b/bmethodoutlinedinACI522R10ReportonPerviousConcrete,6.7.1
proportioningmethod.
C. ConcretemixtureunitweightshallbemeasuredinaccordancewithASTM1688forplastic
perviousconcrete.Theacceptancewillbemeasured5pcffromtheASTMC1688unit
weightestablishedatthetestpour.
D. Theperviousconcretevoidrangeshallbe15%to25%.ASTM1701shallbeusedtomeasure
theinfiltrationrateofthehardenedperviousconcrete.
E. Cementitiouscontent:SupplementaryCementitiousMaterialsmaybeused.Flyashshall
notconstitutemorethan25%(byweight)cementreplacement.Ifaternaryblended
cementisusedthetotalcombinedreplacementshallnotexceed50%ofthemassofthe
Portlandcement.
F. Perviousconcreteshallbedesignedandplacedwithawater/cementratiobetween0.30
and0.34.
G. Heatedwater(typicallyusedbyreadymixsuppliersincoldweather)shallnotbeusedinthe
makingofperviousconcretebythesupplier(seesection1.8ofthisdocument).

SECTION3EXECUTION
Thespecifiershallbenotified24hourspriortosubbaseinstallationand24hourspriorto
perviousconcretepavementinstallation.
3.1Installation
A.TheStormwaterStorageLayer
1.SubgradePrep
a. Existingsubgradeunderstormwaterdetentionlayerareasshallnotbe
compactedorsubjecttoexcessiveconstructionequipmenttrafficpriorto
coarseaggregatebedplacementandmaybescarifiedtoimproveinfiltration
rates.

b. Cutsnecessarytoestablishpropersubgradelevelshallnotbecompactedor
subjecttoexcessiveconstructionequipmenttrafficpriortocoarse
aggregatebedplacementandmaybescarifiedtoimproveinfiltrationrates.

c. Whenfillisneededtoestablishpropersubgradelevelsomecompaction
maybenecessary.Compactionto92%proctorissufficient.

d. Fillandlightlyregradeanyareasdamagedbyerosion,ponding,ortraffic
compactionbeforetheplacingoffilterfabricandcoarseaggregate.

2.InstallationofFilterFabricandStorageLayer

a. Uponcompletionofsubgradepreparation,theArchitect/Engineershallbe
notifiedandshallinspectattheirdiscretionbeforethecontractormay
proceedwithstormwaterdetentionlayer/installation.

b. Filterfabriclayerandstormwaterstoragelayeraggregateshallbeplaced
immediatelyafterapprovalofsubgradepreparation.Anyaccumulationof
debrisorsedimentwhichhastakenplaceafterapprovalofsubgradeshall
beremovedpriortoinstallationoffilterfabricatthecontractorsexpense.

c. Placegeotextilefilterfabricinaccordancewithmanufacturersstandards
andrecommendations.Adjacentstripsoffilterfabricshalloverlapa
minimumof16in.Thefiltershallbeplacedonthefloorofthepavement
andupthesidesofthepavementdirectlyoverthesoilsubbaseandunder
thecoarseaggregatestoragelayer.Thecontractorshallsecurefabricat
least2ft.outsideofbedandtakestepsnecessarytopreventanyrunoffor
sedimentfromenteringthestoragebed.

d. Installcoarseaggregatein6inchmaximumlifts.Lightlycompacteachlayer
withequipment,keepingequipmentmovementoverstoragebedsubgrade
toaminimum.Installaggregatetogradesrequiredonthedrawings.

e. Haybalesorequivalentshallbeplacedatthetoeofslopeswhichmaybe
adjacenttobedstofurtherpreventsedimentfromwashingintobedsduring
sitedevelopment.Asthesiteisfullystabilized,excessfilterfabricalongthe
bededgescanbecutback.

B.PerviousConcreteLayer

1. PavementThickness:
Pavementshallbeplacedtothedepthspecifiedintheplans.
Typicalparkinglotpavementthicknessrangefrom6inchesto8inches,sidewalks
tendtobe4inches.

2. Formwork:

10

Formmaterialsarepermittedtobeofwood,steel,orothermaterialsufficientto
supporttheplacementequipmentandtheperviousconcrete,andshallbethefull
depthofthepavement.Formsshallbeofsufficientstrengthandstabilitytosupport
mechanicalequipmentwithoutdeformationofplanprofilesfollowingspreading,
strikeoffandcompactionoperations.

3. MixingandHauling:
a. Production:
Perviousconcreteshallbemanufacturedanddeliveredinaccordancewith
ASTMC94.
b. Mixing:
Mixturesshallbeproducedincentralmixersorintransit(truck)mixers.
ConcreteshallbemixedforaminimumtimespecifiedaccordingtoACIC94.
c. Transportation:
Theperviousconcretemixturemaybetransportedtothesiteandthedischarge
ofindividualloadsshallbecompletedwithinone(1)houroftheintroductionof
mixwatertothecement.Deliverytimesmaybeextendedto90minuteswhen
dosagesofhydrationstabilizerareincreasedtomaintaintheconcrete,orbythe
discretionofthespecifier.Typicaladmixturesusedinperviousconcrete
functioneffectivelyforupto30minutes.Theystarttoloseeffectiveness
between30and60minutesmixingtime.Poorworkabilitycanberemediated
withredosingadmixturesatthejobsiteatthetimeofplacement.
d. DischargeandAdjustments:
Eachtruckloadshallbevisuallyinspectedforconsistencyofconcretemixture.
Wateradditiontoadjusttheconsistencyshallbepermittedatthepointof
discharge.(Itissuggestedthatthehydrationstabilizerand/orwaterreducerbe
availableforredoseatthejobsite,astheycanbeabetteralternativetoadding
morewater.)Aminimumof70revolutionsatthemanufacturersdesignated
mixingspeedshallbecountedfollowingtheadditionofanywatertothemix,
priortofurtherdischarge.Concreteshallbedepositedasclosetoitsfinal
positionaspracticalandsuchthatdischargedconcreteisincorporatedinto
previouslyplacedplasticconcrete.

4. PlacingandFinishing:
a. Thesubbaseshallbeinamoistconditionattimeofplacementtoensureno
reductioninstrengthofthepavement.Thecontractorshallspraytheaggregate
basewithwaterjustpriortoplacingpervious.
b. Concreteshallbedepositedintotheformsbymixertruckchute,conveyoror
buggy.(PerviousconcreteisNOTpumpable.)
c. Usearollerscreedasdescribedunder1.5SpecialEquipment.Placementshall
bedonewithaRollerScreedproperlyweightedwithwaterorsandintheroller.
Failuretoweighdowntherollerscreedwillresultinpoorcompactionandpoor
ridingsurface.

11

d. IfapprovedbytheArchitect/Engineerinwriting,thecontractormayplacethe
perviousconcretewithanalternatescreed.Thecontractormustshowproper
informationtosubstantiatehis/herabilitytosuccessfullyplacepervious
concretewithanalternatemethod.(Note:Manyadvancesinpervious
technologyarebeingdevelopedeveryday.)
e. CrossRollersshallbeusedbehindtherollerscreed(andontopofthepoly
sheetingplacedinthecuringstep)toaidinrollingouttheridgesleftbythe
rollerscreedandforfinalcompaction.
f. Jointing:
1. JointsshallbeconstructedutilizingaRolledJointFormer(pizza
cutter),asdescribedinsection1.5ofthisguidespecification.
Jointingshallbeperformedimmediatelyafterrollercompaction.
Jointsshallbepremarkedwheretheywillberolledinbeforepaving
starts.Thesoybeanoilcuremaybeplacedbeforeandafterthe
jointisrolledintothepavement.
2. Isolationjointsshallbeusedwhenabuttingfixedverticalstructures
suchasmanholes,lightpoles,signagepoles,etc.
3. Jointsinperviousarespacedsimilarlytoconventionalconcrete.2X
thethicknessinfeetor15feetwhicheverissmaller.(Example:A
typical6inchthickperviouspavementshouldhaveamaximum
spacingof12feet.Maximumjointspacingforpavementsthicker
than7is15.)
g. Curing:
1. Curingproceduresshallbegin3to5minutesbehindtheroller
screed.
2. Thepavementsurfaceshallbecoveredwithaminimumof6mil
thickpolyethylenesheetorotherapprovedcoveringmaterial.
3. Thepolyshallberolledontubespriortopavement,toallowthe
polytoberolledoverthefreshpavementthewidthoftheforms.
Thereshallbeaminimumof12overhangoneachsideoftheform,
tohaveenoughextrapolytoproperlyanchorthesidesdown.
4. Priortocovering,soybeanoilshallbesprayedontothepavement
frombothsidesofthepavingoperation.(Seereference2.3Curing
Materials).
5. Theplasticcoversection:Anyholes,tears,orcutsintheplastic
shallbetapedorrepairedtopreventmoisturelossandtoprevent
airinfiltrationundertheplastic.
6. Anchors,suchas2x4sandsandbags,toproperlysecuretheedges
ofthepavementshallbeplacedwithextracare.Mudclumpsand
constructiontrashisnotproperanchorage.Nowinddriven
billowingplasticisallowableduringtheentire7daycure.Ifusing
woodforms,theplasticcanbestapledtotheoutsideedgeofthe
form,then2x4splacedontheupperouteredgeforadded

12

continualanchoringandsandbagsplacedevery5to6feettohold
theminplace.
7. Thecuringcovershallremainsecurelyinplaceforaminimumof7
days,uninterrupted.
8. Novehiculartrafficshallbepermittedonthepavementuntilcuring
iscomplete(7days)andnotrucktrafficshallbepermittedforat
least14days.
3.2 Testing
ASTMC09.49andACI522committeesareworkingtogethertodevelopstandardizedtestingfor
perviousconcrete.ASTMisscheduledtoreleasestandardsfordetermininghardenedunitweight
andvoidsandearlyageabrasionduringspring2011.Additionaltestingisbeingpursuedfor
compressivestrength,flexuralstrengthandotherimportantqualityitems.(Update?!)
A. Unitweightistheprimaryqualitycontrolcriteria.DesignedUnitWeight,ASTMC1688.The
designedunitweightwillbeprovidedtothespecifier.DuringtheTestPanel(describedin
section1.7)theinsituunitweightisestablishedbytheconstructionteam.Theambient
temperatureandthemoistureconditionoftheaggregateshaveaheavyhandintheconsistency
oftheperviousandtheunitweights.TheReadyMixProducermayneedtoadjustthemixat
thistimeastoachieveaworkablemixforthecontractortoplaceandachievedesirable
consistency.Acceptanceisbasedonvisualacceptanceaswellas5pcffromthetestpanel
establishedunitweight.
B. Inverseslumpflowtest(DesignofPerviousConcreteMixtures,Kevern)reproducesthedischarge
ofperviousconcretefromareadymixtruck.Thisisanindicatoroftheworkabilityatthejob
siteand/orachangeintheconsistencyoftheperviousconcretebetweentrucks.Thefollowing
responseisdirectlyapplicabletorollerscreedtypeplacementwherehighlyworkablemixtures
aredesirable.Asageneralruleofthumbforperviousconcreteworkability,manualplacement
shouldbeveryworkable,whilemechanizedplacementcanbestiffer.Workabilityrequirement
forplacementotherthanthatusingrollerscreedequipmentshouldbedeterminedduringtest
placements.
1. Fillaninvertedslumpconewiththeplasticperviousconcretewithoutanycompacting
orrodding.Fillitroughlytothetopoftheinvertedslumpcone.
2. Withasmoothevenmotion,lifttheslumpconeaboutkneeheight.Ifnecessarygiveita
jostleormildshaketoloosenthematerialandletitbegintoflow.
3. Ifthematerialflowsfromtheconeitwilldischargefromthetruckandplacecorrectly
forthecontractor.Ifthematerialsstayslodgedintheconethentheconcreteistoostiff
andwillbedifficulttoevacuatethetruck.Theconcreteislikelytohavehighporosity
andlowstrength,potentiallyleadingtosurfaceravelingandloseofsurfacedurability.
4. Concretethatwillnotflowthroughtheconeindicateslossofadmixtureeffectiveness.
SiteRemediation:Add0.5gallonsperyardofperviousconcreteandmix.Retest.If
moreremediationisneededadd50%oftheoriginaldosageofeitherthewaterreducer
(orthehydrationstabilizer)inadditiontoadding0.5gallonofwaterpercubicyardof
perviousconcreteandmix.Ifmoretrucksarecoming,callthereadymixplanttohave
themadjustthenextbatchbeforearrivingtothejobsite.
C. InfiltrationRateofInPlacePerviousConcrete,ASTM1701.

13

1. Aninfiltrationringistemporarilysealedtothesurfaceofaperviouspavement.After
prewettingthetestlocation,agivenmassofwaterisintroducedintotheringandthe
timeforthewatertoinfiltratethepavementisrecorded.Theinfiltrationrateis
calculated.
2. ASTMC170109maybeconductedafteratestpanelhashardenedtoestablishifthe
infiltrationmeetsexpectations.
3. ASTMC170109canbeconductedonaperviouspavementatanytimetoestablishlevel
offunctionality.Typicallyareductionof25%triggersmaintenanceactivities.
D. EstimatingInSituWeightasdefinedin(DesignofPerviousConcreteMixtures,Kevern).Listed
hereinforreference:
1. Fillaunitweightcontainer(commonlythe0.25cfbottomportionofanairpressure
meter)withconcreteintwolifts.Evenlydistributetheconcreteinthecontainerbutdo
notcompactorconsolidation.Strikeoffevenwiththecontainersurface.
2. Weighthecontaineranddeterminetheconcreteunitweight.
3. Estimatetheinsitudensitybymultiplyingtheconcreteunitweightbytheappropriate
compactionfactorprovidedbelow:

Compactionfactorsforestimatinginsitudensity
Pavement Thickness Compaction Factor
(in)
4 1.25
6 1.17
8 1.13
4. ComparetheestimatedinsitudensitytothedesignunitweightprovidedintheBatch
Design.Theallowablevariationis5pcffromthedesignunitweight(ACI2008).The
mostcommoncauseofchangesinunitweightbetweenloadsasaplacementprogresses
ischangingaggregatemoistureandwaterremaininginthemixerdrum.
5. ComparefreshdensitytotheUnitWeightversusVoidschartanddeterminethevoid
content,asshownbelow.
6. Usethevoidcontenttodeterminethecompressivestrength,flexuralstrength,or
permeability,asshownbelowforcompressivestrengthat7days.

14

125

120
118.5pcf
115

UnitWeight(pcf)
110

105

100
20%voids
95

90
10 15 20 25 30 35 40
PerviousConcreteVoids(%)

Usingpredeterminedcompactiondensitytoestimatevoidcontent

3.3 SiteAcceptanceProceduresandRemediationStrategies
Theworkabilityandconsistencyofperviousconcretemaybedeterminedforeachreadymixedtruck
toensurequalityconstruction.Typicallyworkabilityisadjustedonsiteforthefirstloadandthen
readjustedduringbatchingforallsubsequentloads.
A. CheckBatchTicket:Uponarrivalatthejobsite.Checkforthecorrectmixtureandappropriate
deliveryandmixingtime.
B. CheckWorkability:Performaninverseslumpcheck.Ifworkabilityremediationisrequiredfirst
add0.5gallonsofwaterpercubicyard,mixandretest.Ifadditionalworkabilityremediationis
required,addupto50%oftheoriginaldosageofwaterreducer(or50%ofthehydration
stabilizer)mixandretest.Themixshouldbeacceptable,ifnot,adiscussionbetweenthe
inspector,readymixandcontractorshouldoccur.Ifthebatchticketisover90minutesold,
considerrejectingtheload.
C. Adjustsubsequentloads:Radiobacktothebatchpersonnelandrelaywaterand/oradmixture
adjustments.
D. DetermineConsistency:DetermineASTMC1688unitweightandcompareagainstrequired
values.Unitweightvaluesgreaterthan10pcfdifferentfromthedesiredvaluesmayindicate
thatanincorrectmixturemayhavebeendelivered.Ifthemixturewascorrectlybatched,but
theunitweightishigh,holdthetruckwhileslowlymixingfor15minutes.Iftheunitweightis
light,adjustworkability.Inmostsituationspoorflowthroughtheinverseslumpconewill
indicatepotentialforlowunitweightvalues.Adjustingforworkabilitywillimproveunitweight.
E. Discharge
F. PredictInPlaceUnitWeight:Ifdesired(notnecessaryforeveryload)applytheprocedure
outlinedinsectionDabove.
3.4 Maintenance

15

A.WARNING!Othertraditionalconstructionprocessesthatnormallyfollowpavement
installmentincludeusingtheparkinglotorpavementforastagingareaforlandscapesoils
ormulch.Otherarrangementswillneedtobeplannedforthestagingareawhenutilizing
perviousconcretepavements.Finesfromthesoilsormulchcanclogthepervious
pavement.
B.Vacuumingand/orPowerWashingtheperviouspavementareacceptablepracticesfor
occasionalmaintenance.Aswithallpavements,perviouspavementswilloccasionallyneed
cleaning.Researchandexperienceteachusthatdebristypicallystayinthetopinchofthe
pavement.Vacuumingtendstobetterevacuatethedirt,finesandorganicmaterial.Power
washingcanbeharmfulifthepsiadjustmentistoointense.Powerwashingtendstopush
materialsfurtherdowninthepavement.Combinationcleaningmachinesthatcombinea
wetsprayandvacuumprocesshaveproventowork.Manyperviouspavementshavebeen
maintainedwithstreetcleaners,walkbehindvacuums,ridingvacuums,etc.Howoftenthe
pavementneedsmaintenancedifferswiththeenvironmentthatitsitsin.Someprojects
haveestablishedavacuumingonceayearjusttobesafeandkeepthepavementinoptimal
condition.Othershaveonlycleanedtheperviousonanasneededbasis.
C.TheGeneralContractorshallberesponsibleformakingsuresoilerosion(rainevent,lossof
siltfencing,landscapingstagingerrors,etc.)doesntclogthepavementpriortoturningthe
pavementovertotheowner.TheGCshallperformpropervacuuming/cleaninginthisevent.
D.SnowRemovalshouldbeaccomplishedusingarotarybroom.Ifuseofarotarybroomisnot
possible,snowshouldbeclearedusingaplowwithaloweredgemadeofplasticorrubber.
Metalplowsshouldbeavoided;theirbladestendtocatchstones(particularlyatjoints)and
causeraveling.

SECTION4SPECIALTYPERVIOUSCONCRETE(Decorative)
A.IntegralColoredperviousconcretecanbeattainedbyaddingpoweredcoloror
liquidcolortothemixinthebatchingprocessinthereadymixtruckorcentralmix
unit.Keepinmindthisprocessneedstobetestedandadjustedforeachindividualjob.
Thewater/cementratioisverylowinperviousconcretealready.Whenaddingpowder
colortothemix,itwilluseupmoreofthewaterinthemix.Morewatermaybeneededin
thedecorativeperviousmixthaninperviouswithoutcolor.
B. SurfaceColorcanbeappliedtoperviousconcrete.Therearecoloringagentsthatcanbe
appliedtothesurface.Colorcanthenbesprayedonthesurfaceinthecuringstageand
reappliedasneededforcolorintensityormaintenance.
C. Stampingperviousconcretecanbedonewithmetal/hardstampingtools.Stampingdoes
leavethepavementopentotheenvironmentlongerthanthe35minutestimelimitfor
curing.Anexperiencedcrewwouldbeneededtoworkquicklyandcuringattendedtoas
soonaspossible.

SECTION5PERFORMANCESPECIFICATIONFORPERVIOUSCONCRETE
Astheindustrymovesforward,prescriptionspecificationsarediminishingandperformance
specificationtakingthelead.Perviousconcretecanadapttothischange.
A. Perviouspavement20yeardesignlife.

16

B. Materials:Regionallyattainabledurablematerials.
C. PortlandcementTypeI/IIsolelyorincombinationwithothercementitiousmaterialssuchas
flyashand/orslag.
D. MixdesignandconcreteprovidedbyCertifiedPerviousReadyMixSupplier.
E. ContractorshallbeaCertifiedPerviousContractor,withtheleadpersoncertifiedonthejob
sitetheentiretimeperviousisplaced.
F. PerviousConcretesectionshallbeminimum6thickforvehiculartrafficapplications.
G. Aggregatesubbaseshallbeaminimumof12.Thespecifiermayhaveadditionalaggregate
subbasetoaccommodatetheappropriaterainevent.
H. Filterfabricshallbeinstalledoversoilsubbaseandupthesidesofthepavementtothe
manufacturersrecommendedinstructions.
I. Testpaneltobecompletedminimumofoneweekpriortothepavingoperationand
acceptedbythespecifier.80%ofthecrewusedinthepavingoperationshallbepresent
andparticipatoryinthetestpanelplacement.
J. Jointingdesigntofollowconventionalconcretejointingpractices.(Moresquarethan
rectangularpatterns,tothethicknessofthepavement,maximumspacingof24xthe
thicknessininches,nomorethan15feetapart,etc.)
K. Cureforaminimumof7days.
L. Testing,Unitweightrequiredoneachconcretetruckloadtocheckforinsituconsistency.
Unitweightshallbe5pcfoftheestablishedunitweight.
M. TheGeneralContractorshallberesponsibleformakingsurenosoilerosion(rainevent,loss
ofsiltfencing,landscapingstagingerrors,etc.)clogsthepavementpriortoturningthe
pavementovertotheowneratthecompletionofthejob.TheGCshallperformproper
vacuuming/cleaningifthishasoccurred.
N. ThePavingContractorshallberesponsibleforturningoverapavementfreeofdelamination
ontheridingsurfacetotheowner.

SECTION6
PreConstructionConference
Thepreconstructionconferencechecklististobeusedasaguideduringthepreconstruction
conference.ItismodifiedfromtheNRMCAspreconstructionconferencechecklist.
PerviousConstructionChecklist
Theperviouschecklistisusedtoaidinorganizationandimplementation.

Bothchecklistsfollowonthelasttwopagesofthisdocument.

17

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
ThisGuidelinecouldnothavebeenproducedifnotforthegroundbreakingworkandconsulting
providedby:

IllinoisReadyMixedConcreteAssociation(www.IRMCA.org)
SpecifiersGuideforPerviousConcretePavementwithDetention
IowaStateUniversityPerviousConcreteResearch(www.ctre.iastate.edu)
NationalReadyMixedConcreteAssociation(www.nrmca.org&www.perviouspavement.org)
OhioReadyMixedConcreteAssociation(www.OhioConcrete.org)
SpecifiersGuideforPerviousConcretePavementwithDetention
PortlandCementAssociation(www.cement.org)
TheCarolinasReadyMixedConcreteAssociation(www.crmca.com)
GeorgiaConcreteandProductsAssociation(www.gaconcrete.org)
CaliforniaNevadaCementPromotionCouncil(www.cncpc.org)
UniversityofMissouriKansasCity(www.umkc.edu),SchoolofComputing&Engineering,Dr.John
Kevern

18

PerviousConcrete
PreConstructionChecklist

Submittals InstallerCertified?
ReadyMixCertified?
PerviousConcreteMixDesign
TestPanelPlacement&Approval
ShopDrawingforJoints,Depth?Marked?IsolationJoints?
AccessforConcreteTrucks&ConveyorTruck?
TestingLabCertified?Whichtestswillbeperformed?Howoften?TestSamples?


SiteWork SubgradeThickness,CutorFill?ScarifyorCompaction?Grades?
AdditionalDrainage?
SubbaseThickness?
SoakBasePriortoPerviousPlacement?WaterSource?
Forms?Grade?
BlockOuts?


Weather WeatherForecast?
TemperatureDayofPlacement?
Temperaturesfor7daysAfterPlacement?
WindinExcessof15mph?
Humidity?
SoyBeanCure?Sprayers?
PolySheetingPrerolledontubes?
PlentyofAnchorsonHandtoSecurePoly?
CuringProcedures?Timing?
AuthoritytoCancelandRescheduleBasedonWeather/Temperature?


Pre PerviousConcreteMixDesignApproved?
Placement TestPanelsApproved?
Confirmation JointsMarked?
JointLayoutApproved?
AllEquipment&ToolsonHand?
ProperSizeCrewfortheJob?
BlockOutofdrainageorOtherStructuresinPavement?


Notesfrom
meeting:



19

PPeerrvviioouussCCoonnccrreetteePPaavveem meenntt
Meettrroo

ffoorrSSttoorrm
mwwaatteerrM MiittiiggaattiioonniinnG
GrreeaatteerrKKCCM

CCoonnssttrruuccttiioonnCChheecckklliisstt

1.UseaPerviousCertifiedReadyMixProducer
2.UseaPerviousCertifiedConcreteContractor
3.ExcavationdeepenoughtoaccommodatethedesigneddepthofthePervious
ConcreteSystem(thePerviouslayerandthebaselayer)
4.Erosioncontrolduringperviousplacementandimmediatelyafterplacementis
criticaltopavementperformance.
5.4oz.(minimum)nonwovengeotextilefilterfabricplacedupthesidesandbase
oftheexcavatedarea
6.Cleanrockbase(maximumtopsize11/2)ontopofthefilterfabrictodesigned
depth(<2%onthe100sieve,noAB3material)
7.Perviousconcrete(minimum6thick)placedontopofthecleanrockbase
8.Durablerock,(to)fortheperviousconcretecomponent,>2.5sp.gr.,
<2.5absorption.
9.Maximum6%sandintheconcretematrix
10.1.5lb./yd.polypropyleneorcellulosemicrofibers
11.Placedwitharollerscreed(rollerfilledwithwaterorsandforweight)
12.Jointscutinpremarkedlocationswithflangedroller
13.Cure35minutesbehindthescreed.Sprayonsoybeancurefrombothsideof
thepavement
14.Coverwithminimum6mlpolysheeting&securelyanchoredatsidesandwhere
necessary,astonotblowoffinthewindorbillow.
15.Prerollpolyontubestorolloverfreshlyplacedperviousforefficiencyand
timing
16.Crossrollafterscreedoverthepolyforfurtherconsolidationandsmoothingout
rutspotentiallyleftbyscreed
17.Polycuredforaminimumof7days,securededges!
18.Formsremovedafter7days
19.Backfillasneedednexttoconcrete,beingverycarefultonotcontaminate
perviousconcretewiththesoils.
20.Makesurelandscapingisinplaceimmediatelynexttopavementsothatberms
andadjacentareasdonterodeintothepavementwiththefirstrain.

MO/KSAmericanConcrete TheConcretePromotional
PavementAssociation GroupofGreaterKansasCity
9133812251 20 9133415800
www.moksacpa.com www.concretepromotion.com
FindPerviousCertifiedPersonnelonthewebsite
concretepromotion.comunderthePerviousTab