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review

- what to observe

- rights and freedoms


Analysis framework
1. Legal framework
2. Electoral administration
3. Appointing and retaining members of election management bodies;
4. Delimitation of election district boundaries;
5. Registration of political parties, candidates
6. Compliance of political parties with requirements and upholding codes of conduct;
7. Political party and candidate financing, campaign spending and oversight of both;
8. International interference
9. Partisan use of state resources
10.Application of anti-corruption laws and other safeguards
11.Conduct of security forces and civil servants
12.Requirements and practices regarding access to the mass communications media for contestants
13.Requirements and practices on reporting by state controlled, public and private media
14.Ability of political parties, candidates and supporters to campaign freely
15.Ability of prospective voters, including IPs and other traditionally marginalized populations, to seek and
receive (including in minority languages) accurate and adequate information
16.Ability of eligible persons to accurately register to vote
17.Ability of prospective voters, contestants and supporters to be free of violence, intimidation, bribery and
retaliation, and if effective and equal protection of the law is provided by police, other security forces,
prosecutors and courts;
18.Adequacy of voter education
19.Production and distribution to polling stations and recollection and storage of ballots and other sensitive
materials;
20.Appropriateness of locations of polling places and adequacy of their facilities;
21.Policy making process and each stage of implementing decisions, e.g. on use of electronic
technologies in creation and execution of voter registries, electronic voting, tabulation of results etc.
22.Sustainability, appropriateness and cost-effectiveness of electoral technologies;
23.Conduct of voting, including in minority languages, counting, tabulation and announcement of results,
including transparency of procedures and adequacy of safeguards against inaccuracies and fraud
24.Conduct of procedures and processes concerning electoral complaints
25.Conduct of administrative, civil and criminal processes concerning alleged violations
26.Development of changes to laws, rules, regulations and procedures preceding and following elections.
our objectives
- setting the interview
- preparing to interview
- note taking
- identifying key points; using
the results checklist
- reporting online
exercise: rights holders
and duty bearers
Rights/ Comelec &
Contestants Parties State security Voter proxies Media
Stakeholders deputies

To vote Bearer Holder Bearer

To be elected Holder Holder Holder Bearer

Participate in
Holder Holder Holder Bearer
public affairs

Association Holder Holder Holder Bearer

Assembly Holder Holder Bearer Holder Bearer

Movement Holder Holder Bearer Holder Holder

Expression Holder Holder Holder Bearer Holder

Transparency/
Holder Holder Holder Bearer/Holder Holder
access to info
Security of the
Holder Holder Bearer/Holder Holder Bearer/Holder Holder
person
Not
Holder Holder Bearer Holder Bearer
discriminated

Gender equality Holder Bearer/Holder Bearer/Holder

Public hearing Holder Holder Bearer

Effective
Holder Holder Bearer
remedy
some guide topics/
questions when engaging
the different stakeholders
Some questions for contestants, supporters
and parties
Are you free to inform voters about your candidacy? Are you free to
campaign throughout the jurisdiction?

How do you perceive the security environment around the elections as a


candidate, for voters, for polling officials and for the police?

Are you able to freely report cases concerning security to the police? Have
you filed any report of this kind to the police? What actions did they take?

How do you perceive the poll preparations to be coming along? Does the
Comelec provide sufficient and clear knowledge on campaigning, polling,
counting? What about information on the safeguards in these procedures?

Do you think voters are receiving sufficient and clear information on the
elections?

How clear are the complaints handing and adjudication processes to you?
How much confidence do you have in them?

Do you think the media is fair and unbiased? How heavily are you or the
other contestants using new media?

Do you and your supporters (and other contestants) believe that voting
secret?

How competitive is the election for the post that you are competing for?
What key barriers are there for one, like you, to be elected? What would be
the key costs in becoming a candidate and in getting elected?
Some questions for representatives of
organizations serving as voter proxies
Do you think voters are receiving sufficient and clear information on the
contestants? Are the pieces of information accurate and relevant?
How do voters discern which pieces of information are irrelevant? Are
they able to distinguish from biased and unbiased information?

Does the Comelec provide sufficient and clear knowledge on


registering voters, campaigning by candidates, voting, counting and
complaints adjudication processes? What about information on the
safeguards, especially in the voting and counting?

Do voters know if their names are on the voters list prior to voting? Do
voters know where their polling stations are? How accessible do you
think are the polling places to them?

Are specialized needs of voters (like those with disabilities and from
indigenous groups) addressed by the Comelec and other entities (like
the media, etc.)?

How do you perceive the security environment to be around the


elections for candidates and their supporters, voters, polling officials
and the police?

Do you think the media is fair and unbiased? How are contestants
reaching out to you as voters?

Do you believe that voting is secret?

How competitive are the elections? What key barriers are there for
anyone to be elected?
Some questions for the police and/or army
(state security)

What kinds of threats are their on the election


environment? What specific threats are there, if
any, on candidates and their supporters, polling
officials, members of the media, and voters?

What processes are there for any of these


issues to be brought to the attention of the
agency? What general kinds of election-related
security issues are you addressing, if any? How
are each of these categories addressed?

If the area is classified a hotspot, what


particular measures are in place to ensure that
candidates and voters rights are assured?

Is the agency facing any security threats itself?


Some questions for the Comelec
How effectively are you informing voters about the elections? How do you
gauge if target audience in your area is reached? How do you know which
messages are relevant and which are not?

How do you perceive the security environment around the elections for
candidate, for voters, for polling officials like yourselves, and for the police?

How are you conveying how your election preparations are along to voters
and contestants? What specific issues are you addressing with contestants
and voters on the campaigning, balloting and counting processes? What
issues are there from any of them, if any, on safeguards in these
procedures?

What procedures are in place for voters to know if their names are in the list?
What should voters to before election day to check where they will be
voting? What criteria are being used to determine the location of the polling
stations?

What procedures are being taken to ensure that voters with special needs
are addressed?

Do you think that the contestants have sufficient information on the


complaints and adjudication processes?

Do you think the media is fair and unbiased?

Do you and your supporters (and other contestants) believe that voting
secret?

How competitive do you think are the local elections?What key barriers are
there for one, like you, to be elected? What would be the key costs in
becoming a candidate and in getting elected?
Some questions for the DepEd and the DOJ
(Comelec deputies)
For the DepEd as polling station officials

What preparations are being undertaken to ensure security of the election


materials and the counting machine, before, during, and after the polling?

What procedures are being taken to ensure that voters with special needs
are addressed?

What specific issues possibly coming from voters are you addressing on
the balloting and counting processes?

For the DepEd district school supervisors, district school superintendents/


city superintendent of schools and members of the boards of canvassers

For representatives of the DOJ serving as members of the boards of


canvassers

Do you think contestants are sufficiently and correctly informed on the


canvassing process, including remedies on questions arising from these?

What issues possibly coming from contestants are you preparing to


address?

Questions for all of the above stakeholders

How do you perceive the security environment around the elections for
candidate, for voters, for the police, and polling/canvassing officials like
yourselves?

How competitive do you think are the local elections?What key barriers
are there for one to be elected? What do you think are key costs in
becoming a candidate and in getting elected?
Some for the media
Are you able to access or gather information on the elections
freely? If there are any restrictions, what would they be?

Are you free to report any and all matters pertaining to the
elections?

If any, what rules or procedures do you think curtail you from


reporting on election matters?

Do you think there is a need for mass media to be fair and


unbiased? What processes do you have in place to ensure that
these are observed?

Do think that the voters are getting sufficient and reliable


information on the elections?

What, if any, do you think are issues faced by contestants, voters,


polling officials and the police are facing in these elections?

How do you perceive the security environment around the


elections as a member of the media; for voters, for polling
officials and for the police?
the forms
Role play (2 hr 45 min)
Triads

Take turns as stakeholder/interviewer

Use interview form

Accomplish interview results form outside of and after the interview

Share insights among triad

Practice encode results (http://bit.ly/1KVVkQU)

Share key insights with plenary

Preps 10 min / Interviews 20 min per, 60 total / Triad sharing, 5 min per,
15 total / Encoding: 10 min / Plenary sharing 60 min
BKH volunteer and
provincial team member
sign-up
1. First, sign-up as a BKH volunteer at:
http://bit.ly/200scnX
(two zeroes)

2. Then sign-up as a BKH provincial team member at:


http://bit.ly/23I6cxr
(capital I - eye)
online reporting portal

http://bit.ly/1KVVkQU
REVIEW of our objectives
- preparing to interview
- note taking
- identifying key points; using
the results checklist
- reporting online
- setting the interviews