You are on page 1of 16


Question # 1

Give postulates of Bohrs atomic model


Drive the expression for the radius of revolving electrom in nth orbit of
hydrogen atom using Bohrs Model


Write down the defects in Bohrs atomic model3


Derive the formula for calculating the energy of an electron in nth orbit
using Bohrs Model


Derive an expression for the radius of nth Bohrs orbit of H. atom

Question # 2

Give graphical explanation for elevation of boiling point of solution. How

molar mass of a non volatile and non electrolyte solute can be determined
with the help of it?

Describe elevation of boiling point and drive the equation

M2=Kh / Th X W2/W1 X 1000


What is boiling point? What is the effect of external pressure on boiling point?
Why the temperature of a liquid remains constant at boiling point although
heat is continuously supplied?


How can you measure elevation of boiling point by Landsbergers methods?

Question # 3

What are enzymes? Explain how they act as catalysts


Distinguish between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis with suitable


What do you mean by poisoning of catalyst?


How catalyst does affect the rate of reaction? Also describe by means of


What are liquid crystals? Give their three uses


Write a note on catalysis. Give its types


Write any four characteristics of enzyme catalysis

Question # 4

Describe the measurement of vapour pressure by manometric method

Question # 5

Give the basis of the molecular orbital theory and explain the paramagnetic
character of O2


Define orbital. Discuss shape of its two types.


Differentiate between orbit and orbital


What is Atomic Orbital Hybridization? Explain bonding and structure of ethane

(C2H4) on the basis of hybridization


What is metallic bond? Explain its formation by both electron gas theory and
molecular orbital theory


Explain the molecular orbital structures of following molecular on the basis of

the MOT

What is hybridization? Discuss sp2 hybridization with example

Question # 6

Prove that i) q = E ii) q = H


Explain enthalpy and prove that H = qP


State first law of thermodynamics. Prove that E = qv


What is enthalpy system and how to measured

Question # 7

The solubility of CaF2 in water at 25 C is 2.0510 mol dm-3. What is the

value of Ksp at 25C?


Ca(OH)2 is a sparingly soluble compound. Its solubility product is 6.510-6.

Calculate the solubility of Ca(OH)2

What is a solubility product? The solubility of CaF2 in water at 25C is found

to be 2.05 x 10-4 mol dm-3. What is the value of Ksp at this temperature?
(Atomic Mass of Ca = 40, F = 19)


The solubility of PbF2 at 25C is 0.64 g dm-3. Calculate Ksp of PbF2.

(Molecular Mass of PbF2 is 245.2)

Question # 8

Describe the electrolysis of concentrated solution of sodium chloride?


What is electrochemical series? Give its any three applications.


Discuss electrolysis processes of industrial importance


Describe the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride and a concentrated

solution of sodium chloride
Question # 9

Describe Daltons law of partial pressure. Write its three applications

Question # 10

Explain hydrogen bonding in NH3, H2O and HF. How it is helpful in explaining
the structure of ice


Which of the hydrogen halides has the highest percentage of ionic character?


How does hydrogen bonding explain the formation of ice and its lesser
density than liquid water?


How does hydrogen bonding explain the formation of ice and its lesser
density than liquid water?


Describe the construction and working standard hydrogen electrode (SHE)

Question # 11

How will you describe the paramagnetic character of oxygen on the basis of

Question # 12

State and explain Grahams Law of diffusion of gases?


Derive Boyles Law and Grahams Law of diffusion of gases on the basis of
kinetic molecular theory of gases


Derive van der Waals equation for real gases with reference to volume
correction and pressure correction in ideal gas equation


How do you differentiate between diffusion and effusion of gases?


Why the volume of gas is generally expressed in g dm-3 rather than g cm-3?
Question # 13

Stat different forms of Raoults law


Give three statements of Raoults law and also mention how Raoults law
helps in determining the ideality of a solution

Question # 14

The unit of rate constant is the same as that of the rate of reaction is:

First order reaction

Second order reaction

Zero order reaction

Third order reaction

Question # 15

What is neutron? How was it discovered? Give its two properties.

Question # 16

Define the following giving one example in each:

Enthalpy of solution
Enthalpy of atomization



Question # 17

Name various methods for finding order of reaction. Explain half life method
for determining order of reaction


What is order of reaction? Describe two methods for finding order or reaction.

Question # 18

Describe Millikans oil drop method for determination of charge of electron


Describe Millikans oil drop method for measurement of charge of electron

Question # 19

Define enthalpy of reaction. How is measured by glass calorimeter?


Define enthalpy of neutralization. Also discuss glass calorimeter in details

Question # 20

What is mass spectrometer? How is it used to determine the relative atomic

masses of isotopes?


Define stoichiometry. What assumptions are modes while performing

stoichiometry calculations?


What are isotopes, relative abundance of isotopes and how their relative
atomics masse1s are determined?

Question # 21

Define covalent bond. Discuss its types with suitable examples

Question # 22

Define common ion effect. Give its two applications.

Question # 23

Write and three use of plasma

Question # 24

What is (n+I) rule of distribution of electrons in sub-shells of an atom? Give


Question # 25

Differentiate between zeotropic and azeotropic mixtures with the help of



Define azeotropic mixture. Why does HCN H2O system exhibit negative

Question # 26

Write redox reaction taking place at anode and cathode during discharging
and recharging of lead accumulator (car battery)

Question # 27

How will you distinguish between ideal and no-deal solutions?


What are ideal solutions? Explain the fractional distillation of ideal mixture of
two liquids

Question # 28

Differentiate between exothermic reaction and endothermic reaction

Question # 29

Define crystallization and its process

Question # 30

Describe Nickel cadmium cell (rechargeable)

Question # 31

What is the percentage ionization of acetic acid in a solution in which 0.1

moles of it has been dissolved per dm3 of the solution?

Question # 32

State Le-Chateliers Principle. Describe the effect of change in temperature of

a system in equilibrium by this principle

Question # 33

Define limiting reactant. How it is helpful to control the chemical reaction?

Question # 34

Classify solids on the basis of boning. How ironic solids are formed?


Differentiate between solids gases and liquids gases

State and explain with an example, the Hesss law of constant summation


Write a note on synthesis of ammonia gas by Habers process keeping in

mind the applications of chemical equilibrium in industry

Question # 35

Define buffer solutions. Derive hendersens equation for calculation of pHof

an acidic buffer?

Question # 36

Give the main postulates of VSEPR theory

Explain the structure and geometry of BeCL2 and SnCL2 on the basis of
VSEPR theory


VSEPR theory demands that lone pair occupies more space than bond pair.
Explain with reasons. Also write the limitations of VSEPR theory?

Question # 37

How does the Arrhenius equation help to determine the energy of activation?

Question # 38

Describe kinetic interpretation of absolute temperature by applying kinetic

gas equation.


Explain tge Kinetic molecular theory of gases

Question # 39

Moseley studies X-rays spectrum of various elements

What are the conclusions drawn by Moseley from a detailed analysis of the

What is the origin of X-rays?

What is lattice energy? Explain the factors affecting lattice energy

Draw fully labeled born-haber cycle for the formation of KBr

Question # 40

Derive an expression for the calculations of energy frequency and wave

number of photon emitted when electron jumps from n=1 to n=2 orbit.

Question # 41

What is Plancks quantum theory?

Question # 42

Derive hendersons equation

Question # 43

What is different between actual yield and theoretical yield? Why actual yield
is less than theoretical yield?

Note on following: