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12-81351

ALGEBRA

A. 3x2 C. 3xx

B. 3xxx D. 32x

2. Solve for x: x= 18 - 72 + 50

A. -2 2 C. 4

B. 2 2 D. 4 3

Solution:

x= (9)(2) - (36)(2) + (25)(2)

x= 32 -62+52

x=22

3. Solve for x: 3x5x+1 = 6x+2

A. 2.1455 C. 2.4154

B. 2.1445 D. 2.1544

Solution:

3x5x+1 = 6x+2

3x5x51=6x62

(3x5)x5=6x36

15 x 5=6x36

15 x/6x =36/5

(15/6) x=36/5

xln(15/6)= ln(36/5)

x=2.1544

4. Solve for x: 37x+1 =6561

A. 1 C. 3

B. 2 D. 4

Solution:

37x+1 =6561

37x31 =6561

37x3 =6561

37x =6561/3

7xln 3 =ln 6561/3

7x=7

x=1

5. If x to the power equals 8, then x equals:

A. -9 C. 9

B. 6 D. 16

Solution:

(x3/4) 4/3 = (8)4/3

x=16

6. Solve for x: x= -(1/-27) -2/3

A. 9 C. -9

B. 1/9 D. -1/9

x x-1 x-2

7. Simplify 3 3 3

A. 3 x-2 C. 5 x 3x-2

3x-3

B. 3 D. 13 x 3 x

8. Solve for 3 2 x 4 - 3 16 x 4 3

+ 2 54 x

4

A. 5 3 x 4 C. 5 3 2 x 4

B. 2 3 5 x 4 D. 2 3 x 4

Solution:

4

2x

3 3 3 3 3

2 x 4

- 16 x 4

- 2 54 x = 2 x

4 4

- (8) + 2 (27)(2) x 4

3

= 3 2 x 4 - 2 3 2 x 4 + (6) 3 2 x 4

3

= 5 2 x

4

x2 = x +2

A. x= 3/2 C. x= 9/4

B. x= 18/6 D. none of these

Solution:

((x-2))2= (x+ 2)2

x- 2 = x+4x+4

(6) 2 = (4x) 2

36=16x

X=9/4

53

10.Simplify the following 5+ 3

A. 4 + 15 C. 8 + 8

B. 4 - 15 D. 8 - 8

Solution:

53 5 3 52 5 3+3 82 5(3)

x = = =4- 15

5+ 3 5 3 53 2

11.Factor the expression x3 + 8 as completely as possible

A. (x-2)(x2+2x+4) C. (-x+2)(-x2+2x+2)

2

B. (x+4)(x ++2x+2) D. (x+2)(x2-2x+4)

Solution:

x3 + 8 = x3 +23

= (x+2)[x2- x(2)+4]

= (x+2)(x2- 2x+4)

12.Factor the expression 16-10x+x2

A. (x+8)(x-2) C. (x-8)(x+2)

B. (x-8)(x-2) D. (x+8)(x+2)

13.The roots of the equation (x-4) (x+2)=(x+2)2(x-4) are:

2

B. 1 only D. 1, -2 and 4 only

Solution:

(x-4)2(x+2)-(x+2)2(x-4) =0

(x-4) (x+2)[(x-4) - (x+2)] =0

(x-4) (x+2) [-6]=0

x=4 & x=-2

14.Solve the simultaneous equations: 3x-y=6; 9x-y=12.

A. x=3;y=1 C. x=2;y=2

B. x=1;y=-3 D. x=4;y=2

Solution:

(1) 3x-y=6 -> y=3x-6

(2) 9x-y=12

Substitute eq 1 to eq 2.

9x-3x+6=12

6x=6

x=1

Substitute the value of x to eq 2.

9(1)-y=12

y=-3

15.When (x+3)(x-4)+4 is divided by x-k, the remainder is k. Find the value of

k.

A. 4 or 2 C. 4 or -2

B. 2 or -4 D. -4 or -2

Solution:

f(x)=(x+3)(x-4)+4

f(k)=(k+3)(k-4)+4=k

= k2-4k+3k-12+4=k

= k2-2k-8-

= (k-4)(k+2)

k=4 & k=-2

16. If 3x3- 4x2y+5xy2+6y3 is divided by (x2-2xy+3y2) the remainder is.

A. 0 C. 2

B. 1 D. 3

Solution:

3x+2y

x2-2xy+3y23x3- 4x2y+5xy2+6y3

-(3x2-6x2y+9xy2)

2x2y -4xy2+6y3

2 x2y-4 xy2+6y3

0

17.The polynomial x3+4x2-3x+8 is divided by x-5. What is the remainder?

A. 281 C. 218

B. 812 D. 182

Solution:

f(x)= x3+4x2-3x+8

x-r=x-5; r=5

f(r)= x3+4x2-3x+8

= (5)3+4(5)2-3(5)+8

= 218

18.If 3x = 4y then 3x2/4y2 is equal to:

A. 3/4 C. 2/3

B. 4/3 D. 3/2

Solution:

x 4 x2 16

3x = 4y; =

y 3 , and y 2 =

9

2 2

3x 4 x 3 16 4

2 = x 2 = x 9 = 3

4y 3 y 4

19.The quotient of (x5 + 32) by (x + 2) is:

A. x4 x3 + 8 C. x4 - 2x3 + 4x2 -8x +16

3 2

B. x + 2x -8x +4 D. x + 2x3 + x2 + 16x +8

4

Solution:

-2| 1 0 0 0 0 32

-2 4 -8 16 -32

1 -2 4 -8 16 0

x4-2x3+4x2-8x+16

20.Find the mean proportional of 7, 12 and 21.

A. 36 C. 32

B. 34 D.40

Solution:

7/12=21/x

7x=252

x=36

21.If log x 2 + log 2 x =2 , then the value of x is:

A. 1 C. 3

B. 2 D. 4

22.Log 6 845 = ?

A. 4.348 C. 5.912

B. 6.348 D. 3.761

Solution:

Log 6 845= log 845/log 6

= 3.761

23.Find the positive value of x if log x 36=2

A. 2 C. 6

B. 4 D. 8

Solution:

x2=36

x=6

24.The logarithm of negative number is:

A. Irrational number C. Imaginary number

B. Real number D. Complex number

25.If the roots of the quadratic equation ax2+bx+c =0 are 3 and 2 and a, b, c

are all whole numbers. Find a +b + c

A. 12 C. 2

B. -2 D. 6

Solution:

(x-3)(x-2)=0

x2-5x+6=0

thus; a=1, b=-5 & c=6

a+b+c=1+(-5)+6=2

26.Two times the fathers age is 8 more than six times his sons age. Ten

years ago, the sum of their age was 44. The age of the son is:

A. 49 C. 20

B. 15 D. 18

Solution:

Let: x= sons age

y= fathers age

2y=6x+8

y=3x+4 eq 1

Ten years ago:

(y-10)+(x-10)= 44

y+x=64 eq 2

Substitute eq 1 to eq 2

3x+4+x=64

4x=60

x=15

27.The ages of the mother and her daughter are 45 and 5 years, respectively.

How many years will the mother be three times as old as her daughter?

A. 5 C. 15

B. 10 D. 20

Solution:

Let: x be the required number

45+x=3(5+x)

45+x=15+3x

2x=30

x=15

28.Two thousand (2000 kg) of steel containing 8% nickel is to be made by

mixing a steel containing 14% nickel with another steel containing 6%

nickel. How much of the steel containing 14% nickel is needed.

A. 1500 kg C. 750 kg

B. 800 kg D. 500 kg

Solution:

x + y = 2000 kg

14% nickel 6% nickel 8% nickel

Equations:

x+y=2000kg (1)

14x+6y=8(2000) (2)

14x+6(2000-x)=8(2000)

14x+12000-6x=16000

8x=4000

x=500 kg

to reduce water content until the concentration is 5% by weight salt. How

much water is evaporated?

A. 10 C. 20

B. 15 D. 25

Solution:

100kg - x = 100-x

4% Salt 5% Salt

96% Water 100% Water 95% Water

In salt:

4(100)-0=5(100-x)

400=500-5x

5x=100

x=20

30.A pump can pump out a tank in 11 hours. Another pump can pump out the

same tank in 20 hours. How long will it take both pumps together to pump

out the tank?

A. hours C. 6 hours

B. 1/3 hours D. 7 hours

Solution:

Let: t be the required number of hours

(1/11)t+(1/20)t=1

(31/220)t=1

t=220/31

t=7.096

31.One pipe can fill a tank in 5 hours and another pipe can fill the same tank

in 4 hours. A drainpipe can empty the full content of the tank in 20 hours.

With all the three pipes open, how long will it take to fill the tank.

A. 2 hours C. 1.92 hours

B. 2.5 hours D. 1.8 hours

Solution:

Let: t be the required, then with all pipes open:

(1/5)t+(1/4)t-(1/20)t=1

t=2.5 hours

32.One number if five less than the other number. If their sum is 135, what

are the numbers?

A. 70 & 75 C. 65 & 70

B. 60 & 65 D. 75 & 80

Solution:

Let: x & y be the numbers

x=y-5

x+y=135

Substitute

y-5+y=135

2y=140

y=70

x=70-5

x=65

33.In a two-digit number, the units digit is 3 greater than the tens digit. Find

the number if it is 4 times as large as the sum of its digits.

A. 47 C. 63

B. 58 D. 25

Solution:

Let u be the units digit and t be the tens digit, then u=t+3, the sum of

the digits is u+t and the number is 10t+u.

Then;

10t + u = 4(u+t), but u=t+3

10t + t + 3 =4(t+3+t)

11t + 3=8t + 12

t=3 and u=6

The number is 63.

34.Nonoy left Pikit to drive to Davao at 6:15 PM and arrived at 11:45 PM. If he

averaged 30 mph and stopped 1 hour for dinner, how far is Davao from

Pikit.

A. 128 C. 160

B. 135 D. 256

Solution:

For uniform rate (speed), distance=rate x time

His total travel time = 11.75-6.25=5.5 hours. Since he stopped for one

hour, his total running time is 4.5 hours.

Distance =30x4.5

=135 miles

35.Juan can walk from his home to his office at the rate of 5 mph and back at

the rate of 2 mph. What is his average speed in mph?

A. 2.86 C. 4.12

B. 3.56 D. 5.89

Solution:

Let s be the distance from his home to his office:

vave=stotal/ttotal

(s+s)/((s/5)+(s/2))

vave=2.86 mph

Reference:

Engineering Mathematics Second Edition

By DIT Gillesania

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