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Lyce Des Arts Mathematics 8th-Grade

Name: . . . . . . . . . "Square roots" W.S-7.

I- Answer by true or false:


a. 2 3 2 3 f. 52 5 i. 22 2
b. The square roots of 4 are 2 g.
8
4 j. 52 5
2
2 h. 2 7 5 z2 z
2
c. The opposite of 2 is k.
d. If x is a positive number, then x is always positive. l. If x 0 , then 4 x 2 2 x
e. If x is a negative number, then x doesnt exist. m. If x 0 , then 4 x 2 2 x
II- Indicate true statements and correct false ones:
a. 10 2 10. g. 3 is the negativesquare root of 9.
52 5 1 1
b. 5
2
4. h. The square roots of: are & .
5 45 3 3
7 7
c. is thepositive squareroot of . i. 25 16 3.
3 9
25
d. 0.05. j. If x 2 5 then, x 25 or x 25.
100
9
0.3. k. If x 2 3 then x 9.
2
e.
100
9
f. 1. l. If x 2 102 then it is impossible tofind valueof x.
9
III- i- Complete the following table:
Compute the numerical values of For x 1 For x 0 For x 3 For x 5

A ( x 2)2

ii- Is it true that ( x 2) 2 x 2 for all real values of x ?Explain.

iii- For what values of x is A 0 ?


IV- Write the following in the form of a b (where a & b are two strictly positive real numbers) .
a ) 32 b) 2500 c) 0.009
d ) 5 11 33 e) 5 6 15 f ) 2 10 3 35

V- Consider the points A, B and C such that AB 12 , BC 75 and AC 147.


Show that points A, B and C are collinear.
8th Grade, Sec- B & C. Mathematics. W.S-7. Square roots Page 1 of 4
VI- Choose for each question the only correct answer that corresponds to it, with justification.
Expected answers
No. Questions
a B c
Among these numbers
One irrational Two irrational Three irrational
1. 9
2 , 39, , there is number numbers numbers
3
2. 0.4 2.14 2.54 2.58 2.418
17
3. 2 2 2 2 20 40
4
2
4. 0.4 0.2 0 .2
3
13 5 1
5. 7.1 1
6 3 2
A 6 2 5
6. If then A B 16 4 4
B 6 2 5

4 A rational An irrational
2
7. 2 2 2 1 2 1 is An integer
number number
Given a triangle ABC of sides
triangle ABC triangle ABC is
6 2 triangle ABC
8. AB 2 3 cm , AC and is isosceles at right and
2 is scalene
B isosceles at A
BC 1 3 cm, then
9. If x 0, then 16 x 2 9 x 2 7x 5x 5x

VII- Consider an equilateral triangle ABC of sides AB a 8; BC b 2 18 and


AC 200 3 2.
i- For what values of a & b are the sides of the given triangle defined? Explain.
ii- Evaluate a & b ,so that a 0& b 3.
VIII- Fill with the appropriate number:
i. 2 .... 3. ii. 3 6 .... 11. iii. 64 36 .....
iv. 25 .... 3. v. 480 3 .... 21.
IX- Write the following expressions without radicals, if possible:

A
42 13 52
2

C 32 3 2 7 2
2
E 6 21 13 7 4

23 52 2 8 3 128
2
B 2 D3 F 11 2 8 13 9
27 4 3

8th Grade, Sec- B & C. Mathematics. W.S-7. Square roots Page 2 of 4


X- Reduce the following:
A 2 7 3 7 7 5 7.
B 6 2 7 72 5 50.
C 2 3 4 2 5 3 7 2.
D 3 7 7 28 6 63 2 700 12 7 .
XI- Simplify:
A 5 2 3 2 6 .
B 3 2 2 3 3 2 2 3 .
C 3 2 2 12 2 D
2 2
3 2 .
E 2 2 3 3 5 2 5 2 27 .
XII- Solve each of the following equations, if possible:
a. x 2 9 d. 9 x 2 25 0 g. x 1.2 j. x 1 3
b. x 2 1600 e. x 1 49 h. x 3 2 k. x 16 5
2

45
c. x 2 f. x 2 4 0 i. x 25 4
16
XIII- Simplify the following expressions, such that x, y, z, a, b, c, & n are positive integers.
4 5 6 3 2 9 x 7 y15
a. x y z b. 2 xy 25 x y c. .
16a13b 5
xy 8 xy 10 n 10 n 2 n
d. 3 5 e. 2 n1 . f. 9 22n .
9bc bc 3 3 3
XIV- Answer by True or False with justification and correct the false statements:
2
2
1. Given that a 3 3 and b 1 3 , then 3. a
b
1 4735
2. If A 15.45 , then can be written in the form: A .
3 103
XV- Compare the following:
a. A 5 2 & B 7 2 d. A 5 7 7 & B 4 6 7
b. C 3 2 & D 2 3 e. C 7 2 5 & D 5 3 5
c. R 4 5 & N 5 3
XVI- The dimensions of a rectangle are: r 7 2 5 and n 3 5.
a. Compute the expression: r n.
b. Deduce which of the dimensions r or n represents the width of the rectangle.
c. Find the length of the rectangle's diagonal.
d. Calculate the area and the perimeter of the given rectangle.
8th Grade, Sec- B & C. Mathematics. W.S-7. Square roots Page 3 of 4
XVII- Let x b e a real number defined by: x 8 2 7 8 2 7
a- Compare 8 2 7 and 8 2 7 . Deduce the sign of x. (1pt)
b- Show that x 2 4 . Deduce the value of x .
XVIII- Rationalize denominator of the following:
2 3 2 3 1 3
a. b. c. d.
3 2 5 5 7 2
52 1 3 5
e. f. g. h.
3 3 1 5 13 2 11 2
1 3 5 3
i. j. k. l. .
2 3 2 3 3 2 3 7 52 3
73 5

2
XIX- Consider the following expressions: X and Y 2 5
3 5
a. Show that: X Y
73 5 4 5 5
b. Prove that: is an integer.
3 5 5
XX- Consider the two numbers: x 5 2 & y 5 2.
1 1
a. Show that x y .
x y
b. Let A 2( 3 1) and B 2 3.
c. Show that A2 + B2 is an integer.

For the gifted: you try it, and definitely you can do it on your own.
Youll be rewarded.
A circular target has a diameter of 1m. A smaller circle is placed within the
target. What should the diameter of the smaller circle be if a complete
beginner has the chance to hit the inner circle as often he or she hits the
outer circle. (Draw a sketch of your own)

Mastering problems
Chapter Exercises Pages
CH-: Powers 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,13,15 & 17 122 125

8th Grade, Sec- B & C. Mathematics. W.S-7. Square roots Page 4 of 4