You are on page 1of 3



Practice Problems (Do not submit)


917 Consider a wall-mounted power transistor that dissipates 0.18 W of power in an

environment at 35C. The transistor is 0.45 cm long and has a diameter of 0.4 cm. The
emissivity of the outer surface of the transistor is 0.1, and the average temperature of
the surrounding surfaces is 25C. Disregarding any heat transfer from the base surface,
determine the surface temperature of the transistor. Use air properties at 100C.

926 Consider a 15-cm x 20-cm printed circuit board (PCB) that has electronic
components on one side. The board is placed in a room at 20C. The heat loss from the
back surface of the board is negligible. If the circuit board is dissipating 8 W of power in
steady operation, determine the average temperature of the hot surface of the board,
assuming the board is (a) vertical, (b) horizontal with hot surface facing up, and (c)
horizontal with hot surface facing down. Take the emissivity of the surface of the board
to be 0.8 and assume the surrounding surfaces to be at the same temperature as the air
in the room.
945 A 40-cm-diameter, 110-cm-high cylindrical hot water tank is located in the
bathroom of a house maintained at 20C. The surface temperature of the tank is
measured to be 44C and its emissivity is 0.4. Taking the surrounding surface
temperature to be also 20C, determine the rate of heat loss from all surfaces of the tank
by natural convection and radiation.

951C Why heat sinks with closely packed fins are not suitable for natural convection
heat transfer, although they increase the heat transfer surface area more?

960C Consider a double-pane window consisting of two glass sheets separated by a 1-

cm-wide air space. Someone suggests inserting a thin vinyl sheet in the middle of the
two glasses to form two 0.5-cm-wide compartments in the window in order to reduce
natural convection heat transfer through the window. From a heat transfer point of view,
would you be in favor of this idea to reduce heat losses through the window?

971 Consider two concentric horizontal cylinders of diameters 55 cm and 65 cm, and
length 125 cm. The surfaces of the inner and outer cylinders are maintained at 46C and
74C, respectively. Determine the rate of heat transfer between the cylinders by natural
convection if the annular space is filled with (a) water and (b) air.

978 In a production facility, thin square plates 2 m x 2 m in size coming out of the oven
at 270C are cooled by blowing ambient air at 30C horizontally parallel to their
surfaces. Determine the air velocity above which the natural convection effects on heat
transfer are less than 10 percent and thus are negligible.