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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

S2 Science Test
Unit 7 Living things and air
Name:____________________________ Time and Marks
Class: ____________________________ Part A: 35 min / 100 marks
Date: ____________________________ Parts A & B: 45 min / 120 marks

Note:
1 Attempt ALL questions.
2 Write your answers in the spaces provided on the Answer Sheets.

Part A (Level 1)

A Ordering (4 marks)
What is the feeding relationship among the following living things? Write a to d in the blanks on the
answer sheets to show the correct order of the food chain formed by them.

a b c d

B True or false questions (6 marks, 1 mark each)

Study each of the following statements. Write T for a true statement and F for a false statement on the
answer sheets.
1 Air contains mainly oxygen.

2 Pouring water onto the burning objects is always the best way to put out the fire because water can lower
the temperature.
3 Both mushroom and grass can obtain light energy directly from the Sun for photosynthesis.
4 Respiration occurs in the lungs only.
5 Green plants take in carbon dioxide in bright light but they give out carbon dioxide in the dark.

6 Every day the Environmental Protection Department reports the latest Air Pollution Index to the public.

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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

C Multiple-choice questions (20 marks, 2 marks each)


Choose the correct answer for each of the following questions.

1 Which of the following is a test for carbon dioxide?


A Smelling
B Glowing splint test
C Hydrogencarbonate indicator test
D Using dry cobalt chloride paper

2 Which of the following comparisons between breathed air and fresh air is correct?

Breathed air Fresh air


A Amount of carbon dioxide Less More
B Amount of oxygen More Less
C Temperature Higher Lower
D Amount of water vapour Less More

3 Which of the following is not the condition needed for burning to occur?
A Oxygen
B Fire
C Temperature
D Fuel

4 The figure below shows a small household fire. Which of the following methods is not the right way to put out
the fire?

A Turn off the gas supply.


B Carry the pan of burning oil.
C Cover the pan with a wet cloth to cool the fire.
D Cover the flames with a lid or plate.

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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

5 Which of the following activities need energy?


(1) Riding bicycles (2) Walking (3) Sleeping
A (1) and (2) only
B (1) and (3) only
C (2) and (3) only
D (1), (2) and (3)

6 The figure on the right shows a set-up used to collect oxygen produced from
the green plant. What is this method called?
A Collection of oxygen
B Displacement of water
C Photosynthesis
D Respiration

7 The figure on the right shows a balloon-bell jar model which helps simulate the
action of the diaphragm in breathing. Which part of the human breathing system
X
does X represent?
A Diaphragm
B Lung
C Bronchus
D Trachea

8 Which of the following are air pollutants?


(1) Sulphur dioxide (2) Carbon monoxide (3) Lead
A (1) and (2) only
B (1) and (3) only
C (2) and (3) only
D (1), (2) and (3)

9 Which of the following is not the harmful substance found in a cigarette?


A Nicotine
B Tar
C Carbon dioxide
D Carbon monoxide

10 Which of the following substances found in a cigarette causes addiction?


A Nicotine
B Tar
C Cigarette smoke
D Carbon monoxide

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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

D Fill in the blanks (20 marks, 2 marks each)


Complete the following sentences.
1 Unbreathed air mainly contains a .

2 Noble gases are also called b . They are a group of very unreactive gases.

3 Food stores c energy which can be released during respiration and converted to other forms of

energy in the body.


4 Only plants which contain d can use light energy to make food.

5 Two sets of muscles control our breathing mechanism. They are the diaphragm and the e .

6 Animals which cannot make their own food but need to feed on plants or other animals are called f

in the food chain.


7 The movement of air into and out of the lungs is called g .

8 We can test for the presence of starch in green leaves with h solution. If the leaves turn to i

colour, it shows the presence of starch.


9 If a certain chemical is present, the test for it will give us the expected result which is called the j

result.

E Questions (50 marks)

1 The pie chat below shows the relative amounts of gases in the air.

Gas X
(78%) Gas Y

(21%)

Gas Z
(0.03%)

a What are gases X, Y and Z? (3 marks)


b State two tests to distinguish between gases X, Y and Z. (6 marks)

c What is the use of gas X in daily life? Give one example. (2 marks)

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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

2 The experiment below shows how to test for the presence of starch in green leaves. Answer the
questions according to the following steps.

boiling liquid A
water
hot
water
bath

liquid B liquid C

a What are liquids A, B and C? (3 marks)


b Write the functions of liquids A, B and C in the experiment. (3 marks)

c The plant below was destarched before placing it under sunlight for three days. A leaf is
then picked for doing the above experiment.

i What is the potted plant shown in the above photo? (1 mark)


ii Draw the appearance of the leaf after the experiment on the answer sheet. (4 marks)

iii Before doing the experiment, why is it necessary to have the plant destarched? (2 marks)

iv Several conditions are necessary for a plant to carry out photosynthesis. What related

conclusion can be drawn from the above experiment? (2 marks)

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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

3 The figure below shows the human breathing system.

A C
D

B E

a F

Name parts A to F. (6 marks)

b What are the changes of parts A and F when we breathe in? (3 marks)
c From parts A to F, where does gaseous exchange occur? State one structural feature
of this part. (2 marks)
d During respiration, carbon dioxide is produced by body cells. How can our body get rid of
carbon dioxide? Briefly describe. (3 marks)
e What is the difference between breathing and respiration? (2 marks)

4 The figure below shows three types of equipment used for putting out fires.

A
C

B
a Name equipment A, B and C. (3 marks)

b What does equipment B contain for putting out fires? List two kinds of substances. (2 marks)
c Which side of the fire triangle does each of the above equipment remove in order to
put out fires? (1 mark)
d When a fire is caused by electrical leakage in the electrical equipment, which of the above
equipment is/are better used to put out the fire? We should never pour water on the electrical
equipment. Why? (2 marks)
End of Part A

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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

Part B (Level 2) (20 marks)

Know More About SARS


In 2003, the outbreak of SARS severely affected the daily life of Hong Kong people. At this stage, there is
no definitive treatment for SARS. Read the information about SARS below and answer the questions.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by a


coronavirus ( ). The patient will have dry cough and
breathing difficulties. The incubation period ( ) for this
disease ranges from two to ten days.

Some evidence shows that SARS is spread by exhaled


droplets ( of cough or sneezes from infected people.
Besides, when we contact the body secretions from an
infected person, we will be at a high risk of getting SARS.

To protect ourselves from getting SARS, we should build


up a good body immunity. For example, having a balanced
diet, taking adequate rest and regular exercise.

1 SARS patients may have fluid accumulated in the air sacs. How may the accumulation of fluid affect

a the amount of oxygen in the blood of SARS patients? (3 marks)


b the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood of SARS patients? (3 marks)

2 As mentioned above, SARS patients suffer from breathing difficulties. Why? (6 marks)

3 Besides those symptoms mentioned above, what other symptoms may SARS patients have?

Give two. (4 marks)


4 Besides those methods mentioned above, give two more ways to protect ourselves from

getting SARS. (4 marks)

End of Part B

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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

S2 Science Test
Unit 7 Living things and air
Answer Sheets

Name: ____________________ Class: ____________ Marks: __________________


Total: 100% (Part A) / 120% (Parts A & B)

Section A Total
Part A (Level 1) Do not write in
this box

Ordering (4 marks)

__________ __________ __________ __________


means is eaten by Section B Total
Do not write in
this box

True or false questions (6 marks, 1 mark each)

1 _______ 2 _______ 3 _______ 4 _______ 5 _______ 6 _______

Multiple-choice questions (20 marks, 2 marks each) Section C Total


Do not write in
this box

1 __________ 2 __________ 3 __________ 4 __________ 5 __________


6 __________ 7 __________ 8 __________ 9 __________ 10 __________

Fill in the blanks (20 marks, 2 marks each)

a ______________________ b ______________________ c ______________________


d ______________________ e ______________________ f ______________________ Section D Total
Do not write
in this box

g ______________________ h ______________________ i ______________________

j ______________________

Questions (50 marks)

1 a Gas X: _____________ Gas Y: _____________ Gas Z: _____________

b ___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

c ___________________________________________________________________________

2 a Liquid A: _____________ Liquid B: _____________ Liquid C: _____________


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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

b ___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

c i ________________________________________________________________________
ii The appearance of the leaf: iii _________________________________________
_________________________________________

iv _________________________________________

3 a A _____________ B _____________ C _____________


D _____________ E _____________ F _____________

b ___________________________________________________________________________

c ___________________________________________________________________________

d ___________________________________________________________________________

e ___________________________________________________________________________

4 a A _____________ B _____________ C _____________

b ___________________________________________________________________________ Section E Total


Do not write in
this box

c ___________________________________________________________________________

d ___________________________________________________________________________

Part B (Level 2) (20 marks)

1 a ___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

b ___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

2 ______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

3 ______________________________________________________________________________ Part B Total


Do not write in
this box

4 ______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

S2 Science Test (Unit 7 Living things and air)


Answers

Part A (Level 1)
(4%)
cbda 1 m each
B True or false questions (6%)

1F 2F 3F 4F 5T 6T 1 m each
C Multiple-choice questions (20%)

1C 2C 3B 4B 5D 6B 7C 8D 9 C 10 A 2 m each
D Fill in the blanks (20%)

a nitrogen b inert gases c chemical d chlorophyll e intercostal muscles


f consumers g breathing h iodine i blue black j positive 2 m each
E Questions (50%)

1 a Gas X: nitrogen; Gas Y: oxygen; Gas Z: carbon dioxide 1 m each


b Use a burning splint or a glowing splint to test whether gas X, gas Y or gas Z is oxygen; 2m
Use lime water or hydrogencarbonate indicator to test whether gas X, gas Y or gas Z is carbon dioxide; 2m
If the gas shows negative results to the above tests, it should be nitrogen. 2m
c Adding gas X (i.e. nitrogen) into a food package can extend its shelf life. 2m
2 a Liquid A: alcohol; Liquid B: hot water; Liquid C: iodine solution 1 m each
b Liquid A: dissolves the green chlorophyll from the leaf and turns it white. This makes it easier
to observe the result of iodine test. 1m
Liquid B: washes and softens the leaf. 1m
Liquid C: detects the presence of starch in the leaf. 1m
c i It is a variegated plant. 1m
ii

The appearance of the leaf after the experiment:

brown

blue black

correct labels: 2 m; correct distribution of colours: 2 m


iii This shows that any starch found must be newly formed during the experiment. 2m

iv Chlorophyll is necessary for photosynthesis. 2m

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Living Science (Second Edition) Unit Test 2 7 Living things and air

3 a A: rib; B: air sac; C: trachea; D: bronchus; E: heart; F: diaphragm 1 m each


b A (i.e. the ribs) move upwards and outwards and F (i.e. the diaphragm) moves down. 1 m each
c Gaseous exchange occurs in B (i.e. the air sacs). 1m
The wall of B (i.e. the air sacs) is very thin. / B are covered with capillaries. (any 1) 1m
d The blood brings carbon dioxide from the cells to the lungs. Carbon dioxide diffuses from
the blood into the air sacs, then passes through the bronchi, trachea and is breathed out. 3m
e Breathing is a physical process and respiration is a chemical process. 2m
4 a A: fire blanket; B: fire extinguisher; C: sand bucket 1 m each
b Dry powder or carbon dioxide. 1 m each
c All the three equipment puts out fires by cutting down the supply of oxygen. 1m
d B (i.e. fire extinguisher) or C (i.e. sand bucket). 1m
It is because water conducts electricity. 1m
Part B (Level 2) (20%)

1 a Less oxygen diffuses from the air sacs into the capillaries. The amount of oxygen in the blood
of SARS patients will decrease. 3m
b Less carbon dioxide diffuses from the capillaries into the air sacs. The amount of carbon dioxide
in the blood of SARS patients will increase. 3m
2 Breathing is controlled by the respiratory centre in the brain. 3m
When the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood of SARS patients increases, the centre automatically
sends out signals to make them breath faster. 3m
3 Fever / headache / muscular stiffness (any 2) 2 m each

4 Maintain a good personal hygiene. / Make sure the room has good ventilation. / Avoid going to
crowded areas. / Wear a surgical mask when going out. / Clean the home furniture frequently with
diluted bleach. (any 2 or other reasonable answers) 2 m each

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