You are on page 1of 10

29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

Mrunalhttp://mrunal.org

[Ethics]SampleQuestions,CasestudiesforUPSCGeneral
studiespaper4basedonDonaldMenzelsbook
PostedBySupportStaffOn25/09/2013@6:06pmInEthics|57Comments

Prologue
Essayish/AbstractQuestions
EthicsCaseStudies/RoleplayingQuestions
Disobeyinganinformalorder
Returningunspentmoney
Misleadingforgoodpurpose
PrivatematterofPublicemployee?
Politicalneutrality
PoliticalneutralityPart.2
SalaryhikevsTeamspirit
HoldingCharityAuctionsintheOffice
Spouseinthesameoffice
PrivateendorsementbyPublicOfficial
ManofWordorManofMoney?
Couragewithapricetag
Prologue
Sofarinthe[Ethics]mockquestionseries

UPSCssamplepaperforGS4
SamplesquestionsbasedonethicscoursesofSanDiegoandTexasUniversity
Nowthisthisarticlescontainscasestudies/questionsarebasedonDonaldC.Menzelsbook
EthicsMomentsinGovernment:CasesandControversies.

FortheEssayishquestionsIvemerelyliftedstatementsfromthebook.BecauseUPSCseemsto
bedoingsimilarthingforPublicAdministration(liftsentencesfromsomebookandaskthe
candidatetocommentonit).
forthecasestudiesquestions,IvegivenIndianflavortothoseAmericancasesandincludeda
fewanswerkeypointsbutbynomeanstheyresacred/official/final/marksworthytheyreonly
meanttoserveaslighthousefortheutterlyconfused.

Essayish/AbstractQuestions
Answerfollowingquestions12marks/120wordseach:

Whatdoyouunderstandbyethicsaudit?Howisitdifferentfromfinancialaudit?
Areethicspracticesandbehaviorsinthebusinessworlddifferentthanthosefoundinpublic
service?Ifso,why?
Describeanethicalissueyouhavehadtoaddressinyourschoolorcollegelifeandthewayyou
handledit.Ifconfrontedwiththesameissuetoday,wouldyouhandleitinthesameway?

http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 1/10
29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

Areethicalstandardsinbusinessorganizationshigherorlowerthanthoseinpublicservice
organizations?
Istheremoreunethicalbehavioringovernmentthaninbusiness?
Doyoubelievetheethicalperformanceofanemployeecanbeevaluatedfairlyandaccurately?
Yes/No/Why?
Isaprofessionalcodeofethicsthatisnotenforceableasatisfactorycode?Yes/No/Why?
Howdoescorruptbehaviorresembleordifferfromunethicalbehavior?
Shouldweholdappointedofficials,suchascollectorsandtehsildaars,toahigherstandardof
behaviorthanelectedofficialssuchasmunicipalcouncilors?Yes/No/Why?
Gandhialwaysadvocatedthepurityofmeanswithrespecttothat,doyouthinkitisunethical
foramilitaryofficertomisleadtheenemy?Yes/No/Why?
Commentonfollowingstatements(12marks/120wordseach)

Ethicsarelessagoalthanapathway,lessadestinationthanatrip,lessaninoculationthana
process.
RighteousdisobedienceisbetterthanMoralmuteness.
Exemplaryleadershipiscriticaltoencouragingethicalbehavioringovernmentorganizations.
Opennessandtransparencyarecriticalsafeguardsthatkeepourdemocracyaliveandwell.
Ethicalcodesaremerelyveneers.Shinyontheoutsidebuthollowontheinside.
Livinguptothepublictrustismuchmorethanjustanactofcompliance.
Ethicsisthecornerstoneofeffective,efficient,democraticgovernance.
Ethicsmaybeonlyinstrumental,itmaybeonlyameanstoanend,butitisanecessarymeans
toanend.
Therelationshipsbetweenethics,service,andtrustaremutuallyreinforcing.
Ignoranceisnotanexcuseformisconduct.
Thosewhocommitmisconductoutofignoranceshouldbetreatedlessharshly.
Ifmenwereangels,nogovernmentwouldbenecessary
Humansroamtheearth,nottheheavens,soethicsareindispensable.
Honestyandtruthfulnesshavetobepracticedandbalancedwithdelicatediplomacyonsome
occasions.
Listthereformsnecessarytoencourageethicalbehaviorandpreventmisconductinpublic
organizationsofIndia.

EthicsCaseStudies/Roleplaying
Questions
Disobeyinganinformalorder
DevAnandisworkingasaclerkinCollectorsoffice.Duetostaffshortage,Devalsoperformsthe
taskofraisingflagovertheofficebuildingeverymorningandtakingitdowneveryevening,
althoughitisnotpartofhisofficialjobdescription.

OnedayacriminalturnedpoliticianMadanPuridies.Yearsago,Devanandsbestfriendwas
murderedduringariotallegedlyorchestratedbyMadanPuri.

Nonetheless,StatesecretariatpassesanordertoallDistrictcollectors,tokeepNationalflagat
halfmastovertheiroffices,tomournthedeathoftheMr.MadanPuri.

http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 2/10
29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

DevAnandseesthisnewsonTV,getsangrywithsuchmockeryofournationalflag.Hedecides
nottogotoofficenextmorningandkeepsthedoorkeyofrooftopwithhimself.Heisconfident,
noformalpunishmentcanbegiventome,becausethiswasnotpartofmyofficialduty.At
mostCollectorsahibwillreprimandmeinformallybutIdontcarebecauseMadanPurikilledmy
bestfriend.

DoyouthinkDevAnandhasmadetherightdecision?Yes/No/Why?

Answerkeypoints

DevAnandmadeawrongdecisionbecause:

ItpreventsotherstaffmembersfromcarryingouttheofficialorderfromStateHQ.
ItputshisbossinanembarrassingpositioninfrontoftheStateHQ.
IfDevsconsciencedoesntpermithimcarryingoutatask,heshouldinformhisboss.But
runningawaywithkeys,withoutinforminganyone=irresponsible.
Suchbehaviorisnotexpectedfromagoodteamplayer/apublicservant.
Returningunspentmoney
DevAnandisrunninganNGOtohelpstreetchildren.HereceivesgovernmentgrantofRs.2lakh
rupeesforaprojecttoteachtheoutofschoolchildren,whoworkatteastalls,doboot
polishingetc.Ayearpasses,butDevmanagedtoutilizeonly50,000rupeesfromthegrant.
Despitehisbestefforts,hecouldntconvincemanypoorchildrenortheirfamiliestojoinhis
NGOsprogram.

Asperthegrantrules,Devhastoreturnalltheunspentmoneybacktogovernmentbytheend
ofMarch31st.ButhiscolleaguePransuggestsfollowing:

IfwehonestlyreturnRs.1.5lakhback,thengovernmentofficialswillthinkweareamateur,
ineffectiveNGOsandtheyllsubstantiallyreduceourgrantfornextyearorevenworsetheyll
notgiveusanyprojectnexttime!
WeshouldtakehelpofCAPremChopratomanipulateouraccountbooksandshowmajorityof
thegrantwasutilizedforeducation.
ManyotherNGOsdothesamethingthereisnoproblemnobodywillraiseanyobjection,as
longaswegive20%ofthegranttoSDMinchargeofthisproject.
Althoughitsoundsunethicalbutwewontusethismoneyforpersonalneeds,welluseiton
streetchildrenonly.Henceouractisfullyethicalandmoral.
WhatshouldDevAnanddowiththemoney?

Answerkeypoints:

Becauseothersarealsodoingitisneverthevalidjustificationtocommitanunethicalor
criminalact.
Twowrongsdontmakearight:
Manipulatingaccountbookstokeepthegrantmoney.
BribingSDMtokeepthegrantmoney.
Theshelflifeoflieanddeceptionisverylowespeciallywhenmanipulatingtheaccountbooks
askRamalingaRaju,exchiefofSatyam.
DevAnandwasunabletouse75%ofthegrantmoney,itimplies
http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 3/10
29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

DevdidnttryhardenoughOR
Governmenthadexaggeratedtheamountofmoneyrequiredtoeducatetheoutofschool
childrenOR
both
Inanycase,IfDevkeepstheunspentgrant,governmentwillcontinuepumpingmoremoney
otherNGOsandtheSDMwillkeepamassingwealth.Therefore,DevAnandshouldreturnthe
unspentgrantbacktothegovernment.

Misleadingforgoodpurpose
DevAnandistheinspectorinchargeofRampurPolicestation.Thepolicestationbuildingisin
direneedofrepairs,buthasntreceivedanygrantsforyears.Oneday,acyclonehitsanearby
area,damagingmostofthehousesandshops.AlthoughDevspolicestationgetspartially
damaged,butmostofthebuildingremainintact.Governmentsendsadisasterassessment
teamtoascertainthelevelofdamageandpayreliefmoney.TheDSPMr.Pran,ordersDevAnand
todofollowing:

Hiresomelaborersanddestroytheremainingpartsofyourpolicestationbuilding.
Whendisasterassessmentteamcomes,youtellthembuildingcollapsedbythecyclone,andask
themtogivepriorityinfundingafterallpolicestationisonethemostimportantpublicofficesin
atown.
ShouldDevAnandobeyhisbosssorder?

Answerkeypoints
Theshelflifeoflieanddeceptionisverylow.Especiallywhenmanypeopleareinvolved.Inthis
case:laborersandanybystanders.
BothDevandPranareriskingthemselvestoanunnecessarynegativepublicityandpossible
departmentalinquiryandpunishmentforprofessionalmisconduct.Indeedpolicebuildingneeded
repairsandshouldhavebeengivenagrantmonthsago,butthreewrongsdontmakearight:

Wantondestructionofapublicbuilding.
Misleadingthedisasterassessmentteam.
PoliceofficerDevAnandspendinghistimeandenergyinsuchactivityratherthandoingrescue
reliefpatrollingdutyafterthedisaster.
PrivatematterofPublicemployee?
DevAnandisworkingasanunderSecretaryinthepensiondepartment.Oneday,hisfriend
GuruDutt,anSBIPO,narratesfollowingincident:

Forlasttwoyears,aretiredGovernmentemployeeMr.AshokKumarisgivingaway30%ofhis
monthlypensiontoMrs.BinduChopraeverymonththroughcheque.
IfoundMrs.BinduChoprahappenstobethewifeofMr.PremChopra,asectionofficerinthe
pensionofficeunderyou(DevAnand.)
Ifeelsomethingisfishymaybethisispartofalargebribescamwhereseniorcitizensare
forcedtopaymoneytocleartheirpensionfilesfromPremChopra,andhavetosubmitbribesin
hiswifesaccount.
DevAnandvisitsMr.AshokKumarshousebutheissufferingfromAlzheimersdisease,unableto
givecoherentanswers.FrustratedDevAnanddirectlyconfrontsPremChopra.ButPremsays
Mr.AshokKumarwasafriendofmyfather.HehasnorelativesorchildrenandmywifeBindu
http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 4/10
29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

hasbeentakingcareofhimlikedaughtersincealongtime.Therefore,Mr.AshokKumargivesus
moneyoutofgoodwill,sowecansendoursontoanexpensiveIITcoachingclass@Kota,
Rajasthan.Besidesthisisapersonalfamilymatterandnoneofyourdamnbusiness.

DoyouthinkDevAnandmadeablunderorwashemerelyperforminganethicalduty?

Answerkeypoints

Here,bothGuruDuttandDevAnandhasfailedtoactinresponsiblemanner.Because:

Abankermustkeephisclientsdataconfidential,unlessrequiredbythelawtodiscloseit.
GuruDuttdidntevenwaittocrossverifywhoelseisgivingmoneytoMrs.BinduChopras
account.Becauseiftherewasalargescalebribescamthenlototherseniorcitizenswouldbe
makingpaymenttoBindusaccount,andnotjustMr.AshokKumaralone.
Eveninthatsituation,Gurudutthadtoconsulthisbosswithinhisownbankfirst.Hecannotgo
aroundgivinginformaltipstooutsiders.Thisisanunethicalactforabanker.
DevAnandtooactedinhastymanner.First,hestartsinvestigationbasedonaninformaltip
fromabankerwhoisnotsupposedtotiphiminthefirstplace.Heshouldhaveconsultedthe
vigilancedepartmentbeforemovingfurther.
Second,DevAnandconfrontsPremChopra,withoutanyhardcoreevidence.Whenyoureholding
apublicoffice,youcantgoaroundaccusingpeopleinsuchhaste.Itbreakstheofficediscipline,
destroysthestaffmoraleandallowstheguiltypersontocoverhistracks.
Politicalneutrality
PremChopra,acivilsocietyactivist,haslaunchedamassmovementtochangePrimeministerial
formofgovernmenttopresidentialformofgovernment.DevAnandisanundersecretaryinthe
PMO.Beforejoiningcivilservice,hehaddonePh.Donthedemeritsofpresidentialformof
government.Heisinvitedbyanewschannelforprimetimedebate.Thenewschannelanchor,
Mr.ArnabGoswamiassuresDevAnandfollowing:

Itllbeonlyaneducationalintellectualdebateamongscholars.
Nopoliticiansfromrulingoroppositionpartyareinvitedinourshow.
Youreinvitedinyourcapacityasascholarinpoliticalscienceandnotasabureaucrat.
ShouldDevAnandacceptArnabGoswamisinvitationfornewsdebate?

Answerkeypoint:

No.Becausebureaucratsshouldnotvoicetheiropinionaboutpoliticalmattersonpublic
platform.Evenifnopoliticianisinvited,someotherscholar/participant/anchormightraisepoints
infavouroragainsttherulingpartyduringthedebate,andDevwillfindhimselfinapolitical
minefield.

PoliticalneutralityPart.2
Tocurtailthemountingfiscaldeficit,FinanceMinisterPranChindudecidestomergeagriculture
ministrywithforestministrycoalministrywithoilministryandreducepersonnelinthecentral
servicesby30%.Butoppositionpartyishardlyraisinganyobjectiontheyareoccupiedwith
onionpriceriseissue.MediaistoobusycoveringMSDhonisnewhairstyle.

http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 5/10
29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

DevAnand,anemployeeintheCabinetsecretariatfeelsbothOppositionpartyandmediahave
failedtoperformtheirethicaldutytoinformcitizensaboutmattersofpublicinterest.Therefore,
hestartswritinganonymousblogsandtweetstoinformpublicaboutthenegativeconsequences
ofChindusausteritymeasures.IsDevAnanddoingtherightthing?

Answerkeypoints:

No.DevAnandisnotdoingtherightthing.
Roleofpublicservantistoobeythewillofthecommunityarticulatedthroughtheelected
membersincludingthesaidFinanceMinister.
Publicservanthastoremainpoliticallyneutral.DeviscrossingthatLaxmanRekhabyhis
anonymousblogs.
SalaryhikevsTeamspirit
DevAnandhasbeenservingastheChieffireofficerincityforover3years.Becauseofhis
efficientmanagement,therewereveryfewfireincidents,noliveswerelostandpropertydamage
wasminimum.Heenjoysalmostacelebritylikestatusinlocalmediaandcitydwellers.Asthe
electionyearcomes,MayorPran,withanaimtogarnergoodwillamongvoters,framesabudget
with10%payraisetofirebridgestaffand25%payraisefortheChieffireOfficer.Should
DevAnandacceptitornot/Why?

Answerkeypoints:

Firefightingisateamwork.Teamleadermustdisplayfairnessandequity.
IfDevaccepts25%raise,itcouldpromotehisimageasanaloof,insensitive,selfservingboss.
Staffmaynotfollowhisleadwithsameenthusiasmafterwards.
Exemplaryleadershipiscriticaltoencouragingethicalbehavioringovernmentorganizations.
Therefore,DevshouldnotacceptmorethanwhatisbeingofferedtootheremployeesofFire
brigade.(10%).
HoldingCharityAuctionsintheOffice
Pran,thebankemployee,approachesBankManagerDevAnandandsaysfollowing:

Mychildissufferingfrombloodcancer.Idonthavehealthinsurancepolicyandmysalaryis
insufficienttomeetthesemedicalexpenses.
Butovertheyears,Ivebeencollectingautographedbatsandballsofvariouscricketers.
Iseekyourpermissiontoholdacharityauctionintheoffice.Illalsosendflierstoclientsofour
bank.Everyoneiswelcometobidforthesebatsandballs,soIcanraisemoneyforthemedical
treatmentofmychild.
ThreeotherbankemployeesPremChopra,MadanPuriandRanjithoverhearthisconversation.
TheyalsoinformDevAnandindeedPransfinancialsituationisverybadandhischildwilldieif
thetreatmentisnotdoneontime,thereforepermissionshouldbegiventoholdthischarity
auction.

ShouldDevgivepermissionornot?

Answerkeypoints:

No.BecausesomemembersmayinformallyfeelpressuredtogivemoneyEspeciallyPrans
juniorsandsubordinates.
http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 6/10
29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

Itmightcreateafeelingofalienationbetweenemployeeswhobidandthosewhodont.
Nexttimeanotheremployeewilltrytodothesame,maybewithatrivialreasone.g.Imwilling
toauctiontshirtsautographedbyfilmstarstorepaythelastEMIofmyhomeloan,allowmeto
holdauctionintheoffice.AndifDevsaysnothattime,itmightcreateanimpressionDevis
biasedtowardscertainemployeesstaffmoralegoesdown.
Therefore,itisbesttokeepauctionsandothermoneyraisingactivitiesoutoftheworkplace
irrespectiveoftheirnobleaims.
Spouseinthesameoffice
DCPDevAnandmarriesSubinspectorRosie.Intheoffice,Rosiedoesntdirectlyreportto
DevAnadbutDevhasresponsibilityforsigningoffonherannualevaluation.AlthoughDev
doesntgiveanypreferentialtreatmenttoRosiebutoneofhercolleague,PremChopra,
complainedseveraltimestotheDIGPran:Devsaabalwaysgiveshighestratingstohiswifeand
Imalwaysgivenaverageratingsdespitemybestperformanceincriminalinvestigations.

DIGconductsinquiry,doesntfindanythingagainstDevAnand.LaterDevofficiallyreprimands
PremChopraforthisunprofessionalbehavior.

FrustratedPremChopranarratesthisincidenttohiswifeBindu.Bindudecidestotakemattersin
herownhands,writesananonymousemailtothelocalpress,informinghowRosiehasntlegally
divorcedherfirsthusbandMarco,yetsheisstayingwithDCPDevAnandandgivesvividdetails
oftheiradulterousliveinrelationship.

Ritareporter,anexpertonsuchmasalanews,startsgivingballbyballcommentaryinher
newspaperaboutRosiespastbyinterviewinghercollegefriends,neighbors,relativesetc.
Everybodyinthetownstartsgossipingaboutthis.DevaskshisITexpertfriendGuruDuttto
investigate.GuruDuttdigsoutthatemailoriginatedfromPremChoprashomecomputer.What
shouldDevAnanddo:ReprimandPremChopraoncemore?Suspendhimforindiscipline?Sue
himfordefamation?Isdoingnothinganoption?

Answerkeypoints:

Doingnothingisnotaviableoptionsincesituationslikethisonlyfesterandbecomemore
problematic.
Itisneveragoodpracticeforapublicofficialtohavearelativeinasubordinateposition.Despite
effortstoavoidperceivedactsoffavoritism,soonerorlatertheofficialwillfindhimselfbeing
accusedofaninappropriateaction.Therefore,PoliceandMilitaryorganizationsoftenhaveanti
fraternizationpolicies.(e.g.AspertheUSAirForcerules,oneofthecouplehastoquitfromthe
service.)
Thissituationisallabouttheperceptionoffavoritism.Theperceptionmayormaynotbetrue
whetherDevAnandisgivingpreferentialtreatmenttoRosieduringannualperformance
evaluation.
Topreventthisfromhappening,DevAnandneedstostopchasingPremChopraandtakestepsto
gethiswifepostedinanotheroffice,orseekhisowntransfertoanotheroffice.
Lastbutnotleast,theDevAnandshouldputtorestthequestionofthelegalityofhismarriage
toavoidfutureaccusations.
PrivateendorsementbyPublicOfficial

http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 7/10
29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

PremChoprarunsacompanythatoffersprivatesecurityguards,CCTV,burglaryalarmand
othersecuritydevices.

DCPDevAnandlearnsthateverytimeafteratheftorrobberytakesplace,PoliceInspectorPran
advicesthevictimandbystanderstoinstallsecuritydevicesfromPremChoprascompanyto
maketheirhomeandshopssecurefromcriminals.PraneventellsthemWhenyougotoPrem
Choprasoffice,tellhimIvesentyou,hellgiveyouspecialdiscount.

DevconfrontsPranaboutthismatter.Pranjustifieshisactionbysaying:

Yes,ItakemoneyforPremChopratoendorsehissecurityproductsforhomesandoffices.
No,Imnotdoinganythingunethicalbecause
Iusethismoneytopaymyinformersandkeepacheckoncriminalelements.Idontspentthis
moneyonmyselformyfamily.
Evenmunicipalbusesandrailwaywagonshaveadvertisements,thenwhyisanendorsementby
acityofficialunethicalorillegal?
Besides,PremChoprassecuritydevicesareveryeffectiveatpreventingburglary.
ShouldDevAnandpermitPrantocontinuethisendorsementactivity?Yes/No/Why?

Answerkeypoints

Advertisementonbus/railwaywagonisnotsameasapublicofficialpromotingabrand.
Becausethosebus/railwayadsdontinterferewithvehiclesprimaryfunctionoftransporting
personsfromoneplacetoanother.Butwhenapublicofficialpromotesabrand,heisspending
partofhisofficetimeandenergyforprivategainratherthanservingthecitizen.
IfDevpermitsPran,thenotherstaffmemberswillalsostartsimilarmarketing.Thuspartofthe
officetimewilldivertedtosellingproductsratherthansolvingcrime
Mightevenleadtointernalrivalriesaboutwhoisearningmorecommissions.
Citizensmayfeelinformalpressuretobuysuchproductsfearingtheirfile/matterwillnotbe
clearedbythepublicofficialsotherwise.
Endorsementsofcommercialproductsbypublicofficialscaneasilyresultinanunethical
situation:sharingfinancialgainthroughbribes,kickbacks,orpostemploymentopportunitiesfor
governmentofficials.
Inshort,itwillopenaPandorasbox.Therefore,DevAnandshouldorderPrantostopthisactivity
atonce.

ManofWordorManofMoney?
DevAnandisabrilliantmathsteacherinaprivateEnglishmediumschoolinAhmedabadand
getsyearlypackageofRs.3lakhs.AnotherschoolatBarodaoffershimpackageofRs.3.5lakhs.
DevmakesaverbalcommitmenttotheBarodaschoolprinciple,Sure,Illjoinyourschoolfrom
nextmonth.

ButwhenDevsubmitshisresignationtoAbadschool,itsPrincipleMr.Pranrequestshimtostay
andoffersnewpackageofRs.3.8lakhs.ShouldDevtakebackhisresignation?yes/no/why?

Answerkeypoints

fromethicalperspective,evenverbalacceptance=contract.Andcontractmustbehonored.

http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 8/10
29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

EvenifPranscounterofferishigher,Devhasamoralobligationtoremainconsistentwithhis
originalintention(ofjoiningBarodaschool).
Couragewithapricetag
(CopypastinganewsreportfromTheHindu)

December7,2012,Chandigarh.

RobanjitKaur,23yearolddaughterofASIRavinderpalSinghwasreturninghomeafterher
IELTScoachingclasswhenShiromaniAkaliDalleaderRanjitSinghRanaandhisgoonsstarted
teasingher.ShecalledupherfatherMr.RavinderpalSingh,anASIwithPunjabPolice.

Whenherfatherarrivedandconfrontedthegroup,aheatedargumentfollowedandRanapulled
outhispistolandbeganfiringatbothfatheranddaughter.Bothreceivedbulletinjuriesand
fathercollapsed.

EvenasMs.Kaurstruggledtoshiftherfatherintoavehicletotakehimtohospital,Ranaandhis
gangreturnedwitharifleandshotRavinderpalSinghagaininfullpublicview.

Ms.Kaursaidtomedia,Ranakeptkickingandhittingusinfullpublicglare.Icriedandpleaded
forhelpbuteveryoneranaway.Evenwhentheambulancecame,Ihadtoliftmyfatherintoitas
noonecametohelpme.

Endofnews.

ASociologistremarks:Ourgovernmenthasnotsetupasystemtoencouragecivilianstofight
againstcriminalacts.Whyshouldsomeoneriskinjuryortheirlifetosaveanotherifoneslifeor
livelihoodisendangered?Governmentneedstoenactanewschemenamedafteryouknowwho,
torewardanycivilianwithRs.10lakh,agovernmentjobanda3BHKflat,ifhepreventsacrime
inapublicplace.

Doyoubelieveannouncingbigfinancialrewardstopedestrianswhostandupagainstacriminal,
willchangethesituation?Doesorcancouragehaveapricetag?Yes/No/Why?

Answerkeypoints

Indeedanactofcourageshouldberewardedandapplauded.
ButrunningaschemewithRs.10lakhandagovernmentjob,mightleadtovigilantemobsof
unemployedyouth,roamingaroundwithhokeysticksandbaseballbatslookingforacrimeto
happen(ororchestratingacrimebythemselves)inordertogetthemoneyandthejob.
Inthegivencase,goonswerearmedwithpistolsandrifles.Nounarmedciviliancanbeexpected
tofightwiththem.Infuture,mightleadtoasituationwhereapoormanintentionallyjumpsin
thefight,knowingfullywellthathellbekilledbutonlydoingsohisfamilycangetRs.10lakh.
Maintenanceoflawandorderisstatesresponsibilitynotcivilians.Moneyisbetterspenton
recruitingmorepolicemenandjudges.
Formoreoncasestudies&revisionnotes,visitMrunal.org/ETHICS

ArticleprintedfromMrunal:http://mrunal.org

http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 9/10
29/11/2016 Mrunal12EthicsCaseStudiesforUPSCwithSampleAnswers

URLtoarticle:http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudies
basedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html

Copyright2014Mrunal.Allrightsreserved.

http://mrunal.org/2013/09/ethicssamplequestionscasestudiesbasedondonaldmenzelsbookforupscgeneralstudiespaper4.html/print/ 10/10