.

,

In Behalf of the
Children of Russia

A Christtnas and New Year
Message
to the Churches of Christ
"WE then that
are strong
to the Sunday Schools, and
ought to to the Christian Homes of America
bear the infirmities
of the weak and
not to please our-
selves, for e v e n
Christ pleased not To be read in the Churches and Sunday Schools
himself." December r8 or 25, rg2r
or during ]anuary, r 922

From the
CoMMITTEE ON MERCY AND RELIEF
OF THE
FEDERAL COUNCIL OF THE CHURCHES OF CHRIST IN AMERICA

105 East 22nd Street, New York

. - - - - - - - - - - CONSTITUENT BODIES - - - - - - - - - - ,

"EvEN so it is
not the will of
Baptist Churches, North
National Baptist Convention
Free Baptist Churches
Moravian Church
Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A.
Presbyterian Church in the U. S.
Christian Church (South)
your Father Christian Reformed Church in North Primitive Methodist Church
who is in heaven, America Protestant Episcopal Commissions on
Churches of God in N. A. (General Christian Unity and Social Service
that one of these Eldership) Reformed Church In America
Congregational Churches Reformed Church in the U. S.
little ones should Disciples of Christ Reformed Episcopal Church
perish." Friends Reformed Presbyterian Church,
Evangelical Synod of N. A. General Synod
Evangelical Association Seventh Day Baptist Churches
Methodist Episcopal Church United Brethren Church
Methodist Episcopal Church, South United Evangelical Church
African M. E. Church United Presbyterian Church
African M. E. Zion Church Consultative Body:
Colored M. E. Church In America
MethOdist Protestant Churph Unite~ Lutheran Church
"Their little ones have caused their cry to be heard."

To the Fathers, Mothers and Children
of the Christian Homes of America
'l'his Christmas season finds our homes in the enjoyment of our ,usual happiness and comfort. How
impressive and profound is the contrast with the distress and grief of homes in other lands and particularly
in Russia.
The latest authentic reports from that unhappy land are given on the following pages. Note well the
facts, and consider also what Mr. Hoover says.
The Christmas sun this year shines chiefly upon our half of the world. Shall we not deepen the joy of our
homes, and make it radiant with the spiritual light of unselfishness by remembering the millions of starving
children in Russia?
~

We are constrained to voice this call of measureless sorrow and suffering, appealing to the compassion
of America's millions who have in abundance and to spare. Shall not your joy and your gladness flow over
to other lands?
We have called to you at other times to meet the world's needs, and you have generously responded.
We believe you will generously respond to this fresh call which comes in truth from Christ himself, our Lord
and Master.
We would suggest:

1. That at some time during the hours of not be a mere interchange of gifts be-
public worship on Christmas Sunday, tween ourselves, but a great expres-
December 25, prayer be made to God sion of Christlike unselfishness ;
and entreaty to the souls of men, for
an enlarged compassion in our own 4. That to every Christmas-tree gathering
hearts, and for peace and justice and such gifts be brought;
good will among men ; 5. That at the family altar of every Chris-
2. That in the Sunday school on that day tian home, on Christmas Day, gifts be
there be a Christmas service in behalf made equal in value to those given in
o~ which the children of stricken Russia the family circle-a home for a home ;
shall be remembered;
6. That for every Christmas dinner a gift
3. That at these services offering's, from of equal value be made for the starving
young' and old, be received which shall children of Russia.

We suggest that Christmas this year be thus made a sacrament of self-denial, and that at these public
~xercises a "Cradle of Bethlehem" be provided, to which the children and their parents may bring their gifts
of love, as did the Eastern wise men, and that an appropriate Christmas prayer be taught the children.
If you have been accustomed to make other relief appeals in your Sunday School (or church) or plan
to do so on Christmas Sunday, we would suggest that the appeal for Russia be made either on the Sunday be-
fore or on the Sunday after Christmas, or during January, 1922.
We wish that you could read the letters and cables that come from your representatives in that great
nation, and have borne in upon you the moral and spiritual effect of this movement of the American churches.
We believe that a response commensurate with the need which they reveal will do more even than world leagues
and world courts can do to hasten the day when we shall again, with the shepherds, hear the voices from
the Eastern sky: "Peace on earth, goodwill toward men."
.JoHN H. FINLEY, Cha·i rman.
For the Committee on Mercy and Relief of The
Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America.
105 EAsT 22ND STREET, NEw YoRK CITY.

"And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only, in the name of a disciple,
verily I say unto you he shall in no wise lose his reward."
A General Survey
CoLONEL HAsKELL, in charge of the American Relief Administration work in Russia, reports the follow-
ing salient facts regarding the famine conditions along the Volga:

1. That a serious and widespread famine ber of the :fifteen million can obtain
condition actually exists in the Volga limited though insufficient quantity of
Basin and to the east thereof. food to assist to sustain life.
2. That the crisis of the famine will be
reached by the :first of the new year.
6. That the order of urgency for im-
mediate relief of the stricken area
3. That from the most carefully scruti- are : :first, food; second, drugs and
nized reports, after discounting exag- hospital supplies; and third, clothing.
geration, it is believed that in the
neighborhood of :fifteen million people 7. That a considerable quantity of cattle
are seriously affected. exists throughout the famine area
which will have to be slaughtered this
4. That seventy-:five percent of the peo-
winter on account of lack of fodder.
ple affected can be reached with the
transport available in Russia.
8. That the Soviet Government is not
5. That the population is not uniformly able to cope with this tremendous
affected and that a considerable num- problem.

The area affected is twice as large as the states of New England,
New York, New] ersey and Pennsylvania combined, and has about the
same population as these states-30,000,000'.

Sketches by an Eyewitness
Da. VERNON KELLOGG, one of Mr. Hoover's staff, returned from Russia late in October, 1921.

~The situation is incredible to those cities and mining regions. We sent no
who have not seen it . . indescrib~ble. -~~" food into the farming regions. In Russia
by one who has seen it. ', , the food producers have to be fed.

"Refugees have come out of the vil-
"We do ~ot want to feed children for a
lages to railway stations and to the Volga
week or a month and then stop and have
River, waiting to be taken away, to be
them die. It is better to keep one million
taken off, to be taken anywhere ... men,
alive through the year than to keep :five
women, children. These terrible refugees
million alive for a part of a year.
sit and lie for weeks at a time, waiting for
the freight trains in which they shall be "The most serious part of the situation
packed and carried away. They simply a s regards food, no human being is re-
want to get away, anywhere. 'We do not
sponsible for. It is an act of Providence.
care where, anywhere from here.'
It is a terrible drought that has dried up
"In Belgium we never fed a single these miles and miles and hundreds of
farmer. In Poland we fed millions in the miles of £.elds of grain."
The Starving Children of Russia
I N September, 1921, five million Russian children
were facing death from starvation during this
coming winter.
On September 2nd the first shipload of food was
landed in Petrograd.
On September 3rd the first trainload of food
Two million of these children have been provided reached Moscow.
for. On September lOth the first trainload reached
But there are still three million of them who will Kazan, in the famine district on the Volga.
either die or grow up human liabilities upon their On September 12th the first feeding kitchens
country and the world unless aid is forthcoming. were opened in the famine district and the children
In Russia the situation is who had for 1nonths been living
worse than it ever was in any on roots and bread made from
part of Europe. There, they grass, were fed white flour,
are not only lacking in food rice, beans, cocoa with con-
for proper development of densed milk and sugar. Many
children, but are lacking in of the children had never seen
food even to keep them any of these articles and the
alive. older ones remembered them
only as a half forgotten dream.
Ever smce 1917 a great
It was so unreal and unbe-
curtain has hung between
lievable to them, and perhaps
Russia and the outside world.
the greatest surprise was that
~ot until Maxim Gorky's
the food continued to come in
world-wide appeal "To All
and they continued to receive
Honest People" on July 13th,
a meal each day.
1921, did the eyes of the world
center on the actual situation On November 1st, 200,000
in Russia. The awful misery of these children were being
fed and had the assurance, due
and destitution revealed has
to the generosity of the Ameri-
startled and aroused the sym-
can people, that they would
pathy of the whole world.
not only live but would de-
In answer to this appeal, velop into healthy-minded and
Herbert Hoover (July 18), healthy - bodied children be-
Chairman of the American cause of this one meal they
Relief Administration, offered receive every day.
in the name of the charity of the American people to By the time this Bulletin reaches you, over 700,000
carry to these children relief. He \Tote: of these children will be receiving American food.
''I have read with great feeling your appeal to During January, 1922, 1,250,000 of them will be
Americans for charitable assistance to the starving
and sick people of Russia, more particularly to chil· getting a daily ration from American relief agencies.
dren. ~'he A. R. A., supported wholly through the European agencies will also be caring for 750,000.
generosity of the American people, has funds in h:md
by which assistance for the children and for the sick There are still 3,000,000 destitute children to be
ca11 be undertaken immediately.''
cared for. Each $15 will supply free food, clothing
On August 20th, in Riga, l\lr. Hoover's repre- and medical aid to one child until September, 1922.
sentative signed the agreement with the Russian The number of saved depends on the response given
autho1·ities whereby the A. R. A. should carry relief by the Christian peoples of America and the rest of
to one million Russian children. the world.
71
Famine- Pestilence- Death
Terrible Pen Pictures
Mrss ANNA J. HAINEs went to Russia in 1917, and she was found dead on the road with the live baby
since 1918 has been in charge of the Friends' relief in her arms, unable to make that long trip.
work in that land. She returned to the United "We talked to a man who had a wife and five
States about the middle of November, 1921. children, all expecting soon to die. He had dug a
"When one has seen garbage carts full of dead grave big enough to hold the whole family, for he
babies, and older children and adults dying from thought that if the grave were ready the neighbors
starvation on the streets, and the farm machinery would at least bury him and his family.
. . . scrapped and rusting in the wayside, one loses "We visited homes established for children, or-
all desire to turn the situation into an epigram. phans, or abandoned by their pa1·ents. . . . In
"In that town- one village the
ship of ten thou- horne was pre-
sand, four times pared to have
as many people CABLEGRAM s i x t y children.
died in August, When we were
1 9 2 1, as in Saratov, Nov. 19 there the first of
March. The usu- "Feeding 22,789 in 33 towns and villages. September, it al-
ai harvest was ready had 450,
over one thou- . . . Frightful conditions . . . In towns of 5000 and an 0 the r
sand pounds of inhabitants people dying rate 50 per day. In Kosminsky horne was being
wheat per acre. district out of 14,000 population 859 died within past opened in the vii-
This year it was month. In Samovolna of 4,000 population, all dogs, cats lage. For these
about fourteen and horses have been eaten." 450 children
pounds, and in American Relief Administration. there were exact-
many places less. ly thirty-one cups
The horses had Received New York, Nov. 30 and bowls for
decreased fro rn them to eat out
4,100 to 2,100; of, and no more
cows from 3,800 could be bought.
to 1,600; sheep from 9,200 to 3,200, and pigs front "The morning I left Moscow, the daily paper had
342 to 2. . . . About 15,000 acres were prepared this letter from a peasant living in the famine region:
for planting this fall, but they had seed for only 'I have come to you from a far-away country, where
3,000 acres, where they usually plant 40,000 acres. the bread and the buckwheat have failed. Only the
"'We can live on the few potatoes left and grass noisy little vultures are busy in our fields where all
till November or even December,' said a village priest day long the spiteful wind whips up the brown dust.
to me, 'but by March there will not be any people Hunger is here; people moan; their empty bellies
here at all. We shall all be dead.' swell. The breasts to which babies turn are dry.
"We heard in that village about the widow with The waves of the Volga break up with groans. You
a baby four months old who started to walk to a can hear the shower of their tears; you can hear
villagP. where a rich relative lived. The next day what they cry out: Bring help, and soon.' "
This terrible tragedy is growing, since Miss Haines saw it in September. It will grow and
grow, unless abundant funds .flow in from America.

Will YOU Help Fight
Famine- Pestilence- Death, in Russia?
The relief made available by these funds will be distributed under the supervision of a representative of
the Federal Council on Mr. Hoover's staff in Russia, through the well established agencies of the American
Relief Administration and the American Friends Service Committee, which are in the closest cooperation.
Checks may be drawn to the order of Hon. Carl E. Milliken, Treasurer of the Committee. Churches
which need to do so will of course send through their Denominational agencies, but in these cases quick trans-
mission is urged and it is requested that contributions be clearly designated for and be promptly conveyed to
FEDERAL COUNCIL RELIEF FOR THE CHILDREN OF RUSSIA
105 EAsT 22D STREET
New York .City, N. Y.
American Relief Administration
HERBERT HOOVER. CHAIRMAN

42 Broadway, New York City

December z. 1921·
Dr. Chae. s. MRcfarland
Fed~ral Council of the Churches
of Christ in America
105 East ZZnd Street
New York City
Dear Dr. Macfarland:
I have received the follOYI'ing cablegram
from Colonel Haskell today:
"Uotwithsta.ndit:lf; gigantic American relief
operations already under way mi,llions of
Christian people in Russia face certain
death by starvation befo.·:r·e 1932 he.rveet
unless material outside assistance is
forthcoming. Even now .the daily mor-
tality is great and it will rapidly in-.
crease as winter advances. Any charity .
that can be given will be so distribute~
that the maximum number of human lives
will be-· saved. The Russian peasant sur- \
rounded by his family calmly contemplates
the inevitable while cherishing the vague
idea. that Arner1ca may yet find the way to .
eave them."
I do not know that there is anything I
could add to this beyond the urgent hope that ~r
people w~ll feel able to provide something for the
Russian people after taking into full account the
increased obligations ?re have at home during the
i'ortncom1n,g winter.
Faithfully yours