U.S.

Sentencing Commission Preliminary Quarterly Data Report

1st Quarter Release Preliminary Fiscal Year 2007 Data Through December 31, 2006

Introduction As part of its ongoing mission, the United States Sentencing Commission (USSC) provides Congress, the judiciary, the executive branch, and the general public with data extracted and analyzed from sentencing documents submitted by courts to the Commission.1 In past years, data has been reported on an annual basis in the Commission’s Sourcebook and Annual Report.2 After the Supreme Court’s U.S. v Booker decision on January 12, 2005, which rendered the sentencing guidelines advisory instead of mandatory, many people expressed an interest in knowing what changes, if any, in federal sentencing practices would result. The Commission responded by reconfiguring its data collection, analysis, and reporting efforts to provide real-time data reporting from the submitted documents. The Commission first reported data on February 10, 2005 to Congress3 and began reporting data approximately monthly shortly thereafter. The types of data reported increased over time to accommodate various requests for the additional information. In March 2006, the Commission released a comprehensive report, Final Report on the Impact of the United States v. Booker on Federal Sentencing,4 based on cases sentenced one year since the Booker decision. Because the Report included additional analyses that had not been included in the monthly reports, not all the data presented in the Report was comparable with the monthly releases, which made comparing data over time difficult. In an effort to standardize the Commission’s post-Booker analyses and to facilitate the identification of emerging trends going forward, the Commission began generating a new set of tables and charts on a quarterly basis for public release on the Commission’s website beginning with the third quarter of fiscal year 2006. These quarterly data reports are similar in format and methodology to tables and figures produced in the Sourcebook in prior years or in the Commission’s Booker report. Some of the figures include data from fiscal years before the Booker decision to facilitate analysis of sentencing trends over time. Other figures and all of the tables contain cumulative data (i.e., data from the start of the fiscal year through the most current quarter). Appendix B cross-references the quarterly table numbers and figure letters as well as the corresponding number or letter in the Sourcebook (if it exists in the Sourcebook) so that the
In each felony or Class A misdemeanor case sentenced in federal court, sentencing courts are required to submit the following documents to the Commission: the Judgment and Commitment Order, the Pre-Sentence Report, the Statement of Reasons, the Plea Agreement (if applicable), and the Indictment. See 28 U.S.C. § 994(w). See the Commission’s website, www.ussc.gov, for electronic copies of the 1995-2006 Sourcebook and Annual Report. See www.ussc.gov/bf.htm for an electronic copy of the prepared testimony of Ricardo H. Hinojosa, chair of the United States Sentencing Commission, before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security, Committee on the Judiciary, United States House of Representatives February 10, 2005. See www.ussc.gov/bf.htm for an electronic copy of the Commission’s Final Report on the Impact of U.S. v. Booker on Federal Sentencing.
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quarterly data can be compared easily with data from prior fiscal years.5 In Appendix A are descriptions of datafile and variable definitions. Users of the quarterly releases are cautioned that the quarterly data are preliminary only and subject to change as the Commission collects, analyzes, and reports on additional cases throughout the fiscal year. When data for each new quarter is made available, the Commission will update the previous preliminary quarterly totals in the most recent release until the release of the final fiscal year data in the Commission’s Sourcebook. For example, the data reported in this initial release for the first quarter of fiscal year 2007 may change as the Commission receives and analyzes documents during the remaining quarters for additional cases sentenced during the first quarter.6 Any subsequent changes in the quarterly data for the first quarter would be reflected initially in the subsequent quarterly releases and finally in the Commission’s Sourcebook Annual Report. As a result, quarterly data should not be considered final until publication of the Commission’s Sourcebook and Annual Report.

The Commission has tried to maintain the same table numbers and figure letters over the past several years but due to slight differences in reporting categories between pre- and post-Booker time periods, the numbers and letters may not correspond exactly over time. Please refer to the table of contents for each of the prior Sourcebook years to determine the corresponding table number or figure letter. The reasons for data changes in previous quarters is due to one or more of the following reasons: the courts have up to 30 days to submit court documents to the Commission; the Commission both extracts information from the documents and screens cases through the quality control procedures and does not include any case in a data release unless it has been fully entered and reviewed; some documents are sent in later than other documents and the datafiles are then updated with the new information; the Commission receives amended court documents and updates the datafile based on the new information; the Commission matches its datafile to datafiles from the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts and requests any case documents not received - a process that can only be completed after the documents have been received and the information entered into the Commission’s database. For all of the above reasons, data may be excluded/included or reported differently from one quarter to another.
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CONTENTS
Information on Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range Table 1: National Comparison of Sentence Imposed and Position Relative to the Guideline Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Table 2: Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range by Circuit and District . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Table 3: Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range by Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . 8 Figure A: Quarterly Data for Within Range and Out of Range Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Figure B: Quarterly Data for Within Range/Government Sponsored and Other Out of Range Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Table 4: Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range by Each Primary Sentencing Guideline . 12 Table 5: Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range in Each Outside of the Range Attribution Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Table 6: §5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Table 7: §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Table 8: Other Government Sponsored Below Range Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Table 9: Downward Departures from Guideline Range: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Table 10: Downward Departures with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Table 11: Below Guideline Range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Table 12: All Remaining Below Guideline Range Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Table 13: Upward Departures from Guideline Range: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Table 14: Upward Departures with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Table 15: Above Guideline Range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Table 16: All Remaining Above Guideline Range Cases: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Sentence Imposed Information Table 17: Offenders Receiving Sentencing Options in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . 29 Table 18: Average Sentence Length in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Figure C: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for All Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Figure D: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2B1.1 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Figure E: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2K2.1 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Figure F: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2L1.1 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Figure G: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2L1.2 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Figure H: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2D1.1 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Figure I: Average Sentence Length for Each Drug Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Table 19: Within Range Cases: Position of Sentence for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 General Information (Primary Offenses, Mode of Conviction, and Document Submission) Figure J: Distribution of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Table 20: Guideline Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 21: Guilty Pleas and Trials in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Table 22: Age, Race, and Gender of Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Table 23: Document Submission Rate of Each Circuit and District . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Table 24: Rate of Submission of Statement of Reasons Form in Each Circuit and District . . . . 49 Appendices Appendix A: Descriptions of Datafiles and Variables Appendix B: List of Quarterly Report Tables and Figures and their Comparable Sourcebook Number/Letter

Table 1 NATIONAL COMPARISON OF SENTENCE IMPOSED AND POSITION RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
N TOTAL CASES CASES SENTENCED WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE CASES SENTENCED ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE DEPARTURE ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE Upward Departure From Guideline Range 2 Upward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 OTHERWISE ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE Above Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range GOVERNMENT SPONSORED BELOW RANGE §5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Other Government Sponsored Below Range NON-GOVERNMENT SPONSORED BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE Downward Departure From Guideline Range
2 6 5 4 3

% 100.0 61.0 1.4 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.1 25.4 14.5 7.8 3.1 12.2 4.4 2.8 1.6 7.8 6.7 1.1

15,721 9,594 221 98 62 36 123 109 14 3,991 2,279 1,219 493 1,915 686 434 252 1,229 1,049 180

Downward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 35533 OTHERWISE BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE Below Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 35534 All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range
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This table reflects the 16,176 cases sentenced subsequent to October 1, 2005, with court documentation cumulatively received, coded, and edited at the U.S. Sentencing Commission by February 27, 2007. Of these, 455 cases were excluded for one of two general reasons. Some involved certain Class A misdemeanors or other offenses which do not reference a sentencing guideline. In others, information was missing from the submitted documents that prevented the comparison of the sentence and the guideline range. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A.

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All cases with departures in which the court did not indicate as a reason either U.S. v. Booker , 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or a factor or reason specifically prohibited in the provisions, policy statements, or commentary of the Guidelines Manual. All cases sentenced outside of the guideline range in which the court indicated both a departure (see footnote 2) and a reference to either U.S. v. Booker , 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as a reason for sentencing outside of the guideline system. All cases sentenced outside of the guideline range in which no departure was indicated and in which the court cited U.S. v. Booker , 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as one of the reasons for sentencing outside of the guideline system.

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All cases sentenced outside of the guideline range that could not be classified into any of the three previous outside of the range categories. This category includes cases in which no reason was provided for a sentence outside of the guideline range. Cases in which a reason for the sentence indicated that the prosecution initiated, proposed, or stipulated to a sentence outside of the guideline range, either pursuant to a plea agreement or as part of a non-plea negotiation with the defendant. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

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Table 2 SENTENCES RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE BY CIRCUIT AND DISTRICT1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE n %
9,594 61 61 232 31 63 23 96 19 462 42 101 52 134 117 16 347 7 95 71 66 88 20 1,063 75 108 77 104 232 261 87 57 62 61.0 43.0 43.0 66.9 81.6 51.2 51.1 84.2 70.4 52.6 55.3 38.1 63.4 55.6 63.6 53.3 51.6 70.0 46.6 48.0 42.3 69.3 71.4 74.4 50.3 71.5 77.0 73.8 78.1 79.3 76.3 73.1 89.9

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CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

TOTAL
15,721 142 142 347 38 123 45 114 27 878 76 265 82 241 184 30 673 10 204 148 156 127 28 1,428 149 151 100 141 297 329 114 78 69

UPWARD DEPARTURE n %
62 0 0 3 0 0 2 0 1 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 8 0 1 1 1 0 2 2 1 0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 4.4 0.0 3.7 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.0 0.6 1.8 1.3 0.0

UPWARD DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER n %
36 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.9 0.0 1.4

ABOVE RANGE W/ BOOKER n %
109 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 2 2 2 1 8 0 5 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 1.3 1.6 3.6 0.6 0.0 3.3 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.0

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE n %
14 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 2 (cont.)

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CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

§5K1.1 §5K3.1 OTHER DOWNWARD BELOW REMAINING SUBSTANTIAL EARLY GOV'T RANGE BELOW DOWNWARD DEPARTURE RANGE ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION SPONSORED DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER W/ BOOKER n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
2,279 40 40 33 5 11 14 2 1 179 10 61 14 38 50 6 189 1 70 41 60 16 1 216 49 30 16 25 46 19 19 8 4 14.5 28.2 28.2 9.5 13.2 8.9 31.1 1.8 3.7 20.4 13.2 23.0 17.1 15.8 27.2 20.0 28.1 10.0 34.3 27.7 38.5 12.6 3.6 15.1 32.9 19.9 16.0 17.7 15.5 5.8 16.7 10.3 5.8 1,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 493 17 17 11 0 5 1 4 1 25 1 12 1 10 1 0 10 0 0 4 5 0 1 11 1 0 1 2 2 1 3 1 0 3.1 12.0 12.0 3.2 0.0 4.1 2.2 3.5 3.7 2.8 1.3 4.5 1.2 4.1 0.5 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.0 2.7 3.2 0.0 3.6 0.8 0.7 0.0 1.0 1.4 0.7 0.3 2.6 1.3 0.0 434 3 3 23 0 14 2 6 1 56 11 24 9 6 1 5 19 0 10 1 3 5 0 25 6 0 0 1 3 9 2 4 0 2.8 2.1 2.1 6.6 0.0 11.4 4.4 5.3 3.7 6.4 14.5 9.1 11.0 2.5 0.5 16.7 2.8 0.0 4.9 0.7 1.9 3.9 0.0 1.8 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.0 2.7 1.8 5.1 0.0 252 6 6 7 1 4 0 1 1 39 5 25 3 5 0 1 15 0 2 4 0 7 2 16 4 1 1 1 0 7 0 1 1 1.6 4.2 4.2 2.0 2.6 3.3 0.0 0.9 3.7 4.4 6.6 9.4 3.7 2.1 0.0 3.3 2.2 0.0 1.0 2.7 0.0 5.5 7.1 1.1 2.7 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.0 2.1 0.0 1.3 1.4 1,049 11 11 31 1 22 2 3 3 98 6 31 3 46 10 2 68 2 22 19 15 8 2 61 9 3 4 5 10 24 0 5 1 6.7 7.7 7.7 8.9 2.6 17.9 4.4 2.6 11.1 11.2 7.9 11.7 3.7 19.1 5.4 6.7 10.1 20.0 10.8 12.8 9.6 6.3 7.1 4.3 6.0 2.0 4.0 3.5 3.4 7.3 0.0 6.4 1.4 180 3 3 5 0 3 1 1 0 16 1 9 0 1 5 0 15 0 5 4 4 1 1 16 4 3 0 1 3 5 0 0 0 1.1 2.1 2.1 1.4 0.0 2.4 2.2 0.9 0.0 1.8 1.3 3.4 0.0 0.4 2.7 0.0 2.2 0.0 2.5 2.7 2.6 0.8 3.6 1.1 2.7 2.0 0.0 0.7 1.0 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 2 (cont.)
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE n %
2,447 77 34 90 16 91 217 169 822 931 683 82 49 112 65 143 57 82 33 60 415 25 105 78 63 46 51 47 807 44 31 100 56 49 152 134 131 27 83 72.9 79.4 75.6 79.6 50.0 84.3 77.2 72.8 64.4 79.4 55.5 56.9 63.6 55.7 58.0 54.6 45.6 70.7 50.8 46.9 57.6 40.3 52.0 77.2 62.4 54.1 44.0 87.0 69.9 69.8 73.8 69.9 67.5 51.0 67.6 73.6 77.1 75.0 72.2

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UPWARD DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER n %
12 1 0 1 0 0 0 5 0 5 3 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0.4 1.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0

CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

TOTAL
3,357 97 45 113 32 108 281 232 1,277 1,172 1,230 144 77 201 112 262 125 116 65 128 721 62 202 101 101 85 116 54 1,155 63 42 143 83 96 225 182 170 36 115

UPWARD DEPARTURE n %
9 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 3 2 4 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0.3 1.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.3 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6

ABOVE RANGE W/ BOOKER n %
31 1 0 1 0 0 0 6 4 19 7 1 1 0 3 2 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 1 1 2 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0.9 1.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 0.3 1.6 0.6 0.7 1.3 0.0 2.7 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 2.4 0.0 1.9 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE n %
5 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 3 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9

Table 2 (cont.)

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CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

§5K1.1 §5K3.1 OTHER DOWNWARD BELOW REMAINING SUBSTANTIAL EARLY GOV'T DOWNWARD DEPARTURE RANGE BELOW ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION SPONSORED DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER W/ BOOKER RANGE n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
268 8 8 20 12 10 34 26 86 64 318 41 12 51 19 68 47 28 17 35 166 19 52 6 30 23 35 1 133 10 7 22 10 15 33 23 5 5 3 8.0 8.2 17.8 17.7 37.5 9.3 12.1 11.2 6.7 5.5 25.9 28.5 15.6 25.4 17.0 26.0 37.6 24.1 26.2 27.3 23.0 30.6 25.7 5.9 29.7 27.1 30.2 1.9 11.5 15.9 16.7 15.4 12.0 15.6 14.7 12.6 2.9 13.9 2.6 227 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 200 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 6.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 15.7 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5 0.0 0.0 84 4 0 1 2 0 8 6 47 16 25 0 6 2 1 2 4 0 1 9 12 1 6 1 1 1 2 0 35 1 1 2 3 2 5 4 9 2 6 2.5 4.1 0.0 0.9 6.3 0.0 2.8 2.6 3.7 1.4 2.0 0.0 7.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 3.2 0.0 1.5 7.0 1.7 1.6 3.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.7 0.0 3.0 1.6 2.4 1.4 3.6 2.1 2.2 2.2 5.3 5.6 5.2 110 2 2 0 0 1 17 6 60 22 26 2 0 7 0 7 3 1 2 4 21 1 10 4 1 4 1 0 28 2 1 2 0 4 8 1 7 0 3 3.3 2.1 4.4 0.0 0.0 0.9 6.0 2.6 4.7 1.9 2.1 1.4 0.0 3.5 0.0 2.7 2.4 0.9 3.1 3.1 2.9 1.6 5.0 4.0 1.0 4.7 0.9 0.0 2.4 3.2 2.4 1.4 0.0 4.2 3.6 0.5 4.1 0.0 2.6 12 1 1 0 0 0 2 2 2 4 26 2 2 6 1 4 5 1 1 4 18 4 8 2 0 1 2 1 24 1 0 1 0 11 4 3 2 0 2 0.4 1.0 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.9 0.2 0.3 2.1 1.4 2.6 3.0 0.9 1.5 4.0 0.9 1.5 3.1 2.5 6.5 4.0 2.0 0.0 1.2 1.7 1.9 2.1 1.6 0.0 0.7 0.0 11.5 1.8 1.6 1.2 0.0 1.7 133 2 0 0 1 2 2 7 50 69 120 13 6 21 19 29 9 1 8 14 66 12 11 4 4 8 23 4 94 5 2 12 14 11 19 10 9 0 12 4.0 2.1 0.0 0.0 3.1 1.9 0.7 3.0 3.9 5.9 9.8 9.0 7.8 10.4 17.0 11.1 7.2 0.9 12.3 10.9 9.2 19.4 5.4 4.0 4.0 9.4 19.8 7.4 8.1 7.9 4.8 8.4 16.9 11.5 8.4 5.5 5.3 0.0 10.4 19 0 0 0 0 3 1 2 2 11 17 1 1 1 1 6 0 3 3 1 12 0 7 2 1 0 2 0 14 0 0 0 0 3 2 6 1 2 0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.8 0.4 0.9 0.2 0.9 1.4 0.7 1.3 0.5 0.9 2.3 0.0 2.6 4.6 0.8 1.7 0.0 3.5 2.0 1.0 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 0.9 3.3 0.6 5.6 0.0

Table 2 (cont.)
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE n %
1,205 17 277 122 133 65 201 1 49 23 73 107 2 53 22 60 820 89 106 349 12 43 44 120 57 1,052 24 69 46 250 74 334 66 103 86 43.7 63.0 32.5 56.0 60.7 52.4 33.6 20.0 61.3 48.9 80.2 72.3 66.7 48.6 23.4 42.9 57.4 64.0 57.6 54.0 66.7 82.7 83.0 47.8 66.3 65.5 42.9 61.6 63.0 58.8 71.2 69.2 66.0 70.1 81.9

6
UPWARD DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER n %
6 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.2 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

CIRCUIT District
NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

TOTAL
2,756 27 853 218 219 124 598 5 80 47 91 148 3 109 94 140 1,429 139 184 646 18 52 53 251 86 1,605 56 112 73 425 104 483 100 147 105

UPWARD DEPARTURE n %
18 0 13 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 0.7 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.7 1.9

ABOVE RANGE W/ BOOKER n %
15 0 3 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 3 2 0 0 1 2 13 0 11 0 0 0 1 1 0 18 1 1 0 2 0 2 1 0 11 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 1.3 2.1 3.3 1.4 0.0 0.0 1.1 1.4 0.9 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 0.4 0.0 1.1 1.8 0.9 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.4 1.0 0.0 10.5

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE n %
3 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 20.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 2 (cont.)

7

CIRCUIT District

§5K1.1 §5K3.1 OTHER DOWNWARD BELOW REMAINING SUBSTANTIAL EARLY GOV'T DOWNWARD DEPARTURE RANGE BELOW ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION SPONSORED DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER W/ BOOKER RANGE n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
285 1 54 36 33 24 40 1 21 11 4 13 1 15 10 21 133 33 33 16 4 8 1 25 13 319 27 27 19 112 20 59 26 24 5 10.3 3.7 6.3 16.5 15.1 19.4 6.7 20.0 26.3 23.4 4.4 8.8 33.3 13.8 10.6 15.0 9.3 23.7 17.9 2.5 22.2 15.4 1.9 10.0 15.1 19.9 48.2 24.1 26.0 26.4 19.2 12.2 26.0 16.3 4.8 791 0 429 10 23 5 272 0 0 4 0 0 0 3 41 4 190 0 0 123 0 0 0 67 0 5 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 28.7 0.0 50.3 4.6 10.5 4.0 45.5 0.0 0.0 8.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.8 43.6 2.9 13.3 0.0 0.0 19.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 26.7 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 137 2 24 13 11 12 29 0 2 0 0 9 0 5 4 26 114 3 15 87 1 1 0 6 1 12 1 2 0 3 0 4 0 2 0 5.0 7.4 2.8 6.0 5.0 9.7 4.8 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.0 6.1 0.0 4.6 4.3 18.6 8.0 2.2 8.2 13.5 5.6 1.9 0.0 2.4 1.2 0.7 1.8 1.8 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.8 0.0 1.4 0.0 57 2 11 7 6 0 17 0 0 0 1 3 0 8 2 0 46 7 1 29 0 0 0 5 4 20 1 2 0 9 0 4 0 3 1 2.1 7.4 1.3 3.2 2.7 0.0 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 2.0 0.0 7.3 2.1 0.0 3.2 5.0 0.5 4.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 4.7 1.2 1.8 1.8 0.0 2.1 0.0 0.8 0.0 2.0 1.0 45 0 14 7 0 4 4 0 1 1 0 4 0 1 1 8 18 1 0 4 0 0 0 9 4 26 0 0 1 9 2 11 1 2 0 1.6 0.0 1.6 3.2 0.0 3.2 0.7 0.0 1.3 2.1 0.0 2.7 0.0 0.9 1.1 5.7 1.3 0.7 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.6 4.7 1.6 0.0 0.0 1.4 2.1 1.9 2.3 1.0 1.4 0.0 162 5 17 16 10 14 21 2 6 7 6 8 0 20 13 17 77 3 16 31 1 0 7 12 7 128 2 11 6 32 5 55 5 12 0 5.9 18.5 2.0 7.3 4.6 11.3 3.5 40.0 7.5 14.9 6.6 5.4 0.0 18.3 13.8 12.1 5.4 2.2 8.7 4.8 5.6 0.0 13.2 4.8 8.1 8.0 3.6 9.8 8.2 7.5 4.8 11.4 5.0 8.2 0.0 32 0 8 7 2 0 10 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 2 15 2 1 6 0 0 0 6 0 16 0 0 0 2 1 13 0 0 0 1.2 0.0 0.9 3.2 0.9 0.0 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 1.8 0.0 1.4 1.0 1.4 0.5 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.4 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern
1

Of the 16,176 cases, 455 were excluded due to missing information needed to determine the relationship between the sentence imposed and the guideline range. Districts for which information needed to determine the relationship between the sentence imposed and the guideline range is missing in five percent or more of the cases received included: Central California (34.3%), Western Oklahoma (27.4%), Middle Georgia (25.4%), Eastern Virginia (15.4%), Western Washington (14.6%), Middle Tennessee (12.2%), Maryland (8.6%), Southern Georgia (7.1%), Alaska (6.9%), Southern California (5.8%), and Middle North Carolina (5.7%). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 3 SENTENCES RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE 1 BY EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses TOTAL 15,637 15 19 13 54 98 296 13 5,617 65 126 1,799 7 13 379 1,678 101 235 43 121 180 134 16 14 3,716 317 79 200 32 4 5 17 231 n 9,548 12 14 6 38 67 206 10 3,029 39 117 1,257 7 9 297 1,100 80 181 22 61 84 64 8 9 2,261 197 60 122 19 0 0 13 159 % 61.1 80.0 73.7 46.2 70.4 68.4 69.6 76.9 53.9 60.0 92.9 69.9 100.0 69.2 78.4 65.6 79.2 77.0 51.2 50.4 46.7 47.8 50.0 64.3 60.8 62.1 75.9 61.0 59.4 0.0 0.0 76.5 68.8 UPWARD DEPARTURES n 62 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 8 0 0 8 0 0 2 8 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 24 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 % 0.4 6.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.0 1.3 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 UPWARD DEPARTURES W/ BOOKER n 36 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 5 0 0 7 0 0 0 9 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 % 0.2 0.0 5.3 0.0 1.9 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 ABOVE RANGE WITH W/ BOOKER n 108 0 2 0 3 0 5 0 7 0 3 11 0 0 3 20 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 40 3 1 6 0 0 0 0 0 % 0.7 0.0 10.5 0.0 5.6 0.0 1.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 1.3 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

8

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE n 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 % 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 3 (cont.)

9

§5K1.1 SUBSTANTIAL PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

§5K1.3 EARLY n 1,212 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 325 0 0 11 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 864 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 % 7.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.3 0.0 5.8 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 23.3 0.3 1.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4

OTHER GOV'T SPONSORED n 485 0 0 0 7 14 7 0 149 5 0 37 0 0 7 42 2 3 2 6 10 16 0 1 135 11 7 13 0 0 0 2 9 % 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 13.0 14.3 2.4 0.0 2.7 7.7 0.0 2.1 0.0 0.0 1.8 2.5 2.0 1.3 4.7 5.0 5.6 11.9 0.0 7.1 3.6 3.5 8.9 6.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.8 3.9

BELOW DOWNWARD DEPARTURE n 431 0 0 0 1 2 11 0 134 2 0 58 0 1 11 39 2 3 1 7 5 4 0 2 119 12 1 3 2 0 0 0 11 % 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 2.0 3.7 0.0 2.4 3.1 0.0 3.2 0.0 7.7 2.9 2.3 2.0 1.3 2.3 5.8 2.8 3.0 0.0 14.3 3.2 3.8 1.3 1.5 6.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.8

DOWNWARD DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER n 248 0 0 0 1 4 5 0 93 3 1 38 0 0 2 43 2 5 0 1 4 2 0 0 23 11 1 5 0 0 1 0 3 % 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 4.1 1.7 0.0 1.7 4.6 0.8 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 2.6 2.0 2.1 0.0 0.8 2.2 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.6 3.5 1.3 2.5 0.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 1.3

BELOW RANGE W/ BOOKER n 1,045 0 2 1 3 8 23 0 370 9 2 135 0 3 22 128 8 13 6 21 21 10 4 0 145 58 3 24 6 0 1 1 18 % 6.7 0.0 10.5 7.7 5.6 8.2 7.8 0.0 6.6 13.8 1.6 7.5 0.0 23.1 5.8 7.6 7.9 5.5 14.0 17.4 11.7 7.5 25.0 0.0 3.9 18.3 3.8 12.0 18.8 0.0 20.0 5.9 7.8

REMAINING BELOW RANGE n 180 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 51 0 1 22 0 0 9 30 1 5 1 3 1 3 1 0 32 4 1 5 1 1 0 0 6 % 1.2 0.0 0.0 7.7 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.8 1.2 0.0 0.0 2.4 1.8 1.0 2.1 2.3 2.5 0.6 2.2 6.3 0.0 0.9 1.3 1.3 2.5 3.1 25.0 0.0 0.0 2.6

ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION n 2,268 2 0 5 0 0 35 3 1,443 7 1 213 0 0 25 254 5 19 11 20 51 34 3 2 65 14 2 21 4 3 3 1 22 % 14.5 13.3 0.0 38.5 0.0 0.0 11.8 23.1 25.7 10.8 0.8 11.8 0.0 0.0 6.6 15.1 5.0 8.1 25.6 16.5 28.3 25.4 18.8 14.3 1.7 4.4 2.5 10.5 12.5 75.0 60.0 5.9 9.5

Of the 16,176 cases, 539 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense (85) or missing information needed to determine the relationship between the sentence imposed and the guideline range (455). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

10 Figure A QUARTERLY DATA FOR WITHIN RANGE AND OUT OF RANGE SENTENCES1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006) 100

80 Within Range Percent of Cases 60
4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

40 Government Sponsored Below Range 20

Below Range Above Range

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

The Commission’s methods for distinguishing government sponsored from other downward departures were refined beginning in Fiscal Year 2003. In Figures A and B, the rates for fiscal years before 2003 were calculated by combining several reported reasons for departure that indicated government sponsorship. (See 2003 DEPARTURES REPORT). In later years, plea agreements and the new Statement of Reasons form were scrutinized to more accurately identify government sponsored departures. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A.

SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

11 Figure B QUARTERLY DATA FOR WITHIN RANGE/GOVERNMENT SPONSORED AND OTHER OUT OF RANGE SENTENCES1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006) 100

Within Range/Government Sponsored 80

Percent of Cases

60

4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

40

20

Below Range Above Range

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

The Commission’s methods for distinguishing government sponsored from other downward departures were refined beginning in Fiscal Year 2003. In Figures A and B, the rates for fiscal years before 2003 were calculated by combining several reported reasons for departure that indicated government sponsorship. (See 2003 DEPARTURES REPORT). In later years, plea agreements and the new Statement of Reasons form were scrutinized to more accurately identify government sponsored departures. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 4 SENTENCES RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE BY EACH PRIMARY SENTENCING GUIDELINE1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
Upward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0

12

Guideline
§2A1.1 §2A1.2 §2A1.3 §2A1.4 §2A1.5 §2A2.1 §2A2.2 §2A2.3 §2A2.4 §2A3.1 §2A3.2 §2A3.3 §2A3.4 §2A4.1 §2A4.2 §2A5.1 §2A5.2 §2A5.3 §2A6.1 §2A6.2 §2B1.1 §2B1.2 §2B1.3 §2B1.4 §2B1.5 §2B2.1 §2B2.2 §2B2.3 §2B3.1 §2B3.2 §2B3.3 §2B4.1 §2B5.1 §2B5.2 §2B5.3 §2B5.4 §2B6.1 §2C1.1 §2C1.2 §2C1.3 §2C1.4 §2C1.5 §2C1.6 §2C1.7 §2C1.8 §2D1.1 §2D1.2 §2D1.3 §2D1.4 §2D1.5

Total
40 10 4 15 5 7 54 5 31 20 13 4 6 25 1 0 2 0 22 4 1,831 0 0 7 7 7 0 0 391 9 1 3 126 0 43 0 6 54 6 2 0 0 0 2 3 5,634 58 0 0 2

Within Guideline Range
20 6 3 11 2 6 36 4 17 13 10 4 5 11 1 0 2 0 12 4 1,280 0 0 1 3 7 0 0 253 6 0 2 105 0 15 0 4 24 2 2 0 0 0 0 2 3,058 35 0 0 2

Above Range with All Booker Others
0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0

Government Sponsored Other §5K1.1 §5K3.1 Gov't
11 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 200 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 67 1 1 1 9 0 9 0 2 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,418 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 325 0 0 0 0 5 1 0 0 0 1 7 1 3 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 44 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 151 5 0 0 0

Downward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
1 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 44 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 13 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 138 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 43 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 94 0 0 0 0

Below Range with All Booker Others
0 0 0 2 0 0 5 0 6 2 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 3 0 140 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 29 2 0 0 6 0 10 0 0 5 3 0 0 0 0 2 1 378 4 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 41 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 51 0 0 0 0

Table 4 (cont.)
Upward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

13
Downward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 2 1 5 0 4 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 2 8 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Guideline
§2D1.7 §2D1.8 §2D1.9 §2D1.10 §2D1.11 §2D1.12 §2D1.13 §2D2.1 §2D2.2 §2D2.3 §2D3.1 §2D3.2 §2D3.3 §2D3.4 §2D3.5 §2E1.1 §2E1.2 §2E1.3 §2E1.4 §2E1.5 §2E2.1 §2E3.1 §2E3.2 §2E3.3 §2E4.1 §2E5.1 §2E5.2 §2E5.3 §2E5.4 §2E5.5 §2E5.6 §2F1.1 §2F1.2 §2G1.1 §2G1.2 §2G1.3 §2G2.1 §2G2.2 §2G2.3 §2G2.4 §2G2.5 §2G3.1 §2G3.2 §2H1.1 §2H1.2 §2H1.3 §2H1.4 §2H1.5 §2H2.1 §2H3.1 §2H3.2 §2H3.3 §2H4.1 §2H4.2

Total
1 12 0 3 43 8 1 73 8 1 1 0 0 0 0 9 3 0 1 0 11 15 0 0 12 1 0 0 0 0 0 148 1 10 0 41 34 205 0 36 0 3 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 5 1 2 5 0

Within Guideline Range
0 6 0 1 21 6 1 69 8 1 1 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 1 0 7 8 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 57 1 9 0 28 21 126 0 20 0 1 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 5 1 2 2 0

Above Range with All Booker Others
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 3 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Government Sponsored Other §5K1.1 §5K3.1 Gov't
0 6 0 1 14 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 58 0 0 0 0 4 8 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 3 1 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

Below Range with All Booker Others
0 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 1 0 3 2 39 0 11 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Table 4 (cont.)
Upward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 11 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

14
Downward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 52 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15 100 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 15 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Guideline
§2J1.1 §2J1.2 §2J1.3 §2J1.4 §2J1.5 §2J1.6 §2J1.7 §2J1.8 §2J1.9 §2K1.1 §2K1.2 §2K1.3 §2K1.4 §2K1.5 §2K1.6 §2K1.7 §2K2.1 §2K2.2 §2K2.3 §2K2.4 §2K2.5 §2K2.6 §2K3.1 §2K3.2 §2L1.1 §2L1.2 §2L1.3 §2L2.1 §2L2.2 §2L2.3 §2L2.4 §2L2.5 §2M1.1 §2M2.1 §2M2.2 §2M2.3 §2M2.4 §2M3.1 §2M3.2 §2M3.3 §2M3.4 §2M3.5 §2M3.6 §2M3.7 §2M3.8 §2M3.9 §2M4.1 §2M5.1 §2M5.2 §2M5.3 §2M6.1 §2M6.2 §2N1.1 §2N1.2

Total
0 36 11 3 0 13 24 0 0 3 0 4 13 2 0 0 1,455 0 0 0 5 1 0 0 762 2,506 0 112 245 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 0 2 0 0 0

Within Guideline Range
0 19 7 3 0 12 14 0 0 3 0 3 8 2 0 0 1,034 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 427 1,463 0 78 219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0

Above Range with All Booker Others
0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 21 0 5 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Government Sponsored Other §5K1.1 §5K3.1 Gov't
0 8 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 130 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 41 17 0 7 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 188 664 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36 82 0 4 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Below Range with All Booker Others
0 4 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 118 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 22 111 0 10 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 10 16 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

Table 4 (cont.)
Upward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 61 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36

15
Downward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 0 2 0 8 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 426 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 246

Guideline
§2N1.3 §2N2.1 §2N3.1 §2P1.1 §2P1.2 §2P1.3 §2P1.4 §2Q1.1 §2Q1.2 §2Q1.3 §2Q1.4 §2Q1.5 §2Q1.6 §2Q2.1 §2Q2.2 §2R1.1 §2S1.1 §2S1.2 §2S1.3 §2S1.4 §2T1.1 §2T1.2 §2T1.3 §2T1.4 §2T1.5 §2T1.6 §2T1.7 §2T1.8 §2T1.9 §2T2.1 §2T2.2 §2T3.1 §2T3.2 §2T4.1 §2X1.1 §2X2.1 §2X3.1 §2X4.1 §2X5.1 §2X5.2 TOTAL
1

Total
1 8 0 51 24 1 0 0 7 10 0 0 0 17 0 4 206 4 58 0 102 0 0 20 0 2 0 1 4 0 0 5 0 0 54 0 29 94 0 7 15,073

Within Guideline Range
1 8 0 36 22 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 11 0 0 90 0 33 0 48 0 0 11 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 0 0 35 0 15 62 0 6 9,076

Above Range with All Booker Others
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 1 108 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13

Government Sponsored Other §5K1.1 §5K3.1 Gov't
0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 3 4 0 0 0 1 0 3 73 4 6 0 18 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 9 0 6 9 0 0 2,238 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1,201 0 0 0 6 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 8 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 4 0 0 456

Below Range with All Booker Others
0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 4 0 1 21 0 6 0 17 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 3 11 0 0 1,036 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 176

Of the 16,176 cases, 1,103 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing information needed to determine the relationship between the sentence imposed and the guideline range (455) or missing guideline applied (948). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 5 SENTENCES RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE 1 IN EACH OUTSIDE OF THE RANGE ATTRIBUTION CATEGORIES 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
Pursuant to a Plea Agreement
§5K1.1 Plea Agreement n % 1,593 26.0 1 0 1 0 0 1,592 1,592 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.0 2.8 0.0 0.0 39.9 69.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Plea w/ Departure Binding Plea Court §5K3.1 Plea Agreement Accepted by Court Finds Reasonable n % n % n % 1,170 19.1 506 8.3 295 4.8 1 1 0 0 0 1,169 28 1,141 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 29.3 1.2 93.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 32 10 4 18 0 474 55 196 223 0 0 0 0 0 14.5 16.1 11.1 16.5 0.0 11.9 2.4 16.1 45.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20 5 10 5 0 275 49 59 167 0 0 0 0 0 9.0 8.1 27.8 4.6 0.0 6.9 2.2 4.8 33.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

16

TOTAL Above Range Upward Departure From Guideline Range Upward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 Above Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range Government Sponsored Below Range §5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Other Government Sponsored Below Range Below Range Downward Departure From Guideline Range Downward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 Below Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range

TOTAL CASES 6,127 221 62 36 109 14 3,991 2,279 1,219 493 1,915 434 252 1,049 180

Plea Agreement States Gov't Will Not Oppose n % 40 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 40 15 2 23 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.7 0.2 4.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 5 (cont.)

17

TOTAL Above Range Upward Departure From Guideline Range Upward Departure With Booker / 18 U.S.C. § 3553 Above Guideline Range With Booker / 18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range Government Sponsored Below Range §5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Other Government Sponsored Below Range Below Range Downward Departure From Guideline Range Downward Departure With Booker / 18 U.S.C. § 3553 Below Guideline Range With Booker / 18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range
1

§5K1.1 Government Motion n % 594 9.7 0 0 0 0 0 594 594 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.9 26.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Pursuant to a Motion Not in a Plea Agreement §5K3.1 Other Defense Motion/ Government Government Government Motion Motion Did Not Object n % n % n % 47 0.8 174 2.8 488 8.0 0 0 0 0 0 47 3 44 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.1 3.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18 10 6 2 0 156 86 16 54 0 0 0 0 0 8.1 16.1 16.7 1.8 0.0 3.9 3.8 1.3 11.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4 1 3 0 0 134 49 53 32 350 123 68 145 14 1.8 1.6 8.3 0.0 0.0 3.4 2.2 4.3 6.5 18.3 28.3 27.0 13.8 7.8

Defense Motion/ Government Did Object n % 511 8.3 0 0 0 0 0 78 30 27 21 433 94 91 244 4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 1.3 2.2 4.3 22.6 21.7 36.1 23.3 2.2

Other than a Plea/Motion by Parties n % 892 14.6 106 21 21 64 0 123 64 20 39 663 125 139 394 5 48.0 33.9 58.3 58.7 0.0 3.1 2.8 1.6 7.9 34.6 28.8 55.2 37.6 2.8

No Information Available n % 812 13.3 59 15 10 20 14 156 108 14 34 597 103 57 279 158 26.7 24.2 27.8 18.3 100.0 3.9 4.7 1.1 6.9 31.2 23.7 22.6 26.6 87.8

Multiple attributions may be made on the SOR. Therefore, the numbers reported in this table may exceed the number of total cases. For example, among SORs with an attribution, 900 cases indicated more than one attribution. Note that only outside of the range cases are included in this table. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 6 §5K1.1 SUBSTANTIAL ASSISTANCE DEPARTURE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

18

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 2,131 2 0 4 0 0 35 2 1,362 7 1 198 0 0 24 236 5 19 11 19 48 28 2 2 59 14 2 20 4 3 2 1 21

Median Sentence in Months 36.0 --180.0 --43.0 -51.0 24.0 -41.0 --3.1 4.0 0.0 7.0 14.0 0.0 13.5 28.0 --12.0 96.0 -10.5 0.0 12.0 --0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 28.0 --51.5 --21.2 -39.0 18.0 -27.0 --12.5 12.0 24.0 8.0 10.0 10.0 19.5 23.5 --10.0 42.0 -13.0 16.5 21.6 --12.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 46.6 --17.2 --35.3 -42.1 50.0 -46.0 --80.5 79.6 100.0 50.0 48.6 100.0 52.0 44.5 --48.2 38.3 -63.5 100.0 68.4 --100.0

Of the 16,176 cases, 2,279 received a §5K1.1 substantial assistance departure. Of these, 2,161 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional 23 cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, one case was excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 2,137 cases, six were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (6). Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 7 §5K3.1 EARLY DISPOSITION PROGRAM DEPARTURE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

19

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 1,152 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 294 0 0 11 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 837 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1

Median Sentence in Months 21.0 -------13.0 --13.0 ------------24.0 ---------

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 8.0 -------10.0 --5.0 ------------7.0 ---------

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 27.8 -------40.0 --13.4 ------------26.0 ---------

Of the 16,176 cases, 1,219 received a §5K3.1 early disposition program departure. Of these, 1,157 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional zero cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, three cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 1,154 cases, two were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (2). Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 8 OTHER GOVERNMENT SPONSORED BELOW RANGE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

20

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 444 0 0 0 7 12 7 0 140 5 0 34 0 0 7 40 2 3 2 5 8 14 0 1 117 10 7 12 0 0 0 2 9

Median Sentence in Months 24.0 ---18.0 16.0 111.0 -63.0 30.0 -37.0 --4.0 4.4 -12.1 -0.0 2.6 97.5 --12.0 60.0 6.0 10.0 ----0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 11.0 ---24.0 7.0 31.0 -19.0 18.0 -13.0 --6.0 10.0 -10.0 -10.0 10.4 101.5 --6.0 28.5 9.0 11.4 ----6.3

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 33.2 ---60.9 40.7 29.3 -26.2 37.5 -21.5 --66.7 59.2 -43.2 -100.0 66.7 50.0 --25.0 30.2 51.4 40.6 ----100.0

Of the 16,176 cases, 493 received an other government sponsored downward departure. Of these, 447 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional two cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, one case was excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 444 cases, zero were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (0). Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 9 DOWNWARD DEPARTURES FROM GUIDELINE RANGE: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

21

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 407 0 0 0 1 2 10 0 125 2 0 56 0 1 10 36 2 3 0 7 5 3 0 2 116 12 1 1 2 0 0 0 10

Median Sentence in Months 24.0 -----27.0 -60.0 --37.0 --0.0 12.0 -16.0 -0.0 52.0 0.0 --22.0 83.5 ------0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 11.0 -----12.5 -17.4 --13.0 --10.0 10.0 -7.0 -12.0 26.0 15.0 --6.0 21.0 ------12.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 26.7 -----32.4 -23.1 --25.4 --99.9 57.9 -46.7 -100.0 33.3 99.8 --20.0 16.4 ------100.0

Of the 16,176 cases, 434 received a downward departure from the guideline range. Of these, 407 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional zero cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, zero cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 407 cases, zero were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (0). Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 10 DOWNWARD DEPARTURES WITH BOOKER /18 U.S.C. § 3553: DEGREE 1 OF DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

22

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 229 0 0 0 1 4 4 0 85 3 1 34 0 0 2 41 2 5 0 1 3 2 0 0 21 10 1 5 0 0 1 0 3

Median Sentence in Months 25.0 ----8.5 36.0 -66.0 36.0 -26.0 ---7.0 -15.0 --60.0 ---16.0 47.0 -48.0 ----0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 15.0 ----8.0 16.5 -22.2 12.0 -12.5 ---12.0 -9.0 --25.0 ---16.0 29.5 -15.0 ----10.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 35.4 ----57.7 27.7 -31.4 25.0 -24.7 ---59.5 -37.5 --33.3 ---41.5 41.8 -66.7 ----100.0

Of the 16,176 cases, 252 received a downward departure from the guideline range with Booker/1 8 U.S.C § 3553. Of these, 231 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional one case was also excluded from this table. Furthermore, one case was excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 229 cases, zero were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (0). Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 11 BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE WITH BOOKER /18 U.S.C. § 3553: DEGREE 1 OF DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

23

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 990 0 2 1 1 8 21 0 355 7 2 127 0 3 20 120 8 12 6 20 19 10 4 0 140 54 3 23 5 0 1 1 17

Median Sentence in Months 27.0 ----9.0 65.0 -63.0 18.0 -28.0 -0.0 0.5 4.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 4.0 29.0 0.0 -24.0 48.0 12.0 7.0 0.0 ---0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 12.0 ----9.0 16.0 -17.0 12.0 -12.0 -7.0 10.0 10.0 11.0 10.0 8.0 9.5 18.0 10.0 12.0 -10.0 24.5 12.0 9.0 6.0 ---10.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 32.7 ----41.7 20.5 -21.7 33.2 -25.0 -100.0 94.8 66.7 99.7 99.9 100.0 59.1 83.3 33.3 100.0 -27.4 35.1 49.9 50.0 100.0 ---100.0

Of the 16,176 cases, 1,049 were sentenced below the guideline range with Booker /18 U.S.C § 3553. Of these, 1,001 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional seven cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, two cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 992 cases, two were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (2). Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 12 ALL REMAINING BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

24

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 156 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 39 0 1 21 0 0 9 25 1 5 1 3 1 3 1 0 27 4 1 5 1 1 0 0 5

Median Sentence in Months 12.0 -------41.0 --12.0 --0.0 0.0 -0.0 -0.0 -108.0 --18.0 72.5 -18.0 ----0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 6.0 -------12.0 --8.0 --6.0 6.0 -6.0 -6.0 -21.0 --5.0 31.5 -4.6 ----6.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 49.3 -------29.2 --38.9 --100.0 100.0 -100.0 -100.0 -13.9 --28.3 39.6 -19.6 ----100.0

Of the 16,176 cases, 180 were otherwise sentenced below the guideline range. Of these, 162 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional four cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, one case was excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 157 cases, one was excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (1). Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 13 UPWARD DEPARTURES FROM GUIDELINE RANGE: DEGREE OF 1 INCREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

25

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 56 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 8 0 0 6 0 0 2 6 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 23 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 1

Median Sentence in Months 48.0 -------94.0 --93.5 ---42.0 -48.0 ------24.0 ---------

Median Increase in Months From Guideline Maximum 7.0 -------23.5 --8.5 ---17.5 -15.0 ------4.0 ---------

Median Percent Increase From Guideline Maximum 25.0 -------30.6 --14.7 ---60.1 -52.4 ------25.0 ---------

Of the 16,176 cases, 62 received an upward departure from the guideline range. Of these, 59 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a sentence of life, an additional one case was also excluded from this table. Furthermore, one case was excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 57 cases, one was excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (1). Note that the information presented in this table does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 14 UPWARD DEPARTURES WITH BOOKER /18 U.S.C. § 3553: DEGREE OF 1 INCREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

26

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 36 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 5 0 0 7 0 0 0 9 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 1

Median Sentence in Months 72.0 -------240.0 --48.0 ---48.0 --------66.0 168.0 --------

Median Increase in Months From Guideline Maximum 24.5 -------65.0 --9.0 ---15.0 --------31.0 48.0 --------

Median Percent Increase From Guideline Maximum 48.6 -------37.1 --29.7 ---76.5 --------97.3 41.0 --------

Of the 16,176 cases, 36 received an upward departure from the guideline range with Booker/ 18 U.S.C § 3553. Of these, 36 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a sentence of life, an additional zero cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, zero cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 36 cases, zero were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (0). Note that the information presented in this table does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 15 ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE WITH BOOKER /18 U.S.C. § 3553: DEGREE 1 OF INCREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

27

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 103 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 6 0 3 10 0 0 3 19 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 39 3 1 6 0 0 0 0 0

Median Sentence in Months 41.0 ---120.0 -120.0 -128.5 -12.0 108.0 --36.0 50.0 --------18.0 120.0 -30.0 ------

Median Increase in Months From Guideline Maximum 11.0 ---49.0 -45.0 -34.5 -6.0 9.0 --15.0 14.0 --------7.0 21.0 -7.5 ------

Median Percent Increase From Guideline Maximum 51.5 ---22.9 -43.0 -60.6 -99.8 41.3 --71.4 33.3 --------85.7 33.3 -33.3 ------

Of the 16,176 cases, 109 were sentenced above the guideline range with Booker /18 U.S.C § 3553. Of these, 105 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a sentence of life, an additional zero cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, two cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 103 cases, zero were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (0). Note that the information presented in this table does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 16 ALL REMAINING ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 INCREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

28

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Median Sentence in Months 60.0 ---------------------------------

Median Increase in Months From Guideline Maximum 14.0 ---------------------------------

Median Percent Increase From Guideline Maximum 22.4 ---------------------------------

Of the 16,176 cases, 14 were otherwise sentenced above the guideline range. Of these, 12 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a sentence of life, an additional zero cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, four cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining eight cases, zero were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing sentence information (0). Note that the information presented in this table does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 17 OFFENDERS RECEIVING SENTENCING OPTIONS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
TOTAL RECEIVING IMPRISONMENT Number Percent 14,215 89.0 15 100.0 19 100.0 13 100.0 49 89.1 93 85.3 294 98.3 11 84.6 5,502 97.4 53 79.1 58 42.6 1,689 93.7 7 100.0 10 71.4 174 44.7 1,224 71.7 55 54.5 178 74.2 29 65.9 72 56.7 152 83.1 126 92.6 1 5.9 8 50.0 3,693 97.4 314 97.2 76 95.0 153 73.9 9 29.0 3 75.0 4 80.0 8 61.5 123 34.8 TOTAL RECEIVING PROBATION Number Percent 1,750 11.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 6 10.9 16 14.7 5 1.7 2 15.4 146 2.6 14 20.9 78 57.4 113 6.3 0 0.0 4 28.6 215 55.3 483 28.3 46 45.5 62 25.8 15 34.1 55 43.3 31 16.9 10 7.4 16 94.1 8 50.0 99 2.6 9 2.8 4 5.0 54 26.1 22 71.0 1 25.0 1 20.0 5 38.5 230 65.2

29

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

TOTAL 15,965 15 19 13 55 109 299 13 5,648 67 136 1,802 7 14 389 1,707 101 240 44 127 183 136 17 16 3,792 323 80 207 31 4 5 13 353

Prison Only Number Percent 13,731 86.0 15 100.0 19 100.0 13 100.0 48 87.3 86 78.9 291 97.3 10 76.9 5,376 95.2 53 79.1 56 41.2 1,645 91.3 6 85.7 8 57.1 154 39.6 1,082 63.4 41 40.6 164 68.3 25 56.8 61 48.0 143 78.1 124 91.2 1 5.9 8 50.0 3,645 96.1 312 96.6 71 88.8 146 70.5 6 19.4 3 75.0 3 60.0 6 46.2 110 31.2

Prison/Community 2 Split Sentence Number Percent 484 3.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1.8 7 6.4 3 1.0 1 7.7 126 2.2 0 0.0 2 1.5 44 2.4 1 14.3 2 14.3 20 5.1 142 8.3 14 13.9 14 5.8 4 9.1 11 8.7 9 4.9 2 1.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 48 1.3 2 0.6 5 6.3 7 3.4 3 9.7 0 0.0 1 20.0 2 15.4 13 3.7

Probation and Confinement Number Percent 608 3.8 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 3.6 9 8.3 2 0.7 1 7.7 59 1.0 5 7.5 8 5.9 53 2.9 0 0.0 2 14.3 71 18.3 192 11.2 15 14.9 33 13.8 9 20.5 24 18.9 16 8.7 5 3.7 9 52.9 5 31.3 21 0.6 4 1.2 1 1.3 17 8.2 5 16.1 1 25.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 39 11.0

Probation Only Number Percent 1,142 7.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 4 7.3 7 6.4 3 1.0 1 7.7 87 1.5 9 13.4 70 51.5 60 3.3 0 0.0 2 14.3 144 37.0 291 17.0 31 30.7 29 12.1 6 13.6 31 24.4 15 8.2 5 3.7 7 41.2 3 18.8 78 2.1 5 1.5 3 3.8 37 17.9 17 54.8 0 0.0 1 20.0 5 38.5 191 54.1

Of the 16,176 cases, 211 were excluded due to one or more of the following reasons: the offender received neither imprisonment nor probation (89), missing primary offense category (85), or missing sentencing information (120). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. Prison/Community Split Sentence includes all cases in which offenders received prison and conditions of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1.

2

SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 18
1

30

AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
Mean Months
53.2 331.1 49.6 193.1 97.5 32.3 88.8 74.5 84.6 36.6 5.8 75.4 26.7 50.4 9.0 20.5 12.5 16.5 22.3 13.7 32.7 89.7 4.1 25.8 22.6 100.5 14.2 19.4 5.6 11.1 30.4 11.2 5.2

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

Median Months
30.0 470.0 42.0 228.0 51.0 19.0 70.0 60.0 60.0 36.0 0.0 51.0 22.0 14.0 4.0 10.0 4.0 12.0 12.0 10.0 21.0 60.0 6.0 9.0 18.0 78.0 12.0 12.0 0.0 10.2 10.0 0.0 0.0

Number
16,054 15 19 13 55 111 299 13 5,649 67 148 1,804 7 14 414 1,716 102 241 44 127 183 136 17 16 3,793 323 80 207 36 4 5 17 379

Of the 16,176 cases, 122 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense (85) or missing or indeterminable sentencing

information (120). Sentences of probation only are included in this table as zero months of imprisonment. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

31 Figure C AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR ALL CASES1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006) 80

60 Average (Mean)

40

4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

20 Average Sentence Average Sentence 0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

32 Figure D AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR §2B1.1 OFFENDERS1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006) 50 Average Sentence 40 Average Guideline Minimum

Average (Mean)

30

4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

20

10

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2B1.1. Additionally, cases with an amendment year prior to 2001 were excluded from this figure because prior to this time fraud cases were reported separately as USSG §2F1.1. Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

33 Figure E AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR §2K2.1 OFFENDERS1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006) 70

60

50 Average (Mean)
4/03 PROTECT Act Blakely Booker

40

30

20 Average Sentence 10 Average Guideline Minimum 0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2K2.1. Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

1

34 Figure F AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR §2L1.1 OFFENDERS1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006) 50 Average Sentence 40 Average Guideline Minimum

Average (Mean)

30

4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

20

10

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2L1.1. Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

35 Figure G AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR §2L1.2 OFFENDERS1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006) 50

40

Average (Mean)

30

20

4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

Average Sentence 10 Average Guideline Minimum

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2L2.1. Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

36 Figure H AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR §2D1.1 OFFENDERS1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006) 120

100

80 Average (Mean)

60
4/03 PROTECT Act Blakely Booker

40 Average Sentence 20 Average Guideline Minimum 0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2D1.1. Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

1

37 Figure I AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH FOR EACH DRUG TYPE1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006) 140 Crack Cocaine 120 Methamphetamine

100 Average (Mean)

80

Powder Cocaine Heroin

60 Marijuana

40

20

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Only cases sentenced under USSG §§2D1.1 (Drug Trafficking), 2D1.2 (Protected Locations), 2D1.5 (Continuing Criminal Enterprise), 2D1.6 (Use of Communication Facility), 2D1.8 (Rent/Manage Drug Establishment), or 2D2.1 (Simple Possession) are depicted in this figure. Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2D1.1. Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Table 19 WITHIN RANGE CASES: POSITION OF SENTENCE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
Guideline Minimum n %
4,557 3 1 4 12 27 95 7 1,814 9 38 580 1 3 157 522 50 78 7 30 41 20 6 7 792 88 25 52 10 0 0 8 70 58.5 50.0 7.7 66.7 40.0 54.0 51.4 87.5 72.0 81.8 63.3 56.3 14.3 37.5 68.0 57.0 70.4 47.0 41.2 60.0 57.7 48.8 85.7 87.5 42.7 59.1 45.5 51.0 90.9 --72.7 76.9

38

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

TOTAL
7,788 6 13 6 30 50 185 8 2,521 11 60 1,031 7 8 231 916 71 166 17 50 71 41 7 8 1,855 149 55 102 11 0 0 11 91

Lower Half of Range n %
1,258 1 3 2 2 5 37 1 342 1 10 145 2 3 24 139 15 22 4 8 14 10 1 0 417 13 10 15 1 0 0 2 9 16.2 16.7 23.1 33.3 6.7 10.0 20.0 12.5 13.6 9.1 16.7 14.1 28.6 37.5 10.4 15.2 21.1 13.3 23.5 16.0 19.7 24.4 14.3 0.0 22.5 8.7 18.2 14.7 9.1 --18.2 9.9

Midpoint of Range n %
609 0 2 0 2 6 18 0 128 0 3 96 1 0 17 60 1 21 2 4 3 4 0 1 220 9 4 5 0 0 0 0 2 7.8 0.0 15.4 0.0 6.7 12.0 9.7 0.0 5.1 0.0 5.0 9.3 14.3 0.0 7.4 6.6 1.4 12.7 11.8 8.0 4.2 9.8 0.0 12.5 11.9 6.0 7.3 4.9 0.0 --0.0 2.2

Upper Half of Range n %
565 1 1 0 5 5 19 0 91 0 3 67 1 1 11 86 1 10 2 4 9 1 0 0 215 13 2 14 0 0 0 0 3 7.3 16.7 7.7 0.0 16.7 10.0 10.3 0.0 3.6 0.0 5.0 6.5 14.3 12.5 4.8 9.4 1.4 6.0 11.8 8.0 12.7 2.4 0.0 0.0 11.6 8.7 3.6 13.7 0.0 --0.0 3.3

Guideline Maximum n %
799 1 6 0 9 7 16 0 146 1 6 143 2 1 22 109 4 35 2 4 4 6 0 0 211 26 14 16 0 0 0 1 7 10.3 16.7 46.2 0.0 30.0 14.0 8.6 0.0 5.8 9.1 10.0 13.9 28.6 12.5 9.5 11.9 5.6 21.1 11.8 8.0 5.6 14.6 0.0 0.0 11.4 17.4 25.5 15.7 0.0 --9.1 7.7

Of the 16,176 cases, 9,594 were sentenced within the applicable guideline range. Of those, 8,659 had complete guideline application information. An additional 496 cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 8,163 cases, 375 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (0) or missing point in range information (375). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

39 Figure J DISTRIBUTION OF OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

Larceny 2.6% Other White Collar 4.4%

Other 9.2%

Drug Type
Fraud 10.8% Powder Cocaine 23.7%

Drugs 36.0%

Crack Cocaine 21.1% Heroin 4.9% Marijuana 25.9%

Methamphetamine 20.4% Other 4.0% Immigration 23.8%

Firearms 11.3%
1

Robbery 1.9%

Of the 16,176 guideline cases, 85 were excluded due to missing primary offense category. An additional 130 of the 5,876 drug cases were excluded due to missing drug type. The Drug category includes the following offense types: Trafficking, Use of a Communication Facility, and Simple Possession. The Non-Fraud White Collar category includes the following offense types: Embezzlement, Forgery/Counterfeiting, Bribery, Money Laundering, and Tax. Descriptions of variables used in this figure are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

40 Table 20 GUIDELINE OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

Number 16,091 15 19 13 55 112 300 13 5,660 68 148 1,806 7 14 416 1,720 102 243 44 127 183 136 17 16 3,804 324 81 207 36 4 5 17 379

Percent 100.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.7 1.9 0.1 35.2 0.4 0.9 11.2 0.0 0.1 2.6 10.7 0.6 1.5 0.3 0.8 1.1 0.8 0.1 0.1 23.6 2.0 0.5 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.4

Of the 16,176 cases, 85 were excluded due to missing information on primary offense category. Descriptions of variables used in

this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

41 Table 21 GUILTY PLEAS AND TRIALS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
PLEA
PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

TRIAL
Percent
96.0 60.0 84.2 76.9 85.5 89.3 94.3 84.6 96.0 100.0 98.0 93.1 85.7 92.9 97.8 95.7 98.0 98.4 95.5 92.9 92.9 89.7 100.0 100.0 98.8 94.4 96.3 91.3 97.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 95.3

TOTAL
16,090 15 19 13 55 112 300 13 5,660 68 148 1,806 7 14 416 1,719 102 243 44 127 183 136 17 16 3,804 324 81 207 36 4 5 17 379

Number
15,453 9 16 10 47 100 283 11 5,434 68 145 1,682 6 13 407 1,645 100 239 42 118 170 122 17 16 3,758 306 78 189 35 4 5 17 361

Number
637 6 3 3 8 12 17 2 226 0 3 124 1 1 9 74 2 4 2 9 13 14 0 0 46 18 3 18 1 0 0 0 18

Percent
4.0 40.0 15.8 23.1 14.5 10.7 5.7 15.4 4.0 0.0 2.0 6.9 14.3 7.1 2.2 4.3 2.0 1.6 4.5 7.1 7.1 10.3 0.0 0.0 1.2 5.6 3.7 8.7 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.7

Of the 16,176 cases, 86 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (85) or missing information on mode of conviction (85). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

42 Table 22 AGE, RACE, AND GENDER OF OFFENDERS1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

White Gender and Age Males Under 21 21 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 35 36 - 40 41 - 50 Over 50 n 3,685 89 428 511 537 487 926 707 % 100.0 2.4 11.6 13.9 14.6 13.2 25.1 19.2

Black n 3,276 95 628 783 709 430 444 187 % 100.0 2.9 19.2 23.9 21.6 13.1 13.6 5.7

Hispanic n 5,757 303 1,027 1,274 1,123 849 905 276 % 100.0 5.3 17.8 22.1 19.5 14.7 15.7 4.8

Other n 499 25 94 94 84 68 95 39 % 100.0 5.0 18.8 18.8 16.8 13.6 19.0 7.8

Females Under 21 21 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 35 36 - 40 41 - 50 Over 50
1

854 21 131 129 124 121 215 113

100.0 2.5 15.3 15.1 14.5 14.2 25.2 13.2

500 14 88 92 74 81 94 57

100.0 2.8 17.6 18.4 14.8 16.2 18.8 11.4

578 39 107 104 111 81 102 34

100.0 6.7 18.5 18.0 19.2 14.0 17.6 5.9

110 2 15 23 20 12 24 14

100.0 1.8 13.6 20.9 18.2 10.9 21.8 12.7

Of the 16,176 cases, 917 were excluded due to one or more of the following reasons: missing race (805), missing gender (517), or missing age (255).

Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

43 Table 23 DOCUMENT SUBMISSION RATE OF EACH CIRCUIT AND DISTRICT1 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)
Total Requested Documents
CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

Judgment and Commitment Order
Received n %
16,065 143 143 348 38 124 45 114 27 883 76 265 85 243 184 30 681 10 205 154 157 127 28 1,510 163 153 106 141 301 385 114 78 69 99.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 99.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7 99.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Statement of Reasons
Received n %
15,664 142 142 345 38 123 44 114 26 876 76 265 82 239 184 30 674 10 204 148 157 127 28 1,428 150 151 106 139 296 325 114 78 69 96.8 99.3 99.3 99.1 100.0 99.2 97.8 100.0 96.3 99.2 100.0 100.0 96.5 98.4 100.0 100.0 98.8 100.0 99.5 95.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 94.3 92.0 98.7 100.0 98.6 98.0 83.5 100.0 100.0 100.0

Number of Cases
16,176 143 143 348 38 124 45 114 27 883 76 265 85 243 184 30 682 10 205 155 157 127 28 1,515 163 153 106 141 302 389 114 78 69

Received n %
75,116 701 701 1,579 166 540 218 530 125 4,186 376 1,289 393 1,089 889 150 3,265 49 999 720 777 590 130 6,956 754 701 511 658 1,400 1,651 559 385 337 98.1 99.9 99.9 99.2 99.4 99.1 98.2 100.0 98.4 99.2 100.0 99.9 97.8 98.8 99.0 100.0 99.0 100.0 98.7 98.0 100.0 99.2 99.2 97.7 97.8 99.7 99.4 99.4 98.9 93.3 100.0 99.7 100.0

Not Received n %
1,465 1 1 12 1 5 4 0 2 32 0 1 9 13 9 0 34 0 13 15 0 5 1 161 17 2 3 4 15 119 0 1 0 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.8 0.0 1.6 0.8 0.0 0.1 2.2 1.2 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.3 2.0 0.0 0.8 0.8 2.3 2.2 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.1 6.7 0.0 0.3 0.0

Not Received n %
111 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Not Received n %
512 1 1 3 0 1 1 0 1 7 0 0 3 4 0 0 8 0 1 7 0 0 0 87 13 2 0 2 6 64 0 0 0 3.2 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.0 0.8 2.2 0.0 3.7 0.8 0.0 0.0 3.5 1.6 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.5 4.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.7 8.0 1.3 0.0 1.4 2.0 16.5 0.0 0.0 0.0

44 Table 23 (cont.)

Plea Agreement2
CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

Indictment/Information
Received n
15,915 143 143 347 38 124 44 114 27 874 76 265 84 241 178 30 667 10 198 150 157 124 28 1,473 161 153 105 141 300 352 114 78 69

Presentence Report
Received n %
15,415 142 142 336 38 122 45 104 27 853 76 264 79 240 164 30 672 10 202 153 156 123 28 1,408 150 144 99 139 296 322 114 78 66 95.3 99.3 99.3 96.6 100.0 98.4 100.0 91.2 100.0 96.6 100.0 99.6 92.9 98.8 89.1 100.0 98.5 100.0 98.5 98.7 99.4 96.9 100.0 92.9 92.0 94.1 93.4 98.6 98.0 82.8 100.0 100.0 95.7

Received n
12,057 131 131 203 14 47 40 84 18 700 72 230 63 126 179 30 571 9 190 115 150 89 18 1,137 130 100 95 98 207 267 103 73 64

Not Received n
367 0 0 8 1 4 2 0 1 9 0 1 2 5 1 0 7 0 3 1 0 2 1 18 0 0 1 1 4 11 0 1 0

No Written Plea/Trial n
3,603 12 12 132 23 71 3 27 8 162 4 33 19 102 4 0 100 1 11 38 7 34 9 342 29 50 10 40 87 107 11 4 4

Not Received n
261 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 9 0 0 1 2 6 0 15 0 7 5 0 3 0 42 2 0 1 0 2 37 0 0 0

%
75.2 91.6 91.6 59.2 36.8 38.5 88.9 75.7 66.7 80.4 94.7 87.1 75.0 54.1 97.3 100.0 84.2 90.0 93.1 74.7 95.5 71.2 64.3 76.0 81.8 66.7 89.6 70.5 69.5 69.4 90.4 93.6 94.1

%
2.3 0.0 0.0 2.3 2.6 3.3 4.4 0.0 3.7 1.0 0.0 0.4 2.4 2.1 0.5 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.5 0.6 0.0 1.6 3.6 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.7 1.3 2.9 0.0 1.3 0.0

%
22.5 8.4 8.4 38.5 60.5 58.2 6.7 24.3 29.6 18.6 5.3 12.5 22.6 43.8 2.2 0.0 14.7 10.0 5.4 24.7 4.5 27.2 32.1 22.8 18.2 33.3 9.4 28.8 29.2 27.8 9.6 5.1 5.9

%
98.4 100.0 100.0 99.7 100.0 100.0 97.8 100.0 100.0 99.0 100.0 100.0 98.8 99.2 96.7 100.0 97.8 100.0 96.6 96.8 100.0 97.6 100.0 97.2 98.8 100.0 99.1 100.0 99.3 90.5 100.0 100.0 100.0

%
1.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.8 3.3 0.0 2.2 0.0 3.4 3.2 0.0 2.4 0.0 2.8 1.2 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.7 9.5 0.0 0.0 0.0

Not Received n %
214 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 3 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 0 0 0 9 2 0 1 1 2 3 0 0 0 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 3.5 0.8 1.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 1.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.2 0.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0

Waived n %
547 1 1 12 0 2 0 10 0 23 0 1 3 1 18 0 7 0 1 1 1 4 0 98 11 9 6 1 4 64 0 0 3 3.4 0.7 0.7 3.4 0.0 1.6 0.0 8.8 0.0 2.6 0.0 0.4 3.5 0.4 9.8 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 3.1 0.0 6.5 6.7 5.9 5.7 0.7 1.3 16.5 0.0 0.0 4.3

45 Table 23 (cont.)
Total Requested Documents
CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

Judgment and Commitment Order
Received n %
3,367 84 45 117 33 108 280 233 1,279 1,188 1,252 144 79 203 115 263 129 116 74 129 722 62 203 101 101 85 116 54 1,160 63 43 144 83 98 225 182 170 36 116 99.5 85.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.6 100.0 99.9 99.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7 100.0 99.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.6 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Statement of Reasons
Received n %
3,362 97 45 116 32 107 281 232 1,277 1,175 1,229 144 78 202 112 262 121 115 66 129 718 62 199 101 101 85 116 54 1,155 63 43 144 83 97 222 182 170 36 115 99.3 99.0 100.0 99.1 97.0 99.1 100.0 99.6 99.8 98.7 98.2 100.0 98.7 99.5 97.4 99.6 93.8 99.1 89.2 100.0 99.2 100.0 97.1 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.0 98.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.1

Number of Cases
3,385 98 45 117 33 108 281 233 1,280 1,190 1,252 144 79 203 115 263 129 116 74 129 724 62 205 101 101 85 116 54 1,161 63 43 144 83 98 226 182 170 36 116

Received n %
15,470 392 219 567 162 527 1,365 1,080 5,907 5,251 5,907 696 341 980 542 1,239 623 528 346 612 3,473 287 963 488 490 415 569 261 5,510 297 210 663 385 478 1,115 828 838 163 533 98.9 87.3 100.0 99.8 98.2 99.2 99.6 99.9 99.4 98.7 98.8 99.7 98.6 99.6 97.8 98.0 98.6 98.9 97.2 99.8 99.3 100.0 98.1 99.8 100.0 100.0 99.8 98.5 99.5 99.0 99.1 99.8 99.0 99.8 99.4 99.4 100.0 99.4 98.9

Not Received n %
172 57 0 1 3 4 5 1 33 68 74 2 5 4 12 25 9 6 10 1 25 0 19 1 0 0 1 4 30 3 2 1 4 1 7 5 0 1 6 1.1 12.7 0.0 0.2 1.8 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.6 1.3 1.2 0.3 1.4 0.4 2.2 2.0 1.4 1.1 2.8 0.2 0.7 0.0 1.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.5 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.6 1.1

Not Received n %
18 14 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.5 14.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Not Received n %
23 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 3 15 23 0 1 1 3 1 8 1 8 0 6 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 1 0.7 1.0 0.0 0.9 3.0 0.9 0.0 0.4 0.2 1.3 1.8 0.0 1.3 0.5 2.6 0.4 6.2 0.9 10.8 0.0 0.8 0.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9

46 Table 23 (cont.)
Plea Agreement2
CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

Indictment/Information
Received n
3,355 84 45 117 32 107 280 233 1,276 1,181 1,244 143 79 203 113 261 129 114 73 129 720 62 204 101 101 85 116 51 1,154 63 41 143 82 98 226 180 170 36 115

Presentence Report
Received n %
3,278 84 45 112 33 108 279 232 1,258 1,127 1,201 142 57 202 109 262 125 115 63 126 720 62 204 99 101 85 116 53 1,145 62 42 142 80 91 225 182 170 36 115 96.8 85.7 100.0 95.7 100.0 100.0 99.3 99.6 98.3 94.7 95.9 98.6 72.2 99.5 94.8 99.6 96.9 99.1 85.1 97.7 99.4 100.0 99.5 98.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.1 98.6 98.4 97.7 98.6 96.4 92.9 99.6 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.1

Received n
2,108 43 39 105 32 97 245 150 817 580 981 123 48 170 93 191 119 68 70 99 593 39 153 86 86 75 105 49 896 46 41 90 57 94 217 102 158 19 72

Not Received n
80 14 0 0 1 2 2 0 23 38 37 1 4 3 3 21 1 2 1 1 12 0 9 1 0 0 1 1 12 2 0 0 2 0 1 3 0 1 3

No Written Plea/Trial n
1,182 40 6 11 0 9 34 83 435 564 228 19 24 30 19 50 9 46 3 28 118 23 42 14 15 10 10 4 251 15 2 54 23 4 8 77 12 16 40

Not Received n
30 14 0 0 1 1 1 0 4 9 8 1 0 0 2 2 0 2 1 0 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 3 7 0 2 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 1

%
62.6 44.3 86.7 90.5 97.0 89.8 87.2 64.4 64.1 49.1 78.7 86.0 63.2 83.7 80.9 72.9 92.2 58.6 94.6 77.3 82.0 62.9 75.0 85.1 85.1 88.2 90.5 90.7 77.3 73.0 95.3 62.5 69.5 95.9 96.0 56.0 92.9 52.8 62.6

%
2.4 14.4 0.0 0.0 3.0 1.9 0.7 0.0 1.8 3.2 3.0 0.7 5.3 1.5 2.6 8.0 0.8 1.7 1.4 0.8 1.7 0.0 4.4 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 1.9 1.0 3.2 0.0 0.0 2.4 0.0 0.4 1.6 0.0 2.8 2.6

%
35.1 41.2 13.3 9.5 0.0 8.3 12.1 35.6 34.1 47.7 18.3 13.3 31.6 14.8 16.5 19.1 7.0 39.7 4.1 21.9 16.3 37.1 20.6 13.9 14.9 11.8 8.6 7.4 21.7 23.8 4.7 37.5 28.0 4.1 3.5 42.3 7.1 44.4 34.8

%
99.1 85.7 100.0 100.0 97.0 99.1 99.6 100.0 99.7 99.2 99.4 99.3 100.0 100.0 98.3 99.2 100.0 98.3 98.6 100.0 99.4 100.0 99.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 94.4 99.4 100.0 95.3 99.3 98.8 100.0 100.0 98.9 100.0 100.0 99.1

%
0.9 14.3 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.8 0.0 1.7 1.4 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.6 0.6 0.0 4.7 0.7 1.2 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.9

Not Received n %
21 14 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 4 6 0 0 0 4 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.6 14.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5 0.4 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.6 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9

Waived n %
86 0 0 5 0 0 1 1 20 59 45 2 22 1 2 0 4 0 11 3 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 12 0 1 2 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 2.5 0.0 0.0 4.3 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 1.6 5.0 3.6 1.4 27.8 0.5 1.7 0.0 3.1 0.0 14.9 2.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 1.0 0.0 2.3 1.4 2.4 7.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

47 Table 23 (cont.)
Total Requested Documents
CIRCUIT District
NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

Judgment and Commitment Order
Received n %
2,875 29 868 265 219 125 626 5 84 47 91 148 3 107 94 164 1,456 142 186 646 18 53 73 252 86 1,668 56 116 73 425 108 496 134 147 113 97.2 100.0 99.9 79.8 99.5 100.0 98.6 100.0 100.0 97.9 100.0 99.3 100.0 98.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.6 100.0 100.0 100.0

Statement of Reasons
Received n %
2,701 25 846 159 218 123 594 5 82 47 85 147 3 109 94 164 1,423 137 184 641 18 53 52 252 86 1,611 56 116 73 425 103 473 105 147 113 91.3 86.2 97.4 47.9 99.1 98.4 93.5 100.0 97.6 97.9 93.4 98.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 97.7 96.5 98.9 99.2 100.0 100.0 71.2 100.0 100.0 96.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 95.4 95.0 78.4 100.0 100.0

Number of Cases
2,957 29 869 332 220 125 635 5 84 48 91 149 3 109 94 164 1,456 142 186 646 18 53 73 252 86 1,670 56 116 73 425 108 498 134 147 113

Received n %
13,644 130 4,230 1,159 1,062 585 2,954 23 376 230 426 705 14 528 438 784 6,845 685 904 2,997 78 246 293 1,231 411 7,580 274 551 344 1,897 500 2,273 564 709 468 95.3 97.0 99.2 72.0 99.3 97.7 96.5 100.0 96.9 97.9 98.2 99.2 100.0 98.9 98.4 99.4 98.8 98.4 99.1 99.4 98.7 99.2 87.7 100.0 100.0 97.7 99.6 99.6 99.7 96.1 98.8 98.1 93.5 99.7 99.2

Not Received n %
667 4 36 450 7 14 107 0 12 5 8 6 0 6 7 5 81 11 8 18 1 2 41 0 0 176 1 2 1 78 6 43 39 2 4 4.7 3.0 0.8 28.0 0.7 2.3 3.5 0.0 3.1 2.1 1.8 0.8 0.0 1.1 1.6 0.6 1.2 1.6 0.9 0.6 1.3 0.8 12.3 0.0 0.0 2.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 3.9 1.2 1.9 6.5 0.3 0.8

Not Received n %
82 0 1 67 1 0 9 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2.8 0.0 0.1 20.2 0.5 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.0 0.7 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0

Not Received n %
256 4 23 173 2 2 41 0 2 1 6 2 0 0 0 0 33 5 2 5 0 0 21 0 0 59 0 0 0 0 5 25 29 0 0 8.7 13.8 2.6 52.1 0.9 1.6 6.5 0.0 2.4 2.1 6.6 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 3.5 1.1 0.8 0.0 0.0 28.8 0.0 0.0 3.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.6 5.0 21.6 0.0 0.0

48 Table 23 (cont.)
Plea Agreement2
CIRCUIT District
NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

Indictment/Information
Received n
2,852 29 865 255 219 121 622 5 82 48 90 149 3 107 93 164 1,449 141 185 642 18 53 72 252 86 1,637 55 116 73 394 108 497 134 147 113

Presentence Report
Received n %
2,718 28 854 268 219 112 542 5 74 47 90 143 3 102 93 138 1,411 135 185 645 18 52 54 239 83 1,531 56 109 70 393 107 479 105 146 66 91.9 96.6 98.3 80.7 99.5 89.6 85.4 100.0 88.1 97.9 98.9 96.0 100.0 93.6 98.9 84.1 96.9 95.1 99.5 99.8 100.0 98.1 74.0 94.8 96.5 91.7 100.0 94.0 95.9 92.5 99.1 96.2 78.4 99.3 58.4

Received n
2,498 19 797 212 187 104 570 3 54 41 70 118 2 103 64 154 1,106 130 164 423 6 35 42 236 70 1,133 51 94 55 260 74 328 86 122 63

Not Received n
116 0 6 75 2 4 7 0 5 3 0 3 0 0 6 5 27 4 4 9 1 1 8 0 0 41 0 1 0 15 1 14 4 2 4

No Written Plea/Trial n
329 10 61 44 31 15 56 2 25 4 20 28 1 6 23 3 311 8 18 211 11 17 19 12 15 436 5 18 15 134 33 139 34 23 35

Not Received n
105 0 4 77 1 4 13 0 2 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 7 1 1 4 0 0 1 0 0 33 1 0 0 31 0 1 0 0 0

%
84.9 65.5 92.2 64.0 85.0 84.6 90.0 60.0 64.3 85.4 77.8 79.2 66.7 94.5 68.8 95.1 76.6 91.5 88.2 65.8 33.3 66.0 60.9 95.2 82.4 70.4 91.1 83.2 78.6 63.6 68.5 68.2 69.4 83.0 61.8

%
3.9 0.0 0.7 22.7 0.9 3.3 1.1 0.0 6.0 6.3 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 6.5 3.1 1.9 2.8 2.2 1.4 5.6 1.9 11.6 0.0 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.9 0.0 3.7 0.9 2.9 3.2 1.4 3.9

%
11.2 34.5 7.1 13.3 14.1 12.2 8.8 40.0 29.8 8.3 22.2 18.8 33.3 5.5 24.7 1.9 21.5 5.6 9.7 32.8 61.1 32.1 27.5 4.8 17.6 27.1 8.9 15.9 21.4 32.8 30.6 28.9 27.4 15.6 34.3

%
96.4 100.0 99.5 76.8 99.5 96.8 98.0 100.0 97.6 100.0 98.9 100.0 100.0 98.2 98.9 100.0 99.5 99.3 99.5 99.4 100.0 100.0 98.6 100.0 100.0 98.0 98.2 100.0 100.0 92.7 100.0 99.8 100.0 100.0 100.0

%
3.6 0.0 0.5 23.2 0.5 3.2 2.0 0.0 2.4 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 1.8 1.1 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 2.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 7.3 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Not Received n %
108 0 2 58 1 4 37 0 3 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 14 1 1 0 0 1 11 0 0 41 0 1 1 32 0 1 6 0 0 3.7 0.0 0.2 17.5 0.5 3.2 5.8 0.0 3.6 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.0 0.0 1.9 15.1 0.0 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.9 1.4 7.5 0.0 0.2 4.5 0.0 0.0

Waived n %
131 1 13 6 0 9 56 0 7 1 0 6 0 5 1 26 31 6 0 1 0 0 8 13 3 98 0 6 2 0 1 18 23 1 47 4.4 3.4 1.5 1.8 0.0 7.2 8.8 0.0 8.3 2.1 0.0 4.0 0.0 4.6 1.1 15.9 2.1 4.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 11.0 5.2 3.5 5.9 0.0 5.2 2.7 0.0 0.9 3.6 17.2 0.7 41.6

1

Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A.

2

The figures presented in this table regarding Plea Agreement Submission exclude from the analysis 149 cases for which the Commission was unable to determine definitively whether the defendant's guilty plea was entered pursuant to a written plea agreement. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

49 Table 24 RATE OF SUBMISSION OF STATEMENT OF REASONS FORM IN EACH CIRCUIT AND DISTRICT 1st Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006)

CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

Form AO 245B1 Total
16,176 143 143 348 38 124 45 114 27 883 76 265 85 243 184 30 682 10 205 155 157 127 28 1,515 163 153 106 141 302 389 114 78 69

Other Forms2
%
83.4 94.4 94.4 98.0 97.4 97.6 97.8 99.1 96.3 87.1 98.7 65.7 96.5 92.2 100.0 100.0 73.8 100.0 21.5 91.0 98.7 98.4 100.0 73.8 85.9 96.7 100.0 92.9 98.7 11.8 100.0 92.3 91.3

No Form Received
%
13.5 5.6 5.6 1.1 2.6 1.6 0.0 0.9 0.0 12.3 1.3 34.3 0.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 25.1 0.0 78.0 4.5 1.3 1.6 0.0 21.0 9.8 2.0 0.0 5.7 0.0 71.7 0.0 7.7 8.7

n
13,491 135 135 341 37 121 44 113 26 769 75 174 82 224 184 30 503 10 44 141 155 125 28 1,118 140 148 106 131 298 46 114 72 63

n
2,191 8 8 4 1 2 0 1 0 109 1 91 0 17 0 0 171 0 160 7 2 2 0 318 16 3 0 8 0 279 0 6 6

n
494 0 0 3 0 1 1 0 1 5 0 0 3 2 0 0 8 0 1 7 0 0 0 79 7 2 0 2 4 64 0 0 0

%
3.1 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.8 2.2 0.0 3.7 0.6 0.0 0.0 3.5 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.5 4.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.2 4.3 1.3 0.0 1.4 1.3 16.5 0.0 0.0 0.0

50 Table 24 (cont.)

CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

Form AO 245B Total
3,385 98 45 117 33 108 281 233 1,280 1,190 1,252 144 79 203 115 263 129 116 74 129 724 62 205 101 101 85 116 54 1,161 63 43 144 83 98 226 182 170 36 116

1

Other Forms
%
79.3 98.0 100.0 90.6 97.0 96.3 96.8 98.3 99.6 44.2 80.5 99.3 98.7 33.0 91.3 98.5 67.4 98.3 40.5 96.9 72.4 95.2 27.3 100.0 94.1 100.0 82.8 59.3 82.6 98.4 97.7 100.0 97.6 84.7 94.7 7.7 100.0 97.2 98.3

2

No Form Received
%
20.1 1.0 0.0 8.5 0.0 2.8 3.2 1.3 0.3 54.5 17.7 0.7 0.0 66.5 6.1 1.1 26.4 0.9 48.6 3.1 26.8 4.8 69.8 0.0 5.9 0.0 17.2 40.7 16.9 1.6 2.3 0.0 2.4 14.3 3.5 92.3 0.0 2.8 0.9

n
2,685 96 45 106 32 104 272 229 1,275 526 1,008 143 78 67 105 259 87 114 30 125 524 59 56 101 95 85 96 32 959 62 42 144 81 83 214 14 170 35 114

n
679 1 0 10 0 3 9 3 4 649 221 1 0 135 7 3 34 1 36 4 194 3 143 0 6 0 20 22 196 1 1 0 2 14 8 168 0 1 1

n
21 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 15 23 0 1 1 3 1 8 1 8 0 6 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 1

%
0.6 1.0 0.0 0.9 3.0 0.9 0.0 0.4 0.1 1.3 1.8 0.0 1.3 0.5 2.6 0.4 6.2 0.9 10.8 0.0 0.8 0.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9

51 Table 24 (cont.)

CIRCUIT District
NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

Form AO 245B Total
2,957 29 869 332 220 125 635 5 84 48 91 149 3 109 94 164 1,456 142 186 646 18 53 73 252 86 1,670 56 116 73 425 108 498 134 147 113

1

Other Forms
%
84.2 86.2 85.4 44.6 98.6 95.2 92.9 100.0 88.1 97.9 93.4 99.3 100.0 33.9 93.6 99.4 96.1 94.4 98.4 99.2 100.0 100.0 61.6 95.2 98.8 93.4 100.0 100.0 93.2 98.6 94.4 94.2 59.0 93.2 100.0

2

No Form Received
%
7.2 0.0 12.1 3.3 0.9 3.2 0.6 0.0 9.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 66.1 6.4 0.6 1.8 3.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.6 4.8 1.2 3.1 0.0 0.0 6.8 1.4 0.9 0.8 19.4 6.8 0.0

n
2,491 25 742 148 217 119 590 5 74 47 85 148 3 37 88 163 1,399 134 183 641 18 53 45 240 85 1,559 56 116 68 419 102 469 79 137 113

n
213 0 105 11 2 4 4 0 8 0 0 0 0 72 6 1 26 5 1 0 0 0 7 12 1 52 0 0 5 6 1 4 26 10 0

n
253 4 22 173 1 2 41 0 2 1 6 1 0 0 0 0 31 3 2 5 0 0 21 0 0 59 0 0 0 0 5 25 29 0 0

%
8.6 13.8 2.5 52.1 0.5 1.6 6.5 0.0 2.4 2.1 6.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 2.1 1.1 0.8 0.0 0.0 28.8 0.0 0.0 3.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.6 5.0 21.6 0.0 0.0

1

Cases included in this category are those in which the court submitted Form AO 245B (Revision 06/05) to the Commission. Only cases in which all four pages

of this form were submitted with no deletions or substantive changes are included in this category. Form AO 245B was approved by the Executive Committee of the Judicial Conference of the United States in June 2005.
2

Cases are included in this category for one or more of the following reasons: one or more pages of Form AO 245B (Revision 06/05) were missing; deletions or

substantive changes were made in Form AO 245B (Revision 06/05) that prevented the USSC from collecting the information required to be submitted by 18 U.S.C. § 3553(c); the outdated version of Form AO 245B was submitted; or a unique, district created or modified form was submitted. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2006).

Appendix A Descriptions of Datafiles and Variables
Introduction Federal courts are required to forward to the Commission sentencing documentation on all offenders sentenced under the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 (SRA), except in cases that solely involve petty offenses. Standard information on each case is extracted from sentencing documents received and computerized for analysis. Given the nature of the datafile and reporting requirements, the following are not included: cases initiated but for which no convictions were obtained, offenders convicted for whom no sentences were yet issued, and offenders sentenced but for whom no sentencing documents were submitted to the Commission. Because the Commission collects information only on cases sentenced under the guidelines, information on cases sentenced under prior law (pre-guidelines) during the current fiscal year is not available in this dataset. When cases are sentenced under both prior law and the guidelines, only the guideline relevant information is coded in the dataset. Note that for all tables, total percentages may not add up to exactly 100 percent due to rounding. Variables The following section describes the variables used in this report. Above Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Above Guideline Range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 consist of cases sentenced above the guideline range in which no departure was indicated and in which the court cited U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as one of the reasons for sentencing of the guideline system. Age The Age of the offender on the day of sentencing is calculated using the offender’s date of birth as reported in the Pre-sentence Report and the date of sentencing as reported in the Judgment of Conviction order. All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range consist of cases sentenced above the guideline range that could not be classified into any of the other three above the range categories. This category includes cases in which no reason was provided for a sentence above the guideline range. All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range consist of cases sentenced below the guideline range that could not be classified into any of the other three below the range categories. This category includes cases in which no reason was provided for a sentence below the guideline range. Average Sentence Length Using sentencing information obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order, Average Sentence Length is reported as the mean and median terms of imprisonment (including any months of alternative confinement as defined in §5C1.1) ordered for cases committed to the Bureau of Prisons. Cases that receive no term of imprisonment (i.e. probation) are also included in the average. Cases for which a term of imprisonment is ordered but the length is indeterminable also are excluded. In most cases for which

the exact term is unknown, the Judgment of Conviction order merely specifies a sentence of time served. Prior to fiscal year 1993, the Commission defined life sentences as 360 months. However, to reflect life expectancy of federal criminal offenders more precisely and to provide more accurate length of imprisonment information, life sentences are now defined as 470 months. Below Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Below Guideline Range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 consist of cases sentenced below the guideline range in which no departure was indicated and in which the court cited U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as one of the reasons for sentencing of the guideline system. Circuit Information on judicial Circuit is generated by computer using the location of the judicial district in which the offender was sentenced. Citizenship Status Information on the Citizenship Status of offenders is obtained from the Presentence Report. Offenders are categorized as one of the following: “U.S. citizen,” “resident alien,” “illegal alien,” and “non-U.S. citizen, alien status unknown.” The latter three categories are collapsed into the category of “non-U.S. citizen.” Degree of Decrease Degree of Decrease is calculated based on the difference between the length of imprisonment (not including any months of alternative confinement as defined in §5C1.1) and the guideline minimum for the following categories of below range cases: departures below the guideline range, departures below the guideline range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553, below the guideline range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553, all other below range cases, §5K1.1 substantial assistance cases, and §5K3.1 early disposition program cases, and other government sponsored cases. Life sentences, and cases where the guideline minimum is zero months or life are all excluded from all degree of decrease calculations due to the logical difficulty in calculating a decrease from these values. Degree of Increase Degree of Increase is calculated based on the difference between the guideline maximum and the length of imprisonment (not including any months of alternative confinement as defined in §5C1.1) for the following categories of above range cases: departures above the guideline range, departures above the guideline range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553, above the guideline range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553, and all other above range cases. Life sentences, sentences of probation, and cases where the guideline minimum is life are all excluded from all degree of increase calculations due to the logical difficulty in calculating an increase from these values. District Information on the judicial District in which sentencing occurred is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order. Document Submission Rates Five documents are represented in the document submission rate table: Judgment of Conviction order (J&C), Presentence Report (PSR), Statement of Reasons (SOR), Indictment/Information (Ind), and Plea Agreements (Plea). The J&C and PSR generally are submitted in a standardized format. PSRs waived by the court are indicated in a separate column. Standardized forms for the Statement of Reasons are most frequently submitted; however, transcripts or partial transcripts from the sentencing hearing are also included as Statement of Reasons Received. Cases in which the Commission was unable to determine definitively whether the offender’s guilty plea was entered pursuant to a written agreement are excluded

from the Plea Agreement totals. Downward Departure From Guideline Range Downward Departure from Guideline Range consist of cases with downward departures in which the court did not indicate as a reason either U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or a factor or reason specifically prohibited in the provisions, policy statements, or commentary of the Guidelines Manual. Downward Departure With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Downward Departure with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 consist of cases sentenced below the guideline range in which the court indicated both a departure (see Downward Departure From Guideline Range) and a reference to either U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as a reason for sentencing outside of the guideline system. Drug Offense Guideline Drug Offense Guideline information is obtained from the Presentence Report and is based on the guidelines in USSG Chapter Two, Part D. The six guidelines featured in the tables (§2D1.1, §2D1.2, §2D1.5, §2D1.6, §2D1.8, and §2D2.1) represent the vast majority of drug cases. Drug Type Information on Drug Type is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order or the Presentence Report. It is recorded only if at least one of the statutes of conviction recorded by the Commission is a title 21 U.S. Code offense or a non-title 21 offense when the underlying conduct involves a controlled substance. Information about type of drug in the text and tables is derived from the primary drug type (i.e., the type that produces the highest base offense level). The category Marijuana includes Hashish and Hashish oil. The category Methamphetamine includes pure (actual) methamphetamine, “ICE”, methamphetamine mixture, and methamphetamine precursors (specifically including ephedrine and pseudoephedrine). (“ICE” has been included in the methamphetamine category since FY1996). All drug types not listed separately in this report are collapsed into the “other” drug category. Education Information on education of the offender is obtained from the Presentence Report and is collapsed into general categories. Technical, military, and vocational training as well as course work at community colleges are included in the Some College category. A general equivalency degree (GED) is included in the High School Graduate category. Gender Gender of the offender is obtained from the Presentence Report or probation office. Government Sponsored Government sponsorship of a departure is determined by a yearly case review by USSC staff of both the reasons for departure and the coding by USSC staff of any indication of government sponsorship as indicated on the Statement of Reasons. The SOR form AO245B version 12/03 and 06/05 have specific check-boxes to indicate the origins of the departure, but cases which do not use this form may also indicate in writing the origins of the departure. Additionally, all cases with one or more of the following reasons were classified as being sponsored by the government regardless of whether the SOR indicated sponsorship: pursuant to a plea agreement (binding, non-binding, or unknown), fast track, savings to the government, early plea, deportation, waiver of indictment and/or appeal, other government motion, global disposition, due to stipulations, facilitated early release of a material witness, joint recommendation, and large number of immigration cases. Note that since the USSC reviews the reasons on a yearly basis this list might be modified slightly from year to year. Unless otherwise broken out in the table or chart, this

category also includes cases with §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program (EDP) departures. Guideline Offenders Sentenced Each Guideline Offender Sentenced or case, as recorded by the USSC, involves a single sentencing event for a single offender. Multiple counts, and even multiple indictments, are considered a single sentencing event if sentenced at the same time by the same judge. A single offender may appear in more than one case if involved in more than one sentencing event during the fiscal year. Co-offenders in the same sentencing will each appear as separate cases. Guideline Sentencing Range The Guideline Sentencing Range is taken from the Statement of Reasons provided by the sentencing court. Alternatively, if the Statement of Reasons is missing, then the information is taken from the Presentence Report. For tables in this report, unless otherwise indicated, the guideline sentencing range does not take into account applicable statutory restrictions on either the maximum or the minimum of the range; therefore, it may differ from the available range, which does take into account the statutory restrictions. Mode of Conviction Information on Mode of Conviction is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order. Offenders sentenced subsequent to a plea of guilty or nolo contendere are included in the Plea category. Offenders sentenced subsequent to a trial by judge or jury are included in the Trial category. Rare cases involving both a plea and a trial are included in the Plea category. Outside of the Range Attribution Categories All categories replicate the list of checkboxes available on the SOR Form AO245B (Both 12/03 and 06/05). Not all checkbox categories are available in both the departure section and sentences outside the guideline system section on this form and that multiple checkboxes may be indicated in a single case so that totals in a table may exceed the total number of cases. USSC uses these checkboxes in determining government sponsorship: all cases in which one of the pursuant to a plea agreement boxes is indicated are attributed to the government. Additionally cases where a §5K1.1, §5K3.1, or other government motion checkbox was indicated in the pursuant to a motion not in a plea agreement section are also attributed to one of the government sponsored categories. Additionally other types of SOR forms may indicate sponsorship in writing and these attributions are also included in the appropriate category. Position of Sentence The Position of Sentence describes within-range guideline sentences in terms of their relative positions within their applicable guideline ranges. Only cases with complete information from the Statement of Reasons are used for this table. The Position of Sentence is determined by dividing the available range in half. This allows a sentence to fall into one of five distinct categories: the guideline minimum; the exact midpoint of the range; the guideline maximum; the lower-half of the range (when not at the guideline minimum); and the upper-half of the range (when not at the guideline maximum). The “available range” is the guideline range with applicable statutory restrictions on either the maximum or the minimum of the range taken into account. (For cases in which guideline §5C1.2 was applied, in accordance with the provisions of the guideline, the statutory restrictions on the range are those from 18 U.S.C. § 3553(f).) In cases in which the sentence is located outside the available sentencing range, departure information is provided as reported by the sentencing court. Differences in the number and percentage of cases in each range quarter may differ from other tables presented in this report; this is due to the exclusion of any case missing both complete information from the Statement of Reasons and information on statutory minima and maxima.

Primary Offense Category Information on Primary Offense Category is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order. The “primary” offense code for the case is determined to be the offense code applicable for the count of conviction with the highest statutory maximum. If two or more counts are found to have the same statutory maximum, “primary” offense is selected according to which count of conviction has the highest statutory minimum. Finally, in the event of a small number of cases still tied, the offense type that best represented the nature of the criminal behavior is chosen. For convenience in analysis, a summary variable describing “primary offense category” is derived. This code is generated by grouping similar primary offense codes into a smaller set of categories. Note that the primary offense categories differ between the individual and organizational offender datafiles. Listed below are the offense types that are grouped into each of the primary offense categories used in the individual datafile tables for this report: Murder includes first degree murder, felony with death resulting, second degree murder, and conspiracy to murder (with death resulting). Manslaughter includes both involuntary and voluntary manslaughter. Kidnapping/Hostage includes ransom taking and hostage/kidnapping. Sexual Abuse includes sexual abuse of a minor, sexual abuse of a ward, criminal sexual abuse, and abusive sexual contact. Assault includes attempt to commit murder, assault with intent to murder, threatening communication, aggravated assault, conspiracy with attempt to murder, obstructing or impeding officers, minor assault, and conspiracy that includes assault with attempt to murder. Robbery includes bank robbery, aggravated bank robbery, Hobbs Act robbery, mail robbery, other robbery, and carjacking. Arson also includes damage by explosives. Drugs: Trafficking includes drug distribution/manufacture, drug distribution/manufacture – conspiracy, continuing criminal enterprise, drug distribution – employee under 21, drug distribution near school, drug import/export, drug distribution to person under 21, and establish/rent drug operation. Drugs: Communication Facility includes use of a communication facility in a drug trafficking offense. Drugs: Simple Possession includes distribution of a small amount of marijuana and simple possession. Firearms includes unlawful possession/transportation of firearms or ammunition; possession of guns/explosives on aircraft; unlawful trafficking, etc. in explosives; possession of guns/explosives in federal facility/schools; use of fire or explosives to commit felony; and use of firearms or ammunition during crime.

Burglary/Breaking & Entering includes post office burglary, burglary of DEA premises (pharmacy), burglary of other structure, bank burglary, and burglary of a residence. Auto Theft includes auto theft (including parts), receipt/possession of stolen auto or parts, and altered identification numbers/trafficking in altered (auto). Larceny includes bank larceny, theft from benefit plans, other theft – mail/post office, receipt/possession of stolen property (not auto), other theft – property, larceny/theftmail/post office, larceny/theft – property (not auto), and theft from labor union. Fraud includes odometer laws and regulations, insider trading, and fraud and deceit. Embezzlement includes embezzlement – property, embezzlement from labor unions, embezzlement – mail/post office, embezzlement from benefit plans, and bank embezzlement. Forgery/Counterfeiting includes counterfeit bearer obligations and forgery/counterfeit (non-bearer obligations). Bribery includes payment to obtain office, bribe involving officials, bribery – bank loan/commercial, loan or gratuity to bank examiner, etc., gratuity involving officials, and bribe or gratuity affecting employee plan. Tax Offenses include receipt/trafficking in smuggled property, aid, etc., in tax fraud; fraud – tax returns, statements, etc.; fraud, false statement – perjury; failure to file or pay; tax evasion; evading import duties (smuggle); failure to collect or account for taxes; regulatory offenses – taxes; failure to deposit taxes in trust account; non-payment of taxes; conspiracy to avoid taxes; and offenses relating to withholding statements. Money Laundering includes laundering of monetary instruments, monetary transaction from unlawful activity, failure to file currency report, and failure to report monetary transactions. Extortion/Racketeering includes extortionate extension of credit, blackmail, extortion by force or treat, Hobbs Act extortion, travel in aid of racketeering, crime relating to racketeering, and violent crimes in aid of racketeering. Gambling/Lottery includes engaging in a gambling business, transmission of wagering information, obstruction to facilitate gambling, and interstate transportation of wagering paraphernalia. Civil Rights includes interference with rights under color of law; force or threats to deny benefits or rights; obstructing an election or registration; manufacture, etc. – eavesdropping device; other deprivations/discrimination; obstructing correspondence; peonage, servitude, and slave trade; intercept communication or eavesdropping; and conspiracy to deprive individual of civil rights. Immigration includes trafficking in U.S. passports; trafficking in entry documents; failure to surrender naturalization certificate; fraudulently acquiring U.S. passports; smuggling, etc.; unlawful alien; fraudulently acquiring entry documents; and unlawfully entering

U.S. Pornography, Prostitution includes dealing in obscene matter, transportation of minor for prostitution/sex, transportation for prostitution/sex (adult), sexual exploitation of minors, materials involving sexual exploitation of minors, obscene telephone or broadcasting, and selling or buying children for pornography. Offenses In Prisons includes contraband in prisons, riots in federal facilities, and escape. Administration of Justice includes commission of offense while on release, bribery of a witness, failure to appear by offender, contempt, failure to appear by material witness, obstruction of justice, payment of witness, perjury or subornation of perjury, misprision of a felony, and accessory after the fact. Environmental/Fish And Wildlife includes waste discharge, specially protected fish, wildlife, and plants (waste discharge is presented as a separate offense category in Tables 51 and 52). National Defense includes evasion of export controls and exportation of arms, etc., without license. Antitrust includes bid-rigging, price-fixing, and market allocation agreement. Food and Drug includes false information or tampering with products, tampering to injure business, tampering with risk of death or injury, and violation of regulations involving food, drugs, etc. Other Miscellaneous Offenses includes illegal use of regulatory number – drugs; illegal transfer of drugs; illegal regulatory number to get drugs; drug paraphernalia; forgery/fraud for drugs; dangerous devices to protect drugs; manufacture drugs against quota; endangering life while manufacturing drugs; operate carrier under drugs; endangerment from hazardous/toxic substances; mishandling substances, records, etc.; threat of tampering with public water system; hazardous devices of federal lands; mishandling other pollutants, records, etc.; improper storage of explosives; record keeping violation – explosives; possession of other weapon – on aircraft, in federal facility; failure to report theft of explosives; feloniously mailing injurious articles; transport of hazardous material in commerce; interference with flight crew, other offense – aboard aircraft; criminal infringement of copyright/trademark; conflict of interest; unauthorized payment; non-drug forfeiture; impersonation; false statement to Employee Act; reporting offenses – labor related; criminal infringement of trademark; unlawful conduct relating to control/cigarettes; trespass; destruction of property; destruction of mail; aircraft piracy; conspiracy to murder (no death, assault, or attempt); conspiracy to commit murder; and all other miscellaneous offenses not previously listed in any of the other categories. Race Information on Race of the offender is obtained from the Presentence Report in separate categories of race and ethnicity (White, Black, Native American or Alaskan Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander). Ethnicity data indicate whether a offender is of Hispanic origin. (For purposes of this report, offenders whose ethnic background is designated as Hispanic are represented as Hispanic in all tables regardless of

racial background.) The Other category includes offenders of Native American, Alaskan Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander origin. Type of Guideline Sentence Imposed Using sentencing information obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order, the Total Receiving Prison column includes the number of offenders sentenced (and percent of Total Cases) who received a commitment to the Bureau of Prisons. This column is the sum of cases in Prison and the Prison/Community Split Sentence categories. The Prison category includes offenders sentenced to a term of imprisonment only, with no additional conditions of community confinement, home detention or intermittent confinement. The Prison/Community Split Sentence category includes all cases in which offenders received prison and conditions of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. This category includes, but is not limited to, Zone A, Zone B, or Zone C cases receiving prison with additional conditions of a term of community confinement, home detention, or intermittent confinement. The Total Receiving Probation column includes the number of offenders sentenced (and the percent of Total Cases) who received a term of probation with or without a condition of community confinement, intermittent confinement, or home detention. This column also represents the total of the Probation Only and Probation and Confinement categories. The Probation Only column includes the number of offenders who received a term of probation without a condition of community confinement, intermittent confinement, or home detention. Probation and Confinement includes the number of offenders who received a term of probation with a condition of community confinement, intermittent confinement, or home detention. Upward Departure From Guideline Range Upward Departure from Guideline Range consist of cases with upward departures in which the court did not indicate as a reason either U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or a factor or reason specifically prohibited in the provisions, policy statements, or commentary of the Guidelines Manual. Upward Departure With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Upward Departure with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 consist of cases sentenced above the guideline range in which the court indicated both a departure (see Upward Departure From Guideline Range) and a reference to either U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as a reason for sentencing outside of the guideline system.

Year Information on Year is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order. Unless otherwise indicated, the sentencing year is defined as the fiscal year in which the offender was sentenced.

Zone The Sentencing Table is categorized into sentencing Zones. Courts may impose various types of punishment as alternatives to imprisonment. Alternative types of punishment include: probation, home detention, community confinement, and intermittent confinement. Imposition of alternative types of punishment is restricted to offenders within specific sentencing zones. Zone A: a guideline range is in Zone A when the minimum term of imprisonment specified is zero months; Zone B: a guideline range is in Zone B when the minimum term of imprisonment specified is at least one but not more than six months; Zone C: a guideline range is in Zone C when the minimum term of imprisonment specified is eight months when criminal history category is four or less, and nine months if the criminal history category is greater than four; Zone D: a guideline range is in Zone D when the minimum term of imprisonment specified is twelve months or more. See Chapter 5 of the Guidelines Manual for a description of alternatives to imprisonment and the conditions under which they are applicable.

Appendix B: List of Quarterly Report Tables and Figures and Comparable FY06 Sourcebook Number/Letter Comperable Sourcebook Tables/Figures Quarterly Report Tables/Figures Table 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table N Table 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 26 Table 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 27 Figure A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Table 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 28 Table 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 28A Table 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 30 Table 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 30A Table 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31 Table 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31A Table 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31B Table 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31C Table 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31D Table 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 32 Table 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 32A Table 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 32B Table 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 32C Table 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 15 Table 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 13 Figure C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Table 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 29 Figure J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure A Table 20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 3 Table 21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 11 Table 22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 7 Table 23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tables 1 Table 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A