U.S.

Sentencing Commission Preliminary Quarterly Data Report

2nd Quarter Release Preliminary Fiscal Year 2007 Data Through March 31, 2007

Introduction As part of its ongoing mission, the United States Sentencing Commission (USSC) provides Congress, the judiciary, the executive branch, and the general public with data extracted and analyzed from sentencing documents submitted by courts to the Commission.1 In past years, data has been reported on an annual basis in the Commission’s Sourcebook and Annual Report.2 After the Supreme Court’s decision in U.S. v Booker on January 12, 2005, which rendered the sentencing guidelines advisory instead of mandatory, many people expressed an interest in knowing what changes, if any, in federal sentencing practices would result. The Commission responded by reconfiguring its data collection, analysis, and reporting efforts to provide real-time data reporting from the submitted documents. The Commission first reported data on February 10, 2005 to Congress3 and began reporting data approximately monthly shortly thereafter. The types of data reported increased over time to accommodate various requests for the additional information. In March 2006, the Commission released a comprehensive report, Final Report on the Impact of the United States v. Booker on Federal Sentencing,4 based on cases sentenced one year since the Booker decision. Because the Report included additional analyses that had not been included in the monthly reports, not all the data presented in the Report was comparable with the monthly releases, which made comparing data over time difficult. In an effort to standardize the Commission’s post-Booker analyses and to facilitate the identification of emerging trends going forward, the Commission began generating a new set of tables and charts on a quarterly basis for public release on the Commission’s website beginning with the third quarter of fiscal year 2006. These quarterly data reports are similar in format and methodology to tables and figures produced in the Sourcebook in prior years or in the Commission’s Booker report. Some of the figures include data from fiscal years before the Booker decision to facilitate analysis of sentencing trends over time. Other figures and all of the tables contain cumulative data (i.e., data from the start of the fiscal year through the most current quarter). Appendix B cross-references the quarterly table numbers and figure letters as well as the corresponding number or letter in the Sourcebook (if it exists in the Sourcebook) so that the
In each felony or Class A misdemeanor case sentenced in federal court, sentencing courts are required to submit the following documents to the Commission: the Judgment and Commitment Order, the Pre-Sentence Report, the Statement of Reasons, the Plea Agreement (if applicable), and the Indictment. See 28 U.S.C. § 994(w). See the Commission’s website, www.ussc.gov, for electronic copies of the 1995-2006 Sourcebook and Annual Report. See www.ussc.gov/bf.htm for an electronic copy of the prepared testimony of Ricardo H. Hinojosa, chair of the United States Sentencing Commission, before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security, Committee on the Judiciary, United States House of Representatives February 10, 2005. See www.ussc.gov/bf.htm for an electronic copy of the Commission’s Final Report on the Impact of U.S. v. Booker on Federal Sentencing.
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quarterly data can be compared easily with data from prior fiscal years.5 In Appendix A are descriptions of datafile and variable definitions. Users of the quarterly releases are cautioned that the quarterly data are preliminary only and subject to change as the Commission collects, analyzes, and reports on additional cases throughout the fiscal year. When data for each new quarter is made available, the Commission will update the previous preliminary quarterly totals in the most recent release until the release of the final fiscal year data in the Commission’s Sourcebook. For example, the data reported in this initial release for the first quarter of fiscal year 2007 may change as the Commission receives and analyzes documents during the remaining quarters for additional cases sentenced during the first quarter.6 Any subsequent changes in the quarterly data for the first quarter would be reflected initially in the subsequent quarterly releases and finally in the Commission’s Sourcebook Annual Report. As a result, quarterly data should not be considered final until publication of the Commission’s Sourcebook and Annual Report.

The Commission has tried to maintain the same table numbers and figure letters over the past several years but due to slight differences in reporting categories between pre- and post-Booker time periods, the numbers and letters may not correspond exactly over time. Please refer to the table of contents for each of the prior Sourcebook years to determine the corresponding table number or figure letter. The reasons for data changes in previous quarters is due to one or more of the following reasons: the courts have up to 30 days to submit court documents to the Commission; the Commission both extracts information from the documents and screens cases through the quality control procedures and does not include any case in a data release unless it has been fully entered and reviewed; some documents are sent in later than other documents and the datafiles are then updated with the new information; the Commission receives amended court documents and updates the datafile based on the new information; the Commission matches its datafile to datafiles from the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts and requests any case documents not received - a process that can only be completed after the documents have been received and the information entered into the Commission’s database. For all of the above reasons, data may be excluded/included or reported differently from one quarter to another.
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CONTENTS
Information on Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range Table 1: National Comparison of Sentence Imposed and Position Relative to the Guideline Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Table 2: Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range by Circuit and District . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Table 3: Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range by Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . 8 Figure A: Quarterly Data for Within Range and Out of Range Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Figure B: Quarterly Data for Within Range/Government Sponsored and Other Out of Range Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Table 4: Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range by Each Primary Sentencing Guideline . 12 Table 5: Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range in Each Outside of the Range Attribution Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Table 6: §5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Table 7: §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Table 8: Other Government Sponsored Below Range Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Table 9: Downward Departures from Guideline Range: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Table 10: Downward Departures with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Table 11: Below Guideline Range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Table 12: All Remaining Below Guideline Range Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Table 13: Upward Departures from Guideline Range: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Table 14: Upward Departures with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Table 15: Above Guideline Range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Table 16: All Remaining Above Guideline Range Cases: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Sentence Imposed Information Table 17: Offenders Receiving Sentencing Options in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . 29 Table 18: Average Sentence Length in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Figure C: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for All Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Figure D: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2B1.1 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Figure E: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2K2.1 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Figure F: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2L1.1 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Figure G: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2L1.2 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Figure H: Average Sentence Length and Average Guideline Minimum Quarterly Data for §2D1.1 Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Figure I: Average Sentence Length for Each Drug Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Table 19: Within Range Cases: Position of Sentence for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 General Information (Primary Offenses, Mode of Conviction, and Document Submission) Figure J: Distribution of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Table 20: Guideline Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 21: Guilty Pleas and Trials in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Table 22: Race of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Table 23: Gender of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Table 24: Age, Race, and Gender of Offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Table 25: Citizenship of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Table 26: Document Submission Rate of Each Circuit and District . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Table 27: Rate of Submission of Statement of Reasons Form in Each Circuit and District . . . 52 Appendices Appendix A: Descriptions of Datafiles and Variables Appendix B: List of Quarterly Report Tables and Figures and their Comparable Sourcebook Number/Letter

Table 1 NATIONAL COMPARISON OF SENTENCE IMPOSED AND POSITION RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
N TOTAL CASES CASES SENTENCED WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE CASES SENTENCED ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE DEPARTURE ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE Upward Departure From Guideline Range 2 Upward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 OTHERWISE ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE Above Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range GOVERNMENT SPONSORED BELOW RANGE §5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Other Government Sponsored Below Range NON-GOVERNMENT SPONSORED BELOW RANGE DEPARTURE BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE Downward Departure From Guideline Range
2 6 5 4 3

% 100.0 61.5 1.5 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.1 25.1 14.5 7.2 3.4 12.0 4.1 2.6 1.5 7.9 6.9 1.0

32,567 20,017 490 228 155 73 262 224 38 8,150 4,715 2,344 1,091 3,910 1,329 854 475 2,581 2,255 326

Downward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 35533 OTHERWISE BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE Below Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 35534 All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range
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This table reflects the 33,335 cases sentenced subsequent to October 1, 2006, with court documentation cumulatively received, coded, and edited at the U.S. Sentencing Commission by May 1, 2007. Of these, 768 cases were excluded because information was missing from the submitted documents that prevented the comparison of the sentence and the guideline range. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A.

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All cases with departures in which the court did not indicate as a reason either U.S. v. Booker , 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or a factor or reason specifically prohibited in the provisions, policy statements, or commentary of the Guidelines Manual. All cases sentenced outside of the guideline range in which the court indicated both a departure (see footnote 2) and a reference to either U.S. v. Booker , 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as a reason for sentencing outside of the guideline system. All cases sentenced outside of the guideline range in which no departure was indicated and in which the court cited U.S. v. Booker , 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as one of the reasons for sentencing outside of the guideline system.

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All cases sentenced outside of the guideline range that could not be classified into any of the three previous outside of the range categories. This category includes cases in which no reason was provided for a sentence outside of the guideline range. Cases in which a reason for the sentence indicated that the prosecution initiated, proposed, or stipulated to a sentence outside of the guideline range, either pursuant to a plea agreement or as part of a non-plea negotiation with the defendant. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

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Table 2 SENTENCES RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE BY CIRCUIT AND DISTRICT1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE n %
20,017 114 114 627 63 159 52 315 38 1,082 92 197 116 392 241 44 743 18 239 153 125 175 33 2,065 162 176 165 186 430 496 203 116 131 61.5 42.1 42.1 69.3 71.6 52.8 52.5 87.3 67.9 53.3 53.5 39.9 59.2 55.1 64.3 53.7 54.1 54.5 54.3 45.8 47.0 68.6 73.3 73.0 51.1 64.9 78.2 72.4 77.8 79.6 67.7 77.3 90.3

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CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

TOTAL
32,567 271 271 905 88 301 99 361 56 2,031 172 494 196 712 375 82 1,373 33 440 334 266 255 45 2,827 317 271 211 257 553 623 300 150 145

UPWARD DEPARTURE n %
155 1 1 3 0 0 2 0 1 5 1 1 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 18 1 4 1 1 1 3 4 3 0 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 1.8 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5 1.3 2.0 0.0

UPWARD DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER n %
73 1 1 2 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 6 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.7

ABOVE RANGE W/ BOOKER n %
224 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 5 0 3 1 1 0 0 14 0 0 5 2 5 2 15 0 6 0 1 1 4 1 2 0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.8 2.0 4.4 0.5 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.3 1.3 0.0

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE n %
38 1 1 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 2 (cont.)

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CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

§5K1.1 §5K3.1 OTHER DOWNWARD BELOW REMAINING SUBSTANTIAL EARLY GOV'T RANGE BELOW DOWNWARD DEPARTURE RANGE ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION SPONSORED DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER W/ BOOKER n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
4,715 85 85 87 11 34 28 12 2 397 23 117 46 99 93 19 343 4 121 94 86 37 1 467 94 68 32 55 85 38 74 12 9 14.5 31.4 31.4 9.6 12.5 11.3 28.3 3.3 3.6 19.5 13.4 23.7 23.5 13.9 24.8 23.2 25.0 12.1 27.5 28.1 32.3 14.5 2.2 16.5 29.7 25.1 15.2 21.4 15.4 6.1 24.7 8.0 6.2 2,344 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1,091 26 26 27 0 14 6 6 1 40 2 17 3 12 6 0 25 2 2 5 12 3 1 22 7 0 1 3 3 3 4 1 0 3.4 9.6 9.6 3.0 0.0 4.7 6.1 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.2 3.4 1.5 1.7 1.6 0.0 1.8 6.1 0.5 1.5 4.5 1.2 2.2 0.8 2.2 0.0 0.5 1.2 0.5 0.5 1.3 0.7 0.0 854 4 4 49 5 25 6 9 4 119 25 40 17 24 2 11 35 0 15 5 5 10 0 45 14 1 1 1 8 12 3 5 0 2.6 1.5 1.5 5.4 5.7 8.3 6.1 2.5 7.1 5.9 14.5 8.1 8.7 3.4 0.5 13.4 2.5 0.0 3.4 1.5 1.9 3.9 0.0 1.6 4.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.9 1.0 3.3 0.0 475 13 13 12 2 7 0 2 1 90 11 41 7 27 0 4 29 0 3 9 4 10 3 40 9 3 1 1 1 21 1 2 1 1.5 4.8 4.8 1.3 2.3 2.3 0.0 0.6 1.8 4.4 6.4 8.3 3.6 3.8 0.0 4.9 2.1 0.0 0.7 2.7 1.5 3.9 6.7 1.4 2.8 1.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 3.4 0.3 1.3 0.7 2,255 21 21 84 6 55 4 12 7 267 17 65 6 151 24 4 158 9 54 53 26 14 2 127 23 9 10 7 20 37 9 9 3 6.9 7.7 7.7 9.3 6.8 18.3 4.0 3.3 12.5 13.1 9.9 13.2 3.1 21.2 6.4 4.9 11.5 27.3 12.3 15.9 9.8 5.5 4.4 4.5 7.3 3.3 4.7 2.7 3.6 5.9 3.0 6.0 2.1 326 5 5 10 1 5 1 3 0 23 1 10 0 5 7 0 23 0 6 8 5 1 3 21 5 3 0 2 3 8 0 0 0 1.0 1.8 1.8 1.1 1.1 1.7 1.0 0.8 0.0 1.1 0.6 2.0 0.0 0.7 1.9 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.4 2.4 1.9 0.4 6.7 0.7 1.6 1.1 0.0 0.8 0.5 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 2 (cont.)
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE n %
5,162 142 50 172 40 163 435 369 1,726 2,065 1,381 167 139 208 124 249 115 196 61 122 841 95 168 155 155 75 113 80 1,661 87 66 173 86 127 337 289 269 54 173 72.5 76.8 67.6 77.8 48.2 79.5 79.1 76.1 62.8 80.3 55.5 52.8 70.9 54.5 57.9 55.3 43.2 64.1 54.5 49.2 59.7 54.3 50.9 83.8 67.1 48.1 47.9 84.2 68.6 60.8 74.2 68.9 66.7 49.0 69.6 73.5 75.4 61.4 75.9

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UPWARD DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER n %
26 4 1 1 0 0 0 7 2 11 7 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 2 0.4 2.2 1.4 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.9

CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

TOTAL
7,124 185 74 221 83 205 550 485 2,748 2,573 2,490 316 196 382 214 450 266 306 112 248 1,408 175 330 185 231 156 236 95 2,421 143 89 251 129 259 484 393 357 88 228

UPWARD DEPARTURE n %
34 2 2 1 1 3 0 3 13 9 7 2 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 2 3 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 18 0 0 10 2 0 1 0 0 1 4 0.5 1.1 2.7 0.5 1.2 1.5 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.7 0.0 0.0 4.0 1.6 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.1 1.8

ABOVE RANGE W/ BOOKER n %
62 4 0 3 1 2 0 9 9 34 16 2 1 1 3 4 0 4 0 1 10 3 0 2 2 2 0 1 9 0 0 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 5 0.9 2.2 0.0 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.0 1.9 0.3 1.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.3 1.4 0.9 0.0 1.3 0.0 0.4 0.7 1.7 0.0 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.0 1.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE n %
10 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 3 4 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4

Table 2 (cont.)

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CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

§5K1.1 §5K3.1 OTHER DOWNWARD BELOW REMAINING SUBSTANTIAL EARLY GOV'T DOWNWARD DEPARTURE RANGE BELOW ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION SPONSORED DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER W/ BOOKER RANGE n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
583 14 15 36 33 20 64 55 182 164 656 103 26 100 35 112 104 85 28 63 288 38 80 9 61 43 52 5 330 33 12 40 18 64 74 51 13 21 4 8.2 7.6 20.3 16.3 39.8 9.8 11.6 11.3 6.6 6.4 26.3 32.6 13.3 26.2 16.4 24.9 39.1 27.8 25.0 25.4 20.5 21.7 24.2 4.9 26.4 27.6 22.0 5.3 13.6 23.1 13.5 15.9 14.0 24.7 15.3 13.0 3.6 23.9 1.8 490 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 421 68 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 2 0 6.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 15.3 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.6 2.3 0.0 248 7 0 0 6 0 17 10 181 27 50 0 15 3 3 5 6 1 2 15 26 5 6 2 1 5 7 0 68 4 2 3 3 7 10 8 21 3 7 3.5 3.8 0.0 0.0 7.2 0.0 3.1 2.1 6.6 1.0 2.0 0.0 7.7 0.8 1.4 1.1 2.3 0.3 1.8 6.0 1.8 2.9 1.8 1.1 0.4 3.2 3.0 0.0 2.8 2.8 2.2 1.2 2.3 2.7 2.1 2.0 5.9 3.4 3.1 193 3 3 0 0 1 22 7 110 47 44 2 0 12 5 10 6 2 3 4 39 3 23 3 1 4 4 1 66 5 3 2 1 9 15 5 18 1 7 2.7 1.6 4.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 4.0 1.4 4.0 1.8 1.8 0.6 0.0 3.1 2.3 2.2 2.3 0.7 2.7 1.6 2.8 1.7 7.0 1.6 0.4 2.6 1.7 1.1 2.7 3.5 3.4 0.8 0.8 3.5 3.1 1.3 5.0 1.1 3.1 19 2 1 0 0 0 4 2 4 6 51 2 2 11 3 8 12 1 2 10 31 7 15 3 0 2 3 1 33 1 0 2 0 13 7 5 2 0 3 0.3 1.1 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.2 2.0 0.6 1.0 2.9 1.4 1.8 4.5 0.3 1.8 4.0 2.2 4.0 4.5 1.6 0.0 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.4 0.7 0.0 0.8 0.0 5.0 1.4 1.3 0.6 0.0 1.3 261 5 2 6 2 9 4 19 95 119 242 32 10 42 35 49 21 12 12 29 138 23 24 6 7 25 47 6 191 13 6 18 19 35 34 24 19 2 21 3.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.4 4.4 0.7 3.9 3.5 4.6 9.7 10.1 5.1 11.0 16.4 10.9 7.9 3.9 10.7 11.7 9.8 13.1 7.3 3.2 3.0 16.0 19.9 6.3 7.9 9.1 6.7 7.2 14.7 13.5 7.0 6.1 5.3 2.3 9.2 36 2 0 2 0 5 3 3 2 19 34 4 3 2 3 11 1 4 4 2 27 1 10 2 4 0 10 0 22 0 0 0 0 3 3 9 2 4 1 0.5 1.1 0.0 0.9 0.0 2.4 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.7 1.4 1.3 1.5 0.5 1.4 2.4 0.4 1.3 3.6 0.8 1.9 0.6 3.0 1.1 1.7 0.0 4.2 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.6 2.3 0.6 4.5 0.4

Table 2 (cont.)
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE n %
2,491 29 543 274 252 152 414 3 85 55 136 220 5 108 70 145 1,603 153 209 674 35 97 97 227 111 2,247 58 157 91 534 147 731 125 191 213 43.9 64.4 32.0 55.4 55.5 53.9 35.5 17.6 51.8 48.2 78.2 66.1 55.6 51.7 38.0 43.0 59.5 60.0 58.2 57.4 79.5 82.2 75.8 50.0 68.1 67.2 50.4 64.9 60.3 60.0 69.7 71.0 71.4 70.0 83.5

6
UPWARD DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER n %
14 0 8 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 1 1 1 2 0 1 0 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0

CIRCUIT District
NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

TOTAL
5,680 45 1,697 495 454 282 1,166 17 164 114 174 333 9 209 184 337 2,695 255 359 1,174 44 118 128 454 163 3,342 115 242 151 890 211 1,030 175 273 255

UPWARD DEPARTURE n %
45 0 32 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 4 6 0 1 1 0 0 0 4 0 13 1 0 0 2 2 2 2 1 3 0.8 0.0 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.2 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.4 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.9 0.2 1.1 0.4 1.2

ABOVE RANGE W/ BOOKER n %
27 0 5 0 0 3 2 0 2 1 4 2 0 2 2 4 33 3 21 1 0 1 2 4 1 31 2 2 0 3 0 7 2 1 14 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.2 0.0 1.2 0.9 2.3 0.6 0.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 5.8 0.1 0.0 0.8 1.6 0.9 0.6 0.9 1.7 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.7 1.1 0.4 5.5

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE n %
8 0 0 0 0 1 3 1 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 1 4 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.3 5.9 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.7 0.0

Table 2 (cont.)

7

CIRCUIT District

§5K1.1 §5K3.1 OTHER DOWNWARD BELOW REMAINING SUBSTANTIAL EARLY GOV'T DOWNWARD DEPARTURE RANGE BELOW ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION SPONSORED DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER W/ BOOKER RANGE n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
601 2 91 81 66 44 69 7 52 30 18 38 1 26 18 58 252 64 64 32 6 17 9 42 18 626 44 55 42 220 44 129 34 40 18 10.6 4.4 5.4 16.4 14.5 15.6 5.9 41.2 31.7 26.3 10.3 11.4 11.1 12.4 9.8 17.2 9.4 25.1 17.8 2.7 13.6 14.4 7.0 9.3 11.0 18.7 38.3 22.7 27.8 24.7 20.9 12.5 19.4 14.7 7.1 1,555 0 852 22 62 11 528 0 0 11 0 0 0 5 56 8 262 0 0 162 0 0 0 100 0 20 0 0 0 20 0 0 0 0 0 27.4 0.0 50.2 4.4 13.7 3.9 45.3 0.0 0.0 9.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.4 30.4 2.4 9.7 0.0 0.0 13.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 298 5 49 30 23 23 47 0 3 0 0 27 2 19 15 55 241 8 34 172 1 1 0 18 7 20 2 2 0 4 0 6 1 4 1 5.2 11.1 2.9 6.1 5.1 8.2 4.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 8.1 22.2 9.1 8.2 16.3 8.9 3.1 9.5 14.7 2.3 0.8 0.0 4.0 4.3 0.6 1.7 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.6 1.5 0.4 125 3 30 11 11 5 34 0 1 0 2 5 0 13 3 7 89 12 2 47 0 0 1 17 10 46 1 4 0 17 2 9 3 8 2 2.2 6.7 1.8 2.2 2.4 1.8 2.9 0.0 0.6 0.0 1.1 1.5 0.0 6.2 1.6 2.1 3.3 4.7 0.6 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 3.7 6.1 1.4 0.9 1.7 0.0 1.9 0.9 0.9 1.7 2.9 0.8 87 0 23 13 4 9 7 0 2 3 0 5 0 3 1 17 32 2 0 11 0 0 0 13 6 38 0 0 1 12 5 16 1 3 0 1.5 0.0 1.4 2.6 0.9 3.2 0.6 0.0 1.2 2.6 0.0 1.5 0.0 1.4 0.5 5.0 1.2 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 3.7 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.3 2.4 1.6 0.6 1.1 0.0 354 6 46 48 28 27 41 6 18 12 10 29 1 26 19 37 149 9 26 66 2 2 17 19 8 263 7 21 16 68 9 110 7 21 4 6.2 13.3 2.7 9.7 6.2 9.6 3.5 35.3 11.0 10.5 5.7 8.7 11.1 12.4 10.3 11.0 5.5 3.5 7.2 5.6 4.5 1.7 13.3 4.2 4.9 7.9 6.1 8.7 10.6 7.6 4.3 10.7 4.0 7.7 1.6 75 0 18 15 4 4 20 0 1 2 0 4 0 5 0 2 22 3 2 8 0 0 2 6 1 28 0 0 0 9 1 17 0 1 0 1.3 0.0 1.1 3.0 0.9 1.4 1.7 0.0 0.6 1.8 0.0 1.2 0.0 2.4 0.0 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 1.6 1.3 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.5 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.0

NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern
1

Of the 33,335 cases, 768 were excluded because information was missing from the submitted documents that prevented the comparison of the sentence and the guideline range. Districts missing this information in five percent or more of the cases received included: Central California (25.1%), Middle Georgia (22.6%), Western Oklahoma (21.0%), Eastern Virginia (15.1%), Middle Tennessee (10.4%), Western Washington (9.7%), Alaska (8.2%), Western Kentucky (6.2%), Maryland (6.2%), Southern California (5.6%), and Guam (5.6%). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 3 SENTENCES RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE 1 BY EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
WITHIN GUIDELINE RANGE PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses TOTAL 32,453 32 38 29 113 231 567 28 11,757 168 240 3,734 24 29 723 3,353 205 512 92 269 414 289 50 28 7,635 697 149 416 69 11 10 28 513 n 19,952 26 21 14 81 163 386 14 6,460 107 221 2,637 19 22 569 2,175 148 374 48 137 199 154 30 19 4,657 456 116 263 41 4 2 21 368 % 61.5 81.3 55.3 48.3 71.7 70.6 68.1 50.0 54.9 63.7 92.1 70.6 79.2 75.9 78.7 64.9 72.2 73.0 52.2 50.9 48.1 53.3 60.0 67.9 61.0 65.4 77.9 63.2 59.4 36.4 20.0 75.0 71.7 UPWARD DEPARTURES n 155 1 2 0 1 3 2 0 16 1 3 21 0 0 2 16 0 4 0 0 3 1 0 0 62 6 2 3 0 0 0 0 6 % 0.5 3.1 5.3 0.0 0.9 1.3 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.6 1.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.9 1.3 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 UPWARD DEPARTURES W/ BOOKER n 73 0 3 0 2 1 2 0 8 0 0 16 0 0 1 15 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 13 4 0 3 1 0 0 0 1 % 0.2 0.0 7.9 0.0 1.8 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.7 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 ABOVE RANGE WITH W/ BOOKER n 222 0 4 0 6 2 7 3 17 0 6 28 0 0 4 37 1 2 1 1 0 2 0 0 76 13 1 8 0 0 0 0 3 % 0.7 0.0 10.5 0.0 5.3 0.9 1.2 10.7 0.1 0.0 2.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.1 0.5 0.4 1.1 0.4 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.9 0.7 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6

8

REMAINING ABOVE RANGE n 38 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 8 0 1 4 0 0 1 7 0 1 0 2 0 1 0 0 9 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 % 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 3 (cont.)

9

§5K1.1 SUBSTANTIAL PRIMARY OFFENSE TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

§5K1.3 EARLY n 2,339 0 0 0 0 5 1 0 565 0 0 20 0 0 2 3 0 0 0 4 5 0 0 0 1,720 3 3 4 0 0 0 0 4 % 7.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 0.2 0.0 4.8 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.5 0.4 2.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8

OTHER GOV'T SPONSORED n 1,077 1 1 1 11 20 17 0 335 9 0 94 0 0 14 77 6 8 4 11 23 23 0 1 332 33 7 26 5 1 0 3 14 % 3.3 3.1 2.6 3.4 9.7 8.7 3.0 0.0 2.8 5.4 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.0 1.9 2.3 2.9 1.6 4.3 4.1 5.6 8.0 0.0 3.6 4.3 4.7 4.7 6.3 7.2 9.1 0.0 10.7 2.7

BELOW DOWNWARD DEPARTURE n 851 0 1 0 4 9 25 0 248 5 0 121 1 1 18 93 4 6 1 17 13 6 2 3 225 17 1 10 2 1 0 0 17 % 2.6 0.0 2.6 0.0 3.5 3.9 4.4 0.0 2.1 3.0 0.0 3.2 4.2 3.4 2.5 2.8 2.0 1.2 1.1 6.3 3.1 2.1 4.0 10.7 2.9 2.4 0.7 2.4 2.9 9.1 0.0 0.0 3.3

DOWNWARD DEPARTURE W/ BOOKER n 473 0 0 0 1 5 8 0 183 4 2 78 1 0 8 63 8 6 2 4 12 4 1 0 43 22 1 8 1 0 1 0 7 % 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 2.2 1.4 0.0 1.6 2.4 0.8 2.1 4.2 0.0 1.1 1.9 3.9 1.2 2.2 1.5 2.9 1.4 2.0 0.0 0.6 3.2 0.7 1.9 1.4 0.0 10.0 0.0 1.4

BELOW RANGE W/ BOOKER n 2,247 2 6 2 6 16 48 1 810 19 2 275 2 4 47 292 26 40 10 48 48 26 9 1 298 108 8 45 7 0 2 2 37 % 6.9 6.3 15.8 6.9 5.3 6.9 8.5 3.6 6.9 11.3 0.8 7.4 8.3 13.8 6.5 8.7 12.7 7.8 10.9 17.8 11.6 9.0 18.0 3.6 3.9 15.5 5.4 10.8 10.1 0.0 20.0 7.1 7.2

REMAINING BELOW RANGE n 325 0 0 1 1 3 1 0 96 2 2 31 1 0 16 60 2 7 1 6 2 3 2 0 57 6 4 7 2 1 0 0 11 % 1.0 0.0 0.0 3.4 0.9 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.8 4.2 0.0 2.2 1.8 1.0 1.4 1.1 2.2 0.5 1.0 4.0 0.0 0.7 0.9 2.7 1.7 2.9 9.1 0.0 0.0 2.1

ASSISTANCE DISPOSITION n 4,701 2 0 11 0 3 70 10 3,011 21 3 409 0 2 41 515 10 63 25 39 108 68 6 4 143 28 4 39 10 4 5 2 45 % 14.5 6.3 0.0 37.9 0.0 1.3 12.3 35.7 25.6 12.5 1.3 11.0 0.0 6.9 5.7 15.4 4.9 12.3 27.2 14.5 26.1 23.5 12.0 14.3 1.9 4.0 2.7 9.4 14.5 36.4 50.0 7.1 8.8

Of the 33,335 cases, 882 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense (116) or missing information from the submitted documents that prevented the comparison of the sentence and the guideline range (768). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

10 Figure A QUARTERLY DATA FOR WITHIN RANGE AND OUT OF RANGE SENTENCES1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007) 100

80 Within Range Percent of Cases 60
4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

40 Government Sponsored Below Range 20

Below Range Above Range

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

The Commission’s methods for distinguishing government sponsored from other downward departures were refined beginning in Fiscal Year 2003. In Figures A and B, the rates for fiscal years before 2003 were calculated by combining several reported reasons for departure that indicated government sponsorship. (See 2003 Departure Report). In later years, plea agreements and the new Statement of Reasons form were scrutinized to more accurately identify government sponsored departures. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A.

SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

11 Figure B QUARTERLY DATA FOR WITHIN RANGE/GOVERNMENT SPONSORED AND OTHER OUT OF RANGE SENTENCES1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007) 100

Within Range/Government Sponsored 80

Percent of Cases

60

4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

40

20

Below Range Above Range

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

The Commission’s methods for distinguishing government sponsored from other downward departures were refined beginning in Fiscal Year 2003. In Figures A and B, the rates for fiscal years before 2003 were calculated by combining several reported reasons for departure that indicated government sponsorship. (See 2003 Departure Report). In later years, plea agreements and the new Statement of Reasons form were scrutinized to more accurately identify government sponsored departures. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 4 SENTENCES RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE BY EACH PRIMARY SENTENCING GUIDELINE1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
Upward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 1 1 1 0 0 3 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 19 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0

12

Guideline
§2A1.1 §2A1.2 §2A1.3 §2A1.4 §2A1.5 §2A2.1 §2A2.2 §2A2.3 §2A2.4 §2A3.1 §2A3.2 §2A3.3 §2A3.4 §2A4.1 §2A4.2 §2A5.1 §2A5.2 §2A5.3 §2A6.1 §2A6.2 §2B1.1 §2B1.2 §2B1.3 §2B1.4 §2B1.5 §2B2.1 §2B2.2 §2B2.3 §2B3.1 §2B3.2 §2B3.3 §2B4.1 §2B5.1 §2B5.2 §2B5.3 §2B5.4 §2B6.1 §2C1.1 §2C1.2 §2C1.3 §2C1.4 §2C1.5 §2C1.6 §2C1.7 §2C1.8 §2D1.1 §2D1.2 §2D1.3 §2D1.4 §2D1.5

Total
72 24 12 30 7 17 132 17 67 48 33 5 15 45 1 0 5 0 61 4 3,705 0 0 11 8 29 0 0 792 28 4 13 269 0 83 0 9 110 15 4 1 0 0 6 3 11,848 148 0 0 8

Within Guideline Range
44 17 7 17 3 14 89 14 42 33 27 5 12 23 1 0 4 0 37 4 2,577 0 0 4 4 21 0 0 520 19 1 7 210 0 32 0 5 51 10 4 1 0 0 2 2 6,582 84 0 0 6

Above Range with All Booker Others
0 0 1 3 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0

Government Sponsored Other §5K1.1 §5K3.1 Gov't
18 1 0 0 2 0 2 0 2 2 0 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 2 0 421 0 0 3 1 1 0 0 132 4 2 3 26 0 21 0 4 34 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2,968 39 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 564 0 0 0 0 5 3 0 1 0 1 16 1 3 4 2 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 5 0 77 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 20 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 337 9 0 0 0

Downward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
1 1 0 1 0 0 6 0 3 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 6 0 96 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 29 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 248 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 68 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 13 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 181 0 0 0 1

Below Range with All Booker Others
1 0 1 6 1 0 9 0 10 2 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 7 0 314 0 0 3 1 3 0 0 60 3 1 1 24 0 18 0 0 15 3 0 0 0 0 2 1 824 10 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 76 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 96 2 0 0 0

Table 4 (cont.)
Upward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 1 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

13
Downward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 1 1 0 2 1 10 0 4 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 1 0 0 0 2 14 0 5 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Guideline
§2D1.7 §2D1.8 §2D1.9 §2D1.10 §2D1.11 §2D1.12 §2D1.13 §2D2.1 §2D2.2 §2D2.3 §2D3.1 §2D3.2 §2D3.3 §2D3.4 §2D3.5 §2E1.1 §2E1.2 §2E1.3 §2E1.4 §2E1.5 §2E2.1 §2E3.1 §2E3.2 §2E3.3 §2E4.1 §2E5.1 §2E5.2 §2E5.3 §2E5.4 §2E5.5 §2E5.6 §2F1.1 §2F1.2 §2G1.1 §2G1.2 §2G1.3 §2G2.1 §2G2.2 §2G2.3 §2G2.4 §2G2.5 §2G3.1 §2G3.2 §2H1.1 §2H1.2 §2H1.3 §2H1.4 §2H1.5 §2H2.1 §2H3.1 §2H3.2 §2H3.3 §2H4.1 §2H4.2

Total
4 29 0 6 69 16 1 151 19 1 1 0 0 0 0 21 6 0 6 0 14 49 0 0 37 1 0 0 0 0 0 268 4 29 0 84 60 468 0 71 2 5 0 22 0 0 0 0 0 6 1 5 8 0

Within Guideline Range
2 12 0 4 30 11 1 137 17 1 1 0 0 0 0 11 4 0 5 0 9 30 0 0 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 103 2 20 0 60 37 307 0 41 2 1 0 12 0 0 0 0 0 6 1 4 5 0

Above Range with All Booker Others
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 5 6 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Government Sponsored Other §5K1.1 §5K3.1 Gov't
1 12 0 1 19 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 2 5 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 5 0 2 6 14 0 0 0 2 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 1 0 7 3 21 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

Below Range with All Booker Others
0 3 0 0 9 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 9 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 29 0 2 0 4 3 81 0 17 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0

Table 4 (cont.)
Upward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 26 26 0 1 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 8 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

14
Downward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 104 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 27 192 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 69 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 31 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0

Guideline
§2J1.1 §2J1.2 §2J1.3 §2J1.4 §2J1.5 §2J1.6 §2J1.7 §2J1.8 §2J1.9 §2K1.1 §2K1.2 §2K1.3 §2K1.4 §2K1.5 §2K1.6 §2K1.7 §2K2.1 §2K2.2 §2K2.3 §2K2.4 §2K2.5 §2K2.6 §2K3.1 §2K3.2 §2L1.1 §2L1.2 §2L1.3 §2L2.1 §2L2.2 §2L2.3 §2L2.4 §2L2.5 §2M1.1 §2M2.1 §2M2.2 §2M2.3 §2M2.4 §2M3.1 §2M3.2 §2M3.3 §2M3.4 §2M3.5 §2M3.6 §2M3.7 §2M3.8 §2M3.9 §2M4.1 §2M5.1 §2M5.2 §2M5.3 §2M6.1 §2M6.2 §2N1.1 §2N1.2

Total
0 63 24 8 0 39 37 0 0 7 0 14 37 3 0 0 2,962 0 0 0 9 5 0 0 1,517 5,153 0 209 486 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 8 3 4 0 1 0

Within Guideline Range
0 37 13 8 0 31 21 0 0 7 0 7 19 3 0 0 2,096 0 0 0 8 3 0 0 827 3,030 0 138 438 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 0 3 0 0 0

Above Range with All Booker Others
0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 26 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 5 43 0 5 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 6 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Government Sponsored Other §5K1.1 §5K3.1 Gov't
0 9 1 0 0 0 11 0 0 0 0 1 11 0 0 0 273 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 91 32 0 24 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 394 1,299 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 3 0 0 2 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 71 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 74 228 0 8 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0

Below Range with All Booker Others
0 6 4 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 239 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 42 226 0 22 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 27 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 15 32 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

Table 4 (cont.)
Upward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 148 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 73

15
Downward Departure Gdline with Only Booker
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 18 0 4 0 20 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 842 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 10 0 4 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 1 1 0 0 470

Guideline
§2N1.3 §2N2.1 §2N3.1 §2P1.1 §2P1.2 §2P1.3 §2P1.4 §2Q1.1 §2Q1.2 §2Q1.3 §2Q1.4 §2Q1.5 §2Q1.6 §2Q2.1 §2Q2.2 §2R1.1 §2S1.1 §2S1.2 §2S1.3 §2S1.4 §2T1.1 §2T1.2 §2T1.3 §2T1.4 §2T1.5 §2T1.6 §2T1.7 §2T1.8 §2T1.9 §2T2.1 §2T2.2 §2T3.1 §2T3.2 §2T4.1 §2X1.1 §2X2.1 §2X3.1 §2X4.1 §2X5.1 §2X5.2 TOTAL
1

Total
1 14 0 98 38 3 0 0 19 15 0 0 0 43 0 11 480 6 109 0 231 0 0 49 0 2 0 1 12 0 0 7 0 0 111 0 60 200 0 18 31,274

Within Guideline Range
1 14 0 75 33 0 0 0 7 9 0 0 0 23 0 2 205 1 65 0 110 0 0 25 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 5 0 0 65 0 30 137 0 16 18,956

Above Range with All Booker Others
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 1 219 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 33

Government Sponsored Other §5K1.1 §5K3.1 Gov't
0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 3 4 0 0 0 7 0 5 158 5 9 0 35 0 0 9 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 1 0 0 27 0 12 16 0 0 4,654 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 5 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 2,312 0 0 0 6 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 5 0 0 19 0 10 0 14 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 3 9 0 0 1,025

Below Range with All Booker Others
0 0 0 4 3 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 60 0 11 0 42 0 0 5 0 1 0 0 3 0 0 1 0 0 8 0 11 18 0 0 2,226 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 1 0 5 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 4 0 0 316

Of the 33,335 cases, 2,061 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing information from the submitted documents that prevented the comparison of the sentence and the guideline range (768) or missing guideline applied (1,841). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 5 SENTENCES RELATIVE TO THE GUIDELINE RANGE 1 IN EACH OUTSIDE OF THE RANGE ATTRIBUTION CATEGORIES 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
Pursuant to a Plea Agreement
§5K1.1 Plea Agreement n % 3,275 26.1 1 0 1 0 0 3,274 3,274 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 40.2 69.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Plea w/ Departure Binding Plea Court §5K3.1 Plea Agreement Accepted by Court Finds Reasonable n % n % n % 2,253 18.0 998 8.0 632 5.0 3 2 0 0 1 2,250 44 2,206 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 1.3 0.0 0.0 2.6 27.6 0.9 94.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 82 30 13 36 3 916 96 354 466 0 0 0 0 0 16.7 19.4 17.8 16.1 7.9 11.2 2.0 15.1 42.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 43 18 11 12 2 589 100 86 403 0 0 0 0 0 8.8 11.6 15.1 5.4 5.3 7.2 2.1 3.7 36.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

16

TOTAL Above Range Upward Departure From Guideline Range Upward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 Above Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range Government Sponsored Below Range §5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Other Government Sponsored Below Range Below Range Downward Departure From Guideline Range Downward Departure With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 Below Guideline Range With Booker /18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range

TOTAL CASES 12,550 490 155 73 224 38 8,150 4,715 2,344 1,091 3,910 854 475 2,255 326

Plea Agreement States Gov't Will Not Oppose n % 69 0.5 1 0 0 1 0 68 17 5 46 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.2 4.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 5 (cont.)

17

TOTAL Above Range Upward Departure From Guideline Range Upward Departure With Booker / 18 U.S.C. § 3553 Above Guideline Range With Booker / 18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range Government Sponsored Below Range §5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Other Government Sponsored Below Range Below Range Downward Departure From Guideline Range Downward Departure With Booker / 18 U.S.C. § 3553 Below Guideline Range With Booker / 18 U.S.C. § 3553 All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range
1

§5K1.1 Government Motion n % 1,302 10.4 0 0 0 0 0 1,302 1,302 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 16.0 27.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Pursuant to a Motion Not in a Plea Agreement §5K3.1 Other Defense Motion/ Government Government Government Motion Motion Did Not Object n % n % n % 86 0.7 394 3.1 1,070 8.5 0 0 0 0 0 86 5 81 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.1 3.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 53 23 15 14 1 341 175 26 140 0 0 0 0 0 10.8 14.8 20.5 6.3 2.6 4.2 3.7 1.1 12.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10 5 4 1 0 312 131 97 84 748 244 137 350 17 2.0 3.2 5.5 0.4 0.0 3.8 2.8 4.1 7.7 19.1 28.6 28.8 15.5 5.2

Defense Motion/ Government Did Object n % 1,059 8.4 2 2 0 0 0 165 64 58 43 892 194 187 503 8 0.4 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 1.4 2.5 3.9 22.8 22.7 39.4 22.3 2.5

Other than a Plea/Motion by Parties n % 1,829 14.6 220 52 49 119 0 255 128 41 86 1,354 242 276 824 12 44.9 33.5 67.1 53.1 0.0 3.1 2.7 1.7 7.9 34.6 28.3 58.1 36.5 3.7

No Information Available n % 1,572 12.5 113 26 14 41 32 273 197 28 48 1,186 193 101 601 291 23.1 16.8 19.2 18.3 84.2 3.3 4.2 1.2 4.4 30.3 22.6 21.3 26.7 89.3

Multiple attributions may be made on the SOR. Therefore, the numbers reported in this table may exceed the number of total cases. For example, among SORs with an attribution, 1,803 cases indicated more than one attribution. Note that only outside of the range cases are included in this table. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 6 §5K1.1 SUBSTANTIAL ASSISTANCE DEPARTURE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

18

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 4,424 2 0 10 0 3 68 6 2,844 20 2 380 0 1 39 487 9 63 25 37 103 57 5 4 134 24 3 36 9 4 3 2 44

Median Sentence in Months 37.0 --174.0 -4.0 46.0 39.5 54.0 17.5 -37.0 --5.0 4.0 4.0 7.0 0.0 0.0 18.0 37.0 0.0 22.5 12.0 38.5 6.0 2.2 0.0 10.2 0.0 -0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 29.0 --46.5 -12.0 24.0 28.0 39.0 13.5 -24.0 --12.0 12.0 18.0 9.0 12.0 10.0 22.0 31.0 6.0 10.5 12.0 37.5 9.0 14.5 12.0 15.3 12.0 -12.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 46.0 --18.9 -66.7 35.1 44.8 42.1 50.0 -41.6 --83.3 78.4 75.0 50.0 100.0 100.0 52.6 47.1 100.0 35.4 50.0 42.2 60.0 98.0 100.0 64.2 100.0 -100.0

Of the 33,335 cases, 4,715 received a §5K1.1 substantial assistance departure. Of these, 4,500 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional 62 cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, two cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 4,436 cases, 12 were excluded due to missing sentence information. Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 7 §5K3.1 EARLY DISPOSITION PROGRAM DEPARTURE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

19

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 2,222 0 0 0 0 4 1 0 515 0 0 19 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 3 4 0 0 0 1,659 3 3 4 0 0 0 0 4

Median Sentence in Months 21.0 ----14.5 --18.0 --13.0 -------0.0 2.8 ---21.0 30.0 46.0 3.1 ----5.9

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 7.0 ----6.0 --10.0 --6.0 -------12.0 5.2 ---6.0 30.0 54.0 8.5 ----3.5

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 27.8 ----38.5 --34.8 --20.0 -------100.0 64.7 ---26.8 38.5 53.6 79.3 ----43.2

Of the 33,335 cases, 2,344 received a §5K3.1 early disposition program departure. Of these, 2,226 had complete guideline application information. Three cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 2,223 cases, one was excluded due to missing sentence information. Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 8 OTHER GOVERNMENT SPONSORED BELOW RANGE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

20

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 994 0 1 1 11 18 17 0 319 9 0 82 0 0 12 70 6 8 4 10 19 21 0 1 302 31 7 24 4 1 0 3 13

Median Sentence in Months 24.0 ---37.0 25.5 53.0 -63.0 36.0 -40.0 --1.5 6.2 0.0 6.1 0.0 2.0 6.0 65.0 --13.5 60.0 6.0 7.5 0.0 --18.0 0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 10.0 ---16.7 8.6 31.0 -19.0 12.0 -14.5 --7.0 10.0 9.0 10.0 10.0 11.0 12.0 84.0 --4.0 27.0 9.0 9.0 6.0 --18.0 10.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 28.1 ---28.3 42.9 31.2 -23.4 37.5 -28.2 --90.0 52.6 100.0 71.6 100.0 95.1 59.9 50.0 --20.0 29.6 51.4 40.7 100.0 --50.0 100.0

Of the 33,335 cases, 1,091 received an other government sponsored downward departure. Of these, 1,001 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional four cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, one case was excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 996 cases, two were excluded due to missing sentence information. Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 9 DOWNWARD DEPARTURES FROM GUIDELINE RANGE: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

21

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 808 0 1 0 4 8 24 0 228 5 0 116 1 1 17 89 4 6 0 17 12 6 2 3 219 17 1 8 2 1 0 0 16

Median Sentence in Months 24.0 ---56.5 12.5 44.0 -60.0 0.0 -33.5 --3.0 12.0 1.0 8.0 -0.0 25.5 60.0 -0.0 21.0 87.0 -0.0 ----0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 10.5 ---18.5 6.0 13.5 -16.0 10.0 -12.0 --7.0 10.0 11.0 8.5 -11.0 18.0 16.5 -10.0 6.0 22.0 -11.0 ----12.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 26.8 ---20.7 40.9 20.5 -20.0 100.0 -25.4 --58.3 50.0 91.7 73.3 -100.0 43.9 35.6 -100.0 21.7 19.4 -100.0 ----100.0

Of the 33,335 cases, 854 received a downward departure from the guideline range. Of these, 809 had complete guideline application information. One case was excluded due to several logical criteria. Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 10 DOWNWARD DEPARTURES WITH BOOKER /18 U.S.C. § 3553: DEGREE 1 OF DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

22

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 441 0 0 0 1 5 7 0 166 4 2 72 1 0 8 60 8 6 2 4 11 3 1 0 41 21 1 8 1 0 1 0 7

Median Sentence in Months 24.0 ----1.0 36.0 -60.0 21.0 -24.5 --0.0 6.5 0.0 13.3 -0.0 31.0 8.0 --18.0 30.0 -12.0 ----0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 15.0 ----11.0 16.0 -22.0 12.0 -14.5 --10.0 12.0 10.0 8.5 -14.5 25.0 29.0 --15.0 28.6 -15.0 ----12.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 37.5 ----91.7 21.7 -31.4 48.2 -33.3 --100.0 54.4 99.7 38.5 -99.9 50.0 78.4 --34.8 50.0 -61.1 ----100.0

Of the 33,335 cases, 475 received a downward departure from the guideline range with Booker /18 U.S.C § 3553. Of these, 445 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional three cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, one case was excluded due to several logical criteria. Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 11 BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE WITH BOOKER /18 U.S.C. § 3553: DEGREE 1 OF DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

23

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 2,110 2 6 2 3 16 45 1 763 17 2 258 2 4 42 273 26 38 10 46 44 25 9 1 282 100 7 40 6 0 2 2 36

Median Sentence in Months 27.0 -14.0 -10.0 7.5 57.0 -60.0 36.0 -25.5 -4.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 2.5 5.7 4.5 12.0 24.0 0.0 -24.0 51.5 12.0 7.6 0.0 ---0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 12.0 -12.0 -15.0 8.5 17.7 -18.0 18.0 -12.0 -6.5 10.0 10.0 11.0 8.0 7.5 10.0 15.5 15.0 12.0 -10.0 24.5 3.0 9.4 6.0 ---10.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 33.2 -53.3 -33.3 50.0 20.5 -23.4 25.0 -28.2 -73.3 99.9 60.0 99.7 86.3 68.2 66.8 64.5 31.7 100.0 -27.8 33.5 20.0 51.3 100.0 ---100.0

Of the 33,335 cases, 2,255 were sentenced below the guideline range with Booker /18 U.S.C § 3553. Of these, 2,137 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional 17 cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, four cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 2,116 cases, six were excluded due to missing sentence information. Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 12 ALL REMAINING BELOW GUIDELINE RANGE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 DECREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

24

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 282 0 0 1 1 3 1 0 74 2 2 28 1 0 16 53 2 7 1 6 2 3 2 0 48 5 4 7 2 1 0 0 10

Median Sentence in Months 12.0 ----4.0 --48.0 --24.5 --0.0 0.0 -0.0 -2.5 -108.0 --18.0 99.0 12.0 3.4 ----0.0

Median Decrease in Months From Guideline Minimum 6.0 ----4.0 --12.0 --6.0 --6.0 6.0 -6.0 -6.0 -21.0 --5.6 22.0 8.5 9.0 ----6.0

Median Percent Decrease From Guideline Minimum 46.5 ----50.0 --28.5 --26.8 --100.0 100.0 -100.0 -86.1 -13.9 --27.4 19.3 38.2 57.6 ----100.0

Of the 33,335 cases, 326 were otherwise sentenced below the guideline range. Of these, 290 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a guideline minimum of life, an additional five cases were also excluded from this table. Furthermore, one case was excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 284 cases, two were excluded due to missing sentence information. Note that the information presented in this table does include sentences of probation, but does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 13 UPWARD DEPARTURES FROM GUIDELINE RANGE: DEGREE OF 1 INCREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

25

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 142 0 2 0 1 3 1 0 15 1 3 19 0 0 2 14 0 4 0 0 3 1 0 0 56 6 2 3 0 0 0 0 6

Median Sentence in Months 46.0 ----96.0 --88.0 -12.0 84.0 ---38.5 -59.0 --81.0 ---24.0 180.0 -12.0 ----37.0

Median Increase in Months From Guideline Maximum 9.0 ----18.0 --17.0 -6.0 13.0 ---17.5 -24.0 --20.0 ---4.5 36.0 -6.0 ----10.0

Median Percent Increase From Guideline Maximum 25.0 ----23.1 --23.9 -100.0 19.3 ---78.6 -67.9 --36.7 ---25.0 34.1 -100.0 ----41.4

Of the 33,335 cases, 155 received an upward departure from the guideline range. Of these, 145 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a sentence of life, one additional case was also excluded from this table. Of the remaining 144 cases, two were excluded due to missing sentence information. Note that the information presented in this table does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 14 UPWARD DEPARTURES WITH BOOKER /18 U.S.C. § 3553: DEGREE OF 1 INCREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

26

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 70 0 3 0 2 1 2 0 8 0 0 13 0 0 1 15 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 13 4 0 3 1 0 0 0 1

Median Sentence in Months 60.0 -120.0 -----135.0 --48.0 ---48.0 --------60.0 168.0 -30.0 ------

Median Increase in Months From Guideline Maximum 18.0 -42.0 -----33.5 --11.0 ---15.0 --------27.0 48.0 -12.0 ------

Median Percent Increase From Guideline Maximum 47.0 -25.0 -----34.3 --29.7 ---76.5 --------100.0 41.0 -66.7 ------

Of the 33,335 cases, 73 received an upward departure from the guideline range with Booker /18 U.S.C § 3553. Of these, 71 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a sentence of life, one additional case was also excluded from this table. Note that the information presented in this table does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 15 ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE WITH BOOKER /18 U.S.C. § 3553: DEGREE 1 OF INCREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

27

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 210 0 4 0 6 2 6 3 16 0 6 27 0 0 4 34 1 2 0 1 0 2 0 0 73 12 1 7 0 0 0 0 3

Median Sentence in Months 48.0 -58.0 -120.0 -160.0 120.0 128.5 -12.0 84.0 --31.5 48.0 --------24.0 180.0 -36.0 ----50.0

Median Increase in Months From Guideline Maximum 12.0 -12.0 -30.5 -42.5 33.0 29.5 -6.0 17.0 --12.0 13.0 --------7.0 54.5 -9.0 ----3.0

Median Percent Increase From Guideline Maximum 50.0 -22.6 -19.0 -32.8 37.9 38.2 -99.9 45.9 --63.5 38.4 --------75.6 48.9 -33.3 ----12.5

Of the 33,335 cases, 224 were sentenced above the guideline range with Booker /18 U.S.C § 3553. Of these, 213 had complete guideline application information. Due to an inablility to calculate the extent of departure for cases with a sentence of life, one additional case was also excluded from this table. Furthermore, two cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Note that the information presented in this table does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 16 ALL REMAINING ABOVE GUIDELINE RANGE CASES: DEGREE OF 1 INCREASE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

28

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

n 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 3 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 8 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

Median Sentence in Months 47.0 -------84.0 --120.0 ------------34.0 ---------

Median Increase in Months From Guideline Maximum 10.0 -------10.5 --30.0 ------------7.0 ---------

Median Percent Increase From Guideline Maximum 20.0 -------11.1 --24.4 ------------20.2 ---------

Of the 33,335 cases, 38 were otherwise sentenced above the guideline range. Of these, 30 had complete guideline application information. Seven cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Note that the information presented in this table does not include any time of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 17 OFFENDERS RECEIVING SENTENCING OPTIONS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
TOTAL RECEIVING IMPRISONMENT Number Percent 29,426 89.3 33 100.0 37 97.4 29 100.0 106 93.0 207 84.5 557 98.1 25 89.3 11,508 97.5 142 83.5 110 43.0 3,521 94.1 21 87.5 22 75.9 325 44.3 2,407 70.9 102 49.3 375 72.3 63 67.0 171 62.4 359 84.7 268 91.8 15 29.4 19 65.5 7,545 97.1 688 97.7 146 96.7 309 72.0 16 24.2 10 90.9 8 80.0 11 45.8 271 38.9 TOTAL RECEIVING PROBATION Number Percent 3,538 10.7 0 0.0 1 2.6 0 0.0 8 7.0 38 15.5 11 1.9 3 10.7 299 2.5 28 16.5 146 57.0 221 5.9 3 12.5 7 24.1 409 55.7 986 29.1 105 50.7 144 27.7 31 33.0 103 37.6 65 15.3 24 8.2 36 70.6 10 34.5 227 2.9 16 2.3 5 3.3 120 28.0 50 75.8 1 9.1 2 20.0 13 54.2 426 61.1

29

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

TOTAL 32,964 33 38 29 114 245 568 28 11,807 170 256 3,742 24 29 734 3,393 207 519 94 274 424 292 51 29 7,772 704 151 429 66 11 10 24 697

Prison Only Number Percent 28,431 86.2 33 100.0 37 97.4 29 100.0 103 90.4 193 78.8 549 96.7 23 82.1 11,261 95.4 138 81.2 108 42.2 3,440 91.9 20 83.3 20 69.0 285 38.8 2,135 62.9 74 35.7 336 64.7 54 57.4 142 51.8 339 80.0 265 90.8 13 25.5 18 62.1 7,440 95.7 682 96.9 138 91.4 285 66.4 11 16.7 9 81.8 6 60.0 9 37.5 236 33.9

Prison/Community 2 Split Sentence Number Percent 995 3.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 3 2.6 14 5.7 8 1.4 2 7.1 247 2.1 4 2.4 2 0.8 81 2.2 1 4.2 2 6.9 40 5.4 272 8.0 28 13.5 39 7.5 9 9.6 29 10.6 20 4.7 3 1.0 2 3.9 1 3.4 105 1.4 6 0.9 8 5.3 24 5.6 5 7.6 1 9.1 2 20.0 2 8.3 35 5.0

Probation and Confinement Number Percent 1,225 3.7 0 0.0 1 2.6 0 0.0 3 2.6 15 6.1 3 0.5 2 7.1 126 1.1 9 5.3 14 5.5 112 3.0 0 0.0 3 10.3 124 16.9 381 11.2 34 16.4 68 13.1 18 19.1 43 15.7 30 7.1 12 4.1 21 41.2 6 20.7 59 0.8 8 1.1 2 1.3 41 9.6 11 16.7 1 9.1 0 0.0 1 4.2 77 11.0

Probation Only Number Percent 2,313 7.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 5 4.4 23 9.4 8 1.4 1 3.6 173 1.5 19 11.2 132 51.6 109 2.9 3 12.5 4 13.8 285 38.8 605 17.8 71 34.3 76 14.6 13 13.8 60 21.9 35 8.3 12 4.1 15 29.4 4 13.8 168 2.2 8 1.1 3 2.0 79 18.4 39 59.1 0 0.0 2 20.0 12 50.0 349 50.1

Of the 33,335 cases, 371 were excluded due to one or more of the following reasons: the offender received neither imprisonment nor probation (186), missing primary offense category (116), or missing sentencing information (181). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. Prison/Community Split Sentence includes all cases in which offenders received prison and conditions of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1.

2

SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 18 AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
Mean Months
53.9 284.5 53.9 207.2 94.8 30.6 91.6 55.5 84.5 37.5 6.5 77.3 21.9 61.1 8.6 20.3 10.0 15.4 22.8 15.4 34.3 94.1 6.0 31.5 22.5 98.4 16.3 22.1 4.7 18.0 18.2 12.5 6.8
1

30

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

Median Months
30.0 240.0 37.0 205.0 57.0 21.0 71.0 54.5 60.0 39.5 0.0 51.0 25.5 18.0 4.0 10.0 4.0 10.6 12.0 10.0 24.0 59.0 6.0 12.0 18.0 78.0 12.0 12.0 0.0 10.0 8.0 0.0 0.0

Number
33,150 33 38 29 114 249 568 28 11,810 170 280 3,745 24 29 774 3,412 208 520 94 276 425 292 51 31 7,773 705 151 430 75 11 10 29 766

Of the 33,335 cases, 185 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense (116) or missing or indeterminable sentencing

information (181). Sentences of probation only are included in this table as zero months of imprisonment. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

31 Figure C AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR ALL CASES1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007) 80

60 Average (Mean)

40

4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

20 Average Sentence Average Guideline Minimum 0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

32 Figure D AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR §2B1.1 OFFENDERS (THEFT, PROPERTY DESTRUCTION, AND FRAUD)1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
50

Average Sentence
40

Average Guideline Minimum

Average (Mean)

30
4/03 PROTECT Act Blakely Booker

20

10

0
0 20 FY 2 0 20 FY 3 0 20 FY 4 0 20 FY 5 0 20 FY 6 0 20 FY 7

1

Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2B1.1 (Larceny, Embezzlement, and Other Forms of Theft; Offenses Involving Stolen Property; Property Damage or Destruction; Fraud and Deceit; Forgery; Offenses Involving Altered or Counterfeit Instruments Other than Counterfeit Bearer Obligation of the United States). Additionally, cases with an amendment year prior to 2001 were excluded from this figure because prior to this time fraud cases were reported separately as USSG §2F1.1. Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

33 Figure E AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR §2K2.1 OFFENDERS (UNLAWFUL POSSESSION OF OR TRANSACTION IN FIREARMS)1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007) 70

60

50 Average (Mean)
4/03 PROTECT Act Blakely Booker

40

30

20 Average Sentence 10 Average Guideline Minimum 0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2K2.1 (Unlawful Receipt, Possession, or Transportation of Firearms or Ammunition; Prohibited Transactions Involving Firearms or Ammunition). Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

34 Figure F AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR §2L1.1 OFFENDERS (ALIEN SMUGGLING)1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007) 50 Average Sentence 40 Average Guideline Minimum

Average (Mean)

30

4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

20

10

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2L1.1 (Smuggling, Transporting, or Harboring an Unlawful Alien). Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

35 Figure G AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY DATA FOR §2L1.2 OFFENDERS (UNLAWFUL ENTERING OR REMAINING IN THE UNITED STATES)1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007) 50

40

Average (Mean)

30

20

4/03 PROTECT Act

Blakely

Booker

Average Sentence 10 Average Guideline Minimum

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2L2.1. Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

36 Figure H AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH AND AVERAGE GUIDELINE MINIMUM QUARTERLY 1 DATA FOR §2D1.1 OFFENDERS (UNLAWFUL DRUG TRAFFICKING OR MANUFACTURING) Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007) 120

100

80 Average (Mean)

60
4/03 PROTECT Act Blakely Booker

40 Average Sentence 20 Average Guideline Minimum 0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1 Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2D1.1 (Unlawful Manufacturing, Importing, Exporting, or Trafficking (Including Possession with Intent to Commit These Offenses); Attempt or Conspiracy). Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A.

SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

37 Figure I AVERAGE SENTENCE LENGTH FOR EACH DRUG TYPE1 Fiscal Years 2002 - 2007, 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007) 140 Crack Cocaine 120 Methamphetamine

100 Average (Mean)

80

Powder Cocaine Heroin

60 Marijuana

40

20

0
20 FY 02 20 FY 03 20 FY 04 20 FY 05 20 FY 06 20 FY 07

1

Only cases sentenced under USSG §§2D1.1 (Drug Trafficking), 2D1.2 (Protected Locations), 2D1.5 (Continuing Criminal Enterprise), 2D1.6 (Use of Communication Facility), 2D1.8 (Rent/Manage Drug Establishment), or 2D2.1 (Simple Possession) are depicted in this figure. Figure includes only cases with a primary sentencing guideline of USSG §2D1.1. Cases with guideline minimums of life or probation were included in the guideline minimum average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In turn, cases with sentences of 470 months or greater (including life) or probation were included in the sentence average computations as 470 months and zero months, respectively. In addition, the information presented in this table includes time of confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. Guideline minimums account for applicable statutory mandatory penalties. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 2002 - 2006 Datafiles, USSCFY02 - USSCFY06, and Preliminary Data from USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

Table 19 WITHIN RANGE CASES: POSITION OF SENTENCE FOR OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
Guideline Minimum n %
9,675 5 2 9 31 71 187 8 3,906 23 77 1,228 6 9 311 1,043 98 158 22 64 112 64 21 10 1,626 214 45 130 25 3 1 13 153 59.4 33.3 10.0 75.0 45.6 53.0 53.7 80.0 71.6 65.7 64.7 56.8 31.6 45.0 70.5 57.8 73.1 48.9 55.0 57.1 67.1 58.7 87.5 66.7 43.4 60.6 42.5 57.0 92.6 75.0 50.0 72.2 71.8

38

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

TOTAL
16,287 15 20 12 68 134 348 10 5,454 35 119 2,162 19 20 441 1,806 134 323 40 112 167 109 24 15 3,749 353 106 228 27 4 2 18 213

Lower Half of Range n %
2,560 4 5 2 9 14 66 0 732 6 19 308 5 4 42 263 27 42 7 22 26 22 2 1 816 40 21 24 2 0 1 3 25 15.7 26.7 25.0 16.7 13.2 10.4 19.0 0.0 13.4 17.1 16.0 14.2 26.3 20.0 9.5 14.6 20.1 13.0 17.5 19.6 15.6 20.2 8.3 6.7 21.8 11.3 19.8 10.5 7.4 0.0 50.0 16.7 11.7

Midpoint of Range n %
1,280 1 3 0 4 15 31 0 303 1 6 190 3 1 28 129 3 36 5 8 6 6 1 2 438 23 13 13 0 0 0 0 11 7.9 6.7 15.0 0.0 5.9 11.2 8.9 0.0 5.6 2.9 5.0 8.8 15.8 5.0 6.3 7.1 2.2 11.1 12.5 7.1 3.6 5.5 4.2 13.3 11.7 6.5 12.3 5.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.2

Upper Half of Range n %
1,130 3 2 0 9 9 31 1 204 0 8 141 1 2 21 159 1 28 3 7 14 8 0 0 418 25 6 20 0 1 0 1 7 6.9 20.0 10.0 0.0 13.2 6.7 8.9 10.0 3.7 0.0 6.7 6.5 5.3 10.0 4.8 8.8 0.7 8.7 7.5 6.3 8.4 7.3 0.0 0.0 11.1 7.1 5.7 8.8 0.0 25.0 0.0 5.6 3.3

Guideline Maximum n %
1,642 2 8 1 15 25 33 1 309 5 9 295 4 4 39 212 5 59 3 11 9 9 0 2 451 51 21 41 0 0 0 1 17 10.1 13.3 40.0 8.3 22.1 18.7 9.5 10.0 5.7 14.3 7.6 13.6 21.1 20.0 8.8 11.7 3.7 18.3 7.5 9.8 5.4 8.3 0.0 13.3 12.0 14.4 19.8 18.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.6 8.0

Of the 33,335 cases, 20,017 were sentenced within the applicable guideline range. Of those, 18,163 had complete guideline application information. An additional 1,059 cases were excluded due to several logical criteria. Of the remaining 17,104 cases, 817 were excluded due to missing point in range information. Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

39 Figure J DISTRIBUTION OF OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

Other 9.6%

Immigration 23.6%

Drug Type
Powder Cocaine 24.8%

Drugs 36.3%

Crack Cocaine 21.5% Heroin 5.5% Marijuana 24.2%

Other White Collar 4.6% Methamphetamine 20.2% Other 3.8% Fraud 10.4%

Larceny 2.4% Firearms 11.3%
1

Robbery 1.7%

Of the 33,335 guideline cases, 192 were excluded due to missing primary offense category. An additinal 267 of the 12,421 drug cases were excluded due to missing drug type. The Drug category includes the following offense types: Trafficking, Use of a Communication Facility, and Simple Possession. The Non-Fraud White Collar category includes the following offense types: Embezzlement, Forgery/Counterfeiting, Bribery, Money Laundering, and Tax. Descriptions of variables used in this figure are provided in Appendix A SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

40 Table 20 GUIDELINE OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

Number 33,219 33 38 29 114 249 570 28 11,829 172 288 3,747 24 30 779 3,416 208 521 94 276 425 292 51 31 7,793 706 152 431 75 11 10 29 768

Percent 100.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.7 1.7 0.1 35.6 0.5 0.9 11.3 0.1 0.1 2.3 10.3 0.6 1.6 0.3 0.8 1.3 0.9 0.2 0.1 23.5 2.1 0.5 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.3

Of the 33,335 cases, 116 were excluded due to missing information on primary offense category. Descriptions of variables used in

this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

41 Table 21 GUILTY PLEAS AND TRIALS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
PLEA
PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

TRIAL
Percent
95.8 60.6 86.8 82.8 84.2 91.6 94.0 89.3 95.7 100.0 98.3 93.1 91.7 93.3 97.4 94.4 96.2 98.3 88.3 92.0 91.8 84.6 100.0 96.8 99.0 95.3 96.1 91.0 97.3 100.0 100.0 93.1 96.2

TOTAL
33,217 33 38 29 114 249 570 28 11,829 172 287 3,747 24 30 779 3,416 208 521 94 276 425 292 51 31 7,792 706 152 431 75 11 10 29 768

Number
31,816 20 33 24 96 228 536 25 11,325 172 282 3,489 22 28 759 3,223 200 512 83 254 390 247 51 30 7,716 673 146 392 73 11 10 27 739

Number
1,401 13 5 5 18 21 34 3 504 0 5 258 2 2 20 193 8 9 11 22 35 45 0 1 76 33 6 39 2 0 0 2 29

Percent
4.2 39.4 13.2 17.2 15.8 8.4 6.0 10.7 4.3 0.0 1.7 6.9 8.3 6.7 2.6 5.6 3.8 1.7 11.7 8.0 8.2 15.4 0.0 3.2 1.0 4.7 3.9 9.0 2.7 0.0 0.0 6.9 3.8

Of the 33,335 cases, 118 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (116) or missing information on mode of conviction (116). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

42 Table 22 RACE OF OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
WHITE Number Percent
9,226 8 2 2 47 65 239 19 2,915 44 95 1,243 10 6 380 1,610 125 254 44 202 144 117 41 23 403 596 61 167 52 6 8 19 279 29.0 25.8 5.4 6.9 41.6 28.9 42.2 67.9 24.8 25.7 52.2 33.4 41.7 20.7 56.5 48.7 61.9 49.9 46.8 75.4 34.6 40.8 80.4 79.3 5.6 84.9 43.0 40.5 80.0 54.5 100.0 70.4 62.3

PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

TOTAL
31,817 31 37 29 113 225 566 28 11,762 171 182 3,717 24 29 672 3,305 202 509 94 268 416 287 51 29 7,255 702 142 412 65 11 8 27 448

BLACK Number Percent
7,797 5 0 8 5 26 255 5 3,460 71 45 1,799 2 11 199 1,019 42 184 25 35 66 87 0 2 197 22 40 96 2 0 0 0 89 24.5 16.1 0.0 27.6 4.4 11.6 45.1 17.9 29.4 41.5 24.7 48.4 8.3 37.9 29.6 30.8 20.8 36.1 26.6 13.1 15.9 30.3 0.0 6.9 2.7 3.1 28.2 23.3 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 19.9

HISPANIC Number Percent
13,508 5 1 19 3 41 49 2 4,972 53 34 580 0 10 50 509 14 62 20 16 172 70 1 2 6,558 53 32 129 3 3 0 7 38 42.5 16.1 2.7 65.5 2.7 18.2 8.7 7.1 42.3 31.0 18.7 15.6 0.0 34.5 7.4 15.4 6.9 12.2 21.3 6.0 41.3 24.4 2.0 6.9 90.4 7.5 22.5 31.3 4.6 27.3 0.0 25.9 8.5

OTHER Number Percent
1,286 13 34 0 58 93 23 2 415 3 8 95 12 2 43 167 21 9 5 15 34 13 9 2 97 31 9 20 8 2 0 1 42 4.0 41.9 91.9 0.0 51.3 41.3 4.1 7.1 3.5 1.8 4.4 2.6 50.0 6.9 6.4 5.1 10.4 1.8 5.3 5.6 8.2 4.5 17.6 6.9 1.3 4.4 6.3 4.9 12.3 18.2 0.0 3.7 9.4

Of the 33,335 cases, 1,518 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (116) or missing race (1,516). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

43 Table 23 GENDER OF OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
MALE
PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

FEMALE
Percent
86.7 90.9 81.6 100.0 97.3 87.7 90.5 92.9 87.6 77.9 76.3 96.7 95.8 86.2 61.5 70.5 43.4 71.7 90.4 81.0 75.7 91.7 86.3 74.2 93.3 96.9 91.8 71.4 97.1 100.0 100.0 88.9 77.5

TOTAL
32,338 33 38 29 113 235 567 28 11,787 172 219 3,735 24 29 704 3,344 205 515 94 274 420 289 51 31 7,439 703 147 419 70 11 9 27 577

Number
28,047 30 31 29 110 206 513 26 10,325 134 167 3,611 23 25 433 2,358 89 369 85 222 318 265 44 23 6,937 681 135 299 68 11 9 24 447

Number
4,291 3 7 0 3 29 54 2 1,462 38 52 124 1 4 271 986 116 146 9 52 102 24 7 8 502 22 12 120 2 0 0 3 130

Percent
13.3 9.1 18.4 0.0 2.7 12.3 9.5 7.1 12.4 22.1 23.7 3.3 4.2 13.8 38.5 29.5 56.6 28.3 9.6 19.0 24.3 8.3 13.7 25.8 6.7 3.1 8.2 28.6 2.9 0.0 0.0 11.1 22.5

Of the 33,335 cases, 997 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (116) or missing gender (970). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

44 Table 24 AGE, RACE, AND GENDER OF OFFENDERS1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

White Gender and Age Males Under 21 21 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 35 36 - 40 41 - 50 Over 50 n 7,561 163 868 1,077 1,077 1,040 1,824 1,512 % 100.0 2.2 11.5 14.2 14.2 13.8 24.1 20.0

Black n 6,734 224 1,275 1,654 1,438 845 928 370 % 100.0 3.3 18.9 24.6 21.4 12.5 13.8 5.5

Hispanic n 12,128 597 2,195 2,647 2,371 1,771 1,919 628 % 100.0 4.9 18.1 21.8 19.5 14.6 15.8 5.2

Other n 1,037 53 193 190 170 146 193 92 % 100.0 5.1 18.6 18.3 16.4 14.1 18.6 8.9

Females Under 21 21 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 35 36 - 40 41 - 50 Over 50
1

1,644 44 250 253 247 220 391 239

100.0 2.7 15.2 15.4 15.0 13.4 23.8 14.5

1,048 25 189 215 157 155 198 109

100.0 2.4 18.0 20.5 15.0 14.8 18.9 10.4

1,226 78 232 236 210 162 221 87

100.0 6.4 18.9 19.2 17.1 13.2 18.0 7.1

243 6 40 47 38 33 52 27

100.0 2.5 16.5 19.3 15.6 13.6 21.4 11.1

Of the 33,335 cases, 1,714 were excluded due to one or more of the following reasons: missing race (1,516), missing gender (970), or missing age (439).

Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

45 Table 25 CITIZENSHIP OF OFFENDERS IN EACH PRIMARY OFFENSE CATEGORY1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
U.S. CITIZEN
PRIMARY OFFENSE
TOTAL Murder Manslaughter Kidnapping/Hostage Taking Sexual Abuse Assault Robbery Arson Drugs - Trafficking Drugs - Communication Facility Drugs - Simple Possession Firearms Burglary/B&E Auto Theft Larceny Fraud Embezzlement Forgery/Counterfeiting Bribery Tax Money Laundering Racketeering/Extortion Gambling/Lottery Civil Rights Immigration Pornography/Prostitution Prison Offenses Administration of Justice Offenses Environmental/Wildlife National Defense Antitrust Food & Drug Other Miscellaneous Offenses
1

NON-U.S. CITIZEN
Number
11,599 4 1 20 8 24 19 0 3,325 35 27 261 0 4 43 554 3 46 11 19 135 51 7 3 6,811 34 7 84 6 3 0 3 51

TOTAL
32,161 31 37 29 113 225 566 28 11,744 172 184 3,719 24 29 664 3,309 201 509 94 270 413 286 51 29 7,615 701 144 408 64 11 8 27 456

Number
20,562 27 36 9 105 201 547 28 8,419 137 157 3,458 24 25 621 2,755 198 463 83 251 278 235 44 26 804 667 137 324 58 8 8 24 405

Percent
63.9 87.1 97.3 31.0 92.9 89.3 96.6 100.0 71.7 79.7 85.3 93.0 100.0 86.2 93.5 83.3 98.5 91.0 88.3 93.0 67.3 82.2 86.3 89.7 10.6 95.1 95.1 79.4 90.6 72.7 100.0 88.9 88.8

Percent
36.1 12.9 2.7 69.0 7.1 10.7 3.4 0.0 28.3 20.3 14.7 7.0 0.0 13.8 6.5 16.7 1.5 9.0 11.7 7.0 32.7 17.8 13.7 10.3 89.4 4.9 4.9 20.6 9.4 27.3 0.0 11.1 11.2

Of the 33,335 cases, 1,174 were excluded due to one or both of the following reasons: missing primary offense category (116) or missing citizenship information (1,174). Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

46 Table 26 DOCUMENT SUBMISSION RATE OF EACH CIRCUIT AND DISTRICT1 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)
Total Requested Documents
CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

Judgment and Commitment Order
Received n %
33,168 272 272 909 88 302 99 363 57 2,037 172 495 199 714 375 82 1,381 33 438 343 267 255 45 2,966 338 273 217 257 557 730 299 151 144 99.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 99.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.5 100.0 99.6 100.0 99.1 99.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.8 99.5 99.7 100.0 99.3

Statement of Reasons
Received n %
32,474 271 271 901 88 301 98 361 53 2,029 173 495 196 708 375 82 1,371 33 438 333 267 255 45 2,814 316 271 217 255 553 610 298 150 144 97.4 99.6 99.6 99.1 100.0 99.7 99.0 99.4 93.0 99.5 100.0 100.0 98.5 99.2 99.5 100.0 98.9 100.0 99.1 96.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 94.7 93.5 99.3 100.0 99.2 99.1 83.1 99.3 99.3 99.3

Number of Cases
33,335 272 272 909 88 302 99 363 57 2,040 173 495 199 714 377 82 1,386 33 442 344 267 255 45 2,973 338 273 217 257 558 734 300 151 145

Received n %
155,498 1,327 1,327 4,174 381 1,345 482 1,703 263 9,627 851 2,413 925 3,208 1,820 410 6,613 163 2,143 1,602 1,321 1,173 211 13,752 1,588 1,267 1,050 1,200 2,594 3,151 1,455 743 704 98.4 99.6 99.6 99.2 99.5 99.1 99.2 99.5 97.4 99.2 99.5 99.9 98.5 98.6 99.2 100.0 99.0 100.0 98.6 98.6 100.0 99.0 99.1 97.9 97.7 99.7 99.4 99.4 99.2 93.9 99.6 99.7 99.4

Not Received n %
2,578 5 5 33 2 12 4 8 7 80 4 2 14 45 15 0 68 0 31 23 0 12 2 293 37 4 6 7 22 205 6 2 4 1.6 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.5 2.6 0.8 0.5 0.1 1.5 1.4 0.8 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.4 1.4 0.0 1.0 0.9 2.1 2.3 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.8 6.1 0.4 0.3 0.6

Not Received n %
167 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 2 0 5 0 4 1 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 1 4 1 0 1 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.7

Not Received n %
861 1 1 8 0 1 1 2 4 11 0 0 3 6 2 0 15 0 4 11 0 0 0 159 22 2 0 2 5 124 2 1 1 2.6 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.0 0.3 1.0 0.6 7.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.8 0.5 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.9 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.3 6.5 0.7 0.0 0.8 0.9 16.9 0.7 0.7 0.7

47 Table 26 (cont.)

Plea Agreement2
CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

Indictment/Information
Received n
32,920 269 269 907 88 302 98 362 57 2,026 172 495 197 710 370 82 1,360 33 427 338 267 250 45 2,906 332 272 215 256 556 682 299 151 143

Presentence Report
Received n %
31,961 271 271 880 87 297 98 341 57 1,983 172 490 187 708 344 82 1,366 33 437 341 265 245 45 2,792 316 262 209 255 552 608 298 150 142 95.9 99.6 99.6 96.8 98.9 98.3 99.0 93.9 100.0 97.2 99.4 99.0 94.0 99.2 91.2 100.0 98.6 100.0 98.9 99.1 99.3 96.1 100.0 93.9 93.5 96.0 96.3 99.2 98.9 82.8 99.3 99.3 97.9

Received n
24,975 244 244 577 30 143 89 276 39 1,552 162 438 146 368 356 82 1,135 31 403 247 255 168 31 2,274 286 189 192 177 376 521 261 141 131

Not Received n
823 1 1 22 2 11 2 4 3 43 1 2 6 33 1 0 17 0 5 4 0 6 2 42 4 1 2 3 12 17 2 1 0

No Written Plea/Trial n
6,968 27 27 293 55 145 8 70 15 371 9 49 43 252 18 0 222 2 33 91 11 73 12 608 36 72 23 73 165 180 37 9 13

Not Received n
415 3 3 2 0 0 1 1 0 14 1 0 2 4 7 0 26 0 15 6 0 5 0 67 6 1 2 1 2 52 1 0 2

%
76.2 89.7 89.7 64.7 34.5 47.8 89.9 78.9 68.4 78.9 94.2 89.6 74.9 56.4 94.9 100.0 82.6 93.9 91.4 72.2 95.9 68.0 68.9 77.8 87.7 72.1 88.5 70.0 68.0 72.6 87.0 93.4 91.0

%
2.5 0.4 0.4 2.5 2.3 3.7 2.0 1.1 5.3 2.2 0.6 0.4 3.1 5.1 0.3 0.0 1.2 0.0 1.1 1.2 0.0 2.4 4.4 1.4 1.2 0.4 0.9 1.2 2.2 2.4 0.7 0.7 0.0

%
21.3 9.9 9.9 32.8 63.2 48.5 8.1 20.0 26.3 18.9 5.2 10.0 22.1 38.6 4.8 0.0 16.2 6.1 7.5 26.6 4.1 29.6 26.7 20.8 11.0 27.5 10.6 28.9 29.8 25.1 12.3 6.0 9.0

%
98.8 98.9 98.9 99.8 100.0 100.0 99.0 99.7 100.0 99.3 99.4 100.0 99.0 99.4 98.1 100.0 98.1 100.0 96.6 98.3 100.0 98.0 100.0 97.7 98.2 99.6 99.1 99.6 99.6 92.9 99.7 100.0 98.6

%
1.2 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.0 1.0 0.6 1.9 0.0 1.9 0.0 3.4 1.7 0.0 2.0 0.0 2.3 1.8 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.4 7.1 0.3 0.0 1.4

Not Received n %
312 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 9 1 0 3 2 3 0 5 0 3 1 0 1 0 18 5 0 2 1 2 8 0 0 0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.0 1.5 0.3 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.6 1.5 0.0 0.9 0.4 0.4 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Waived n %
1,062 1 1 28 1 5 1 21 0 48 0 5 9 4 30 0 15 0 2 2 2 9 0 163 17 11 6 1 4 118 2 1 3 3.2 0.4 0.4 3.1 1.1 1.7 1.0 5.8 0.0 2.4 0.0 1.0 4.5 0.6 8.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.7 3.5 0.0 5.5 5.0 4.0 2.8 0.4 0.7 16.1 0.7 0.7 2.1

48 Table 26 (cont.)
Total Requested Documents
CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

Judgment and Commitment Order
Received n %
7,166 179 74 230 84 206 549 488 2,751 2,605 2,527 316 209 384 217 451 269 306 125 250 1,411 175 331 185 231 157 236 96 2,429 143 90 252 130 262 485 393 357 88 229 99.8 96.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.8 100.0 100.0 99.9 99.9 99.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.6 99.7 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 99.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Statement of Reasons
Received n %
7,130 182 74 229 83 204 550 483 2,746 2,579 2,485 315 195 383 214 449 261 305 113 250 1,403 175 324 185 231 157 236 95 2,417 143 90 252 129 260 480 391 356 88 228 99.3 97.8 100.0 99.6 98.8 99.0 100.0 99.0 99.8 98.9 98.2 99.4 93.3 99.7 98.6 99.6 96.7 99.3 90.4 100.0 99.3 100.0 97.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.0 99.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.2 99.2 98.8 99.5 99.7 100.0 99.6

Number of Cases
7,177 186 74 230 84 206 550 488 2,752 2,607 2,530 317 209 384 217 451 270 307 125 250 1,413 175 333 185 231 157 236 96 2,430 143 90 252 130 262 486 393 357 88 229

Received n %
32,918 815 358 1,096 417 992 2,677 2,292 12,779 11,492 11,947 1,532 899 1,853 1,035 2,125 1,310 1,434 581 1,178 6,766 800 1,579 881 1,116 763 1,164 463 11,598 681 439 1,166 601 1,286 2,398 1,802 1,756 410 1,059 99.0 95.0 100.0 99.6 99.3 98.9 99.8 99.7 99.3 98.5 98.8 99.4 97.0 99.8 98.7 98.4 98.6 98.8 97.0 99.9 99.4 99.9 98.4 99.5 99.6 100.0 99.8 98.9 99.5 99.3 99.3 99.8 98.7 99.8 99.5 99.4 99.7 99.3 98.9

Not Received n %
348 43 0 4 3 11 5 6 96 180 146 10 28 4 14 34 19 18 18 1 42 1 25 4 5 0 2 5 64 5 3 2 8 2 13 11 5 3 12 1.0 5.0 0.0 0.4 0.7 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.7 1.5 1.2 0.6 3.0 0.2 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.2 3.0 0.1 0.6 0.1 1.6 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.2 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.2 1.3 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.7 1.1

Not Received n %
11 7 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 3 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0.2 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Not Received n %
47 4 0 1 1 2 0 5 6 28 45 2 14 1 3 2 9 2 12 0 10 0 9 0 0 0 0 1 13 0 0 0 1 2 6 2 1 0 1 0.7 2.2 0.0 0.4 1.2 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.2 1.1 1.8 0.6 6.7 0.3 1.4 0.4 3.3 0.7 9.6 0.0 0.7 0.0 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.4

49 Table 26 (cont.)
Plea Agreement2
CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

Indictment/Information
Received n
7,134 178 74 229 83 203 549 488 2,741 2,589 2,517 316 209 384 215 449 269 301 124 250 1,406 175 332 184 230 157 235 93 2,418 142 89 251 129 262 485 390 356 87 227

Presentence Report
Received n %
6,972 180 74 213 84 205 548 486 2,716 2,466 2,426 313 148 383 209 450 264 304 109 246 1,406 175 332 182 230 157 236 94 2,399 141 89 250 123 251 484 392 353 88 228 97.1 96.8 100.0 92.6 100.0 99.5 99.6 99.6 98.7 94.6 95.9 98.7 70.8 99.7 96.3 99.8 97.8 99.0 87.2 98.4 99.5 100.0 99.7 98.4 99.6 100.0 100.0 97.9 98.7 98.6 98.9 99.2 94.6 95.8 99.6 99.7 98.9 100.0 99.6

Received n
4,516 96 62 195 83 174 481 347 1,825 1,253 1,992 272 138 319 180 326 247 218 110 182 1,140 100 260 145 194 135 221 85 1,935 112 81 161 90 251 464 236 334 59 147

Not Received n
224 18 0 2 1 5 2 1 73 122 76 6 14 3 5 29 7 7 4 1 20 1 12 2 3 0 1 1 32 3 2 1 5 0 3 6 2 2 8

No Written Plea/Trial n
2,345 72 12 28 0 25 67 140 831 1,170 437 37 45 57 31 94 15 82 11 65 251 74 60 37 34 22 14 10 453 26 7 89 34 11 18 151 19 26 72

Not Received n
43 8 0 1 1 3 1 0 11 18 13 1 0 0 2 2 1 6 1 0 7 0 1 1 1 0 1 3 12 1 1 1 1 0 1 3 1 1 2

%
63.7 51.6 83.8 86.7 98.8 85.3 87.5 71.1 66.9 49.2 79.5 86.3 70.1 84.2 83.3 72.6 91.8 71.0 88.0 73.4 80.8 57.1 78.3 78.8 84.0 86.0 93.6 88.5 80.0 79.4 90.0 64.1 69.8 95.8 95.7 60.1 94.1 67.8 64.8

%
3.2 9.7 0.0 0.9 1.2 2.5 0.4 0.2 2.7 4.8 3.0 1.9 7.1 0.8 2.3 6.5 2.6 2.3 3.2 0.4 1.4 0.6 3.6 1.1 1.3 0.0 0.4 1.0 1.3 2.1 2.2 0.4 3.9 0.0 0.6 1.5 0.6 2.3 3.5

%
33.1 38.7 16.2 12.4 0.0 12.3 12.2 28.7 30.5 46.0 17.4 11.7 22.8 15.0 14.4 20.9 5.6 26.7 8.8 26.2 17.8 42.3 18.1 20.1 14.7 14.0 5.9 10.4 18.7 18.4 7.8 35.5 26.4 4.2 3.7 38.4 5.4 29.9 31.7

%
99.4 95.7 100.0 99.6 98.8 98.5 99.8 100.0 99.6 99.3 99.5 99.7 100.0 100.0 99.1 99.6 99.6 98.0 99.2 100.0 99.5 100.0 99.7 99.5 99.6 100.0 99.6 96.9 99.5 99.3 98.9 99.6 99.2 100.0 99.8 99.2 99.7 98.9 99.1

%
0.6 4.3 0.0 0.4 1.2 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.4 0.4 2.0 0.8 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.4 3.1 0.5 0.7 1.1 0.4 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.8 0.3 1.1 0.9

Not Received n %
23 6 0 0 0 1 1 0 5 10 9 0 0 0 4 1 1 2 1 0 3 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 6 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 1 0 1 0.3 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.4

Waived n %
182 0 0 17 0 0 1 2 31 131 95 4 61 1 4 0 5 1 15 4 4 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 25 1 1 2 6 11 0 1 3 0 0 2.5 0.0 0.0 7.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 1.1 5.0 3.8 1.3 29.2 0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.3 12.0 1.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 1.0 0.7 1.1 0.8 4.6 4.2 0.0 0.3 0.8 0.0 0.0

50 Table 26 (cont.)
Total Requested Documents
CIRCUIT District
NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

Judgment and Commitment Order
Received n %
5,875 49 1,728 557 454 284 1,216 17 170 114 174 333 9 213 184 373 2,737 259 361 1,173 44 119 162 456 163 3,458 115 253 151 891 219 1,068 226 273 262 97.8 100.0 99.9 84.3 99.8 99.6 98.5 94.4 100.0 99.1 100.0 99.7 100.0 99.5 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 99.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.8 100.0 100.0 99.6

Statement of Reasons
Received n %
5,598 42 1,685 404 453 280 1,160 17 166 114 168 332 9 211 184 373 2,691 251 359 1,171 44 119 129 455 163 3,364 115 251 151 891 210 1,013 197 273 263 93.2 85.7 97.5 61.1 99.6 98.2 93.9 94.4 97.6 99.1 96.6 99.4 100.0 98.6 100.0 100.0 98.2 96.9 99.4 99.7 100.0 100.0 79.6 99.8 100.0 97.2 100.0 99.2 100.0 100.0 95.9 94.7 87.2 100.0 100.0

Number of Cases
6,005 49 1,729 661 455 285 1,235 18 170 115 174 334 9 214 184 373 2,739 259 361 1,175 44 119 162 456 163 3,461 115 253 151 891 219 1,070 226 273 263

Received n %
28,058 218 8,404 2,499 2,213 1,330 5,791 86 767 559 829 1,608 41 1,043 863 1,807 12,867 1,257 1,766 5,419 190 555 686 2,213 781 15,851 559 1,196 717 4,102 1,006 4,866 973 1,317 1,115 96.2 96.5 99.2 77.7 99.6 97.5 96.6 97.7 97.1 99.1 98.9 99.4 100.0 99.4 98.6 99.7 98.9 98.7 99.5 99.2 97.9 99.3 91.1 99.9 99.9 98.5 99.8 99.3 99.9 98.6 98.7 97.9 96.0 99.8 99.0

Not Received n %
1,114 8 71 718 9 34 201 2 23 5 9 10 0 6 12 6 147 16 8 45 4 4 67 2 1 238 1 8 1 58 13 103 41 2 11 3.8 3.5 0.8 22.3 0.4 2.5 3.4 2.3 2.9 0.9 1.1 0.6 0.0 0.6 1.4 0.3 1.1 1.3 0.5 0.8 2.1 0.7 8.9 0.1 0.1 1.5 0.2 0.7 0.1 1.4 1.3 2.1 4.0 0.2 1.0

Not Received n %
130 0 1 104 1 1 19 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2.2 0.0 0.1 15.7 0.2 0.4 1.5 5.6 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.4

Not Received n %
407 7 44 257 2 5 75 1 4 1 6 2 0 3 0 0 48 8 2 4 0 0 33 1 0 97 0 2 0 0 9 57 29 0 0 6.8 14.3 2.5 38.9 0.4 1.8 6.1 5.6 2.4 0.9 3.4 0.6 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 1.8 3.1 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 20.4 0.2 0.0 2.8 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 4.1 5.3 12.8 0.0 0.0

51 Table 26 (cont.)
Plea Agreement2
CIRCUIT District
NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

Indictment/Information
Received n
5,823 49 1,723 540 453 272 1,203 18 166 115 173 334 9 213 182 373 2,724 256 360 1,166 44 119 160 456 163 3,430 114 252 151 868 219 1,066 225 273 262

Presentence Report
Received n %
5,595 46 1,694 555 454 252 1,091 18 154 114 173 319 9 204 178 334 2,651 249 360 1,172 44 118 130 420 158 3,220 114 243 146 871 216 1,013 181 271 165 93.2 93.9 98.0 84.0 99.8 88.4 88.3 100.0 90.6 99.1 99.4 95.5 100.0 95.3 96.7 89.5 96.8 96.1 99.7 99.7 100.0 99.2 80.2 92.1 96.9 93.0 99.1 96.0 96.7 97.8 98.6 94.7 80.1 99.3 62.7

Received n
5,167 32 1,574 443 399 242 1,121 16 111 102 141 290 5 202 135 354 2,064 242 326 737 14 80 105 426 134 2,379 101 197 118 581 142 706 144 227 163

Not Received n
216 0 12 142 3 7 17 0 9 3 1 7 0 0 9 6 59 4 4 29 4 3 13 1 1 71 0 4 0 15 3 34 5 2 8

No Written Plea/Trial n
553 16 125 61 50 30 86 2 46 10 31 36 4 11 36 9 576 13 31 392 26 36 34 19 25 832 14 46 28 283 73 274 43 44 27

Not Received n
182 0 6 121 2 13 32 0 4 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 15 3 1 9 0 0 2 0 0 31 1 1 0 23 0 4 1 0 1

%
87.0 66.7 92.0 68.6 88.3 86.7 91.6 88.9 66.9 88.7 81.5 87.1 55.6 94.8 75.0 95.9 76.5 93.4 90.3 63.6 31.8 67.2 69.1 95.5 83.8 72.5 87.8 79.8 80.8 66.1 65.1 69.6 75.0 83.2 82.3

%
3.6 0.0 0.7 22.0 0.7 2.5 1.4 0.0 5.4 2.6 0.6 2.1 0.0 0.0 5.0 1.6 2.2 1.5 1.1 2.5 9.1 2.5 8.6 0.2 0.6 2.2 0.0 1.6 0.0 1.7 1.4 3.4 2.6 0.7 4.0

%
9.3 33.3 7.3 9.4 11.1 10.8 7.0 11.1 27.7 8.7 17.9 10.8 44.4 5.2 20.0 2.4 21.3 5.0 8.6 33.9 59.1 30.3 22.4 4.3 15.6 25.4 12.2 18.6 19.2 32.2 33.5 27.0 22.4 16.1 13.6

%
97.0 100.0 99.7 81.7 99.6 95.4 97.4 100.0 97.6 100.0 99.4 100.0 100.0 99.5 98.9 100.0 99.5 98.8 99.7 99.2 100.0 100.0 98.8 100.0 100.0 99.1 99.1 99.6 100.0 97.4 100.0 99.6 99.6 100.0 99.6

%
3.0 0.0 0.3 18.3 0.4 4.6 2.6 0.0 2.4 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.1 0.0 0.5 1.2 0.3 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.0 2.6 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.4

Not Received n %
179 1 8 94 1 8 58 0 6 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 23 1 1 1 0 1 19 0 0 36 0 1 1 20 1 6 6 0 1 3.0 2.0 0.5 14.2 0.2 2.8 4.7 0.0 3.5 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.8 11.7 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.4 0.7 2.2 0.5 0.6 2.7 0.0 0.4

Waived n %
231 2 27 12 0 25 86 0 10 1 0 15 0 9 5 39 65 9 0 2 0 0 13 36 5 205 1 9 4 0 2 51 39 2 97 3.8 4.1 1.6 1.8 0.0 8.8 7.0 0.0 5.9 0.9 0.0 4.5 0.0 4.2 2.7 10.5 2.4 3.5 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 8.0 7.9 3.1 5.9 0.9 3.6 2.6 0.0 0.9 4.8 17.3 0.7 36.9

1

Descriptions of variables used in this table are provided in Appendix A.

2

The figures presented in this table regarding plea agreement submission exclude from the analysis 569 cases for which the Commission was unable to determine definitively whether the defendant's guilty plea was entered pursuant to a written plea agreement. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

52 Table 27 RATE OF SUBMISSION OF STATEMENT OF REASONS FORM IN EACH CIRCUIT AND DISTRICT 2nd Quarter 2007 Preliminary Cumulative Data (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007)

CIRCUIT District
TOTAL D.C. CIRCUIT District of Columbia FIRST CIRCUIT Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Puerto Rico Rhode Island SECOND CIRCUIT Connecticut New York Eastern Northern Southern Western Vermont THIRD CIRCUIT Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania Eastern Middle Western Virgin Islands FOURTH CIRCUIT Maryland North Carolina Eastern Middle Western South Carolina Virginia Eastern Western West Virginia Northern Southern

Form AO 245B1 Total
33,335 272 272 909 88 302 99 363 57 2,040 173 495 199 714 377 82 1,386 33 442 344 267 255 45 2,973 338 273 217 257 558 734 300 151 145

Other Forms2
%
84.4 93.4 93.4 98.2 97.7 98.0 98.0 99.4 93.0 90.5 99.4 70.9 98.0 94.1 99.2 100.0 72.9 100.0 20.8 94.2 99.3 98.8 100.0 76.2 89.3 96.3 99.1 95.7 99.1 16.1 99.3 94.0 89.0

No Form Received
%
13.2 6.6 6.6 1.0 2.3 1.7 1.0 0.3 0.0 9.2 0.6 29.1 0.5 5.6 0.3 0.0 26.0 0.0 78.3 2.6 0.7 1.2 0.0 18.9 7.4 2.9 0.9 3.5 0.2 67.2 0.0 5.3 10.3

n
28,123 254 254 893 86 296 97 361 53 1,846 172 351 195 672 374 82 1,011 33 92 324 265 252 45 2,266 302 263 215 246 553 118 298 142 129

n
4,385 18 18 9 2 5 1 1 0 187 1 144 1 40 1 0 360 0 346 9 2 3 0 561 25 8 2 9 1 493 0 8 15

n
827 0 0 7 0 1 1 1 4 7 0 0 3 2 2 0 15 0 4 11 0 0 0 146 11 2 0 2 4 123 2 1 1

%
2.5 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.3 1.0 0.3 7.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.3 0.5 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.9 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.9 3.3 0.7 0.0 0.8 0.7 16.8 0.7 0.7 0.7

53 Table 27 (cont.)

CIRCUIT District
FIFTH CIRCUIT Louisiana Eastern Middle Western Mississippi Northern Southern Texas Eastern Northern Southern Western SIXTH CIRCUIT Kentucky Eastern Western Michigan Eastern Western Ohio Northern Southern Tennessee Eastern Middle Western SEVENTH CIRCUIT Illinois Central Northern Southern Indiana Northern Southern Wisconsin Eastern Western EIGHTH CIRCUIT Arkansas Eastern Western Iowa Northern Southern Minnesota Missouri Eastern Western Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota

Form AO 245B Total
7,177 186 74 230 84 206 550 488 2,752 2,607 2,530 317 209 384 217 451 270 307 125 250 1,413 175 333 185 231 157 236 96 2,430 143 90 252 130 262 486 393 357 88 229

1

Other Forms
%
76.8 96.2 100.0 91.7 98.8 97.1 97.8 98.0 99.7 38.7 83.3 98.4 93.3 35.9 94.9 98.9 78.5 98.7 40.8 97.6 74.5 98.3 27.3 100.0 91.3 99.4 77.5 56.3 83.7 97.9 95.6 99.6 97.7 74.0 93.6 28.2 99.7 98.9 99.1

2

No Form Received
%
22.5 1.6 0.0 7.8 0.0 1.9 2.2 1.0 0.2 60.3 15.0 0.9 0.0 63.8 3.7 0.7 18.5 0.7 49.6 2.4 24.8 1.7 70.0 0.0 8.7 0.6 22.5 42.7 15.8 2.1 4.4 0.4 1.5 25.2 5.1 71.2 0.0 1.1 0.4

n
5,515 179 74 211 83 200 538 478 2,744 1,008 2,107 312 195 138 206 446 212 303 51 244 1,052 172 91 185 211 156 183 54 2,034 140 86 251 127 194 455 111 356 87 227

n
1,618 3 0 18 0 4 12 5 5 1,571 379 3 0 245 8 3 50 2 62 6 351 3 233 0 20 1 53 41 383 3 4 1 2 66 25 280 0 1 1

n
44 4 0 1 1 2 0 5 3 28 44 2 14 1 3 2 8 2 12 0 10 0 9 0 0 0 0 1 13 0 0 0 1 2 6 2 1 0 1

%
0.6 2.2 0.0 0.4 1.2 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.1 1.1 1.7 0.6 6.7 0.3 1.4 0.4 3.0 0.7 9.6 0.0 0.7 0.0 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.4

54 Table 27 (cont.)

CIRCUIT District
NINTH CIRCUIT Alaska Arizona California Central Eastern Northern Southern Guam Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Oregon Washington Eastern Western TENTH CIRCUIT Colorado Kansas New Mexico Oklahoma Eastern Northern Western Utah Wyoming ELEVENTH CIRCUIT Alabama Middle Northern Southern Florida Middle Northern Southern Georgia Middle Northern Southern

Form AO 245B Total
6,005 49 1,729 661 455 285 1,235 18 170 115 174 334 9 214 184 373 2,739 259 361 1,175 44 119 162 456 163 3,461 115 253 151 891 219 1,070 226 273 263

1

Other Forms
%
87.0 85.7 87.6 59.3 98.7 95.8 93.2 94.4 90.0 98.3 96.6 99.7 100.0 30.8 96.7 98.7 96.3 92.7 99.2 99.4 100.0 100.0 69.8 95.0 99.4 94.8 99.1 99.2 96.0 99.1 95.4 93.9 69.9 92.7 100.0

2

No Form Received
%
6.3 0.0 9.9 2.0 1.1 2.5 0.7 0.0 7.6 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 67.8 3.3 1.3 2.2 6.2 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 9.9 5.0 0.6 2.4 0.9 0.0 4.0 0.9 0.5 0.7 17.3 7.3 0.0

n
5,227 42 1,515 392 449 273 1,151 17 153 113 168 333 9 66 178 368 2,637 240 358 1,168 44 119 113 433 162 3,281 114 251 145 883 209 1,005 158 253 263

n
376 0 172 13 5 7 9 0 13 1 0 0 0 145 6 5 60 16 1 3 0 0 16 23 1 83 1 0 6 8 1 8 39 20 0

n
402 7 42 256 1 5 75 1 4 1 6 1 0 3 0 0 42 3 2 4 0 0 33 0 0 97 0 2 0 0 9 57 29 0 0

%
6.7 14.3 2.4 38.7 0.2 1.8 6.1 5.6 2.4 0.9 3.4 0.3 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 1.5 1.2 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 20.4 0.0 0.0 2.8 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 4.1 5.3 12.8 0.0 0.0

1

Cases included in this category are those in which the court submitted Form AO 245B (Revision 06/05) to the Commission. Only cases in which all four pages of this form were submitted with no deletions or substantive changes are included in this category. Form AO 245B was approved by the Executive Committee of the Judicial Conference of the United States in June 2005. Cases are included in this category for one or more of the following reasons: one or more pages of Form AO 245B (Revision 06/05) were missing; deletions or substantive changes were made in Form AO 245B (Revision 06/05) that prevented the USSC from collecting the information required to be submitted by 18 U.S.C. §3553(c); the outdated version of Form AO 245B was submitted; or a unique, district created or modified form was submitted. SOURCE: U.S. Sentencing Commission, Preliminary 2007 Datafile, USSCFY07 (October 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007).

2

Appendix A Descriptions of Datafiles and Variables
Introduction Federal courts are required to forward to the Commission sentencing documentation on all offenders sentenced under the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 (SRA), except in cases that solely involve petty offenses. Standard information on each case is extracted from sentencing documents received and computerized for analysis. Given the nature of the datafile and reporting requirements, the following are not included: cases initiated but for which no convictions were obtained, offenders convicted for whom no sentences were yet issued, and offenders sentenced but for whom no sentencing documents were submitted to the Commission. Because the Commission collects information only on cases sentenced under the guidelines, information on cases sentenced under prior law (pre-guidelines) during the current fiscal year is not available in this dataset. When cases are sentenced under both prior law and the guidelines, only the guideline relevant information is coded in the dataset. Note that for all tables, total percentages may not add up to exactly 100 percent due to rounding. Variables The following section describes the variables used in this report. Above Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Above Guideline Range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 consist of cases sentenced above the guideline range in which no departure was indicated and in which the court cited U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as one of the reasons for sentencing of the guideline system. Age The Age of the offender on the day of sentencing is calculated using the offender’s date of birth as reported in the Pre-sentence Report and the date of sentencing as reported in the Judgment of Conviction order. All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range All Remaining Cases Above Guideline Range consist of cases sentenced above the guideline range that could not be classified into any of the other three above the range categories. This category includes cases in which no reason was provided for a sentence above the guideline range. All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range All Remaining Cases Below Guideline Range consist of cases sentenced below the guideline range that could not be classified into any of the other three below the range categories. This category includes cases in which no reason was provided for a sentence below the guideline range. Average Sentence Length Using sentencing information obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order, Average Sentence Length is reported as the mean and median terms of imprisonment (including any months of alternative confinement as defined in §5C1.1) ordered for cases committed to the Bureau of Prisons. Cases that receive no term of imprisonment (i.e. probation) are also included in the average. Cases for which a term of imprisonment is ordered but the length is indeterminable also are excluded. In most cases for which

the exact term is unknown, the Judgment of Conviction order merely specifies a sentence of time served. Prior to fiscal year 1993, the Commission defined life sentences as 360 months. However, to reflect life expectancy of federal criminal offenders more precisely and to provide more accurate length of imprisonment information, life sentences are now defined as 470 months. Below Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Below Guideline Range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 consist of cases sentenced below the guideline range in which no departure was indicated and in which the court cited U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as one of the reasons for sentencing of the guideline system. Circuit Information on judicial Circuit is generated by computer using the location of the judicial district in which the offender was sentenced. Citizenship Status Information on the Citizenship Status of offenders is obtained from the Presentence Report. Offenders are categorized as one of the following: “U.S. citizen,” “resident alien,” “illegal alien,” and “non-U.S. citizen, alien status unknown.” The latter three categories are collapsed into the category of “non-U.S. citizen.” Degree of Decrease Degree of Decrease is calculated based on the difference between the length of imprisonment (not including any months of alternative confinement as defined in §5C1.1) and the guideline minimum for the following categories of below range cases: departures below the guideline range, departures below the guideline range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553, below the guideline range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553, all other below range cases, §5K1.1 substantial assistance cases, and §5K3.1 early disposition program cases, and other government sponsored cases. Life sentences, and cases where the guideline minimum is zero months or life are all excluded from all degree of decrease calculations due to the logical difficulty in calculating a decrease from these values. Degree of Increase Degree of Increase is calculated based on the difference between the guideline maximum and the length of imprisonment (not including any months of alternative confinement as defined in §5C1.1) for the following categories of above range cases: departures above the guideline range, departures above the guideline range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553, above the guideline range with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553, and all other above range cases. Life sentences, sentences of probation, and cases where the guideline minimum is life are all excluded from all degree of increase calculations due to the logical difficulty in calculating an increase from these values. District Information on the judicial District in which sentencing occurred is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order. Document Submission Rates Five documents are represented in the document submission rate table: Judgment of Conviction order (J&C), Presentence Report (PSR), Statement of Reasons (SOR), Indictment/Information (Ind), and Plea Agreements (Plea). The J&C and PSR generally are submitted in a standardized format. PSRs waived by the court are indicated in a separate column. Standardized forms for the Statement of Reasons are most frequently submitted; however, transcripts or partial transcripts from the sentencing hearing are also included as Statement of Reasons Received. Cases in which the Commission was unable to determine definitively whether the offender’s guilty plea was entered pursuant to a written agreement are excluded

from the Plea Agreement totals. Downward Departure From Guideline Range Downward Departure from Guideline Range consist of cases with downward departures in which the court did not indicate as a reason either U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or a factor or reason specifically prohibited in the provisions, policy statements, or commentary of the Guidelines Manual. Downward Departure With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Downward Departure with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 consist of cases sentenced below the guideline range in which the court indicated both a departure (see Downward Departure From Guideline Range) and a reference to either U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as a reason for sentencing outside of the guideline system. Drug Offense Guideline Drug Offense Guideline information is obtained from the Presentence Report and is based on the guidelines in USSG Chapter Two, Part D. The six guidelines featured in the tables (§2D1.1, §2D1.2, §2D1.5, §2D1.6, §2D1.8, and §2D2.1) represent the vast majority of drug cases. Drug Type Information on Drug Type is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order or the Presentence Report. It is recorded only if at least one of the statutes of conviction recorded by the Commission is a title 21 U.S. Code offense or a non-title 21 offense when the underlying conduct involves a controlled substance. Information about type of drug in the text and tables is derived from the primary drug type (i.e., the type that produces the highest base offense level). The category Marijuana includes Hashish and Hashish oil. The category Methamphetamine includes pure (actual) methamphetamine, “ICE”, methamphetamine mixture, and methamphetamine precursors (specifically including ephedrine and pseudoephedrine). (“ICE” has been included in the methamphetamine category since FY1996). All drug types not listed separately in this report are collapsed into the “other” drug category. Education Information on education of the offender is obtained from the Presentence Report and is collapsed into general categories. Technical, military, and vocational training as well as course work at community colleges are included in the Some College category. A general equivalency degree (GED) is included in the High School Graduate category. Gender Gender of the offender is obtained from the Presentence Report or probation office. Government Sponsored Government sponsorship of a departure is determined by a yearly case review by USSC staff of both the reasons for departure and the coding by USSC staff of any indication of government sponsorship as indicated on the Statement of Reasons. The SOR form AO245B version 12/03 and 06/05 have specific check-boxes to indicate the origins of the departure, but cases which do not use this form may also indicate in writing the origins of the departure. Additionally, all cases with one or more of the following reasons were classified as being sponsored by the government regardless of whether the SOR indicated sponsorship: pursuant to a plea agreement (binding, non-binding, or unknown), fast track, savings to the government, early plea, deportation, waiver of indictment and/or appeal, other government motion, global disposition, due to stipulations, facilitated early release of a material witness, joint recommendation, and large number of immigration cases. Note that since the USSC reviews the reasons on a yearly basis this list might be modified slightly from year to year. Unless otherwise broken out in the table or chart, this

category also includes cases with §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program (EDP) departures. Guideline Offenders Sentenced Each Guideline Offender Sentenced or case, as recorded by the USSC, involves a single sentencing event for a single offender. Multiple counts, and even multiple indictments, are considered a single sentencing event if sentenced at the same time by the same judge. A single offender may appear in more than one case if involved in more than one sentencing event during the fiscal year. Co-offenders in the same sentencing will each appear as separate cases. Guideline Sentencing Range The Guideline Sentencing Range is taken from the Statement of Reasons provided by the sentencing court. Alternatively, if the Statement of Reasons is missing, then the information is taken from the Presentence Report. For tables in this report, unless otherwise indicated, the guideline sentencing range does not take into account applicable statutory restrictions on either the maximum or the minimum of the range; therefore, it may differ from the available range, which does take into account the statutory restrictions. Mode of Conviction Information on Mode of Conviction is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order. Offenders sentenced subsequent to a plea of guilty or nolo contendere are included in the Plea category. Offenders sentenced subsequent to a trial by judge or jury are included in the Trial category. Rare cases involving both a plea and a trial are included in the Plea category. Outside of the Range Attribution Categories All categories replicate the list of checkboxes available on the SOR Form AO245B (Both 12/03 and 06/05). Not all checkbox categories are available in both the departure section and sentences outside the guideline system section on this form and that multiple checkboxes may be indicated in a single case so that totals in a table may exceed the total number of cases. USSC uses these checkboxes in determining government sponsorship: all cases in which one of the pursuant to a plea agreement boxes is indicated are attributed to the government. Additionally cases where a §5K1.1, §5K3.1, or other government motion checkbox was indicated in the pursuant to a motion not in a plea agreement section are also attributed to one of the government sponsored categories. Additionally other types of SOR forms may indicate sponsorship in writing and these attributions are also included in the appropriate category. Position of Sentence The Position of Sentence describes within-range guideline sentences in terms of their relative positions within their applicable guideline ranges. Only cases with complete information from the Statement of Reasons are used for this table. The Position of Sentence is determined by dividing the available range in half. This allows a sentence to fall into one of five distinct categories: the guideline minimum; the exact midpoint of the range; the guideline maximum; the lower-half of the range (when not at the guideline minimum); and the upper-half of the range (when not at the guideline maximum). The “available range” is the guideline range with applicable statutory restrictions on either the maximum or the minimum of the range taken into account. (For cases in which guideline §5C1.2 was applied, in accordance with the provisions of the guideline, the statutory restrictions on the range are those from 18 U.S.C. § 3553(f).) In cases in which the sentence is located outside the available sentencing range, departure information is provided as reported by the sentencing court. Differences in the number and percentage of cases in each range quarter may differ from other tables presented in this report; this is due to the exclusion of any case missing both complete information from the Statement of Reasons and information on statutory minima and maxima.

Primary Offense Category Information on Primary Offense Category is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order. The “primary” offense code for the case is determined to be the offense code applicable for the count of conviction with the highest statutory maximum. If two or more counts are found to have the same statutory maximum, “primary” offense is selected according to which count of conviction has the highest statutory minimum. Finally, in the event of a small number of cases still tied, the offense type that best represented the nature of the criminal behavior is chosen. For convenience in analysis, a summary variable describing “primary offense category” is derived. This code is generated by grouping similar primary offense codes into a smaller set of categories. Note that the primary offense categories differ between the individual and organizational offender datafiles. Listed below are the offense types that are grouped into each of the primary offense categories used in the individual datafile tables for this report: Murder includes first degree murder, felony with death resulting, second degree murder, and conspiracy to murder (with death resulting). Manslaughter includes both involuntary and voluntary manslaughter. Kidnapping/Hostage includes ransom taking and hostage/kidnapping. Sexual Abuse includes sexual abuse of a minor, sexual abuse of a ward, criminal sexual abuse, and abusive sexual contact. Assault includes attempt to commit murder, assault with intent to murder, threatening communication, aggravated assault, conspiracy with attempt to murder, obstructing or impeding officers, minor assault, and conspiracy that includes assault with attempt to murder. Robbery includes bank robbery, aggravated bank robbery, Hobbs Act robbery, mail robbery, other robbery, and carjacking. Arson also includes damage by explosives. Drugs: Trafficking includes drug distribution/manufacture, drug distribution/manufacture – conspiracy, continuing criminal enterprise, drug distribution – employee under 21, drug distribution near school, drug import/export, drug distribution to person under 21, and establish/rent drug operation. Drugs: Communication Facility includes use of a communication facility in a drug trafficking offense. Drugs: Simple Possession includes distribution of a small amount of marijuana and simple possession. Firearms includes unlawful possession/transportation of firearms or ammunition; possession of guns/explosives on aircraft; unlawful trafficking, etc. in explosives; possession of guns/explosives in federal facility/schools; use of fire or explosives to commit felony; and use of firearms or ammunition during crime.

Burglary/Breaking & Entering includes post office burglary, burglary of DEA premises (pharmacy), burglary of other structure, bank burglary, and burglary of a residence. Auto Theft includes auto theft (including parts), receipt/possession of stolen auto or parts, and altered identification numbers/trafficking in altered (auto). Larceny includes bank larceny, theft from benefit plans, other theft – mail/post office, receipt/possession of stolen property (not auto), other theft – property, larceny/theftmail/post office, larceny/theft – property (not auto), and theft from labor union. Fraud includes odometer laws and regulations, insider trading, and fraud and deceit. Embezzlement includes embezzlement – property, embezzlement from labor unions, embezzlement – mail/post office, embezzlement from benefit plans, and bank embezzlement. Forgery/Counterfeiting includes counterfeit bearer obligations and forgery/counterfeit (non-bearer obligations). Bribery includes payment to obtain office, bribe involving officials, bribery – bank loan/commercial, loan or gratuity to bank examiner, etc., gratuity involving officials, and bribe or gratuity affecting employee plan. Tax Offenses include receipt/trafficking in smuggled property, aid, etc., in tax fraud; fraud – tax returns, statements, etc.; fraud, false statement – perjury; failure to file or pay; tax evasion; evading import duties (smuggle); failure to collect or account for taxes; regulatory offenses – taxes; failure to deposit taxes in trust account; non-payment of taxes; conspiracy to avoid taxes; and offenses relating to withholding statements. Money Laundering includes laundering of monetary instruments, monetary transaction from unlawful activity, failure to file currency report, and failure to report monetary transactions. Extortion/Racketeering includes extortionate extension of credit, blackmail, extortion by force or treat, Hobbs Act extortion, travel in aid of racketeering, crime relating to racketeering, and violent crimes in aid of racketeering. Gambling/Lottery includes engaging in a gambling business, transmission of wagering information, obstruction to facilitate gambling, and interstate transportation of wagering paraphernalia. Civil Rights includes interference with rights under color of law; force or threats to deny benefits or rights; obstructing an election or registration; manufacture, etc. – eavesdropping device; other deprivations/discrimination; obstructing correspondence; peonage, servitude, and slave trade; intercept communication or eavesdropping; and conspiracy to deprive individual of civil rights. Immigration includes trafficking in U.S. passports; trafficking in entry documents; failure to surrender naturalization certificate; fraudulently acquiring U.S. passports; smuggling, etc.; unlawful alien; fraudulently acquiring entry documents; and unlawfully entering

U.S. Pornography, Prostitution includes dealing in obscene matter, transportation of minor for prostitution/sex, transportation for prostitution/sex (adult), sexual exploitation of minors, materials involving sexual exploitation of minors, obscene telephone or broadcasting, and selling or buying children for pornography. Offenses In Prisons includes contraband in prisons, riots in federal facilities, and escape. Administration of Justice includes commission of offense while on release, bribery of a witness, failure to appear by offender, contempt, failure to appear by material witness, obstruction of justice, payment of witness, perjury or subornation of perjury, misprision of a felony, and accessory after the fact. Environmental/Fish And Wildlife includes waste discharge, specially protected fish, wildlife, and plants (waste discharge is presented as a separate offense category in Tables 51 and 52). National Defense includes evasion of export controls and exportation of arms, etc., without license. Antitrust includes bid-rigging, price-fixing, and market allocation agreement. Food and Drug includes false information or tampering with products, tampering to injure business, tampering with risk of death or injury, and violation of regulations involving food, drugs, etc. Other Miscellaneous Offenses includes illegal use of regulatory number – drugs; illegal transfer of drugs; illegal regulatory number to get drugs; drug paraphernalia; forgery/fraud for drugs; dangerous devices to protect drugs; manufacture drugs against quota; endangering life while manufacturing drugs; operate carrier under drugs; endangerment from hazardous/toxic substances; mishandling substances, records, etc.; threat of tampering with public water system; hazardous devices of federal lands; mishandling other pollutants, records, etc.; improper storage of explosives; record keeping violation – explosives; possession of other weapon – on aircraft, in federal facility; failure to report theft of explosives; feloniously mailing injurious articles; transport of hazardous material in commerce; interference with flight crew, other offense – aboard aircraft; criminal infringement of copyright/trademark; conflict of interest; unauthorized payment; non-drug forfeiture; impersonation; false statement to Employee Act; reporting offenses – labor related; criminal infringement of trademark; unlawful conduct relating to control/cigarettes; trespass; destruction of property; destruction of mail; aircraft piracy; conspiracy to murder (no death, assault, or attempt); conspiracy to commit murder; and all other miscellaneous offenses not previously listed in any of the other categories. Race Information on Race of the offender is obtained from the Presentence Report in separate categories of race and ethnicity (White, Black, Native American or Alaskan Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander). Ethnicity data indicate whether a offender is of Hispanic origin. (For purposes of this report, offenders whose ethnic background is designated as Hispanic are represented as Hispanic in all tables regardless of

racial background.) The Other category includes offenders of Native American, Alaskan Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander origin. Type of Guideline Sentence Imposed Using sentencing information obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order, the Total Receiving Prison column includes the number of offenders sentenced (and percent of Total Cases) who received a commitment to the Bureau of Prisons. This column is the sum of cases in Prison and the Prison/Community Split Sentence categories. The Prison category includes offenders sentenced to a term of imprisonment only, with no additional conditions of community confinement, home detention or intermittent confinement. The Prison/Community Split Sentence category includes all cases in which offenders received prison and conditions of alternative confinement as defined in USSG §5C1.1. This category includes, but is not limited to, Zone A, Zone B, or Zone C cases receiving prison with additional conditions of a term of community confinement, home detention, or intermittent confinement. The Total Receiving Probation column includes the number of offenders sentenced (and the percent of Total Cases) who received a term of probation with or without a condition of community confinement, intermittent confinement, or home detention. This column also represents the total of the Probation Only and Probation and Confinement categories. The Probation Only column includes the number of offenders who received a term of probation without a condition of community confinement, intermittent confinement, or home detention. Probation and Confinement includes the number of offenders who received a term of probation with a condition of community confinement, intermittent confinement, or home detention. Upward Departure From Guideline Range Upward Departure from Guideline Range consist of cases with upward departures in which the court did not indicate as a reason either U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or a factor or reason specifically prohibited in the provisions, policy statements, or commentary of the Guidelines Manual. Upward Departure With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Upward Departure with Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 consist of cases sentenced above the guideline range in which the court indicated both a departure (see Upward Departure From Guideline Range) and a reference to either U.S. v. Booker, 18 U.S.C. § 3553, or related factors as a reason for sentencing outside of the guideline system.

Year Information on Year is obtained from the Judgment of Conviction order. Unless otherwise indicated, the sentencing year is defined as the fiscal year in which the offender was sentenced.

Zone The Sentencing Table is categorized into sentencing Zones. Courts may impose various types of punishment as alternatives to imprisonment. Alternative types of punishment include: probation, home detention, community confinement, and intermittent confinement. Imposition of alternative types of punishment is restricted to offenders within specific sentencing zones. Zone A: a guideline range is in Zone A when the minimum term of imprisonment specified is zero months; Zone B: a guideline range is in Zone B when the minimum term of imprisonment specified is at least one but not more than six months; Zone C: a guideline range is in Zone C when the minimum term of imprisonment specified is eight months when criminal history category is four or less, and nine months if the criminal history category is greater than four; Zone D: a guideline range is in Zone D when the minimum term of imprisonment specified is twelve months or more. See Chapter 5 of the Guidelines Manual for a description of alternatives to imprisonment and the conditions under which they are applicable.

Appendix B: List of Quarterly Report Tables and Figures and Comparable FY06 Sourcebook Number/Letter Comperable Sourcebook Tables/Figures Quarterly Report Tables/Figures Table 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table N Table 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 26 Table 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 27 Figure A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Table 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 28 Table 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 28A Table 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 30 Table 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 30A Table 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31 Table 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31A Table 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31B Table 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31C Table 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 31D Table 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 32 Table 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 32A Table 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 32B Table 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 32C Table 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 15 Table 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 13 Figure C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Figure I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A Table 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 29 Figure J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure A Table 20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 3 Table 21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 11 Table 22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 4 Table 23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 5 Table 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 7 Table 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 9

Table 26 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tables 1 Table 27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A