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S T D - A S T M D 2 2 5 0 - E N G L 2 9 8 0 H 0 7 5 9 5 3 0 b 0 2 7 2 4 Ab2 M

Designation: D 1250 - 80 (Reapproved 1997)'' An American Natbnal Standard


BSI Handbook

AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS


100 Barr Harbor Dr , West Cmshohod<en. PA 19428
Standard: API MPMS Ch.ll.1 Repnnted from lhe Annual Bod< of ASTM Standards COppght ASTM
If not listed in lhe current combined index. will appear in the next edition

Designation: 200/80 (90)

Standard Guide for


Petroleum Measurement Tables'
The following text is a description of the Petroleum Measurement Tables which comprise Chapter 11, Section 1, of the API Manual
of Petroleum Measurement Standards (MPMS) and which are distributed in three base systems of measurement: 'API, 'F, 60'F;
relative density, 'F, 60'F; and kilogram per cubic metre, 'C, 1YC.
This guide has been approved by the sponsoring committees and accepted by the cooperating organizations in accordance with
established procedures.
This guide has been adopted for use by government agencies to replace Method 9004.1 of Federal Test Method Standard No. 79Ib.

'I NOTE-Section 6 was added editorially in October 1997.

1. Scope distributed subroutines are the secondary standard, and the


1.1 These Petroleum Measurement Tables2 are for use in published tables are produced for convenience.
the calculation of quantities of crude petroleum and petro- NOTE 1-The present collection of tables supersedes aii previous
leum products at reference conditions in any of three widely editions of the Petroleum Measurement Tables ANSI/ASTM D 1250,
IP 200, and API Standard 2540.
used systems of measurement. These tables are provided for
standardized calculation of measured quantities of petro- 2. Referenced Document
leum fluids regardless of point of origin, destination, or units
of measure used by custom or statute. 2.1 ASTM Standard:
1.2 The Petroleum Measurement Tables published in D287 Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum
1980, except for Tables 33 and 34 (which are being reissued and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method)3
without change), represent a major conceptual departure
3. Sponsorship
from previous versions. Inherent in the Petroleum Measure-
ment Tables is the recognition of the present and future 3.1 The complete collection of the new jointly issued
position of computers in the petroleum industry. The actual ASTM-API-IP tables is the result of close cooperation
standard represented by the Petroleum Measurement Tables between the American Society for Testing and Materials,
is neither the hardcopy printed tables nor the set of equations American Petroleum Institute, and the Institute of Petro-
used to represent the density &ta but is an explicit imple- leum (London). To meet the objective of worldwide stan-
mentation procedure used to develop computer subroutines dardized measurement practices, the American National
for Tables 5,6,23, 24, 53, and 54. The standardization of an Standards Institute and the British Standards Institution
implementation procedure implies the standardization of the have also been closely involved, resulting in the acceptance
set of mathematical expressions, including calculational of the revised tables as an American National Standard and a
sequence and rounding procedures, used within the com- British Standard. In addition, in their respective capacities as
puter code. Absolute adherence to the outlined procedures Secretariat of the International Organization for Standard-
ization/TC 28 and of TC 28/SC 3, ANSI and BSI have been
will ensure that ali computers and computer codes of the
instrumental in progressing the revised tables toward their
future, meeting the stated specifications and restrictions, will
adoption as an International Standard by the International
be able to produce identical results. Hence, the published
Organization for Standardization. The ASTM Designation
implementation procedures are the primary standard, the
D 1250 applies to aii 35 tables described in Section 5. The
Institute of Petroleum designation for the complete set of
This guide is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Commitee D-2 on Petroleum tables is 200/8 1.
Products and Lubricants and is the direct responsibility of Subcommitee DO2.02
on Static Petroleum Measurement. 4. Significance and Use
Cumnt edition approved Sept. 19, 1980.Published November 1980.Onginally
published as D 1250 - 52 T, replacing former D 206 and D 1090. Last previous 4.1 This guide is expected to apply to crude petroleum
edition D 1250 - 56 (1977). regardless of source and to ail normally liquid petroleum
* When ordering from ASTM, 1916 Race St., Philadelphia, Pa. 19103, request products derived therefrom. There are three primary sets of
F"12412508-01, for Vol 1; PCN 12-412508-02,for Vol II; PCN 12-412508-03, tables in current use. These are in terms of 'API (Tables 5
for Vol III; PCN 12-412508-04, for Vol IV; PCN 12-412508-05,for Vol V; PCN
12-412508-06,for Vol VI; PCN 12-412508-07,for Vol VII; PCN 12-412508-08,
for Vol VIU; F"I 2 4 1250849,for Vol IX;PCN I 2 4 12508-IO, for Vol X; and
for Vol XI/XII; PCN I 2 4 125 08-1I . 'Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 05.01.

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STDmASTM D1250-ENGL 1780 H 0757530 O b 0 2 7 1 5 7T7

D 1250

and 6), relative density (Tables 23 and 24), and density in Volume III:
kilogram per cubic metre (Tables 53 and 54). To maximize Table 6C-Volume Correction Factors for Individual and
accuracy and maintain convenience of use in primary tables Special Applications, Volume Correction to 60F Against
(Tables 5, 6, 23, 24, 53, and 54), crude oils and products are Thermal Expansion Coefficients at 60F
presented in separate tables. For example, for Table 6 there Volume IV:
are: Table 6A, Generalized Crude Oils; Table 6B, General- Table 23A-Generalized Crude Oils, Correction of Ob-
ized Products; and Table 6C, Volume Correction Factors for served Relative Density to Relative Density 60/60"F
Individual and Special Applications. The subsidiary tables Table ZIA-Generalized Crude Oils, Correction of
are based on averages of the crude oil and product volume Volume to 60F Against Relative Density 60/60"F
correction factors obtained from the primary tables and, Volume V:
hence are not included in the precision statement that Table 23B-Generalized Products, Correction of Ob-
encompass the primary tables. served Relative Density to Relative Density 60/60"F
4.2 The ranges for the primary tables are as follows: Table LIB-Generalized Products, Correction of Volume
Table A Table B to 60F Against Relative Density 60/60"F
'API 'F 'API 'F Volume VI:
O to 40 O to 300 O io 40 O to 300 Table 2IC-Volume Correction Factors for Individual
40 to 50 O to 250 40 to 50 O to 250 and Special Applications, Volume Correction to 60F
50 to 100 o to 200 50 to 85 o to 200 Against Thermal Expansion Coefficients at 60F
Table C Volume VII:
ar 'F
Table 53A-Generalized Crude Oils, Correction of Ob-
270 to 510 x O to 300 served Density to Density at 15'C
510 to 530 O to 250
530 to 930 o to 200 Table 544-Generalized Crude Oils, Correction of
Volume to 15C Against Density at 15C
A Alpha is the coefficient of thermal expansion at WF. Volume VIII:
The ranges of the subsidiary tables, except Tables 33 and 34, Table 53B-Generalized Products, Correction of Ob-
encompass the range of Table A. served Density to Density at 15'C
4.3 All tables that involve reduction of gravity to standard Table 54B-Generalized Products, Correction of Volume
temperature are based on the assumption that the measure- to 15'C Against Density at 15C
ment has been made by means of a glass hydrometer (Test Volume IX:
Method D 287), and that correction for the thermal expan- Table SIC-Volume Correction Factors for Individual
sion of standard hydrometer glass has been incorporated. To and Special Applications, Volume Correction to 15'C
accommodate the growing use of on-line densitometers, Against Thermal Expansion Coefficients at 15C
which are not dependent on hydrometer corrections, the VolumeX:
computer subroutines optionally allow for the exclusion of Background, Development, and Implementation Proce-
the hydrometer correction. dures
Volumes XI and XII:
5. Available Tables Tables 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 26, 27, 28,
Volume I: 29, 30, 31, 51, 52, and 58
Reissued Without Change:
Table SA-Generalized Crude Oils, Correction of Ob-
served API Gravity to API Gravity at 60F
Table 33-Specific Gravity Reduction to 60F for Lique-
fied Petroleum Gases and Natural Gas
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Table 6A-Generalized Crude Oils, Correction of Volume Table 34-Reduction of Volume to 60F Against Specific
to 60F Against API Gravity at 60F
Gravity 60/60"F for Liquefied Petroleum Gases
Volume II:
Table 5B-Generalized Products, Correction of Observed
API Gravity to API Gravity at 60F 6. Keywords
Table 6B-Generalized Products, Correction of Volume 6.1 density; gravity: hydrometer; temperature; volume
to 60F Against API Gravity at 60F correction

The American Socleiy for Testing and Materlals takes no position respctlng the validlty of any patent rights assetTed In connection
wlth any item mentioned in thk standard. Users of this standard are expessly advlsed that determlnatlon of the valldlty of any such
patent rights, and the rlsk of Infringement of such rights, are entirely thelr own responslbllity.

This standard is subject to revlslon at any time by the responsibie technical committee and must be reviewed every five years mi
if not revlsed, elther rwpproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards
and should be addressed to ASTM Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideratlon at a meeting of the responsible
technical committee, which you may attend. I f you feel that your comments have not received a fdr hearlng you should make your
vlews known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428.

2
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1

These tables or the mathematical relationships represented thereby may be used


by anyone desiring to do so, but the American Petroleum Institute, the American
Society for Testing and Materials, and the Institute of Petroleum and their respec-
tive members and the U.S. National Bureau of Standards shall not be held respon-
sible or liable in any way for loss or damage, including, but not limited to, conse-
quential damage, resulting from such usage or for violation of any federal, state, or
municipal laws, regulations, or practices of the United States or of any foreign
country.

The tables included in this volume and the subroutines from which they were
generated are voluntary standards and were developed under the auspices of the
joint APVASTM Committee on Static Petroleum Measurement in part from data
generated by a project funded by the American Petroleum Institute at the U.S.
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National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland.

Inquiries concerning application of the tables or the computer subroutines should


be addressed to:
American Petroleum Institute
Measurement Coordination Department
2101 L Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20037

I I
1

Library of Congress CatalogCard Number: 77-9240


CopyrightDAmerican Petroleum Institute 1982 i

Rinicd rn Baltimore, hld.


July 198L

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CONTENTS
ASTM Designation D 1250, API Standard 2540, and IP Designation 200
apply to all of the tables that appear in this volume.

Introductory Information
Foreword ........................................................
V

Preface ..........................................................
vii
Officers of the Committee on Petroleum Measurement and the Joint
API / ASTM Committee on Static Petroleum Measurement .......... ix
API Measurement Coordinators .................................... X
Members of the COSM Physical Properties Working Group ........... X
Members of the Institute of Petroleum Measurement and Sampling
Committee and the Calculation and Tables Subcommittee ........... xi

General
1. Interrelation of Units of Measurement ............................. 3
2. Temperature Conversions ........................................ 5

Volume X i Entry with API Gravity


3. API Gravity at 60F to Relative Density 60/60"F and to Density
at 15C ....................................................... 17
4. U. S. Gallons at 60'F and Barrels at 60F to Litres at 15C against
API Gravity at 60F ........................................... 28
8. Pounds per U. S. Gallon at 60F and U. S. Gallons at 60F per Pound
against API Gravity at 60F .................................... 30
9. Short Tons per loo0 U. S. Gallons at 60'F and per Barrel at 60'F
against API Gravity at W F .................................... 42
10. U. S. Gallons at 60F and Barrels at 60F per Short Ton against
API Gravity at 60F ........................................... 53
11. Long Tons per loo0 U. S. Gallons at 60'F and per Barrel at 60F
against API Gravity at 60F .................................... 64
12. U. S. Gallons at 60F and Barrels at 60'F per Long Ton against
API Gravity at 60F ........................................... 15

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A S T M DI258 V O L * X P / X I I 8 0 I0 9 5 ' 3 5 3 0 0 0 2 0 3 5 7 7 W

13. Metric Tons (Tonnes) per 1000 U. S. Gallons at 60F and per Barrel
at 60'F against API Gravity at 60F .... ..... . ... ... . . . . .
.. .. . .. . 86
14. Cubic Metres at 15C per Short Ton and per Long Ton against
. . . ... ... . . . .. .
API Gravity at 60F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . 97

Volume I- Entry with Relative Dsncity


21. Relative Density 60/6OoF to API Gravity at 60F and to Density
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at 15C ....................................................... 111 .


22. U. S. Gallons a t 60F to Litres at 15C and Barrels at 60'F to
Cubic Metres at 15C .. . . ... . . . . .. .
. .. ... . ... ... . . . .. . . . .. ..... 119
26. Pounds per U. S . Gallon at 60F and U. S . Gallons at 60F per
Pound against Relative Density 60160F . .. . . .. .. .. . . . .
. .. .. ... . . 119
23. Short Tons per 1000 U. S . Gallons at 60F and per Barrel at 60F
... . .
against Relative Density 60/60"F . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . , . . . . . . , . . . . 125
28. U. S. Gallons at 60F and Barrels at 60F per Short Ton against
. . . . . . .. . ..
Relative Density 6O/6O0F . . . . . . . .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1
29. Long Tons per 1000 U. S . Gallons at 60F and per Bane1 at 60F
. . . . .
against Relative Density 60/60"F . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . -. . . 137
30. U. S . Galions at 60F and Barrels at 60F per Long Ton against
.. .. .
Relative Density 60/6OoF . .. . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . 143
31. Cubic Metres at 15C per Short Ton and per Long Ton against
.. . . .. ..
Relative Density 60/60"F .. . . :. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
33. Specific Gravity Reduction to 60F for Liquefied Petroleum Gases
. . . .. . . . .. . .... .. . . ..
and Natural Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . .... . ... . . . 155
34. Reduction of Volume to 60F against Specific Gravity 60160F for
Liquefied Petroleum Gases ... . .. ... ... ... ... ..
. . .. . ..
. .. ... . , ... 161
51. Density at 15'C to Relative Density 60/60"F and to AFT Gravity at 60F 165
52. Barrels at 60F to Cubic Metres at 15C and Cubic Metres at 15C
to Barrels at 60F ... .._....... ...... . .. . . . . . .
. ... .. . . . . ..... . . 171
56. Kilograms per Litre at 15C and Litres at 15C per Metric Ton
. . . . .. . .
against Density at'15"C . . . . . . .,. .. . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
57. Short Tons and Long Tons per 1000 Litres at 15C against
.. . _.. .. .
Density at 15C . . . . . .. . . . _.. .. . . . . . . . . , . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 180
.
58. U. S . Gallons and Barrels per Metric Ton against Density at 15'C . . . 186
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FOREWORD

The Objectives
The complete collection of the jointly issued APVASTM-IP tables of which this
volume is a part is the result of close cooperation between the American Petroleum
Institute (API), the Institute of Petroleum (London) (IP), and the American Socie-
ty for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The overall objective of this effort was to
meet the worldwide need for a uniform and authoritative publication, based on the
most accurate information available. This publication serves as a basis for standard-
ized calculations of measured quantities of petroleum fluids regardless of point of
origin, destination, or units of measure used by custom or statute. To meet the-
objective of worldwide standardized measurement practices, the American Na-
tional Standards Institute (ANSI) and the British Standards Institution (BSI) have
also been closely involved nationally, resulting in the acceptance of the revised
fables a s an American National Standard and as a British Standard. In addition, in
their respective capacities as Secretariat of the Intetnational Organization for Stan-
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dardization TC/28 and of TU28 SC3, ANSI and BS1 have been instrumental in
progressing the revised tables towards their adoption as an international standard
by the International Organization for Standardization.
. . .
HistsPical Notes
The present collection supersedes all previous editions of the petroleum measure-
ment Tables ANSUASTM D 1250, IP 2 0 , and API Standard 2540. Action is being
taken in ISOfC 28 for the corresponding tables listed in IS0 H91 and the tables
in the addendum to R91 to be superseded by the present revised collection.
In view of the progress of metrication in countries formerly using the British
system of weights and measures, demand for the revision of the British edition does
not justify the considerable work involved, The present edition will therefore be
withdrawn on the same date as the corresponding metric and American editions are
published and will not be replaced.
For the metric edition the new standard covers products with densities in the
range 610.0 to 1096.0 kg/m3. The tables for densities below this range, covering
liquefied petroleum gases, have not been revised.
The original tables, which were developed in the late 1 9 4 0 were
~ ~ based on the
1916 data of Bearce and Peffer (1916) and represent thirty years of evolution. The
history of this evolution is summarized by Hall et al. (1975).

P r e s ~evelspment
~~t
Downer and Inkley (1992) demonstrated that the original tables were not satis-
factoryrepresentations of many petroleum fluids of current importance. In 1994the
American Petroleum Institute (API) and the United States National Bureau of
Standards (NBS) initiated a research program funded by the API which intended
to provide the solid scientific base for the development of more accurate, conse-
quently more equifable, measurement tables. The result of this program was precise
density data on 349 different fluids representing a wide variety of refined products
and 66.8 percent of the world crude production in 1974. The completion of this
five-year, $500,000 project in March 1979 opened the way for modernizing the
tables. Using the NBS density data and taking advantage of publications of out-
standing technical authorities, a Joint API-ASTM Physical Properties Working

I
V
l

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r ~- ~
- - - _ _ ~
A S T M D1250 V O L * X P / X I I 8 0 H 0 7 5 9 5 3 0 0020360 7 H

Group produced this present collection of the Petroleum Measurement Tables. The
development and results of the work are described by Hankinson et al. (1979).

conceptual Departure
A major conceptual departure from previous versions is inherent in the recogni-
tion of the present and future position of computers in the petroleum industry. The
actual Standard represented by this volume and the companion volumes is neither
the hardcopy printed tables nor the set of equations used to represent the density
data but is an explicit implementation procedure used to develop computer subrou-
tines. The standardization of an implementation procedure implies the standardiza-
tion of the set of mathematical expressions, including calculational sequence and
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round-off procedures, used within the computer code. Absolute adherence to the
outlined procedures will ensure that all computers and computer codes of the
future, meeting the stated specifications and restrictions, will be able to produce
identical results. Hence, the published implementation procedures are the primary
Standard, the distributed subroutines are the secondary standard, and the published
tables are produced for convenience.

Acknowledgments
The task of completing this project could not have been accomplished without
many substantial contributions by a considerable number of individuals and compa-
nies. It is impossible to single out any specific individuals for special mention.
However, included in the introductory material are lists of the officers of the APIs
Committee on Petroleum Measurement (COPM), the officers of the Joint APII
ASTM Committee on Static Petroleum Measurement (CQSM), the major contribu-
tors from the Institute of Petroleum, and the members of the COSM Physical
Properties Working Group. A special acknowledgment must be given to the In-
stitute of Petroleum (IP) for their work in developing Volume XI.
References
Bearce, H. W., and E. L. Peffer, Technology Papers of National Bureau of Standards-Density and
Thermal Expansion of American Petroleum Oils, GPO,pp. 125-154, Washington, DC,1916.
Downer, L., and F. A. Inkley, Oil and Gas Journal, Vol 70, No. 25, June 19, 1972, p. 52-55.
Hall, A. H., J. A. Simpson, and J. R. Whetstone, Investigation of Densities and Thermal Expansion
Coefficients Applicable to PetroleumMeasurement, SP 7, World PetroleumCongress, Tokyo, 1975.
Hankinson, R. W.,R. G . Segers, T. Krolikowski Buck, and F. P. Gielzecki, Oil and Gas Journal, Vol
77, No. 52, Dec. 24, 1979, p. 66-70.
Hankinson, R. W.,T. A. Coker. K. I. West,R. G. Segers, F. P. Gielzecki, and M. A. Plummer,
Volume Correction Factors for Lubricating Oils, Oil and Gas Joirrnal, Sept. 28, 1981, p. 297.

vi

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A S T M DI250 V O L . a X I / X I I 80 RI 0757530 0020361 O 9

PREFACE

h e numbering system used throughout Volumes I through XIV corresponds for


convenience to the numbering system of the i M n t i i d of Petroleum Measurement
St(rri(l(irilsoftlie Americnn Petroleuni Iiistifiite. The system consists of a series of
fields separated by decimal points. The first two fields (11.1) indicate chapter and
section of the manual: the third field gives the ASTM table number. Therefore,
although not serial, 11.1.5, 11.1.6, 11.1.23, 11.1.24, 11.1.53, and 11.1.54 are the
major headings used. All other headings are subordinate to the three fieldheadings.
Volumes I through IX and Volumes XII1 and XiV, which are designed for field
use, are arranged on a functional basis rather than on a topical basis.
Flrst Serles-Volumes I, II, and 111
These three volumes contain TABLES 5 and 6, the tables for the "API, "F, 60F
base series, plus examples to guide the user. Each volume contains specific data
as follows:
Volume I Generalized Crude Oils (TABLES SA and 6A)
Volume II -Generalized Products (TABLES 5B and 6B)
Volume III -Individual and Special Applications (TABLE 6C) and an appen-
dix describing the equations and constants used and the densities
and coefficients of thermal expansion of each NBS sample.
Secmd Serles-Volumes IV, V, and VI
These three volumes contain TABLES 23 and 24, the tables for the relative
density, OF, 60F base series, plus examples to guide the user. Each volume
contains specific data as follows:
Volume IV -Generalized Crude Oils (TABLES 23A and 24A)
Volume V -Generalized Products (TABLES 23B and 24B)
Volume VI -Individual and Special Applications (TABLE 24C) and an appen- .
dix describing the equations and consfants used and the densities
and coefficients of thermal expansion of each NBS sample.
Third Serles-Volumes VII, VIII, and IX
These three volumes contain TABLES 53 and 54, the tables for the kilogram per
cubic metre, OC, 15C base series, plus examples to guide the user. Each volume
contains specific data as follows:
Volume VI1 -Generalized Crude Oils (TABLES 53A and 54A)
Volume VIII-Generalized Products (TABLES 53B and 54B)
Volume IX -Individual and Special Applications (TABLE 54C) and an appen-
dix describing the equations and constants used and the densities
and coefficients of thermal expansion for each NBS sample.
Background, Documentation, Program Listings-Volume X
Volume X provides a complete breakdown of the Petroleum Measurement
Tables, Volume Correction Factors, and references appropriate volumes for the
location of specific tables. Volume Xis the keyvolume of the entire set and contains
the actoal Standard, the implementation procedures, and the instructions for the
use of the computer subroutines. The history and development of the project are
also included in Volume X under 11.1.6.

Vii

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A S T M DIZ50 V O L * X I / X I I 80 m 0759530 0020362 2 m

Volume XIIXII-lntraconversion Between Volume Measures and


Density Measures
Volume XI -Tables 1,2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14
Volume XII -Tables 21,22,26,27,28,29,30,31,33,34,51,52,56,57, and 58

Volumes XII1 and XIV-Lubricatlng Oils


The research project that culminated in the volume correction tables for the
lubricating oils was camed out over a different timetable than the first ten volumes
of Chapter 11.1. Therefore Volume X does not provide a key to Volumes XIII and
XIV. Volume XIII would have fallen in the first series, the tables for the "AFT, OF,
OF base series, and Volume X1.V would have fallen in the third series, the tables
for the kilogram per cubic metre, "C, 15C base series.
Volumes XIII and XIV are completely seif-contained and cover the following
specified data.
Volume XIII-Generalized Lubricating Oils (TABLES 5D and 6D)
Volume XlV-Generalized Lubricating Oils (TABLES 53D and 54D)
The computer subroutines for TABLES 5D and 6D are contained in Volume
XIII, and the computer subroutines for TABLES 53D and 54D are contained in
Volume XIV. The implementation procedures used to develop the subroutines
conform in all respects to the Standard presented in Volume X. The data sources
and techniques used to derive the tables are availablein Hankinson, et al, "Volume
--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Correction Factors for Lubricating Oils," the last reference listed in the foreword
to this volume.

Inquiries concerning the application of the tables or the computer subroutines


should be addressed to-
American Petroleum Institute
Measurement Coordination Department
2101 L Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20037
//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\

viii

Copyright ASTM International


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\

OFFICERS OF THE COMMITTEE ON


PETROLEUM MEASUREMENT AND
THE JOINT APVASTM COMMITTEE ON
STATIC PETROLEUM MEASUREMENT
AT SIGNIFICANT MILESTONES
IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
PETROLEUM MEASUREMENT TABLES

1972 Chairman COPM C . Webber


Sun Oil Company
Chairman COSM R. A. Hartmann
Exxon Corporation
1974 Chairman COPM A.-H. Hall
Shell Oil Company
Chairman COSM T. L. Hillburn
Phillips Petroleum Company
Chairman API/NBS Project R. F. Meeker
Committee Texaco Inc.
1976 Chairman COPM R. A. Hartmann
Exxon Corporation
Chairman COSM T. L. Hillburn
Phillips Petroleum Company

--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
1978 Chairman COPM B. Messer, Jr.
Mobil Research and Development
Corporation
Chairman COSM T.L. Hillburn
Phillips Petroleum Company
IS0 Advisor COPM R.A. Hartmann
Exxon Corporation
1979 Chairman COPM B. Messer, Jr.
Mobil Research and Development
Corporation .
Chairman COSM W. D. Fulton
Explorer Pipeline Company
Legal Advisor COPM B. S. Tharp
Atlantic Richfield Company
I S 0 Advisor COPM R. A. Hartmann
Exxon Corporation
Chairman Physical Proper- R. W. Hankinson
ties Working Phillips Petroleum Company
Group, COSM
1980 Chairman COPM K. E. Bailey
Williams Pipeline Company
Chairman COSM C. M. Owen
SOH10 Pipe Line Company
Legal Advisor COPM B. S. Tharp
Atlantic Richfield Company
I S 0 Advisor COPM R. A. Hartmann
Exxon Corporation
Chairman Table 6 Task R. W. Hankinson
Force, COSM Phillips Petroleum Company

ix

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-_ --- .L___ __I I_ _ I _

ASTM DL250 V O L * X I / X I I 80 0 7 5 7 5 3 0 00203b4 b M

API MEASUREMENT COORDINATORS


DURING THE PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
AND IMPLEMENTATION

1974-1978 W. N. Seward
1978-Present J. K. Walters

MEMBERS OF THE COSM


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES WORKING GROUP
ACTIVE IN THE DEVELOPMENT EFFORT
Kurt A. Beyreis Mark A. Plummer
Mobil Sales and Supply Marathon Oil Company
Judith J. Bigby C.Steven Pringle
Phillips Petroleum Company Texas Eastern Corporation
Theresa Krolikowski Buck Richard G. Segers
Union Carbide Corporation Exxon Corporation
Marshall C. Clegg Gerald W. Singletary
Standard Oil Company of California Texas Eastern Corporation
Terry A. Coker James K. Walters
Phillips Petroleum Company American Petroleum Institute
Howard M. Davis, Jr. Karen I. West

//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
Marathon Pipeline Company Mobil Research and Development
Frank P. Gielzecki Corporation
Imperial Oil, Ltd. L. D. Wiener
Risdon W. Hankincon (Chairman, Mobil Research and Development
Corporation

--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
Working Group)
Phillips Petroleum Company Gael Williams (now retired)
Raymond M. Henry Standard Oil Company of California
Gulf Research and Development E:K. Van Horne
Company Mobil Oil Corporation
Clyde M. Owen (Vice-chairman,
COSM)
SOH10 Pipe Line Company

Copyright ASTM International


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
A S T N ~ 1 2 5 0VOL*XZ/XII ao M 0757530 0020365 a rn

MEMBERS OF THE INSTITUTE OF PETROLEUM


-
MEASUREMENT AND SAMPLING COMMITTEE AND THE
CALCULATION AND TABLES SUBCOMMIlTEE
ACTIVE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PETROLEUM
MEASUREMENT TABLES
J.R. Spencer Chairman, Measurement and British Petroleum, Ltd.
Sampling Committee
B.C. Ferguson Past-Chairman, Measurement Caleb Brett, Ltd.
and Sampling Committee
Chairman, IS0 TCn8 SC3
L.Downer Chairman, Institute of British Petroleum
Petroleum Tables Research
Subcommittee
B. O'Shaughnessy British Petroleum
Research
O.W. Molony British Standards
Institution
P.D. O'Connel1 Institute of Petroleum

COPM-API Committee on Petroleum Measurement


COSM-Joint APUASTM Subcommittee on Static Petroleum Measurement
NBS-U.S. National Bureau of Standards
ISO-International Organization for Standardization

xi
--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASTM International


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
A S T M DL258 VOL*XI/XII 80 0 7 5 7 5 3 0 0020366 T 9
//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\

--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASTM International 1


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
TABLE 1
--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

INTERRELATION OF UNITS O F MEASUKEMENT

This table contains standard factors for the interconversion of those units
of measurement in the American, British, and Metric systems which are
widely used in the petroleum industry and which have been utilized in the
preparation of these Petroleum Measurement Tables.
The relative values of the units given in this table are those which have the
best legal and technical standing in the countries concerned. The accuracy
of the conversion factors given varies from one part in ten thousand to one
part in one hundred thousand.
Special attention is Brawn to the footnote relating to volume
conversions.
//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:

3
Copyright ASTM International
Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
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I _I .
. ___- . ~ I ..
A S T M DL250 VOL*XI/XII 8 0 0759530 OOZO3b8~3U .

Table 1
Interrelation of Units of Measurement ASTM-IP

LENGTH VOLUME AND CAPACITY *

To Convert Multiply B: To Convert Multiply By

//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
METRES: U.S. GALLONS:
To Yards ................... 1.0936 To Cubic Inches ............
..............
231t
To Feet ................... 3.2808 To Cubic Feet
..........
.
0 133681
To Inches ................. 39.370 To Imperial Gallons
To U.S. Barrels .............
0.832674
0.0238095
YARDS: To Litres .................. 3.78541
To Metres ................. 0.9144t U.S. BARRELS:
T o U.S. Gallons ............. 42"
FEET:
................. To Cubic Inches............ 9702t
To Metres 0.3048t
To Cubic Feet.............. 5.61458
To ..........
Imperial Galions 34.9723
INCHES:
To Centimetres ............. 2.54"
To Litres.................. 158.987
IhPERIALGALLONS:
To Cubic Inches ............ 277.42
To Cubic Feet .............. .
0 160544
WEIGHT To U.S. Gallons ............. 1.20095
To U.S. Barrels ............. 0.028594 1
To Litres .................. 4.545%
To Convert Multiply BJ CUBICFEET:
To Imperial Gallons .......... 6.22883
To U.S. Gallons ............. 7.48052
To U.S. Barrels ............. .
0 178 108
LONGTONS:
...... 2240 t. To Litres .................. 28.3169
To Pounds (Avoirdupois)
To Short Tons .............. 1.12t
To Cubic Metres ............ 0.0283169
To Metric Tons (Tonnes) ...... 1.01605 CUBICINCHES:
To Imperial Galions .......... 0.00360465
SHORTTONS: To U.S. Galions ............. 0.0043290
To Pounds (Avoirdupois) ...... 2000t ToLitres .................. 0.0163871
T o Long Tons .............. 0.892857
To Metnc Tons (Tonnes) ...... 0.907185
LITRES:
To Cubic Inches ............ 61.0238
To Cubic Feet .............. 0.0353147
METRICTONS(TONNES): To Imperial Gallons ..........
To Long Tons ! ............. 0.984206
To U.S. Gallons .............
0.219%9
To Short Tons .............. 1.10231 To U.S. Barrels .............
0.264172
0.00628981
POUNDS(AVOIRDUPOIS): CUBICMETRES:
To Kilograms ............... 0.453592 To Imperial Gallons .......... 219.%9
To U.S. Galions ............. 264.172
KlLOGRAhS: To U.S. Barrels ............. 6.28981
To Pounds (Avoirdupois) ...... 2.20462 To Cubic Feet .............. 35.3147

"These factors are solely for conversion at the same temperature .


?This relationship is exact by definition . --```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

4
Copyright ASTM International
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~ ~~

ASTM DL250 V O L * X I / X I I 80 0759530 0020369 5 a

- TABLE 2

TEMPERATURE CONVERSIONS

This table gives the conversion of temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit and


degrees Celsius and vice versu for each whole degree of temperature over
the range minus 100 ("F or OC) to plus 700 ("F or OC).
The temperature to be converted is found in the center column, and the
converted temperature is then read to the left for degrees Celsius grade or to
the right for degrees Fahrenheit.

EXAMPLE
What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit corresponding to 18"C?
Entering the table in the center column at 18, as shown below, it is seen that the answer
is 64.4"F.
--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

-"C "F
-
18
- 4.8 64.4

Conversely, if the Celsius equivalent of 18F is desired, the answer is -7.8"C.

5
Copyright ASTM International
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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
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Copyright ASTM International 6


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
~ ~~ ~~~~~

A S T M DI258 V O L * X I / X P I 80 0 7 5 9 5 3 0 0020371 3 I%

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Copyright ASTM International


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Copyright ASTM International 8


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
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Copyright ASTM International


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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Copyright ASTM International


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
12
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
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-

ASTPi DI258 VOL*XI/XII 80 0757530 0020377 8

--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
VOLUME XI
ENTRY VVITH API GRAVITY

Copyright ASTM International


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15
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//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
TABLE 3

AH?%GRAVITY AT 40F TO RELATIVE DENSITY 60/60"F


AND TO DENSITY AT 15C
(Density in this table is mass per unit volume at 15C
expressed in kilograms per cubic metre)

This table gives the values for relative density BO / 60F and density at 15C
equivalent to values of API gravity at 60F m i the range from 0 to 85"API.The
relation between APX gravity anid relative density is purely mathematical and
is given by the following equation:
141.5
BPI gravity at 60F = - 131.5
relative density 60/ 60F

This table must be erntered with Al?" gravity at 60F. 1% is emphasized


t h &the equivalent density is tat 15C (59F)and no&at 60F.

EXAMPLE
What is the density at 15Cof am oil havimg a gravity Of42 15"APX at 60"F?
Enter the table with 62.1"API and note that the equivalent density
is ................................................... 730.7kg/m3
Likewise, enter the table with 62.2"API and note that the equivalent
. . . . . . .. . . . . . .
density is . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 730.3 kg I m3
--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

This represents a decrease of 0.4 in density for an increase of


O. 10"APL Therefore, by simple proportion, an increase in API
gravity from 62.1 to 62.15"API represents a decrease in density of
.
0.5 X 0.4 or . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .
. .. . . .. . . .. . . . ... . ... .. . . 0.2
Then, the density of oil at 15C is 730.4 - 0.2 or . . . . . . . . . . . . . 730.5 kg/m3

17
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18
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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
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Copyright ASTM International 20


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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21
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24
Copyright ASTM International
Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
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Copyright ASTM International


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
25
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Copyright ASTM International 26


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
A S T M DI250 V O L * X % / X I I 80 0759530 0020370 7 W

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Copyright ASTM International 27


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
/-------------
I A S T M D3250 VOL*XI/XII 80 W 0759530 0020373 9 W

TABLE 4

U.S. GALLONS AT 60F AND BARRELS AT 60F


TO LITRES AT 15C
AGAINST API GRAVITY AT 60F

This table gives the number of litres at 15C equivalent to 1 U.S. gal of oil
and to one barrel (42 U.S. gal) of oil, both at 60"F, in the range O to 85"API.
This table must be entered with API gravity at 60F. It is emphasized
that the equivalent volume is at 15C (59F) and not at 60F.
~

EXAMPLE

28 --```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASTM International


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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Copyright ASTM International 29


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
I - - - - - I _ ~ . --m__ - l_-_l-

A S T M DL250 V O L * X I / X I I B O H 0759510 O020393 2 W

TABLE 8

POUNDS PER U.S. GALLON AT 60F


AND U.S. GALLONS AT 60F PER POUND
AGAINST API GRAVITY AT 60F

This table gives the weight in pounds in air of 1 U.S. gal of oil at 60F and
the volume in U.S. gallons at 60F occupied by 1 lb of oil, for values of API
gravity at 60F in the range O to 85"API. This table is intended for use in
dealing with relatively small quantities of oil.
This table must be entered with API gravity at 60F. If the volume has
been measured at some other temperature the equivalent volume at 60F
must first be found from Table 6.

EXAMPLES

1. It is desired to fill drums with exactly 42 U.S. gal of oil measured at 60F using
a weight-filling machine. If the gravity of the oil is 26.29"API at 60F what weight
should be set on the scale of the machine?
--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Enter the table with 26.2"API and note that the weight of 1 U.S.
gal is .................................................. 7.472 lb
Likewise, enter the table with 26.3"API and note that the weight
of 1 U.S. gal is ......................................... 7.467 lb
This represents a decrease in weight of 0.005 Ib for an increase of
O. 1O"API. Therefore, by simple proportion, an increase in
gravity from 26.2 to 26.2YAPI decreases the weight of one U.S.
gal by 0.9 x 0.005 or ................................... 0.004 lb
Hence, 1 U.S. gal of oil having an API gravity of 26.29 at 60F
weighs 7.472 - 0.004 or ................................. 7.468 lb
Then, 42 U.S. gal of the oil at 60F weigh 42 x 7.468 or ...... 313.66 lb
The weight to be set on the filling machine is therefore ....... 313 lb, lOi/Z.oz
(16 oz/lb X 0.66 = 10.56 which rounds to lOi/Z.oz)
2. A quantity of oil having a gravity of 18.86bAPIat 60Fhas been invoiced as 342
lb. What is the volume in U.S. gallons at 60"F?
Enter the table with 18.8"API and nofe that the volume
occupied by 1 Ib is ............................... 0.12755 U S . gal
Likewise, enter the table with 18.YAPI and note that the
voIume occupied by 1 lb is ........................ O. 12764 U.S. gal
This represents an increase in volume of O.oooO9 U.S. gal for
an increase of O. 10"AFI. Therefore, by simple proportion, an
30
Copyright ASTM International
Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
ASTM DI250 V O L * X I / X I I 8 0 W 0 7 5 9 5 3 0 002037Li 4

increase in gravity from 18.8 to 18.86"API increases the


volume by 0.6 x 0.00009 or ........................ O.ooOo5 U.S. gal
Hence, 1 lb of oil having a gravity of 18.86"A.PI at 60F
occupies a volume of O. 12755 -t O.ooOo5 or ........... 0.12760 U.S. gal
Then, 342 lb of this oil at 60F occupy a volume of 342
x 0.12760 or .................................... 43.64 U.S. gal

--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASTM International


31
Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
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Copyright ASTM International 32


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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Copyright ASTM International


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM 33
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Copyright ASTM International


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Copyright ASTM International 35


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
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Copyright ASTM International 36


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
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Copyright ASTM International 37


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
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Copyright ASTM International 38


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Copyright ASTM International 39


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Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
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Copyright ASTM International


Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
41
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//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
TABLE 9

SHORT TONS PER 1000 U.S. GALLONS AT 60F


AND PER BARREL AT 60F
AGAINST API GRAVITY AT 60F

This table gives the weight in short tons in air of loo0 U.S. gal of oil and
one barrel (42 U.S. gal) of oil, both at 60F for values of API gravity at 60F
in the range from O to 85"API.
This table must be entered with API gravity at 60F; if the volume has
been measured at some other temperature, the equivalent volume at
60F must first be found from TABLE 6.

EXAMPLE
When corrected to the standard temperature of 60F by means of TABLE
6, the volume of a quantity of oil is recorded as 5042 barrels. If the gravity
of the oil is 64.53"API at 60"F, what is the weight in short tons?
Enter the table with 64.5"API and note that the weight of
one barrel of oil at 60F is ....................... O. 12620 short tons
Likewise, enter the table with 64.6"API and note that the
weight of one barrel of oil at 60F is ............... O. 12614 short tons
This represents a decrease in weight of 0.00006 short tons
for an increase of O. 10"API. Therefore, by simply propor-
tion, an increase in gravity from 64.5"API to 64.53"API
decreases the weight by 0.3 x 0.00006 or ........... O.ooOo2 short tons
Hence, one barrel of oil at 60F having a gravity of 6453F
API at 60F weighs O. 12620 - O.ooOo2 or ........... O. 12618 short tons
Then, 5042 barrels of this oil at 60F weigh 5042 x 0.12618
or .......................................... 636.20shorttons

--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

42
Copyright ASTM International
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Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
43
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
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Copyright ASTM International 44


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
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47
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
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49
Copyright ASTM International e
Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
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Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
i
A S T M DL250 V O L * X I / X I I 190 I0 7 5 7 5 3 0 0020LtLb T H

TABLE 10

U.. GALLONS AT 600F AND BARREL AT 60F


PER SHORT TON
AGAINST API GRAVITY -AT 60F

This table gives the volume in U.S. gallons and in barrels (42 U.S. gal),
both at 6O"F, which are occupied by one short ton of oil in air for values of
API gravity at 60F in the range O to 85"API.
This table must be entered with AF'I gravity at 60F.

EXAMPLE
How many U.S. gallons are occupied by 1216.11 short tons of oil having
a gravity of 32.63"ABI at 60"F?
Enter the table with 32.6"API and note that the volume
occupied by one short ton is ........................ 278.56 U.S. gal
Likewise, enter the table with 32.7"ApI and note that the
volume occupied by one short ton is .................. 278.73 US.gal
This represents an increase of O. 17 U.S. gal for an increase of
0.10"API. Therefore, by simple proportion, an increase of
gravity fiom 32.6"API to 32.63"API increases the volume by
0.3 x 0.17 or .................................... 0.05 U.S. gal
Hence, one short t'on of oil having a gravity of 32.63"API at
60F occupies a volume of 278.56 + 0.05 or ............ 278.61 U.S. gal
Then, 1216.11 short tons of this oil at 60Foccupy a volume of
1216.11 X 278.61 or ............................... 338 820 U.S. gal
//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASTM International


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Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

54
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Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM 55
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
TABLE 11

LONG TONS PER 1000 U.S. GALLONS AT 60F


AND PER BARREL AT 60F
AGAINST API GRAVITY AT 60F

This table gives the weight in long tons in air of loo0 U.S. gal of oil and
of one barrel (42 U.S. gal) of oil, both at 60"F, for values of API gravity at
60F in the range O to 85"API.
This table must be entered with API gravity at 60F; if the volume has
been measured at some other temperature, the equivalent volume at
60F must first be found from TABLE 6.

EXAMPLE
When corrected to the standard temperature of 60Fby means of TABLE

//^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\
6, the volume of a quantity of oil is 2 345 430 U.S. gal. If the gravity of the
oil is 61.44"API at 60"F, what is the weight in long tons?
Enter the table with 61.4"API and note that the weight of
loo0 U.S.gal is ................................ 2.7261 long tons
Likewise, enter the table with 61.5"API and note that the
weight of 1 o00 U.S. gal is ........................ 2.7246 long tons
This represents a decrease in weight of 0.0015 long tons for
an increase of O. 1O"API. Therefore, by simple proportion,
an increase in gravity from 61.4 to 61.44"APIdecreases the
weight by 0.4 x 0.0015 or ........................ O.ooo6 long tons
Hence, 1 oo0 U.S. gal of oil having a gravity of 61.44"APIat
60F weigh 2.7261 - O.OOO6 or .................... 2.7255 long tons
Then, 2 345 430 U.S. gal of this oil at 60F weigh 2 345.430
x 2.7255 or .................................... 6392.5 long tons

--```,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 64
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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
71 Not for Resale
ASTM D1250 V O L * X I / X I I 80 0759530 0020435

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Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM 72
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
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73
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
A S T I DI250 V O L * X I / X I I 80

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Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale

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TABLE 12

U.S. GALLONS AT 60F AND BARRELS AT 60F


PER LONG TON
AGAINST a 1 GRAVITY AT 60F

This table gives the volumes in U.S. gallons and in barrels (42 U.S. gal)
at 60"F, which are occupied by 1 long ton of oil in air for values of APl
gravity at 60F in the range from O to 85"API.
This: table must be entered with API gravity at 60F.

EXAMPLE
How many U.S. gallons are occupied by 1216.11 long tons of oil having
a gravity of 32.63"ApI at 60"F?
Enter the table with 32.6"APIand note that the volume occupied
by one long ton is ................................. 311.98 U.S. gal
Likewise, enter the table with 32.7"AF'I and note that the
volume.occupied by one long ton is .................. 312.17 U.S. gal
This represents an increase of 0.19 U.S. gal for an increase of
O. 10"API. Therefore, by simple proportion, an increase of
gravity from 32.6"APIto 32.63"APIincreases the volume by
0.3 X 0.19or .................................... 0.06 U.S. gal
Hence, one long ton of oil having a gravity of 32.63"AF'I at 60F
occupies a volume of 3 11 -98 + 0.06 or ................ 312.04 U.S. gal
Then, 1216.11 long tons of this oil at 60F occupy a volume of
1216.11 x 312.04 or ............................... 378 475 U.S. gal //^:^^#^~^^""~:$"^#$:~@""#:$@~"@"$#~~"~~$"^^:@^:~$:@:\\

Copyright ASTM International


75
Reproduced by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
A S T M DI1250 V O L * X I / X I I 80 0759530

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