Topic/Objective: Mendel, phenotype, genotypes, Name: kaid nass

Simple dominance, incomplete dominance, co-
dominance, dihybriad crosses

Class/Period: 6
Cornell Date: 2/12/17
Essential Question: How did Mendel help us to study genetics through hybrid crosses?

Questions: Notes:
Mendelian: Mendel – Father of Genetics Worked
Who is mendel?LV1 with Pea plants
` Saw patterns.

An organism with two identical alleles for a
How is character is said to be homozygous for the gene
homozygous controlling that character
different then
heterozygous? An organism that has two different alleles for a
LV2 gene is said to be heterozygous for the gene
controlling that character
Explain why
the are not Unlike homozygotes, heterozygotes are not true-
true breeding? breeding
Because of the different effects of dominant and
recessive alleles, an organism’s traits do not
Explain and always reveal its genetic composition
give and
example of Therefore, we distinguish between an organism’s
the difference phenotype, or physical appearance, and its
of phenotype genotype, or genetic makeup
and genotype?
LV 3 In the example of flower color in pea plants, PP
and Pp plants have the same phenotype (purple)
but different genotypes
Summary: Mendel chose to track only those characters that occurred in two distinct
alternative forms
He also used varieties that were true-breeding (plants that produce offspring of the
same variety when they self-pollinate)

When Mendel crossed F1 green pod peas, he noted yellow pods in
the F2 generation. The green allele had masked the expression of
the yellow pod color in the F1. The yellow pod color could be
expressed in the F2 generation when the recessive allele from one
parent combined with the that from the other parent. Dominant
alleles are those that mask the appearance of other alleles.
Some human traits are thought to be controlled by single alleles
expressing dominance.

Questions: Notes:
Mendel's Law of Segregation states that the
2 alleles of each gene pair separate into
different gametes (egg or sperm) as these
are formed prior to reproduction

• Dominant alleles are not necessarily more
common in populations than recessive alleles

• For example, one baby out of 400 in the
United States is born with extra fingers or
Homozygous Dominant (DD)
Homozygous Recessive (dd)
Heterozygous (Dd)

Law of Independent Assortment, states that allele
pairs separate independently during the formation of
gametes in meiosis. This means that traits are
transmitted to offspring independently of one
and create an another
example of co
dominant and Co-dominant: both traits show
dominantL=? Example a Zebra or a spotted cow
Incomplete Dominance: Is where the both blend
together to make a different color or trait

For example a red bird with a blue bird get a baby
that’s purple