Admission Control

December, 2008

Based on the current equivalent number of users and the access request. Code Resource When a new service accesses the network. NodeB credit The NodeB credit admission includes the following:  Local cell level admission decision  Local cell group level admission decision (if any)  NodeB level admission decision Services can access the network only after all admission decisions are passed AIRTEL 2G 3GProject Commercial in Confidence Page 1 of 3 . Iub transmission bandwidth Only when all of these resources are available can a call be admitted and the admission procedure applies to the uplink and downlink separately. Power Resource The following three algorithms are available for power resource:  Algorithm 1 Power resource admission decision based on power or interference Based on the current cell load (uplink load factor and downlink TCP) and the access request. I. They are: − Handover admission threshold − AMR conversational service admission threshold − Non AMR conversational service admission threshold − Other service admission threshold With these thresholds. the code resource admission is successful if the code resource can be allocated to the service. If yes. ADMISSION CONTROL R99 Admission Control Admission control is used to improve the resource usage efficiency and RRC/RAB setup success rate. the RNC decides whether the cell load will exceed the threshold or not if admitting a new call. If no. but the prediction of needed power of a new call will be set to zero. Four basic load thresholds are used for admission decision. the RNC rejects the request. that is. III. NodeB credits  Available Iub transport layer resource. that is.  Algorithm 2 Power resource admission decision based on the equivalent number of users. The following 4 types of resources will be admitted:  Cell available code resource  Cell available power resource  NodeB resource state. the RNC can define the proportion between speech service and other services while ensuring handover preference.  Algorithm 3 It is similar to algorithm 1. the RNC rejects the request. If no. the RNC decides whether the equivalent number of users will exceed the threshold or not if admitting a new call. If yes. the RNC accepts the request. II. the RNC accepts the request.

Traffic congestion and bearer congestion are considered. differentiated transmission must be applied according to the service QoS requirements. The principles of Iub bandwidth admission control are described as follows: I. the admission control will involve not only the limitation of total HSDPA user number for best effort services. In the HSUPA admission control procedure. If the downlink carrier power is dynamically allocated between R99 and HSDPA channels. The thresholds include a DL streaming service HSDPA threshold and a DL BE service HSDPA threshold. the RNC will decide whether to map the service onto the HS-DSCH by setting service rate thresholds in the RNC. That is. and reconfiguration of the common and dedicated channels. The secondary path is tried when the admission attempt for the primary path fails. the total bandwidth of all paths that connect to the port may exceed the physical bandwidth of the port. the HSDPA user per NodeB and per CELL shall be considered in the way of configuring allowed maximum HSDPA user per NodeB and per CELL. Thus. therefore. If the UL capacity credit and DL capacity credit are not separate. The primary path takes priority over the secondary path during admission. the feature Rate Negotiation at Admission Control can be used to decide the proper resource request based on the cell load. and capacity consumption law. ADMISSION CONTROL For details about local cell. In the HSDPA admission control procedure. During the admission control. DRD Introduction Package can be used to maximize the possibility of access to the system. AIRTEL 2G 3GProject Commercial in Confidence Page 2 of 3 . According to the common and dedicated channels capacity consumption laws. and the addition. the following two levels of admission are necessary:  Admission control on the path level  Admission control on the port level II. Queuing and Pre- Emption. local cell group. It can make good use of the system resources and enables efficient resources utilization. The mapping relation between service and transport resources can be configured. It can make good use of the system resources and fully utilize resources. Therefore. Iub transport layer resource Different services have different QoS requirements.433. if any). For admission. only the maintenance on the global capacity credit is performed for the local cell (and local cell group. In the admission control procedure. but also the sum of downlink code transmission power for both DPCH and HS-PDSCH carrying streaming service. Only when requested bit rate of the incoming call is greater than the threshold can the call be mapped on HSDPA. HSDPA Admission Control HSDPA service admission control enables HSDPA service to access the network with other R99 services by using the remaining power resource as well as other resources. if any) based on the spreading factor. if any) is performed in UL and DL respectively. Each type of path can be configured with the total bandwidth of the physical port to which the path is connected. HSUPA Admission Control HSUPA service admission control enables HSUPA services to access to the network with other R99 services by using the remaining uplink cell load as well as other resources. If the UL capacity credit and DL capacity credit are separate. III. please refer to the 3GPP TS 25. some other features can be used to improve the access success rate. Iub interface resources check is performed during the admission control so as to allow HSDPA service and other R99 services to be admitted under a certain ensured QoS. the maintenance on the local cell (and local cell group. the only factor that needs to be considered is the Iub resources corresponding to the traffic class. removal. the HSUPA user per NodeB and per CELL should be considered through the configuration of the maximum HSUPA users at the RNC. IV. When the admission fails. the controlling RNC (CRNC) debits the amount of the credit resource consumed from or credits the amount to the capacity credit of the local cell (and local cell group.

ADMISSION CONTROL Besides the limitation of total HSUPA user number for best effort and streaming services. If the condition of PBR is not fulfilled. The following two algorithms are available for uplink cell radio load:  Algorithm 1: uplink cell radio load admission decision based on Equivalent Number of Users (ENU) Based on the current equivalent number of users (including existing R99 and HSUPA users) and the access request. AIRTEL 2G 3GProject Commercial in Confidence Page 3 of 3 . Only when the requested bit rate of the incoming call is higher than the threshold can the call be mapped on HSUPA. the sum of uplink cell radio load resources for both DCH and E-DCH should also be considered.  Algorithm 2: uplink cell radio load admission decision based on Provided Bit Rate (PBR) and power The RNC performs a check to ensure that the aggregated traffic at the provided bit rate exceeds the sum of all GBRs for existing traffics multiplied by a configurable threshold. During the admission control. The thresholds include a UL streaming service HSUPA threshold and a UL BE service HSUPA threshold. Queuing and pre-emption are considered for HSUPA if admission control fails due to limitation of user number or equivalent user number. the RNC decides whether the equivalent number of users exceeds the threshold or not and whether to admit a new call. the RNC decides whether the service is mapped to E-DCH or not by setting service rate thresholds. RNC further performs a check of power resource on the basis of Received Total Wideband Power (RTWP) and Received Scheduled E-DCH Power Share (RSEPS) measurement. GBR is used to calculate the ENU of HSUPA services. Both Iub resources and NodeB credit resources checks are done during the admission control so as to enable HSUPA services and other R99 services to be admitted under a certain guaranteed QoS.