Designation: E126 − 13a

Standard Test Method for
Inspection, Calibration, and Verification of ASTM
This standard is issued under the fixed designation E126; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the U.S. Department of Defense.

1. Scope E344 Terminology Relating to Thermometry and Hydrom-
1.1 This test method describes the principles, apparatus, and etry
procedures for the inspection, calibration, and verification of E2251 Specification for Liquid-in-Glass ASTM Thermom-
ASTM glass hydrometers. This test method is applicable to eters with Low-Hazard Precision Liquids
ASTM hydrometers and may be used for other general
hydrometers of the constant-mass, variable-displacement type. 3. Terminology
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded 3.1 Definitions—The definitions given in Terminology E344
as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathemati- apply.
cal conversions to SI units that are provided for information 3.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard:
only and are not considered standard. The metric equivalents of 3.2.1 API gravity, n—a relative index of density for petro-
inch-pound units may be approximate. leum products developed by the American Petroleum Institute.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the API gravity is defined as:
safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the
API Gravity,deg 5 @ 141.5/ ~ rel. density 60/60 °F ! # 2 131.5 (1)
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro- Values of API gravity are typically expressed in degrees API,
priate safety and health practices and determine the applica- that is, 39.60 °API.
bility of regulatory limitations prior to use.
3.2.2 comparator, n—in this test method, a glass or other
2. Referenced Documents transparent cylinder to contain a liquid in which hydrometers
may be compared. Examples of suitable comparators are given
2.1 ASTM Standards:2 in Appendix X1.
D1265 Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP)
Gases, Manual Method 3.2.3 density, n—mass of a unit volume of material.
D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Discussion—Units of density in hydrometers include
Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Prod- kg/l (kilograms per liter), kg/m3 (kilograms per cubic meter),
ucts by Hydrometer Method and g/l (grams per liter); each typically expressed as mass per
D1657 Test Method for Density or Relative Density of Light volume at a specified temperature, that is, kg/m3 at 15 °C. As
Hydrocarbons by Pressure Hydrometer of this writing, only the kg/m 3 at 15 °C scale is offered in
E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers ASTM hydrometers (see Specification E100).
E77 Test Method for Inspection and Verification of Ther- 3.2.4 relative density (formerly specific gravity), n—ratio of
mometers the mass of a given volume of material at a stated temperature
E100 Specification for ASTM Hydrometers to the mass of an equal volume of gas-free distilled water at the
same or different temperature. Both reference temperatures
shall be explicitly stated.
This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E20 on Discussion—Common reference temperatures in-
Temperature Measurement and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee E20.05
on Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers and Hydrometers.
clude 60 °F/60 °F, 20 °C/20 °C, 20 °C/4 °C. The historic term,
Current edition approved Nov. 1, 2013. Published December 2013. Originally specific gravity, may still be found.
approved in 1959. Last previous edition approved in 2013 as E126 – 13. DOI:
10.1520/E0126-13a. 3.2.5 specific gravity, n—historic term, replaced by relative
For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website,, or density.
contact ASTM Customer Service at For Annual Book of ASTM
Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on 3.2.6 thermo-hydrometer, n—glass hydrometer having a
the ASTM website. thermometer combined with a hydrometer in one instrument.

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for checking no cracks.3 Inspect the hydrometer carefully for loose pieces of 5.1 Graduated Metal Scales. or not present. calibration laboratories. If der comparator. Procedure reference points corresponding to the maximum and minimum 7. Circular No. but is not limited to. especially at the stem/body junction. of by the use of reference standards as described above. or other diameters. that the instrument fulfills specified require. If a permitted scale slippage indicator have similar dimensions and shape to the instruments to be is damaged. and shall have dimensions and instrument. London.1 3 and 5. This is particularly impor- 5. fissures. See Test Method E77. reject the instrument. ASTM S12F (-5/215 °F. hydrometer. E126 − 13a 3. 136C (-20/60°C. or ASTM 136F (-5/140°F.3 Standards shall be visually inspected every six months are included in Test Method E77. 0.2 The goal is to provide a standard method that is simple.2° divisions). the requirements for the maxi..4 Inspect the paper scale within the hydrometer stem.1 Inspect the hydrometer carefully to be certain there are 5. 5. Suitable types are described in Appendix X1.2. if the hydrometer ments of such precision. rough areas. 0. corrections be stated to one-tenth of a scale division. for checking the thermometer portion of tant for thermohydrometers. A procedure shall be in place to demonstrate continued validity of the calibration 4. 6.2.2° divisions). or checks of one standard 5. MacMillan and Co.1.2 Experience has shown that the indications of hydrom- users of hydrometers may inspect. 0.5° divisions) found in Specification Typically. and terminating at the first major graduation of the hydrometer scale. this is a thin strand of red glass. 0. and will produce reliable results.2 Micrometers. Apparatus tory for use as check standards. 6. 3.2 Inspect the hydrometers for correctness of graduation Technology. in the glass. 487.3 Polariscope. The presence of any of 4. API and Baumé hydrometers are graduated with equal Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). results for the standard hydrometer.4 Comparators. reject the calibrated. Dictionary of Applied Physics. 4 “Density of Solids and Liquids. The calibration report shall provide bears an ASTM designation. Any definitions of measure.3. incorrectly positioned. No further reproductions authorized.5° divisions) found in The paper scale shall be straight and without twist. See Specification E100 for more details.1. trology body (such as the National Institute of Standards and ments. 0. metal tem- plates on which lines are ruled at suitable distances from 7.7. Details of the 7. 7. checking linear dimensions. If more convenient.2 Standards shall be calibrated by either a national me- tive evidence.7 verification. shapes similar to the instruments to be calibrated. or calibrate them. divisions). 6.5 Equipment. Technology) or other laboratory competent to calibrate instru- 3. Significance and Use these defects is an indication that the standard may require 4. for hydrometer against another. however. ASTM 12F (-5/215 °F. 7. .2. inspect the hydrometer for strain developed during the manufacturing of the hydrometer.2. If the strain 5. of the conventional type. and 6. of the conventional type.5° divisions). fused to the inside E2251. present. other schemes are permitted. ASTM E1 or ASTM S12C (-20/102 °C.” National Institute of Standards and 7. deep scratches.8 Other descriptions of terms relating to thermometers 6.1. a calibrating hydrometers may be obtained by hydrostatic weighing instead cautionary note on the report would be appropriate. more details.1 Check the linear dimensions and diameters for com- pliance with Specification E100 requirements by comparing the hydrometer with the appropriate device described in 5.5 Inspect for the presence of a scale slippage indicator. spacing. n—confirmation.1. by provision of objec. etching. 439.2.2 Using a polariscope.2° 7. whichever is longer. and discoloration.2 Dimensional Inspection: hydrostatic weighing apparatus can be found in the Dictionary of Applied Physics3 or Density of Solids and Liquids. 0. ment uncertainty used in this standard are from Terminology 6. eters may show drift with continued use.3. ASTM 12C (-20/102 °C. scale slippage.1.2. Reference Standards such as etching a line on the glass corresponding to a reference 6. p.1 Discussion—In this test method.1 The purpose of this test method is to establish a common re-calibration or replacement. for viewing strain patterns in the glass 7. for the calibration and verification of appears severe and will compromise the integrity of the hydrometers. Vol 3.1 Visual inspection shall include.6 Thermometer(s). Such a procedure may easily understood. verify. for use in pressure hydrometer cylin- ballast or other foreign material within the instrument.1.4 7. Reject the hydrometer if any of these defects are present. In such cases. traceability to a national metrology body and shall contain a mum scale error and dimensions for the hydrometers given in statement of measurement uncertainty. obvious damage to the glass. method by which manufacturers. or 7. measurements of hydrometers retained by the testing labora- 5. deposits on the glass.1 Standard Hydrometers—Standard hydrometers shall line printed on the scale. Sun Jan 19 18:25:24 EST 2014 2 Downloaded/printed by Intertek (Intertek ) pursuant to License Agreement.4 for thermohydrometers as described in Test Method E77.1 Inspection: values of the specified dimensions may be used. It is desirable that the Specification E100 apply. top of the stem. E344 looking for evidence of scratches. NOTE 2—Hydrometers that do not carry an ASTM designation may NOTE 1—The relative density (specific gravity) of liquids used in not be required to have a scale slippage indicator. or prior to use. (when possible). reject the instrument. include: periodic re-calibration of the standard hydrometers.

3. and alcohol. otherwise.3 Cleanliness—The readiness with which proper dimensions may be compared. and the surrounding atmosphere shall be nearly the values for master scales given in the Standard Density and equal during the comparison. the liquid.6 Because a hydrometer will indicate differently in temperature of the liquid before immersing to take a reading.4 Influence of Temperature—For a hydrometer to in- L = distance between the top and the bottom graduations of dicate the density of a specified liquid correctly.) and the bottom. No further reproductions authorized. (Warning—EXTREME CAUTION–The clean- relative density (specific gravity) hydrometers is smaller near ing process using concentrated sulfuric acid and fuming the bottom of the scale. or alter- For example. alkalies. each hydrometer shall be calibrated at a liquid.1.650 relative density and floated in a liquid.1 In general. sugar.1.1. In one method. the temperature of d1 = density value. it is essential the scale. reproducible. of the liquid need not be considered since the correction required the top line. spaced approximately measurements. of comparing two hydrometers having the same standard tem- the bottom line.3 Calibration: operator shall allow enough time to achieve this equilibrium. alcoholic mixtures of strength above 40% by Technology.600 to 0. dry.3 Check the scale of hydrometers graduated to read both instruments.3. Oils. and weak alcoholic 5 “Standard Density and Volumetric Tables.1.3.3. and dried by wiping with a clean cloth. or relative density (specific gravity).3. is different in surface tension from the specified liquid. notably ASTM 10H and 60H 7.3. equally across its range. between the top on the operator. causing an overflow of the liquid before making an observa- dried. with weak aqueous solutions of impurities. thus increasing the depth of immersion. two methods for preparing liquids not subject to such changes. However. cases. which may come from the apparatus. 7. if be calibrated at (approximately) 10. No. NOTE 4—Equipment such as thermometers described in 5. wiping with a lint-free cloth moistened with acetone or 7.3.” National Institute of Standards and mixtures. 15. The proper spacing shall be obtained sulfuric acid is extremely hazardous.7 In many liquids spontaneous changes in surface alcohol and drying immediately before each reading is usually tension occur due to the formation of surface films of sufficient. Although hydrometers of equivalent 7. Sun Jan 19 18:25:24 EST 2014 3 Downloaded/printed by Intertek (Intertek ) pursuant to License Agreement. 7. In d2 = density value. A second method of avoiding rinsed with water. the results of the liquid. salts. and wiped with a cloth moistened with alcohol to tion. without error. desired. and since surface tension is a specific property of will rise uniformly around the stem and merge into an liquids. But the temperatures of the liquid. Certain liquids. Errors from this cause may be avoided by the use of is required. E126 − 13a spacing.1. nominally high. a hydrometers are dipped in a mixture of one part concentrated correction is required when dissimilar instruments are sulfuric acid and two parts fuming sulfuric acid. the temperature of the Volumetric Tables.8 The necessity for such special manipulation is con- clean during the calibration by wiping with a lint-free cloth fined to the reading of hydrometers in liquids that are subject moistened with alcohol (preferably absolute) and drying before to surface contamination.2 In order that readings shall be uniform and hydrometer.2. The 7. that the liquid be homogenous and uniform in temperature. the hydrometer must be clean. In these cases. the percent of alcohol by weight or by volume by comparison with hydrometers. adhere to the stem very readily. 19. salts.5 liquid will be changing. In the these errors is to purify the surface of the calibration liquid by other method.1 General Considerations: To ensure homogeneity and temperature uniformity in the 7.3.1. a hydrometer with a range of 9° to 21° API shall native thermometric devices of equal or better accuracy. or relative density (specific gravity). or sugar. the hydrometers may be above the general level of the liquid in which the instrument is calibrated at two calibration points. and perature and made of the same type of glass. The reaction caused by where: introducing a wet hydrometer into the acids may splash acids l = distance from the top line to any line. The stems can usually be kept 7. thorough mixing is required immediately before making minimum of three calibration points. such as mineral oils and strong of comparisons of dissimilar instruments in such a liquid shall alcoholic mixtures.3. On the other hand. NOTE 3—Certain ASTM hydrometers. hydrometer is intended. This liquid adhering to the stem calibrated due to fluid limitations. as mentioned above.1. and at the 7. and other liquids of relatively low surface tension are Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). volume. d.5 Influence of Surface Tension—When a hydrometer is (89/101 °API) and 101H and 310H (0. hydrometers are washed with soap and water. in a liquid cleanliness can be obtained depends somewhat on the character differing in surface tension from the specified liquid. respectively) have ranges which cannot be fully stem to form a meniscus.1. scrupulous cleaning of the stem the air. Circular. In such be corrected for the effect of the surface tension. causing differences in density. For such liquids. floating has the same effect as adding to the mass of the 7. and 20 API.6. if the liquid used instruments for calibration are in common use. This process should only from the following formula: be carried out in a laboratory setting with appropriate equip- l 5 L 3 d 2 /d 3 ~ d 2 d 1 ! / ~ d 2 2 d 1 ! (2) ment and trained personnel. acids. a small quantity of the liquid rises about the 500 to 650 kg/m3. The interval between graduations of density and each reading. . The hydrometer must be dry before being inserted in the acids. it is necessary to specify the liquid for which a imperceptible film on the stem. low and mid scale. may be used. remove any residual soap film. due to variation from the standard temperature is the same for 7. such as aqueous solutions or mix- tures of acids. thoroughly compared. It two liquids having the same density but different surface is particularly important that the stem be clean so that the liquid tensions.

although any liquid calibrated (DUT). and record the reading (SR2). (SR1) on the worksheet. Read the standard readings of the hydrometer to be calibrated. or immersion of Intermediate densities may be obtained by mixing. liquid into the comparator so the hydrometer will float as However. since such movement of comparator to avoid the formation of air bubbles. The cylinder diameter shall be large enough so that there will be at least 12. .5967 dimethylpropane Second single substitution: C2DUT=[(SR3 + SR4)/2+CS] – R2DUT 0. allow it to float freely.11 Taking a Reading—Observe a point slightly below three scale divisions of the nominal calibration point on the the plane of the liquid surface and then raise the line of vision hydrometer being calibrated. Holding a white card behind the NOTE 7—This method has not been evaluated for non-ASTM hydrom- comparator just below the liquid level will improve the eters or when the standard hydrometer and test hydrometer are dissimilar. The cylinder shall have sufficient depth so that the NOTE 5—For further discussion of surface tension and of meniscus hydrometers float freely at least 25 mm (1 in.1. Average SR1 and SR2 and Relative Density. Record this reading (R1DUT). 60/60 °F Liquid apply the correction from the calibration report to the result.3 Clean the standard hydrometer. in general.9 Comparison Liquids—Hydrometers shall be cali- and any hydrometer immersed in the cylinder. the observed calibration point and allow to float freely. pure grade propane and n-butane may be used as R2DUT = reading of the DUT in the second single substitu- standardizing liquids. freezing point.100 mineral spirits. liable to surface contamination sufficient to 7. 7.6540 2.000 to 2. the hydrometers into the comparison fluid is recommended. seen as an ellipse.7504 cyclopentane 0. the readings of the standard hydrometer. Comparison Tests read it. and record the reading pertinent details of the calibration. Pour the liquid down the side of the not cause strong air currents or drafts. 7. In these cases.775 (the relative density of mineral spirits can be SR2 = second reading of the standard lessened with the addition of petroleum ether or SR3 = third reading of the standard increased by the addition of tetrabromoethane) SR4 = fourth reading of the standard 1.4.6247 isopentane Third single substitution: C3DUT=[(SR5 + SR6)/2+CS] – R3DUT 0.5 Perform the first single substitution comparison. Estimate to one-tenth scale division. brated in liquids similar in density and surface tension to the liquids in which the hydrometer is designed to be used.3. Sun Jan 19 18:25:24 EST 2014 4 Downloaded/printed by Intertek (Intertek ) pursuant to License Agreement. appropriate. and all other hydrometer as directed in 7. Remove the standard hydrometer and slowly immerse the DUT to slightly beyond the calibration point.0002. reading of the instrument. The Where: 0. density of the liquid. until this surface.4.1. Stir and All Surface Tensions: the liquid.4.750 to 1.100 safrole SR5 = fifth reading of the standard Hydrometers for Alcohol SR6 = sixth reading of the standard 0.1. avoiding the formation of air bubbles. the hydrometer to be liquids in Table 1 are suggested as suitable.) between the inner wall 7.4. see Test Method D1298.625 petroleum ether FINAL CORRECTIONDUT=(C1DUT+C2DUT+C3DUT)/3 0.5 mm (1⁄2 in.4.11. the components with lower surface The point where this line cuts the hydrometer scale is the tension will tend to concentrate at the surface.2 Use of the comparators described in X1.000 ethanol and water CS = correction to the standard (from its calibration Hydrometers for Heavy Liquids 1. Adjust the air might influence the calibration.water mixtures.000 sulfuric acid . with a relative density of approximately SR1 = first reading of the standard 0.4. visibility of the surface. and then 7. beginning the comparison. or chromatographic R3DUT = reading of the DUT in the third single substitution analysis of the material and will be accurate to ±0.1 may be cause appreciable changes in hydrometer readings. E126 − 13a not.1. Slowly calibrated.1.3.10 Ventilation—Adequate ventilation (fume hood) is 7. Orders should carry the notation “For ASTM Hydrometer tion comparison Standard—show relative density on label.4 Performing a Single Substitution Comparison: 7.600 relative density range.5844 pure grade n-butaneA First single substitution: C1DUT=[(SR1 + SR2)/2+CS] – R1DUT 0.4 Introduce enough of the appropriate comparison desirable with some of the liquids used in calibration.6310 n-pentane 0.070 3-methylsulfolane 1. rinse.3. becomes a straight line. substitution comparison Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). or a solution of mineral report) spirits and tetabromoethane R1DUT = reading of the DUT in the first single substitution A Because there are at present no standardized hydrometers available in the 0.1. TABLE 1 Liquids Having Suitable Surface Tensions for Remove the DUT and again immerse the standard hydrometer.657 to 1.) above the inside corrections. care must be taken that the ventilating method does described in 7.1.1 Prepare a worksheet for the hydrometer being introduce a standard hydrometer into the cylinder.500 comparison to 0.” The relative density value given on the label will be based on a spectrographic. A final wipe.2.1. No further reproductions authorized. bottom.6962 isooctane 0. permitting appropriate spaces each calibration immerse the standard hydrometer to slightly beyond the point.5077 pure grade propaneA yields its correction. it may be beneficial to have a liquid with density within one-half to one scale division of the nominal density being measured. NOTE 6—With a liquid mixture. Hydrometers for Light Liquids Other than Alcohol Subtracting the reading of the DUT (R1DUT) from this value 0. 0.4. so that its density is within 7. In the use of these comparison materials care should be exercised to observe the safety precaution given in C1DUT = correction to the DUT determined in the first single Practice D1265.1.1 Hydrometers for Liquids Having Low Vapor Pressure 7. if necessary. and the comparator thoroughly prior to of proper density and surface tension may be substituted.

1. When the comparator is adequately filled.8 Withdraw the liquid and repeat the process with a 7. E126 − 13a C2DUT = correction to the DUT determined in the second 7. trained personnel. complies with the maximum scale error requirements of Specification E100.05 make the hydrometer readings as quickly as possible. NOTE 8—Provided the calibration environment is thermally stable.4. (specific gravity).4. 8.3 When the connections have been purged. Insert the hydrometer to be calibrated and the 8. calculate C1DUT.4.6 6 the correlation of these values is an important contribution to 0.7 while the hydrometer is 7. . The two observations should be consid- for a particular DUT at its three calibration points are data that ered suspect if they differ by more than 0. rock gently a few times to ensure mixing. This agreement.4. It is not the intention of this standard to impose a process limit 7.1.7 Remove the comparator from the water bath and 10. Sun Jan 19 18:25:24 EST 2014 5 Downloaded/printed by Intertek (Intertek ) pursuant to License Agreement. C2DUT. close the single substitution comparison outlet and vent valves and open the inlet valve. Another manner operation. tilt to a horizontal of C1DUT.3 °C (60. opening the inlet valve slightly. Exercise care to prevent damage to the of Standard Hydrometer DUT Hydrometer hydrometer.7321).12 -0.6). appropriate equipment.2. 7. withdraw the liquid. A third possibility inlet valve and examine the apparatus for leaks.15 -0. correct the leaky condition and values by dividing the range by the square root of 3 (1. 7. however the user is reminded that ply of liquid and place it in a water bath maintained at 15. hydrometer floats freely.4.3 No bias has been determined for this test method. 0. No further reproductions authorized.4.5 °F) until thermal equilibrium has been the uncertainty calculation. or even three DUTs can be read before the second reading of the standard filling the comparator to a level at which the enclosed hydrometer is made.2.4 for each calibration point on the floating freely.4. reference stan- leaks. hydrometers. attained.4. One manner to express the correlation of the three is most readily accomplished by repetition of the purging values is to calculate their standard deviation.4. cool the comparator (see 7.1.2 Hydrometers for Liquids Having High Vapor Pressure 8. two 7.2 The end user should consult the manufacturer if test dealing with the highly flammable and potentially explosive results differ from the manufacturer’s results by more than vapors that are generated during this procedure. The two readings should be averaged in 6 0.5 Close the outlet valve and open the inlet valve.2. relative density. comparators.8 Calculate FINALCORRECTIONDUT. If single substitution comparison necessary.0005 relative density may be presented on a calibration report.4. DUT. Keywords the inlet valve and ascertain that the connections are free from 9. Take the relative density (specific- DUT values for a particular DUT are equal to or smaller than the gravity) value furnished by the producer of the comparison permitted scale error values for the DUT provided in Specifi. If any are is to estimate the standard deviation from the range of the detected.1.5 % of full scale. to be reduced to that of the ambient atmosphere.1 A suggested comparator is described in X1.2.2. To accelerate thermal adjustment.5) and record all the valve and open the outlet valve.9 Repeat section 7. and C3DUT.2. close the may be to calculate the range of the values.2.1 Using this test method. liquid being used as the true value for purposes of correction cation E100. after which it should be closed.5 % of full scale.11 10.4. follow- 10. Connect the source of supply of propane or normal butane to 9. an operator can expect duplicate Warning—This is an extremely hazardous procedure that calibrations of a given hydrometer to yield readings which should only be carried out in a laboratory setting with agree within 0. C2DUT and C3DUT should ideally be in close permit adequate filling.4.6 Perform the second and third single substitutions 7. surface tension. Once the three comparisons are complete and the withdrawn completely and the pressure inside the comparator readings are recorded. 7. C2DUT.16 -0.6 Disconnect the comparator from the source of sup- on the dispersion of values. Precision and Bias 7. repeat the purging and filling operations. the vent valve may be opened slightly to permit complete filling.4. 7. verification Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved). specific gravity.11 Verification—if all three FINALCORRECTION. calculating the correction.4. the average move the comparator from the water bath. until it is completely full. and facilities for 8.10 10.08 10.1. position.4 When the comparator has been filled.10 The FINAL CORRECTIONDUT values determined second liquid sample.1 calibration.04 7.7 C1DUT. occasionally re- 7.1. permitting the liquid to be readings.05 ing the procedure outlined in 7.4. thermometer into the comparator and attach the cover plate. If the vapor pressure is too high to 7.2.4. close the inlet (following the process explained in 7. and C3DUT. 10. Open the outlet valve and purge the connections by dards. permitting the C3DUT = correction to the DUT determined in the third liquid to enter the comparator. and replace Corrected Reading Reading of DUT Correction for in the water bath. then the claim may be made that the DUT calculation.

and also at safely withstand a working pressure of 1. The cylinder shall have sufficient depth to permit the hydrometers to float freely at least 25 mm (1 in.1. least 12. Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved).40 MPa (200 psig). No further reproductions authorized.1 Stirrer—shall consist of an annular ring of glass or used to contain a liquid in which hydrometers may be metal with a handle of sufficient length so that it can be compared and designed to withstand chemical attack from conveniently moved up and down to stir the liquid. E126 − 13a APPENDIX (Nonmandatory Information) X1. X1. The diameter shall be large enough so hydrometers in liquids of high vapor pressure is shown in Fig. Sun Jan 19 18:25:24 EST 2014 6 Downloaded/printed by Intertek (Intertek ) pursuant to License Agreement.5 mm (1/2 in.2.2 Comparator —suitable for calibrating and verifying above the inside bottom.1 Comparator —A glass or other transparent cylinder.) X1. . APPARATUS X1. that there will be at least 12.) between the inner X1.5 mm (1/2 in. The comparator shall be designed and constructed to wall and any hydrometer immersed in the cylinder. comparison liquids. if the standard and the hydrometer to be calibrated are immersed at the same time.) between hydrometers.

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