The Hellenic Republic, or Greece, is a country located in southern Europe

and borders Albania to the northwest, Turkey to the northeast, and
Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia to the North, while bordering the
Mediterranean, Ionian, and Aegean seas in its south. In this way the
country effectively serves as an intersection of Europe, Asia, and Africa
and can therefore interact with all three regions easily. Greece gained its
independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830 after a war of
independence. The country has a population of around 11 million and is
designed as a parliamentary republic.

General Information
Official Name:
Hellenic Republic, Ελληνική Δημοκρατία (Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía)
Geographic Region:
Southern Europe
Geographic Size (km sq):
Year of UN Membership:
Year of Present State Formation:
Current UN Representative:
Michel Spinellis

574 (CID) GDP Growth: -3.90% Economic Grouping: Developed Country International Relations UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: Western European and Others Group (WEOG) European Community Major International & Regional Organizations: Australia Group BIS: Bank for International Settlements BSEC: Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone CD: Community of Democracies CoEu: Council of Europe CERN: European Organization for Nuclear Research EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development ECB: European Central Bank EIB: European Investment Bank EMU: European Monetary Union ESA: European Space Agency EU: European Union FATF: Financial Action Task Force ICC: International Chamber of Commerce ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement IEA: International Energy Agency IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies IGAD: Intergovernmental Authority on Development IHO: International Hydrographic Organization IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization IOC: International Olympic Committee IOM: International Organization for Migration IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union ISO: International Organization for Standardization ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization .85 Gini Index (Income Inequality): 34.Key Statistics & Indicators Gross Domestic Product (GDP.449 Billion Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): $24.80 (%) Human Development Index (HDI): 0.30 Unemployment: 27. Nominal): $249.

Scientific and Cultural Organization UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization UPU: Universal Postal Union WBG: World Bank Group WHO: World Health Organization WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization WMO: World Meteorological Organization WTO: World Trade Organization Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: UNIFIL: UN Interim Force in Lebanon UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan . aka London Group OAS: Organization of American States OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration Schengen Convention SELEC: Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Center WCO: World Customs Organization WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions ZC: Zangger Committee UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes IDA: International Development Association IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development IFC: International Finance Corporation ILO: International Labor Organization IMF: International Monetary Fund IMO: International Maritime Organization ITU: International Telecommunications Union MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons UNESCO: United Nations Educational.NEA: Nuclear Energy Agency NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group.

frequent population movement. Approximately 50 000 refugees. led by Médecins sans Frontières (MSF). Vaccination for migrants remaining in Greece for more than 1 week was recognized as a key aspect of the response. . such as respiratory diseases. will cover approximately 6000 individuals in Idomeni. and the demographic pattern of those staying has changed. The current mass population movement. who constitute one third of the total refugee and migrant population. In mid-March 2016. The first campaign. While there is no systematic association between communicable diseases and migration. 60% of the total refugee and migrant population in the country are women and minors. Children particularly vulnerable to vaccine-preventable diseases Children. are especially prone to acute conditions. in order to ensure that all those who require vaccination receive it. WHO support WHO has donated 26 000 yellow vaccination booklets to ensure that each person's vaccinations given are documented. and the Greek Advisory Committee on Immunization has decided to undertake vaccination campaigns. living in overcrowding settings and vaccination gaps in some host countries may increase the risk for spread of vaccine-preventable diseases. and one in three is a child. Specific public health interventions are needed because the country is now hosting people for longer. In addition. non-stigmatizing approach. WHO and partners are actively supporting the identification of vaccine stocks that can be used for the campaigns. and the second will cover approximately 20 000 individuals in the rest of the country. WHO is providing technical assistance to the Ministry of Health. Vaccination will be provided according to Greece's national immunization schedule. lack of sufficient water and inadequate shelter and sanitation conditions increase the risks for acquiring communicable diseases.Greece extends vaccination to refugees and migrants 29-04-2016 WHO/Sara Barragan Montes Two vaccination campaigns for the refugee and migrant population in Greece will begin in early May 2016. asylum seekers and migrants currently live in about 50 centres and camps across Greece. WHO/Europe met with the Hellenic Ministry of Health and identified four priorities to address the changing situation. diarrhoea and skin infections. Those at greatest risk for vaccine-preventable diseases are young children who have not yet been vaccinated because the vaccination programmes in their home countries have been interrupted by civil unrest and war. engaging with partners and Member States. reviewing the vaccination plans and ensuring that vaccines are provided in an equitable manner with a systematic. sustainable. to help avoid unnecessary revaccination.

32 European Member States.000 people) 41 Adult mortality rate.a. including refugees and migrants. Deaths due to tuberculosis (per 100.9 Adult mortality rate.a. female (per 1. taking place from 24 to 30 April 2016. Providing equitable access to vaccines is vital to preventing reintroduction in these countries and to protecting vulnerable groups.000 live births) 3. total n.000 people) 0. adult (% ages 15-49). is dedicated to maintaining momentum in the fight to eliminate measles and rubella from the European Region. Human Development Indicators Human Development Index Index 0. had interrupted endemic transmission of measles and rubella by 2014.000 people) 98 Deaths due to malaria (per 100.7 Infants lacking immunization.Maintaining progress towards measles and rubella elimination European Immunization Week.865 Rank 29 Life expectancy at birth 80. male (per 1. DTP (% of one-year-olds) 1 . including Greece. Infant mortality rate (per 1. in countries where the diseases are still endemic.7 HIV prevalence.000 people) n.

4 .000 live births) 4.Infants lacking immunization.8 Under-five mortality rate (per 1. measles (% of one-year-olds) 1 Public health expenditure (% of GDP) 9.