A zoo’s paramount purpose is to promote wildlife conservation. A zoo exists to

According to the National Geographic website: A zoo is a place where animals live in
captivity and are put on display for people to view. The word “zoo” is short for
“zoological park.” Zoos contain wide varieties of animals that are native to all parts
of the Earth.
And there are different types of Zoos:

still resemble the smaller zoos that were popular 200 years ago. and pollution. animals are kept in relatively small enclosures. There is little room for urban zoos to grow. In many urban zoos. and many of the zoo’s buildings are historic landmarks that cannot be destroyed or redesigned. Safari Parks Larger than urban and open-range zoos. Some animal activists argue that keeping animals in urban settings is cruel because of cramped conditions. These attractions allow the animals more space than the small enclosures of traditional . making expansiondifficult.Urban and Suburban Zoos Urban zoos. enclosed areas. located in large cities. safari parks are areas where tourists can drive their own cars to see non-native wildlife living in large. noise. Often. these zoos sit in the middle of cities.

Animals are allowed to roam free. These types of zoos are found at parks and inside of larger zoos. and rabbits are common petting zoo animals. goats. donkeys. The protections allow animals to live and reproduce at natural rates. Petting zoos Petting zoos feature domesticated animals that are gentle enough for children to pet and feed. Sheep. Sometimes mobile petting zoos travel with fairs or carnivals from city to city. Game Reserves Game reserves are large swaths of land whose ecosystems and native species are protected.zoos. .

Enclosure Design Guidelines Zoos display living things. . Early zoos tried to display as many animals as possible in order to attract the greatest number of visitors. Australian Rainforest. dirty. eg. Zoos that existed over 100 years ago were very different to the modern zoo of today. Today zoos limit the size of their collections and enclosures have an overall theme. heavily barred cages that resulted in abnormal behaviour by many animals and little education was provided for the visitor. habitat or needs of the animals.People go to the zoo to be educated with wildlife. This led to the displaying of animals in small. African Plains. In those days people had little or no understanding of the behaviour. The simple answer is to see the animals.Why do people go to the Zoo? A zoo’s paramount purpose is to promote wildlife conservation. South East Asian Rainforest. It gives people the chance to observe wildlife they may otherwise never see and establishes the importance of conservation efforts all over the world. Wetland Birds.

ie. Apart from external involvement from. These may include Education Officers. Naturalistic enclosures encourage animals to behave . Designers. the expertise of many Zoo Staff is also utilised. more than one species living together in the same enclosure. Zookeepers. mixed exhibits are more common.Also. etc. Maintenance staff. eg Architects. Horticulturists. Graphics designer and others. A great deal of planning and discussion goes into developing an enclosure or group of enclosures.

the Zoo’s role in Conservation and how the Public can play a role in Conservation. sex ratio. etc. safety. Today the final presentation of the enclosure should provide people with a better understanding of the relationship between animals and their environment. particularly about the problems affecting species. etc) Natural habitat Shelter from the elements Feeding and water Sleeping facilities Retreats from Public No dangerous areas/substances to animals Needs of the Staff / Zoo Is contact safe or desirable? (Is it possible to complete all work tasks without any direct contact with animals?) . Donations. it is almost impossible to completely recreate a natural habitat and compromises need to be made. etc) is also a major consideration. and safe and easy access for Keepers and Maintenance staff also need to be considered. Signage is now a critical part of the enclosure as it provides the public with more information. Funding (Sponsorship. Factors related to public viewing. information. FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN DESIGNING AN ENCLOSURE Needs of the Animal Size of animal Level of activity – how to provide behavioural enrichment Social groupings (size/structure – family. solitary.and reproduce as they would in the wild. However.

Avilon Zoo (Rizal. if breeding is to occur) Needs of the Public Clear view of animal Does the enclosure cater for all.Security of enclosure Can animals be captured safely and easily if they need to be? Ease of access for maintenance.Outdoor Zoo) Background . During the visit. we noted both the Pros and Cons and observations of each Zoo so that we won't be able to commit the same mistakes that we saw and we can apply the design strategies that we observed to our proposed Zoo. and last but not the least. feeding. etc Ease of viewing for health checks Suitable off limits areas with appropriate holding facilities Breeding programs provided for (ie. we went out and visited different Zoos specifically Avilon Zoo in Rizal. etc Aesthetically appealing Reflect the habitat of the animal Educational value – appropriate graphics CASE STUDIES In order for us to fully understand how a Zoo works and the way it is designed. Malabon Zoo. wheelchair bound. Manila Ocean Park. Avilon in Pasig. cleaning. ie young.

with storage) 5.Considers guests with disabilities 11. Warning Signages are provided 7. The canteen's location is near the Entrance/Exit of the Zoo which is good since people tend to get hungry after roaming around 4.5 hectare facility located in Rodriguez. Security is assured for CCTV cameras were installed around the Zoo's premises 2. Trash cans were also scattered around the Zoo 8. Gift shops are located near the Entrance/Exit of the Zoo (Good for the business) 10. Rizal houses more than 3.Railings (Safety) . The 7. Different decorations that attract children were all over the Zoo 3. Comfort rooms are scattered around (easily accessible.Avilon Zoo is currently the largest zoological institution in the Philippines in terms of collection of live animals. Guests can interact with other animals freely 9. most of which have been bred successfully in captivity through AVILON's ex situ conservation programs. Cages are properly labeled 6. The zoo has a diverse collection of Philippine native and endemic fauna. mammals reptiles. amphibians. Pros 1.000 specimens of exotic wildlife representing more than 500 species of birds. freshwater fishes and invertebrates.

Indoor Zoo) . Barrio Potrero. Single wire mesh system was used (Not safe enough) 6. Some cages were made of glass (Not durable-prone to cracks) 5.00 to 17. Although locks were provided for each cage. open from 08. The Zoo. 12.Plumbing system for every cage 17. Avilon Zoo (Pasig. Metro Manila.Cave-like experience for the guests 15.Animal Shows are performed for the guests 13. Mr Manny Tangco started the collection in the late 1960s in the back garden of his house and it expanded out from there.Considers height of animals Cons 1. The Aviary's design did not consider the height of the bird's flight Malabon Zoo Background Malabon Zoo in Manila is a private collection of exotic and Philippine endemic animals.30 each day is located at 1 Gov Pascual Street. Anthropometrics wasn't considered as much since the Entrance/Exit is not wide enough for the guests' comfortability 3.Picture taking session 14. A hobby which turned into a labour of love. they were rather small and looked fragile (Not sturdy) 7. It was rather dark towards the entrance 4.Concrete was used as an alternative for Wood 16. The owner. Malabon. Welcome sign is not very visible 2.

Kids can enjoy feeding rabbits. bear cats. sheep and other farm animals in FARMLAND. Winged Wonders . And be amazed with fun attractions like CLUB MEOW. With a two storey building resembling the biblical Noah's Ark.active critters - MEERKATS and PRAIRIE DOGS.ARK AVILON ZOO is the only indoor interactive zoo in the Philippines located in Frontera Verde. C2. Slitherin' TYSON the Burmese Python and many more wildlife ambassadors. Kids and kids at heart can get up close and personal with VENUS the 2yrs. old Bornean Orangutan. BEAR Exhibits. ARK AVILON ZOO is home to various friendly animals that guests can interact with.BIGBIRD. Pasig City. REMINGTON and ALDEN. RED. guinea pigs. giant Tortoises and hyper . BIG CATS. Manila Ocean Park Background . tortoises. PENGIUN.

.Manila Ocean Park is the country's first world-class marine theme park and a premiere educational facility. An integrated urban resort with marine life attractions and aqua-themed hotel. all-weather destination for locals and tourists. the park is geared towards an all-year.