RENCANA DAN PROSEDUR TANGGAP DARURAT

Dr. RICKI M. MULIA, ST. MSc

Biodata
Nama : Instansi : Ricki Marojahan Mulia Kepala Seksi Analisis Pusat Higiene Peru
sahaan, Kesehatan Keselamatan Kerja Disnakertrans Prov. DKI Institusi Program Do
ktor Ilmu Lingkungan, Universitas Indonesia Faculty of Enviromental Science, Dep
artment of Environmental Technology, Wageningen University (The Netherland) Post
graduate Diploma, Occupational Health and Safety Diploma Science 1997 - 1998 Gel
ar Doktor (Cum Laude) M.Sc. dan Waktu 2009 - 2012 2000 - 2002
Management. University of Queensland - Australia Fakultas Teknik Universitas Sum
atera Utara Sarjana Teknik 1989 - 1995
PUBLIKASI 1. Mulia Ricki M. (2005) Kesehatan Lingkungan, Penerbit Graha Ilmu, Yo
gyakarta 2. Mulia, Ricki M., Kusnoputranto H., Moersidik ,Setyo S., Sihombing R.
(2012). Optimization Operational Variable of Bench Scale Biological Flue Gas De
sulphurisation Application in Sulfuric Acid Industry. World Applied Sciences Jou
rnal 18(9): 1310-1314, 2012. ORGANISASI •Asosiasi Ahli Hiperkes dan Keselamatan Ke
rja DKI Jakarta •Asosiasi Laboratorium Lingkungan DKI Jakarta •Member of Toast Maste
r International, Jakarta City Hall - Indonesia •Anggota Panitia Teknis, Komite Akr
editasi Nasional LAIN-LAIN 1. Penanggung jawab Mata Ajar Higiene Industri 1 di M
agister Kedokteran Kerja dan Spesialis Kedokteran Okupasi – Fakultas Kedokteran Un
iversitas Indonesia 2. Email: Ricki_M@yahoo.com Facebook: Ricki Mulia

membetulkan dan meng embalikan pada kondisi sebelumnya atau kondisi yang selamat .Keadaan Darurat Keadaan darurat (emergency) adalah suatu kondisi/situasi yang abnormal dan berba haya yang membutuhkan penaganan segera untuk mengendalikan. (Pusperkes.2001) Ricki M. Mulia .

osha.gov .Types of Emergency Earthquakes Hurricanes Tornadoes Energy/utility outages Fire hazards Hazardou aterials releases Terrorism Sources: http://www.

Workplace Emergency An unforeseen situation that threatens your employees. or causes physical or environmental dam age.gov) Industrial Emergency Sources: (Depnaker.4) Local Emergency On-site Emergency Off-Site Emergency . disrupts or shuts down your operations. customers. (Sources: http://www. or the public.osha.2001/p.

Off-Site Emergency Kejadian berdampak pada seluruh lingkungan kerja dan lingkungan luar. Kebocoran kecil drum bahan kimia berbahaya di gudang. On-site Emergency Timbul akibat kejadian yang berdampak pada manusia. harta benda dan lingkungan d imana dampak dapat menyebar ke seluruh bagian lingkungan kerja.Industrial Emergency Local Emergency Timbul akibat kejadian yang berdampak pada bagian-bagian tertentu dalam suatu lo kasi industri. Mis. Pecahnya pi pa instalasi bahan kimia berbahaya di industri. . Mis.

Mulia HIDDEN COST .WHAT PRICE SAFETY DIRECT COST INJURIES • Medical cost •Funeral cost PROPERTY DANAGE • Loss and damage • First aid expenses •Cost of Investigation INJURIES ASSOCIATED COST • Overhead cost while production is stopped •Rental of equipment to replace damaged equipment •Cost of processing report WAGE LOSSES • Iddle time •Manhours spent in cleaning up accident area •Time spent repairing damage d equipment PRODUCTION LOSS • Product spoiled by accident OFF THE JOB ACCIDENTS • Training replacement worker INTANGIBLES • Lowered employee morale •Unfavorable public relations Ricki M.

Phases of Emergency Management Prevention Recovery Preparedness Response Sources: Safety Engineering UQ .

Emergency prevention Merupakan tahapan atau langkah pencegahan terjadinya bencana.( Arie Priambodo. p .17) .

p.Emergency preparedness Merupakan kesiapsiagaan terjadinya bencana.17) dalam menghad api Langkah awalnya adalah melakukan perencanaan dengan benar .( Arie Priambodo.

gov ." Certain equipment is often insta lled in workplaces to control heat sources or to detect fuel leaks. "Maintenanc e of equipment under the fire prevention plan." At the time of an emergency." The emergency action plan should address em ergencies that the employer may reasonably expect in the workplace. 4. 5. "Emer gency action plan training. "Fire prevention housekeeping. Sources: http://www. "Emergenc y evacuation.osha. 2. employees should know what type of e vacuation is necessary and what their role is in carrying out the plan. "Emergency action plan elements.Employee emergency plans 1. 3." The employer should assure that an adequate number of employees are available at all times during working hours to act as evacuatio n wardens so that employees can be swiftly moved from the danger location to the safe areas." The standard calls for the contr ol of accumulations of flammable and combustible waste materials.

suppression and control of incident Rescue and treatment Communicatio n Time of event considered (after hours contact?) Structured and co-ordinated approach Sources: Safety Engineering UQ .Emergency Preparedness Key Principles Containment.

using heavy equipment with temperature-control led cabs. Although desirable. use well-rested crews and daylight hours to perform higher hazard or unfamiliar tasks. elimination and substitution may not be options for mos t airborne/chemical hazards created by a natural disaster. and decontaminate equipment and per sonnel after contact with contaminated floodwater or chemicals.osha. Work practice or administrative controls: Implement work procedures that reduce the probability of exposure. Sources: http://w ww. Where extensive hot work is performed in the form of cutting and burning. infeasible.. O SHA provides additional assistance on selecting and using PPE. use extended length to rch handles to increase the distance from the individual's breathing zone to the generation of toxic fumes.g. repair or remo ve fallen electrical power lines before allowing other work to proceed in the ar ea).gov . select and use PPE appropriate for the hazard and level of exposure. remove non-essential personnel f rom the area during certain task/operations. For example. or do not provide sufficient pr otection.Mitigate hazards according to the hierarchy of controls Elimination or substitution: Whenever possible. When possible. providing ventilation to a permit-required confined space. eliminate the hazard from the work area (e. take frequent breaks during hot weather. Engineering controls: Take steps to reduce or eliminate exposure to a hazard. Personal protective equipment (PPE): If other controls are not available. such as by guarding the pinch points associated with a machine's moving parts. and placing barriers around the swing radius of rotating heavy equipme nt. u se water to suppress dust and work up-wind in dusty conditions.

Do not consume food or b everages that were exposed to floodwaters or perishables that may have spoiled. maintain. Seek medical help at the first sign of infection. Drink water from sources proven to be safe for drinking. Antibiotic resistant bacteria can result in severe injury and illness. Provide prompt first aid for cuts and scrapes. do not eat. or sludge. and medical care are readily available. Sources: http://www. Wash and sanitize cuts and scrapes wit hout delay and report the injury to your supervisor. If potable water is not available. floodwater s. smoking. Wash hands before eating. Ensu re that first aid supplies and services. and inspect fire protection and suppression equipment for the fire hazards in the work area. or using the restroom. Bandage/cover cuts and scra pes and keep them from coming in contact with polluted or contaminated floodwate r. Provide. Use i nsect repellent containing DEET or Picaridin to prevent insect bites.osha. Additionally. Minimize th e creation or disturbance of dust and work upwind of dusty activities when possi ble.Work Practices for basic safety Establish and maintain evacuation routes and an alerting system to notify individ uals in case an evacuation becomes necessary. drinking. drink. Minimize accumulation of trash and keep garbage in closed containers. use hand sanitizer or commercial sanitizing wipes.go v . or smoke in areas containing debris.

Employee Organizational Structure Facility Emergency Controller ( Site Manager) Response Controller ( Operational Manager) Security and Communication ( Security Officer) Personnel ( Personnel Manager) Health ( Safety Manager) Sources: Safety Engineering UQ .

gov ..e.) to an occurrence which results.osha. in an uncontrolle d release of a hazardous substance. mutual aid groups. explosion. or is likely to result. Responses to releases of hazardous substances where there is no potential safety or health hazard (i. or by maintenance personnel are not considered to be emergency responses within the sc ope of this standard.Emergency Response Emergency response or responding to emergencies means a response effort by employees from outside the immediate release area or by other designated responders (i. fire.. etc. or otherwise cont rolled at the time of release by employees in the immediate release area. Sources: http://www. neutralized. or chemical expo sure) are not considered to be emergency responses. local fire departments. Responses to incidental releases of hazardou s substances where the substance can be absorbed.e.

Emergency Response .

. Penyelamatan Tindakan tanggap bencana ditujukan untuk menyelamatkan dan menol ong jiwa manusia. 2. Pertolongan Tindakan tanggap bencana juga ditujukan untuk m enyelamatkan material yang berhubungan dengan keberlangsungan hidup. p.17) 1.Emergency Response Response merupakan tindakan tanggap bencana yang meliputi dua unsur penting :( A rie Priambodo.

Emergency Recovery Recovery merupakan tahap atau langkah pemulihan sehubungan dengan kerusakan atau akibat yang ditimbulkan oleh bencana. Tahap recovery meliputi: Pemulihan Pengawasan .

calcium bentonite) • Pl acing pillows or pads an absorbent material on the liquid. eliminated by s preading an absorbent material such as clay absorbent (i. Mulia .Spills and Emergencies • Spill liquids often may be diluted and neutralize • In some cases. after which the absor bent material is collected into container for later disposal • Use correct PPE Ricki M.e.

Sources: Sources: http://www. smoking. Shower and change into clean clothes at th e end of each workday. Separate work clothes from their general laundry to preven t exposing family members to hazardous materials and infectious agents. Use a waterless alcohol-based h and cleaner if water is not available.gov .osha. drinking.Personal Decontamination Always wash their hands with soap and water before eating. app lying lip balm or cosmetics to prevent contamination of their mouth. nose or eye s with hazardous materials or infectious agents.