GAMING ADDICTION

RESEARCH PAPER

FAUZAN FAKHRUL ARIFIN

2214100104 – TEKNIK ELEKTRO

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI SEPULUH NOPEMBER

Destiny has already smashed analysts' expectations for first-week sales with a $500 million launch. Child has stolen video games from stores or friends. as if possessed by some mysterious outside force. But these addicts aren't hooked on drugs or alcohol. aggressive or violent when he is unable to play. Is your child playing video games instead of doing schoolwork? Is he avoiding social situations and is his behavior worsening as a result of constant gaming? I’ve heard the desperation and concern in the voices of many. They are going cold turkey to break their dependence on video games. we can conclude that game industry is on of the greatest industry. more than once. many parents whose kids seem to spend all their time playing video games. Like the expert from Amsterdam say. angry. But now. So what can you do to limit video game playing and create healthy boundaries around it? Gaming addiction is still the mysterious problem. Game addiction certainly is a bad addict. more terrifying than alcohol or drugs addiction. moody. gaming could make parents worry about their child. As Young puts it. These are games in which a player assumes the role of a fictional character and interacts with other players in a virtual world. He may becomes depressed. The lure of a fantasy world is especially pertinent to online role-playing games. or stolen money from others in order to buy video games.INTRODUCTION Game is one of the most greatets technology industry right now. an intelligent child who is unpopular at school can "become dominant in . they are powerless over their addiction. He frequently lies about how much time he spends playing video games. for example Destiny. Stopping video games for any reason has a long-lasting negative impact on child’s emotions. This condition make anxious for some side. Developer can get so many advantages. From this.

I will make the survey that will be answered by the children that likes playing video game. both for parents and addicts themselves. what are the effect. RESEARCH PROBLEM 1." The virtual life becomes more appealing than real life. so we can keep off or treat this problem well. no one can find why this problem easily happen and relatively difficult to be solved. We must respond to this problem seriously. This condition make anxious for some side. how common is computer game addiction in children. Research Problem . and the game developer. the parents. what are the effect. We can use their opinions to underlie the problems and find some solutions that we can use. It’s important to be investigated to know why are computer games addictive. for example Destiny. To collect data to support this research. Background Game is one of the most greatets technology industry right now. 2. Maybe GameTech college students and game makers can be the informants to get their opinions and the information about video game. so we can keep off or treat this problem well. It’s important to be investigated to know why are computer games addictive. Developer can get so many advantages. Game addiction certainly is a bad addict.the game. Destiny has already smashed analysts' expectations for first-week sales with a $500 million launch. we can conclude that game industry is on of the greatest industry. So far on this problem. gaming could make parents worry about their child. From this. how common is computer game addiction in children. But now.

Rather than engaging in the real world. Whereas. and the game developer. We must respond to this problem seriously. Dr Shumaila . the parents. Gaming addiction became a mysterious problem which is still difficult to treated. in fact. an addicted user devotes the majority of his or her time to gaming ( Conrad. you will know some informations like:  how common is computer game addiction in children  how is computer game addiction treated 4. The issue of game addiction is getting spread widely and uncontrollable. more terrifying than alcohol or drugs addiction. Significance of Research This research about gaming addiction will be useful because from this research we can get knowledges about:  definition of gaming addiction  the symptoms of computer game addiction  the reason why are computer games addictive and maybe for the parents.Gaming addiction is still the mysterious problem. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Computer game addiction generally refers to an excessive. I will make the survey that will be answered by the children that likes playing video game. Maybe GameTech college students and game makers can be the informants to get their opinions and the information about video game. I want to investigate:  Is computer game addiction a diagnosable disorder?  What are the symptoms of computer game addiction?  Who is most at risk for computer game addiction?  How is computer game addiction treated? 3. 2011). Research Method To collect data to support this research. unhealthy amount of playing computer games.

People of all ages are quickly becoming immersed in this virtual fantasy world whereby they can easily escape problems in their lives. p. They are sure that there is a problem but counselors unfamiliar with online gaming addiction don’t understand how seductive they can be (Young. for example the character development. how much time gamers spend playing and what specific features make a particular game more engrossing and addictive than others (Yousafzai. teenagers. Cyber psychologist Dr Zaheer Hussain.Yousafzai (2009) from Cardiff Business School said popular online video games warned players not to overuse their products. depression and trouble forming healthy relationships. Fraser (2012) mentions that kids are among the most vulnerable to video game addiction. said warning messages were not enough. Kimberli Young (2009. from the University of Derby. Video game and Internet addiction usually point to other mental problems including anxiety. 2008).4). rapid absorption rate. 2009). Parents across the globe are increasingly concerned about their sons online gaming habits. These warning messages also suggest that the online video game industry might know how high the percentage of over-users is. experts said. not only are children. and multi-player features which could make them addictive and or problematic for some gamers (Hussain. and may become violent when their "drug" is taken away.12) says. As a first step online game developers and publishers need to look into the structural features of the game design. . but a growing number of adults are becoming hooked to online gaming. and college students effected by online gaming addiction. In other hand. p. 2009. mental-health professionals say the fantasy worlds offered by computer and video games can become the stuff of very real addictions that destroy marriages and careers. While such cases are rare.

anxiety.18). anger. p. As in any treatment program. DISCUSSION . game developers. METHOD OF THE STUDY In this research. treatment can be performed more effectively than it would otherwise. Some questions for the interview also prepared to explore the information from the experts. according to Kimberly (2009. The questionnaires which made maybe will be answered by the children that likes playing video game and the parents to analyze the symtoms of the gaming addiction. or maybe GameTech college students to get their opinions and the information about video game. Tracy Miller (2013) add because computer game addiction is a new development in the world of mental health.” a defense mechanism that addicts frequently employ and that effectively stops them from accepting treatment. the reason why gaming is addicted. Once this obstacle is conquered. We also need interviewing the game makers. etc. children or parents to know the reasons of gaming addiction and the parents responses. the primary step to take in the path. we use the quantity method based on the result of the surveys. to recovery is to accept and not refute “denial. and the effect of the gaming addiction. The survey will begin with making questionnaire that be adapted. We are probably measuring variables and verifying existing theories or hypotheses or questioning them. treatments are not as well established as those for depression. Most interventions take a cognitive- behavioral approach which involve changing how the addict thinks about the addiction.

Although there have been calls from some mental health professionals (and parents) to recognize computer game addiction as a "real" disorder. and mental disorders). many believe that it is only a matter of time before computer game addiction is classified as a compulsive behavior similar to gambling addiction. no. ignores more important responsibilities. According to the DSM-IV (the current manual for classifying emotional. The addicted gamer often isolates him/herself from others. an addicted user devotes the majority of his or her time to gaming. psychological. Males Subject Children and Teens Social Academic Financial Gaming Consequence s Addiction Family Health Emotional Individual Therapy Family Treatment Therapy Facilities Treatment . Computer game addiction generally refers to an excessive. it has not been granted official diagnostic status. unhealthy amount of playing computer games. and is often obsessed with obtaining higher status / rankings / achievements in his/her favorite computer game. As more research on the effects of excessive gaming is conducted. Rather than engaging in the real world.

For example. This classification approach is rarely used today and for better or for worse. most research suggests that MMOs (like World of Warcraft) and FPS games (like Call of Duty) are more addictive than racing games and platformers. there is obviously no universally agreed upon list of symptoms. such as:  Significant interference with school. the most additive video . low self-esteem. Still.g.  Frequently turning down social invitations in favor of gaming  Using most or all of one's free time for gaming  Regularly playing late into the night and which results in poor sleep habits  Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities  Regular gaming "binges" of 8 hours or more nonstop Although virtually anyone who plays computer games could become addicted. a teen who is not involved in other activities outside of school)  Those with higher levels of neurotocism  Children who are more impulsive and have weaker social skills Why are computer games addictive? First. work. note that some types of computer games are clearly more addictive than others. anxiety)  Individuals with long periods of unstructured time (for example. In brief though. Because there is no official diagnosis of computer game addiction. or relationships  Often avoiding other commitments in order to keep playing. Psychologists and other mental health professionals initially adapted the diagnostic criteria for gambling addiction and used this as a rough assessment tool for computer game addiction. depression. it is essentially up to the individual researcher or clinician to define the symptoms of computer addiction.. there are some signs and behaviors that are almost always included in definitions of computer addiction. certain groups appear to be more likely to develop unhealthy levels of play. These groups include:  Males  Children and teens  People with other psychological difficulties (e.

For example. images. Depending on the research methodology and the definition of computer addiction used. computer game addiction is often viewed as an impulse control problem involving psychological addiction only. or downloading movies. Whereas alcohol and drug addictions involve both psychological and physiological addiction. Video game addiction refers to excessive play on computers. The terms "internet addiction" and "online addiction" are occasionally used to describe computer game addiction. . Competing online with and against other players is a significant factor in what makes these particular genres more addictive than others. email checking. instant messaging. but more appropriately describe excessive web surfing. Facebook addiction. the most addictive computer games are based on a leveling system that requires only minimal effort to "level-up" in the early stages which slowly evolves into very long gaming sessions to reach the next stage as the game progresses are open-ended with no clearly defined end require cooperation with other human players to advance in the game which creates a sense of obligation and dedication to one's teammates which translates into more and more time strengthening characters and improving skills are based on variable-ratio or variable interval schedules of reinforcement that encourages long periods of gaming even in the absence of rewards. home consoles. More accurate and consistent estimates should be possible if formal diagnostic criteria for computer game addiction are introduced. or handhelds systems. estimates range from 2 to 10% of all children who play video games.games usually employ many well-established psychological principles to encourage longer and longer periods of play. or music. Most often these games are of the MMO (Massively Multiplayer Online) or the FPS (First Person Shooter) genre. Computer Game Addiction refers to excessively playing games on a PC.

he / she may lack face-to-face human contact. try to hide how much he / she plays. Adults who are addicted to computer games may experience a similar deterioration in work performance. and computer upgrades. jobs may be lost due to poor work performance. the negative consequences of excessive gaming are often divided into five main categories:  Social Consequences . Completing homework.As a computer game addict spends more time gaming.  Financial Consequences . and may make meal decisions based on quick . The addicted players may initially deny that a problem exists. which may lead to frequent arguments and conflicts.Computer game addiction often leads to deterioration in family relationships.Children and teens who are addicted to computer games very often experience falling grades and decreased academic performance and dedication. and efforts during school become very low priorities.Computer game addicts may neglect personal hygiene. Tension and conflict between family members escalates as requests to cut back or stop are ignored.  Health Consequences . he / she tends to spend less time interacting with others in person. have poor sleep habits. and career aspirations. and frequent absences. Parents of addicted children may disagree on how to address the problem. give up healthy physical activities.Adults and teens may spend large amounts of money on new games.  Academic / Career Consequences . expansion packs. job dedication. and accuse the other of trying to "control" his / her life. and the loss of friends or relationships. In extreme cases. studying for tests.  Family Consequences . Although somewhat similar to the symptoms of computer game addiction. service fees. playing while at work. micro- transactions. experience isolation & loneliness. As such. computer game addiction has more in common with gambling addiction than alcohol or drug addiction.In this regard.

setting strict limits for play. and simultaneously changing his/her behaviors (for example.  Emotional / Psychological Consequences . recognizing cognitive distortions designed to convince the gamer that it is not a problem). low self- esteem. Treatment can take a variety of forms including:  Individual therapy with a psychologist who specializes in treating computer game addiction or who has experience with addictions in general.).especially if the addicted player is a child or younger teen. and feelings of guilt and shame for not being able to control their gaming habits. anger. o Pros: Treatment is tailored to the individual player and is based on established psychological principals and interventions.  Family therapy . Of note. it seems likely that difficulties in other areas can cause and be caused by computer game addiction. Because computer game addiction is a new development in the world of mental health. anxiety.Those addicted to computer games may experience depressed mood. low frustration tolerance. anger. o Cons: Computer game addiction specialists are quite rare and it may be difficult or impossible to find one locally. and easy preparation (so that gaming is not interrupted) rather than dietary needs. and the chance for recovery is . Most interventions take a cognitive-behavioral approach which involve changing how the addict thinks about the addiction (for example. o Pro: Computer game addiction almost always affects other family members. etc. using game blocking software or devices. taking care of other responsibilities before gaming. Treatment can be quite expensive if multiple sessions are required (which is usually true). social anxiety. treatments are not as well established as those for depression. etc.

There are few programs specifically for computer game addiction and participants generally come with a wide variety of behavioral problems. o Pro: Intensive daily interventions offered by a team of specialists. increased if these members are involved in treatment and are working together toward mutually agreed upon goals. Wilderness therapy is generally only offered for children and teens. o Cons: Very expensive (tens of thousands of dollars).  Wilderness therapy in which the addicted gamer enters an outdoor treatment program focused on survival skills. team- building. affordable advice from computer game addiction specialists or mental health professionals. . some family members may see the problem only as the addict's responsibility and may be unwilling to participate in therapy. o Cons: It may be even more difficult to find a computer game addiction specialist who is also experienced offering family therapy. o Cons: Very expensive (again) and a limited number of programs are available. and little research on the efficacy of the treatments. and developing self-confidence. Additionally. few facilities in North America and Europe. o Pros: Convenient.  Treatment books on computer game addiction (see TechAddiction's downloadable video game addiction books). goal-setting. o Pros: Complete removal of game for an extended period of time in a wilderness environment with an emphasis on personal responsibly and character development. The programs typically last at least thirty days and the participants have absolutely no access to video games (and limited access to other technologies).  In-patient treatment facilities (very rare in North America but much more common in counties such as China and South Korea).

family therapy. For these people. o Con: Advice and interventions may be based on outdated research and techniques unless the book is frequently updated (Note: The books above are updated several times per year). We must monitoring and reminding each other to keep off this problem. no matter teens or adult. They play games for casual entertainment. Most people can and do play in moderation. facilities treatment etc. there are those who are far more likely to become addicted to computer games. certain games (very often MMOs) appear to present a high risk for addiction and may need to be avoided (adults) or banned (children) in order to prevent unhealthy gaming habits. It can make parents worry about their child. this addiction is very difficult to solved. Is it possible to play computer games in moderation? Yes. Developer can get so many advantages. Most people can and do play in moderation. However. REFERENCE LIST . There are some ways to resolve that. Game addiction can attack anyone. CONCLUSION Game is one of the most greatets technology industry right now. However. as a way to relax. but the most are kids. there are those who are far more likely to become addicted to computer games. and to socialize with friends. but game addiction certainly is a bad addict and still be the mysterious problem. such as by individual therapy. but if we can execute this well and correctly. it will succeed and can help patients. They play games for casual entertainment. Actually. as a way to relax. and to socialize with friends.

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www. Retrieved from http://www. Minneapolis.com/how-to-set-limits-around-video- game-use. MN. .php#ixzz3F89lwRrq ParentFurther: Guide to Video Game Addiction. Sara (n.d). An online resource from Search Institute®.empoweringparents.org. 800-888-7828.Bean. "Does My Child Have A Video Game Addiction?" How To Set Limits Around Video Game Use. All rights reserved.search- institute.